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					Salvation
                  Faith
“But now the righteousness of God has been
  manifested apart from law, although the law
  and the prophets bear witness to it, the
  righteousness of God through faith in Jesus
  Christ for all who believe. For there is no
  distinction: since all have sinned and fall short
  of the glory of God, they are justified by his
  grace as a gift, through the redemption which
  is in Christ Jesus, whom God put forward as an
  expiation by his blood, to be received by
  FAITH. This was to show God’s righteousness,
  because in his divine forbearance he had
  passed over former sins; it was to prove at the
  present time that he himself is righteous and
  that he justifies him who has faith in Jesus.”
  Rom. 3:21-26
   CCC 1750 The morality of human
    acts depends on:
    – the object chosen;
    – the end in view or the intention;
    – the circumstances of the action.
How we are to live our lives:
   “For by grace you have been saved
    through faith, and this is not from you;
    it is the gift of God; it is not from
    works, so no one may boast. For we
    are his handiwork, created in Christ
    Jesus for the good works that God has
    prepared in advance, that we should
    live in them.” (Eph 2: 8-10)
    Why do Catholics Baptize
           Infants?
   Different views on baptism itself
    – Protestant View - Baptism doesn’t in any way
      convey the grace it symbolizes; it is a public
      manifestation of a persons conversion
    – Catholic View - From the day of Pentecost the
      Catholic Church has said baptism is a sacrament
      which accomplishes several things (ccc1262)
        Remission of sin (original & personal)

        New birth in the Holy Spirit (adopted son of

         God)
    Catholic View of Baptism
   Rom. 6:4 St. Paul says “therefore we have been buried with him
    by baptism into death, so that, just as Christ was raised from
    the dead by the glory of the Father, so we too might walk in
    newness of life.
   1 Peter 3:20-21 says “Baptism… now saves you., not as a
    removal of dirt from the body but as an appeal to God for a
    clear conscience, through the resurrection of Jesus Christ.”
   Mt 3:11 John says that Jesus’ baptism would give the Holy Spirit
    whereas his own did not
   Acts 2:38 - Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the
    name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins; and you
    shall receive the gift of the Holy Sprit
    Baptism is NOT a symbol
 Jesus wouldn’t have made baptism a
  condition for entering heaven if this
  were so (John 3:5, Mk 16:16)
 Doesn’t follow “faith alone”
 Since fundamentalists believe it’s
  symbolic of a person accepting Jesus as
  his Lord and Savior, it would make no
  sense for a child to do this
   St. Paul tells us that all are born with Adam’s
    sin and thus need baptism (Rom 5: 18-19)
   And Jesus makes it clear that children are not
    to be kept away from Him (Mark 10:14)
   So the Apostles baptized entire households
    (Acts 16:15, 33; 1 Cor 1:16) including infants
    In place of Circumcision
   Paul says that baptism has replaced
    circumcision (Col. 2:11-12). Baptism is “the
    circumcision of Christ”
   In Old Testament - those born into Jewish
    households could be circumcised in
    anticipation of the Jewish faith in which they
    would be raised
   Same for Baptism in Christian household
      Early Church writings
   Origen in the 3rd century wrote that
    “according to the usage of the Church,
    baptism is given even to infants”
   In 253, the Council of Carthage condemned
    the opinion that baptism should be withheld
    from infants until the eighth day after birth.
   In 408 Augustine taught “The custom of
    Mother Church in baptizing infants is certainly
    not to be scorned… nor is it to be believed
    that its tradition is anything except apostolic”
    Aren’t we saved by faith
             alone?
   St. Paul says “For we hold that a man is
    justified by faith apart from works of law”
    Rom. 3:28
   Faith does bring salvation, made alive by
    charity
   1 Cor. 13:2 - St. Paul says that faith without
    love (charity) is nothing (it can’t save)
    – Jn 14:21 - If we love him we will keep his
      commandments
   When the rich man asks Jesus what he
    must do to be saved, Jesus answers:
    “keep the commandments” (Mt 19:16-
    17)
       Catholic viewpoint
   “A Catholic who performs good works in
    Christ isn’t denying the completed work of
    Christ’s redemption; he is depending on it.”

   “The Paschal mystery has two aspects: by his
    death, Christ liberates us from sin; by his
    Resurrection, he opens for us the way to a
    new life. This new life is above all
    justification that reinstates us in God’s grace,
    ‘so that as Christ was raised from the dead
    by the glory of the Father, we too might walk
    in newness of life.’” (Catechism 654 and
    Rom. 6:4)
    Assurance of Salvation?
   Matthew 24:13 “But the one who
    perseveres to the end will be saved.”
   “The Catholic Church teaches we must
    die in sanctifying grace in order to be
    saved. Any mortal sin leads to a loss
    of sanctifying grace and the risk of
    eternal damnation if we should die in
    this state.”

				
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posted:4/16/2013
language:English
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