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The need for a Methodological Approach to the Design of Distance

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					What a Difference a Year Makes



Barbara Howell
B.Howell@rave.ac.uk
Overview
     Overview...
          Rationale
          Issues
             Location, Location, Location
             Course Content
          Research Method
             Key Indicators
             Questionnaire
          Findings
          Summary
          Questions
                                             2
Rationale focus...
      Research
Challenge:       Attracting students
Maintaining
                 Engaging students
an effective,      Diverse in age, social
up to date IS       background
Curriculum
                 Meeting industry needs
                   New emerging occupations
                 Competitive in the market
                  place
                                               3
ISsues
     Location, Location…
          Variable Fees
          Traditional versus New University
          Reputation of X and Y Professor
          Different terminology
            MIS/Informatics/BIT/BIT
        League tables
            Staff to student ratio
        Position of IS – Computing,
         Informatics, Business School?
        Level – undergrad, postgrad


                                               4
ISsues
     Course Content
        School Curriculum
          Not sure what IS students expect
        Aim at diversity or
         standardisation
        Core + options
          Intellectually stimulating
          Fads
          Bandwagons
          Fun
        Creativity and Innovation
        Community
                                              5
Research Method
     Key Indicators ...
        Historical perspective
        Competitor Analysis
        Job Market – Employers
        IS Research
        IS Academic Community
        Students



                                  6
Research Method
     Research Method...
Industry – 276
54 (20%)
                     Interpersonal and Management
respondents           Skills
2004 IS Academics
                     Organisational Knowledge
– 19 (30%)
respondents
                     Systems Development
                      Knowledge
2005 IS Academics    Specialist Knowledge
– ??? 33 (??%)
respondents          Technical Knowledge
                     Web Development
                     Databases

                                                     7
Findings
      Interpersonal Skills...
Top three form 14       Industry “Very Important”
                             Oral communications
Majority of                  Teamwork
attributes seen as           Analytical skills
more important          2004 Academic “Extremely
                         Important” – “Very Important”
Exception -                  Analytical skills
communication skills         Oral communications
                             Written communications
                        2005 Academic – “Extremely
                         Important”
                             Analytical Skills
                             Critical Thinking
                             Collaborative Skills

                                                         8
Findings
      Organisational Skills...
Top three from 10     Industry “Important”
                           Privacy Issues
                           Business Functions
Generally the              Business Environment
attributes seen as
more important        2004 Academic “Very Important –
                       Important”
                           Business functions
                           Organisational behaviour
                           Business environment
                      2005 Academic “Extremely Important
                       – Very Important”
                           Ethical Issues
                           Organisational Behaviour
                           Business Environment

                                                            9
Findings
      Systems Knowledge...
Top three from 22       Industry “Important”
                             Testing Strategies
                             Define scope and objectives of projects
Similar views and            Systems Operation and Maintenance
little change in the
academic                2004 Academic “Extremely Important
responses                – Very Important”
                             Define scope and objectives of projects
                             Evaluate feasibility
Exception – HCI              E-R diagramming
and Legacy
Systems more            2005 Academic “Extremely Important
important                – Very Important”
                             Define scope and objectives of projects
                             Evaluate feasibility
                             E-R diagramming

                                                                        10
Findings
      Specialist Knowledge...
Top three from 18       Industry “Important”
                              Information Security
                              Disaster Prevention/Recovery
Major changes:                Quality Assurance

Risk Management up      2004 Academic “Important”
from 8th – 4th                Information Security
                              Customer Resource Planning
Quality Assurance up          ERP
from 11th – 5th
                      2005 Academic “Extremely Important – Very
CRP down from 2nd to   Important”
10th                          Information Security
                              Decision Support Systems
                              Knowledge Management


                                                                   11
Findings
      Specialist Knowledge...
Top three from 18       Industry “Important”
                              Information Security
                              Disaster Prevention/Recovery
Major changes:                Quality Assurance

Risk Management up      2004 Academic “Important”
from 8th – 4th                Information Security
                              Customer Resource Planning
Quality Assurance up          ERP
from 11th – 5th
                      2005 Academic “Extremely Important – Very
CRP down from 2nd to   Important”
10th                          Information Security
                              Decision Support Systems
                              Knowledge Management


                                                                   12
Findings
      Technical Knowledge...
Top three from 14     Industry “Important”
                          Microsoft Office – Extremely important
Significant reduction     Outlook/Exchange
in level of importance    Microsoft Project
for thee majority of
the attributes.         2004 Academic “Important”
                           Microsoft Office – Extremely important
                           Macromedia Dreamweaver
                           HTML Editors

                      2005 Academic “Very Important – Important”
                          Microsoft Office – Extremely important
                          Microsoft Project
                          Oracle


                                                                     13
Findings Development ...
      Web
Top three from 12    Industry “Important”
                       DHTML/HTML
Very similar views     Java Script
in relation to order
of importance.        2004 Academic “Important”
                         DHTML/HTML
Level of                 Java Script
importance
significantly lower  2005 Academic “Important –
                      Somewhat Important”
                       XML
                       Java Script


                                                   14
Findings
      Databases ...
 Same order of
 importance:               Oracle Database application comparison
                 40.00%


 1. Access       35.00%

 2. Oracle       30.00%

 3. SQL Server
                                                                      Industry
                 25.00%
                                                                      2004 Academics
 4. My SQL       20.00%                                               2005 Academics
 5. DB2          15.00%

                 10.00%

                 5.00%

                 0.00%
                          EXTREMELY    VERY   IMPORTANT SOMEWHAT     NOT
                          IMPORTANT IMPORTANT           IMPORTANT IMPORTANT



                                                                                       15
Findings
      Programming ...
           Programming     Industry   04 Academic   05 Academic

Top five
           Language         Count        Count         Count
           JAVA              19           2              9

           C++               17           1              4
           VISUAL BASIC       6           3              4
           .NET               5

           RPG                4



           Additional Comments:
                  ‘ …don’t need a programming
                    language…’
                  ‘Any just the notion of what
                    programming is’
                                                                  16
Findings
      Additional Comments ...
        Industry –
          “Main attributes for graduate:- Reliable –
          turns up for work consistently; Discreet – can
          handle office situations; Realistic – is in the
          ‘real world’; Trustworthy – and leave him to
          get on with job unsupervised”

        04 Academic –
          “… good theoretical underpinning in computer
          science and an appreciation of the human
          factors/issues in IS/IT usage”

        05 Academic –
          “Principles not products…”


                                                            17
Summary
    Summary...
      Attributes               N=   Difference
      Interpersonal Skills    14    (7) 
      Organisational Knowledge 10   (5) 
      Systems Knowledge       22    (2)  (2) 
      Specialist Knowledge    15    (4)  (4) 
      Technical Knowledge     14    (12) 
      Web Development         12    (8) 
      Databases               5     


                                                  18
  Thank you
  Thank you
Barbara Howell
Barbara Howell
  Questions?
  Questions?

				
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posted:4/17/2013
language:English
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