Spring Animal Strike

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					   Spring Animal

Its all Preventable if you
Part of your Journey Management Plan
Motor vehicle-related incidents are consistently the leading
             cause of work-related fatalities
• Risk of work-related motor vehicle crashes cuts across all industries
  and occupations. Workers who drive on the job may be
  “professional” drivers whose primary job is to transport freight or
  passengers. Many other workers spend a substantial part of the
  work day driving a vehicle owned or leased by their employer, or a
  personal vehicle.
• For all workers who drive on the job, employer safety policies are a
  critical element in reducing crash risks. Employer policies may be
  limited to supporting and reinforcing state traffic laws. However,
  many employers choose to manage road risk more proactively
  through programs and policies to promote safe driving behaviors,
  ensure that work-related driving takes place under the safest
  possible conditions, and ensure that worker vehicles are safe and
  properly maintained.
Accident/Incident Prevention
Would you slow down for kids
  Your Size will help but it will not prevent

Reduce Speed
Speed is one of the most common factors in vehicle collisions. Speed:
•Reduces the drivers ability to steer away from objects in the roadway
•Extends the distance required to stop
•Increases the force of impact, in the event of a collision
With good road conditions, drivers tend to increase their speed.
Some studies suggest that wildlife vehicle collisions occur more than expected on clear nights,
on dry road conditions and on long straight stretches.
Drivers may tend to be more cautious on curves or in poor weather
By maintaining the posted speed, drivers can compensate for increased risk.
    My Home Your Work day Drive
• The early green up of vegetation in the ditches along the side of the
   road, is an attractive source of forage for many wildlife species, and
   is a major factor in one of the highest risk times of the year. Also,
   the birthing season means that there are many inexperienced
   animals near the roads. About half of deer fatalities occur in the
• Forest fires which destroy habitat; drought; and dry, hot weather
   that reduces forage availability at higher elevations all cause
   increased animal movement at this time of year.
• It is important for motorists to have information about the factors
   that influence animal behaviour. This will lead to an increased
   level of understanding about when, where and why wildlife is
   most likely to be present near the road.
         WHEN – WHERE – OH NO!
• Most literature suggests that dusk and dawn are traditionally times
  of high wildlife vehicle collisions. Light levels are low, and animals
  are active at these times.
• Deer are involved in approximately 80% of wildlife vehicle collisions.
  There are two distinct high risk times for deer crashes. May and
  November have the highest rates of deer collisions.
• Moose collisions peak in December and January, with the rest
  occurring between October and March. Collision peaks coincide
  with times of high snowfall along highways that are actively cleared
  of snow.
• There is also an collision peak in June/July, which may be due to
  pregnant cows moving to calving grounds or the attraction of
  moose to roadside mineral licks.
         Its just not a sign, its like a
                 “YIELD SIGN”
Watch for the Signs What do those signs really mean?
• A Wildlife Warning Sign is a yellow diamond shaped
  sign. The sign warns of a hazard ahead, and advises
  drivers to be cautious. The sign does not require
  drivers to slow down to a particular speed, unless there
  is an adjacent speed limit sign posted as well.
• Drivers must obey wildlife warning signs and any
  associated speed changes. The signs are located in high
  wildlife use areas. Drivers must not disregard the signs
  even if they have been seen many times before.
• Driver complacency is dangerous.
               Think "What If...?"
• Mental preparation is a
  useful tool.
• Think about and predict
  what you might do if an
  animal suddenly darted out
  in front of you or ran
  towards your vehicle.
• It is better to think about
  and learn how to avoid an
  encounter with wildlife,
  than have to react to a
  dangerous situation when
  you are unprepared.
       Location, location, location

• It's important in real estate and equally important
  in predicting locations which have high risk
  factors for wildlife vehicle collisions.
Common factors of road stretches with high
numbers of wildlife vehicle collisions include:
• Where creeks and drainages intersect roads
• Good habitat and forage near the roadside
• Water source nearby
• Long, wide, straight stretches of road
 Assumption the mother of all events
• The first three factors are self evident. The
  availability of forage and water close to the road
  is likely to increase the presence of animals.
• The fourth factor is more troublesome. One
  assumption is that when there are good road
  conditions - long, wide and straight - motorists
  tend to feel safer and more confident, and
  therefore accelerate. This increase in speed
  reduces the reaction time of the driver when an
  animal is seen on the road.
                 Drive Defensively
Drivers and passengers should actively watch for: wildlife - on
the road, in the ditch, on the shoulder, and in the right of way
• movement on or alongside the road
• shining eyes, which will be your head lights reflecting off
   the animal's eyes. NOTE: Moose are so tall that their eyes
   are normally above the beams of most vehicle head lights,
   and so are less likely to reflect the light
• Flickering head lights of oncoming cars or tail lights of the
   vehicles in front of you - which may be an animal crossing
   the road
• Roadside reflectors that disappear/reappear, which might
   indicate an animal crossing in front of them Watch out
   between dusk and dawn. Light levels are low, and animals
   are active.
        Steer Clear - To Swerve or Not to
                               Swerve? way - think carefully. Is it
    If smaller animals such as deer are in your
  safe to swerve?
• Do not take unsafe evasive actions. Serious accidents can occur
  when drivers lose control of their vehicles trying to avoid an animal.
  Always reduce your speed in signed areas. Driving at a slower speed
  may mean it is not necessary to swerve at all. Swerving can take
  you into the path of an oncoming vehicle or into the ditch.
• If a deer is in your way, consider using your brakes, not your wheel.
• If you have to choose between swerving or striking a moose,
  consider swerving. A collision with a moose, which can weigh up to
  500 kgs (1200 lbs), carries a significant risk of injury or death to
  motorists and passengers. If a crash with a moose is inevitable,
  crouch as low as possible in your seat, or under the dash, as a
  moose's body usually ends up crushing the roof of a car completely
                          Use Your Vehicle
•   Maintain your vehicle - Keep head lights, signal lights, and tail lights clean and in
    good working order.
•   Clean your windshield, inside and out, once a week, or more if someone smokes,
    and check and repair windshield wiper blades.
•   Keep headlights properly aligned to avoid blinding other drivers and optimize road
    coverage. Keep your headlights clear of dirt and road salt residue. Check the
    condition of the headlight lenses in the spring and fall and clean, repair or replace
    if they are cloudy or scratched.
•   Wear your seatbelt at all times.
•   Honk your horn or flash your lights to scare animals off the road. This may scare a
    deer off the road, but does not usually work for moose.
•   In a 3 lane situation, when it is safe to do so, and when it is not impeding other
    traffic, drive in the middle lane to provide more distance from the ditch.
•   Use high beams when it is safe to do so, and scan the road ahead with quick
•   At night, use the high beams of the vehicle in front of you to extend your effective
    sight distance.
 What Should Drivers do if They See
       Wildlife on the Road?
• Slow Down - collision avoidance and driver
  response time are improved at slower speeds
• Anticipate unpredictable behaviour from all
• Determine what the animal is doing and
  where it is going
• Some animals travel in groups - where there is
  one animal, there may be more. Watch for
  doe/fawn or moose cow/calf pairs.
            What if a Crash is Inevitable?
In certain conditions, there is no real choice except to
strike the animal.
• If it appears impossible to avoid the animal:
• Aim for the spot the animal is coming from, not
    where it is going.
• Look where you want to go, not at the animal. You
    tend to drive where you look - if you are looking at
    the animal, that is where the vehicle tends to go.
• If you must hit something, try for a glancing blow
    rather than a head-on hit.
• Brake firmly and quickly, then look, and steer your
    vehicle to strike the animal at an angle.
• Let up on the brake just before you hit the animal.
    This causes the front end of your vehicle to rise and
    reduces the chances of the animal coming through
    your windshield.
What do you mean move, go around!
So have your Done your Journey
      Management Now!

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Description: accident causation accident prevention animal strike preventio animal avoidance principles journey management