Chap 5 Section 2
Building Colonial Unity
• Trouble in Boston
• 1768- British Customs seized the “Liberty”
• ship belonged to John Hancock
(merchant and protest leader)
• Accused of smuggling
• News angered townspeople
• “Liberty Affair” – event that united colonist!!!!
Trouble in Boston
• Protests had British Officials nervous!!!!
• 1768- Customs Officers sent word back to
Britain that rebellion was brewing!
• Parliament sent 2 regiments of Troops!
• “Redcoats” set up camp in middle of city.
• Colonists- its gone too far, series of laws &
army to occupy colonial cities!!!!
The Redcoat Soldiers
• Soldiers acted rudely & often time violent
• Soldiers were mostly poor men and earned
• Some soldiers stole goods from local shops
• Scuffled with boys that taunted them
• Soldiers competed for off duty jobs that
• Townspeople’s hatred grew stronger daily
The Boston Massacre
• March 5, 1770- fights broke out between
townspeople and soldiers.
• British Officers tried to call the crowd.
• “We did not send for you. We will not have
you here. Well get rid of you,” one man
• Townspeople began using any weapon
available (sticks, stones, shovels, clubs)
• Crowd approached “Sentry” on duty called for
• Redcoat soldier was knocked down and fired.
• Led to several gunshots- killing 5 colonists.
• Crispus Attucks
• Killed in massacre
• Part Native/ Part African
The Boston Massacre
Crispus Attucks Scene from the Massacre
• Colonial leaders used the news as propaganda
• (information designed to influence opinion)
• Sam Adams- Slaughter of Innocent Americans by
• Paul Revere- engraving showed British officer giving
order to open fire.
• Strengthened anti-British feelings
• Led to stronger boycott on British Goods
• Parliament repealed all Townshend Acts taxes except
A Crisis Over Tea!
• British East India Tea Company faced ruin!
• To save company, Parliament passed the Tea
Act of 1773.
• Tea Act of 1773
• Tea to colonies without most taxes (138)
• Company could sell directly to shopkeepers
• East India Tea- cheaper than other Tea
• Act gave favorable adv. Over the colonies
• Demanded New Boycott
• Daughters of Liberty – “we’ll part with our
tea” not our freedom.
• Vowed to stop East India’s ships from
• Tea shipped to Philly, NY, Boston, Charles
• Philly, NY ships turned back, Charles Town
Tea –seized & stored in Warehouse.
The Boston Tea Party
• 3 Tea Ships arrived in Boston Harbor-late
• Royal Gov. refused to let ships turn back
• Sam Adams & “Sons of Liberty” acted swiftly
• Dec. 16- group disguised as Natives boarded
the ship & threw 342 chests of tea overboard.
• Act became known as The Boston Tea Party
• Word spread & celebrations about the bravery
The Intolerable Acts
• Coercive Acts- 1774- harsh, intended to punish
people of Massachusetts.
• Acts- closed Boston Harbor until ruined tea was paid
for. (prevented food and supplies)
• Acts also banned town meetings, permitted Royal
officers to be tried in other colonies or in Britain
when accused of Crimes.
• Forced Bostonians to shelter soldiers in their homes
• Quebec Act- set up permanent gov. for Quebec with
religious freedom to French Catholics
• Very angry- still felt a violation of their right
was taken place
• Colonists felt the Quebec area was West of the
Appalachians & North of Ohio River.
• Colonists named the Coercive Act and the
Quebec Acts- The Intolerable Acts……