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DHS Preventing Terrorism and Enhancing Security

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					                                                                                                                                         Preventing Terrorism and Enhancing Security


Preventing Terrorism and Enhancing Security
Protecting the American people from terrorist threats is our founding principle and our highest priority. The Department of Homeland Security's counterterrorism responsibilities
focus on three goals: prevent terrorist attacks; prevent the unauthorized acquisition, importation, movement, or use of chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear materials and
capabilities within the United States; and reduce the vulnerability of critical infrastructure and key resources, essential leadership, and major events to terrorist attacks and other
hazards.

Aviation Security                                                Aviation Safety & Security Program provides hands-
                                                                 on education and covers the use of models and tools
                                                                                                                                  http://www.tsa.gov/stakeholders/programs-and-
                                                                                                                                  initiatives-1#Air%20Cargo%20Watch.
                                                                 for evaluation of security and anti-terrorism within a
Air Cargo Screening Technology List-For Passenger                modular format. The short courses also provide                   Airport Watch/AOPA Training TSA partnered with
Aircraft lists the Non-Sensitive Security Information            training in the methods of analysis. Short courses               the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA) to
version of the Transportation Security Administration            designed for police and fire departments help                    develop a nationwide Airport Watch Program that
Air Cargo Screening Technology List-For Passenger
                                                                 personnel develop safety programs that can be used in            uses the more than 650,000 pilots as eyes and ears for
Aircraft. The document lists the equipment that can be           an emergency scenario. For more information, see                 observing and reporting suspicious activity. The
used by air carriers, indirect air carriers, independent         http://www.viterbi.usc.edu/aviation/.                            Airport Watch Program includes warning signs for
cargo screening facilities, and shippers in the Certified                                                                         airports, informational literature, and a training video
Cargo Screening Program to screen for domestic and               Aviation Security Advisory Committee (ASAC)                      to teach pilots and airport employees how to enhance
outbound (of the United States) air cargo. This
                                                                 provides advice and recommendations for improving                security at their airports. For additional information
information contains Qualified, Approved, and                    aviation security measures to the Administrator of the           including a training video, visit
Waived technologies, their manufacturer, model                   Transportation Security Administration. The                      http://www.aopa.org/airportwatch/.
number, and top assembly part number. This                       committee was initially established in 1989 following
information can be found at                                      the destruction of Pan American World Airways                    Airspace Waivers The Office of Airspace Waivers
http://www.tsa.gov/sites/default/files/assets/pdf/In
                                                                 Flight 103 by a terrorist bomb. The ASAC has                     manages the process and assists with the review of
termodal/nonssi_acstl_8_2_oct11_12.pdf.                          traditionally been composed of members representing              general aviation aircraft operators who request to
                                                                 key constituencies affected by aviation security                 enter areas of restricted airspace. For applications for
AIRBUST Program provides the general public and                  requirements. Subcommittees include Air Cargo,                   aircraft operating into, out of, within or overflying the
aviation community with a forum to share                         International Aviation, General Aviation, Risk-Based             United States, the waiver review process includes an
information on suspicious small aircraft. An AIRBUST             Security, and Passenger Advocacy. For more                       evaluation of the aircraft, crew, passengers, and
poster and pocket-sized laminated card display the               information, see http://www.tsa.gov/aviation-                    purpose of flight. The office then adjudicates the
phone number for reporting suspicious activity or                security-advisory-committee.                                     application and provides a recommendation of
low-flying aircraft, 1-866-AIRBUST (1-866-247-                                                                                    approval or denial to the FAA System Operations
2878). This number rings directly to the CBP Air and             Air Cargo Watch Program involves all aspects of the              Security. For more information, see
Marine Operations Center (AMOC) operations floor.                supply chain reporting suspicious activity. TSA is               http://www.tsa.gov/stakeholders/airspace-waivers-0
The two-sided laminated card displays drawings of                collaborating with industry partners to increase                 or contact 571-227-2071.
single-and twin-engine aircraft often used to transport
                                                                 security domain awareness to detect, deter, and report
contraband and lists helpful information to include              security threats. Air Cargo Watch materials include a            Alien Flight/Flight School Training The Interim
when calling. The AIRBUST poster is an 8.5x11‖                   presentation, posters and a two-page guide, to                   Final Rule, Flight Training for Aliens and Other
poster with the 1-866-AIRBUST (1-866-247-2878)                   encourage increased attention to potential security              Designated Individuals and Security Awareness
phone number. It also lists four general items of                threats among several audiences. TSA encourages the              Training for Flight School Employees, requires flight
interest that can tip off a general aviation airport
                                                                 display of posters and guides in public view to better           schools to ensure that each of its flight school
employee or law enforcement official that a particular           attain its goal of maximizing security awareness along           employees who has direct contact with students
aircraft or pilot may be involved in illicit activity. For       the entire air cargo supply chain. For more                      (including flight instructors, ground instructors, chief
more information, call 951-656-8000.                             information, see                                                 instructors and administrative personnel who have

                                                                                                                                                                                          19
                                                                                                                             Preventing Terrorism and Enhancing Security

direct contact with students) receive both initial and     facilities. The document constitutes a set of federally    additional questions or concerns, please contact CBP
recurrent security awareness training. Flight schools      endorsed guidelines for enhancing airport security at      via e-mail at Private.Aircraft.Support@dhs.gov.
may either choose to use TSA‘s security awareness          GA facilities throughout the nation. It is intended to
training program or develop their own program. For         provide GA airport owners, operators, and users with       Recommended General Aviation Security Action
more information, see                                      guidelines and recommendations that address aviation       Items for General Aviation Aircraft Operators and
http://www.tsa.gov/stakeholders/training-and-              security concepts, technology, and enhancements. For       Recommended Security Action Items for Fixed Base
exercises-0.                                               more information, visit                                    Operators are measures that aircraft operators and
                                                           http://www.tsa.gov/stakeholders/security-programs-         fixed base operators should consider when they
General Aviation Secure Hotline serves as a                and-initiatives.                                           develop, implement or revise security plans or other
centralized reporting system for general aviation                                                                     efforts to enhance security. For more information, see
pilots, airport operators, and maintenance technicians     Global Supply Chain Risk Management (GSCRM)                http://www.tsa.gov/stakeholders/security-directives.
wishing to report suspicious activity at their airfield.   Program provides recommendations to standardize
Hotline phone number: 1-866-GA-SECUR (1-866-               and implement risk management processes for                Secure Flight enhances the security of domestic and
427-3287).                                                 acquiring information and communications                   international commercial air travel, while also
                                                           technologies (ICT) for the federal government, and         enhancing the travel experience for passengers,
Certified Cargo Screening Program provides a               processes to reduce the threat of attacks to federal ICT   through the use of improved, uniform watchlist
mechanism by which industry may achieve 100%               through the supply chain. Your organization can help       matching performed by TSA agents. Secure Flight also
screening of cargo on passenger aircraft without           with this initiative by applying sound security            incorporates an expedited and integrated redress
impeding the flow of commerce. Informational               procedures and executing due diligence to provide          process for travelers who think they have been
materials include: one-page overview of CCSP, CCSF         integrity and assurance through the vendor supply          misidentified or have experienced difficulties in their
and Chain of Custody Standards, a tri-fold brochure,       chain. For more information, visit                         air travel. Resources available for aviation stakeholders
supplemental CCSP program material with at a glance        http://www.dhs.gov/files/programs/gc_123420070             include a communications toolkit, brochure, privacy
program overview of the program, a quick hits              9381.shtm or contact the Global Supply Chain               information, signage, and an informational video. For
overview with impact of 100% screening, and                Program at kurt.seidling@hq.dhs.gov.                       more information, visit
supplemental CCSP materials. For more information,                                                                    http://www.tsa.gov/stakeholders/secure-flight-
see http://www.tsa.gov/certified-cargo-screening-          Paperless Boarding Pass Pilot enables passengers to        program, or contact the TSA Contact Center, 866-289-
program or contact ccsp@dhs.gov or the TSA Contact         download their boarding pass on their cell phones or       9673.
Center, 866-289-9673.                                      personal digital assistants. This approach streamlines
                                                           the customer experience while heightening the ability      User‟s Guide on Security Seals for Domestic Cargo
General Aviation Maryland Three Program allows             to detect fraudulent boarding passes. For more             provides information on the types of security seals
properly vetted private pilots to fly to, from, or         information, see http://blog.tsa.gov/2009/06/tsa-          available for use in securing and controlling
between the three general aviation airports closest to     paperless-boarding-pass-pilot.html or contact the TSA      containers, doors, and equipment. While this guide is
the National Capital Region. These airports are            Contact Center, 866-289-9673.                              not intended as a precise procedure for developing a
collectively known as the "Maryland Three" airports,                                                                  comprehensive seal control program, it provides
and include College Park Airport (CGS), Potomac            Private Aircraft Travel Entry Programs The Advance         information and procedures that will support the
Airfield (VKX) and Hyde Executive Field (W32).             Information on Private Aircraft Arriving and Departing     development of a seal control program that will meet
These airports are all within the Washington, DC Air       the United States Final Rule requires that pilots of       site-specific requirements. The ‗User‘s Guide on
Defense Identification Zone and the Washington, D.C.       private aircraft submit advance notice and manifest        Security Seals‘ document can be obtained by accessing
Flight Restricted Zone. For more information, see          data on all persons traveling on board. Required           this link:
http://www.tsa.gov/stakeholders/security-programs-         information must be submitted to CBP via an                https://portal.navfac.navy.mil/portal/page/portal/N
and-initiatives or contact MDThree@dhs.gov.                approved electronic data interchange system no later       AVFAC/NAVFAC_WW_PP/NAVFAC_NFESC_PP/LOC
                                                           than 60 minutes prior to departure. For more               KS/PDF_FILES/sealguid.pdf.
General Aviation Security Guidelines are for security      information, please visit
enhancements at the nation's privately and publicly
owned and operated general aviation (GA) landing
                                                           http://www.cbp.gov/xp/cgov/travel/. For                    Bombing Prevention
                                                                                                                                                                             20
                                                                                                                                Preventing Terrorism and Enhancing Security

Bomb-making Materials Awareness Program                    Advisor; see
(BMAP) Developed in cooperation with the Federal           http://www.dhs.gov/xgovt/editorial_0291.shtm for             Improvised Explosive Device (IED) Search
Bureau of Investigation, BMAP is designed to assist        a current list.                                              Procedures Workshop is an eight-hour Workshop
local law enforcement agencies engage a wide                                                                            which enhances participants‘ knowledge of
spectrum of private sector establishments within their     Improvised Explosive Device (IED)                            improvised explosive device (IED) awareness,
jurisdictions that manufacture, distribute, or sell        Counterterrorism Workshop is a four to eight-hour            prevention measures, and planning protocols by
products that contain home-made explosives (HMEs)          awareness level Workshop designed to enhance the             outlining specific search techniques that reduce
precursor materials. BMAP outreach materials,              knowledge of state and local law enforcement and             vulnerability and mitigate the risk of terrorist IED
provided by law enforcement to these local                 public/private sector stakeholders by providing              attacks. The Workshop culminates in a practical
businesses, help employees identify HME precursor          exposure to key elements of the IED threat,                  application of skills during which participants
chemicals and other critical improvised explosive          surveillance detection methods and soft target               demonstrate these search techniques while working
devices (IED) components of concern, such as               awareness. The Workshop illustrates baseline                 together as a team. Law enforcement and private
electronics, and recognize suspicious purchasing           awareness and prevention actions that reduce                 sector security personnel responsible for bomb threat
behavior that could indicate bomb-making activity.         vulnerabilities to counter the threat along with             management planning and response should attend.
To request materials or additional information, contact    collaborating information sharing resources to               This Workshop is designed to accommodate 40
the DHS Office for Bombing Prevention at                   improve preparedness. This designed approach better          participants. To request training, contact your State
OBP@dhs.gov.                                               enables the owners and operators of critical                 Homeland Security Advisor; see
                                                           infrastructure to deter, prevent, detect, protect against,   http://www.dhs.gov/xgovt/editorial_0291.shtm for
DHS Center of Excellence: Awareness & Location of          and respond to the potential use of explosives in the        a current list.
Explosives-Related Threats (ALERT) develops new            United States. This Workshop is designed to
means and methods to protect the nation from               accommodate 125 to 250 participants. To request              Improvised Explosive Device (IED) Threat
explosives-related threats, focusing on detecting leave-   training, contact your State Homeland Security               Awareness and Detection) The Office of
behind Improvised Explosive Devices, enhancing             Advisor; see                                                 Infrastructure Protection‘s Office for Bombing
aviation cargo security, providing next-generation         http://www.dhs.gov/xgovt/editorial_0291.shtm for             Prevention and the Commercial Facilities Sector-
baggage screening, detecting liquid explosives, and        a current list.                                              Specific Agency developed the first in a series of Web-
enhancing suspicious passenger identification.                                                                          based trainings, Threat Awareness & Response for Sporting Events
Resources include training opportunities and courses       Improvised Explosive Device (IED) Recognition and            and Public Venues, to be released in three 20-minute
in explosives. For more information, see                   Detection for Railroad Industry Employees Training           modules. The first Webinar, IED Threat Awareness
http://www.northeastern.edu/alert/ and                     (CD) is an eight-hour Workshop which enhances                and Detection, focuses on identifying Improvised
http://energetics.chm.uri.edu. For more                    participants‘ knowledge of improvised explosive              Explosive Devices (IEDs). The training provides
information, contact universityprograms@dhs.gov.           device (IED) awareness, prevention measures, and             awareness-level information for staff, management,
                                                           planning protocols by outlining specific search              and security to recognize, report, and react to unusual
Improvised Explosive Device (IED) Awareness /              techniques that reduce vulnerability and mitigate the        activities and threats in a timely manner. For more
Bomb Threat Management Workshop is a four-hour             risk of potential IED attacks. The Workshop                  information, please contact the NPPD/IP Commercial
Workshop which improves participants‘ ability to           culminates in a practical application of skills during       Facilities SSA at CFSTeam@dhs.gov.
manage improvised explosive device (IED) threats by        which participants demonstrate these search
outlining specific safety precautions associated with      techniques while working together as a team. Law             Multi-Jurisdiction Improvised Explosive Device
explosive incidents and bomb threats. The Workshop         enforcement and private sector security personnel            (IED) Security Plan (MJIEDSP) assists multi-
reinforces an integrated combination of planning,          responsible for bomb threat management planning              jurisdiction areas in developing a detailed IED security
training, exercises, and equipment acquisition in          and response should attend. This Workshop is                 plan that integrates the assets and capabilities of
order to maximize available resources. Key public and      designed to accommodate 40 participants. To request          multiple jurisdictions and emergency service sectors.
private sector representatives knowledgeable in            training, contact your State Homeland Security               To request additional information, contact the DHS
regional efforts should attend. This Workshop is           Advisor; see                                                 Office for Bombing Prevention at OBP@dhs.gov.
designed to accommodate 50 participants. To request        http://www.dhs.gov/xgovt/editorial_0291.shtm for
training, contact your State Homeland Security             a current list.
                                                                                                                                                                                     21
                                                                                                                           Preventing Terrorism and Enhancing Security

Protective Measures Course is a two-day course            information, contact the DHS Office for Bombing           http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/chemsec_cfats_
designed to provide executive and employee level          Prevention at OBP@dhs.gov.                                riskbased_performance_standards.pdf. For more
personnel in the public/private sector with the                                                                     information, contact the CFATS Help Desk at
knowledge to identify the appropriate protective
measures for their unique sector. The course focuses
                                                          Chemical Security                                         CSAT@dhs.gov or 866-323-2957.

on teaching the participants the threat analysis                                                                    Chemical Facility Security: Best Practice Guide for
process, terrorist methodology and planning cycle,        Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards                an Active Shooter Incident is a booklet that draws
available protective measures, and determining which      (CFATS) Chemical Facility Security Tip Line               upon best practices and findings from tabletop
protective measures to employ. This course is             Individuals who would like to report a possible           exercises to present key guidance for chemical facility
designed to accommodate 75 participants. To request       security concern involving the CFATS regulation at        planning and training, and pose specific questions that
training, contact your State Homeland Security            their facility or at another facility may contact the     an effective active shooter response and recovery plan
Advisor; see                                              CFATS Chemical Facility Security Tip Line. For more       will answer. To obtain a copy of the guide or for more
http://www.dhs.gov/xgovt/editorial_0291.shtm for          information, see www.dhs.gov/chemicalsecurity or          information, contact ChemicalSector@hq.dhs.gov.
a current list.                                           contact 877-FYI-4-DHS (1-877-394-4347). To
                                                          report a potential security incident that has already     Chemical Security Analysis Center (CSAC) provides
Surveillance Detection for Law Enforcement and            occurred, call the National Infrastructure Coordinating   a scientific basis for the awareness of chemical threats
Security Professionals is a three-day course designed     Center at 202-282-9201.                                   and the attribution of their use. The CSAC is a resource
for law enforcement and private sector security                                                                     that provides a centralized compilation of chemical
professionals that provides participants with the         Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards                hazard data, using this data in an organized effort for
knowledge, skills, and abilities to detect hostile        (CFATS) Frequently Asked Questions assist facilities      threat analytical purposes. It accomplishes this by
surveillance conducted against critical infrastructure.   in complying with the CFATS regulation. The FAQs          providing science and technology-based quality-
The course, consisting of five lectures and three         are searchable and categorized to further benefit the     assured information of the chemical threat to support
exercises, increases awareness of terrorist tactics and   user and can be found at http://csat-                     the unified national effort to secure the nation; serving
attack history and illustrates the means and methods      help.dhs.gov/pls/apex/f?p=100:1:70962511397808            as the nation‘s source of technical data and
used to detect surveillance and identify suspicious       88. For more information, contact the CFATS Help          information on hazardous chemicals; characterizing
behavior. This course is designed to accommodate 25       Desk at CSAT@dhs.gov 866-323-2957.                        the chemical threat through hazard awareness, risk
participants. To request training, contact your State                                                               assessments and analyses; advancing knowledge and
Homeland Security Advisor; see                            Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards                increase awareness of chemical security hazards to the
http://www.dhs.gov/xgovt/editorial_0291.shtm for          (CFATS) Presentations are used by the Infrastructure      homeland and to the chemical infrastructure; and
a current list.                                           Security Compliance Division (ISCD) in discussions        utilizing knowledge management techniques to
                                                          with the chemical industry and those interested in        provide definition and direction to identifying and
TRIPwire Community Gateway (TWCG) is a web                chemical security. If interested in a live presentation   filling data gaps in chemical terrorism related defense
portal designed specifically for the nation‘s CIKR        about CFATS by ISCD personnel, or to find more            posture. For more information, contact
owners, operators, and private security personnel.        information about such presentations see                  george.famini@dhs.gov or 410-417-0901.
TWCG provides expert threat analyses, reports, and        http://www.dhs.gov/files/programs/gc_122476691
relevant planning documents to help key private sector    4427.shtm or contact the CFATS at cfats@dhs.gov,          Chemical Security Assessment Tool (CSAT) is an
partners anticipate, identify, and prevent improvised     866-323-2957.                                             online tool developed by the Infrastructure Security
explosive device (IED) incidents. TWCG shares IED-                                                                  Compliance Division (ISCD) to streamline the facility
related information tailored to each of the 18            Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards                submission and subsequent DHS analysis and
CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE Sectors as well as a              (CFATS) Risk-Based Performance Standards                  interpretation of critical information used to:
Community Sector for educational institutions, in         (RBPS) To assist high-risk chemical facilities subject    preliminarily determine facility risk; assess high-risk
accordance with the National Infrastructure Protection    to CFATS in selecting and implementing appropriate        facility vulnerability; describe security measures at
Plan (NIPP). Please visit                                 protective measures and practices to meet the DHS-        high risk sites; and, ultimately track compliance with
http://www.tripwire.dhs.gov. To request additional        defined RBPSs, ISCD has developed a Risk-Based            the CFATS program. CSAT is a secure information
                                                          Performance Standards Guidance document. This             portal that includes applications and user guides for
                                                          document can be found at
                                                                                                                                                                          22
                                                                                                                            Preventing Terrorism and Enhancing Security

completing the User Registration, Top-Screen,             information please contact the Chemical SSA at
Security Vulnerability Assessment, and Site Security      ChemicalSector@hq.dhs.gov.                                 Chemical-Terrorism Vulnerability Information
Plan. For more information, see                                                                                      (CVI) is the information protection regime authorized
http://www.dhs.gov/files/programs/gc_116950148            Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness                  by Section 550 of Public Law 109-295 to protect,
6197.shtm or contact the CFATS Help Desk at               Program (CSEPP) is a partnership between FEMA and          from inappropriate public disclosure, any information
CSAT@dhs.gov. 866-323-2957.                               the U.S. Army that provides emergency preparedness         developed or submitted pursuant to Section 550. This
                                                          assistance and resources to communities surrounding        includes information that is developed and/or
Chemical Security Compliance Assistance Visit             the Army‘s chemical warfare agent stockpiles. For          submitted to DHS pursuant to the Chemical Facility
(CAV) Requests are provided by the Infrastructure         more information, see                                      Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS) regulation which
Security Compliance Division (ISCD) upon request by       http://www.fema.gov/about/divisions/thd_csepp.sh           implements Section 550. See
Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS)-       tm.                                                        http://www.dhs.gov/files/programs/gc_118183554
covered facilities. CAVs are designed to provide in-                                                                 7413.shtm. For more information, contact the CFATS
depth knowledge of and assistance to comply with          Chemical Sector Industrial Control Systems (ICS)           Help Desk at CSAT@dhs.gov 866-323-2957.
CFATS. For more information, see                          Security Resource DVD The chemical industry, in
http://www.dhs.gov/files/programs/gc_124723587            partnership with DHS, has collected a wealth of            Infrastructure Protection Sector-Specific Tabletop
0769.shtmor contact CFATS@hq.dhs.gov.                     cybersecurity information to assist owners and             Exercise Program (IP-SSTEP), Chemical Sector
                                                          operators in addressing ICS security. The DVD              Tabletop Exercise (TTX) The IP-SSTEP Chemical
Chemical Security Summit The NPPD/IP‘s Chemical           contains a wide-range of useful information,               Sector TTX is an unclassified and adaptable exercise
Sector Specific Agency (SSA) co-hosts the annual          including: ICS training resources; existing standards;     developed to create an opportunity for public and
Chemical Sector Security Summit with the Chemical         reporting guidelines; cybersecurity tabletop exercises;    private critical infrastructure stakeholders and their
Sector Coordinating Council (SCC). The Summit             and the National Cyber Security Division‘s Cyber           public safety partners to address gaps, threats, issues,
consists of workshops, presentations, and discussions     Security Evaluation Tool. The DVD is available for free    and concerns identified in previous exercises and their
covering current security regulations, industry best      upon request. For more information or to obtain a          after-action processes. The TTX allows participants an
practices, and tools for the Chemical Sector. Designed    copy of the DVD, please contact the NPPD/IP                opportunity to gain an understanding of issues faced
for industry professionals throughout the Chemical        Chemical SSA at ChemicalSector@hq.dhs.gov.                 prior to, during, and after a terrorist threat/attack and
Sector, there is also broad representation from the                                                                  the needed coordination with other entities, both
chemical stakeholder community, including senior          Chemical Sector Security Awareness Guide The               private and government, regarding their facility. It
DHS officials, congressional staff, and senior            purpose of this document is to assist owners and           also contains everything needed for a company or
government officials. Topics covered at the Summits       operators in their efforts to improve security at their    facility to conduct a Homeland Security Exercise and
include: an overview of Chemical Facility Anti            chemical facility and to provide information on the        Evaluation Program (HSEEP) compliant TTX. For
Terrorism Standards (CFATS); harmonization of the         security threat presented by explosive devices and         more information, please contact the NPPD/IP
various chemical regulations; cyber security, state and   cyber vulnerabilities. For more information, please        Chemical SSA at ChemicalSector@hq.dhs.gov.
local issues, and transportation security. Summits also   contact the NPPD/IP Chemical SSA at
include pre-Summit Demonstrations and post-Summit         ChemicalSector@hq.dhs.gov.                                 Know Your Customer DHS and the FBI cooperated to
workshops. For more details on the Summit, please                                                                    create a flyer for use as a communication tool for
visit www.dhs.gov/chemicalsecuritysummit or               Chemical Sector Training Resources Guide The               chemical companies‘ marketing, sales, purchasing and
contact the NPPD/IP Chemical SSA at                       guide contains a list of free or low-cost training, web-   product stewardship personnel, who could encounter
ChemicalSector@hq.dhs.gov.                                based classes, seminars, and documents that are            suspicious inquiries about poisonous chemicals and
                                                          routinely available through one of several component       gases either directly or indirectly. The flyer strongly
Chemical Sector Classified Briefing The Chemical          agencies within DHS. The list was compiled to assist       encourages chemical companies, suppliers,
SSA sponsors a classified briefing for cleared industry   facility security officers to train their employees on     manufacturers, customers, distributors, and
representatives twice a year. The intelligence            industry best practices, physical and cybersecurity        transportation service providers to continue increasing
community provides briefings on both physical and         awareness, and emergency management and response.          employee awareness of these risks in their
cyber threats, as well as other topics of interest for    For more information, please contact the NPPD/IP           organization, reviewing management practices for
chemical supply chain professionals. For more             Chemical SSA at ChemicalSector@hq.dhs.gov.                 sensitive materials, and reporting suspicious activities.
                                                                                                                                                                            23
                                                                                                                                Preventing Terrorism and Enhancing Security

For more information or to obtain a copy of the flyer,       information, please contact the NPPD/IP Chemical SSA
please contact the Chemical SSA at                           at ChemicalSector@hq.dhs.gov.                               Automated Critical Asset Management System
ChemicalSector@hq.dhs.gov.                                                                                               (ACAMS) Web-Based Training provides federal,
                                                             Web-Based Chemical Security Awareness Training              state, local first responders, emergency managers, and
Monthly Chemical Sector Suspicious Activity Calls            Program The training program is an interactive tool         Homeland Security officials with training on the use
The Chemical SSA and Oil and Natural Gas Subsector           available free to chemical facilities nationwide to         and functionality of the ACAMS tool. Completion of
host a monthly unclassified threat briefing and              increase security awareness. The training is designed       training is required in order to access information
suspicious activity reporting teleconference for             for all facility employees, not just those traditionally    within ACAMS. For more information, contact
chemical facility owners, operators and supply-chain         involved in security. Upon completion, a certificate is     Traininghelp@hq.dhs.gov.
professionals. To participate, apply for access to HSIN      awarded to the student. To access the training, please
where call-in information is posted to the Chemical          visit https://chemicalsecuritytraining.dhs.gov/. For        Critical Infrastructure Asset Protection Technical
Portal. This briefing is scheduled for the fourth            more information, please contact the NPPD/IP                Assistance Program (CAPTAP) is a weeklong course
Thursday of every month at 11:00AM EDT. For more             Chemical SSA at ChemicalSector@hq.dhs.gov.                  designed to assist state and local law enforcement, first
information, contact the Chemical SSA at                                                                                 responders, emergency managers, and other
ChemicalSector@hq.dhs.gov.                                   Who‟s Who in Chemical Sector Security This                  homeland security officials understand the steps
                                                             document describes the roles and responsibilities of        necessary to develop and implement a comprehensive
Security Seminar & Exercise Series for Chemical              different DHS components with relation to Chemical          CIKR protection program in their respective
Industry Stakeholders This is a collaborative effort         Security. For more information, or to obtain the            jurisdiction. The course includes the processes,
between the DHS Chemical SSA and industry                    report, please contact the NPPD/IP Chemical SSA at          methodologies, and resources necessary to identify,
stakeholders such as state chemical industry councils,       ChemicalSector@hq.dhs.gov.                                  assess, prioritize, and protect CIKR assets, as well as
state homeland security offices, industry trade                                                                          those capabilities necessary to prevent and respond to
associations and state emergency management
agencies. The intent of the program is to foster
                                                             Critical Infrastructure – Multiple                          incidents, should they occur. Through a partnership
                                                                                                                         with the National Guard Bureau (NGB), the U.S. Army
communication between facilities and their local             Sectors                                                     Research, Development and Engineering Command
emergency response teams by encouraging                                                                                  (RDECOM), and the DHS Office of Infrastructure
representatives to share their insight, knowledge, and       Active Shooter Resources include a desk reference           Protection (IP) Infrastructure Information Collection
experiences during a facilitated tabletop exercise. The      guide, a reference poster, and a pocket-sized reference     Division (IICD), this service also provides web-based
exercise is catered towards the specific interests of the    card to address how employees, managers, training           and instructor-led training on Protected Critical
organizing entity and can include a wide-variety of          staff, and human resources personnel can mitigate the       Infrastructure Information (PCII) and the use of the
topics and security scenarios such as an active shooter,     risk of and appropriately react in the event of an active   Automated Critical Asset Management System
a hostage situation, a suspicious package, or a Vehicle      shooter situation. The desk reference guide, pocket         (ACAMS) and Integrated mapping and geospatial tool.
Borne improvised explosive device (VBIED). For               card and poster are available on the following              For more information, see
more information or to obtain a list of scheduled            websites, also available in Spanish translation.            www.dhs.gov/files/programs/gc_1195679577314.s
events, please contact the NPPD/IP Chemical SSA at           http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/active_shooter_          htm or contact TrainingHelp@hq.dhs.gov.
ChemicalSector@hq.dhs.gov.                                   poster.pdf,
                                                             http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/active_shooter_          Critical Infrastructure Protection and Resilience
Voluntary Chemical Assessment Tool (VCAT) VCAT               booklet.pdf,                                                Toolkit is intended to be a starting point for small and
is a secure, web-based application and self-assessment       http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/active_shooter_          medium sized businesses to integrate infrastructure
tool originally designed for use by the chemical             pocket_card.pdf,                                            protection and resilience into preparedness, risk
industry. The tool allows owners and operators to            http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/active-shooter-          management, business continuity, emergency
identify their facility‘s current risk level using an all-   poster-spanish.pdf,                                         management, security, and other related disciplines.
hazards approach. VCAT facilitates a cost-benefit            http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/active-shooter-          For more information, contact
analysis by allowing users to select the best                pocket-spanish.pdf. For more information, please            IP_Education@hq.dhs.gov.
combination of physical security countermeasures and         contact the Commercial Facilities SSA at
mitigation strategies to reduce overall risk. For more       CFSTeam@dhs.gov.
                                                                                                                                                                               24
                                                                                                                             Preventing Terrorism and Enhancing Security

Critical Infrastructure Learning Series The Learning                                                                  situation in the workplace. The TTX is broken up into
Series allows NPPD/IP to provide information and           Critical Infrastructure Sector Snapshots provide a         three modules: the pre-incident phase, including
online seminars on current and emerging critical           quick look at SOPD sectors and generally contain           recognizing potential warning signs of workplace
infrastructure topics to critical infrastructure owners    sector overviews; information on sector partnerships;      violence; the incident and response phase; and the
and operators, government partners and others.             information on critical infrastructure protection issues   assessment phase. The TTX will focus discussion on
Register for updates at                                    and priority programs. For more information, see           how to limit escalation and reduce the threat of
http://www.dhs.gov/ciwebinars.                             http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/nipp_annrpt.pd          violent behavior, but in the event that an incident
                                                           f. For more information, contact NIPP@dhs.gov.             does occur, it also addresses how facilities can work
Critical Infrastructure Partnership Advisory Council                                                                  with their employees, and public and private partners
Supply Chain Working Group (SCWG) The SCWG                 Cross-Sector Active Shooter Security Seminar and           to ensure they are prepared and able to recover from
was established to serve as a Government and industry      Exercise Workshop This is a one-day workshop               an event as quickly as possible. For more information,
forum to discuss the existing and evolving supply          designed to be applicable for any sector for general       please contact the Sector Outreach and Programs
chain risks to the Communications Sector. The              awareness of how to respond to an active shooter           Division at SOPDExecSec@dhs.gov.
SCWG‘s objective is to enhance Government‘s                incident. The workshop will enhance awareness of an
awareness of industry transactions of interest and best    active shooter event by educating participants on the      FoodSHIELD is a Web-based system for
practices relevant to telecommunications supply chain      history of active shooter events; describing common        communication, coordination, community-building,
risk management. Through this voluntary                    behavior, conditions, and situations associated with       education, and training among the nation‘s food and
information sharing framework, SCWG members aim            active shooters. The intent of the program is to foster    agriculture sectors. FoodSHIELD enables real-time
to develop a program that addresses Federal                communication between critical infrastructure owners       response and decision making by facilitating
Government concerns for national security and              and operators and local emergency response teams by        collaborations between public health and food
primary mission essential function integrity, while        discussion of interoperability, communications, and        regulatory officials at the local, state, and federal
delivering valuable information and guidance to            best practices for planning, preparedness and response     levels. FoodSHIELD currently has registered
private sector partners. For more information, contact     during a facilitated tabletop exercise. For more           participation from labs and regulatory agencies in all
will.williams@hq.dhs.gov.                                  information or to obtain a list of scheduled events,       50 states. As a rapidly maturing infrastructure, more
                                                           please contact the Sector Outreach and Programs            than 190 workgroups actively use FoodSHIELD to
Critical Infrastructure Resource Center is an online       Division at ASworkshop@hq.dhs.gov.                         plan, coordinate, and develop new strategies for food
tool designed to build awareness and understanding of                                                                 defense and protection. More than 64,000 minutes are
the scope and efforts of all of the18 critical             The Cutting Edge Tools Resilience Program Website          logged each month using our core webinar
infrastructure sectors. Each sector page provides Sector   was created under the platform of the DHS Science          capabilities allowing easy collaboration amongst
goals, priorities, protective programs, and initiatives,   and Technology Directorate‘s High Performance and          stakeholders and participants across the sector.
and other resources, as reflected in the latest Sector-    Integrated Design Program to improve the security          Impressively, many of these workgroup participants
Specific Plans and Sector Web pages. To access the         and resilience of our Nation's buildings and               represent different agencies and states providing for
Resource Center:                                           infrastructure. The website has manuals, software and      the first time true collaboration and coordination
http://training.fema.gov/EMIWeb/IS/IS860a/CIRC/i           tools to better prepare buildings and infrastructure to    capabilities across federal and state boundaries. For
ndex.htm.                                                  recover from manmade and natural disaster events           more information, please visit www.foodshield.org.
                                                           such as explosive blasts; chemical, biological, and
Critical Infrastructure Training Module provides an        radiological (CBR) agents; floods; hurricanes;             DHS Center of Excellence: Global Terrorism
overview of the National Infrastructure Protection Plan    earthquakes, and fires. For more information see           Database is an open-source database including
(NIPP) and critical infrastructure Annex to the            www.dhs.gov/bips.                                          information on terrorist events around the world from
National Response Framework. The module is                                                                            1970 through 2011 (with additional updates planned
available upon request in PowerPoint format with           Dealing with Workplace Violence Tabletop Exercise          for the future). In addition to the GTD, the world‘s
instructor and participant guides and can be easily        (TTX) The Office of Infrastructure Protection‘s (IP)       largest unclassified dataset on terrorism incidents, the
integrated into existing training programs. A Spanish      Sector Outreach and Programs Division has developed        START consortium makes many other datasets
version is also available. To request the training         the Dealing with Workplace Violence Tabletop               available to advance research and analysis on the
module, contact IP_Education@hq.dhs.gov.                   Exercise (TTX) that focuses on an active-shooter           topics of terrorism, counterterrorism, and community
                                                                                                                                                                           25
                                                                                                                             Preventing Terrorism and Enhancing Security

resiliency. For more information, see                      http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=UUpkaznWj_            guidance and assistance are needed. For more
www.start.umd.edu/gtd and                                  9PIVgO0BRKXu8w&feature=plcp.                               information, contact FEMA-Private-
http://www.start.umd.edu/start/data_collections/ or                                                                   Sector@fema.dhs.gov or private.sector@hq.dhs.gov.
universityprograms@hq.dhs.gov.                             Expert Judgment and Probability Elicitation consists
                                                           of methodologies and tools for elicitation of expert       National Infrastructure Advisory Council (NIAC)
DHS Center of Excellence: Training Programs                judgments and probabilities that are often required in     provides advice to the President, through the Secretary
related to the Human Causes and Consequences of            the quantification of risk and decision models related     of Homeland Security, on the security of the critical
Terrorism are customized training programs for             to terrorist threats. This is the case when data is        infrastructure sectors and their information systems.
professional audiences. Training modules explore such      inconclusive or there is controversy about how             The Council is composed of a maximum of 30
topics as global trends in terrorist activity, impact of   evidence should be interpreted. For more                   members, appointed by the President from private
counterterrorism efforts, terrorist activity in specific   information, see                                           industry, academia, and state and local government.
regions/countries, terrorist target selection and          http://create.usc.edu/research/Expert Judgment             For more information, see www.dhs.gov/niac.
weapon choice, nature of terrorist organizations, and      Elicitation Methods.pdf or contact
planning resilient communities. Modules and                universityprograms@dhs.gov.                                Nonprofit Security Grant Program provides funding
programs can be delivered in a range of modes,                                                                        support for target-hardening activities to nonprofit
including in-person seminars or mini-courses, or           The Joint Counterterrorism Awareness Workshop              organizations that are at high risk of a terrorist attack
online programs. The cost of a program varies              Series (JCTAWS) is a nationwide initiative designed        and are located within one of the specific UASI-
dependant on the level of customization and the mode       to improve the ability of local jurisdictions to prepare   eligible urban areas. It is also designed to promote
of delivery. For more information, see                     for, protect against, and respond to complex               coordination and collaboration in emergency
http://www.start.umd.edu/start/ or                         coordinated terrorist attacks. JCTAWS, held across the     preparedness activities among public and private
universityprograms@dhs.gov.                                country, brings together Federal, state, and local         community representatives, state and local
                                                           participants representing law enforcement, fire,           government agencies, and Citizen Corps Councils.
DHS Center of Excellence: National Consortium for          emergency medical services, communication centers,         For more information, visit
the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism          private sector and non-governmental communities to         http://www.fema.gov/government/grant/nsgp or
(START) advances science-based knowledge about the         address this type of threat. The workshop is designed      contact askcsid@dhs.gov 800-368-6498.
human causes and consequences of terrorism as a            to emphasize tactical operational response, medical
leading resource for security professionals. START will    care under fire, hospital surge and treatment for an       NPPD/IP SOPD Critical Infrastructure Sector
provide security professionals with objective data and     incident more commonly seen on the battlefield than        Snapshots, Fact Sheets and Brochures These two-
the highest quality, data-driven research findings         in an urban setting. Specifically, the workshop            page snapshots provide a quick look at each of the
terrorism and closely related asymmetric threats,          underscores the need for a whole community                 eighteen sectors and generally contain sector
counterterrorism and community resiliency in an            response and aims to: review existing preparedness,        overviews; information on sector partnerships; critical
effort to ensure that homeland security policies and       response and interdiction plans, policies, and             infrastructure protection challenges; and priority
operations reflect these understandings about human        procedures related to a complex coordinated terrorist      programs. For more information, see
behaviors. For more information, see                       attack; improve situational awareness and encourage        http://www.dhs.gov/files/programs/gc_118916894
www.start.umd.edu or                                       information sharing among all stakeholders in the          8944.shtm.‖
universityprograms@hq.dhs.gov.                             event of a complex coordinated terrorist attack; and
                                                           identify and share best practices and lessons learned      NPPD/IP Training Page The landing page provides
DHS YouTube Critical Infrastructure Videos A               for tactical response and medical preparedness. After      links to a wide array of cross-sector and sector-specific
number of short video webisodes are available on the       each JCTAWS, the host city receives a summary report.      no-cost training programs and resources which are
DHS YouTube Channel. The webisodes include Joint           The report includes key findings from the workshop;        available to private sector partners. The Web-based
Operations Centers, Critical Infrastructure                addresses the city‘s capability gaps and potential         and classroom courses provide government officials
Interdependencies, Special Event Preparedness, Critical    mitigation strategies; and provides a list of resources    and critical infrastructure owners and operators with
Infrastructure Protection and Reducing Vulnerabilities.    to address the gaps. The JCTAWS interagency planning       the knowledge and skills needed to implement critical
DHS YouTube Channel: Resource Guide SOPD                   group (NCTC/DHS/FBI) conducts a follow-up                  infrastructure protection and resilience activities.
Current: 18 Sept 2012                                      meeting with each city to determine if further             Access the Training Programs for Infrastructure
                                                                                                                                                                             26
                                                                                                                             Preventing Terrorism and Enhancing Security

Partners Page on DHS.gov:                                 Critical Manufacturing Cybersecurity Tabletop               please contact the NPPD/IP Critical Manufacturing SSA
http://www.dhs.gov/files/training/training-critical-      Exercise In partnership with Critical Manufacturing         at CriticalManufacturing@hq.dhs.gov.
infrastructure-partners.shtm.                             Sector Coordinating Council members and the DHS

Protective Security Advisors (PSAs) are
                                                          National Cyber Security Division (NCSD) exercise
                                                          program, the Critical Manufacturing SSA has
                                                                                                                      Commercial Facilities
DHS/NPPD/IP infrastructure security experts               developed a cybersecurity tabletop exercise to
deployed across the country who serve as the link         highlight potential cybersecurity vulnerabilities. This     Active Threat Recognition for Retail Security
between state, local, tribal, territorial, and private    exercise is divided into two modules focusing on            Officers This 85-minute presentation discusses signs
sector organizations and DHS infrastructure protection    threats to business systems and industrial control          of potential criminal and terrorist activity; types of
resources. PSAs assist with ongoing state and local       systems. This unclassified tabletop exercise is easily      surveillance; and suspicious behavioral indicators. To
critical infrastructure and key resources security        deployable and can be administered by an                    access the presentation, please register at:
efforts, coordinate vulnerability assessments and         organization‘s IT personnel. For more information,          https://connect.hsin.gov/attrrso/event/registration.h
training, support incident management, and serve as a     please contact the Critical Manufacturing SSA at            tml. After submitting the short registration
vital channel of communication between private            CriticalManufacturing@hq.dhs.gov.                           information to include setting a password of your
sector owners and operators of CIKR assets and DHS.                                                                   choice, you will receive an email confirmation with
Private sector owners and operators interested in         Critical Manufacturing Security Conference The              instructions for logging in to view the material. Also
contacting their PSA should contact                       Critical Manufacturing Security Conference features         includes One-pager/factsheet. For more information,
PSCDOperations@hq.dhs.gov or 703-235-9349.                various vendors and presenters pertinent to the             please contact the Commercial Facilities SSA at
                                                          manufacturing arena. Designed for industry                  CFSTeam@dhs.gov.
Science and Technology Directorate Career                 professionals throughout the sector, this event
Development Grants (CDG) Program provides                 provides an important opportunity for Critical              Commercial Facilities Sector Pandemic Planning
competitive awards to support undergraduate and           Manufacturing Sector security partners to engage in         Documents These are three informational products
graduate students attending institutions, including the   meaningful dialogue and share ideas to enhance sector       for use by public assembly sector stakeholders
Centers for Excellence, which have made a                 security. For more information, contact                     detailing key steps and activities to take when
commitment to develop Homeland Security-related           CriticalManufacturing@dhs.gov.                              operating during a pandemic influenza situation, a
Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics                                                                     process tracking and status template, and a checklist of
(HS-STEM) curricula and fields of study. These two        Critical Manufacturing Partnership Road Show This           recommendations for H1N1 response plan
competitive programs provide educational support,         program provides Critical Manufacturing Sector              development. The products were created in
internships, and employment avenues to highly             members an opportunity to participate in onsite visits      partnership with International Association of Venue
qualified individuals to enhance the scientific           to various DHS locations. The visits include briefings      Manager's Academy for Venue Safety and Security. For
leadership in areas important to DHS. DHS requires        on current threats to the U.S., including to the Critical   more information, please contact the Commercial
supported students to serve one 10-week summer            Manufacturing Sector and related infrastructure. For        Facilities SSA at CFSTeam@dhs.gov.
internship and one year in an approved HS-STEM            more information, email
venue. Student and scholar researchers perform work       CriticalManufacturing@dhs.gov.                              DHS Retail Video: "What's in Store - Ordinary
at more than 28 DHS-affiliated venues including the                                                                   People/Extraordinary Events" The Department of
S&T Directorate, national laboratories, and DHS           SOPD/TSA Joint Exercise Program This program                Homeland Security's, Infrastructure Protection‘s
Components such as the United States Coast Guard          allows Critical Manufacturers to develop advanced           Partnership and Outreach Division, Office for
and the Office of Intelligence and Analysis (I&A). For    tabletop exercises that determine gaps and mitigate         Bombing Prevention and the Commercial Facilities
more information, visit                                   vulnerabilities in their respective transportation supply   Sector-Specific Agency created a multimedia training
http://www.grants.gov/search/search.do?mode=VIE           chains within the U.S. and cross border (particularly       video for retail employees of commercial shopping
W&oppId=60714.                                            Canada and Mexico). This is a combined program              venues to alert them of the signs of suspicious
                                                          with the Transportation Security Administration (TSA)       behavior in the workplace. The video is intended to
                                                                                                                      both highlight suspicious behavior, as well as
Critical Manufacturing                                    with support from TSA‘s Intermodal Security Training
                                                          and Exercise Program (ISTEP). For more information,         encourage staff to take action when suspicious
                                                                                                                      behavior is identified. The video can be viewed at
                                                                                                                      http://www.dhs.gov/multimedia/list?media_type=vi
                                                                                                                                                                            27
                                                                                                                               Preventing Terrorism and Enhancing Security

deo&year_filter[value][year]=&month_filter[value][y        venues/sports leagues organizations at their facilities.     indicators of workplace violence; the actions one
ear]=&month_filter[value][month]=&title=&items_p           In addition to the exercise scenario and slide               should take to prevent and prepare for potential active
er_page=25. For more information, please contact the       presentation, users will find adaptable invitational         shooter incidents; how to manage an active shooter
NPPD/IP Commercial Facilities SSA at                       communication tools, as well as the after action report      incident. This course also features interactive
CFSTeam@dhs.gov.                                           template and participant surveys which will assist in        knowledge reviews, a final exam, and additional
                                                           incorporating change and developing improvement              resources. A certificate is given to participants who
DHS Sports Leagues/Public Assembly Video: “Check           plans accordingly. The Retail/Lodging and Sports             complete the entire course. The training may be
It! How to Check a Bag” Designed to raise the level of     Leagues/Outdoor Venues SSTEPs will allow                     accessed on the Federal Emergency Management
awareness for front line facility employees by             participants the opportunity to gain an understanding        Agency Emergency Management Institute Web site:
highlighting the indicators of suspicious activity, this   of issues faced prior to, during, and after a terrorist      http://training.fema.gov/EMIWeb/IS/IS907.asp. For
video provides information to help employees               threat/attack and the coordination with other entities,      more information about Office of Infrastructure
properly search bags in order to protect venues and        both private and government, regarding a specific            Protection training courses, please contact:
patrons across the country. For more information,          facility. For more information, please contact the           IP_Education@hq.dhs.gov .
please contact the NPPD/IP Commercial Facilities SSA       NPPD/IP Commercial Facilities SSA at
at CFSTeam@dhs.gov.                                        CFSTeam@dhs.gov.                                             IS-912 Retail Security Awareness: Understanding
                                                                                                                        the Hidden Hazards This online training increases
Evacuation Planning Guide for Stadiums This                IS-906 Workplace Security Awareness This online              awareness of persons involved in commercial retail
product was developed to assist stadium owners and         training provides guidance to individuals and                operations of the actions they can take to identify and
operators with preparing an Evacuation Plan and            organizations on how to improve security in the              report suspicious purchases or thefts of products that
determining when and how to evacuate, conduct              workplace. The course promotes workplace security            could be used in terrorist or other criminal activities.
shelter-in-place operations, or relocate stadium           practices applicable across all 18 critical infrastructure   The course provides an overview of steps to identify
spectators and participants. For more information,         sectors. Threat scenarios include: Access & Security         and monitor high-risk product inventories and
contact CFSTeam@hq.dhs.gov.                                Control, Criminal & Suspicious Activities, Workplace         reporting suspicious activities to law enforcement
                                                           Violence, and Cyber Threats. The training may be             agencies. The course is designed for retail managers,
Hotel and Lodging Advisory Poster This poster was          accessed on the Federal Emergency Management                 loss prevention specialists, risk management
created for all staff throughout the U.S. Lodging          Agency Emergency Management Institute Web site:              specialists, product managers, sales associates and
Industry to increase awareness regarding a property‘s      http://training.fema.gov/EMIWeb/IS/IS906.asp. For            others involved in retail operations. The training may
potential to be used for illicit purposes, suspicious      more information about Office of Infrastructure              be accessed on the Federal Emergency Management
behavior and items, and appropriate actions for            Protection training courses, please contact:                 Agency Emergency Management Institute Web site:
employees to take if they notice suspicious activity.      IP_Education@hq.dhs.gov.                                     http://training.fema.gov/EMIWeb/IS/IS912.asp. For
The poster was designed in tandem with the                                                                              more information about Office of Infrastructure
Commercial Facilities SCC and the Lodging Subsector        IS-907 Active Shooter: What You Can Do This                  Protection training courses, please contact:
and is available at                                        online training provides guidance to individuals,            IP_Education@hq.dhs.gov.
http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/ip_cikr_hotel_a         including managers and employees, so that they can
dvisory.pdf. For more information, please contact the      prepare to respond to an active shooter situation. The       Lodging Video: “No Reservations: Suspicious
NPPD/IP Commercial Facilities SSA at                       course is self-paced and takes about 45 minutes to           Behavior in Hotels” is designed to raise the level of
CFSTeam@dhs.gov.                                           complete. This comprehensive cross-sector training is        awareness for hotel employees by highlighting the
                                                           appropriate for a broad audience regardless of               indicators of suspicious activity, this video provides
Infrastructure Protection Sector-Specific Table Top        knowledge and skill level. The training uses                 information to help employees identify and report
Exercise Program (SSTEP) for the Commercial                interactive scenarios and videos to illustrate how           suspicious activities and threats in a timely manner.
Facilities Retail/Lodging Subsectors and Sports            individuals who become involved in an active shooter         For more information, contact the Commercial
Leagues/Public Assembly Subsectors These tools are         situation should react. Topics within the course             Facilities SSA at CFSTeam@hq.dhs.gov.
unclassified, adaptable and immediately deployable         include: the actions one should take when confronted
exercises which focus on information sharing which         with an active shooter and responding law                    Mountain Resorts and Outdoor Events Protective
can be utilized by retail/lodging and outdoor              enforcement officials; how to recognize potential            Measures Guides These guides are a compilation of
                                                                                                                                                                                 28
                                                                                                                                 Preventing Terrorism and Enhancing Security

materials shared by industry leaders which are                Risk Self-Assessment Tool for Stadiums and Arenas,           Threat Detection & Reaction for Retail & Shopping
intended for reference and guidance purposes only.            Performing Art Centers, Lodging, Convention                  Center Staff This 20-minute presentation is intended
They provide an overview of protective measures that          Centers, Racetracks, and Theme Parks The Risk Self           for Point-of-Sale staff, but is applicable to all
can be implemented to assist owners and operators of          Assessment Tool (RSAT) is a secure, Web-based                employees of a shopping center, mall, or retail
commercial facilities in planning and managing                application designed to assist managers of public            facility. It uses case studies and best practices to
security at their facilities or at their events, as well as   assembly facilities with the identification and              explain suspicious behavior and items; how to reduce
examples of successful planning, organization,                management of security vulnerabilities to reduce risk        the vulnerability to an active shooter threat; and the
coordination, communication, operations, and                  to their facilities. The RSAT application uses facility      appropriate actions to take if employees notice
training activities. For more information, please             input in combination with threat and consequence             suspicious activity. The presentation can be viewed
contact the Commercial Facilities SSA at                      estimates to conduct a comprehensive risk assessment         on the HSIN-CS Commercial Facilities portal at
CFSTeam@dhs.gov.                                              and provides users with options for consideration to         https://connect.hsin.gov/p21849699/. For more
                                                              improve the security posture of their facility. It is also   information, contact the Commercial Facilities SSA at
Protective Measures Guide for U.S. Sports Leagues             accompanied by a Fact Sheet/Brochure. For more               CFSTeam@hq.dhs.gov.
This Protective Measures Guide provides an overview           information, please contact the NPPD/IP Commercial
of best practices and protective measures designed to
assist sports teams and owners/operators of sporting
                                                              Facilities SSA at CFSTeam@dhs.gov or
                                                              RSAT@hq.dhs.gov.
                                                                                                                           Dams Security
event venues with planning and managing security at
their facility. The Guide provides examples of                Sports Venue Bag Search Procedures Guide This                Active and Passive Vehicle Barriers Guide (Dams
successful planning, organization, coordination,              guide provides suggestions for developing and                Sector) This guide provides owners/operators with
communication, operations, and training activities            implementing bag search procedures at sporting event         information on a variety of active and passive vehicle
that result in a safe sporting event experience. For          venues hosting major sporting events. The purpose for        barriers, and properly designing and selecting vehicle
more information, please contact the Commercial               establishing bag search procedures is to control items       barrier systems. For more information, please contact
Facilities Sector-Specific Agency at                          which are hand carried into the sports venue. The bag        the NPPD/IP Dams SSA at Dams@hq.dhs.gov.
CFSteam@hq.dhs.gov.                                           search procedures should be a part of the venue‘s over
                                                              all Security Plan and should be tested and evaluated as      Common Risk Model for Dams (CRM-D) describes a
Protective Measures Guide for the U.S. Lodging                stated in the Security Plan. The actual implementation       model for estimating risk to dams and navigation
Industry Produced in collaboration with the American          of bag search procedures and level of search detail will     locks located across the United States. The model was
Hotel & Lodging Association (AH&LA), the Protective           depend upon the threat to the venue as determined by         funded and guided by the United States Army Corps
Measures Guide for the U.S. Lodging Industry offers           the venue‘s security manager. For more information,          of Engineers (USACE) and is currently being
options for hotels to consider when implementing              please contact the Commercial Facilities SSA at              developed as a on-line tool through ANL as a part of
protective measures. This guide provides an overview          CFSTeam@dhs.gov.                                             the Dams Sector Analysis Tool (DSAT). The model
of threat, vulnerability, and protective measures                                                                          incorporates commonly used risk metrics that are
designed to assist hotel owners and operators in              Sports Venue Credentialing Guide This guide                  designed to be straightforward, transparent, and
planning and managing security at their facilities. For       provides suggestions for developing and                      mathematically defensible. The methodology was
more information, please contact the Commercial               implementing credentialing procedures at sporting            piloted in the second half of 2011 at nearly 20
Facilities Sector-Specific Agency at                          event venues that host professional sporting events.         different USACE facilities. For more information,
CFSteam@hq.dhs.gov.                                           The purpose for establishing a credentialing program         please contact the Dams SSA at Dams@hq.dhs.gov.
                                                              is to control and restrict access to a sports venue, and
Retail and Shopping Center Advisory Poster helps              provide venue management with information on                 Comprehensive Facility Reports (CFR). These
train retail employees on the recognition of suspicious       those who have access. Credentialing can also be used        reports on Dams Sector critical assets support the
behavior and how to report it. For more information,          to control and restrict vehicle movement within a            characterization of critical assets, operational
contact the Commercial Facilities SSA at                      venue. For more information, please contact the              characteristics, and regional interdependency
CFSTeam@hq.dhs.gov.                                           Commercial Facilities SSA at CFSTeam@dhs.gov.                information. By using a standard template across the
                                                                                                                           sector, the CFR takes direct advantage of existing
                                                                                                                           information available from dam safety and inspection

                                                                                                                                                                               29
                                                                                                                              Preventing Terrorism and Enhancing Security

reports. For more information, contact the Dams SSA          approach can serve as an effective all-hazards            industrial control systems across the Dams Sector in
at Dams@hq.dhs.gov.                                          preliminary prioritization scheme. It is also             order to enhance the sector‘s understanding and
                                                             accompanied by Fact Sheet/Brochure. For more              management of cyber risks; facilitate the identification
Consequence-Based Top Screen Fact Sheet This fact            information, please contact the NPPD/IP Dams SSA at       of practical risk mitigation solutions; promote
sheet provides information pertaining to the                 Dams@hq.dhs.gov.                                          information sharing; and improve sector-wide
Consequence-Based Top Screen (CTS) methodology,                                                                        awareness of cyber security concerns. For more
including how it was developed, its primary purpose,         Dams Sector Consequence-Based Top Screen (CTS)            information, please contact the NPPD/IP Dams SSA at
and the Web-based tool with which it is                      Reference Guide The user-guide provides                   Dams@hq.dhs.gov.
implemented. For more information, see                       information on the methodology, how it was
http://www.dhs.gov/files/programs/gc_126054188               developed, its primary purpose, and the Web-based         Dams Sector Security Awareness Guide This is a
2284.shtm or contact the NPPD/IP Dams SSA at                 tool with which it is implemented. For more               non-FOUO version of the Dam Sector Security
Dams@hq.dhs.gov.                                             information, please contact the NPPD/IP Dams SSA at       Awareness Handbook for distribution to
                                                             Dams@hq.dhs.gov.                                          owners/operators. The guide is available at
Dams and Energy Sector Interdependency Study                                                                           http://www.damsafety.org/media/documents/Down
Examines the interdependencies between two critical          Dams Sector Crisis Management Handbook Provides           loadableDocuments/DamsSectorSecurityAwarenessGui
infrastructure sectors—Dams and Energy—with a                owners/operators with information relating to             de_508.pdf. For more information, please contact the
particular emphasis on the variability of weather            emergency response and preparedness issues; includes      NPPD/IP Dams SSA at Dams@hq.dhs.gov.
patterns and competing demands for water, which              recommendations for developing emergency action
determine the amount of water available for                  plans and site recovery plans. The handbook is            Dams Sector Security Awareness Guide – Levees This
hydroelectric power generation. For more                     available at                                              guide assists levee owners in identifying security
information, please contact the Dams SSA at                  http://www.damsafety.org/media/Documents/Secur            concerns, coordinating proper response, and
Dams@hq.dhs.gov.                                             ity/DamsSectorCrisisManagementHandbook.pdf. For           establishing effective partnerships with local law
                                                             more information, please contact the NPPD/IP Dams         enforcement and first responder communities. For
Dams Sector Analysis Tool (DSAT) is an integrated            SSA at Dams@hq.dhs.gov.                                   more information, please contact the Dams SSA at
data management system and dams-specific analysis                                                                      Dams@hq.dhs.gov.
tool that establishes an integrated analysis gateway for     Dams Sector Exercise Series (DSES) is an annual
all Dams Sector-related tools and information, which         Dams Sector exercise series conducted in collaboration    Dams Sector Suspicious Activity Reporting Fact
allows for a single source for data input and analysis.      with public and private sector stakeholders in order to   Sheet This fact sheet provides information regarding
In addition, DSAT provides access to simplified dam          identify, analyze, assess, and enhance regional           the online Suspicious Activity Reporting tool within
break flood inundation analysis capabilities through         preparedness and disaster resilience, using multi-        the HSIN-CS Dams Portal that was established to
the Decision Support System for Water Infrastructural        jurisdictional discussion-based activities involving a    provide sector stakeholders with the capability to
Safety (DSS-WISE), developed by the National Center          wide array of public and private stakeholders. For a      report and retrieve information pertaining to
for Computational Hydroscience and Engineering at            given region, this collaborative process is based on a    suspicious activities that may potentially be associated
the University of Mississippi. For more information,         particular scenario that serves as the triggering event   with pre-incident surveillance, and those activities
contact the Dams SSA at dams@hq.dhs.gov.                     to analyze impacts, disruptions, critical                 related to the exploration or targeting of a specific
                                                             interdependencies, and stakeholder roles and              critical infrastructure facility or system. For more
Dams Sector Consequence-Based Top Screen (CTS)               responsibilities. The discussion-based process is         information, please contact the Dams SSA at
Tool The purpose of the CTS methodology is to                executed under the framework provided by the              Dams@hq.dhs.gov.
identify critical facilities within the Dams Sector (e.g.,   Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation Program.
those high-consequence facilities, the failure or            For more information, contact the Dams SSA at             Dams Sector Tabletop Exercise Toolbox (DSTET) –
disruption of which could be potentially associated          Dams@hq.dhs.gov.                                          This tool was developed to assist sector stakeholders in
with the highest possible impact among sector assets).                                                                 planning and conducting a security-based tabletop
By focusing on potential consequences and                    Dams Sector Roadmap to Secure Control Systems             exercise that is compliant with the Homeland Security
decoupling the analysis from the threat and                  provides a comprehensive framework and                    Exercise and Evaluation Program. Multiple videos and
vulnerability components of the risk process, the CTS        recommended strategies focused on the protection of       examples are included as part of the tool for use
                                                                                                                                                                             30
                                                                                                                         Preventing Terrorism and Enhancing Security

during the exercise as ―scene-setters.‖ The toolbox       Estimating Loss of Life for Dam Failure Scenarios       information please contact the Dams SSA at
includes several modules, which can be tailored to        Provides information describing the loss of life        Dams@hq.dhs.gov.
accommodate specific needs at a given facility. The       estimation approaches most commonly used in the
toolbox will assist owners and responders in              U.S. and Canada, and discusses their advantages and     Protective Measures Handbook (FOUO) assists Dams
reviewing information sharing and coordination            limitations. For more information, please contact the   Sector owners/operators in selecting protective
activities when dealing with a security incident and      Dams SSA at Dams@hq.dhs.gov.                            measures addressing the physical, cyber, and human
supports the identification of potential opportunities                                                            elements; includes recommendations for developing
for improvement, thus enhancing overall incident          IS-870 Dams Sector: Crisis Management Overview          site security plans. For more information, contact the
response planning. The toolbox includes planner           is Web-based training focused on information            Dams SSA at Dams@hq.dhs.gov.
instructions, facilitator briefing slides and handbook,   provided within the Dams Sector Crisis Management
situation manual, sample invitation letters, sample       handbook. To access this course visit:                  Security Awareness for Levee Owners Brochure This
feedback forms, and exercise reference materials. For     http://training.fema.gov/EMIWeb/IS/is870.asp. For       brochure provides succinct information on
more information, please contact the NPPD/IP Dams         more information, please contact the NPPD/IP Dams       surveillance indicators and incident reporting. The
SSA at Dams@hq.dhs.gov.                                   SSA at Dams@hq.dhs.gov.                                 brochure is available at http://www.dhs.gov/dams-
                                                                                                                  sector-publications-training-and-resources. For more
Dams Sector Waterside Barriers Guide Provides             IS-871 Dams Sector: Security Awareness (FOUO)           information, please contact the NPPD/IP Dams SSA at
owners/operators with information on waterside            This Web-based training focuses on information          Dams@hq.dhs.gov.
barriers and their use, maintenance, and effectiveness;   provided within the Dams Sector Security Awareness
elements that must be carefully taken into                handbook. To access this course visit:                  Security Awareness Handbook (FOUO) assists Dams
consideration when selecting waterside barriers. For      http://training.fema.gov/EMIWeb/IS/is871.asp. For       Sector owners/operators in identifying security
more information, please contact the NPPD/IP Dams         more information, please contact the NPPD/IP Dams       concerns, coordinating proper response, and
SSA at Dams@hq.dhs.gov.                                   SSA at Dams@hq.dhs.gov.                                 establishing effective partnerships with local law
                                                                                                                  enforcement and first responder communities. For
Dams Sector Web-Based Training Fact Sheet                 IS-872 Dams Sector: Protective Measures (FOUO)          more information, contact the Dams SSA at
provides a brief description and access information for   This Web-based training focuses on information          Dams@hq.dhs.gov.
the various web-based training tools developed by the     provided within the Dams Sector Protective Measures
Dams Sector. For more information, contact the Dams       handbook. To access this course visit:                  Suspicious Activity Reporting Fact Sheet provides
SSA at Dams@hq.dhs.gov.                                   http://training.fema.gov/EMIWeb/IS/is872.asp. For       information regarding the online Suspicious Activity
                                                          more information, please contact the NPPD/IP Dams       Reporting tool within the HSIN-CS Dams Portal that
Emergency Preparedness Guidelines for Levees: A           SSA at Dams@hq.dhs.gov.                                 was established to provide sector stakeholders with the
Guide for Owners and Operators Assists public and                                                                 capability to report and retrieve information
private stakeholders that have responsibilities as        Dams Sector Personnel Screening Guide for Owners        pertaining to suspicious activities that may potentially
owners or operators in managing levees, floodwalls,       and Operators Provides information that assists         be associated with pre-incident surveillance, and those
pumping stations, and any other components of flood       owners/operators in developing and implementing         activities related to the exploration or targeting of a
risk management systems. For more information,            personnel screening protocols appropriate for their     specific critical infrastructure facility or system. For
please contact the Dams SSA at Dams@hq.dhs.gov.           facilities. For more information, please contact the    more information, contact the Dams SSA at
                                                          NPPD/IP Dams SSA at Dams@hq.dhs.gov.                    Dams@hq.dhs.gov.
Estimating Economic Consequences for Dam Failure
Scenarios provides information describing the             Physical Security Measures for Levees Brochure          Suspicious Activity Reporting Tool is a standardized
economic consequence estimation approaches most           provides information on physical security measures      means by which critical infrastructure stakeholders can
commonly used in the U.S., and discusses their            that a levee owner could employ and the factors         report suspicious or unusual activities to the
advantages and limitations. For more information,         affecting the selection of those measures. The          government via sector portals on the Homeland
please contact the Dams SSA at Dams@hq.dhs.gov.           brochure is available at http://www.dhs.gov/dams-       Security Information Network-Critical Sectors (HSIN-
                                                          sector-publications-training-and-resources. For more    CS). Reports submitted to the tool are reviewed by
                                                                                                                  the National Infrastructure Coordinating Center
                                                                                                                                                                       31
                                                                                                                         Preventing Terrorism and Enhancing Security

(NICC), shared with appropriate government               Foreign Animal Diseases to the United States. For        virus, like the 2009 H1N1 flu, might have on their
recipients, redacted and posted to HSIN-CS. Email        more information, see http://fazd.tamu.edu/ or           operations, and the importance of a written plan for
HSINCS@dhs.gov to request access to HSIN-CS.             http://www.ceezad.org or contact                         guiding businesses through a possible pandemic. For
                                                         universityprograms@dhs.gov.                              more information, see
Security Awareness for Levee Owners Brochure                                                                      http://www.flu.gov/professional/business/smallbiz.
provides information on surveillance indicators and      DHS Center of Excellence: National Center for Food       html, or contact IP_Education@hq.dhs.gov.
incident reporting. For more information, see            Protection and Defense (NCFPD) establishes best
https://www.dhs.gov/files/programs/gc_12838780           practices, develops new tools, and attracts new          Sector-Specific Pandemic Influenza Guides NPPD/IP
65033.shtm or contact the Dams SSA at                    researchers to prevent, manage and respond to food       developed sector-specific guides for pandemic
Dams@hq.dhs.gov.                                         contamination events. Resources include: Food and        influenza for the Chemical, Commercial Facilities,
                                                         Agriculture Criticality Assessment Tool (FAS-CAT);       Dams, Emergency Services, and Nuclear Sectors. For
Food Safety and Influenza                                FoodSHIELD, a web-based system for communication,
                                                         coordination, community-building, education, and
                                                                                                                  more information, please contact the NPPD/IP Sector
                                                                                                                  Outreach and Programs Division at
                                                         training among the Nation‘s food and agriculture         SOPDExecSec@dhs.gov.
DHS Center of Excellence: Center for Advancing           sectors; Global Chronology of Incidents of Chemical,
Microbial Risk Assessment (CAMRA), co-led by
Michigan State University and Drexel University and
                                                         Biological, Radioactive and Nuclear Attacks from
                                                         1961-2005; Mass Production of Detection and
                                                                                                                  Hazardous Materials
established jointly with the U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency, fills critical gaps in risk
                                                         Neutralizing Antibodies; Food Protection and Food        Transportation Security
                                                         Safety and Defense Graduate Certificate Programs; Risk
assessments for decontaminating microbiological          Communication, Message Development/Evaluation
threats — such as plague and anthrax — answering                                                                  Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration: Guide
                                                         and Training; decontamination protocols; and             to Developing an Effective Security Plan for the
the question, ―How Clean is Safe?‖ Resources include:    Regulatory, Policy, Technical, and Practical Issues
Water mixing and pathogen dilution models; dose                                                                   Highway Transportation of Hazardous Materials is a
                                                         related to Contaminated Food Disposal. For more          tool that motor carriers transporting hazardous
response models for Category A bioterror agents; and     information, see http://www.ncfpd.umn.edu/ or
the Knowledge Warehouse, an online repository of                                                                  materials can use in developing a security plan as
                                                         contact universityprograms@dhs.gov.                      required by the U.S. Department of Transportation in
microbial risk assessment information highlighting
connections between projects. For more information,                                                               their HM-232 rulemaking [1]. It is designed to
                                                         DHS Pandemic Influenza Impact on                         provide motor carriers with (a) sufficient background
visit http://camra.msu.edu or email camra@msu.edu.       Communications Network Study and Best Practices          to understand the nature of the threats against
                                                         evaluates the potential impact on the communications     hazardous materials transportation; (b) the means to
DHS Center of Excellence: National Center for            infrastructure in the event of a pandemic influenza in
Zoonotic and Animal Disease Defense (ZADD)                                                                        identify the vulnerabilities to those threats; and (c) an
                                                         the U.S. The study examines potential                    approach to address the vulnerabilities. For more
conducts research to protect against the introduction    communications and information technology issues
of high-consequence foreign animal and zoonotic                                                                   information, see
                                                         during a pandemic and identifies industry and            http://www.tsa.gov/stakeholders/documents-and-
diseases into the United States, with an emphasis on     government recommendations on how to better
prevention, surveillance, intervention and recovery.                                                              reports-0. Contact the TSA Highway and Motor
                                                         prepare the nation to handle these challenges. The       Carrier offices at highwaysecurity@dhs.gov.
Resources include Emergency Response Support             study is available at
System; Animal Health Network; Courses on Foreign        http://www.ncs.gov/library/pubs/Pandemic%20Co
Animal and Zoonotic Diseases, Public and Private                                                                  Hazmat Motor Carrier Security Action Item
                                                         mms%20Impact%20Study%20(December%202007).p               Training (SAIT) Program addresses the TSA
sector Awareness Materials, Field Guide to Handling      df. For more information, contact ncsweb1@dhs.gov.
Contaminated Animal and Plant Materials, Mass                                                                     recommended security actions that were developed
Livestock Carcass Management workshop, Specialists                                                                for the hazmat transportation industry. For more
                                                         Planning for 2009 H1N1 Influenza: A Preparedness         information, see
in Foreign Animal and Zoonotic Diseases, an Avian        Guide for Small Business DHS, the Centers for
Influenza Study Curriculum, a Guide to Developing an                                                              http://www.tsa.gov/stakeholders/trucking-hazmat.
                                                         Disease Control (CDC), and the Small Business            Or contact TSA Highway and Motor Carrier Division,
Animal Issues Emergency Management Plan, The             Administration developed this guide to help small
Biosecurity Research Institute (BRI) and a compilation                                                            highwaysecurity@dhs.gov.
                                                         businesses understand what impact a new influenza
of materials pertaining to the Economic Impact of
                                                                                                                                                                        32
                                                                                                                            Preventing Terrorism and Enhancing Security

Hazmat Motor Carrier Security Self-Assessment             IEDs, how to respond to suspicious objects and how         http://www.tsa.gov/stakeholders/trucking-hazmat or
Training Program addresses the requirements               to work with responding agencies in the event an IED       contact highwaysecurity@dhs.gov.
contained in 49 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR),        is discovered or detonated on company property. The
Part 172.802, which requires motor carriers that          DVD incorporates interactive quizzes that can be used      Highway ISAC The TSA Trucking Security Program
transport placarded amounts of hazardous materials to     by pipeline companies to test employees‘ knowledge         funds the First Observer ™ domain awareness
develop a plan that adequately addresses security risks   at the end of each module. For more information,           program as well as a Call-Center and Information
related to the transportation of hazardous materials.     contact PipelineSecurity@dhs.gov.                          Sharing and Analysis Center (ISAC). The Highway
Training materials can be found at                                                                                   ISAC creates products and bulletins and e-mails them
http://www.tsa.gov/stakeholders/trucking-hazmat.          DHS Center of Excellence: National Transportation          to a distribution list from TSA Highway and Motor
Contact TSA Highway and Motor Carrier Division at         Security Center of Excellence (NTSCOE) is                  Carrier and the First Observer program. For more
highwaysecurity@dhs.gov.                                  comprised of seven institutions: University of             information, contact www.firstobserver.com.
                                                          Connecticut, Tougaloo College, Texas Southern
Hazmat Trucking Guidance: Highway Security-               University, Rutgers - The State University of New          Homeland Security Information Network (HSIN) -
Sensitive Materials (HSSM) Security Action Items          Jersey, Long Island University, University of Arkansas,    Highway and Motor Carrier Portal is part of the
(SAIs) provide security measures for implementation       and San José State University. The NTSCOE addresses        Critical Sector section of the HSIN system (HSIN-CS).
by motor carriers transporting Tier 1HSSM and Tier 2      all aspects of transportation security including           Membership to the portal is provided once vetted by
HSSM. The security practices are voluntary to allow       identification of existing and emerging threats,           portal administrators. For more information, contact
highway motor carriers to adopt measures best suited      development of new technologies for resilient              HSIN.helpdesk@dhs.gov 866-430-0162.
to their particular circumstances. For more               infrastructure, establishment of national transportation
information, see                                          security policies, training of transportation              Intermodal Security Training and Exercise Program
http://www.tsa.gov/stakeholders/trucking-hazmat or        professionals, and development of undergraduate and        (I-STEP) supports TSA‘s Office of Security Policy and
contact highwaysecurity@dhs.gov.                          graduate education to build and maintain a quality         Industry Engagement (OSPIE) Modal Security
                                                          transportation security workforce of the future. For       Managers with exercises and training. The program is
Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety                   more information, see                                      designed to support all transportation security partners
Administration: Risk Management Self-Evaluation           http://www.ntscoe.uconn.edu/ or contact                    with security objectives and training that has clear and
Framework (RMSEF) provides a basic framework for          universityprograms@dhs.gov.                                consistent performance measures. For more
managing risk as part of the hazardous materials                                                                     information, see http://www.tsa.gov/i-step or
transportation process. RMSEF is a tool for all parties   First Observer ™ Training TSA provides funding for         contact i-step@dhs.gov 571-227-5150.
(regulators, shippers, carriers, emergency response       the First Observer ™ program under the Trucking
personnel, etc.) to look at their operations and          Security Program grant. The First Observer ™ website       Laminated Security Awareness Driver Tip Card
consider how they assess and manage risk. For more        has online training modules for trucking, school           contains the following topics: bus operator alerts;
information, see                                          buses, law enforcement, cargo, hazmat, highway             hijacking; evacuating the vehicle; awareness and what
http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/risk/rmsef or             workers, among others. You can log on to the               to look for; and possible chemical/biological
contact highwaysecurity@dhs.gov                           website for training at:                                   weapons. For more information, see
                                                          http://www.firstobserver.com/training/home.php or          http://www.tsa.gov/stakeholders/documents-and-
Land Transportation and                                   contact or Firstobserver@hms-world.com 888-217-
                                                          5902.
                                                                                                                     reports-0 or contact highwaysecurity@dhs.gov.

Pipeline                                                                                                             Land Transportation Antiterrorism Training
                                                          Highway and Motor Carrier Awareness Posters                Program (LTATP) is an effort by the Federal Law
Countering IEDs Training for Pipeline Employees is        include Motorcoach Awareness Posters for terminals:        Enforcement Training Center to enhance knowledge,
a DVD-based training program to familiarize pipeline      ―Watch for Suspicious Items‖ and ―Watch for                skills, and capabilities of law enforcement and security
company employees and contractors with the threat         Suspicious Behaviors‖ for terminals as well as a School    officials to prevent acts of terrorism. Through a
posed by Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs). This        Transportation Employee Awareness poster. For more         curriculum focused on surface transportation security,
DVD employs four modules that familiarize viewers         information, see                                           this five-day program provides the participants with
with the threat posed by IEDs, how to spot potential                                                                 tools to protect the land transportation infrastructure,
                                                                                                                                                                           33
                                                                                                                            Preventing Terrorism and Enhancing Security

including rail, mass transit and bus operations, and      Security website at
most importantly passengers and employees. For            http://www.tsa.gov/stakeholders/training-and-              Transportation Security Grant Program (TSGP)
more information, see                                     exercises. For more information contact the Pipeline       provides security grants to transit systems, intercity
http://www.fletc.gov/training/programs/counterterr        Security Division at PipelineSecurity@dhs.gov.             bus companies, freight railroad carriers, ferries, and
orism-division/land-transportation-antiterrorism-                                                                    the trucking industry to help protect the public and
training-program-ltatp or contact: FLETC-                 Protecting Pipeline Infrastructure: The Law                the nation‘s critical transportation infrastructure. The
CounterterrorismDivision@hq.dhs.gov.                      Enforcement Role is a DVD intended to enhance the          grants support high-impact security projects that have
                                                          law enforcement community‘s understanding of               a high efficacy in reducing the most risk to our
On the Tracks Rail Sabotage Awareness and                 pipeline systems and their security issues. The DVD        nation‘s transportation systems. For more
Reporting (DVD & Poster) Training to provide those        provides a basic understanding of how pipeline             information, see
responsible for the safety and security of our rail       systems function, the principle products they              http://www.fema.gov/government/grant/tsgp/ or
system with information on the nature of rail sabotage    transport, and includes a discussion of the threats and    contact askcsid@dhs.gov, 800-368-6498.
threats and the necessary steps to take in safeguarding   vulnerabilities to pipelines. The primary audience for
against its execution. The video addresses where to       this DVD is local, state, and federal law enforcement,     Transportation Sector Network Management
look for potential sabotage threats, the categories of    federal security partners, and others involved with        Highway and Motor Carrier Division Annual Report
threats to be on alert for, and the steps to take in      infrastructure security. Viewers should come away          TSA Highway and Motor Carrier Division publishes an
reporting objects or activities that appear out of the    with a better understanding of the typical measures        Annual Report and posts the document on the
ordinary. This information reinforces the important       taken to protect pipelines and actions they can take to    following website
role of front-line employees, who have firsthand          assist pipeline operators during times of heightened       http://www.tsa.gov/sites/default/files/assets/pdf/In
knowledge and experience working in the field every       security alert. For more information and to request a      termodal/hwmc_annual_report_2006.pdf.
day, in helping to deter a terrorist attack on the rail   copy, see http://www.tsa.gov/stakeholders/pipeline-
system. For more information, contact                     security                                                   TSA Counterterrorism Guides are designed for
freightrailsecurity@dhs.gov.                                                                                         highway transportation security partners in the
                                                          Safeguarding America‟s Transportation System               trucking, highway infrastructure, motorcoach, and
Operation Secure Transport (OST) is security              Security Guides are available for highway passenger        school transportation industries. These guides are
awareness training for the over-the-road bus industry.    security motorcoach personnel, private and contract        small flip-charts containing the following topics: pre-
The training program will be available on CD and          carrier company employees, Owner-Operator                  incident indicators; targets; threats to highway; insider
online. The training modules will be broken down          Independent Drivers Association (OOIDA) members,           threat; cloned vehicle; hijacking prevention;
into the following categories: driver; maintenance;       school transportation industry personnel, tank truck       suspicious packages; information on explosive
terminal employees; management; and crisis response.      carrier employees, and truck rental company                devices; prevention/mitigation; security planning;
For more information, see                                 employees. You can access the guides by clicking on        security inspection checklist; security exercises;
http://www.tsa.gov/stakeholders/motorcoach or             ―Documents and Reports‖ on the main Highway and            chemical/biological/nuclear/radiological incidents;
contact highwaysecurity@dhs.gov.                          Motor Carrier page at www.tsa.gov/highway. For             and federal, state and local POCs. You can contact TSA
                                                          more information, contact highwaysecurity@dhs.gov.         HMC to order a copy, pending available inventory at
Pipeline Security Awareness for the Pipeline                                                                         highwaysecurity@dhs.gov.
Industry Employee Training CD and Brochures are a         School Transportation Security Awareness (STSA)
security awareness trainings centered on heightening
pipeline employee awareness of suspicious activity
                                                          training provides school bus drivers, school
                                                          administrators, and staff members with information
                                                                                                                     Maritime Security
and their importance in keeping our Nation's pipeline     that will enable them to effectively identify and report
system secure. To further enhance the information         perceived security threats, as well as the skills to       America‟s Waterways Watch is a combined effort of
contained in the pipeline security awareness training     appropriately react and respond to a security incident     the U.S. Coast Guard and its Reserve and Auxiliary
CD, TSA produced the brochures ―Pipeline Security         should it occur. For more information, see                 components to enlist the active participation of those
                                                                                                                     who live, work or play around America's waterfront
Awareness for Employees‖ and ―Good Neighbors! A           http://www.tsa.gov/stakeholders/school-
Pipeline Security Neighborhood Watch.‖ The CD and         transportation-security-awareness, or contact              areas. For more information, see http://aww.aww-
brochures may be requested on the TSA Pipeline            highwaysecurity@dhs.gov.                                   sp.com/Americas_Waterway_Watch/Home.html or

                                                                                                                                                                           34
                                                                                                                             Preventing Terrorism and Enhancing Security

contact aww@uscg.mil 877-24WATCH (877-249-                   security measures as outlined in their approved          Forecasting Tool, In-Situ Scour Evaluation Probe,
2824).                                                       security plans. The Maritime Security (MARSEC) Level     MUNICIPAL Critical Infrastructure Decision Support
                                                             (of which there are three) is set by the Commandant      Tool, and Youth Coping Response Inventory Tool. For
Area Committees and Area Contingency Plans                   of the Coast Guard to reflect the prevailing threat      more information, visit
(ACPs) improve coordination between federal, state           environment to marine elements of the national           http://coastalhazardscenter.org/.
and local authorities and industry, and strengthen on-       transportation system. For more information, see
scene response to the discharge of oil and hazardous         https://homeport.uscg.mil/mycg/portal/ep/home.d          DHS Center of Excellence: Center for Maritime,
materials. Each USCG Sector Commander has a port             o.                                                       Island, & Remote/Extreme Environment Security
homepage on the USCG Homeport website; interested                                                                     (MIREES) is led by the University of Hawaii in
prospective partners should check their respective port      Area Maritime Security Plans (AMSPs) are exercised       Honolulu for maritime and island security and Stevens
page on Homeport for contact information. Many               annually through the Coast Guard‘s Area Maritime         Institute of Technology in Hoboken, N.J., for port
HSCs also have their own state or locally-sponsored          Security Training and Exercise Program (AMSTEP)          security. The MIREES strengthens maritime domain
websites, maintained separately from USCG                    These interagency, multi-jurisdictional exercises        awareness and safeguards populations and properties
Homeport. All U.S. critical ports have Area                  encourage important interaction among maritime           unique to U.S. islands, ports, and remote and extreme
Committees and Area Contingency Plans. See the               stakeholders, including AMSCs, and enable effective      environments. For more information, see
AMSC, Area Committee and HSC postings at                     cooperation and preparation for maritime security        http://cimes.hawaii.edu/ and
https://homeport.uscg.mil/mycg/portal/ep/home.d              contingencies. AMSTEP exercises help stakeholders        http://www.stevens.edu/csr/ or contact
o.                                                           maintain and evaluate their ability to implement the     universityprograms@dhs.gov.
                                                             jointly developed AMSPs. Stakeholders include Federal
Area Maritime Security Committees (AMSCs) were               agencies, State, local, territorial and tribal           Industry Risk Analysis Model (IRAM) is an
established under Title 33 CFR Part 103, July 2003,          governments, and private sector partners, and may        unclassified version of the Maritime Security Risk
for the following purposes: 1) identify critical port        include facility and vessel security personnel. For      Analysis Model (MSRAM). IRAM is available to
infrastructure and operations; 2) identify risks,            more information, see                                    industry partners to conduct a local risk assessment of
threats, vulnerabilities and consequences; 3) develop        https://homeport.uscg.mil/mycg/portal/ep/home.d          their own facilities and vessels applying the same
and implement strategies to mitigate risks; 4) develop       o.                                                       criteria employed by USCG Port Security Specialists
and implement a process for continuously evaluating                                                                   (PSS) with MSRAM. IRAM provides a baseline risk
port security; and, 5) advise and assist the USCG            The Coast Guard Journal of Safety at Sea is the voice    analysis capability for owners/operators and assists in
Captain of the Port (in the role of Federal Maritime         of the Coast Guard Marine Safety and Security Council    rank ordering terrorism-related targets/scenarios,
Security Coordinator) in developing, reviewing and           and is published quarterly with over 30,000 copies       evaluating owner/operator security impact on risk,
updating the local Area Maritime Security Plan. For          mailed out for each issue. The audience includes a       and developing management strategies to reduce risk.
more information, see                                        large segment of the private maritime industry           IRAM is managed by the MSRAM program manager.
http://www.uscg.mil/hq/cg5/cg544/amsc.asp,                   population, including retired officers, fishing vessel   For more information, contact MSRAMHelp@uscg.mil
http://www.law.cornell.edu/cfr/text/33/103.305,              captains, river pilots, ocean scientists, marine
or                                                           engineers, tug/tow boat operators, shipping              Harbor Safety Committees, or similar bodies, are a
https://homeport.uscg.mil/mycg/portal/ep/home.d              executives, insurance operators, and maritime lawyers.   cooperative means to inform mariners about vessel
o.                                                           Issues of Proceedings are available to the public at     traffic hazards and to reduce the risk of navigation
                                                             www.uscg.mil/proceedings.                                incidents. They may be established by local
Area Maritime Security Plans (AMSPs) are                                                                              agreements, chartered by States, or organized by other
coordination and communication plans that align all          DHS Center of Excellence: Coastal Hazards Center of      maritime stakeholders. Harbor Safety Committees
levels of government (Federal, State, tribal, territorial,   Excellence (CHC) performs research and develops          frequently include participation from their respective
and local) and private industry port partners to             education programs to enhance the Nation‗s ability to    Captain of the Port. Some States require their Harbor
prevent, protect against, respond to, and initial            safeguard populations, properties, and economies         Safety Committees to deliver safety plans and identify
recovery from a transportation security incident. The        from catastrophic natural disasters. Resources include   safety concerns to their respective lead state agencies.
43 AMSPs cover each of the Nation‘s Captain of the           Disaster Response Intelligent System (DRIS), Coupled     Members of Harbor Safety Committees typically
Port Zones. Facilities and ports must implement              Wave/Storm Surge Prediction Model, Storm Surge           include representatives from the shipping industry,
                                                                                                                                                                            35
                                                                                                                           Preventing Terrorism and Enhancing Security

fishing industry, tug operators, vessel pilots,         TSA Port & Intermodal Security Division at                  Port Security Grant Program is a sustainable, risk-
recreational boaters, marine patrols, government, and   Maritime@dhs.gov or 571-227-3556.                           based effort to protect critical port infrastructure from
public or private environmental organizations. For                                                                  terrorism, particularly attacks using explosives and
more information, see the AMSC, Area Committee and      Maritime Security Risk Analysis Model (MSRAM) is            non-conventional threats that could cause major
HSC postings at                                         a terrorism risk management tool and process used to        disruption to commerce. The PSGP provides grant
https://homeport.uscg.mil/mycg/portal/ep/home.d         conduct scenario-based risk assessments against critical    funding to port areas for the protection of critical port
o then select ―Ports and Waterways,‖ or visit           infrastructure, key assets, and targets within each US      infrastructure from terrorism. For more information,
www.harborsafetycommittee.blogspot.com.                 Coast Guard Captain‘s of the Port area of                   visit http://www.fema.gov/port-security-grant-
                                                        responsibility. The execution of the MSRAM process          program or contact askcsid@dhs.gov 800-368-6498.
HOMEPORT is the primary on-line means of                is built upon the assessments and judgments made by
communicating alerts, announcements and other           Coast Guard field commanders across the country in          The Port State Information Exchange (PSIX) system
information from the Coast Guard field units to their   close partnerships with regional Area Maritime              contains vessel specific information derived from the
partners, including the private sector. Homeport also   Security Committees, which include maritime                 United States Coast Guard's Marine Information Safety
provides public and protected community-of-interest     industry security professionals. The resultant              and Law Enforcement System (MISLE). The
chat and interactive information between partners.      extensive national dataset contains risk evaluations of a   information contained in PSIX represents a weekly
Specific Homeport Topics Include: containers,           wide array of scenarios for all of the significant assets   snapshot of Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) data
domestic vessels (U.S. flag vessels), environmental,    operating in the U.S. maritime domain. MSRAM                on U.S. flag vessels, foreign vessels operating in U.S.
facilities, incident management and preparedness,       offers a dynamic analysis interface capable of              waters, and Coast Guard contacts with those vessels.
investigations (maritime casualties and incidents),     generating tailored results and supports operational,       Information on open cases or cases pending further
International Port Security Program, marine safety,     tactical and strategic decisions. For more information,     action is considered privileged information and is
maritime domain awareness and information sharing,      contact MSRAMHelp@uscg.mil.                                 excluded from the PSIX system until the relevant cases
maritime security, and waterways,                                                                                   are complete and closed. PSIX can be accessed at the
regulations/administrative adjudications, vessel        National Vessel Movement Center (NVMC)                      following link:
standards, counter-piracy, Port Security Advisors,      provides the maritime industry with a means to              http://cgmix.uscg.mil/PSIX/Default.aspx
Maritime Transportation Security Act (MTSA), Marine     submit a Notice of Arrival and a Notice of Departure,
Safety Center, Mariner Credential Verification, and     which fulfills USCG and the Customs and Border              Transportation Worker Identification Credential
Mariner Credential Application Status. For more         Protection requirements. For more information, see          (TWIC) is a security program designed to ensure that
information, see                                        http://www.nvmc.uscg.gov or contact                         individuals who pose a security threat do not gain
https://homeport.uscg.mil/mycg/portal/ep/home.d         sans@nvmc.uscg.gov 800-708-9823 or 304-264-                 unescorted access to secure areas of the Nation's
o.                                                      2502.                                                       maritime transportation system. The credential is a
                                                                                                                    biometric card that ensures only vetted workers can
Maritime Passenger Security Courses address topics      Port Interagency Information Sharing Assessment             enter without an escort to secure transportation areas.
to improve passenger vessel employee security           consists of a recurring process of interviews with          The TWIC Program is jointly administered by TSA and
awareness in their operating environments and to        Coast Guard Sector personnel and selected federal,          the U.S. Coast Guard. For more information, see
increase the effectiveness of their responses to        state, local personnel, and private partners who            http://www.tsa.gov/stakeholders/transportation-
suspicious items and persons that they might            participate in joint maritime planning, prevention,         worker-identification-credential-twic%C2%AE, or
encounter. Courses available include: ―Security         response and recovery missions. Port Interagency            contact 866-347-8942.
Awareness For Passenger Vessel Employees‖,              Information Sharing reports are currently only
―IED/VBIED Recognition and Response for Passenger       released to the participants, although a publicly-          U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary is the uniformed
Vessels and Terminals‖, ―Crowd Control for Passenger    releasable version of the report is under consideration     volunteer component of the United States Coast
Vessels and Terminals‖, ―Maritime Terrorism and         for 2012. To schedule participation in next year‘s          Guard. The Auxiliary conducts safety patrols on local
Hijacking Situations‖, ―Terminal and Shipboard          annual interviews, please contact the study team at         waterways, assists the Coast Guard with homeland
Evacuation‖, and ―Basic Screening Procedures for        uscginformationsharing@uscg.mil.                            security duties, teaches boating safety classes, conducts
Maritime Transportation Security‖. To order, contact                                                                free vessel safety checks for the public, and performs
                                                                                                                    many other support activities. The Auxiliary has
                                                                                                                                                                           36
                                                                                                                             Preventing Terrorism and Enhancing Security

members in all 50 states, Puerto Rico, the Virgin        Homeland Security Information Network – Public               regions hosting special security events. For more
Islands, American Samoa and Guam. For more               Transit Portal (HSIN-PT) has been integrated into            information, contact MassTransitSecurity@dhs.gov.
information, visit http://www.cgaux.org/.                the HSIN network to provide one stop security
                                                         information sources and outlets for security                 Mass Transit Employee Vigilance Campaign The
U.S. Coast Guard National Maritime Center (NMC)          advisories, alerts and notices. Membership to the            ―NOT ON MY SHIFT‖ program employs
issues Merchant Mariner Credentials (MMC) to fully       Public Transit portal is provided once vetted by portal      professionally-designed posters to emphasize the
qualified U.S. mariners, approves and audits training    administrators. For more information, contact                essential role that mass transit and passenger rail
programs and courses offered by mariner training         MassTransitSecurity@dhs.gov.                                 employees play in security and terrorism prevention
organizations throughout the U.S., and provides                                                                       in their systems. Adaptable templates enable each
information about merchant mariner records. For          Intercity Passenger Rail Grant Program creates a             transit agency to tailor the product to its operations by
more information, see http://www.uscg.mil/nmc or         sustainable, risk-based effort to protect critical surface   including the system logo, photographs of their own
contact NMC Customer Service Center 888-IASKNMC          transportation infrastructure and the traveling public       agency‘s employees at work, and quotes from the
(1-888-427-5662).                                        from acts of terrorism, major disasters and other            senior leadership, law enforcement and security
                                                         emergencies within the Amtrak rail system. For more          officials, or frontline employees. The personalized
U.S. Coast Guard Navigation Center supports safe         information, visit http://www.fema.gov/transit-              approach has proven effective in gaining employees‘
and efficient maritime transportation by delivering      security-grant-program or contact askcsid@dhs.gov            attention and interest, supporting the participating
accurate and timely maritime information, vessel         800-368-6498.                                                transit and rail agencies‘ efforts to maintain vigilance
monitoring system support and Global Position                                                                         for indicators of potential terrorist activity. TSA
System (GPS) augmentation signals that permit high-      Keep the Nation‟s Railroad Secure Brochure assists           designs the posters based on the preferences of the
precision positioning and navigation. For additional     railroad employees to recognize signs of a potential         particular mass transit or passenger rail agency. For
information, see http://www.navcen.uscg.gov/.            terrorist act. It is to be used in conjunction with a        more information contact
                                                         railroad company‘s existing security policies and            MassTransitSecurity@dhs.gov.
Vessel Documentation (for US Flag Vessels) The           procedures and may be modified to display the
National Vessel Documentation Center facilitates         company‘s emergency contact information for ease of          Mass Transit Security and Safety Roundtables TSA,
maritime commerce and the availability of financing,     reference. For more information, contact                     the Federal Transit Administration (FTA), and FEMA
while protecting economic privileges of U.S. citizens    freightrailsecurity@dhs.gov.                                 co-sponsor the annual Transit Security and Safety
through the enforcement of regulations, and provides                                                                  Roundtables, bringing together law enforcement
a register of vessels available in time of war or        Mass Transit and Passenger Rail - Bomb Squad                 chiefs; security directors and safety directors from the
emergency to defend and protect the United States of     Response to Transportation Systems Through                   nation‘s 60 largest mass transit and passenger rail
America. See http://www.uscg.mil/hq/cg5/nvdc/.           training and scenario-based exercises, this program          agencies; Amtrak; and federal security partners to
For more information call 800-799-8362 or 304-           expands regional capabilities to respond to a threat or      discuss terrorism prevention and response challenges
271-2400 (7:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time).          incident involving a suspected explosive device in           and to work collaboratively in developing risk
                                                         mass transit and passenger rail systems. For more            mitigation and security enhancement solutions. The
Mass Transit and Rail Security                           information, contact MassTransitSecurity@dhs.gov.            Roundtables also provide a forum for agency safety
                                                                                                                      and security officials to share effective practices and
                                                         Mass Transit and Passenger Rail - Field Operational          develop relationships to improve coordination and
Homeland Security Information Network (HSIN) –           Risk and Criticality Evaluation (FORCE) is a threat-         collaboration. For additional information, contact
Freight Rail Portal has been designed to provide
                                                         based, risk-managed protocol that evaluates threat,          MassTransitSecurity@dhs.gov.
consistent, real time information sharing capabilities   vulnerability, and consequence from a variety of
in an integrated, secure, web-based forum to             vantage points, focusing primarily on the rail and bus       Mass Transit Security Training Program Guidelines
coordinate and collaborate directly with our security    properties but also surveying intermodal and                 is a focused security training initiative under the
partners. Membership to the Freight Rail portal is       interdependent critical infrastructure and key               Transit Security Grant Program (TSGP) in February
provided once vetted by portal administrators. For
                                                         resources. It is also adaptable to assist with new start-    2007. The resulting Mass Transit Security Training
more information, contact HSIN.helpdesk@dhs.gov,         up properties about to come online or transit agencies       Program provides guidelines to mass transit and
freightrailsecurity@dhs.gov, or 866-430-0162.            with aggressive future expansion initiatives as well as      passenger rail agencies on the types of training to be
                                                                                                                                                                             37
                                                                                                                               Preventing Terrorism and Enhancing Security

provided by category of employee. For more                Homeland Security. DNDO is the primary entity in              objective and reliable data set on the performance of
information, visit                                        the U.S. government for implementing domestic                 commercially available radiation detection and
http://www.tsa.gov/stakeholders/building-security-        nuclear detection efforts for a managed and                   identification equipment that was collected against the
force-multipliers or contact                              coordinated response to radiological and nuclear              requirements set forth by national and international
MassTransitSecurity@dhs.gov.                              threats, as well as integration of federal nuclear            consensus standards. For more information, contact
                                                          forensics programs. Additionally, DNDO is charged             dndo.info@hq.dhs.gov.
Mass Transit Smart Security Practices is a                with coordinating the development of the global
compilation of smart security practices drawn from        nuclear detection and reporting architecture, with            The Joint Analysis Center (JAC) Program provides
the results of the comprehensive security assessments     partners from federal, state, local, and international        an interagency coordination mechanism and central
completed under the Baseline Assessment for Security      governments and the private sector. DNDO will also            monitoring point for the Global Nuclear Detection
Enhancement (BASE) program. This compilation              develop, acquire, and support the domestic nuclear            Architecture (GNDA), maintains situational awareness
fosters communication nationally among security           detection and reporting system. DNDO‘s Commercial             across the GNDA – to include status of radiological
professionals in mass transit and passenger rail to       First Initiative will facilitate this by shifting the focus   and nuclear (rad/nuc) detection assets, visibility into
expand adoption of effective practices, tailored as       from government development of materiel solutions             the status of rad/nuc alarms, awareness of rad/nuc-
necessary to each agency operating environment. For       to a commercial first approach that will leverage             related incidents and events, data, and trend analyses
more information, contact                                 industry innovation and facilitate the deployment of          supporting GNDA operations. The JACCIS, an
MassTransitSecurity@dhs.gov.                              detection equipment to DHS components and federal,            Information Technology (IT) system specifically
                                                          state, and local stakeholders. For more information,          developed to support JAC operations, is a secure web
Motorcoach Guidance: Security and Emergency               see                                                           application and database which supports alarm
Preparedness Plan (SEPP) is a guideline and template      www.dhs.gov/xabout/structure/editorial_0766.shtm              adjudication, analysis, information sharing, and
that you may use in developing a SEPP. The steps          or contact dndo.info@dhs.gov.                                 reporting for the Global Nuclear Detection
involved in this process include an evaluation of                                                                       Architecture (GNDA) by DNDO and its mission
current security procedures, an identification of         The GRaDER® Program was established to meet a                 partners. Through its relationship to the National Labs
threats and vulnerabilities to your operation, and the    congressional mandate for a program to evaluate               and members of the IC Community, the JAC Program
development of policies and procedures to effectively     radiological and nuclear detection technology. The            provides technical expertise toward specific
address deficiencies. For more information, see           GRaDER® program provides objective and reliable               requirements of DNDO to include the development of
http://www.tsa.gov/sites/default/files/publications/      performance testing information to federal, state and         classified annexes for architectural studies; creation of
pdf/grants/6th_2009_ibsgp_security_emergency_pre          local stakeholders for radiological and nuclear               GNDA visualization tools; operations support activities
paredness_plan_template.pdf or contact                    detection equipment tested against consensus and              and the ongoing development and execution of red
highwaysecurity@dhs.gov.                                  technical capability standards to assist them in making       teaming and assessment activities. For more
                                                          informed radiological and nuclear detection                   information, see
Rail Security Rule Overview On November 26,               equipment procurements. Visit                                 http://www.dhs.gov/xabout/structure/editorial_076
2008, DHS published a regulation governing security       http://www.dhs.gov/GRaDER for further                         6.shtm.
in the freight rail industry. The regulation not only     information or email GRaDER.questions@hq.dhs.gov.
affects freight railroads, but their customers as well.                                                                 Monthly Unclassified Threat Briefing The NPPD/IP
This presentation provides a high-level overview of       The Illicit Trafficking Radiation Assessment                  Nuclear SSA holds an unclassified security
the Rail Security Rule and information regarding the      Program+10 (ITRAP+10), is a partnership between               teleconference for nuclear facility owners and
requirements of the regulation. For more                  the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO) and              operators, plant managers, and security professionals
information, contact the Freight Rail Branch at           the European Commission‘s Joint Research Center               on the first Wednesday of every month. The
frieghtrailsecurity@dhs.gov.                              (EC/JRC) in Ispra, Italy. ITRAP +10 is designed to            teleconference provides the opportunity for the
                                                          assist National organizations to effectively detect           Department of Homeland Security‘s Office of
Nuclear Security                                          radiological materials, whether during the
                                                          importation, exportation, or shipment in transit.
                                                                                                                        Intelligence and Analysis and Office for Bombing
                                                                                                                        Prevention to brief the Nuclear Sector on significant
                                                          ITRAP+10 provides federal stakeholders and their              changes to the threat environment, results of recent
The Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO) is a         governmental and commercial partners with an open,            terrorism investigations, and other reported suspicious
jointly staffed agency within the Department of
                                                                                                                                                                              38
                                                                                                                              Preventing Terrorism and Enhancing Security

incidents and for the Industrial Control Systems Cyber     are developed as suggested practices and must be used       http://www.fema.gov/about/divisions/thd_repp.sht
Emergency Response Team (ICS-CERT) to brief the            in conjunction with, and subordinate to, legal,             m.
Nuclear Sector on recent cyber alerts and advisories.      regulatory, and industry standard processes that are
The teleconference also covers significant changes to      established within and recognized by the Nuclear            Training, Exercise, and Assistance (TE&A) Program
the threat environment, results of recent terrorism        Sector and its industry and government members. For         TE&A consists of three separately managed but heavily
investigations, and other reported suspicious              more information, please contact the NPPD/IP                integrated programs and embodies the Domestic
incidents. For more information, please contact the        Nuclear SSA at NuclearSSA@hq.dhs.gov.                       Nuclear Detection Office‘s (DNDO) principal efforts
NPPD/IP Nuclear SSA at NuclearSSA@hq.dhs.gov.                                                                          to develop the most effective operational Radiological
                                                           Nuclear Sector Overview introduces readers to the           and Nuclear Detection (RND) practices throughout
National Nuclear Forensics Expertise Development           Nuclear Reactors, Materials, and Waste Sector. It           the Global Nuclear Detection Architecture (GNDA).
Program (NNFEDP) aims to provide a stable                  includes facts, roles and responsibilities, and sector      TE&A, working in collaboration with its federal, state,
foundation from which to develop and sustain the           initiatives and activities. For more information,           local, and tribal partners, as well as industry and the
nuclear forensics workforce. This interagency              contact NuclearSSA@hq.dhs.gov.                              national laboratories, identifies best practices and
program is dedicated to maintaining a vibrant                                                                          develops the appropriate training and exercise
academic pathway from undergraduate to post-               Nuclear Sector Security Awareness Guide This                materials to ensure standards-based application of
doctorate study in disciplines directly relevant to        document will assist Nuclear Sector owners and              these practices in the field. The Training Program
nuclear forensics, such as radiochemistry,                 operators in their efforts to improve security at their     works to break down approved operational concepts
geochemistry, nuclear physics, nuclear engineering,        facility, reaffirm awareness of the security risks to the   into teachable tasks, conditions, and standards at
materials science, and analytical chemistry. The           sector, and provide a list of activities or actions that    appropriate echelons of the GNDA. Through this
NNFEDP promotes a unique interdisciplinary                 they can take to reduce that risk. For more                 process, it develops training products and systems
approach that encourages collaboration among               information, please contact the NPPD/IP Nuclear SSA         required to meet desired standards, and it makes them
academic programs, universities, and the DOE national      at NuclearSSA@hq.dhs.gov.                                   available to users enabling them to meet their GNDA-
laboratories. Initiatives include undergraduate                                                                        based responsibilities. The Exercise Project develops
outreach and scholarships; graduate fellowships,           Nuclear Sector Voluntary Security Programs Fact             Homeland Security Exercise Evaluation Program
internships, and mentoring; post-doctorate                 Sheet provides a listing of select voluntary protection     (HSEEP) compliant, operational exercise templates
fellowships; university education awards; and junior       and resilience products and initiatives in the sector.      tailored specifically for the GNDA and for federal, state
faculty awards. For more information, see                  For more information, contact                               and local programs. The Exercise Project develops
http://scuref.org,                                         NuclearSSA@hq.dhs.gov.                                      exercises standards designed to ensure operational
http://www.dhs.gov/blog/2012/08/28/supporting-                                                                         concepts are put to rigorous and realistic examination.
next-generation-nuclear-forensic-scientists or contact     Open Access to ANSI N42 Series Standards DNDO               This standards-based approach serves as an RND
dndo.info@dhs.gov.                                         sponsors the Institute of Electrical and Electronics        exercise force multiplier that improves the overall
                                                           Engineers (IEEE) to provide copies of the ANSI N42          domestic exercise efficiency and consistency across the
Nuclear Sector Classified Threat Briefing The              radiation detection standards free of charge to anyone      GNDA. The Assistance Program is designed to provide
NPPD/IP Nuclear SSA coordinates both regularly             who wants a copy. Visit the web site to obtain the          guidance to GNDA partners on how to plan, develop,
scheduled and incident-specific classified briefings for   latest published version of one of the sponsored            manage, evaluate, and sustain a RND program. As
cleared sector partners. For more information, please      standards is: http://standards.ieee.org/about/get/          such, it works directly with federal, state, local, and
contact the NPPD/IP Nuclear SSA at                                                                                     tribal multi-jurisdictional, multi-disciplinary policy
NuclearSSA@hq.dhs.gov.                                     Radiological Emergency Preparedness Program                 makers, program managers, operational
                                                           (REP) helps to secure the health and safety of citizens     administrators, and subject matter experts to design
Nuclear Sector Information Sharing Standard                living around commercial nuclear power plants. REP          and implement RND programs and enhance detection
Operating Procedure (SOP) This document is                 is responsible for review and final approval of all         capabilities as a means to implement the GNDA. To
designed to enhance the effectiveness of voluntary         neighborhood radiological emergency plans. The REP          accomplish this, the Assistance Program provides a
information coordination and distribution among            program is a leader in areas of policy guidance,            system of standardized processes and a suite of
members of the Nuclear Sector Information Sharing          planning, training, public education and preparedness       scalable tools which allow state and local agencies to
Environment (ISE). The information-sharing processes       for nuclear power plants. For more information, visit       develop, implement, and enhance their own
                                                                                                                                                                             39
                                                                                                                                  Preventing Terrorism and Enhancing Security

radiological and nuclear detection programs. These           critical to an effective security program. The 17             sectors and sub-sectors; and establish sector baseline
tools provide comprehensive guidance for Planning,           Action Items cover a range of areas including security        security survey scores. Private sector owners and
Organizing, Equipping, Training, and Exercise                program management and accountability, security and           operators interested in an ECIP Visit should contact
(POETE) Operations. In other words, they provide a           emergency response training, drills and exercises,            PSCDOperations@hq.dhs.gov or 703-235-9349.
structure for the administration of a domestic               public awareness, protective measures for the National
preventive RND program and are intended to allow             Terrorism Alert System threat levels, physical security,      DHS Center of Excellence: Risk Analysis and
federal, state, local, and tribal agencies develop and       personnel security, and information sharing and               Decision Support with: Homeland Security
implement tailorable, scalable programs while staying        security. The TSA Transportation Security Inspectors-         Analysis, Modeling, Integrated, Secured
true to the framework of the GNDA. For more                  Surface conduct security assessments under the                Environment and Repository for Decision Support
information, see                                             Baseline Assessment for Security Enhancement (BASE)           (HS-ANALISER) . HS-ANALISER (formerly the Risk
http://www.dhs.gov/xabout/structure/editorial_076            program that evaluate the posture of mass transit and         Analysis Workbench (RAW)) is the National Center
6.shtm.                                                      passenger rail agencies in the Action Items in a              for Risk and Economic Analysis of Terrorism Events
                                                             comprehensive and systematic approach to elevate              (CREATE) software system and decision-support tool
Who‟s Who in DHS Nuclear Sector Infrastructure               baseline security posture and enhance security                that allows policy/decision-makers, analysts and
Protection This product describes the roles and              program management and implementation. The                    researchers to share homeland security risk-focused
responsibilities of DHS components as they relate to         results of the security assessments inform                    computing tools, models, data, analysis, and results.
the Nuclear Sector. For more information, please             development of risk mitigation programs and resource          For more information, see
contact the NPPD/IP Nuclear SSA at                           allocations, most notably security grants. For more           http://create.usc.edu/2008/05/the_risk_analysis_wo
NuclearSSA@hq.dhs.gov.                                       information, visit                                            rkbench_ra_2.html or contact
                                                             http://www.tsa.gov/stakeholders/advancing-                    universityprograms@hq.dhs.gov.
Physical Security Assessment                                 security-baseline or contact
                                                             MassTransitSecurity@dhs.gov.                                  Regional Resiliency Assessment Program (RRAP) is
Tools                                                                                                                      a cooperative, DHS-led assessment of specific critical
                                                             Design-Basis Threat (DBT): An Interagency Security            infrastructure and regional analysis of the surrounding
Computer Based Assessment Tool (CBAT) is a cross-            Committee Report (FOUO) is a stand-alone threat               infrastructure, including key interdependencies.
platform tool that integrates 360 degree geospherical        analysis to be used with the Physical Security Criteria for   Private sector owners and operators interested in
video, geospatial and aerial imagery of facilities,          Federal Facilities: An ISC Standard. The DBT document         receiving more information on the RRAP should
surrounding areas, routes, and other areas of interest       establishes a profile of the type, composition, and           contact IPassessments@hq.dhs.gov.
with a wide variety of other facility data, including        capabilities of adversaries. For more information, see
evacuation plans, vulnerability assessments, standard        http://www.dhs.gov/files/committees/gc_1194978                Regional Resiliency Assessment Program (RRAP)
operating procedures, and schematic/floor plans. By          268031.shtm or contact Isc@dhs.gov.                           Discussion Based Exercises These exercises are
integrating this disparate data, the CBAT provides a                                                                       offered to those jurisdictions participating in the
comprehensive visual guide of a site that assists facility   Enhanced Critical Infrastructure Protection (ECIP)            RRAP. The core component of these efforts will be a
owners and operators, local law enforcement, and             Visits are conducted by Protective Security Advisors          capstone Tabletop Exercise (TTX) delivered in
emergency response personnel to prepare for and              (PSAs) in collaboration with critical infrastructure          approximately the one-year post-Resiliency Analysis
respond to an incident. This resource is protected at        owners and operators to assess overall facility security      delivery timeframe. The core objective of this TTX
the Protected Critical Infrastructure Information (PCII)     and increase security awareness. ECIP Visits are              will be to determine changes to a
and For Official Use Only (FOUO) level and is                augmented by the Infrastructure Survey Tool (IST), a          jurisdiction‘s/sector‘s overall Resiliency Baseline due
available to vetted private sector critical infrastructure   web based tool that provides the ability to collect,          to the implementation of suggested protective
owners and operators with a demonstrated need to             process, and analyze ECIP survey data in real time.           measures highlighted by the RRAP process. In the
know. For more information, contact                          Data collected during an ECIP visit is consolidated in        intervening year, Readiness works with the RRAP
IPassessments@hq.dhs.gov.                                    the IST and then weighted and valued, which enables           exercise planning team to deliver other requested
                                                             DHS to develop ECIP metrics; conduct sector-by-sector         preparatory activities, such as workshops, to help
Comprehensive Security Assessments and Action                and cross-sector vulnerability comparisons; identify          shape the capstone TTX. For more information, please
Items encompass activities and measures that are             security gaps and trends across critical infrastructure
                                                                                                                                                                                    40
                                                                                                                           Preventing Terrorism and Enhancing Security

contact the Sector Outreach and Programs Division at       more information, contact                                infrastructure issues. Each Daily Report is divided by
SOPDExecSec@dhs.gov.                                       PSCDOperations@hq.dhs.gov or 703-235-9349.               the critical infrastructure sectors and key assets defined
                                                                                                                    in the National Infrastructure Protection Plan. For
Sector-Specific Tabletop Exercise Program (SSTEP)
This tool allows critical infrastructure partners to
                                                           Protecting, Analyzing, & Sharing                         more information, see
                                                                                                                    http://www.dhs.gov/files/programs/editorial_0542.
develop interactive, discussion-based exercises for        Information                                              shtm or contact CIKR.ISE@dhs.gov 202-312-3421.
their communities of interest, be it at the sector or a
facility level. The SSTEP allows users to leverage pre-    Automated Critical Asset Management System               DHS Center of Excellence: National Center for
built exercise templates and tailor them to their          (ACAMS) is a secure, web-based portal developed in       Visualization and Data Analytics (CVADA) creates
communities‘ specific needs in order to assess,            partnership with state and local communities and the     the scientific basis and enduring technologies needed
develop, and update plans, programs, policies and          State, Local, Tribal, Territorial Government             to analyze massive amounts of information from
procedures within an incident management functional        Coordinating Council (SLTTGCC). ACAMS is designed        multiple sources to more reliably detect threats to the
area. For more information, please contact the Sector      to help state and local governments build critical       security of the Nation, its infrastructures and to the
Outreach and Programs Division at                          infrastructure protection programs in their local        health and welfare of its populace. These new
SOPDExecSec@dhs.gov.                                       jurisdictions and implement the National                 technologies will also improve the dissemination of
                                                           Infrastructure Protection Plan (NIPP). ACAMS             both information and related technologies. Co-led by
Site Assistance Visits (SAVs) Site Assistance Visits are   provides a set of tools and resources that help law      Purdue University and Rutgers University, available
non-regulatory risk-informed vulnerability                 enforcement, public safety, and emergency response       educational opportunities are geared towards
assessments that assist critical infrastructure owners     personnel collect, prioritize, analyze, and visualize    educating the next generation of homeland security
and operators in identifying vulnerabilities, protective   critical infrastructure to prepare, prevent, respond,    professionals with initiatives that span the entire
measures, planning needs, and options for                  and recover from an attack, natural disaster, or         career development pipeline, ranging from K-12
consideration to increase protection from, and             emergency. ACAMS is provided at no cost for state and    programs through undergraduate and graduate level
resilience to, a wide range of hazards. Following the      local use and is protected from public disclosure        work, to professional education and training. For
assessment, DHS provides owners and operators with         through the Protected Critical Infrastructure            more information, see
a SAV report, protected as PCII. SAVs enhance critical     Information (PCII) program. For more information,        http://www.purdue.edu/discoverypark/vaccine/ and
infrastructure owners‘ and operators‘ overall              see www.dhs.gov/ACAMS or contact                         http://www.ccicada.org/ or contact
capabilities and resources for identifying and             ACAMShelp@hq.dhs.gov 866-634-1958.                       universityprograms@dhs.gov.
mitigating vulnerabilities, detecting and preventing
terrorist attacks, and responding to and recovering        Critical Infrastructure Information Notices are          DHS Geospatial Information Infrastructure (GII) is
from all-hazards events. Private sector critical           intended to provide warning to critical infrastructure   a body of geospatial data and application services built
infrastructure owners and operators interested in          owners and operators when a particular cyber event or    to meet common requirements across the DHS
receiving more information on SAVs should contact          activity has the potential to impact critical            mission space. OneView
IPassessments@hq.dhs.gov.                                  infrastructure computing networks. This document is      (https://gii.dhs.gov/oneview) is a lightweight, web-
                                                           distributed only to those parties who have a valid       based geographic visualization and analysis that
Special Event and Domestic Incident Tracker                ―need to know,‖ a direct role in securing networks or    provides a method for individual users to access and
(SEDIT) is a web-based tool used by field-deployed         systems that enable or support U.S. critical             interact with all GII services. The GII also maintains
personnel to enhance steady state, special event, and      infrastructures. Access is limited to a secure portal    the DHS Earth KML service, which provides
domestic incident support capabilities. SEDIT utilizes     (https://portal.us-cert.gov) and controlled              authoritative infrastructure data and various static and
security and resilience data from Enhanced Critical        distribution list. For more information, contact the     dynamic situational awareness feeds in standard
Infrastructure Protection security surveys and Site        US-CERT Secure Operations Center at soc@us-              geographic information system (GIS) data formats to
Assistance Visits to calculate a Baseline Risk for each    cert.gov; 888-282-0870.                                  authorized Homeland Security Information Network
critical infrastructure. Integrating reported                                                                       (HSIN) users at the federal, state, and local levels and
vulnerabilities, consequences, and threat ratings, the     Daily Open Source Infrastructure Report is collected     within the private sector. For more information,
Baseline Risk allows for the prioritization of the         each weekday as a summary of open-source published       contact iCAV.info@hq.dhs.gov.
Nation‘s critical infrastructure and key resources. For    information concerning significant critical
                                                                                                                                                                           41
                                                                                                                              Preventing Terrorism and Enhancing Security

DHS Open Source Enterprise Daily and Weekly                 Homeland Security Information Network-Critical             Information Sharing Snapshot This two-page
Intelligence Reports provide open source                    Sectors (HSIN-CS) HSIN-CS is the primary                   snapshot describes the Information Sharing
information on several topics of interest. The              information-sharing platform between the critical          Environment (ISE). The ISE is designed to improve
following are currently available open source reports:      infrastructure sector stakeholders. With a library of      the overall effectiveness of information sharing
The DHS Daily Digest Report, The DHS Daily Cyber            products that increases on an average of every 2           between and among federal, state, local, tribal, and
Report, The DHS Daily Human Trafficking and                 hours, HSIN-CS enables federal, state, local and private   territorial governments and the private sector. To
Smuggling Report, The DHS Daily Terrorism Report,           sector critical infrastructure owners and operators to     enable the protection of critical infrastructure, the
and The DHS Weekly Weapons and Munitions                    communicate, coordinate, and share sensitive and           Department of Homeland Security established an
Trafficking and Smuggling Report. These reports may         sector-relevant information to protect their critical      information-sharing network that is guided primarily
be accessed on the Homeland Security Information            assets, systems, functions and networks, at no charge      by the National Infrastructure Protection Plan (NIPP)
Network (HSIN) or private sector partners may               to sector stakeholders. To request access to HSIN-CS,      and works in coordination with the efforts of the
request that they be added to distribution by e-            please contact CIKRISEAccess@hq.dhs.gov. When              Federal ISE. For more information, see
mailing OSINTBranchMailbox@hq.dhs.gov with                  requesting access, please indicate the critical            http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/NIPP_InfoShari
subject line reading ―Request DHS Daily [name]              infrastructure sector to which your company belongs        ng.pdf.
Report‖.                                                    and include your name, company, official email
                                                            address, and supervisor‘s name and phone number.           Infrastructure Data Taxonomy (IDT) Critical
Food and Agriculture Sector Criticality Assessment                                                                     infrastructure and their elements can be described and
Tool (FASCAT) is a web-based tool used to identify          “If You See Something, Say SomethingTM”                    categorized in various ways, which can result in
specific systems-based criteria, unique for the Food        Campaign In July 2010, the Department of Homeland          inconsistent communication and hinder timely
and Agriculture Sector and utilized for Homeland            Security (DHS) launched its national ―If You See           decision-making within the homeland security
Infrastructure Threat and Risk Analysis Center data call    Something, Say SomethingTM‖ public awareness               community. To prevent such problems, DHS uses an
submissions and identification of infrastructure critical   campaign – a simple and effective program to raise         Infrastructure Data Taxonomy to enable transparent
systems for industry owners and operators. For more         public awareness of indicators of terrorism and violent    and consistent communication about Critical
information, see www.foodshield.org, or contact             crime, and to emphasize the importance of reporting        infrastructure between government and private sector
Food.AG@hq.dhs.gov.                                         suspicious activity to the proper state and local law      partners with its structured terminology. The
                                                            enforcement authorities. The campaign was originally       Infrastructure Data Taxonomy allows its users to
Homeland Security Information Network (HSIN) is             used by New York‘s Metropolitan Transportation             designate an asset as belonging to a particular group,
a web-based knowledge management tool designed to           Authority (MTA), which has licensed the use of the         and then apply additional, associated taxonomy levels
increase collaboration between federal, state, local,       slogan to DHS for anti-terrorism and anti-crime            to detail the specifics of the asset and describe its
tribal, territorial, private sector, and international      efforts. For more information, see                         functions. For more information, see
entities. It provides a reliable and secure system for      http://www.dhs.gov/files/reportincidents/see-              http://www.dhs.gov/files/publications/gc_1226595
information sharing between partners engaged in the         something-say-something.shtm.                              934574.shtm or visit https://taxonomy.iac.anl.gov/
homeland security mission. HSIN is composed of                                                                         to use this tool or contact: IDT@dhs.gov.
many diverse compartments called Communities of Interest    Identity Management enhances security by
(COI). Each COI is designed and maintained by its           improving authentication for persons to enable             Infrastructure Information Collection System
own administrators. HSIN is a secure system and             seamless and secure interactions among federal, state,     (IICS) is a secure, web-based application designed to
access to compartments is granted by invitation only.       local, and private sector stakeholders ensuring that       provide authorized users with the ability to easily
A single user may be invited to multiple COIs               they have comprehensive, real-time, and relevant           access, search, retrieve, visualize, analyze, and export
depending on their need to access that information.         information. Through this research, financial and          infrastructure data originating from multiple disparate
Applications can be obtained by sending a request to        other private sector businesses are able to streamline     sources through a single interface. The IICS enables
HSIN.Outreach@hq.dhs.gov. For more information,             and strengthen the identity verification process           access to infrastructure-related data that is owned and
visit www.dhs.gov/hsin or contact the HSIN Help             reducing the risks of identity fraud. For more             managed by IP through the Infrastructure Data
Desk: 1-866-430-0162; hsin.helpdesk@dhs.gov.                information, please contact SandT-Cyber-                   Warehouse as well as infrastructure-related data from
                                                            Liaison@hq.dhs.gov.                                        various other federal, state, and local infrastructure


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                                                                                                                              Preventing Terrorism and Enhancing Security

protection mission partners. For more information,         basis, with additional sessions as threat developments      Protected Critical Infrastructure Information (PCII)
contact IICD-IICS@hq.dhs.gov.                              may warrant. For more information, contact                  Program is an information sharing resource designed
                                                           MassTransitSecurity@dhs.gov.                                to facilitate the flow and exchange of critical
INFOGRAMs The Emergency Management &                                                                                   infrastructure information (CII) between the private
Response-Information Sharing & Analysis Center             National Information Exchange Model (NIEM)                  sector, DHS and federal, state, tribal and local
(EMR-ISAC) was established to provide information          Program is a federal, state, local and tribal interagency   government entities. Private sector entities can
services that support the infrastructure protection and    initiative providing a national approach and common         voluntarily submit their CII to the PCII Program for
resilience activities of all Emergency Services Sector     vocabulary for information exchange. NIEM has a             use in federal, state and local critical infrastructure
(ESS) departments, agencies, and organizations             robust training curriculum that is accessible both in       protection efforts. Information about the PCII
(public and private) nation-wide. InfoGrams contain        the classroom and on-line. The primary audience for         Program, including the CII Act of 2002, the Final Rule
four short articles issued weekly about Critical           the NIEM Training Program is executives, project and        and the implementing regulation as well as the PCII
Infrastructure Protection (CIP) and Critical               program managers, architects and technical                  Program Procedures Manual can be found at
Infrastructure Resiliency (CIR) trends and                 implementers within federal, state, local, tribal and       www.dhs.gov/pcii. For additional information,
developments. To acquire a no-cost subscription to         private entities. Additional information on the             contact pcii-info@dhs.gov or 202-360-3023.
EMR-ISAC information, send an e-mail request to            training courses and NIEM can be obtained by visiting
emr-isac@dhs.gov; to inquire about the practice of         www.NIEM.gov or e-mailing NIEMPMO@NIEM.gov.                 Suspicious Activity Reporting for Critical
CIP or CIR within an ESS organization, call 301-447-                                                                   Infrastructure Tool This tool is a standardized means
1325.                                                      National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)              by which critical infrastructure stakeholders can report
                                                           Subcommittee on Biometrics and Identity                     suspicious or unusual activities to the government via
Intelligence and Analysis Private Sector Partnership       Management (BIdM) encourages greater                        sector portals on the Homeland Security Information
Program provides private sector businesses, groups,        collaboration and sharing of information on biometric       Network-Critical Sectors (HSIN-CS). Reports
and trade associations with tailored threat briefings to   activities among government departments and                 submitted to the tool are reviewed by the National
meet their security information needs. Additionally,       agencies; commercial entities; state, regional, and         Infrastructure Coordinating Center (NICC), shared
the office creates intelligence products that are posted   international organizations; and the general public.        with appropriate government recipients, redacted and
on the Homeland Security Information Network-              For more information, see                                   posted to HSIN-CS. To request access to HSIN-CS,
Critical Sectors (HSIN-CS) portal for use by pre-          http://www.biometrics.gov/nstc/Default.aspx or              please contact HSINCS@dhs.gov.
cleared critical infrastructure owners and operators.      contact info@biometrics.org.
For more information, see www.dhs.gov/hsin. To                                                                         SOPD Classified Threat Briefings SOPD coordinates
request access to HSIN-CS, e-mail HSINCS@dhs.gov.          The Nationwide Suspicious Activity Reporting                both regularly scheduled and incident-specific
When requesting access, please indicate the critical       (SAR) Initiative (NSI) Program Management Office            classified briefings for cleared sector partners. For
infrastructure sector to which your company belongs        (PMO) initiated operations in March 2010 with the           more information, contact Sector Outreach &
and include your name, company, official e-mail            challenge of ensuring that regardless of where in the       Programs Division at SOPDExecSec@dhs.gov.
address, and supervisor‘s name and phone number.           country suspicious activity is reported, these potential
For more information, contact                              indicators of terrorist activity can be analyzed and        Surveillance Detection Awareness on the Job is a 90-
I&APrivateSectorCoordinator@hq.dhs.gov or call 202-        compared to other SAR information nationwide. The           minute interactive web presentation designed to raise
282-9881.                                                  NSI incorporates the informal processes that                awareness of suspicious behaviors that might indicate
                                                           traditionally exist within law enforcement agencies         potential surveillance activities. This virtual
Joint DHS/FBI Classified Threat and Analysis               into the standards, policies, and processes developed       production offers cross-sector examples of suspicious
Presentations provide classified intelligence and          by the NSI that allow law enforcement agencies to           activities and behaviors and provides information to
analysis presentations to mass transit and passenger       easily share information with the critical partners that    help identify and report such behaviors in a timely
rail security directors and law enforcement chiefs in      need it to help prevent potential terrorist attacks. For    manner. The webinar features a moderated roundtable
more than 20 metropolitan areas simultaneously             more information, see                                       discussion of five diverse examples of surveillance and
through the Joint Terrorism Task Force network             http://nsi.ncirc.gov/default.aspx.                          detection, as well as information about the resources
secure video teleconferencing system. The briefings                                                                    available for timely reporting of suspicious activities.
occur on an approximately quarterly to semi-annual                                                                     The live webinar is available for download on
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                                                                                                                             Preventing Terrorism and Enhancing Security

Homeland Security Information Network-Critical              information, please contact the Commercial Facilities     tribal organizations as well as critical infrastructure
Sectors (HSIN-CS). For more information, contact            SSA at CFSTeam@hq.dhs.gov.                                owners/operators. Operational and demonstration
SDAWARE@hq.dhs.gov.                                                                                                   pilot programs have been on-going in multiple
                                                            TSA Alert System is an emergency notification alert       locations throughout the United States. For more
Technical Resources for Incident Prevention                 system for highway and motor carrier security             information about UICDS and to download the free
(TRIPwire) is the DHS 24/7 online, collaborative,           partners. The system is capable of sending a message      software development kit, go to: www.uicds.us.
information-sharing network for bomb squad, law             via phone, e-mail or SMS (text) based on the person‘s
enforcement, and other first responders to learn about      priority contact preference. Contact TSA to become a      U.S. Coast Guard Maritime Information eXchange
current terrorist improvised explosive device (IED)         TSA Alert subscriber at highwaysecurity@dhs.gov.          (“CGMIX”) makes U.S. Coast Guard (USCG)
tactics, techniques, and procedures. The system                                                                       maritime information available on the public internet
combines expert analyses and reports with relevant          Unified Incident Command and Decision Support             in the form of searchable databases. Much of the
documents, images, and videos gathered directly from        (UICDS) is a national ―middleware foundation‖             information on the CGMIX website comes from the
terrorist sources to assist law enforcement to              designed to support information sharing for the           USCG Marine Information for Safety and Law
anticipate, identify, and prevent IED incidents. To         National Response Framework and the National              Enforcement (MISLE) information system. For more
request additional information, contact DHS Office for      Incident Management System, including the Incident        information, see http://cgmix.uscg.mil/.
Bombing Prevention at OBP@dhs.gov or view                   Command System. UICDS middleware is transparent
https://www.tripwire.dhs.gov/IED/appmanager/IED             to system operators during operations and requires no     Virtual USA (vUSA) integrates technologies,
Portal/IEDDesktop?_nfpb=true&_pageLabel=LOGIN.              special training. UICDS is owned by the federal           methodologies, and capabilities for sharing and
                                                            government and available at no-cost. It is built around   collaborating using public, multi-jurisdictional, and
The Evolving Threat: What You Can Do Webinar                data standards and the National Information Exchange      private sector information for the purpose of
discusses analysis of the latest intelligence analyzed by   Model. UICDS enables information sharing across           protecting lives, property, and the environment.
the DHS Office of Intelligence and Analysis (I&A), and      domains, roles, hazards, echelons and applications.       vUSA is improving emergency response by ensuring
consists of a brief synopsis of evolving threats,           UICDS allows information sharing between disparate,       that practitioners at all levels have immediate access to
followed by a protective measures presentation.             proprietary emergency management applications.            the information they need to make decisions, when
Additionally, the protective measures portion of the        UICDS users share what, when and with whom they           they need it. More information can be found at
webinar is available at                                     want in accordance with existing or emerging sharing      www.firstresponder.gov.
https://connect.HSIN.gov/p55204456. For more                agreements. Users of UICDS are emergency managers
                                                            and incident commanders in Federal, state, local and




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