Its all Preventable if you
SLOW DOWN IN MY
ARE WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT ISSUSES
Part of your Journey Management Plan
Motor vehicle-related incidents are consistently the leading
cause of work-related fatalities
• Risk of work-related motor vehicle crashes cuts across all industries
and occupations. Workers who drive on the job may be
“professional” drivers whose primary job is to transport freight or
passengers. Many other workers spend a substantial part of the
work day driving a vehicle owned or leased by their employer, or a
• For all workers who drive on the job, employer safety policies are a
critical element in reducing crash risks. Employer policies may be
limited to supporting and reinforcing state traffic laws. However,
many employers choose to manage road risk more proactively
through programs and policies to promote safe driving behaviors,
ensure that work-related driving takes place under the safest
possible conditions, and ensure that worker vehicles are safe and
Would you slow down for kids
Your Size will help but it will not prevent
Speed is one of the most common factors in vehicle collisions. Speed:
•Reduces the drivers ability to steer away from objects in the roadway
•Extends the distance required to stop
•Increases the force of impact, in the event of a collision
With good road conditions, drivers tend to increase their speed.
Some studies suggest that wildlife vehicle collisions occur more than expected on clear nights,
on dry road conditions and on long straight stretches.
Drivers may tend to be more cautious on curves or in poor weather
By maintaining the posted speed, drivers can compensate for increased risk.
My Home Your Work day Drive
• The early green up of vegetation in the ditches along the side of the
road, is an attractive source of forage for many wildlife species, and
is a major factor in one of the highest risk times of the year. Also,
the birthing season means that there are many inexperienced
animals near the roads. About half of deer fatalities occur in the
• Forest fires which destroy habitat; drought; and dry, hot weather
that reduces forage availability at higher elevations all cause
increased animal movement at this time of year.
• It is important for motorists to have information about the factors
that influence animal behaviour. This will lead to an increased
level of understanding about when, where and why wildlife is
most likely to be present near the road.
WHEN – WHERE – OH NO!
• Most literature suggests that dusk and dawn are traditionally times
of high wildlife vehicle collisions. Light levels are low, and animals
are active at these times.
• Deer are involved in approximately 80% of wildlife vehicle collisions.
There are two distinct high risk times for deer crashes. May and
November have the highest rates of deer collisions.
• Moose collisions peak in December and January, with the rest
occurring between October and March. Collision peaks coincide
with times of high snowfall along highways that are actively cleared
• There is also an collision peak in June/July, which may be due to
pregnant cows moving to calving grounds or the attraction of
moose to roadside mineral licks.
Its just not a sign, its like a
Watch for the Signs What do those signs really mean?
• A Wildlife Warning Sign is a yellow diamond shaped
sign. The sign warns of a hazard ahead, and advises
drivers to be cautious. The sign does not require
drivers to slow down to a particular speed, unless there
is an adjacent speed limit sign posted as well.
• Drivers must obey wildlife warning signs and any
associated speed changes. The signs are located in high
wildlife use areas. Drivers must not disregard the signs
even if they have been seen many times before.
• Driver complacency is dangerous.
Think "What If...?"
• Mental preparation is a
• Think about and predict
what you might do if an
animal suddenly darted out
in front of you or ran
towards your vehicle.
• It is better to think about
and learn how to avoid an
encounter with wildlife,
than have to react to a
dangerous situation when
you are unprepared.
Location, location, location
• It's important in real estate and equally important
in predicting locations which have high risk
factors for wildlife vehicle collisions.
Common factors of road stretches with high
numbers of wildlife vehicle collisions include:
• Where creeks and drainages intersect roads
• Good habitat and forage near the roadside
• Water source nearby
• Long, wide, straight stretches of road
Assumption the mother of all events
• The first three factors are self evident. The
availability of forage and water close to the road
is likely to increase the presence of animals.
• The fourth factor is more troublesome. One
assumption is that when there are good road
conditions - long, wide and straight - motorists
tend to feel safer and more confident, and
therefore accelerate. This increase in speed
reduces the reaction time of the driver when an
animal is seen on the road.
Drivers and passengers should actively watch for: wildlife - on
the road, in the ditch, on the shoulder, and in the right of way
• movement on or alongside the road
• shining eyes, which will be your head lights reflecting off
the animal's eyes. NOTE: Moose are so tall that their eyes
are normally above the beams of most vehicle head lights,
and so are less likely to reflect the light
• Flickering head lights of oncoming cars or tail lights of the
vehicles in front of you - which may be an animal crossing
• Roadside reflectors that disappear/reappear, which might
indicate an animal crossing in front of them Watch out
between dusk and dawn. Light levels are low, and animals
Steer Clear - To Swerve or Not to
Swerve? way - think carefully. Is it
If smaller animals such as deer are in your
safe to swerve?
• Do not take unsafe evasive actions. Serious accidents can occur
when drivers lose control of their vehicles trying to avoid an animal.
Always reduce your speed in signed areas. Driving at a slower speed
may mean it is not necessary to swerve at all. Swerving can take
you into the path of an oncoming vehicle or into the ditch.
• If a deer is in your way, consider using your brakes, not your wheel.
• If you have to choose between swerving or striking a moose,
consider swerving. A collision with a moose, which can weigh up to
500 kgs (1200 lbs), carries a significant risk of injury or death to
motorists and passengers. If a crash with a moose is inevitable,
crouch as low as possible in your seat, or under the dash, as a
moose's body usually ends up crushing the roof of a car completely
Use Your Vehicle
• Maintain your vehicle - Keep head lights, signal lights, and tail lights clean and in
good working order.
• Clean your windshield, inside and out, once a week, or more if someone smokes,
and check and repair windshield wiper blades.
• Keep headlights properly aligned to avoid blinding other drivers and optimize road
coverage. Keep your headlights clear of dirt and road salt residue. Check the
condition of the headlight lenses in the spring and fall and clean, repair or replace
if they are cloudy or scratched.
• Wear your seatbelt at all times.
• Honk your horn or flash your lights to scare animals off the road. This may scare a
deer off the road, but does not usually work for moose.
• In a 3 lane situation, when it is safe to do so, and when it is not impeding other
traffic, drive in the middle lane to provide more distance from the ditch.
• Use high beams when it is safe to do so, and scan the road ahead with quick
• At night, use the high beams of the vehicle in front of you to extend your effective
What Should Drivers do if They See
Wildlife on the Road?
• Slow Down - collision avoidance and driver
response time are improved at slower speeds
• Anticipate unpredictable behaviour from all
• Determine what the animal is doing and
where it is going
• Some animals travel in groups - where there is
one animal, there may be more. Watch for
doe/fawn or moose cow/calf pairs.
What if a Crash is Inevitable?
In certain conditions, there is no real choice except to
strike the animal.
• If it appears impossible to avoid the animal:
• Aim for the spot the animal is coming from, not
where it is going.
• Look where you want to go, not at the animal. You
tend to drive where you look - if you are looking at
the animal, that is where the vehicle tends to go.
• If you must hit something, try for a glancing blow
rather than a head-on hit.
• Brake firmly and quickly, then look, and steer your
vehicle to strike the animal at an angle.
• Let up on the brake just before you hit the animal.
This causes the front end of your vehicle to rise and
reduces the chances of the animal coming through
What do you mean move, go around!
So have your Done your Journey