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Caste System (1) Origin and evolution of caste system :- caste is that division of human society whose basis is occupation, ability and birth According to Shri Shama Shastri – “Mutual union of people in social subject like marriage and Food is called “caste” Main caste are Brahmans, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Sudras. These castes were formed on the basis of professions which the individuals followed. (1) Origin of the caste system :- (i) On the basis of colour (ii) On the basis of Pursh Sukta (iii) On the basis of Division of Labour (iv) Divine origin (3) Different between Varnas and castes :- (i) Varna system started during the Rig-Vedic Age but caste system started during later Vedic Age. (ii) Meaning of Varna – Colour of bodies (Aryans and Non Aryans.) (iii) Meaning of caste : - birth in any special community and their fixes occupation. • Factors Responsible for the Growth of caste system:- 1. Influence of the Brahmans. 2. Migration of Groups 3. New occupation 4. Foreign invaders. 5. Jainism and Buddhism and the Principle of Ahimsa 6. Check on the Inter caste marriages. 7. The Impact of Islam 8. New Religious sects – Sikh, kabir Panthis, Lingyat sect 9. Change of customs 10.Adoption of New Religious practices. • Growth of caste system :- 1. Caste system in Vedic and later Vedic age 2. Caste system in the Age of Gautam Buddha and Mahavir swami. 3. Caste system in the Age of Mauryans, Gupta and Vardhanas. 4. Caste system in the Age of Raj puts 5. Caste system in Muslim Age 6. Caste system in modern Age • Merits of the caste system :- 1. Preservation of Hindu Religion and culture. 2. Increase in the number of Hindu. 3. Solved the problem of Unemployment. 4. Promoted Economic strength and Efficiency in profession. 5. Purity of Blood. 6. High moral character. 7. Development of feeling of Brotherhood. 8. Proper functioning of society. 9. Simple education. 10.Social service. • Demerits of the caste system :- 1. Decline of National Unity. 2. Limited Military Training 3. A Disintegrating factor. 4. Against the principle of Equality. 5. Evil of untouchability. 6. Check on the personal Development. 7. Mutual jealousy. 8. Anti Democratic 9. Check on the Association with foreigners 10. A check on the progress of Hinduism 11. Narrow outlook. 12. Against to universal Brotherhood 13. Narrow marriage circle 14. Conversion of Hindus to Islam and Christianity The Future of caste system • After freedom in New constitution-caste system and Untouchability have been declared illegal.
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