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Chapter 5 Section 2

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					             Chap 5 Section 2
          Building Colonial Unity
• Trouble in Boston
• 1768- British Customs seized the “Liberty”
• ship belonged to John Hancock
  (merchant and protest leader)
• Accused of smuggling
• News angered townspeople
• “Liberty Affair” – event that united colonist!!!!
John Hancock
            Trouble in Boston
• Protests had British Officials nervous!!!!
• 1768- Customs Officers sent word back to
  Britain that rebellion was brewing!
• Parliament sent 2 regiments of Troops!
• “Redcoats” set up camp in middle of city.
• Colonists- its gone too far, series of laws &
  army to occupy colonial cities!!!!
         The Redcoat Soldiers
• Soldiers acted rudely & often time violent
• Soldiers were mostly poor men and earned
  little pay
• Some soldiers stole goods from local shops
• Scuffled with boys that taunted them
• Soldiers competed for off duty jobs that
  Bostonians wanted.
• Townspeople’s hatred grew stronger daily
“REDCOATS”
        The Boston Massacre
• March 5, 1770- fights broke out between
  townspeople and soldiers.
• British Officers tried to call the crowd.
• “We did not send for you. We will not have
  you here. Well get rid of you,” one man
  shouted
• Townspeople began using any weapon
  available (sticks, stones, shovels, clubs)
           Boston Massacre
• Crowd approached “Sentry” on duty called for
  help
• Redcoat soldier was knocked down and fired.
• Led to several gunshots- killing 5 colonists.
           • Crispus Attucks
             • Killed in massacre
                • Dockworker
          • Part Native/ Part African
     The Boston Massacre
Crispus Attucks   Scene from the Massacre
                Word Spreads
• Colonial leaders used the news as propaganda
• (information designed to influence opinion)
• Sam Adams- Slaughter of Innocent Americans by
  bloodthirsty redcoats.
• Paul Revere- engraving showed British officer giving
  order to open fire.
• Strengthened anti-British feelings
• Led to stronger boycott on British Goods
• Parliament repealed all Townshend Acts taxes except
  on TEA.
           A Crisis Over Tea!
• British East India Tea Company faced ruin!
• To save company, Parliament passed the Tea
  Act of 1773.
                • Tea Act of 1773
    • Tea to colonies without most taxes (138)
  • Company could sell directly to shopkeepers
     • East India Tea- cheaper than other Tea
   • Act gave favorable adv. Over the colonies
           Colonial Reaction
• Demanded New Boycott
• Daughters of Liberty – “we’ll part with our
  tea” not our freedom.
• Vowed to stop East India’s ships from
  unloading .
• Tea shipped to Philly, NY, Boston, Charles
  Town.
• Philly, NY ships turned back, Charles Town
  Tea –seized & stored in Warehouse.
        The Boston Tea Party
• 3 Tea Ships arrived in Boston Harbor-late
  1773
• Royal Gov. refused to let ships turn back
• Sam Adams & “Sons of Liberty” acted swiftly
• Dec. 16- group disguised as Natives boarded
  the ship & threw 342 chests of tea overboard.
• Act became known as The Boston Tea Party
• Word spread & celebrations about the bravery
  ensued.
           The Intolerable Acts
• Coercive Acts- 1774- harsh, intended to punish
  people of Massachusetts.
• Acts- closed Boston Harbor until ruined tea was paid
  for. (prevented food and supplies)
• Acts also banned town meetings, permitted Royal
  officers to be tried in other colonies or in Britain
  when accused of Crimes.
• Forced Bostonians to shelter soldiers in their homes
• Quebec Act- set up permanent gov. for Quebec with
  religious freedom to French Catholics
            Colonist Reaction
• Very angry- still felt a violation of their right
  was taken place
• Colonists felt the Quebec area was West of the
  Appalachians & North of Ohio River.
• Colonists named the Coercive Act and the
  Quebec Acts- The Intolerable Acts……

				
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posted:4/18/2013
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