高三英语练习 (M11 U 3) 13. Nowadays, many people walk to work ___________Copenhagen Conference calling for living in
low-carbon lifestyle to cope with global warming.
Ⅰ.单项填空(共 15 小题, 每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) A. in relation to B. in response to C. in addition to D. in opposition to
1.The winning of hosting _______ 2014 Youth Olympic Games is _______ victory not only for 14. Yue Yue, a two-year-old girl, was left ______ on a street after ______ by a van in Foshan,
Nanjing residents, but for ___________ people of the whole Chinese nation. Guangdong Province on Oct 13, 2011.
A. the; a; the B. a; the; a C. a; a; the D. the; the; a A. bleeding, hit B. to bleed, hit C. to bleed, being hit D. bleeding, being hit
2.This system， which is adopted worldwide, can be used to _________the aircraft take-off, approach 15.— Mr. Smith never means what he says．I dislike him．
and side-line noise( EPNL) for the purpose of aircraft noise certification — ______________, as the saying goes．
A. accumulate B. calculate C. appoint D. estimate A. He will cost an arm and a leg B. The world is his oyster
3.What can be said with ________ about Rick is that he was _______ with a good family. C. A man of words and not of deeds is like a garden full of weeds
A. doubt ; blessed B. certainty ; blessed C. respect ; isolated D. privacy ; deserted D. Actions speak louder than words．
4.________in great danger , the wounded still did not want to ______ from the front. Ⅱ.完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分,满分 20 分）
A. Despite ; feedback B. As ;withdraw C. Although ; withdraw D. since ; departure Two parachutists（伞兵）had been flown behind enemy lines early in the morning．They were 1
5.In most markets you can buy fresh fruit ______, and _______ they will be sold more cheaply. to gain as much information as possible on a new experimental factory．
The two men destroyed their 2 and they dressed as laborers to avoid being easily 3 .
A. a lot ; therefore B. in bulk ; consequently C. a great number ; so D. much ; thus
Soon they reached a road． the roadside, they noticed a deep pit
At （坑） where rainwater had 4 ,
6.When we visited my old family home , memory came _______back and the warm cottage ________
with some tools, and a broken-down lorry nearby. The men were making their way 5
cheers deep into the night. towards the lorry when the sound of a truck in the distance made them dash for 6 . At that
A. to flood ; was flooded with B. flood ; was covered with moment, they had no choice but to jump into the pit, as the countryside was so 7 . There was a
C. flooded ; was filled with D. flooding was flooded with （飞溅声） and very soon all was 8 . The water was quite shallow, and the men had to
great splash ,
7.The pioneers in that region ______ a campaign to ______ society of the inequality in human rights. 9 themselves against the sides of the pit wondering if they had attracted the attention of the lorry
A. launched ; prevent B. formed ; stop C. ordered ; ban D. launched ; rid driver．They 10 anxiously as the truck came nearer and nearer, and hoped it would 11 .
8.Top players must have excellent ball control , but it is not just what they ______ their feet ________ But, much to their disappointment, the truck seemed to stop almost directly 12 them. They
makes a difference. heard voices and the truck door shut loudly overhead. From their discussion, they 13 that some
men in the truck had come to collect the 14 . Suddenly, the men were startled（惊吓）by a piece
A. cope with ; that B. deal with ; what C. do with ; that D.do without ; what
of wood which was 15 into the pit and which struck the water just behind them．They could do
9.He was _____ with a knighthood ___________ his truly great contribution to the British cinema.
nothing but 16 their breath and wondered what would happen next．Then the sound of the
A. awarded ; in memory of B. rewarded ; in praise of engine started up again, setting them 17 , for they knew as the men were leaving, they had
C rewarded ; in recognition of D. awarded ; in respect of narrowly 18 being captured. But very soon, their joy quickly turned to 19 , because when
10.I’m ___________ happy to hear that people all over the world have come to realize that peace is they looked up, they found that the pit was much 20 than they had thought. Its sides were wet
________the absence of war . and slippery and there was no way out.
A. more than ; much more than B. more ; more than 1．A．warned B．instructed C．advised D．allowed
C. more than ; rather than D. much more than ; other than 2．A．parachutes B．planes C．papers D．certificates
11.The success of the docking （会合对接） procedure makes China the third country in the world, after 3．A．shot B．spotted C．killed D．kidnapped
4．A．dropped B．risen C．sunk D．collected
the United States and Russia, ________ the technique, moving the country one step closer
5．A．carefully B．impatiently C．anxiously D．hopefully
___________ its own space station.
6．A．water B．cover C．pleasure D．rest
A. mastering; to establish B. mastered; establish 7．A．bare B．poor C．dry D．dangerous
C. having mastered; establishing D. to master; to establishing 8．A．noisy B．still C．silent D．calm
12.During the 2009 CCTV Spring Festival Gala(春节联欢晚会), Liu Qian managed to drop a coin 9．A．struggle B．push C．press D．find
into a glass which was placed upside down and _______ a finger ring into an egg. 10．A．listened B．watched C．stood D．wondered
A. switched B. transformed C. transported D. transferred 11．A．stop B．pass C．explode D．speed
第 1 页 共 4 页
12．A．near B．below C．above D．behind A. build up her own reputation B. show her admiration for him
13．A．understood B．recognized C．admitted D．remembered C. compare their health condition D. make her argument persuasive
14．A．wood B．sticks C．weapons D．tools 3. How did the author feel immediately after she jumped out of the plane?
15．A．thrown B．poured C．filled D．laid A. Excited B. Scared C. Nervous D. Regretful
16．A．take B．hold C．save D．lose
4. What did the author enjoy most when she was skydiving?
17．A．at ease B．at length C．at leisure D．at work
A. The beautiful clouds B. The wonderful view
18．A．kept B．escaped C．admitted D．prevented
19．A．expectation B．anger C．regret D．sorrow C. The company of Jay D. The one-minute free fall
20．A．wider B．bigger C．deeper D．narrower B
Ⅲ. 阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分,满分 30 分） The multi-million pound new Library of Birmingham(LoB)will be the most visible sign of the way
A the city is accepting the digitalization（数字化）of everyday life.
“I Went Skydiving at 84!” Set to open in 2013, the £188m LoB is already beginning to take shape next to the Birmingham
As a young girl growing up in the 1930s, I always wanted to fly a plane, but back then it was Repertory Theatre, with which it will share some equipment.
almost unheard of for a woman to do that. I got a taste of that dream in 2011,when my husband As digital media(媒介)is important to its idea, the project is already providing chances for some of
arranged for me to ride in a hot air balloon for my birthday. But the experience turned out to be very the many small new local companies working at the new technologies.
dull. Around that time, I told my husband that I wanted to skydive. Brian Gambles, the LoB project director, says it is about giving people the right tools for learning:
So when our retirement community（社区）announced that they were having an essay competition "The aim is to mix the physical with the digital. Providing 24-hour services which can be used through
and the topic was an experience of a lifetime that you wanted to have, I decided to write about my many different ways. It is important to enable us to reach more people, more effectively. "
dream. The digital library will, he says, be as important as the physical one, allowing the distant use of the
In the essay, I wrote about my desire to skydive, stating George Brush Sr. did it at age 80. Why not services, making sure that it is never closed to the public.
me? I was just 84 and in pretty good health. A year went by and I heard nothing. But then at a Even before the LoB is complete, the public has been able to go online to visit the Virtual(虚拟
community party in late April 2009, they announced that I was one of the winners. I just couldn’t 的)LoB, designed by Baden, the Birmingham virtual worlds specialists. Not only have the public been
believe it. Inspired by this, I decided to realize my dream, even though some of my family members able to learn about LoB, but the virtual one has also enabled those working on the LoB to understand
and my doctor were against it. the building and how it will work before it even opens.
On June 11, 2009, nearly 40 of my family and friends gathered in the area close to where I would Two other small Birmingham-based digital companies are working on the LoB projects. Substrat, a
land while I headed up in the airplane. My instructor, Jay, guided me through the experience. The digital design company, is developing what it calls an example of an "enlarged reality" project. It is
plane was the noisiest one I had ever been in, but I wasn’t frightened—I was really just looking about the use of an exciting smart phone, an important part of the LoB which is the early stages of
forward to the experience. When we reached 13,000 feet, Jay instructed me to throw myself out of the development. And The People's Archive is an online library of figures of the city being built up by a
plane. When we first hit the air, the wind was so strong that I could hardly breathe. For a second I content company in Cahoots, in which users will be with the encouraged to add to and comment on the
thought, “What have I gotten myself into?” But then everything got calmer. We were in a free fall for material.
about a minute before Jay opened the parachute（降落伞）, then we just floated downward for about Gambles says: "Technology will enable us to make the library's and services open to citizens as
five minutes. Being up in the clouds and looking at the view below was unlike anything I have ever never before. "
felt—much better than the hot air balloon. I was just enjoying it. 5. The underline part "its idea" in Paragraph 3 refers to the idea of_________
Skydiving was really one of the greatest experiences of my life. I hope other people will look at me A. the equipment B. the project
and realize that you don’t stop living just because you are 84 years old. If there’s something you want C. the digital media D. the physical library
to experience, look into it. If it’s something that is possible, make it happen. 6. While visiting the Virtual LoB, the public can_________
1. What happened to the author in 2011? A. get a general idea of the LoB
A. She flew an airplane B. She entered a competition B. meet more world-famous experts
C. She went on a hot air balloon ride D. She moved into a retirement community C. learn how to put up a library building
2. The author mentioned George Bush Sr. in her essay to . D. understand how the specialists work on the project
第 2 页 共 4 页
7. Which of the following is true of the LoB when it opens? A. Experience makes stories more accurate.
a. It offers better learning tools B. Stories made interesting fail to fully present the truth.
b. It reaches users in different ways C. The use of stories is the best way of experiential learning.
c. It provides users with smart phone D. Stories are easier to understand when reality is more accurately described.
d. It allows users to enrich its material 12. What's the purpose of this text?
e. It gives non-stop physical and digital services A. To introduce a book. B. To describe a researcher.
A. a, b, d B. a, c, e C. b, c, d D. b, d, e C. To explain experiential learning. D. To discuss organizational decision making.
8. This text is most probably taken from _________. D
A. a computer book B. a library guide Since the 1970s, scientists have been searching for ways to link the brain with computers.
C. a project handbook D. newspaper report Brain-computer interface(BCI) technology could help people with disabilities send commands to
C Recently, two researchers, Jose Milan and Michele Tavella from the Federal Polytechnic school in
"Experience may possibly be the best teacher, but it is not a particular good teacher. " You might Lausanne, Switzerland, demonstrated（展示）a small robotic wheelchair directed by a person’s
think that Winston Churchill or perhaps Mark Twain spoke those words, but they actually come from thoughts.
James March, a professor at Stanford University and a pioneer in the field of organization decision In the laboratory, Tavella operated the wheelchair just by thinking about moving his left or right
making. For years March (possibly be wisest philosopher of management) has studied how humans hand. He could even talk as he watched the vehicle and guided it with his thoughts.
think and act, and he continues to do so in his new book The Ambiguities of Experience. “our brain has billions of nerve ceils. These send signals through the spinal cord （脊髓）to the
He begins by reminding us of just how firmly we have been sticking to the idea of experiential muscles to give us the ability to move. But spinal cord injuries or other conditions can prevent these
learning: "Experience is respected; experience is sought; experience is explained." The problem is that weak electrical signals from reaching the muscles,” Tavella says. “Our system allows disabled people
learning from experience involves(涉及) serious complications(复杂化), ones that are part of the to communicate with external world and also to control devices.”
nature of experience itself and which March discusses in the body of this book. The researchers designed a special cap for the user. This head cover picks up the signals from the
In one interesting part of the book, for example, he turns a double eye toward the use of stories scalp(头皮) and sends them to a computer. The computer interprets the signals and commands the
as the most effective way of experiential learning. He says "The more accurately(精确的)reality is motorized wheelchair. The wheelchair also has two cameras that identify objects in its path. They help
presented, the less understandable the story, and the more understandable the story, the less realistic it the computer react to commands from the brain.
is."(www.nmet168.com) Prof. Milan, the team leader, says scientists keep improving the computer software that interprets
Besides being a broadly knowledgeable researcher. March is also a poet, and his gift shines brain signals and turns them into simple commands. “The practical possibilities that BCI technology
through in the depth of views he offers and the simple language he uses. Though the book is short, it is offers to disabled people can be grouped in two categories: communication, and controlling devices.
demanding. Don't pick it up looking for quick, easy lessons. Rather, be ready to think deeply about One example is this wheelchair.”
learning from experience in work and life. He says his team has set two goals. One is testing with real patients, so as to prove that this is a
technology they can benefit from. And the other is to guarantee that they can use the technology over
9. According to the text, James March is _________. long periods of time.
A. a poet who uses experience in his writing 13. How did Tavella operate the wheelchair in the laboratory?
B. a teacher who teachers story writing in university A. By controlling his muscles. B. By talking to the machine.
C. a researcher who studies the way humans think and act C. By moving his hand. D. By using his mind.
D. a professor who helps organizations makes important decisions 14. The team will test with real patients to _______________________.
10. According to James March, experience _________. A. make profits from them B. prove the technology useful to them
A. is overvalued B. is easy to explain C. make them live longer D. learn about their physical condition
C. should be actively sought D. should be highly respected 15. Which of the following would be the best title for the text?
11. What can we learn from Paragraph 3? A. Switzerland, the BCI Research Center
第 3 页 共 4 页
B. New Findings About How the Human Brain Works To reduce the use of energy and materials that do (3) _________ to the
C. BCI Could Mean More Freedom for the Disabled environment.
D. Robotic Vehicles Could Help to Cure Brain Injuries ●In 1992 the EPA created Energy Star program, (5) _________
Ⅳ. 任务型阅读 (共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,共 10 分) energy efficient computing equipment and technologies.
请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中填入最恰当的单词。注意：每空一词。 ●Then many computer manufacturers launched sleep mode and
When it comes to the world of computers, green computing is becoming one of the most popular many computer users (6) _________ the policy to save energy.
trends. But, what is exactly is green computing? (4) _________
●In 2006 Energy Star made the computer requirements (7) _________
The term “green computing” is one that is being used in many different markets and areas all over the and implemented a ranking system for products.
world in today’s global technology. Yet, many computer users out there aren’t sure what it means. ●At (8) _________, over 20 states have established a special
Green computing is actually pretty easy to explain and to do---it is basically learning to use computer recycling program for old computers and electronics.
resources more efficiently to help the environment as well as making energy savings. The main goal of ●Green computing requires the (9) _________ of users,
a green computing program is to reduce the use of energy and materials that harm the environment. management, and regulatory compliance.
Green computing helps to promote the use of biodegradable products and recycle computer parts Present situation ●Green computing is becoming more mainstream (10) _________.
whenever possible. ●New, beret computers will help both companies and users, and
Green computing started as early as 1992, when the EPA created Energy Star, which is a voluntary protect the environment.
labeling program that promotes energy efficient computing equipment and technologies. Ⅴ. 单词拼写 (共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,共 10 分)
It was because of this program that many computer manufacturers launched sleep mode and millions 1. The trainers are all happy that the t__________ have checked out all right.
of computer users around the world began to adopt this policy to help save energy when they were not 2. D__________ plants must be protected from cold wind and frost.
using their computers. The term “green computing” began to be used around the same time as well,
3. They didn’t manage the restaurant well , so it f_______ up in less than a year.
and began to become a goal that more companies strive to meet over the years. There are several
4. He studied chemistry and then s _________ to biology.
government agencies that have continued to help strive for better standards for computers and
companies to help promote green promoting. Energy Star was actually revised in October of 2006 to 5. "Use your _________," my teacher often encourages me , " and you will make something of
make the requirements stricter for computers，and also implemented a ranking system for products. yourself."
Because of these new requirements, there are over 20 states that have now established a special 6 It was she who first i________ me to the pleasures of wine-tasting.
recycling program for old computers and electronics to help with green computing. 7. Our company bases on the high quality product and the r_______ service, and meanwhile, we insist
Many of today’s IT systems are beginning to rely on both people and hardware to help push their on our ambitious goals.
computer systems toward a more green computing system to help both the company and others. This is 8. The farmer hired extra workers for the h_________..
a hard balance to achieve, as it has to satisfy users, management, and regulatory compliance(顺从). 9. The newly-elected president , experienced and cool as cucumber , has no problem
Even the disposal of computer waste is all manage d so that everyone in the circle is happy with the c_________ with the present situation.
outcome. Many companies are learning the best ways that they call go g reener when it comes to their 10. I helped him choose some f__________ for his house when he moved .
computing and also help their business in the process. While many home computer users may not be
quite as familiar with green computing as large firms, this term is starting to become more mainstream
all around the world and the requirements for new, better computers to help both the companies and
the end users of the equipment, as well as our environment, are becoming more and more urgent.
Learning to make (2)_________ use of computer resources so as to save
energy and protect the environment.
第 4 页 共 4 页