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					MFN : 00003 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 88-01-0007 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Pillay, V.S.Ibrahim, K.K.Sasikumaran, S. Affiliation : Pepper Research Station, Panniyur, Taliparamba 670 141, TN, India Title : Comparative performance of pepper vines raised from different types of shoot (variety Panniyur-I) Imprint : Indian Cocoa Arecanut Spices Journal. v. 10(3): p. 61-62, 1987 Keywords : VEGETATIVE PROPAGATION; PEPPER YIELD Scientific Names : PIPER NIGRUM PIPERACEAE; Abstract : [Piper nigrum] yield was found to be significantly influenced by the type of cuttings used for raising pepper vine. Middle one third portion of runner shoot gave the maximum cumulative yield upto its fifth year from flowering which was 100 percent more than the yields of other propagating materials MFN : 00069 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 88-01-0193 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Garg, S.N.Agarwal, S.K.Mahajan, V.P.Rastogi, S.N. Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal Aromatic Plants, P.O.CIMAP, Lucknow 226 016, UP, India Title : Feruginidin and ferugin, two new sesquiterpenoids based on the carotane skeleton from Ferula jaeschkeana Imprint : J. Nat. Prod.. v. 50(2): p. 253-255, 1987 Keywords : FERUGIN; SESQUITERPENOIDS; FERGINIDIN Scientific Names : FERULA JAESCHKEANA UMBELLIFERAE; Abstract : From [F.jaeschkeana] rhizomes, two new sesquiterpenoids, feruginidin (C22H30O5, mp 138) and ferugin (C22H30O5, mp 140 degree) were isolated and characterized MFN : 00084 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 88-01-0308 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Thappa, R.K.Aggarwal, S.G.Kapahi, B.K.Sarin, Y.K. Affiliation : Plant Sur. Div., Reg. Res. Lab. C S I R, Jammu-Tawi 180 001, JK, India Title : Juniperus excelsa leaf oil, a new source of cedrol Imprint : J. Nat. Prod.. 1987, 50(2), 323-324 Keywords : JUNIPERUS; EXCELSA ; ESSENTIAL OILS ; PINACEAE ; CEDROL Abstract : Presence of (+)-cedrol alongwith (+)-sabinene, (+)limonene, 1-p-menthene, terpinene-4-ol, alpha-cedrene, beta-cedrene, pcymene, beta-phellandrene, delta-cadinene, alpha-copaene, muurolene, beta-guaiene and guaiazulene in J.excelsa leaf oil has been reported MFN Yr, Iss, : 00086 Abst No. : 88-01-0331

Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Chelladurai, V. Affiliation : Surv. Med. Pl. Unit, Palayamkottai, Tirunelveli 627002, TN, India Title : Minnikizhangu-an unique folk medicinal plant from the adivasis (tribals) of Point Calimere, Tamil Nadu Imprint : Bull. Med. Ethnonbot. Res.. 1983, 4(3-4), 148-153 Keywords : DOLICHOS FALCATUS ; MEDICINAL USES ; ETHNOBOTANY ; AZIMA; TETRACANTHA ; SALVADORA; PERSICA ; CISSUS; VITIGINEA ; GMELINA; ASIATICA ; SALVADORACEAE ; VITACEAE ; VERBENACEAE ; LEGUMINOSAE Abstract : Tubers of Minnikizhangu (Dolichos falcatus) are used by the tribals of Koddikkarai forest for various skin ailments. Distribution, morphological characters, local names, methods of preparation, parts used and doses of D.falcatus and four other medicinal plants Azima tetracantha, Salvadora persica, Cissus vitiginea and Gmelina asiatica have been enumerated MFN : 00126 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 88-02-0410 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Darbhe, S.D. Affiliation : Darbhe Hosp., Satara, Maharashtra, India Title : Clinical trial of 'Elcarim' in children below two years Imprint : Med. Surg.. 1987, 27(1), 3-4 Keywords : ELCARIM ; INDIGENOUS DRUG THERAPY ; HERBAL THERAPY ; RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS ; GASTROINTESTINAL INFECTIONS Abstract : In this study drug 'Elcarim' which is a herbal product has shown improvement in appetite and physical growth of children which has helped in reducing frequency of respiratory and G.I. tract infections, improved sleep pattern and reduction in irritability. The drug appears to be safe and can be recommended as growth tonic for infants and children MFN : 00143 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 88-02-0438 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Dwivedi, S.Somani, P.N.Udupa, K.N. Affiliation : Dep. Med., Kasturba Med. Coll., Manipal 576119, Karnataka, India Title : Indigenous drugs and ischaemic heart diseases Imprint : Arogya-J. Health Sci.. 1987, 13(2), 65-71 Keywords : INDIGENOUS DRUGS ; ISCHAEMIC HEART DISEASES ; CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES Abstract : Pharmacological and therapeutic evaluations carried out on indigenous drugs viz, Terminalia arjuna, Inula racemosa, Saussurea lappa, Commiphora mukul, Allium sativum, Emblica officinalis and Ocimum sanctum found effective in cardiovascular diseases, have been reviewed. Nineteen common indigenous plants used in ischaemic heart diseases in Ayurveda are tabulated along with their families, vernacular names and parts used

MFN : 00302 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 88-03-0894 Subject Group : 0600 Authors : Wahi, S.P.Tantipokin, A.Sinha, P. Affiliation : Dep. Pharmaceut., Inst. Technol., Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, UP, India Title : Pharmacognostical studies on leaf of Aganosma dichotoma (Roth) K. Schum. Imprint : Bull. Med. Ethnobot. Res.. v. 5(3-4), p. 148-158. 1984 Keywords : AGANOSMA; DICHOTOMA ; LEAF ANATOMY ; PHARMACOGNOSY ; FLAVONOIDS ; TRITERPENOIDS ; REDUCING SUGARS ; RESINS ; TANNINS ; GLYCOSIDES ; STEROIDS ; PHYTOCHEMICAL STUDY ; APOCYNACEAE Abstract : The macro and the microscopical characters of the A.dichotoma along with the numerical values, fluorescence characteristics and physical constants have been studied with a view to bringing out its pharmacognostical characteristics. Preliminary phytochemical studies of leaf showed the presence of sterols, glycosides, flavonoids, resins, tannins and reducing sugars etc. MFN : 00303 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 88-03-0896 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Bano, G.Amla, V.Raina, R.K.Zutshi, U.Chopra, C.L. Affiliation : Dep. Pharmacol. Therapeut., Govt. Med. Coll., Jammu Tawi 180001, JK, India Title : The effect of piperine on pharmacokinetics of phenytoin in healthy volunteers Imprint : Planta Med.. v. 53(6), p. 568-569. 1987 Keywords : PIPERINE ; PHENYTOIN PHARMACOKINETICS ; PIPER; NIGRUM ; PIPER; LONGUM ; ALKALOIDS ; ANTIEPILEPTIC DRUGS ; PIPERACEAE Abstract : The effect of piperine a major alkaloid of Piper longum and P.nigrum on pharmacokinetics of phenytoin were studied in five healthy volunteers who received either a single oral dose (300mg) of phenytoin alone or in combination with multiple doses of piperine (20mg x 7 days) followed by an oral dose of phenytoin. Blood samples were collected at 0.5,1,2,3,4,8,12,24 and 48h after drug administration and analysed for phenytoin by the enzyme multiplied immunoassay technique (EMIT). The results obtained revealed that a single daily dose of piperine for 7 days decreased the absorption halflife, prolonged the elimination halflife, and produced a higher area under the drug concentration curve in comparison to phenytoin alone. It is therefore concluded that piperine on multiple dose administration alters the pharmacokinetic parameters of phenytoin MFN : 00304 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 88-03-0897 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Hamsaveni Gopal, R.Purushothaman, K.K.

Affiliation : Capt. Srinivas Murthy Drug Research Inst. Ayur., Arumbakkam, Madras 600 016, TN, India Title : Effect of plant isolates on coagulation of blood: An in vitro study Imprint : Bull. Med. Ethnobot. Res.. v. 5(3-4): p. 171-177, 1984 Keywords : EMODIN; CHRYSOPHANIC ACID; PECTOLINARIN; FLAVONES; FLAVONOIDS; NEVADENSIN; ECHITAMINE CHLORIDE; BLOOD COAGULATING ACTIVITY; BLOOD CLOTTING ACTIVITY; PROTHROMBIN TIME Scientific Names : CHUKRASIA TABULARIS MELIACEAE; OCIMUM GRATISSIMUM LABIATAE; PREMNA INTEGRIFOLIA VERBENACEAE; OCIMUM AMERICANUM LABIATAE; RHEUM EMODI POLYGONACEAE; ALSTONIA SCHOLARIS APOCYNACEAE; Abstract : Seven drugs isolated from Indian medicinal plants have been tried for their action on blood coagulation. Of these four drugs viz., chrysophanic acid from [Rheum emodi], emodin from Pulivasi (botanical identity not certain), pectolinarin from [Ocimum americanum] and a flavone from Chukrasia tabularis showed prolongation of prothrombin time which is a measure of coagulating activity. A flavanoid from [Premna integrifolia] and nevadensin from [Ocimum gratissimum] showed decrease in prothrombin time. Echitamine chloride from [Alstonia scholaris] did not show any activity at the concentrations tried MFN : 00340 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 88-03-1029 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Jain, S.C.Purohit, M. Affiliation : Med. Pl. Res. Lab., Dep. Bot., Univ., Rajasthan Jaipur-302004, India Title : Anthraquinones, sennosides and rhein glycosides in Cassia pumila Lam. Imprint : Herba Pol.. v. 31(3-4), p. 115-117. 1985 Keywords : CASSIA; SENNA ; CASSIA; PUMILA ; ANTHRAQUINONES ; SEED CALLUS ; EMODIN ; ALOE-EMODIN ; PHYSIOCIN ; RHEIN ; LEGUMINOSAE ; SENNOSIDES ; RHEIN GLYCOSIDES Abstract : Out of 7 anthraquinones detected in the seeds and seed callus only four viz., aloe-emodin, emodin, physiocin and rhein were identified whereas the remaining spots could not be confirmed due to their poor recovery. Highest sennosides (2.0 percent) and rhein glycosides (0.18 percent) were recorded in seeds as compared to the seedcallus (sennosides 0.88 percent; rhein glycosides 0.5 percent). While comparing these contents with other Cassia species, it was found that the total contents were more in C.senna than C.pumila MFN : 00347 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 88-03-1041 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Khetwal, K.S.Verma, D.L. Affiliation : Dep. Chem., Kumaon Univ., Nainital 263002, UP, India Title : Constituents of the flowers of Bassia butyraceae Imprint : Fitoterapia. v. 58(4),p. 285. 1987

Keywords : BASSIA; BUTYRACEAE ; SAPOTACEAE ; FRIEDELIN ; ERYTHROIDIOL Abstract : From B. butyraceae flowers beta-amyrin acetate, friedelin, erythroidiol monopalmitate, beta-sitosterol and alphaspinasterol have been isolated and identified MFN : 00365 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 88-03-1103 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Saxena, R.B.Mehta, H.C.Shah, K.L. Affiliation : Prelim. Drud Standard. Unit CCRAS, Gujarat Ayur. Univ., Jamnagar, Gujarat, India Title : Physico-chemical study of seeds of Cassia fistula Linn. (Amaltas) Imprint : Bull. Med. Ethnobot. Res.. v. 5(1-2), p. 65-70. 1984 Keywords : CASSIA; FISTULA ; LEGUMINOSAE ; SEED COMPOSITION ; PROTEINS ; MINERALS ; SUGARS ; SAPONINS ; ALKALOIDS ; RESINS ; TERPENOIDS ; GUMS Abstract : Physico-chemical investigations of the seeds of C.fistula revealed that seeds are rich in proteins, iron, calcium, phosphate, sodium, potassium, sugars, fibres, resins, tannins, saponins, gum, alkaloids, glucosides, fat, mucilage, free amino acids, anthraquinone etc. For the identification of various constituents isolated, fluorescence and extraction methods were employed MFN : 00367 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 88-03-1105 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Saxena, V.K.Samaiya, G.C. Affiliation : Nat. Prod. Lab., Dep. Chem., Dr. Harisingh Gour Viswavidyalaya, Sagar 470003 MP, India Title : A new flavonoid from Fagopyrum tataricum Imprint : Fitoterapia. v. 58(4), p. 283. 1987 Keywords : FAGOPYRUM; TATARICUM ; POLYGONACEAE ; FLAVONE GLYCOSIDES Abstract : Structure of a new flavone glycoside (C31H38O16, mp 178-80 C), isolated from F.tataricum leaves has been assigned as 3',4',5,7-tetra-O-methyl quercetin-3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl (1- 6)-Obeta-D-glucopyranoside MFN : 00386 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 88-04-1186 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Sharma, R.K.Kanjilal, P.B.Bordoloi, D.N. Affiliation : Regional Research Laboratory, Jorhat-6, Assam, India Title : Prospects of Mentha citrata Ehrh. in hilly tracts of Meghalaya Imprint : Indian Perfum.. v. 31(2): p. 67-70, 1987

Keywords : AROMATIC PLANTS, MEGHALAYA; MEGHALAYA, AROMATIC PLANTS Scientific Names : MENTHA PIPERITA LABIATAE; MENTHA CITRATA LABIATAE; MENTHA ARVENSIS LABIATAE; JAVA CITRONELLA LABIATAE; PALMAROSA SPP LABIATAE; Abstract : An attempt was made to introduce few aromatic plants viz., [Java citronella, Palmarosa, Mentha arvensis, M.piperita] and [M.citrata] to see their performance on hilly tracts of Meghalaya. Of all the introduced plants [M.citrata] indicated its good growth and yield and can be grown in jhum land, mostly practiced by hill tribes. The paper deals with the standardisation of agronomical parameters such as planting date, plant densities and different doses of NPK under the agroclimatic condition of upper Shillong, Meghalaya MFN : 00394 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 88-04-1201 Subject Group : 0300 Authors : Nandi, R.P.Chatterjee, S.K. Affiliation : Research Laboratory, Mungpoo, Darjeeling, WB, India Title : Effect of gibberellic acid on growth, development and essential oil formation in Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt Imprint : Indian Perfum.. v. 31(2): p. 72-77, 1987 Keywords : GIBBERELLIC ACID EFFECT Scientific Names : CYMBOPOGON WINTERIANUS GRAMINEAE; Abstract : Gibberellic acid augmented the essential oil biogenesis and the content of the same per unit weight of laminar tissue during different developmental stages increased upto reproductive stage and declined thereafter. But when the rate of growth behaviour and essential oil formation within the individual developmental stages were analysed it was revealed that maximum rates of extension growth, leaf formation and dry weight accumulation remained associated with the maximum rate of formation of essential oil during vegetative stage of development; later the rates declined. Analysis of biochemical parameters revealed that soluble nitrogen increased upto reproductive stage and total nitrogen upto vegetative stage of development. A close agreement between the contents of soluble nitrogen and essential oil formation was revealed and the prevelance of soluble nitrogen in the laminar tissues, greater was the formation of essential oil. Total carbohydrate content also increased upto reproductive stage and declined thereafter. Gibberellic acid treatment showed a corresponding higher occurrence per unit laminar tissue of total nitrogen, soluble nitrogen and total carbohydrate parameters MFN : 00427 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 88-04-1277 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Dwivedi, S.K.Sharma, M.C.Mukherjee, S.C.Jawahar LalPandey, N.N Affiliation : Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar 243122, UP, India Title : Comparative efficacy of Liv.52 and Andrographis paniculata Nees, in experimental liver damage in rabbits

Imprint : Indian Drugs. v. 25(1), p. 1-4. 1987 Keywords : ANDROGRAPHIS; PANICULATA ; ACANTHACEAE ; HERBAL DRUGS ; LIV 52 ; HEPATOPATHY ; LIVER DAMAGE Abstract : Comparative efficacy of composite herbal drug Liv.52 and A.paniculata in the restoration of liver function after carbon tetrachloride induced hepatopathy in experimental rabbits has been evaluated. Dried powdered leaves of A.paniculata was given orally 0.5 gm/kg, once a day for six days, while Liv.52 was given orally @1 ml/kg once a day for six days. Liv.52 was found to be distinctly superior to A.paniculata in clinical recovery, normalization of SGOT and SGPT enzyme levels, blood glucose and serum total cholesterol and regenerative changes in the liver MFN : 00502 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 88-05-1603 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Nikam, S.M.Mahajan, M.S.Deokar, A.B. Affiliation : Agricultural Research Station, Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Jalgaon, 425001, Maharashtra, India Title : Improvement of monetary return of coriander (Coriandrum sativum) through safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) intercropping in dryland Imprint : Indian J. Agric. Sci.. v. 58(3), p. 202-205. 1988 Keywords : CORIANDRUM; SATIVUM ; UMBELLIFERAE ; INTERCROPPING ; DRYLAND CROPPING ; SAFFLOWER ; CORIANDER Abstract : In a 2-year field study, when 'Local' coriander and 'Bhima' safflower were grown in a 2:1 ratio, the intercropping gave the maximum monetary return (Rs. 5,184/ha). However, the highest cost: benefit ratio was obtained when coriander (83 percent) + safflower (17 percent) were grown in 5:1 ratio. In all intercrop treatments, the landequivalent ratio and grain-equivalent ratio were similar (1.25) when coriander was grown with safflower in a 2:1 ratio (67 percent: 33 percent) MFN : 00527 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 88-05-1654 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Soni, P.L.Bisen, S.S. Affiliation : Forest Research Institute and College, Dehra Dun, UP, India Title : SEM studies on mono-, di-, and polysaccharides Imprint : Indian For.. v. 114(1), p. 26-28. 1988 Keywords : PROSOPIS; JULIFLORA ; ACACIA; CATECHU ; LEGUMINOSAE ; SEM STUDIES ; MONOSACCHARIDES ; DISACCHARIDES ; POLYSACCHARIDES Abstract : Scanning electron microscope (SEM) studies of nine monosaccharides, three disaccharides and two gum polysaccharides isolated from gums of Acacia catechu and Prosopis juliflora have been presented MFN Yr, Iss, : 00531 Abst No. : 88-05-1665

Subject Group : 0600 Authors : Ravikumar, P.R.Soman, R.Chetty, G. L.Sukhdev Affiliation : National Chemical Laboratory, Pune 411008, Maharashtra, India Title : Chemistry of Ayurvedic crude drugs: Part 6(Shatavari-1): Structure of shatavarin-IV Imprint : Indian J. Chem.. v. 26B(11), p. 1012-1017. 1987 Keywords : SHATAVARI ; SHATAVARIN-IV ; ASPARAGUS; RACEMOSUS ; LILIACEAE ; SARSAPOGENINS ; STEROIDAL GLYCOSIDES Abstract : The biological activity of Shatavari, a reputed Ayurvedic crude drug, has been shown to reside in its alcohol extract, which has now been shown to consist of several seroidal glycosides. Isolation of four glycosides and the structure of one of these namely, shatavarin-IV as beta-D-Glc-(1- 4)-beta-D-Glc-(1- 2)alpha-L-rha (1-- 2) sarsasapogenin are described MFN : 00533 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 88-05-1667 Subject Group : 0600 Authors : Srivastava, G.N.Bagchi, G.D.Srivastava, A.K. Affiliation : Botany Pharmacognosy Laboratory, Central Institute of Medicinal Aromatic Plants, Post Bag No. 1; P.O.R.S.M. Nagar, Lucknow226016, UP, India Title : Pharmacognosy of Ashoka stem bark and its adulterants Imprint : Int. J. Crude Drug Res.. v. 26(2), p. 65-72. 1988 Keywords : SARACA; ASOCA ; LEGUMINOSAE ; ASHOKA ; ASHOKA ADULTERANTS ; ADULTERANTS ; POLYALTHIA LONGIFOLIA Abstract : Ashoka stem bark (Saraca asoca De Wilde) is one of the most important ingredients of many Ayurvedic preparations used in the indigenous system. due to the poor availability of true Ashoka, it is adulterated with other barks including Polyalthia longifolia which also bears the same common name. Pharmacognostic study has revealed some diagnostic features which facilitate detection of authentic and adulterated materials MFN : 00534 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 88-05-1668 Subject Group : 0600 Authors : Sukumar, E.Erande, C.M.Chelladurai, V.Ali, U. Affiliation : Captain Srinivasa Murti Drug Research Institute for Ayurveda (CCRAS), Arumbakkam, Madras 600 106, TN, India Title : Botanical identity and phytochemistry of a commercial drug-Jungle Pepper Imprint : Indian J. Pharm. Sci.. v. 50(1): p. 55-56, 1988 Keywords : JUNGLE PEPPER, DRUG; PHARMACOGNOSTICAL CHARACTERS Scientific Names : PIPER AURANTIACUM PIPERACEAE; VITEX PUBESCENS VERBENACEAE; Abstract : The botanical identity of the commercial drug sold under the name [Jungle Pepper] in the Madras crude drug market recognised as [Piper aurantiacum], has been determined as [Vitex pubescens]. A detailed phytochemical investigation of this drug gave five compounds,

viz., n-octacosanol, ursolic acetate, stigmasterol, beta-sitosterol and ursolic acid MFN : 00535 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 88-05-1670 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Dolui, A.K.Kharya, M.D.Shrivastava, M.P. Affiliation : Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dr. H.S.Gour Vishwavidyalaya, Sagar, MP, India Title : Mahua fat in suppository bases - Part I Imprint : Indian J. Pharm. Sci.. v. 50(1), p. 33-35. 1988 Keywords : MADHUCA; INDICA ; MAHUA FAT ; SUPPOSITORY BASES ; SAPOTACEAE Abstract : Properties of a number of suppository bases containing different properties of mahua fat, beeswax and spermaceti have been discussed. Madhuca indica seed kernel contains 43.3 percent fat with a melting point of 36.5-38 deg C. Due to its easy availability, being cheap and stability in storage, it has been found to be suitable and suppository basesuppository base MFN : 00692 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 88-06-2171 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Dobhal, M.P.Chauhan, A.K.Ansari, S.Joshi, B.C. Affiliation : Chemical Laboratories, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur 302 004, Rajasthan, India Title : Phytochemical studies of stem of Anisomeles indica Imprint : Fitoterapia. v. 59(2): p. 155, 1988 Keywords : HEXACOSANE; STEROIDS Scientific Names : ANISOMELES INDICA LABIATAE; Abstract : From the unsaponifiable fraction of the petrol extract of stem of [A.indica] n-hexacosane, n-hexacosanol, beta-amyrin, ovatodiolide, anisomelic acid and beta-sitosterol were separated by silica gel column and identified. From the saponifiable fraction of the petrol extract, stearic, palmitic and lignoceric acids were identified by GLC MFN : 00703 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 88-06-2269 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Sati, O.P.Rana, U. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, University of Garhwal, Srinagar 246174, UP, India Title : Triterpenoids of Aesculus indica Imprint : Pharmazie. 42(2): 141. 1987 Keywords : AESCULUS; INDICA ; TRITERPENOIDS ; SAPONINS ; HIPPOCASTANACEAE Abstract : 21,22-Diangeloyl-barringtogenol C, 21-angeloylbarringtogenol C, 22-angeloyl-R1-barringtogenol, barringtogenol C, aescigenin and protoaescigenin have been isolated from the seed coat of A.indica

MFN : 00704 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 88-06-2285 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Sundar Rao, K.Lakshminarayana, G. Affiliation : Regional Research Laboratory (CSIR), Hyderabad 500 007, AP, India Title : Lipid class and fatty acid compositions of edible tissues of Peucedanum graveolens, Mentha arvensis, and Colocasia esculenta plants Imprint : J. Agric. Food Chem.. v. 36(3): p. 475-478, 1988 Keywords : FATTY ACIDS; LIPIDS; EDIBLE TISSUES; GLYCOLIPIDS; PHOSPHOLIPIDS; PHOSPHATIDYLCHOLINE; LINOLENIC ACID; PALMITIC ACID; LINOLEIC ACID; PIGMENTS Scientific Names : COLOCASIA ESCULENTA ARACEAE; PEUCEDANUM GRAVEOLENS UMBELLIFERAE; MENTHA ARVENSIS LABIATAE; Abstract : The lipid contents on dry-weight basis were 7.1 and 2.4 percent in the leaves and stem of [P.graveolens], 6.2 and 2.0 percent in the leaves and stem of [M.arvensis], and 9.7 and 3.5 percent in the leaves and leaf stalks of [C.esculenta], respectively. Lipid classes were separated by silicic acid column chromatography and thin-layer chromatography and estimated. Among the nonpolar lipids, pigments were the major components. Monogalactosyl diglycerides and digalactosyl diglycerides were the chief constituents of glycolipids. Phosphatidylcholine was the predominant phospholipid in all except for phosphatidylglycerol in [P.graveolens] leaves. Among the constituent fatty acids, determined by the GLC major ones were linolenic (18:3) and palmitic (16:0) in the leaves and linoleic (18:2) and palmitic in the other tissues MFN : 00705 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 88-06-2286 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Talapatra, S.K.Basu, D.Chattopadhyay, P.Talapatra, B. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, University College of Science, Calcutta 700009, WB, India Title : Aristololactams of Goniothalamus sesquipedalis Wall. Revised structures of the 2-oxygenated aristololactams Imprint : Phytochemistry. 27(3): 903-906. 1988 Keywords : ARISTOLOLACTAMS ; GONIOTHALAMUS SESQUIPEDALIS ; OXYGENATED ARISTOLOLACTAMS ; ANNONACEAE ; GONIOPEDALINE ; PHENANTHRENE LACTAMS Abstract : Goniopedaline, a new phenanthrene lactam, aristololactam-A-II and its N,O-diacetyl derivative, taliscanine, aurantiamide acetate and beta-sitosterol and its beta-D-glucoside have been isolated from the leaves and twigs of G.sesquipedalis. The structure of goniopedaline has been established from its spectral evidence as 10amino-3-hydroxy-2,4-dimethoxyphenanthrene-1-carboxylic acid lactam. The structures of aristololactams have been revised from the previously suggested 3-hydroxymethyl-2-methoxy derivatives and the 3-carboxy-2-

hydroxy derivatives to the 2-hydroxymethyl-3-methoxy derivatives and the 2-carboxy-3-hydroxy derivatives, respectively MFN : 00745 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-01-0144 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Ravishankar, B.Nair, R.B.Vijayan, N.P.Pankajavally, P.T.Sasikala, C.K.Sulochana, S Affiliation : Indian Institute of Panchakarma, Cheruthuruthy 679531, Kerala, India Title : Analgesic antiinflammatory and immunosuppresant effect of Strobilanthes heyneanus Nees. stem Imprint : Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Siddha. v. 8(12): p. 53-63, 1987 Keywords : ANALGESIC ACTIVITY; ANTIINFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY; IMMUNOSUPPRESIVE ACTIVITY Scientific Names : STROBILANTHES HEYNEANUS Abstract : Ethanol and aqueous extracts of S. heyneanus stem showed analgesic, antiinflammatory and immunosuppressant activity in experimental mice. Both the extracts signifincantly suppressed carrgeenin oedema and granulation tissue formation in cotton pellet granuloma. In mice, treated with extracts, marked suppression of antibody formation against sheep red blood cells was noticed MFN : 00757 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-01-0160 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Unnikrishnan, M.K.Desai, V.B.Guruswamy, M.N. Affiliation : College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal 576119, Karnataka, India Title : Cardiovasular action of the ethanolic extract of the latex of Synedenium grantii Imprint : Fitoterapia. v 59(4): p. 343-347, 1988 Keywords : CARDIOVASCULAR ACTIVITY Scientific Names : SYNADENIUM GRANTII EUPHORBIACEAE; Abstract : The ethanolic extract of S. grantii latex, infected in anaesthetized dogs induced at lower doses (0.1-0.4 mg/kg) a slight sustained rise in blood pressure accompanied by diuresis. Higher doses(0.6-1 mg/kg) induced a sustained fall in blood pressure accompanied by varied effects on respiration, significant bradycardia and reduction in urinary output. Bilateral vagotomy restored blood pressure and abolished bradycardia. MFN : 00787 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-01-0374 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Shawl, A.S.Mengi, N.Kaul, M.K.Vishwapaul Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Regional Centre, Rawalpora, Srinagar 190005, Jammu and Kashmir, India Title : Flavonoids of Iris spuria Imprint : Phytochemistry. v. 27(5): p. 1559-1560, 1988

Keywords : FLAVONOIDS; METHOXYFLAVANONE; IRIS SPURIA Scientific Names : IRIS SPURIA IRIDACEAE; Abstract : Two new flavonoids were isolated from the rhizomes of Iris spuria and characterized as 5,2'-dihydroxy-7,8dimethoxyisoflavone and 5,8,2'trihydroxy-7-methoxy flavanone MFN : 00851 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-02-0568 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Laha, N.N.Chaturvedi, A. Affiliation : Department of Medicine, G.R. Medical College and J.A. Group of Hospitals, Gwalior, MP, India Title : A study on Abana in coronary artery disease Imprint : Probe. v. 28(1): p. 5-6, 1988 Keywords : CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE; CARDIOVASCULAR ACTIVITY; CARDIOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY; AYURVEDIC DRUGS Scientific Names : Abstract : Twenty five patients of coronary artery disease were treated with Abana along with other conventional drugs to assess its role in adjuvant therapy and later on by itself as an individual drug, while reducing the doses of other drugs. The doses of other drugs were reduced after 3 weeks, while Abana was continued at a dose of one tablet t.i.d. for another 3 weeks. Response was good in 14 cases (56 percent) and fair in 11 cases (44 percent). None exhibited poor response MFN : 00884 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-02-0660 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Abul-Fazal, M.Khan, M.I.Saxena, S.K. Affiliation : Department of Botany, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 202001, UP, India Title : Seed mycoflora of wheat and their control with the latex of Calotropis procera R.Br. Imprint : Journal of Scientific Research (Bhopal). v. 9(1): p. 1-3, 1987 Keywords : SEED MYCOFLORA; ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : CALOTROPIS PROCERA ASCLEPIADACEAE; Abstract : Fourteen species of fungi were recorded from the untreated seed samples of wheat (S1,S2,S3,S4). Most dominating fungi were Alternaria alternata. Aspergillus flavus, A.niger and Rhizopu arrhizus.After treatment of seeds with latex of C.procera, only a few fungi could be isolated and rate of seed germination improved to 57 percent as against 33 percent in untreated samples MFN : 00885 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-02-0666 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Jabri, M.R.A.Samad, A.Siddiqui, K.A. Affiliation : Section of Plant Pathology, Department of Botany, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh-202 001, UP, India

Title : The inhibitory effect of bark extracts of some angiosperms on the infectivity of Zinia mosaic and Launaea mosaic viruses Imprint : Journal of Scientific Research (Bhopal). v. 8(2 3): p. 127-128, 1986 Keywords : ANTIVIRAL ACTIVITY; ZINIA MOSAIC VIRUS; LAUNAEA MOSAICVIRUS Scientific Names : CORDIA MYXA APOCYNACEAE; JAOARANDA MIMOSAEFOLIA BIGNONIACEAE; KIGELIA PINNATA BORAGINACEAE; SYZYGIUM CUMINI BORAGINACEAE; TABERNAEMONTANA DIVARICATA MYRTACEAE; Abstract : Bark extracts of five plants, viz., Cordia myxa, Jacrenda mimosifolia, Kigella pinnata, Syzygium cumini and Tabernaemontana divaricata were tested for their inhibitory activities against Zinnia mosaic and Launaea mosaic viruses. Extracts of all the plants inhibited the infectivity of both the viruses. Total inhibition of both the viruses was exhibited by the bark extract of K.pinnata MFN : 00905 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-02-0714 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Das, K.K.Kotoky, J. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, Dibrugarh University, Dibrugarh-786 004, Assam, India Title : A new aliphatic constituent of Melastoma malabathricum Linn. Imprint : Journal of the Indian Chemical Society. v. 65(5): p. 385-386, 1988 Keywords : ALIPHATIC CONSTITUENTS; TRIACONTANOL Scientific Names : MELASTOMA MALABATHRICUM MELASTOMACEAE; Abstract : Leaves and flowers of M. malabathricum yielded a new aliphatic constituent, which is characterised as 32-methyl-1triacontanol. Also, ursolic acid, p-hydroxy benzoic acid, and gallic acid have been identified, along with kaempferol MFN : 00954 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-03-0905 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Kothari, S.K.Ram, P.Singh, K. Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, RSM Nagar, Lucknow 226 016, UP, India Title : Studies on intercropping autumn planted sugarcane with bergamot, pepper and spear mints in Tarai areas of Uttar Pradesh Imprint : Indian Journal of Agronomy. v. 32(4): p. 406-410, 1987 Keywords : INTERCROPPING; SUCROSE Scientific Names : SACCHARUM OFFICINARUM GRAMINEAE; MENTHA CITRATA LABIATAE; MENTHA PIPERITA LABIATAE; MENTHA SPICATA LABIATAE; Abstract : Field experiments for analysing the effect of intercropping of autumn planted sugarcane ([Saccharum officinarum]) with bergamot mint ([Mentha citrata]), pepper mint ([Mentha piperita]) and spear mint ([Mentha spicata]) were conducted during 1983-84 and 1984-85. Intercropping caused reduction in sugarcane yield to the extent of 22, 31 and 28 percent through bergamot, pepper and spearmints, respectively. It,

however, significantly increased (13.6 percent) the sucrose content of cane juice at harvest. On the other hand, the oil yield reductions in mints through sugarcane were 13.3 percent in bergamot, 16.2 percent in pepper and 14.3 percent in spear mints, respectively. Sugarcane-bergamot mint intercropping showed a balanced competitive ratio for both the crops and gave best performance in respect of land use efficiency and net income MFN : 00961 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-03-0912 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Sharma, R.K.Bhati, D.S. Affiliation : Rajasthan Agriculture University, SKN College of Agriculture, Jobner 303329, Rajasthan, India Title : Performance of coriander varieties under irrigated condition Imprint : Indian Cocoa, Arecanut and Spices Journal. v. 11(3): p. 96-98, 1988 Keywords : CORIANDER; IRRIGATION; YIELD Scientific Names : CORIANDRUM SATIVUM UMBELLIFERAE; Abstract : Out of sixteen varieties of Coriandrum sativum tested in irrigated conditions of Rajasthan, variety UD-41 recorded highest average yield, whereas variety CS-6 recorded the lowest yield. The north Indian cultures were found to be high yielding compared to south Indian cultures. The differential performance have been attributed to the characters such as plant height, days to flowering, umbels/plant, umbellets/umbel and grain/umbellet MFN : 00967 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-03-0920 Subject Group : 0200 Authors : Vijaya, G.Farooqi, A.A.Nagarajaiah, C. Affiliation : Division of Horticulture, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore 560065,Karntaka, India Title : Studies on blossom biology of ambrette (Abelmoschus moschatus Medic.) Imprint : Indian Perfumer. v. 31(4): p. 312-318, 1987 Keywords : BLOSSOM BIOLOGY; POLLEN GERMINATION; ANTHESIS; ANTHERDEHISCENCE Scientific Names : ABELMOSCHUS MOSCHATUS MALVACEAE; Abstract : The ambrette (A.moschatus) plants bore flowers singly in the axils of the leaves, which were hermaphrodite in nature. The flower bud took 22 days from visible initiation to the full bloom stage. The anthesis occurred between 9 a.m. and 11a.m. and its peak period was observed at 10 a.m. Anther dehiscence was observed between 9 a.m. and 11 a.m. with the peak at 11 a.m. The stigma was receptive on the day of anthesis . The maximum (95.5 percent)pollen germination was obtained in 20 percent sucrose solution. The fruit bud took 25 days from set to maturity MFN : 00968

Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-03-0922 Subject Group : 0300 Authors : Bahl, J.R.Tyagi, B.R. Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, RSM Nagar, Lucknow 226 016, UP, India Title : Intraspecific nuclear DNA variation in Coleus forskohlii (Lamiaceae) Imprint : Current Science. v. 58(2): p. 76-78, 1989 Keywords : NUCLEAR DNA; CHROMOSOMES Scientific Names : COLEUS FORSKOHLII LAMIACEAE; Abstract : The nuclear DNA content and total chromosome length in eight morphologically distinct diploid clones (2n=2x=30) of [C.forskohlii] (BH-6, IM-1, KM-2, KM-8, KM-13, KM-24, LD-1 and PG-1) collected from different regions and two induced autotetraploids (C-1 and C-2, 2n=4x=60) of clone KM-8 have been determined. In diploids, nuclear DNA amount varied between 8.973 and 5.910 pg, while autotetraploids showed almost double the amount of diploid parental clone KM-8. Duncan's Multiple Range Test revealed six distinct groups among diploids with some overlapping. Linear regression analysis of total chromosome lenghts to DNA amounts of 10 genotypes showed a positiverelationship MFN : 00971 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-03-0925 Subject Group : 0300 Authors : Vijaya, G.Farooqi, A.A.Joshi, S.Nagarajaiah, C. Affiliation : Division of Horticulture, University of Agricultural Science, G.K.V.K. Banglore 560065, Karnataka, India Title : Research note on the study of chromosome numbers in amberette (Abelmoschus moschatus Medic.) Imprint : Indian Perfumer. v. 31(4): p. 325-327, 1987 Keywords : CHROMOSOME NUMBER; MEIOSIS Scientific Names : ABELMOSCHUS MOSCHATUS MALVACEAE; Abstract : The meiotic studies, conducted using squashing technique, showed that the chromosome number of A. moschatus was n=36. More than ten dividing pollen mother cells were observed to confirm the chromosome numbers. The chromosomes were found fairly spread at the diakinesis stage and the counting was easy .The study also revealed the regular behaviour of chromosomes and normal association of 36 bivalents at metaphase. No pollen mother cell showed the presence of univalent or biavalent MFN : 00972 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-03-0926 Subject Group : 0300 Authors : Viswakarma, R.A.Tyagi, B.R.Ahmed, B.Husain, A. Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal Aromatic Plants, Lucknow 226 016, UP, India Title : Variation in forskolin content in the roots of Coleus forskohlii Imprint : Planta Medica. v. 54(5): p. 471-472, 1988

Keywords : GENETIC VARIATIONS; FORSKOLIN; GENOTYPES; GERMPLASMCOLLECTIONS Scientific Names : COLEUS FORSKOHLII LAMIACEAE; Abstract : The extent of genetic variations in forskolin content in the roots of 38 genotypes from the germplasm collections of [C.forskhlii] were determined. The genotype KM-2 with 200.7 g/plant root dry matter and 0.40 percent forskolin content was found superior in terms of producing drug (0.803 g/plant) and for the commercial exploitation MFN : 00984 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-03-0948 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Jain, S.C.Agrawal, M. Affiliation : Laboratory of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, Department of Botany, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur 302004, Rajasthan, India Title : Regulation of trigonelline in Trigonella species by chemical mutagenic treatments Imprint : Indian Drugs. v. 26(1): p. 14-16, 1988 Keywords : TRIGONELLINE; CHEMICAL MUTAGENS Scientific Names : TRIGONELLA FOENUM-GRAECUM TRIGONELLA CORNICULATA LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : Chemical mutagens namely EMS, MMS and NaN3 were used to regulate trigonelline level in T.foenum-graecum and T.corniculata in M1 and M2 populations. Increase in trigonelline level was observed with the lower concentration of the used mutagens, which, however, decreased at their higher concentration MFN : 01017 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-03-1061 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Bisht, L.S.B.Brindavanam, N.B.Kimothig, P. Affiliation : Maharishi Centre for Medical Microbiology and Environmental Health, Maharishi Nagar, Noida 201304, UP, India Title : Comparative study of herbal agents used for fumigtaion in relation to formalin Imprint : Ancient Science of Life. v. 8(2): p. 125-132, 1988 Keywords : ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY; HERBAL FUMIGATIONS; FUMIGATIONS; DISINFECTING ACTIVITY; FORMALINE Scientific Names : CEDRUS DEODARA PINACEAE; APAMARGA; ACHYRANTHES ASPERA AMARANTHACEAE; BRASSICA NIGRA CRUCIFERAE; Abstract : The coarse powder of 10 freshly collected and dried plant parts were used for fumigating a room of about 594 cu.ft. volume. Air samples were collected using Nutrient Agar plates just before, 15 minutes and 45 minutes after fumigation from both ground and top. Assessment of the sample was done by means of colony counts after incubation of air samples. In relation to formaline (disinfection by 100 percent) all the herbal agents have reduced the microbial colony counts in air samples considerably. Five agents were markedly effective in destroying microorganisms in ground samples while the rest have disinfected significantly the top samples. Potent disinfection was seen with "Devadaru" (Cedrus deodara) and in line "Apamarga" (Achyranthus

aspera) stands second while "Sarsapa" (Brassica nigra) has reduced aeroganic micro-organisms MFN : 01035 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-03-1118 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Bhakuni, R.S.Shukla, Y.N.Thakur, R.S. Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow 226016, UP, India Title : New triterpenoid from Cornus capitata Imprint : Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. v. 50(6): p. 332-334, 1988 Keywords : TRITERPENOIDS Scientific Names : CORNUS CAPITATA CORNACEAE; Abstract : Stems of C.capitata afforded a new triterpene, which has been characterised as 3alpha-acetoxy-2 beta-hydroxylupan-28, 13-beta-olide by physicochemical data MFN : 01037 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-03-1129 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Chakravarty, M.Chaudhuri, C.Achari, B.Pakrashi, S.C.* Affiliation : Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Jadavpur, Calcutta 700032, WB, India Title : N-Acetylnornuciferine and other constituents of Aristolochia bracteata Imprint : Planta Medica. v. 54(5): p.467-468, 1988 Keywords : ACETYLNORNUCIFERINE; ARISTOLOLACTAM Scientific Names : ARISTOLOCHIA BRACTEATA ARISTOLOCHIACEAE; Abstract : The whole plant extract yielded (-)-N-acetylnornuciferine and aristololactam, detected for the first time in A.bracteata. The compounds were identified by comparison with reported data and by direct comparison (TLC, IR) with a sample available in the laboratory MFN : 01047 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-03-1174 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Hussaini, F.A.Agarwal, S.Roy, R.Prakash, O.Shoeb, A. Affiliation : Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow 226001, UP, India Title : Novel cleistanthane diterpenoids from Pogostemon auricularis Imprint : Journal of Natural Products. v. 51(2): p. 212-216, 1988 Keywords : DITERPENOIDS; CLEISTANTHANES Scientific Names : POGOSTEMON AURICULARIS LAMIACEAE; Abstract : Three novel diterpenoid acids isolated from the whole plant of P.auricularis have been characterized as cleistanth-13,

15-dien-18-oic acid and 7-hydroxy- and 7-acetoxycleistanth-13, 15-dien18-oic acids MFN : 01083 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-03-1301 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Hyma, B.Ramesh, A.Subhadra, N.L. Affiliation : Department of Geography, University of Madras, Madras 600005, India Title : Development of a rural community health care model based on Indian indigenous system of medicine Imprint : Ancient Science of Life. v. 8(2): p. 138-166, 1988 Keywords : INDIGENOUS MEDICINES; RURAL COMMUNITY HEALTH; TRADITIONALMEDICINE Scientific Names : Abstract : A brief survey of a "comprehensive rural health" project was undertaken with a aim to develop a community health care model using innovative alternative methods using Indian indigenous system of medicine and participatory research techniques to improve rural health services of the surrounding under privileged villages. Many gaps exist in the assessment , however, a birds eye-view is presented here MFN : 01094 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-04-1337 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Behura, S.Sahoo, S.Dutta, P.K. Affiliation : Regional Research Laboratory, Bhubaneswar 751 013, Orissa, India Title : Effect of organic manure for the growth and oil yield in palmarosa in chromite over burdens Imprint : Indian Perfumer. v. 32(2): p. 153-157, 1988 Keywords : ORGANIC MANURE; GROWTH PERFORMANCE; CHROMITE; PALMAROSA Scientific Names : CYMBOPOGON MARTINII GRAMINEAE; Abstract : Comparative growth performance of palmarosa ([C.martinii] var.[motia]) in the normal latteritic soil, chromite over burdens and over burden soil amended with organic manure at the ratio of 1:1, 2:1 and 3:1 were recorded. Herb yield and over all plant growth was significantly improved. No significant change in the oil contents of palmarosa were recorded among the treatments except chromite overburden. The above treatment was found to be the best for all the growth paramters, oil yields and for palmarosa cultivation MFN : 01113 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-04-1362 Subject Group : 0200 Authors : Satyavathi, D.V.L.Narayana, L.L. Affiliation : Department of Botany, Kakatiya University, Warangal 506009, AP, India Title : Distribution pattern of phenolic acids in some members of Boraginaceae

Imprint : Advances in Plant Sciences. v.1(2 Supplement): p. 247-254, 1988 Keywords : DISTRIBUTION PATTERN; PHENOLIC ACIDS Scientific Names : BORAGINACEAE; Abstract : The distribution pattern of 10 species belonging to 5 genera representing the 4 tribes of Boraginaceae has been studied by two dimentional paper chromatography. The taxa exhibit considerable overlapping in the pattern of phenolic acid distribution. The Paired Affinity (PA) and Group Affinity (GA) indices, isolation values IVi and IVn have been calculated. The paired affinity values are represented in polygonal graphs which show the affinity of the different species with all others. A taxonomic dendrogram summarizing the main features of cluster analysis has also been constructed. On the basis of the quantified data, it is tentatively suggested that these taxa are closely interrelated and they form a homogenous assemblage MFN : 01127 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-04-1379 Subject Group : 0400 Authors : Datta, B.Sharma, G.D. Affiliation : Department of Botany, School of Life Sciences, North Eastern Hill University, Shillong 793014, Meghalaya, India Title : A report on Fusarial wilt of Cassia fistula Linn. Imprint : Advances in Plant Sciences. v. 1(2 supplement): p. 390-391, 1988 Keywords : FUSARIUM WILT; FUNGAL DISEASES; INDIA Scientific Names : CASSIA FISTULA LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : During a survey on diseases of forest trees in the summer months at the Lailad reserve forest (Meghalaya), the seedlings of C.fistula were noticed with wilting symptom. The hypocotyl region and the roots were damaged by a fungus. The causal organism was isolated and identified as Fusarium moniliforme MFN : 01200 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-04-1633 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Rajeswara Rao, B.R.Singh, K. Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Regional Centre, Hyderabad, AP, India Title : Production potential of improved genotypes of Japanese mint in Andhra Pradesh: A preliminary study Imprint : Indian Perfumer. v. 32(2): p. 147-152, 1988 Keywords : JAPANESE MINT; GENOTYPES; PRODUCTION POTENTIALS Scientific Names : MENTHA ARVENSIS LABIATAE; Abstract : The essential oil yields and the net profits of the three genotypes (MAS-1, MAS-25, MAS-77) of Japanese mint ([Mentha arvensis]) ranged from 133.7 to 162.8 kg/ha and Rs.9830=00 to Rs.13745=00 respectively. Japanese mint responded favourably to application of N upto 120 kg/ha and the response was observed to be quadratic. The calculated optimum dose of N is higher than the highest level applied indicating the possibility of response of the crop to the application of higher doses of

N. The quality of the essential oil is found to be good and is readily acceptable in the market MFN : 01203 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-04-1641 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Saxena, V.K.Jain, A.K. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, Dr. H.S. Gour University, Sagar 470003, MP, India Title : A new acylated isoflavone glycoside from Trifolium repens Imprint : Fitoterapia. v. 60(1): p. 85, 1989 Keywords : ISOFLAVONE GLYCOSIDES; GLYCOSIDES Scientific Names : TRIFOLIUM REPENS LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : A new acylated isoflavone glycoside, formononetin 7-(2"-p-hydroxybenzoyl)-O-beta-D-glucoside (C28H26O11, mp 225-227 degreeC), has been isolated from T.repens MFN : 01205 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-04-1646 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Shukla, Y.N.Thakur, R.S. Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow 226016, UP, India Title : An acetylated saponin from Panax pseudo-ginseng subsp. himalaicus var. angustifolius Imprint : Phytochemistry. v. 27(9): p. 3012-3014, 1988 Keywords : PSEUDOGINSENOSIDE Scientific Names : PANAX PSEUDO-GINSENG ARALIACEAE; Abstract : The structure of a new acetylated saponin isolated from the rhizomes of P.pseudo-ginseng subsp. himalaicus var. angustifolius has been elucidated as 3-O-[beta-D-4-acetylxylopyranosyl (1-2)-beta-D-glucuronopyranosyl]-oleanolic acid by physico-chemical methods MFN : 01282 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-05-2061 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Purushothaman, K.K.Vasanth, S.Connolly, J.D.Rycroft, D.S. Affiliation : Captain Srinivasa Murti Drug Research Institute for Ayurveda, Madras 600106, India Title : New sarverogenin and isosarverogenin glycosides from Cryptolepis buchanani (Asclepiadaceae) Imprint : Revista Latinoamericana de Quimica. v. 19(1): p. 28-31, 1988 Keywords : CRYPTANOSIDES; CARDENOLIDE GLYCOSIDES; SARVEROGENINGLYCOSIDES; GERMANICOL DOCOSANOATE Scientific Names : CRYPTOLEPIS BUCHANANI ASCLEPIADACEAE; Abstract : The structures of cryptanosides A and C, the major cardenolide glycosides of the leaves and roots respectively of

C.buchanani, have been established as sarverogenin 3-O-alpha-Loleandroside and sarverogenin 3-O-[beta-D-glucopyranoslyl-(1-4)alpha-Loleandroside on the basis of their 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopic properties and chemical correlation with sarverogenin. Cryptanoside B, a minor constituent of the leaf extract, is isosarverogenin 3-O-alpha-Loleandroside. Cyrptanoside D, the corresponding isosarverogenin derivative of cyrptanoside C, was isolated, as its acetate, from the crude product of acetylation of cryptanoside C. Germanicol docosanoate is a major constituents of the root extract MFN : 01295 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-05-2151 Subject Group : 1400 Authors : Iyer, K.Bhanu, M.N.Sujatha, S.Vasudevan, T.N.* Affiliation : U.D.C.T., Bombay 400019, Maharashtra, India Title : Rapid chromatographic technique for preparative separation of natural products Imprint : Indian Drugs. v. 26(4): p. 153-154, 1989 Keywords : NATURAL PRODUCTS; CHROMATOGRAPHIC TECHNIQUES; PREPARATIVESEPARATION METHOD Abstract : A simple set up designed for rapid chromatography of routine preparative scale isolation and purification of natural products, operating under a pressure of 10-35 psi and utilizing silica gel (60-80 um) as an adsorbent has been described MFN : 01326 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-06-2221 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Bhargava, A.K. Affiliation : Division of Experimental Medicine and Surgery, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, UP, India Title : Neem oil as a synergist to antidiabetic drug for management of secondary hyperglycemia Imprint : Neem Newsletter. v. 4(3): p. 31-32, 1987 Keywords : NEEM; NEEM OIL; ANTIDIABETIC ACTIVITY; ANTIHYPERGLYCAEMIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : AZADIRACHTA INDICA MELIACEAE; Abstract : Within 7-10 days of neem oil product, Nimbola administration patients reported relief in muscular pain, itching, general tiredness, normalization of bowl and dyspepsia. Neem oil also acted as a synergist with most of the oral antidiabetics and helped to gradually reduce their intake MFN : 01365 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-06-2301 Subject Group : 1000 Authors : Vijayalakshmi, K.Gaur, H.S.Goswami, B.K. Affiliation : Division of Nematology, IARI New Delhi 110012, India Title : Neem for the control of plant parasitic nematodes Imprint : Neem Newsletter. v. 2(4): p. 35-42, 1985

Keywords : NEEM; NEMATODES; NEMATODE CONTROL; NEMATICIDALACTIVITY Scientific Names : AZADIRACHTA INDICA MELIACEAE; Abstract : Nematicidal properties of various neem products have been enumerated. The possible mechanism of action and the future scope of neem in nematode control have been briefly discussed MFN : 01368 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-06-2310 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Banerji, A.Luthria, D.L.Prabhu, B.R. Affiliation : Chemical Ecology Section, Bio-Organic Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre Trombay, Bombay 400 0085, Maharashtra, India Title : Prenylated compounds from Atalantia racemosa: Isolation and synthesis of two pyranoflavones Imprint : Phytochemistry. v. 27(11): p. 3637-3640, 1988 Keywords : RACEMOFLAVONES; ATALANTOFLAVONE; BIOGENESIS; HYLATION Scientific Names : ATLANTIA RACEMOSA RUTACEAE; Abstract : A re-examination of the aerial parts of the plant A.racemosa led to the isolation of two new pyranoflavones, namely atalantoflavone [8,8-dimethyl-5-hydroxy-2-(4'-hydroxyphenyl)-4H,8H-benzo(1,2-b: 3, 4-b') dipyran-4-one] and racemoflavone [8,8-dimethyl-5hydroxy-2-(4'hydroxy-3'-methoxyphenyl)-4H,8H-benzo (1,2-b:3,4-b') dipyran-4-one]. The structures have been confirmed by the synthesis of methyl ethers of atalantoflavone and racemoflavone. Besides the pyranoflavones, seven biogenetically related coumarin derivatives namely, xanthyletin, luvangetin, racemosin, xanthotoxin, umbelliferone, rutarin, rutaretin and a triterpene, friedelin have been isolated MFN : 01369 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-06-2311 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Banerji, J.Das, A.K.Ghoshal, N.Das, B. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, University College of Science, 92, Acharya Prafulla Chandra Road, Calcutta 700 009, WB, India Title : Studies on Rutaceae: Part VIII: Chemical investigation on the constituents of Atalantia wightii Tanaka, Aegle marmelos Correa ex Koen, Ruta graveolens Linn. Micromelum pubescens Blume Imprint : Indian Journal of Chemistry. v. 27B(6): p. 594-596, 1988 Keywords : TETRATRIACONTANOIC ACID; PHENOLIC ESTERS; SKIMMIANINE; HAPLOPINE; KOKUSAGINE; KOKUSAGININE Scientific Names : ATLANTIA WIGHTII RUTACEAE; AEGLE MARMELOS RUTACEAE; MICROMELUM PUBESCENS RUTACEAE; FLINDERSIA MACULOSA RUTACEAE; ORIXA JAPONICA RUTACEAE; Abstract : A new phenolic ester, ethyl p-coumarate and a long chain fatty acid, tetratriacontanoic acid have been obtained from [A.wightii]. Skimmianine and haplopine, two major constituents of [A.marmelos] have been transformed to kokusagine a constituent of [Orixa

japonica], while kokusaginine, isolated from [R.graveolens] has been converted into maculine, a constituent of [Flindersia maculosa]. Several known coumarins have been isolated for the first time from [M.pubescens] MFN : 01370 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-06-2312 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Banerji, J.Das, B.Chakrabarty, R. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, University College of Science, 92, Acharya Prafulla Chandra Road, Calcutta 700 009, WB, India Title : Isolation of 4,4'-dimethoxy-trans-stilbene flavonoids from leaves twigs of Vitex negundo Linn Imprint : Indian Journal of Chemistry. v. 27B(6): p. 597-599, 1988 Keywords : FLAVONOIDS; STILBENE DERV Scientific Names : VITEX NEGUNDO VERBENACEAE; Abstract : The leaves and twigs of [V.negundo] afford a stilbene derivative characterised as 4,4'-dimethoxy-trans-stilbene (1), along with five flavones, 5,6,7,8,3',4',5'-heptamethoxy,5-hydroxy6,7,8,3',4'-pentamethoxy (5-O-desmethylnobiletin),5-hydroxy6,7,8,3',4,5'-hexamethoxy (gardenin A), 5-hydroxy-6,7,8,4'-tetramethoxy (gardenin B) and 5-hydroxy-7,3',4',5'-tetramethoxyflavone (corymbosin). This is the first report of 1 as a natural product. Compound 1 has been converted into 3,6-dimethoxyphenanthrene MFN : 01371 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-06-2313 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Barik, B.R.Kundu, A.B. Affiliation : Chemical Research Unit, CCRAS, Department of Chemistry, University College of Science, 92 Acharya Prafulla Chandra Road, Calcutta, WB 700009, India Title : Lageflorin, a pentacyclic triterpene from Lagerstroemia parviflora Imprint : Phytochemistry. v. 27(11): p. 3679-3680, 1988 Keywords : LAGEFLORIN; TRITERPENES Scientific Names : LAGERSTROEMIA PARVIFLORA LYTHRACEAE; Abstract : A new pentacyclic triterpene has been isoated from the whole plant of L.parviflora and the structure has been elucidated as lageflorin from detailed analyses of spectroscopic data MFN : 01372 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-06-2314 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Baslas, R.K.Gupta, B. Affiliation : Essential Oil Research Laboratory, Govt. RPG College, Rampur, UP, India Title : Contribution of 2-trans-3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadien1-ol, to perfumery and cosmetic industry Imprint : Indian Perfumer. v. 32(2): p. 251-265, 1988

Keywords : PALMAROSA; GERANIOL; PERFUMERY INDUSTRY; ESSENTIAL OILS; COSMETIC INDUSTRY; REVIEWS Scientific Names : CYMBOPOGON MARTINII GRAMINEAE; Abstract : Geraniol (2-trans-3,7-dimethyl-1-2, 6-octadien-1-ol is the main component of [Cymbopogon martinii] (palmarosa) essential oil and is used extensively in perfumery and cosmetic industry. Its various reactions like hydrogenation cyclization, oxidation, condensation, estrification etc., odour characteristics and utilization of products, have been reviewed. About 39 synthetics and semi-synthetics obtained from geraniol have application in a number of aroma industries MFN : 01404 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-06-2395 Subject Group : 1400 Authors : Shankaranarayana, K.H.Kamala, B.S. Affiliation : Sandal Research Centre, Bangalore 560003, Karnataka, India Title : Effect of steam pressure on the yield and quality of HESP Imprint : Indian Perfumer. v. 32(3): 218-219, 1988 Keywords : HESP OIL; SPENT SANDALWOOD; STEAM PRESSURE DISTILLATION; ESSENTIAL OILS; SANDALWOOD OIL Abstract : The spent sandalwood samples obtained from sandal oil factories when subjected to distillation with steam of higher pressure than the atmospheric pressure produced less volatile oil HESP 1, the quality of which was not matching with HESP oil(hydrolysed exhausted sandalwood powder oil). The yield of this oil varied between 0.27-0.47 percent MFN : 01408 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-06-2409 Subject Group : 1600 Authors : Srivastava, R.C. Affiliation : Drug Plant Resources of Central India (An inventory). Today Tomorrow's Printers Publishers, 24B/5 Desh Bandhu Gupta Road, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 110005, 1989, 250 pages, Rs 250.00; $50.00 Keywords : DRUG PLANTS; NEW PUBLICATIONS; REVIEWS Scientific Names : Abstract : The present volume is an inventory of drug plant resources of Central India and includes 676 medicinal plants belonging to 125 families. Most recent and valid nomenclature of the plant species, their common synonyms, vernacular names, distribution, and distinguishing botanical characters are provided. Based on literature survey, the information on medicinal uses of these plants is also included . The text also includes indexes to botanical names, vernacular names and families. The book provides valuable information on medicinal plant wealth of Central India and will be useful to students, researches, pharmaceutical concerns and to all those interested in medicinal plants MFN : 01520

Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 90-02-0562 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Agrawal, A.Siddiqui, I.R.Singh, J. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, University of Allahabad, Allahabad 211002, UP, India Title : Coumarins from the roots of Feronia limonia Imprint : Phytochemistry. v. 28(4): p. 1229-1231, 1989 Keywords : COUMARINS Scientific Names : FERONIA LIMONIA RUTACEAE; Abstract : A new monoterpenoidfuranocoumarin lactone (fernolin) along with aurapten, marmesin, bergatpten and xanthotoxin has been isolated from the roots of F.limonia. The structure of each of these compounds has been established on the basis of chemical reactions and spectral studies MFN : 01550 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 90-02-0761 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Singh, N.Luthra, R.Sangwan, R.S.* Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Post Bag No.1., RSM Nagar, Lucknow 226 016, UP, India Title : Effect of leaf position and age on the essential oil quantity and quality in lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus) Imprint : Planta Medica. v. 55(3): p. 254-256, 1989 Keywords : ESSENTIAL OILS; LEMONGRASS Scientific Names : CYMBOPOGON FLEXUOSUS GRAMINEAE; Abstract : The amount and composition of the essential oil of [C.flexuosus] (lemongrass) leaves at different positions in the tiller and at different developmental stages were investigated. The results showed that only young leaves are biogenetically active, and that the leaf age and leaf position are important factors for the amount and compostion of the essential oil. The results obtained also indcated possible interconversions of the essential oil constituents [in vivo] MFN : 01631 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 90-03-0975 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Lakshmi, V.Lakshmi, V.Patnaik, G.K.Kapil, R.S. Affiliation : Medicinal Chemistry Division, Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow 226001, UP, India Title : Spasmolytic activity of Toddalia asiatica var. obtusifolia Imprint : Indian Drugs. v. 26(12): p. 706-707, 1989 Keywords : SPASMOLYTIC ACTIVITY; COUMARINS Scientific Names : TODDALIA ASIATICA RUTACEAE; Abstract : Ethanolic extract fo T.asiatica plants produced a concentration dependent inhibition of the various spasmogens of the contraction of the guinea pig ileum, ranging from 15 to 70 percent. Hexane, chloroform and ethyl acetate fraction of the plant showed similar results. Of the coumarins isolated, toddanone,skimmianine and chlorocoumarin were found to be most potent

MFN : 01673 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 90-03-1057 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Vimala, M.Sharma, R. Affiliation : Department of Biochemistry, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India Title : Dietary protein modifies garlic induced changes in phospholipid and cholesterol contents in rat brain Imprint : Research Bulletin (Science) of the Panjab University. v. 39(3-4): p. 135-137, 1988 Keywords : DIETARY PROETINS; GARLIC; PHOSPHOLIPIDS; CHOLESTEROL Scientific Names : ALLIUM SATIVUM LILIACEAE; Abstract : Oral administration of garlic extract produced a decrease of 42 percent in phospholipids and an increase of 40 percent in the total cholesterol contents in brain of rats fed on low dietary protein. The esterified cholesterol values decreased by 57 percent in the high protein fed rat brians. The free cholesterol levels increased more than 20 fold both in the high as well as low protein fed rat brains. The results suggest that dietary protein modifies the garlic induced changes in rat brain possibly by influencing the susceptibility of brain to allicin and that the effects on cholesterol levels of rat brain are tissue specific MFN : 01676 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 90-03-1067 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Durga, R.Sridhar, P.Polasa, H. Affiliation : Department of Microbiology, Osmania University, Hyderabad 500007, AP, India Title : Effects of plumbagin on antibioic resistance in bacteria Imprint : Indian Journal of Medical Research. v. 91(Jan): 1820, 1990 Keywords : PLUMBAGIN; CHITRAMOOL; ANTIBIOTICS; ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : PLUMBAGO ZEYLANICA PLUMBAGINACEAE; Abstract : Plumbagin, a compound derived from the roots of Plumbago zeylanica (Chitramool) was studied for its effect on the development of antibiotic resistance using antibiotic sensitive strains of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. A delayed growth was seen when these organisms were inoculated into the antibiotic (streptomycin/rifampicin) medium, due to development of resistance in some of the cells. However, the growth was completely prevented when the bacteria were grown in the medium containing antibiotic and plumbagin together, and this has been attributed to prevention of development of antibiotic resistant cells MFN : 01683 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 90-03-1108 Subject Group : 1100

Authors : Balakrishna, K.Vasanth, S.Bhima Rao, R.Purushothaman, K.K. Affiliation : Captain Srinivasa Murti Drug Research Institute for Ayurveda. Arumbakkam, Madras 600106, TN, India Title : Piperine from Vicoa indica DC. Imprint : Indian Drugs. v. 26(12): p. 708, 1989 Keywords : PIPERINE Scientific Names : VICOA INDICA COMPOSITAE; Abstract : Isolation of piperine from V.indica has been reported for the first time MFN : 01707 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 90-03-1234 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Singh, K.N.Pandey, V.B. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, SGR (PG) College Dobhi, Jaunpur 222149, India Title : Constituents of Echinops Imprint : Oriental Journal of Chemistry. v. 5(4): p. 342-344, 1989 Keywords : TERPENOIDS; FLAVONOIDS Scientific Names : ECHINOPS ECHINATUS COMPOSITAE; Abstract : Ethanol extract of the plant afforded taraxasterol, taraxasterol acetate, apigenin and apigenin-7-O-glucoside in addition to beta-sitosterol, alkane, alkanal, lupeol and beta-amyrin MFN : 01709 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 90-03-1271 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Zafar, R.Gupta, M. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Hamdard College of Pharmacy, Hamdard Nagar, New Delhi 110062, India Title : Flavone from stem and fruit of Pedalium murex Imprint : Indian Drugs. v. 27(3): p. 202, 1989 Keywords : FLAVONES; PEDALITIN; DINATIN Scientific Names : PEDALLIUM MUREX PEDALIACEAE; Abstract : Structures of pedalitin and dinatin isolated from the stem and fruit of P.murex have been identified as 5,7,3,4tetrahydroxy-6-methoxy flavone and 5,7,4-trihydroxy-6-methoxy flavone respectively MFN : 01716 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 90-03-1283 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Reddy, M.B.Reddy, K.R.Reddy, M.N. Affiliation : Department of Botany, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517502, India Title : A survey of plant crude drugs of Ananatapur District, Andhra Pradesh, India Imprint : International Journal of Crude Drug Research. v.27(3): p. 145-155, 1989

Keywords : ANANTAPUR-ANDHRA PRADESH; MEDICINAL PLANTS Abstract : An ethnobotanical exploration of Anantapur district of Andhra Pradesh, one of the southern states of India, has been carried out during 1982-87. Ninety-two useful plant drugs currently used by herbalists for treating different diseases are presented MFN : 01768 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 90-04-1375 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Krishnan, N.Chandrasekaran, S. Affiliation : Department of Botany, PSG College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore 641014, India Title : Effect of a commercial growth promotor (trade name vipul) on fenugreek and its root nodule bacteria Imprint : Journal of the Indian Institute of Science. v. 69(4): p.291-294, 1989 Keywords : VIPUL; FENUGREEK; GROWTH PROMOTERS Scientific Names : TRIGONELLA FOENUM-GRAECUM LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : In vitro studies on Trigonella foenum-graecumRhizobium showed that vipul had neither promotive nor inhibitory effect on it. Vipul spray experiments on fenugreek plants revealed that a spray of 250 ppm of vipul two times had significantly increased the length, dry matter, total N and P contents. However it did not increase the nodule numbers nor promoted fenugreek-Rhizobium symbiosis MFN : 01769 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 90-04-1376 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Kuruvilla, K.M.Madhusoodanan, K.J.Naidu, R. Affiliation : Indian Cardamom Research Institute, Myladumpura, Kailasanadu 685553, Idukii District, Kerala, India Title : Pollen biology of Cardamom. 1. Temperature, sucrose and boron requirements for pollen germination and tube elongation Imprint : Journal of Palynology. v. 25: p. 55-64, 1989 Keywords : CARDAMOM; POLLEN GERMINATON; POLLEN TUBE ELONGATION Scientific Names : ELETTARIA CADOMOMUM ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : Study was conducted in invitro conditions to determine the requirements of temperature, sucrose and boron for optimum pollen germination and tube elongation in three cultivars of Cardamom viz., Malabar, Mysore and Vazhukka and results are reported. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 01774 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 90-04-1390 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Roy, S.K.Datta, P.C. Affiliation : Botanical Laboratory of Pharmaco-Anatomy, Calcutta University, College of Science, Calcutta 700 019, WB, India Title : Production of a variant line by tissue culture of Andrographis paniculata with enhanced yield of andrographolide

Imprint : Bangladesh Journal of Botany. v. 17(2): p. 117-122, 1988 Keywords : ANDROGRAPHOLIDE; TISSUE CULTURES; KINETIN; GROWTH REGULATORS; HORMONES Scientific Names : ANDROGRAPHIS PANICULATA GRAMINEAE; Abstract : To evolve new strains of Andrographis paniculata with enhanced andrographolide through tissue culture, a single plant from a total of 50 was obtained with about 19-fold increase of the amount of the above compound. MS medium supplemented with kinetin produced good amount of callus, whereas MS medium supplemented with NAA, BA and AS was found best for differentiation. For production of complete plantlets, the addition of IBA was found essential MFN : 01775 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 90-04-1391 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Sharma, D.N.Khosa, R.L.Joshi, V.K. Affiliation : Department of Pharmaceutics and Dravyaguna, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, UP, India Title : Content and seasonal variation of alkaloids of Indian vasaka from Varanasi Imprint : Indian Drugs. v. 27(5): p. 328, 1990 Keywords : VASAKA; VARANASI; SEASONAL VARIATIONS; ALKALOIDS; VASICINE; VASICINOL; VASICINONE Scientific Names : ADHATODA VASICA ACANTHACEAE; Abstract : Presence of relatively higher amount of total alkaloids and vasicine in Adhatoda vasica growing in Varanasi than reported from growing elsewhere in India has been reported. The percentage of total alkaloids and vasicine was higher (2.20 and 2.09) in August and low(0.70 and 0.35) in February, whereas that for minor alkaloids was maximum (0.65) in April and minimum (0.09-0.11) from June to September MFN : 01783 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 90-04-1403 Subject Group : 0600 Authors : De, S.Dave, K.K. Affiliation : Pharmaceutical Chemistry Laboratory, Institute of Post Graduate Teaching and Research, Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar 361008, Gujarat, India Title : Standardization of Mrtyunjaya Rasa Imprint : Indian Drugs. v. 27(7): p. 375-377, 1990 Keywords : MRTYUNJAYA RASA; HERBAL DRUGS; DRUG STANDARDIZATION Scientific Names : ACONITUM CHASMANTHUS RANUNCULACEAE; PIPER NIGRUM PIPERACEAE; PIPER LONGUM PIPERACEAE; Abstract : Individual ingredients of Ayurvedic herbo-mineral preparation, analysed qualitatively and quantitatively alongwith ash value, water and alcohol soluble extractives etc. have been reported MFN Yr, Iss, : 01887 Abst No. : 90-05-1844

Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Itangovan, R.Subbiah, B.Natarajan, S. Affiliation : Agricultural College and Research Institute, Madurai 625104, TN, India Title : Flowering and yield in senna (Cassia angustifolia Vahl.) as influenced by spacing, nitrogen and phosphorus Imprint : South Indian Horticulture. v. 37(2): p. 103-107, 1989 Keywords : SENNA; SENNA FLOWERING; SENNA YIELD; FERTILIZATION; AGROTECHNIQUES Scientific Names : CASSIA ANGUSTIFOLIA LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : Advanced flowering was noticed with closer spacing. Increased nitrogen delayed the first flowering, while phosphorus levels hastened flowering. Dry leaf and dry pod yields per plot were the highest at closer spacing and nitrogen and phosphorus each at 50 Kg per hectare signifcantly increased the yields MFN : 01890 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 90-05-1848 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Korla, B.N.Rattan, R.S.Dohroo, N.P. Affiliation : Department of Vegetable Crops, University of Horticulture and Forestry, Solan, HP, India Title : Effect of seed rhizome size on growth and yield of ginger Imprint : Indian Cocoa,Arecanut and Spices Journal. v. 8(2): p. 47-48, 1989 Keywords : GINGER; GINER YIELD Scientific Names : ZINGIBER OFFICINALE ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : Seed bits of 20-25 g gave best performance for plant height, number of tillers, number of leaves, leaf length, leaf breadth, rhizome length, rhizome breadth and yield per plant MFN : 01939 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 90-05-1955 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Faizullah PeerSharma, M.C.Prasad, M.C. Affiliation : T-6, IVRI Regional Station, Rawalpora, Srinagar, India Title : Efficacy of Liv. 52 and Tinospora cordifolia in experimental CCl4 hepatopathy in goats Imprint : Indian Journal of Animal Sciences. v. 60(5): p. 526-531, 1990 Keywords : LIV 52; ANTIHEPATOTOXIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : TINOSPORA CORDIFOLIA MENISPERMACEAE; Abstract : Six goats were treated orally with Liv. 52 (1 ml/kg body weight) and six with T.cordifolia decoction (5 ml/kg body weight). Clinical and haematobiochemical values of both the groups showed improvement over the control groups. Histopathologically Liv. 52 treated animals showed better regneration of hepatic cells as compared to T.cordifolia treated animals. No death was recorded in Liv. 52 treated group

MFN : 01968 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 90-05-2042 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Kishore, N.Singh, S.K.Dubey, N.K. Affiliation : Department of Botany, Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur, UP, India Title : Fungitoxic activity of essential oil of Juniperus communis Imprint : Indian Perfumer. v. 33(1): p. 25-29, 1989 Keywords : FUNGITOXIC ACTIVITY; ESSENTIAL OILS Scientific Names : JUNIPERUS COMMUNIS CUPRESSACEAE; LYCOPERSICUM ESCULENTUM SOLANACEAE; Abstract : The essential oil of J.communis was tested for different antifungal properties against Phythium aphanidermatum. It was found to exhibit narrow antifungal spectrum at lower concentration (1000 ppm) but broad range of activity at higher concentration (33 ppm). Further, at 1000 ppm it was nonphytotoxic to the germination and seedling growth of Lycopersicum esculentum - the host plant MFN : 01993 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 90-05-2137 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Gopalam, A.Ratnambal, M.J. Affiliation : Central Planatation Crops Research Institute. Regional Station, P.B.No.1, Marikunnu, P.O., Calicut 6730012, Kerala, India Title : Essential oils of ginger Imprint : Indian Perfumer. v. 33(1): p. 63-69, 1989 Keywords : ESSENTIAL OILS; GINGER; GINGEROL; GINGER OIL; GINGER AROMA Scientific Names : ZINGIBER OFFICINALE ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : Essential oils of nine cultivars of ginger (Zingiber officinale) were evaluated by gas chromatography. The selection of these cultivars is based on the yield of essential oils and gingerol content in oleoresin. The levels of 13 identified and 6 unidentified compounds of ginger oil are presented. The role of betasesquiphellandrene, zingiberene and ar-curcumene in ginger aroma is described MFN : 02004 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 90-05-2252 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Parveen, M.Khan, N.U.Achari, B.Dutta, P.K. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 202002, UP, India Title : Triterpenoids from Garcinia mangostana Imprint : Fitoterapia. v. 61(1): p. 86-87, 1990 Keywords : TRITERPENOIDS; XANTHONES; FRIEDELIN; BETULIN; MANGIFEROLIC ACID; CYCLOARTENOL; MANGIFERADIOL Scientific Names : GARCINIA MANGOSTANA GUTTIFERAE;

Abstract : From leaves of G.mangostana, terpenoids, xanthones, cynidin-3-glucoside, cycloartenol, fiedelin, beta-sitosterol, 9,19cyclolanost-25-en-3beta-24-diol, betulin in, (24E)-919-cyclolanost-3beta- 26-diol (mangiferadiol) and mangiferolic acid were isolated and identified MFN : 02040 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 90-05-2375 Subject Group : 1500 Authors : Siddiqui, M.B.Husain, W. Affiliation : Department of Botany, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 202002, UP, India Title : Traditional antidotes of snake poison in Northern India Imprint : Fitoterapia. v. 61(4): p. 41-44, 1990 Keywords : SNAKE POISON; SNAKE POISON ANTIDOTES; REVIEWS Abstract : Twenty three species belonging to 15 families of angiosperms are reported along with doses and mode of administration. The putative plant remedies are not evaluated nor any chemical priniciples identified MFN : 02055 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 90-06-2421 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Barthakur, M.Bordoloi, D.N. Affiliation : Regional Research Laboratory, Jorhat 785006, Assam, India Title : In vitro regeneration of Java citronella (Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt) Imprint : Herba Hungarica. v. 28(3): p. 21-26, 1989 Keywords : JAVA CITRONELLA Scientific Names : CYMBOPOGON WINTERIANUS POACEAE; Abstract : Innumberable numbers of shoot buds primordia developed from nodal region within 1-2 months in vitro cultures of C.winterianus. Rooting of the differentiated shoots was readily achieved with in 78 days with IBA or NAA (5.0 mg/l) alone. Embryogenic cultures were initiated from secondary explant in both modified MS and SH media supplemented with 2, 4-D, NAA, IAA (0.5-4.0 mg/l) in combination with either BAP or Kn (0.5-2.0mg/l). The small plantlets developed from the embrogenic cultures were transfered to potted soil for ultimate transplantation to the field MFN : 02056 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 90-06-2424 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Ghosal, S.Singh, S.K.Unnikrishnan, G. Affiliation : Pharmaceutical Chemistry Research Laboratory, Department of Pharmaceutics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 220005, UP, India Title : Effects of stress on alkaloid metabolism in Crinum asiaticum

Imprint : Phytochemistry. v. 29(3): p. 805-811, 1990 Keywords : ALKALOIDS; GLYCOSYLOXY ALKALOIDS; GLUCOSIDES Scientific Names : CRINUM ASIATICUM AMARYLLIDACEAE; Abstract : Wounding of C.asiaticum fruits caused almost complete hydrolysis of the alkaloidal conjugates and also produced oxidized metabolites of lycorine and its analoges. Prior treatment of fruits with anaesthetic agents, e.g.ether and lidocaine, not only protected the alkaloidal conjugates from hydrolysis but also prevented their oxidation. The qualitative and quantitative changes observed in the alkaloids, in response to the stress, suggest their role in protective and repair mechanisms of the producer plant notably, augmentation of a 'second messenger', cAMP, in the fruits in response to injury and systemic administration of theophylline was observed. Prior administration of anaesthetic agents kept the concentration of cAMP significantly low despite inflicting subsequent injury MFN : 02059 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 90-06-2456 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Zafar, R.Sharma, N. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi 110062, India Title : Amino acid and indole alkaloids in root and static cultures of Ipomoea muricata Linn. Imprint : Indian Drugs. v. 27(10): p. 548-551, 1990 Keywords : AMINO ACIDS; ALKALOIDS; TISSUE CULTURE; INDOLE ALKALOIDS Scientific Names : IPOMOEA MURICATA CONVOLVULACEAE; Abstract : Plant growth regulators (1 ppm each), when taken alone with the basal medium showed a remarkable decrease in the growth of main axis and number of laterals, which increased with the decrease in the concentration (0.05 ppm). Presence of indole alkaloids and amino acids have also been reported MFN : 02095 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-01-0005 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Chattopadhyay, P.K.Mahanta, S.K. Affiliation : Department of Horticulture, BCK Viswavidyalaya, Kalyani 741 235, WB, India Title : Bael: Media requirements for seed germination and seedling establishment Imprint : Indian Horticulture. v. 34(3): p. 27, 1989 Keywords : BAEL; GERMINATION Scientific Names : AEGLE MARMELOS RUTACEAE; Abstract : For quick and better germination, survival and establishment of [Aegle marmelos] seedlings, well-rotted cowdung manure has been recommended MFN Yr, Iss, : 02107 Abst No. : 91-01-0022

Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Mehta, K.G.Patel, P.G.Patel, I.D. Affiliation : Spices Research Station, Gujarat Agricultural University, Jagudan 382710, Gujarat, India Title : A new avenue of fennel cultivation in Gujarat Imprint : Indian Cocoa, Arecanut Spices Journal. v. 8(4): p. 139-141, 1990 Keywords : FENNEL CULTIVATION Scientific Names : FOENICULUM VULGARE UMBELLIFERAE; Abstract : Cultivation of fennel purely as rabi crop after taking kharif crop by adjusting transplanting time on 15th October at a distance of 45 x 10 cm to get higher yield, better quality and more economic return per unit area has been recommended MFN : 02145 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-01-0089 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Pardhasaradhi, M.Rao, B.N. Affiliation : Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad 500 007, AP, India Title : A naphthoquinone carboxylate from fungal infested Diospyros montana Imprint : Phytochemistry. v. 29(7): p. 2355-2356, 1990 Keywords : YERRINQUINONE; NAPTHOQUINONE Scientific Names : DIOSPYROS MONTANA EBENACEAE; Abstract : Yerrinquinone has been isolated from fungaiinfested stems of [Diosyros montana]. Its structure was assigned by 1H NMR MFN : 02276 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-02-0731 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Vasanthakumar, K.Mohanakumaran, N. Affiliation : College of Agriculture, Vellayani 695 522, Trivandrum, Kerala, India Title : Hormonal relationship and growth regulator application effect on flowering, fruit setting and capsule shedding in cardamom Imprint : South Indian Horticulture. v. 36(3): p. 125-130, 1988 Keywords : CARDAMOM; GROWTH HORMONES; CAPSULE SHEDDING; FRUIT SETTING Scientific Names : ELETTARIA CARDAMOMUM ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : High auxin and cytokinin levels were observed after pollination. Exogenous application of NAA (40 ppm) and 2,4-D (4 ppm) increased the production of panicles and flowers and decreased the incidence of capsule shedding thereby increasing the yield MFN : 02277 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-02-0732 Subject Group : 0100

Authors : Veeraragavathatham, D.Venkatachalam, R.Sundararajan, S. Affiliation : Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore 641003, TN, India Title : Effect of various levels of N,P and K on the tuber yield of Coleus forskohlii Imprint : South Indian Horticulture. v. 36(5): p. 252-257, 1988 Keywords : FERTILIZERS; MEDICINAL PLANTS Scientific Names : COLEUS FORSKOHLII LABIATAE; Abstract : A combination of 40 kg nitrogen, 60 kg of phosphorus and 50 kg of potassium was found to be optimum for maximum fresh (33.120 t/ha) and dry (3.982 t/ha) tuber yield MFN : 02540 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-03-1711 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Agrawal, R.G.Pant, P.Tewari, L.C.Singh, J.Pandey, M.J.Tiwary, D.N. Affiliation : Amalgamated Units, Central Council for Research in Ayurveda and Siddha, Tarikhet, Ranikhet, UP, India Title : Preliminary phytochemical screening of medicinal plants of hilly districts (Kumaon and Garhawal Divisions) of U.P.(Pt.II) Imprint : Bulletin of Medico-Ethnobotanical Research. v. 10(3-4): p. 176-186, 1989 Keywords : MEDICINAL PLANTS, UTTAR PRADESH; FLAVONOIDS; ALKALOIDS; SAPONINS; GLYCOSIDES; STEROLS; TERPENOIDS Abstract : It deals with phytochemical screening of fifty-one medicinal plants, which are used in indigenous systems of medicine as welll as by local inhibitants either as single drugs or in combinations, for the cure of various ailments. The study carried out so far, revealed the presence of alkaloids in thirty-one plants of flavonoids in twenty eight glycosides in thirty four, saponins in thirty four, sterols in thierty sevenand terpenoids in thirty three plants MFN : 02547 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-03-1781 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Jain, S.Saraf, S.Kharya, M.D.Dixit, V.K. Affiliation : Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dr Harisingh Gour Viswavidyalaya, sagar 470003, MP, India Title : First report of diosgenin from seed kernels of Caesalpinia crista Linn Imprint : Indian Drugs. v. 28(4): p. 202-203, 1991 Keywords : DIOSGENIN; SAPONINS; STEROIDAL SAPONINS Scientific Names : CAESALPINIA CRISTA LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : Seed kernels of [Caesalpinia crista] yielded 0.080 percent of diosgenin though the yield of the diosgenin is less, but its occurrence will be of chemotaxonomic importance MFN : 02558

Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-03-1839 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Nigam, M.C.Ahmad, A.Misra, L.N. Affiliation : Regional Research Laboratory, Jammu, JK, India Title : Composition of the essential oil of Cedrus deodara Imprint : Indian Perfumer. v. 34(4): p. 278-281, 1990 Keywords : ESSENTIAL OILS; SESQUITERPENOIDS Scientific Names : CEDRUS DEODARA PINACEAE; Abstract : The essential oil of [Cedrus deodara] obtained in a yield 2.1 percent hydrodistilling its saw dust,GC-MS analysis of its oil revealed the presenfce of 23 compounds out of which 7-compounds are uncharacterised sesquiterpenoids MFN : 02701 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-04-2188 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Garg, S.Singh, A.Sharma, M.G. Affiliation : National Institute of Immunology, New Delhi 110067, India Title : Antifertility action of herbal cream after intravaginal application. (Abstract) Imprint : Conference of Pharmacology and Symposium on Herbal Drugs. (New Delhi). p. 23, 15 March, 1991 Keywords : ANTIFERTILITY ACTIVITY; SPERMICIDAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : AZADIRACHTA INDICA MELIACEAE; Abstract : Intravaginal application of a cream prepared from [Azadirachta indica] seeds in female monkeys prior to mating, rendered all the animals infertile in six months MFN : 02731 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-04-2248 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Saxena, R.S.Lata, S.Saxena, K.K.Kumar, A.Srivastava, V.K. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacology, LLRM Medical College, Meerut, UP, India Title : Hypnotic and tranquillizing activity in Nyctanthes arbor-tristis Linn. (Abstract) Imprint : Conference of Pharmacology and Symposium on Herbal Drugs. (New Delhi). p. P19, 15 March 1991 Keywords : HYPNOTIC ACTIVITY; TRANQUILLIZING ACTIVITY Scientific Names : NYCTANTHES ARBOR-TRISTIS OLEACEAE; Abstract : Oral administration of water soluble portion of alcoholic extract of the leaves of [Nyctanthes arbor-tristis] exhibited significant hypnotic activity in rats at the dose levels of 4.0 mg/kg and 8.0 mg/kg. Similar doses were found to possess tranquilizing activity depicted by abolishing the conditioned avoidance reflex significantly MFN : 02732 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-04-2249 Subject Group : 0800

Authors : Sethi, N.Nath, D.*Singh, R.K.Srivastava, R.K. Affiliation : Division of Toxicology, Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow 226001, UP, India Title : Antifertility and teratogenic activity of Cannabis sativa in rats Imprint : Fitoterapia. v. 62(1): p. 69-71, 1991 Keywords : ANTIFERTILITY ACTIVITY; TERATOGENIC ACTIVITY; ABORTIFACIENT ACTIVITY Scientific Names : CANNABIS SATIVA CANNABINACEAE; Abstract : Aqueous extracts of leaves of [Cannabis sativa] (commonly known as Bhang, Ganja, Charas) given at the dose levels of 125, 200, 400 and 800 mg/kg by oral route in rats showed 18, 21, 23 and 27 percent abortifacient activity respectively. In majority of cases where pregnancy continued, the foetuses showed gross neonatal, skeletal and visceral defects MFN : 02808 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-04-2558 Subject Group : 1400 Authors : Chand, R. Affiliation : Department of Forest Products and Utilization, University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni(Solan)-173 230, HP, India Title : Simplified method for estimation of solasodine from the berries of Solanum laciniatum Ait Imprint : Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. v. 53(1): p. 20-21, 1991 Keywords : SOLASODINE; SOLASODINE ESTIMATION Scientific Names : SOLANUM LACINIATUM SOLANACEAE; Abstract : Solasodine was determined in a rapid one step procedure involving hydrolysis of solasodine glycosides and extraction of solasodine simultaneously. The extracted solasodine was estimated by forming complex with methyl orange at pH 4.7 and extracting it with chloroform for recording absorbance at 420 nm MFN : 02819 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-04-2600 Subject Group : 1500 Authors : Kapoor, J.N. Affiliation : Jagat Aroma Oils Distillery, Kannauj 209 725, UP, India Title : Attars of India - A unique aroma Imprint : Perfumer Flavorist. v. 16(1): p. 21-24, 1991 Keywords : AROMAS; ATTARS, INDIA; INDIAN ATTARS; HISTORY; FLAVORS; FRAGRANCES Abstract : Article describes the history of Indian attars (perfumes), method of manufacturing, their types and uses in medicines, as flavors and fragrances MFN : 02830 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-05-2627 Subject Group : 0100

Authors : Gaur, B.L.Rathore, M.S. Affiliation : Department of Agronomy, Rajasthan College of Agriculture, Udaipur 313 001, Rajasthan, India Title : Varietal response of opium poppy (Papaver somniferum L.) to nitrogen fertilization on vertisols Imprint : Indian Journal of Agronomy. v. 36(1): p. 100-101, 1991 Keywords : FERTILIZERS Scientific Names : PAPAVER SOMNIFERUM PAPAVERACEAE; Abstract : Amongst six varieties of opium poppy tested at three nitrogen levels (30,60 and 90 kg/ha) the highest latex (45.4 kg/ha), seed (5.6 q/ha) capsule husk (9.7 q/ha) and stover (24.4 q/ha) yield was obtained from the variety IC42.The yield significantly increased with increasing levels of nitrogen from 30 to 90 kg/ha. Application of 90 kg N/ha recorded markedly higher latex (37.7 kg/ha), seed (4.7 q/ha), capsule husk (8.0 q/ha) and stover yield (22.8 q/ha) over 30 and 60 kg N/ha. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 02837 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-05-2638 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Rajeswara Rao, B.R.Prakasa Rao, E.V.S.Singh, K.Singh, M.Kaul, P.N.Bhattacharya, A.K. Affiliation : Regional Centre, CIMAP, Hyderabad 500 039, AP, India Title : Fertilizer effect on palmarosa (Cymbopogon martinii) under semi-arid tropical conditions of India Imprint : Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. v. 61(7): p. 499-501, 1991 Keywords : FERTILIZERS; PALMAROSA; ESSENTIAL OILS Scientific Names : CYMBOPOGON MARTINII GRAMINEAE; Abstract : Application of N increased the biomass and essential oil yields, through increased number of tillers and N uptake. Palmarosa did not respond to P application due to low P requirements. Application of 42 kg K/ha increased the biomass and essential oil yields, while 150 kg N/ha significantly increased the N and K uptake by palmarosa due to increased biomass yield. The N, P and K uptake was not influenced by P fertilizer, but application of 42 kg K/ha increased the K uptake MFN : 02851 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-05-2657 Subject Group : 0200 Authors : Singh, J.M.Srivastava, I.J. Affiliation : Department of Forest Products Utilization, Dr. Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Solan 173230, HP, India Title : Seed germination in lavander with acid treatment Imprint : Seed Research. v. 18(1): p. 86-87, 1990 Keywords : SEED GERMINATION Scientific Names : LAVANDULA ANGUSTIFOLIA LABIATAE; Abstract : Soaking of the seeds of [Lavandula angustifolia] in one percent HCl for 12hr gave maximum germination (40 percent) followed

by the same treatment for 15hrs(38 percent). Soaking of dry seeds in one percent HCl for 24hr and then washing of seeds in running tap water followed by soaking in water for 24hr resulted into more than 50 percent germination. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 02866 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-05-2716 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Umesha, K.Bojappa, K.M.Farooqi, A.A.Subbaiah, T. Affiliation : Division of Horticulture, UAS, GKVK Campus, Bangalore 560065, Karnataka, India Title : Effect of gibberellic acid and cycocel on growth, yield and quality of Clocimum (Ocimum gratissimum L.) Imprint : Indian Perfumer. v. 35(1): p. 53-57, 1991 Keywords : CLOCIMUM; GROWTH REGULATORS; YIELD, COLCIMUM; ESSENTIAL OILS; EUGENOL Scientific Names : OCIMUM GRATISSIMUM LABIATAE; Abstract : Studies conducted to find the influence of GA3 and Cycocel (CCC) on growth and productivity of Clocimum ([Ocimum gratissimum]) revealed that while GA3 promoted plant height, internodal length, leafarea and dry matter accumulation, CCC had a negative influence on all these parameters. Although CCC application resulted in earlier flowering, leaf yields were considerably reduced. GA3 was found to increase the yield of essential oil, eugenol content and eugenol yield: the highest yield of essential oil and eugenol was obtained in plants sprayed with GA3 at 100 ppm MFN : 02876 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-05-2732 Subject Group : 0600 Authors : Sasikala, F.Brindha, P.Ali, S.U.Kundu, A.B. Affiliation : Captain Srinivasa Murti Drug Research Institute for Ayurveda, Arumbakkam, Madras 600 106, TN, India Title : Contribution to the pharmacognostic anatomy of Argyreia speciosa Sweet I- The leaf Imprint : Indian Drugs. v. 28(9): 403-407, 1991 Keywords : PHARMACOGNOSY; ANATOMY; SKIN DISEASE Scientific Names : ARGYREIA SPECIOSA CONVOLVULACEAE; Abstract : Pharmacognostic anatomical characters of [Argyreia speciosa] leaves used for skin disease have been discussed for the standardization of the drug MFN : 02877 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-05-2733 Subject Group : 0600 Authors : Siddiqui, S.H.Zaidi, S.T.H.Khan, G.Sharma, H.P. Affiliation : Drug Standardisation Research Unit, Lucknow, UP, India Title : Standardisation of Itrifal-e-Zamani and some of its constituents

Imprint : Indian Journal of Unani Medicine. v. 1(1): 37-42, 1991 Keywords : UNANI DRUGS; ITRIFAL-E-ZAMANI; STANDARDISATION, DRUG; AMLA; BALELA; HALELA Scientific Names : EMBLICA OFFICINALIS EUPHORBIACEAE; TERMINALIA CHEBULA COMBRETACEAE; TERMINALIA BELERICA Abstract : The physico-chemical data on Unani drug have been described an attempt to formulate standards for its assay. This drug composed of 18 ingredients, the main ingredients are Halela ([Terminalis chebula]), Balela ([Terminalia belerica]) and Amla ([Emblica officinalis]) and is used as laxative MFN : 02901 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-05-2767 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Dwarkanath, R.S.Veerabadran, T.*Suresh, B.Dhamodaran, P. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacognosy, Madurai Medical College, Madurai, TN, India Title : Pharmacological studies on marsillin, isolated from Ipomea fistulosa. (Abstract) Imprint : Proceedings of 42 Indian Pharmaceutical Congress, Manipal. EP13: p. 87, 28-30th December, 1990 Keywords : MARSILLIN; HEXCOSANOIC ACID; SEDATIVE ACTIVITY; ANTICONVULSANT ACTIVITY Scientific Names : IPOMEA FISTULOSA CONVOLVULACEAE; Abstract : Marsillin, an ester of 1-triacontanol and hexacosanoic acid, which was isolated from [Impomea fistulosa] and characterised, was found to possess sedative action. Marsillin also significantly protected the animals from strychnine induced convulsions MFN : 02912 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-05-2821 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Rabbani, M.U.Ahmad, M.Hasan, M.Om Chandra Affiliation : Department of Medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru, Medical College, Aligarh, UP, India Title : Myocardial and serum zinc and copper levels after Argemone oil intoxication in albino rats Imprint : Indian Medical Gazette. v. 125(4): p. 130-132, 1991 Keywords : ARGEMONE INTOXICATION; MYOCARDIAL NECROSIS; ZINC, SERUM Scientific Names : ARGEMONE PAPAVERACEAE; Abstract : A 4 week study in albino rats was conducted to observe alterations in myocardial and serum zinc and copper levels after [Argemone] intoxication. Experimental rats received [Argemone] oil i.p. Zu and Cu decreased in myocardium while serum Zu, showed a rise. Serum Cu, decreased following an initial rise. Myocardial necrosis due to direct tissue toxicity of sanguinarine and its interactions with metallo enzymes are the possible mechanisms in [Argemone] oil toxicity. NSL, New Delhi

MFN : 02915 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-05-2824 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Ravishankar, B.Shukla, V.J.Makwana, H.G.Santani, D.D. Affiliation : IPGTR., Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar, Gujarat, India Title : Studies on the antiinflammatory activity of Strobilanthes heyneanus neem stem. (abstract) Imprint : Proceedings of 42 Indian Pharmaceutical Congress, Manipal. G10: p. 48, 28-30th December, 1990 Keywords : ANTIINFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY; ANTIOEDEMA ACTIVITY Scientific Names : STROBILANTHES HEYNEANUS ACANTHACEAE; Abstract : Aqueous extract of [Strobilanthes heyneanus] stem markedly suppressed oedema formation due to various phlogistic agents except 5-HT oedema. It significantly increased HRBC membrane stability, suppressed castor oil induced diarrhoea, decreased fluid excretion and showed oedema suppression on local administration. It did not affect increased serum orosomucoid levels and its anti-oedema activity was not influenced by adrenaline and ascorbic acid co-administration MFN : 02916 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-05-2827 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Sambaiah, K.Srinivasan, K. Affiliation : Department of Food Chemistry, Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore 570 013, Karnataka, India Title : Secretion and composition of bile in rats fed diets containing spices Imprint : Journal of Food Science and Technology. v. 28(1): p. 35-38, 1991 Keywords : CURRY POWDER; SPICES; LIPIDS, BILE; BILE LIPIDS Scientific Names : BRASSICA NIGRA CRUCIFERAE; TAMARINDUS INDICA LEGUMINOSAE; ALLIUM CEPA LILIACEAE; CINNAMOMUM ZEYLANICUM LAURACEAE; FERULA FOETIDA UMBELLIFERAE; EUGENIA CARYOPHYLLATA MYRTACEAE; ELETTARIA CARDAMOMUM ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : Feeding [Brassica nigra] and [Tamarindus indica] to experimental rats produced marked increase in bile flow rate. [Allium cepa] and curry powder in diet significantly increased the secretion of bile solids without affecting the bile flow rate. The bile acids output was noticeably higher in animals fed either mustard, tamarind, onion or curry powder, and this was accompanied by similar increases in biliary phospholipid and cholesterol. Dietary [Cinnamomum zeylanicum] and [Ferula foetida] increased biliary secretion of cholesterol and phospholipid without affecting bile acid content. Intragastric single dose administration of [Eugenia caryophyllata] or [Elettaria cardamomum] did not influence the bile secretion and composition. The results suggest increased hepatic conversion of cholesterol to bile acids under the influence of dietary mustard, tamarind, onion and curry powder. NSL, New Delhi

MFN : 02929 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-05-2847 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Suresh, B.Elango, K.Chinnaswamy, K.Kumar, E.P.*Narendran, P.Bindu, B. Affiliation : JSS College of Pharmacy, Ootacamund, TN, India Title : Relative evaluation of certain allopathic and Ayurvedic formulations used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. (Abstract) Imprint : Proceedings of 42 Indian Pharmaceutical Congress, Manipal. GP01: p. 90, 28-30th December, 1990 Keywords : DIABETES MELLITUS; NEEM; TULSI; KUTHI; GINGER; GUGGUL; AYURVEDIC DRUGS Abstract : A relative study of an Ayurvedic formulation containing extracts of kerela, neem, tulsi, kuthi, sounth and guggul claimed to be used in the treatment of non-complicated diabetes mellitus, with allopathic drugs viz., tolbutamide, chloropropamide and metformin was studied in alloxan induced diabetic rats. Though the ayurvedic formulation produced a slight fall in blood sugar level, but was not significant when compared with the allopathic drugs MFN : 02931 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-05-2854 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Tripathi, Y.C.Dwivedi, R.K. Affiliation : Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, UP, India Title : Central nervous system and antiinflammatory activities of alkaloids of Fumaria indica Imprint : National Academy Science Letters. v. 13(6): p. 231233, 1990 Keywords : ANTIINFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY; CNS ACTIVITY; ALKALOIDS; NARCEIMINE; NARLUMIDINE; ADLUMIDINE; PROTOPINE NITRATE Scientific Names : FUMARIA INDICA FUMARIACEAE; Abstract : Alkaloids, narceimine, narlumidine, adlumidine and a natural salt protopine nitrate isolated from [Fumaria indica] were tested for CNS and antiinflammatory activities. Protopine nitrate exhibited CNS stimulant activity and all the compound showed antiinflammatory activity. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 02935 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-05-2864 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Bisht, G.Sandhu, H.Bisht, L.S. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, Kumaun University, Nainital 263002, UP, India Title : Chemical constituents and antimicrobial activity of Achyranthes bidentata Imprint : Journal of the Indian Chemical Society. v. 67(12): p. 1002-1003, 1990 Keywords : ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY; AMINO ACIDS Scientific Names : ACHYRANTHES BIDENTATA AMARANTHACEAE;

Abstract : Alcoholic extract of the root of the plant [Achyranthes bidentata], yielded twelve amino acids viz., arginine, glycine, serine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, threonine, proline, tyrosine, tryptophan, valine, phenylalanine and leucine. The minimum inhibitory concentration of the extract for [E.coli] was 1:100 (10 mg/ml) and that for P.aeruginosa and S.aureus 1:80 (12.5 mg/ml) MFN : 02960 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-05-2916 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Ansari, S.H.*Qadry, J.S.Ali, M. Affiliation : Faculty of Pharmacy, Hamdard University Hamdard Nagar, New Delhi 110062, India Title : Phytochemical investigation of Pistacia integerrima Galls Imprint : Proceedings of 42 Indian Pharmaceutical Congress, Manipal. E11: p.40, 28-30th December, 1990 Keywords : TRITERPENOIDS; PISTACIGERRIMONE Scientific Names : PISTACIA INTEGERRIMA ANACARDIACEAE; Abstract : From the neutral fractions of galls of [Pistacia integerrima] a new triterpenic component pistacigerrimone (C30H44O3; m.p. 138-140 degree C) was isolated in addition to 1-pentacosanol, 1hexacosanol, beta-sitosterol and 1-octadecanol. The structures of the isolated compounds were established by using IR, NMR and high resolution mass spectrometey as well as by chemical means MFN : 02972 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-05-3075 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Lukka, K.V.Sharma, B.Baxi, A.J. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, Saurashtra University, Rajkot 360 005, Gujarat, India Title : Chemical investigation of Barleria prionitis(Linn). (Abstract) Imprint : Proceedings of 42 Indian Pharmaceutical Congress, Manipal. EP12: p. 87, 28-30th December, 1990 Keywords : STEROLS; FATTY ACIDS; AMINO ACIDS Scientific Names : BARLERIA PRIONITIS ACANTHACEAE; Abstract : Chemical investigation of the stem showed the presence of four sterols and two fatty acids. From defatted water extract of stem, four free amino acids were obtained. MFN : 02989 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-05-3182 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Tandon, A.Verma, D.I.Khetwal, K.S.* Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, Kumaun University, Nainital 263 002, UP, India Title : Flavone C-glycosides from the inflorescence of Polygonum affine Imprint : Fitoterapia. v. 62(2): p. 185, 1991

Keywords : FLAVONES; GLYCOSIDES Scientific Names : POLYGONUM AFFINE POLYGONACEAE; Abstract : Quercetin (0.006 percent), isorhamnetin (0.002), luteolin-6-C-beta-D-glucopyranoside (0.003), luteolin-8-C-beta-Dglucopyranboside (0.001), tricetin-8-C-D-glucopyranoside (0.002), apigenin-6-C-beta-D-glucopyranoside (0.003), apigenin-8-C-beta-Dglucopyranoside (0.004) were isolated from the flowers of [Polygonum affine] MFN : 02991 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-05-3192 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Umadevi, I.Daniel, M. Affiliation : Phytochemistry Laboratory, Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, MS University of Baroda, Baroda, 390002, Gujarat, India Title : Phenolics of some fruit spices of Apiaceae Imprint : National Academy Science Letters. v. 13(12): p. 439-441, 1990 Keywords : PHENOLS; CUMIN; DILL; QUERCETIN; FLAVONOLS; KAEMPFEROL Scientific Names : APIACEAE; Abstract : Eight fruit spices of Apiaceae were analysed for their phenolics, flavonols, quercetin and kaempferol. Cumin and dill contain flavours. The interrelationships of the taxa have been discussed in the light of chemical data. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 03027 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-06-3304 Subject Group : 0400 Authors : Sridharan, S.Prakasam, V.Parthiban, S.Thamburaj, S. Affiliation : Horticultural Research Station, Yercaud, Salem, TN, India Title : Preliminary studies on the incidence of shoot-borer (Conogethes punctiferalis Guen.) in turmeric cultures at Shevroys Imprint : Pestology. v. 15(7): p. 5-6, 1991 Keywords : SHOOT BORERS; TURMERIC Scientific Names : CURCUMA LONGA ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : No significant difference between six turmeric cultures. On the incidence of shoot borer both on dead heart and fresh frass basis was observed. However, based on numerical differences, the culture TC.2(5303-3-3) was found to be less susceptible to the shoot borer attack. The incidence was more in the cultures TC-1 (PTS 24) and TC-3 (PTS 38). NSL, New Delhi MFN : 03039 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-06-3354 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Salvi, B.R.Desai, A.G.Salvi, M.J. Affiliation : College of Agriculture, Dapoli 415 715, Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, India

Title : Effect of application of plant growth regulators on pepper (Piper nigrum L.) Imprint : Agricultural Research Journal of Kerala. v. 26(2): p. 240-245, 1988 Keywords : GROWTH REGULATORS; PEPPER Scientific Names : PIPER NIGRUM PIPERACEAE; Abstract : Growth regulators like GA, IAA, 34-D (20 ppm) and Planofix (100 ppm) seem to be promising in both the methods of application i.e. either by spraying or dipping. Though GA increased the yield significantly, its high cost does not permit its economic use. Cost benefit shows that application of plant growth regulators by dipping is rather costly as compared to spraying. Spraying of pepper ([Piper nigrum]) vines with Planofix at 100 ppm, NAA at 10 ppm and 2,4-D at 20 ppm seems to be more effective in increasing the net return per hectare of pepper cultivation. The additional net returns per hectare over control was recorded by these concentration are Rs. 4,147; 3,762 and Rs. 3,751, respectively. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 03046 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-06-3382 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Kothari, L.K.Jain, M.Gupta, H.Sharma, P. Affiliation : Department of Physiology, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India Title : Serum immunoglobulins in infertile males with seminal tract infection: Effect of an indigenous drug (Septilin) Imprint : Annals of the National Academy of Medical Sciences (India). v. 25(4): p. 363-368, 1989 Keywords : SEPTILIN; HERBAL DRUGS; SPERM COUNT; OLIGOSPERMIA Abstract : Twenty patients administered with an indigenous drug, Septilin, (2 tabs thrice daily) for one month showed clinical improvement in 27.3 percent of the patients and a significant rise in sperm count in 30.8 percent oligospermics. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 03053 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-06-3409 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Bidwai, P.P.Wangoo, D.Bhullar, N. Affiliation : Department of Biophysics, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160014, India Title : Antispermatogenic action of Celastrus paniculatus seed extract in the rat with reversible changes in the liver Imprint : Journal of Ethnopharmacology. v. 28(3): p. 293-303, 1990 Keywords : ANTIFERTILITY ACTIVITY; SPERMICIDAL ACTIVITY; HEPATIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : CELASTRUS PANICULATA CELASTRACEAE; Abstract : The testis of animals treated with an oily extractive from the seeds of [Celastrus paniculatus] showed vacuolization, germ cell depletion and arrest of spermatogenesis. The livers revealed focal necrosis in animals receiving 0.2 ml i.p. every other day for 30 days, but 45 days post treatment these lesions were

absent. Intermediate repair and regenerative changes were apparent 30 days post treatment. These results indicate that [Celastrus paniculatus] oil may have useful antifertility effects and that the degenerative changes seen in the liver are reversible with time. NML, New Delhi MFN : 03054 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-06-3414 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Chatterjee, T.Pal, S.Roy, R.Pathak, M. Affiliation : Pharmacology Research Laboratory, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Jadavpur University, Calcutta 700 032, WB, India Title : Effect of Euphorbia microphylla against carbon tetrachloride(CCl4) induced hepatic damage in rats Imprint : Indian Drugs. v. 28(10): p. 455-458, 1991 Keywords : SERUM BILIRUBIN; CHOLESTEROL; LIPIDS; HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY; CARBON TETRACHLORIDE TOXICITY Scientific Names : EUPHORBIA MICROPHYLLA EUPHORBIACEAE; Abstract : The efficiency of [Euphorbia microphylla] plant extract was tested in carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) induced fatty liver model in rats. The plant extract was able to normalise the level of lipids accumulation in liver due to carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) intoxication. It was also able to lower down the elevated levels of serum bilirubin. Further, the decreased level of serum triglycerides and cholesterol in CCl4 intoxication demonstrated liver was raised as a result of the plant extract was also apparent from histological examination. The plant extract was found to afford protection against liver intoxication by CCl4 MFN : 03078 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-06-3496 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Varalakshmi, P.Shamila, Y.Latha, E. Affiliation : Department of Medical Biochemistry, Postgraduate Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Madras University, Taramani, Madras600 113, TN, India Title : Effect of Crataeva nurvala in experimental urolithiasis Imprint : Journal of Ethnopharmacology. v. 28(3): p. 313-321, 1990 Keywords : UROLITHIASIS; ANTILITHIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : CRATAEVA NURVALA CAPPARIDACEAE; Abstract : Oral administration of [Crataeva nurvala] bark decoction reduced the elevation of the oxalate-synthesizing liver enzyme, glycolate oxidase, produced by feeding glycolic acid. Protein-bound carbohydrates were increased in the renal tissues during calculosis but these changes were not reversed with the herbal treatment. The increased deposition of stone-forming constituents in the kidneys of calculogenic rats was lowered with decoction administration. The increased urinary excretion of the crystalline constituents along with lowered magnesium excretion found in stone-forming rats was partially reversed by decoction treatment. NML, New Delhi

MFN : 03099 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-06-3635 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Joshi, P.C.Mandal, S.(Nee Sarkar).Das, P.C.Chatterjee, A. Affiliation : Chemical Research Unit, CCRAS, Government of India, Department of Pure Chemistry, 92, APC Road, Calcutta 700 009, WB, India Title : Albiflorin-1, a coumarin from Boenninghausenia albiflora Imprint : Phytochemistry. v. 30(6): p. 2094-2096, 1991 Keywords : ALBIFLORIN; DEHYDROGEJERIN; UMBELLIFERONE; COUMARINS Scientific Names : BOENNINGHAUSENIA ALBIFLORA RUTACEAE; Abstract : A new coumarin albiflorin-1 was isolated from whole plant of [Boenninghausenia albiflora] and its structure elucidated from spectral studies. The occurrence of dehydrogejerin and umbelliferone, the congeners of albiflorin-1 is also observed for the first time from this plant MFN : 03103 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-06-3674 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Majumder, P.L.Sen, R.C. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, University College of Science, 92 Acharya Prafulla Chandra Road, Calcutta 700 009, WB, India Title : Pendulin, a polyoxygenated phenanthrene derivative from the orchid Cymbidium pendulum Imprint : Phytochemistry. v. 30(7): p. 2432-2434, 1991 Keywords : PHENANTHRENES; PENDULIN Scientific Names : CYMBIDIUM PENDULUM ORCHIDACEAE; Abstract : From the orchid [Cymbidium pendulum] were isolated, besides the previously reported 3,7-dihydroxy-2,4,8trimethoxyphenanthrene, a new phenanthrene derivative, pendulin. While the structure of the former was further confirmed by its 13C NMR spectral data, that of the latter was established as 3-hydroxy-2,4,6,7,8pentamethoxyphenanthrene from spectroscopical and chemical evidence MFN : 03119 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-06-3814 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Pandey, R.K.Bajpai, A.K.Bhattachary, P. Affiliation : State Forest Research Institute, Polispathar, Jabalpur, MP, India Title : Some unique folk medicines of Baiga tribes of Mandla district of Madhya Pradesh Imprint : Journal of Tropical Forestry. v. 7(1): p. 62-66, 1991 Keywords : FOLK MEDICINES; ETHNOBOTANY; BAIGA TRIBES, MADHYA PRADESH

Abstract : Local names, botanical names, habit, mode of application and medicinal uses of twenty five plant species used by the tribes for various ailments have been enumerated. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 03130 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-01-0004 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Damle, A.V.Bhat, N.V.Kulkarni, P.R. Affiliation : Department of Pharmaceutics, The Bombay College of Pharmacy, Bombay, Maharashtra, India Title : Decontamination of senna leaflets and their dry extract by gamma radiation Imprint : Indian Drugs. v. 28(8): p. 359-361, 1991 Keywords : SENNA; DECONTAMINATION; GAMMA RADIATION Scientific Names : CASSIA ANGUSTIFOLIA LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : No significant change in physico-chemical characteristics upon irradiation of Cassia angustifolia leaflets was noticed. Senna leaflets with initial bioburden were successfully decontaminated at irradiation dose of 10 KGy MFN : 03144 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-01-0023 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Yamgar, V.T.Pawar, H.K. Affiliation : Turmeric Research Station, Digraj 416 203, Maharashtra, India Title : Studies on the fertilizer sources on yield of turmeric Imprint : Journal of Plantation Crops. v. 19(1): p. 61-62, 1991 Keywords : TURMERIC; FERTILIZERS Scientific Names : CURCUMA LONGA ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : Application of fertilizer dose 120 kg N + 60 kg P2O5 and 60 kg K/ha through straight fertilizers recorded significantly maximum yield. Lower dose of 45: 30: 30 kg NPK/ha through straight fertilizers was found to be significantly superior to the higher dose of 60: 40: 40: kg NPK/ha through complex fertilizers. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 03161 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-01-0048 Subject Group : 0400 Authors : Midha, R.L.Trivedi, P.C. Affiliation : Department of Botany, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur 302004, Rajasthan, India Title : Evaluation of cumin varieties against root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita Imprint : Indian Journal of Nematology. v. 19(2): p. 264, 1989 Keywords : CUMIN; NEMATODES Scientific Names : CUMINUM CYMINUM UMBELLIFERAE;

Abstract : Of thirty one Cuminum cyminum varieties screened, CVT-R-S-1, CVT.JC-1, CVT JC-2, CVT 2C-3, CVT VC-43 and CVT UC-199 were found resistant to root-knot nematodes. All other varieties were found to be susceptible MFN : 03179 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-01-0085 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Sharma, V.K.Kothari, S.L. Affiliation : Department of Botany, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur 302 004, Rajasthan, India Title : Somatic emberyogenesis from callus culture and protoplast isolation and culture in Datura innoxia Mill. Imprint : Journal of Phytological Research. v. 3(12): p. 137139, 1990 Keywords : EMBRYOIDS; EMBRYOGENESIS; PROTOPLAST CULTURE; PLANT REGENERABION; TISSUE CULTURE Scientific Names : DATURA INNOXIA SOLANACEAE; Abstract : Anthers of D.innoxia were cultured on MS medium and large number of embryoids differentiated could germinate to form plantlets, shoots or callus from the entire surface and showed further embryogenesis. Prolific embryogenesis occurred when this callus was subcultured on a medium with kinetic-2,4-D. For protoplasts culture, leaf material was taken from the in vitro differentiated plants MFN : 03195 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-01-0116 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Chakrabarti, R.N.Dutta, K.Sikdar, S.Ghosh, K. Affiliation : Department of Pathology and Epidemiology, Chitaranjan Cancer Institute, 37, S.P. Mukherjee Road, Calcutta 700 026, WB, India Title : Smokeless tobacco and premalignant and malignant lesions of the oral cavity Imprint : Indian Journal of Medical Sciences. v. 45(10): p. 273-275, 1991 Keywords : TOBACCO; CARCINOMA; SMOKELESS TOBACCO USERS Scientific Names : NICOTIANA TABACUM SOLANACEAE; Abstract : Prevelance of oral carcinoma and dysplasia in 3205 smokeless tobacco users and non-users has been compared. Of the smokeless tobacco users, 1.96 percent had oral carcinoma compared with 0.36 percent of non-users. The prevelance of oral dysplasia in the user's group was 14.4 percent as compared with 6.85 percent in the group of non-users. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 03211 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-01-0149 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Appaji Rao, V.N.Palaniswami, K.S.Khan, G.A.R.Gnanabaranam, J.F.Krishnaswami, G.A.R.

Affiliation : Department of Animal Disease Investigation and Control, Madras Veterinary College, Madras 7, TN, India Title : Hydrocyanic acid poisoning in cattle Imprint : Indian Veterinary Journal. v. 68(9): p. 887-888, 1991 Keywords : HYDROCYANIC ACID POISONING; POISONING; CATTLE POISONING; SORGHUM POISONING Scientific Names : SORGHUM VULGARE GRAMINEAE; Abstract : The cause of mortality of cattle in a village in Tiruchirapalli District of Tamilnadu was identified as hydrocyanic acid poisoning from dry Sorghum fodder. Two animals were treated with massive doses (100.15 gm) of sodium thiosulphate i.v. along with dextrose solution and were saved. This treatment is specific to hydrocyanic acid poisoning MFN : 03212 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-01-0150 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Banerjee, S.Bandhyopadhyay, S.K.Mukherjee, P.K.Mukherjee, A.Sikdar, S. Affiliation : Calcutta National Medical College and University College of Medicine, Calcutta University, Calcutta 700 014, WB, India Title : Further studies on the anti-inflammatory activities of Ricinus communis in albino rat Imprint : Indian Journal of Pharmacology. v. 23(3): p. 149152, 1991 Keywords : ANTIINFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY; ANALGESIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : RICINUS COMMUNIS EUPHORBIACEAE; Abstract : Petroleum ether extract of [R.communis] exhibited significant antiinflammatory activity against induced rats paw arthritis. Drug was safe upto a dose of 1g/kg p.o. and at a dose 150 mg/kg p.o. exhibited no significant analgesic activity in rats. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 03216 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-01-0161 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Dagar, H.S. Affiliation : Botanical Survey of India, AAN Circle, Port Blair 744 102, Andaman Nicobar Islands, India Title : Plants used as abortifacient and contraceptive by the Nicobarese Imprint : Journal of the Andaman Science Association. v. 5(2): p. 169-170, 1989 Keywords : ABORTIFACIENTS; CONTRACEPTIVES; ANTIFERTILITY ACTIVITY Scientific Names : TERMINALIA CATAPPA COMBRETACEAE; ALLOPHYLLUS COBBE SAPINDACEAE; CLERODENDRUM PANICULATUM VERBENACEAE; CYNTHOSTEMMA VIRIDIFLORUM ANNONACEAE; EUPHORBIA LONGUM EUPHORBIACEAE; LEPISANTHES RUBIGINOSA SAPINDACEAE; SARCOSTIGMA WALLICHII ICACINACEAE; Abstract : [Allophyllus cobbe, Clerodendrum paniculatum, Cynthostemma viridiflorum, Euphorbia longum, Ganophyllum falcatum, Lepisanthes rubiginosa, Sarcostigma wallichii, Stenochlaena palustris,

Terminalia catappa] are the plant species that have been recommended for women to have an abortion. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 03230 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-01-0201 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Kuttan, G.Vasudevan, D.M.Kuttan, R.* Affiliation : Amala Cancer Research Centre, Amala Nagar, Trichur 680 553, Kerala, India Title : Effect of a preparation from Viscum album on tumor development in vitro and in mice Imprint : Journal of Ethnopharmacology. v. 29(1): p. 35-41, 1990 Keywords : ANTICANCER ACTIVITY; ISCADOR; CYTOTOXIC ACTIVITY; ANTITUMOUR ACTIVITY Scientific Names : VISCUM ALBUM LORANTHACEAE; Abstract : Iscador (a commercial preparation made from [Viscum album] was found to be cytotoxic to animal tumor cells such as Dalton's lymphoma ascites cells (DLA cells) and Ehrlich ascites cells [in vitro] and inhibited the growth of lung fibroblasts, Chinese hamster ovary cells and KB cells at very low concentrations. Iscador was found to reduce ascites tumours and solid tumours produced by DLA cells and Ehrlich ascites cells. The effect of the drug could be seen when the drug was given simultaneously, after tumour development or when given prophylactically, indicating a mechanism of action very different from other chemotherapeutic drugs. Iscador was not found to be cytotoxic to lymphocytes. NML, New Delhi MFN : 03238 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-01-0240 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Pradeep, K.U.Geervani, P.Eggum, B.O. Affiliation : Post Graduate and Research Centre, Home Science Faculty, AP Agricultural University, Hyderabad 500 030, AP, India Title : Influence of spices on utilization of sorghum and chickpea protein Imprint : Plant Foods for Human Nutrition. v. 41(3): p. 269276, 1991 Keywords : SPICES; SORGHUM; CHICKPEA; PROTEIN QUALITY Scientific Names : CAPSICUM ANNUM SOLANACEAE; PIPER NIGRUM PIPERACEAE; CORIANDRUM SATIVUM APIACEAE; CUMINUM CYMINUM ALLIUM SATIVUM LILIACEAE; FERULA FOETIDA ZINGIBER OFFICINALE ZINGIBERACEAE; CARUM COPTICUM CICER ARIETINUM LEGUMINOSAE; SORGUM VULGARE GRAMINEAE; Abstract : Influence of eight common Indian spices on the protein quality of sorghum and chickpea was studied in rats. Spices used include Capsicum annum, Piper nigrum, Coriandrum sativum, Cuminum cyminum, Allium sativum, Ferula foetida, Zingiber officinale and Carum copticum. Addition of spices did not affect protein digestibility (TD) of sorghum. The BV of all sorghum diets with spices was higher than that of control diet. However, it was significant only in case of diets combined with red chilli + coriander (1:1) mix, black pepper + cumin

(1:1) mix, coriander and cumin. Addition of spices did not have any effect on TD or BV of chickpea diets MFN : 03240 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-01-0244 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Ramachandran, U.Divekar, H.M.Grover, S.K.Srivastava, K.K.* Affiliation : Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences, Delhi Cantt. 110010, India Title : New experimental model for the evaluation of adaptogenic products Imprint : Journal of Ethnopharmacology. v. 29(3): p. 275-281, 1990 Keywords : ADAPTOGENIC ACTIVITY, MODEL; MODEL, ADAPTOGENIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : PANAX GINSENG ARALIACEAE; GINKGO BILOBA GINKGOACEAE; Abstract : A new animal model for evaluating improvement in physical performance and endurance in an adverse environment is described. In this model, rats in restraint were exposed to 5 degree C and 480 mmHg atmospheric pressure. Results were compared to an animal forced to swim in water at 23 degree C. The cold-hypogia-restraint model was found to provide more precise results compared with the cold-swimming model. Panax ginseng root and Ginkgo biloba leaf extracts have been compared for their positive endurance-promoting properties using both models. NML, New Delhi MFN : 03264 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-01-0302 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Alam, M.Joy, S.Ali, U.S. Affiliation : Captain Srinivasa Murti Drug Research Institute for Ayurveda, Arumbakkam, Madras 600106, TN, India Title : Antibacterial activity of Sida cordifolia Linn., Sida rhomboidea Roxb. and Triumfetta rotundifolia Lam. Imprint : Indian Drugs. v. 28(12): p. 570-572, 1991 Keywords : ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : SIDA CORDIFOLIA MALVACEAE; SIDA RHOMBOIDEA TRIUMFETTA ROTUNDIFOLIA TILIACEAE; Abstract : Alcoholic extracts of the plants exhibited antibacterial activity at a concentration of 1mg/ml. The alkaloidal portions of these plants except T.rotundifolia, showed activity at 100 micro g/ml of culture medium against Staphylococcus aureus and S.citreus. S.cordifolia and T.rotundifolia showed better antibacterial activity than S.rhomboidea MFN : 03287 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-01-0361 Subject Group : 1100

Authors : Bahuguna, S.Kishor, N.Sati, O.P.*Sati, S.P.Sakakibara, J.Kaiya, T. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, H.N.B. Garhwal University, Srinagar(Garhwal), 246174, UP, India Title : New spirostanol glycoside from Yucca aloifolia Imprint : Journal of Natural Products. v. 54(3): p. 863-865, 1991 Keywords : SPIROSTANOL GLYCOSIDES; GITOGENINS; GLYCOSIDES Scientific Names : YUCCA ALOIFOLIA AGAVACEAE; Abstract : From the EtOH extract of the rhizomes of Y.aloifolia a new gitogenin-based glycoside has been isolated and characterized as 3-O-{beta-D-xylopyranosyl(1to3)-beta-Dglucopyranosyl(1to3)-beta-D-xylo pyranosyl(1-3)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl(13)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl}-25R, 5alpha-2alpha,3beta-diol, using fdms, fabms, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, and chemical studies MFN : 03317 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-01-0588 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Alam, S.P. Affiliation : Department of Botany, Oriental College, Patna 800 008, Bihar, India Title : Ethnobotanical study of Euphorbia hirta Linn Imprint : Biojournal. v. 2(2): p. 251-254, 1990 Keywords : ETHNOBOTANY; ETHNOMEDICINE Scientific Names : EUPHORBIA HIRTA EUPHORBIACEAE; Abstract : The plant morphology distribution, pollination and medicinal uses of E.hirta are reported. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 03321 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-01-0597 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Meena KumariTirkey, P.Singh, M.P. Affiliation : Department of Forest Sciences, Birsa Agricultural University, Kanke, Ranchi 834006, Bihar, India Title : Studies of tribal medicinal plants of Hazaribagh Imprint : New Botanist. v. 18(1-2): p. 105-107, 1991 Keywords : MEDICINAL PLANTS, HAZARIBAGH INDIA; ETHNOMEDICINE Abstract : During the survey of Hazaribagh district, the authors collected 22 medicinal plants and information regarding their uses was collected either from the tribal medicinmen or from old, experienced people using these plants to cure different diseases. The plants collected are recorded in alphabetical order. Their botanical names, local names, parts used and mode of administration are also given. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 03369 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-02-0747 Subject Group : 0200 Authors : Pratibha Devi

Affiliation : Department of Botany, Osmania University, College for Women, Hyderabad, AP, India Title : Growth estimates of sewage irrigated coriander and fenugreek Imprint : Advances in Plant Sciences. v. 4(2): p. 394-396, 1991 Keywords : CORIANDER; FENUGREEK Scientific Names : CORIANDRUM SATIVUM UMBELLIFERAE; TRIGONELLA FOENUMGRAECUM LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : A comparative study was conducted by sowing the seeds of [Coriandrum sativum] and [Trigonella foenum-graecum] in a sewage irrigated field. The result shows that sewage water can substitute as a very cheap fertiliser and showed an increased growth and higher yield. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 03407 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-02-0800 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : George, S.Arumughan, C. Affiliation : Food Science and Biochemistry Division, Regional Research Laboratory, CSIR, Trivandrum 695019, Kerala, India Title : Distribution of lipids in the exocarp and mesocarp of three varieties of oil palm fruit Elaeis guineensis Imprint : Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. v. 56(2): p. 219-222, 1991 Keywords : DURA; TENERA; PISIFERA; PHOSPHOLIPIDS; GLYCOLIPIDS; FATTY ACID COMPOSITION; PALM OIL Scientific Names : ELAEIS GUINEENSIS PALMAE; Abstract : Distribution of lipids in the oil palm ([E.guineensis]) fruit from three varieties (dura, tenera, pisifera) were studied. Extremely high contents of phospholipids and glycolipids were noticed in the exocarp (outer skin) of the fruit compared with the fleshy mesocarp. Significant differences were also observed in the composition of the lipid classes of oil palm fruits from three varieties. High concentrations of unsaturated fatty acids, particularly 18:2 and 18:3, were present in the polar lipids and correspondingly lower proportions in the neutral fractions MFN : 03429 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-02-0857 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Chittra, K.V.Bhaskaran, T. Affiliation : Avinashilingam Institute for Home Science and Higher Education for Women, Deemed University, Coimbatore 43, TN. India Title : Glycemic response of diabetics to selected cereals administered in different forms Imprint : Indian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics. v. 26(5): p. 122-, 1989 Keywords : GLYCAEMIC RESPONSE; DIABETIC DIETS; RICE; WHEAT; RAGI; GLUCOSE RESPONSE Abstract : The fasting and postprandial blood glucose level after the consumption of five test meals (rice, idiappam, brokee wheat

cooked, chapaties and ragi adai) in insulin dependent diabetics, noninsulin dependent diabetics and in normal healthy subjects has been investigated. Factors like food form, dietary fibre and the nature of the carbohydrate have a marked influence on postprandial glycemia. Different glycemic responses were observed even when a single food was prepared in different ways. The asumption that isocaloric diets with similar carbohydrate, protein and fat composition but derived from a variety of different foods have similar effects on blood glucose, is incorrect, and the usage of the cereal exchange lists may be misleading MFN : 03432 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-02-0878 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Shanmugasundaram, E.R.B.Rajeswari, G.Baskaran, K.Rajesh Kumar, B.R.*Shanmugasundaram, K.R.Ahmath, B.K. Affiliation : Department of Biochemistry, Postgraduate Institute of Basic Sciences, University of Madras, Taramani Campus, Madras 600113,TN,India Title : Use of Gymnema sylvestre leaf extract in the control of blood glucose in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus Imprint : Journal of Ethnopharmacology. v. 30(3): p. 281-294, 1990 Keywords : ANTIDIABETIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : GYMNEMA SYLVESTRE ASCLEPIADACEAE; Abstract : GS4 a water-soluble extract of the leavesof [G.sylvestre] was administered (400 mg/day) to 27 patients with insulindependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) on insulin therapy. Insulin requirements came down together with fasting blood glucose and glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) and glycosylated plasma protein levels. While serum lipids returned to near normal levels with GS4 therapy, glycosylated haemoglobin and glycosylated plasma protein levels remained higher than controls. IDDM patients on insulin therapy only showed no significant reduction in serum lipids, HbA1c or glycosylated plasma proteins when followed up after 10-12 months, GS4 therapy appears to enhance endogenous insulin, possibly by regeneration/revitalisation of the residual beta cells in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. NML, New Delhi MFN : 03436 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-02-0900 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Chawla, A.S.Manoj Kumar Affiliation : Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160014, India Title : Antimalarial agents from plants Imprint : Indian Drugs. v. 29(2): p. 57-60, 1991 Keywords : ANTIMALARIAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : ALSTONIA SCHOLARIS APOCYNACEAE; ARTEMISIA ANNUA COMPOSITAE; BRUCEA JAVANICA SIMAROUBACEAE; AILANTHUS ALTISSIMA SIMAROUBA GLAUCA EXOSTEMA CARIBAEUM RUBIACEAE; PARTHENIUM HYSTEROPHORUS Abstract : A number of plant species belonging to fifteen families reported to have antimalarial activity alongwith active

principles wherever identified for the biological activity have been reviewed MFN : 03440 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-02-0910 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Dixit, V.P.Jain, P.Bhandari, K.Purohit, A.K. Affiliation : Reproduction Physiology Section, Department of Zoology, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur 302 004, Rajasthan, India Title : Effects of ginseng (G-115) on serum lipids of hyperlipidaemic Rhesus monkeys(Macaca mulata) Imprint : Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. v. 53(3): p. 88-91, 1991 Keywords : GINSENG; SERUM LIPIDS; CHOLESTEROLS; HYPOLIPIDAEMIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : PANAX GINSENG ARALIACEAE; Abstract : The effect of ginseng (G-115) on serum lipids was studied in hyperlipidaemic monkey. Ginseng (G-115) markedly reduced serum triglycerides and cholesterol in hyperlipidaemic rhesus monkeys ranging from 36-72 percent. HDL-cholesterol/total cholesterol ratio was increased. A reduction in LDL and VLDL cholesterol levels suggest the beneficial effects of G-115 since LDL and VLDL are atherogenic factors MFN : 03443 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-02-0934 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Khanna, A.K.Chander, R.Kapoor, N.K.* Affiliation : Division of Biochemistry, Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow 226 001, UP, India Title : Hypolipidemic activity of Abana in rats Imprint : Fitoterapia. v. 62(3): p. 271-274, 1991 Keywords : ABANA; HYPOLIPIDEMIC ACTIVITY; LIPOPROTEINS; HEPATIC BIOSYNTHESIS; CHOLESTEROLS; CARDIOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY Abstract : Chronic administration of Abana, an Indian herbomineral preparation, showed a significant hypolipidemic activity in rats. Serum beta-lipoprotein, lipid components and apoprotein levels were significantly lowered, low density lipoprotein being more affected than very low density lipoprotein. However, serum high density lipoprotein lipids and apoproteins were slightly increased. The reduction in the lipid components of serum and liver were accompanied with decreased level of serum free fatty acids and hepatic lipolytic enzyme activities. Abana caused marked inhibition in hepatic biosynthesis of cholesterol and enhanced the excretion of faecal bile acids. The mode of action of Abana as a cardioprotective and hypolidemic agent is explained MFN : 03444 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-02-0938 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Martis, G.Rao, A.*Karanth, K.S. Affiliation : Department of Biochemistry, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal 576119, Karnataka, India

Title : Neuropharmacological activity of Acorus calamus Imprint : Fitoterapia. v. 62(4): 331-337, 1991 Keywords : NEUROPHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIVITY; EPILEPSY; ANTIDEPRESSANT ACTIVITY; SEDATIVE ACTIVITY Scientific Names : ACORUS CALAMUS ARACEAE; Abstract : The aqueous and alcoholic extracts of the rhizomes of [A.calamus] reduced the severity of maximum electric shock induced seizures in rats but did not exhibit complete protection. Further, the extracts significantly increased the pentylenetetrazole induced seizure latency. The extracts did not exhibit any antidepressant or sedative effects nor produce muscle incoordination. However, both the extracts potentiated the barbiturate induced hypnosis. Administration of the extracts for longer duration in combination with reduced doses of standard drug used for treating "petit mal" epilepsy patients has been recommended MFN : 03446 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-02-0942 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Misra, V.D. Affiliation : Department of Psychology, PG College, Ghazipur 233001, UP, India Title : Heroin addicts: an assessment of their anxiety Imprint : Indian Journal of Criminology. v. 19(2): p. 108112, 1991 Keywords : HEROIN; DRUG ADDICTION; TOXICITY, HEROIN; ANXIETY, HEROIN Abstract : The present study is aimed at assessing the anxiety of heroin addicts and comparing it to that of the non-addicts.37 heroin addicts and 45 non-addicts were chosen for this study. Addicts did not reveal any significant difference when measured for total anxiety but dis- played significant differences when compared on various components of anxiety. Heroin addicts have shown greater guilt proneness and frustration, tension, than their non-addict counterparts. They have shown less ego weakness and suspiciousness. The addicts have shown significantly higher overt anxiety. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 03453 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-02-0959 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Sharma, A.Chakraborti, K.K.Handa, S.S.* Affiliation : Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160 014, Punjab, India Title : Antihepatotoxic activity of some Indian herbal formulations as compared to silymarin Imprint : Fitoterapia. v. 62(3): p. 229-235, 1991 Keywords : ANTIHEPATOTOXIC ACTIVITY; HERBAL DRUGS; SILYMARINS; FALMEGH; STIMULIV; LIVERGEN Scientific Names : SILYBUM MARIANUM COMPOSITAE; Abstract : Antihepatotoxic activity of 18 Indian commercial herbal formulations was compared with the known hepatoprotective natural product silymarin, (obtained from [Silybum marianum]), in rats

intoxicated with CCl4. The activity was monitored by evaluating serum transaminases. Silymarin (100 mg/kg. i.p. for 4 days) exhibited complete normalisation of CCl4 induced increase of the transaminases and Kalmegh compound, livergen and stimuliv at a dose of 0.8 ml/kg, i.p. for 4 days, have been found as effective as silymarin MFN : 03454 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-02-0961 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Sharma, M.C.Pathak, N.N. Affiliation : Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar 24312, UP, India Title : Biochemical changes in experimentally induced hepatopathy in goats fed different levels of dietary protein and effect of herbal therapy Imprint : Indian Journal of Animal Sciences. v. 61(12): p. 1269-1275, 1991 Keywords : HEPATOTONIC ACTIVITY; HERBAL DRUGS Abstract : Studies were conducted to evaluate the biochemical changes in carbon tetrachloride induced hepatopathy in goats fed 3 different levels of protein and their treatment with composite herbal drug. The results showed that low protein diet provided more protection to liver tissue against CCl4 injury, also, response of the treatment with hepatotonic drug was quicker in low protein fed goats MFN : 03455 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-02-0962 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Sharma, R.K.Srivastava, D.N.Shrivastava, A.B. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Jabalpur, MP, India Title : Acute and chronic toxicity of teeburb in albino rats Imprint : Indian Journal of Indigenous Medicines. v. 7(2): p. 9-12, 1991 Keywords : TEEBURB- VETERINARY MEDICINE; HERBAL DRUGSTEEBURB; ERYTHROCYTES LEVEL; HAEMOGLOBIN LEVEL Abstract : Teeburb has been found to be safe drug, and LD50 was found to be more than 2000 mg/kg body wt. No toxic symptoms were noticed. Alcoholic extracts on chronic exposure for 3 weeks, showed at the dose level of 1000 mg/kg body wt showed significant increase in erythrocyte count and haemoglobin concentration. Aqueous extract also showed increase in coagulation time MFN : 03456 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-02-0963 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Sharma, R.K.Srivastava, D.N.Bhatt, K.R. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Jabalpur, MP, India

Title : Anti-inflammatory activity of Teeburb on chronic inflammatory process in rats Imprint : Indian Journal of Indigenous Medicines. v. 7(2): p. 31-35, 1991 Keywords : ANTIINFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY; TEEBURB- VETERINARY MEDICINE; HERBAL DRUGS- TEEBURB Abstract : The aqueous and alcoholic extracts of Teeburb have been found to produce significant antiinflammatory activity on cotton pellet induced granuloma, a chronic inflammatory process in rats. Alcoholic extract was found to be more effective as compared to aqueous extract in chronic inflammtion. Phenylbutazone also produced significant anti-inflammatory activity on cotton pellet induced granuloma. Phenylbutazone has significantly increased the anti-inflammatory activity of both the aqueous and alcoholic extracts of Teeburb as compared to their perse anti-inflammatory activity on chronic inflammatory activity MFN : 03457 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-02-0964 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Sharma, R.K.Srivastava, D.N.Salini, Y. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Jabalpur, MP, India Title : Role of inflammatory mediators in antiinflammatory activity of Teeburb on cotton pellet induced granuloma in rats Imprint : Indian Journal of Indigenous Medicines. v. 7(2): p. 13-18, 1991 Keywords : ANTIINFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY; TEEBURB- VETERINARY MEDICINE; HERBAL DRUGS- TEEBURB Abstract : The possible role of inflammatory mediators in anti-inflammatory activity of Teeburb was studied by pretreating the animals with a number of antagonists of mediators viz., cycloheptadine, promethazine, cimetidine and paracetamol on chronic inflammatory model. The results indicated that maximum increase in anti-inflammatory activity of aqueous and alcoholic extracts was exhibited by cycloheptadine and as such it is suggested to be mediated through inhibition of 5-HT MFN : 03458 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-02-0965 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Sharma, R.K.Srivastava, D.N. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Jabalpur, MP, India Title : Role of mediators in anti-inflammatory activity of Teebrub on acute inflammatory process in rats Imprint : Indian Journal of Indigenous Medicines. v. 7(2): p. 19-24, 1991 Keywords : ANTIINFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY; TEEBURB- VETERINARY MEDICINE; HERBAL DRUGS- TEEBURB Abstract : The anti-inflammatory activity of Teeburb might be due to the endogenous 5-HT because it was increased by pretreatment with cycloheptadine. The results further revealed that cimetidine and promethazine had increased the anti-inflammatory activity of both the

extracts on carrageenin induced rat paw oedema which suggested that besides 5 HT there is also the role of histamine in anti-inflammatory activity of Teeburb MFN : 03459 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-02-0966 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Sharma, R.K.Srivastava, D.N.Sahni, Y.P. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Jabalpur, MP, India Title : Anti-inflammatory activity of Teeburb on carrageenin induced rat paw oedema Imprint : Indian Journal of Indigenous Medicines. v. 7(2): p. 25-29, 1991 Keywords : ANTIINFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY; TEEBURB- VETERINARY MEDICINE; HERBAL DRUGS- TEEBURB Abstract : Alcoholic extract of Teeburb has been found to produce significant anti-inflammatory activity at 2nd and 3rd hours of administration on carrageenin induced rat paw oedema. Phenylbutazone has been found to be having significantly higher anti-inflammatory activity than Tueeburb suggesting similar mechanism of action of these drugs MFN : 03545 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-02-1372 Subject Group : 1500 Authors : Tikku, S.Sindhu, R.S.Bhartiya, R.K. Affiliation : Science Department, Regional College of Education, Ajmer 305004, Rajasthan, India Title : The removal of Hg(II), Pb(II) and Cd(II) from water by Adina cordifolia plant substarte Imprint : Pollution Research. v. 10(1): p. 21-24, 1991 Keywords : MERCURY; LEAD; CADMIUM Scientific Names : ADINA CORDIFOLIA RUBIACEAE; Abstract : The removal of Pb(II), and Hg(II) from their solutions was made by using the substrate of [A.cordifolia] plant. Laboratory studies were conducted to evaluate and optimize the various variables such as metal ion concentrations, solution pH, contact time. The studies have shown that [A.cordifolia] plant substrate removes these metals appreciably at 2000 ppm concentration. The degree of removal increases in the order: Pb(II)greater than Hg(II) greater than Cd(II. pH range and contact time for maximum absorption are 5.0 to 7.5 and 2.5 hours respectively MFN : 03560 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-03-1408 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Dhar, A.K.Bhan, M.K.Bhat, B.K.Sharma, S.D.Chisti, A.M. Affiliation : Regional Reseaech Laboratory, Sanat Nagar, Srinagar, JK, India

Title : Effect of cut on alkaloid concentration in leaves of belladonna Imprint : Herba Hungarica. v. 30(3): p. 27-33, 1991 Keywords : BELLADONNA; ALKALOIDS Scientific Names : ATROPA BELLADONNA SOLANACEAE; Abstract : Analysis of variance for alkaloid concentration in levels of [Atropa belladonna] revealed significance of genotypes and cutting treatments, for all the 3 and 4 cut treatments. Low alkaloid concentration during June and early July and higher amount in August, independent of cut number was observed. The cut X genotype interaction was found to influence the drug yield significantly MFN : 03593 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-03-1451 Subject Group : 0300 Authors : Rao, B.L.Sobti, S.N. Affiliation : Regional Research Laboratory, Canal Road, Jammu Tawi 180 001, JK, India Title : Ckp-25, A hybrid lemongrass Imprint : Indian Perfumer. v. 35(3): p. 148-149, 1991 Keywords : LEMONGRASS; HYBRIDS; CITRAL Scientific Names : CYMBOPOGON KHASIANUS GRAMINEAE; CYMBOPOGON PENDULUS GRAMINEAE; Abstract : A high oil yielder hybrid lemongrass strain produced from the cross of [Cymbopogon khasianus] and [C.pendulus] as an atlerante source for citral is described MFN : 03616 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-03-1488 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Gopinath, G.Narayana Gowda, J.V.Nagegowda, V. Affiliation : Division of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, Bangalore 560065, Karnataka, India Title : Effect of maleic hydrazide and cycocel on flowering and seasonal pattern of yield on Jasminum sambac Ait Imprint : International Symposium on Newer Trends in Essen.Oils Flavs, RRL Jammu, JK, India. p.51, Oct 21-23, 1991 Keywords : JASMINUM Scientific Names : JASMINUM SAMBAC OLEACEAE; Abstract : Foliar application of cycocel and maleic hydrazide at 1000 and 2000 ppm increased the flower yield and shifted peak flowering season to April/May and June. Cycocel treated plants flowered early, with longer duration of flowering and increase in number and flower yield per plant and similar trend was exhibited by maleic hydrazide treated plants. Increase in flower yield and number of flower per plant due to cycocel is 120.51 and 102.27 per cent respectively over untreated plants. (Abstr. No. B-06) MFN : 03617 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-03-1489 Subject Group : 0500

Authors : Grewal, S.Ahuja, A.Koul, S.Sambyal, M. Affiliation : Regional Research Laboratory, Jammu-Tawi 180001, JK, India Title : Application of tissue culture technique to some essential oil bearing plants Imprint : International Symposium on Newer Trends in Essen.Oils Flavs, RRL Jammu, JK, India. p.90, Oct 21-23, 1991 Keywords : TISSUE CULTURE; ESSENTIAL OILS Scientific Names : EUCALYPTUS CITRIODORA MYRTACEAE; OCIMUM SPP LABIATAE; MATRICARIA CHAMOMILLA COMPOSITAE; Abstract : Attempts were made to work out the protocols for propagation of selected genotypes of some essential oil bearing plants through tissue culture. High frequency plant regeneration by direct organogenesis and somatic callus in [Eucalyptus citriodora, Ocimum gratissimum, O.carnosum, O.viride] hybrid of [Ocimum] [O.viride]x[O.gratissimum, O.basilicumxO.kilimandscharicum] and [Matricaria chamomilla] has been achieved. From the studies conducted on these plants, significance of several parameters such as plant part, season of collection and age of explant donor and cultural conditions viz. medium constituents, supporting system and illumination requirement for achieving high frequency plant regeneration has been identified. (Abstr. No. BT-O6) MFN : 03647 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-03-1551 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : KenMac, A.I.Chaghtai, S.A.Khan, S.S. Affiliation : "Maishi", PO Box 15, GPO, Bhopal, 462001, MP, India Title : New horizons to improve the medicinal efficacy of Citrus limonum Imprint : Acta Clinica Scientia. v. 2(1): p. 39-43, 1992 Keywords : HOMOEOPATHY MEDICINES; LEMON Scientific Names : CITRUS LIMONUM RUTACEAE; Abstract : Special preparation of [Citrus limonum] with ethyl alcohol was tried on a group of patients who volunteered themselves for the purpose. It was found that the preparation (1:99) on lime is more effective than other formulations and preparations. The preparation is based 30 the principle of potentiation and dynamisation. The particular ratio is also known as 30 c ptency in Homoeopathy. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 03684 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-03-1626 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Pal, S.Nag Chaudhuri, A.K. Affiliation : Division of Pharmacology, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Jadavpur University, Calcutta 700 032, WB, India Title : Studies on the anti-ulcer activity of a Bryophyllum pinnatum leaf extract in experimental animals Imprint : Journal of Ethnopharmacology. v. 33(1-2): p. 97102, 1991 Keywords : ANTIULCER ACTIVITY; GASTRIC LESIONS

Scientific Names : BRYOPHYLLUM PINNATUM CRASSULACEAE; Abstract : A methanolic fraction from an extract of [B.pinnatum] leaves was to possess significant antiulcer activity in nine different experimental animals models. Premedication tests in rats revealed its protective activity against the gastric regions. Significant enhancement of the healing process was found to occur in acetic-acidinduced chronic gastric lesions in rats. NML, New Delhi MFN : 03710 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-03-1708 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Sinha, G.K. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, Government College, Rishikesh, UP, India Title : Antimicrobial activity of some volatile oils isolated from aromatic plants of Kumaon Imprint : International Symposium on Newer Trends in Essen. Oils Flavs, RRL Jammu, India. p.44, Oct 21-23 Keywords : ESSENTIAL OILS; AROMATIC PLANTS, KUMAON; KUMAON, AROMATIC PLANTS; ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY Abstract : Antimicrobial properties of essential oils from twenty aromatic plants, some of their important constituents and 1:1 combination of the oils have been investigated for their antibacterial and antifungal activity against five gram positive, seven gram negative bacteria and seven fungi. In general, main constituents of the oil were more active than the oil themselves. In some cases 1:1 combination of the oils were found more active than the individual oils. (Abstr. No. C-20) MFN : 03770 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-03-1996 Subject Group : 1400 Authors : Bandyopadhyay, C. Affiliation : Food Technology Enzyme Engineering Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Bombay 400 085, India Title : Recent trends in flavour evaluation of spices Imprint : International Symposium on Newer Trends in Essen. Oils Flavs., RRL, Jammu, JK, India. p.16, Oct 21-23, 1991 Keywords : FLAVOUR COMPOUNDS; VACUUM DISTILLATION; SUPERCRITICAL CARBON DIOXIDE EXTRACTION; GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY; ESSENTIAL OILS Abstract : a a100 Various methods for the isolation and concentration of volatile flavour compounds of spices are described and a comparative data with respect to yield and composition of typical mango, ginger, [Curcuma amada] essential oil is presented. Low temperature-high vacuum distillation technique appears to be primary choice for the isolation of spice essential oils. Increasing importance of supercritical carbon dioxide extraction in the isolation of spice flavourings is highlighted. Recent advances in gas chromatographic separation of spice essential oils and the identification of aroma components by other instrumental methods are described. (Abstr NO. SL-O6)

MFN : 03774 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-03-2017 Subject Group : 1400 Authors : Theagarajan, K.S.Prabhu, V.V.Ravi Kumar, G. Affiliation : Institute of Wood Science and Technology, Bangalore, Karnataka, India Title : Distillation of Eucalyptus hybrid oil using portable distillation unit in the field Imprint : International Symposium on Newer Trends in Essen.Oils Flavs, RRL Jammu, JK, India. p.80, Oct 21-23, 1991 Keywords : ESSENTIAL OILS; DISTILLATION PLANT; EUCALYPTUS Abstract : A portable distillation unit working on fuelwood was designed and fabricated for field distillation of eucalyptus hybrid foliage. Under optimum conditions 1-1.8 percent (average 1.43 percent) of oil was distilled with this unit, which is higher than that obtained with stationary stills of larger dimensions. More than 95 percent of oil could be distilled out in the first two hours of distillation of which the first hour collection (about 75 percent) was found to contain more of cineole than the second hour collection. This unit could be used with advantage for distilling oils from other plant materials. (Abstr. No. CTO3) MFN : 03776 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-03-2026 Subject Group : 1500 Authors : Akhtar Hussain Affiliation : CIMAP, Lucknow 226016, UP, India Title : Present and future of agrotechnology of essential oil plants in India Imprint : International Symposium on Newer Trends in Essen.Oils Flavs, RRL Jammu, JK, India. p. 9-10, Oct 21-23, 1991 Keywords : ESSENTIAL OILS; AGROTECHNOLOGY; LEMONGRASS; PALMAROSA; GERANIUM; PATCHOULI; LAVENDER; ROSE; SAGE; ROSEMARY; BERGAMOT; MINT; YLANG-YLAND Abstract : Main emphasis of research and development in the field of essential oils in India should be to improve the agrotechnologies of indigenous plants especially lemongrass, vetiver and palmarosa in order to increase India's export to international market. Efforts should also be made to develop the essential oils of geranium, patchouli, lavender, rose, clary sage, rosemary, bergamot mint and ylangylang. (Abstr. No. SL-02) MFN : 03784 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-03-2043 Subject Group : 1500 Authors : Siddique, M.A.A.Jhon, A.Q.Paul, T.M.Tanki, M.I. Affiliation : Division of Floriculture, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, SK University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Shalimar 191121, J K, India Title : Essential oil bearing medicinal plants: A Kashmir Himalayan perspective

Imprint : International Symposium on Newer Trends in Essen.Oils Flavs, RRL Jammu, JK, India. p.73, Oct 21-23, 1991 Keywords : MEDICINAL PLANTS; ESSENTIAL OILS; KASHMIR HIMALAYAS Scientific Names : ARTEMISIA MARITIMA COMPOSITAE; CEDRUS DEODARA CONIFERAE; JUNIPERUS COMMUNIS MENTHA SPP LABIATAE; RHEUM EMODI POLYGONACEAE; SAUSSUREA LAPPA THYMUS SERPYLLUM Abstract : Kashmir Himalayas represent a rich repository of highly variable germplasm. Many species bear essential oils and are traditionally employed in various systems of medicine. Many of these species like: [Artemisia maritima, Cedrus deodara, Juniperus communis, Mentha sp., Rheum emodi, Saussurea lappa, Thymus serpyllum] etc. have an export potential. An assessment of the occurrence and availability, curative effects and the mode of administration of such "crude drugs" has been made. The non-judicious exploitation of many such species has led to the extirpation of the populations in nature and thus they call for an immediate attention on the part of the conservationist. The active participation of the organic chemist and the pharmacologist for authenticating the medicinal claims of such plants is emphasized. (Abstr. No. B-24) MFN : 03851 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-04-2340 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Ranjan, K.S.Sahay, S.S.Choudhary, A.K. Affiliation : Department of Botany, Bhagalpur University, Bhagalpur 812007, Bihar, India Title : Efficacy of spices against aflatoxin synthesis Imprint : Geobios. v. 19(1): p. 38-39, 1992 Keywords : AFLATOXINS; SPICES; ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY; ANTITOXIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : ELETTARIA CARDAMOMUM ZINGIBERACEAE; CURCUMA LONGA ZINGIBER OFFICINALE CAPSICUM ANNUUM SOLANACEAE; Abstract : Among the flur spices tried, only cardamom and turmeric showed better 90 percent inhibitory activities against aflatoxin synthesis, while red pepper and ginger resulted in 42 percent and 67 percent inhibition, respectively. Inhibition in aflatoxin production has been assigned to presence antiaflatoxigenic substances in the spices MFN : 03856 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-04-2348 Subject Group : 1000 Authors : Ayyangar, G.S.G.Rao, P.J. Affiliation : Division of Entomology, IARI, New Delhi 110012, India Title : Changes in haemolymph constituents of Spodoptera litura Fabr. under the influence of Azadirachtin Imprint : Indian Journal of Entomology. v. 52(1): p. 69-83, 1990 Keywords : AZADIRACHTIN; HAEMOLYMPH CONSTITUENTS; PROTEINS; ESTERASES; URIC ACID Scientific Names : AZADIRACHTA INDICA MELIACEAE;

Abstract : The effect of an injected dose of azadirachtin (1 micro gm/gm) on some heamolymph constituents of the last larval instar of [S.litura] was examined. Azadirachtin decreased total haemocyte count, protein, trehalose uric acid, calcium and magnesium concentrations. However it increased ninhydrin positive substances, sodium and potassium concentrations. It has no effect on the elecctrophoretic pattern of haemolymph proteins and esterases. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 03885 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-04-2578 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Shah, G.C.Bhandari, R.Mathela, C.S. Affiliation : Chemistry Department, Kuman University, Nainital 263002, UP, India Title : 1,2-epoxy-p-menthane derivatives from some labiatae species Imprint : Journal of Essential Oil Research. v. 4(1): p. 5759, 1992 Keywords : 1,2-EPOXY-P-MENTHNE DERIVATIVES; PIPERITONE OXIDE; PIPERITENONE OXIDE; ESSENTIAL OILS Scientific Names : PLECTRANTHUS INCANUS CLINOPODIUM UMBROSUM LABIATAE; Abstract : The essential oils of [Plectranthus incanus] and [Clinopodium umbrosum] which were produced from plants were examined by GC/MS. Fourteen constituents were identified in [P.incanus] oil of which cis-piperitone oxide (35.70 percent) and piperitenone oxide (45.01 percent) were most predominant. Although only nine constituents were identified in [C.umbrosum] oil, cis-piperitone oxide (63.05 percent) and piperitenone oxide (17.98 percent) were found as major constituents MFN : 03972 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-05-2961 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Jain, A.K.Sethi, N. Affiliation : Division of Toxicology, Central Drug Research Institute, Chattar Manzil Palace, P Box 173, Lucknow 226 001, UP, India Title : Effect of Picroliv, a hepatoprotective agent prepared from Picrorhiza kurroa, on mice chromosomes Imprint : Fitoterapia. v. 63(3): p. 255-257, 1992 Keywords : PICROLIV; CLASTOGENIC ACTIVITY; HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY Scientific Names : PICRORHIZA KURROA SCROPHULARIACEAE; Abstract : Picroliv, a hepatoprotective agent prepared from [P.kurroa], was assayed for its effects on mice chromosomes in bone marrow cells. Treatment of mice with 0.1, 1.0 and 10.0 mg/kg b.w. per os did not enhance the magnitude of chromosomal aberrations and therefore Picroliv seems to be devoid of clastogenic activity MFN : 04044 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-06-3458 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Nair, G.P.K.

Affiliation : Coffee Board, Kalpetta, Karnataka, India Title : Pepper- a good intercrop in coffee plantations Imprint : Indian Coffee. v. 56(7): p. 7-8, 1992 Keywords : INTERCROPPING, COFFEE-PEPPER Scientific Names : COFFEA ARABICA RUBIACEAE; PIPER NIGRUM PIPERACEAE; Abstract : Method of cultivation of [Piper nigrum] in the fields of coffee has been described briefly. Planting pepper along the side of footpaths and roads and also along the border is recommended to avoid over shadowing MFN : 04052 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-06-3466 Subject Group : 0200 Authors : Amalraj, V.A.Velayudhan, K.C.Muralidharan, V.K. Affiliation : National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Regional Station, Trichur 680 654, Kerala, India Title : Curcuma aurantiaca van Zijp. (Zingiberaceae)- A new record for India Imprint : Indian Journal of Forestry. v. 15(1): p. 88-89, 1992 Keywords : NEW REPORT; TURMERIC Scientific Names : CURCUMA AURANTIACA ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : Botanical description of [C.aurantiaca], reported for the first time from India and its relationship with [C.parviflora] and [C.ecalcarata] have been discussed MFN : 04076 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-06-3519 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Shobha, S.V.Krishnaswamy, P.R.Ravindranath, B Affiliation : Vittal Mallya Scientific Research Foundation, P.O.Box 406, K.R.Road, Bangalore 560004, Karnataka, India Title : Phenolic lipid composition during development of cashew Imprint : Phytochemistry. v. 31(7): p. 2295-2297, 1992 Keywords : CASHEW-NUT; CASHEW-APPLE; PHENOLIC ACID; ANACARDIC ACIDS; LIPIDS; CARDANOLS; CARDOLS Scientific Names : ANACARDIUM OCCIDENTALE ANACARDIACEAE; Abstract : Quantitative composition of the major phenolic lipids (anacardic acids, cardols and cardanols) of the apple, kernel and shell of the cashew plant have been determined at various stages of development by high-performance liquid chromatography. The results suggest the possibility of a fatty-acid type biogenesis of these phenolic lipids. Cardanols and cardols appear to be genuine metabolites and not artefacts formed from the corresponding carboxylic acids during isolation MFN : 04110 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-06-3631 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Suresh Kumar, M.Chauhan, U.K.

Affiliation : School of Environmental Biology, APS University, Rewa 486 003, MP, India Title : A study of antimicrobial activity of Calotropis procera leaf extract Imprint : Geobios. v. 19(23): p. 135-137, 1992 Keywords : ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : CALOTROPIS PROCERA ASCLEPIADACEAE; Abstract : Leaf extract of [C.procera] was found to be active against all microorganisms tested. Both gram negative and gram positive bacterial species were inhibited. Fungal species were very much sensitive to the extract when compared wtih bacterial pathogens. [Staphylococcus albus] was completely resistant to this extract MFN : 04114 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-06-3640 Subject Group : 1000 Authors : Saxena, R.C.Dixit, O.P.Sukumaran, P. Affiliation : PG Department of Zoology, SSL Jain College, Vidisha 464 001, MP, India Title : Laboratory assessment of indigenous plant extracts for anti-juvenile hormone activity in Culex quinquefasciatus Imprint : Indian Journal of Medical Research. v. 95A(July): p. 204-206, 1992 Keywords : ANTIJUVENILE HORMONE ACTIVITY; LARVICIDAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : AGERATUM CONYZOIDES COMPOSITAE; CLEOME ICOSANDRA CAPPARIDACEAE; TAGETES ERECTA TRIDAX PROCUMBENS Abstract : Of 15 plants tested, five plant extracts showed anti-juvenile hormone-like activity against laboratory colonised late fourth instar larvae and adult female mosquitoes. Petroleum ether extract of [Eichhornia crassipes] and acetone extracts of [Ageratum conyzoides, Cleome icosandra, Tagetes erecta] and [Tridax procumbens] showed growth inhibitory (P less than 0.001) and juvenile hormone mimicing activity to the treated larvae of [C.quinquefasciatus]. Larval pupal intermediates, demalanised pupae, defective egg rafts and adult with deformed flight muscles were few noticeable changes. Biting behaviour was observed to the affected only in [Ageratum, Cleome] and [Tridax] extracts (P less than 0.001). Loss of fecundity was observed in the treated mosquitoes but no sterillant effects could be seen. Adults, obtained from larvae exposed to the plant extracts produced significantly shorter egg-rafts (P less than 0.005) than in control MFN : 04278 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-01-0266 Subject Group : 1000 Authors : Shah, S.M.D. Affiliation : PG Department of Zoology, Khadir Mohideen College, Adirampattinam 614701, TN, India Title : Effect of plant extracts on the mortality of gryllodes sigillatus (Orthoptera:Gryllidae) Imprint : Journal of Ecotoxicology and Environmental Monitoring. v. 2(1): p. 27-30, 1992 Keywords : TOPICAL APPLICATION; ALKALOIDS

Scientific Names : CATHARANTHUS ROSEUS APOCYNACEAE; Abstract : The effect of total leaf alkaloids and total root alkaloids extracts of [Catharanthus roseus] on the female nympal instars of Gryllodes sigillatus was studied. Topical application of these extracts in varied concentration to newly moulted VI, VII and VIII female nymphs produced 11 to 100 percent mortality. Total root alkaloids showed higher percentage deaths than total leaf alkaloids. The results indicated a linear relationship between percentage mortality and the dose applied. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 04281 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-01-0289 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Banerjee, A. Affiliation : Centre of Advanced Studies of Natural Products, Chemistry Department, University College of Science, Calcutta University, WB, India Title : Studies on natural products Imprint : Journal of the Indian Chemical Society. v. 69(2): p. 53-69, 1991 Keywords : ALKALOIDS; REVIEWS Scientific Names : ALSTONIA SPP APOCYNACEAE; TABERNAEMONTANA SPP RHAZYA SPP Abstract : The present review deals with the significant contributions made on the chemistry of alklaoids. The following plants have been dealt with Alstonia spp., Tabernaemontana and Rhazya MFN : 04284 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-01-0312 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Chiplunkar, Y.G.Nagasampagi, B.A.* Affiliation : National Chemical Laboratory, Pune 411 008, Maharashtra, India Title : Isolation and structure elucidation of a new isopimarane from Pulicaria wightiana Imprint : Journal of Natural Products. v. 55(9): p. 13281329, 1992 Keywords : ISOPIMARANE Scientific Names : PULICARIA WIGHTIANA COMPOSITAE; Abstract : A new isopimarane (C20H30O2; mp 155-57 degree) isolated from [P.wightiana], has been characterized as isopimara8(14),15-diene-7-keto-2alpha-ol based on spectral data MFN : 04287 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-01-0333 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Garg, S.C.Dengre, S.L. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, University of Saugar, Sagar, 470 003, MP, India Title : Composition of the essential oil from the leaves of Buddleia asiatica Lour.

Imprint : Flavour and Fragrance Journal. v. 7(3): p. 125-127, 1992 Keywords : CARYOPHYLLENE; CITRONELLOL Scientific Names : BUDDLEIA ASIATICA LOGANIACEAE; Abstract : The essential oil, obtained from the shade-dried leaves of [B.asiatica] by hydrodistillation in a yield of 0.3 percent, was analysed by chromatographic spectroscopic and chemical methods. Eighteen components including various monoterpenoids and sesquiterpenoids were characterized and measured by area normalization. The oil was found rich in beta-caryophyllene oxide (21.7 percent, citronellol (16.7 percent) and beta-caryophyllene (15.8 percent). Five minor components (3.1 percent) remained uncharacterized. The oil has been reported to possess good in vitro antifungal, antibacterial and anthelmintic activity MFN : 04299 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-01-0450 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Soni, P.L.Singh, A. Affiliation : Chemistry of Forest Products, MFP Division, Forest Research Institute, Dehra Dun 248006, UP, India Title : Structural characterisation of a glucan from the fruits of Cassimiroa edulis Imprint : Indian Journal of Chemistry. v. 31B(11): p. 793795, 1992 Keywords : GLUCAN Scientific Names : CASSIMIROA EDULIS RUTACEAE; Abstract : Chemical and NMR spectrascopic methods have been used for structural elucidation of a D-glucan isolated from the fruits of [C.edulis]. The back bone of the polymer is composed of D-glucan moieties bearing Beta- (1-6) and alpha-(1-2) linkages. The side chains are joined to the 1-6 linked glucose main chain by 1-2 linkages. 13C-NMR signels of anomeric carbon and positonal carbon linkages are assigined in comparision with the spectra of glucobioses MFN : 04364 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-02-0746 Subject Group : 0600 Authors : Kaliyar, C.K.Viltal Babu, A.Narayana, D.B.A. Affiliation : Dabur India Limiled, 22, Silc IV, Sahibabad 201 010, Ghaziabad, UP, India Title : Standardisation of Ayurvedic drugs : Problems, realities and rationale Imprint : International Seminar-Traditional Medicine, Calculla, India. p. 69, 7-9 November, l992 Keywords : AYURVEDIC DRUGS, STANDARDISATION Abstract : With the popularisation of Ayurveda, started the scarcity of raw materials for manufacture of Ayurvedic drugs. The problem became more compounded with the establishment of more and more Ayurvedic Pharmacies. Recently global awakening and interest regarding Ayurveda has provided greater emphasis on standardisation of Ayurvedic drugs. The problems, realities and rationale of Ayurveda will be discussed

MFN : 04434 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-02-0841 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Chauhan, S.Mathur, R. Affiliation : School of Studies in Zoology, Jiwaji University, Gwalior 474 011, MP, India Title : Catharanthus roseus as a male antifertility agent Imprint : Proceedings of International Conference of Fertility Regulation, Nov. 5-8, 1992 Keywords : ANTIFERTILITY ACTIVITY; MALE ANTIFERTILITY ACTIVITY Scientific Names : CATHARANTHUS ROSEUS APOCYNACEAE; Abstract : The aqueous extracts of the leaves of [C.roseus] adminstered orally to different groups of adult male rats at 150 mg and 600 mg per kg. body weight doses for 24 days caused marked reduction in the net weights of the testis, epididymis, vas deferens and accessory reproductive glands,Necrotic changes were observed in the testies accompanied with marked dysplasia of the tubules and arrest of spermatogenesis. Histocytometric and biochemical studies were also carried out. The fertility of 80 percent of the treated male rats was found to have reduced when mated with normal proestrous female rats. Studies revealed contraceptive efficacy of [C.roseus] in male rats.M.Idris MFN : 04493 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-02-0955 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Tripathi, S.C.Patnaik, G.K.Visen, P.K.S.Saraswat, B.Kulshreshtha, D.K.Dhawan, B.N. Affiliation : ICMR Centre for Advanced Pharmacological Research on Traditional Remedies, CDRI, Lucknow 226 001, UP, India Title : Evaluation of hepatoprotective activity of Phyllanthusamarus against experimentally induced liver damage in rat Imprint : Proceedings of 25th Indian Pharmacological Society Conference, Muzaffarpur, Bihar, India. p. 82, 5-8 December, 1992 Keywords : HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY; ANTIHEPATOTOXIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : PHYLLANTHUS AMARUS EUPHORBIACEAE; Abstract : Alcoholic extract (100 mg/kg p.o.x7) of the whole plant exhibited significant protection in serum and liver biochemical parameters. Maximum activity was noticed in the butanol fraction (50 mg/kg p.o.x7; 35-80 percent protection). The aqueous fraction also showed mild protection (20-40 percent) MFN : 04503 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-03-0974 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Hussain Shah, N.Khan, I.M.Azam, M.F. Affiliation : Section of Plant Pathology and Nemotology, Department of Botany, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 202 002, UP, India Title : Seed mycoflora of cowpea and its control with extract of Argemone mexicana

Imprint : Bioved. v. 3(2): p. 167-168, 1992 Keywords : ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : ARGEMONE MEXICANA PAPAVERACEAE; Abstract : Seventeen fungal species were isolated from seed mycoflora of cowpea seeds from local fields. The highest frequency was recorded for that of [Aspergillus flavus]. A mexicana was found fungitoxic against several fungi associated with seeds but it was ineffective against [Alternaria alteronata, Curuvularia lunata, Microphomina phaseoliva] and [Mucor] spp.NSL, New Delhi MFN : 04520 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-02-1007 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Ahmed, B.Yu, C.P. Affiliation : Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Jamia Hamdard University, Hamdard Nagar, New Delhi 110 062, India Title : Borhavine, a dihydroisofuranoxanthone from Boerhaavia diffusa Imprint : Phytochemistry. v. 31(12): p. 4382-4384, 1992 Keywords : BORHAVINE Scientific Names : BOERHAAVIA DIFFUSA NYCTAGINACEAE; Abstract : A new dihydroisofuranoxanthone (C20H1807, mp 230-32 degree C), methyl 3,10-dihydro-11-hydroxy-l-methoxy4,6-dimethyl-10-oxolH-furo {3,4-b} xanthene-3-carboxylate, designated as borhavine, has been isolated and characterized from the benzene extract of the roots of [B.diffusa] MFN : 04521 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-02-1017 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Banerji, J.Das, B.Bose, P.Chakrabarty, R.Chatterjee, A. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, University College of Science, 92 APC Road, Calcutta 700 009, WB, India Title : Phytochemical investigations on Jatropha gossypifolia L. Imprint : International Seminar-Traditional Medicine, Calcutla, WB, India. p. 85, 7-9 November, 1992 Keywords : LIGNANS; JATROPHAN; GADAIN Scientific Names : JATROPHA GOSSYPIFOLIA EUPHORBIACEAE; Abstract : Extensive work on [J.gossypifolia] culminated in the isolation of four new lignans jatrophan (2-piperonylidene-3-veratryl3S-gamma-butyrolactone), gadain (2-piperonylidene-3-piperonyl-3S-gammabutyrolactone), prasanthaline (2-piperonylidene-3-veratryl-3R-1,4diacetoxybutane) and anarylnaphthalene lignan (2,3-bis (hydroxymethyl6,7-methylenedioxy-1-(3'-4'-dimethoxy phenyl)-napthalenel. The structures of these compounds have been deduced from detailed spectral analyses, chemical correlation studies and syntheses.Abstr.No.IL 14B MFN Yr, Iss, : 04524 Abst No. : 93-02-1033

Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Chakravarty, A.K.Mukhopadhyay, S. Affiliation : Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Calcutta 700 032, WB, India Title : More of swertane triterpenoids from Swertia chirata Buch-Ham Imprint : Indian Journal of Chemistry. v. 31B(1): p. 70-71, 1992 Keywords : TRITERPENOIDS; PETROLEUM ETHER EXTRACT Scientific Names : SWERTIA CHIRATA GENTIANACEAE; Abstract : A new triterpenoid characterized as Swertia-7, 9(11)-dien-3-beta-ol along with pichierenol both belonging to swerlane skelelon has been isolated from the petroleum ether extract of whole plant of [S.chirata]. Its structure has been elucidated on the basis of data and chemical correlation MFN : 04571 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-02-1253 Subject Group : 1500 Authors : Ghosal, S. Affiliation : Department of Pharmaceutics, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221 005, UP, India Title : Research and applications of herbal drugs: Indian perspectives Imprint : International Seminar-Traditional Medicine, Calcutta, WB, India, 7-9 November, 1992 Keywords : HERBAL DRUGS, INDIAN PERSPECTIVES; HERBAL DRUG RESEARCH, INDIA Abstract : The current state of research and applications of herbal drugs, in India, is appraised. The future potential of this subject is projected. The setting and monitoring of standards of herbal drug preparations and formulations according to accepted tenets of modern science has been recommended. The outcome can be viewed as the emergence of an effective integrated system of medicine for the management and treatment of those diseases for which present-day unnatural (synthetic) medicines have no remedy MFN : 04584 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-02-1273 Authors : Sonare, C.B. Affiliation : B.S.Ayurvedic College, Savantwarhi, Maharashtra, India Title : (Karamrang (Kamarak) Imprint : Sachitra Ayurved,v.44(1): p.27-30, 1991 (13 ref, Eng) Keywords : KAMARAK; KARAMRANG Abstract : Vernacular names, description of the plant, availability,chemical constituents and therapeutic uses of [Averrhoacarambole] have been briefly discussed MFN : 04640

Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-03-1438 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Sriramarao, P.Kori, R.Betagere, N.R.Venkatrama, G.Subha Rao, P.V. Affiliation : Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Karnataka, India Title : Kinetic studies on the rapid and slowly released Parthenium pollen allergens Imprint : Indian Journal of Aerobiology. v. 4(12): p. 38, 1991 Keywords : ALLERGY DISEASES; KINETIC STUDIES, POLLEN; POLLEN ALLERGY; GRASS POLLEN Scientific Names : PARTHENIUM HYSTEROPHORUS COMPOSITAE; Abstract : In view of the high incidence of allergic rhinitis attributable to [Parthenium hysterophorus] pollen and the rapid onset of symptoms of rhinitis in [Parthenium] sensitive patients on exposure to the pollen, the kinetics of release of [Parthenium] pollen allergens was investigated. The major pollen allergens were found to be released very rapidly when extracted in vitro. Although the extractable protein increased with time, all the soluble carbohydrate was released within 10sec of extraction. The allergic activity of the rapid (10 sec) and slowly (40 hr) released [Parthenium] pollen allergens was comparable by in vivo skin test and ELISA inhibition assay. The isoelectric focusing patterns were also identical. SDS-PAGE revealed that all the major pollen allergens (12, 31 and 52 kd protein) were eluted within 10 sec of extraction. These results support the clinical observation of a rapid onset of symptoms of allergic rhinitis in patients sensitive to [Parthenium] pollen. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 04652 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-03-1480 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Mishra, S. Affiliation : Road No.29, Flat No.4, Block No.2, Gardani Bagh, Patna 2, Bihar, India Title : Urinary calculii-diagnosis and treatment Imprint : Sachitra Ayurved. v. 45(7): p. 512-514, 1993 Keywords : URINARY CALCULII; HERBAL DRUGS Abstract : Ayurvedic description and types of urinary calculii have been described. Seven composite drugs used in Ayurveda for the treatment of urinary calculii have been discussed MFN : 04656 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-03-1488 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Sharma, S.K.Sharma, R.C. Affiliation : National Ayurved Institute, Jaipur 2 , Rajasthan, India Title : (Tonsillitis-Diagnosis and treatment) Imprint : Sachitra Ayurved. v. 45(8): p. 587-590, 1993 Keywords : GULERIN; TONSILLITIS MANAGEMENT; AYURVEDIC DRUGS, HERBAL DRUGS; SEPTILIN; BALSUDHA

Scientific Names : MYRISTICA FRAGRANS MYRISTICACEAE; CAJANUS CAJAN LEGUMINOSAE; MORUS ALBA MALVACEAE; HIBISCUS ROSA-SINENSIS MORACEAE; MORINGA SP MORINGIACEAE; Abstract : The causes, kinds symptoms and pathology of tonsillitis alongwith examination, diagnosis and treatment have been described. The use of composite plant drugs like Septilin, Gulerin, Balsudha and plants drugs like [Myristica fragrans, Cajanus cajan, Morus alba, Hibiscus rosa-sinensis] and [Moringa] sp etc. have been indicated for the treatment of tonsillitis MFN : 04657 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-03-1489 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Taly, A.Gupta, S. Affiliation : Department of Gynecology and Obster., SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India Title : Leptaden (Alarsin) in lactation Imprint : Current Medical Practice. v. 36(11): p. 285-288, 1992 Keywords : GALACTOGOUE ACTIVITY; LEPTADEN; AYURVEDIC DRUGS; HERBAL DRUGS; LACTATING ACTIVITY Scientific Names : LEPTADENIA RETICULATA EUPHORBIACEAE; BREYNIA PATENS Abstract : Leptaden is a herbal Ayurvedic drug containing two herbs viz., [Leptadenia reticulata] and [Breynia patens]. A clinical trial was done to assess the efficacy of the drug as a galactogoue in lactation. The study reveals that 41 cases (45.5 percent) out of 90 cases showed a good response, so much so, that no top feed was required for supplementation. Thirty nine cases showed (43.3 percent) fair response and 5 cases showed no response. Thus Leptaden showed a significant property as a galactogoue. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 04730 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-03-1800 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Sharma, S.K.Chawla, H.M. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology, Hauz Khas, New Delhi 110 016, India Title : Steroids and fatty acids from Erythrina variegata var. orientalis flowers Imprint : Fitoterapia. v. 64(1): p. 88, 1993 Keywords : CAPRIC ACID; DOCOSANOIC METHYL ESTER; CYCLOARTENOL; BETA-SITOSTEROL ARACHIDATE Scientific Names : ERYTHRINA VARIEGATA LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : Isolation of 3-beta-acetoxy-B-norcholest-5-ene (0.006 percent), capric acid (0.018 percent), docosanoic methyl ester (0.105 percent), 29-nor-cycloartenol (0.005 percent) and beta-sitosterolarachidate (0.007 percent) from the air dried flowers of [E.variegata] var [orientalis] is reported MFN Yr, Iss, : 04741 Abst No. : 93-03-1846

Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Yadava, R.N.Saini, V.K. Affiliation : Dr H S Gour Vishwavidayalya University of Sagar, Sagar 470 003, MP, India Title : Volatile constituents from the leaves of Ayapana (Eupatorium triplinerve, Vahl) Imprint : Bulletin of Medico Ethnobotanical Research. v. 12(3-4): p. 150-152, 1991 Keywords : ESSENTIAL OILS; AYAPANA; ELEMOL ACETATE; GERANEOL; CHAVICOL; BORNEOL; CARYOPHYLLENE Scientific Names : EUPATORIUM TRIPLINERVE COMPOSITAE; Abstract : The essential oil (0.6 percent) from the leaves of [E.triplinerve] was extracted by steam distillation. The essential oil colained myrcene (2.94 percent), mathylchavicol (3.84 percent) nerol (7.89 percent), elemol acetate (12.0 percent) geraneol 6.99 percent betapinene (6.94 percent) alpha thujene 9.33 percent. Caryophyllene 11.20 percent and alpha borneol as major constituents. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 04752 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-03-1902 Subject Group : 1400 Authors : Mandal, S.Naqvi, A.A.Thakur, R.S. Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow, UP, India Title : A gas chromatographic method for the quantitative determination of opium alkaloids from plant Imprint : Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. v. 55(1): p. 25-27, 1993 Keywords : OPIUM ALKALOIDS; ALKALOIDS; GAS CHROMATOGRAPHIC METHOD Scientific Names : PAPAVER SOMNIFERUM PAPAVERACEAE; Abstract : A simple method for the determination of important opium alkaloids directly from plant extracts without derivatization has been described. The method has been reported to be accurate, sensitive and applicable to alkaloids in opium straw MFN : 04760 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-03-1946 Subject Group : 1600 Authors : Jain, S.K. Affiliation : Deep Publications, New Delhi, India Title : Dictionary of Indian Folk-Medicine and Ethnobotany (Eng. 1991, US $ 100.00, Rs. 700.00) Keywords : FOLK MEDICINE; NEW PUBLICATIONS; ETHNOBOTANY, NEW PUBLICATIONS; FOLK MEDICINE, NEW PUBLICATIONS Abstract : It is a glossary of all ethnobotanical work done in India. The book deals with over 2500 plants giving their folk uses for medicine, food dyes, tans, mythology and other symbolic relationships, the related plant part, region of India, source of information and local names. A Glossary-cum-Index provides definitions of therapeutic, ethnobotanical and other terms, and lists of genera under 200 utility

categories. The book has exhaustive indices, and a bibliography of over 375 references MFN : 04771 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-04-1973 Subject Group : 0200 Authors : Billore, K.V.Mishra, R. Affiliation : Regional Research Institute (Ayurvedic) Madhovilas Place, Amer Road, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India Title : Important medicinal plants of Mount Abu and need for their conservation Imprint : Bulletin of Medico-Ethnobotanical Research. v. 13(1-2): p. 74-84, 1992 Keywords : MEDICINAL PLANTS, MOUNT ABU; CONSERVATION, MEDICINAL PLANTS; PHARMACEUTICAL, MEDICINAL PLANTS Abstract : An account of pharmaceutically important medicinal plants of Mount Abu have been given alongwith observations on the problem and need for their conservation. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 04783 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-04-1990 Subject Group : 0400 Authors : Singh, D.Bali, R. Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow 226016, UP, India Title : New records of coccinellid predators on aphids (Aphis affinis) and Myzus persicae) in Japanese mint(Mentha arvensis subsp. haplocalyx var. piperascens) and Egyptian henbane (Hyoscyamus muticus) Imprint : Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. v. 63(5): p. 313-314, 1993 Keywords : BIOCONTROL, APHIDS; JAPANESE MINT; EGYPTIAN HENBANE; COCCINELLID, NEW RECORD Scientific Names : MENTHA ARVENSIS LABIATAE; HYOSCYAMUS MUTICUS SOLANACEAE; Abstract : General survey for aphids and coccinellids was conducted in 5 randomly selected plots of [M.arvensis] and [H.muticus] to estimate the density of aphids and coccinellids. In [H.muticus] 52.5 greenpeach aphids 3 top leaves were found associated with 0.5 adult, 1.0 grub and 0.2 pupa of [Coccinella septempunctata] and 0.5 adult 0.7 grub and 0.4 pupa of [C.sexmaculata] peer plant. The aphid density decreased to 16.5/3 top leaves and the population of natural enemies increased to 14 times. Other species by insect predators, identified in [Mentha] were not traceable in [H.muticus] field on [M.persicae]. The possibility of using coccinellids for biocontrol of aphids on medicinal plants, where use of pesticides is limited, is indicated MFN : 04928 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-04-2542 Subject Group : 1500 Authors : Singh, V.K.Shamima Hashmi

Affiliation : Survey of Medicinal Plants Unit, Regional Research Institute of Unani Medicine, Post Box 70, Aligarh 202001, UP,India Title : An ancient Indian drug for filariasis- a review Imprint : Glimpses of Plant Research Medicinal Plants: New Vistas of Research. v. 10(Part 1):p. 1-13, 1993 Keywords : INDIAN MEDICINE; FILARIASIS; FILACID; LYMPHANGITIS; LYMPHOEDEMA Scientific Names : STREBULUS ASPER MORACEAE; Abstract : [S.asper] is reported as the new promise drug for treatment of filariasis. Clinical trials carried out during 1962-1991, involving over ten thousand filarial patients has established its efficacy in combating filariasis. The crude extract(filacid) of the stem bark has shown better results (91 percent) as against diethylcarbamazine (15 percent) in cases of lymphangitis and lymphoedema. Results of chemical analysis and in vitro studies of the drug are discussed. It is suggested that the drug (filacid) may be included in primary health care programmes particularly in Afro-Asian countries MFN : 05010 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-05-2702 Subject Group : 0600 Authors : Deokule, S.S. Affiliation : Department of Botany, TC College Baramati, Dist. Pune 413102, Maharashtra, India Title : Pharmacognostic study of leaf of Desmodium triflorum (Linn.) DC. Imprint : Biovigyanam. v. 18(1): p. 50-55, 1992 Keywords : ANATOMY; PHARMACOGNOSY; BOTANICAL IDENTIFICATION Scientific Names : DESMODIUM TRIFLORUM LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : The pharmacognostical study of leaf of [D.triflorum] was conducted with a view to help in correct botanical identification of the drug, including leaf in powdered form. Diagnostic features of leaf are described. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 05043 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-05-2780 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Sen, P.Mediratta, P.Ray, A.Puri, S. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacology, UCMS and GTB Hospital, Shahdara, Delhi 110 095, India Title : An experimental evaluation of Azadirachta indica (neem) in normal and stressed rats and adaptogenic effects Imprint : World Neem Conference. p. 81, 24th-28th Feb. 1993, Bangalore, India Keywords : ANTISTRESS ACTIVITY; ADAPTOGENIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : AZADIRACHTA INDICA MELIACEAE; Abstract : In normal rats, [A.indica] (AI) (100 mg/kg) lowered blood-glucose, total protein, albumin, and creatinine. SGOT levels were also lowered by the drug. In stressed rats, Al lowered glucose, triglyceride and levels of total protein without influencing other parameters. Al enhanced humoral-immune responsiveness (both primary and secondary) in normal rats and attenuated the stress induced suppression

of the secondary antibody response to response, as indicatd by (1) increase and (b) enhanced leucocyte migration, also modulated by Al pretreatment. In reduced the frequency and severity of changes brought in by Al are compared agent, dopamine (DA)

SRBC. The cell-mediated-immune in paw volume after SRBC challenge in prior immunized animals, was stressed rats, Al also markedly gastric mucosal lesions. The above with another potent anti-stress

MFN : 05101 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-05-2883 Subject Group : 1000 Authors : Patel, J.R.Sojitra, I.R. Affiliation : Department of Entomology, B.A.College of Agriculture, Gujarat Agricultural University, Andan Campus, Anand-388 110,Gujarat, India Title : Repelin-A plant origin insecticide for pest control on okra, Abelmoschus esculentus L. Imprint : World Neem Conference. p. 27, 24th-28th Feb.,1993, Bangalore, India Keywords : REPELIN A; INSECTICIDAL ACTIVITY; PESTICIDAL ACTIVITY; OKRA; NEEM INSECTICIDES Scientific Names : AZADIRACHTA INDICA MELIACEAE; ABELMOSCHUS ESCULENTA MALVACEAE; Abstract : [A.esculentus] is damaged by jassid [Amrascabiguttula biguttula] and shoot and fruit-boren, [Earias vittella]. [A.biguttula] has been found to have developed resistance to some common insecticides in middle Gujarat. Hence, the neem-based Repelin was evaluatd against these two pests.Three sprays of Repelin (1percent) reduced 44.64, 52.37 and 73.26 percent jassid population, shoot and fruit-damage by [E.vittella] respectively, and lead to 28 percent higher yield MFN : 05166 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-05-3100 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Badoni, A.K. Affiliation : Institute of Himalayan Studies and Regional Development, H. N. B. Garhwal University, Srinagar, UP, India Title : An ethnobotanical study of Pinswari community- A preliminary survey Imprint : Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India. v. 32(14): p. 103-115, 1990 Keywords : ETHNOBOTANY, GARHWAL Scientific Names : ACONITUM ATROX RANUNCULACEAE; ANEMONE RIVULARIS BERGENIA CILIATA SAXIFRAGACEAE; GENTIANA TUBIFLORA GENTIANACEAE; GERANIUM NEPALENSE GERANIACEAE; SAUSSUREA OBVALLATA ASTERACEAE; Abstract : Based on ethnobotanical survey (1983-1988) 108 plant species which are used as medicines, fibre yielders, in arts and crafts, and in agricultural implements are reported. Correct botanical name, family, local name, collector's name and number and detailed uses as given by local informants are given under each entry

MFN : 05186 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-05-3150 Subject Group : 1500 Authors : Peter, K.V. Affiliation : National Research Centre for Spices, Calicut 673012, Kerala, India Title : Getting back in spice trade Imprint : Indian Horticulture. v. 37(2): p. 4-7, 1992 Keywords : SPICES; TRADE; SPICES, TRADE; TRADE, SPICES Scientific Names : CURCUMA LONGA ZINGIBERACEAE; PIPER NIGRUM PIPERACEAE; ELLETARIA CARDAMOMUM Abstract : Importance of building up of gene base, introduction of high yielding and disease free plants, quicker propagation methods, biocontrol measures and use of tissue culture methods for multiple copies of 'cloves' has been emphasized MFN : 05188 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-05-3152 Subject Group : 1500 Authors : Porwal, M.K.Bhatnagar, G.S.Chaplot, P.C. Affiliation : Agricultural Research Station, Rajasthan Agricultural University, Banswara 327001, Rajasthan, India Title : Comparison of Nimin-coated urea with other sournces at graded level of nitrogen in low-land paddy Imprint : World Neem Conference. p. 70, 24th-28th Feb. 1993, Bangalore, India Keywords : NEEM COATED UREA Scientific Names : AZADIRACHTA INDICA MELIACEAE; Abstract : The neem-extract, nimin, as coating material of urea vis-a-vis neem-cake to inhibit nitrification losses was evaluated. Twelve treatments comprised the sources of coating material (neem-cake and nimin, levels of nitrogen (80, 100 and 120 kg/ha) and application times (basal, basal + tillering, basal + tillering + panicle initiation) were tried in a randomized-block design with four replications. Incresing level of nitrogen increased the grain-yield in linear fashion but higher nitrogen-use efficiency (44.6) was observed with split application of low dose of nitrogen (80 kg N/ha). Three splits of 120 kg N/ha through nimincoated urea yielded maximum (42.7 q/ha) and found on par with 100 kg N/ha but superior to 80 kg N/ha. Sources of urea-coatings did not influence the paddy-yields significantly at 100 kg N/ha MFN : 05225 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-06-3221 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Jakhar, V.Jethwani, V.Pillai, A. Affiliation : Department of Botany, University of Rajasthan, jaipur 302004, Rajasthan, India Title : A note on the effect of various growth regulators on in vitro cultures of Eugenia caryophyllta and Eucalyptus citriodora Imprint : Journal of Phytological Research. v. 4(2): p. 201203, 1991

Keywords : TISSUE CULTURE; GROWTH HORMONES Scientific Names : EUGENIA CARYOPHYLLATA MYRTACEAE; EUCALYPTUS CITRIODORA Abstract : Callus development was achieved in [E.caryophyllata] when cotyledons were placed on half strength of MS medium supplemented with 1.0 mg/1 2,4-D and also when NAA (2.0mg/1) was used in combination with various concentrations of BAP (0.5-10 mg/1). Shoot tips of [E.citriodora] were cultured on basal medium supplemented with various concentrations and combinations of growth hormones. Presence of 0.1mg/1 NAA with various concentrations of BAP (0.1-5mg/1) promoted development of shoot buds in addition to callus formation MFN : 05228 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-06-3228 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Sharief M.U.Jagadish Chandra, J.S. Affiliation : Department of PG Studies Research in Botany, University of Mysore, Manasgangotri, Mysore 570 006, Karnataka, India Title : Morphogenetic study for callus culture and plant regeneration in Vitex negundo Linn Imprint : Journal of Plant Science Research. v. 8(1-4): p. 33-36, 1992 Keywords : TISSUE CULTURE; MORPHOGENESIS; REGENERATION, PLANTS; GROWTH REGULATORS Scientific Names : VITEX NEGUNDO VERBENACEAE; Abstract : [In vitro] culture were raised from stem and leaf explants of mature plants of [V.negunod] on MS medium fortified with different concentrations and combinations of auxins and cytokinins. Successful callus induction and shoot regeneration from stem segments was achieved on MS medium containing NNA (2 mg/l)+kinetin (5 mg/l). Rapid proliferating callus was obtained from young leaf segments in the presence of 2 mg/l NNA+1 mg/l BAP. Direct multiple shoot formation was observed from the stem segments on medium containing 0.5 mg/l BAP. Profused rooting was observed in half strength M medium containing 1 mg/l each of NAA and IAA, which were subsequently transferred to hormone free medium. Only 60 percent of shoots produced roots. [In vitro] raised plantlets were successfully acclimatized in green house before establishing in soil. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 05253 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-06-3258 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Rahman, A.Ashraf, S.M. Affiliation : Department of Moalijat, Ajmal Khan Tibbia College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, UP, India Title : Clinical trial of Sandarus (Callitris quadarivalis) and Luk-E-Maqsool (Schleichera oleosa) on obesity Imprint : Proc.National Seminar on History of Unani Medicine in India, April 16-17, New Delhi, India. p. 20, 1993 Keywords : ANTIOBESTIC ACTIVITY; OBESITY CONTROL; SANDARUS; LUK-E-MAQSOOL

Scientific Names : CALLITRIS QUADRIVALIS CUPRESSACEAE; SCHLEICHERA OLEOSA SAPINDACEAE; Abstract : A clinical study on obesity was carried out on 15 obese subjects. [C.qudanivalis] and Luk-e-Maqsool [S.oleosa] in powdered form were given in a dose of 3 grams twice a day for a period of 8 weeks. Subjects under study received appox. 1200 Kcal, low fat and high fibre diet during the course of treatment. Weight loss was significant after 4 weeks. Total loss of weight was recorded as 3.50 kg. M. Idris, New Delhi MFN : 05314 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-06-3474 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Maji, B.B.Ghatak, K.L.Bhattacharyya, A.Ganguly, S.N. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, Presidency College, Calcutta 700073, West Bengal, India Title : Chemical investigation of the bark of Pieris ovalifolia D.Don Imprint : Transactions of the Bose Research Institute. v. 52(4): p. 95-96, 1989 Keywords : TRITERPENES; TARAXEROL Scientific Names : PIERIS OVALIFOLIA ERICACEAE; Abstract : [P.ovalifolia] syn [Lyonia ovalifolia] is widely used for cutaneous or skin diseases. A systemic chemical investigation of the bark of the plant was carried out through solvent extraction. The chemical constituents reported to be isolated and identified were: a triterpene and taraxerol. M.Idris, New Delhi MFN : 05324 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-06-3510 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Singh, M.P.Parveen, N.Khan, N.U.Logani, M.K. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 202002, UP, India Title : Phenolic constituents of Juniperus rigida leaves Imprint : Fitoterapia. v. 64(3): p. 279-280, 1993 Keywords : FLAVONOIDS; COUMARINS Scientific Names : JUNIPERUS RIGIDA CUPRESSACEAE; Abstract : Umbelliferone, hinokiflavone, monomethyl ethers of cupressuflavone, amentoflavone and hinokiflavone, dimethyl ethers of amentoflavone and hinokiflavone were isolated from the leaves of [J.rigida] MFN : 05329 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-06-3536 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Yadava, R.N.Singh, A. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, University of Sagar, Sagar 470 003, MP, India Title : A novel flavonone glycoside from the seeds of Crotalaria laburnifolia

Imprint : Fitoterapia. v. 64(3): p. 276, 1993 Keywords : AROMADENDRIN GLYCOSIDES Scientific Names : CROTALARIA TABURNIFOLIA LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : Aromadendrin-7-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyrenosyl (1 to 4)O-beta-D-galactopyrenoside (mp 190-191 degree C) isolated from the seeds of [C.laburnifolia] was identified by spectral analysis, chemical and enzymatic degradation, premethylation and hydrolysis MFN : 05414 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-01-0183 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Aleykutty, N.A.Srinivasan, K.K.Gundu Rao, P.Udupa, A.L.Keshavamurthy, K.R. Affiliation : College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal 576119, Karnataka, India Title : Diuretic and antilithiatic activity of Dendrophthoe falcata Imprint : Fitoterapia. v. 64(4): p. 325-331, 1993 Keywords : DIURETIC ACTIVITY; ANTILITHIATIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : DENDROPHTHOE FALCATA LORANTHACEAE; Abstract : Aqueous and alcholic extracts of [D.falcata] were tested for their antilithiatic activity and aqueous extract was tested for diuretic activity also. Significant increase in the volume of urine and excretion of Na+, K+, Cl- was recorded when aqueous extract (4g/kg p.o.) was administered to rat. Urolithiasis induced by implantation of zinc disc in the urinary bladder of rats developed magnesium ammonium phsophate stones. Ethylene glycol (1 percent) mixed in drinking water for 4 weeks caused a reduction in stone formatiion. Significant decrease in the weight of stones was observed after prophylactic or curative treatment in animals which received aqueous or alcoholic extracts of the test drug (4g/kg. p.o.) in comparison with ethylene glycol or tap water treated control groups. Alcoholic extract was found to be more effective than aqueous extract MFN : 05486 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-01-0559 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Rao, K.N.Nagaraju, N.Vedavathy, S. Affiliation : Medicinal Plant Research Lab., Department of Botany, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517502 AP, India Title : Use of medicinal plants in Chittoor District of Andhra Pradesh Imprint : Recent Advances Med.Aromat. Spice Crops, Today Tomorrow's , New Delhi, India. v. 1: p. 135-141, 1991 Keywords : TRADITIONAL MEDICINE; ANDHRA PRADESH, TRADITIONAL MEDICINE; MEDICINAL PLANTS Abstract : An ethnobotanical exploration was carried out during 1986-88 in Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh. Information on 42 plant crude drugs currently used by the tribal people and folk-lore for treating different types of ailments is reported. Drugs are classified by their use. Each drug is given its botanical name, family, part use, form of remedy and other ingredients

MFN : 05487 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-01-0562 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Shukla, D.S. Affiliation : National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow 226 001, UP, India Title : Indian medicinal plants Imprint : Sachitra Ayurved. v. 45(11): p. 803-806, 1993 Keywords : MEDICINAL PLANTS, INDIA; INDIA, MEDICINAL PLANTS Scientific Names : TERMINALIA CHEBULA TERMINALIA BELERICA EMBLICA OFFICINALIS ZINGIBER OFFICINALE PIPER LONGUM PIPER NIGRUM Abstract : Common names and medicinal uses of [Terminalia chebula, T.belerica, Emblica officinalis, Zingiber officinale, Piper longum, P.nigrum, Apium graveolens, Plumbago zeylanica, Trachispermum ammi, Hyoscyamus niger, Trigonella foenum-graecum, Acorus calamus, Cuminum cyminum, Alpinia galanga, Embelia ribes, Zanthoxylum acanthopodium, Bambusa, Glycyrrhiza glabra], and [Swertia chirata] have been described MFN : 05505 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-01-0614 Subject Group : 1500 Authors : Majumdar, A. Affiliation : B-221, Chittaranjan Park, New Delhi 110019, India Title : Forest based crude drugs and herbs and their marketing Imprint : Recent Adv.Med.Arom. Spice Crops, Today Tomorrow's Printers Publs, New delhi 5, India. v. 1: p. 249-255, 1991 Keywords : HERBAL DRUGS, MARKETING; DRUGS CRUDE, MARKETING; MARKETING, HERBAL DRUGS Abstract : Most of the medicinal plants and herbs grow in their natural state in the forest, which are collected by local population, forest contractors and State forest departments, tribal corporations, contractors etc. The collections of Tribal people are brought to the Primary Markets by the weekly village (HAAT) market goers. These crude drugs are dried, graded and properly packed in gunny bags in the Primary Markets and from here these are despatched in the Secondary Markets. All the users and pharmaceutical industries rely on secondary markets for their requirements. Crude drugs and herbs comprise some 2000 raw materials to be used in the manufacture of various pharmaceutical preparations. About 400 varieties of crude drugs and herbs are exported from India which is a traditional source of nearly three-fourth of crude drugs of the world MFN : 05516 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-02-0646 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Balyan, S.S.Ajit Singh Affiliation : Regional Research Laboratory, Jammu 180001, JK, India

Title : Effect of different levels and time of pruning in Ocimum gratissimum Linn.(var. clocimum) Imprint : Recent Advances Med. Aromat. Spice Crops Today Tomorrow's , New Delhi, India. v. 2: p. 427-430, 1992 Keywords : PRUNING, OCIMUM Scientific Names : OCIMUM GRATISSIMUM LABIATAE; Abstract : A seven year study on the effect of pruning in [O.gratissimum] var. [clocimum] revealed that yield of herbage, oil and fresh wood was economical upto 4-5 years of its plantation. Pruning done upto 10 cm from ground level resulted in highest herbage, oil and fresh wood yield upto seven years of cultivation. Maximum herbage and oil yield, was, however, recorded in 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th year from the crop pruned at the ground level or 10 cm above it. Also, a significant increase in fresh wood was obtained upto 4th year as a consequence of pruning either at ground level or 10 cm above it. The observations recorded for time of pruning suggest that the crop be pruned immediately within three days after second harvest. Delayed pruning adversely affected herbage and oil production MFN : 05517 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-02-0647 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Bhardwaj, S.D.Dinesh Kumar Affiliation : College of Forestry, Dr. Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Solan 173230, HP, India Title : Effect of sowing time on germination and growth of Bauhinia variegata L. and Robina pseudoacacia L. under Mid-hill conditions in Himachal Pradesh Imprint : Indian Journal of Tropical Biodiversity. v. 1(1): p. 118-122, 1993 Keywords : SOWING TIME, PLANT GROWTH; BIOMASS; SEED GERMINATION, SOWING TIME Scientific Names : BAUHINIA VARIEGATA LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : In [B.variegata] the maximum germination (88.7 percent), shoot length (72.86 cm) and biomass (28.88 g/plant) were observed in plant sown on 30th March, while shoot, root ratio (3.85) and collor diameter (0.65 cm) were maximum in plant sown on 10th March and root length (25.46 cm) in plant sown on 19th April. In [R.pseudoacacia] the highest germination (52.5 percent) was recorded for 19th April, while maximum shoot length (95.64 cm) and biomass (47.92 g/plant) for 20th March, root length (27.31 cm) and collor diameter (0.68 cm) for 10th March and shoot, root ratio (3.73) for 30th March sowing. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 05518 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-02-0648 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Bhati, D.S. Affiliation : All India Co-ordinated Spices Improvement Project, SKN College of Agriculture, Rajasthan Agricultural Univesity Campus, Jobner 303328, Rajasthan, India Title : Effect of stage of umbel picking and nitrogen fertilization on fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)

Imprint : Recent Advances Med. Aromat. Spice Crops Today Tomorrow's, New Delhi, India. v. 2: p. 481-485, 1992 Keywords : FERTILIZERS; NITROGEN, FERTILIZER Scientific Names : FOENICULUM VULGARE UMBELLIFERAE; Abstract : A field experiment was conducted on loamy sand soils of Jobner during winter seasons of 1985-86, 1986-87 and 1987-88. The treatments consist of three genus of umbel picking (half length seed, full length green seed and full grown seed turning yellow) and four nitrogen levels (0,30,60 and 90kg N/ha). The results revealed that maximum yield was obtained with full length green seed (12.26 q/ha), followed by full grown seed turning yellow (12.13 g/ha) and half length seed (9.30 g/ha). Whereas, umbel picking of half length seed produced bright green seed of good quality which fetched high price in the market. Application of 90kg N/ha produced maximum seed yield (13.77 q/ha) followed by 60kg N/ha (11.60 g/ha). Average net profit was also maximum with 90 kg N/ha followed by 60kg N/ha MFN : 05519 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-02-0654 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Chatterjee, S.K. Affiliation : Cinchona Other Medicinal Plants, West Bengal, Mungpoo, Darjeeling, West Bengal, India Title : Cultivation and quality improvement of medicinal plants in West Bengal Imprint : Recent Advances Med.Aromat. Spice Crops, Today Tomorrow's, New Delhi, India. v. 2: p. 397-407, 1992 Keywords : MEDICINAL PLANTS, WEST BENGAL; WEST BENGAL, MEDICINAL PLANTS Abstract : West Bengal has a unique type of geography and about 40 medicinal plants of commercial importance are cultivated. A brief account of experimentation in relation to quality improvement are discussed, e.g. effect of altitude, development phase, effect of light, NPK fertilizers mineral nutrients, physiological correlations, etc. MFN : 05585 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-02-0819 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Khare, N.V. Affiliation : Tilak Ayurveda Mahavidyalaya, Pune 411001, Maharashtra, India Title : Study of Lohasava in iron deficiency anaemia Imprint : Deerghayu International. v. IX(33): p. 24-26, 1993 Keywords : LOHASAVA; ANAEMIA TREATMENT Abstract : Lohasava, a composite herbal drug containing iron bhasma, was tried clinically in 20 patients of anaemia. Oral administration of 10 ml Lohasava after meals exhibited improvement in Hb level in 80 percent of the cases. Side effects were observed in only one patient who completed the trial. In some of the patients in whom though the Hb rise was less than 1 gm percent, there was marked clinical improvement

MFN : 05669 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-02-1183 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Khan, S.M.Chagtai, S.A.Khan, S.S. Affiliation : PG Department of Botany, Government College of Banswara, Rajasthan, India Title : Anti-carcinogenic angiosperms of Banswara (Rajasthan) Imprint : Recent Advances Med.Aromat. Spice Crops Today Tomorrows, New Delhi, India. v. 2: p. 437-440, 1992 Keywords : ANTICARINOGENIC ACTIVITY; RAJASTHAN, ANTICARCINOGENIC PLANTS Abstract : Eight two angiosperms growing in and around Banswara, which are used for the treatment of various types of tumours, have been presented. For each plant, its botanical name, common name and parts used are enumerted MFN : 05685 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-02-1226 Subject Group : 1500 Authors : Bedi, R. Affiliation : L6, Rajouri Garden, New Delhi 110027, India Title : Herbal wealth of Brazil Imprint : Sachitra Ayurved. v. 46(2): p. 139-141, 1993 Keywords : BRAZIL HERBAL WEALTH; HERBAL WEALTH; MEDICINAL PLANTS Abstract : The article is part of a continuous series of articles covered, in dictionary of Hindi, Sanskrit, English, Latin and Portugese names of medicinal plants found in Brazil. This part includes alphabetical list of medicinal plants from kababa chini to kullaka MFN : 05687 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-02-1231 Subject Group : 1500 Authors : Doreswamy, R.Jain, H.C. Affiliation : Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, Dr. Krishnan Marg, New Delhi 110060, India Title : Access to patents information on Medicinal and Aromatic plants Imprint : Inter.Conf.and Exhibit on Database, Prod. and Dist., 28 Nov.-1 Dec.93, Bangalore, 1993 Keywords : PATENTS INFORMATION; MEDICINAL PLANTS, PATENTS; AROMATIC PLANTS, PATENTS; NATURAL PRODUCTS, PATENTS Abstract : World literature on patents related to Medicinal and Aromatic Plants claimed between the period 1980-1992 have been analysed. The study was based on literature survey from various patent disseminating services and from the Medicinal and Aromatic Plants publications. The study reveals that nearly 750 plants have been patented for Medicinal and Aromatic activities for various processes by twelve countries. Japan is the major contributor of plant derived patents, followed by USA, USSR (now Commonwealth of Independent States, CIS), UK,

France, Germany, Canada and Romania. India has less than twenty-five patents. Plants related patent information for facilitating better professional search have been briefly discussed. PID, New Delhi MFN : 05705 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-03-1289 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Gupta, G.N.Choudhary, K.R.Singh, B.Mishra, A.K. Affiliation : Arid Forest Research Institute, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India Title : Neem establishment in arid zone as influenced by different techniques of rain water harvesting Imprint : Indian Forester. v. 119(11): p. 914-919, 1993 Keywords : NEEM; MOISTURE CONSERVATION Scientific Names : AZADIRACHTA INDICA MELIACEAE; Abstract : Out of eight treatment, the inner row slopes of 20 percent caused significant higher moisture conservation in the root zone which resulted in better growth of [Azadirachta indica]. The weed removal helped conserving 20 percent higher moisture than control. The practices of mulching and making saucers also improved the tree growth considerably MFN : 05706 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-03-1290 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Hege, N.G. Affiliation : BAIF Development Research Foundation, Pune 411016, Maharashtra,India Title : Neem: Silviculture and production Imprint : Neem Newsletter. v. 9(1): p. 1-4, 1992 Keywords : NEEM; PROPAGATION, NEEM Scientific Names : AZADIRACHTA INDICA MELIACEAE; Abstract : An account of neem, with special emphasis on agroclimatic needs, propagation and storgae performance of neem vis a vis some other multi purpose tree species etc. have been discussed MFN : 05726 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-03-1312 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Shylaraj, K.S.Kuriakose, K.P.Thomas, J. Affiliation : Rice Research Station, Vyttila, Kochi, 19, Kerala, India Title : Seed viability and germination of East Indian lemongrass and palmarosa Imprint : Indian Perfumer. v. 37(2): p. 209-212, 1993 Keywords : PALMAROSA; LEMONGRASS; SEED DORMANCY; SEED GERMINATION; EAST INDIAN LEMONGRASS; SEED VIABILITY Scientific Names : CYMBOPOGON MARTINII GRAMINEAE; CYMBOPOGON FLEXUOSUS GRAMINEAE; Abstract : Studies on lemongrass ([Cymbopogon flexuosus]) and palmarosa ([C.martinii]) var.[motia] showed that 90 percent of the seed germinated within a week of sowing. There is an initial partial dormancy

of 20-30 days and seeds remain viable for 5 months for lemongrass and about 4 months for palmarosa. Fluff requirements for transplanting one hectare of mainfield will be 3-4 kg for lemongrass and 4-5 kg for palmarosa. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 05736 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-03-1326 Subject Group : 0200 Authors : Radhakrishnan, V.V.Vishwanathan, T.V.Lubina, R. Affiliation : College of Horticulture, Kerala Agricultural University, Vellanikkara 680654, Kerala, India Title : Non-destructive method of leaf area determination in lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus) Imprint : Indian Perfumer. v. 36(2): p. 124-125, 1992 Keywords : NON DESTRUCTIVE METHOD; LEAF AREA MEASUREMENT Scientific Names : CYMBOPOGON FLEXUOSUS GRAMINEAE; Abstract : The leaf area is one of the characters of leaves of lemongrass which determine the oil yield and its quality. Though several methods are available for measurement of leaf area, the one by nondestructive analysis is simple, inexpensive and accurate. An experiment was conducted to study the leaf area, by non-destructive method in lemongrass ([C.flexuosus]). Six lemongrass improved cultivars OD-19, OD440, OD-442, NLG-85, RRLB-1 and NLG-84 of diverse ecological origin were used. It was concluded that the leaf area in lemongrass can be measured non-destructively by using the leaf area constant (K=0.6792) MFN : 05740 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-03-1333 Subject Group : 0300 Authors : Gowda, J.V.N.Farooqi, A.A. Affiliation : Division of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK Bangalore 560065, Karnataka, India Title : Genetics studies in open pollinated seedlings of Jasminum auriculatum Vahl. Imprint : Indian Perfumer. v. 36(3): p. 175-177, 1992 Keywords : GENETIC VARIABILITY; HERITABILITY Scientific Names : JASMINUM AURICULATUM OLEACEAE; Abstract : Studies on the variability in the open pollinated seedlings of [J.auriculatum] clones short, round, long pointed and parimullai indicated high variability with flower yield and low variability with flower yield and low variability with corolla tube length flower bud length, diameter and bud weight. The corolla tube length and flower diameter exhibited a high heritability of 90-98 percent. Genetic advance was higher for yield and flower bud weight but low with corolla tube length, flower bud diameter and bud lenght. The environmental influence was high for yield and low for other characters MFN : 05741 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-03-1334 Subject Group : 0300 Authors : Gupta, S.C.Sobti, S.N.

Affiliation : Regional Research Laboratory, Canal Raod, JammuTawi 180001, JK, India Title : RRL-1-A linalool strain of Ocimum canum Sims Imprint : Indian Perfumer. v. 37(3): p. 261-266, 1993 Keywords : LINALOOL STRAIN, OCIMUM; GENOTYPIC VARIATIONS; HERBAGEYIELD; OIL YIELD, OCIMUM Scientific Names : OCIMUM CANUM LABIATAE; Abstract : The effect of recurrent selections for improving herbage, oil yield and linalool control in [O.canum], was evaluated in a six-rowed population. Gain from selection was estimated by field testing 20 random S2 populations. Response to selection for herb yield was 2 t/ha from Co to C1 and 4t/ ha C1 to C2. Broad sense heritability and genotypic variance for herbage, oil yield and linalool content remained high in all cycles suggesting further gain from additional selection cycles. Increase in oil yield was due to increase in herbage/ha as well as oil yield/plant. Significant differences among mean values were observed for flowering. Linalool percentage increased from 45 percent in Co to 73 in C2. Increase in plant height as well as number of lateral branches was also observed MFN : 05744 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-03-1337 Subject Group : 0300 Authors : Kaushik, G.C.Singh, V.K.Yadav, S. Affiliation : Laboratory of Cytogenetics, Department of Botany, Bareilly College, Bareilly 243005, UP, India Title : Mitodepressive effects of Datura stramonium fruit extract on Allium cepa root tips Imprint : Journal of Indian Botanical Society. v. 72(1-2): p. 85-88, 1993 Keywords : MUTAGENICITY; CHROMOSOMAL ABERRATION; MITODEPRESSIVE ACTIVITY Scientific Names : DATURA STRAMONIUM SOLANACEAE; Abstract : Water extract of [D.stramonium] fruit showed a mitodepressive effect on the rate of cell-division. The effect increased with the increase in the concentration and time of exposure. The extract also showed chromosomal abnormalities MFN : 05820 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-03-1567 Subject Group : 1000 Authors : Akhtar, M.Mahmood, I. Affiliation : Agriculture Centre, Department of Botany, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 202002, UP, India Title : Effect of Mononchus aquaticus and organic amendments on Meloidogyne incognita development on chilli Imprint : Nematologia Mediterranea. v. 21(2): p. 251-252, 1993 Keywords : NEEM; CASTOR; NEMATODES; NEMATICIDAL ACTIVITY; ROOT KNOT NEMATODES Scientific Names : AZADIRACHTA INDICA MELIACEAE; RICINUS COMMUNIS EUPHORBIACEAE;

Abstract : Severity of root-knot infection was greatly reduced when chopped leaves of neem [Azadirachta indica] and castor [Ricinus communis] were incorporated into the soil. Improvement in plant growth was found to be positively correlated with the level of nematode control. IARI, New Delhi MFN : 05837 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-03-1588 Subject Group : 1000 Authors : Rao, D.R. Affiliation : Centre for Research in Medicinal Entomology (ICMR), PB No 5, Sree Satya Sai Nagar, Madurai-625003, India Title : Effect of neem, Azadirachta indica A.Juss on the mosquito fish, Gambusia affinis Imprint : Neem Newsletter. v. 9(2): p. 28-30, 1992 Keywords : PISCICIDAL ACTIVITY; NEEM CAKE Scientific Names : AZADIRACHTA INDICA MELIACEAE; Abstract : Experiment was carried out with [G. affinis], in plastic tubs. Rice seedlings were transplanted and a 6cm water column was maintained. Each tub was treated with neem cake powder at 0.05, 0.025 and 0.0125 kg/m2. It is concluded that no acute toxicity for fish was noted with neem cake powder over the dosage range tested MFN : 05838 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-03-1589 Subject Group : 1000 Authors : Sadakathulla, S.Abdul Kareem, A. Affiliation : Coconut Research Station Veppankulam 614906, TN, India Title : Neem oil preserves plaited coconut leaves Imprint : Neem Newsletter. v. 9(3): p. 39-40, 1992 Keywords : NEEM OIL; TERMITE CONTROL; PEST CONTROL Scientific Names : AZADIRACHTA INDICA MELIACEAE; Abstract : Studies were undertaken to find out the efficacy of neem oil, [Azadirachta indica], and seed extract for the preservation of the plaited coconut leaves against subterranean pest termite [Odontotermes obesus]. The experiment was conducted with 11 treatments. The result indicated that spray with copper sulphate (1percent), followed by cashew nut shell oil (80 percent) was found to be the best treatment followed by the spray with either copper sulphate (1percent) followed by neem oil (5percent) or copper sulphate (1percent) followed by neem seed kernel extract (20percent). This treatment protected the coconut leaves for more than 6 months even though the leaves were kept on a colony of termites MFN : 05840 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-03-1592 Subject Group : 1000 Authors : Senapati, B.Behera, P.K.Achary, J.C.Padhi, J. Affiliation : Department of Entomology, Orissa University of Agriculture Technology, Bhubaneswar 751003, Orissa, India

Title : Efficacy of plant product, Repelin alone and in combination with some conventional insecticides against Crocidolomia binotalis Zell. infesting Indian rape Imprint : Neem Newsletter. v. 9(1): p. 5-7, 1992 Keywords : REPELIN; INSECTICIDAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : AZADIRACHTA INDICA MELIACEAE; Abstract : A field trial was conducted at the Central Agricultural Research Station, Bhubaneswar during Rabi 1988-1989 to determine the relative efficacy of Repelin and various insecticides against [C.binotalis] infesting Indian rape. The results revealed maximum larval population reduction by acephate (96.7 percent) followed by quinalphos (93.15 percent) and endosulfan (90.50 percent) at 0.5 kg ai/ha. Repelin (0.1 percent) + acephate (0.25 kg ai/ha) also affected siginificant reduction of the larval population and was the best amongst the various treatments containing Repelin and synthetic organic insecticides. Further, there was low post treatment larval population in Repelin + acephate treatment (22.33/20 plants) as compared to that in Repelin alone (61.11/20 plants) MFN : 05849 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-03-1694 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Leela, N.K.Angadi, S.P. Affiliation : Indian Institute of Horticulture Research, Hessaraghatta, Bangalore 560029, Karnataka, India Title : Effect of post-harvest drying of herbage on yield and quality of essential oil in the Mentha sp. EX-41911 Imprint : Indian Perfumer. v. 36(4): p. 235-237, 1992 Keywords : ESSENTIAL OILS Scientific Names : MENTHA ARVENSIS LABIATAE; Abstract : An experiment was conducted to study the effect of post-harvest drying of herbage on yield and quality of essential oil in [M.arvensis]. Results indicate that by shade drying the herbage for 3 days, maximum oil yield could be obtained. In addition this treatment gives oil of good quality with highest yield of menthol and low yield of menthone MFN : 05857 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-03-1735 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Rao, K.V.Sreeramulu, K.Gunasekar, D.*Ramesh, D. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517502, AP, India Title : Two new sesquiterpene lactones from Ceiba pentandra Imprint : Journal of Natural Products. v. 56(12): p. 20412045, 1993 Keywords : SESQUITERPENES; LACTONES; NAPHTHAQUINONES; CARBOLACTONES Scientific Names : BOMBAX PENTANDRUM BOMBACACEAE; Abstract : Two new sesquiterpene lactones have been isolated from the root bark of [C.pentandra] in addition to the known compounds 8formyl-7-hydroxy-5-isopropyl-2-methoxy-3-methyl-1,4-naphthaquinone, and

7-hydroxyncadalene. The new compounds were characterized as 2,7dimethoxy-5-isopropyl-3-methyl-8,1-naphthalene carbolactone and 2hydroxy-5-isopropyl-7-methoxy-3-methyl-8,1-naphthalene carbolactone by chemical and spectroscopic studies MFN : 05859 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-03-1739 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Sharma, K.R.Kaushal, A.N. Affiliation : Department of Forest Products, College of Forestry, UHF, Nauni, Solan, MP 173230, India Title : Quality changes in oleoresin of Pinus wallichiana A.B.Jackson during storage Imprint : Indian Perfumer. v. 37(3): p. 221-228, 1993 Keywords : OLEORESIN Scientific Names : PINUS WALLICHIANA CONIFERAE; Abstract : The quality of blue pine [P.wallichiana] oleoresin was retained in refrigerated storage condition without affecting the characteristics of turpentine and rosin upto two months. It starts deteriorating under with lid and without lid, storage conditons at room temperature. With lid storage proved better over without lid storge condition. The alpha-pinene content of turpentine oil decreased with the passage of time MFN : 05860 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-03-1743 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Singh, R.B. Affiliation : Department of Organic Chemistry, Agra College, Agra 280002, UP, India Title : Structural studies of water soluble glucomannan from Nyctanthes arbor-tristis Linn. seeds Imprint : Polish Journal of Chemistry. v. 65(2-3): p. 353359, 1991 (Recd.1994) Keywords : GLUCOMANNAN Scientific Names : NYCTANTHES ARBOR-TRISTIS OLEACEAE; Abstract : Acid hydrolysis of fully methylated [N.arbortristis] seeds glucomannan produced 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-methyl-D-glucose, 2,3,6-tri-O-methyl-D-glucose, 2,3,6-tri-O-methyl-D-mannose and 2,3-di-Omethyl-D-mannose MFN : 05867 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-03-1797 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Bedi, R. Affiliation : D-28 Rajouri Garden, New Delhi-110027, India Title : Herbal wealth of Brazil Imprint : Sachitra Ayurved. v. 46(5): p. 363-366, 1993 Keywords : BRAZIL; HERBAL WEALTH, BRAZIL; MEDICINAL PLANTS, BRAZIL; BRAZIL, HERBAL WEALTH

Scientific Names : MIMOSA PUDICA MIMOSACEAE; MELIA INDICA MELIA AZEDARACH MELIACEAE; Abstract : The medicinal plants found in Brazil have been enumerated. Their Hindi, Sanskrit Latin, Portugese names along with family are also given botanical descriptions and distribution of some plants like [Melia azadarach, M.indica] and [Mimosa pudica] are also described MFN : 05934 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-04-2029 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Chattopadhyay, R.R.Sarkar, S.K.Ganguly, S.Basu, T.K. Affiliation : Biometry Research Unit, Indian Statistical Institute 203, Barackpore Trunk Road, Calcutta 700035, WB, India Title : Biochemical and toxicity studies with Azadirachta indica leaf extract Imprint : Journal of Ecobiology. v. 5(3): p. 233-235, 1993 Keywords : NEEM; SERUM CHOLESTEROL LEVEL; ANTIHYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : AZADIRACHTA INDICA MELIACEAE; Abstract : Biochemical and acute toxicity studies of water soluble part of alcoholic extract of [A.indica] (neem) leaves were conducted on rats. The leaf extract lowered serum cholesterol level significantly without altering serum protein, blood urea, and uric acid. Acute toxicity study revealed that 24h LD50 of the extract was 4.57g/kg i.p. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 05970 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-04-2264 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Khan, M.S.Y.Javed, K.Khan, I.U.Khan, M.H.Chawla, G. Affiliation : Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Jamia Hamdard, Hamdard Nagar, New Delhi 110062, India Title : Chemical investigation of fruits and leaves of Ailanthus excelsa Roxb. (Simaroubaceae) Imprint : Indian Drugs. v. 31(3): p. 125-126, 1994 Keywords : STEROL GLYCOSIDES; QUERCETIN; APIGENIN; KAEMPFEROL; LUTEOLIN; FLAVONOIDS; MAHARUKHA Scientific Names : AILANTHUS EXCELSA SIMAROUBACEAE; Abstract : From the fruits of [A.excelsa], beta-sitosterol, beta-sitosterol-3-glucoside, quercetin and 2,2',3,3',4,4'-hexahydroxydiphenyl-6,6'-diacarboxylic acid were isolated, while apigenin, kaempferol and luteolin were isolated from the leaves MFN : 05974 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-04-2302 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Misra, T.Singh, R.S.Srivastava, R.Pandey, H.S.Prasad, C.Singh, S.

Affiliation : Natural Products Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of Gorakhpur, Gorakhpur 273009, UP, India Title : A new triterpenoid from Vernonia cinerea Imprint : Planta Medica. v. 59(5): p. 458-460, 1993 Keywords : TRITERPENOIDS; ACETOXYURSENE; LUPEOL ACETATE Scientific Names : VERNONIA CINEREA COMPOSITAE; Abstract : From the roots of [V.cinerea], a new triterpenoid has been isolated and characterised as 2beta-acetoxyurs-19-ene. A further constituent has been identified as lupeol acetate. Structure elucidation has been made with help of spectral analyses MFN : 06015 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-05-2525 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Pal, S.Maiti, S.Chatterjee, B.N. Affiliation : Department of Agronomy, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Kalyani 741235, WB, India Title : Response of turmeric (Curcuma domestica Val) to varied levels of N and K application Imprint : Journal of Potassium Research. v. 9(3): p. 275-280, 1993 Keywords : FERTILIZERS; TURMERIC YIELD; LEUCAENA-TURMERIC INTERCROPPING; TURMERIC-LEUCAENA INTERCROPPING Scientific Names : CURCUMA DOMESTICA ZINGIBERACEAE; LEUCAENA LEUCOCEPHALA LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : Fertilizers application in the alley cropping turmeric [C.domestica] within 4 m apart of trees of [Leucaena leucocephala] rows for 2 years revealed that turmeric responded to N. The response to 60 Kg N as urea and urea + tree leaves in equal proporation were 16.7 and 28.0 in equal proportion were 16.7 and 28.0 Kg N/ha, respectively. The responses to 0 Kg K2O with 60kg N as urea and urea with tree leaves in equal proporation were 30.7 and 38.3 kg K20/ha, respectively. Application of N particularly, when added with tree leaves and K imporved the N and K contents in plants and soils. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 06033 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-05-2551 Subject Group : 0400 Authors : Karunakaran, P.Nair, M.C.Das, L. Affiliation : Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture, Vellayani 695 522, Kerala, India Title : Grey blight diseases of cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum Bercht Presl.) leaves Imprint : Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops. v. 2(12): p. 66-67, 1993 Keywords : CINNAMON; GREY BLIGHT; PESTALOTIOPSIS PALMARUM Scientific Names : CINNAMOMUM VERUM LAURACEAE; Abstract : A survey on diseases affecting cinnamon [C.verum] revealed the occurrence of grey blight of leaves caused by [Pestalotiopsis palmarum] in several parts of Kerala, India

MFN : 06034 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-05-2552 Subject Group : 0400 Authors : Parvathi, C.Chandrappa, H.M. Affiliation : University of Agricultural Sciences (Bangalore), Regional Research Station, Mudigere 577132, Karnataka, India Title : Preliminary screening of cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum Maton) elite clones for thrips (Sciothrips cardamomi Ramk.) damage in the field Imprint : Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops. v. 2(12): p. 81-82, 1993 Keywords : CARDAMOM; THRIPS; SCIOTHRIPS CARDAMOMI Scientific Names : ELETTARIA CARDAMOMUM ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : Seventy three elite cardamom [E.cardamomum] clones were screened for tolerance to thrips [Sciothrips cardamomi] damage under natural infestation. Three clones, viz., D-514, D-769 and Cl-754 were promising with least damage to capsules MFN : 06064 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-05-2687 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Agarwal, R.H.C.Sood, N.N.Gupta, S.K. Affiliation : Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Opthalamic Sciences, AIIMS, New Delhi-110029, India Title : Experimental evaluation of forskolin as oculophypotensive drug in rabbits Imprint : Afro-Asian Journal of Opthalamology. v. 12(3): p. 349-353, 1993 Keywords : OCULOPHYPOTENSIVE; OCULOPHYPOTENSIVE DRUGS; FORSKOLIN; DITERPENE DERV; OCULOHYPOTENSIVE ACTIVITY Scientific Names : COLEUS FORSKOHLII LAMIACEAE; Abstract : Forskolin, a diterpene derivative of the plant ([Coleus forskohlii]) that stimulates adenylate activity without interactiving with surface receptors causes increase in CAMP cyclic level and thus decreases aqueous flow. Therefore it was evaluated for its oculohypotensive effect in normotensive and after water loading tests in rabbits. The average fall in tension started after half an hour and reached the maximum around two-three hours resulting in 20 percent fall of tension. Oculohypotensive effect persisted upto seven hours. Significant fall in tension was also observed after water loading test in rabbits when drug was given one hour before the start of water loading test. There was no change in pupil size and minimumconjunctival congestion was observed in treated eyes. NSL,New Delhi MFN : 06065 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-05-2692 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Augusti, A. Affiliation : Amala Cancer Research Centre, Thirissur 680553, Kerala, India Title : Role of food in the causation and prevention of cancer

Imprint : Medical and Nutritional Research Communication. v. 1(2): p. 55-59, 1993 Keywords : CARCINOGENIC FOODS; ANTICARCINOGENIC FOODS; CANCER PREVENTING FOODS; CANCER CAUSING FOODS; VITAMINS; PROTEINS; FATS; VEGETARIAN DIETS Abstract : Epidemiological and laboratory studies indicate that animal proteins and fat lead to the development of cancer. Bovine protein can also cause lymphoma. Fibre, vitamins, sulphur compounds flavonoids terpenes and minerals like zinc, selenium, and calcium prevent the carcinogenic effects of many compounds by different mechanisms. Vegetarian have a less chance of developing cancer than the nonvegetarians. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 06067 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-05-2697 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Bishayee, A.Chatterjee, M. Affiliation : Division of Biochemistry, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Jadavpur University, Calcutta 700 032, WB, India Title : Hypolipidaemic and antiatherosclerotic effects of oral Gymnema sylvestre R.Br. leaf extract in albino rats fed on a high fat diet Imprint : Phytotherapy Research. v. 8(2): p. 118-120, 1994 Keywords : ANTIHYPERCHOLESTERAEMIC ACTIVITY; ANTIATHEROGENIC INDEX; HYPOLIPIDAEMIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : GYMNEMA SYLVESTRE ASCLEPIADACEAE; Abstract : [G.sylvestre] leaf extract (25-100mg/kg) when orally adminsitered to experimentally induced hyperlipidaemic rats for 2 weeks, reduced the elevated serum triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL)-and low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol in a dose-dependent manner. The decreased serum highdensity lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol and antiatherogenic index (AAI) in hyperlipidaemia were also reversed towards normalization. The ability of this extract (at 100mg/kg) to lower TG and TC in serum and its antiatherosclerotic potential were almost similar to that of a standard lipid lowering agent-clofibrate MFN : 06115 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-05-3141 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Oommchan, M.Masih, S.K. Affiliation : Department of Biological Sciences, Rani Durgavati University, Jabalpur 482001, MP, India Title : Ethnobotanical observations on certain plants of the tribal regions of Madhya Pradesh Imprint : Biome. v. 6(1): p. 59-64, 1993 Keywords : ETHNOMEDICINE; MEDICINAL PLANTS, MADHYA PRADESH; MADHYA PRADESH, ETHNOBOTANY Abstract : Ethnobotanical uses of 62 plants as medicinal edible and other material purposes among tribal are given. The details of

their botanical vernacular, family names and specific uses are also mentioned. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 06151 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-06-3261 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Gill, R.I.S.Gill. S.S. Affiliation : Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab, India Title : In vitro exudation of phenols in Eucalyptus Imprint : Indian Forester. v. 120(6): p. 504-509, 1994 Keywords : PHENOLS; TISSUE CULTURE Scientific Names : EUCALYPTUS TERETICORNIS MYRTACEAE; EUCALYPTUS CAMALDULENSIS Abstract : The release of phenolic compounds, during in vitro culture, causes browning of explant within a day or so, and ultimately the death occurred within 5 days of culturing. Methods for neutralization or elimination of phenols released in the media have been discussed. The best results were obtained when the explants were frequently subcultured after every 3-4 days on the same medium used for the proliferation of shoots MFN : 06162 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-06-3291 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Singhal, V.Kaushik, P.Khanna, P. Affiliation : Laboratory of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, Department of Botany, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur 302004, Rajasthan, India Title : Growth regulators effect on the yield of diosgenin in tissue culture of Saponaria vaccaria Linn Imprint : Indian Drugs. v. 31(6): p. 242-245, 1994 Keywords : DIOSGENIN; TISSUE CULTURE; GROWTH REGULATORS Scientific Names : SAPONARIA VACCARIA CARYOPHYLLACEAE; Abstract : Effect of various including naturally produced IAA and 2,4-D on growth of the tissues and yield of diosgenin in tissue culture of [S.vaccaria] has been reported. Tissues when grown on RT medium supplemented with various concentrations of IAA and 2,4-D exhibited enhancement in growth indices. Diosgenin was maximum in the tissue grown on RT medium supplemented with 5ppm of IAA (0.10percent) and the control (0.049percent). When the tissue was fed with 2,4-D diosgenin content decreased considerably in all the concentrations used MFN : 06174 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-06-3329 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Anand, R.Patnaik, G.K.Kulshreshtha, D.K.Dhawan, B.N. Affiliation : Division of Pharmacology Medicinal Chemistry, Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow 226001, UP, India

Title : Activity of certain fractions of Tribulus terrestris fruits against experimentally induced urolithiasis in rats Imprint : Indian Journal of Experimental Biology. v. 32(8): p. 548-552, 1994 Keywords : UROLITHIASIS; ANTIUROLITHIATIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : TRIBULUS TERRESTRIS ZYGOPHYLLACEAE; Abstract : An ethanolic extract of the fruits of [T.terrestris] showed significant dose dependent protection against uroliths induced by glass bead implantation in albino rats. On subsequent fractionation of the ethanol extract, maximum activity was localised in the 10 percent aqueous methanol fraction. It provided significant protection against deposition of calculogenic material around the glass bead. It also protected leucocytosis and elevation in serum urea levels. Further, fractionation lead to decreased activity. This could be either due to loss of active compounds during fractionation, or the antiurolithiatic activity of [T.terrestris] being a combined effect of several constituents present in the methanolic fraction MFN : 06177 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-06-3340 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Das, S.N. Affiliation : RD Laboratory, Indian Herbs, Saharanpur, UP, India Title : Comparative evaluation of Zycox: A herbal anticoccidial and growth promoter with chemical anticoccidial dot alone and in combination with growth promoters in broiler production Imprint : Indian Journal of Indigenous Medicines. v. 10(1): p. 41-46, 1993 Keywords : ZYCOX, HERBAL DRUG; ANTICOCCIDIAL ACTIVITY; VETERINARY DRUGS; HERBAL DRUGS Abstract : A study was conducted in broiler chicks to assess the growth promoting effect of ZYCOX in comparison with other growth promoters and chemical anticoccidials and their combinations. Five equal groups of broiler chicks having eighty five chicks in each group were taken up for the study. The performance of broilers in ZYCOX-treated group B was found to be the best in relation to body weight gain, F.C.R. and livability (100 percent). The performance of broilers of group D treated with DOT (Dinitro-O-toluamide)and Furazolidone was the poorest The study confirmed that the ZYCOX is considered to be safe with excellent growth promoting and anticoccidial activity for broiler production compared to DOT, DOT + Bacitracin and DOT + Furazolidone MFN : 06180 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-06-3368 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Jain, P.Khanna, N.K.Trehan, J.L. Affiliation : Departments of Pharmacology Therapeutics, Dr S N Medical College, Jodhpur 342 Title : Antiinflammatory effects of preparation, Brahmi rasayan, in rodents

N.Pendse, V.K.Godhwani, and Experimental 003, Rajasthan, India an Ayurvedic

Imprint : Indian Journal of Experimental Biology. v. 32(9): p. 633-636, 1994 Keywords : BRAHMI RASAYAN; ANTIINFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY; AYURVEDIC DRUGS; LAVANGA; PIPPALI; ELA; BRAHMI PATRA Scientific Names : HERPESTIS MONNIERA SCROPHULARIACEAE; EUGENIA CARYOPHYLLATA MYRTACEAE; PIPER LONGUM PIPERACEAE; ELETTARIA CARDAMOMUM ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : Brahmi Rasayan, an Ayurvedic preparation, was studied in rodents for its antiinflammatory effects at podoses ranging between 1 and 10 g/kg. The major constituents of drug are: [Herpestris monniera, Eugenia caryophyllata, Piper longum] and [Elettaria cardamomum]. The drug suppressed various experimentally induced inflammatory reactions and did not show any gastric irritation in antiinflammatory doses. It is suggested that it may partially mediate its antiinflammatory activity by interfering with the action and/or synthesis of prostaglandins and also perhaps by stabilization of the lysosomal membranes. Its antiinflammatory activity is comparable to that of indomethacin MFN : 06194 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-06-3429 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Sharma, S.Mehta, B.K.Gupta, D.N. Affiliation : Natural Products Laboratory, School of Studies in Chemistry, Vikram University, Ujjain 456 010, MP, India Title : Screening of post-coital antiimplantation activity of Michelia champaka (anthers) and Centratherum anthelminticum (seeds) Imprint : Indian Drugs. v. 31(6): p. 280-281, 1994 Keywords : ANTIIMPLANTATION ACTIVITY; ANTIFERTILITY ACTIVITY Scientific Names : MICHELIA CHAMPAKA MAGNOLIACEAE; CENTRATHERUM ANTHELMINTICUM COMPOSITAE; Abstract : Benzene extract of [M.champaka] anthers at the dose level of 1000 mg/kg/day showed moderate (76 percent) activity while ethanolic extract of [C.anthelminticum] seeds at the dose level of 165 mg/kg/day showed 50 percent activity MFN : 06282 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-01-0147 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Awasthi, A.K. Affiliation : Kanti Kunj, 568B/264, Geetapally, Alam Bagh, Lucknow 226 005, UP, India Title : (Ulcers in mouth) Imprint : Sachitra Ayurved. v. 46(12): p. 891-894, 1994 Keywords : AYURVEDIC DRUGS, MOUTH ULCERS; MOUTH ULCERS, AYURVEDIC DRUGS Abstract : Diseases of mouth described in Ayurvedic texts, reasons of the disease, their symptoms and treatment have been discussed MFN Yr, Iss, : 06287 Abst No. : 95-01-0152

Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Sharma, S.K. Affiliation : 283 Pratap Nagar, Goverdhan Ka Kuan, Murlipura, Jaipur 13, Rajasthan, India Title : (Dysmenorrhoea- Diagonosis and treatment) Imprint : Sachitra Ayurved. v. 46(10): p. 747-749, 1994 Keywords : DYSMENORRHOEA, AYURVEDIC DRUGS; AYURVEDIC DRUGS, DYSMENORRHOEA Abstract : Types and causes of dysmenorrhoea and its treatment according to Ayurvedic texts, with composite drugs, has been discussed MFN : 06292 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-01-0170 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Basu, S.P.Mandal, J.K.Mehdi, N.S. Affiliation : Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, B I T., Mesra 835 215, Bihar, India Title : Anticonvulsant effect of pongamol Imprint : 45th Indian Pharm.Cong., New Delhi, Dec.23-25, 1993 in Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. v. 56(4): p. 163, 1994 Keywords : ANTICONVULSANT ACTIVITY; KARANJ; PONGAMOL Scientific Names : PONGAMIA GLABRA LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : Anticonvulsant activity of pongamol isolated from the seeds of Karanj [P.glabra] has been reported MFN : 06293 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-01-0172 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Chhabra, S.K.*Rao, A.R. Affiliation : Cancer Biology Laboratory, School of Life Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi 110067, India Title : Transmammary modulation of xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes in liver of mouse pups by mace (Myristica fragrans Houtt.) Imprint : Journal of Ethnopharmacology. v. 42(3): p. 169-177, 1994 Keywords : MACE; LACTATION; ENZYMATIC ACTIVITY; HEPATIC ENZYMES Scientific Names : MYRISTICA FRAGRANS MYRISTICACEAE; Abstract : An aqueous suspension of mace aril of the plant [M.fragrans] at the dose levels of 0.025 or 0.1 g/animal/day was administered by oral gavage to dams from day 1 of lactation and continued daily for 14 or 21 days. Dams receiving mace treatment and their F1 pups showed significantly elevated hepatic sulfhydryl content, glutathione Stransferase and glutathione reduce activities and cytochrome b5 content. Hepatic cytochrome P450 content decreased in dams (P less than 0.05) receiving the lower mace dose for 21 days and the F1 pups (P less than 0.001), but increased in dams receiving the higher dose for both time periods (P less than 0.001) and the lower dose for 14 days (P less than 0.05). Only the 14-day-old pups of dams receiving either mace dose showed significantly elevated (P less than 0.001) levels of hepatic glutathione peroxidase

MFN : 06358 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-01-0538 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Tiwari, H.P.Misra, M. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, University of Allahabad, Allahabad 211 002, UP, India Title : Fatty acid composition and characteristics of Cassia kleinii seed oil Imprint : Journal of the Indian Chemical Society. v. 70(9): p. 781-782, 1993 Keywords : FATTY ACIDS Scientific Names : CASSIA KLEINII LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : The cleaned and dried seeds (2 kg) of [C.kleinii] were crushed and extracted exhaustively with light petroleum ether (b.p.40-60 degree) in a soxhlet apparatus yielded a yellowish oil with a faint odour, which was purified. The methyl esters were identified by coglc with authentic samples. The fatty acid profile is given, the results gave no indication of conjugation or trans-unsaturation or any other functional groups in the oil. No epoxy function could be detected in it MFN : 06397 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-02-0693 Subject Group : 0400 Authors : Eapen, S.J. Affiliation : National Research Centre for Spices, Cardamom Research Centre, Appangala, Madikeri 571 201, Karnataka, India Title : Pathogenicity of Meloidogyne incognita on small cardamom, Elettaria cardamomum Maton Imprint : Indian Journal of Nematology. v. 24(1): p. 31-37, 1994 Keywords : ROOT-KNOT NEMATODE; PATHOGENICITY; NEMATODES; CARDAMOMUM Scientific Names : ELETTARIA CARDAMOMUM ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : The relationships between a logarithmic series of five initial densities of [Meloidogyne incognita] and growth as well as yield of a susceptible accession of small cardamom ([Elettaria cardamomum]) were investigated. Maximum growth suppression and yield loss (46.1 percent) were noticed at Pi=4 nematodes/100 cm3 soil followed by Pi=0.4/100 cm3 soil. The earliest visible damage due to nematode infestation was noticed as reduction in number of tillers, observed six months after inoculation. However, stunting and narrowing of leaves were also observed at the fag end of the trial. No significant difference was observed in the final nematode densities in roots of cardamom plants of different Pi s. Damage caused at the early part of the growth phase of cardamom plants was critical to the final yield and crop stand MFN : 06455 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-02-0919 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Rathore, H.S.Varghese, J.

Affiliation : School of Studies in Zoology, Vikram University, Ujjain, MP, India Title : Protection of mice with Liv. 52, against mercuric chloride intoxication Imprint : Second International Symp. on Innovations in Pharmaceutical Sci. Technol., Ahmedabad. p. 83(PP24), 25-27th Feb. 1994 Keywords : LIV 52; HEPAPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY; LIV 52, MERCURY DETOXIFICATION; LIV 52, CHEALATING ACTIVITY; CHELATING ACTIVITY, LIV 52; MERCURY DETOXIFICATION, LIV 52 Abstract : Simultanoeus administration of Liv. 52 (0.5/day/mouse) and mercuric chloride (1 mm or 5mm for 100 or 300 days in drinking water) protected the mice from toxic effects of mercury. Liv. 52 influenced the "uptake" and excretion of Hg. Results confirmed the chelating action of this herbal drug on mercury MFN : 06456 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-02-0933 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Sharma, M.Tripathi, P.Singh, V.P.Tripathi, Y.B.* Affiliation : Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221 005, UP, India Title : Hepatoprotective and toxicological evaluation of Hepatomed, an Ayurvedic drug Imprint : Indian Journal of Experimental Biology. v. 33(1): p. 34-37, 1995 Keywords : HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY; HEPATOMED; AYURVEDIC DRUGS; CHOLERATIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : PICRORHIZA KURROA ACANTHACEAE; ECLIPTA ALBA COMPOSITAE; ADHATODA VASICA SOLANACEAE; SOLANUM NIGRUM SOLANACEAE; CICHORIUM INTYBUS SCROPHULARIACEAE; Abstract : Hepatoprotective effect of Hepatomed, an Ayurvedic drug containing water extract of 6 medicinal plants viz., [Picrorhiza kurroa, Eclipta alba, Adhatoda vasica, Solanum nigrum] and [Cichorium intybus] has been studied on cumene hydroperoxide (CHP) induced lipid peroxidation and reduced glutathione in rat liver homogenate. In vitro experiments showed significant reduction in the level of malondialdehyde (MDA) induced by 1.5 mM CHP. Glutathione content was almost maintained to normal in drug treated rats. Oral treatment of drug upto 3 ml/100g body weight for 15 days did not show any rise in serum GOT and GPT. On similar doses, significant choleratic effect was observed without any adverse histological changes after 4 days treatment. The results suggest that 'Hepatomed' is a strong hepatoprotective Ayurvedic medicine with no detectable adverse effects MFN : 06495 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-02-1142 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Nigam, S.K. Affiliation : National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow 226 001, UP, India Title : Plants as beauty aids

Imprint : National Seminar on the Use of Traditional Medicinal Plants in Skin Care, CIMAP, Lucknow. p. 6, Nov. 25-26, 1994 Keywords : CLOVE; WHEAT GERM OIL; JOJOBA; CORN FLOUR; COSMETICOLOGY; SKIN CARE; NASTURTIUM Scientific Names : EMBELICA OFFICINALIS EUPHORBIACEAE; ECLIPTA ALBA COMPOSITAE; LAWSONIA INTERMIS LYTHRACEAE; ALOE VERA LILIACEAE; JUGLANS REGIA LEGUMINOSAE; ACACIA CONCINNA HIPPOCASTANACEAE; AESCULUS INDICA SAPINDACEAE; AESCULUS PANDUAMA SANTALACEAE; SAPINDUS MUKOROSI ZINGIBERACEAE; TRIGONELLA FOENUM-GRAECUM GUTTIFERAE; SANTALUM ALBUM MALNACEAE; CURCUMA AMADA LABIATAE; CALOPHYLLUM INOPHYLLUM TROPAEOLACEAE; MATRICARIA CHAMOMILLA SIMMONDISIA CHINENSIS ROSMARINUS OFFICINALIS HIBISCUS CHINENSIS TROPAEOLACEAE; MALVA SYLVESTRIS CALENDULA OFFICINALIS TROPAEOLUM MAJUS Abstract : A large number of plants are being used in the manufacture of creams lotions and shampoos. A few names could be [Embelica officinalis, Eclipta alba, Lawsonia inermis, Aloe vera, Juglans regia, Acacia concinna, Aesculus indica, Aesculus panduama, Sapindus mukorosi, Trigonella foenum-graecum, Santalum album, Curcuma amada], wheat germ oil, [Calophyllum inophyllum, Matricaria chamomilla], jojoba ([Simmondisia chinensis]), clove, ([Rosmarinus officinalis]) and annuals like, [Hibiscus chinensis, Malva sylvestris, Calendula officinalis], nasturtium ([Tropaeolum majus], corn flour, etc. The preparation of a cosmetic which was considered to be an art/technique passed on from generation to generation, is now an established science, called cosmeticology. Importance of active principles of some of the plants commonly used, with a view to tailoring them to be more effective, an approach somewhat similar to drug development was presented MFN : 06496 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-02-1152 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Pande, C.S.Mann, S.Koul, A. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, Himachal Pradesh University, Summer Hill, Shimla 171005, HP, India Title : Chemical examination of oils from the seeds of wild plant species of Himachal Pradesh Imprint : Journal of Economic Botany Phytochemistry. v. 2(14): p. 9-11, 1991 Keywords : NON EDIBLE OILS; OLEIC ACID; LINOLEIC ACID; FATTY ACIDS; SEED OILS Scientific Names : ZEHNERIA UMBELLATA CUCURBITACEAE; MIRABILIS JALAPA NYCTAGINACEAE; PRUNUS ARMENIACA ROSACEAE; PRUNUS PADUS PYRUS PASHIA PRINSEPIA UTILIS Abstract : [Zehneria umbellata] and [Mirabilis jalapa] and four plants of the Rosaceae family viz., [Prunus armeniaca] , [Prunus padus], [Pyrus pashia] and [Prinsepia utilis] are widely distributed in Himachal Pradesh. The fatty oil of seeds of these plants were analysed for their physico-chemical characteristics and fatty acids composition. The oil from [M.jalapa] was found to contain 53.5 percent of oleic acid which was followed by [Z.umbellata] (46.9 percent) [P.armeniaca] (42.5 percent and [P.utilis] (27.8). High percentages of linoleic acid were presented in [P.pashia] (72.2 percent) [Z.umbellata] (32.3 percent) and [P.utillis] (30.5 percent)

MFN : 06544 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-02-1281 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Upadhye, A.S.Vartak, V.D.Kumbhojkar, M.S. Affiliation : Botany Group, Division of Plant Sciences, Agharkar Research Institute, Pune 411004, Maharashtra, India Title : Ethno-medico-botanicoal studies in western Maharashtra, India Imprint : Ethnobotany. v. 6(12): p. 25-31, 1994 Keywords : ETHNOMEDICINE, MAHARASHTRA Scientific Names : BARLERIA PRIONITIS ACANTHACEAE; COCCINIA ARBOREA CUCURBITACEAE; POGOSTEMON PARVIFLORUS LAMIACEAE; EVOLVULUS ALSINOIDES CONVOLVULACEAE; Abstract : Ethnomedical uses of fifty two plant species used by the five tribals of the area have been enumerated. The plants used for different ailments are listed MFN : 06587 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-03-1404 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Sankaran, P.G.Joseph, T.Kuruvilla, K.M.Madhusoodanan, K.J. Affiliation : Indian Cardamom Research Intitute, Myladumpara, Kailasanadu 685 553, Kerala, India Title : Pre-harvest forecasting of yield in small cardamom Imprint : PLACROSYM XI, Calicut. p. 88, 30 Nov.-3 DEc. 1994 Keywords : CARDAMOM; SMALL CARDAMOM; CARDAMOM, PREHARVEST FORECASTING; PREHARVEST FORCASTING, CARDAMOM Scientific Names : ELETTARIA CARDAMOMUM ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : A study was undertaken to develop a model for forecasting yield in cardamom ([Elettaria cardamomum]) plantations. The analysis of data on six parameters viz., number of tillers, number of leaves per tiller, number of bearing tillers, number of panicles, panicle length and number of racemes per panicle, indicated that the yield can be estimated with around 70 percent accuracy during the first stage (MayJune). With the additional data on number of capsules per panicle during the second stage (August-September), the yield can be estimated with around 77 percent accuracy. The correlation between yield and individual characters were worked out and insignificant factors were estimated in successive steps of regression. The efficacy of truncated model for forecasting yield without significant loss of accuracy compared to the model incorporating all variables has been reported MFN : 06588 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-03-1405 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Satheesan, K.V.Varadan, K.M. Affiliation : Centre for Water Resources Development and Management, Calicut 673571, Kerala, India

Title : Effect of sprinkler irrigation and microclimate on crop growth response and yield of cardamom Imprint : PLACROSYM XI, Calicut. p. 14, 30 Nov.-3 Dec., 1994 Keywords : CARDAMOM; IRRIGATION; CARDAMOM, IRRIGATION; IRRIGATION, CARDAMOM Scientific Names : ELETTARIA CARDAMOMUM ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : The effect of sprinkler irrigation and microclimate on crop growth response and yield of 3 year old cardamom [Elettaria cardamomum] plantation at Wynad, Kerala was studied. Three irrigation treatments viz., 2.5,3.5 and 4.5 mm/day were imposed during summer months from the second year of planting. Growth, yield components and microclimatic and physiological variables were recorded during the third year. Maximum transpiration rate was between 10 and 11 a.m. which was higher for all the irrigation treatments than those for unirrigated plots. Stomatal resistance decreased with increasing photosynthetically active radiation incident above the crop canopy and increased when vapour pressure deficit inside the plantation increased. The stomatal response and maximum transpiration rate recorded for the plots receiving higher rate of irrigation (4.5mm/day) lower as compared to other irrigation treatments. This has been attributed to lower solar energy input in these plots especially during morning hours caused by increased canopy growth of shade trees adjacent to these plots. The various growth components were studied and yield were also lower for the plots irrigated @ 4.5 mm/day stressing the importance of shade regultion in cardamom plantations MFN : 06612 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-03-1438 Subject Group : 0400 Authors : Vijayan, A.K.Thomas, J. Affiliation : Indian Cardamom Research Institute, Myladumpara, Kailasanadu 685 553, Kerala, India Title : Vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal associations in improved cultivars of cardamom Imprint : PLACROSYM XI, Calicut. p. 8, 30 Nov.-3 Dec. 1994 Keywords : CARDAMOM; VESICULAR ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAE; VAM Scientific Names : ELETTARIA CARDAMOMUM ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : The occurrence of natural vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizae (VAM) in improved cultivars of cardamom ([Elettaria cardamomum]) grown in three different localities was studied. The extent of root colonization and morphology of VAM were also studied. Root colonisation by VAM was highest in the selection ICRI-I. Spores of [Glomus] sp. and [Gigaspora] sp. occurred in rhizosphere soils of cardamom. Among the three locations, the environment prevalent at Kadamakuzhi favoured root colonization by VAM. Specificity in colonization of VAM with respect to cardamom selections and microclimatic locations has been indicated MFN : 06646 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-03-1537 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Grandhi, A.Mujumdar, A.M.Patwardhan, B.

Affiliation : Indian Drugs Research Association, Pune 411005, India Title : A comparative pharmacological investigation of Ashwagandha and ginseng Imprint : Journal of Ethnopharmacology. v. 44(3): p. 131-135, 1994 Keywords : ANTISTRESS ACTIVITY; ANABOLIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : WITHANIA SOMNIFERA SOLANACEAE; PANAX GINSENG ARALIACEAE; Abstract : The aqueous suspensions of roots of an Indian drug Ashwagandha [Withania somnifera] and the Korean drug Ginseng [Panax ginseng] were tested comparatively for anti-stress activity by the 'mice swimming endurance test' and anabolic activity by noting gain in body weights and levator ani muscle in rats. A significant increase in mice swimming time was shown by ginseng (P0.001) and Ashwagandha (P0.01) as compared to the control group. Increase in body weights in the Ashwagandha treated group (P0.05) was better than ginseng (P0.5). Gain in wet weights of the levator ani muscle were also significant in ginseng (P0.001) and Ashwagandha (P0.01) treated groups, however, the weight gain of dried levator ani muscles showed comparable results for both these drugs (P0.01) MFN : 06679 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-03-1723 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Hosamani, K.M. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, Janata Shikshana Smiti's (J.S.S.) College, Vidyagiri, Dharwad 580,004, India Title : Ricinoleic acid cyclopropene acids in Trichodesma zeylanicum seed oil Imprint : Phytochemistry. v. 37(6): p. 1621-1624, 1994 Keywords : SEED OILS; FATTY ACIDS; RICINOLEIC ACID; CYCLOPROPENE; FATTY ACIDS Scientific Names : TRICHODESMA ZEYLANICUM BORAGINACEAE; Abstract : The occurrence of unusual fatty acids, like 12hydroxyoctadec-cis-9-enoic acid (ricinoleic acid, 22.0 percent), 7-(2octacyclopropen-1-yl)heptanoic acid (malvalic acid, 8.2 percent) and 8(2-octacyclopropen-1-yl)octanoic acid (sterculic acid , 7.8percent) along with the other normal fatty acids was detected in [T.zeylanicum] seed oil. The fatty acids were characterized by IR, 1H NMR, mass spectrometry, and chemical degradations MFN : 06695 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-03-1878 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Bhatt, V.P. Affiliation : Herbal Research Development Institute (U), Gopeshwar (Chamoli) 246401, UP, India Title : Ethnomedicine of the pilgrims at Badrinath, the holy Himalayan shrine of Hindus Imprint : Fourth Internat. Cong. Ethnobiol., NBRI, Lucknow. p. 144, 17-21 Nov. 1994

Keywords : ETHNOMEDICINE, BADRINATH; BADRINATH, ETHNOMEDICINE Abstract : The herbs and minerals sold by traditional herbvendors have been studied. Mostly these commodities are for common high altitude and cold clilmate diseases such as: cough, cold, fever, bronchitis, nausea, diarrhoea, allergy, skin and eye allergy, sprains, cuts, wounds, boils, etc., and as general tonic. The important herbs identified are: [Aconitum] spp., [Angellica glauca], [Nardostachys grandiflora, Picrorrhiza kurrooa, Rheum spp, Selinum spp., Thalictrum sp.] and the mineral compound shilajeet MFN : 06696 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-03-1879 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Billore, K.V. Affiliation : Department of Botany, Chitrakoot Gramoday Vishwavidyalaya, Chitrakoot-210204, MP, India Title : A glimpse of medico-ethnobotany of Pachmarhi (M.P.) India Imprint : Fourth Internat. Cong. Ethnobiol., NBRI, Lucknow. p. 78, 17-21 Nov.1994 Keywords : ETHNOMEDICINE, PACHMARI; PACHMARI, ETHNOMEDICINE Abstract : The topography, rich vegetation and the tribal inhabitants i.e the Gonds/Mawasis offer an ideal location for ethnobotanical studies of the area. An account of medico-ethonobotany of Pachmarhi area, together with some selected, hitherto unrecorded/less known, fifteen medicinal lores being practised by the tribals of the area, recorded during field studies have been presented MFN : 06719 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-03-1917 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Manilal, K.S. Affiliation : Calicut University, Calicut-673635, Kerala, India Title : Athirathra Soma Yaga or Agni: An ethnobotanical analysis Imprint : Fourth Internat. Cong. Ethnobiol., NBRI,Lucknow, 17-21 Nov. 1994 Keywords : ETHNOBOTANY, KERALA; ATHIRATHRA YAGA; SOMA, ATHIRATHRA Abstract : Athirathra Soma Yaga or Agni is one of the seven versions of Soma Yaga and is the most difficult and expensive yagas performed in Kerala. Seven specific plants/ plant parts are used for the ritualistic preparation of the drink-Soma Rasa. A host of other plants are also needed for various purposes connected with this, many of which are rare and uncommon. All the plants used for the Athirathra Soma Yaga, which has a 300 year old tradition,are collected, identified according to the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature and recorded during the yaga performed in Kerala in 1990 MFN Yr, Iss, : 06755 Abst No. : 95-03-1958

Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Sinha, B.K. Affiliation : Botanical Survey of India, Andaman Nicobar Circle, Port Blair 744 102 Title : Traditional medicinal plants among the tribals of Madhya Pradesh against jaundice, malarial fever, diabetes and intestinal worms Imprint : Fourth Internat.Cong.Ethnobiol., NBRI, Lucknow. p. 262, 17-21 Nov. 1994 Keywords : MEDICINAL PLANTS, MADHYA PRADESH; JAUNDICE; ETHNOMEDICAL USES; TRADITIONAL MEDICINE Abstract : The present paper deals with the ethnobotanical uses of 28 medicinal plants. Out of which 10 are used against intestinal worms, 10 in jaundice, 5 species in malarial fever and 4 species in diabetes. The medicinal plants are arranged alphabetically according to their botanical name, followed by the family name, distribution, locality, local name, habit, brief botanical description etc. The season of flowering and fruting periods, and folk claims are also given MFN : 06772 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-03-1984 Subject Group : 1400 Authors : Garg, S.Talwar, G.P.Upadhyay, S.N. Affiliation : National Institute of Immunology, Aruna Asaf Ali Road, New Delhi 110067, India Title : Comparison of extraction procedures on the immunocontraceptive activity of neem seed extracts Imprint : Journal of Ethnopharmacology. v. 44(2): p. 87-92, 1994 Keywords : IMMUNOCONTRACEPTIVE ACTIVITY; ANTIFERTILITY; NEEM SEEDS, EXTRACTION PROCEDURE Scientific Names : AZADIRACHTA INDICA MELIACEAE; Abstract : [Azadirachta indica] (neem) seed extracts are known to activate the local cell-mediated immune reactions after a single intrauterine administration, leading to a long term reversible block of fertility. In order to identify and characterize the active fraction responsible for this activity, neem seeds were extracted by both mechanical expression and solvent extraction using a range of polar to non-polar solvents which yielded 3 broad fractions. The mechanically expressed oil was fractionated using different approaches and studied for antifertility activity. The hexane extract and a corresponding column fraction showed potent and reproducible antifertility activity. Other fractions were less stable with regard to reproducibility of effects and composition. It is concluded that for subsequent fractionation to reach the last active fraction, the hexane extract is the most useful starting material MFN : 06790 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-03-2033 Subject Group : 1500 Authors : Samant, S.S.Dhar, U.Rawal, R.S.

Affiliation : G.B. Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development, Kosi-Katarmal, Almora 263643, UP, India Title : Natural resource use of the natives within Nanda Devi biosphere reserve in Western Himalaya Imprint : Fourth Internat.Cong.Ethnobiol., NBRI, Lucknow. p. 146, 17-21 Nov., 1994 Keywords : NANDA DEVI, ETHNOMEDICINE; ETHNOMEDICINE, NANDA DEVI; CONSERVATION, NANDA DEVI BIOSPHERE Abstract : The inhabitants of the area have been collecting and using all types of economic plants such as the ones used as fodder, fuel, food, medicine. Such activities have resulted in rapid decrease in availability of various resources. Of the identified useful 129 species, 74 are used as food (edible), 25 medicinal, 25 fuel, 11 agricultural tools, and rest for various other purposes. Those identified were analysed for their rarity. Aspects of conservation, management of the resources are discussed MFN : 06827 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-04-2094 Subject Group : 0400 Authors : Sagar, P. Affiliation : Department of Entomology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana-141004, Punjab, India Title : Efficacy of insecticides against the aphid Aphis gossypii Glover of isabgol, Plantago ovata Forsk in Punjab Imprint : Indian Journal of Entomology. v. 54(): p. 399-401, 1992; Recd. 1994 Keywords : PEST CONTROL; ISABGOL Scientific Names : PLANTAGO OVATA PLANTAGINACEAE; Abstract : Eight insecticides were tested each at 0.05 percent concentration against [A.gosspii] infesting [P.ovata]. The most effective was fenthion, which had reduced aphid population by 98 percent one day after spraying and by 100 percent after seven days. Oxydemeton-methyl chlorpyriphos, dimethoate, malathion and monocrotophos also wiped out the aphid population after 7 days. Formothion and phosphamidon were found to be less effective. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 06828 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-04-2095 Subject Group : 0500 Affiliation : Department of Pharmaceutics, Prin. K.M. Kundanani College of Pharmacy, Dr. R.G. Thadani Marg, Worli Sea Face, Bombay 400 018, Maharashtra, India Title : Characterisation of soyabean lecithin liposomes containing piroxicam Imprint : International Seminar on Recent Trends in Pharmaceutical Sciences Ootacamund. Abstr. No. D21, 18-20th February 1995 Keywords : SOYBEAN; LECITHINS; DIPOSOMES Scientific Names : GLYCINE MAX LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : Soybean lecithin was purified and analysed by HPTLC. The vesicles with and without the drug were prepared by "dry lipid film" method. They were further characterised by their IR spectra, DSC

scans and 31P-NMR spectra. The results have been employed to confirm the bilayer structure formation in liposomes. Effect of bivalent cations like Mn++ on the stability of lipid bilayer was studied. Transmission Electron monographs were recorded to establish the liposome structure MFN : 06831 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-04-2121 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Khan, B.A.Abraham, A.Leelamma, S. Affiliation : Department of Biochemistry, University of Kerala, Kariavattom, Trivandrum 695-581, Kerala, India Title : Hypoglycemic action of Murraya koenigii (curry leaf) and Brassica juncea (mustard): Mechanism of action Imprint : Indian Journal of Biochemistry Biophysics. v. 32(2): p.106-108, 1995 Keywords : MUSTARD; CURRY LEAF; HYPOGLYCEMIC ACTION; GLYCOGEN SYNTHETASE; GLUCONEOGENESIS; GLYCOGEN PHOSPHORYLASE Scientific Names : BRASSICA JUNCEA CRUCIFERAE; MURRAYA KOENIGII Abstract : Effect of [M.koenigii] and [B. juncea] on carbohydrate metabolism has been studied using rats as experimental animals. Both showed significant hypoglycemic action. There was increase in the concentration of hepatic glycogen and glycogenesis, as evident from the increased activity of glycogen synthetase, and decrease in glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis as evident from the decreased activity of glycogen phosphorylase and gluconeogenic enzymes MFN : 06834 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-04-2129 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Malathy, S.Pai, J.S. Affiliation : Food Fermentation Tech.Div., Department of Chemical Technology, University of Bombay, Matunga, Bombay, Maharashtra, India Title : Studies in tissue culture of Hemidesmus indicus Imprint : International Seminar on Recent Trends in Pharmaceutical Sciences, Ootacamund. Abstr. No. A44, 18-20th February, 1995 Keywords : CALLUS CULTURE; TISSUE CULTURE; TANNINS; SALICYL ALDEHYDE Scientific Names : HEMIDESMUS INDICUS ASCLEPIADACEAE; Abstract : Callus cultures of[H.indicus] were established from leaf and stem explants on MUrashige and Skoog's medium supplemented with auxins and cytokinins. Callus was extracted with petroleum ether in a soxhlet extractor and compared to a similar extract of roots of the plants using TLC. Callus was found to contain paramethoxy salicyl aldehyde, beta sitosterol and tannins MFN : 06835 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-04-2130 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Mishra, R.

Affiliation : School of Environmental Sciences, JNU, New Delhi 110067, India Title : Biochemical effects of SO2 on one year old saplings of Terminalia bellirica Imprint : Bio-Science Research Bulletin. v. 9(1-2): p. 77-82, 1993 Keywords : BIOINDICATORS; SO2 POLLUTION; CAROTENOIDS; ASCORBIC ACID Scientific Names : TERMINALIA BELLIRICA COMBRETACEAE; Abstract : The saplings of [T.bellirica] were fumigated with 0.2 and 0.5 ppm of SO2 for 2 hrs daily for 60 days. The biochemical effect was evaluated in terms of content of chlorophyll carotenoids, ascorbic acid content and glutathione. A marked decrease in chlorophyll, carotenoids and ascorbic acid content was observed in SO2 treated plants in comparison to control. But elevated level of total glutathione was found in SO2 treated saplings. Increased GSH concentration in plants may therefore be a reliable bioindicator of prevalent SO2 pollution. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 06836 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-04-2135 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Nambisan, B.Sundaresan, S. Affiliation : Division of Physiology Biochemistry, Central Tuber Crops Research Institute, Sreekariyam, Trivandrum 695017, Kerala, India Title : Distribution of linamarin and its metabolising enzymes in Cassava tissues Imprint : Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. v. 66(4): p. 503-507, 1994 Keywords : CASSAVA; LINAMARIN; METABOLISING ENZYMES; LINAMARASE; RHODANASE; SYNTHASE; CYANOALANINE Scientific Names : MANIHOT ESCULENTA EUPHORBIACEAE; Abstract : The levels of the cyanoglucoside linamarin and the activity of its major metabolising enzymes (linamarase, rhodanase and beta-cyanoalanine synthase) were studied in various tissues of the Cassava plant. Leaf, stem and rind tissues contained very high levels of both linamarin and linamarase while lower levels were observed in edible tuber. Rhodanese activity was detected only in leaf tissue. High activity of beta-cyanoalanine synthase in all tissues indicated that the major pathway of cyanoglucoside turnover in cassava was by conversion to asparagine MFN : 06839 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-04-2146 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Saheeda Begum, K.Narmatha Bai, V. Affiliation : Department of Botany, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore 641046, TN, India Title : Tissue culture studies of Crotalaria retusa Linn. Imprint : International Seminar on Recent Trends in Pharmaceutical Sciences, Ootacamund. Abstr. No. A33, 18-20th February, 1995

Keywords : TISSUE CULTURE Scientific Names : CROTALARIA RETUSA LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : [C.retusa] is an important medicinal plant used in indigenous system of medicine in the diseases on impetigo and scabies. Callus was induced from the root and shoot apical region of the intact seedling raised on MS medium supplemented with 2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid (2mg/l). Numerous shoot buds developed on the root calli and callused shoot apex within 4-6 weeks. The shoot buds were subcultured on MS medium with benzyl amino purine (3mg/l). The shoots developed within a week with well differentiated leaves. About 25-40 shoots were produced per seedling MFN : 06840 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-04-2147 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Saily, A.Sahu, R.Gupta, B.Sondhi, S.M. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, University of Roorkee, Roorkee 247667, UP, India Title : Analysis for mineral elements of medicinal plants used for the treatment of asthma, syphilis, diarrhoea, skin diseases and rheumatism Imprint : Hamdard Medicus. v. 37(4): p. 18-22, 1994 Keywords : MINERAL ELEMENTS; MEDICINAL PLANTS, MINERAL ELEMENTS Scientific Names : AGANOSMA DICHOTOMA APOCYNACEAE; FERULA FOETIDA UMBELLIFEREAE; CITRULLUS COLOCYNTHIS CUCURBITACEAE; DESMOTRICHUM FIMBRIATUM ORCHIDACEAE; TINOSPORA CORDIFOLIA MENISPERMACEAE; TYLOPHORA INDICA ASCLEPIADACEAE; VETIVERIA ZIZANOIDES GRAMINEAE; CLERODENDRUM SERRATUM VERBENACEAE; MALLOTUS PHILIPPINENSIS EUPHORBIACEAE; ECLIPTA ALBA COMPOSITAE; COMMIPHORA MUKUL BURSERACEAE; GLORIOSA SUPERBA LILIACEAE; Abstract : Analysis of twenty medicinal plants i.e. [Aganosma dichotoma, Ferula foetida, Citrullus colocynthis, Desmotrichum fimbriatum, Tinospora cordifolia, Tylophora indica, Vetiveria zizanoides, Clerodendron serratum, Mallotus philippinensis, Eclipta alba, Celastrus paniculata, Chloroxylon swietenia, Commiphora mukul, Viola odorata, Santaloides minus, Onosma bracteatum, Plumbago indica, Madhuca longifolia, Tephrosia purpurea] and [Gloriosa superba] for their mineral elements i.e. Na, Mg, Al, K, Ca, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Mo, Ag, Cd, Sr and Ce was carried out, using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer, Inductively Coupled Plasma and Flame Photometer. Mineral elements Na, Mg, K, Ca, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Zn were found to be common in all the medicinal plants analyzed MFN : 06841 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-04-2149 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Sharma, N.Qadry, J.S.Subramaniam, B.Radhamani, J. Affiliation : College of Pharmacy, Pushp Vihar, Sector 3, New Delhi, India Title : Callusing regeneration from Giliricida sepium of aerial parts analysis of larvicidal activity in callus cultures of sepium

Imprint : International Seminar on Recent Trends in Pharmaceutical Science, Ootacamund. Abstr. No. A47, 18-20th February, 1995 Keywords : LARVICIDAL ACTIVITY; CALLUS CULTURE; BOTANICAL PESTICIDES Scientific Names : GILIRICIDA SEPIUM LEGUMINACEAE; Abstract : The effective medium for induction of callus was MS medium supplemented with 2,4-D(0.5 m/l)+BAP(1mg/1)+ deprotenised coconut milk (100 ml/l), using cotyledonary tissues. The regeneration of full plantlets could not be achieved but a well developed root system as established onto MS+NAA (0.1 mg/1)+BAP(0.1 mg/1)+ NaH2PO4 (0.17 g/l). The callus was also used to study the larvicidal activity on the larvae of three mosquito species i.e [Anopheles stephansi], [Aedes aegypti] and [Culex quinquefasciatus]. The ethanolic extract of the callus was found to be ineffective in killing the mosquito larvae. This indicated that toxic constituents are perhaps formed under stress conditions MFN : 06842 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-04-2150 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Sharma, P.C.Yelne, M.B. Affiliation : Jawaharlal Nehru Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants Garden and Herbarium, Kothrud, Pune-411029, Maharashtra, India Title : Observations on in-vitro propagation of Sariva (Hemidesmus indicus R.Br.) Imprint : Seminar on Research in Ayurveda and Siddha, New Delhi, 20-22 March, 1995 Keywords : TISSUE CULTURE; SARITA Scientific Names : HEMIDESMUS INDICUS ASCLEPIADACEAE; Abstract : Sarita [Hemidesmus indicus] is an important Ayurvedic plant, facing much depletion in Nature. Due to its scarcity at least three other plants species, viz., [Cryptolepis buchanani, Decalepis hamiltonii]and[Ichnocarpus frutescens]are being exploited and generally their stem pieces are being sold as substitute of Sariva moola (root). Trials to propagate [Hemisdesmus indicus] through tissue culture, using nodal segment of the stem as explant in MS medium supplemented with various growth regulators in different concentrations was used. Callusing, shooting and multiple shooting were observed on MS medium, supplemented with NAA+IAA, BAP, BAP+IAA respectively. The shoots, when transferred to Wight's medium developed roots forming complete plantlets MFN : 06843 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-04-2153 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Sondhi, S.M.Agarwal, N. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, University of Roorkee, Roorkee 247677, UP, India Title : Determination of mineral elements in medicinal plants used for the cure of bronchitis, kidney and bladder disorder, skin diseases and gonorrhoea etc Imprint : Hamdard Medicus. v. 38(1): p. 24-29, 1995

Keywords : MEDICINAL PLANTS; MINERAL ELEMENTS; MEDICINAL PLANTS, MINERAL ELEMENTS; MINERAL ELEMENTS, MEDICINAL PLANTS Scientific Names : ARGENONE MEXICANA PAPAVERACEAE; CASSIA ANGUSTIFOLIA LEGUMINOSAE; HOLARRHENA ANTIDYSENTERICA APOCYNACEAE; TYLOPHORA INDICA ASCLEPIADACEAE; VITIS VINIFERA VITACEAE; Abstract : Determination of mineral elements in thirty-two medicinal plants i.e.[Abroma augusta, Abutilon hirtum, Alocasia indica, Argemone mexicana] (Root), Argemone mexicana (Seeds), [Asteracantha longifolia, Barleria prionitis, Barringtonia racemosa, Berberis aristata, Caesalpinia crista, Cassia angustifolia, Centratherum anthelminticum, Cissampelos pareira, Crataeva nurvala, Didymocarpus pedicellata, Embelia ribes, Ficus carica, Hedychium spicatum, Heliotropium strigosum, Holarrhena antidysenterica, Ichnocarpus frutescens, Justicia gendarussa, Lagenandra toxicaria, Mimusops elengi, Orchis mascula, Pedalium murex, Randia dumetorum, Sphaeranthus indicus, Teramnus labialis, Tylophora indica, Verbascum thapsus] and [Vitis vinifera] was carried out. Concentrations of Na,K,Cu,Ni,Mn,Co,Zn,Cd,Fe,Pb,Mg,Cr,Ca,Hg,Al,Ag,Sr,Mo and V were determined by using Flame photometer, Atomic Absorption Spectrometer and Inductively Coupled Plasma respectively. Mineral elements Mn, Mg,Zn,Ca,Fe,Ni,Cr,Na,K,Al and Sr were found to be present in all the thirty-two medicinal plants MFN : 06940 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-04-2323 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Mathew, S.M.Rao, S.B.Nair, G.R.Nair, C.R.S. Affiliation : College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Medical College, Trivandrum, Kerala, India Title : Anti-ulcer activity of amla extract Imprint : International Seminar on Recent Trends in Pharmaceutical Sciences, Ootacamund. Abstr. No. A7, 18-20th Feburary, 1995 Keywords : ANTIULCER ACTIVITY; AMLA; ATPASE INHIBITORY ACTIVITY Scientific Names : EMBLICA OFFICINALIS EUPHORBIACEAE; Abstract : The crude methaolic extract of amla [Emblica officinalis] was subjected to fractionation using acetone and ethyl acetate (EtAc). Of these the EtAc fraction showed anti-ulcer and antisecretory activity in a dose of 50 mg/kg body wt. The EtAc fraction, when subjected to thin lyer chromatography showed 5 spots. After column chromatography of the same, 3 compounds were isolated and purified. Studies on anti-ulcer activity of these compounds and EtAc fraction were conducted using albino rats. Ulcers after drug induction and pylorus ligation were effectively controlled and healed by these 3 compounds and the EtAc fraction at 10mg and 50 mg/kg body wt respectively. The EtAc extract showed anti-secretory activity too. They all showed H+K+ ATphase inhibitory activity MFN : 06942 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-04-2336 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Padma, P.NarwariahKhosa, R.L

Affiliation : Department of Pharmaceutics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, UP, India Title : Plant drugs as possible antifertility agents Imprint : International Seminar on Recent Trends in Pharmaceutical Sciences, Ootacamund. Abstr. No. A16, 18-20th February 1995 Keywords : ANTIFERTILITY ACTIVITY; ANTIIMPLANTATION ACTIVITY Scientific Names : ARTEMISIA VULGARIS ASTERACEAE; MOLLUGO STRICTA FICOIDACEAE; Abstract : The effect of the alcoholic extract of the defatted plants, [Mollugo stricta] (whole plant) and [Artemisia vulgaris] (aerial parts), on estrous cycle of female albino rats, observed for a period of 21 days, was studied. The plant extracts induced an irregular estrous cycle with random disappearance of oestrous phase and increase in the number of metaestrous phases within the main estrous cycle which suggests its antifertility effect. Their anti-implantation activities were observed at 60 and 80 percent without showing any gross malformation in the pups delivered possibly due to their nontoxic nature even at the high dose of 3 gm per kg per oral route. MFN : 06943 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-04-2337 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Panchbhai, N.D. Affiliation : C/97 Kotyark Nagar Society Vibhog-4, Ndesar Municipal School Behind Ajwa Road, Water Tank Baroda 390019, Gujarat, India Title : Use of herbal remedies in cattle management Imprint : Deerghayu International. v. 10(No.3, Issue No. 39): p. 7-10, 1994 Keywords : MEDICINAL PLANTS, VETERINARY DRUGS; VETERINARY DRUGS, HERBAL; HERBAL DRUGS, VETERINARY Abstract : Chemical constituents and medicinal uses of some plants used in veterinary medicine viz., [Pimpinlla anisum, Coriandrum sativum, Piper nigrum, Cuminum cyminuna, Ammomum aromaticum, Acorus calamus, Eugenia, Trigonella foenum-graecum, Curcuma longa, Ferula spp, Lepidium sativum, Withania somnifera, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Piper longum] and [Asparagus] have been discussed MFN : 06975 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-04-2409 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Murugesan, R.Balakrishnan, K. Affiliation : RSIC, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras 600 036, TN, India Title : Antimicrobial properties of piscidinal-A C compounds from Walsura piscidia Roxb. Imprint : International Seminar on Recent Trends in Pharmaceutical Sciences, Ootacamund. Abstr. No.23, 18-20th February 1995 Keywords : PISCIDINALS; ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY; FUNGICIDAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : WALSURA PISCIDIA MELIACEAE;

Abstract : From in-vitro experiments on antifungal activity of piscidinalAC, compounds from [W.piscidia]. , it has been found that piscidinal A is more effective than piscidinal C. From microbial degradation study, the fungicide is not affected, which is evident from IR, UV, MASS and NMR studies. DNA of the fungus is not attacked by fungicide and it is concluded that possible fungicidal activity is not at nucleus but it may either be at cytoplasm or at cell membrane MFN : 07052 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-04-2747 Subject Group : 1500 Authors : Prasad, H.C.Mazumder, R.Chakraborty, R. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacology, Medical College Guvahati 781032, Assam, India Title : Researches on ethnomedicines and Ayurveda in relation to search for anti-AIDS and anti-cancer drugs of plant origin Imprint : Deerghayu International. v. 10 (Issue No. 39): 1115, 1994 Keywords : HERBAL DRUGS, AIDS; AIDS, HERBAL DRUGS; ANTICANCER ACTIVITY; SKIN CANCER, HERBAL DRUGS; HERBAL DRUGS, SKIN CANCER Scientific Names : AZADIRACHTA INDICA MELIACEAE; Abstract : Role of herbal drugs in the control of cancer and AIDS has been discussed. Plant drugs which have shown good activity against skin cancer in mice have been listed. Some of the plants such as [Azadirachta indica] supposed to be useful in AIDS have been listed MFN : 07053 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-04-2750 Subject Group : 1500 Authors : Shastri, M.R. Affiliation : Drugs Control Administration, Gujarat, India Title : Legal regulatory control on herbal drugs Imprint : Indian Journal of Natural Products. v. 9(Spl. No.): p. 38-45, 1993 Keywords : HERBAL DRUGS, LEGISLATIONS; REGULATORY CONTROL, HERBAL DRUGS; LEGAL CONTROL, HERBAL DRUGS Abstract : The following points have been mentioned for herbal drugs legislations viz., herbal drugs in retrospect; reasons and consequences of down fall; necessity of legal control and current legal provisions; and suggestive nucleus for specific. Legal provisions for herbal drugs. It appears that at present there is no specific prescribed provisions for herbal drugs MFN : 07103 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-05-2896 Subject Group : 0600 Authors : Upadhye, A.S.Kumbhojkar, M.S. Affiliation : Department of Botany, Agharkar Research Institute, Agarkar Road, Pune 411 004, Maharashtra, India Title : Studies on the Ayurvedic drug Shankhapushpi from western Maharashtra: Medico-botanical aspect

Imprint : Bulletin of Medico-Ethnobotanical Research. v. 14(1-2): p. 64-69, 1993 Keywords : SHANKHAPUSHPI; AYURVEDIC DRUGS; BOTANICAL IDENTIFICATION Scientific Names : EVOLVULUS ALSINOIDES CONVOLVULACEAE; CANSCORA DIFFUSA GENTIANACEAE; CLITORIA TERNATEA FABACEAE; TEPHROSIA PURPUREA Abstract : 'Shankhapushpi' is a reputed drug of Ayurveda extensively used as brain tonic. In the Pune and Bombay crude drug markets, the species [Evolvulus alsinoides] has been identified as 'Shankhapushpi'. Duringliterature survey it is found that other nine botanically different species are also named as 'Shankhapushpi'. Out of these, four species viz. [Canscora diffusa,Clitoria ternatea, Evolvulus alsinoids] and [Tephrosia purpurea] 'Shankhapushpi' in the area of western Maharashtra. Botanical details of all these plant species and their recorded medicinal virtues are given alongwith. An artificial key is given to separate all the above mentioned species exomorphically MFN : 07106 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-05-2900 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Auropremi, M.N.Parekh, D.S.Pandya, A.N.Raval, K.M.Auropremi, G.M.Ashara, K.G.Rajyaguru, H.V.Joshi, D.L.Chudasama, K.M. et.al. Affiliation : Seth J.P.Ayurved College Tapibai Ayurveda Hospital, Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India Title : A clinical study of Sensaforte in the management of sexual dysfunction Imprint : Antiseptic. v. 92(5): p. 178-180, 1995 Keywords : SENSAFORTE; SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION, SENSAFORTE; AYURVEDICDRUGS; HERBO-MINERAL DRUGS Abstract : A clinical trials were conducted on 35 patients suffering from penis hardness, premature ejaculation and loss of libido. After treatment with Sensaforte a herbo-mineral drug, for a minimum of one month in the dosage of 2 capsule perday their performance improved. Therefore, Sensaforte is recommended for patients suffering from sexual inadequacy and for restoring their physical and mental activity. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 07118 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-05-2914 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : kulkarni, S.K.Verma, A. Affiliation : Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Punjab Univesity, Chandigarh, Punjab, India Title : Pharmacological profile of BR-16A (Mentat) Imprint : Probe. v. 34(2): p. 124-139, 1995 Keywords : DEADDICTION, MENTAT; REVIEWS; MENTAT; NOOTROPIC ACTIVITY; MEMORY IMPROVING ACTIVITY; ANTICONVULSANT ACTIVITY; ADAPTOGENIC ACTIVITY Abstract : The effectiveness of BR-16A (Mentat) as a nootropic agent, in preventing the development of tolerance and dependence to morphine and its deaddiction liabilities against ethanol withdrawal

actions have been reviewed. It was found to have nootropic effect in higher doses, to reverse scopalamine-induced dementia and to facilitate learning and memory. It also reversed the amnesia produced by electroconvulsive shock and prevented the development to tolerance and addiction to morphine. It controlled ethanol-induced withdrawal ractions MFN : 07132 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-05-2931 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Ansari, S.H.Aji, M.Qadry, J.S.Siddiqui, N. Affiliation : Faculty of Pharmacy, Jamia Hamdard, Hamdard Nagar, New Delhi-110062, India Title : Analgesic activity of tetracyclic triterpenoids isolated from Pistacia integerrima (Kakara Singhi) galls Imprint : Update Ayurveda-94, Bombay, India. p. 73, 24-26th Feb. 1994 Keywords : ANALGESIC ACTIVITY; TRITERPENOIDS Scientific Names : PISTACIA INTEGERRIMA ANACARDIACEAE; Abstract : [P.integerrima] found in the Himalayas from Indus to Kumaon at an altitude of 350-2400m, has peculiar gall like excrescences on the leaves and petioles of this plant, formed by a kind of insect 'aphis'. These are used as a tonic and expectorant and in the treatment of cough, phthisis, asthama, diarrhoea, dysentry, fever, vomiting, loss of appetite, nose bleeding, snake bite and scorpion sting. Lanostane and tirucullane type of triterpenoids, pistacigerrimone, A,B,C,D,E and F have been obtained from n-hexane and chloroform extract of the galls of [P.integerrima]. The analgesic activity of these compounds using hot wire analgesiometer has been studied MFN : 07182 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-05-3092 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Rao, C.S.Raju, C.Gopumadhavan, S.Chauhan, B.L.Kulkarni, R.D.Mitra, S.K. Affiliation : The Himalaya Drug Co., Makali, Bangalore-562123, Karnataka, India Title : Immunotherapeutic modification by septilin Imprint : Update Ayurveda-94, Bombay, India. p. 46, 24th-26th Feb. 1994 Keywords : ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY; SEPTILIN; HERBAL FORMULATIONS Abstract : The effect of Septilin, an Ayurvedic formulation proven to be effective in the therapy of chronic infections, was investigated on phagocytic system and humoral response in rats and mice. Septilin exhibited significant protection in [E.coli] induced abdominal sepsis in normal mice and in [Staphylococcus aureus] induced sepsis in neutropenic mice. It significantly reduced the viable [E.coli] cells when incubated with neutrophilis in rats. It stimulated phagocytic function of reticuloendothelial system. In normal rats, septilin enhanced anti-SRBC hemagglutination antibody titre by 5.7 fold and showed significant protection in cyclophosphamide induced humoral suppression

MFN : 07218 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-05-3299 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Sarraf, S.Tyagi, S.Ojha, A.C.Rawat, G.S. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, Sahu Jain P.G College, Najibabad 246763, Bijnor, UP, India Title : Phytochemical study of some medicinal plants Imprint : Himalayan Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin. v. 11(Sep.): p. 22-24, 1994 Keywords : MEDICINAL PLANTS, GARHWAL; GARHWAL, MEDICINAL PLANTS; SUGARS; VITAMINS Scientific Names : ADHATODA VASICA ACANTHACEAE; ARGEMONE MAXICANA PAPAVERACEAE; ASPARAGUS RACEMOSUS LILIACEAE; Abstract : [Asparagus racemosus] leaves were found to contain more total sugars and vitamins compared to all other parts. Bark of [Adhatoda vasica] contained nine free sugars while leaves contained eight free sugars. Lactose was found in [A.vasica] and [Argemone mexicana] while arabinose was only found in [A.mexicana] MFN : 07231 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-05-3366 Subject Group : 1200 Authors : Ravindran, P.N.Nirmal Babu, K. Affiliation : National Research Centre for Spices, Marikunnu, Calicut 673 012, Kerala, India Title : Chemotaxonomy of South Indian Piper Imprint : Journal of Spices Aromatic Crops. v. 3(1): p. 613, 1994 Keywords : CHEMOTAXONOMY; FLAVONOIDS; PIPALI; MARICHA Scientific Names : PIPER NIGRUM PIPERACEAE; PIPER LONGUM PIPERACEAE; Abstract : A chemotaxonomical study was carried out on South Indian taxa of [Piper] to understand their interrelationships. Fourteen taxa were analysed for their flavonoids and based on presence or absence of these compounds, percentage similarity indices were calculated. The results in general supported the species delimitation and taxonomical relationships arrived at by conventional taxonomy using morphological characters. A chemical dichotomy was evident between the two sub genera Pipali (having erect spikes) and Maricha (having pendant spikes) thereby supporting the valildity of the sectional classification MFN : 07288 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-06-3640 Subject Group : 1000 Authors : Puri, S.N.Bhosle, B.B.Ilyas, M.Butler, G.D.(Jr.)Henneberry, T.J. Affiliation : Department of Entomology, Marathwada Agricultural University, Parbhani 431 402, Maharashtra, India Title : Detergents and plant-derived oils for control of the sweetpotato whitefly on cotton Imprint : Crop Protection. v. 13(1): p. 45-48, 1994

Keywords : SWEETPOTATO, WHITEFLY CONTROL; WHITFLY CONTROL, SWEETPOTATO; COTTONSEED OIL; NEEM OIL; INSECTICIDAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : AZADIRACHTA INDICA MELIACEAE; Abstract : Treatments of cottonseed oil and neem oil at 0.5 and 1.0 percent applied with a foot-operated sprayer were equal in effectiveness to a 0.05 percent fenpropathrin spray against both adults and nymphs. Results confirmed that the undersurfaces of the leaves must be thoroughly wet with spray liquid to obtain effective aleyrodid control. CAB International, UK MFN : 07290 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-06-3652 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Agrawal, P.K.Bishnoi, V.Singh, A.K. Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Luknow 226 015, India Title : NMR chemical shift correlatiions in 16,17dihydroxy-kauranoids: impliation for stereochemical assignments Imprint : Phytochemistry. v. 39(4): p. 929-930, 1995 Keywords : NMR ANALYSIS; STEREOCHEMICAL ASSIGNMENTS Scientific Names : CALLICARPA MACROPHYLLA VERBANACEAE; Abstract : The unambiguous 1H and 13C NMR assignments for 16alpha, 17-dihydroxy-3-oxo-phyllocladane (calliterpenone) were achieved by the concerted application of homo-and heteronuclear correlation techniques. Comparison of these with the data for related ent-kauranoids established the characteristic NMR shielding patterns applicable for differentiation between the phyllocladane skeleton and the ent-kauranoid skeleton as well as for the assignment of the stereochemistry of the hydroxyl groups at C-16 and C-17. These studies also led to a revision of the stereochemistry of the hydroxy groups at C-16 and C-17 of a diterpenoid isolated from [Euphorbia sieboldiana] MFN : 07291 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-06-3672 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Chattopadhyay, S.K.Sharma, R.P. Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, P.O.CIMAP, Lucknow 226 015, UP, India Title : A taxane from the Himalayan new, Taxus wallichiana Imprint : Phytochemistry. v. 39(4): p. 935-936, 1995 Keywords : DITERPENOIDS; TAXANES Scientific Names : TAXUS WALLICHIANA TAXACEAE; Abstract : The stem bark of [T.wallichiana] gave the new taxane 2-deacetoxydecinnamoyl taxinine J, whose structure was established by spectroscopic data MFN : 07292 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-06-3673 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Chattopadhyay, S.K.Sharma, R.P.Appendino, G.Gariboldi, P.

Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, PO CIMAP, 226 015 Lucknow, UP, India Title : A rearranged taxane from the Himalayan yew Imprint : Phytochemistry. v. 39(4): p. 869-870, 1995 Keywords : ABEOTAXANES; TAXOIDS Scientific Names : TAXUS WALLICHIANA TAXACEAE; Abstract : The needles of [T.wallichiana] gave an abeobaccatin IV derivatives, whose structrue was established by spectroscopical data MFN : 07293 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-06-3694 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Garg, S.N.Siddiqui, M.S.Agarwal, S.K. Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants PO CIMAP, Lucknow 226015, UP, India Title : p-Menth-1-en-3beta,5beta-diol, a new constituent of Aegle marmelos leaf oil Imprint : Journal of Essential Oil Research. v. 7(3): p. 283286, 1995 Keywords : ESSENTIAL OILS; MYRCENE; MENTHENDIOL Scientific Names : AEGLE MARMELOS RUTACEAE; Abstract : Analysis of the leaf oil of [A.marmelos] (commonly known as 'Bale' in Hindi) afforded the identification of eight monoterpene hydrocarbons (71.85 percent), ten oxygenated monoterpenes (8.54 percent), four sesquiterpene hydrocarbons (14.02 percent) and one oxygenated sesquiterpne (0.78 percent). Of the more than 20 compounds identified, myrcene (54.03 percent) was found to predominate. Among the compounds identified by spectroscopic and chemical means, p-menth-1-en3beta,5beta-diol (1.04 percent) was characterized as a new constiutent MFN : 07337 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-01-0042 Subject Group : 0400 Authors : Veenakumari, K.Mohanraj, P.Ranganath, H.R. Affiliation : Central Agricultural Research Institute, Post Box NO. 181, Port Blair, Andamans 744 101, India Title : New records of insect and mite pests of spice crops in Andaman Islands, India Imprint : Journal of Spices Aromatic Crops. v. 3(2): p. 164166, 1994 Keywords : SPICES; ANADAMANS, SPICES; SPICE CROPS, ANDAMAN NICOBAR ISLANDS Abstract : Eighteen species of insects and one species of mite are reported for the first time from seven spice crops viz., cinnamon, clove, black pepper, nutmeg, curry leaf, chillies and turmeric, from Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India MFN : 07352 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-01-0106 Subject Group : 0600 Authors : Mehrotra, S.Rawat, A.K.S.Singh, H.K.Shome, U.

Affiliation : National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow 226 001, UP, India Title : Standardization of popular Ayurvedic adaptogenic preparation `Chyavanprash' and ethnobotany of its ingredients Imprint : Ethnobotany. v. 7(12): p. 1-15, 1995 Keywords : CHAVANAPRASH, STANDARDISATION; STANDARDISATION, ETHNOMEDICINE; STANDARDISATION, CHYAVANAPRASH; ADAPTOGENIC ACTIVITY; IMMUNOMODULATORY ACTIVITY Abstract : `Chyavanprash' is an important compound formulation of Ayurveda, named after Chyavan Rishi who according to a folklore became young by regular use of this preparation. It is claimed to be the best immunomodulator (`Rasayana') formulation specifically recommended for all ketabolic diseases like chronic infections, e.g. pulmonary tuberculosis, asthma and cough. The ethnomedicinal uses of some of its ingredients have been correlated with medicinal properties attributed to this `Avaleh'. A comparative evaluation of `Chyavanprash' prepared in the laboratory and some commercial samples was also done. Ethnobotanical literature shows the use of nine drug plants for various bronchial ailments and seven as tonic, thus supporting the claims of the Ayurvedic practitioners. The presence of fairly good amount of vitamin C and antifungal activity of `Chyavanprash' against [Aspergillus fumigatus] also support its efficacy in bronchial and pulmonary affections MFN : 07377 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-01-0205 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Pugazhenthi, S.Murthy, P.S. Affiliation : Department of Biochemistry, University College of Medical Sciences G.t.B Hospital, Shahdara Delhi 110095, India Title : Partial purification of a hypoglycemic fraction from the unripe fruits of Momordica charantia Linn (bitter gourd) Imprint : Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry. v. 10(1): p. 19-22, 1995 Keywords : ANTIDIABETIC ACTIVITY; HYPOGLYCAEMIC ACTIVITY; CHARANTIN Scientific Names : MOMORDICA CHARANTIA CUCURBITACEAE; Abstract : A new method was developed to purify partially an orally active hypoglycemic fraction from the unripe fruits of [M.charantia]. The residue after centrifugation fo the fruit juice was extracted with ethanol and the concentrated ethanolic extract was further extracted with diethyl ether. In normal rabbits after oral administration, the ether extract at a dose of 0.75g/kg body wt decreased the fasting blood glucose by 26percent (P0.01). It was compared with charantin, the isolation procedure of which led to loss of hypoglycemic activity many times. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 07397 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-06-0295 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Choudhury, S.N.Leclercq, P.E. Affiliation : Department of Plant Sciences and Ecology, Regional Research Laboratory, Jorhat 785 006, Assam, India

Title : Essential oil of Machilus bombycina King from northeast India Imprint : Journal of Essential Oil Research. v. 7(2): p. 199201, 1995 Keywords : ESSENTIAL OILS; DECANAL; DODECANAL Scientific Names : MACHILUS BOMBYCINA LAURACEAE; Abstract : The essential oil of [M.bombycina] (called `Som' in Assam) was produced by hydrodistillation from fresh leaves. The oil was analyzed by GC/MS and 40 components were identified, which constitued 93.7 percent of the oil. The major components of the oil were decanal (12.5 percent), 11-dodecenal (8.1 percent) and dodecanal (26.5 percent) MFN : 07429 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-01-0507 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Badhe, P.D.Pande, V.K. Affiliation : Regional Research Centre, 1093, Gorepeth, Nagpur 10, Maharshtra, India Title : Novel medicinal uses of a few plants used by Karku tuze of Melghat in Amravati distt. Maharashtra state Imprint : Bulletin of Medico-Ethnobotanical Research. v. 14(3-4): p. 87-97, 1993 Keywords : MEDICINAL PLANTS, MELGHAT; MELGHAT, MEDICINAL PLANTS Abstract : A few medicinal plants with their traditional uses by tribals along with their phytochemical data have been reported. A systematic pharmacological screening of these drugs may prove their ratinality, usefulness and importance MFN : 07442 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-01-0524 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Suresh, B.Dhanasekaran, S.Kumar, R.V.Balasubramanian, S. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacology, JSS College of Pharmacy, Ootacamund, TN, India Title : Ethnopharmacological studies on the medicinal plants of Nilgiris Imprint : Indian Drugs. v. 32(7): p. 340-352, 1995 Keywords : ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY; MEDICINAL PLANTS, NILGIRIS; NILGIRIS, MEDICINAL PLANTS Abstract : More than 25 medicinal plants belonging to twenty families and used by the tribals of Nilgiris were investigated for their phytochemical constituents and pharmacological actions. The results indicate that there exists a therapeutic rationale in the use of these plants by the tribals MFN : 07452 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-01-0567 Subject Group : 1600 Authors : Varghese SVD, E.

Affiliation : Deep Publications, A-3/27A, DDA Flats, Paschim Vihar, New Delhi-110063, India Title : Applied ethnobotany: A case study among the Kharias (Eng, Rs. 300-00, $50) Imprint : Ethnobotany. v. 7(12): p. 68, 1995 Keywords : NEW PUBLICATIONS, APPLIED ETHNOBOTANY; ETHNOBOTANY, NEW PUBLICATION; KHARIA TRIBE, ETHNOBOTANY Abstract : This book presents the results of a detailed study on the ethnobotany of the Kharias, one of the 20 major groups in central India, living in Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and West Bengal. The introductory part deals with the prospects and background of ethnobotanic study, the vegetation and a detailed account of the Kharias and their environment. This book gives specific information on 280 plants used by the Kharias: name, local name, a short description, habit, folk uses for medicine, food, material uses and their socio-cultural importance, uses reported in the literature and the biological activity. Special features: an attempt has been made to quantify the effect of reported remedy; a reliability-rating table for the reported remedies is given in the appendix; about 825 prescriptions of 230 plants for 43 categories of diseases, with mode of preparation, dosages and contra-indication (where necessary), are given; its contains a special note on the rare and threatened plants of the area MFN : 07506 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-02-0656 Subject Group : 0400 Authors : Nagaraja, T.G.Thite, A.N.* Affiliation : Department of Botany, Shivaji University, Kolhapur 416004, Maharashtra, India Title : Enzymatic studies in leaves of Strychnos nux-vomica Linn. infected with Meliola strychinicola Gail Imprint : Advances in Plant Sciences. v. 8(4): p. 406-409, 1995 Keywords : ENZYME METABOLISM, INFECTED NUX-VOMICA; FUNGAL DISEASES; NUX-VOMICA, FUNGAL DISEASES Scientific Names : STRYCHNOS NUX-VOMICA LOGANIACEAE; Abstract : Infected leaves of [S.nux-vomica] were assayed for various enzymes. The pathogen enhanced the activities of peroxidase, acid phosphatase, alkaline phosphatase, amylase, polyphenol oxidase, catalase, protease, invertase, enzymes and ascorbic acid oxidase. Whereas nitrate reductase, and IAA oxidase activities decreased in young infected leaves. This reflects that the pathogen alters plant metabolism MFN : 07564 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-02-0807 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Sharma, N.Jacob, D.Mathur, P Vyas, D.K. Affiliation : Department of Zoology, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur 302 004, Rajasthan, India Title : Regulation of fertility in the male mouse with leaves of common mint, Mentha arvensis

Imprint : Int.Symp.on Male Contraception : Present and Futrue, New Delhi. p.53-54, abstr.90, 27-29 Nov.1995 Keywords : MALE ANTIFERTILITY ACTIVITY; ANTIFERTILITY ACTIVITY; ANTISPERMATOGENIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : MENTHA ARVENSIS LABIATAE; Abstract : Sohxlet extracted aqueous and alcoholic extracts of mint leaf were administered through the intramuscular route at various doses every alternate day for 20 days. The doses of 2 and 10 mg/alternate day/mouse, without altering the libido or sexual behaviour, caused 100 percent inhibition of fertility as evidenced by complete absence of implantation in parous females mated with such substance-treated males. Histologic sections revealed spermatogenic arrest at either the spermatocyte or spermatid stage. The biochemical milieu of the testis and the accessory genital structures was altered and the androgen-dependent parameters, viz., testicular cholesterol along with sialic acid and alkaline and acid phosphatase content of the reproductive structures in general were deleteriously affected. All these effects were, however, reversed after 30 days following cessation of treatment and the fertility of the males was restored to normal. At the experimental regimen and the doses used, mint leaf extracts also do not seem to manifest any toxic effects or teratogenicity at the subeffective doses MFN : 07598 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-02-0987 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Choudhury, S.N.Leclercq, P.A. Affiliation : Department of Plant Sciences and Ecology, Regional Research Laboratory, Jorhat 785 006, Assam, India Title : Essential oil of Cymbopogon khasianus (Munro ex Hack.) Bor from northeastern India Imprint : Journal of Essential Oil Research. v. 7(5): p. 555556, 1995 Keywords : ESSENTIAL OILS; LINALOOL; GERANYL ACETATE; GERANIOL Scientific Names : CYMBOPOGON KHASIANUS POACEAE; Abstract : The essential oil obtained by hydrodistillation of fresh leaves of [C.khasianus] was analyzed by GC/MS. It was found that the major components were geraniol(78.4 percent), geranylacetate(7.8 percent), linalool(2.2 percent) and geraniol(1.6 percent) MFN : 07685 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-03-1315 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Ahmad, M. Affiliation : Regional Research Institute of Unani Medicine, (CCRUM), Bhadrak 756 100, Orissa, India Title : Clinico-laboratory evaluation of compound Unani formulations in the treatment of filariasis Imprint : Int.Conf.Curr.Prog.Med.Aromat.Pl.Res., Calcutta, India. p. 115, 30 Dec.1994 - 1 Jan.1995 Keywords : UNANI DRUG; FILARIASIS; FILARIASIS, UNANI DRUG Abstract : Therapeutic efficacy of two compound Unani formulations in comparison with diethylcarbamazine was examined.

Immunological evaluation of the patients was also done before and after treatment. The results suggest that Unani formulations are quite effective and safe therapies. Drop out and relapse rate was less in patients treated with Unani drugs. Significant reduction in filarial oedema, elevated ESR and total eosinophil count, elevanted TgG and complement C3 levels was observed in the patients at the end of the treatment along with significant improvement in their absolute T cell counts. Clinico-statistical profile will be presented along with composition of the formulations MFN : 07730 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-03-1280 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Shaukathali, T.M.Ramadasan, A. Affiliation : Indian Institute of Spices Research, Calicut 673012, Kerala, India Title : Role of nitrate, ammonium ion and NADH on the nitrate reductase in leaves of black pepper Imprint : Annals of Plant Physiology. v. 9(2): p. 95-98, 1995 Keywords : BLACK PEPPER; NITRATE REDUCTASE INHIBITORY ACTIVITY; GROWTH REGULATORS Scientific Names : PIPER NIGRUM PIPERACEAE; Abstract : The activity of nitrate reductase (NR)in the leaves of black pepper ([Piper nigrum]) was induced by nitrate alone in the medium and this induction was enhanced by the addition of ammonium. Whereas, induction medium with ammonium alone inhibited the activity of NR. Inclusion of NADH in the assay medium reduced the activity partially but without nitrate little or no activity was obtained. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 07774 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-03-1183 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Sathik, M.M.B.Panikkar, P.K.S.Vijayakumar, K.R.Sethuraj, M.R. Affiliation : Plant Physiology Division, Rubber Research Institute of India, Kottayam 686009, Kerala, India Title : Intercropping of medicinal plants in mature rubber plantations Imprint : Int.Conf.Curr.Prog.Med.Aromat.Pl.Res., Calcutta, India. p. 64, 30 Dec. 1994-1Jan. 1995 Keywords : RUBBER, MEDICINAL PLANTS INTERCROPPING; INTERCROPPING, MEDICINAL PLANTS, RUBBER; MEDICINAL PLANTS; MEDICINAL PLANTS, RUBBER INTERCROPPING Scientific Names : HEVEA BRASILIENSIS EUPHORBIACEAE; STROBILANTHES HEYNEANUS ACANTHACEAE; PLUMBAGO ROSEA PLUMBAGINACEAE; ADHATODA VASICA Abstract : Incropping of agricultural crops in the mature stands of [Hevea brasiliensis] is difficult due to insufficient photosynthetically active radiation below the canopy. However, many medicinal species are adapted to grow under very low light intensities. The present paper reports growth and yield of three species of medicinal plants viz. [Strobilanthes heyneanus, Plumbago rosea] and [Adhatoda vasica] under the mature stand of clone GT1. The results indicate that

there is a possibility of using these species for intercropping in mature stands of [Hevea] profitably without affecting the latex yield of rubber trees MFN : 07775 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-03-1178 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : I'ma Neerakkal.Thomas, V.Vijayakumar, K.R.Sethuraj, M.R. Affiliation : Rubber Research Institute of India, Kottayam 686 009, Kerala, India Title : Screening for shade tolerance of potential medicinal plants as intercrops in rubber plantation Imprint : Int.Conf.Curr.Prog.Med.Aromat.Pl.Res., Calcutta, India. p. 63, 30Dec. 1994 - 1Jan.1995 Keywords : RUBBER, MEDICINAL PLANTS INTERCROPPING; INTERCROPPING MEDICINAL PLANTS, RUBBER; MEDICINAL PLANTS, RUBBER INTERCROPPING Scientific Names : ADHATODA BEDOMMEI ADHATODA VASICA ALPINIA GALANGA ZINGIBERACEAE; STROBILANTHES HEYNEANUS ACANTHACEAE; PLUMBAGO ROSEA PLUMBAGINACEAE; Abstract : Five commercially important shade adapted platns viz., [Adathoda bedommei, A.vasica, Alpinia galanga, Plumbago rosea] and [Strobilanthus heyneanus] were selected to study the shade adaptation characteristics in order to intercrop them in rubber plantations. Observations on morphological, anatomical and physiological parameters were recorded in the plants grown under different light intensity. Plants grown under 70 percent shade showed better adaptation characteristics as reflected in plant height, internodal length, leaf area, total dry matter and photosynthetic rate per plant. Anatomically, shade leaves showed variation in palisade and spongy tissue organization over open leaves MFN : 07778 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-03-1309 Subject Group : 0600 Authors : Saraswathy, A.Girija Rani Mohan, M.Sankari, R. Affiliation : Drug Standardisation Research Unit (Siddha), Captain Srinivasa Murti Drug Research Institute for Ayurveda, Arumbakkam, Madras 600 106, TN, India Title : Standardisation studies on some Tailams of Siddha System Imprint : Int.Conf.Curr.Prog.Med.Aromat.Pl.Res., Calcutta, WB, India. p. 60, 30 December 1994 to 1 January 1995 Keywords : OILS, STANDARDISATION; STANDARDISATION, OILS; MERUKULITTAILAM; MILAKAITTAILAM; MENITTAILAM; MATTAN TAILAM; VELLAIENNY Abstract : The Siddha pharmacopoeia Committee has listed a group of medicines called 'Tailam' in National Siddha Formulary. Out of forty one recipes therein, Merukulittailam Melakaittailam, Menittailam, Mattan tailam and Vellaienney were randomly selected for standardisation studies. The first three are herbal preparations and the next two are herbo-mineral preparations. The physicochemical standards of these medicines are worked out. The details are discussed

MFN : 07787 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-03-1654 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Kaul, V.K.Misra, L.N. Affiliation : CSIR Complex Palampur, Palampur 176 061, HP, India Title : Volatile constituents of Nepeta floccosa Imprint : Int.Conf.Curr.Prog.Med.Aromat.Pl.Res., Calcutta, India. p. 51-52, 30 Dec. 1994 - 1 Jan.1995 Keywords : ESSENTIAL OILS; SABINENE; CAMPHOR; LINALOOL; CINEOLE; CITRONELLOL; NEPETA; NEPETA LACTONE Scientific Names : NEPETA FLOCCOSA LABIATAE; Abstract : Hydrodistillation of aerial parts of [N.floccosa] (collected from an altitude of 3000 mt in Ladakh gave an essential oil in 0.1 percent yield. The oil was analyzed by GLC, GC-MS and NMR spectroscopy. The oil contained 23.6 percent of monoterpenes, 54.3 percent oxygenated monoterpenes and 2.9 percent sesquiterpenes. The major constituents of the oil are: sabinene (11.4), 1:8 cineole (15.6), linalool (13.1), citronellol (8.3) and camphor (5.6 percent). Unlike other [Nepeta] species the essential oil [N.floccosa] is devoid of nepeta lactone. This is the first report of the essential oil of [N.floccosa] from Ladakh MFN : 07788 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-03-1184 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Sen, A.N. Affiliation : Department of Microbiology, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110012, India Title : Effect of nitrogen fixing bacteria on medicinal and aromatic plants Imprint : Int.Conf.Curr.Prog.Med.Aromat.Pl.Res., Calcutta, India. p. 50-51, 30 Dec. 1994 - 1 Jan.1995 Keywords : HENBANE; OPIUM POPPY; PALMAROSA OIL; ESSENTIAL OILS; ALKALOIDS; NITROGEN FIXING BACTERIA; LEGUMINOUS MEDICINAL PLANTS; MEDICINAL PLANTS, LEGUMINOUS Scientific Names : HYOSCYAMUS NIGER SOLANACEAE; PAPAVER SOMNIFERUM PAPAVERACEAE; LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : Inoculation of henbane ([Hyoscyamus niger]), [Papaver somniferum] and palmarosa with [Azotobacter] strains increases respectively the yield of alkaloid, latex and essential oil content in these medicinal plants. It is expected that inoculation with efficient and specific rhizobial strains will result in significant increase in the growth and content of the medicinal component of the leguminous medicinal plants. Thus nitrogen fixing bacteria can be harnessed for increasing the yield of medicinal and aromatic plants (quantitatively and qualitatively) MFN : 07795 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-03-1194 Subject Group : 0200 Authors : Basha, S.C.Nair, K.K.N.

Affiliation : Kerala Forest Research Institute Peechi 680 653, Thrissur, Kerala, India Title : Conservation of the plant wealth vis-a-vis medicinal and aromatic species of Kerala state, India Imprint : Int.Conf.Curr.Prog.Med.Aromat.Pl.Res., Calcutta, India. p. 42-43, 30 Dec. 1994 - 1 Jan.1995 Keywords : MEDICINAL PLANTS, CONSERVATION; CONSERVATION, MEDICINAL PLANTS; KERALA, MEDICINAL PLANTS; MEDICINAL PLANTS, KERALA Abstract : There are more than 650 species of medicinal plants available in the forests of the state. Fire, grazing, and collection of produce by the village folk pose serious threat to the medicinal and aromatic plant wealth of the state. Ways and means of protection, propagation and production of sufficient quantity of this plant wealth have been described. A thorough inventory of the medicinal and aromatic plant is an urgent necessity MFN : 07796 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-03-1272 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Rajasubramanium, S.Sardhi, P. Affiliation : Center for Biosciences, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi 110 025, India Title : Micropropagation of Phyllanthus fraternus through shoot tip and nodal cultures Imprint : Int.Conf.Curr.Prog.Med.Aromat.Pl.Res., Calcutta, India. p. 32, 30 Dec. 1994 - 1 Jan.1995 Keywords : MICROPROPAGATION; TISSUE CULTURE Scientific Names : PHYLLANTHUS FRATERNUS EUPHORBIACEAE; Abstract : Shoot tip and nodal explants obtained from in vitro grown seedlings and plantlets were cultured on B5 medium supplemented with BAP or kinetin. Presence of BAP in the medium promoted multiple shoot formation from both type of explants. Of the two explants, shoot tips were found to be more suitable for the micropropagation, and about 2744 shoots could be obtained from a single shoot tip explant in 3 months on B5 medium supplemented 0.00001M BAP. Best rooting of shoots could be achieved on half strength B5 medium supplemented with 0.000001M IBA. After hardening, rooted shoots were successfully transferred to soil MFN : 07797 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-03-1850 Subject Group : 1500 Authors : Saxena, P.K. Affiliation : Tata Energy Research Institute, 158 Jor Bagh, New Delhi 110003, India Title : Conservation of lesser known plants of India Imprint : Int.Conf.Curr.Prog.Med.Aromat.Pl.Res., Calcutta, India. p. 39-41, 30 Dec. 1994 - 1 Jan.1995 Keywords : MEDICINAL PLANTS, CONSERVATION; MEDICINAL PLANTS, LESSER KNOWN Abstract : Twenty-two lesser known medicinal plant species which require urgent attention for their conservation have been identified. It is possible to cultivate and domesticate such plants

thereby increasing the production and saving the drugery of collection in nature. The information on their botanical identity, distribution, chemistry, uses, cultivation and diseases and pest has also been given MFN : 07920 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-05-2743 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Ansari, S.H.Ali, M. Affiliation : Faculty of Pharmacy, Jamia Hamdard, Hamdard Nagar, New Delhi-110 062, India Title : Analgesic and antiinflammatory activity of tetracyclic triterpenoids isolated from Pistacia integerrima galls Imprint : Biorhythm. p. 132-136, 1995 Keywords : ANALGESIC ACTIVITY; GALLS; ANTIINFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY Scientific Names : PISTACIA INTEGERRIMA ANACARDIACEAE; Abstract : Six new tetracyclic triterpenoids, pistacigerrimone A,B,C,D, E and F have been isolated from the n-hexane and chloroform extract of galls of [P.integerrima] and identified. Compounds C and D exhibited highly significant anaegesic activity (comparable to aspirin) in rats at 40 mg\kg dose level. Compound D exhibited highly significant antiinflammatory activity in carrageenon induced paw oldema of rats MFN : 07922 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-05-2707 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Goel, S.P.Garg, B.K.Sharma, D.K.Upadhyay, Y.K. Affiliation : R-15, Medical College Campus, Meerut, UP, India Title : Physiological icterus of the newborn and the role of Liv.52 Imprint : Probe. v. 34(1): p. 45-49, 1994 Keywords : JAUNDICE, NEONATAL, LIV 52; LIV 52, NEONATAL JAUNDICE TREATMENT; JAUNDICE, LIV 52 Abstract : Neonatal jaundice can be a major health threat to the new born. The present study compared the effects of Liv.52 to that of phenobarbitone with a third group serving as control, in a total of 260 new born babies. It was found that Liv.52 (5 drops TDS from the first day to 8th day) pretreatment has no deleterious effect on development of icterus. Continued treatment with Liv.52 led to early disappearance of icterus. It was also safe, without side effects MFN : 07980 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-05-2621 Subject Group : 0200 Authors : Bhattacharya, A.P.Singh, G.P. Affiliation : Botanical Survey of India, Howrah 711 103, WB, India Title : Guaiacum officinale for the arid plains Imprint : Indian Horticulture. v. 39(4): p. 33, 1995 Keywords : LIGNUM VITAL TREE; GUM GUAIACUM; MEDICINAL PLANTS Scientific Names : GUAIACUM OFFICINALE ZYGOPHYLLACEAE;

Abstract : [Guaiacum officinale] is medicinally useful- the wood (Lignum Vitae) has the ability to cure veneral diseases and resin (Gum Guaiacum) cures soar throat and is consumed as a pain killer in intestinal troubles. The leaves are used to clean and whiten floors in Kingston and for freeing the fabric off stains without losing the dye. It is evergreen blue-flowered small-to-medium-sized attractive tree (upto 15 m tall). Its trunk is smooth, on aging crooked, though not always. The branches are knotty, the bark of stem is dark gray with variegated greento-purple spots. It may be propagated through seeds or by air-layering MFN : 08123 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-05-2636 Subject Group : 0400 Authors : Jain, M.P.Jain, S.C. Affiliation : All India Coordinated Research Project on Spices, Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, SKN Colletge of Agriculture, Jobner 303 329, Rajasthan, India Title : Seed borne fungi of seed spices Imprint : Journal of Spices Aromatic Crops. v. 4(1): p. 7879, 1995 Keywords : CORIANDER; CUMIN; FENNEL; FENUGREEK; SEED BORNE FUNGI Scientific Names : CUMINUM CYMINUM UMBELLIFERAE; FOENICULUM VULGARE CORIANDRUM SATIVUM TRIGONELLA FOENUM-GRAECUM LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : Thirty two fungal species were isolated from four seed spice crops and among them, [Alternaria alternata] was found to be the common, dominant species, ecto and endophytic seed borne in nature in seeds of cumin ([Cuminum cyminum]), fenugreek ([Trigonella foenumgraecum]), fennel ([Foeniculum vulgare]) and coriander [Coriandrum sativum]) MFN : 08124 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-05-2635 Subject Group : 0400 Authors : Diyora, P.K.Khandar, R.R. Affiliation : Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture, Gujarat Agricultural University, Junagadh 362 001, Gujarat, India Title : Management of wilt of cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) by organic amendments Imprint : Journal of Spices Aromatic Crops. v. 4(1): p. 8081, 1995 Keywords : CUMIN WILT; WILT, CUMIN Scientific Names : CUMINUM CYMINUM UMBELLIFERAE; Abstract : Among the various organic amendments used, mustard cake was found to be the best followed by groundnut cake for the management of wilt of cumin ([Cuminum cyminum]) caused by [Fusarium oxysporum] f. sp. [cumini] in pot culture MFN Yr, Iss, : 08128 Abst No. : 96-05-2642

Subject Group : 0400 Authors : Ramana, K.V.Eapen, S.J. Affiliation : National Research Centre for Spices, Calicut 673 012, Kerala, India Title : Parasitic nematodes and their management in major spices Imprint : Journal of Spices Aromatic Crops. v. 4(1): p. 116, 1995 Keywords : BLACK PEPPER; CARDAMOM; GINGER; NEMATODES TREE SPICES; CINNAMON; TURMERIC; ROOTKNOT NEMATODES; NEMATODES; ROOT LESION NEMATODES; NUTMEG; CLOVE Scientific Names : PIPER NIGRUM PIPERACEAE; ELETTARIA CARDAMOMUM ZINGIBERACEAE; ZINGIBER OFFICINALE CURCUMA LONGA CINNAMOMUM VERUM LAURACEAE; MYRISTICA FRAGRANS MYRISTICACEAE; SYZYGIUM AROMATICUM MYRTACEAE; Abstract : Several plant parasitic nematodes including root knot nematodes [(Meloidogyne] spp.), burrowing nematodes ([Radopholus similis]) and root lesion nematodes ([Pratylenchus] spp.) on black pepper ([Piper nigrum]), cardamom ([Elettaria cardamomum]), ginger ([Zingiber officinale]), turmeric ([Curcuma longa]) and tree spices are reported. Plant parasitic nematodes showed primary incitants of slow decline disease of black pepper. Root knot nematodes have been reported as a serious constraint to cardamom cultivation, especially in nurseries. In ginger and turmeric, all three of them were found to cause significant damage. The major symptoms of nematode attack, the nature and extent of damage, their interaction with other soil borne microorganisms and various control measures are discussed. Considering the export oriented nature of these crops, emphasis has been given on integrated nematode management with minimum use of chemicals MFN : 08152 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-05-2817 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Nanda Kumar, N.V.Vijayalakshmi, K.M. Affiliation : Division of Environmental Biology, Department of Zoology, S.V. University, Tirupati 517 502, AP, India Title : Experimental myasthenia gravis-like neuromuscular impairment with Cleisthanthus collinus leaf extract administration in rat Imprint : Phytotherapy Research. v. 10(2): p. 121-126, 1996 Keywords : MYASTHENIALIKE DISORDER; ELECTROMYOGRAPHY; NMJ BLOCKADE; ANTISNAKE VENOM; AMINOPYRIDINE Scientific Names : CLEISTANTHUS COLLINUS EUPHORBIACEAE; Abstract : Intraperitoneal administration of a sublethal dose (120 mg/kg body wt) of [Cleistanthus collinus] aqueous leaf extract (CCLE) was found to induce a neuromuscular disorder like myasthenia gravis in rats after 45 min. Administration of CCLE showed a sequential decremental response in nerve evoked compound muscle action potentials (NCMAP) resembling the established EMG patterns of myasthenia gravis (MG). Further, with prior administration of antisnake venom serum (AVS)an antiserum factor for krait alpha bungarotoxin, the NCMAP decremental response in both control and in CCLE administered rats was rectified transiently and also delayed the onset of NMJ blockade. The prolonged and irreversible effect of the leaf extract, unlike the reversible effect of

curare, confering sustained NMJ blockade required for inducing a MG-like condition has been suggested MFN : 08158 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-05-2603 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Koul, V.K.Bhardwaj, S.D.Kaushal, A.N. Affiliation : College of Forestry, Nauni, Solan, HP, India Title : Effect of N and P applications on nutrient uptake and biomass production in Bauhinia variegata Linn. seedlings Imprint : Indian Forester. v. 121(1): p. 14-22, 1995 Keywords : NUTRIENT UPTAKE; BIOMASS; NITROGEN UPTAKE; PHOSPHORUS UPTAKE Scientific Names : BAUHINIA VARIEGATA LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : An experiment was conducted to study the effect of N and P application on the performance of [Bauhinia variegata] seedlings in the nursery. Seedlings were grown for 160 days in 12 nutrient combinations comprising four different levels of nitrogen (0,30,60 and 90 kg N/ha) and phosphorus (0,40 and 80 kg P2O5/ha). N application increased biomass in all parts of the plant and it was maximum at 60 kg/ha. Application of phosphorus showed significant effect on leaf and total biomass. Application of 60 kg N/ha and 40 kg P/ha resulted in the maximum amount of nutrient uptake and biomass production MFN : 08186 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-05-2764 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Daga, S.S.Jain, V.K.Goyal, P.K. Affiliation : Radiation Biology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, India Title : Radioresponse of leucocytes in peripheral blood of mice against gamma irradiation and their protection by Liv. 52 Imprint : Probe. v. 34(3): p. 222-226, 1995 Keywords : LIV 52, RADIOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY; RADIOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY, LIV 52 Abstract : Quantitative variations in the number of total leucocytes count (TLC), lymphocytes and neutrophils were scored in peripheral blood of mice exposed to 1.20 and 3.60 Gy of gamma irradiation at various autopsy intervals between 0.5 hrs to 28 days. At 1.20 Gy dose, depresssion in TLC was noticed till day 1, whereas in higher doses until day 5 with a sharpness in first 24 hrs. Prior administration of Liv. 52 significantly prevented the deduction in leucocytes count and initiated recovery. Lymphocytes also declined sharply in both radiation doses upto day 1 and after that showed a recovery towards normal count on day 28 in experimental animals at lower dose. The behaviour of neutrophils was reciprocal to that of lymphocytes as they showed a rise till day 1 followed by a gradual decline up to day 5 leading to a second peak on day 14 in control as well as experimental groups with both the irradiation doses. Liv. 52 helped in restoring normal values of such cells in 1.20 Gy at last autopsy intervals

MFN : 08313 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-06-3268 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Kothari, S.K.Singh, V.P.Singh, U.B. Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow 226 015, UP, India Title : The effect of row spacing and nitrogen fertilization on the growth and oil yield composition of Japanese mint Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 18(1): p. 17-21, 1996 Keywords : JAPANESE MINT; MENTHOL Scientific Names : MENTHA ARVENSIS LABIATAE; Abstract : The effect of different row spacings (45, 60 and 75 cm) and varying amounts of N fertilizer (0, 100, 200 and 300 kg N/ha) on growth and essential oil production and composition of Japanese mint ([Mentha arvensis]) was studied under Lucknow conditions of Uttar Pradesh. Maximum oil yield (232 kg/ha) was recorded at 75 cm row spacingand 300 kg N/ha. However, to obtain maximum benefit the crop may be planted at 60 cm row spacing and 240 kg N/ha MFN : 08325 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-06-3360 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Purohit, S.D.Dave, A.Kukda, G. Affiliation : Plant Biotechnology, Laboratory, Department of Botany, ML Sukhadia University, Udaipur 313 001 Rajasthan, India Title : In vitro conservation strategies for a rare medicinal herb-safed musli (Chlorophytum borivilianum Sant. et Fernand.) Imprint : Indian Journal of Plant Genetic Resources(Special Issue). v. 7(2): p. 201-204, 1994 Keywords : MEDICINAL PLANTS, RARE; MEDICINAL PLANTS, RARE; CONSERVATION, CHLOROPHYTUM; EMBRYOGENESIS; SAFED MUSLI; CHLOROPHYTUM, CONSERVATION; CLONAL PROPAGATION Scientific Names : CHLOROPHYTUM BORIVILIANUM LILIACEAE; Abstract : In vitro clonal multiplication of `safed Musli' ([Chlorophytum borivilianum]) a rare Indian medicinal herb has been achieved on MS medium supplemented with 22.2 microM BA using young shoots. All shoots produced roots on 3/4 strength MS medium containing 9.8 microM IBA. Sixty seven percent of plantlets could be established in pots and soil. Multiplication was also achieved through somatic embryogenesis. Callus raised from zygotic embroys produced somatic embroys on MS medium containing 4.53 microM 2, 4-D. Somatic embroys were maintained on low concentration (1.13 microM) of 2, 4-D. A few somatic embroys (20 percent) produced plants when inoculated on a medium without any growth regulator. Precocious germination of somatic embroys and profuse rhizogenesis was frequently observed MFN : 08334 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-06-3861 Subject Group : 1600 Authors : Joshi, P. Affiliation : Print Well, Jaipur (India)

Title : Ethnobotany of the Primitive Tribes in Rajasthan (Eng, 1995, 312pp., Rs.750.00) Keywords : NEW PUBLICATIONS, ETHNOBOTANY; ETHNOBOTANY, NEW PUBLICATION; RAJASTHAN ETHNOBOTANY, NEW PUBLICATIONS Abstract : This book is a product of the author's intensive field studies and it gives a comprehensive and lucid account of the ethnobotany of the major tribes of Rajasthan. Almost all aspects viz., material, cultural and spiritual of the tribal life have been explored. Detailed observations, their scientific interpretations and conclusions are featured. The ethnobotanical account includes pertinent comparisons with other Indian tribes. Of special interest are chapters on herbs and healing and conservation. The book is well illustrated and also includes Epelogue, Selected References, Index to Plant Names and General Index MFN : 08363 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 97-01-0351 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Garai, S.Mahato, S.B.*Ohtani, K.Yamasaki, K. Affiliation : Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, 4 Raja S.C.Mullick Road, Jadavpur, Calcutta 700 032, WB, India Title : Bacopasaponin D-A pseudojujubogenin glycoside from Bacopa monniera Imprint : Phytochemistry. v. 43(2): p. 447-449, 1996 Keywords : BACOPASAPONINS; PSEUDOJUJUBOGENINS; TRITERPENOID SAPONINS Scientific Names : BACOPA MONNIERI SCROPHULARIACEAE; Abstract : A new dammarane-type pseudojujubogenin glycoside, bacopasaponin D (mp 250 degree C), has been isolated from the leaves of [Bacopa monniera] and defined as 3-O-{alpha-L-arabinofuranosyl(1 to 2)beta-D-glucopyranosyl} pseudojujubogenin by spectroscopic methods and some chemical transformation MFN : 08381 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 97-01-0149 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Mitra, S.K.Muralidhar, T.S.Rao, D.R.B. Affiliation : Research and Development Centre, The Himalaya Drug Co., Makali, Bangalore 562 123, Karnataka, India Title : Experimental assessment of relative efficacy of drugs of herbal origin on sexual performance and hornone levels in alcohol exposed and normal rats Imprint : Phytotherapy Research. v. 10(4): p. 296-299, 1996 Keywords : SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION; TESTOSTERONE; HERBOMINERAL DRUGS Abstract : Alcohol can affect the hypothalamo-pituitarygonadal axis leading to impotence and sterility by various mechanisms of action. Effect of three herbomineral formulations, alone and as combinations done in alcohol exposed and normal rats has been evaluated. The preparations used showed beneficial effects of various degrees with respect to the sexual behaviour of animals. There was also improvement in the number of LH-FSH producing basophil cells in the pituitary and raised

levels of circulating testosterone. The mean sperm count was also higher in the drug treated animals MFN : 08398 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 97-01-0033 Subject Group : 0400 Authors : Uniyal, K.Uniyal, D.P. Affiliation : Forest Pathology Division, Forest Research Institute, Dehra Dun, UP, India Title : Mycoflora of neem seeds Imprint : Indian Forester. v. 122(5): p. 423-427, 1996 Keywords : MYCOFLORA, NEEM; NEEM, MYCOFLORA Scientific Names : AZADIRACHTA INDICA MELIACEAE; Abstract : Six fungal genera representing [Fusarium, Aspergillus, Penicillium, Alternaria, Cephalosporium] and [Pythium], apart from [Mycelia sterelia] and bacteria were isolated from seeds of [Azadirachta indica]. Among these the dominant species were [Aspergillus niger, A.fumigatus] and [Fusarium solani] MFN : 08407 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 97-01-0108 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Baskar, R.Meenalakshmi Malini, M.Varalakshmi, P.Balakrishna, K.Bhima Rao, R. Affiliation : Department of Medical Biochemistry, Dr. A.L.M. Post Graduate Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Madras, Taramani Campus, Madras 600 113, India Title : Effect of lupeol isolated from Crataeva nurvala stem bark against free radical-induced toxicity in experimental urolithiasis Imprint : Fitoterapia. v. 67(2): p. 121-125, 1996 Keywords : LUPEOL; GLYCOLATE; LIPID PEROXIDATION; ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY; UROLITHIASIS; KIDNEY STONES TREATMENT; ANTILITHIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : CRATAEVA NURVALA CAPPARIDACEAE; Abstract : The cytoprotective action of lupeol isolated from [Crataeva nurvala] stem bark against free radical toxicity has been ivestigated in experimental urolithiasis. Glycolate, an inducer of stone formation, significantly raised the renal tissue levels of calcium, oxalate, phosphorus and magnesium in calculogenic rats and brought about a remarkable decrease in kidney oxalate level. The increase in lipid peroxidation and superoxide dismutase activity, associated with decreased catalase activity and glutathione level are the salient features observed in tissues of stone forming rats. Lupeol administration induced a remarkable decrease in kidney oxalate level and also was effective in counteracting the free radical toxicity by bringing about a significant decrease in peroxidative levels and increase in antioxidant status. Antioxidant property of lupeol and its cytoprotective action against free radical toxicity has been highlighted MFN Yr, Iss, : 08426 Abst No. : 97-01-0178

Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Sasidharan, K. Affiliation : Ayurveda Faculty, Sree Sankaracharya University of Sanskrit, Kalady 683 514, Kerala, India Title : Toxicity studies of Citraka (Plumbago rosea Linn.) Kwatha Imprint : Aryavaidyan. v. 9(4): p. 231-234, 1996 Keywords : CITRAKA ROOT PURIFICATION; TOXICITY, CITRAKA ROOTS; LIME WATER, CITRAKA ROOT PURIFICATION; PHYTOSTEROLS, TOXIC COMPONENTS Scientific Names : PLUMBAGO ROSEA PLUMBAGINACEAE; Abstract : The study was conducted to find out the rationale behind the purification of root and to observe toxic effects of decoction prepared using Citraka roots. Citraka showed dose dependent toxicity. The toxicity of roots was reduced after repeated washing of wet root in lime water as the toxic principle, phytosterol, gets dissolved in lime water. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 08434 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 97-01-0073 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Srivastava, S.Khokhar, S. Affiliation : Department of Foods and Nutrition, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hissar 125004, Haryana, India Title : Effects of processing on the reduction of beta-ODAP (beta-N-oxalyl-L-2,3-diaminopropionic acid) and anti-nutrients of Khesari dhal, Lathyrus sativus Imprint : Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. v. 71(1): p. 50-58, 1996 Keywords : ANTINUTRITIONAL ACTIVITY; DIAMINOPROPIONIC ACID; OXYALYLAMINOALANINE; NEUROTOXIN Scientific Names : LATHYRUS SATIVUS Abstract : Soaking of seeds of four lines of [Lathyrus sativus] in various media, reduced the contents of ODAP and other antinutritional compounds to a varying and significant extent; losses were higher in freshly boiled water, alkaline and tamarind solutions than after soaking in drinking water. The highest losses in boiled water (6570 percent) were observed for beta-ODAP, followed by trypsin inhibitors (42-48 percent) and polyphenols (30-37 percent). Ordinary cooking and pressure cooking of pre-soaked seeds were found to be most effective in reducing the levels of all the natrual toxicants examined., whilst fermentation and germination were more effective in destroying both of the enzyme inhibitors (amylase inhibitors by 69-71 percent; trypsin inhibitors by 65-66 percent) than either phytates or polyphenols MFN : 08571 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 97-02-0889 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Singh, S.Singh, G.B. Affiliation : Pharmacology Department, Regional Research Laboratory, Jammu-Tawi 180 001, JK, India Title : Hypotensive activity of Lannea coromandelica bark extract

Imprint : Phytotherapy Research. v. 10(5): p. 429-430, 1996 Keywords : HYPOTENSIVE ACTIVITY Scientific Names : LANNEA COROMANDELICA ANACARDIACEAE; Abstract : An ethanol extract of [Lannea coromandelica] bark showed hypotensive ativity in anaesthetized dogs and rats. On intravenous administration at a dose range of 5-100 mg/kg in dogs and 1-25 mg/kg in rats it produed a mild to marked decrease in the arterial blood pressure in a dose dependent manner. The effect did not alter after cholinergic, histaminergic, adrenergic and ganglion receptor blockade. The hypotension was also unchanged in vagotomized and eviserated dogs, whereas there was a slight increase in hypotension in the spinal preparation. It produced dose related decreases in heart rate, without any effect on respiratory rate MFN : 08643 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 97-03-1328 Subject Group : 0300 Authors : Dhar, M.K.Koul, A.K. Affiliation : Department of Biosciences, University of Jammu, Jammu 180 004, JK, India Title : Genetic diversity among Plantagos XXX. A triploid Plantago lagopus L. Imprint : Nucleus. v. 39(3): p. 137-139, 1996 Keywords : DIVERSITY, GENETIC; GENETIC DIVERSITY; KARYOTYPES; CHROMOSOMES Scientific Names : PLANTAGO LOGOPUS PLANTAGINACEAE; Abstract : A triploid individual of [Plantago lagopus] was selected and isolated from a cross between disomic (12 chromosomes) and trisomic (18 chromosomes) plants. The study of karyotype and meiosis in [P.logopus] revealed it as an autotriploid. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 08689 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 97-03-1476 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Chaturvedi, M.Mali, P.C.Dixit, V.P. Affiliation : Department of Zoology, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur 302 004, Rajasthan, India Title : Fertility regulation in male rats with the help of Echinops echinatus (Roxb.) root extract Imprint : Journal of Phytological Research. v. 8(2): p. 115118, 1995 Keywords : SPERMATOGENESIS; ANTIFERTILITY ACTIVITY Scientific Names : ECHINOPS ECHINATUS COMPOSITAE; Abstract : [Echinops echinatus], a pure anti-androgenic drug, when administered orally to male albino rats at dose level of 50,100 and 200 mg/kg b.wt./day/rat orally for 60 days, significantly decreased the weight of testes, epididymides, ventral prostate, vas deferens and seminal vesicle. Sperm motility and sperm density also showed significant reduction. The concentration of protein, sialic acid, ascorbic acid, fructose, acid/alkaline phosphatase were significantly decreased in [Echinops echinatus] treated groups. [E.echinatus] inhibits spermatogenesis in many animals. Its antifertility effect may be a

combination of the effect on the developing spermatids as well as that on spermatozoal motility MFN : 08690 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 97-03-1391 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Sha Vallikhan, P.S.Sudarsanam, G.Rao, K.R. Affiliation : Plant Tissue Culture Laboratory, Department of Botany, S.V. University, Tirupati 517 502, AP, India Title : Polyembryony and in vitro seed culture in Syzygium alternifolium (Wight) Walp. Imprint : Journal of Phytological Research. v. 8(2): p. 119122, 1995 Keywords : SEED CULTURE; POLYEMBRYONY Scientific Names : SYZYGIUM ALTERNIFOLIUM MYRTACEAE; Abstract : Under natural conditions 30-35 percent of mature seeds of [Syzygium alternifolium] indicated polyembryony by the presence of pluricotylity and uneven germination. All the seeds (both tricotyledonous and dicotyledonous) cultured in vitro were triggered greatly and showed various responses such as formation of multiple shoots and roots, multiple shoots only, single shoot with multiple roots, callus, callus with roots due to the effect of exogenous supply of BA and IAA MFN : 08758 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 97-04-1935 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Rohatgi, N. Affiliation : Centre of Minor Forest Products, Dehradun, UP, India Title : Cultivation practices of some important MFP species Imprint : MFP News. v. 6(3): p. 7-8, 1996 Keywords : CULTIVATION, ATROPA Scientific Names : ATROPA ACUMINATA SOLANACEAE; Abstract : The propagation, cultivation methods and manuring, harvesting, yield, production and trade etc. of [Atropa acuminata] have been described. Chemical constituents, uses and remedies of leaf and root are also mentioned MFN : 08828 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 97-04-2114 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Gupta, M.Mazumder, U.K.Mukhopadhyay, R.Sarkar, S. Affiliation : Division on Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Pharmacology, Jadavpur University, Calcutta-700 032, WB, India Title : Antisteroidogenic effect on the seed extract of Nelumbo nucifera in the testis and the ovary of the rat Imprint : Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. v. 58(6): p. 236-242, 1996 Keywords : ANTISTEROIDOGENIC ACTIVITY; STEROIDOGENESIS Scientific Names : NELUMBO NUCIFERA NYMPHAEACEAE;

Abstract : The petroleum ether extract of the seeds of [Nelumbo nucifera] and its fractions administered orally to sexually immature female rats and mature male rats on alternate day for 15 days caused remarkable delay in sexual maturation in prepubertal female rats as evidenced from age of vaginal opening and first estrus (cornified smear) and a significant reduction in the sperm count and motility in mature male rats. In both the cases treatment resulted in accumulation of cholesterol and ascorbic acid and reduction in delta5,3betahydroxysteroid dehydrogenase and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity in the ovary and testis of female and male rat respectively. These results indicate suppression of steroidogenesis in both ovary and tesits MFN : 08839 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 97-04-1957 Subject Group : 0200 Authors : Shah, D.C.Chaudhari, B.G.Vachharajani, Y.R. Affiliation : rug Standardization Research Project, CCRAS, Gujarat Ayurveda University, Jamnagar 36 108, Gujarat, India Title : Save environment-save medicinal trees-search harmless formulas Imprint : Sachitra Ayurved. v. 47(12): p. 925-939, 1995 Keywords : MEDICINAL PLANTS, CONSERVATION; CONSERVATION, MEDICINAL PLANTS; LEAF DRUGS; ROOT DRUGS; STEM DRUGS; ROOTBARK DRUGS; HEARTWOOD DRUGS; PLANT SAVING FORMULAS; HERBAL DRUGS Abstract : Formulas of the drugs containing leaves and bark, heartwood, root and stems of plants and prescribed in 23 different ailaments have been described. Plant-saving and plant-damaging formulas have been enlisted separately. Different kinds of preparations using leaves or herbs have been tabulated. Use of plants in different diseases as mentioned in 17 Sanskrit texts have been enumerated. Botanical names of 52 plants whose leaves are mainly used and those of 64 plants whose roots, root-bark, stembark and heartwood etc are used are enlisted separately MFN : 08880 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 97-05-2944 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Gogoi, R.Baruah, P.Nath, S.C. Affiliation : Division of Plant Sciences Ecology, Regional Research Laboratory, Jorhat 785006, Assam, India Title : Antifungal activity of the essential oil of Litsea cubeba Pers. Imprint : Journal of Essential Oil Research. v. 9(2): p. 213215, 1997 Keywords : ESSENTIAL OILS; NERAL GERANIAL; ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY; CITRAL; FUSARIUM MONILIFORME; FUSARIUM SOLANI; ALATERNARIA ALTERNATA; ASPERGILLUS NIGER Scientific Names : LITSEA CUBEBA LAURACEAE; Abstract : Investigation on the antifungal activity of naturally occurring citral containing essential oil of [Litsea cubeba] at various dilutions revealed the possibility of its utilization as an

antifungal agent. The oil isolated from the fruits of [L.cubeba] was tested in vitro for its activity at different concentrations against [Fusarium moniliforme, Fusarium solani, Alternaria alternata] and [Aspergillus niger]. The oil was found to be effective against these fungal pathogens. The antifungal activities of the oil increased with an increase in the concentration. Minimum effective concentrations of the oil against fungal pathogens was also different MFN : 08885 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 97-05-2701 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Mustafa Anand, P.H.Hariharan, M. Affiliation : Department of Botany, University of Calicut 673635, Kerala, India Title : In vitro multiplication of greater galangal (Alpinia galanga (Linn.)Willd)- a medicinal plant Imprint : Phytomorphology. v. 47(1): p. 45-50, 1997 Keywords : TISSUE CULTURE; MICROPROPAGATION, GALANGAL; GALANGAL, MICROPROPAGATION Scientific Names : ALPINIA GALANGA ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : An excised [Alpinia galanga] rhizome bud cultured on MS medium, supplemented with BAP alone or in combination with an auxin, produced multiple shoots. On medium containing MS+ 1.0 mg/1 BAP + 0.5 mg/1 NAA, 80 percent explants produced an average of 6.9 shoots. 70 percent of the shoots produced roots on MS containing 2.5 mg/1 NAA. The micropropagated plants were transplanted to soil with 75 percent survival MFN : 08894 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 97-05-2655 Subject Group : 0400 Authors : Sinha, R.K.P.Singh, A.P.Sinha, B.B.P.li, A.S.M. Affiliation : Agricultural Research Instituet, Patna 800 001, Bihar, India Title : Stemphylium blight: A new fungal disease of garlic (Allium sativum) Imprint : Journal of Application Biology. v. 5(1-2): p. 93, 1995 Keywords : FUNGAL DISEASES, ALLIUM; STEM BLIGHT, GARLIC; GARLIC, FUNGAL DISEASES; LEAF BLIGHT, GARLIC Scientific Names : ALLIUM SATIVUM LILIACEAE; Abstract : Garlic [Allium sativum] was inflicted by [Stemphylium vesicarium] causing stem and leaf blight, hitherto unreported from India. Disease was noticed when crop was 45 days old. Isolations of pathogen were made on potato dextrose agar medium at 26+-1 degree C. Fungus was identified by IARI, New Delhi as assession No. HC/0042 of [Stemphylium vesicarium]. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 08906 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 97-05-2698 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Misra, A.

Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow 226 015, UP, India Title : Genotypic variation of manganese toxicity and tolerance of Japanese mint Imprint : Journal of Herbs, Spices Medicinal Plants. v. 4(3): p. 3-13, 1996 Keywords : GENOTYPIC VARIATION, MINT; JAPANESE MINT, MANGANESE TOXICITY; MANGANESE TOXICITY, JAPANESE MINT Scientific Names : MENTHA ARVENSIS LABIATAE; Abstract : Plantlets of Japanese mint ([Mentha arvensis] cv. [masi]) and Hybrid 77) were grown on nutrient solutions containing manganese. For cv. [masi], dry weight of plant tops grown in 0.1 and 1.0 micro g Mn/ml solutions was higher than that of plants growing in solution without manganese. In contrast, dry weight of plant tops of cv. Hybrid-77 had only a slight increase in growth as manganese concentration increased. With Hybrid-77, manganese content of the roots increased and the manganese content of the tops decreased as manganese levels in the culture medium increased. Necrotic browning and chlorosis of leaf tissue developed in Hybrid-77 growing in manganese deficient culture. [In-vitro] nitrate reductase and peroxidase activity were higher in masi than in Hybrid-77 and a more positive correlation between the dry matter yield and tissue concentration of manganese was observed in masi than in Hybrid-77 MFN : 09009 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 97-05-2872 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Panda, S.Gupta, P.Kar, A. Affiliation : School of Life Sciences, Devi Ahilya University, Indore 452 001, MP, India Title : Protective role of ashwagandha in cadmium-induced hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity in male mouse Imprint : Current Science. v. 72(8): p. 546-547, 1997 Keywords : ASHWAGANDHA, CADMIUM POISONING; HEPATOTOXICITY; NEPHROTOXICITY; CADMIUM POISONING, ASHWAGANDHA Scientific Names : WITHANIA SOMNIFERA SOLANACEAE; Abstract : The protective action of Ashwagandha ([Withania somnifera]) on cadmium-induced toxicity in liver and kidney tissues of mice, has been studied. Aqueous extract of 40 mg/0.1 ml concentration was prepared from dried roots of Ashwagandha. Mice were fed with Cd Cl2 + Ashwagandha extract and Ashwagandha extract alone (1.14g/kg body wt.), for 20 days. Results based on lipid peroxidation indicate that Ashwagandha is capable of reducing toxicity caused by cadmium. So far, no plant product has been reported to regulate cadmium-induced toxicity in animals. Thus Ashwagandha extract may prove useful in regulation of metal-induced clinical toxicity MFN : 09117 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 97-06-3523 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Mandal, A.Bishayee, A.Chatterjee, M.

Affiliation : Division of Biochemistry, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Jadavpur University, Calcutta 700 032, WB, India Title : Trianthema portulacastrum affords antihepatotoxic activity against carbon tetrachloride-induced chronic liver damage in mice: Reflection in subcellular levels Imprint : Phytotherapy Research. v. 11(3): p. 216-221, 1997 Keywords : HEPATOTOXICITY; HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY; ANTIHEPATOTOXICITY Scientific Names : TRIANTHEMA PORTULACASTRUM AIZOACEAE; Abstract : The ethanol extract of [Trianthema portulacastrum] dose-dependently decreased the activities of serum glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase, glutamate pyruvate transaminase, lactate dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase, glutamate dehydrogenase and sorbitol dehydrogenase as well as serum levels of bilirubin and urea which were otherwise significantly elevated with the chronic CCl4 regimen alone. There was a substantial increase in the activities of plasma membrane enzyme gammaglutamyl transpeptidase and 5'-nucleotidase and lysosomal enzymes acid phosphatase and acid ribonuclease in hepatic tissue following CCl4 treatment. These changes were reversed towards normalization with the extract in a dose-dependent manner. The extract also resotred CCl4induced inhibition of hepatic microsomal enzyme glucose-6-phosphatase. The extract showed a marked liver protective action comparable to that of silymarin, a standard hepatoprotective drug. The probable mechanism by which this plant exerts cytoprotection has also been discussed MFN : 09135 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 97-06-3504 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Kurnunakar, N.Pillai, K.K.Hussain, S.Z.Rao, M.Balani, D.K.Imran, M. Affiliation : Jamia Hamdard, Hamdard Nagar, New Delhi, India Title : Further studies on the hepatotoxic activity of jigrine Imprint : Indian Journal of Pharmacology. v. 29(4): p. 222227, 1997 Keywords : ANTIHEPATOTOXICITY; JIGRINE; HERBAL DRUGS; UNANI DRUGS; SILYMARIN Abstract : Anti hepatotoxic activity of Jigrine, a unani pharmaceutical herbal formulation against alcohol CCl4 induced hepatotoxicity in rats have been evaluated. Jigrine at two dose levels 0.5 ml and 1.0 ml/kg P.O. was given for a period of 7 days (i.e. 15 to 21st day) to the rats treated with CCl4 and alcohol. Silymarin (25 mg/kg P.O.) was given as reference drug. Biochemical parameters were estimated to assess the liver functions. The study confirms the antihepatotoxic activity of jigrine which may be attributed to the membrane stablising and antioxidant activity of this medicine. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 09138 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 97-06-3631 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Raman, N.Nagendran, S.Sundaramahalingam, A.

Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, VHNSN College, Virudhanagar 626 001, TN, India Title : Extractive, characterisation and antimicrobial activities of mango seed oil Imprint : Asian Journal of Chemistry. v. 9(2): p. 321-323, 1997 Keywords : ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY; MANGO SEED KERNELS; ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : MANGIFERA SPP ANACARDIACEAE; Abstract : Oil extracted from Balamani mango seed kernels is evaluated for oil content. Physico-chemical characteristics and fatty acid compositions. The number of components present in the oil is found by HPLC and TLC. The oil is found to show antibacterial activity against [Staphylococcus epidermidities] and it induces growth of the yeast, [S.cerevisiae].NSL, New Delhi MFN : 09153 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-01-0030 Subject Group : 0200 Authors : Vasistha, H.B.Soni, P.Om Kumar Affiliation : Division of Ecology and Environment, Forest Research Institute, Dehra Dun, UP, India Title : Wendlandia exserta - A promising tree species for restoration of mined degraded habitats Imprint : Indian Journal of Forestry. v. 20(2): p. 178-180, 1997 Scientific Names : WENDLANDIA EXSERTA RUBIACEAE; Abstract : Growth characters and root binding capacity of [Wendlandia exserta] on mined spoil and nursery soil conditions have been discussed. The plant species showed significant difference in height, diameter, shoot biomass and root biomass, root volume, tap root length, number of laterals, and binding capacity being higher in mine spoil grown plants. Whereas leaf area, leaf biomass depth of rooting zone showed a non-significant difference in the two strata MFN : 09160 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-01-0040 Subject Group : 0400 Authors : Prabhakaran, P.V. Affiliation : Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur 680 654, Kerala, India Title : Quantitative determination of loss in yield of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) in Kannur district (Kerala, India) Imprint : Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops. v. 6(1): p. 31-36, 1997 Keywords : BLACK PEPPER; YIELD LOSS, PEPPER; PEPPER, YIELD LOSS Scientific Names : PIPER NIGRUM PIPERACEAE; Abstract : A method for estimation of yield loss in black pepper ([Piper nigrum]) due to incidence of pests, diseases and drought has been described. The average annual yield loss in black pepper due to these factors was around 33 percent. The major contributors towards stand

loss, was foot rot contributing to 9 percent loss followed by drought. Among the casual factors contributing to yield loss the most disastrous was found to be incidence of pollu beetle which accounted for about 13 percent loss followed by fungal pollu. The percentage avoidable loss in yield by adopting plant protection measures was estimated to be around 43 percent MFN : 09169 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-01-0093 Subject Group : 0600 Authors : Afaq, S.H.Ansari, S.Q.Amin, K.M.Y.Khan, N.A.Hoda, M.S. Affiliation : Department of Ilmul Advia, Faculty of Unani Medicine, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 202 002, UP, India Title : Botanical identity and pharmacognostical studies of Suddab Imprint : Hamdard Medicus. v. 39(3): p. 11-20, 1997 Keywords : PHARMACOGNOSY, SUDDAB; SUDDAB, PHARMACOGNOSY; UNANI MEDICINE Scientific Names : EUPHORBIA DRACUNCULOIDES EUPHORBIACEAE; RUTA GRAVEOLENS RUTACEAE; Abstract : Pharmacognostical characters and botanical identification of Suddab ([Euphorbia dracunculoides]) have been described. Characters of suddab ([E.dracunculoides]) collected from market sample of north India and suddab ([Ruta graveolens]) collected from south Indian market sample have been compared MFN : 09170 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-01-0104 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Idris, M. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacology and Pharmacy, Section of Unani Medicine, Ayurvedic and Unani Tibbia College, University of Delhi, Ajmal Khan Road, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 110 005, India Title : Role of Unani herbal drugs in opiate de-addiction Imprint : Hamdard Medicus. v. 39(3): p. 21-24, 1997 Keywords : UNANI DRUG, DEADDICTION; DEADDICTION, UNANI DRUGS; MAJOON-I-AZARAQI, UNANI DRUG Scientific Names : STRYCHNOS NUX-VOMICA LOGANIACEAE; Abstract : Efficacy and therapeutics of Unani drug Majoon-iAzaraqi consisting of fourteen plant species including [Strychnos nuxvomica] as a major ingredient in opium and other drug de-addiction have been discussed MFN : 09171 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-01-0019 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Singh, M.Saxena, V.S. Affiliation : Microbiology Unit, Department of Botany, GK University, Hardwar, UP, India

Title : Effect of gamma radiation and different packings used for storage of the drug amla fruit on microflora population and on the phytoconstituents Imprint : Hamdard Medicus. v. 39(3): p. 66-72, 1997 Keywords : GAMMA RADIATION, FRUIT STORAGE; BIODETERIORATION, AMLA FRUITS; AMLA FRUITS, BIODETERIORATION; AMLA, STORAGE; STORAGE, AMLA Scientific Names : EMBLICA OFFICINALIS EUPHORBIACEAE; Abstract : Four types (polythene, cloth, paper and gunny bag) of packings were used for storage of [Emblica officinalis] fruits. A total number 33 fungal species and 3 bacterial species were recorded. Fruits treated with gamma radiation were found to be free from mycoflora. Highest microbial load was found in gunny bag. Biodeterioration of the phytoconstituents was found in paper and cloth packings MFN : 09172 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-01-0195 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Latha, P.Govindasamy, S.Balakrishna, K. Affiliation : Department of Biochemistry, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Madras 600 025, TN, India Title : Effect of gangetin on fertility of male rats Imprint : Phytotherapy Research. v. 11(5): p. 372-375, 1997 Keywords : GANGETIN; FERTILITY IMPAIRMENT; SPERM COUNT; SPERM MOTILITY; ANTIFERTILITY ACTIVITY; PTEROCARPAN Scientific Names : DESMODIUM GANGETICUM LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : Daily administration of gangetin, a plant pterocarpoan isolated from the roots of [Desmodium gangeticum] (0.5, 1, 1.5 and 2.0 mg/kg body weight for 30 days), caused an impairment of fertility (number of implants were reduced significantly) and it was dose dependent. The treatment also caused a reduction in the vaginal sperm count and an enhancement of pre-implantation losses. Complete recovery of fertility was evident 30 days after the withdrawal of gangetin treatment. The number of spermatozoa in the caput and cauda epididymis were decreased concomitant with a decrease in the motility of spermatozoa, collected from the cauda epididymis. The weights of testes, epididymides, vas deferens and prostate were also significantly decreased. The changes in the parameters were strictly dose dependent. The cessation of treatment for a further period of 30 days brought full recovery of these effects MFN : 09255 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-01-0161 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Gupta, M.Mazumder, U.K.Bhawal, S.R.Swamy, S.M.K. Affiliation : Division of Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Jadavpur University, Calcutta 700 032, WB, India Title : CNS activity of petroleum ether extract of Vitex negundo Linn in mice Imprint : Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. v. 59(5): p. 240-245, 1997

Keywords : CNS ACTIVITY; ANALGESIC ACTIVITY; SEDATIVE ACTIVITY; ANTICONVULSANT ACTIVITY Scientific Names : VITEX NEGUNDO VERBENACEAE; Abstract : The dried leaves of [Vitex negundo] were extracted with petroleum ether. The active fraction of the extract was separated by column chromatographic technique, and the acute toxicity studies were done using Swiss albino mice of either sex. Three dose levels (125, 167, 250 mg/kg b.w.) were chosen to study analgesic, anti-convulsant and sedative-hypnotic activities using Swiss albino mice of either sex. The leaf extract potentiated the sedative-hypnotic effect of pentobarbitone and diazepam significantly (P-.001) in a dose dependent manner, while it did not produce sleep in mice itself. The extract showed significant analgesic activity and prolonged the analgesia produced by morphine and pethidine, whereas, the anti-convulsant activity against strychnine and leptazole was found only at high dose levels (250 mg/kg b.w.) MFN : 09338 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-02-0937 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Rai, M.K.Shrivastava, V. Affiliation : Department of Botany, Danielson College, Chhindwara 480 001, MP, India Title : In vitro sensitivity of microsporum gypseum to some plant extracts Imprint : National Seminar on Integrated Management of Plant Resources, Chhindwara, MP, India. p. 36, January 23-24 1998 Keywords : ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : BOUGAINVILLEA PERUVIANA SUBHYDRA NYCTAGINACEAE; BOUGAINVILLEA ODISSI NYCTAGINACEAE; TRIDAX PROCUMBENS COMPOSITAE; Abstract : [In vitro] effect of extracts of 16 plant including [Dianthus latifolius, Butea monosperma, Catharanthus roseus, Thevetia peruviana, Calotropis procera, Ixora coccinea, Helianthus annus, Antigonon leptopus,Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, Amaranthus blitium, Cestrum nocturnum, Bougainvillea peruviana](subhydra), [B.peruviana](odissi), [Tridex procumbens, Celosia arcuata] and [Tubermantana] sp. were evaluated against [Microsporum gypseum] by dry weight method. The maximum inhibition was shown by extract of [B.peruviana subhydra](67.41 percent) followed by [B.peruviana odissi] (52.35 percent) and [Tridex procumbens](51.11 percent). The minimum inhibition was shown by [Hibiscus rosa-sinensis](5.61 percent) MFN : 09392 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-02-0877 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Prince, P.S.M.Menon, V.P.Pari, L. Affiliation : Department of Biochemistry, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar 608 002, Tamil Nadu, India Title : Effect of Syzygium cumini extracts on hepatic hexokinase and glucose-6-phosphatase in experimental diabetes Imprint : Phytotherapy Research. v. 11(7): p. 529-531, 1997 Keywords : DIABETES; ANTIDIABETIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : SYZYGIUM CUMINI MYRTACEAE;

Abstract : Oral administration of 2.5 g/kg body weight of the aqueous extract of Jamun ([Syzygium cumini]) seed for 1 month resulted in an increase in the activity of hexokinase and a decrese in the activity of glucose-6-phosphatase in the liver of alloxan dosed diabetic animals. Decrease in the leakage of acid phosphatase, alkaline phosphatase and lactate dehydrogenase in the serum of these animals was also noticed. The effect exerted by jamun seed was more prominent than that of glibenclamide MFN : 09401 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-02-1119 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Shahi, A.K.Sharma, S.N.Tava, A. Affiliation : Regional Research Laboratory, Canal Road, Jammu Tawi, 180 001, India Title : Composition of Cymbopogon pendulus (Nees ex Steud) Wats, an elemicin-rich oil grass grown in Jammu region of India Imprint : Journal of Essential Oil Research. v. 9(5): p. 561563, 1997 Keywords : ESSENTIAL OILS; ELEMICIN; ASARONE; ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : CYMBOPOGON PENDULUS POACEAE; Abstract : [Cymbopogon penulus], which is an elemicin-rich aromatic grass that originated from the Meghalaya region of India, grew well under the subtropical climatic conditions at Jammu. An oil obtained from this plant was found to be rich in elemicin (53.7 percent), a strarting material for the antibacterical drug trimethoxyprim. Another valuable component of this same oil was (Z)-asarone (5.3 percent) which is used as antiallergic compound MFN : 09409 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-02-0651 Subject Group : 0200 Authors : Sharma, V.Thakur, M.L. Affiliation : Division of Forest Entomology, Forest Research Institute, Dehra Dun, UP, India Title : Contribution to the pollinating insect fauna of Ammi majus Linn. in Doon valley Imprint : Indian Journal of Forestry. v. 20(4): p. 386-389, 1997 Keywords : INSECT POLLIANTORS Scientific Names : AMMI MAJUS UMBELLIFERAE; Abstract : Eighteen insect species belonging to 11 families and three orders recorded on [Ammi Majus], nine species belonged to Hymenoptera, seven to Diptera and two to Coleoptera. Relative abundance of different insect pollinators of this medicinal herb indicated presence of [Apis florea] is the most abundant insect species, followed by [Apis cerana] and [Apis dorsata]. Syrphus serarius] is the least abundant. A few non-pollianting insects have also reported from this herb for the first time

MFN : 09410 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-02-1189 Subject Group : 1400 Authors : Gupta, P.K.Prabhu, V.V. Affiliation : Non-Wood Forest Products Division, Arid Forest Research Institute, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India Title : On the high performance liquid chromatographic determination and monitoring of azadirachtin in neem ecotypes Imprint : Indian Forester. v. 123(11): p. 1067-1071, 1997 Keywords : AZADIRACHTIN; NEEM ECOTYPES Scientific Names : AZADIRACHTA INDICA MELIACEAE; Abstract : Method was optimised for quantitative determination of azadirachtin content in neem ([Azadirachta indica]) Seed Kernel (NSK) using High Performance Liquid Chromatographic System. Neem fruits were collected from nine Agro-climatic zones of Rajasthan State and the samples were analysed for the azadirachtin content using this optimised method. The azadirachtin content varied from 0.194 percent to 0.670 percent by weight of neem seed kernel MFN : 09450 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-02-0753 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Khasgiwale, D. Affiliation : 570, Narayanpeth, Near Kesari Office, Pune 411 030, Maharastra, India Title : Cancer emergencies Imprint : Proceedings of International Seminar on Holistic Management of Cancer (Ayurveda Education Series no. 67), Pune. p. 59-62, 1998 Keywords : CANCER MANAGEMENT; AYURVEDIC DRUGS, CANCER; PALASHA PUSHPA, CANCER; SHIGRU ROOT, CANCER Abstract : Patients suffering from cancer may develop various medical and surgical emergencies during course of their illness. Ayurvedic preparations like shankhadorvati, (for diarrhoea); jaharamohara pisti, Mahalakshmi vilas vati, Lakshadi guggul (dyponea due to lung cancer), pomegranate (headache); Nagkeshara Suvarnagairika alongwith abhrakabhasma leaves extract plus 1gm shilajit (for jaundice); palshapushpa extract or kwath (kadha) shigru roots extract (for oligouria) has been suggested for alleviating human suffering MFN : 09451 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-02-0977 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Babu, B.R.Rohtash KumarBharadvaja, A.Wengel, J.Olsen, C.E.Parmar, V.S.Jain, S.C. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, University of Delhi, Delhi 110 007, India Title : A new flavone-glycoside from Zanthoxylum acanthopodium D.C. Imprint : National Seminar on Integrated Management of Plant Resources, Chhindwara, MP, India. p. 8, January 20-22, 1998

Keywords : FLAVONE GLYCOSIDES; FREERADICAL SCAVENGING ACTIVITY; POPERIDINE DERV; BENZOIC ACID DERV Scientific Names : ZANTHOXYLUM ACANTHOPODIUM RUTACEAE; Abstract : Twelve compounds previously unidentified from the plant have been isolated from the extracts of stems and fruits. seven compounds are reported for the first time from the genus [Zanthoxylum] and one is a novel flavone glycoside. The compounds have been characterized as 2alpha,6alpha-bis(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)-3,7dioxabicyclo-{3.3.0} octane; 2alpha,6beta-bis(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)3,7-dioxabicyclo{3.3.0}octane; 2alpha)3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-6beta-(3,4methylenedioxyphenyl)-3,7-dioxabicyclo{3.3.0}octane; N-{5-(3,4methylenedioxyphenyl)-2E,4E-pentadienoyl piperidine; beta-sitosterol; nonadecanoic acid; 3,5,7-trihydroxy-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-8methoxyflavone(1); p-methoxy benzoic acid; 4-beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy3,5-dimethoxy benzoic acid; 1(5)-guaien-11-ol; 3-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzoic acid and a new flavone glycoside as 7-O-alpha-D-glucosyl-3,8-dihydroxy-2(3-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl)-5-methoxy-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one. The flavone(1) showed strong radical scavenging effect MFN : 09458 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-03-1467 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Bishayee, A.Sarkar, A.Chatterjee, M. Affiliation : Division of Biochemistry, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Jadavpur University, Calcutta 700 032, WB, India Title : Chemoprotective role of Mikania cordata in experimental hepatocarcinogenesis Imprint : Phytomedicine. v. 3(Suppl.1): p. 13, 1996/97 Keywords : HEPATOCARCINOGENESIS; CHEMOPREVENTIVE AGENTS; CARCINOGENESIS; NEOPLASTIC TRANSFORMATION INDUCTION Scientific Names : MIKANIA CORDATA COMPOSITAE; Abstract : Attempts have been made to evaluate the anticarcinogenic potential of a methanolic fraction of [Mikania cordata] root extract against experimentally induced hepatocarcinogenesis in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Initiation of hepatocarcinogenesis was performed by a single intraperitoneal injection of diethylnitrosamine(DENA, 200 mg/kg). Oral administration of the extract (at 50 or 100 mg/kg, once daily) was started two weeks before DENA injection and it continued for 8 or 16 weeks after the carcinogenic challenge. The mean nodular volume and nodular volume as percentage of liver volume were decreased upon the extract treatment. It also caused a large decrement in the number and surface area of gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase-positive hepatic foci coupled with a reduction in the percentage area of liver parenchyma occupied by foci than the DENA control as detected by quantitative morphometry of hepatic sections. All these results were found to be more pronounced 16 weeks following the DENA administration and always statistically significant with the optimum dose of the extract used. Data of our present study are in favour of the conclusion that [M.cordata] root extract may have a unique anticarcinogenic property against chemically induced neoplastic transformation in rat liver

MFN : 09473 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-03-1293 Subject Group : 0400 Authors : Alam, M.Sattar, A. Affiliation : Plant Pathology Division, Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, P.O.CIMAP, Lucknow 226 015, UP, India Title : Management of lethal yellowing disease of Java citronella caused by Pythium aphanidermatum Imprint : Abstracts of Papers, Int.Conf.Integrated Plant Disease Management, New Delhi, India. p. 440, November 10-15 1997 Keywords : YELLOWING DISEASE, CITRONELLA; CITRONELLA, YELLOWING DISEASE Abstract : Experiments were carried out on the management of lethal yellowing disease of Java citronella caused by Pythium aphanidermatum in the field. Four fungicides, namely Ridomil-MZ-72WP, Previour-N 72 percent, Bavistin 50 percent WP and Topsin-M 70 percent WP were used. Based on two years experimental data, slip treatment and two foliar sprayings with Ridomil-mancozeb were found to be most effective control measures. Ridomil MZ 72 treatment produced 65.5 to 70 percent green plants at 0.1 percent and 0.15 percent, respectively as compared with 19 percent in untreated control, which was 223.4 to 262.7 percent more than the control. The mortality was also reduced. The treatment by Previcur-N also produced 54.5 and 62.2 percent green plants at 0.1 percent and 0.15 percent, respectively. Its treatment has further reduced the mortality to 26.7-35.5 percent. Bevistin and Topsin-M have reduced the mortality by 30 and 50 percent but they were least effective in recovery of chlorosis as compared with Rodomil-MZ 72 or Previcour-N MFN : 09528 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-03-1269 Subject Group : 0200 Authors : Singh, H.B.Jain, A. Affiliation : G.B. Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment Development, Tadong, Gangtok 737 102, Sikkim, India Title : Rheum nobile Hook.f. Thoms.: Sikkim Himalayan context Imprint : Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany. v. 21(3): p. 709-710, 1997 Keywords : MEDICINAL PLANTS, SIKKIM; SIKKIM, MEDICINAL PLANTS Scientific Names : RHEUM NOBILE POLYGONACEAE; Abstract : A report on [Rheum nobile] in Sikkim, covering botanical characteristics, distribution, local belief, status and economic importance has been presented MFN : 09552 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-03-1903 Subject Group : 1400 Authors : Vijayakumari, K.Siddhuraju, P.Janardhanan, K. Affiliation : Seed Physiology and Biochemistry Laboratory, Department of Botany, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, 641046, Tamil Nadu, India

Title : Effect of soaking, cooking and autoclaving on phytic acid and oligosaccharide contents of the tribal pulse, Mucuna monosperma DC.ex. Weight Imprint : Food Chemistry. v. 55(2): p. 173-177, 1996 Keywords : PHYTIC ACID; OLIGOSACCHARIDES Scientific Names : MUCUNA MONOSPERMA LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : Seed materials of [Mucuna monosperma] collected from Kerala and Tamil Nadu states were investigated. The loss of phytic acid was found to be higher in distilled water soaking compared to salt water soaking in Kerala germplasm. There was no significant reduction in content of raffinose during soaking in distilled water in Tamil Nadu germplasm. Cooking for 3 h effected significant reduction of phytic acid, raffinose, stachyose and verbascose in both the germplasms studied. The percentage loss of oligosaccharides with autoclaving was higher than with cooking MFN : 09553 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-03-1239 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Sastry, K.P.Kumar, D.Saleem, S.M.Radhakrishnan, K. Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Field Station, Kodaikanal 624 101, TN, India Title : Effect of phosphorus on growth of pyrethrum plants (Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium) and on flower yields Imprint : Pyrethrum Post. v. 19(4): p. 132-138, 1997 Keywords : PYRETHRUM; PHOSPHATE FERTILIZERS, PYRETHRUM Scientific Names : CHRYSANTHEMUM CINERARIAEFOLIUM ASTERACEAE; Abstract : In an experiment carried out between 1987 and 1990, it was found that rock phosphate is an effective as single superphosphate in improving flower yields of pyrethrum from the second year of planting, onwards. In another experiment conducted between 1990 and 1992, incorporation of the rock phosphate 45 days before planting was found to be a better method of application for improving flower yields compared to conventional methods MFN : 09556 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-03-1523 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Johri, S.Tiwari, V.Mathur, R. Affiliation : School of Studies in Zoology, Jiwaji University, Gwalior 474 011, MP, India Title : Restitution of vascular structures in iso-prenaline treated rats through Abana Imprint : Phytomedicine. v. 3(Suppl.1): p. 215, 1996/97 Keywords : ABANA; RESTITUTION, HEART; ANTIMYOCARDIAL ACTIVITY; MYOCARDIAM PREVENTING ACTIVITY Abstract : Cojoint treatment of myocardial inferction induced by iso-prenaline with Abana an herbal preparation showed a protective action and an alteration in various bichemical parameters which restituted to normal in heart. These findings are further confirmed by histological and histochemical parameters. It is concluded tha Abana protects the myocardium in rats

MFN : 09559 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-03-1220 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Gupta, S.N.Verma, P.K.Sharma, G.D. Affiliation : Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Section, Department of Plant Breeding, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar-125 004, Haryana, India Title : Boom in Mentha cultivation in Haryana Imprint : Indian Perfumer. v. 41(3): p. 124-126, 1997 Keywords : MENTHA CULTIVATION; HARYANA, MENTHA CULTIVATION Scientific Names : MENTHA SPP LABIATAE; Abstract : The successful introduction of Mentha crop in intensive agriculture system of Haryana state has been described. It gives an account off fast development and increase in area and production vis-a-vis distillation units in the state during the last 3 years. Best results are obtained by using poultry manure, planting period 15 January to 15 February, use of fungicide at planting and timely harvest MFN : 09586 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-03-1860 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Das, S.R. Affiliation : Regional Research Institute (Ay.), 14, Jagannath Dutta Lane, Calcutta 700 009, WB, India Title : Some beneficial weeds of cultivation from Nadia district, West Bengal Imprint : Bulletin of Medico-Ethnobotanical Research. v. 16(1-2): p. 74-81, 1995 Keywords : MEDICINAL PLANTS, INDIA, WEST BENGAL; WEST BENGAL, MEDICINAL PLANTS; MEDICINAL WEEDS; WEEDS, MEDICINAL Abstract : During the survey of medicinal plants of Nadia district in West Bengal some plants which commonly grow as weeds in the cultivated fields have been observed. Although as weeds they are harmful yet with their medicinal properties they are much beneficial and are widely used in indigenous systems of medicine. Seventy medicinally important weeds have been described. For each species Sanskrit and Bengali names, distribution and uses are given MFN : 09604 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-03-1832 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Srivastava, S.D.Halwe, K.Srivastava, S.K. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, Dr. H.S.Gour University, Sagar 470 003, MP, India Title : New coumarins from Limonia crenulata Imprint : Fitoterapia. v. 68(5): p. 410-412, 1997 Keywords : NORDENTATIN DERV; ALLOIMPERATORIN RUTINOSIDE; PONCITRIN; LUVANGETIN; XANTHOTOXIN; LIMONIN; DIOSPHENOL Scientific Names : LIMONIA CRENULATA RUTACEAE;

Abstract : The stem bark of [Limonia crenulata] yielded two new coumarins, 5-(3-methylbut-2-enyloxy)-nordentatin and alloimperatorin 8-O-rutinoside, in addition to the known compounds poncitrin, luvangetin, beta sitosterol, xanthotoxin, limonin and limonin diosphenol. The structures of the new coumarins were established by UV,IR, 1H-NMR spectra, and by chemical reactions MFN : 09617 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-03-1701 Subject Group : 1000 Authors : Poornima, K.Vadivelu, S. Affiliation : Department of Nematology, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore 641 003, TN, India Title : Effect of some organic oils and their cakes on the infectivity of root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita affecting tomato Imprint : Indian Journal of Nematology. v. 27(1): p. 70-73, 1997 Keywords : NEMATODE CONTROL; NEEM; KARANJ; MAHUA; CASTOR; NEMATICIDAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : AZADIRACHTA INDICA MELIACEAE; PONGAMIA GLABRA LEGUMINOSAE; MADHUCA INDICA SAPOTACEAE; RICINUS COMMUNIS EUPHORBIACEAE; Abstract : Higher concentrations of organic oils of karanj, neem, mahua and castor proved effective in preventing larval penetration and gall production in the roots of tomato. Cakes of these plants also gave significant reduction in gall number. The best cake treatment i.e. neem produced light infection while the infection produced by the dilution of oil with highest strength was negligible. Treatment with oil was relatively more effective than soil treatment with cakes in controlling root-knot nematode infection MFN : 09619 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-03-1314 Subject Group : 0400 Authors : Pandey, R.Haseeb, A. Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow 226 015, UP, India Title : Plant parasitic nematodes associated with three medicinal plants and the pathogenicity of root-knot nematode Imprint : Indian Journal of Nematology. v. 27(1): p. 53-57, 1997 Keywords : MEDICINAL PLANTS, NEMATODES; NEMATODES, MEDICINAL PLANTS Scientific Names : AMMI VISNAGA SOLANACEAE; COSTUS SPECIOSUS UMBELLIFERAE; SOLANUM INDICUM ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : A survey of plant parasitic nematodes carried out in the rhizosphere of [Ammi visnaga, Costus speciosus] and [Solanum indicum] revealed the occurrence of [Tylenchus] sp., [Tylenchorhynchus vulgaris, Hoplolaimus] sp., [Helicotylenchus] sp., [Pratylenchus thornei, Rotylenchulus reniformis, Longidorus pisi] and second stage juvenile of Meloidogyne species. Pathogenicity test undertaken in a glasshouse with root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita with different initial levels revealed significantly low plant growth and suppressed root development

in all the three medicinal plants. Damage varied proportionally to the nematode initial density and nematode reproduction was inversely proportional to initial density MFN : 09622 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-03-1224 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Kabdal, P.B.Tiwari, K.C.Pandey, G. Affiliation : Indian Institute of Ayurveda for Drug Research (CCRAS), Tarikhet, Ranikhet, UP, India Title : Experimental cultivation of Crocus sativus Linn.(saffron) at Ranikhet Imprint : Bulletin of Medico-Ethnobotanical Research. v. 16(3-4): p. 123-128, 1995 Keywords : SAFFRON CULTIVATION; CULTIVATION, SAFFRON Scientific Names : CROCUS SATIVUS IRIDACEAE; Abstract : Cultivation trials indicated that application of manure, fertilizers and boron in suitable doses are helpful for a better yield and corm multiplication. Increase in flowering percentage and regeneration of new cormlets was recorded by applying some growth hormones like MH, IAA, IBA and NAA etc. Successful propagation by corm divisions will be helpful in reducing the heavy cost of planting material. It has also been observed that the soils of the area being slightly acidic can be easily managed to make it favourable for cultivation by the application of suitable doses of calcium in the form of lime MFN : 09626 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-03-1603 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Sharma, K.P.Kushwaha, H.K.Sharma, P.K.Patil, J.Y. Affiliation : Ayurved Medical College, Rankalavesh, Kolhapur 416 012, Maharashtra, India Title : Antiinflammatory action of Kayaphala (Myrica nagi) - Experimental study Imprint : Sachitra Ayurved. v. 48(5): p. 545-548, 1995 Keywords : ANTIINFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY; KAYAPHALA Scientific Names : MYRICA NAGI MYRICACEAE; Abstract : Water soluble extract of [Myrica nagi] when administered orally at a dose of 30 mg/kg and 100 mg/kg to rats, exhibited significant antiinflammatory activity against carrageenan induced inflammation MFN : 09636 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-03-1266 Subject Group : 0200 Authors : Nair, A.R.Nair, K.V.Nair, C.P.R. Affiliation : 1-3 Regional Research Institute, Poojappura, Trivandrum 695 012, Kerala, India Title : Biodiversity in medicinal plants based on Ayurveda

Imprint : Bulletin of Medico-Ethnobotanical Research. v. 16(3-4): p. 143-147, 1995 Keywords : BIODIVERSITY, MEDICINAL PLANTS; MEDICINAL PLANTS, BIODIVERSITY Abstract : An attempt has been made to point out descriptions on the basis of desabheda; classification of land, people, plants, birds and animals which is now considered by the modern scientists as biodiversity. Ayurveda has described biodiversity with much details in the early days itself which is of great relevance in this modern age. Biodiversity of plants specially medicinal plants mentioned in ancient sastras (classics) has been studied and discussed in detail MFN : 09645 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-03-1247 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Singh, V.P.Singh, M.Singh, D.V. Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow 226 015, UP, India Title : Growth, yield and quality of peppermint (Mentha x piperita L.) as influenced by planting time Imprint : Journal of Herbs, Spices Medicinal Plants. v. 5(3): p. 33-39, 1997 Keywords : ESSENTIAL OILS; PEPPERMINT Scientific Names : MENTHA PIPERITA LAMIACEAE; Abstract : The effect of planting time on plant growth, dry matter and oil yields, and oil quality of peppermint [Mentha x piperita] in Central Uttar Pradesh was investigated. Maximum dry matter and oil yield were obtained from peppermint planted on December 30, a time when superior crop growth, as compared with other planting dates, could be attributed to favorable light and temperature conditions. Peppermint planted in December produced essential oil high in menthol and menthyl acetate and low in menthone MFN : 09677 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-03-1251 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Uniyal, M.R. Affiliation : Central Council of Research in Sidha, Patiala, Punjab, India Title : (Successful cultivation practices of herbal plants in Himalayas) Imprint : Sachitra Ayurved. v. 48(12): p. 1065-1072, 1996 Keywords : MEDICINAL PLANTS, HIMALAYAS; HIMALAYAS, MEDICINAL PLANTS; CULTIVATION PRACTICES, MEDICINAL PLANTS Abstract : Himalayas have been a home for herbal plants. However plants have been over exploided without any effort to regenerate them. Some suggestions for scientific cultivation of herbal plants are discussed. Fifty important herbal plants of this region have been enumerated. Each entry is described with its botanical nomenclature, regional name, habit, habitat

MFN : 09678 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-03-1442 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Upadhyay, O.P.Singh, R.H.Dutta, S.K. Affiliation : Department of Dravyaguna, IMS, BHU, Varanasi, UP, India Title : Studies on antidiabetic medicinal plants used in Indian folk-lore Imprint : Sachitra Ayurved. v. 48(10): p. 949-955, 1996 Keywords : DIABETES; OBESE DIABETES; NONOBESE DIABETES Scientific Names : PTEROCARPUS MARSUPIUM MYRTACEAE; MOMORDICA CHARANTIA CUCURBITACEAE; SAUSSUREA LAPPA COMPOSITAE; EUGENIA JAMBOLANA COMPOSITAE; Abstract : A detailed survey of different regions of India was undertaken to find antidiabetic plants used in folk-lore and by tribals. Literature survey on these plants was undertaken for their distribution, chemical composition and uses. Clinical study was conducted on potent hypoglycaemic plants. The results indicate that [Pterocarpus marsupium] and [Momordica charantia] are useful for treating non-obese diabetes, while [Saussurea lappa] and [Eugenia jambolana] have been most effective for obese diabetes MFN : 09696 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-04-2088 Subject Group : 0600 Authors : Dash, S.K.Padhy, S.N. Affiliation : PG Department of Botany, Khallikote Autonomous College, Berhampur 760 001, Orissa, India Title : Ethnobiological studies from `Manusmruti', V. The concept of `Somarasa' and dictum against `Suraa' Imprint : Journal of Human Ecology. v. 9(3): p. 273-276, 1997 Keywords : MANUSMRUTI, SOMARASA PLANT; BOTANICAL IDENTITY, SOMA PLANT; VEDIC SOMA, EPHEDRA SPECIES; EPHEDRA SPP, VEDIC SOMA; SOMARASA; SURAA Scientific Names : EPHEDRA SPP EPHEDRACEAE; Abstract : Drinking of [Somarasa], juice of plant `Soma' was an uncommon sacrificial practice of ancient people, while consumption of Suraa (spirituous liquor) was a sinful deed of lower social status as evident from `Manusmruti'. The botanical identification of `Soma' has not been established yet as juice of several plants is used as `Soma' which are cane juice, grape wine or beer made from hops. As many as 24 different plants are referred to as Soma.NSL, New Delhi MFN : 09714 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-04-1947 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Mathew, B.Poduval, M.Abu Hasan, M.Chattopadhyay, P.K. Affiliation : Faculty of Horticulture, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur, Nadia 741 252, WB, India Title : Performance of turmeric as main crop in the plains of West Bengal

Imprint : National Conference on Recent Trends in Spices Medicinal Plant Research, Calcutta, WB, India. B-23, 2-4 April, 1998 Keywords : TURMERIC, WEST BENGAL Scientific Names : CURCUMA JEDEORIA ZINGIBERACEAE; CURCUMA AROMATICA ZINGIBERACEAE; CURCUMA AMADA ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : Three species [Curcuma jedeoria, Curcuma amada, Curcuma aromatica] and varieties like Local 1, P.C.T.-13, Local II, Nadia Local, Mohitnagar, Nimbong, Morangia, G.L.Puram, R.H.-5, Rajendra Sonia, PCT-II, ACC-361 and Sugandham of turmeric were evaluated for their performance in the gangetic alluvial soils of West Bengal and the results are presented MFN : 09717 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-04-1961 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Subramanian, S.Abdul Khader, J.B.M.Md.Kennedy, R.R. Affiliation : Horticultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore 641 003, TN, India Title : Comparative study of biochemical attributes of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) varieties at different stages of harvest Imprint : National Conference on Recent Trends in Spices Medicinal Plant Research, Calcutta, WB, India. B-27, 2-4 April, 1998 Keywords : TURMERIC, BIOCHEMICAL ATTRIBUTES; CURCUMIN; OLEORESINS, TURMERIC; VOLATIE OILS Scientific Names : CURCUMA LONGA ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : The results revealed that the biochemical content viz., curcumin, oleoresin and volatile oil decreased progressively from seventh to tenth month after planting. The variety BSR-1 recorded higher curcumin, oleoresin and volatile oil content than CO-1 at all stages of sampling. Higher biochemical constituents were recorded at the seventh month after planting. The yield of rhizome was found maximum at tenth month after planting. The variety BSR-1 had given higher curcumin of 3.71 percent, oleoresin 8.4 percent and volatile oil 3.66 percent as against 3.21 percent, 8.1 percent and 3.51 percent by CO-1 at the time of harvest {i.e.ten month after planting} MFN : 09723 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-04-1951 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Pandey, A.K.Bisaria, A.K.Lal, R.B. Affiliation : Centre for Forestry Research and Human Resource Development (Tropical Forestry Research Institute), Chhindwara 480 001 MP, India Title : Curcuma caesia Roxb., a promising plant: Retrospects and prospects Imprint : National Conference on Recent Trends in Spices Medicinal Plant Research, Calcutta, WB, India. B-16, 2-4 April, 1998 Keywords : FOLK MEDICINE, KALI HALDI; ESSENTIAL OILS; KALI HALDI Scientific Names : CURCUMA CAESIA ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : [Curcuma caesia] grows wild in West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh and is used by the tribal people

to cure various ailments. In Madhya Pradesh, the plant is regarded very auspicious. [C.caesia](Kali haldi) also finds an important place in the traditional system of medicine. The rhizome of the plant yields an essential oil. An attempt to standardize the propagation techniques of the plant and evaluate essential oil for their chemical constituents was undertaken MFN : 09734 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-04-2296 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Behura, S.Sahoo, S.Srivastava, V.K. Affiliation : Regional Research Laboratory, Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India Title : Major constituents in leaf oils of Curcuma longa L. and Curcuma aromatica, Salisb Imprint : National Conference on Recent Trends in Spices Medicinal Plant Research, Calcutta, WB, India. B-18, 2-4 April, 1998 Keywords : ESSENTIAL OILS; CURCUMA; CURCUMA, LEAF OIL Scientific Names : CURCUMA LONGA ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : Rhizomes of [Curcuma longa] and [Curcuma aromatica] are well knwon for their uses. The leaves of both the species also contain volatile oils. Leaves of [C.longa] contain monoterpenes, the major consituents are alpha-phellandrene (38.24 percent), C8-aldehyde (20.58 percent), alpha-pinene and beta-pinene whereas [C.aromatica] has higher contents of 1,8-cineole (28.01 percent) linalool (7.67 percent), alpha-pinene (3.70 percent) and C8-aldehyde (2.62 percent), as revealed by gas chromatography MFN : 09771 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-04-2041 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Manian, K.Srinivasan, T.Joseph Savery, M.Govindarasu, R.Mohamed Hanifa, A. Affiliation : Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru College of Agriculture Research Institute, Karaikar 609 603, Union Territory of Pondicherry, India Title : Influence of growth regulators on photosynthesis of Pedalium murex Imprint : National Conference on Recent Trends in Spices Medicinal Plant Research, Calcutta, WB, India. A-7, 2-4 April, 1998 Keywords : GROWTH REGULATORS, PEDALIUM Scientific Names : PEDALIUM MUREX PEDALIACEAE; Abstract : Various growth regulators of auxin (planofix 40 ppm), steroid (hydrocortisone 100 ppm) and organic phosphates (4, dimethyl amino-2 methyl phenyl phosphonic acid 500 ppm) were tried at the time of active growth period (flowering stage) of [Pedalium murex]. The results indicated that the photosynthetic efficiency in terms of structural composition (total chlorophyll) and functional efficiency (soluble protein) was enhanced by all the growth regulators considerably as compared to untreated control

MFN : 09774 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-04-2472 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Awasthi, D.Mitra, M. Affiliation : School of Studies in Anthropology, Pt.Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur 492 010, MP, India Title : Traditional medicinal knowledge and health care among the Hill Korwa - A primitive tribe of Madhya Pradesh Imprint : National Conference on Recent Trends in Spices Medicinal Plant Research, Calcutta, WB, India. A-10, 2-4 April, 1998 Keywords : TRADITIONAL MEDICINE, HILL KORWA TRIBE; HILL KORWA TRIBE, TRADITIONAL MEDICINE Abstract : Hill Korwa is one of the seven identified primitive tribes of Madhya Pradesh. Ethno-medico-botanical information on various plants used by Hill Korwa has been discussed MFN : 09782 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-04-2030 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Kaur, R.Sood, M.Chander, S.Mahajan, R.Sharma, D.R. Affiliation : Department of Biotechnology, UHF, NAUNI, Solan 173 230, HP, India Title : [In vitro] propagation of Valeriana jatamansi - A medicinal plant Imprint : National Conference on Recent Trends in Spices Medicinal Plant Research, Calcutta, WB, India. A-27, 2-4 April, 1998 Keywords : MICRO PROPAGATION, VALERIANA Scientific Names : VALERIANA JATAMANSI VALERIANACEAE; Abstract : The aim of this study was to establish a practical method for rapid and large scale multiplication of [Valeriana jatamansi] by induction of shoot proliferation from shoot buds. The axillary and apical buds were existed as explants from the source plant. The sterilised explants were established on solid Murashige and Skoog's (MS) medium supplemented with BAP alone or in combination with IAA or NAA. The explants established on all the media tried. Hundred per cent survival was obtained in hardening of well rooted plants. Micropropagated plants flowered more profusely than the wild growing herb plants MFN : 09786 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-04-2135 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Chandra Prabha, D.Annapurani, S.Murthy, N.K. Affiliation : Department of Biochemistry, Avinashilingam Institute for Home Science and Higher Education for Women, Deemed University, Coimbatore 641 043, TN, India Title : Inhibition of lipid peroxidation by the selected medicinal plants Imprint : Indian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics. v. 33(6): p. 128-132, 1996 Keywords : LIPID PEROXIDATION INHIBITORY ACTIVITY; ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY

Scientific Names : CYNODON DACTYLON GRAMINEAE; SOLANUM NIGRUM SOLANACEAE; CENTELLA ASIATICA APIACEAE; Abstract : Lipid peroxidfation (LPO) was studied using different tissue homogenates of mice. The plants selected were Arugampul ([Cynodon dactylon]) Manathakkali ([Solanum nigrum]) and Vallarai ([Centella asiatica]). LPO levels were estimated in the liver, kidney, spleen, lungs, heart, brain and serum homogenates. All the homogenates showed decrease in LPO effect. Inhibition of LPO was more in the liver followed by brain, kidney, heart, lungs and spleen in the presence or absence of inducers MFN : 09787 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-04-2490 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Rawat, M.S.Singh, V.K.Rama Shankar Affiliation : Regional Research Centre(Ay.) Itanagar 791 111, Arunachal Pradesh, India Title : Observations on medico-ethno-botany of Idu-Mishmis in Dibang valley district of Arunachal Pradesh Imprint : Bulletin of Medico-Ethnobotanical Research. v. 17(1-2): p. 18-23, 1996 Keywords : MEDICINAL PLANTS, INDIA, ARUNACHAL PRADESH; ETHNOMEDICOBOTANICAL SURVEY, INDIA, ARUNACHAL PRADESH Abstract : During exploration, 24 plants were found to be used by Idu-Mishmis tribe for various ailments like fever, malaria, skin diseases, cough, headache, constipation, healing of wounds, teeth and chest pain, backche, and as an appetizer etc. They are arranged alphabetically giving their botanical and local names, family habit, colour of flowers/fruits, place of collection, field book number, abundance and local uses MFN : 09788 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-04-2107 Subject Group : 0600 Authors : Yelne, M.B.Sharma, P.C. Affiliation : Jawaharlal Nehru Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants Garden and Herbarium, Kothrud, Pune 411 029, Maharashtra, India Title : Pharmacognosy of root and seed of mulaka (Raphanus sativus L.) Imprint : Bulletin of Medico-Ethnobotanical Research. v. 17(1-2): p. 24-36, 1996 Keywords : MICROSCOPIC CHARACTERS, RAPHANUS; ANATOMY, ROOT; MACROSCOPIC CHARACTERS, RAPHANUS; MULAKA, PHARMACOGNOSY Scientific Names : RAPHANUS SATIVUS CRUCIFERAE; Abstract : Mulaka ([Raphanus sativus]) is a well known Ayurvedic drug of vegetable origin. The whole plant constitutes the drug. The leaves and roots found to be useful in jaundice, liver and spleen disorders and seed in gonorrhoea. The detailed pharmacognosy of root and seed with its macroscopic and microscopic characters and quantitative and qualitative values has been described

MFN : 09789 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-04-1969 Subject Group : 0200 Authors : Rawat, M.S.Singh, V.K.Rama Shankar Affiliation : Regional Research Centre(Ayurveda), Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh, India Title : Cultivation of some pharmaceutically important medicinal plants in Itanagar (Arunachal Pradesh) Imprint : Bulletin of Medico-Ethnobotanical Research. v. 17(1-2): p. 37-51, 1996 Keywords : PHARMACEUTICAL FORMULATIONS; MEDICINAL PLANTS, ARUNACHAL PRADESH; ARUNACHAL PRADESH, MEDICINAL PLANTS Abstract : 56 species of pharmaceutically important medicinal plants with special reference to Ayurveda, cultivated in the agroclimatic conditions of Itanagar, either growing in different parts of Arunachal Pradesh or obtained from other parts of the country have been enumerated. Their Sanskrit, trade and Latin names, family, parts used, period of collection, uses, and important formulations have been given. Some of the plants obtained from higher elevation or very dry climatic conditions which could not be acclamatised of have also been discussed MFN : 09790 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-04-2291 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Barik, B.R.Dey, A.K.Kundu, A.B. Affiliation : Chemical Research Unit, CCRAS, Regional Research Institute (Ay.), 14, Jagannath Dutta Lane, Calcutta 700 009, WB, India Title : Chemical constituents of Cannabis sativa Imprint : Journal of the Indian Chemical Society. v. 74(8): p. 652, 1997 Keywords : FRIEDELIN; EPIFRIEDELINOL; METHYLBENZOATE DERV; PROPYLBENZOATE DERV; BHANG; GANJA; CHARAS Scientific Names : CANNABIS SATIVA CANNABIDACEAE; Abstract : Petroleum extract of the whole plant [Cannabis sativa] upon fractionation using different solvent systems yielded friedelin, epifriedelinol, 4-hydroxymethyl benzoate and 4-hydroxy-npropylbenzoate. Structure of these compounds were established by physicochemical methods MFN : 09791 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-04-2017 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Goyal, R.K.Korla, B.N. Affiliation : Department of Vegetable Crops, Dr.Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Solan 173 230, HP, India Title : Changes in the fresh yield, dry matter and quality of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) rhizomes during development Imprint : Journal of Food Science and Technology. v. 34(6): p. 472-476, 1997 Keywords : OLEORESINS; ESSENTIAL OILS; GINGER; CRUDE FIBRE Scientific Names : ZINGIBER OFFICINALE ZINGIBERACEAE;

Abstract : Four genotypes of ginger were studied for fresh yield, dry weight, essential oil, oleoresins and crude fibre contents at different stages of rhizome development. Both fresh and dry weights of rhizomes increased steadily upto 225 days after planting. Thereafter, the change was insignificant. On percent dry weight basis, the essential oils declined continuously with rhizome maturity. The oleoresins also followed a declining trend upto 210 days, beyond which the contents increased in one genotype, while remained unchanged in others. The crude fibre after an initial rise, decreased gradually, till 210 days and increased further with rhizome age. The absolute contents of essential oil peaked at 210 days, while the oleoresins were the highest between 225 and 240 days. Except the initial stage of rhizome development, the fresh rhizomes had minimum level of crude fibre at 210 or 195 days in different genotypes MFN : 09798 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-04-2397 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Patra, A.Mathur, V.Kundu, A.B. Affiliation : Captain Srinivas Murti Drug Research Institute for Ayurveda, Arumbakkam, Madras 600 106, TN, India Title : A phenyl propanoid glycoside from Nyctanthes arbortristis Imprint : Journal of the Indian Chemical Society. v. 74(8): p. 653-655, 1997 Keywords : NYCTOSIDE; PHENYLPROPANOID GLYCOSIDES; GLYCOSIDES Scientific Names : NYCTANTHES ARBOR-TRISTIS VERBENACEAE; Abstract : Methanol extract fractions of the seeds of [Nyctanthes arbor-tristis] afforded a new phenylpropanoid glycoside identified as nyctoside MFN : 09802 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-04-2410 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Ruchira DasPathak, N.K.R.Biswas, M.Pandey, V.B. Affiliation : CRU, CCRAS, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, I.M.S., Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221 005, UP, India Title : Flavonoids of Clerodendrum species - A review Imprint : Bulletin of Medico-Ethnobotanical Research. v. 17(1-2): p. 62-71, 1996 Keywords : FLAVONOIDS, CLERODENDRUM; CLERODENDRUM, FLAVONOIDS; REVIEWS, CLERODENDRUM FLAVONOIDS Scientific Names : CLERODENDRUM SPP VERBENACEAE; Abstract : Information about the flavonoidal constituents isolated from 12 species of [Clerodendrum] (Verbenaceae) has been provided. The structures of the compounds are also given MFN : 09803 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-04-2413 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Saraswathy, A.Susan, T.Sukumar, S.S.Kundu, A.B.

Affiliation : Drug Standardisation Research Unit(Siddha) at CSMDRIA, Arumbakkam, Madras 600 106, TN, India Title : Chemical examination of Ficus retusa L. Imprint : Bulletin of Medico-Ethnobotanical Research. v. 17(1-2): p. 72-75, 1996 Keywords : KALLATHI, INDIAN DRUG; AMYRINS; GLYCOSIDES; URSOLIC ACID; FRIEDELIN Scientific Names : FICUS RETUSA MORACEAE; Abstract : Phytochemical analysis of the leaves of [Ficus retusa] (Moraceae) yielded alpha-amyrin, n-octacosanol, beta-sitosterol, its glycoside ursolic acid friedelin 3beta-ol MFN : 09874 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-04-1945 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Joseph, A.Jayachandran, B.K. Affiliation : College of Agriculture, Vellayani, Thiruvananthapuram 695 522, Kerala, India Title : Nutrient requirement of ginger (Zingiber officinale R.) under shade Imprint : Indian Cocoa, Arecanut and Spices Journal. v. 20(4): p. 115-116, 1996 Keywords : GINGER, FERTILIZER; FERTILIZER, GINGER Scientific Names : ZINGIBER OFFICINALE ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : A field experiment in strip plot design conducted using ginger ([Zingiber officinale]) cv. [Rio-de-Janeiro] to find out the nutrient requirement under simulated shade levels revealed the necessity of increasing the quantity of fertilizers to 112.5: 75: 75 N, P2O5 and K2O kg/ha(150 percent of the recommended dose) when ginger is grown under low to medium shade. When ginger was grown as an intercrop under coconut and other perennial crops, where low to medium shade levels exist, this requirement was still higher due to the possible crop competition for nutrients. Under intense shade there was no response to fertilizer treatments MFN : 09960 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-05-2575 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Badiyala, D.Saroch, K. Affiliation : Department of Agronomy, Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishvavidyalaya, Palampur, HP, India Title : Effect of seed corm size and planting geometry on saffron (Crocus sativus L.) under dry temperate conditions of Himachal Pradesh Imprint : Indian Perfumer. v. 41(4): p. 167-169, 1997 Keywords : SAFFRON CULTIVATION, HIMACHAL PRADESH; HIMACHAL PRADESH, SAFFRON CULTIVATION Scientific Names : CROCUS SATIVUS IRIDACEAE; Abstract : Saffron [Crocus sativus] cultivation is a recent introduction in Himachal. Seed corms cost contribute to more than 45 percent of its total cost of cultivation. The results of corm size and planting geometry showed that the dry saffron yield as well as growth and

yield parameters increased with increase in crom size. Significantly higher saffron yield was recorded when corm diameter was more than 2.5 cm. Similarly, saffron corms when planted at a spacing of 10 cm x 7.5 cm produced significantly higher yield over 15 cm x 10 cm and 20 cm x 15 cm spacings MFN : 09961 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-05-2588 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Prakasa Rao, E.V.S.Ganesha Rao, R.S.Narayana, M.R.Ramesh, S. Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Field Station, GKVK Post, Bangalore 560 065, Karnataka, India Title : Influence of shade on yield and quality of patchouli (Pogostemon cablin) oil Imprint : Indian Perfumer. v. 41(4): p. 164-166, 1997 Keywords : PATCHOULI, AGROPRACTICES; ESSENTIAL OILS; PACHOULI OIL Scientific Names : POGOSTEMON CABLIN LABIATAE; Abstract : The essential oil of patchouli [Pogostemon cablin] is a versatile item in many perfumery formulations. A field experiment was conducted in a red loam soil under semi-arid tropical conditions to investigate the influence of partial shade (50 percent) on the yield and quality of patchouli oil. Patchouli leaves contained (67 percent) more chlorophyll under shaded environment. However, under mild temperature conditions there is not much difference in patchouli oil yield MFN : 09969 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-05-2618 Subject Group : 0200 Authors : Huo, L.Yingqun, W. Affiliation : South China Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica, Guangzhou 510 650, China, India Title : Pollen morphology of Lowiaceae from China Imprint : Journal of Tropical and Subtropical Botany. v. 5(3): p. 6-9, 1997 Keywords : POLLEN MORPHOLOGY, LOWIACEAE; MORPHOLOGY, POLLEN; ZINGIBERALES, CHINA Scientific Names : ORCHIDANTHA CHINENSIS LOWIACEAE; ORCHIDANTHA LONGISEPALA LOWIACEAE; Abstract : Pollen morphology of the 2 species [Orchidantha chinensis] and [O.longisepala] was examined under SEM and LM. The pollen grains are bean-shaped, bilaterally symmetric, heteropolar and inaperturate. The sculpture on the surface of middle part of pollen grains is densely striate and that on surfaces of both ends of those is regulate. Slight differences of sculpture exist between the 2 species. The feature of pollen morphology of the 2 species show that the pollen of Lowiaceae can be considered as a peculiar pollen type which is observed in the order Zingiberales for the first time MFN : 10012

Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-05-2748 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Mathur, A.K.Sawhney, M.Bhushan Kumar Affiliation : 159, Bomanji Road, Saharanpur, UP, India Title : Pulmoflex in allergic rhinitis Imprint : Indian Journal of Indigenous Medicines. v. 17(2): p. 25-28, 1995-96 Keywords : ALLLERGIC RHINITIS; PULMOFLEX, HERBAL DRUG Abstract : Pulmoflex a polyherbal formulation was used in 20 patients with perennial allergic rhinitis in a dose of 1-2 capsules daily for 2 weeks. Improvement was seen in total leukocyte count differential eosinophil count, absolute eosinophil count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, sneezing frequency and severity of rhinorrhea following Pulmoflex therapy thereby indicating its usefulness as a potent and highly effective treatment in allergic rhinitis. Its efficacy against other allergic respiratory disorders such as bronchial asthma has also been suggested MFN : 10017 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-05-2961 Subject Group : 1000 Authors : Tripathy, S.B.Sahoo, P.K.Patro, D.N.Sethi, M. Affiliation : Animal Disease Reseach Institute, Phulnakhara, Cuttack 754 001, Orissa, India Title : Effect of Ectozee-50 spray on ectoparasitic infestations of dogs Imprint : Indian Journal of Indigenous Medicines. v. 17(2): p. 61-67, 1995-96 Keywords : HERBAL DRUGS; ECTOZEE, HERBAL DRUG; ECTOPARASITIC INFECTION, HERBAL DRUGS Abstract : Ectozee-50 a herbal spray, was used against ectoparasitic infection of dogs. The dogs infested with ticks ([Rhipicephalus sanguineus], lice [Heterodoxus longitarsus], flea and fly [Hippobusca] spp.) were sprayed daily (once in 24 hr.) till they were free from ectoparasites. The larvae, nymphs and adult ticks [in vitro] study required a maximum of one spray, two sprays and four sprays for killing ectoparasites respectively. [Hippobusca] spp. of flies died within 5 mt after spray. [In vivo] study revealed 100 percent efficacy in removing larvae, nymphs and adult ticks by application of 2 sprays, 3 sprays and 4 sprays respectively at 24 hr interval. Lice, fleas and flies were completely removed after one spray only. Reinfestation of ticks was observed in 30 percent of cases after 22 days MFN : 10054 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-05-2590 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Rajeswara Rao, B.R.Sukhmal ChandBhattacharya, A.K.Kaul, P.N.Singh, C.P.Singh, K. Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Field Station, Boduppal, Hyderabad 500 039, AP, India

Title : Response of lemon grass (Cymbopogon flexuosus) cultivars to spacings and NPK fertilizers under irrigated and rain fed conditions in semi-arid tropics Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 20(2): p. 407-412, 1998 Keywords : ESSENTIAL OILS; ESSENTIAL OILS; NPK FERTILIZERS Scientific Names : CYMBOPOGON FLEXUOSUS POACEAE; Abstract : Four field experiments (2 under irrigated and 2 under rain fed conditions) were conducted under the semi-arid tropical climate of Andhra Pradesh to study the response of different varieties of lemon grass [Cymbopogon flexuosus] var.[flexuosus] to NPK fertilizers application under different spacings. The improved cultivars Cauvery and Pragati, out yielded the existing, widely cultivated variety OD-19 in respect of essential oil yield consecutively for two years, hence could be recommended for large scale cultivation under irrigated conditions in the semi-arid tropical climate. Variety SHK-7 recorded greater biomass yield, but was inferior to cultivars Cauvery and Pragati in respect of essential oil concentration and yield. Total citral content of essential oils of these varieties ranged between 84.9 percent and 89.9 percent, which is considered to be optimum. Lemon grass responded to application of 100 kgN/ha under irrigated condition and 75 to 80 kgN/ha under rainfed condition. Essential oil concentration and quality were not affected by N application. Lemon grass did not respond to applications of P and K fertilizers or to different plant spacing under rain fed condition. Due to poor biomass and essential oil yields, lemon grass is not recommended for cultivation under rain fed condition in the semi-arid tropical climate of Andhra Pradesh MFN : 10064 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-05-2639 Subject Group : 0300 Authors : Singh, S.P.Khanna, K.R.Shukla, S. Affiliation : Plant Breeding and Genetics Section, National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow 226 001, UP, India Title : Breeding of Solanum viarum: Current status as steroid bearing plant Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 20(2): p. 423-431, 1998 Keywords : REVIEWS, SOLANUM VIARUM; BREEDING, SOLANUM VIARUM Scientific Names : SOLANUM VIARUM SOLANACEAE; SOLANUM KHASIANUM SOLANACEAE; Abstract : [Solanum viarum] is an important Solanaceous plant yielding alkaloid (solasodine), a nitrogen analogue of diosgenin whose hormonal derivatives are used in cortico-steroid industry and as active ingradient of contraceptive pill. It is widely distributed from Himalyan foot hills in north to the Nilgiris in south India. Report on [Solanum khasianum] as well as [Solanum khasianum] var.[chatterjeeanum] are treated as [Solanum viarum] Dunal is provided. The work done on floral biology, genetic variability, interspecific hybridization, polypoidy and related aspected is reviewed MFN : 10098

Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-05-2599 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Sharma, J.R.Lal, R.K.Mitra, H.O. Affiliation : CIMAP, Lucknow 226 015, UP, India Title : Tripta- a superior variety of palmarosa Imprint : Pafai Journal. v. 19(4): p. 37-40, 1997 Keywords : TRIPTA, PALMAROSA VARIETY; PALMAROSA Scientific Names : CYMBOPOGON SPP GRAMINEAE; Abstract : The new variety `Tripta' registered only 10 percent superiority in oil yield over the check var. Tripta is about a week early flowering and dwarf in structure compared to the check var. `Trishna'. It is pretty uniform for flowering and gives an impressive crop look before harvest. Hence the new var. Tripta, will fetch greater premium than the existing cultivars with plamarosa growers. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 10166 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-06-3389 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Shailendra KumarSinha, U.S.Sinha, V.K. Affiliation : Department of Zoology, T.S. College, Hisua(Nawada) 805 103, Bihar, India Title : Changes in muscle glycogen content of male albino rats due to certain toxins of legumes Imprint : Geobios. v. 25(2-3): p. 141-144, 1998 Keywords : LEGUME TOXINS, MUSCLE GLYCOGEN; MUSCLE GLYCOGEN, LEGUME TOXINS; TOXICITY; LATHYRISM Scientific Names : LATHYRUS SATIVUS LEGUMINOSAE; LATHYRUS ODORATUS LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : The effect of certain toxins of [Lathyrus sativus] and [L.odoratus] on muscle glycogen content of albino rats has been described. The toxin responsible for causing neurolathyrism is beta-Noxalylamino-L-alanine (BOAA), whereas the toxin beta-aminopropionitrile (BAPN) causes osteolathyrism. An assay shows that in legume fed rats BOAA affefcts the nerves and produces a condition analogous to denervation and BAPN disrupts connective tissue and causes abnormalities in cross-linkage in collagen and elastin fibre MFN : 10188 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-06-3296 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Venkateswarlu, B.Katyal, J.C.Choudhuri, J.Mukhopadhyay, K. Affiliation : Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture, Hyderabad, AP, India Title : Micropropagation of plus neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss.) and evaluation of field transferred plants Imprint : Indian Forester. v. 124(7): p. 537-543, 1998 Keywords : MICROPROPAGATION, NEEM; NEEM, MICROPROPAGATION; TISSUE CULTURE, NEEM; NEEM, TISSUE CULTURE Scientific Names : AZADIRACHTA INDICA MELIACEAE; Abstract : Protcol developed for micropropagation of plus neem tree selected for high seed yield and azadirachtin has been described.

Elongated shoots were rooted in vitro by using 2.5 mg/l of IAA, transferred to soil + vermiculite mix (1:1), and were hardened, which were later successfully into the field MFN : 10196 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-06-3244 Subject Group : 0300 Authors : Srivastava, H.K.Satpute, G.K. Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, P.O. CIMAP, Lucknow 226 015, UP, India Title : Induction of mutations for enhaned essential oil in palmarosa (Cymbopogon martinii) Imprint : Journal of Essential Oil Research. v. 10(3): p. 287-291, 1998 Keywords : PALMAROSA; HERBAGE YIELD; CHEMICAL MUTAGENS; MUTATIONS; MICROMUTATION; GERANIOL Scientific Names : CYMBOPOGON MARTINII POACEAE; Abstract : Four cultivars (PRC-1, Trishna, Tripta, and M.P) of palmarosa [Cymbopogon martinii] var.[martinii] exposed to one physical mutagen (gamma irradiation at 15 Kr) and two chemical mutagens (EMS-0.4 percent and EI-0.04 percent) together with their relative effectiveness for enhanced biomass growth and oil yield in M1 generation have been studied. The data on herbage yield in terms of plant height, second internode length, inflorescence length, leaf number and tiller number and oil yield and free geraniol percentage in the three mutagen treated cultivars (PRC-1, Trishna and Tripta) showed significant increase/enhancement over the respective untreated controls. The mutagen response in the fourth cultivar (M.P) was found to be transgressively variable MFN : 10206 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-01-0002 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Ananthan, M.Chezhiyan, N.Balasubramani, P. Affiliation : Horticultural Research Station, Thadiyankudisai, TN, India Title : Germination studies in clove (Syzygium aromaticum L.) Imprint : South Indian Horticulture. v. 45(34): p. 200-201, 1997 Keywords : CLOVES, GERMINATION; GERMINATION, CLOVES Scientific Names : SYZYGIUM AROMATICUM MYRTACEAE; Abstract : Higher percentage of germination and taller seedlings with more number of leaves were recorded in 2.0-2.5 g weight of mother cloves, which were better than the other grades. The maximum percentage of germination and lesser days taken for germination were noticed in hulled mother cloves treated with 0.1 percent carbendazim MFN : 10339 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-01-0382 Subject Group : 0900

Authors : Mishra, A.Adhikary, S.P. Affiliation : P.G.Department of Botany, Utkal University, Bhubaneswar 751 004, Orissa, India Title : Effect of different neem products on the growth of and nitrogen fixation by Anabaena variabilis Imprint : International Journal of Tropical Agriculture. v. 15(1-4): p. 81-93, 1997 Keywords : NITROGEN FIXING BACTERIA, NEEM; NEEM NITROGEN FIXATION, BACTERIA Scientific Names : AZADIRACHTA INDICA MELIACEAE; Abstract : The effect of the aqueous extract of neem leaves [Azadirachta indica], neem cake and Neemax (commercial formulation of neem seeds) on the growth, chlorophyll-a pigment, heterocyst frequency, nitrogen-fixation, and liberation of the extracellular amino acids by the rice field cyanobacterium [Anabaena variabilis] was studied. The aqueous extract of neem leaves and neem cake upto 0.5 percent concentration (W/V) increased the growth and nitrogen-fixing capacity of the organism over the control. [A.variabilis] tolerated upto 4.0 percent (W/V) of Neemax. The maximum increase in the nitrogen-fixing capacity and the liberation of extracellular amino acids was obtained at 2.0 percent (W/V) Neemax concentration. All these neem products increased the biomass and nitrogen-fixing capacity of the organism at low concentrations, suggesting thereby that their use in agriculture would not affect adversely the diazotrophic cyanobacteria of the rice fields MFN : 10340 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-01-0169 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : TajuddinYaseen, M.Ram, D.Singh, K. Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, P.O.CIMAP, Lucknow 226 015, UP, India Title : Effect of growth hormones on the yield and quality of geranium (Pelargonium graveolens) Imprint : International Journal of Tropical Agriculture. v. 15(1-4): p. 137-142, 1997 Keywords : GERANIUM OIL; ESSENTIAL OILS; GROWTH REGULATORS, GERANIUM Scientific Names : PELARGONIUM GRAVEOLENS GERANIACEAE; Abstract : The effect of four plant regulators (250 ppm IBA, 200 ppm IAA, 200 ppm GA3 and 3 ppm triacontanol) on the growth, yield and quality of geranium oil ([Pelargonium graveolens]) was assessed in the sub-tropical semi-arid plains of Lucknow, in India. IBA at 250 ppm induced a significant increase in the fresh herb and essential oil yield but did not change the oil content in the herb. The major constituents of the essential oil in the IBA treated plants remained unchanged and the oil quality was similar to that of Bourbon type MFN : 10366 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-01-0196 Subject Group : 0600 Authors : Suseela, L.araswathy, A.Brinda, P.Balasubramanian, A.

Affiliation : Chennai Medical College, Chennai 600 003, Tamil Nadu, India Title : Pharmacognostic studies on Lagasca mollis Cav. Imprint : Golden Jubilee National Symposium on Spices, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Biodiversity, Conservation and Utilisation, Calicut, India. p.32-33, 10-12 August, 1998 Keywords : PHARMACOGNOSY, LAGASCA MOLLIS Scientific Names : LAGASCA MOLLIS COMPOSITAE; ECLIPTA ALBA COMPOSITAE; WEDELIA CALENDULACEA COMPOSITAE; Abstract : Pharmacognostic details of [Lagasca mollis] have been studied and compared with those of related taxa of Compositae e.g. [Wedelia calendulacea] and [Eclipta alba] MFN : 10370 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-01-0666 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Saraswathy, A. Affiliation : Drug Standardisation Research Unit (Siddha), Captain Srinivasa Murti Drug Research Institute For Ayurveda, Central Council for Research in Ayurveda Siddha, Arumbakkam, Chennai 600 106, TN, India Title : Some folk remedies from Tamil Nadu in the management of common ailments Imprint : Golden Jubilee National Symposium on Spices, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Biodiversity, Conservation and Utilisation, Calicut, India. p.34, 10-12 August, 1998 Keywords : ETHNOMEDICINE, TAMIL NADU; TAMIL NADU, ETHNOMEDICINE Abstract : The rural folks in Tamil Nadu have immense faith in traditional herbal medicine. The folk practitioners give treatment for almost all types of diseases. Some interesting, commonly available plants used in treating certain diseases have been discussed. Central species are known to the herbalist, and have not been researched out adequately. Their continued use in the region as folk-lore medicine indicate that there is reasonable activity in these drugs, which need further scientific evaluation MFN : 10373 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-01-0362 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Bora, L.C.Semual, J. Affiliation : Department of Plant Pathology, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, Assam, India Title : Use of medicinal plants for management of bacterial blight in rice and bacterial wilt of tomato in Assam Imprint : Golden Jubilee National Symposium on Spices, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Biodiversity, Conservation and Utilisation, Calicut, India. p.36, 10-12 August, 1998 Keywords : MEDICINAL PLANTS, RICE BACTERIAL BLIGHT; MEDICINAL PLANTS, TOMATO BACTERIAL BLIGHT; MEDICINAL PLANTS, ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY; ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY; PLANT DISEASES, MEDICINAL PLANTS

Scientific Names : ALOE VERA LILIACEAE; PSIDIUM GUAJAVA LILIACEAE; ALLIUM SATIVUM MYRTACEAE; DATURA STRAMONIUM SOLANACEAE; Abstract : Under field condition, aqueous extracts of [Aloe vera, Psidium guajava] and [Allium sativum] (20 percent) used as root dip treatment of tomato seedlings reduced the bacterial wilt incidence by 80.0, 75.99 and 72.01 percent respectively. On the other hand, extracts of [Datura stramonium] (97.54), [Psidium guajava] (81.98), [Leucas indica] (83.46), [Allium sativum] (24.78) were significantly effective in reducing the bacterial blight severity in rice when these were sprayed @ 20 percent over crop foliage 72 hours before inoculation with the pathogen. The aqueous extract of [Aloe vera] against [Pseudomonas solanacearum] and [Datura stramonium] against [Xanthomonas oryzae] pv [oryzae] were found to be most effective MFN : 10376 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-01-0702 Subject Group : 1500 Authors : De, A.K. Affiliation : Indian Science Congress Association, 14 Dr. Biresh Guha Street, Calcutta 700 017, WB, India Title : Futurology of spices as therapeutic agents Imprint : Golden Jubilee National Symposium on Spices, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Biodiversity, Conservation and Utilisation, Calicut, India. p.38, 10-12 August, 1998 Keywords : SPICES, THERAPEUTIC AGENTS; CHILLI; GINGER; ANALGESIC ACTIVITY, SPICES; PEPPER; TURMERIC; ANTIINFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY, SPICES; CURCUMIN; ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY, SPICES; ALLICIN; ONIONS; EUGENOL; CLOVES; THYMOL; FENNEL; PIPERIZINE Abstract : Extensive work has shown that most spices have analgesic, antiinflammatory, antimicrobial and antioxidant properties. Chilli, ginger, pepper, turmeric have certain active components that are responsible for their biological activities. Capsaicin from chilli, curcumin from turmeric, allicin from onion, eugenol from clove, thymol from fennel and piperizine from pepper have dual type of properties. At high doses they can cause inflammation and pain and repeated treatment can cause desensitisation of the system to external chemical irritants. The mechanism of action indicates that most of the active principles of these spices are lipophillic and can stabilise the membrane lipid matrix giving protection against free radical induced damages from gaseous and chemical irritants. Hence, spices have a great potential future in as potent therapeutic agent for treatment of various diseases MFN : 10380 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-01-0320 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Prince, P.S.M.Menon, V.P.*Pari, L. Affiliation : Department of Biochemistry, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar 608 002, Tamil Nadu, India Title : Hypoglycaemic activity of Syzygium cumini seeds: Effect on lipid peroxidation in alloxan diabetic rats Imprint : Journal of Ethnopharmacology. v. 61(1): p. 1-7, 1998

Keywords : DIABETES MELLITUS; HYPOGLYCAEMIC ACTIVITY; FOLK MEDICINE, DIABETES; JAMUN, FOLK MEDICINE Scientific Names : SYZYGIUM CUMINI MYRTACEAE; Abstract : [Syzygium cumini], commonly known as `Jamun', is widely used in Indian folk medicine for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Oral administration of 2.5 and 5.0 g/kg body weight of the aqueous extract of the seed for 6 weeks resulted in a significant reduction in blood glucose and an increase in total haemoglobin, but in the case of 7.5 g/kg body weight the effect was not significant. It also prevents decrease in body weight. The aqueous extract also resulted in decreased free radical formation in tissues studied. Thus the study shows that Jamun seed extract (JSEt) has hypoglycaemic action. The decrease in thiobarbituric acid reactive substances and increase in reduced glutathione, superoxide dismutase and catalase clearly show the antioxidant property of the JSEt. The effect of JSEt was most prominently seen in the case of animals given 5.0 g/kg body weight. JSEt was more effective than glibenclamide MFN : 10381 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-01-0300 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Naseem, M.Z.Patil, S.R.Patil, S.R.Patil, R.S.B. Affiliation : Department of Zoology, Gulbarga University, Gulbarga 585 106, Karnataka, India Title : Antispermatogenic and androgenic activities of Momordica charantia (Karela) in albino rats Imprint : Journal of Ethnopharmacology. v. 61(1): p. 9-16, 1998 Keywords : ANTISPERMATOGENIC ACTIVITY; ANDROGENIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : MOMORDICA CHARANTIA CUCURBITACEAE; Abstract : Petroleum ether, benzene and alcohol extracts of the seeds of [Momordica charantia] tested in rats at the dose level of 25 mg/100 g body weight for 35 days showed antispermatogenic activity as the number of spermatocytes, spermatids and spermatozoa was decreased. Increase in cholesterol level and Sudanophilic lipid accumulation indicates inhibition in the steroidogenesis. At the same the weight of epididymis, prostate gland, seminal vesicle and levator ani was increased which showed its androgenic property. Out of the three extracts, the alcohol extract was more potent in its antispermatogenic, antisteroidogenic and androgenic activities MFN : 10382 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-01-0309 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Padma, P.Pramod, N.P.Thyagarajan, S.P.Khosa, R.L. Affiliation : Department of Pharmaceutics, I.T. Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221 005, UP, India Title : Effect of the extract of Annona muricata and Petunia nyctaginiflora on Herpes simplex virus Imprint : Journal of Ethnopharmacology. v. 61(1): p. 81-83, 1998

Keywords : ANTIHSV ACTIVITY; HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS; ANTIHERPES ACTIVITY Scientific Names : ANNONA MURICATA ANNONACEAE; PETUNIA NYCTAGINIFLORA SOLANACEAE; Abstract : [Annona muricata] (Annonaceae) and [Petunia nyctaginiflora] were screened for their activity against Herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV) and clinical isolate (obtained from the human keratitis lesion). The ability of extract(s) to inhibit the cytopathic effect of HSV-1 on vero cells as indicative of anti-HSV-1 potential has been studied. The minimum inhibitory concentration of ethanolic extract of [A.muricata] and aqueous extract of [P.nyctaginifloa] was found to be 1 mg/ml. The results indicate that [A.muricata] and [P.nyctaginiflora] could be used as potential antiherpetic drugs MFN : 10383 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-01-0381 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Mathuram, V.Brahmadhayalaselvam, A.Hussain, A.J.Rao, R.B.Patra, A. Affiliation : Captain Srinivasa Murti Drug Researh Institute for Ayurveda, Arumbakkam, Madras 600 106, TN, India Title : Chemical constituents of Carissa spinarum and their antibacterial activity Imprint : Journal of Indian Chemical Society. v. 75(4): p. 262-264, 1998 Keywords : ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : CARISSA SPINARUM APOCYNACEAE; Abstract : Isolation and characterisation of ursolic acid and naringin from the leaves of [Carissa spinarum] has been reported. Methanol extract of leaves completely inhibited the pathogenic gram-ve bacteria. Ursolic acid and naringin exhibited antibacterial activity MFN : 10493 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-02-0837 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Raghuraman, G.Ramnujam, M.P. Affiliation : Botany Laboratory, K.M. Centre for P.G. Studies, Pondicherry 605 008, India Title : Micropropagation of (Melia azedarach) Imprint : Journal of the Swamy Botanical Club. v. 15(1 and 2): p. 1-5, 1998 Keywords : MICROPROPAGATION, MELIA SPP; PERSIAN LILAC TREE Scientific Names : MELIA AZEDARACH MELIACEAE; Abstract : Micropropagation of [Melia azedarach] (Persian lilac tree) was achieved on MS medium supplemented with BAP. Three to four shoots/nodal explant developed in primary culture after 30 days of inoculation. The no of shoots/explants increased to an av. of 17.4 after subculturing on MS medium fortified with BAP (2.0 mg/ml) callus developed profusely at the bases of explants. The rooting of microshoots was the best on MS plus IBA (1.0 mg/ml) and IAA (1.0 mg/l). [In vitro] flowering of microshoots was observed on MS with BAP (1-3 mg/l) but the floral constitution was different from the occurring naturally.NSL, New Delhi

MFN : 10585 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-02-1347 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Gurmet, P. Affiliation : Amchi Medicine Research Unit, (CCRAS), Leh-Ladakh, JK, India Title : Herbs and herbal medicine of Ladakh and Himalayas Imprint : South East Asian Seminar on Herbs and Herbal Medicines, Patna. p. 118, 16-19 Jan 1999 Keywords : LADAKM, MEDICINAL PLANTS; MEDICINAL PLANTS, LADAKH; TIBETAIN MEDICINES Abstract : The plants of Ladakh have very high contents of medicinal, aromatic and other useful properties. Medical system prevalent in most of Himalayan region is "Sowa rigpa"(Science of life). Now commonly known as Tibetian Medicine. It is being very popularly practised in Tibet, Ladakh, Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Nepal, Bhutan and in Mangolia, few places of former Soviet union etc. This medical system is principally based on skillful use of plants, naturally occuring minerals and animal product MFN : 10587 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-02-1409 Subject Group : 1500 Authors : Srivastava, R.Srivastava, A.K.Dubey, S.D. Affiliation : Department of Dravyaguna, IMS, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, UP, India Title : Role of herbal drugs in prevention and promotion of health care of mother and child Imprint : South East Asian Seminar on Herbs and Herbal Medicines, Patna. p. 116-117, 16-19 Jan 1999 Keywords : PREGNANCY, AYURVEDIC DRUGS; AYURVEDIC DRUGS, MOTHER AND CHILD; CHILD HEALTH CARE, AYURVEDIC DRUGS; MOTHER CARE, AYURVEDIC DRUGS Abstract : Role of herbal medicine in promotion of health care of mother and child, as described in Ayurvedic literature, has been outlined. Durgs useful for mother at various stages of gestation period have also been mentioned MFN : 10620 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-03-1835 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Srinivasan, B.P. Affiliation : D-3, College of Pharmacy Campus, Pushpa Vihar, New Delhi-110 017, India Title : Pharmacological evaluation of Azadirachta indica (XXXI Annual Conference of Indian Pharmacological Society, Lucknow, Dec. 18-20, 1998) Imprint : Indian Journal of Pharmacology. v. 31(1): p. 56, 1999

Keywords : NEEM; ANTIHYPERGLYCAEMIC ACTIVITY; ANTIHYPERTENSIVE ACTIVITY; ANTIHYPERLIPIDAEMIC ACTIVITY; ANTIDIABETIC ACTIVITY; DIABETIC NEPHROPATHY PREVENTION, NEEM Scientific Names : AZADIRACHTA INDICA MELIACEAE; Abstract : [Azadirachta indica] leaf extract has been evaluated for its anti-hyperglycemic, antihypertensive, antihyperlipidemic activity as well as for its role in prevention of diabetic nephropathy and also compared with Lisinopril and Amoldipine. Study of effect of chronic treatment of neem on biochemical parameters such as glucose, cholesterol, triglyceride, creatinine, urea and blood pressure in STZ induced NIDDM model was done. The result showed fall in glucose, lipid level and blood pressure. It indicates that neem is effective in diabetes associated hypertension and hyperlipidemia. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 10715 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-03-1883 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Gangopadhyay, S. Affiliation : Division of Plant Pathology, Central Rice Research Institute, Cuttack 753 006, Orissa, India Title : Turmeric (Curcuma longa), an ecofriendly ingredient to control seed-borne rice diseases Imprint : Current Science. v. 75(1): p. 16-17, 1998 Keywords : TURMERIC, RICE DISEASE CONTROL; RICE DISEASES, TURMERIC; PESTICIDES, NATURAL; ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY; ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY; FUNGISTATIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : CURCUMA LONGA ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : A new organic fungistatic was developed with [Curcuma longa] rhizome powder. Surface-sterilized rice seeds of Taichung native-1 inoculated with fungal and bacterial inoculum in six segments were thoroughly mixed with turmeric powder impregnated sodium bicarbonate (100:10) @-1 g/kg rice seeds and germinated. None of the treated seedlings showed any disease symptom either in petri plates, nursery or in the transplanted plots, whereas in inoculated untreated seedlings showed disease symptoms MFN : 10725 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-03-1928 Subject Group : 1000 Authors : Shanker, J.S.Jitendra KumarParmar, B.S. Affiliation : Division of Agricultural Chemicals, IARI, New Delhi 110 012, India Title : Azadirachtin-A : Its content and bioefficiency in artificially rippened neem fruits Imprint : Pesticide Research Journal. v. 10(2): p. 160-164, 1998 Keywords : ARTIFICIALLY RIPENED NEEM FRUITS, AZADIRACHTIN; AZADIRACHTIN; LARVICIDAL ACTIVITY; AZADIRACHTIN Scientific Names : AZADIRACHTA INDICA MELIACEAE; Abstract : Azadirachtin-A content of neem fruits has been found to reduce on articial ripening. There was no detectable azadirachtin-A in the 3 days fully ripened samples as against 0.06

percent in 0 day raw fruits. However, the efficacy against [Spodoptera litura] larva was affected the least by the azadirachtin A content alone as shown by ED50 value of unripened (0 day, 10.58 ppm) to that of the ripened (3 day 13.16 ppm) fruits. The growth of larvae was influenced by the total methanolic extract of the artificially ripened fruits in a dose dependent manner, presumably due to the presence of antifeedant allelochemicals. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 10727 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-03-1929 Subject Group : 1000 Authors : Shankar, J.S.Parmar, B.S. Affiliation : Division of Agricultural Chemicals, IARI, New Delhi 110 012, India Title : Tree direction, aza-A content and bioefficacy of different stages of neem fruits against [Spodoptera litura] Imprint : Pesticide Research Journal. v. 10(2): p. 191-195, 1998 Keywords : AZADIRACHTIN; NEEM; ANTIFEEDANT ACTIVITY Scientific Names : AZADIRACHTA INDICA MELIACEAE; Abstract : Aza-A (Azadirachtin-A) content and bioefficiency of neem ([Azadirachta indica]) fruits extracts obtained from the Eastern, Western, Northern and Southern sides of three marked trees at different stages of fruiting revealed no significant effect of the sampling direction on aza-A content as well as on the growth and feeding inhibitory activity against [Spodoptera litura]. Between the sampling intervals, differences were significant. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 10766 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-03-1609 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Wachasundar, N.P.Wachasundar, N.N. Affiliation : Kondan 35 B/7, Mangalwar Peth, Karad 415 110, Maharashtra, India Title : The effect of Takradhara in Atyartava (dysfunctional uterine bleeding) Imprint : Ayurved Update. v. 1(3): p. 6-8, 1998 Keywords : TAKRADHARA, DYSFUNCTIONAL UTERINE BLEEDING; DYSFUNCTIONAL UTERINE BLEEDING, TAKRADHARA; ATYARATVA, TAKRADHARA Scientific Names : CYPERUS ROTUNDUS CYPERACEAE; EMBLICA OFFICINALIS EUPHORBIACEAE; Abstract : Buttermilk prepared using [Cyperus rotundus] and [Emblica officinalis] was allowed to fall dropwise on the forehead of 10 patients (30 minutes each day for 7 consecutive days). Complete relief was observed in 50 percent cases and 30 percent patients showed partial relief. However, 2 patients reported no relief. No side effects were observed. Takradhara is a safe, non-invasive, acceptable and affordable treatment in Atyaratva MFN Yr, Iss, : 10831 Abst No. : 99-03-1796

Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Pande, S.Madhu KumarAshok Kumar Affiliation : Department of Zoology, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur 302 004, Rajasthan, India Title : Evaluation of radiomodifying effects of root extract of Panax ginseng Imprint : Phytotherapy Research. v. 12(1): p. 13-17, 1998 Keywords : GINSENG; LIVER GLUTATHIONE; RADIOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY Scientific Names : PANAX GINSENG ARALIACEAE; Abstract : [Panax ginseng] root extract was found to be nontoxic when Swiss albino mice were injected up to 1200 mg/kg. A significant enhancement was observed in the survival time of the irradiated group compared with the control when pretreated with ginseng extract. Besides survival time, radiation induced damage to the germ cells and loss of body weight were also reduced markedly. The probable reason for this radioprotection has been correlated with the increased level of liver glutathione MFN : 10840 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-03-1597 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Raj BahadurSingh, O.P.Ojha, J.K. Affiliation : Department of Dravyaguna, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, UP, India Title : Clinical evaluation of some Ayurvedic drugs in diabetic retinopathy Imprint : Sachitra Ayurved. v. 50(1): p. 55-57, 1997 Keywords : DIABETIC RETINOPATHY, RUBIA; DIABETIC RETINOPATHY, MESUA; NAGKESAR, DIABETIC RETINOPATHY; MANJISHTHA, DIABETIC RETINOPATHY; RUBIA, DIABETIC RETINOPATHY; MESUA, DIABETIC RETINOPATHY Scientific Names : RUBIA SPP RUBIACEAE; MESUA FERREA GUTTIFERAE; Abstract : Pathology of diabetic retinopathy and its treatment with Manjishtha ([Rubia] spp) and Nagkesar ([Mesua ferrea]) have been discussed. Drugs were found very effective in 10 percent of the patients and partially effective in 70 percent cases. 20 percent patients did not respond to the drugs MFN : 10862 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-04-2186 Subject Group : 0300 Authors : Lowanshi, R.K.Shukla, R.S.Dubey, R.K.Choubey, P.C. Affiliation : Deptment of Agronomy, J.N.Agriculture University, Jabalpur 482 004, MP, India Title : Association and path coefficient analysis in fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) Imprint : Advances in Plant Sciences. v. 11(2): p. 45-50, 1998 Keywords : METHI, PATH COEFFICIENT ANALYSIS; FENUGREEK YIELD; PATH COEFFICIENT ANALYSIS, METHI Scientific Names : TRIGONELLA FOENUM-GRAECUM LEGUMINOSAE;

Abstract : Correlation and path coefficient analysis for different morphological and sink parameter were carried out in 16 varieties of fenugreek. Seed yield/plant had highly significant and positive association with pod length and seed weight/plant and it was also significant and positively correlated with plant height. The number of pods had highest direct effect on seed yield, while low positive indirect effect were observed for number of pods/plant via 1000-seed weight. Selection on the basis of pod length and number of pods/plant lead to improvement of seed yield in fenugreek genotypes MFN : 10935 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-04-2577 Subject Group : 1000 Authors : Swaminathan, R.Dhaked, B.M.Hussain, T.Bhati, K.K. Affiliation : Rajasthan Agriculture University, Rajasthan College of Agriculture, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India Title : Effect of neem derivative on the safflower aphid Dactynotus carthami HRL Imprint : Entomon. v. 24(1): p. 85-89, 1999 Keywords : NEEM KERNEL EXTRACT, ANTIAPHID ACTIVITY; NEEM OIL; ANTIAPHID ACTIVITY, NEEM PRODUCTS; APHICIDAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : AZADIRACHTA INDICA MELIACEAE; Abstract : Neem ([Azadirachta indica]) kernel extract and neem oil both reduced the aphid population of safflower. Neem oil 1, 3, and 7 days after the first spray showed 74.15, 56.99 and 45.08 percent reduction in aphid population and after second spray 49.84, 49.18 and 39.73 percent reduction. Both the products were not effective when sprayed for the third time. Treatment with phosphamidon @ 0.03 percent had maximum yield (578.33g/5 plants) followed by neem oil @ 2 percent (533.33g/5 plants) and neem kernel extract @ 10 percent (493.33 g/5 plants), which significantly differ from untreated plants (461.66g/5 plants). NSL, New Delhi MFN : 10956 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-04-2174 Subject Group : 0200 Authors : Sindhuveerendra, H.C.Ramalakshmi, S.Mellesha, B.B. Affiliation : Institute of Wood Science and Technology, Bangalore, Karnataka, India Title : Variation in seed characteristics in provenances of sandal (Santalum album L.) Imprint : Indian Forester. v. 125(3): p. 308-312, 1999 Keywords : SANDAL, SEED VARIABILITY; SEED VARIABILITY, SANDAL Scientific Names : SANTALUM ALBUM SANTALACEAE; Abstract : [Santalum album] seeds collected from various sources showed significant morphological and physiological variations. Selection of Mandogadde provenance for seed length variability, Mysore and Honagal provenances for variability in seed width and seed weight respectively, have been suggested MFN : 10979

Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-04-2797 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Vijaya Kumar, R.Pullaiah, T. Affiliation : Department of Botany, Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Anantapur 515 003, AP, India Title : Medicinal plants used by the tribals of Prakasam district, Andhra Pradesh Imprint : Ethnobotany. v. 10(12): p. 97-102, 1998 Keywords : ETHNOMEDICINE, ANDHRA PRADESH; MEDICINAL PLANTS, ANDHRA PRADESH; ANDHRA PRADESH, MEDICINAL PLANTS; TRIBAL MEDICINE, ANDHRA PRADESH Abstract : Information gathered on 50 ethnomedicinal plants traditionally used by Chenchu, Yanadi, Sugali and Yerukala tribes of Prakasam district of Andhra Pradesh, India, for the treatment of various diseases and disorders has been provided. The ethnobotanical survey was carried out in the forests of Nallamalais during 1994-96 and data were collected after discussion with tribal physicians (Natu-vaidyas), tribal headmen (Pedda Manishi), aged tribals and further confirmed with experienced herbalists. The plant species are enumerated alphabetically with their botanical name, family, vernacular names, locality and folk uses MFN : 10995 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-04-2554 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Qureshi, S.Rai, M.K.Agrawal, S.C. Affiliation : Department of Botany, Danielson College, Chhindwara 480 001, Maharashtra, India Title : In vitro evlauation of inhibitory nature of extracts of 18-plant species of Chhindwara against 3-keratinophilic fungi Imprint : Hindustan Antibiotics Bulletin. v. 39(1-4): p. 5660, 1997 Keywords : ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : ACORUS CALAMUS ARACEAE; ADHATODA VASICA ACANTHACEAE; AMOMUM SUBULATUM ZINGIBERACEAE; ANDROGRAPHIS PANICULATA ACANTHACEAE; BOERHAAVIA DIFFUSA NYCTAGINACEAE; CASSIA OCCIDENTALIS LEGUMINOSAE; CENTELLA ASIATICA APIACEAE; CYMBOPOGON CITRATUS GRAMINEAE; HEMIDESMUS INDICUS ASCLEPIADACEAE; HYPTIS SUAVEOLENS LAMIACEAE; MALVASTRUM SPP MALVACEAE; PASSIFLORA EDULIS PASSIFLORACEAE; PERGULARIA DAEMIA ASCLEPIADACEAE; SHUTERIA HIRSUTA LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : Effect of extract of 18 plant species, viz; [Acorus calamus, Adhatoda vasica, Amomum subulatum, Andrographis paniculata, Boerhaavia diffusa, Cassia occidentalis, Centella asiatica, Cymbopogon citratus, Hemidesmus indicus, Hyptis suaveolens, Malvastrum] sp., [Passiflora edulis, Pergularia daemia, Peristrophe bicalyculata, Shuteria hirsuta, Solanum nigrum, Tecoma stans], and [Verbascum chinense] on the growth of [Microsporum gypseum, Chrysosporium tropicum] and [Trichophyton terrestre] was evaluated and discussed. The sensitivity of the keratinophilic fungi was evaluated by dry weight method. The maximum inhibition of mycelial growth was shown by [M.gypseum] (86.62 percent) followed by [T.terrestre] (81.86 percent) and [C.tropicum] (74.06 percent) when treated with [S.hirsuta] whereas the minimum inhibition was exhibited by [M.gypseum] (0.29 percent), [C.tropicum] (0.16 percent) and

[T.terrestre] (1.76 percent) when tested with the extract of [P.edulis, A.vasica] and [B.diffusa], respectively MFN : 10998 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-04-2287 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Verma, B.Kant, U. Affiliation : Plant Pathology and Tissue Culture Biotechnolgoy Laboratory, Department of Botany, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur 302 004, Rajasthan, India Title : Propagation of Emblica officinalis Gaertn through tissue culture Imprint : Advances in Plant Sciences. v. 12(1): p. 21-25, 1999 Keywords : PROPAGATION, EMBLICA; COTYLEDONARY EXPLANT CULTURE, EMBLICA; TISSUE CULTURE, EMBLICA; PLANT REGENERATION, EMBLICA Scientific Names : EMBLICA OFFICINALIS EUPHORBIACEAE; Abstract : Effect of initial explant used (cotyledons, nodes shoots, hypocotyl and roots) on shoot morphogenesis in callus cultures was examined in [Emblica officinalis]. Regenerative callus was raised from different explants on MS medium supplemented with 2,4-D (2.0 mg/l and ascorbic acid (25.0 mg/l) shoot bud differentiation was achieved in callus culture on MS medium supplemented with BAP (2.0 mg/l), Kn(2.0 mg/l), citric acid (25.0 (mg/l), ascorbic acid (25.0 mg/l) and PVP (25.0 mg/l). The regenerated shoots elongated on hormone free medium and were subsequently rooted on 1/2 MS medium fortified with IBA (2.0 mg/l) and sucrose (1.5 percent) callus raised from cotyledonary explant showed maximum intensity of shoot bud differentiation MFN : 11010 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-04-2781 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Majgaonkar, C.Phadake, S.G. Affiliation : S.C.Mutha Aryangla Vaidyak Mahavidyalaya, Satara 415 002, Maharashtra, India Title : Local medicinal plants from Koyna valley.4. Bhumyamlaki-Phyllanthus niruri, Linn. Imprint : Ayurved Update. v. 2(1): p. 8-9, 1999 Keywords : BHUMYAMLAKI, REVIEWS; REVIEWS, BHUMYAMLAKI; MEDICINAL PLANTS, KOYNA; KOYNA, MEDICINAL PLANTS Scientific Names : PHYLLANTHUS NIRURI EUPHORBIACEAE; Abstract : Regional names, synonyms, pharmacognosy, chemical composition, properties, action, preparations and traditional uses of [Phyllanthus niruri] have been briefly reviewed MFN : 11011 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-04-2320 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Majgaonkar, C.Phadake, S.G. Affiliation : S.C.Mutha Aryangla Vaidyak Mahavidyalaya, Satara 415 002, Maharashtra, India

Title : A study of Bhumyamlaki in Kamala (jaundice) Imprint : Ayurved Update. v. 1(4): p. 2-5, 1998 Keywords : BHUMYAMLAKI, JAUNDICE; JAUNDICE, BHUMYAMLAKI Scientific Names : PHYLLANTHUS NIRURI EUPHORBIACEAE; Abstract : Tablet Bhumyamlaki ([Phyllanthus niruri]) was given orally (4 tablets, 250 mg each, thrice a day) for 1st week then 500 mg (2 tablets, thrice a day) to 25 patients of jaundice. Complete relief was observed in 22 (88 percent) and partial relief in 2 (8 percent) cases. One patient did not get any relief. Time required for improvement was 2-7 days MFN : 11101 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-04-2370 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Gupta, D.Jayadev RajuBaquer, N.Z. Affiliation : School of Life Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi 110 067, India Title : Modulation of some gluconeogenic enzyme activities in diabetic rat liver and kidney: Effect of antidiabetic compounds Imprint : Indian Journal of Experimental Biology. v. 37(2): p. 196-199, 1999 Keywords : FENUGREEK; ANTIDIABETIC ACTIVITY; INSULIN MIMETIC ACTIVITY; GLUCONEOGENIC ENZYMES MODULATION; BLOOD GLUCOSE NORMALISING ACTIVITY; SODIUM ORTHOVANADATE Scientific Names : TRIGONELLA FOENUM-GRAECUM LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : The effects of insulin, sodium orthovanadate and [Trigonella foenum-graecum](fenugreek) seed powder were studied on the activities of glucose-6-phosphatase and fructose-1,6-bis phosphatase in diabetic liver and kidney. The significantly increased activities of the two enzymes during diabetes in liver and kidney were found to be lowered to almost control values by the use of the antidiabetic compounds. Diabetic liver exhibited a much greater increase in the activities of the two enzymes than diabetic kidney. The highest percentage of reversal to normal values was seen using the combination of vanadate and [Trigonella] seed powder. The lowered rate of growth of the animals as well as the increased blood sugar were reversed almost to the control levels by the [Trigonella] seed powder and vanadate treatment. The inclusion of the [Trigonella] seed powder overcame the toxicity of vanadium encountered and much lower levels of vanadate were needed when it was given in combination with [Trigonella] seed powder MFN : 11102 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-04-2367 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Genet, S.Kale, R.K.Baquer, N.Z.* Affiliation : School of Life Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi 110 067, India Title : Effects of vanadate, insulin and fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum) on creatine kinase levels in tissues of diabetic rat Imprint : Indian Journal of Experimental Biology. v. 37(2): p. 200-202, 1999

Keywords : INSULIN MIMETIC ACTIVITY; FENUGREEK; CREATINE KINASE NORMALIZING ACTIVITY; ANTIDIABETIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : TRIGONELLA FOENUM-GRAECUM LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : The [in vivo] effects of insulin, and other insulino mimetic agents like vanadate and fenugreek ([Trigonella foenumgraecum]) were followed on the changes in the activities of creatine kinase in heart, skeletal muscle and liver of experimental diabetic rats. As compared to control rats, creatine kinase activities were found to decrease significantly in the tissues during experimental diabetes. All the antidiabetic compounds used normalised the decreased activities to almost control values. The effects of insulin and vanadate were comparable in restoring normoglycemia and the creatine kinase activities MFN : 11176 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-05-3434 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Sawaikar, D.D.Rojatkar, S.R.Nagasampagi, B.A.Puranik, V.G. Affiliation : Division of Organic Chemistry, National Chemical Laboratory, Pune 411 008, Maharashtra, India Title : A germacranolide from Vicoa indica Imprint : Phytochemistry. v. 48(3): p. 515-518, 1998 Keywords : GERMACRANOLIDES; SESQUITERPENE LACTONES Scientific Names : VICOA INDICA COMPOSITAE; Abstract : The aerial parts of [Vicoa indica] afforded a new sesquiterpene lactone as its acetate (C24H30O10) the structure and relative stereochemistry of which was established by spectral data including X-ray crystallographic analysis MFN : 11177 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-05-2971 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Srinivas, M.Joshi, M.Krishnan, R. Affiliation : Department of Botany, Bangalore University, Jnana Bharati Campus, Bangalore 560 065, Karnataka, India Title : Ontogeny of solasodine-containing mucilage layer in (Solanum viarum) Dunal) ploidy types Imprint : Journal of Biosciences. v. 23(2): p. 157-162, 1998 Keywords : SOLASODINE; MUCILAGE COATING Scientific Names : SOLANUM VIARUM SOLANACEAE; SOLANUM KHASIANUM SOLANACEAE; Abstract : Berries of steroid-bearing [Solanum viarum] syn. [S.khasianum] are exploited commercially in India, as raw material by steroid industries for solasodine, a glycoalkaloid, present in mucilaginous exotesta of the seed. Comparative ontogeny of exotesta studied through histochemical studies in diploid, autotetraploid and trisomic plants indicated similarity in the histochemical changes occurring during ontogeny of the outer most seed coat layer which culminated in the transformation of this layer into mucilage layer. The increased cell size in this layer in the autotetraploid plants probably accounts for the higher steroid content reported. Corroborative evidences

of histochemical changes observed in the mucilage layer were obtained from the studies of ultrastructure using transmission electron microscopy MFN : 11196 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-05-2854 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Muni RamDasha RamSantosh SinghSushil Kumar Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow 226 015, UP, India Title : Cost effective technology for seed production in opium poppy (Papaver somniferum) Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 21(2): p. 335-337, 1999 Keywords : OPIUM POPPY, SEED PRODUCTION; SEED PRODUCTION, POPPY; TECHNOLOGY, POPPY SEED PRODUCTION Scientific Names : PAPAVER SOMNIFERUM PAPAVERACEAE; Abstract : Field experiments were carried out for two years, 1996-97 and 1997-98 to develop a technology for the pure seed production in opium poppy by farmers on their own. The pollination by honey bees and wind was restricted by the muslin cloth structures. The total surface area of each structure was 29 square meter. To maintain near 100 percent purity of seeds of high yielding varieties of poppy, the five number of above size structures will be needed to produce pure seeds of about 7 kg which could cover one hectare of area with poppy. These structures involving an expenditure of Rs.2600/- can be used for 4 years and had no adverse effect on seed production under normal weather conditions. The production cost of 7 kg seeds would be Rs.650/- per year as against the present cost of Rs.3500/MFN : 11357 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-06-3574 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Kakaraparthi, P.S.Sushil Kumar Affiliation : Cental Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants(CIMAP), Field Station, Attuyampatti, Kodaikanal 624 101, TN, India Title : Cultivation of economically important Eucalyptus species in the western ghats of Tamilnadu Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 21(Suppl.1): p. 21, 1999 Keywords : EUCALYPTUS CULTIVATION, WESTERN GHATS, TAMIL NADU; ESSENTIAL OIL PRODUCTION, EUCALYPTUS; CULTIVATION, EUCALYPTUS SPECIES Scientific Names : EUCALYPTUS GLOBULUS MYRTACEAE; EUCALYPTUS CITRIODORA MYRTACEAE; Abstract : The cultivation of [Eucalyptus globulus] and [Eucalyptus citriodora] at about 7000 feet height in the two hills has attained considerable economic importance, former as the source of 1,8cineole rich essential oil and the latter for citronellal rich essential oil for perfumery and fragrance industry. The [E.globulus] trees are coppiced once in every ten years. After coppicing, the timber is used for production of viscose fibre and the leaves are used for the production of essential oil. About 80 percent of the country's total production of about 500 tons of [E.globulus] oil is from Palni and Nilgiri hills of

Tamilnadu. [E.citriodora] is cultivated in a limited area in Nilgiris. The cultivation of these species along with production and trade of their oils has been discussed.(P-33) MFN : 11361 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-06-3609 Subject Group : 0200 Authors : Mehta, V.K.Sastry, K.P.Parameswaran, T.N.Radhakrishnan, K. Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants(CIMAP), Field Station, Kodaikanal 624 101, TN, India Title : Lavender-prospects in Kashmir valley and Tamilnadu hills Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 21(Suppl.1): p. 23, 1999 Keywords : LAVANDER; ESSENTIAL OIL, LAVANDULA; LAVENDER OIL Scientific Names : LAVANDULA SPP LAMIACEAE; Abstract : Lavender was previously introduced to CIMAP Regional Centre, Manasbal in the Jammu and Kashmir state on pilot scale and later shifted to the Field Station of CIMAP at Bonera in Pulwama(JK) during 1982-83. Subsequently, as a result of extensive selection and evaluation by breeders, an improved clone B-18 was released by the name of Sher-e-Kashmir having a potential to yield 150 kg oil/ha against the yield of 50-80 kg of oil/ha of the famous Karlovo variety. Presently efforts are afoot to introduce Lavender from Pulwama to Kodaikanal in Palani hills of Tamilnadu which will lead to enhanced production of the oil.(P-37) MFN : 11412 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-06-3853 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Ali, M.Chaudhuri, A.Ramidi, R. Affiliation : Faculty of Pharmacy, Jamia Hamdard (Hamdard University), PO Hamdard Nagar, New Delhi 110 062, India Title : Volatile oil constituents of Artemisia scoparia leaves Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 21(Suppl.1): p. 58-59, 1999 Keywords : VOLATILE OIL, ARTEMISIA; ESSENTIAL OILS, ARTEMISIA; SESQUITERPENES; ALIPHATIC COMPOUNDS; TERPINENE; EUGENOL Scientific Names : ARTEMISIA SCOPARIA ASTERACEAE; Abstract : Fresh leaves of [Artemisia scoparia] were collected from the cultivated plants grown in herbal garden of the Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi. Analysis of the isolate by GC and GC-MS and comparison of Kovats' indices resulted in the identification of 74 components comprising ca. 89.8 percent of the total volatiles. The volatile oil was characterized by a high amount of 17 monoterpenes (ca. 80.7 percent), gamma-terpinene was the predominant (ca. 21.8 percent). The oil also contained high level of eugenol (20.4 percent) and its esters, e.g. eugenyl butyrate (2.9 percent), eugenol valerate (5.5 percent) and eugenyl isovalerate (4.2 percent). The latter two esters are reported for the first time in essential oils. The other main monoterpenes were

limonene (5.0 percent), p-cymene (4.6 percent), myrene (4.0 percent), alpha-pinene (1.8 percent) and geranyl acetate (2.3 percent). Amongh the 6 completely identified sesquiterpenes (ca. 8.7 percent), betacaryophyllene (5.3 percent) was the prominent component followed by gamma-himachalene (1.6 percent) and t-nerolidol (1.0 percent), 1,4ethenonaphthalene (3.2 percent) was a prominent derivative of the essential oil. Ethyl butanoate, undecane, 1-dodecane, octanol, 2heptanol, 3-nonanone, 1-hexanol, (Z)-3-hean-1-ol, nonanol dodecanoic acid, ethyl ester, butanoic acid, tetradecanoic acid, dodecalactone, Loctadecanol, heptadecane, beta-ionol, delta-nonalactone and hexacosane were aliphatic constituents identified in the volatile oil.(P-O33) MFN : 11544 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-0585 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Topno, S.Ghosh, T.K. Affiliation : Department of Botany, Ranchi University, Ranchi 834 008, Bihar, India Title : Correlation of uses of medicinal plants by tribals of Chotanagpur with other tribals of India Imprint : Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany. v. 23(1): p. 143-146, 1999 Keywords : MEDICINAL PLANTS, CHOTANAGPUR; BIHAR, MEDICINAL PLANTS; CHOTANAGPUR, MEDICINAL PLANTS Abstract : The ethnomedicinal uses of some plants by the Munda tribe of Chotanagpur have been studied. First hand information of medicinal uses of the plants have been gathered from various tribal medicine men. Five plants namely [Cajanus scarabaeoides, Calotropis gigantea, Celastrus paniculata, Helicteres isora] and [Plumbago zeylanica] were selected for the correlation of the medicinal uses in Chotanagpur with that of the other tribals of the various parts of the country. The study has revealed the fact that medicinal uses of these plants vary from place to place MFN : 11559 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-0601 Subject Group : 1400 Authors : Gupta, A.P.Verma, R.K.Gupta, M.M.*Sushil Kumar Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow 226 015, UP, India Title : Estimation of plumbagin using high performance thin layer chromatography Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 21(3): p. 661-663, 1999 Keywords : HPTLC, PLUMBAGIN; PLUMBAGIN, HPTLC Scientific Names : PLUMBAGO ZEYLANICA PLUMBAGINACEAE; Abstract : A rapid, accurate and simple high performance thin layer chromatographic method for the estimation of plumbagin in [Plumbago zeylanica] is described. The assay combines the isolation and separation of plumbagin on silica gel high performance thin layer chromatographic plates followed by scanning of the spot at 265 nm detection mode using a CAMAG Scanner 3

MFN : 11562 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-0090 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Luthra, R.Dubey, V.S.Sushil Kumar Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow 226 015, UP, India Title : Is 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase the key regulatory enzyme in isoprenoid biosynthesis in higher plants? Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 21(3): p. 647-649, 1999 Keywords : ISOPRENOIDS BIOSYNTHESIS, REVIEWS; REVIEWS, ISOPRENOIDS BIOSYNTHESIS; PYRUVATE PATHWAY, HIGHER PLANTS Scientific Names : SALIX VIMINALIS SALICACEAE; MENTHA SPP LAMIACEAE; PELARGONIUM GRAVEOLENS GERANIACEAE; MATRICARIA RECUTITA ASTERACEAE; GINKGO BILOBA GINKGOACEAE; TAXUS CHINENSIS TAXACEAE; Abstract : The role of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase in the biosynthesis of isoprenoids through a newly discovered glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate or pyruvate pathway in higher plants like [Salix viminalis, Mentha] species, [Pelargonium graveolens, Matricaria recutita, Ginkgo biloba] and [Taxus chinensis] etc. has been discussed MFN : 11563 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-0609 Subject Group : 1400 Authors : Mandal, S.Naqvi, A.A. Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, P.O. CIMAP, Lucknow 226 015, UP, India Title : Application of short GC column in the analysis of some tropane alkaloids in plants Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 21(3): p. 672-674, 1999 Keywords : ATROPINE; SCOPOLAMINE; QUANTITATIVE GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY; TROPANE ALKALOIDS Scientific Names : HYOSCYAMUS MUTICUS SOLANACEAE; HYOSCYAMUS NIGER SOLANACEAE; DATURA METEL SOLANACEAE; Abstract : A simple and rapid gas chromatography method using short coloumn (50 cm) has been described for the analysis of major tropane alkaloids, atropine and scopolamine. The developed method has been successfully applied to the analysis of three species of Solanaceous plants; [Hyoscyamus muticus, Hyoscyamus niger] and [Datura metel] for quantitation of atropine and scopolamine MFN : 11584 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-0159 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Ahmed, K.A.Mitra, S.K.Venkataraman, B.V. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacology, St. John's Medical College, Bangalore 560 034, Karnataka, India Title : Assessment of a polyherbal ayurvedic medicine for sexual activity in rats

Imprint : Indian Drugs. v. 36(9): p. 576-582, 1999 Keywords : HERBAL DRUGS, SEXUAL ACTIVITY; APHRODISIAC ACTIVITY Abstract : A Polyherbal Ayurvedic Medicine (PAM-F) is widely used for treating male sexual dysfunction in the Indian subcontinent. In the animal model study, evaluation of acute and chronic effect of a newly formulated herbal product, PAM-R was assessed in sexually normal and sluggish male rats compared with PAM-F. The preparation showed beneficial effects of various degrees with respect to the sexual behaviour of rats. The mean sperm count was also higher in the drug treated animals. Among the two herbal preparations, PAM-R was found to produce a more sustained increase of sexual activity MFN : 11641 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-0138 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Kulkarni, P.H. Affiliation : Institute of Indian Medicine, Pune, Maharashtra, India Title : Efficacy of Raktavardhak and Suvarna sootashekhar in chronic fatigue syndrome (C.F.S.) Imprint : Deerghayu International. v. 15-02(58): p. 58-61, 1999 Keywords : CHRONIC FATIGUE SYNDROME, AYURVEDIC DRUGS; AYURVEDIC DRUGS, CHRONIC FATIGUE SYNDROME; RAKTAVARDHAK, CHRONIC FATIGUE SYNDROME; SUVARNA SOOTSEKHAR RASA, CHRONIC FATIGUE SYNDROME Abstract : Twenty five patients diagnosed as cases of chronic fatigue syndrome (cfs) were treated with Raktavardhak (a herbomineral preparation), 3g tds with food) and Suvarna Sootsekhar (another Ayurvedic drug) for a period of 60 days. Ten patients reported very good relief, 14 good relief and one patient got poor relief in all the symptoms of (cfs). All the symptoms got 50 percent relief within 42 days. Gross digestion as well as micro digestion accelerated with these two drugs MFN : 11644 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-0386 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Dinda, B.Hajra, A.K.Das, S.K. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, Tripura University, Agartala 799 004, Tripura, India Title : Chemical constituents of Plumbago indica roots Imprint : Indian Journal of Chemistry. v. 37B(7): p. 672-675, 1998 Keywords : NAPHTHOQUINONES; PLUMBAGIC ACID; EPOXYPLUMBAGIN Scientific Names : PLUMBAGO INDICA PLUMBAGINACEAE; PLUMBAGO ROSEA PLUMBAGINACEAE; Abstract : Isolation of a new naphthoquinone 3-O-3'bidroserone, along with naphthoquinone derivatives 2,3-epoxyplumbagin and plumbagic acid is reported from the roots of [Plumbago indica](syn.[P.rosea]). The structures have been elucidated on the basis of chemical and spectral evidence. The configuration of plumbagic acid has been assigned

MFN : 11648 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-0640 Subject Group : 1500 Authors : Sharma, R. Affiliation : Centre of Minor Forest Products, Dehradun, UP, India Title : Artemisia maritima Imprint : MFP News. v. 9(3): p. 13-14, 1999 Keywords : PROPAGATION, ARTEMISIA; SANTONIN; ETHNOBOTANY; PHENOLOGY, ARTEMISIA Scientific Names : ARTEMISIA MARITIMA ASTERACEAE; Abstract : Information on nursery techniques, modes of propagation, phenology, origin, distribution, botanical description, harvesting, chemical composition, grading and processing of santonin and ethnobotanical uses of [Artemisia maritima] has been provided MFN : 11661 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-0446 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Mehta, B.K.Jain, P.Kotra, S. Affiliation : School of Studies in Chemistry, Vikram University, Ujjain 456 010, MP, India Title : Identification of novel aliphatic compounds from Artabotrys odoratissimus (leaves) Imprint : Indian Journal of Chemistry. v. 38B(11): p. 13041306, 1999 Keywords : NONACOSANYL HEXACOSANOATE; HYDROXYTRICONTANE; PENTATETRACONTANOL Scientific Names : ARTABOTRYS ODORATISSIMUS ANNONACEAE; Abstract : Three novel aliphatic compounds have been isolated and identified from the leaves of [Artabotrys odoratissimus]. The compounds have been characterised as nonacosanyl hexacosanoate, 2hydroxytricontane, and pentatetracontan-19-ol by spectral and chemical analyses MFN Yr, Iss, Abst No. Subject Group Authors G.N. Affiliation Physical Sciences, India Title Perilla frutescens Imprint 1281, 1999 Keywords Scientific Names Abstract used as a key step : 11662 : 20-00-0416 : 1100 : Kavitha, J.Rajasekhar, D.Subbaraju, G.V.Ramesh, : Department of Chemistry, School of Mathematical and Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517 502, AP, : Synthesis of vinyl caffeate, an antioxidant from Britton var.crispa(Thunb.) : Indian Journal of Chemistry. v. 38B(11): p. 1280: : : in VINYLCAFFEATE; ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY PERILLA FRUTESCENS LABIATAE; Mercuric acetate mediated trans vinylation has been the synthesis of vinyl caffeate. The title compound

has been obtained from 3,4-dihydroxybenzaldehyde in four steps with an overall yield of 20 percent. Vinyl caffeate was isolated, recently, as one of the antioxidant principles of [Perilla frutescens] var.[crispa], a Japanese medicinal plant MFN : 11663 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-0394 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Garg, S.C.Siddiqui, N. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, Dr.Harisingh Gour University, Sagar 470 003, MP, India Title : Chemical composition of the essential oil of Artabotrys odoratissimus Imprint : Indian Journal of Chemistry. v. 38B(10): p. 12291230, 1999 Keywords : ESSENTIAL OILS, ARTABOTRYS SP; CARYOPHYLLENE OXIDE; LINALOOL; TERPINENOL Scientific Names : ARTABOTRYS ODORATISSIMUS ANNONACEAE; Abstract : Essential oil (0.24 percent) from the leaves of [Artabotrys odoratissimus] has been analysed by chromatographic, spectroscopic and chemical methods. Fifteen constituents (96.13 percent) have been characterised. The oil has been found rich in terpinen-4-ol (38.63 percent), caryophyllene oxide (11.78 percent) and linalool (11.17 percent) MFN : 11669 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-0542 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Katewa, S.S.Nag, A.Guria, B. Affiliation : Department of Botany, College of Science, M.L.Sukhadia University, Udaipur 313 001, Rajasthan, India Title : Ethnobotanical studies on wild plants for food from the Aravalli hills of south-east Rajasthan Imprint : Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany. v. 23(2): p. 259-264, 1999 Keywords : ETHNOBOTANY, ARAVALLI HILLS RAJASTHAN; ARAVALLI HILLS, ETHNOBOTANY Abstract : The study has been carried out in Dungarpur, Banswara, Chittorgarh, Rajsamand and Udaipur districts of South-East Rajasthan, where about 60 percent population is tribal. Dominant tribes of this region are Bhils, Garasias, Meenas, Damors, Bhil, Mina etc. Certain famous well protected sanctuaries of Aravalli hills such as Sitamata, Kumbhalgarh, Jaisamand and Phulwari Ki Nal are precious endowment of nature for tribals, providing food and medicines. The well protected forests in this region provide a variety of nutritious foods as edible tubers, roots, rhizomes, leaves, shoots, flowers, fruits, nuts, seeds etc. The wild plants found in forest have been listed MFN : 11670 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-0548 Subject Group : 1300

Authors : Kothari, M.J.Rao, K.M. Affiliation : Botanical Survey of India, Western Circle, Pune 411 001, Maharashtra, India Title : Ethnobotanical studies of Thane district Maharashtra Imprint : Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany. v. 23(2): p. 265-272, 1999 Keywords : ETHNOBOTANY, THANE, MAHARASHTRA; THANE, MAHARASHTRA, ETHNOMEDICINE Abstract : Plants used as medicine and other human-welfare activities were discussed. 30 plant species of economic value, 10 plant species of socio-religious value and in all 45 plant species of ethnobotanical value in traditional medicine have been enumerated MFN : 11672 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-0024 Subject Group : 0200 Authors : Deshmukh, V.R.Muratkar, G.D.Rothe, S.P.* Affiliation : Department of Botany, Shri Shivaji College, Akola, 444 001, Maharashtra, India Title : Preliminary observation on the medicinal and economically important Leguminous plant species from Amravati Tahsil Imprint : Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany. v. 23(2): p. 283-289, 1999 Keywords : MEDICINAL PLANTS, AMRAVATI; AMARAVATI, MEDICINAL PLANT; MEDICINAL PLANTS, MAHARASHTRA Scientific Names : LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : Present paper deals with preliminary observations on medicinal and economical by important plant species of Leguminosae from Amravati Tahsil. Statistical analysis of floristic elements revealed total of indigenous species of flowering plants distributed in 60 genera and 3 subfamilies of Leguminosae MFN : 11676 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-0025 Subject Group : 0200 Authors : Dwivedi, S.N. Affiliation : Department of Botany, Janata College, A.P.S. University, Rewa 486 001, MP, India Title : Traditional health care among tribals of Rewa district of Madhya Pradesh with special reference to conservation of endangered and vulnerable species Imprint : Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany. v. 23(2): p. 315-320, 1999 Keywords : TRADITIONAL HEALTH CARE; ENDANGERED PLANTS; CONSERVATION, MEDICINAL PLANTS Abstract : Due to destruction of habitat, biotic interference, loss of biodiversity and indiscriminate exploitation of natural resources many economically important species like [Abrus precatorius, Amorphophallus campanulatus, Buchanania lanzan, Calonyction muricatum, Dioscorea oppositifolia, Mucuna prurita, Momordica dioica, Strychnos nuxvomica, Terminalia arjuna, T.chebula] and [T.bellirica] have become

endangered and vulnerable. The paper enumerated 40 ethno-medicinal plants which need urgent conservation before they become extinct MFN : 11677 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-0584 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Sudhakar, A.Vedavathy, S. Affiliation : Herbal Folklore Research Centre, Department of Botany, Sri Venkateswara Arts College, Tirupati 517 502, AP, India Title : Wild edible plants used by the tribals of Chittoor district (Andhra Pradesh), India Imprint : Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany. v. 23(2): p. 321-329, 1999 Keywords : CHITTOOR, ANDHRA PRADESH, MEDICINAL PLANTS; EDIBLE PLANTS Abstract : The paper dealt with 67 species of wild edible plants belonging to 41 families and 59 genera used by the tribals of Chittoor district. The uses of the plants were documented during herbal folklore survey in view of the important role of wild plants in substituting food, especially in rural areas MFN : 11726 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-0344 Subject Group : 1000 Authors : Mishra, S.D. Affiliation : Division of Nematology, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India Title : Effect of neem seed and neem seed kernel on plant parasitic nematodes infecting chickpea Imprint : Current Nematology. v. 7(2): p. 137-140, 1996 Keywords : CHICKPEA; NEEM, NEMATOCIDAL ACTIVITY; NEMATOCIDAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : AZADIRACHTA INDICA MELIACEAE; Abstract : Powdered neem ([Azadirachta indica]) seed and seed kernel when applied (20 kg/ha each, separately) in chickpea ([Cicer arietinum]) field infested with nematodes and 3 weeks prior to sowing of chickpea seeds reduced the nematode population. Neem seed kernel was more effective. A drastic reduction in the population of endoparasites was noticed in both the treatments.NSL, New Delhi MFN : 11764 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-0169 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Bhakuni, R.S.Jain, D.C.Sushil Kumar Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic plants, Lucknow, UP, India Title : Endoperoxides : Second generation antimalarials Imprint : National Seminar on Drugs from Himalayan Herbs : Present Status Future Strategies, Kumaun University, Nainital, India. p. 25, March 26-28, 1999 Keywords : ANTIMALARIAL ACTIVITY; ARTEMISININ

Scientific Names : ARTEMISIA ANNUA ASTERACEAE; Abstract : Artemisinin isolated from the Chinese medicinal herb [Artmisia annua] is an active endoperoxide antimalarial. Several new types of derivatives have been synthesised from this structure. Some of the endoperoxides have been found to have potent antimalarial activities. Activities, mode of action and toxicities of these compounds are discussed MFN : 11819 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-0422 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Khetwal, K.S.Pande, S.Mani, N. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, Kumaon University, Naini Tal 263 002, UP, India Title : Constitutents of high altitude Himalayan herbs: Part VIII-A new lignan from Bupleurum lanceolatum Imprint : Indian Journal of Chemistry. v. 37B(12): p. 13191320, 1998 Keywords : HIMALAYAN HERBS; LIGNANS; BUTYROLACTONES Scientific Names : BUPLEURUM LANCEOLATUM UMBELLIFERAE; Abstract : The chloroform extract of the aerial parts of [Bupleurum lanceolatum] has afforded a new lignan, identified as alpha(trans-5-hydroxy-3, 4-dimethoxybenzylidine)-beta-3',4'methylenedioxybenzyl)-gamma-butyrolactone by UV, IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, DEPT and HRMS data MFN : 11822 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-0322 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Negi, P.S.Jayaprakasha, G.K.Rao, L.J.M.Sakariah, K.K. Affiliation : Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore 570 013, Karnataka, India Title : Antibacterial activity of turmeric oil : A byproduct from curcumin manufacture Imprint : Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. v. 47(10): p. 4297-4300, 1999 Keywords : TURMERIC OIL; CURLONE TURMERONE; ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY; OLEORESINS Scientific Names : CURCUMA LONGA ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : Curcumin, the yellow colour pigment of turmeric, is produced industrially from turmeric oleoresin. The mother liquor after isolation of curcumin from oleoresin contains approximately 40 percent oil. The oil was extracted from the mother liquor using hexane at 60 degree C, and the hexane extract was separated into three fractions using silica gel column chromatography. These fractions were tested for antibacterial activity by pour plate method against [Bacillus cereus, Bacillus coagulans, Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli] and [Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Fraction II eluted with 5 percent ethyl acetate in hexane was found to be most active fraction. The turmeric oil, fraction I, and fraction II were analyzed by GC and GC-MS.

ar-Turmerone, turmerone, and curlone were found to be the major compounds present in these fractions along with other oxygenated compounds MFN : 11840 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-1001 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Rath, C.C.Dash, S.K.Mishra, R.K. Affiliation : Centre for P.G. Studies in Microbiology, Orissa University of Agriculture Technology (OUAT), Bhubaneswar 751 003, Orissa, India Title : A comparative note on antimycotic activity of turmeric leaf essential oil against Candida albicans and Cryptococcus neoformans Imprint : Journal of Essential Oil-Bearing Plants. v. 2(2): p. 82-90, 1999 Keywords : TURMERIC; ESSENTIAL OILS, TURMERIC; FUNGICIDAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : CURCUMA LONGA ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : Turmeric ([Curcuma longa]) leaf essential oil extracted from plants growing in Kerala and Andhra Pradesh was found to be fungicidal against [Candida albicans] MTCC-183 and [Cryptococcus neoformans] MTCC-1347 strains. The activity against the organisms was observed either immediately or within a period of 15 minutes, when treated with pure oils. The oil from Kerala was more effective against the test pathogens in comparison to that from Andhra Pradesh. The activity was well compared with standard antifungal drugs MFN : 11911 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-1174 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Shawl, A.S.Raina, V.K.Srivastava, S.K.* Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, P.O.CIMAP, Lucknow 226 015, UP, India Title : GC/MS analysis of clary sage oil of commerce from Kashmir, India Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 21(4): p. 999-1001, 1999 Keywords : LINALOOL; LINALYL ACETATE; ESSENTIAL OILS; CLARY SAGE, OIL COMPOSITION; TERPINEOL; LINALYL ACETATE; LINALOOL Scientific Names : SALVIA SCLAREA LAMIACEAE; Abstract : The composition of clary sage ([Salvia sclarea]) oil from Kashmir, was analysed by GC and GC/MS. The major components of oil were linalyl acetate (52 percent) and linalool (30 percent) followed by alpha-terpineol (7.2 percent). The oil contained twenty constituents of which eighteen compounds constituting 99.5 percent of the oil were identified MFN : 11914 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-0673 Subject Group : 0100

Authors : Korikanthimath, V.S.Hegde, R.Mulge, R.Hosmani, M.M.* Affiliation : Indian Institute of Spices Research, Cardamom Research Centre, Appangala, Madikeri 571 201, Karnataka, India Title : Effect of planting density and nutrients levels on solar energy interception and growth characters in cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 21(4): p. 1011-1014, 1999 Keywords : CARDAMOM, PLANTING DENSITY; SOLAR LIGHT INTERCEPTION, CARDAMOM; CARDAMOM, SOLAR LIGHT INTERCEPTION; NUTRIENT LEVELS, CARDAMOM GROWTH; PLANTING DENSITY, CARDAMOM GROWTH Scientific Names : ELETTARIA CARDAMOMUM ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : A field investigation was undertaken to study the influence of varying levels of NPK fertilizers and planting densities on the solar energy interception and growth performance of perennial psciophytic cardamom. It was found that light penetration into the canopy enhanced with increased nutrient levels, whereas it was reduced with increased planting density. All the growth characters (plant height, number of tillers and leafiness i.e. number of leaves) showed improvement with increased nutrient levels whereas they showed negative trend with increased plant densities MFN : 11989 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-1405 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Ravindran, K.C.Kulandaivelu, G. Affiliation : School of Biological Sciences, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai 625 021, TN, India Title : Effect of light intensity on leaf scorching in nursery seedlings of cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum Maton) Imprint : Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops. v. 7(2): p. 129-131, 1998 Keywords : BIOMASS, CARDAMOM; LIGHT INTENSITY, CARDAMOM GROWTH; CARDAMOM GROWTH, LIGHT INTENSITY; CARDAMOM, BIOMASS Scientific Names : ELETTARIA CARDAMOMUM ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : Total biomass, chlorophyll and protein contents, and photochemical activities were adversely affected in leaf scorched seedlings of cardamom ([Elettaria cardamomum]) grown under full light (100 percent of total sunlight), when compared to healthy seedlings grown under medium light (45-55 percent of total sunlight) MFN : 11993 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-1680 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Tamboli, S.A.Pal, S.C.Kasture, S.B. Affiliation : Appasaheb Birnale College of Pharmacy, Sangli, Maharashtra, India Title : Analgesic and antipyretic activity of flowers of Sesbania grandiflora Imprint : Indian Drugs. v. 37(2): p. 95-98, 2000 Keywords : ANTIPYRETIC ACTIVITY; ANALGESIC ACTIVITY

Scientific Names : SESBANIA GRANDIFLORA LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : Petroleum ether, ethyl acetate and ethanol extracts of [Sesbania grandiflora] flowers were subjected for screening on albino rats using hot plate and tail flick methods. The ethyl acetate extract showed better analgesic and antipyretic activities compared with petroleum ether and ethanol extracts MFN : 11995 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-1934 Subject Group : 1500 Authors : Acharya, M. Affiliation : Lloyd Botanic Garden, Darjeeling, WB, India Title : Swertia - A source of medicine Imprint : Indian Forester. v. 125(12): p. 1269-1270, 1999 Keywords : SWERTIA SPP, REVIEWS; REVIEWS, SWERTIA SPP Scientific Names : SWERTIA SPP GENTIANACEAE; Abstract : Chemical constituents, medicinal uses and geographical distribution of [Swertia] spp. of Darjeeling and Sikkim hills have been reviewed MFN : 12084 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-1467 Subject Group : 0600 Authors : Yoganarasimhan, S.N.Nair, K.V.Shantha, T.R.Sudha, R.Holla, B.V. Affiliation : Regional Research Centre (Ay.), Jayanagar, Bangalore 560 011, Karnataka, India Title : Evaluation of south Indian market samples of Pippali Imprint : Bulletin of Medico-Ethnobotanical Research. v. 18(1-2): p. 43-50, 1997 Keywords : PIPPALI, BOTANICAL IDENTIFICATION; BOTANICAL IDENTIFICATION, PIPPALI Abstract : Pippali is an important drug in Ayurveda and Siddha. Two types of Pippali are mentioned in the Ayurvedic classics, whereas in the Nighantu, 5 types are mentioned. In the Siddha system, 2 types are mentioned. In the South Indian crude drug markets, 6 types are sold and used as Pippali. These samples are botanically identified. Markata Pippali is equated with [Balanophora fungosa] ssp. [indica] which is a root parasite. The Ayurvedic, botanical and techno-economic evaluation of these samples of Pippali along with some important uses, preparations and diseases are presented. A key to differentiate the genera and species is also provided.NSL, New Delhi MFN : 12107 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-1360 Subject Group : 0400 Authors : Phanikumar, P.R.Lingaraju, S. Affiliation : Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad 580 005, Karnataka, India

Title : A new record of root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita, infecting tuberose in Karnataka Imprint : Indian Journal of Nematology. v. 29(2): p. 201-202, 1999 Keywords : TUBEROSE, NEMATODES; NEMATODES, TUBEROSE Scientific Names : POLIANTHES TUBEROSA AMARYLLIDACEAE; Abstract : [Meloidogyne incognita] infecting tuberose ([Polianthes tuberosa]) has been reported for the first time. Symptoms of the nematode infestation and identification of nematode have been discussed MFN : 12139 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-1437 Subject Group : 0600 Authors : Kamalapurkar, V.O.Kamalapurkar, O.S.Raju, S.A. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacognosy, HKE's College of Pharmacy, Gulbarga 585 105, Karanataka, India Title : Quality control of Ashwagandha in Ayurvedic formulations Imprint : Proceedings of International Congress on "Ayurveda2000", Chennai, TN, India. p. 228-229, January 28-30, 2000 Keywords : ASHWAGANDHA, QUALITY CONTROL; QUALITY CONTROL, ASHWAGANDHA; WITHAFERIN Scientific Names : WITHANIA SOMNIFERA SOLANACEAE; Abstract : Aswhagandha ([Withania somnifera]) is used in various Ayurvedic formulations for the treatment of rheumatism, gout, hypertension, nervine and skin diseases. It is a strength and vigour promoting drug. A method is proposed for its quality control in Ayurvedic formulations. 100 mg of the powdered, dried crude drug was extracted with 25 ml of acetone-pet, ether solvent mixture (1:1) in soxhlet extractor at 60-70 degree C. The extract was evaporated on water bath. The residue is dissolved in ethanol (95 percent) and the volume is made upto 25 ml with ethanol. The procedure is applied to 200 mg, 300 mg, 400 mg, 500 mg of crude drug. All the ethonolic solutions thus prepared were observed under UV region of spectrophotometer at 330 nm. A standard curve was prepared to express the absorbance in relation to mg of dried crude drug. The method is applied to Ayurvedic formulation of ashwagandha. The amount of the crude drug present in formulation is calculated. The proposed method was found to be accurate and precise from results obtained. The method was developed on the basis of presence of active principle withaferin A MFN : 12149 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-1473 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Belani, J.M.Lathia, V.N. Affiliation : Department of Kayachikitsa, Govt.Akhand Anand Ayurvedic College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India Title : Effect of "DM-5" compound in Madhumeha (Diabetes mellitus) Imprint : Proceedings of International Congress on "Ayurveda2000", Chennai, TN, India. p. 191, January 28-30, 2000

Keywords : MADHUMEHA; ANTIDIABETIC ACTIVITY; DIABETES MELLITUS; BLOOD SUGAR LEVEL, AYURVEDIC DRUGS; AYURVEDIC DRUGS, DIABETES Abstract : Fasting and post-prandial blood and urine sugar levels of all diabetic patient were taken before and after the treatment with "DM-5". Comparative study of DM-5 with placebo confirms the antidiabetic action of DM-5 compound. DM-5 consists of Sudarshan Churna, Rasayan Churna, Haridra Churna, Suvarna Makshik Bhasma and Bang Bhasma. The study needs further investigations MFN : 12163 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-1667 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Santhosh Kumar, M.Rangarjan, P.Selvam, R. Affiliation : Department of Medical Biochemistry, Dr.A.L.M.Post Graduate Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Taramani, Chennai 600 113, TN, India Title : Effect of Cichorium intybus Linn. treatment on experimental hyperoxaluric rats Imprint : Proceedings of International Congress on "Ayurveda2000", Chennai, TN, India. p. 201, January 28-30, 2000 Keywords : ANTIHYPEROXALURIC ACTIVITY; ANTIUROLITHIATIC ACTIVITY; KASINI KEERAI, HERBAL DRUG Scientific Names : CICHORIUM INTYBUS COMPOSITAE; Abstract : The effects of the [Cichorium intybus], commonly known as "Kasini Keerai" (1 ml of 10 percent extract/kg body wight) was given orally for 28 days. Glycolic acid feeding resulted in hyperoxaluria as well as increased activity of oxalate synthesising enzymes (GAO, LDH, XO) and decreased levels of magnesium and phosphorous in urine. On administration of Kasini extract, the above changes were not observed. The urine output was high in the extract treated rats MFN : 12213 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-1486 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Hazra, J.Ojha, J.K.Srikanth, N.Chopra, K.K. Affiliation : Central Research Institute (AY), Unit 1, Bhuvaneswar 751 009, Orissa, India Title : Effect of bala (Sida cordifolia) on diabetic neuropathy Imprint : Proceedings of International Congress on "Ayurveda2000", Chennai, TN, India. p. 79, 28-30 January 2000 Keywords : DIABETIC NEUROPATHY, BALA; BALA, DIABETIC NEUROPATHY; DIABETIC NERVE DISEASES, BALA Scientific Names : SIDA CORDIFOLIA MALVACEAE; Abstract : The study was conducted on patients of confirmed diabetic neuropathy, attending the diabetic clinic by adopting neurophysiological parameters. The results obtained after the completion of clinical study revealed that the drug [Sida cordifolia] has proven its efficacy in managing the diabetic nerve problems MFN : 12262

Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-1946 Subject Group : 1500 Authors : Padiyar, U.A.Duggal, R.K.Brindavanam, N.Narayana, D.B.A. Affiliation : Dabur Research Foundation, 22 Site IV, Sahibabad 201 010, UP, India Title : Ancient approaches to quality and good manufacturing practices for Ayurvedic medicines : An overview Imprint : Proceedings of International Congress on "Ayurveda2000", Chennai, TN, India. p. 224-225, January 28-30, 2000 Keywords : AYURVEDIC DRUGS, QUALITY; QUALITY CONTROL, AYURVEDIC DRUGS; AYURVEDIC DRUGS, GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICES; GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICES, AYURVEDIC DRUGS; QUALITY CONTROL, ANCIENT APPROACHES Abstract : Ancient Ayurvedic and medieval literature suggests that quality and manufacturing systems have been an integral part of ancient concepts related to pharmaceutics. While the industry is standing at a threshold of new initiatives in this direction, various citations spread in Ayurvedic literature related to quality and manufacturing practices for Ayurvedic formulations. This may help the industry to go a long way to maintain the fundamental spirit of Ayurveda, while changing the systems in time with modern technological advancements. The presentation shall review some of these concepts and suggest their practical applications in terms of modern good manufacturing requirements MFN : 12310 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-1959 Subject Group : 1700 Affiliation : Indian Institute of Chemical Biology (IICB), Calcutta, West Bengal, India Title : Antiulcer compound from Azadirachta indica, neem, U.S. US 5730 986, 1999 Keywords : ANTIULCER ACTIVITY, PATENT; PATENT, ANTIULCER ACTIVITY; NEEM, PATENT; PATENT, NEEM; GASTRO DUODENAL ULCER, PATENT; PATENT, GASTRO ULCER; BIOACTIVE COMPOUND, NEEM, PATENT; PATENT, BIOCTIVE COMPOUND, NEEM Scientific Names : AZADIRACHTA INDICA(PATENT) MELIACEAE(PATENT); Abstract : A process for the isolation of active compound from neem ([Azadirachta indica]) for the treatment of gastrodudenal ulcer has been secured patent. It involves preparation of bioactive extract through solvent extraction and HPLC extraction methods. The active compound has shown to exhibit antiulcer activity [in vivo] and [in vitro] experimental models. The compound has been shown to exhibit more potent activity than the conventional drugs availabe at present MFN : 12328 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-2501 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Saxena, V.K.Chourasia, S. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, Dr. H.S. Gour University, Sagar 470 003, MP, India

Title : Amino-acid contents of some reputed antidermatological Liliaceae plants Imprint : Madhya Bharati Journal. v. 44: p. 13-15, 2000 Keywords : AMINO ACIDS Scientific Names : ASPARAGUS RACEMOSUS LILIACEAE; ALOE VERA LILIACEAE; Abstract : The presence of various amino-acids in the roots of [Asparagus racemosus] and leaves of [Aloe vera] has been reported. These amino-acids were identified by paper chromatography with authentic samples MFN : 12352 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-2182 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Dhanbal, S.P.Prasanth, S.Ramanathan, M.Elango, K.Suresh, B. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacognosy Pharmacology, J S S College of Pharmacy, Rocklands, Ooty, Tamil Nadu, TN, India Title : Validation of antifertility activity of various Rubus species in female albino rats Imprint : Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. v. 62(1): p. 58-60, 2000 Keywords : ABORTIFACIENT ACTIVITY; ANTIFERTILITY ACTIVITY; ANTIIMPLANTATION ACTIVITY; FOLK MEDICINE, NILGIRIS; NILGIRIS, FOLK MEDICINE Scientific Names : RUBUS ELLIPTICUS ROSACEAE; RUBUS NIVEUS ROSACEAE; RUBUS RACEMOSUS ROSACEAE; RUBUS RUGOSUS ROSACEAE; Abstract : Alcoholic extracts of leaves of [Rubus ellipticus, R.niveus, R.racemosus] and [R.rugosus] var. [thawaitesii] were tested for antifertility activity in female Wistar albino rats. Decreased implantation sites and increased resorption sites, denoting antiimplantation and early abortifacient activities of [Rubus] species have been indicated. The results supports the traditional use of this plant as abortifacient by the tribals of Nilgiris MFN : 12357 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-2198 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Gupta, R.S.Promod KumarSharma, A.Bharadwaj, T.N.Dixit, V.P. Affiliation : Department of Botany and Zoology, M.D.S. University, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India Title : Hypocholesterolemic activity of Marsilea minuta in gerbils Imprint : Fitoterapia. v. 71(2): p. 113-117, 2000 Keywords : HYPOCHOLESTEROLAEMIC ACTIVITY; SERUM CHOLESTEROL Scientific Names : MARSILEA MINUTA MARSILEACEAE; Abstract : Feeding of a [Marsilea minuta] MeOH leaf extract (75 mg/kg, p.o. for 120 days), reduced serum cholesterol level and triglycerides by 31 and 63 percent respectively, in athero diet fed gerbils. Liver cholesterol and triglycerides were also lowered by 71 and 27 percent, respectively, in comparison to athero fed controls. The extract also prevented the accumulation of cholesterol and triglycerides

in liver and aorta and was able to dissolve atheromatous plaques of thoracic and abdominal aorta. Fecal excretions of cholesterol and triglycerides were significantly increased MFN : 12359 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-2351 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Mandal, S.C.Nandy, A.Pal, M.Saha, B.P. Affiliation : Division of Pharmacognosy, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Jadavpur University, Calcutta 700 032, WB, India Title : Evaluation of antibacterial activity of Asparagus racemosus Willd. root Imprint : Phytotherapy Research. v. 14(2): p. 118-119, 2000 Keywords : ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : ASPARAGUS RACEMOSUS LILIACEAE; Abstract : Different concentrations (50, 100, 150 micro g/mL) of the methanol extract of [Asparagus racemosus] roots showed considerable [in vitro] antibacterial efficacy against all tested microorganisms. The effects produced by the methanol extract were compared with chloramphenicol MFN : 12363 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-2329 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : De, M.De, A.K.Banerjee, A.B. Affiliation : Department of Biochemistry, University College of Science, 35, Ballygunge Circular Road, Calcutta 700 019, WB, India Title : Screening of spices for antimicrobial activity Imprint : Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops. v. 8(2): p. 135-144, 1999 Keywords : SPICES, ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY; CLOVES; CINNAMON; CUMIN; NUTMEG; CELERY; CAMBODGE; BISHOP'S WEED; HORSE RADDISH; ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : TRACHYSPERMUM AMMI UMBELLIFERAE; APIUM GRAVEOLENS UMBELLIFERAE; GARCINIA CAMBOGIA GUTTIFERAE; ARMORACIA RUSTICANA CRUCIFERAE; CINNAMOMUM TAMALA LAURACEAE; Abstract : Thirty five spices were screened for their antimicrobial activity against [Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli] and [Saccharomyces cerevisiae]. Clove, cinnamon, bishop's weed ([Trachyspermum ammi]), chilli, horse raddish ([Armoracia rusticana]), cumin, tamarind, black cumin, pomegranate seeds, nutmeg, garlic, onion, tejpat ([Cinnamomum tamala]), celery ([Apium graveolens]) and cambodge ([Garcinia cambogia]) exhibited potent antimicrobial properties MFN : 12364 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-2034 Subject Group : 0400 Authors : Venugopal, M.N. Affiliation : Indian Institute of Spices Research, Cardamom Research Centre, Appangala, Madikeri 571 201, Karnataka, India

Title : Natural disease escapes as sources of resistance against cardamom mosaic virus causing katte disease of cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum Maton) Imprint : Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops. v. 8(2): p. 145-151, 1999 Keywords : CARDAMOM; CARDAMOM, MOSAIC VIRUS; KATTE DISEASE, CARDAMOM Scientific Names : ELETTARIA CARDAMOMUM ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : Resistant sources to cardamom mosaic virus causing katte disease of cardamom ([Elettaria cardamomum]), were identified by collecting 134 disease escapes from hot spots of virus infection in South India and screening them in greenhouse, sick plot and hot spots. Testing of promising collections in four hot spots and also against natural infection confirmed the resistant nature of the collections MFN : 12365 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-2072 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Malathy, S.Pai, J.S.* Affiliation : Food and Fermentation Technology Division, Department of Chemical Technology, University of Mumbai, Matunga, Mumbai 400 019, Maharashtra, India Title : Monitoring of forskolin production from roots and callus by HPTLC in Coleus forskohlii Briq. Imprint : Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops. v. 8(2): p. 153-157, 1999 Keywords : FORSKOLIN; TISSUE CULTURE, COLEUS SPP; COLEUS SPP, TISSUE CULTURE Scientific Names : COLEUS FORSKOHLII LABIATAE; Abstract : High performance thin layer chromatography was a sensitive and accurate method for detection and estimation of forskolin in roots and by tissue culture of [Coleus forskohlii]. Maximum absorption was observed at 315 nm using fluorodensitometric analysis. Forskolin production was observed in callus cultures from leaf, stem and root origin as well as roots of [in vitro] grown plants MFN : 12366 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-1969 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Chaudhary, G.R. Affiliation : All India Coordinated Research Project on Spices, S.K.N. College of Agriculture, Jobner 303 329, Rajasthan, India Title : Response of cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) to row spacing and seed rate Imprint : Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops. v. 8(2): p. 159-162, 1999 Keywords : CUMIN, YIELD; ROW SPACING, CUMIN CULTIVATION; CUMIN CULTIVATION, ROW SPACING Scientific Names : CUMINUM CYMINUM UMBELLIFERAE; Abstract : In a field trial conducted to study the response of cumin to row spacing and seed rate, row spacing of 15.0, 22.5 and 30.0 cm recorded significantly higher mean seed yield (2.69-2.85 q/ha) over

broadcast sown crop (2.45 q/ha). Seed rate of 12 and 14 kg/ha produced significantly higher mean seed yield (3.01 and 3.00 q/ha) over 8, 10 and 16 kg/ha seed rate. Row spacing of 22.5 cm with 14 kg/ha seed rate gave the highest mean seed yield of 3.55 q/ha. Maximum net returns of Rs. 9656 and Rs. 11,088/ha with B:C ratios of 2.46 and 2.77 were obtained with the row spacing of 22.5 cm and seed rate of 12 kg/ha, respectively MFN : 12367 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-2004 Subject Group : 0200 Authors : Remashree, A.B.Unnikrishnan, K.Ravindran, P.N. Affiliation : Indian Institute of Spices Research, Marikunnu P.O., Calicut 673 012, Kerala, India Title : Development of oil cells and ducts in ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) Imprint : Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops. v. 8(2): p. 163-170, 1999 Keywords : GINGER, OIL CELLS; OIL DUCTS, GINGER; ONTOGENY, GINGER Scientific Names : ZINGIBER OFFICINALE ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : The development, distribution and structure of oil cells, development of secretory ducts and diffusion of oil in ginger rhizomes ([Zingiber officinale]) were studied. Oil cell differentiation initiated from a group of meristematic cells before the development of primary vascular tissue. Oil cells were present in leaf, shoot, apex, root apex and were more or less spherical and contain stored volatile oil. The number of oil cells was higher in the apical and nodal regions than in the internodal region and the size of oil cells was dependent on their number. Secretory ducts developed schizogenously and lysigenously. The former type was present in the primary tissues while the latter type was found throughout the developmental stages MFN : 12368 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-2068 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Kukreja, A.K. Affiliation : Genetic Resources and Biotechnology Division, Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, P.O.CIMAP, Lucknow 226 016, UP, India Title : In vitro propagation of lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.) through nodal bud culture of adult plant Imprint : Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops. v. 8(2): p. 171-177, 1999 Keywords : CLONAL PROPAGATION, LEMON BALM; LEMON BALM, TISSUE CULTURE; TISSUE CULTURE, LEMON BALM Scientific Names : MELISSA OFFICINALIS LABIATAE; Abstract : A simple and efficient two step procedure for [in vitro] high frequency plant regeneration was developed for clonal propagation of lemon balm ([Melissa officinalis]) using nodal explants. Nitsch and Murashige and Skoog's medium supplemented with NAA (1.0 mg/l) supported axillary shoot growth and induction of roots in culture explants. Nitsch medium showed better morphogenetic response than MS

mediumm. MS medium fortified with 2 mg/l of either BAP or 6-methyl aminopurine induced rapid proliferation of shoots. Rooting of the differentiated shoots was readily achieved with auxins fortified to Nitsch medium. The plantlets exhibited 80-90 percent success in establishment under glasshouse conditions MFN : 12372 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-2450 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Krishnamoorthy, B.Zachariah, T.J.Rema, J.Mathew, P.A. Affiliation : Indian Institute of Spices Research, Post Box No. 1701, Marikunnu, P.O. Calicut 673 012, Kerala, India Title : Evaluation of selected Chinese cassia (Cinnamomum cassia Blume) accessions for chemical quality Imprint : Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops. v. 8(2): p. 193-195, 1999 Keywords : CHINESE CASSIA, ESSENTIAL OILS; ESSENTIAL OILS, CHINESE, CASSIA; OLEORESINS, CASSIA; CINNAMALDEHYDE Scientific Names : CINNAMOMUM CASSIA LAURACEAE; Abstract : Twenty five Chinese cassia ([Cinnamomum cassia]) accessions were analysed at 15 percent moisture level for bark oil, bark oleoresin and leaf oil percentages. Bark oil ranged from 1.2 to 4.9 percent, leaf oil 0.4 to 1.6 percent and bark oleoresin 6.0 to 10.5 percent. Cinnamaldehyde was the major constituent in both leaf and bark oils. Accessions A1 and C1 had high bark oleoresin and D1 and D5 high bark oil and cinnamaldehyde contents MFN : 12436 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-2539 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Arya, K.R.Pande, P.C.Ved Prakash Affiliation : Botany Division, Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow 226 001, UP, India Title : Ethnobotanical study on tribal areas of Almora district-II Imprint : Ethnobotany. v. 11(12): p. 100-104, 1999 Keywords : ETHNOMEDICINE, ALMORA, UTTAR PRADESH; ALMORA, ETHNOMEDICINE Abstract : Ethnomedicinal uses of 22 plants recorded from the most remote and tribal population (Bhotiyas) of Jhuni and adjoining villages near Pindari glacier of Bageshwer district in Uttar Pradesh have been reported. This communication deals with 14 more plants pertaining to some interesting ethnobotanical records available with the tribal group of the above areas MFN : 12437 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-2540 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Basu, R.Mukherjee, P.K.

Affiliation : Botany Department, Achhruram Memorial College, Jhalda 723 202, WB, India Title : Plants used for lac culture by the tribals of Purulia in West Bengal Imprint : Ethnobotany. v. 11(12): p. 119-121, 1999 Keywords : LAC CULTURE, MEDICINAL PLANTS; MEDICINAL PLANTS, LAC CULTURE; WEST BENGAL, LAC PRODUCTION Scientific Names : ACACIA AURICULIFORMIS LEGUMINOSAE; ACACIA NILOTICA LEGUMINOSAE; ALBIZIA LEBBECK LEGUMINOSAE; BUTEA MONOSPERMA LEGUMINOSAE; BUTEA SUPERBA LEGUMINOSAE; DALBERGIA LANCEOLARIA LEGUMINOSAE; DALBERGIA LATIFOLIA LEGUMINOSAE; FICUS LACOR MORACEAE; FICUS RACEMOSA MORACEAE; FICUS RELIGIOSA MORACEAE; FICUS VIRENS MORACEAE; POLYALTHIA CERASOIDES ANNONACEAE; PROTIUM SERRATUM BURSERACEAE; SCHLEICHERA OLEOSA SAPINDACEAE; TECTONA GRANDIS VERBENACEAE; ZIZIPHUS MAURITIANA RHAMNACEAE; Abstract : Twelve types of ethnic groups and 17 plant species generally used for rearing insects and producing lacs are : [Acacia auriculaeformis] (Akashmoni), [Acacia nilotica] (Babla), [Albizia lebbek] (Sirish), [Butea monosperma] (Palash), [Butea monosperma] var.[lutea] (Swet Palash), [Butea superba] (Lal Palash), [Dalbergia lanceolaria] (Lipsi), [Dalbergia latifolia] (Sat-sayer), [Ficus lacor] (Son-pakur), [Ficus racemosa] (Dumur), [Ficus religiosa] (Jore), [Ficus virens] (Pakur), [Polyalthia cerasoides] (Panjon), [Protium serratum] (Kanrior), [Schleichera oleosa] (Kusum), [Tectona grandis] (Segun) and [Ziziphus mauritiana] (Kul). Among these, `Kul', `Kusum' and `Palash' are considered best for lac production. These three plants are more frequent and have other uses too. Lac culture plays a major role in the economy of this district MFN : 12459 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-2129 Subject Group : 0600 Authors : Pant, P.Jain, C.L.* Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, M.M.H College, Ghaziabad, UP, India Title : Effect of Shodhan on narcotic content of Vijaya (Cannabis sativa L.) Imprint : Bulletin of Medico-Ethnobotanical Research. v. 19(1-2): p. 86-90, 1998 Keywords : CANNABIS SHODHAN; NARCOTIC CONTENT SHODHAN, CANNABIS; TETEROHYDRO CANNABINOL Scientific Names : CANNABIS SATIVA CANNABINACEAE; Abstract : In Ayurveda, toxic drugs are used for therapeutic purposes only after their Shodhan(purification). To find out a scientific basis of these Shodhan processes, leaves of Vijaya ([Cannabis sativa]) were taken for study. Narcotic content, specially tetrahydrocannabinol was determined before and after the Shodhan processes with the help of GLC. Significant reduction in narcotic content was observed after subjecting the drug to Shodhan techniques MFN : 12460 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-2126 Subject Group : 0600

Authors : Muzaffer AlamSaraswathy, V.N.Venugopalan, T.N.Jaya, N.Namboodiri, P.K.N. Affiliation : Research Officer, Indian Institute of Pancha Karma, Cheruthuruthy 679 531, Kerala, India Title : Comparative analytical studies on Brhat Masa Taila Imprint : Bulletin of Medico-Ethnobotanical Research. v. 19(1-2): p. 71-75, 1998 Keywords : BRHAT MASA TAILA, ANALYTICAL STUDY; ANALYSIS, BRHAT MASA TAILA Abstract : Brhat Masa Taila was prepared as per the textual method and by modified method in which Chaga mamsa(flesh of goat) was deleted from the formulation. Both type of preparations were compared for pharmacopoeial parameters, visible light spectrum and thin-layer chromatography. The acid value and saponification value were 6.43, 219.68 and 6.9, 203 in the textual and modified methods respectively. The visible light spectrum showed difference in the shape at the wave length 460 nm to 550 nm. The thin layer chromatography did not show any difference in either type of preparation MFN : 12553 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-2740 Subject Group : 0600 Authors : Chauhan, D.K.Agrawal, S. Affiliation : Department of Botany, University of Allahabad, Allahabad, UP, India Title : Micromorphology of the epidermis of stem and leaf of Centella asiatica (L.) Urban Imprint : Journal of Phytological Research. v. 12(1-2): p. 51-58, 1999 Keywords : MICROMORPHOLOGY, CENTELLA SPP; CENTELLA SPP, MICROMORPHOLOGY; PHARMACOGNOSY, CENTELLA SPP; CENTELLA SPP, PHARMACOGNOSY Scientific Names : CENTELLA ASIATICA APIACEAE; Abstract : [Centella asiatica], well known for its medicinal value, comprises fresh and dried leaves and stems of the plant. Investigation of the epidermis of the leaves and stem of [Centella asiatica] in detail using light as well as scanning electron microscope to enable the identification of the drug in the entire or fragamentary form has been reported. Many important and peculiar structures in these epidermis were observed MFN : 12632 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-3255 Subject Group : 1600 Authors : Bhattacharjee, S.K. Affiliation : Publisher Pointer Publications, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India Title : Handbook of Aromatic Plants, pp. 544, Rs.2000/Imprint : Fafai Journal. v. 2(2): p. 73, 2000 Keywords : AROMATIC PLANTS, NEW PUBLICATIONS; NEW PUBLICATIONS, AROMATIC PLANTS; HANDBOOK, AROMATIC PLANTS Abstract : The book gives exhaustive information on about 400 aromatic plants with necessary instructions. Few of these crops are

exotic. It also included details of history of perfumery, classification, production, extraction, market, safety, usage, export potential etc. of essential oils. Odour profile with suggestion for use in fragrance and flavour avenues and improvement of aromatic crop industry has also been given.NSL, New Delhi MFN : 12685 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-3478 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Murugesan, T.Ghosh, L.Mukherjee, K.Das, J.Pal, M.Saha, B.P. Affiliation : Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Jadavpur University, Calcutta, WB, India Title : Evaluation of antidiarrhoeal profile of Jussiaea suffruticosa Linn. extract in rats Imprint : Phytotherapy Research. v. 14(5): p. 381-383, 2000 Keywords : ANTIDIARRHOEAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : JUSSIAEA SUFFRUTICOSA ONAGRACEAE; Abstract : Methanol extract of [Jussiaea suffruticosa] aerial parts (MEJS) treated rats showed significant inhibitory activity against castor oil induced diarrhoea and PGE2 induced enteropooling. It also showed a significant reduction in gastrointestinal motility following a charcoal meal in rats. The extract exhibited significant antidiarrhoeal potential at doses of 100,200 and 300 mg/kg in all the animal models and thus established the efficacy of MEJS as a potent antidiarrhoeal agent MFN : 12742 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-3348 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Ganapathiraman, K.Annathai, J.Sivaprakasam, K. Affiliation : Regional Research Institute (Siddha), Central Council for Research in Ayurveda and Siddha, Govt.Pharmacy (Ups) Indira Nagar, Pondicherry 6, India Title : A clinical study on Aya Bringaraja Karpam in Veluppu Noi Imprint : Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Siddha. v. 20(1-2): p. 83-88, 1999 Keywords : BRINGARAJA KARPAM; ANTIANAEMIC ACTIVITY; VELUPPU NOI, AYURVEDIC MEDICINE Abstract : Aya Bringaraja Karpam Noi was tried in 321 Veluppu Noi (anaemia) patients at a dose of 260 mgs, thrice a day. Out of 321 patients 122 showed complete relief, 125 moderate, 11 mild and 63 were left against medical advice. The mean haemoglobin value was 48.7 percent before treatment and 72.6 percent after treatment MFN : 12772 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-3680 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Rao, B.T.Lakshmi, B.B.Rao, L.M.Ramaneshwari, K.Hymavati, V.

Affiliation : Department of Zoology, Andhra University, Vishakapatnam 530 003, AP, India Title : Medicinal plants of Paderu forest division in the Eastern Ghats of Vishakapatnam Imprint : Asian Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology and Environmental Sciences. v. 2(1-2): p. 67-80, 2000 Keywords : MEDICINAL PLANTS, ANDHRA PRADESH; ANDHRA PRADESH, MEDICINAL PLANTS; ETHNOMEDICINE, ANDHRA PRADESH; EASTERN GHATS, MEDICINAL PLANTS Abstract : Various species of medicinal plants (about 110 plants) that grow quite commonly and abundantly in the forests of Kondeli and Irukuvalasa Vana Samrakshan Samiti of Paderu Division of Eastern Ghats of Vishakapatnam district have been collected, identified and tabulated. The medico-ethnological data obtained from the tribals of the two areas, who are well acquainted with the medicinal plants, revealed information regarding the specific parts of the plants having medicinal values. The different ailments that can be treated by these plants have been given in brief.NSL, New Delhi MFN : 12836 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-0205 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Gupta, M.Mazumder, U.K.Rath, N.Mukhopadhyay, D.K. Affiliation : Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Division of Pharmacology, Jadavpur University, Calcutta 700 032, WB, India Title : Antitumor activity of methanolic extract of Cassia fistula L. seed against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma Imprint : Journal of Ethnopharmacology. v. 72(1,2): p. 151156, 2000 Keywords : ANTITUMOUR ACTIVITY; EHRLICH ASCITES CARCINOMA INHIBITORY ACTIVITY Scientific Names : CASSIA FISTULA CAESALPINIACEAE; Abstract : Methanolic extract (ME) of [Cassia fistula] seed showed an increase of life span, and a decrease in the tumor volume and viable tumor cell count in the Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma(EAC) tumor hosts. Cytological studies have revealed a reduction in the mitotic activity, and the appearance of membrane blebbing and intracytoplasmic vacuoles in the treated tumor cells. Improvement in the hematological parameters following ME treatment, like hemoglobin content, red blood cell count and bone marrow cell count of the tumor bearing mice have also been observed. The results suggested that ME of [C.fistula] seed has an antitumor activity MFN : 12857 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-0558 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Kumari, M.Narasimhan, D. Affiliation : Botanical Survey of India, Coimbatore, TN, India Title : Veterinary phytomedicine of Malayaly tribals.(National Seminar on the Frontiers of Research and Development in Medicinal Plants, September 16-18, 2000, CIMAP, Lucknow, Abstr.No.O-3)

Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 22(Suppl.1): p. 1, 2000 Keywords : VETERINARY MEDICINE, KERALA TRIBALS; KERALA TRIBALS, VETERINARY MEDICINE Abstract : Malayalis, tribal community have migrated from Kanchipuram and settled about 800 years ago in eastern ghats of Tamilnadu. During the documentation of their knowledge system on plant resources. It was observed that they possess a significant knowledge of veterinary medicine. They use a number of plants for the general health of the cattle and for various disease such as boils, dysentery and cataract. They effectively use plant medicine for fertility, antifertility and as abortifacients for animals. A noteworthy aspect of Malayali knowledge of veterinary medicine is using a plant stimulant for the dense hair growth on the tail of cattle. Tail with a dense hair is a sign of health and fetches a good price. This knowledge of the Malayalis is utilized by the villagers in and around the foothills MFN : 12858 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-0279 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Sahni, Y.P.Srivastava, D.N. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandary, Jabalpur 482 001, MP, India Title : Protective effects of some indigenous medicinal plants on gastric ulceration in albino rats.(National Seminar on the Frontiers of Research and Development in Medicinal Plants, September 1618, 2000, CIMAP, Lucknow, Abstr.No.O-9) Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 22(Suppl.1): p. 4, 2000 Keywords : ANTIULCER ACTIVITY; ASHWAGANDHA Scientific Names : WITHANIA SOMNIFERA SOLANACEAE; WITHANIA VITEX VERBENACEAE; Abstract : The effect of [Withania somnifera] (ashwagandha) and [Vitex negundo) (nirgundi) on gastric ulceration in albino rats induced by NSAIDs like aspirin and piroxicam, [W.somnifera] (500 and 1000 mg/kg, orally) and [V.negundo] (500-1000 mg/kg,ip) were administered one h prior to administration of aspirin (200 mg/kg, orally) and piroxicam (5 mg/kg, ip), respectively, for 7 days) [W.somnifera] produced significant dose dependent anti-ulcerogenic activity on aspirin induced gastric ulcers by reducing ulcer index from 22.0 to 17.3 and 12.7 in the doses of 500 and 1000 mg/kg, respectively. The healing index of [Withania somnifera] was found to be 21.3 and 42.4 percent reduced number of ulcers per stomach from 11.50 plus 1.64 to 4.33 plus 1.94 and reduced number of ulcers per stomach from 11.50 plus 1.64 to 4.33 plus 1.94 ulcer score from 2.33 plus 0.11 to 1.36 plus 0.32 in rats. The ulcer index of piroxicam was found to be reduced by [V.negundo] from 30.2 to 22.4 and the healing index was calculated to be 25.9 percent. The findings suggest the protective effects of [Withania, Vitex] against grastric ulcer MFN : 12860 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-0593 Subject Group : 1500

Authors : Mallavarapu, G.R. Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants(CIMAP, CSIR), P.O.CIMAP, Lucknow, UP, India Title : Contribution of medicinal plants in modern medicine.(National Seminar on the Frontiers of Research and Development in Medicinal Plants, September 16-18, 2000, CIMAP, Lucknow, Abstr.No.O11) Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 22(Suppl.1): p. 4, 2000 Keywords : MODERN MEDICINE, PLANT DRUGS; PLANT DRUGS, MODERN MEDICINE Abstract : Several medicinal plants used in traditional medicine were subjected to chemical screening and the active principles were isolated and characterized. Periodical surveys conducted in USA indicated that 40 percent of the prescriptions contained products of natural origin. Although several chemicals were introduced as drugs from time to time, the contribution from medicinal plants was found to be very low (about 2 percent). Some of the important natural products which were introduced as drugs for the treatment of various ailments are reserpine, vinblastine, vincristine, forskolin, paclitaxel, artemisinin etc. Despite the fact that many pharmaceuticals of natural origin have come out as drugs, there are no drugs available for the treatment of various diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, AIDS, several infectious diseases etc. Thus search for new plant based drugs will relentlessly be continued MFN : 12862 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-0254 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Muruganandan, S.Garg, H.Jawahar LalSuresh ChandraDinesh Kumar Affiliation : Division of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar 243 122, UP, India Title : Studies on the immunostimulant and anti-hepatotoxic activities of Asparagus racemosus root extracts.(National Seminar on the Frontiers of Research and Development in Medicinal Plants, September 1618, 2000, CIMAP, Lucknow, Abstr.No.O-20) Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 22(Suppl.1): p. 8, 2000 Keywords : IMMUNOMODULATORY ACTIVITY; ANTIHEPATOTOXIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : ASPARAGUS RACEMOSUS LILIACEAE; Abstract : Effect of ethanolic extract of [Asparagus racemosus] (10,30 and 100 mg/kg per os) on humoral immune system was assessed by haemagglutinating antibody response to sheep red blood cell (SRBC) as SRBC. Effect on cell-mediated system was assessed by delayed type hypertensive (DTH) response in mice measured plethysmometrically. Carobon tetrachloride induced hepatic damage model in rats was used for antihepatotoxic activity. [A.racemosus] (100 mg/kg) significantly (P greater than 0.05) increased the DIH response from 0.023 plus 0.003 to 0.043 plus 0.003 ml, but the lower dose levels (0 and 30 mg/kg) did not show significant effects on the haemagglutination antibody titres and DTH response. [A.racemosus] root extracts reduced the ALT and AST levels to 120.1 plus 7.8 units/ml and 113.3 plus 15.9 units/ml, respectively. Thus it could be concluded that [A.racemosus] root extract (100 mg/kg)

enhanced the humoral and cell-mediated immunity in mice and exhibited an anti-hepatotoxic activity in rats MFN : 12904 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-0368 Subject Group : 1000 Authors : Singh, A.K.Tripathi, A.K.Bindra, R.L.Sushil Kumar Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants(CSIR), P.O.CIMAP, Lucknow 226 015, UP, India Title : Essential oil and isolates for controlling household insects: housefly, cockroach and mosquito.(National Seminar on the Frontiers of Research and Development in Medicinal Plants, September 16-18, 2000, CIMAP, Lucknow, Abstr.No.P-4) Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 22(Suppl.1): p. 25-26, 2000 Keywords : TERPENOIDS; ESSENTIAL OILS; INSECT REPELLENT ACTIVITY Abstract : The results of a study in which essential oils and terpineol fractions of the oils have been found to be active against housefly ([Musca domestica]), cockroadh ([Periplanata americana]) and mosquito ([Anopheles, Culex] and [Aedes] species) have been discussed. The structure-activity relationships of the isolates have also been discussed MFN : 12905 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-0564 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Rajan, S.Baburaj, D.S.Sethuraman, M.* Affiliation : Department of Medical Anthropology, Tamilnadu University, Thanjavur, TN, India Title : Indigenous folk practices among Paniyas of Nilgiri district of Tamilnadu in India.(National Seminar on the Frontiers of Research and Development in Medicinal Plants, September 16-18, 2000, CIMAP, Lucknow, Abstr.No.P-5) Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 22(Suppl.1): p. 26, 2000 Keywords : ETHNOMEDICINE, NILGIRI, TAMILNADU; NILGIRI, ETHNOMEDICINE; FOLK PRACTICES, NILGIRI Abstract : Diversified flora of Nilgiri district is distributed over tropic to temperate zones comprising of indigenous and exotic medicinal plants of therapeutic value. Medico-ethno-botanical information was collected during field visits to various settlements located in and around Gudalur taluk, where Paniyas are confined. Elderly persons from the tribal community in various settlements (villages) who had practical knowledge of plants useful as medicine in the the native methods (and also preparatory methods) were interviewed. A recording of data on different medicinal plants and their therapeutic values are presented MFN Yr, Iss, : 12957 Abst No. : 20-01-0591

Subject Group : 1500 Authors : Kikani, K.P.Sadaria, D.T.Patel, D.R. Affiliation : Department of Horticulture, BA College of Agriculture, Gujarat Agricultural University, Anand Campus, Anand 381 110, Gujarat, India Title : Research and development in aonla.(National Seminar on the Frontiers of Research and Development in Medicinal Plants, September 16-18, 2000, CIMAP, Lucknow, Abstr.No.P-165) Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 22(Suppl.1): p. 82, 2000 Keywords : AONLA, REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY; AONLA CANDY, PROCESSING METHOD Scientific Names : EMBLICA OFFICINALIS EUPHORBIACEAE; Abstract : The tree plant aonla ([Emblica officinalis]) of family Euphorbiaceae, is one of the most important arid fruit crop, that can be economically grown in stressed environment of wasteland. The fruits are very rich in vitamin-C and have antiscorbutic, diuretic, laxative and antibiotic medicinal propties. Other plant parts are also used in different diseases. This laboratory has released a high yielding and better quality of aonla cultivar called Gujarat Aonla-1. This variety can be propagated by patch budding during June and by raising seedlings in May. The reproductive biology has been understood, hybrids produced and some super trees identified. A processing method for the production of aonla candy has been standardized MFN : 13016 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-0170 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Bhakta, T.Mondal, S.C.Sinha, S.Saha, B.P.Pal, M. Affiliation : Regional Institute of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, Abhoyanagar, Agartala 799 005, Tripura, India Title : Evaluation of antipyretic potential of Cassia fistula bud extract.(National Seminar on the Frontiers of Research and Development in Medicinal Plants, September 16-18, 2000, CIMAP, Lucknow, Abstr.No.P-41) Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 22(Suppl.1): p. 41-42, 2000 Scientific Names : CASSIA FISTULA FABACEAE; Abstract : Urban people of the north eastern India use pods, leaves and buds of this plant as antiallergic, antiinflammatory, antipyretic and as hepatoprotective. Based on ancient practices and traditional uses of this plant as antipyretic agent, the present study was carried out on normal body temperature and yeast induced pyrexia in rats. The methanol extract of buds of [C.fistula] showed significant activity in both the models at oral doses of 200 and 400 mg/kg body weight. In the model, yeast provoked elevation of body temperature, extract showed dose-dependent lowering of body temperature upto 4 h at both the doses. The effect was comparable to that of paracetamol, a standard antipyretic agent MFN Yr, Iss, : 13034 Abst No. : 20-01-0118

Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Shrivastava, D.K.Verma, S.Mishra, P.K.Gangrade, S.K. Affiliation : All India Coordinated Programme on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, College of Agriculture, Indore 452 001, MP, India Title : Studies on propagation methods and dormancy in safed musli Chlorophytum borivilianum and C.tuberosum.(National Seminar on the Frontiers of Research and Development in Medicinal Plants, September 16-18, 2000, CIMAP, Lucknow, Abstr.No.P-113) Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 22(Suppl.1) p. 64, 2000 Keywords : DORMANCY, SAFED MUSLI; DORMANCY, CHLOROPHYTUM; PROPAGATION, SAFED MUSLI; MUSLI, PROPAGATION Scientific Names : CHLOROPHYTUM BORIVILIANUM LILIACEAE; CHLOROPHYTUM TUBEROSUM LILIACEAE; Abstract : Fleshy roots (tubers) of [Chlorophytum tuberosum] and of [C.borivilianum] were planted in pots to test their sprouting ability. Seeds of these lines were kept in petridishes to test their germination percentage. Sprouting in the tubers of both the species did not occur between November to May, suggesting presence of 8 months of dormancy in tubers. Sprouting of roots in both the species occured between 5th to 15th June, and was recorded faster between 25th June to 5th July, hence best time to plant safed musli roots was found to be between 25th June to 5th July. Sprouting percentage in [C.borivilianum] ranged from 52 to 56 percent while in [C.tuberosum] it ranged from 60 to 67 percent. Germination of seeds of both the species occurred in May and fast germination was recorded between 10 to 25 June. The seeds of both the species harvested in November did not germinate till May. This revealed presence of 8 months of dormancy in seeds. The germination percentage recorded in [C.borivilianum] was 25 to 30 percent while in [C.tuberosum] it was 32 to 40 percent MFN : 13044 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-0066 Subject Group : 0400 Authors : Trivedi, M.Shahabuddin, S.Sattar, A.Alam, M.Dhawan, O.P. Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants(CIMAP, CSIR), P.O.CIMAP, Lucknow 226 015, UP, India Title : Screening of opium poppy germplasm against collar rot disease caused by Rhizoctonia solani.(National Seminar on the Frontiers of Research and Development in Medicinal Plants, September 1618, 2000, CIMAP, Lucknow, Abstr.No.P-90) Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 22(Suppl.1) p. 55, 2000 Keywords : OPIUM POPPY ACCESSIONS, COLLAR ROT DISEASE; COLLAR ROT DISEASE, OPIUM POPPY ACCESSIONS Scientific Names : PAPAVER SOMNIFERUM PAPAVERACEAE; Abstract : Keeping in view the importance of the disease, 106 accessions of opium were screened against a pathogenic strain of [R.solani] (OP-Rh1) under glass house as well as field conditions. Two methods of inoculation were employed. The disease reactions were scored on 0-4 arbitrary scale. Under the field conditions the reactions were

same as that of the glasshouse, provided the suitable climatic conditions prevailed at the time of disease incidence. Three accessions namely lb38, IS-22 and lb-57 were found to be resistant, while 1-14, Jawahar-16, M-488, P-144, G-52, S-269, T-7, T-20-16, T-210-5 and Shweta were found to be tolerant. Some of the recently released varieties like Vivek, Sanchita, Shyama and Shubhra and some important inbred lines like SPS-49, SPS-23 and Thailand were found to be either susceptible or highly susceptible MFN : 13059 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-0577 Subject Group : 1400 Authors : Naqvi, A.A.Mandal, S.Prasad, A.Chattopadhyay, A. Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants(CIMAP, CSIR), P.O.CIMAP, Lucknow 226 015, UP, India Title : Effect of additives on quality and yield of essential oil of some aromatic grasses.(National Seminar on the Frontiers of Research and Development in Medicinal Plants, September 16-18, 2000, CIMAP, Lucknow, Abstr.No.P-72) Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 22(Suppl.1) p. 49, 2000 Keywords : ESSENTIAL OILS, DISTILLATION ADDITIVES; CITRONELLA OIL, DISTILLATION ADDITIVES; LEMONGRASS OIL, DISTILLATION ADDITIVES; AROMATIC GRASSES, ESSENTIAL OILS Scientific Names : CYMBOPOGON SPP POACEAE; Abstract : The yield and quality of the essential oil of citronella showed a positive response when CaCl2 was added to the water in hydrodistillation. In the case of lemongrass the quality did not vary but the oil content enhanced with addition of CaCO3, whereas the quality of lemongrass oil deteriorated, when Na2CO3 was added to water prior to distillation MFN : 13064 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-0374 Subject Group : 1000 Authors : Tripathi, A.K.Prajapati, V.Agarwal, K.K.Khanuja, S.P.S.Sushil Kumar Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (CSIR), P.O CIMAP, Lucknow 226 015, UP, India Title : Toxicity towards Tribolium castaneum in the fractions of essential oil of Anethum sowa seeds.(National Seminar on the Frontiers of Research and Development in Medicinal Plants, September 1618, 2000, CIMAP, Lucknow, Abstr.No.P-46) Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 22(Suppl.1): p. 40, 2000 Keywords : INSECTICIDAL ACTIVITY; ESSENTIAL OILS, INSECTICIDAL ACTIVITY; INSECT REPELLENT ACTIVITY; LARVICIDAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : ANETHUM SOWA APIACEAE; Abstract : Toxicity and repellent potential of [Anethum sowa] oil and its fractions against [Tribolium castaneum] was investigated using contact toxicity and repellency assays. Oil and its fractions applied either topically or to impregnated filter paper, were highly

toxic to the growing larvae and adult beetles of [T.castaneum]. The beetle and larval mortality was dosage dependent. [A.sowa] oil and its fractions were more effective in topical treatment than on filter paper disc. Oil and its fractions were also highly repellent to the adults of [T.castaneum] with overall repellency in the range of 45-95 percent. Development of pupae into adults was also inhibited substantially at the highest dosage tested MFN : 13326 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-1512 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Chowdhury, A.R.Kapoor, V.P. Affiliation : Phytochemistry Division, National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow 226 001, UP, India Title : Essential oil from the fruit of Apium graveolens Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 22(1B): p. 621-623, 2000 Keywords : CELARY OIL; ESSENTIAL OILS, CELARY; OIL PROFILE, CELARY Scientific Names : APIUM GRAVEOLENS UMBELLIFERAE; Abstract : Fruits of [A.graveolens] (known as Ajmud in Hindi) on hydro-distillation gave 2.2 percent dry weight basis golden yellow essential oil. On GC-MS examination the oil was found to contain limonene, beta-phellandrene, alpha-pinene, beta-pinene, beta-elemene, alpha-humulene, patchoulene, beta-selinene, pentyl benzene, benzyl alcholol, carvcol, eudesmol, geraniol, limonene glycol, linalool, menthol, terpineol, thujol, caryophllene oxide, citral, methyl heptanal, carvone, dihydrocarvone, menthone, phenyl ethyl ketone, butylphthalide, gernyl acetate and exobornyl acetate. The composition suggests that the oil may be used for perfuming soaps, detergents and as flavouring material in foods MFN : 13343 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-1213 Subject Group : 0200 Authors : Mishra, D.K.Naik, S.N. Affiliation : Centre for Rural Development and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, Hauz Khas, New Delhi 110 016, India Title : Cultivation and processing of Abelmoschus moschatus Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 22(1B): p. 624-628, 2000 Keywords : INTERCROPPING, ABELMOSCHUS SPP; FIBRE, FARNESYL ACETATE; AMBRETTOLIDE; AMBRETTE Scientific Names : ABELMOSCHUS MOSCHATUS MALVACEAE; Abstract : Experimental findings revealed that cultivation of [Abelmoschus moschatus] Medic on salt-affected culturable wastelands under Delhi conditions yields an average of 653 kg seed and 164 kg medium quality fibre per hectare. It has also been found that the yield of essential oil on hydro-distillation of ambrette seed is much lower (0.2 percent) as compared to that obtained from the liquid carbon dioxide extract (3 percent). The major constituents viz; farnesyl acetate and ambrettolide were higher in the outer shell viz., 80,12 and 13.12 percent

as against 75.74 and 11.51 percent respectively in the inner shell in the liquid carbon dioxide extract, whereas hydro-distilled essential oil contained 78.0 and 8.92 percent, respectively, farnesyl aceate and ambrettolide MFN : 13350 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-1688 Subject Group : 1500 Authors : Kaul, V.K.Virendra SinghBikram Singh Affiliation : Institute of Himalayan Bioresources Technology (IHBT) P.O.Box No-6, Palampur 176 061, HP, India Title : Damask rose and marigold: Prospective industrial crops Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 22(1B): p. 313-318, 2000 Keywords : DAMASK ROSE; ROSE OIL; ROSE WATER; ESSENTIAL OILS, MARIGOLD; CULTIVATION, MARIGOLD; OIL QUALITY, MARIGOLD Scientific Names : ROSA DAMASCENA ROSACEAE; TAGETES MINUTA ASTERACEAE; Abstract : Parameters for commercial production, cultivation and chemical analyses marigold [Tagetes minuta] have been standardised by IHBT. As a result of transfer of technology package to entrepreneurs for cultivation and processing of this crop, around 3 tonnes of [Tagetes] oil is produced per year from the state of HP for export purpose. The essential oil produced in the mid hills has a balanced ratio of three acyclic monoterpenes ketones MFN : 13354 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-1165 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Bahl, J.R.Bansal, R.P.Fatima, A.Garg, S.N.Singh, V.Sushil Kumar Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, P.O. CIMAP, Lucknow 226 015, UP, India Title : Growth and essential oil characteristics of Lippia alba in a sub-tropical environment Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 22(1B): p. 739-742, 2000 Keywords : ESSENTIAL OILS, LIPPIA ALBA; OIL QUALITY, LIPPIA ALBA Scientific Names : LIPPIA ALBA VERBENACEAE; Abstract : [Lippia alba] is a new essential oil crop requiring initiation of its cultivation in India. Three accessions of [L.alba] LAC1, [Kavach] and [Bhurakshak] were compared for their field performance in the sub-tropical environment of Lucknow. The varieties [Kavach] and [Bhurakshak] proved to be much superior than the accession LAC-1. [Kavach] was superior to the other varieties in terms of oil quality by possessing about 65 percent linalool in its hydro-distilled shoot essential oil. The oil of [Bhurakshak] besides containing linalool at a high concentration (42.3 percent) possessed neral (12.9 percent) and geraniol (14.2 percent) also in high amounts, proving its fragrance properties for direct use in the perfumary industry. It was concluded that [L.alba] var.[Kavach] and [Bhurakshak] can be profitably cultivated

in a variety of soils in the sub-tropical environment and their crops should be harvested several times in a year to optimize essential oil yield MFN : 13367 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-1358 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Farooqi, A.H.A.Sharma, S. Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, CIMAP, Lucknow 226 015, UP, India Title : Aromatherapy - A promising holistic system Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 22(1B): p. 704-706, 2000 Keywords : ESSENTIAL OILS, AROMATHERAPY; AROMATHERAPY, ESSENTIAL OILS Abstract : The system was brought out to practice when antiseptic and skin permeability properties of essential oils were discovered. The methods used in aromatherapy are inhalation, local application and baths which allow the essential oil to enter the body and influence aura. Once within the body, the essential oils re-establish a close harmony where there is malfunction or lack of balance and revitalize the affected systems. In aromatherapy, different blends of essential oils are used for various ailments like muscular aches and pains, respiratory problem, insomnia, headache, swollen joints, urinary problems, skin ailments, palpitation, depression, indigestion, influenza, gyneocological problems, etc. The essential oils become more effective when other aspects like life style and diet are given due consideration. Therapeutic properties and uses of some major essential oils have been discussed in this paper MFN : 13418 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-1310 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Patnaik, J.Debata, B.K.Sahoo, S. Affiliation : Aromatic and Medicinal Plants Division, Regional Research Laboratory, Bhubaneswar 751 013, Orissa, India Title : Biotechnological strategies for improvement of Cymbopogon : Status and prospects Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 22(1B): p. 285-297, 2000 Keywords : CYMBOPOGON, BIOTECHNOLOGY; SOMACLONAL VARIATION, CYMBOPOGON; BIOTECHNOLOGY, CYMBOPOGON; TISSUE CULTURE, CYMBOPOGON; SOMATIC EMBRYOGENESIS, CYMBOPOGON; CYMBOPOGON, SOMACLONAL VARIATION Scientific Names : CYMBOPOGON MARTINII GRAMINEAE; Abstract : Mass propagation and qualitative improvement studies were carried out in palmarosa ([Cymbopogon martinii] var.[motia]) ALONG with successful standardisation of high frequency somatic embryogenesis in callaus and suspension cultures and subsequent plant regeneration. Successful encapsulation of somatic embryos in sodium aliginate gel and their subsequent germination were achieved [in vitro] following low temperature storage. Superior somaclonal lines with respect to high herb and oil yield and high geraniol content in oil were screened

and field evaluated for future varietal releases. Possibilities were explored for generation of variability through [in vitro] mutagenesis with chemical mutagens which indicated that the spectrum of agronomically important variation generated by these chemical mutagens was not significantly broader than that obtained through somaclonal variation. Screening and isolation of salinity tolerant callus lines and subsequent regeneration of salt tolerant palmarosa plants was achieved. The potential application of some other recent biotechnological tools for future commercial exploitation of the [Cymbopogon] crops have been discussed MFN : 13438 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-1328 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Yadav, U.Mathur, A.K.Sangwan, N.S. Affiliation : Division of Genetic Resources and Biotechnology, Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (CIMAP), P.O.CIMAP, Lucknow 226 015, UP, India Title : In vitro calli-clone regeneration to enhance qualitative variability in essential oil of a wild Cymbopogon species Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 22(1B): p. 485-487, 2000 Keywords : CYMBOPOGON, IN VITRO REGENERATION; CHEMOTYPIC VARIABILITY, CYMBOPOGON; ALBINO MUTANTS, AROMATIC GRASS; CLONE REGENERATION, CYMBOPOGON Scientific Names : CYMBOPOGON SPP GRAMINEAE; Abstract : Induction of callus-derived somaclones has been attempted to enhance the chemotypic variability in the essential oil of [Cymbopogon] species. Callus cultures were initiated from leaf sheath base explants obtained from glass house grown plants on a modified basal medicum fortified with 2,4-D(0.5 to 2.5 mg/L) and Kn (0.05 to 1.0 mg/L). The pale green globular calli upon transfer to IAA (0.1 to 5.0 mg/L) and Kn (0.10 to 2.0 mg/L) supplemented media exhibited high frequency of shoot regeneration. The shoots acquired heights upto 5.7 cm within four weeks, and 30 to 35 well developed shoots could be individually excised per culture by sixth week for subsequent root induction in the presence of 1.0 to 2.0 mg/L of IAA. Time course whole mount scanning of the regenerating calli revealed that the regeneration occurred through adventitious shoot bud morphogenesis MFN : 13439 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-1187 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Singh, V.P.Man SinghSingh, S.Saini, P. Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, P.O.CIMAP, Lucknow 226 015, UP, India Title : Relative performance of direct seeded and transplanted palmarosa under varying planting time and spacing Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 22(1B): p. 488-490, 2000 Keywords : OIL YIELD, PALMAROSA; TRANSPLANTING, PALMAROSA OIL Scientific Names : CYMBOPOGON MARTINII GRAMINEAE;

Abstract : Palmarosa seeded directly or transplanted on July 1 and July 21 produced maximum herb and oil yield. The delay in planting/sowing to August 11 and September 1 resulted in 40 and 55 percent reduction in yield, respectively. A closer spacing of 30 x 30 cm produced 12 and 38 percent higher yield in the first year and 6 and 23 percent higher in the second year over 45 x 30 and 60 x 30 cm spacing, respectively. Palmarosa may be seeded directly or transplanted upto 3rd week of July at a spacing of 30 x 30 cm for maximum oil production under the sub-tropical climate of north Indian plains MFN : 13483 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-1195 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : TokihoAchumi, I.Singh, P.L.Singh, R.A.Gupta, R.C. Affiliation : School of Agricultural Sciences and Rural Development, Nagaland University, Medziphema 797 106, Nagaland, India Title : Job's tears: A nutritious medicinal crops Imprint : National Seminar on Traditional Knowledge Base on Herbal Medicines and Plant Resources of North East India Protection, Utilization and Conservation, Guwahati, Assam, India. p. 29, March 1315,2001 Keywords : JOB'S TEARS, CULTIVATION; CULTIVATION, JOB'S TEARS; NAGALAND, CULTIVATION OF JOB'S TEARS Scientific Names : COIX LACRYMA-JOBI POACEAE; Abstract : Job's tears ([Coix lacryma-jobi]), an annual herb resembling sorghum is grown widely in shifting cultivation under rainfed conditions in Nagaland. Inspite of multipurpose use of job's tears, its agronomic requirements have not been worked out as yet. A field experiments was conducted under rainfed conditions at the experimental farm of the School of Agricultural Sciences and Rural Development, Nagaland University, Medziphema to find out the optimum time of sowing, plant population and crop geometry of job's tears for better growth and yield of the crops. The results indicated that for better growth and yield of job's tears, it should be sown in the third to fourth week of May with a plant population of 1.25 lakhs/ha at spacing of 40cm between rows and 20cm between plants MFN : 13539 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-1768 Subject Group : 0300 Authors : Sangwan, R.S.Sangwan, N.S. Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, P.O.CIMAP, Lucknow 226 015, UP, India Title : Molecular markers of putative association with chemotypic characters in medicinal and aromatic plants: Progress towards identification of sequence tagged QTLs in Artemisia annua Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 22(4A), 23(1A): p. 293-299, 2000-2001 Keywords : GENE SEQUENCE, ARTEMISIA SPP; MOLECULAR MARKERS, ARTEMISIA; ESSENTIAL OILS; ARETEMISININ Scientific Names : ARTEMISIA ANNUA COMPOSITAE;

Abstract : Detection and appraisal of genetic variation in natural and founder populations of many modern economic plants has been made more precise and reliable with the application of DNA-based technique. Among them, RAPDs besides being simple and time saving primary choice of guaging the extent of genetic variations, also provide multi locus profiling of gene sequence differences across the whole genome. The technique has been applied to anti-malarial plant [Artemisia annua] to measure the gene diversity in the present day population derived from the founder accessions in India. Also an attempt of analysis of the polymorphic markers individually to look for their association with the economic characters like essential oil content and concentration of artemisinin is urgently required. Accodingly, the progress towards identification of putative sequence tagged quantitative trait loci (QTLs) deserving tests of scrutiny in [A.annua] is stated. The protocol is primarily search for nonrandom association of sorted DNA markers MFN : 13619 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-1802 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Emmanuel, S.Ignacimuthu, S.Kathiravan, K. Affiliation : Entomology Research Institute, Loyola College, Chennai 600 034, TN, India Title : The effect of thidiazuron and BAP on shoot multiplication of Solanum trilobatum L. a medicinal plant Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 22(4A), 23(1A): p. 212-215, 2000-2001 Keywords : TISSUE CULTURE, SOLANUM; SOLANUM, SHOOT MULTIPLICATION; THIDIAZURON, GROWTH PROMOTOR; GROWTH REGULATORS, THIDIAZURON Scientific Names : SOLANUM TRILOBATUM SOLANACEAE; Abstract : On [in vitro] testing, Thidiazuron (TDZ) produced prolific multiple shoots from nodal explants of [Solanum trilobatum] on MS medium. Maximum number of shoots per nodal explant was observed in 1.25 mg/l TDZ. A brown calli initiated from nodal explants gave rise to shoot buds. Even after three sub-cultures of calli, shoot multiplication potnetiality did not decrease. Shoot-tip explants promoted less number of shoots and internodes failed to induce shoot buds. 2mg/l GA3 was suitable for shoot elongation and rooting was established on half strength MS medium supplemented with 0.75 mg/l IBA. Experimental results proved that TDZ is far superior to BAP in inducing multiple shoots MFN : 13621 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-2123 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Das, P.C.Patra, A.Mandal, S.Mallick, B.Das, A.Chatterjee, A.* Affiliation : Chemical Research Unit (CCRAS), Government of India, Regional Research Institute (Ayurveda), Sector-V. Block-CN-4, Salt Lake City, Calcutta 700 091, WB, India Title : Cleogynol, a novel dammarane triterpenoid from Cleome gynandra

Imprint : Journal of Natural Products. v. 62(4): p. 616-618, 1999 Keywords : CLEOGYNOL; DAMMARANES TRITERPENOIDS Scientific Names : CLEOME GYNANDRA CAPPARIDACEAE; CLEOME PENTAPHYLLA CAPPARIDACEAE; GYNANDROPSIS GYNANDRA CAPPARIDACEAE; GYNANDROPSIS PENTAPHYLLA CAPPARIDACEAE; Abstract : Chemical examination of whole plant excluding seeds of [Cleome gynandra] led to the isolation and identification of a novel (20S,24S)-epoxy-19,25-dihydroxydammarane-3-one hemiketal. The structure of the new compound, designated cleogynol, was determined using spectral and chemical methods MFN : 13660 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-1999 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Yasmeen, S.Ashok Kumar Affiliation : Radiation and Cancer Biology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur 302 004, Rajasthan, India Title : Evaluation of chemoprevention of skin papilloma by Mentha pipretita Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 22(4A), 23(1A): p. 84-88, 2000-2001 Keywords : CHEMOPREVENTION, PAPILLOMA; PAPILLOMAGENESIS INHIBITORY ACTIVITY; SKIN DISEASES, MINT Scientific Names : MENTHA PIPERITA LABIATAE; Abstract : The effect of [Mentha] on various stages of paillomagenesis was studied in mice divided into four groups. (1) Single topical application of 7,12-dimethylbenz anthracene (DMBA) was followed two weeks later by croton oil application thrice weekly for a period of fourteen weeks (control), (ii) [Mentha] was administered for two weeks, i.e. from the time of DMBA application till the beginning of croton oil application. (iii) [Mentha] was given two weeks before the application of DMBA and continued throughout the experiment. (IV) [Mentha] was orally fed mice from the time of application of croton oil and continued throughout the experiment. Control group 1 showed cumulative number of papillomas (89) and a latency period of 13 weeks, group II did not differ much from group 1 showed papillomas (78) and latency period 12 weeks. Mice of group III and group IV showed a significant reduction in the cumulative number of papillomas, 16 and 20 and a latency period of 13 and 12 weeks respectively. Thus [Mentha piperita] suspension was found to be effective at the later stages of promotion of skin papillomagenesis MFN : 13666 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-2291 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Garg, S.C. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, Dr. Hari Singh Gour University, Sagar 470 003, MP, India Title : Ethnomedicine for snake bite Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 22(4A), 23(1A): p. 546-553, 2000-2001

Keywords : ETHNOMEDICINE, SNAKE BITE; ALKALOIDS, SNAKE BITE ANTIDOTES; ANTIDOTES, SNAKE BITE; SNAKE BITE, PLANT ANTIDOTES; GLYCOSIDES, SNAKE BITE ANTIDOTES; SAPONINS, SNAKE BITE ANTIDOTES; ALLANTOIN, SNAKE BITE ANTIDOTES; ARISTOLOCHIC ACID, SNAKE BITE ANTIDOTES; GYMNEMIC ACID SALTS, SNAKE BITE ANTIDOTES; BREDOMEYROSIDES, SNAKE BITE ANTIDOTES Abstract : [Artemisia vulgaris, Andrographis paniculata, Aristolochia bracteolata, A.indica, Bredemeyra floribunda, Cissampelos pareira, Corallocarpus epigaeus, Cynodon dactylon, Diplocyclos palinatus, Ehretia buxifolia, Enicostemma axillare, Gymnema sylvestre]. etc. are some of the prominent ethnobotanical antidotes for snake bite. The majority of antidotes taste bitter, suggesting the presence of alkaloids, glycosides and saponins in them as active constituents. Allantoin and aristolochic acid isolated from [Aristolochia] species and potassium salt of gymnemic acid from [G.sylvestre], on pharmacological investigations, have been found competitive inhibitors of three basic phospholipase A2 isoenzymes and adenosine triphosphatases enzymes of some snake venoms. Bredomeyrosides from [Bredemeyra floribunda] have been found as antisnake venom compounds. Detailed pharmacological studies of these plants may provide credibility to their use in ethnomedicine MFN : 13690 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-2294 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Nautiyal, S.Rao, K.S.Maikhuri, R.K.Semwal, R.L.Saxena, K.G.* Affiliation : G.B.Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development, Kosi-Katarmal, Almora 263 643, Uttaranchal, India Title : Traditional knowledge related to medicinal and aromatic plants in tribal societies in a part of Himalaya Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 22(4A), 23(1A): p. 528-541, 2000-2001 Keywords : TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE, BHOTIYAS; BHOTIYAS, TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE; GARHWAL, TRIBAL KNOWLEDGE; TRIBAL KNOWLEDGE, GARHWAL; TOLCHHAS, TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE; MARCHHAS, TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE; JADHS, TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE Abstract : Indigenous knowledge systems of three sub-sects of Bhotiyas, viz., Tolchhas, Marchhas and Jadhs, residing in Niti-Mana and Bhagirathi valleys of Garhwal Himalaya have been documented. These communities, which are residing in the same geographical area, are using about 220 plant species, either as whole plants or their parts only (i.e.root, tuber, leaves, stem, bark, etc.). Out of these, about 80 percent are put in medicinal and aromatic uses. Though use of herbs is known to all people information on time, mode and part to be collected and dosages of each species either individually or together with others or additives has remained restricted to only a few people (Vaidhyas), Thus, the local Vaidhyas command great respect. Though these people are staying in the same geographical area, uses of some species and modes are significantly different for each of these sub-sects of Bhotiyas. The knowledge seems to be declining in the younger generation. Thus, it is important to document and revitalize the indigenous knowledge systems

MFN : 13691 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-2299 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Sahu, P. Affiliation : Department of Botany, Dr.Harisingh Gour Vishwavidyalaya, Sagar 470 003, MP, India Title : Conservation- based interaction between biological and cultural diversity amongst Maria tribals of Bastar Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 22(4A), 23(1A): p. 511-513, 2000-2001 Keywords : BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION, MADHYA PRADESH TRIBALS; CONSERVATION BIODIVERSITY, MARIA TRIBALS, MADHYA PRADESH; MADHYA PRADESH, BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION, MARIA TRIBALS; MARIA TRIBALS, BIODIVERSITY Abstract : Tribal communities inhabiting large tracts in different parts of India have, by virtue of their distinct cultures, beliefs, taboos, totems, religious rituals, traditional habits of food and medicine, played a major role in conserving biodiversity. They have, in the process, accumulated vast reservoirs of knowledge on plant species available in and around their habitats, which has helped them to acquire a sense of responsibility in judiciously utilizing the plant resources. This paper gives an overview of the role played by tribals of Bastar district in Madhya Pradesh in making use of the indigenously deveoped knowledge based on tradition, religion and beliefs in conserving biodiversity in the area MFN : 13692 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-1793 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Bhalerao, E.B.Laware, S.L.Vaidya, R.R.Dhumal, K.N. Affiliation : Department of Botany University of Pune, Pune 411 007, Maharashtra, India Title : Influence of leaf leachates of Pteridium and Aspidium on physiology of Mentha Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 22(4A), 23(1A): p. 502-504, 2000-2001 Keywords : ALLELOPATHY, PTERIDIUM; LEAF LEACHATES, MENTHA; PHENOLICS, MENTHA; ALLELOPATHY, ASPIDIUM Scientific Names : MENTHA PIPERITA LAMIACEAE; PTERIDIUM AQUILINUM POLYPODIACEAE; ASPIDIUM CICUTARIUM POLYPODIACEAE; Abstract : Fifty grams of dried leaf litters of [P.aquilinum] and [A.cicutarium] were washed and soaked separately in 500 ml tap water and were kept aside for 48 hours. The leachates were filtered and used for experimentation. The contents of chlorophylls and proteins in [Mentha piperita] increased with increase in the concentrations of leachates used; the highest values were obtained when the leachlets concentration was 4 percent. On the other hand, there was marked increase in the contents of phenolics with increase in concentration of leachates. The contents of total and non-reducing sugars were high in all treatments. The contents of reducing sugars and total sugars increased with increase in concentration of leachates of [P.aquilarium] but decreased with increase in concentration of leachates of [A.cicutarium]

MFN : 13708 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-2978 Subject Group : 1500 Authors : Goyal, C.P.Brahma, B.C. Affiliation : Rajaji National Park, Dehra Dun, Uttaranchal, India Title : A ray of hope against Parthenium in Rajaji National Park? Imprint : Indian Forester. v. 127(4): p. 409-414, 2001 Keywords : WEED CONTROL; PARTHENIUM, BIOLOGICAL CONTROL; BIOLOGICAL CONTROL, PARTHENIUM Scientific Names : PARTHENIUM HYSTEROPHORUS ASTERACEAE; Abstract : Feeding of a leaf eating beetle on the noxious weed, [Parthenium hysterophorus] has been reported. The beetle was identified as the mexican beetle, [Zygogramma bicolorata]. Mortality percent of [P.hysterophorus] was found to be dependent on the number of beetles affecting the area MFN : 13727 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-2636 Subject Group : 1000 Authors : Rahuman, A.A.Gopalakrishnan, G.Ghouse, S.Arumugam, S.Himalayan, B. Affiliation : Department of Zoology, C.Abdul Hakeem College, Melvisharam 632 509, TN, India Title : Effect of Feronia limonia on mosquito larvae Imprint : Fitoterapia. v. 71(5): p. 553-555, 2000 Keywords : MOSQUITO LARVICIDAL ACTIVITY; LARVICIDAL ACTIVITY; HEXADECANOIC ACID Scientific Names : FERONIA LIMONIA RUTACEAE; Abstract : Bioassay guided fractionation of the acetone extract of [Feronia limonia] dried leaves afforded a potent mosquito larvicide, identified as n-hexadecanoic acid and found to be effective against fourth instar larvae of [Culex quinquefasciatus, Anopheles stephensi] and [Aedes aegypti] MFN : 13806 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-2544 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Shivalingappa, H.Satyanarayan, N.D.Purohit, M.G.* Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, Pharmaceutical Chemistry Division, Gulbarga University, Galbarga 585 106, Karnataka, India Title : Antiimplantation and pregnancy interruption efficacy of Rivea hypocrateriformis in the rat Imprint : Journal of Ethnopharmacology. v. 74(3): p. 245-249, 2001 Keywords : ANTIFERTILITY ACTIVITY; ANTIIMPLANTATION ACTIVITY Scientific Names : RIVEA HYPOCRATERIFORMIS CONVOLVULACEAE; Abstract : Petroleum ether, chloroform, ethanol and distilled water extracts of the aerial parts of the plant [Rivea hypocrateriformis] were tested for antiimplantation and pregnancy interruption properties in female albino rats. Among these, the ethanol extract was found to be most effective in causing significant antiimplantation and interruption of

early pregnancy. The antifertility activity of ethanol extract was reversible on exogenous administration of hydroxy progesterone. However, the same ethanol extract was found to be ineffective in interruption of late pregnancy. Among the four extracts subjected to preliminary phytochemical screening, the active ethanol extract showed positive tests for alkaloids, glycosides, saponins, tannins and phenolic compounds MFN : 13807 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-2617 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Sharma, P.Sharma, J.D.* Affiliation : School of Environmental Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi 110 067, India. E-mail: jayds@jnuniv.ernet.in Title : In vitro hemolysis of human erythrocytes- by plant extracts with antiplasmodial activity Imprint : Journal of Ethnopharmacology. v. 74(3): p. 239-243, 2001 Keywords : ANTIMALARIAL ACTIVITY; HEMOLYTIC ACTIVITY; HEMOLYSIS, PLANT EXTRACTS; ANTIPLASMODIAL ACTIVITY; CYTOTOXICITY Scientific Names : COMMIPHORA WIGHTII BURSERACEAE; CALOTROPIS PROCERA ASCLEPIADACEAE; Abstract : Human erythrocytes were exposed in a dose dependent manner to various ethanolic plant extracts, and fractions obtained from plant parts of [Calotropis procera] and the gum-oleoresin of [Commiphora wightii]. These have been screened for [in vitro] schizonotocidal activity and graded with respect to their 50 percent inhibitory concentration (IC50) derived from the twofold serial dilution of the dose range 0.0625-2 mg/ml. An attempt had been made to relate their antiplasmodial activity with their cytotoxicity as represented by the [in vivo] rate of hemolysis. Intact erythrocytes were found to respond with a dose time-integral and fitted to models of pseudo first-order reaction. Michaelis-Menten equation and Hill equation with k1,k2 and k3 as their rate constants, respectively. Hemolysis isotherms of flower and root of [C.procera] and gum-oleo resin of [C.wightii] extracts were representative. Erythrocytic membrane instability is possibly a major factor as has been earlier reported with ethanol and chloroquine for the cytotoxicity of these plant extracts MFN : 13880 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-3490 Subject Group : 1400 Authors : Ravishankara, M.N.Shrivastava, N.Padh, H.Rajani, M.* Affiliation : B.V. Patel Pharmaceutical Education Research Development Centre, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India Title : HPTLC method for the estimation of alkaloids of Cinchona officinalis stem bark and its marketed formulations Imprint : Planta Medica. v. 67(3): p. 294-296, 2001 Keywords : HPTLC, ALKALOIDS; CINCHONA FORMULATIONS, HPTLC; HOMEOPATHIC FORMULATIONS, HPTLC Scientific Names : CINCHONA OFFICINALIS RUBIACEAE;

Abstract : A method for the estimation of quinine (Qn), cinchonine (Cn), and cinchonidine (Cnd) and a new method based on fluorescence enhancement and detection and quantification of quinidine (Qnd) from [Cinchona] stem bark and its formulations, using HPTLC has been reported. Standard solutions of Qn, Qnd, Cn and Cnd were applied on precoated HPTLC plates and developed with chloroform/diethylamine (9.6:1.4 v/v). The plates were scanned and quantified at 226 nm for Qn, Cn, Cnd and for Qnd at 366 nm in fluorescence and reflectance mode (less than K400 filter). The method was validated for precision, accuracy and repeatability. Further, the stem bark of [Cinchona officinalis] and some herbal and homeopathic formulations were evaluated for their individual alkaloid content applying the developed method MFN : 13901 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-3125 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Geetha, T.Varalakshmi, P.* Affiliation : Department of Medical Biochemistry, Dr.A.L. Mudaliar Post Graduate Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Madras, Taramani Campus, Chennai 600 113, TN, India Title : Anti-inflammatory activity of lupeol and lupeol linoleate in rats Imprint : Journal of Ethnopharmacology. v. 76(1): p. 77-80, 2001 Keywords : ANTIINFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY; ANTINOCICEPTIVE ACTIVITY; ANTIPYRETIC ACTIVITY; LUPEOL; ULCEROGENIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : CRATAEVA NURVALA CAPPARIDACEAE; Abstract : Two pentacyclic triterpenes, namely lupeol and lupeol linoleate isolated from the stem bark of [Crataeva nurvala] were investigated for their antiinflammatory activity in rats and compared it with indomethacin. Lupeol, lupeol linoleate and indomethacin showed a reduction in paw swelling by 39, 58 and 35 percent respectively, in adjuvant arthritis. Triterpenes were devoid of any antinociceptive, antipyretic and ulcerogenic actions. However, indomethacin exhibited a positive response to these properties. These results suggest that the mechanism of action of triterpenes is different from the non-steroidal antiinflammatory drug MFN : 13962 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-02-0319 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Mittal, A.Pathnia, V.Agrawala, P.K.Prasad, J.Singh, S.Goel, H.C. Affiliation : Radiation Biology Laboratory. Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences, Lucknow Road, Timrpur 110 054, Delhi, India Title : Influence of Podophyllum hexandrum on endogenous antioxidant defence system in mice: Possble role in radioprotection Imprint : Journal of Ethnopharmacology. v. 76(3): p. 253-262, 2001 Keywords : RADIOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY; ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY; FREE RADICAL SCAVENGING ACTIVITY; CATALASE GLUATHIONE Scientific Names : PODOPHYLLUM HEXANDRUM BERBERIDACEAE;

Abstract : [Podophyllum hexandrum], a Himalayan herb was investigated for its mechanism of action. Glutathione S-transerase (GST), determined catalase, superoxide dismutase(SOD) activities and lipid perxidation (LPx) were determined in the liver, jejunum and ileum at various time intervals, with and without the aqueous extract of [P.hexandrum] rhizome (200 mg/kg b.w.i.p.) in unirradiated and whole body irradiated male Swiss albino mice. Pre-irradiation treatment with [P.hexandrum] enhanced liver GST and SOD at 12 h post irradiation, the intestinal SOD at 84 h post irradiation was signficantly elevated. However, no significant change was manifested in the catalase activity in the liver, at any of the post-irradiation intervals (0, 12 and 84 h.). The antioxdant defence with [Podophyllum sp] treatment in mice can explain to some extent its protective action manifested in terms of surival against whole body lethal irradiation MFN : 13985 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-02-0041 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Dubey, V.S.Luthra, R.* Affiliation : Biochemistry Division, Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow 226 015, UP, India Title : Biotransformation of geranyl acetate to geraniol during palmarosa (Cyambopogon martinii, Roxb. Wats. var. motia) inflorescence development Imprint : Phytochemistry. v. 57(5): p. 675-680, 2001 Keywords : PALMAROSA; ESSENTIAL OILS, PALMAROSA; GERANIOL; GERANYL ACETATE, BIOTRANSFORMATION; BIOTRANSFORMATION, GERANYL ACETATE Scientific Names : CYMBOPOGON MARTINII POACEAE; Abstract : Only immature palmarosa ([Cymbopogon martinii] var. [motia] inflorescence with unopened spikelets accumulated essential oil substantially. Geraniol and geranyl acetate together constituted about 90 percent of the palmarosa oil. The proportion of geranyl acetate in the oil decreased significantly with a corresponding increase of geraniol, during inflorescence development. An esterase enzyme activity, involved in the transformation of geranyl acetate to geraniol, was detected from the immature inflorescence using a gas chromatographic procedure. The enzyme, termed as geranyl acetate cleaving estrase, was found to be active in the alkaline pH range with the optimum at pH 8.5. The catalysis of geranyl acetate was linear upto 6 h, and after 24 h of incubation, 75 percent of the geranyl acetate incubated was hydrolyzed MFN : 14010 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-02-0365 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Siddiqui, A.A.Ahmed, B.Dogra, A. Affiliation : Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Hamdard University, Hamdard Nagar, New Delhi 110 062, India Title : Development in the chemistry and pharmacology of Gymnema sylvestre Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 22(23): p. 223-231, 2000

Keywords : HYPOGLYCAEMIC ACTIVITY; TRITERPENOIDS; ANTISACCHARIDE ACTIVITY; ANTIVIRAL ACTIVITY; ANTIHEPATOTOXIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : GYMNEMA SYLVESTRE ASCLEPIADACEAE; Abstract : [Gymnema sylvestre], a climber has been well known for its antisaccharide effect. Various triterpenoid saponins have been isolated from the leaves of this plant and tested for hypoglycemic, antiviral and antihepatotoxic activities MFN : 14062 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-02-1199 Subject Group : 1200 Authors : Subramanian, D. Affiliation : Department of Botany, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar 608 002, TN, India Title : Chemotaxonomical studies in Aristolochiaceae from Tamilnadu Imprint : Plant Archives. v. 1(12): p. 39-40, 2001 Keywords : AMINO ACIDS, ARISTOLOCHIA SPECIES; ARISTOLOCHIACEAE, CHEMOTAXONOMY; CHEMOTAXONOMY, ARISTOLOCHIACEAE Scientific Names : ARISTOLOCHIA ORTHOCEPHALA ARISTOLOCHIACEAE; ARISTOLOCHIA ELEGANS ARISTOLOCHIACEAE; ARISTOLOCHIA BRACTEATA ARISTOLOCHIACEAE; ARISTOLOCHIA INDICA ARISTOLOCHIACEAE; Abstract : Chemotaxonomical studies with special reference to free amino acids from flower extracts of four species of [Aristolochia] namely [A.orthocephala, A.elegans, A.bracteata] and [A.indica] have been made by means of unidimensional paper chromatograms to understand the interaffinity and chemical compositions of the species MFN : 14090 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-02-0894 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Nagappa, A.N.Cheriyan, B. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacology, SCS College of Pharmacy, Harapanahalli, Karnataka 583 131, India Title : Wound healing activity of the aqueous extract of Thespesia populnea fruit Imprint : Fitoterapia. v. 72(5): p. 503-506, 2001 Keywords : WOUND HEALING ACTIVITY Scientific Names : THESPESIA POPULNEA MALVACEAE; Abstract : Villagers have traditionally used the poultice prepared from the fruits of [Thespesia populnea] to treat a variety of skin ailments including wounds. The aqueous extract of [T.populnea] fruit showed significant wound healing activity in the excision wound and incision wound models in rats following topical and oral administration, respectively MFN : 14100 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-02-1006 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Pundarikakshudu, K.Patel, J.K.Bodar, M.S.Deans, S.G.

Affiliation : S.K. Patel College of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Nagalpur Highway, Mehsana 384 002, Gujarat, India Title : Anti-bacterial activity of Galega officinalis L. (Goat's Rue) Imprint : Journal of Ethnopharmacology. v. 77(1): p. 111-112, 2001 Keywords : GALEGIN; ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY; GOATS' RUE Scientific Names : GALEGA OFFICINALIS PAPILIONACEAE; Abstract : Alcoholic extracts of Goat's Rue ([Galega officinalis] Papilionaceae) were tested on Gram + ve and Gram - ve bacteria as the plant was claimed to hasten skin healing after surgery. Ethanolic (60 percent) extract exhibited significant inhibition on growth of both Gram + ve and Gram - ve bacteria MFN : 14152 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-02-1523 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Upadhyaya, B.N.Basumathy, K. Affiliation : Department of Kayachikitsa, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, UP, India Title : Himcocid suspension in non-ulcer dyspepsia Imprint : Antiseptic. v. 98(11): p. 409-411, 2001 Keywords : HIMCOCID, ANTIDYSPEPTIC HERBAL FORMULATION; ANTIDYSPEPTIC ACTIVITY; DYSPEPSIA, HIMCOCID; VARATIKA; YASTHIMADHU Scientific Names : GLYCYRRHIZA GLABRA LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : Fifty patients (32 males 18 females) with confirmed non-ulcer dyspepsia were dispensed herbal preparation, Himcocid suspension, twice daily 2 teaspoonfuls for 45 days. The results showed that all the symptoms were reduced from week 2nd onwards, which was evident when the scaling of the symptoms was considered. After two week reduction in symptoms was from range 0.38+-0.73 to 2.24 +- 0.84 to range 0.10 +- 0.30 to 1.58 +- 0.67 and after 4 weeks it reduced to 0+-0 to 0.84 +- 0.37. At the end of study all the symptoms disappeared. Main components present in Himcocid are varatica and Yasthimadhu ([Glycyrrhiza glabra]). NSL, New Delhi MFN : 14266 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-02-1412 Subject Group : 0400 Authors : Prajapati, V.Tripathi, A.K.Aggarwal, K.K.Khanuja, S.P.S.Sushil Kumar Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, P.O.CIMAP, Lucknow 226 015, UP, India Title : Screening of some synthetic aroma chemicals for toxicity on the stored grain pest, Callosobruchus maculatus Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 23(4): p. 624-629, 2001 Keywords : CHICKPEA SEED, PEST CONTROL; PEST CONTROL, CHICKPEA SEED; METHYL IONONE; PESTICIDAL ACTIVITY; TERPENEOL; CYMENE Scientific Names : CICER ARIETINUM FABACEAE; Abstract : Seven synthetic aroma chemicals (SAC) were evaluated for their toxicity and reproduction retardant activities

against [Callosobruchus maculatus] infesting chickpea seeds. The bioassays revealed that a terpeneole and p-cymene were most toxic towards [C.maculatus] adults exhibiting LD50 values of 36.98 and 84.04 il/liter respectively under empty jar conditions (space test). Methyl ionone was found to act as strong anti-oviposition agent. Synergistic effects was observed in terms of insect mortality and fecundity when SAC (s) were tested in combination of two or three No adverse effect on chickpea seeds germination was recorded except for methyl ionone MFN : 14351 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-02-1980 Subject Group : 1800 Authors : Rajput, A.S.Nair, S.K.Nanda, H.C.Umate, S.M.Shaw, S.S. Affiliation : Shahid Gundadhur College of Agriculture Research Station, GAU, Kumhrawand, Jagdalpur, 494 005, Chhattisgarh, India Title : Study of potential of different medicinal plants in existing markets of Chhatisgarh, India Imprint : National Research Seminar on Herbal Conservation, Cultivation, Marketing and Utilization with Special Emphasis on Chhattisgarh, The Herbal State, Raipur, Chhattisgarh. p. 100, 13-14th December, 2001 Keywords : SATAWAR; MUSALI; TURMERIC Scientific Names : CURCUMA SPP ZINGIBERACEAE; CHLOROPHYTUM SPP LILIACEAE; ASPARAGUS SPP LILIACEAE; Abstract : Chhattisgarh region is divided into three major agro climatic zones on the basis of climatic and edaphic factors that lead to occurrence of different micro and macro flora. These floras include many plants that have medicinal values and is consumed by the local population. Its medicinal properties fetches market value, which can be utilized for improving the economic condition of tribals of this region. On contrary, due to injudicious consumption, these medicinal plants are exhausting day by day from tribal dominating state. This study aims at conservation and judicious marketing of medicinal plants. Data obtained from above survey were summarized as below: In general some of the medicinal plants possessed high market values and in all the locations surveyed while some were area specific like Rasnajadi in Narayanpur. The real value of each medicinal plants were also assessed as (i) High valued (more than Rs. 20/kg). (ii) medium (Rs. 10-20/kg) and (iii) low (smaller than Rs. 10/kg) and their annual consumption were of more than 50 kg., 10-50 kg. and 10 kg, respectively. Based on overall observations plants like Safed musali ([Chlorophytum] species_, satawar ([Asparagus spp), Tikhur ([Curcuma longa], Kamraj and Hathjod were found to be widely accepted, high valued and hence may be given priority for their conservation and safe marketing MFN : 14411 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-02-1935 Subject Group : 1500 Authors : Oudhia, P. Affiliation : Srishti Herbal Academy and Research Institute (SHARI), 66 Jairam Complex, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India

Title : Weeds mentioned in holy Ramayana Imprint : National Research Seminar on Herbal Conservation, Cultivation, Marketing and Utilization with Special Emphasis on Chhattisgarh, The Herbal State, Raipur, Chhattisgarh. p. 134, 13-14th December, 2001 Keywords : MEDICINAL WEEDS, RAMAYANA; RAMAYANA, MEDICINAL PLANTS Abstract : The study revealed that total 7 weed species are mentioned in the holy Ramayana with the help of Kand/Doha/Chaupai of Ramcharit Manas and Valmiki Ramayana. The local and scientific names of these weed species are provided MFN : 14415 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-02-1951 Subject Group : 1500 Authors : Singh, C.S.Thakur, G. Affiliation : Department of Extension Education, College of Agriculture, Jabalpur, MP, India Title : Medicinal plant sector: Opportunities and constraints in India Imprint : National Research Seminar on Herbal Conservation, Cultivation, Marketing and Utilization with Special Emphasis on Chhattisgarh, The Herbal State, Raipur, Chhattisgarh. p. 137, 13-14th December, 2001 Abstract : The major opportunities in this sector are: the country is rich in biological diversity, human and medico culture and associated traditional and contemporary knowledge systems and good work has been carried out in the field of cultivation and chemical processing of medicinal plants and as a policy the country is prepared to afforest wastelands with the involvement of people MFN : 14416 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-02-1886 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Pandey, G. Affiliation : Regional Research Institute (Ayurveda), Gwalior Road, Jhansi 284 003, UP, India Title : Chhattisgarh-emerging valuable herbal state Imprint : National Research Seminar on Herbal Conservation, Cultivation, Marketing and Utilization with Special Emphasis on Chhattisgarh, The Herbal State, Raipur, Chhattisgarh. p. 139, 13-14th December, 2001 Keywords : CHHATTISGARH, MEDICINAL PLANTS; MADHYA PRADESH, MEDICINAL PLANTS Abstract : Studies, field survey and multidimensional investigations have been carried out in Madhya Pradesh including Chhattisgarh with special reference to ethnobotanicals in the forests, observations and practical experiences on various aspects of medicinal flora of the tribal region have provided encouraging, useful and scientific feed-back to Chhattisgarh carrying immense potential's of developing valuable and richer herbal state in India

MFN : 14421 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-02-1362 Subject Group : 0200 Authors : Boaz, A. Affiliation : Chief Conservator of Forests, Chattisgarh, India Title : Protection of bio-divesity through medicinal plants conservation and development in Chhattisgarh Imprint : National Research Seminar on Herbal Conservation, Cultivation, Marketing and Utilization with Special Emphasis on Chhattisgarh, The Herbal State, Raipur, Chhattisgarh. p. 3, 13th-14th December 2001 Keywords : CHATTISGARH, MEDICINAL PLANTS; BIODIVERSITY, CHHATTISGARH; CONSERVATION, MEDICINAL PLANTS Abstract : Chhattisgarh, the newly carved out state in the Union of India, has an extermely rich biodiversity. Nearly 44 percent of its geographical area is covered with forests that are mainly inhabited by indigenous people who are greatly dependent on the medicinal plants available in these forest for their health and economic well being. In India, over 7500 species are recorded as being used by 4635 ethnic communities for human and veterinary care. Over 1700 species have been documented in Ayurveic texts, out of these species nearly 625 species have been identified and traded from the forests of Chattisgarh. It is estimated that the annual turnover in Medicinal Plants in the State of Chhattisgarh exceed Rs.50 crores. Problems faced by the cultivators and the initiatives taken by forest department to protect biodiversity have been discussed MFN : 14422 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-02-1943 Subject Group : 1500 Authors : Ravishankar, B.Shukla, V.J. Affiliation : Institute of Post Graduate Teaching and Research in Ayurveda, Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar, Gujarat, India Title : Scientific exploitation of medicinal plant resources of Chhattisgarh State - A concept paper Imprint : National Research Seminar on Herbal Conservation, Cultivation, Marketing and Utilization with Special Emphasis on Chhattisgarh, The Herbal State, Raipur, Chhattisgarh. p. 5, 13th-14th December 2001 Keywords : CHHATTISGARH, MEDICINAL PLANTS; HERBAL DURGS Abstract : The present global trade in herbal products is estimated to be around 60 billion US dollar as is predicted to reach the figure of 5 trillion US dollar by 2050. At present India's turn over in drug used in traditional systems of medicine is around 2400 crore rupees with an export component of around 300 crore rupees. However, the attempt to commercially exploit herbal wealth should be done in a scientific and sustainable manner. Creation of an anthentic database, standardisation of all aspects of medicinal plants has been discussed MFN Yr, Iss, : 14424 Abst No. : 20-02-1361

Subject Group : 0200 Authors : Bharat, B. Affiliation : Medicinal Plant Advisor to Chhattisgarh Govt., Thakur Road, Jagdaplpur, Chhattisgarh, India Title : Endangered species of medicinal plants of Chhattisgarh on the verge of extinction and other speices which are rare and becoming endangered, need immediate conservation Imprint : National Research Seminar on Herbal Conservation, Cultivation, Marketing and Utilization with Special Emphasis on Chhattisgarh, The Herbal State, Raipur, Chhattisgarh. p. 8, 13th-14th December 2001 Keywords : ENDANGERED MEDICINAL PLANTS, CHHATTISGARH; CHHATTISGARH, MEDICINAL PLANTS; MEDICINAL PLANTS, CHHATTISGARH Abstract : The list of medicinal plants which are endangered and on the verge of extinction was presented. Out of the 16 districts of Chhattisgarh Bastar Dist.; Kanker and Dantewara Dist.; of Bastar division are rich in medicinal plants and are still unexploited MFN : 14426 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-02-1373 Subject Group : 0200 Authors : Sahu, T.R.Sahu, P.Nonhare, B.P. Affiliation : Department of Botany, Dr.H.S.G.V.V., Sagar, MP, India Title : Biodivesity conservation and cultivation of medicinal aromatic herbs Imprint : National Research Seminar on Herbal Conservation, Cultivation, Marketing and Utilization with Special Emphasis on Chhattisgarh, The Herbal State, Raipur, Chhattisgarh. p. 11, 13th-14th December 2001 Keywords : BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION; MEDICINAL PLANTS CULTIVATION; MADHYA PRADESH, MEDICINAL PLANTS; CHHATTISGARH, MEDICINAL PLANTS; MP, MEDICINAL PLANTS Abstract : Over exploitation of medicinal plants has resulted into extinction of many important species of medicinal plants. At present collection and trade of medicinal plant is very unsystematic. These are mostly collected by the tribal with traditional knowledge and techniques. In this regard, promotion and cultivation of economically viable medicinal and aromatic plants on the state has been emphasized to boost economic status of tribal and farmers and biodivesity conservation MFN : 14427 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-02-1481 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Sampath, P.Muthuraman, G.Jayaraman, P. Affiliation : Department of Botany, Presidency College, Chennai 5, TN, India Title : Tissue culture studies in Bacopa monnieri and Centella asiatica Imprint : National Research Seminar on Herbal Conservation, Cultivation, Marketing and Utilization with Special Emphasis on

Chhattisgarh, The Herbal State, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India. p. 12, 13th14th December 2001 Keywords : TISSUE CULTURE, BACOPA; CENTELLA, TISSUE CULTURE; TISSUE CULTURE, CENTELLA Scientific Names : BACOPA MONNIERI SCROPHULARIACEAE; CENTELLA ASIATICA APIACEAE; Abstract : The freuency of shoot induction was higher in nodal and leaf explants of [Bacopa monnieri]. Leaf explants produced around 13 adventitious shoots on average. In [Centella asiatica] nodes and stolons responded favourably producing shoots. The induction of calli from various tissues in the presence of different auxins were studied. Picloram and 2,4-D were found to increase the callusing capacity at high concentration. IAA did not cause any callus formation at any concentration. Thidiazuron was found to be better than liquid medium. The growth of the calli in [Centella asiatica] with 2,4-D in culturing media was more suitable than IAA MFN : 14428 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-02-1467 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Mishra, Y.Shirin, F.Mandal, A.K. Affiliation : Tropical Forest Research Institute, P.O.-R.F.R.D., Mandla Road, Jabalpur, MP, India Title : Regeneration of plants from leaflet explants of tissue culture raised Ruta graveolens, a multipurpose medicinal plant Imprint : National Research Seminar on Herbal Conservation, Cultivation, Marketing and Utilization with Special Emphasis on Chhattisgarh, The Herbal State, Raipur, Chhattisgarh. p. 13, 13th-14th December 2001 Scientific Names : RUTA GRAVEOLENS RUTACEAE; Abstract : Shoot bud regeneration was achieved from leaflet explants of [Ruta graveolens] on MS semi-solid medium with graded numbers of adventitious buds obtained on MS medium supplemented with 2 mg/1 BA and 1 mg/1 2,4 D.86.66 percent rooting of [in vitro] regenerated shoots was obtained on half strength MS semi solid medium supplemented with 3 mg/1 IBA. [In vitro] raised plantlets were successfully hardened with 100 percent survival MFN : 14612 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-02-2025 Subject Group : 0400 Authors : Shukla, R.S.Gupta, M.L.Misra, P.Pandey, R.Singh, H.N. Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, CIMAP, Lucknow 226 015, UP, India Title : Traditional herbal drugs-mycotoxin association and human health Imprint : National Symposium on Ancient Indian Science, Engineering Technology Interfaced with the Modern Knowledge, New Delhi. p. 177, Dec. 14-15, 2001 Keywords : HERBAL DRUGS, MYCOTOXINS; MYCOTOXINS, HERBAL DRUGS; AFLATOXINS, HERBAL DRUGS; HERBAL DRUGS, AFLATOXINS; CITRININ, HERBAL

DRUGS; ZEARALENONE, HERBAL DRUGS; HERBAL DRUGS, ZEARALENONE; OCHRATOXIN, HERBAL DRUGS; HERBAL DRUGS, OCHRATOXIN Scientific Names : ASPARAGUS RACEMOSUS LILIACEAE; CAESALPINIA DIGYNA CAESALPINIACEAE; HOLARRHENA ANTIDYSENTERICA APOCYNACEAE; PIPER LONGUM PIPERACEAE; TRIBULUS TERRESTRIS EMBLICA OFFICINALIS EUPHORBIACEAE; Abstract : [Aspergillus, Penicillum] and [Fusarium] species are important fungi dominantly occupying the surface of stored herbal drugs, some of which are also toxigenic and elaborate toxic compounds (mycotoxins). Various crude herbal drugs particularly used to cure the liver and kidney disorders have been reported for mycotoxin association. From liver curative drugs maximum and minimum aflatoxin was detected in the roots of [Asparagus racemosus] and fruits of [Caesalpinia digyna], highest level of citrinin and zearalenone in the fruits of [Piper longum] and ochratoxin in the bark of [Holarrhena antidysenterica]. In kidney curative herbal drugs, highest level of aflatoxin citrinin and zearalenone were noticed in the seeds of [Tribulus terrestris] and ochratoxin in [Emblica officinalis] and [T.terrestris] MFN : 14693 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-02-2953 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Kannan, S.Venkatakrishnan, V. Affiliation : Post-Graduate Department of Microbiology, Ayya Nadar Janaki Ammal College (Autonomous), Sivakasi 626 124, Tamil Nadu, India Title : Antibacterial activity of Phyllanthus amarus Imprint : Bionotes. v. 4(2): p. 40, 2002 Keywords : ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : PHYLLANTHUS AMARUS Abstract : Methanol extract of leaves, root and fruits of the [Phyllanthus amarus] exhibited significant antibacterial activity against five test bacteria viz., [Streptococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus cereus, Shigella dysenteriae, and Klebsiella pneumonae] MFN : 14696 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-02-2753 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Bhattacharya, S.K.Bhattacharya, A.Sairam, K.Ghosal, S. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, UP, India Title : Effect of bioactive tannoid principles of Emblica officinalis on ischemia-reperfusion-induced oxidative stress in rat heart Imprint : Phytomedicine. v. 9(2): p. 171-174, 2002 Keywords : GALLOTANNINS; EMBLICANINS; ISCHAEMIA-REPERFUSION; CARDIAC OXIDATIVE STRESS; ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY; ANTISTRESS ACTIVITY Scientific Names : EMBLICA OFFICINALIS EUPHORBIACEAE; Abstract : The tannoid principles of the fruits of [Emblica officinalis] have been reported to exhibit antioxidant activity [in vitro] and [in vivo]. In the study, an emblicanin-A (37 percent) and B (33 percent) enriched fraction of fresh juice of [Emblica] fruits was

investigated for antioxidant activity against ischemia-reperfusion (IRI)induced oxidative stress in rat heart. Vitamin E (VE) was used as the standard antioxidant agent. IRI was induced in isolated rat heart by perfusing it with modified Kreb-Hensleitt's solution for 5 min, followed by a period of ischemia (stoppage of perfusion) for 10 min and then restoring the perfusion (reperfusion) for 15 min. IRI induced a significant decrease in the activities of cardiac superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase, with a concomitant increase in lipid peroxidation. These IRI-induced effects were prevented by the administration of EOT (50 and 100 mg/kg body wt.) and VE (200 mg/kg body wt.) given orally twice daily for 14 days prior to the sacrifice of the animals and initiation of the perfusion experiments. The study confirm the antioxidant activity of [E.officinalis] and indicates that the fruits of the plant may be cardioprotective MFN : 14698 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-02-2920 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Yeh, S.F.Dixit, M.N.Ashiwinkumar, M.V.Kulkarni, S.K.Mitra, S.K. Affiliation : RD Center, The Himalaya Drug Company, Makali, Bangalore 562 123, Karnataka, India Title : Down regulation of hepatitis B surface antigen expression in human hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines by HD-08: A combination of multiple fractions of different herbs Imprint : Indian Drugs. v. 39(2): p. 87-90, 2002 Keywords : HEPATITIS; LIVER DISORDERS; HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA; HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY; ANTIVIRAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : PHYLLANTHUS AMARUS EUPHORBIACEAE; CICHORIUM INTYBUS ASTERACEAE; ANDROGRAPHIS PANICULATA ACANTHACEAE; TERMINALIA CHEBULA COMBRETACEAE; Abstract : Hepatitis B viral infections may result in chronic or acute liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma. HD-8 containing the hexane, ethyl acetate and aqueous fractions, insoluble residue and aqueous crude extracts of [Phyllanthus amarus, Cichorium intybus] and [Andrographis paniculata] and aqueous extract of [Terminalia chebula] was tested. The activity of HD-08 a herbal formulation on two hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) expressing human hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines, PLC/PRF/5 and HepG2/A2 was examined. It was observed that these hepatoprotective drugs down-regulate HBsAg expression from these cell lines. The effect was found to be neither due to cytotoxicity on the cell lines nor blockade of the release of the antigen from the cells nor binding of the substance with the antigen. An explanation of the possible mode of its antiviral activity is given MFN : 14739 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-02-2672 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Ashok, K.Amit, A.Sujatha, M.Murali, B.Anand, M.S. Affiliation : Research and Development Centre, Natural Remedies Pvt. Ltd., Plot No. 5B, Veerasandra Industrial Area, Hosur Road, Bangalore 561 229, Karnataka, India

Title : Effect of aging on andrographolide content in Andrographis paniculata Imprint : Journal of Natural Remedies. v. 2(2): p. 179-181, 2002 Keywords : ANDROGRAPHOLIDES; KALMEGH Scientific Names : ANDROGRAPHIS PANICULATA ACANTHACEAE; Abstract : The effect of aging on andrographolide content in [Andrographis paniculata] (Kalmegh) to establish the best harvesting time were studied at 30, 60, 90, 120 and 150 days after sowing. The andrographolide content was estimated by HPLC method. The best harvesting time was oberved at 120 days after sowing to get higher biomass containing maximum andrographolide content MFN : 14759 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-02-3274 Subject Group : 1500 Authors : Raj, J.Tiwari, A.K.Singh, K.P. Affiliation : Drug Standardisation Unit (Homoeopathy), Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia Laboratory, Ghaziabad, UP, India Title : Eclipa alba Imprint : CCRH Quarterly Bulletin. v. 23(12): p. 1-7, 2001 Keywords : REVIEWS, ECLIPTA ALBA Scientific Names : ECLIPTA ALBA COMPOSITAE; Abstract : Nomenclatures; folklore, medicinal and nonmedicinal uses; cultivation, collection, preservation and storage, botany, distribution, pharmacognosy of leaf, stem and root, chemical constituents and pharmacology and toxicity of [Eclipta alba] have been reviewed MFN : 14778 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-02-2975 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Rath, C.C.Dash, S.K.Mishra, R.K.Ramachandraiah, O.S. Affiliation : Centre for P.G. Studies in Microbiology, O.U.A.T., Bhubaneswar 751 003, Orissa, India Title : A comparative analysis of in vitro antifungal activity of pure and fractionally distilled turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) leaf essential oil Imprint : Indian Drugs. v. 39(1): p. 18-22, 2002 Keywords : ESSENTIAL OILS, TURMERIC; TURMERIC, ESSENTIAL OILS; ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY; TURMERIC Scientific Names : CURCUMA LONGA ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : Turmeric ([Curcuma longa]) leaf oil and 1h and 2hr fractionally distilled oil was extracted through hydro steam distillation. Pure leaf oil, 1st and 2nd hr distilled oil and the cocktail mixture of turmeric leaf oil showed antifungal activity against five human pathogens viz., [Candida albicans, Cryptococcus neoformans, Trichophyton rubrum, Sporothrix schenckii] and [Microsporum gypseum]. All the four samples were observed to be fungicidal against the above pathogens. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) and Minimum Killing Time (MKT) of the samples against these pathogens is also

reported. The cocktail mixture and pure oil showed lower MIC and quicker MKT. The activity of the four samples was compared with standard antifungal drugs MFN : 14812 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-02-2888 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Singh, N.Abbas, S.S.Singh, V.Singh, A. Affiliation : International Institute of Herbal Medicines, 2/301, Vijay Khand, Gomati Nagar, Lucknow 226 010, UP, India Title : Adaptogens/antistress agents- A study focusing Indian plants Imprint : Antiseptic. v. 99(6): p. 198-201, 2002 Keywords : ADAPTOGENS, REVIEWS; REVIEWS, ADAPTOGENS; ANTISTRESS PLANTS, REVIEWS; REVIEWS, ANTISTRESS PLANTS Scientific Names : OCIMUM SANCTUM LAMIACEAE; WITHANIA SOMNIFERA SOLANACEAE; PICRORHIZA KURROA SCROPHULARIACEAE; DIOSPYROS PERIGRINA EBENACEAE; ALTINGIA EXCELSA HAMAMELIDACEAE; PANAX GINSENG ARALIACEAE; ELEUTHEROCOCCUS SENTICOSUS ARALIACEAE; Abstract : A brief review of research on Indian adaptogenic and antistress plants has been provided to throw an insight for scientists for the development of adaptogens/antistress agents by a scientific process. Some plants which acts as antistress and adaptogenic in animal tests are: [Ocimum sanctum, Withania somnifera, Picrorhiza kurroa, Diospyros perigrina, Altingia excelsa, Panax ginseng] and [Eleutherococcus senticosus]. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 14842 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-02-3852 Subject Group : 1400 Authors : Jayaprakasha, G.K.Rao, L.J.M.Sakariah, K.K.* Affiliation : Central Food Techological Research Institute, Mysore 570 013, Karnataka, India Title : Improved HPLC method for the determination of curcumin, demethoxycurcumin, and bisdemethoxycurcumin Imprint : Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. v. 50(13): p. 3668-3672, 2002 Keywords : CURCUMINOIDS; CURCUMIN; DEMETHOXYCURCUMIN; BISDEMETHOXYCURCUMIN; HPLC ANALYSIS, TURMERIC; TURMERIC Scientific Names : CURCUMA LONGA ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : Curcumin, demethoxycurcumin, and bisdemethoxycurcumin, were isolated by column chromatography and identified by spectroscopic studies. The purity of the curcuminoids was analyzed by an improved HPLC method. HPLC separation was performed on a C18 column using three solvents, methanol, 2 percent AcOH, and acetonitrile, with detection at 425 nm. Four different commercially available varieties of turmeric, namely, Salem, Erode, Balasore, and local market samples, were analyzed to detect the percentage of these three curcuminoids. The percentages of curcumin, demethoxycurcumin, and bisdemethoxycurcumin as estimated using their calibration curves were found to be 1.06+-0.061 to 5.65+-0.040, 0.83+-0.047 to 3.36+-0.040, and

0.42+-0.036 to 2.16+-0.06, respectively, in four different samples. The total percentages of curcuminoids were 2.34+-0.171 to 9.18+-0.232 percent MFN : 14890 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-02-3614 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Suba, V.Murugesan, T.Rao, R.B.Pal, M.Mandal, S.C.Saha, B.P.* Affiliation : Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Jadavpur University, Calcutta 700 032, WB, India Title : Neuropharmacological profile of Barleria lupulina Lindl. extract in animal models Imprint : Journal of Ethnopharmacology. v. 81(2): p. 251-255, 2002 Keywords : CNS ACTIVITY; MUSCLE RELAXANT ACTIVITY; PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : BARLERIA LUPULINA ACANTHACEAE; Abstract : CNS activity of the methanol extract (100, 200 and 300 mg/kg) of aerial parts of {Barleria lupulina] showed reduction in general behavioral pattern (spontaneous activity, alertness, awareness, pain response and touch response) in a dose dependent manner of several experimental models, in mice and rats. The extract was found to produce a significant reduction of the exploratory behavioral profile (Y-maze test, head dip test) and conditioned avoidance response with all the tested doses. The methanolic extract showed significant motor incoordination and muscle relaxant activity and also potentiated phenobarbitone sodium induced sleeping time MFN : 14940 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-02-3608 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Shukla, P.K.Khanna, V.K.Ali, M.M.Maurya, R.R.Handa, S.S.Srimal, R.C.* Affiliation : Industrial Toxicology Research Centre, PO Box 80, M.G. Marg, Lucknow 226 001, UP, India Title : Protective effect of Acorus calamus against acrylamide induced neurotoxicity Imprint : Phytotherapy Research. v. 16(3): p. 256-260, 2002 Keywords : NEUROTOXICITY; NEUROPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY Scientific Names : ACORUS CALAMUS ARACEAE; Abstract : Treatment with the ethano:water (1:1) extract of the rhizomes of [Acorus calamus] (AC-002) increased the glutathione content and glutathione-S-transferase activity in the corpus striatum while insignificant changes were observed in other parameters. Rats treated with acrylamide (ACR) and AC-002 in combination had a lower incidence of paralysis (18 percent) compared with those treated with ACR alone on day 10 of the experiment. The rats also showed a partial recovery in other behavioural parameters. The levels of GSH content and GST activity increased in the corpus striatum, while the dopamine receptors decreased compared with the ACR treated rats. The neurobehavioural changes produced by ACR has been suggested to prevented following treatment with [Acorus calamus] rhizomes

MFN : 14965 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-02-3819 Subject Group : 1200 Authors : Baruah, A.Nath, S.C.Hazarika, A.K.Baruah, A.K.S. Affiliation : RRL, CSIR, Jorhat 785 006, Assam, India Title : Chemomorphology of two Cinnamomum camphora Nees variants growing in north-east India Imprint : Fafai Journal. v. 4(2): p. 25-30, 2002 Keywords : CHEMOMORPHOLOGY; ESSENTIAL OILS, CINNAMOMUM SPP; CINEOLE Scientific Names : CINNAMOMUM CAMPHORA LAURACEAE; Abstract : Comparative morphology including foliar morphology and essential oil characters of two variants of [Cinnamomum camphora] with different odoriferous properties growing in Brahmaputra valley region of Assam, were studied. The two variants, except for a few quantitative character differences on minor venation, presence and absence of simgle hairs in the leaves of variants II and variant I, respectively were morphologically similar indicating their individual taxonomic status lower varietal category. Leaves of both the variants yield essential oil ranging from 1 percent and 1.7 percent, respectively. Camphor (78.7 percent) was detected as the major oil component in variant I, while 1,8-cineole (54.7 percent) was the major oil component in variant II indicating the status of individual variants as chemotypes. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 14966 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-02-3795 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Saxena, V.K.Basedia, G.M. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, Dr. HS Gour University, Sagar 470 003, MP, India Title : Carbohydrate contents of some insecticidal Compositae plants Imprint : Asian Journal of Chemistry. v. 14(1): p. 515-516, 2002 Keywords : INSECTICIDAL ACTIVITY; CARBOHYDRATES; ARABINOSE; FRUCTOSE; LACTOSE; RIBOSE; SUGARS Scientific Names : MATRICARIA CHAMOMILLA COMPOSITAE; ARTEMISIA VULGARIS COMPOSITAE; Abstract : Describes, chromatographic analysis of sugars from the leaves of [Artemisia vulgaris] and the stems of [Matricaria chamomilla]. The sugars, identified are, D-arabinose, D-fructose, Dglucose, D-lactose, D-ribose. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 14967 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-02-3896 Subject Group : 1700 Authors : Upadhyay, S.N.Sarma, D.N.K.Wall, N.Saraswathi, N.K.Dhawan, S. Affiliation : National Institute of Immunology, New Delhi, India

Title : Method for suppressing allogenic immune response or prevention/treatment of graft vs. host disease or graft rejection, US 6,245,781, 2001 Keywords : ALLERGENIC IMMUNE, PATENT; PATENT, ALLERGENIC IMMUNE; BERBERINE, PATENT; PATENT, BERBERINE; GRAFT REJECTION, BERBERINE, PATENT; PATENT, GRAFT REJECTION, BERBERINE; PHARMACEUTICAL COMPOSITIONS, PATENT; PATENT, PHARMACEUTICAL COMPOSITIONS Scientific Names : BERBERIS ARISTATA(PATENT) BERBERIDACEAE, PATENT; Abstract : Berberine or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof either alone or in combination with cyclosporin can be used to treat or prevent graft vs. host disease. They can also be used to treat or prevent septic shock syndrome. These are commercially available. Berberine may also be extracted and isolated from [Berberis aristata] MFN : 14968 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-0226 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Mali, P.C.Ansari, A.S.Chaturvedi, M. Affiliation : Reproductive Physiology Section, Department of Zoology, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur 302 004, Rajasthan, India Title : Antifertility effect of chronically administered Martynia annua root extract on male rats Imprint : Journal of Ethnopharmacology. v. 82(2-3): p. 61-67, 2002 Keywords : ANTIFERTILITY ACTIVITY; HORMONE LEVELS; HEMATOLOGY Scientific Names : MARTYNIA ANNUA MARTYNIACEAE; Abstract : The effects of 50 percent ethanol extract of [Martynia annua] root on reproduction was studied on male rats. The study was divided into four groups of five animals each. The first group (I) received vehicle alone to serve as control. The second, third and fourth groups of animals were administered the root extract daily at 50 mg/kg body weight, po, 100 mg/kg body weight, po, and 200 mg/kg body weight, po, respectively, for a period of 60 days. Significant decreases in the weights of testes, epididymides, seminal vesicle and ventral prostate were observed. A dose related reduction in the testicular sperm count, epididymal sperm count and motility, number of fertile males, ratio between delivered and inseminated females and number of pups were observed. The testis showed a clear correlation between the dose and severity of lesions of seminiferous epithelium, without altering general body metabolism MFN : 14974 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-0011 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Manjunatha, R.Farooqi, A.A.Vasundhara, M.Srinivasappa, K.N. Affiliation : Division of Horticulture, University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, Bangalore 560 065, Karnataka, India Title : Effect of biofertilizers on growth, yield and essential oil content in patchouli (Pogostemon cablin Pellet.) Imprint : Indian Perfumer. v. 46(2): p. 97-104, 2002

Keywords : BIOFERTILIZERS, PATCHOULI GROWTH; ESSENTIAL OILS, PATCHOULI; PATCHOULI OIL YIELD, BIOFERTILIZERS; PATCHOULI Scientific Names : POGOSTEMON CABLIN LAMIACEAE; Abstract : Effect of bio-fertilizers on growth, yield and essential oil content in Patchouli ([Pogostemon cablin]) was examined. The cultivar `Johore' was used for the experiment. The fifteen treatments included three levels each of nitrogen (N) and phosphate (P2O5) {520, 75 and 100 percent) of recommended dose} with Potash (K2O) at constant level of 50 kg/ha along with different biofetilizers (Azotobacter, Azospirillum, Phosphorus Solubilising Bacteria (PSB) and vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi(VAM) in combination with the treatments used along with 75 percent NP+100 K+Azotobacter+Azospirillum+VAM emerged as one of the best treatments and effects the saving of fertilizers to the extent of 25 percent. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 14975 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-0013 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Nandi, R.P. Affiliation : Directorate of Cinchona and Other Medicinal Plants, Govt. of West Bengal, Mungpoo, Darjeeling, WB, India Title : Introduction of commercial cultivation of Cymbopogon in the tropical Himalayas of West Bengal, India Imprint : Indian Perfumer. v. 46(2): p. 135-144, 2002 Keywords : COMMERCIAL CULTIVATION, CYMBOPOGON; CYMBOPOGON CULTIVATION, TROPICAL HIMALAYAS Scientific Names : CYMBOPOGON SPP GRAMINEAE; Abstract : Study has established requirements of agronomical inputs for success in cultivation of different varieties of [Cymbopogon] involving effects of spacing altitude harvesting times, NPK fertilization and application of micronutrients. It could be ascertained that different varities showed varying responses regarding essential oil yield, oil content and oil constitutents towards optimum treatments on the basis of which agronomic suitability of a particular region could be worked out. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 14976 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-0028 Subject Group : 0200 Authors : Negi, K.S.Suneja, P.*Pant, V.K.Sharma, A.K.Singh, R. Affiliation : NBPGR, Pusa Campus, New Delhi 110 012, India Title : Preliminary characterization, percentage of essential oil and chemical properties of aromatic plants from ex-situ herbal garden at Uttaranchal Imprint : Indian Perfumer. v. 46(2): p. 153-177, 2002 Keywords : ESSENTIAL OILS, AROMATIC PLANTS; UTTARANCHAL, HERBAL GARDEN; HERBAL GARDEN, UTTARANCHAL; AROMATIC PLANTS, UTTARANCHAL Scientific Names : LAMIACEAE; ASTERACEAE; ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : Paper contains in brief the preliminary characterization, determination of percentage of essential oil and some important chemical properties of 66 accessions of aromatic plants

maintained in the ex-situ herbal and Botanical Garden of NBPGR, Regional Station Bhowali since 1986. These aromatic plants comprise 48 species belonging to 33 genera of 16 families. The dominant families of aromatic plants are Lamiaceae (18 species). Asteraceae (06 species) and Zingiberaceae (03 species). NSL, New Delhi MFN : 14977 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-0016 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Ram, P.Birendra KumarYaseen, M.Patra, N.K.Negi, M.S. Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Field Station, Pantnagar P.O., Dairy Farm Nagla 263 149, Distt. Udham Singh Nagar, Uttaranchal, India Title : Economic viability of menthol mint (Mentha arvensis L.) based cropping systems in Uttar Pradesh: A survey report Imprint : Indian Perfumer. v. 46(2): p. 123-129, 2002 Keywords : ECONOMICS, MENTHA BASED CROPPING; MENTHA BASED CROPPING, ECONOMICS; RICE-PATATO-MENTHA, INTERCROPPING; INTERCROPPING, TULSI-POTATO-MENTHA; MENTHOL MINT Scientific Names : MENTHA ARVENSIS LABIATAE; Abstract : Survey conducted during 1999 and 2000 growing seasons to assess the production potential and economic viability of menthol mint based cropping systems indicated that tulsi-potato-mentha (yield 330 kg/ha) and rice-potato-mentha (yield 292 kg/ha) are highly remunerative menthol mint based crop sequences for Tarai and central U.P., respectively. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 14978 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-0021 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Vasundhara, M.Khan, M.M.Farooqui, A.A.Nuthan, D. Affiliation : Division of Horticulture, University of Agricultural Science, GKVK, Bangalore 560 065, Karnataka, India Title : Effect of drip fertigation on yield and cost economics in rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) Imprint : Indian Perfumer. v. 46(2): p. 179-190, 2002 Keywords : DRIP FERTIGATION, ROSEMARY YIELD; FERTIGATION, ROSEMARY YIELD; ROSEMARY OIL YIELD, FERTIGATION; IRRIGATION, ROSEMARY HERBAGE YIELD; ROMEMARY Scientific Names : ROSAMARINUS OFFICINALIS LAMIACEAE; Abstract : The cumulative herbage yield (36.31 t/ha), essential oil content (1.42 percent) and essential oil yield (407.82 l/ha) were significantly higher under fertigation with 80 percent water saluble fertilizers(WSF) along with micronutrients in all the three seasons. The cost economics of source, levels, fertigation was also worked out for gross return as well as the net return and it was maximum with 80 percent WSF+0.5 percent Zn+0.5 percent B+drip irrigation. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 14979

Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-0078 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Gangrade, S.K.Sharma, R.K.Pandya, S.C. Affiliation : AICRP on MAP, JNKVV, College of Agriculture, Indore, MP, India Title : Variability and correlation studies of different physico-chemical properties of essential oil of Vetiveria zizanioides Stapf.(Khus) Imprint : Indian Perfumer. v. 46(2): p. 93-96, 2002 Keywords : PHENOTYPIC CORRELATION, VETIVER OIL; PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES, VETIVER OIL; VARIABILITY, VETIVER OIL; KHUS PLANT; VETIVEROL Scientific Names : VETIVERIA ZIZANIOIDES GRAMINEAE; Abstract : The variability in the physical and chemical properties of vetiver [Vetiveria zizaniodes] oil extracted from root samples of sixteen different varieties was evaluated. Free vetiverol had highly negative relationship with refractive index and ester value but had highly positive relationship with ester value after acetylation and significant postive relation with optical rotation. The total vetiverol content had highly positive relationship with ester value after acetylation and free vetiverol content. Multiple regression equation between the physical and chemical properties affecting total dry root yield, oil yield and total vetiverol percent was worked out. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 15004 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-0129 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Zafar, R.Mujeeb, M.Ahmad, S. Affiliation : Plant Tissue Culture Laboratory, Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi 110 062, India Title : Studies on germination of Tephrosia purpurea (Linn.) Pers. seeds Imprint : Journal of Science and Pharmacy. v. 3(2): p. 58-61, 2002 Keywords : SEED GERMINATION, TEPPHROSIA SPP Scientific Names : TEPHROSIA PURPUREA LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : [Tephrosia purpurea] is difficult to propagate by usual methods. The mechanical treatment i.e. removal of seed coat at one end of the seed and its subsequent treatment with Ethrel (100 ppm) gave 100 percent germination within 6 days while the seeds without this treatment took 12-20 days to germinate and the rate of germination observed was 10 percent MFN : 15023 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-0043 Subject Group : 0300 Authors : Lal, R.K.Sharma, J.R.Khanuja, S.P.S.Singh, S.C.Misra, H.O.Singh, N.Sharma, S. Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow 226 015, UP, India

Title : Genetic diversity in Shankhapushpi (Convolvulus microphyllus) Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 24(3): p. 675-682, 2002 Keywords : GENETIC DIVERGENCE, CONVOLVULUS; GENETIC VARIABILITY, CONVOLVULUS; GEOGRAPHICAL ORIGIN, CONVOLVULUS; SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION, CONVOLVULUS; CONVOLVULUS, GENETIC DIVERSITY; SHANKHAPUSHPI, GENETIC DIVERGENCE Scientific Names : CONVOLVULUS MICROPHYLLUS CONVOLVULACEAE; Abstract : Genetic divergence among 52 genetic stocks of shankhapushpi ([Convolvulus microphyllus]) assembled from 16 states of India was quantified by multivariate analysis for eight most economic traits. Based on their values all the 52 accessions were grouped into eight clusters such that the genetic stocks within a cluster had smaller D2- values among themselves than those belonging to different clusters. Secondary branches/plant (0.726) followed by primary branches/plant, days to flower 50 percent (-0.005), leaf length (-0.037) and herb yield g/plot (-00.042) at the primary axis (Z1 vectors) and primary branches/plant (0.748) followed by spread area (0.377), main branch length (0.320) and herb yield g/plot (0.013) at the secondary axis (Z2 vectors) of differentiation were the important contributions to total divergence, respectively. Leaf width was the highest contributor (29.35 percent and ranked 1st) followed by herb yield g/plot (18.34 percent ranked 2nd), days to flower 50 percent (13.39 percent and ranked III) towards the total divergence. Genetic stocks were identified as divergent and promising for commercial exploitation MFN : 15071 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-0134 Subject Group : 0600 Authors : Shantha, T.R.Pashupathy, S.Shetty, J.K.P.Vijayalakshmi, B.Kandavel, P.Bikshapathy, T. Affiliation : Research Centre, Ashoka Pillar, Jayanagar, Bangalore, Karnataka, India Title : Pharmacognostical studies on OrilaitamaraiHybanthus enneaspermus (L) f. Muell- (Violaceae) Imprint : Ancient Science of Life. v. 21(1): p. 38-50, 2001 Keywords : MICROSCOPIC CHARACTERS, HYBANTHUS; HISTOCHEMISTRY, HYBANTHUS; ORILAITAMARAI, SIDDHA DRUG Scientific Names : HYBANTHUS ENNEASPERMUS VIOLACEAE; Abstract : Detailed pharmacognosy of the whole plant of Orilaitamarai ([Hybanthus enneaspermus] sold in the local market under the name Purusharatna, Ratanpurusha has been studied. Macro, microscopical, histochemical and diagnostic characters of the root, stem and leaf have been described. The physical constants, fluorescence characteristics and chromatographic studies of the whole plant are also presented MFN : 15072 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-0248 Subject Group : 0800

Authors : Sairam, K.Rao, C.V.Babu, M.D.Vijay Kumar, K.Agrawal, V.K.Goel, R.K. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221 005, UP, India Title : Antiulcerogenic effect of methanolic extract of Emblica officinalis: An experimental study Imprint : Journal of Ethnopharmacology. v. 82(1): p. 1-9, 2002 Keywords : ANTIULCEROGENIC ACTIVITY; RASAYANA; ULCER PROTECTION Scientific Names : EMBLICA OFFICINALIS EUPHORBIACEAE; Abstract : The ulcer protective potential of methanolic extract of [Emblica officinalis](EOE) was asessed in different acute gastric ulcer models in rats induced by aspirin, ethanol, cold restraint stress and pyloric ligation and healing effect in chronic gastric ulcers induced by acetic acid in rats. EOE, 10-50 mg/kg administred orally, twice daily for 5 days showed dose-dependent ulcer protective effects in all the above acute ulcer models and significant ulcer healing effect in dose of 20 mg/kg after 5 and 10 days treatment. Further study on gastric mucosal factors showed that it significantly decreased the offensive factors like acid and pepsin and increased the defensive factors like mucin secretion, cellular mucus and life span of mucosal cells. EOE showed significant antioxidant effect in stressed animals and did not have any effect on cell proliferation in terms of DNA microg/mg protein or glandular weight MFN : 15131 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-0679 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Rajasekaran, T.Ravishanakar, G.A.*Reddy, B.O. Affiliation : Plant Cell Biotechnology Department, Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore 570 013, Karnataka, India Title : Production of thiophenes from callus cultures of Tagetes patula L. and its mosquito larvicidal activity Imprint : Indian Journal of Experimental Biology. v. 41(1): p. 63-68, 2003 Keywords : TISSUE CULTURE, TAGETES; MOSQUITO LARVICIDAL ACTIVITY; THIPHENES, CALLUS DERIVED LARVICIDAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : TAGETES PATULA ASTERACEAE; Abstract : Calli were initiated from leaf tissues of [Tagetes patula] on Murashige and Skoog's medium supplemented with 2-4 dichlorophenoxacetic acid (2,4-D) and kinetin (Kn). The maximum accumulation of biomass was recorded on 6th week at 1.11 g dry wt/culture. Maximum thiophene content was recorded on 4th week at 0.008 percent on dry wt basis in callus cultures of subjected to nutrient stress. Nitrogen stress induced 3-fold increase in thiophene production level in six weeks (0.024 percent on dry weight basis). The best hormonal supplementation required for thiophenes production was found to be 2,4-D (2.0 mg/L) and kinetin (2.0 mg/L). The thiophenes produced in callus cultures showed larvicidal effect against mosquito larvae MFN : 15140

Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-0620 Subject Group : 0200 Authors : Joshi, G.C.Tewari, K.C.Pandey, N.K. Affiliation : Indian Institute of Ayurveda for Drug Research, Tarikhet (Ranikhet) 263 663, UP, India Title : Studies on distributional pattern of threatened herbal resources of high altitude Himalaya of Uttar Pradesh- their status and conservation strategy Imprint : Bulletin of Medico-Ethnobotanical Research. v. 20(1-4): p. 66-84, 1999 Keywords : HERBAL RESOURCES, HIMALAYA; HIMALAYA, THRETENED HERBAL RESOURCES; MEDICINAL PLANTS, HIMALAYA; CONSERVATION, MEDICINAL PLANTS; REINTRODUCTION, MEDICINAL PLANTS; ENDANGERED SPP, HIMALAYA Abstract : During the two decade survey (1980-1999) in all the virgin alpine areas of UP, Himalaya, 29 species of medicinal plants were found endangered. Their distribution is restricted and population is very low and presently being exploited from the wild on a commercial scale. Owing to the narrow ecological range of these species [in situ] conservation is the best option. Identification of preferred habitats, altutudinal range and the elite populations with respect to below ground biomass will pave the way for reintroduction of these species to obtain maximum returns and minimize the destruction of less productive populations. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 15201 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-0752 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Acharya, S.B.Yanpallewar, S.U.Singh, R.K. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221 005, UP, India Title : A preliminary study on the effect of Azadirachta indica on bronchial smooth muscles and mast cells Imprint : Journal of Natural Remedies. v. 3(1): p. 78-82, 2002 Keywords : ANTIHISTAMINIC ACTIVITY; BRONCHIAL ASTHMA; NEEM; ANAPHYLACTIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : AZADIRACHTA INDICA MELIACEAE; Abstract : [Azadirachta indica] leaf juice (200 mg/kg p.o.) was administered to animals and its protective effect on histamine aerosol induced bronchospasm in guinea pigs, comp 48/80 induced mast cell degranulation and active anaphylaxis in rats was determined. A significant protection against histamine induced bronchospasm in guinea pigs was observed. There was 63 percent delay in onset of dyspnoea in [A.indica] treated animals against that of 16 percent in control animals. [A.indica] neither could prevent mast cell degranulation nor could protect against active anaphylaxis MFN : 15211 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-0682 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Sarangthem, K.Singh, Th.N.

Affiliation : Plant Physiology Laboratory, Department of Life Sciences, Manipur University, Imphal 795 003, Manipur, India Title : Phytosterols: New dimension in the hormonal steroidal drugs Imprint : Journal of Phytological Research. v. 14(2): p. 157160, 2001 Keywords : ANDROSTADIENEDIONE; BAMBOO; BIOTRANSFORMATION, PHYTOSTEROLS; PHYTOSTEROLS, BIOTRANSFORMATION Scientific Names : BAMBUSA BALCOOA GRAMINEAE; DENDROCALAMUS STRICTUS GRAMINEAE; Abstract : Stigmasterol, beta-sitosterol and campesterol were isolated for the first time from fermented succulent bamboo shoot slices of [Bambusa balcooa] and [Dendrocalamus strictus] and subjected to microbial bioconversion which yielded a considerable amount of androstadienedione (ADD) in the incubation mixture in presence of metabolic inhibitor (a - a'-dipyridyl) MFN : 15231 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-0686 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Sudhir, D.Mukundan, U.* Affiliation : Plant Biotechnology Laboratory, Department of Biological Sciences, Ramniranjan Jhunjhunwala College, Ghatkopar (W), Mumbai 400 086, India Title : Biotransformation of food antioxidants by Armoracia rusticana hairy root cultures Imprint : Plant Cell Biotechnology and Molecular Biology. v. 2(34): p. 113-118, 2001 Keywords : BIOTRANSFORMATION, ANTIOXIDANTS; STILBENEQUINONE; ANTIOXIDANTS, BIOTRANSFORMATION; ARMORACIA HAIRY ROOTS, ANTIOXIDANTS Scientific Names : ARMORACIA RUSTICANA CRUCIFERAE; Abstract : [Armoracia rusticana] hairy root biotransformation is commonly used for food antioxidants like butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) and butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) to stilbenequinone. This biotransformation is mediated through peroxidases. Hairy root cultures of [Armoracia rusticana] are capable of biotransformation of BHT and BHA. Stilbenequinone formation is dependent on the age of the root culture and a major portion of it is secreted into surrounding medium MFN : 15232 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-0655 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Das, G.Rashmi, M.N.Rout, G.R.* Affiliation : Plant Biotechnology Division, Regional Plant Resource Centre, Bhubaneswar 751 015, Orissa, India Title : In vitro clonal propagation of Plumbago rosea L.: A potential medicinal plant Imprint : Plant Cell Biotechnology and Molecular Biology. v. 2(34): p. 105-112, 2001 Keywords : CLONAL PROPAGATION, PLUMBAGO; MULTIPLE SHOOT INDUCTION, PLUMBAGO; NODAL CULTURE, PLUMBAGO Scientific Names : PLUMBAGO ROSEA PLUMBAGINACEAE;

Abstract : Multiple shoots were induced from nodal explants of [Plumbago rosea] on MS medium supplemented with 1.5 mg/l 6benzylaminopurine, 50 mg/l adenine sulfate and 3 percent (w/v) sucrose. Supplement of IAA or IBA (0.1 mg/l) in the culture medium enhanced the frequency of multiple shoot production. The rate of shoot multiplication (ranged from 13.2 to 15.8 during 6th to 9th subculture period. Induction of rooting was readily achieved upon transferring the excised shoots onto half-strength MS medium supplemented with 0.1-0.25 mg/l IBA and 2 percent (w/v) sucrose MFN : 15241 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-0711 Subject Group : 0600 Authors : Srivastava, S.K.Rawat, A.K.S.Mehrotra, S. Affiliation : Pharmacognosy Ethnopharmacology Division, NBRI, Lucknow, UP, India Title : Authentication of Amraharidra from different hebal drug markets of India Imprint : 2nd World Congress on "Biotechnological Developments of Herbal Medicine" NBRI, Lucknow, UP, India. p. 115, February 20-22, 2003 Keywords : AUTHENTICATION, HERBAL DRUGS; ADULTERANTS, HERBAL DRUGS Scientific Names : CURCUMA AMADA ZINGIBERACEAE; CURCUMA ZEDOARIA ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : The rhizomes of [Curcuma amada] are considered as genuine `Amraharidra'. The name denotes the presence of mango like aroma, which gives a cooling, aromatic, astringent, and reported to promote the digestion. It was found that in most of the markets, another species of [Curcuma], i.e. [C.zedoaria] is sold by the same vernacular name MFN : 15242 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-1122 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Niranjan, A.Prakash, D.Tewari, S.K. Affiliation : Nutraceutical Chemistry, NBRI, Lucknow, UP, India Title : Chemical evaluation of Centella asiatica Imprint : 2nd World Congress on "Biotechnological Developments of Herbal Medicine" NBRI, Lucknow, UP, India. p. 116, February 20-22, 2003 Keywords : ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY; BRAHMAMANDULI; BRAHMI; MANDUKPARNI; BRAHMIC ACID; THANKUNIC ACID; ISOTHANKUNISIDE; THANKUNIDIDE; ASIATIC ACID; ASIATICOSIDE; MADECASSIC ACID; MEDGASCARIC ACID Scientific Names : CENTELLA ASIATICA UMBELLIFERAE; HYDROCOTYLE ASIATICA UMBELLIFERAE; Abstract : [Centella asiatica] syn: [Hydrocotyle asiatica] (Umbelliferae), commonly known as `Brahmamanduli', `Brahmi' or Mandukarni, is a perennial, prostrate and fainty aromatic herb. The main chemical constituents reported from the herbs are brahmic acid, thankunic acid, isothankuniside, thankunidide, polyacetylenes, asiatic acid, asiaticoside, madecassic acid, medgascaric acid and saponin glycosides. The plant was cultivated for agronomical standardization trials on sodic

soil (pH 8.5-10) to study the effect of marginal land on the quality of the drug. The crop was harvested at different stages of maturity and studied for chemical constituents. Its foliage were also analyzed for protein (8.2-12.6 percent), carotenoids, vitamin C (11.2-22.8 mg/100 g), tannin (0.15-0.29 percent), phenols (0.19-0.28 percent), chlorophyll(0.51-0.79 mg/gm) ash (6.1-6.4 percent), sugars (7.9-11.1 percent), nitrate (0.27-0.40 percent) and oxalate (0.3-1.3 percent). The antioxidant activity was measured as lipid per-oxidation by auto oxidation of beta-carotene and linoleic acid, which varied from (57-71 percent) MFN : 15243 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-0892 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Pande, A.Prakash, D.Tewari, S.K. Affiliation : Nutraceutical Chemistry, NBRI, Lucknow, UP, India Title : Medicinal plants: Polyphenols and their antioxidant activity Imprint : 2nd World Congress on "Biotechnological Developments of Herbal Medicine" NBRI, Lucknow, UP, India. p. 117, February 20-22, 2003 Keywords : ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY; POLYPHENOLS Abstract : Diets rich in vegetable and fruits have been on top of choice for healthy living. Polyphenols are one of their main constituents. The capacity of polyphenols to act as antioxidant dependes upon their molecular structure and position of hydroxyl group. The phenolic content varied from 0.20 to 1.235 in different parts of the plants studied and antioxidant activity measured as percentage inhibition of coupled auto-oxidation of beta-carotene and linoeic acid was in the range of 40 to 85 percent MFN : 15249 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-1264 Subject Group : 1500 Authors : Patwardhan, B. Affiliation : Professor and Director, Interdiscipilinary School of Health Sciences, University of Pune, Pune 411 007, Maharashtra, India Title : Ayugenomics: Integration for customized medicine Imprint : National Convention on Current Trends in Herbal Drugs Annual Conference of Indian Society of Pharmacognosy: Herb: The Natural Alternative, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India. p. 21, January 17-18, 2003 Keywords : AYUGENOMICS Abstract : Science of Ayurveda has a potential to become leader in future developments of modern medicine and drug discovery. The systems theory approach based on Ayurvedic knowledge will give two major advantages: first, a systematization of very complex process of Ayurvedic therapeutics for uniform global clinical applications; and an organized database of Extract Activity Libraries that will increase chances of better and functional leads. Integrated model of AyuGenomics will function as a facilitator for customizing medical practice and will boost

the current industrialization of drug research by acting as a powerful discovery engine for new drug development MFN : 15250 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-0696 Subject Group : 0600 Authors : Chauhan, M.G. Affiliation : Head of the Pharmacognoy Department and Dean of Institute of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plant Sciences, Gujarat Ayurved University Jamnagar, Gujarat, India Title : Novel look into Ayurvedic herbals from gender backgrounds Imprint : National Convention on Current Trends in Herbal Drugs Annual Conference of Indian Society of Pharmacognosy: Herb: The Natural Alternative, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India. p. 24-25, January 1718, 2003 Keywords : HERBAL DRUGS Abstract : Ayurvedic literature describes the various characteristic features of the herbal drugs that can help to detect correct identity to a certain extent. The description of these characters are in the form of slokas and include the habit, habitates, their morphological characters, therapeutic properties etc. The impact of botanical features especially the gender of the plant in the selection of enriched, therapeutically beneficial drugs have been discussed MFN : 15259 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-0963 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Yadav, S.Vats, V.Grover, J.K. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110 029, India Title : Murraya koenigii(MK) and Brassica juncea(BJ) in experimental insulin resistance and diabetes Imprint : National Convention on Current Trends in Herbal Drugs Annual Conference of Indian Society of Pharmacognosy: Herb: The Natural Alternative, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India. p. A-09, January 17-18, 2003 Scientific Names : MURRAYA KOENIGII RUTACEAE; BRASSICA JUNCEA CRUCIFERAE; Abstract : [Murraya koenigii] and [Brassica juncea] caused a mild but dose-dependent reduction in glucose levels in alloxanized rats MFN : 15262 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-0883 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Mukherjee, A.Parmar, N.S.*Saraf, S. Affiliation : K.B.I.P.E.R., Sector 23, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India Title : Phytopharmacological studies of Indrayan (Citrullus colocynthis) for its hepatoprotective activity against carbontetrachloride induced hepato toxicity in albino rats

Imprint : National Convention on Current Trends in Herbal Drugs Annual Conference of Indian Society of Pharmacognosy: Herb: The Natural Alternative, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India. p. A-12, January 17-18, 2003 Keywords : ANTIHEPATOTOXIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : CITRULLUS COLOCYNTHIS CUCURBITACEAE; Abstract : Alcoholic and aqueous extracts of root of [Citrullus colocynthis] exhibited significant hepatoprotective activity in carbontetrachloride challenged albino rats MFN : 15264 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-0966 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Yavagal, H.V.Savadi, R.V.Jaiprakash, B.Karadi, R.V.Kuppast, I.J. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, K.L.E.S's College of Pharmacy, Vidyanagar, Hubi, Karnataka, India Title : Hepatoprotective activity of Ervatamia coronaria root extract on carbontetrachloride induced hepatotoxicity in rats Imprint : National Convention on Current Trends in Herbal Drugs Annual Conference of Indian Society of Pharmacognosy: Herb: The Natural Alternative, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India. p. A-14, January 17-18, 2003 Keywords : ANTIHEPATOTOXIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : ERVATAMIA CORONARIA APOCYNACEAE; Abstract : The ethanolic extract of roots of [Ervatamia coronaria] significantly reduced the carbontetrachloride induced elevated serum enzyme levels in rats. The results justify the use of the roots of [E.coronaria] for hepatoprotective activity in traditional system of medicine MFN : 15289 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-0983 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Daharwal, S.J.Ahirwar, B.Dwivedi, J.Bhusari, K.P. Affiliation : S.L.T.Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Guru Ghasidas University, Bilaspur, Chhatisgarh, India Title : Antibacterial ointment of guggul and aqueous extract of neem and turmeric Imprint : National Convention on Current Trends in Herbal Drugs Annual Conference of Indian Society of Pharmacognosy: Herb: The Natural Alternative, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India. p. C-03, January 17-18, 2003 Keywords : COCONUT OIL; NEEM; GUGGUL; ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY; TURMERIC Abstract : The ointments prepared from guggul, water extracts of neem leaf and turmeric rhizomes with coconut oil exhibited significant antibacterial activity. It may be used as topical antibacterial ointment MFN : 15298

Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-0628 Subject Group : 0300 Authors : Bhargava, A.Shukla, S.Ohri, D. Affiliation : Division of Genetics and Plant Breeding, NBRI, Lucknow, UP, India Title : Genetic diversity in Chenopodium sps Imprint : 2nd World Congress on "Biotechnological Developments of Herbal Medicine" NBRI, Lucknow, UP, India. p. 128, February 20-22, 2003 Keywords : CAROTENOIDS; GENETIC DIVERSITY, CHENOPODIUM SPP Scientific Names : CHENOPODIUM ALBUM CHENOPODIACEAE; Abstract : The genus [Chenopodium] (Family: Chenopodiaceae) has worldwide distribution and comprises about 250 species. [Chenopodium album] is consumed mainly as a foliage crop due to rich content of carotenoids (78-190 mg/kg). The level of divergence in 44 strains of different species in [Chenopodium] was studied. The genotypes were grouped in eight clusters that were confirmed by the canonical analysis. The intra cluster distance was maximum in cluster VI (63.64), followed by cluster (57.14) and cluster IV (51.65). The inter cluster distance was maximum between cluster III and VIII (176.28) followed by V and VI(167.36) and II and VIII (163.87) and diversed much to each other due to different genetic constitution. The isolation of high saponin content line may be used in hybridization programme to enhance saponin content along with seed yield MFN : 15301 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-0910 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Rao, G.M.M.Vijayakumar, M.Srevidya, N.Rao, C.V.Mehrotra, S.Shirwaikar, A.* Affiliation : Pharmacognosy and Ethnopharmacology Division, National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow, UP, India Title : Chemical and pharmacological investigation of the fruits of Coccinia indica Imprint : 2nd World Congress on "Biotechnological Developments of Herbal Medicine" NBRI, Lucknow, UP, India. p. 131, February 20-22, 2003 Keywords : ANTIINFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY; ANALGESIC ACTIVITY; HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY Scientific Names : COCCINIA INDICA CUCURBITACEAE; Abstract : From the 50 percent ethanolic extract the combined elutes of toluene: chloroform gave taraxerone, which was confirmed by spectral data. The extract has shown significant hepatoprotective activity by lowering the serum enzymes like SGOT, SGPT and ALP in wistar rats intoxicated with carbontetrachloride. The extract has also shows good analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities when compared with standard drugs like analgin and diclofenac sodium respectively MFN : 15430 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-1027 Subject Group : 1000 Authors : Singh, A.Bhutani, K.K.

Affiliation : Department of Natural Products, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER), Punjab, India Title : A simple toxicity study of Withania somnifera and Trichopus zeylanicus using brine shrimp (Artemia salina) assay Imprint : 2nd World Congress on "Biotechnological Developments of Herbal Medicine" NBRI, Lucknow, UP, India. p. 24, February 20-22, 2003 Keywords : ANTILARVAECIDAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : WITHANIA SOMNIFERA SOLANACEAE; TRICHOPUS ZEYLANICUS TRICHOPODACEAE; Abstract : The toxicity of plant extracts of [Withania somnifera] (WS) and [Trichopus zeylanicus] (TZ) to the brine shrimp was determined after 48 and 72 hrs. No toxicity was observed for WS extract at the given dose (2000 microg/ml) upto 72 hrs. However, TZ extract showed toxicity in 48 hrs (48 percent dead) at concentration of 2000 microg/ml and maximum toxicity was found within 72 hrs (59 percent dead at 2000 microg/ml) MFN : 15469 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-0740 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Paranjape, A.N.Mehta, A.A. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacology, L.M.College of Pharmacy, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India Title : A pilot study on the clinical efficacy of Lepidium sativum seeds in bronchial asthma Imprint : National Convention on Current Trends in Herbal Drugs Annual Conference of Indian Society of Pharmacognosy: Herb: The Natural Alternative, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India. p. P-19, January 17-18, 2003 Keywords : ANTIASTHMATIC ACTIVITY; BRONCHIAL ASTHMA, AYURVEDIC DRUGS Scientific Names : LEPIDIUM SATIVUM BRASSICACEAE; Abstract : Ten patients of either sex in age range of 20-70 years with mild to moderate bronchial asthma were solely administered powdered seeds in the dose of 1 gm three times a day with no concurrent medication. The respiratory functions (FVC, FEV0.5, FEV1, PEFR, FEF25-75 percent, MVV) were assessed by using a spirometer prior to and 4 weeks after treatment. Efficacy of the drug in improving clinical symptoms and severity of asthmatic attacks was also evaluated by interviewing the patients and by physical examination at the end of the treatment. Four weeks treatment with the drug showed significant improvement in various parameters of the patient as assessed by physical examination and decrease in severity of asthmatic attacks MFN : 15470 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-0756 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Agarwal, B.B.Paranajape, A.N.Mehta, A.A. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacology, L.M.College of Pharmacy, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

Title : A study on mast cell stabilizing activity of Achyranthes aspera and Lepidium sativum Imprint : National Convention on Current Trends in Herbal Drugs Annual Conference of Indian Society of Pharmacognosy: Herb: The Natural Alternative, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India. p. P-20, January 17-18, 2003 Keywords : ANTIASTHMATIC ACTIVITY; MAST CELL STABILIZING ACTIVITY Scientific Names : ACHYRANTHES ASPERA AMARANTHACEAE; LEPIDIUM SATIVUM BRASSICACEAE; Abstract : Aqueous extract of [Achyranthes aspera] and ethanolic extract of [Lepidium sativum] were studied for their [in vitro] degranulation of peritoneal mast cells of albino rats induced by a nonimmunological and an immunological stimulus using compound 48/80 and egg albumin respectively. Both the extracts significantly produced dose dependent inhibition of mast cell degranulation. The results sugget that both the extracts possess significant mast cell stabilizing activity MFN : 15471 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-1059 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Christian, G.L.D'Cruz, L.S.J.Saxena, O.P.Braganza, V.J.S.J. Affiliation : Grace Braganza Research Laboratory, Xavier Research Foundation, St. Xavier's College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India Title : Phytochemical screening of some ethnomedicinal plants of endangered status Imprint : National Convention on Current Trends in Herbal Drugs Annual Conference of Indian Society of Pharmacognosy: Herb: The Natural Alternative, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India. p. P-21, January 17-18, 2003 Keywords : ALKALOIDS; FLAVONOIDS; IRIDOIDS; PHENOLIC COMPOUNDS; TANNINS; SAPONINS; PROANTHOCYANIDINS; ETHNOMEDICINE, VASAVA TRIBES, GUJARAT; VASAVA TRIBES, ETHNOMEDICINE; GUJARAT, ETHNOMEDICINE Abstract : The study of the ethnomedicinal wisdom of the Vasava tribals (who inhabit the Dediapada forest of South Gujarat) has led to the documentation of over 250 plant species of ethnomedicinal significance. Saponins, tannins, alkaloids, phenolics, flavonoids, iridoids and proanthocyanidins in these plants have been identified and their presence has been corelated with their medicinal uses MFN : 15472 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-0715 Subject Group : 0600 Authors : Wijesiriwardena, C. Affiliation : Institute of Medicinal Plant Sciences, Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar 361 008, Gujarat, India Title : Evaluation of traditionally used fracture healing plant Acronychia pedunculata(Linn.), family Rutaceae Imprint : National Convention on Current Trends in Herbal Drugs Annual Conference of Indian Society of Pharmacognosy: Herb: The

Natural Alternative, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India. p. P-22, January 17-18, 2003 Keywords : ANKENDA, SINNHALESE; FRACTURE HEALING ACTIVITY; PHARMACOGNOSY, ACRONYCHIA PEDUNCULATA Scientific Names : ACRONYCHIA PEDUNCULATA RUTACEAE; Abstract : [Acronychia pedunculata] is a tree growing wildly throughout tropical parts of Sri Lanka where it is commonly named in Sinhaly as "Ankenda". The aerial parts of this tree such as leaves, young branches and bark are used the form of paste to manage the fracture conditions and is found to give good results. As yet it has not been investigated and hence its morphological, microscopical and phytochemical studies of leaves, young stem, bark was undertaken. Parameters dealing with the standardization of these parts have been discussed MFN : 15473 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-0893 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Pande, M.S.Purwal, L.Sharma, M.Jain, D.K. Affiliation : College of Pharmacy, IPS Academy, Rajendra Nagar, Indore, MP, India Title : Development and evaluation of herbal formulations for hair growth Imprint : National Convention on Current Trends in Herbal Drugs Annual Conference of Indian Society of Pharmacognosy: Herb: The Natural Alternative, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India. p. D-13, January 17-18, 2003 Keywords : HAIR GROWTH STIMMULATION ACTIVITY; HERBAL OILS, HAIR; HAIR GROWTH, HERBAL OILS Scientific Names : MURRAYA KOENIIGI RUTACEAE; BACOPA MONNIERI SCROPHULARIACEAE; EMBELICA OFFICINALIS EUPHORBIACEAE; TRIGONELLA FOENUMGRAECUM PAPILIONACEAE; Abstract : Mixture of crude drug [Murraya koeniigi], leaf (Rutacae), [Bacopa monnieri], leaf (Scrophulariaceae), [Embelica officinalis], fruits (Euphorbiaceae) and [Trigonella foenum-graecum], seed (Papilionaceae) were prepared in varying concentration in the form of herbal hair oil by three different tailas preparation techniques and were tested for hair growth activity. The formulation containing 7.5 percent of each drug used for the study showed excellent hair growth activity MFN : 15476 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-1108 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Mahalwal, V.S.Ali, M.* Affiliation : Faculty of Pharmacy, Jamia Hamdard, (Hamdard University), P.O.Hamdard Nagar, New Delhi 110 062, India Title : Volatile constituents of the rhizomes of Nardostachys jatamansi DC. Imprint : Journal of Essential Oil-Bearing Plants. v. 5(2): p. 83-89, 2002

Keywords : ESSENTIAL OILS, NARDOSTACHYS SPP; MONOTERPENES; SESQUITERPENES; NARDOL; SELINENE; CARYOPHYLLENE; CUBEBOL; GURJUNENE; HUMULENE Scientific Names : NARDOSTACHYS JATAMANSI VALERIANACEAE; Abstract : A steam distilled volatile oil (yield 1.9 percent) obtained from the rhizomes of [Nardostachys jatamansi] grown in Indian Himalayas, was analyzed by capillary GC and GC/MS. The rhizome volatiles contained 72 components of which 41 constituents comprising 70.0 percent of the oil were identified. The oil is composed of nine monoterpenes (1.7 percent), 25-sesquiterpenes (43.9 percent) and 7 non-terpenic components (24.4 percent). The predominant sesquiterpenes were nardol (10.1 percent), alpha-selinene (9.2 percent), beta-caryophyllene (3.3 percent), cubebol (2.9 percent), alpha-gurjunene (2.5 percent), gamma-gurjunene (2.3 percent) and alpha-humulene (2.3 percent) MFN : 15483 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-1316 Subject Group : 0400 Authors : Byadgi, A.S. Affiliation : Department of Plant Pathology, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad 580 005, Karnataka, India Title : Diseases of medicinal plants III - Anethum, Artemisia, Bergania, Boswellia, Calotropis, Crotolaria, ginseng, marjoram, Moringa, parsley, Phytolacca, pyrethrum, Tephrosia, Terminalia and valerian Imprint : Recent Progress in Medicinal Plants: Diseases and their Management, P.Sinha et.al.(ed.), SCI Tech Publishing LLC, Houston, Texas, USA. v. 6: p. 73-82, 2002 Keywords : DISEASES, MEDICINAL PLANTS; MANAGEMENT, MEDICINAL PLANTS DISEASES; GINSENG; MAJORAM; VALERIAN; PARSLEY; PYRETHRUM Abstract : Present article discusses about the diseases of medicinal plants like Anethum, Asparagus, Artemisia, Bergania, Boswellia, Calotropis, Crotolaria, ginseng, marjoram, Moringa, parsley, Phytolacca, pyrethrum, Tephrosia, Terminalia and valerian provides information on their symptoms and management MFN : 15490 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-1337 Subject Group : 0400 Authors : Raychaudhuri, S.P. Affiliation : A-16, Alakananda, Shivalik Apartments, Kalkaji, New Delhi 110 019, India Title : Integrated disease management: Medicinal plants Imprint : Recent Progress in Medicinal Plants: Diseases and their Management, P.Sinha et.al.(ed.), SCI Tech Publishing LLC, Houston, Texas, USA. v. 6: p. 151-157, 2002 Keywords : MEDICINAL PLANTS, CONSERVATION; DISEASE MANAGEMENT, MEDICINAL PLANTS; INTERGRATED DISEASES MANAGEMENT, MEDICINAL PLANTS Abstract : An attempt to overview conservation and protection of medicinal plants presents a formidable challenge. Investigations to detect and evaluate the pathogens causing heavy losses are still incomplete and need a high priority. Some of the medicinal plants are

becoming extinct and suitable measures must be implemented so that this great wealth is not lost. Biotechnological and biological detection and management of these appear feasible now. Details of some of these diseases of important medicinal plants and their management are discussed MFN : 15587 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-1590 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Shirwaikar, A.Shenoy, R.Udupa, A.L.Udupa, S.L.Shetty, S. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacognosy, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal 576 119, Karnataka, India Title : Wound healing property of ethanolic extract of leaves of Hyptis suaveolens with supportive role of antioxidant enzymes Imprint : Indian Journal of Experimental Biology. v. 41(3): p. 238-241, 2003 Keywords : ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY; FREE RADICAL SCAVENGING ACTIVITY; WOUND HEALING ACTIVITY Scientific Names : HYPTIS SUAVEOLENS LABIATAE; Abstract : Ethanolic extract of leaves of [Hyptis suaveolens] was evaluated for its wound healing activity in ether-anaesthetized Wistar rats at two different doses (400 and 800 mg/kg) using incision, excision, and dead space wound model. Significant increase in skin braking strength, granuloma breaking strength, wound contraction, hydroxyproline content and dry granuloma weight and decrease in epithelization period was observed. A supportive study made on granuloma tissue to estimate the levels of catalase and superoxide dismutase recorded a significant increase in the level of these antioxidant enzymes. Granuloma tissue was subjected to histopathological examination to determine the pattern of lay-down for collagen using Van Gieson and Masson Trichrome stains. Enhanced wound healing activity may be due to free radical scavenging action of the plant and enhanced level of antioxidant enzymes in granuloma tissue. Better collagenation may be because of improved antioxidant studies MFN : 15642 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-1431 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Alam, N.Jaya, N.Saraswathy, N.N.Venugopal, T.N.Tewari, N.S. Affiliation : Central Research Council for Ayurveda, Bhubaneswar, 751 009, Orissa, India Title : Hypoglycaemic action of some Ayurvedic medicines Imprint : Aryavaidyan. v. 16(1): p. 45-50, 2002 Keywords : ANTIDIABETIC ACTIVITY; AYUSH-82; CHANDRAPRABHAVATI; METHI KI CHOORNA; VIJAYASARAKVATHA; AYURVEDIC MEDICINES; TRIVANGABHASMA Abstract : The ayurvedic medicines methi ka choorna, Ayush-82 and chandraprabhavati in combination with Trivangabhasma and vijayasarakvatha were screened for hypoglycemic activity and their action on their biochemical parameters. NSL, New Delhi

MFN : 15652 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-1471 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Das, S.Prakash, R.Devaraj, S.* Affiliation : Department of Biochemistry Molecular Biology, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai 600 025, India Title : Antidiarrhoeal effects of methanolic root extract of Hemidesmus indicus (Indian sarsaparilla)-An in vitro and in vivo study Imprint : Indian Journal of Experimental Biology. v. 41(4): p. 363-366, 2003 Keywords : TANNINS; STEROIDS; TRITERPENOIDS; CARBOHYDRATES; ANANTAMUL; ANTIENTEROBACTERIAL ACTIVITY; ANTIDIARRHOEAL ACTIVITY; BACTERIOCIDAL ACTIVITY; INDIAN SARSAPARILLA Scientific Names : HEMIDESMUS INDICUS ASCLEPIADACEAE; Abstract : Methanolic extract of [Hemidesmus indicus] root (MHI) was screened for its antimicrobial activity against [S.typhimurium, E.coli] and [S.flexneri], [in vitro] and in experimentally induced diarrhoea in albino rats, [in vivo]. MHI had an antienterobacterial effect as evident from agar well diffusion method and decrease in CFU/ml in MHI treated LB broth culture. MHI inhibited the castor oil induced diarrhoea in rats as judged by a decrease in the amount of wet faeces in MHI-pretreatment rats at a dose of 500-1500 mg/kg. The results indicated that MHI was more active than standard antidiarrhoeal drugs, lomotil. Phytochemical tests revealed the main constituents as tannins, steroids, triterpenoids, and carbohydrates. Present findings suggested that NHI might elicit an antidiarrhoeal effect by inhibition of intestinal motility and by its bacteriocidal activity MFN : 15653 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-1526 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Majumdar, B.Ray Chaudhuri, S.G.Ray, A.Bandyopadhyay, S.K.* Affiliation : Department of Biochemistry, University College of Medicine, University of Calcutta, 244B, Acharya J.C. Bose Road, Kolkata 700 020, WB, India Title : Effect of ethanol extract of Piper betle Linn leaf on healing of NSAID-induced experimental ulcer- A novel role of free radical scavenging action Imprint : Indian Journal of Experimental Biology. v. 41(4): p. 311-315, 2003 Keywords : ANTIULCER ACTIVITY; MUCOSAL PROTECTION, PIPER; FREE RADICAL SCAVENGING ACTIVITY; PEPTIC ULCER HEALING ACTIVITY; PEPTIC ULCER Scientific Names : PIPER BETLE PIPERACEAE; Abstract : Treatment with ethanol extract of leaf of [Piper betle] at a dose of 150 mg/kg body weight daily for 10 days, after induction of peptic ulcer by NSAID in albino rats, produced significant healing effect. During healing process, on treatment with the extractive, antioxidative factor, e.g. superoxide dismutase and catalase activity, mucus and total gastric tissue sulfhydryl group were increased. In contrast, oxidised lipid and oxidatively modified proteins were reduced to near normalcy, within 7 to 10 days, however, change in the untreated group was not significant. The extract also showed significant [in vitro]

free radical scavenging action. The results suggest that the antioxidant or free radical scavenging activity of the plant extract, may be responsible for its healing action MFN : 15669 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-1309 Subject Group : 0300 Authors : Girhe, S.Choudhary, A.D. Affiliation : Department of Botany, Nagpur University, Nagpur 440 010, Maharashtra, India Title : Induced morphological mutants in Lathyrus sativus Imprint : Journal of Cytology and Genetics. v. 3(1): p. 1-6, 2002 Keywords : MORPHOLOGICAL MUTANTS, LATHYRUS SPP; BREEDING, LATHYRUS SPP Scientific Names : LATHYRUS SATIVUS LYTHRACEAE; Abstract : Seeds of variety Pusa-24 of the pulse [Lathyrus sativus] were treated with various doses/concentrations of physical (gamma-rays) and chemical (SA and EMS) mutagens. Various morphological mutations were recorded in the M2 and M3 generations. These morphological mutations were characterised on the basis of the part of the plant body affected. Based on this, 21 different morphological mutants were isolated. Among them, the important mutants from the point of view of the breeding are, high yielding and early flowering, where as the pink, peach and white flower colour mutants an important from the ornamental point of view. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 15716 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-2218 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Patil, M.B.Jalalpure, S.S.*Pramod, H.J.Manvi, F.V. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, K.L.E.S's College of Pharmacy, J.N.M.C. Campus, Belgaum 590 010, Karnataka, India Title : Antiinflammatory activity of the leaves of Anacardium occidentale Linn Imprint : Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. v. 65(1): p. 70-72, 2003 Keywords : ANTIINFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY Scientific Names : ANACARDIUM OCCIDENTALE ANACARDICEAE; Abstract : Ethanolic crude extract of [Anacardium occidentale] leaves and its five different crude fractions, petroleum ether, solvent ether, ethyl acetate, butanol and butanone were subjected to preliminary qualitative chemical investigations. The ethanolic extract and all other fractions were screened for antiinflammatory activity in albino rats (300 mg/kg). Ethanolic extract and butanone fraction exhibited significant antiinflammatory activity when compared with control and standard drug diclofenac sodium (100 mg/kg) MFN Yr, Iss, : 15820 Abst No. : 20-03-2031

Subject Group : 0600 Authors : Chand, R.Raina, R.Sharma, Y.P. Affiliation : Department of Forest Products, Y.S.Parmar University of Horticulture Forestry, Nauni Solan 173 230, HP, India Title : Need for quality standardisation in herbal drugs of traditional importance Imprint : Proceedings of First National Interactive Meet on Medicinal Aromatic Plants (eds A K Mathur et al), CIMAP, Lucknow, UP, India. p. 215-218, 2003 Keywords : HERBAL DRUGS, QUALITY STANDARDIZATION; QUALITY STANDARDIZATION, HERBAL DRUGS Abstract : Strict quality parameters need to be devised and enforced in herbal preparations for enhancing their efficacy and acceptability. Specific points to be taken care of are: 1) source and correct identification of plant material, 2) fixing the quality criteria, 3) fixing the quality criteria for formulated medicines and composite drugs, 4) stability of active constituents, 5) quality standards vis-avis international standards and 6) multiple use MFN : 15837 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-2491 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Shukla, Y.N.Mishra, M.Sushil Kumar Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow 226 015, UP, India Title : Pterocarpan, phenol and lipid constituents from Butea monosperma stem Imprint : Indian Journal of Chemistry. v. 41B(6): p. 12831285, 2002 Keywords : PHENOLIC COMPOUNDS; LIPIDS; PTEROCARPAN; PENTACOSANYL PHENOL; GLUCOPYRANOSIDES Scientific Names : BUTEA MONOSPERMA FABACEAE; Abstract : In addition to stigmasterol-3-alphaLarabinopyranoside, four new compounds isolated from the stems of [Butea monosperma] have been characterized as 3-methoxy-8, 9methylenedioxypterocarp-6-ene, 21-methylene-22-hydroxy-24-oxooctacosanoic acid methyl ester, 4-pentacosanylphenol and pentacosanyl-beta Dglucopyranoside by spectral data and chemical studies MFN : 15866 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-2495 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Srivastava, A.Prakash, D.Tewari, S.K. Affiliation : National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow 226 001, UP, India Title : Evaluation of nutraceutical composition of vegetable and grain Amaranthus species Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 24(4): p. 1050-1055, 2002 Keywords : NUTRACEUTICALS, AMARANTHUS; AMARANTHUS, NEUTRACEUTICALS; CAROTENOIDS; PROTEINS; AMINO ACIDS; LYSINE; VEGETABLE OILS; FATTY ACIDS; VITAMIN C; ANTINUTRITIONAL FACTORS

Scientific Names : AMARANTHUS SPP AMARANTHACEAE; Abstract : The analysis has shown that in vegetable [Amaranthus], carotenoids varied from 11.5 to 20.2 mg/100 g, protein 1.53.2 percent, vitamin C 105-180 mg/100 g and moisture 78-86 percent; whereas in grain [Amaranthus], carotenoids were 9.2-18.0 mg/100 g, protein 1.9-2.9 percent, vitamin C 96-179 mg/100 g, and moisture 75-84 percent. The anti-nutritional factors like nitrate were from 0.29-0.89, 0.45-0.75 percent, oxalate 0.80-1.90, 0.49-1.65 percent in vegetable and grain amaranthus, respectively. The main amino acid lysine ranged 4.0-6.5 percent in their leaves and seeds. The amounts of oil in seeds of grain amaranthus were 2.4-5.0 percent and fatty acid composition equivalent to high grade of edible oils. The change in these nutraceuticals with age of the plant was also studied MFN : 15867 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-2158 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Kasture, V.S.Deshmukh, V.K.Chopde, C.T. Affiliation : College of Pharmacy, Nashik 422 002, Maharashtra, India Title : Anxiolytic and anticonvulsive activity of Sesbania grandiflora leaves in experimental animals Imprint : Phytotherapy Research. v. 16(5): p. 455-460, 2002 Keywords : ANTICONVULSANT ACTIVITY; CNS DEPRESSANT ACTIVITY; TRITERPENES Scientific Names : SESBANIA GRANDIFLORA LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : The anticonvulsive activity of [Sesbania grandiflora] leaves using a variety of animal models of convulsions was noted. Bioassay guided separation was also carried out to identify the fraction possessing anticonvulsant activity. The benzene:ethyl acetate fraction (BE) of the acetone soluble part of a petroleum ether extract significantly delayed the onset of convulsions in pentylenetetrazol (PTZ) and strychnine (STR)-induced seizures in mice and reduced the duration of tonic hindleg extension in the maximum electroconvulsive shock (MES) induced seizures in mice. The BF contained a triterpene as a major component. In addition, the BE also inhibited electrically induced kindled seizures in mice and lithium-pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus in rats. It prolonged the duration of sleep induced by pentobarbital and antagonized the effect of D-amphetamine. Mice treated with BE preferred to remain in the open arm of the elevative plus maze indicating anxiolytic activity. The BE raised the brain contents of gamma-aminobutyric acid and serotonin. Thus the triterpene containing fraction of [S.grandiflora] exhibits a wide spectrum of anticonvulsant profile and anxiolytic activity MFN : 15868 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-2099 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Choudhary, D.Kale, R.K. Affiliation : School of Life Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi 110 067, India

Title : Antioxidant and non-toxic properties of Piper betle leaf extract: in vitro and in vivo studies Imprint : Phytotherapy Research. v. 16(5): p. 461-466, 2002 Keywords : GLYOXALASE INHIBITORY ACTIVITY; ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY; FREE RADICALS SCAVENGING ACTIVITY Scientific Names : PIPER BETLE PIPERACEAE; Abstract : [Piper betle] leaves are used in folk medicine for the treatment of various disorders and is commonly chewed among Asians. The protective efficacy of [P.betle] leaf extract has been investigated. The presence of the extract inhibited the radiation induced lipid peroxidation process effectively, which could be attributed to its ability to scavenge free radicals involved in initiation and propagation steps. Oral supplementation with extract (1, 5 and 10 mg/kg) was administered daily for 2 weeks to Swiss albino mice and the hepatic antioxidant status was analysed. The GSH content was enhanced and no appreciable change was found in the levels of oxidative damage in terms of lipid peroxidation. Also, the specific activity of SOD increased in a dose dependent manner. These factors indicate the elevation of antioxidant status in the animals. The effect on the glyoxalase system which is considered to be activated under stress conditions was also investigated. No significant change in gly I and gly II activities was observed, implying a non-stress condition after oral treatment of the extract. The antioxidant activity of [P.betle] leaf extract and its potential to elevate the antioxidant status have been discussed MFN : 15874 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-2062 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Acharya, S.B.Yanpallewar, S.U.Singh, R.K. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221 005, UP, India Title : A preliminary study on the effect of Azadirachta indica on bronchial smooth muscles and mast cells Imprint : Journal of Natural Remedies. v. 3(1): p. 78-82, 2003 Keywords : BRONCHOSPASM; MAST CELL DEGRANULATION; ANAPHYLAXIS; ANTIASTHMATIC ACTIVITY; BRONCHOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY Scientific Names : AZADIRACHTA INDICA MELIACEAE; Abstract : [Azadirachta indica] (200 mg/kg p.o.) leaf juice was administered to animals and its protective effect was determined on histamine aerosol induced bronchospasm in guinea pigs, comp 48/80 induced mast cell degranulation and active anaphylaxis in rats. A significant protection against histamine induced bronchospasm in guinea pigs was observed. There was 63 percent delay in onset of dysponea in [A.indica] treated animals against that of 16 percent in control animals. [A.indica] neither could prevent mast cell degranulation nor could protect against active anaphylaxis. The results suggest that mechanisms other than that associated with mast cell degranulation or active anaphylaxis are possibly involved in bronchoprotective role of [A.indica] MFN Yr, Iss, : 15881 Abst No. : 20-03-2078

Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Anoop, A.Jegadeesan, M. Affiliation : Research and Development, Pharm Products Pvt. Ltd., 'Vijai' Medical College Road, Thanjavur 613 007, TN, India Title : Biochemical studies on the anti-ulcerogenic potential of Hemidesmus indicus R.Br. var. indicus Imprint : Journal of Ethnopharmacology. v. 84(2-3): p. 149156, 2003 Keywords : GASTRIC ULCER; ANTIULCER ACTIVITY Scientific Names : HEMIDESMUS INDICUS ASCLEPIADACEAE; Abstract : The study evaluated the antiulcerogenic property of aqueous ethanolic extracts of the roots of [Hemidesmus indicus] var. [indicus] in animal models. Modified pyloric ligated (Shay) rat model and aspirin-induced ulcerogenesis in pylorus ligated rat models were used for this study and analysed for gastric volume, ulcer score, pH, free and total acidity and sodium and potassium ion output. Bio-chemical estimations like total proteins, total hexoses, hexosamine, fucose, sialic acid and pepsin were also made. Ulcer score was calculated for cysteamine-induced duodenal ulcer model. Roots collected during flowering season were found to be more effective than that collected during vegetative seasons MFN : 15897 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-1987 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Choudhury, S.N. Affiliation : Plant Sciences and Ecology Division, Regional Research Laboratory, Jorhat 785 006, Assam, India Title : Variations in the essential oil composition of Persea bombycina (King ex Hook.f.) Kost and its effect on muga silkworm (Antheraea assama Ww)- A new report Imprint : Indian Journal of Chemistry. v. 42B(3): p. 641-647, 2003 Keywords : ESSENTIAL OILS, PERSEA SPP; DODECANAL; DECANAL; UNDECANAL; NEROLIDOL; CARYOPHYLLENE Scientific Names : PERSEA BOMBYCINA LAURACEAE; Abstract : [Persea bombycina], with the local name `Som', is a primary food plant for the `muga' silk worm ([Antheraea assama]. Hydrodistillation of the fresh green leaves of [P.bombycina] gives a clear and sweet scented oil in 0.02 to 0.054 percent (w/w) yield. The oil composition is investigated by GC and GC/MS. A total of 79 compounds have been identified. Substantial differences in the composition of the oils from 9 leaf samples are noticed. Aldehydes constitute a major portion of the oil (28.0 to 53.2 percent) followed by acids (11.4 to 40.8 percent) and alcohols (7.4 to 14.8 percent). Dodecanal (3.1 to 25.8 percent), decanal (2.4 to 25.8 percent), 11-dodecenal (1.5 to 16.3 percent) and undecanal (1.3 to 9.5 percent) are present at extremely variable concentrations. Variations of (E)-nerolidol is quite conspicuous (0.5 percent to 21.9 percent). Out of the two oxides, caryophyllene oxide is a major component (3.0 to 12.1 percent). Experiment on rearing performances of muga silkworm on nine different collections of `som', their most favoured host plant, reveal that growth of the worms are influenced unevenly by the different chemical constituents present in the essential

oil. Correlation studies indicated that aldehyde per cent in the essential oil has positive influence on the growth of silkworm and cocoon quality, while increased acid per cent in the oil is found to be detrimental for growth and cocoon quality MFN : 15954 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-3105 Subject Group : 1400 Authors : Kumaran, K.S.Thirugnanasambantham, P.Viswanathan, S.Murthy, M.S.R. Affiliation : Department of Pharmaceutics, C.L.Baid Metha College of Pharmacy, Chennai 600 096, TN, India Title : An HPLC method for the estimation of andrographolide in rabbit serum Imprint : Indian Journal of Pharmacology. v. 35(2): p. 109112, 2003 Keywords : KALMEGH; LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY, ANDROGRAPHOLIDE Scientific Names : ANDROGRAPHIS PANICULATA ACANTHACEAE; Abstract : Andrographolide, isolated from [Andrographis paniculata] was extracted from serum using methanol. A Shimadzu HPLC (model LC 10 A) with UV-Vis specrophotometric detector (model SPD 10 AV) and a data processor (model 10 R4 A) were used for andrographolide estimation. A Neuclosil C18 octadecyl silane (ODS) column (5 micro 250x4.6 mm Hypersil) was used. The mobile phase used was methanol: water in the ratio of 65:35 v/v at a flow rate of 1.0 ml/min. The elutes were monitored at 223 nm. The precision and accuracy of the method were determined by measuring inter-day and intra-day variations. The absolute recovery of andrographolide ranged between 97.24 to 99.4 percent. The inter-day co-efficient of variation was 0.4 to 1.4 percent and intra-day co-efficient of variation was 1.05 to 2.8 percent. The developed HPLC method for estimation of andrographolide in serum is senstive, reliable and accurate. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 15981 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-3000 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Singh, J. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, U.P. College, Varanasi 221 002, UP, India Title : Aurone glycosides from Pterocarpus santalinus Imprint : Journal of the Indian Chemical Society. v. 80(3): p. 190-191, 2003 Keywords : DIHYDROXYAURONENEOHESPERIDOSIDE; HYDROXYMETHYLTRIMETHOXYAURONE; RHAMNOSIDE DERV; AURONE GLYCOSIDES Scientific Names : PTEROCARPUS SANTALINUS PAPILIONACEAE; Abstract : The heart-wood of [Pterocarpus santalinus] (Family : Papilionaceae) has been found to contain two aurone glycosides, characterized as 6-hydroxy-1-methyl-3',4',5'-trimethoxyaurone-4-Orhamnoside and 6,4'-dihydroxyaurone-4-O-neohesperidoside MFN : 15994

Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-2591 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Prajapati, T. Affiliation : Sonamukhi Nagar, Sangaria Fanta, Salawas Road, Jodhpur 342 005, Rajasthan, India Title : Production technology of kalmegh in wasteland Imprint : Natural Product Radiance. v. 2(3): p. 124-125, 2003 Keywords : CULTIVATION, KALMEGH; KALMEGH CULTIVATION TECHNOLOGY; SEED PRODUCTION, KALMEGH Abstract : [Andrographis paniculata] (Kalmegh) is widely used in Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha, Homeopathy and other systems of medicines in hyperdipsia, burning sensation, wounds, ulcers, chronic fever, malaria and intermittent and vitiated condition of pitta. Methods for its cultivation and seed production have been described MFN : 15996 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : A0-03-2679 Subject Group : 0600 Authors : Nambiar, V.P.K.Jayanthi, A.Sabu, T.A.* Affiliation : IDRC Project, Arya Vaidya Sala Kottakkal, Kerala, India Title : Pharmacognostical studies on Oroxylum indicum (L.) Vent Imprint : Aryavaidyan. v. 16(3): p. 138-152, 2003 Keywords : PROPAGATION TECHNIQUES, OROXYLUM; PHARMACOGNOSY; DESTRIBUTION, OROXYLUM Scientific Names : OROXYLUM INDICUM BIGNONIACEAE; Abstract : Studies based on pharmacognosy, chemical analysis, propagation techniques, plant description and destribution have been discussed. Numerical values like palisade ratio, stomatal index and vein islet number are also provided. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 16072 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-2662 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Singh, D.Narsing Rao, Y.B.Sairaja, M. Affiliation : Department of Botany, College of Science, Osmania University, Hyderabad 500 007, AP, India Title : Effect of Andrographis paniculata aqueous extracts on cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 25(2): p. 369-374, 2003 Keywords : ALLELOPATHIC ACTIVITY; SEED GERMINATION INHIBITION; SEEDLING GROWTH INHIBITION Scientific Names : ANDROGRAPHIS PANICULATA ACANTHACEAE; VIGNA UNGUICULATA LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : Seed germination and seedling growth of cowpea has been tested to evaluate allelopathic effect of phytochemicals present in [Andrographis paniculata]. Extracts demonstrated the significant allelopathic effects on germination and seedling growth of cowpea. The metabolites like proteins, soluble amino acids, sugars and chlorophylls of cowpea seedlings were significantly reduced, but the content of total

phenols were enhanced. Leaf extracts were more detrimental than shoot and root extracts. Inhibition in germination and seedling growth might be due to the presence of water soluble potent allelochemicals in the extracts MFN : 16122 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-3411 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Mohideen, S.Havarasan, R.Hemalatha, S.Anitha, N.Sasikala, E. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacognosy and Pharmacology, Adhiparasakthi College of Pharmacy, Melmaruvathur 603 319, TN, India Title : Wound healing and diuretic activities of Canthium parviflorum Lam Imprint : Natural Product Sciences. v. 9(2): p. 102-104, 2003 Keywords : WOUND HEALING ACTIVITY; DIURETIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : CANTHIUM PARVIFLORUM RUBIACEAE; PLECTRONIA PARVIFLORA RUBIACEAE; Abstract : Aqueous and ethanolic extract of leaves of [Canthium parviflorum] were evaluated for wound healing and diuretic activities. Extract in the form of ointment is applied topically on excison wound in rats showed significant healing process as evidenced by increased rate of wound contraction as compared to control. The aqueous extract of 10 percent w/w ointment exhibited equivalent wound healing activity as Nitrofurazone oinment. Significant diuretic activity was exhibited by extracts. Graded dose response for both activities were observed for the extracts MFN : 16134 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-3432 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Ram, A.Das, M.Ghosh, B.* Affiliation : Molecular Immunology and Immunogenetics Laboratory, Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology, Mall Road, Delhi University Campus, Delhi 110 007, India Title : Curcumin attenuates allergin-induced airway hyperresponsiveness in sensitized guinea pigs Imprint : Biological Pharmaceutical Bulletin. v. 26(7): p.1021-1024, 2003 Keywords : ANTIALLERGIC ACTIVITY; ANTIASTHMATIC ACTIVITY; ANTIHYPERREACTIVITY; CURCUMIN; DIFERULOYLINETHANE Scientific Names : CURCUMA LONGA ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : Anti-asthmatic property of curcumin (diferuloylmethane), a natural product from the rhizomes of [Curcuma longa] has been tested in a guinea pig model of airway hyperresponsiveness. Guinea pigs were treated with curcumin during sensitization (to examine its preventive effect) or after developing imparied airways features (to examine its therapeutic effect). Status of airway constriction and airway hyperreactivity were determined by measuring specific conductance (SGaw) using a non-invasive technique, constant-volume body plethysmography. Curcumin (20 mg/kg body weight) (treatment significantly inhibited OVA-induced airway constriction (p less than 0.0399) and airway hyperreactivity (p less than 0.0043). The

results demonstrate that curcumin is effective in improving the impaired airways features in the OVA-sensitized guinea pigs MFN : 16202 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-3221 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Jacob, C.Joseph, P.V. Affiliation : P.G. Department of Zoology, Alphonsa College, M.G. University, Kottayam 686 574, Kerala, India Title : Isolation and trypsin inhibitors from Paspalum scrobiculatum: Effect of domestic processing and cooking methods Imprint : Asian Journal of Chemistry. v. 15(2): p. 746-750, 2003 Keywords : TRYPSIN INHIBITORS; CEREALS Scientific Names : PASPALUM SCROBICULATUM LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : Proteinase inhibitor specific to trypsin was isolated from cereal grain Pokadi, ([Paspalum scrobiculatum]) by ammonium sulfate precipitation, dialysis and ion exchange chromatography and purity was checked by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE). The molecular weight of the inhibitor protein is roughly more than 12 kDa (Kunitz type). The inhibitors were positively charged and contained isoinhibitors. Wet and heat treatments reduced the activity of inhibitors. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 16203 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-3255 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Sarma, A.Sarma, T.Ch.Handique, A.K.Baruah, A.K.S. Affiliation : Regional Research Laboratory, Jorhat 785 006, Assam, India Title : Variation in major chemical constituents in oil of lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus (Steud) Watts accessions in different seasons under Brahmaputra valley agro-climatic conditions Imprint : Fafai Journal. v. 5(2): p. 43-49, 2003 Keywords : LEMONGRASS; CITRAL; NEROL; NERYLACETATE; ESSENTIAL OILS, CYMBOPOGON SPP Scientific Names : CYMBOPOGON FLEXUOSUS GRAMINEAE; Abstract : Essential oil of lemongrass ([Cymbopogon flexuous]) obtained by hydrodistillation of freshly harvested leaves at different seasons was analysed by gas chromatography. Eight major components were identified constituting about 91 percent of the oil. Citral was found to be major constituents. Variation in major components was observed due to seasonal changes. Percentage of citral was found to be decreased (less than 80 percent) with increase of nerol and nerylacetate. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 16262 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-03-3488 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Phukan, S.N.Phukan, R. Affiliation : Department of Botany, North Lakhimpur College, N. Lakhimpur 787 001, Assam, India

Title : Efficacy of essential oil on the incidence of (Phytophthora infestans) seed tubers of potato during storage Imprint : Bio-Science Research Bulletin. v. 19(1): p. 61-64, 2003 Keywords : ALMOND OIL; SUNFLOWER OIL; CLOVE OIL; EUCALYPTUS OIL; ESSENTIAL OILS, POTATO STORAGE; POTATO STORAGE, ESSENTIAL OILS; ANTIPATHOGENIC ACTIVITY; ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY Abstract : Efficacy of essential oils such as clove and eucalyptus, almond oil and sunflower oil was tested against [Phytophthora infestans]. Highest pathogen inhibition was recorded with clove oil treatment followed by eucalyptus oil in plants grown from treated seed tubers. All the plants showed increased percentage of seedling emergence, greater biomass and higher number of tubers. NSL, New Delhi MFN : 16351 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-04-0471 Subject Group : 1500 Authors : Ansari, K.A.Akram, M. Affiliation : Faculty of Unani Medicine, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi 110 062, India Title : Phytochemical bases for Avicennian cardiac drugs used by Unani physicians- A review Imprint : National Symposium on Emerging Trends in Indian Medicinal Plants, Lucknow. p. 103(8-O/22), 10-12 Oct.2003 Keywords : AVICENNIA, CARDIOVASCULAR DRUGS; CARDIOVASCULAR DRUGS, AVICENNA; REVIEWS, CARDIAC DRUGS OF AVICENNA Abstract : Avicenna (Ibn-e-Sina) the great physician and scholar of 10th-11th centuries AD had enumerated 63 drugs in one of his treatise known as Advia-e-Qalbia which are frequently and successfully used by hakims for cardiac diseases at phytochemical basis for this use has been presented MFN : 16352 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-04-0484 Subject Group : 1500 Authors : Khan, M.L.Paul, A.Devi, K.A. Affiliation : Department of Forestry, North-Eastern Regional Institute of Science Technology, Nirjuli, Itanagar 791 109, Arunachal Pradesh, India Title : Medicinal plants: A boon to rural people of northeast India Imprint : National Symposium on Emerging Trends in Indian Medicinal Plants, Lucknow. p. 63-64(P-8), 10-12 Oct.2003 Keywords : MEDICINAL PLANTS, NORTH-EAST INDIA; NORTH-EAST INDIA, MEDICINAL PLANTS Abstract : Some common and important medicinal plants found in North East India, with special reference to Arunachal Pradesh, which can be grown for the economic benefit by local people particularly in rural areas have been discussed. An attempt has been made to compile the scattered information available on the subject for the North-Eastern Region through personal discussion with local people and also that of published literature

MFN : 16355 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-04-0120 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Ahmad, T.Khan, S.A.Kumar, R.Ahmad, S. Affiliation : Department of Ilmul Advia, State Takmeel-ut- Tibb College, Lucknow, UP, India Title : Unani approach to de-addiction Imprint : National Symposium on Emerging Trends in Indian Medicinal Plants, Lucknow. p. 68(P-12), 10-12 Oct.2003 Keywords : DEADDICTION, UNANI APPROACH; UNANI APPROACH, DRUG DEADDICTION; OPIUM ADDICTION; DRUG ADDICTION Abstract : The de-addictive pharmacotherapy as described in Tibbe-Unani has since long been used for opium addiction. Tibbe-Unani describes various approaches for overcoming drug addiction, the most important one is based on body temperament, because C.N.S. depressant addictive drugs produce coldness and dryness, therefore correction of temperament of body is done by using hot and wet drugs. Also Triyaqat (antidotes) play important role to counter poisonous substances of addictive drugs MFN : 16356 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-04-0296 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Zeba, F.Haider, S.Ansari, N.A. Affiliation : Department of Ilmul Advia, State Takmeet-ut- Tibb College, Lucknow, UP, India Title : Herbal drugs which act as an anaesthetic Imprint : National Symposium on Emerging Trends in Indian Medicinal Plants, Lucknow. p. 69(P-13), 10-12 Oct.2003 Keywords : ANAESTHETIC ACTIVITY, HERBAL DRUGS; HERBAL DRUGS, ANAESTHETIC ACTIVITY; AJWAIN; KHURASANI; OPIUM; BEESH; JAUZMASAL; DHATURA Scientific Names : HYOSCYAMUS NIGER SOLANACEAE; PAPAVER SOMNIFERUM PAPAVERACEAE; ACONITUM NAPELLUS RANUNCULACEAE; DATURA STRAMONIUM SOLANACEAE; Abstract : According to Unani medicine, the mode of action of these drugs is that being cold, dry and astringent according to their temperament, they precipitate the humors and fluids and by blocking the pores of skin they restrict ROOH-NAFSANI and so restrict the sensations. Some of these drugs being cold at their temperament can make air (ROOH) concentrate and thick so that sensations can't reach the brain and the individual are unable to perceive any emotion. Few examples of these drugs are: Ajwain, Khurasani ([Hyoscymus niger]), Opium ([Papaver somniferum]), Beesh ([Aconitum napellus]), Jauzmasal or Dhatura ([Datura stramonium]) MFN : 16398 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-04-0040 Subject Group : 0400 Authors : Rizvi, S.K.

Affiliation : Zoological Laboratories, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 202 002, UP, India Title : Ecological studies and biological control of acridid pests of medicianl plants in India Imprint : National Symposium on Emerging Trends in Indian Medicinal Plants, Lucknow. p. p10(2-I/2), 10-12 Oct.2003 Keywords : ACRIDID PESTS, MEDICINAL PLANTS, UP; MEDICINAL PLANTS, ACRIDID PESTS, UP Abstract : The survey reveals that: (a) acridoids cause losses more at sprouting stages of the medicinal plants; (b) have preference to medicinal plants over grasses and crops; (c) medicinal food plants have increased life line system of the pest, that is most dangerous and needs immediate attention; and (d) large number of mites, earwigs and insectivorous birds have been identified which may become biocontrol agents MFN : 16455 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-04-0251 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Satyanarayana, S.Sarma, G.S.Ramesh, a.Sushruta, K.Srinivas, N. Affiliation : Pharmacology Division, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam 530 003, AP, India Title : Evaluation of herbal preparations for hypoglycemic activity in normal and diabetic rabbits Imprint : Pharmaceutical Biology. v. 41(6): p. 466-472, 2003 Keywords : FENUGREEK; BLOOD GLUCOSE; DIABETES; ANTIDIABETIC ACTIVITY; HYPOGLYCAEMIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : CATHARANTHUS ROSEUS APOCYNACEAE; TRIGONELLA FOENUMGRAECUM PAPILIONACEAE; Abstract : The leaf juice of [Catharanthus roseus] and the seed powder of fenugreek were tested for their hypoglycaemic action individually and in combination in normal and alloxan-induced diabetic rabbits. Blood glucose was determined in all the groups before and after treatment with [Catharanthus roseus] and fenugreek. The effect was found to be dose-dependent with both the treatments at the doses administered. The percentage blood glucose reduction produced by the combination of [Catharanthus roseus] (0.5 ml/kg) and fenugreek (50 mg/kg) was more than the sum of their individual percent blood glucose reduction in both normal and diabetic rabbits, suggesting that the combination produced a synergistic action MFN : 16463 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-04-0042 Subject Group : 0400 Authors : Srivastava, P.Singh, S.K.AminuddinKhan, J.A. Affiliation : National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow 226 001, UP, India Title : Nested PCR based detection of phytoplasma causing Witches' broom disease in Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal

Imprint : National Seminar on New Millennium Strategies for Quality, Safety GMPs of Herbal Drugs/Products, NBRI, Lucknow. p. 105, November 11-13, 2003 Keywords : WITCHES'BROOM DISEASE; PHYTOPLASMA DETECTION Scientific Names : WITHANIA SOMNIFERA SOLANACEAE; Abstract : [Withania somnifera], a high-valued medicinal plant is severely affected by witches'broom disease caused by a phytoplasma, present in the sieve tubes of phloem. For the detection of associated phytoplasma, an efficient and effective system was developed. Oligo primers, designed from the 16S rDNA sequence of phytoplasma, were applied in direct/nested - PCR. Total DNA extracts from infected leaf-tissues of [W.somniferum] were subjected to direct PCR products and subsequently used as templates in nested PCR MFN : 16468 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-04-0091 Subject Group : 0600 Authors : Gupta, H.C. Affiliation : Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy, 61-65 Institutional Area, D-Block, Janak Puri, New Delhi 110 058, India Title : Pharmacognostical standardisation of Alternanthera pungens H.B. K. Imprint : National Seminar on New Millennium Strategies for Quality, Safety GMPs of Herbal Drugs/Products, NBRI, Lucknow. p. 111, November 11-13, 2003 Keywords : KHAKI WEED; STANDARDIZATION Scientific Names : ALTERNANTHERA PUNGENS AMARANTHACEAE; Abstract : Pharmacognostical studies of an exotic medicinal plant [Alternanthera pungens] for laying down standards quality assurance involve diagnostic macro- and microscopical characters of root, stem and leaf of the plant MFN : 16497 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-04-0171 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Govindarajan, R.Vijayakumar, M.Rawat, A.K.S.Mehrotra, S. Affiliation : National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow 226 001, UP, India Title : Antioxidant defenses with special emphasis on role of plant phenols as antioxidants Imprint : National Seminar on New Millenium Strategies for Quality, Safety GMPs of Herbal Drugs/Products, NBRI, Lucknow. p. 80, November 11-13, 2003 Keywords : ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY; FREE RADICAL SCAVENGING ACTIVITY; POLYPHENOLS; FLAVONOIDS Abstract : Flavonoids are the major secondary metabolites in many plants with reported antioxidant activity like [Desmodium gangeticum, Vitis vinifera], etc. Many of these phenols exert powerful antioxidant effect [in vitro] by inhibiting lipid peroxidation by acting as peroxy radical scavengers. Phenols with two adjacent- OH groups can

also bind to transition metal ions. They can also directly scavenge ROS such as hydroxyl radical, peroxynitrile and hypochlorous acid. (OP-32) MFN : 16534 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-04-0761 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Purnima, A.L.Mathuram, V. Affiliation : K.L.E.S's College of Pharmacy, Rajajinagar II Block, Bangalore 560 010, Karnataka, India Title : Hypocholesterolemic and antihypercholesterolemic activity of extracts of Trichila connaroids on rats Imprint : Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. v. 65(5): p. 537-539, 2004 Keywords : HYPOCHOLESTEROLEMIC ACTIVITY; ANTIHYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : TRICHILIA CONNAROIDES MELIACEAE; Abstract : Hypocholesterolemic activity was studied on normal rats for hexane, chloroform and methanol extracts of [Trichilia connaroides]. The parameters studied include free cholesterol, triglycerides and high density lipoprotein levels in blood. Only hexane and methanol extracts produced a rise in high density lipoprotein level (p less than 0.05 at 90 mg/kg) and did not show any fall in cholesterol and triglyceride level when compared to control group. On Triton-induced hypercholesterolemia, only cholesterol and triglyceride levels were studied for all the three extracts. Chloroform and methanol extracts produced a significant fall in cholesterol level (p less than 0.05) within 24 h of induction when compared to control group MFN : 16559 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-04-0587 Subject Group : 0600 Authors : Singh, D.P.Govindrajan, R.Srivastava, S.Rawat, A.K.S.Mehrotra, S. Affiliation : National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow 226 001, UP, India Title : Chemical standardization of `Dhawa' Anogeissus latifolia Bedd. by HPTLC Imprint : National Seminar on New Millennium Strategies for Quality, Safety GMPs of Herbal Drugs/Products, NBRI, Lucknow. p. 153, November 11-13, 2003 Keywords : GALLIC ACID; ANTIOXIDANT GALLIC ACID; STANDARDISATION, HERBAL DRUGS Scientific Names : ANOGEISSUS LATIFOLIA COMBRETACEAE; Abstract : Concentrated 50 percent aqueous alcohol extract of dried powdered stem bark of [Anogeissus latifolia] was subjected to HPTLC along with gallic acid markers. The percentage of gallic acid was estimated in the total extract using the densitometric scan profile (CAMAG scanner III). The percentage of gallic acid was found to be 0.95 percent. The high percent of gallic acid in the extract may be responsible for the antioxidative therapeutic efficacy of the plant

MFN : 16614 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-04-0863 Subject Group : 1000 Authors : Randhawa, N.Sakhuja, P.K.Singh, I. Affiliation : Department of Plant Pathology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana 141 004, Punjab, India Title : Management of root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita in Abelmoschus esculentus through botanical extracts and organic amendments Imprint : Indian Journal of Nematology. v. 32(2): p. 129-131, 2002 Keywords : NEEM, OKRA NEMATODE CONTROL; ORGANIC AMENDMENTS, NEMATODE CONTROL; BOTANICALS, NEMATODE CONTROL Scientific Names : INDICA MELIACEAE; Abstract : [In vitro] studies on larval emergence from eggs of [Meloidogyne incognita] revealed inhibitory effect of neem cake and Rakshak gold (neem-based product). Plant growth was increased along with significant reduction in root-knot infestation in pot experiments when seed was treated with botanical extracts. In field experiment, application of neem cake @ 5 t/ha decreased root-knot infestation significantly and increased okra yield MFN : 16615 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-04-0867 Subject Group : 1000 Authors : Srivastava, S.S. Affiliation : Department of Nematology, Rajendra Agricultural University, Pusa, Samastipur 848 125, Bihar, India Title : Efficacy of organic amendments in the management of root knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita) infecting papaya Imprint : Indian Journal of Nematology. v. 32(2): p. 183-184, 2002 Keywords : KARANJ, PAPAYA NEMATODE CONTROL; NEEM, NEMATODE CONTROL Scientific Names : PONGAMIA GLABRA FABACEAE; AZADIRACHTA INDICA MELIACEAE; Abstract : Application of mahua, castor, karanj, neem cakes and biogas sludge @ 2.5 tonnes/ha, was found to be significantly superior over untreated control in reducing the root knot infestation and increasing the yield with other host characters like plant height, girth of stem, number of leaves and number of fruits. Maximum reduction of root knot index was recorded with neem (2.7) followed by castor (3.5) amongst the amendment materials. Fruit yield was best with neem (51.8 kg/tree) in comparison to other products and slightly less than carbofuran (59.8kg/tree). Mahua treatment (51.7 kg/tree) was at par with neem cake, followed by karanj and castor (43.1 and 40.2 kg/tree), respectively MFN : 16665 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-04-0892 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : De Souza, N.J.

Affiliation : Wockhardt Research Centre, D-4, MIDC, Chikalthana, Aurangabad-431 210, Maharashtra, India Title : Drug discovery and development molecules, targets, intellectual property and bio-resources Imprint : IUPAC International Conference on Biodiversity and Natural Products Chemistry and Medical Applications, New Delhi. p. IL-3, 26-31, Jan'2004 Keywords : DRUG DISCOVERY; BIORESOURCES PLANTS; INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY Abstract : Synthetic and natural products-dMFN : 16667 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-04-0992 Subject Group : 1500 Authors : Mukherjee, R. Affiliation : Director (RD), Dabur Research Foundation, 8/3, Asaf Ali Road, New Delhi, India Title : Evaluation of traditional ayurvedic therapeutics using cutting-edge technologies of modern biology Imprint : IUPAC International Conference on Biodiversity and Natural Products Chemistry and Medical Applications, New Delhi. p. ML-44, 26-31, Jan'2004 Keywords : TRADITIONAL MEDICINE; AYURVEDIC DRUGS Abstract : Evaluation of these products can now be undertaken using human tissue and clinical research platforms. It is important to perceive that these therapies have been evolved for the prevention of the diseases or maintainance of good health. Further these products have been formulated to manage chronic human disorders or age-related changes in the human body. Therfore, multiple evaluation of human body functions becomes essential. These functions can be disected and resolved to molecular changes using gene expression patterns and proteomic platforms. Evaluation using the multiple biochemical and enzymatic profiles is also undertaken. Some of the strategies used by our foundation has been discussed. MFN : 16672 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-04-0904 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : IIa, H. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur-208 016, UP, India Title : New synthetic strategies for tetrahydroisoquinolines and indolo-fused heterocycles and related natural products Imprint : IUPAC International Conference on Biodiversity and Natural Products Chemistry and Medical Applications, New Delhi. p. ML-22, 26-31, Jan'2004 Keywords : NATURAL PRODUCT SYNTHESIS; INDOLE HETEROCYCLES Abstract : Applications of some of the annulation methodology to synthesis of natural products such as lamellarin E, cryptotackiene and horsifiline has been presented MFN : 16673

Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-04-0549 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Mishra, N.Dey, S. Affiliation : Biotechnology Department, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur-721 302, WB, India Title : Metabolite profiling in hairy root culture of Catharanthus roseus Imprint : IUPAC International Conference on Biodiversity and Natural Products Chemistry and Medical Applications, New Delhi. p. P-91, 26-31, Jan'2004 Keywords : HAIRY ROOT CULTURE, CATHARANTHUS SP.; ALKALOIDS; CATHARANTHINE; AJMALICINE; TISSUE CULTURE Scientific Names : CATHARANTHUS ROSEUS APOCYNACEAE; Abstract : Sixteen transformed root lines of [Catharanthus roseus] were established by infection of seedlings with [Agrobacterium rhizogenes] (ATCC 15834). Out of these clones two hairy root clones were examined for their growth and alkaloids accumulation in a 42-day culture period. HPLC analysis revealed 2 mg/g DW of ajmalicine and 5 mg/g DW of catharanthine in one of the selected hairy root clones IIT_BT/D1. Peroxidase and arabino galactan proteins (AGP) were detected in the root as well as in the culture medium/spent medium. AGP yield from hairy root and extracellular media were found to be 0.3 mg/g fresh wt and 46 mg/litre suspension respectively. Peroxidase was 10.4 U/g fresh wt MFN : 16682 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-04-0899 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Garg, A.N.Kumar, A.Paul Choudhury, R.Kar, S. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee-247 667, (U.A.), India Title : Analysis of chewing tobacco for essential and toxic elements by NAA and AAS Imprint : IUPAC International Conference on Biodiversity and Natural Products Chemistry and Medical Applications, New Delhi. p. P-99, 26-31, Jan'2004 Keywords : TOXIC ELEMENTS, TOBACCO; TOBACCO, TOXIC ELEMENTS; CHEWING TOBACCO Scientific Names : NICOTIANA TABACUM SOLANACEAE; Abstract : Ten different brands of chewing tobacco were analysed for essential and toxic trace elements by INAA and AAS. Also TLC and column chromatography, used for the separation of nicotinic acid was further confirmed by infrared spectral studies. Six minor elements (Na, K, P, Ca, Mg and Al) and eleven trace elements (Mn, Fe, Co, Zn, Sb, Hg, Eu, Sc, Br, Cs and Rb) were determined by thermal neutron irradiation followed by high resolution gamma ray spectrometry using HPGe detector, 8k MCA system and Genie-2k. Furthermore, four toxic trace elements viz., Ni, Pb, As and Cu were determined by AAS. In general, all the elements were found in a large range, varying by a factor of 2 to 10. Mn, Fe and Zn were in significant amounts with mean values of 158 plus minus 38, 1970 plus minus 40 and 32.9 plus minus 12.5 microg/g respectively. Similarly Co, Rb and Cs were found to be 0.67 plus minus 0.20, 29.4 plus minus 2.8 and 0.28 plus minus 0.08 microg/g respectively. On the other hand, mean contents of toxic elements such as As, Sb, Hg and Pb were

found to be 8.7 plus minus 5.4, 0.24 plus minus 0.08, 0.04 plus minus 0.01 and 6.1 plus minus 7.1 microg/g respectively. Variability in elemental contents depends on the nature of tobacco and its origin and soil conditions where it must have grown. A perusal of elemental contents shows that chewing tobacco is enriched in several essential elements viz. Ca, Fe, Mn and Zn whereas its harmful effects may be due to toxic elements. MFN : 16776 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-04-1045 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Bhagwat, K.A.Wadegaonkar, P.A. Affiliation : Department of Biotechnology, Amravati University, Amravati 444 602, Maharashtra, India Title : In vitro production of withanolides from roots of Withania somnifera in bioreactor Imprint : IUPAC International Conference on Biodiversity and Natural Products Chemistry and Medical Applications, New Delhi. p. P-407, 26-31 Jan'2004 Keywords : WITHANOLIDES Scientific Names : WITHANIA SOMNIFERA SOLANACEAE; Abstract : The roots of [Withania somnifera] are regarded as tonic, restorative, aphrodisiac, and antitumour and also prescribed in consumption and emaciation of children, rheumatism and as a narcotic and diuretic. Untransformed root organ culture of [Withania somnifera] was obtained from newly germinated seeds in 1:1 mixture of sand and soil. The cultures were maintained on shaker at 80 rpm and up to the 12-subculture levels. A large-scale untransformed culture was established using a modified 2.51 bubble column reactor. Inoculum of 0.5 g was increased to 45 g root biomass within 47 days. The withanolides were extracted and compared with the standard sample obtained from Himalayan Drug Co. and with the extracted withanolide from naturally grown roots. The withanolide yield obtained in naturally grown roots was 3 mg/g DW whereas in bioreactor it was 10.5 mg/g DW MFN : 16842 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-04-1216 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Sarangthen, K.Singh, T.N. Affiliation : Department of Life Science, Manipur University, Canchipur, Imphal-795 003, India Title : Biological activities of phytosterols: A review Imprint : Journal of Phytological Research. v. 15(2): p. 243250, 2002 Keywords : STEROLS; PHYTOSTEROLS; CAMPESTEROL; STIGMASTEROL; SITOSTEROL; METHYLENE-CHOLESTEROL; SPINASTEROL; FUCOSTEROL; REVIEW, PHYTOSTEROLS; CORTICOSTEROIDS; HORMONES; ORAL CONTRACEPTIVE Abstract : Phytosterols, the secondary plant products found in significant quantities in many plants are the precursors of pharmaceutically important steroidal products, including corticosteroids, sex hormones and oral contraceptives. This review elaborates the significance of the biological activities of phytosterols which are of

vital importance for biotechnology based pharmaceutical industry. The naturally occurring phytosterols such as campesterol, stigmasterol, sitosterol, solasodine, hecogenin and spinasterol etc are currently the most promising precursors MFN : 16848 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-04-1613 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : De, B.Samanta, A.Paul, P.P.Pal(Datta), S. Affiliation : Regional Institute of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, Agartala 799 005, Tripura, India Title : A review: Banana and its medicinal importance Imprint : Indian Journal of Natural Products. v. 19(2): p. 37, 2003 Keywords : REVIEWS, BANANA Scientific Names : MUSA SPP Abstract : Banana is one of the most known and important fruits. The species and varieties, composition, medicinal uses and the recent research and development regarding banana are focused. Banana is the cheapest, plentiful and most nourishing of all fruits. It contains nearly all the essential nutrients including minerals and vitamins and has several medicinal properties MFN : 16880 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-04-1597 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Bhoyar, A.Nimbulkar, M.V.Jagtap, D.G.Wankhade, D.K.Chaudhari, D.A.Thakare, M.N. Affiliation : Department of Animal Physiology and Biochemistry, Nagpur Veterinary College, Nagpur-440 006, India Title : Effect of ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) root powder on growth and egg production in layers Imprint : Indian Veterinary Medical Journal. v. 27(2): p. 153-155, 2003 Keywords : ASHWAGANDHA, ANTISTRESS ACTIVITY; ANTISTRESS ACTIVITY; EGG PRODUCTION STIMULATION, WITHANIA; WITHANIA, LAYERS FEED Scientific Names : WITHANIA SOMNIFERA SOLANACEAE; Abstract : Ashwagandha ([Withania somifera]) root powder was examined for its effects on egg production, feed efficiency and stress in layers. From the results obtained it is concluded that [Withania] improve egg production and egg weight in layers. Inclusion of root powder in layers feed at the level of 5 g/kg and 10g/kg feed is helpful in maintaining body weight and can be used as antistress MFN : 16928 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-04-1543 Subject Group : 0400 Authors : Mohan, K.Ebenezar, E.G. Affiliation : Department of Plant Pathology, Agricultural College Research Institute, Madurai 625 104 TN, India

Title : Management of leaf blight disease of onion by palmarosa oil Imprint : Indian Perfumer. v. 47(2): p. 169-171, 2003 Keywords : ONION LEAF BLIGHT, CONTROL; MANAGEMENT, ONION LEAF BLIGHT; ONION; PALMAROSA OIL Scientific Names : ALLIUM CEPA LILIACEAE; Abstract : Field experiments were conducted during Rabi, 1998 and 1999 to assess the efficacy of plant extracts/ oils and antagonistic microganisms against onion leaf blight caused by [Alternaria porri]. Two sprays of Palmarosa oil (0.1 percent) given on plants first at the appearance of the disease and the second 15 days later recorded significantly the lowest per cent disease index besides increasing yield MFN : 16995 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-04-2160 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Najmi, A.K.Pillai, K.K.Pal, S.N.Bhandari, U.Aqil, M.* Affiliation : Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi 110062, India Title : Hepatoprotective activity of jigrine against galactosamine induced hepatopathy in rats Imprint : Indian Journal of Pharmacology. v. 36(2): p. 125, 2004 Keywords : JIGRINE; HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY; ANTIHEPATOTOXIC ACTIVITY; HERBAL MEDICINE, JIGRINE Abstract : D-Galactosamine administration in rats increased AST, ALT, alkaline phosphatase, bilirubin and urea in serum significantly (P less than 0.01). Prophylactic treatment of rats with jigrine (1 mg/kg, p.o.) and silymarin (25 mg/kg, p.o.) once daily for 21 days, reduced significantly (P less than 0.05) the D-Galactosamine induced elevated levels of the above indices. It can be concluded that jigrine pretreatment exhibited hepatoprotective action against D-Galactosamine induced hepatopathy in rats. Th effects of jigrine were comparable with those of silymarin MFN : 17007 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-04-1967 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Krishnamoorthy, B.Rema, J.Mathew, P.A. Affiliation : Indian Institute of Spices Research, Marikunnu (P.O), Calicut 12, Kerala, India Title : All spice - a three in one treespice Imprint : Spice India. v. 17(7): p9-12, 2004 Keywords : CULTIVATION, ALLSPICE CULTIVATION; HARVESTING, ALL SPICE; BARRIES HARVESTING; PEST CONTROL, ALLSPICE; DISEASES MANAGEMENT, ALLSPICE Scientific Names : PIMENTA DIOICA MYRTACEAE; Abstract : Floral biology, cultivation techniques vegetative propagation and after care pest and diseases control, harvesting and processing of berries etc of Allspice ([Pimenta dioica]) have been discribed

MFN : 17029 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-04-2481 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Jagetia, G.C.Rao, S.K.Baliga, M.S.Babu, K.S. Affiliation : Department of Radiobiology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka, India Title : The evaluation of nitric oxide scavenging activity of certain herbal formulations in vitro: A preliminary study Imprint : Phytotherapy Research. v. 18(7): p. 561-565, 2004 Keywords : ABANA; CHYAVANAPRASHA; GERIFORTE; MENTAT; NITRIC OXIDE SCAVENGING ACTIVITY; HERBAL FORMULATION EVALUATION; TRIPHALA; SEPTILIN Scientific Names : GINKGO BILOBA GINKGOACEAE; Abstract : The nitric oxide (NO) scavenging activities of traditional polyherbal drugs like abana, chyavanaprasha, geriforte, septilin, mentat and triphala were examined using sodium nitroprusside as a NO donor [in vitro]. All the drugs tested demonstrated direct scavenging of NO and were superior to [Gingko biloba], which was used as a positive control. The extracts of various polyherbal drugs exhibited dose-depent NO scavenging activities and the potency was in the following order: abana more than chyavanaprasha more than triphala more than geriforte more than septilin more than mentat more than [Gingkgo biloba]. The present results suggest that the traditional Indian polyberbal crude drugs may be potent and novel therapeutic agents for scavenging of NO and thereby inhibit the pathological conditions caused by excessive generation of NO and its oxidation product, peroxynitrite MFN : 17065 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-04-2459 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Murugesan, P.Vanangamudi, K. Affiliation : National Research Centre for Oil Palms, Pedavegi 534450, AP, India Title : Techniques to extend the storability of arecanut seed Imprint : Indian Journal of Arecanut, Spices Medicinal Plants. v. 6(2): p. 51-54, 2004 Keywords : ARECANUT, SEED STORAGE TECHNIQUES; STORAGE, ARECANUT SEEDS Abstract : Arecanut ([Areca catechu]) statistics indicates that the total area under the crop has increased from 95.000 ha (1955-56) to 2.64 lakh hectares (1999-2000). But uneconomical and heterogenecity of yield potential between palms are the cause for concern in arecanut cultivation. Hence, there is an urgent need to replace the uneconomic palms with new promising varieties. The methods of production of quality seed of improved varieties, handling and their storage techniques evolved must reach everyone who are associated with arecanut development. Then only desired results can be achieved by increasing the crop under cultivation quantitatively as well as qualitatively. Arecanut seed has short longevity in atmospheric storage condition as this belongs to recalcitrant behaviour. In view of this improved storage techniques for

arecanut seed have been presented for the benefit of planters involved in arecanut cultivation MFN : 17066 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-04-2847 Subject Group : 1800 Authors : Sundar, A.Raju, K.S. Affiliation : School of Post Graduate Studies, TNAU, Coimbatore3, TN, India Title : Economics of production of Glorisoa superba in Tamil Nadu Imprint : Indian Journal of Arecanut, Spices Medicinal Plants. v. 6(2): p. 61-66, 2004 Keywords : ECONOMICS, GLORIOSA PRODUCTION Abstract : An attempt has been made to analyse the economics of production of [Gloriosa superba] in order to compute the cost and returns in production of crop, identify the constraints in cultivation and suggest the policies to solve the constraints in production of crop. The results of the study are presented and discussed MFN : 17067 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-04-2477 Subject Group : 0400 Authors : Jasvir SinghTamil Selvan, M. Affiliation : Central Integrated Pest Management Centre, Bhawani Estate, Tanda Road, Jallandhar 144 004, Punjab, India Title : Integrated pest management (IPM) package for cumin Imprint : Indian Journal of Arecanut, Spices Medicinal Plants. v. 6(2): p. 67-69, 2004 Keywords : INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT, CUMIN; CUMIN, INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT; PESTS, CUMIN CROPS; CUMIN CROPS, PESTS Scientific Names : CUMINUM CYMINUM APIACEAE; Abstract : Cumin ([Cuminum cyminum]), is an important spice, the seeds of which are extensively used in Ayurvedic medicines. In India, it is mainly cultivated in Rajasthan and Gujarat. There are many pests and diseases of economic significance which can be effectively controled through IPM. Major pests infesting cumin crop have been enumerated. Crop stage-wise cultural practices to be adopted for the management of pests have been discussed MFN : 17109 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-0193 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Rakes, R.Chattopadhyay, S.Bhattacharyya, D.Bandyopadhyay, S.K.Chatterjee, U.* Affiliation : Departments of Pharmacology, Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (IPGMER), Kolkata 700 020, WB, India Title : Exploring antiinflammatory and wound healing effects of Piper betle leaf extract in experimental animal models

Imprint : Indian Journal of Pharmacology. v. 36(3): p. 198, 2004 Keywords : ANTIINFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY; BETEL Scientific Names : PIPER BETLE PIPERACEAE; Abstract : [Piper betle] is active against acute, subacute and primary lesions of chronic inflammation in standard animals models, to an extent comparable to indomethacin. It also promotes wound healing though to lesser extent than povidone iodine MFN : 17126 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-0251 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Dabur, R.Pathak, A.Shiv Kumar Gupta, M.Singh, D.D.Mishra, V.Rambir, Singh Affiliation : Department of Biomedical Sciences, Bundelkhand University, Jhansi 284128, UP, India Title : Evaluation of various extracts of Lantana camara, a common weed of Bundelkhand region, for its antimicrobial activity Imprint : Chemistry Biology Interface: Synergistic New Frontiers, New Delhi, India. . P25-49, November 21-26, 2004 Keywords : ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY; ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY; ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : LANTANA CAMARA VERBENACEAE; Abstract : Various fraction of [Lantana camara] were tested against different pathogens. Cold water extract was found to be endowed with maximum antimicrobial activity. MIC of cold water and methanol extract was found to be ranged from 40.0 microg/disc to 5.0 microg/disc against all bacterial species except [E.coli] and 100 microg/disc to 50 microg/disc against fungal species by disc diffusion assay. The MIC by microbroth dilution assay was found to be ranged from 12.5 mg/ml to 1.56 mg/ml MFN : 17135 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-0014 Subject Group : 0400 Authors : Nazir, A.Amna, T.Handa, G.Puri, S.C.Qazi, G.N. Affiliation : Regional Research Laboratory, CSIR, Jammu-Tawi, 180 001, JK, India Title : Screening of different endophytes from Notyhapodytes foetida for anticancer compounds Imprint : Chemistry Biology Interface: Synergistic New Frontiers, New Delhi, India. . P26-8, November 21-26, 2004 Keywords : CAMPTOTHECIN; ENDOPHYTIC FUNGI, NOTHAPODYTES; FUNGAL INFESTED NOTHAPODYTES, CAMPTOTHECIN Scientific Names : NOTHAPODYTES FOETIDA ICACINACEAE; Abstract : [Nothapodytes foetida], collected from Souther parts of India showed the presence of six endophytic fungi. Two of them were found to produce antitumour compounds like camptothecin in culture medium. TLC, HPLC and LC/MS/MS analysis confirmed the production of camptothecin in fungi

MFN : 17140 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-0025 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Jose, B.Satheeshkumar, K.* Affiliation : Plant Biotechnology Division, Tropical Botanic Garden Research Institute, Palode, Thiruvananthapuram 695 562, India Title : In vitro mass multiplication of Ophiorrhiza mungo Linn Imprint : Indian Journal of Experimental Biology. v. 42(6): p. 639-642, 2004 Keywords : TISSUE CULTURE, OPHIORRHIZA; CAMPTOTHECIN; MASS MULTIPLIATION, OPHIORRHIZA Scientific Names : OPHIORRHIZA MUNGO RUBIACEAE; Abstract : A protocol for [in vitro] mass multiplication of plants through seedling (shoot) cultures was established for [Ophiorrhiza mungo]. Maximum number of adventitious shoots per shoot culture (10.4+1.72) was initiated on MS solid medium supplemented with BAP (2.22 microM) after 3 weeks. Shoots were further multiplied (12.8+-2.8) through subculture of intact shoots and reculture of nodal segmetns of aseptic shoots (6.5+-0.94) in MS solid medium containing BAP (0.89 microM). Shoot elongation (1.27+-0.12 cm) was achieved in the medium containing GA3 (1.44 microM) in two weeks. Rooting was favoured in basal agar medium supplemented with IBA (12.3 microM) plus NAA (1.7 microM). The plants were successfully established (100 percent) in the pots containing sand and top soil (1:1) mixture in a period of two weeks MFN : 17141 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-0092 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Chatterjee, I.Chakravarty, A.K.Gomes, A.* Affiliation : Laboratory of Toxinology and Experimental Pharmacodynamics, Department of Physiology, University of Calcutta 92, A.P.C.Road, Calcutta 700 009, India Title : Antisnake venom activity of ethanolic seed extract of Strychnos nux vomica Linn Imprint : Indian Journal of Experimental Biology. v. 42(5): p. 468-475, 2004 Keywords : SNAKE BITE, NUX VOMICA; SNAKE VENOMS; ANTISNAKE VENOM ACTIVITY Scientific Names : STRYCHNOS NUX VOMICA LOGANIACEAE; Abstract : The whole seed extract of [Strychnos nux vomica] potentiated polyvalent snake venom antiserum action in experimental animals. An active compound (SNVNF) was isolated and purified by TLC and silica gel column chromatography which effectively antagonised [Daboia russelii] venom induced lethal, haemorrhagic, defibrinogenating, oedema, PLA2 enzyme activity and [Naja kaouthia] induced lethal, cardiotoxic, neurotoxic, PLA2 enzyme activity. Polyvalent snake venom antiseum action was significantly potentiated by the active compound. Spectral studies revealed it to be a small, straight chain compound containing methyl and amide radicals MFN : 17167

Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-0202 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Sabu, M.C.Kuttan, R. Affiliation : Amala Cancer Research Centre, amala Nagar, Tissur, Kerala, India Title : Antioxidant activity of Indian herbal drugs in rats with aloxan-induced diabetes Imprint : Pharmaceutical Biology. v. 41(7): p. 500-505, 2003 Keywords : ANTIDIABETIC ACTIVITY; ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY; DIABETES; FREE RADICAL SCAVENGING ACTIVITY Abstract : Methanol extracts (75 percent) of [Aegle marmelos, Momordica charantia, Trigonella foenum-graecum, Eclipta prostrata, Salacia oblonga. Coriandrum sativum, Vernonia anthelmintica] and [Murraya koenigii], plants used extensively in the Indian system of medicine, were found to be potent inhibitors of lipid peroxide formation and scavengers of hydroxyl and superoxide radicals in vitro. Oral administration of the extracts (100 mg/kg body weight) were found to reduce the serum glucose level in normal and alloxan (120 mg/kg) diabetic rats significantly for 4h and continued administration of the drug sustained this effect. Reductions of serum glucose by activities of herbal drugs such as [Aegle marmelos] (56.8 percent), [Momordica charantia] (55.4 percent) and [Trigonella foenum-graecum] (52.5 percent) were almost as high as the activity of insulin (60.4 percent). The extract of [Aegle marmelos] showed highest activity as an antidiabetic and antioxidant, compared to other extracts. The results indicated that oxidant induced alterations in the glucose utilising system during diabetic manifestation is partially reversed by the administration of herbal extracts having antioxidant activity MFN : 17175 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-0200 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Rosangkenia, G.Prasad, S.B.* Affiliation : Cell and Tumour Biology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, School of Life Sciences, NE Hill University, Shillong 793 022, India Title : Antitumour activity of some plants from Meghalaya and Mizoram against murine ascites Daltons lymphoma Imprint : Indian Journal of Experimental Biology. v. 42(10): p. 981-988, 2004 Keywords : ANTITUMOUR ACTIVITY Scientific Names : POTENTILLA FULGENS ROSACEAE; DILLENIA PENTAGYNA DILLENIACEAE; AGERATUM CONYZOIDES ASTERACEAE; Abstract : Of the 5 plants, three from Mizoram and two from Meghalaya, only three plants showed the different maguitude of antitumour activity. Maximum activity was observed with the methanol extract of the stem bark of [Dillenia pentagyna] as compared to aqueous extract of the roots of [Ageratum conyzoides] and [Potentilla fulgens]. An increase in glutathion levels in Dalton's lymphoma (DL) cells was observed during tumour growth. Changes in glutathion and protein levels were also examined in the liver and DL cells of tumour bearing mice following the treatment with the extract of [D.pentagyna], which showed highest antitumour activity. Glutathion levels in the liver and DL cells was

found to be decreased. It may be concluded that [D.pentagyna] appears to be more active against DL cells than other plants and the decrease in glutathion level may be one of the factors responsible for antitumour activity MFN : 17184 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-0485 Subject Group : 1500 Authors : Rajasab, A.H.Mahamad Isaq. Affiliation : Department of P G Studies and Research in Botany, Gulbarga University, Gulbarga 585 106, Karnataka, India Title : Documentation of folk knowledge on edible wild plants of North Karnataka Imprint : Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge. v. 3(4): p. 419-429, 2004 Keywords : EDIBLE WILD PLANTS; FOLK KNOWLEDGE, KARNATAKA; TRIBAL DIET, EDIBLE PLANTS Abstract : Of the fifty one species, twenty-seven species belonging to twenty four genera produce edible fruits (eaten raw or cooked), sixteen species belonging to fourteen genera produce edible leaves and stem, four species belonging to four genera produce edible flowers, three species belonging to three genera produce edible seeds. the root extract of one species [Hemidesmus indicus] was used to prepare soft drink. Some of these species serve as food during famine. It is necessary to preserve the diversity of wild edible plants, as they possess an immense nutritional and medicinal value. Study rereveals the importance of twenty-two species of plants as they are eaten substantially by village folk as well as by city dwellers. It is desirable to bring these plants under organized agriculture as new crops to increase their production and utilization MFN : 17282 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-0727 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Rana, P.Vadhera, S.Soni, G.* Affiliation : Department of Biochemistry and Chemistry, PAU, Ludhiana-141004, Punjab, India Title : In vivo antioxidant potential of rice bran oil (RBO) in albino rats Imprint : Indian Journal Physiology and Pharmacology. v. 48(4): p. 428-436, 2004 Keywords : ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY; RICE BRAN OIL; ORYZANOL; NITROSO COMPOUNDS; OXIDATIVE STRESS; RICE BRAN OIL Abstract : Rats were divided into two groups of 10 animals, each and were maintained on diets containing RBO or Rice Bran Oil ground nut oil (GNO) for a period of 4 weeks. After which stress was induced to half the animals of each group by administering intraperitoneally Nnitrosodiethylamine (NDEA) (100 mg/kg) body weight and remaining as controls. Intraperitoneal administration of NDEA resulted in a significant reduction in body weight and feed intake, the effect being appreciably less in RBO fed group. NDEA toxicity was mainly reflected in liver as supported by increased activities of enzymes of liver function

test on stress induction but the effect was appreciably of lesser degree in the group fed on RBO. The urea levels were also less in teh group fed on RBO, The lipid peroxidation (LPO) increased on stress induction in erythrocytes and in all the tissues, in RBO fed group except in kidneys. Stress induction resulted in decreased catalase (CAT) activity less in RBO fed group. MFN : 17301 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-0737 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Shirwaikar, A.Rajendran, K.Dinesh Kumar C. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacognosy, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal 576 119, India Title : Oral antidiabetic activity of [Annona squamosa] leaf alcohol extract in NIDDM rats Imprint : Pharmaceutical Biology. v. 42(1): p. 30-35, 2004 Keywords : ANTIDIABETIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : ANNONA SQUAMOSA ANNONACEAE; Abstract : The leaf alcohol extract of plant [Annona squamosa] (Annonaceae) was investigated for its antidiabetic activity. Type 2 diabetes mellitus was induced with standardised doses of streptozotocin and nicotinamide. Graded doses of the leaf alcohol extract suspended in gum acacia were administered to normal and experimental diabetic rats for 12 days. Fasting plasma glucose levels, serum insulin levels, serum lipid profiles and changes in body weight were evaluated in normal rats while liver glycogen levels and pancreatic TBARS levels were evaluated additionally in diabetic rats. The diabetic groups treated with the leaf alcohol extract were compared with standard glibenclamide. The findings showed the significant antidiabetic potential of the extract in ameliorating the diabetic conditions in diabetic rats. No significant effects were found in the normal rats MFN : 17315 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-0959 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Samy, R.A.Manickam, V.S.Wallace, J.W.Gopalakrishnan, S. Affiliation : Department of Botany, St. Xavier's College, Palayamkottai-627 002, TN, India Title : Flavonoid glycosides of Athyrium solenopteris (Kunze) T.Moore of Palni Hills of South India Imprint : Journal of the Indian Chemical Society. v. 81(1): p. 77-78, 2004 Keywords : FLAVONOIDS; QUERCETIN; KAEMPFEROL Scientific Names : ATHYRIUM SOLENOPTERIS Abstract : Five flavonoid glycosides, kaempferol-3-Oglucoside, kaempferol-3-O-diglucoside, quercetin-3-O-glucoside, quercetin-3-O-diglucoside and quercetin-3-O-diglucoside-3'-O-xyloside have been isolated and characterised MFN : 17341

Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-1093 Subject Group : 0300 Authors : Sasikumar, B.Vasundhara, M.*Faroogi, A.A. Affiliation : Horticulture Division, University of Agricultural Sciences, G.K.V.K., Bangalore 560 065, Karnataka, India Title : Correlation studies in Tagetes minuta Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v: 26(2) p. 268-270, 2004 Keywords : OIL YIELD, TAGETES Scientific Names : TAGETES MINUTA ASTERACEAE; Abstract : A correlation study was conducted in [Tagetes minuto] to gain an understanding about association of major growth and yield components with oil yield. The results revealed that plant height, plant spread, number of primary branches, number of leaves, dry matter production, oil content, herbage and flower yield had a significant and positive association with essential oil yield. Flower yield exhibited significantly positive correlation with herbage yield. However, number of inflorescences showed positive association with only oil yield. Correlation between any two growth components except plant height was positive and significant MFN : 17358 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-1441 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Mukhtar, H.M.Ansari, S.H.Ali, M.Naved, T. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacognosy Phytochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jamia Hamdard (Hamdard University) Hamdard Nagar, New Delhi 110062, India Title : New compounds from Zizyphus vulgaris Imprint : Pharmaceutical Biology. v. 42(7): p. 508-511, 2004 Keywords : ZIZYPHULANOSTANE DERV; LANOSTANE TRITERPENE; TERPENIC LACTONES Scientific Names : ZIZYPHUS VULGARIS RHAMNACEAE; ZIZYPHUS SATIVA RHAMNACEAE; ZIZYPHUS MAURITIANA RHAMNACEAE; Abstract : A lanostane-type triterpene, zizyphulanostane-21oic acid, and a terpenic delta-lactone, zizyphulanostan-18-oic acid, have been isolated from the roots of [Zizyphus vulgaris] (syn. [Z. sativa], [Z. mauritina] (Rhamnaceae) and characterized as lanosta-25 (26)-en9alpha-ol21-oic acid and lanosta-25 (26)-en-22beta-ol-18-oic acid 3(19)olide, respectively, on the basis of spectroscopic techniques and chemical means MFN : 17447 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-1114 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Bhosle, S.V.Pawar, K.D.Deodhar, S.R.Gaikwad, P.P.Thengane, S.R. Affiliation : Plant Tissue Culture Division, National Chemical Laboratory, Pune 411 008, MS, India Title : Distribution of Calophyllum species in three states along the western ghats of India and in-vitro conservation of Calophyllum inophyllum Linn

Imprint : International Conference on Modern Trends in Plant Sciences with Special Reference to the Role of Biodiversity in Conservation, Amravati, Maharashtra. p. 119, 17-20 February, 2005 Keywords : CONSERVATION, CALOPHYLLUM SPP; CALOPHYLLUM DISTRIBUTION, WESTERN GHATS; WESTERN GHATS, CALOPHYLLUM; MICROPROPAGATION, CALOPHYLLUM Scientific Names : CALOPHYLLUM INOPHYLLUM GUTTIFERAE; Abstract : The distribution of 3 species of [Calophyllum] occurring in Maharashtra, Karnataka and Goa has been described along with the use of [in vitro] technique for conservation of [Calophyllum inophyllum]. [In viro] micropropagation protocol has been developed using mature seed explant. Woody Plant Medium (WPM) was used as basal medium supplemented with various concentrations of BAP (2.22-44.0 m)/TDZ (0.914.54, m). Multiple shoot induction was observed with an average of 4.820.9 shoots per explant. The elongated shoots were successfully rooted and complete plantlets were established in soil with 90 percent survival rate MFN : 17449 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-1173 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Srivastava, T.Sarwat, M.Malik, S.Narula, A.Pande, D.Das, S.Sopory, S.K.Srivastava, P.S. Affiliation : Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Jamia Hamdard, Hamdard Nagar, New Delhi 110062, India Title : Micropropagation and transformation studies on an anticancer drug yielding plants Imprint : International Conference on Modern Trends in Plant Sciences with Special Reference to the Role of Biodiversity in Conservation, Amravati, Maharashtra. p. 122, 17-20 February, 2005 Keywords : ANTICANCER ACTIVITY Scientific Names : CATHARANTHUS ROSEUS APOCYNACEAE; Abstract : In an attempt to develop a suitable transformation protocol for [Catharanthus roseus] [Agrobacterium tumefaciens] strain LBA 4404/ pB1-S1 was used. The T-DNA of the binary vector contains uidA gene fused with CaMV 35S promoter, [Brassica juncea] Gly 1 gene driven by CaMV 35S promoter and npt 11 gene under the control of NOS promoter. Influence of various parameters, i.e. type of explant, bacterial cell density, cocultivation duration, presence of acetosyringone etc. was evaluated. Nodal segments exhibited minimal GUS expression restricted to the cut ends. Of the three explants (nodal segment, leaf segment and derived callus) tried, callus proved to be most suitable for transormation. Coculture for 3 days at O.D. 0.7-0.8, 100 mM acetosyringone proved best. Callus segments transformed under optimized conditions showed transient GUS expression in more than 90 percent of the explants MFN : 17456 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-1509 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Choudhury, B.P.Mahapatra, B.N. Affiliation : P.G. Department of Botany, Utkal University, Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India

Title : Medicinal plants used by some ethnic populace of Orissa with special reference to Juangpirh (Keonjhar)- An assessment Imprint : International Conference on Modern Trends in Plant Sciences with Special Reference to the Role of Biodiversity in Conservation, Amravati, Maharashtra. p. 154, 17-20 February, 2005 Keywords : MEDICINAL PLANTS, ORISSA; ETHNOMEDICINE, ORISSA; ORISSA, ETHNOMEDICINE Abstract : A broad-based survey programme was launched upon in the Keonjhar district to bring out a state-of-art report pertinent to medicinal plants used by the ethnic groups residing in those districts. As many as 28 Angiospermic species were collected. Majority of them fall under threatened/rare/vulnerable category locally. In the enumeration their correct nomenclature along with pertinent references, names of the concerned families have been provided. This is appended with locality of collections, local names and methods of use . Effective strategies have been suggested to check shrinkage in the population of those taxa and their germplasm conservation MFN : 17461 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-1525 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Sakarkar, D.M.Sakarkar, U.M.Sakarkar, N.M.Degwekar, S.Karande, S.Kale, M. Affiliation : Vidyabharati College of Pharmacy, Camp, Amravati 444 602, MS, India Title : Studies of traditional indigenous herbal potential medicinal plants used by the tribal for various diseases in Melghat forest of Amravati district Imprint : International Conference on Modern Trends in Plant Sciences with Special Reference to the Role of Biodiversity in Conservation, Amravati, Maharashtra. p. 157, 17-20 February, 2005 Keywords : MEDICINAL PLANTS, MAHARASHTRA; TRIBAL MEDICINE, MELGHAT FOREST Abstract : The information on plant used for various diseases by tribals was collected from tribals through the discussions with a group 6-7 male persons in the age group of 40-55 years. In all 34 plants species belonging to 28 families of ethnomedicinal interest were recorded and data reported and discussed. It is concluded from the study that the ancient Indian system of medicine needs verification on modern scientific basis MFN : 17462 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-1519 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Patil, M.V.Pawar, S.Patil, D.A. Affiliation : Department of Botany, GET's Arts, Commerce Science College, Nagaon District Dhule 424 004, Maharashtra, India Title : Ethnobotany of Butea monosperma in North Maharashtra, India Imprint : International Conference on Modern Trends in Plant Sciences with Special Reference to the Role of Biodiversity in Conservation, Amravati, Maharashtra. p. 158, 17-20 February, 2005

Keywords : ETHNOMEDICINE, BUTEA SPP; BUTEA SPP, ETHNOMEDICINE Scientific Names : BUTEA MONOSPERMA FABACEAE; Abstract : [Butea monosperma] is used for medicine, food, fibre, and few other miscellaneous purposes. All parts of tree and gum are employed to ameliorate about 20 human sufferings of which nearly 16 different applications are hitherto undocumented from other parts of India. They are administered in the form of extract, juice, infusion, powder and gum. These appear noteworthy for further exploration on modern scientific lines MFN : 17463 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-1505 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Baxi, J.P.Chaudhari, U.S. Affiliation : Department of Botany, SSSKR Innani Mahavidyalaya, Karanja, MS, India Title : Some ethnomedicinal plants of Washim district, Maharashtra Imprint : International Conference on Modern Trends in Plant Sciences with Special Reference to the Role of Biodiversity in Conservation, Amravati, Maharashtra. p. 158, 17-20 February, 2005 Keywords : THREATENED PLANTS, MAHARASHTRA; MAHARASHTRA, THREATENED PLANT; ETHNOMEDICINE, WASHIM, MAHARASHTRA; WASHIM, MAHARASHTRA, ETHNOMEDICINE Abstract : Washim district lies in the southern part of Amravati Division of Maharashtra State. The forests of the district are in the scattered patches and fall in the "South Indian tropical dry deciduous" type. 83.41 percent of the population of the district lives in the rural areas and includes the tribals like Korku, Pardhi, Banjari. Threatened plants of this area are enumerated along with their family, latin and local names, parts and disease for which used MFN : 17464 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-1521 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Pattanaik, C.Reddy, S.Dhal, N.K.*Pattanaik, C.R. Affiliation : Regional Research Laboratory (CSIR), Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India Title : An ethnobotanical study of Malkanagiri district Orissa, India Imprint : International Conference on Modern Trends in Plant Sciences with Special Reference to the Role of Biodiversity in Conservation, Amravati, Maharashtra. p. 160, 17-20 February, 2005 Keywords : ETHNOMEDICINE, MALKANAGIRI, ORISSA; ORISSA, ETHNOMEDICINE Scientific Names : ALANGIUM SALVIFOLIUM ALANGIACEAE; RAUWOLFIA SERPENTINA APOCYNACEAE; STRYCHNOS NUX VOMICA STRYCHNACEAE; TECTONA GRANDIS VERBENACEAE; HOLARRHENA ANTIDYSENTRICA LILIACEAE; Abstract : Communication deals with a folklore information obtained from the local tribes, inhabited in different places and adjoining hills of Malkanagiri district. Some of the high valued medicinal plants along with the local names, locality, uses, dosages and

mode of administration are presented. During the study, some interesting field notings were made which include the use of [Alangium salvifolium] for conjunctivitis, [Rauwolfia serpentina] for snake bite, [Strychnos nux-vomica] for easy delivery, [Tectona grandis] as lactogenic agent, [Gloriosa superba] for leprosy and other skin diseases, [Holarrhena antidysentrica] for diarrhoea and [Tinospora cordifolia] for colds and jaundice MFN : 17465 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-1534 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Vishwakarma KanchanLata, N.Dubey, V. Affiliation : Botany Department, C.M.D.P.G. College, Bilaspur, CG, India Title : Ethnobotanical survey of Bilaspur district (C.G.) Imprint : International Conference on Modern Trends in Plant Sciences with Special Reference to the Role of Biodiversity in Conservation, Amravati, Maharashtra. p. 161, 17-20 February, 2005 Keywords : ETHNOMEDICINE, BILASPUR, CHHATTISGARH; CHHATTISGARH, ETHNOMEDICINE Abstract : Field study was undertaken all around Bilaspur. Tribals of the villages were interviewed for ethnobotanical uses of various plants. The paper describes the medicaments of the area, culture of tribals and the role of plants in the socio-economic status of tribal people. An attempt has been made to evolve conservation strategies for some of the endangered medicinal plants MFN : 17472 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-1384 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Begum, N.A.Choudhury, D.N.Banerji, J.Das, B.P.* Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, Visva-Bharati, Santiniketan 731 235, WB, India Title : Studies on a carbazole alkaloid from Murraya koenigii Spreng. and flavonoids from Pongamia glabra Vent. Imprint : Journal of the Indian Chemical Society. v. 82(2): p. 165-171, 2005 Keywords : INDIAN CURRY; CARBAZOLE ALKALOIDS; ALKALOIDS; FLAVONOIDS; PONGAMOL; KARANJIN; LARVICIDAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : PONGAMIA GLABRA LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : Phytochemical investigation on the root bark of [Murraya koenigii] (known as Indian curry leaf (Fam. Rutaceae) afforded a new carbazole alkaloid (Ia), characterized as 3,6-dimethyl-1isopentenylcarbazole, on the basis of spectral data, and its N-methyl derivative (Ib) was also synthesized. In addition, two known flavonoids, pongamol (2), and karanjin (3) were isolated from the seeds of [Pongamia glabra] (known as karanja) (Fam. Leguminosae) and these two compounds were independently characterized by us with some new structural probability of pongamol (2) on the basis of spectral evidences. All these compounds were subjected to the comparative larvicidal activity studies on the third instar larvae of [Culex quinquefasciatus] at 100 ppm

concentration at an interval of 24 h; some activity was observed which was related to their structural features MFN : 17474 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-1457 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Rao, B.V.Rao, C.V.*Subrahmanyam, C.Jairaj, M.A. Affiliation : Department of Engineering Chemistry, Foods, Drugs and Water, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam 530 003, AP, India Title : Chemical constituents of Rhizophora mucronata of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Imprint : Journal of the Indian Chemical Society. v. 82(2): p. 155-157, 2005 Keywords : ATRANORIN; XANTHONES; LICHIXANTHONE; AMYRINS; PALMITONE; SITOSTEROL; DIMYRISTYL KETONE Scientific Names : RHIZOPHORA MUCRONATA RHIZOPHORACEAE; Abstract : Chemical investigation of the outer layer of the root bark of [Rhizophora mucronata] of Andaman and Nicobar Islands afforded a rare xanthone, lichixanthone along with atranorin, alphaamyrin, beta-amyrin, Palmitone, beta-sitosterol, dimyristyl ketone and beta-sitosterol glycoside MFN : 17488 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-1454 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Raina, V.K.Ajai KumarYadav, A.Tandon, S.Aggarwal, K.K. Affiliation : Process Product Development Division, Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, P.O. CIMAP, Lucknow 226 015, UP, India Title : Composition of Indian ajowan (Carum copticum L.) seed oils Imprint : Indian Perfumer. v. 48(4): p. 429-432, 2004 Keywords : AJOWAN; THYMOL; CYMENE; TERPINENE Scientific Names : CARUM COPTICUM UMBELLIFERAE; TRACHYSPERMUM AMMI UMBELLIFERAE; Abstract : The hydrodistilled oils obtained from ajowan seeds ([Carum copticum] of commerce from CIMAP Research Farm, Lucknow and local markets of Lucknow and Chennai were analyzed by GC and GC-MS, which led to the identification of 17 compounds representing 99.3 percent, 99.2 percent and 98.6 percent of the oils respectively. Thymol, the main constituent of these three oils was in the range of 36-41 percent followed by p-cymene 21-27 percent, and gamma-terpinene 26-36 percent. The oil yield in the seeds obtained from CIMAP was highest (5 percent v/w) MFN : 17584 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-1759 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Sandhu, A.S.Singh, A.P.

Affiliation : Medical Advisor, Tas-Med India Pvt. Ltd., Chandigarh, Punjab, India Title : Potential of Ayurvedic herbs in the treatment of diabetes mellitus Imprint : PHCOG MAG. v. 1(1): p. 3-7, 2005 Keywords : DIABETES MELLITUS; MEDICINAL PLANTS; AYURVEDA Scientific Names : MOMORDICA CHARANTIA GYMNEMA SYLVESTRE ENICOSTEMMA LITTORALE PTEROCARPUS MASUPIUM SALACIA RETICULATA COCCINIA GLUACA TRIGONELLA FOENUM GRAECUM Abstract : Dieabtes mellitus in Ayurveda is known as madhumeha. Several Ayurvedic formulations have been used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus for centuries. In addition to herbs, minerals find wide application in Ayurvedic prescriptions for diabetes. Medicinal herbs like [Momordica charantia, Gymnema sylvestre, Enicostemma littorale, Pterocarpus marsupium, Salacia reticulata, Coccinia gluaca] and [Trigonella foenum graecum] are prescribed as single powder drugs or in combination (poly-herbal). Scientists have studied the chemical composition of the antidiabetic medicinal herbs used in Ayurveda. The article deals with work done on Indian medicinal plants with antidiabetic potential MFN : 17589 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-2290 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Rajkapoor, B.Murugesh, N.Chodon, D.Sakthisekaran, D. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacology, Vinayaka Mission's College of Pharmacy, Yercaud Road, Salem, 636 008, TN, India Title : Chemoprevention of N-nitrosodiethylamine induced phenobarbitol promoted liver tumors in rat by extract of Indigofera aspalathoides Imprint : Biological Pharmaceutical Bulletin. v. 28(2): p. 364-366, 2005 Keywords : ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY; LIVER TUMOUR; CHEMOPREVENTIVE ACTIVITY Scientific Names : INDIGOFERA ASPALATHOIDES LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : The chemopreventive effect of ethanol extract of [Indigofera aspalathoides] (Leguminosae) on N-nitrosodiethylamine (DEN, 200 mg/kg)-induced experimental liver tumour was investigated in male wistar rats. Oral administration of ethanol extract (250 mg/kg) effectively suppressed liver tumour induced with DEN as revealed by decrease in the levels of extend of serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase, serum glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase, alkaline phosphatase, total bilirubin, gamma glutamate transpeptidase, lipid peroxidase, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione S-transferase with a concomitant increase in enzymatic antioxidant (superoxide dismutase and catalase) levels when compared to those in liver tumour bearing rats. The histopathological changes of liver sample were compared with respective control. Results showed a significant chemopreventive activity of extract against DEN induced liver tumour MFN : 17598

Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-2494 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Mallavarapu, G.R.Ramesh, S.Mengi, N.Kalra, A. Affiliation : Central Institute of Mdicinal and Aromatic Plants Field Station, G.K.V.K. PO, Bangalore 560 065, Karnataka, India Title : Chemical composition of the essential oil of Plectranthus melissoides Benth Imprint : Journal of Essential Oil Research. v. 17(5): p. 259-260, 2005 Keywords : ESSENTIAL OILS, PLECTRANTHUS SPECIES; CYMENE; TERPINENE; CARVACROL Scientific Names : PLECTRANTHUS MELISSOIDES LAMIACEAE; Abstract : The essential oil of [Plectranthus melissoides] (Lamiaceae) collected from wild plants growing in Uttaranchal State in India was investigated for its chemical composition by GC and GC/MS. Fifty-four components of the oil, representing 99.3 percent of the oil were identified. The oil was found to contain mostly monoterpene hydrocarbons and oxygenated monoterpenes. The main components of the oil were p-cymene (17.4 percent), gamma-terpinene (10.1 percent), methyl thymol (3.0 percent), thymol (7.9 percent), carvacrol (41.3 percent) and carvacrol acetate (4.6 percent) MFN : 17688 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-2648 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Prakasa Rao, E.V.S.Ganesha Rao, R.S.Puttanna, K.Ramesh, S. Affiliation : Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Resource Centre, Allalasandra, Bangalore-560 065, Karnataka, India Title : Significance of harvest intervals on oil content and citral accumulation in variety Krishna of lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus) Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 27(1) : p. 1-3, 2005 Keywords : CITRAL; HARVESTING; LEMONGRASS Scientific Names : FLEXUOSUS GRAMINEAE; Abstract : An experiment was conducted to study the changes in quality of lemongrass oil, as measured by its citral content, during the growth of the crop. It was found that citral content in lemongrass oil increases with time and reaches and maximum in two to five months depending on the season. Therefore, taking early harvesting of lemongrass ([Cymbopogon flexuosus]), Gramineae, should be discouraged MFN : 17693 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-2655 Subject Group : 0200 Authors : Pandey, A.Choudhary, B.L.Gupta, R. Affiliation : National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, New Delhi-110 012, India Title : Some phenological observations on Plumbago zeylanica: A medicinal plant species from India

Imprint : Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. v. 27(1) : p. 20-25, 2005 Keywords : PHENOLOGICAL VARIATIONS; MUCILAGINOUS EXUDATION Scientific Names : PLUMBAGO PLUMBAGINACEAE; Abstract : Variations in vegetative and reproductive characters of [Plumbago zeylanica], Plumbaginaceae recorded at five locations in Rajasthan and Delhi are presented. Phenological variations recorded at different temperature and relative humidity condition on number of flower per plant and mucilaginous exudation from the glandular calyx and different stages of flower development have also been studied MFN : 17716 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-2807 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Kurian, G.A.Philip, S.Varghese, T. Affiliation : BITS Training Center, Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Madras Medical Mission, 4A-Jayalalithanagar, Mogappair, Chennai 50, India Title : Effect of aqueous extract of the Desmodium gangeticum DC root in the severity of myocardial infarction Imprint : Journal of Ethnopharmacology. v. 97(3) : p. 457461, 2005 Keywords : MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; HYPOCHOLESTEROLEMIC ACTIVITY; ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY; GLUTATHIONE REDUCTASE; CATALASE; THIOBARBITURIC ACID; FREE RADICAL SCAVENGING ACTIVITY Scientific Names : DESMODIUM GANGETICUM FABACEAE; Abstract : The aqueous extract of [Desmodium gangeticum] (Fabaceae) (DG) was studied in isoproterenol induced myocardial infarcted (MI) rats for the hypocholesterolemic and antioxidant effect. After inducing MI by isoproterenol (35 mg/kg b wt.i.p.), the aqueous extract of [Desmodium gangeticum] root at a dose of 3 ml/100 g b.wt. was orally administered daily for a period of 30 days in six rats. The significant decrease in the concentration of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and improved activities of glutathione reductase and catalase in the myocardial tissues of rats treated with DG suggest free radical scavenging activity of the extract MFN : 17717 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-2743 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Arulmozhi, D.K.Veeranjaneyulu, A.*Bodhankar, S.L.Arora, S.K. Affiliation : New Chemical Entity Research, Lupin Research Park, Village Nande, Taluk Mulshi, Pune-411 042, Maharashtra, India Title : Pharmacological studies of the aqueous extract of Sapindus trifoliatus on central nervous system: possible antimigraine mechanisms Imprint : Journal of Ethnopharmacology. v. 97(3) : p. 491496, 2005 Keywords : CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM; ANTIMIGRAINE; DOPAMINE; NEUROLEPTIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : SAPINDUS TRIFOLIATUS SAPINDACEAE;

Abstract : The aqueous extract of pericarp of fruits of [Sapindus trifoliatus] (ST) family (Sapindaceae) was evaluated for its potential effects of central nervous system in mice. The extract at doses 20 and 100 mg/kg i.p. significantly reduced the spontaneous locomotor activity and at 100 mg/kg, increased the thiopental-induced sleeping time. In rota-rod motor co-ordination test, ST at 100 mg/kg, i.p. significantly reduced the endurance time. In receptor radioligand binding studies. ST exhibited affinity towards dopaminergic, alpha-adrenergic and muscarnic receptors. The findings suggest that, ST may possess principles with potential neuroleptic properties MFN : 17722 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-2766 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Dharmani, P.Mishra, P.K.Maurya R.Chauhan, V.S.Palit, G.* Affiliation : Department of Pharmacology, Central Drug Research Institute, P.B. No. 173, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh 226001, India Title : [Allophylus serratus]: A plant with potential antiulcerogenic activity Imprint : Journal of Ethnopharmacology. v. 99(3): p. 361-366, 2005 Keywords : ANTIULCER ACTIVITY Scientific Names : ALLOPHYLUS SERRATUS SAPINDACEAE; Abstract : [Allophylus serratus] (Sapindaceae) is known to possess various therapeutic properties. The crude ethanolic extract of [Allophylus serratus] (AS) in different ulcer models in Sprague-Dawley rats at 400 mg/kg body weight, once daily, orally has a significant effect in cold restraint (CRU, 2 h cold restraint stress), aspirin (ASA, 150 mg/kg body weight, orally), alcohol (AL, 1 ml/200 gm of absolute alcohol) and pyloric ligation (PL, 4 h ligation) induced gastric ulcer models as it showed protection index of 71.28, 62.50, 90.84 and 64.29 percent protection, respectively whereas, standard drug omeprazole (OMZ, 10 mg/kg body weight) has shown protection index of 85.70, 74.99 and 74.99 in CRU, ASA and PL model respectively. Sucralfate (SUC, 500 mg/kg body weight) as a standard drug in AL model has 93.20 percent protection. Furthennoi-e, AS has significantly decreased the free acidity (72.41 percent). total acidity (47.97 percent) and peptic activity (24.59 percent), respectively as well as has significantly increased the mucus secretion (29.41 percent). Conclusively the ulcer protective effect of AS may be due to its anti-secretory along with cytoprotective mechanism MFN : 17731 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-2869 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Sathishsekar, D.Subramanian, S.* Affiliation : Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Madras, Chennai-25, TN, India Title : Beneficial effects of Momordica charantia seeds in the treatment of STZ-induced diabetes in experimental rats Imprint : Biological Pharmaceutical Bulletin. v. 28(6) : p. 978-983, 2005

Keywords : OXIDATIVE STRESS; INSULIN; DIABETES; GLIBENCLAMIDE Scientific Names : MOMORDICA CHARANTIA CUCURBITACEAE; Abstract : Effect of the aqueous extract of seeds of two varieties,namely, a country and hybrid variety of [Momordica charantia] (Cucurbitaceae) were examined on oxidative stress in plasma and pancreas of streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. Oral administration of each of the seed extracts at a dosage of 150 mg/kg body weight for 30 d resulted in a significant reduction in plasma glucose, thio-barbiuiric acidreactive substances, lipid-hydroperoxides, alpha-tocopherol and significant improvement in ascorbic acid, reduced glutathione and insulin. The treatment also resulted in a significant reduction in thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, lipid-tiydroperoxides, superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase and significant improvement in reduced glutathione in pancreas of drug treated diabetic rats when compared to the untreated diabetic rats. On the basis of results obtained, it may be concluded that the treatment with [M. charantia] may effectively normalize the impaired oxidative stress in streptozotocin induced diabetes than the treated groups MFN : 17732 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-2832 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Mati, R.Das, U.M.Ghosh, D.* Affiliation : Reproductive Endocrinology and Family Welfare Research Unit, Department of Human Physiology with Community Health Vidyasagar University, Midnapore-721 102, W.B., India Title : Attenuation of hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats by aqueous extract of seed of Tamarindus indica Imprint : Biological Pharmaceutical Bulletin. v. 28(7) : p. 1172-1176, 2005 Keywords : HYPERGLYCEMIA; HYPERLIPIDEMIA; ANTIDIABETIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : TAMARINDUS INDICA CAESALPINIACEAE; Abstract : Diabetic rats were divided into mild diabetic (MD) and severe diabetic (SD) on the basis of fasting blood glucose (FBG) levels. Aqueous extract of seed of [Tamarindus indica] (Caesalpiniaceae) was given to MD and SD rats at dose of 80 mg and 120 mg/0.5 ml distilled water/100g body weight/d, respectively for 14d. Signiflcant attenuation of hyperglycemia was indicated by measuring FBG, glycogen level and glucose-6-phos phatase activity along with monitoring of intravenous GTT and serum insulin level. Similarly, correction of hyperlipidemia in diabetic rats after this extract supplementation was confirmed by significant reduction in the levels of above-mentioned hyperlipidemic indicators. Intravenous GTT was performed that highlights the antidiabetic action of this extract is not due to its effect on the intestinal rate of glucose absorption but may be due to modulation of intracellular glucose utilization in target organs MFN : 17734 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-2725 Subject Group : 0600

Authors : Sheeja, E.Edwin, E.Smita, G. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacognosy Phytochemistry, B. R. Nahata College of Pharmacy, Mhow-Neemuch Road, Mandsaur-458 001, MP, India Title : A comparative pharmacognostical and phytochemical studies on the leaves of Aegle marmelos and Feronia elephantum Imprint : Plant Arachives. v. 5(2): p. 549-552, 2005 Keywords : VILVAM; VILA; PHYTOSTEROLS; ALKALOIDS; GLYCOSIDES Scientific Names : AEGLE MARMELOS RUTACEAE; FERONIA ELEPHANTUM RUTACEAE; Abstract : According to the tribal information, the plants Vilvam [Aegle marmelos] (Rutaceae) and Vila [Feronia elephantum] (Rutaceae) belonging to the family Rutaceae, have similar common name (Wood apple) and are used as a substitute for each other. In this direction, efforts were made to compare the pharmacognostical and phytochemical properties of these two plants. Pharmacognostical evaluation included examination of morphological and microscopical characters, determination of leaf and physiochemical constants. Phytochemical screening included, determination of percent yield, extractive values, qualitative analysis and TLC profile for the comparison of the different constitutents in the extracts. Both the plants have fruits of similar size and shape but their leaves have different morphological and microscopical character. Their phytochemical studies proved that they have similar constituents viz., alkaloids, glycosides, phytosterols etc. MFN : 17749 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-2669 Subject Group : 0400 Authors : DeepakPatni, V. Affiliation : Plant Pathology and Tissue Culture Biotechnology Laboratory, Department of Botany, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur 202 004, Rajasthan, India Title : Role of seed and soil in perennation of the blight and wilt disease of cumin (Cumin cyminum L.) caused by Alternaria burnsii and Fusarium oxysporum f.s.p. cumini Imprint : Journal of Phytological Research. v. 17(1): p. 7579, 2004 Keywords : ALTERNARIA BLIGHT; FUSARIUM WILT; CUMIN Scientific Names : CUMINUM CYMINUM APIACEAE; Abstract : [Alternaria] blight and [Fusarium] wilt are the most destructive diseases of cumin. The seeds and soil could play an important role in perennation of the both pathogens. So in our present investigation for seed or soil borne nature of blight and wilt diseases of cumin ([Cuminum cyminum] Apiaceae) confirmed by Standard Blotter echnique, Potato Dextrose Agar method and Pot experiments. Results showed that the perennation of both diseases occurred by seeds, plant part and by soil MFN : 17750 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-3137 Subject Group : 1400

Authors : Babu, S.K.Kumar, K.V.Subbaraju, V.* Affiliation : Laila Impex Research Centre, Unit 1, Phase III; Jawahar Autonagar, Vijayawada 520 007, AP, India Title : Estimation of trans-resveratrol in herbal extracts and dosage forms by high-performance thin-layer chromatography Imprint : . Chemical Pharmaceutical Bulletin. v. 53(6): p. 691-693, 2005 Keywords : HPTLC METHOD; RESVERATROL; DENSITOMETRIC ANALYSIS Scientific Names : POLYGONUM CUSPIDATUM POLYGONACEAE; Abstract : A simple, sensitive and precise HPTLC method of analysis of trans-resveratrol in [Polygonum cuspidatum] (Polygonaceae) root extracts and in dosage forms was developed and validated. The separation was carried out on a TLC aluminium plates precoated with silica gel 60F-254 as the stationary phase, eluted with chloroformethylacetate-formic acid (2.5:1:0.1) as mobile phase. Densitometric analysis of trans-resveratrol was carried out in the absorbance mode at 313 nm. This system was found to give compact spot for trans-resveratrol (Rf value of 0.40 plus or minus 0.03). A good linear regression relationship between peak areas and the concentrations was obtained over the range of 0.5-3.0 microg/spot with correlation coefficient 0.9989. The limit of detection and quantification was found to be 9 and 27 ng/spot. The method was validated for precision and recovery. The spike recoveries were within 99.85 to 100.70 percent. The method can be applied for identification and quantitative determination of trans-resveratrol in herbal extracts and dosage forms MFN : 17779 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-3070 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Singh, N.Verma, M.Mehta, D.Mehta, B.K.* Affiliation : School of Studies in Chemistry, Vikram University, Ujjain 456 010, MP, India Title : Anthraquinones from Artabotrys odoratissimus (leaves) Imprint : Indian Journal of Chemistry. v. 44B(8): p. 17401741, 2005 Keywords : NAG CHAMPA Scientific Names : ARTABOTRYS ODORATISSIMUS ANNONACEAE; Abstract : Two new anthraquinones have been isolated from the hexane extract of [Artabotrys odoratissimus] (Annonaceae) leaves and characterized as 1-hydroxy-2, 5-dimethoxy-9,10-anthraquinone 1 and 1,4,5trihydroxy-9,10-anthraquinone 2 by spectral data MFN : 17784 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-3100 Subject Group : 1200 Authors : Chanotiya, C.S.Sammal, S.S.Mathela, C.S.* Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, Kumaun University, Nainital 263 002, Uttaranchal, India Title : Composition of a new chemotype of Tanacetum nubigenum

Imprint : Indian Journal of Chemistry. v. 44B(9): p. 19221924, 2005 Scientific Names : TANACETUM NUBIGENUM COMPOSITAE; Abstract : Six compounds have been isolated from [Tanacetum nubigenum] (Compositae) of North Western Himalaya. (3R,6R)-Linalool oxide acetate (69.37 percent) is being reported for the first time, which marked it as a new chemotype. Other important compounds are 2-hydroxy4,6-dimethoxyacetophenone 2 (E)- 2-(2,4-hexadiynylidene)-1,6dioxaspiro{4,4}non-3-ene 3,(Z)- 2-(2,4-hexadiynylidene)-1,6dioxaspirol{4,4}non-3-ene 4, beta-eudesmol and selin-11-en-4alpha-ol MFN : 17798 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 88-01-0126 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Naqvi, B.S.Shaikh, D.Shaikh, R. Affiliation : Department of Pharmaceutical, University of Karachi, Karachi 32, Pakistan Title : Screening of Pakistan plants for antibacterial activity-II Imprint : Pak. J. Sci. Ind. Res.. v. 30(1): p. 24-28. 987 Keywords : MEDICINAL PLANTS; ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY Abstract : Of 63 plant materials tested, eighteen exhibited broad spectrum antibacterial activity (28.6 percent), while nineteen plant extracts showed narrow spectrum activity (30 percent) against gram positive and gram negative bacteria MFN : 17832 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 88-04-1368 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Afza, N.Qureshi I.H.Ahmed, Y. Affiliation : Pharmaceutical, Fine Chemicals Division, PCSIR Laboratories, Karachi 39, Pakistan Title : Reinvestigation of the chemical constituents of Lycium europeum Linn. Imprint : J. Chem. Soc. Pak.. v. 9(4), p. 627-628. 1987 Keywords : LYCIUM; EUROPEUM ; URSOLIC ACID ; STIGMASTEROL ; CYCLOARTENOL ; SOLANACEAE Abstract : Reinvestigation of the chemical constituents of the roots of L.europeum revealed the presence of three unreported compounds identified as cycloartenol, stigmasterol and ursolic acid MFN : 17905 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-04-1500 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Ahmad, A.Khursheed, A.K.Sabiha, Q.Viqaruddin, A. Affiliation : Department of Microbiology, University of Karachi, Karachi 32, Pakistan Title : Antifungal activity of some hydrosoluble Prosopis juliflora alkaloids Imprint : Fitoterapia. v. 60(1): p. 86-89, 1989 Keywords : ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY; ALKALOIDS

Scientific Names : PROSOPIS JULIFLORA LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : A mixture of alkaloids containing mainly juliprosine and isojuliprosine isolated from P.juliflora was tested for its antifungal activity against dermatophytes,Aspergillus and Candida species in comparison with griseofulvin and econazole. Econazole was found to be the most active one; however, the alkaloidal mixture was found more effective than griseofulvin against T.violaceum, M.ferrugineum, A.boydii and Aspergillus species and equally effective against T.semii and T.tonsurans MFN : 17919 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 89-06-2191 Subject Group : 0200 Authors : Hussain, F.Ilahi, I. Affiliation : Department of Botany, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, Pakistan Title : Germination behaviour of Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal Imprint : Hamdard Medicus. v. 31(3): p. 20-30, 1988 Keywords : GERMINATION; GROWTH REGULATORS Scientific Names : WITHANIA SOMNIFERA SOLANACEAE; Abstract : Seeds of [W.somnifera] exhibited 70-80 percent germination with the application of IAA, GA3 or thiourea alone or in combination with mechanical scarification at 25 degree C. Nutrient solution and soaking in water alone or subsequent to mechanical scarification enchanced the germination to over 50 percent. The germination was better at pH 7 in surface sown seeds and at field capacity in water saturated conditions MFN : 17941 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 90-02-0756 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Siddiqui, S.Sabira Begum, S.Hafeez, F.Siddiqui, B.S. Affiliation : H.E.J. Research Institute of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi-32, Pakistan Title : Two triterpenes from the leaves of Nerium oleander Imprint : Phytochemistry. v. 28(4): p. 1187-1191, 1989 Keywords : TRITERPENES Scientific Names : NERIUM OLEANDER APOCYNACEAE; Abstract : Two new triterpenes, oleanderolic acid and kanerodione, have been isolated form the fresh, undried and uncrushed leaves of N.oleander and their structures established as 3beta-phydroxyphenoxy-11alpha-methoxy-12alpha-hydroxy-20-ursen-28-oic acid and 28-hydroxy-20(29)-lupen-3,7-dione, respectively, by means of chemical and spectral studies MFN : 17946 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 90-03-0979 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Ahmad, M.A.Khan, B.A.Shamsuddin, Z.A.Anwarullah, M.

Affiliation : PCSIR Laboratories Complex. Karachi 75280, Pakistan Title : Presence of aflatoxin B1 in the shelled peanuts in Karachi Imprint : Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research. v. 32(8): p. 526-527, 1989 Keywords : AFLATOXINS Scientific Names : ARACHIS HYPOGAEA LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : A preliminary survey conducted for the presence of aflatoxin in peanuts (Arachis hypogaea) available in the city of Karachi, during 1977-1986,revealed that out of 512 samples analysed 158 (31 percent), were contaminated with aflatoxin B1. Most of the samples contained high amounts of aflatoxin B1 (above 100 microg/kg) and therefore, can be hazardous for human health. The highest amount detected was 723 microg/kg MFN : 17949 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 90-03-1078 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Rizki, Y.M.Fatima, K.Ahmed, I.Badar, Y. Affiliation : PCSIR Laboratories Complex, Karachi-39, Pakistan Title : Studies on antifungal properties of indigenous plants from the Karachi region. Part II Imprint : Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research. v. 32(9): p. 608-611, 1989 Keywords : ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : ARISTOLOCHIACEAE; AMARYLLIDACEAE; CAPPARIDACEAE; COMPOSITAE; EUPHORBIACEAE; LEGUMINOSAE; LILIACEAE; MELIACEAE; MYRTACEAE; RUTACEAE; SOLANACEAE; UMBELLIFERAE; VERBENACEAE; ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : The antifungal properties of 58 extracts from 32 plants belonging to 14 families from the Karachi region have been studied. The plant families include: Aristolochiaceae, Amaryllidaceae, Capparidaceae, Compositae, Euphorbiaceae, Leguminosae, Lilliaceae, Meliaceae, Myrtaceae, Rutaceae, Solanaceae, Umbellifereae, Verbenaceae and Zingiberaceae. The test organisms used were Aspergillus niger, A.flavus and Penicillium citrinum. Eleven of the plant extracts tested showed antifungal activity. Besides inhibitory activities some of the extracts exhibited strong stimulatory effects with the test organisms MFN : 17974 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 90-05-2072 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Ara, I.Siddiqui, B.S.Faizi, S.Siddiqui, S. Affiliation : HEJ Research Institute of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi-32, Pakistan Title : Margosinone and margosinolone, two new polyacetate derivatives from Azadirachta indica Imprint : Fitoterapia. v. 60(6): p. 519-523, 1989 Keywords : MARGOSINONE; MARGOSINOLONE Scientific Names : AZADIRACHTA INDICA MELIACEAE; Abstract : Margosinone and margosinolone, two new polyacetate derivatives, have been isolated from the stem bark of A.indica. The structures of these compounds have been established as 4-(10'-en-8"-one)

eicosenyl-5-hydroxy-5-isopropyl-terahydro-2-pyrone and 4-(7'-hydroxy-10'ene)-eicosenyl-5-hydroxy-5-isopropyl-tetrahydro-2-py rone respectively through chemical and spectral studies MFN : 17978 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 90-05-2078 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Atta-ur-RahmanAlam, M.Ahmed, G.Choudhary, M.I. Affiliation : HEJ Research Institute of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi 32, Pakistan Title : A new steroidal alkaloid from the leaves of Buxus papillosa Imprint : Heterocycles. v. 27(1): p. 89-92, 1988 Keywords : STEROIDAL ALKALOIDS; ALKALOIDS; PAPILLAMIDINE Scientific Names : BUXUS PAPILLOSA BUXACEAE; Abstract : A new steroidal alkaloid, papillamidine, has been isolated from the leaves of B.papillosa to which structure has been assigned. JICST, Tokyo MFN : 17986 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 90-05-2290 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Siddiqui, S.Siddiqui, B.Mahmood, T/.Faizi, S. Affiliation : HEJ Research Institute of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi 32, Pakistan Title : Tetranortriterpenoids from Azadirachta indica A.Juss. (Meliaceae) Imprint : Heterocycles. 29(1): p. 87-96, 1989 Keywords : TETRANORTRITERPENOIDS; NIMBOCINOLIDES Scientific Names : AZADIRACHTA INDICA MELIACEAE; Abstract : Nimbocinolide, a new tetranortriterpenoid has been isolated from the acidic fraction of fresh, undried leaves of A.indica (neem) and its structure was established as 21,23-epoxy-1,14,20-apoeupha (apotirucalla)-trien-3,21-dione-7alpha,11alpha,12alpha,23-tetraol-11-( 2'-hydroxy-2'-methyl) propionate-7-acetate, through chemical and spectral studies. JICST, Tokyo MFN : 17987 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 90-05-2291 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Siddiqui, S.Siddiqui, B.S.Akhtar NaeedSabira Begum Affiliation : HEJ Research Institute of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi 752270, Pakistan Title : New pentacyclic triterpenoids from Plumeria obtusa Imprint : Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research. v. 32(12): p. 781-784, 1989 Keywords : TRITERPENOIDS; PENTACYCLIC TRITERPENOIDS Scientific Names : PLUMERIA OBTUSA APOCYNACEAE; Abstract : Two new pentacylic triterpenoids have been isolated from fresh leaves of P. obtusa. They have been identified as obtusic and and obtusilinic acid

MFN : 17989 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 90-06-2381 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Alam, S.M.Azmi, A.R. Affiliation : Atomic Energy Agricultural Research Centre, Tando Jam, Sind, Pakistan Title : Effect of wild plant residues on the germination and seedling growth of wheat cultivars Imprint : Pakistan Journal of Botany. v. 21(2): p. 279-282, 1989 Keywords : PLANT RESIDUES; SEEDLING GERMINATION Scientific Names : WITHANIA SOMNIFERA SOLANACEAE; ABUTILON INDICUM MALVACEAE; ANTIGONON LEPTOPUS POLYGONACEAE; PROSOPIS GLANDULOSA LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : Plant residues of Withania somnifera, Abutilon indicum, Antigonon leptopus, and Prosopis glandulosa showed no adverse effect on the germination of wheat cultivars. P.glandulosa residue however showed highly significant inhibitory effects on the growth of both shoot and root of wheat cultivars tested MFN : 18015 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-02-0906 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Shekhani, M.S.Shah, P.M.Yasmin, A.Siddiqui, R.Perveen, S.Khan, K.M.Kazmi, S.U.Atta-ur-Rahman Affiliation : H.E.J.Research Institute of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Pakistan Title : Immunostimulant sesquiterpene glycoside from Sphaeranthus indicus Imprint : Phytochemistry. v. 29(8): p. 2573-2576, 1990 Keywords : SESQUITERPENE GLYCOSIDES; SPHAERANTHOLIDE; IMMUNOSTIMULTING ACTIVITY Scientific Names : SPHAERANTHUS INDICUS COMPOSITAE; Abstract : A new sesquiterpene glycoside, sphaeranthanolide, has been isolated from the flowers of [Sphaeranthus indicus]. Its structure was determined by 2D-NMR and other spectroscopic techniques. The compound exhibited immune stimulating activity MFN : 18049 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-04-2503 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Siddiqui, S.Siddiqui, B.S.*Naeed, A.Begum, S. Affiliation : H.E.J. Research Institute of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Pakistan Title : Three pentacyclic triterpenoids from the leaves of Plumeria obtusa Imprint : Journal of Natural Products. v. 53(5): p. 13321336, 1990 Keywords : TRITERPENOIDS; PENTACYCLIC TRITERPENOIDS Scientific Names : PLUMERIA OBTUSA APOCYNACEAE;

Abstract : Two new pentacyclic triterpenoids, coumarobtusanoic acid and coumarobtusane, have been isolated from the leaves of [Plumeria obtusa] along with a known triterpene, 27-p-E-coumaroyloxyursolic acid. The new structrues have been established as 27-p-E-coumaroyloxy2alpha,3beta-dihydroxyurs-28-oic acid and 27-p-E-coumaroyloxy2alpha,3beta-dihydroxyursane through chemical and spectroscopic studies MFN : 18071 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-06-3541 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Afza, N.Badar, Y. Affiliation : PCSIR Laboratories Complex, Karachi, Pakistan Title : Some recent research work on Euphorbia caducifolia Haines Imprint : Hamdard Medicus. v. 34(2): p. 63-69, 1991 Keywords : LATEX; TRITERPENOIDS; CYCLOCADUCINOL; CYCLOEUCALENOL; EUPHOL; CYCLOTRICHOSANTOL Scientific Names : EUPHORBIA CADUCIFOLIA EUPHORBIACEAE; Abstract : Isolation and structure elucidation of a new cycloartane type terpenoid, cyclocaducinol isolated from the fresh latex of [Euphorbia caducifolia] have been reported MFN : 18077 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-06-3722 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Riaz, M.Chaudhary, F.M. Affiliation : Applied Chemistry Division, Pakistan Council of Scientific Industrial Research, Complex Laboratories, Lahore 54600, Pakistan Title : The chemical composition of Pakistani Callistemon citrinus oils Imprint : Journal of Essential Oil Research. v. 2(6): p. 327328, 1990 Keywords : ESSENTIAL OILS Scientific Names : CALLISTEMON CITRINUS MYRTACEAE; CALLISTEMON LANCEOLATUS Abstract : The oil obtained from both the leaves and flowers of [Callistemon citrinus] syn. [Callistemon lanceolatus] was subjected to gas chromatographic analysis. Of the sixteen compounds identified, 1,8cineole and alpha-terpineol were found to predominate. Furthermore, quantitative variations were found between leaf and flower oils so that flower oils could be differentiated based on their richness in alphapinene (15.1-42.7 percent vs 0.6-3.2 percent) and their decrease in alpha-terpineol content (5.2-17.5 percent vs 31.0-31.9 percent) MFN : 18087 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-01-0359 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Atta-ur-RahmanPervin, A.Choudhary, M.I.Hasan, N.Sener, B.

Affiliation : H.E.J. Research Institute of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Pakistan Title : Sophazrine-a novel quinolizidine alkaloid from Sophora griffithii Imprint : Journal of Natural Products. v. 54(4): p. 929-935, 1991 Keywords : SOPHAZRINE; ALKALOIDS; QUINOLIZIDINES; TURCICA Scientific Names : THERMOSPSIS TURCICA SOPHORA GRIFFITHII LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : A novel quinolizidine (lupine) alkaloid, sophazrine, has been isolated from the leafy shoots of S.griffithii. Xray crystallography of another related alkaloid, anagyrine, isolated from the leaves of Thermopsis turcica, confirmed its structure MFN : 18094 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-02-1041 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Ahmed, Z.Kazmi, S.N.H.Malik, A.* Affiliation : HEJ Research Institute of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Pakistan Title : Phytochemical investigation of Abutilon pakistanicum Imprint : Fitoterapia. v. 62(4): p. 349-352, 1991 Keywords : STEROIDS; TETRADECANYL ESTERS; TRIACONTANOIC ACID Scientific Names : ABUTILON PAKISTANICUM MALVACEAE; Abstract : A new steroid, E-24-ethylidene-23-gamma-methyl5alpha-cholest-20(22)-ene, and the tetradecanyl ester of triacontanoic acid have been isolated from [A.pakistanicum] and their structures elucidated through spectroscopic studies MFN : 18106 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-04-2120 Subject Group : 0400 Authors : Hashmi, M.H.Gaffar, A. Affiliation : Department of Botany, University of Karachi 75270, Pakistan Title : Seed-borne mycoflora of Coriandrum sativum Imprint : Pakistan Journal of Botany. v. 23(2): p. 165-172, 1991 Keywords : SEED-BORNE MYCOFLORA; CORIANDER Scientific Names : CORIANDRUM SATIVUM UMBELLIFERAE; Abstract : Of the 88 samples of coriander from 15 countries examined, 14 genera and 24 species of fungi were isolated [Alternaria alternata],[Fusarium moniliforme] and [Phoma spp.] were predominant in seed samples of Pakistan and India. In pathogenicity tests, [F.solani] caused seed rot and wilting of coriander seedlings MFN : 18118 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-05-2948 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Gilani, Anwar-ul-Hassan

Affiliation : Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Health Sciences, The Aga Khan University Medical College, Karachi 74800, Pakistan Title : Effect of alkaloids from Galbulimima baccata on guinea-pig ileum Imprint : Fitoterapia. v. 63(3): p. 238-242, 1992 Keywords : ALKALOIDS; HIMBACINE; HIMBADINE; HIMGALINE; HIMBOSINE; SPASMOLYTIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : GALBULIMIMA BACCATA Abstract : Four alkaloids (himbacine, himbadine, himgaline, himbosine) isolated from [G.baccata] were studied for their spasmolytic activity on isolated guinea-pig ileum. Only himbacine and himbadine were found active, himbacine being more potent. Himbacine revealed a specific atropine-like blockade of acetylcholine responses and additional nonspecific papaverine-like spasmolytic action against histamine and barium chloride MFN : 18124 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-05-3109 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Atta-ur-RahmanBhatti, M.K.Choudhary, M.I.Sener, B. Affiliation : HEJ Research Institute of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Pakistan Title : Chemical constituents of Fumaria indica Imprint : Fitoterapia. v. 63(2): p. 129-135, 1992 Keywords : PAPRACINE; OXYHYDRASTININE; NOROXYHYDRASTININE; FUMARAMINE; STYLOPINE; BISMORARGREMONINE; FUMARITINE; ALKALOIDS; HYDRASTINE Scientific Names : FUMARIA INDICA FUMARIACEAE; Abstract : A new secophthalideisoquinoline alkaloid, papracine, along with six known alkaloids, oxyhydrastinine, noroxyhydrastinine, fumaramine, stylopine, bisnorargemonine and fumaritine, have been isolated for the first time from [F.indica]. Another known base beta-hydrastine was also isolated and X-ray diffraction studies were carried out MFN : 18129 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-06-3554 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Akhtar, M.S.Akhtar, A.H.Khan, M.A. Affiliation : Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Agricultrue, Faisalabad, Pakistan Title : Antiulcerogenic effects of Ocimum basilicum extracts, volatile oils and flavonoid glycosides in albino rats Imprint : International Journal of Pharmacognosy. v. 30(2): p. 97-104, 1992 Keywords : ANTIULCEROGENIC ACTIVITY; ESSENTIAL OILS; FLAVONOIDS GLYCOSIDES; FLAVONOID GLYCOSIDES Scientific Names : OCIMUM BASILICUM LAMINACEAE; Abstract : Antiulcerogenic effects of extracts, volatile oils and flavonoid glycosides of leaves of [O.basilicum] was studied in normal and induced ulcerated rats. The aqueous, methanol and water-

methanol extracts and flavonoid glycosides reduced the ulcer index, inhibited gastric acid and pepsin secretions and enhanced hexosamines in aspirin treated rats. Volatile oils of the plant were ineffective against stress-induced ulcers. It appears that antiulcerogenic activity of [O.basilicum] is extractable into both water and methanol and its active principles may include flavonoid glycosides MFN : 18132 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-06-3622 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Ahmad, A.Khan, K.A.Sultana, S.Siddiqui, B.S.Begum, S.Faizi, S.Siddiqui, S. Affiliation : Department of Microbiology, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270 Pakistan Title : Study of the in vitro antimicrobial activity of harmine, harmaline and their derivatives Imprint : Journal of Ethnopharmacology. v. 35(3): p. 289-294, 1992 Keywords : ALKALOIDS; HARMINE; HARMALINE; HARMOL; ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : PEGANUM HARMALA ZYGOPHYLLACEAE; Abstract : Alkaloids harmine and harmaline (harmidine) isolated from [Peganum harmala] seeds were tested against eleven grampositive and twelve gram-negetive bacteria and sixteen species of fungi. Harmine exhibited antimicrobial activity while harmaline and harmol showed activity to a lesser extent MFN : 18135 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-06-3648 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Ahmad, V.U.Shah, M.G.Noorwala, M.Mohammad, F.V. Affiliation : H E J Research Institute of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Pakistan Title : Isolation of 3,3'-dihydroxychalcone from Primula macrophylla Imprint : Journal of Natural Products. v. 55(7): p. 956-958, 1992 Keywords : CHALCONES; FLAVONES Scientific Names : PRIMULA MACROPHYLLA PRIMULACEAE; Abstract : A new dihydroxy chalcone has been isolated from the EtOAc-soluble portion of the whole plant of [P.macrophylla], and its structure was determined by spectrosocopic methods, including 2D NMR, as 3,3'-dihydroxychalcone. 3'-Methoxyflavone and beta-sitosterol have also been isolated for the first time from this plant MFN : 18175 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-04-2268 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Akhtar, N.Malik, A. Affiliation : HEJ Research Institute of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Pakistan

Title : Oleanene type triterpenes from Plumeria rubra Imprint : Phytochemistry. v. 32(6): p. 1523-1525, 1993 Keywords : TRITERPENES Scientific Names : PLUMERIA RUBRA APOCYNACEAE; Abstract : Two new oleanene type triterpenes were isolated from [P.rubra]. Their structures were established as 6alpha-hydroxy-3epi-oleanolic acid(C30H48O4, mp 235-37 degree C) and 3alpha,27-dihydroxyolean-12-ene(C30H50O2, mp 183-84 degree C) by means of chemical and spectral studies MFN : 18198 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-01-0041 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Akram, M.Nazir, R.Afridi, K. Affiliation : Plant Tissue Culture Laboratory, Dr. Bashir Centre, PCSIR Laboratories Complex, Lahore 54600, Pakistan Title : Shoot regeneration in Rauwolfia root callus Imprint : Hamdard Medicus. v. 36(3): p. 34-40, 1993 Keywords : TISSUE CULTURE Scientific Names : RAUWOLFIA SERPENTINA APOCYNACEAE; Abstract : Roots of [R.serpentina] were cultured in MS containing 1 mg/l IAA + 10 mg/l BAP. Shoot regeneration was found induced when supplemented with 10 percent coconut milk and 5 mg/l

Ahmad

medium to be biotin

MFN : 18261 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 94-06-3579 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Kazmi, M.H.Malik, A.Hameed, S.Akhtar, N.Ali, S.N. Affiliation : Department of Applied Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Pakistan Title : An anthraquinone derivative from Cassia italica Imprint : Phytochemistry. v. 36(3): p. 761-763, 1994 Keywords : ANTHRAQUINONES; ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY; ANTITUMOR ACTIVITY Scientific Names : CASSIA ITALICA CAESALPINACEAE; Abstract : Phytochemical studies on [C.italica] have resulted in the isolation of beta-sitosterol, stigmasterol, alpha-amyrin, 1,5dihydroxy-3-methyl anthraquinone and a new anthraquinone, the structure of which was assigned on the basis of spectral studies. The new compound is shown to possess antimicrobial and antitumor activity MFN : 18316 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-01-0157 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Gilani, A.H.Aftab, K.Saeed, S.A.Ali, R.A.Atta-urRahman Affiliation : Department of Pharmacology, The Aga Khan University Medical College, Karachi-74800, Pakistan Title : O-Acetyljervine: A new beta-adrenoceptor agonist from Veratrum album

Imprint : Archives of Pharmacal Research. v. 18(2): p. 129132, 1995 Keywords : ACETYLJERVINE; ADRENOCEPTOR AGONIST; HYPOTENSIVE ACTIVITY; CARDIAC STIMULANT ACTIVITY Scientific Names : VERATRUM ALBUM MELANITHIACEAE; Abstract : Intravenous administration of O-acetyljervine (an alkaloid from [V.album]) produced a dose-dependent (10-100microg/kg) fall in blood pressure and tachycardia in anaesthetized normotensive rats. Pretreatment of animals with propranolol (1mg/kg) abolished these cardiovascular responses of O-acetyljervine similar to that of isoprenaline (1 microg/kg). In isolated tissue experiments, Oacetyljervine (10-100micro g/ml) produced a dose-dependent relaxation of phenylephrine-induced contraction of the rabbit aorta. In guinea-pig spontaneously beating atria, it caused positive inotropic and chronotropic responses in a dose-dependent fashion (10-100micro g/ml). These responses were abolished in the presence of propranolol (1micro g/ml) similar to that of isoprenaline. These results indicate that Oacetyljervine is a adrenoceptor stimulant like isoprenaline MFN : 18318 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-01-0252 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Rafi Shaikh, M.MalekaBaqir, F.A.Naqvi, S.*Shaikh, D. Affiliation : Department of Microbiology, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Pakistan Title : Partial purification and antibacterial studies of extracts from Eugenia jambolana Linn. and Vinca rosea Linn Imprint : Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research. v. 37(6-7): p. 279-281, 1994 Keywords : ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : EUGENIA JAMBOLANA MYRTACEAE; VINCA ROSEA APOCYNACEAE; Abstract : The ethanolic extracts, as well as the partially purified alkaloidal and non-alkaloidal fractions of the air dried flowers, leaves, fruits, stem, roots and seeds of [E.jambolana] and [V.rosea] were used to determine the antibacterial activity against ten different Gram+positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The results indicate that all the extracts exhibit antibacteial activity against most of the fungi. The root extract of [V.rosea] exhibited maximum zone of inhibition (24mm) against [Salmonella typhi] MFN : 18324 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-01-0538 Subject Group : 1400 Authors : Munir, C.Zaidi, M.I.Ahmad, N.Atta-ur-Rahman Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan Title : An easy rapid metal mediated method of isolation of harmine and harmaline from Peganum harmala Imprint : Fitoterapia. v. 66(1): p. 73-74, 1995

Keywords : HARMINE; HARMALINE; METAL MEDIATED ISOLATION; CARBOLINES Scientific Names : PEGANUM HARMALA ZYGOPHYLLACEAE; Abstract : Mercury (II) ions, when added to alcoholic extracts of harmala ([P.harmala]) seeds, selectively precipitated harmine (Hm) and harmaline (Hl) as their complexes. From these, Hm and Hl recovered by subsequent treatment with H2S. This method of isolation was found to be relatively simple, economical and rapid MFN : 18330 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-02-0861 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Kazmi, S.A.R.Shahzad, S.Niaz, I. Affiliation : Grain Storage Research Laboratory, Tropical Research Institute, PARC, Karachi University Campus, Karachi 75270, Pakistan Title : Effect of neem oil on in vitro growth of root infecting fungi Imprint : Pakistan Journal of Botany. v. 27(1): p. 217-220, 1995 Keywords : ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY; NEEM OIL; ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : AZADIRACHTA INDICA MELIACEAE; Abstract : Effect of neem oil and benomyl on the growth of root infecting fungi viz., [Macrophomina phaseolina, Rhizoctonia solani] and [Fusarium moniliforme] was examined. Benomyl showed greater suppression in growth of [R.solani] and [F.moniliforme] than neem oil whereas neem oil @ 0.1 percent was more effective against [M.phaseolina] than benomyl. Efficacy of benomyl and neem oil increased with increase in concentration. Neem oil extracted from seed samples collected from different localities showed variable suppression of growth of the test fungi. MFN : 18331 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-02-0868 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Ahmad, V.U.Alam, N. Affiliation : H E J Research Institute of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Pakistan Title : New antifungal bithienylacetylenes from Blumea obliqua Imprint : Journal of Natural Products. v. 58(9): p. 14261429, 1995 Keywords : ACETYLENIC COMPOUNDS; ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : BLUMEA OBLIQUA ASTERACEAE; Abstract : Two new bioactive bithienylacetylenes isolated from [B.obliqua] have been characterized as 5'-methyl-5-{4-(3-methyl-1oxobutoxy)-1-butynyl}-2,2'-bithiophene and isovaleroxy ester, respectively. These compounds showed antifungal activity against [Epidermophyton floccosum] and [Pleurotus ostreatus].

MFN : 18346 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-03-1366 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Ahmad, M.Rizwani, G.H.Aftab, K.Ahmad, V.U.Gilani, A.H.Ahmad, S.P. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacognosy, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Pakistan Title : Acetoside: A new antihypertensive drug Imprint : Phytotherapy Research. v. 9(7): p. 525-527, 1995 Keywords : ACTEOSIDE; ANTIHYPERTENSIVE ACTIVITY; GLYCOSIDES; PHENYLPROPANOIDS Scientific Names : SYRINGA VULGARIS OLEACEAE; Abstract : Acteoside, a phenylpropanoid isolated from the violet flowers of [Syringa vulgaris], exhibited a dose-dependent decrease in systolic, diastolic and mean arterial blood pressure in normotensive pentothal anaesthetized rats. The median effective dose was 10 mg/kg and lasted for 2-3 min, whilst heart rate also decreased MFN : 18354 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-05-2609 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Saeed, A. Affiliation : Department of Academic Research, Bail al-Hikmah at Madinat al-Hikmah, Muhammad bin Qasim Avenue, Karachi 747 00, Pakistan Title : Cultivation of medicinal herbs at Madinat al-Hikmah Imprint : Hamdard Medicus. v. 39(1): p. 19-23, 1996 Keywords : CULTIVATION, MEDICINAL PLANTS; MEDICINAL PLANTS, CULTIVATION; UNANI DRUGS Scientific Names : BORAGO OFFICINALIS BORAGINACEAE; RICINUS COMMUNIS EUPHORBIACEAE; OCIMUM BASILICUM LABIATAE; PLANTAGO OVATA PLANTAGINACEAE; Abstract : Cultivation methods, season of sowing, morphological characters, dose and use in Unani system of medicine of [Borago officinalis, Ricinus communis, Ocimum basilicum] and [Plantago ovata] cultivated at Centre for Horticulture have been described MFN : 18355 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 96-05-2606 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Nickchen, H.J. Affiliation : Centre for Horticulture at Madinat al-Hikmah, Muhammad bin Qasim Avenue, Karachi 74700, Pakistan Title : The Centre for Horticulture at Madinat al-Hikmah Imprint : Hamdard Medicus. v. 39(1): p. 24-26, 1996 Keywords : CULTIVATION, MEDICINAL PLANTS; MEDICINAL PLANTS, CULTIVATION; THYME; BASIL; DILL; DHANIA; PARSLEY; CHERVIL; BORAGE; CHIVES; MARJORAM Scientific Names : THYMUS VULGARIS LABIATAE; OCIMUM BASILICUM ANETHUM GRAVEOLENS CORIANDRUM SATIVUM UMBELLIFERAE; Abstract : Cultivation and utilization of thyme ([Thymus vulgaris]), basil ([Ocimum basilicum]), dill ([Anethum graveolens]), dhania ([Coriandrum sativum]), parsley, chervil, borage, chives and marjoram have been described

MFN : 18407 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 97-05-2641 Subject Group : 0200 Authors : Shah, M.J.Subhan, F.Tahir, F.Alam, W. Affiliation : National Research Institute of Reproductive Physiology, National Institute of Health, Islamabad, Pakistan Title : Male contraceptives from traditional drugs (plant based) Imprint : Hamdard Medicus. v. 40(2): p. 34-36, 19977 Keywords : CONTRACEPTIVES; MALE CONTRACEPTIVES; ANTIFERTILITY ACTIVITY; MEDICINAL PLANTS; PAKISTAN, MEDICINAL PLANTS; CONTRACEPTIVES Abstract : Fourteen plants, mentioned in Unani system of medicine have been listed along with their botanical names, vernacular names and location in Pakistan MFN : 18434 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-01-0321 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Atta-ur-RahmanNoor-e-ain, F.Choudhary, M.I.Parveen, Z.Turkoz, S.Sener, B. Affiliation : HEJ Research Institute of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Pakistan Title : New steroidal alkaloids from Buxus longifolia Imprint : Journal of Natural Products. v. 60(10): p. 976-981, 1997 Keywords : BUXAMIDINE; BUXABENZAMIDIENINE; SUFFROBUXININE; ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY; STEROIDAL ALKALOIDS; ALKALOIDS; VIROBUXEINE; BUXALONGIFOLINE; BUXASAMARINE Scientific Names : BUXUS LONGIFOLIA BUXACEAE; Abstract : Four new steroidal alkaloids, (+)-cyclovirobuxeine F (1), N-benzoyl-O-acetylbuxalongifoline (2), buxasamarine (3), and (+)cyclobuxamidine (4), along with two known steroidal bases, 16alphaacetoxybuxabenzamidienine (5) and trans-cyclosuffrobuxinine (6), were isolated from the leaves of [Buxus longifolia]. The alkaloids 1-4 showed significant antibacterial activity MFN : 18435 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-02-1026 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Faizi, S.Siddiqui, B.S.Saleem, R.Noor, F.Husnain, S. Affiliation : H.E.J. Research Institute of Chemistry, and Department of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Pakistan Title : Isolation and structure elucidation of a novel glycoside niazidin from the pods of Moringa oleifera Imprint : Journal of Natural Products. v. 60(12): p. 13171321, 1997 Keywords : BENZYL THIOCARBAMATES; CARBAMATES; CARBAMIC ACID; FATTY ACIDS; GLYCOSIDES; HYDROCARBONS; ISOTHIOCYANATE GLYCOSIDES; NITRILE ESTERS; NITRILES; PHENOLIC ACIDS; POLYSULFIDE SULFINATE; SULFUR

Scientific Names : MORINGA OLEIFERA MORINGACEAE; Abstract : An EtOH extract of fresh pods of [Moringa oleifera] yielded a novel glycoside niazidin possessing an O-nitrile thiocarbamate group, along with thiocarbamate, carbamate, and isothiocyanate glycosides. Their structures have been determined. Fatty acid esters, long-chain hydrocarbons, carbamic acid, isocyanates, isothiocyanates, phenolic ester, nitriles,nitrile ester, polysulfide sulfinate, and a benzyl thiocarbamate, along with elemental sulfur (S8), have also been identified through GC-MS MFN : 18440 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-03-1253 Subject Group : 0200 Authors : Arshad, M.Akbar, G.Iftikhar, Q. Affiliation : Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies, Islamia University, Bahawalpur, Pakistan Title : Medicinal plants of Cholistan desert Imprint : Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany. v. 21(3): p. 677-688, 1997 Keywords : MEDICINAL PLANTS, PAKISTAN; PAKISTAN, MEDICINAL PLANTS Abstract : Medicines prepared from the local plants are extensively used by the inhabitants of Cholistan desert to cure various diseases. Medicinal importance of 58 plant species belonging to 29 families, common in Cholistan desert has been discussed. All the information regarding their medicinal uses were collected from the local `Hakims', professional and available literature MFN : 18443 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-03-1724 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Atta-ur-RahmanChoudhary, M.I.Khan, M.R.Iqbal, M.Z. Affiliation : HEJ Research Institute of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Pakistan Title : Three new steroidal amines from Sarcococca saligna Imprint : Natural Product Letters. v. 11(2): p. 81-91, 1998 Keywords : SALIGNONES; DEMETHYLSARACONDINE; ALKAMINES; STEROIDAL AMINES; AMINES Scientific Names : SARCOCOCCA SALIGNA BUXACEAE; Abstract : The ethanol extract of the air-dried aerial parts of [Sarcococca saligna] (Buxaceae) has yielded three new steroidal amines, E-salignone, Z-salignone and Na-demethylsaracodine. The proposed structures of these alkamines are based on spectroscopic studies MFN : 18460 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-05-2804 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Kalhoro, M.A.Kaneez, F.A.Badar, Y. Affiliation : Pharmaceutical and Fine Chemical Research Centre, PCSIR Laboratories Complex, Karachi, Pakistan

Title : Toxicologial evaluation of Artemisia elegantissima and Rhazya stricta Imprint : Hamdard Medicus. v. 40(3): p. 28-30, 1997 Keywords : TOXICITY; TOXICOLOGY Scientific Names : ARTEMISIA ELEGANTISSIMA COMPOSITAE; RHZYA STRICTA APOCYNACEAE; Abstract : Water and alcoholic extracts of [A.elegantissima] and [R.stricta] were found to be non-toxic but chloroform and petroleum extract showed low toxic activity MFN : 18464 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-05-2898 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Ali, M.S.Ahmad, V.U.Azhar, I.Usmanghani, K. Affiliation : H.E.J.Research Institute of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Pakistan Title : Chemotropism and antimicrobial activity of Tamarindus indica Imprint : Fitoterapia. v. 69(1): p. 43-46, 1998 Keywords : CHEMOTROPISM; LUPEOL; ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY; ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : TAMARINDUS INDICA LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : The phenomenon of tropism in the leaves of [T.indica] has been attributed to the presence/absence of lupeol. The crude extracts of folded and unfolded leaves exhibited antifungal and antibacterial activities MFN : 18468 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 98-06-3731 Subject Group : 1500 Authors : Ali, M.S.Ahmad, V.U.Azhar, I.Usmanghani, K. Affiliation : HEJ Research Institute of Chemistry, Karachi 75270, Pakistan Title : Some medicinally important plants and their uses Imprint : Hamdard Medicus. v. 41(2): p. 96-102, 1998 Keywords : MEDICINAL PLANTS, PAKISTAN; PAKISTAN, MEDICINAL PLANTS Scientific Names : ALLIUM SATIVUM LILIACEAE; FICUS CARICA RANUNCULACEAE; NIGELLA SATIVA APOCYNACEAE; OLEA EUROPAEA SAPINDACEAE; CUCUMIS MELO CARICACEAE; DOLICHOS BIFLORUS SOLANACEAE; CATHARANTHUS ROSEUS ROSACEAE; AZADIRACHTA INDICA MORACEAE; PROSOPIS JULIFLORA OLEACEAE; SAPINDUS MUKOROSSI LEGUMINOSAE; GUAIACUM OFFICINALE MELIACEAE; CARICA PAPAYA ZYGOPHYLLACEAE; MORINGA OLEIFERA MORINGACEAE; SOLANUM NIGRUM EPHEDRACEAE; EPHEDRA SPP SPIRAEA ULMARIA Abstract : Chemical constituents and medicinal uses of [Allium sativum, Ficus carica, Nigella sativa, Olea europaea, Cucumis melo, Dolichos biflorus, Catharanthus roseus, Azadirachta indica, Prosopis juliflora, Sapindus mukorossi, Guaiacum officinale, Carica papaya, Moringa oleifera, Solanum nigrum, Ephedra] spp.,[Spiraea ulmaria] and other plant species have been discussed

MFN : 18495 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-03-1941 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Atta-ur-RahmanChoudhary, M.I.Yousaf, M.Gul, W.Qureshi, S. Affiliation : International Center for Chemical Sciences, HEJ Research Institute of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Pakistan Title : New withanolides from Withania coagulans Imprint : Chemical Pharmaceutical Bulletin. v. 46(12): p. 1853-1856, 1998 Keywords : WITHANOLIDES; STEROIDAL LACTONES; COAGULINS Scientific Names : WITHANIA COAGULANS SOLANACEAE; Abstract : Three new withanolides, coagulins M, N, and O were isolated from the whole plant of [Withania coagulans]. Their structures were established as (14R,17R,20xi,22R)-5alpha,6beta,27-trihydroxy-14,20epoxy-1-oxo-witha-24-enolide,(14R,17S,20xi,22R)-15alpha,17-dihydroxy14,20-epoxy-3beta-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)-1-oxo-witha-5,24-dienolide and (14R,20xi,22R)-14,20-dihydroxy-3beta-(O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)-1-oxowitha-5,24-dienolide, respectively, by extensive spectroscopic studies MFN : 18517 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-0006 Subject Group : 0100 Authors : Khan, D.Ahmad, R. Affiliation : Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Pakistan Title : Effects of saline water irrigation on germination, growth and mineral distribution in Indigofera oblongifolia Forsk. Imprint : Hamdard Medicus. v. 41(4): p. 81-93, 1998 Keywords : IRRIGATION, SALINE WATER, INDIGOFERA; SALINE WATER IRRIGATION, INDIGOFERA Scientific Names : INDIGOFERA OBLONGIFOLIA LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : Germination, growth and mineral distribution in [Indigofera oblongifolia] were investigated, using 10-30 percent sea water for irrigation. Fifty percent reduction in germination and growth (shoot) was observed. The cumulative shoot productivity per annum under 30 percent sea water was 801.83 +- 76.03 g/plant compared to 1928.06 +90.16 g/plant in control. The plant regenerated well after four-monthly clipping though high salinity adversely affected the growth. Plants irrigated with saline water showed an increase in moisture, sugar and proline and no change in chlorophyll and protein contents. [I.oblongifolia] responded to salinity with foliar succulence accumulating sodium in relatively larger amounts in leaves and fruit wall. Selective transport of Mg++ to leaves and accumulation of Ca++ in roots were apparent. The transport of cations from fruit wall to seeds was selective. This selectivity was, however, adversely affected beyond 20 percent sea water MFN : 18533 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-0742 Subject Group : 0500

Authors : Durrani, M.J.Gul, N.Hussain, F. Affiliation : Department of Botany, University of Balochistan, Quetta, Pakistan Title : Allelopathy as a possible factor for the creation of bare areas beneath Fraxinus xanthoxyloides (G.Don) DC and Nepeta juncea Bth. Imprint : Journal of Science and Technology, University Peshawar. v. 21(12): p. 9-14, 1997 Keywords : ALLELOPATHY Scientific Names : FRAXINUS XANTHOXYLOIDES OLEACEAE; NEPETA JUNCEA ANACARDIACEAE; PISTACIA KHINJUK LAMIACEAE; PEROVSKIA ABROTANOIDES LAMIACEAE; PEROVSKIA ATRIPLICIFLIA ASTERACEAE; ARTEMISIA MARITIMA LEGUMINOSAE; Abstract : Autoallelopathic effects of [Fraxinus xanthoxyloides] and [Nepeta juncea] and telotoxic effects of [Pistacia khinjuk, Perovskia abrotanoides, P.atripliciflia, A.maritima] and [Sophora mollis] against [Fraxinus xanthoxyloides] and [Nepeta juncea] have been investigated. Both, [Fraxinus] and [Nepeta] exhibited autoallelopathy. The germination and seedling growth of both these species were severely reduced by aqueous extracts and litter from other tested species. [Artemisia, Perovskia] and [Pistacia] were more toxic than the other species. It is suggested that the presence of bare area and poor seedling stands could be due to allelopathy MFN : 18534 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-0743 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Durrani, M.J.Khan, N.Hussain, F. Affiliation : Department of Botany, University of Balochistan, Quetta, Pakistan Title : Germination enhancement in seeds of Pistacia khinjuk Stock Imprint : Journal of Science and Technology, University Peshawar. v. 21(12): p. 5-8, 1997 Keywords : DELAYED GERMINATION, PISTACIA; GERMINATION, PISTACIA Scientific Names : PISTACIA KHINJUK ANACARDIACEAE; Abstract : Germination studies indicated that [Pistacia khinjuk] had delayed germination which was promoted by mechanical and chemical scarification applied alone or in combination with hormones such as pro-vide and pro-gib. These treatments resulted in providing 80 to 83 percent germination. It appeared that besides hard seed coat some hormonal dormancy was present. For the reforestation purpose scarified seeds treated with hormones may provide improved seedling stands MFN : 18535 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-1111 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Khan, A.S.Hadi, H.Hashmi, M. Affiliation : Biochemistry Division, Department of Chemistry, University of Peshwar, Peshawar NWFP, Pakistan Title : Amino acid constituents of some local edible plants

Imprint : Journal of Science and Technology, University Peshawar. v. 21(12): p. 23-28, 1997 Keywords : AMINO ACIDS Scientific Names : ALLIUM PORRUM LILIACEAE; BRASSICA RAPA CRUCIFERAE; MEDICAGO DENTICULATA LEGUMINOSAE; RUMEX DENTATUS POLYGONACEAE; Abstract : Protein hydrolysates of [Allium porrum, Brassica rapa, Medicago denticulata], and [Rumex dentatus] were prepared. Amino acid composition was determined by employing one and two dimensional paper chromatography using solvent system phenol: water (500g : 125 ml) and n-butanol:acetic acid:water (12:3:5) v/v/v) respectively. The following amino acid were tentatively identified. Leu, Phe, Pro, Met, Val.try, Ala, arg, Tyr, Thr, Gly, Ser, Glu, Asn, His, Asp, Cys MFN : 18560 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-2320 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Anwar, Z.Ayub, N.Khan, A.G. Affiliation : Department of Biological Sciences, Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan Title : Antibacterial ability of extracts from arbuscular mycorrhizal roots of Allium sativum L. and Momordica charantia Imprint : Hamdard Medicus. v. 43(1): p. 29-33, 2000 Keywords : ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZA; ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY Scientific Names : ALLIUM SATIVUM LILIACEAE; MOMORDICA CHARANTIA CUCURBITACEAE; Abstract : Root extracts from mycorrhizal roots of [Allium sativum] (garlic) and [Momordica charantia] (bitter gourd) colonized with [Glomus mosseae] were tested to evaluate their antibacterial ability against [B.subtilis, Vibrio cholerae, Staphylococcus aureus] and [Escherichia coli] by disc-plate method. The antibacterial ability of the root extracts of both the plants increased significantly with mycorrhization against all the four bacterial species tested MFN : 18576 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-0767 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Gilani, A.H.Aziz, N.Ali, S.M.Saeed, M. Affiliation : Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, The Aga Khan University Medical College, Karachi 74800, Pakistan Title : Pharmacological basis for the use of peach leaves in constipation Imprint : Journal of Ethnopharmacology. v. 73(1,2): p. 87-93, 2000 Keywords : PEACH; CHOLINERGIC ACTIVITY; SPASMOLYTIC ACTIVITY; CALCIUM ANTAGONIST ACTIVITY Scientific Names : PYGEUM PERSICA ROSACEAE; AMYGDALUS PERSICA ROSACEAE; Abstract : The aqueous crude extract (PPL.Cr) of peach leaves ([Prunus persica]) at the dose of 1-10 mg/ml caused a moderate degree of spasmogenic effect in isolated guinea-pig ileum. In isolated rabbit jejunum preparations, PPL.Cr produced a week spasmogenic effect followed by relaxation of the spontaneous contractions at higher doses. Bioassay-

directed fractionation revealed that the spasmogenic activity was separated in the aqueous fraction, while the spasmolytic activity was concentrated in the ethyl acetate fraction. Both PPL.Cr and its ethyl acetate fraction (PPL.EtAc) caused a dose-dependent inhibition, suggesting calcium channel blockade. These data indicated that the plant contain spasmogenic (cholinomimetic) and spasmolytic (calcium antagonist) constituents, which were concentrated in the aqueous and ethyl acetate fractions, respectively MFN : 18580 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-0930 Subject Group : 1000 Authors : Ahmad, I.Ali, R.R.Tabassum, R.Azmi, M.A.Naqvi, S.N.H.Khan, F. Affiliation : Department of Zoology, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Pakistan Title : Toxicity determinations of two pyrethroids karate (Cyhalothrin) and deltamethrin as compared to neem extract (NA) on Tribolium castaneum (PARC strain) Imprint : Journal of Experimental Zoology India. v. 4(1): p. 169-173, 2001 Keywords : CYHALOTHRIN; DELTAMETHRIN; NEEM EXTRACT, INSECTICIDAL ACTIVITY; ANTICHOLINESTRASE ACTIVITY Scientific Names : AZADIRACHTA INDICA MELIACEAE; Abstract : The effect of pyrethroids (cyhalothrin and deltamethrin) in comparison to neem extract (NA) was observed on adult [Tribolium castaneum]. The average mortalities of cyhalothrin were 32 percent, 52, 70, 76 and 90 percent at 0.81, 1.62, 3.24, 6.49 and 12.98 microg/sq.cm concentrations and average mortalities of deltamethrin were 16, 30, 52, 68, and 88 percent at concentrations 9.74, 19.48, 38.96, 77.92 and 155.84 microg/sq.cm at concentration 649.35, 974, 1298.7, 1623.37 and 1948.05 microg/sq.cm. All the mortalities were noted after 24 hours of treatment. Cholinesterase activity was inhibited upto 3.81, 4.02 percent and 4.03 percent in NA-treated samples at 60, 120 and 180 seconds respectively but it increased upto 103.03, 102.82 percent and 102.47 percent at 60, 120 and 180 seconds in the cypermethrin-treated samples MFN : 18581 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-0951 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Ali, M.S.Uzair, S.S.Krebs, H.C.Jahangir, M.Habermehl, G.G. Affiliation : HEJ Research Institute of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Karachi, Pakistan Title : Eleganoside-A, B and C from Pseudocalymma elegans, a native of Brazil Imprint : Phytochemistry. v. 55(4): p. 359-362, 2000 Keywords : IRIDOID GLUCOSIDES; ELEGANOSIDES Scientific Names : PSEUDOCALYMMA ELEGANS BIGNONIACEAE; Abstract : The toxic methanol-soluble part of [Pseudocalymma elegans] (leaves), yielded three new iridoid glucosides, as their

acetate-derivatives named eleganoside-A, B and C which have been characterized with the aid of spectroscopic techniques, including 2D NMR MFN : 18589 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-1496 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Ahmad, V.U.Zahid, M.Ali, M.S.Jassbi, A.R.Ahmad, S.Ali, Z.Iqbal, Z. Affiliation : HEJ Research Institute of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Pakistan Title : Salvatrione: A diterpene-monoterpene conjugate from Salvia bucharica Imprint : Natural Product Sciences. v. 6(2): p. 66-69, 2000 Keywords : SALVATRIONE; PSEUDOTRITERPENOID; BIOGENETIC PATHWAY, SALVATRIONE Scientific Names : SALVIA BUCHARICA LAMIACEAE; Abstract : [Salvia bucharica] afforded a novel terpenoid named as salvatrione. Its structure was elucidated through extensive 2-D NMR experiments and the biogenetic pathway has also been proposed. On biogenetic grounds, it has been suggested to be a pseudo-triterpenoid as it is derived from the coupling of mono/diterpenic units and not from squalene MFN : 18700 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-04-1940 Subject Group : 1400 Authors : Hai, S.M.A.Perveen, S.8Khan, R.A.Khan, K.M.Afza, N. Affiliation : PCSIR Laboratories Complex, Off University Road, Karachi-75180, Pakistan Title : Tertiary amines promoted synthesis of symmetrical 1,3-disubstituted ureas Imprint : Natural Product Research. v. 17(5): p. 351-354, 2003 Keywords : TERTIARY AMINES; ISOCYANATES; DIISOCYANATES; UREA SYNTHESIS Abstract : Symmetrical 1,3-disubstituted ureas and cyclic ureas have been synthesized from corresponding isocyanates and diisocyanates by a new versatile, simple and quick method in the presence of tertiary amines at room temperature. The method under investigation has several advantages over the existing techniques, as it is simple to carry out; does not require complicated equipment; work-up is simple, as it does not use expensive chemicals. Moreover, the yields are almost quantitative. It has a potential for commercial applications in pharmaceutical chemistry MFN : 18701 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-04-1545 Subject Group : 0400 Authors : Siddiqui, B.S.Ismail, F.A.S.Gulzar, T.Sabira Begum Affiliation : H.E.J. Research Institute of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Pakistan

Title : Isolation and structure determination of a benzofuran and a bis-nor-isoprenoid from Aspergillus niger grown on the water soluble fraction of Morinda citrifolia Linn. leaves Imprint : Natural Product Research. v. 17(5): p. 355-360, 2003 Keywords : BENZOFURAN; BLUMENOL Scientific Names : MORINDA CITRIFOLIA RUBIACEAE; Abstract : The leaves of [Morinda citrifolia] afforded a new benzofuran and abis-nor-isoprenoid, blumenol C, hitherto unreported from this source. The structures of these have been elucidated as 5-benzofuran carboxylic acid-6-formyl methyl ester (1) and 4-(3'(R)-hydroxybutyl)3,5,5,trimethyl-cyclohex-2-en-1-one (2) respectively through spectroscopic studies. The NMR data (including 1D, 2D techniques) and stereochemistry at C-3' of compound 2 is also being reported for the first time MFN : 18704 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-04-1869 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Sabira BegumHassan, S.I.Ali, S.N.Siddiqui, B.S. Affiliation : H.E.J. Research Institute of Chemistry, International Center for Chemical Sciences, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Pakistan Title : Chemical constituents from the leaves of Psidium guajava Imprint : Natural Product Research. v. 18(2): p. 135-140, 2004 Keywords : TRITERPENOIDS; GUAJANOIC ACID; UVAOL; OLEANOLIC ACID; URSOLIC ACID Scientific Names : PSIDIUM GUAJAVA MYRTACEAE; Abstract : Five constituents including one new pentacyclic triterpenoid guajanoic acid and four known compounds beta-sitosterol, uvaol, oleanolic acid and ursolic acid were isolated from the leaves of [Psidium guajava]. The new constituent was characterized as 3beta-p-Ecoumaroyloxy-2alpha-methoxyurs-12-en-28-oic acid through 2D NMR techniques and chemical transformations. This is the first report of isolation of compound uvaol from the genus [Psidium]. The new compound is a potential cytotoxic compound as its dimethyl derivative jacoumaric acid posssesses cytotoxic activity against P-388 culture cells MFN : 18705 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-04-1769 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Ali, M.S.Pervez, M.K. Affiliation : H.E.J. Research Institute of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Pakistan Title : Marmenol: A 7-geranyloxycoumarin from the leaves of Aegle marmelos Corr. Imprint : Natural Product Research. v. 18(2): p. 141-146, 2004 Keywords : MARMENOL; GERANYLOXYCOUMARIN Scientific Names : AEGLE MARMELOS RUTACEAE;

Abstract : A new 7-geranyloxycoumarin {7-(2,6-dihydroxy-7methoxy-7-methyl-3-octaenyloxy) coumarin} named marmenol (1) has been isolated from the leaves of methanolic extract of [Aegle marmelos] belonging to the family Rutaceae. In addition to marmenol, several known compounds have also been obtained for the first time from the same source. They include: praealtin D, trans-cinnamic acid, valencic acid, 4methoxy benzoic acid, betulinic acid, N-p-cis- and transcoumaroyltyramine, montanine and rutaretin. The structures of marmenol and known constituents were established with the help of NMR spectroscopy. However, structure of 1 was further confirmed via 2-D NMR experiments MFN : 18742 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-2539 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Shaheen, F.Ahmad, M.Khan, M.T.H.Jalil, S.Ejaz, A.Sultankhodjaev, M.V.Arfan, M.Choudhary, M.I.Atta-ur-Rahman Affiliation : H.E.J. Research Institute of Chemistry, International Center for Chemical Sciences, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270, Pakistan Title : Alkaloids of [Aconitum laeve] and their antiinflammatory antioxidant and tyrosinase inhibition activities Imprint : Phytochemistry. v. 66(8): p. 935-940, 2005 Keywords : LYCOCTONINE; NORDITERPENOID ALKALOID; SWATININE; DELPHATINE; LAPPACONITINE; PUBERANINE; ACETYLSEPACONITINE; ANTIINFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY; ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY; TYROSINASE Scientific Names : ACONITUM LAEVE RANUNCULACEAE; Abstract : A lycoctonine-type norditerpenoid alkaloid, swatinine (1), and a benzene derivative 4-{2-(methoxycarbonyl) anilino}4-oxobutanoic acid (2), along with four known norditerpenoid alkaloids, delphatine (3), lappaconitine (4), puberanine (5), and Nacetylsepaconitine (6) were isolated from the aerial parts of [Aconitum laeve] (Ranunculaceae). Compound 2 has been isolated for the first time from a natural source. The strucutre of compound 1 was deduced on the basis of spectral data. The antiinflammatory, antioxidant and tyrosinase inhibition studies on all six compounds have also been carried out MFN : 18750 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-2177 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Ahmad, V.L.Khan, A.Farooq, U.Kousar, F.Khan, S. S.Nawaz, S. A.Abbasi, M. A.Choudhary, M. I. Affiliation : International Center for Chemical Sciences, H.E.J. Research Institute of Chemistry, University of Karachi-75270, Pakistan Title : Three new cholinesterase-inhibiting cis-clerodane diterpenoids from Otostegia limbata Imprint : Chemical Pharmaceutical Bulletin. v. 53(4): p. 378-381, 2005 Keywords : DITERPENOIDS; OLEANIC ACID; CLERODANE DITERPENOIDS; CHOLINESTERASE INHIBITORY ACTIVITY; LIMBATOLIDES Scientific Names : OTOSTEGIA LIMBATA LAMIACEAE;

Abstract : Three new tricyclic cis-clerodane type diterpenoids, named as limbatolide A, limbatolide B and limbatolide C were isolated from the roots of [Otostegia limbata] along with two known compounds; oleanic acid and beta-sitosterol. The structure elucidation of the new compounds was based primarily on two-dimensional (2D) NMR techniques. Cholinesterase inhibitory activity in a concentrationdependent manner against acetylcholinesterase (AChE; EC 3.1.1.7) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE; EC 3.1.1.8) enzymes, respectively. MFN : 18762 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-2977 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Ahmad, I.Nawaz, S.A.Afza, N.Malik, A.Fatima, I.Khan, S.B.Ahmad, M.Choudhary, M.I. Affiliation : International Center for Chemical Sciences, HEJ Research Institute of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270, Pakistan Title : Isolation of onosmins A and B, lipoxygenase inhibitors from Onosma hispida Imprint : Chemical Pharmacetical Bulletin. v. 53(8): p. 907910, 2005 Keywords : ONSOMINS; LIPOXYGENASE INHIBITORS Scientific Names : ONOSMA HISPIDA BORAGINACEAE; Abstract : Onosmins A and B lipoxygenase inhibitors have been isolated from [Onosma hispida] (Boraginaceae). Their structures were established as 2-[(4-methylbenzyl)amino]benzoic acid and methyl 2-[(4methylbenzyl)amino]benzoate through spectroscopic studies, including 2DNMR. Three known compounds are also reported for the first time from this species. Onosmins inhibited lipoxygenase (LOX, EC 1.13.11.12) enzyme in a concentration-dependent fashion with IC50 values of 24.0 and 36.2 microM, respectively. Lineweaver-Burk as well as Dixon plots and their secondary replots indicated that the nature of inhibition was purely a noncompetitive type MFN : 18798 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-02-0971 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Ahmed, M.Jakupovic, J. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacy, University of Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh Title : Diterpenoids from Scoparia dulcis Imprint : Phytochemistry. v. 29(9): p. 3035-3037, 1990 Keywords : TETRACYCLIC DITERPENES; SCOPARINOL; DULCINOL; DITERPENES; SCOPARIC ACIDS SPECTROSCOPY; SCOPADULCIC ACIDS SPECTROSCOPY; SPECTROSCOPY Scientific Names : SCOPARIA DULCIS SCROPHULARIACEAE; Abstract : Two new diterpenes, closely related to scopadulcic acids and scoparic acids, have been isolated from [Scoparia dulcis]. The structure and stereochemistry of the compounds were determined by spectroscopic techniques

MFN : 18802 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 92-02-1040 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Ahmed, M.Datta, B.K.Rouf, A.S.S.Hassan, M.A. Affiliation : Department of Pharmacy, University of Dhaka, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh Title : Constituents of Persicaria stagnina Imprint : Planta Medica. v. 57(5): p. 503-504, 1991 Keywords : STAGINOL; HEMIACETAL Scientific Names : PERSICARIA STAGNINA POLYGONACEAE; Abstract : The whole plant extract of [P.stagnina] afforded in addition to tocopherol and beta-sitosterin, the new hemiacetal. The H NMR spectrum showed that new compound is 2,3-ditigloyloxy derivative of isodrimeninol and was named staginol. The stereochemistry of staginol was also determined MFN : 18824 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 93-02-1259 Authors : Hussain, M.M. Affiliation : Hamdard Laboratories (WAQF), Bangladesh, 123/3, Tejkunipara, Tejgapon, Dhaka, Bangladesh Title : Strategies for the production and evaluation of herbal medicines Imprint : International Seminar- Traditional Medicine, Calcutta, 7-9November, 1992 (Eng) Keywords : HERBAL DRUG PRODUCTION; HERBAL DRUG EVALUATION Abstract : In this paper an attempt has been made to discuss the different aspects of developing and evaluating medicines from natural herbs and drug plants. Efforts have also been made to highlight the various strategies to be undertaken in order to produce efficacious and quality herbal medicines for mitigation and prevention of human ailments (Abstr.No.8.11) MFN : 18915 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-3122 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Nutan, M.T.H.Hassan, C.M.Rashid, M.A. Affiliation : Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Dhaka, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh Title : Bismurrayafoline E: A new dimeric carbazole alkaloid from Murraya koenigii Imprint : Fitoterapia. v. 70(2): p. 130-133, 1999 Keywords : BISMURRAYAFOLINE; DIMERIC CARBAZOLES; ALKALOIDS, CARBAZOLE Scientific Names : MURRAYA KOENIGII RUTACEAE; Abstract : The ethanolic extract of [Murraya koenigii] leaves afforded a new carbazole alkaloid, which was identified as bismurrayafoline E (C46H53N2O4) on the basis of spectroscopic analysis MFN Yr, Iss, : 18919 Abst No. : 20-01-0665

Subject Group : 0500 Authors : Hoque, A.Islam, R.Arima, S. Affiliation : Department of Botany, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi 6205, Bangladesh Title : High frequency plant regeneration from cotyledonderived callus of Momordica dioica (Roxb.) Willd. Imprint : Phytomorphology. v. 50(34): p. 267-272, 2000 Keywords : TISSUE CULTURE, TEASLE GOURD; TEASLE GOURD, TISSUE CULTURE; KAKROL Scientific Names : MOMORDICA DIOICA CUCURBITACEAE; Abstract : Shoot differentiation from excised cotyledons of developing green fruits of tetraploid [Momordica dioica] was investigated. High frequency callus formation occurred on MS medium supplemented with NAA, 2,4-D alone or in combination with BA or kinetin. Growth, morphological nature and organogenic potentiality of the calli varied with growth regulator supplements. All combinations of BA (1-2 mg/l) with NAA (0.2-1 mg/l) accentuated organogenic potentiality of the primary callus. Optimal shoot regeneration occurred when the calli were subcultured on a medium containing 2 mg/l BA and 0.2 mg NAA. Callus culture was maintained for a long time through subculturing on MS medium plus BA plus kinetin only or in combination with NAA or IAA for shoot regeneration. The [in vitro] regenerated shoots were rooted on MS medium supplemented with 1 mg/l IBA successfully transferred to soil MFN : 18966 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-0142 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Khan, S.H.Mosihuzzaman, M.Nahar N.Rashid, M.A.Rokeya, B.Ali, L.Azad Khan, A.K. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh Title : Three megastigmane glycosides from the leaves of Pterospermum semisagittatum Imprint : Pharmaceutical Biology. v. 41(7): p. 512-515, 2003 Keywords : MEGASTIGMANE; ANTIHYPERGLYCEMIC ACTIVITY; INSULIN; ANTIDIABETIC ACTIVITY; ASSWAR; LAONO ASSAWAR Scientific Names : PTEROSPERMUM SEMISAGITTATUM Abstract : [Pterospermum semisagittatum] (known as Asswar, Laona assawar) leaves yielded three megastigmane glycosides (Z)-4-[3(Beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy) butylidene]-3,5,5-trimethyl-2-cyclohexen-l-one (1), (E)-4-[3'-(Beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy)butylidene[-3,5,5-trimethyl-2cyclohexen-l-one (2) and (E)-4-hydroxy-4-[3'-(beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy) butylidene}-3,5,5-trimethyl-2-cyclohexen-l-one (3). Their structures were established by detailed spectroscopic studies. Compound 3 showed a significant insulin releasing effect on rat pancreatic islets MFN : 18967 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-05-0095 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Chowdhury, R.Hasan, C.M.Rashid, M.A. Affiliation : Phytochemical Research Laboratory, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh

Title : Bioactivity from Toona ciliata stem bark Imprint : Pharmaceutical biology. v. 41(4): p. 281-283, 2003 Keywords : ANTITUMOUR ACTIVITY; SIDERIN; CYTOTOXIC ACTIVITY Scientific Names : TOONA CILIATA MELIACEAE; Abstract : Studies were carried out to screen [Toona ciliata] M. (Meliaceae) for its cytotoxicity and antitumor activity. The crude extracts and a major isolate, siderin, obtained from the petroleum ether extract of [T.ciliata] were found to exhibit significant cytotoxicity in the brine shrimp lethality bioassay. In the potato disc bioassay, the extracts and the fractions demonstrated mile to moderate antitumor activity. The results were compared with those produced by vincristine sulphate MFN : 18996 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 90-04-1540 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Bandara, B.M.R.Gunatilaka, A.A.Wijeratne, E.M.K. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka Title : Coumarins from Pleiospermium alatum Imprint : Planta Medica. v. 54(1): p. 91-92, 1988 Keywords : COUMARINS; LUPEOL Scientific Names : PLEIOSPERMIUM ALATUM RUTACEAE; Abstract : From the air-dried and powdered stem bark of P.alatum, collected at Sigiriya, North Central Province of Sri Lanka lupeol and six coumarins viz.aurapten, suberenol, umbelliferone, seselin, xanthyletin, and xanthoxyletin were isoated and identified MFN : 19000 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 91-01-0263 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Bandara, B.M.R.Wimalasiri, W.R.Adikaram, N.K.B.Balasubramaniam, S. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka Title : Antifungal properties of Croton aromaticus, C.lacciferus and C.officinalis including the isolation of a fungicidal constituent Imprint : Ceylon Journal of Science (Biological Sciences). No. 19 and 20, p. 11-15, 1986-1987 Keywords : ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY; DIMETHOXY BENZOQUINONES Scientific Names : CROTON AROMATICUS EUPHORBIACEAE; CROTON LACCIFERUS Abstract : Six compounds isolated from the root extracts of [Croton laccifeurs] and [Croton officinalis] were examined for antifungal properties only 2,6-dimethoxybenzoquinone isolated from the chloroform extract of [Croton lacciferus] roots exhibited activity. Comparitively less amounts of 2,6-dimethoxybenzoquine were required for the inhibition of the growth of plant pathogenic fungi than for the inhibitions of the growth of the two saprophytes MFN : 19053

Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 95-01-0312 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Savitri KumarTilakarathne, P. Affiliation : Department of Chemistry, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka Title : Effect of caffeine on the growth of Ambrosia fungus, Monacrosporium ambrosium (p.145, Abstr.No.P21) Imprint : ASOMPS, VIII, Malaysia, 1994 Keywords : ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY; CAFFEINE Scientific Names : CAMELLIA SINENSIS THEACEAE; MFN : 19115 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-1556 Subject Group : 0700 Authors : Smarasekera, C. Affiliation : Department of Dravyaguna Vingnana Institute of Indigenous Medicine, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka Title : An identification of a rasa preparation for acute bronchial asthma Imprint : Proceedings of International Congress on "Ayurveda2000", Chennai, TN, India. p. 246, January 28-30, 2000 Keywords : BRONCHIAL ASTHMA, AYURVEDIC DRUGS; AYURVEDIC DRUGS, BRONCHIAL ASTHMA Abstract : A formulation consisting of four herbal ingredients classified in Ayurveda Rasa Shastra under the categories of Visha and Upa-Visha, was prepared and made into pills of 40 mg. each. When administered orally during the acute asthmatic attack, the action was prompt in 95 percent cases, 10 percent received moderate relief while 2.5 percent of patients had slight relief MFN : 19116 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-2429 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Herath, H.M.T.B.Padmasiri, W. Affiliation : Natural Products Programme, Institute of fundamental Studies, Kandey, Sri Lanka Title : Demethyldactyloidin and other constituents in Myristica ceylanica Imprint : Natural Product Letters. v. 14(2): p. 141-146, 1999 Keywords : DIARYLNONANOIDS; ARYLALKANONES; DACTYLOIDIN; DEMETHYLDACTYLOIDIN; METHYLDACTYLOIDIN; LIGNANS; FLAVONOIDS Scientific Names : MYRISTICA CEYLANICA MYRISTICACEAE; Abstract : A new diarylnonanoid isolated from [Myristica ceylanica] was established as demethyldactyloidin by spectroscopic evidence and its chemical conversions to methyldactyloidin and diacetyldemethyldactyloidin. Three other diarylnonanoids, an arylalkanone, two lignans and isoflavone which are new to the species were also isolated from the same extract. Structures of these compounds were identified by comparison of the spectral data with previously reported compounds from other Myristicaceae species

MFN : 19117 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-2293 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Thabrew, M.I.Samarawickrema, N.A.handrasena, L.G.Jayasekera, S. Affiliation : Department of Biochemistry and Clinical Chemistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kelaniya, Talagolla Road, Sri Lanka Title : Protection by garlic against adriamycin induced alterations in the oxido-reductive status of mouse red blood cells Imprint : Phytotherapy Research. v. 14(3): p. 215-217, 2000 Keywords : GARLIC; LIPID PEROXIDATION; ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY Scientific Names : ALLIUM SATIVUM LILIACEAE; Abstract : Garlic had no significant effects on the basal levels of the antioxidant enzymes or MDA generation in red blood cells of normal mice, at doses of 20 mg/kg or 100 mg/kg, garlic was able to decrease significantly the adriamycin induced changes in the oxidoreductive status of the red blood cells. On administration of adriamycin to mice fed diets containing 20 mg/kg or 100 mg/kg garlic, the druginduced increase in MDA generation was 38.2 percent and 22.5 percent respectively, less than that produced by adriamycin in mice fed normal diets, containing no garlic (105.4 percent). Similarly, in mice fed diets providing 20 mg/kg and 100 mg/kg garlic, adriamycin was able to decrease GPX activity by only 15.1 percent and 7.6 percent respectively, less than that produced by adriamycin in rats fed normal diets, containing no garlic (23.9 percent) MFN : 19118 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-2954 Subject Group : 0900 Authors : Arambewela, L.S.R.Perera, A.Wijesundera, R.L.C. Affiliation : Ceylon Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research, P.O.Box 787,363 Bauddhaloka, Mawatha, Colombo 7, Sri Lanka Title : Antibacterial activity of Kaempheria galanga Imprint : Fitoterapia. v. 70(4): p. 425-427, 1999 Keywords : ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY; ESSENTIAL OILS, KAEMPHERIA SPP Scientific Names : KAEMPHERIA GALANGA ZINGIBERACEAE; Abstract : The essential oils of [Kaempheria galanga] root and rhizome showed antibacterial activity against [Escherichia coli] and [Staphylococcus aureus]. No activity was displayed against [Pseudomonas aeruginosa] MFN : 19119 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-2790 Subject Group : 0800 Authors : Ariyasena, D.D.Jansz, E.R.Jayesekera, S.Abeysekara, A.M. Affiliation : University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Nugeogda, Sri Lanka Title : Inhibitory effect of bitter principle of palmyrah (Borassus flabellifer L) fruit pulp on the growth of mice : Evidence using bitter and non-bitter fruit pulp

Imprint : Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. v. 80(12): p. 1763-1766, 2000 Keywords : FLBELLIFERIN PROFILE; BITTER PRINCIPLE, PALMYRAH; PALMYRAH, FRUIT PULP Abstract : Different cultivars of palmyrah produce mature fruits of differently flavoured palmyrah fruit pulp (PFP). A natural `sweet' (non-bitter) variety exists. Bitter and naturally non-bitter palmyrah fruit pulps showed little difference in total sugars (471 and 543 per kg, respectively), estimated by the Nelson method after invertase action, and had total crude flbelliferin contents of 1480 and 1650 mg per kg respectively. The fibrelliferin profiles on silica gel G60 TLC plates developed using butanol; ethanol; (NH3 (7:2:5) differed. Bitter fruit pulp (from Jaffna) contained the bitter flabelliferin F-II as the major component (about 900 mg per kg), while the non-bitter fruit pulp (from Ampara) did not contain F-II but contained the anti-microbial flabelliferin, FB. Incorporation of non-bitter PFP at the 100g per kg-1 level into WHO standard mice-breeding feed resulted in significantly increased (p-0.00008) weight gain by ICR mice compared with bitter PFP incorporation at the same level in the feed. Weight gain was also significantly higher (p=0.021) than in the control (WHO) standard micebreeding feed) MFN : 19120 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-00-3602 Subject Group : 1100 Authors : Herath, H.M.T.B.Athukoralage, P.S.Jamie, J.F. Affiliation : Natural Products Programme, Institute of Fundamental Studies, Kandy, Sri Lanka Title : Two oleanane triterpenoids from Gordonia ceylanica and their conversions to taraxarane triterpenoids Imprint : Phytochemistry. v. 54(8): p. 823-827, 2000 Keywords : TRITERPENOIDS; OLEANANE; TARAXARANE Scientific Names : GORDONIA CEYLANICA THEACEAE; Abstract : Chemical investigation of the hot hexane extract of the stem bark of [Gordonia ceylanica] afforded two new oleanane triterpenoids, 3beta-acetoxy-11alpha, 13beta-dihydroxyolean-12-one and 3beta, 11alpha-diacetoxy-13beta-hydroxyolean-12-one. The attempted acid hydrolysis of these two compounds resulted the dehydration and subsequent methyl group migration to afford the taraxarane triterpenoids 3beta, 11alpha-dihydroxytaraxer-14-en-12-one and 3beta-hydroxy-11alphaacetoxytaraxer-14-en-12-one, respectively. These taraxaranes have not been previously reported MFN : 19123 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-1113 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Joshi, A.R.Joshi, K. Affiliation : South Asia Cooperative Environment Programme, 10 Anderson Road, Colombo 5, Sri Lanka Title : Indigenous knowledge and uses of medicinal plants by local communities of the Kali Gandaki Watershed Area, Nepal

Imprint : Journal of Ethnopharmacology. v. 73(1,2): p. 175183, 2000 Keywords : MEDICINAL PLANTS, NEPAL; TRADITIONAL MEDICINE, NEPAL; INDIGENOUS PRACTICES, NEPAL; NEPAL, MEDICINAL PLANTS Abstract : In a field survey conducted in the villages of Ramdi, Malunga, Balam, Beltari, Mirmi, Burgha and Ridi in the Kali Gandaki Watershed, Nepal, 48 medicinal plants belonging to 31 families were reported, each with local names, traditional uses, methods of preparation and route of administration. Traditional medicine remains an integral part of the health system in these areas MFN : 19124 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-01-1272 Subject Group : 0500 Authors : De Costa, W.A.J.M.Babeysinghe, W.A.M.W.K.S.B.Chandrapala, A.G. Affiliation : Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka Title : Relationship between stomatal conductance and leaf water potential in selected forest tree species growing under different levels of natural shade in the mid-country wet zone Imprint : Journal of the National Science Foundation Sri Lanka. v. 28(1): p. 63-78, 2000 Keywords : MEDICINAL TREES, NATURAL SHADE; NATURAL SHADE, MEDICINAL TREES Scientific Names : SEMICARPUS NIGRO-VIRIDIS ANACARDIACEAE; TERMINALIA CATAPPA COMBRETACEAE; Abstract : Nine forest tree species [Alstonia macrophylla, Macaranga peltata, Acronychia pedunculata, Tectona grandis, Terminalia catappa, Swietenia macrophylla, Filicium decipiens, Mesua ferrea] and [Semicarpus nigro-viridis], which included both pioneer and climax forms, growing under different levels of natural shade, i.e. open, medium shade and full shade, were used for measurement. Total leaf conductance (g) varied significantly with tree species and shade levels. The highest g1 was observed in [Semicarpus] and [Terminalia] (92 and 78 mmol m-2S1 respectfully MFN : 19243 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 99-01-0657 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Manandhar, N.P. Affiliation : Ka 3-16, Nayan Baneshwar P.O.Box 3389, Kathmandu, Nepal Title : Plant based native therapy in Nepal Imprint : Golden Jubilee National Symposium on Spices, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Biodiversity, Conservation and Utilisation, Calicut, India. p.26, 10-12 August, 1998 Keywords : ETHNOMEDICINE, NEPAL; NEPAL, ETHNOMEDICINE Abstract : More than 60 ethnic groups reside in different ecozones (tropical, temperate and alpine) of Nepal and they rely on plants to fulfill their basic needs including medicine. About 1200 species of plants of various uses have been recorded from different

studies. Of them, more than 800 species are medicinal plants. The native therapy caters about 90 percent of the population and this system is deeply rooted among rural communities. The medicinal folklore, and its impact in rural economy, other uses of medicinal plants, and people's attitude for its conservation have been described MFN : 19262 Yr, Iss, Abst No. : 20-04-1459 Subject Group : 1300 Authors : Joshi, A.R.Joshi, K.* Affiliation : Environmental Management Action Group, P.O. Box 11121, Kathmandu, Nepal Title : Fodder plants of hilly areas of Bagmati and Langtang watershed of Nepal: Ethnobotany and future conservation strategy Imprint : Ethnobotany. v. 15(1-2): p. 107-114, 2003 Keywords : TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE, NEPAL; NEPAL, TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE; MEDICINAL PLANTS, NEPAL; NEPAL, MEDICINAL PLANTS Scientific Names : ACHYRANTHES BIDENTATA AMARANTHACEAE; MELIA AZEDARACH MELIACEAE; PLANTAGO MAJOR PLANTIGINACEAE; SWERTIA CHIRAYITA GENTIANACEAE; SMILAX ASPERA LILIACEAE; Abstract : During the survey of the hilly region of Nepal, 53 species were documented. From environmental point of view, the survey areas (Oharni, Mulkhadka and Syabru) are very rich in plant diversity and traditional knowledge and practices. However, the plants and their habitats are under serious threat due to various pressures. An attempt has also been made to recommend some integrated management activities for the sustainable development and utilization of plants. Some of the fodder plants, such as [Acyranthes bidentata, Melia azedarach, Plantago major, Swertia chirayita] and [Smilax aspera] are medicinal


				
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