ICT by yurtgc548


									ICT Policy to Enhance Education

Methini Thepmani
Executive Director
Policy and Strategy Bureau
Ministry of Information and Communication Technology
•   Introduction
•   Benefit of ICT for Education
•   ICTs and Education
•   Vision & Objectives
•   Country Benchmarking: ISI
•   Policy Framework of HRM and
•   e-Government Development
• Evidence from a large study and meta
  analysis suggested that using ICTs or
  computer technologies are related to
  academics outcome (Gaboroen,2006),
• Including higher test score, better attitude
  towards school and better understanding of
  the abstract concept.
   Benefit of ICT for Education
• Using ICT can result in improve learning
• Offer the greatest support to learner from
  disadvantage backgrounds, and
• Impact the society that learner are in.
• Primary tool to acquisition, generation and
  use of knowledge that from the bedrock of
  effective development.
         ICTs and Education
• Provide platform for development and
  improvement in our society and economic.
• ICT provide support to learning, teaching
  administrative/management in education
  systems for example, distance education to
  poor people who live in rural area.
• Support teacher who lack adequate skill and
  content knowledge.
      To provide an ongoing learning platform and
      opportunity for education to more and more
      citizens throughout metropolitan and rural areas
 •    Increase participation level across metropolitan
      and rural areas, including under-represented
 •    Increase flexibility and accessibility
 •    Develop seamless education process
 •    Enhance learning system
 •    Manage skills shortages
 •    Enable lifelong learning for Thai citizens
Country Benchmarking: ISI
      Created in mid 1990s as world’s first measure of abilities
      of 53 nations to participate in the information revolution

     COMPUTER                   TELECOM                  INTERNET                  SOCIAL

     •Total IT Spending     •Telecom Services Spend    •Total Internet Users   •Secondary Education

     •Software spending                                •Online Households       •Tertiary Education
                            •Broadband Penetration
    •IT Services spending                             •Mobile Internet Users      •Civil Liberties

    •Personal Computer       •Wireless Penetration    •E-Commerce Spending •Government Corruption
ISI, 2007: IT Ranking part
            WW Top 10 & Asia Pacific
  1      United States
  2        Denmark
  3     United Kingdom
  4        Sweden
  5        Finland
  6      New Zealand
  7      Switzerland      23       Malaysia
  8       Singapore       24        Taiwan
  9      Netherlands      38       Thailand
  10       Canada         44           India
                          45      Philippines
                          46           China
ISI, 2007: Share of Households with a PC
by Country (%)
                             2007          2011

                 Taiwan      82.0%         90.5%
                  Korea      78.4%         79.7%

              Hong Kong      63.3%         73.1%

               Singapore     67.2%         68.2%
              Philippines    5.4%          8.0%
                Malaysia     47.5%         61.9%
                Thailand     22.2%         36.0%

  * Asia/Pacific countries
ISI, 2007: Internet User Share of Population by
Country (%)
                               2007        2011

                 Singapore     90.7%       99.2%
                    Taiwan     83.3%       100.0%
                    Korea      85.5%       89.2%

                   Malaysia    56.3%       64.7%
                 Philippines   23.8%       31.2%
                Hong Kong      90.6%       100.0%

                   Vietnam     9.2%        14.9%
                  Thailand     19.8%       29.1%

    * Asia/Pacific countries
Policy Framework of e-Government
Policy Framework        ICT Master Plan 2 (2009-2013)‫‏‬

                   6 Strategies
 Framework         1.     Promote HR
 IT2010                   Development
                          in ICT usage
                   2.     ICT Governance
                          Management           Goal
                   3.     Develop                              Target Group:
 Strategies               ICT Infrastructure                   • Citizen
                                               Build & Promote
 E-Government      4.     ICT Good                             • Private Sector
                                               value add
                          Governance Usage                     • Public Sector
 E-Commerce                                  on top of ICT
                   •      Enhance Thailand’s infrastructure
 E-Industry               Industrial
 E-Education              competitiveness
 E-Society         1.     Promote ICT
                          Usage to
Thailand ICT Master Plan II: 2009-2013

                        ICT for Competitiveness
                        (Strategic industries, SMEs)
                             E-Governance              ICT Industry
                   National ICT Management Framework
    (Institutional arrangement, Rules and Regulation, Financing, …)
                       Human Resources
     (ICT Professionals and “Information-Literate” People)‫‏‬
   Vision             Obligation                         Objective
                                           1. Increasing quantity and potential of
   “Smart                                     ICT people
                 1. Improvement in
                    Human Resource
                    and sufficient         2. To build good Governance in ICT
                    consumption               management

                 2. High speed ICT         3. To support the adjusting of
                    Networking                production's structure

                 3. Develop managment      4. To build the strength of community
                    system of ICT for         and individual
                    Good Governance
                                           5. To build the potential of business and
                                              ICT industry

              50% of Thais to have Information Literacy by 2013
                  Increase ICT industry contribution to GDP
    Enhance ICT Readiness, e-Government Performance in international
Strategic Plans…
1    Human Resource Development in the Field of Information Communication
    Technology and overall career for Information Literacy

2   National ICT Management Framework

3   ICT Basic Infrastructure Development

4   ICT e-Governance usage

5   ICT Industry Competitiveness to generate economic value and the national income

6   ICT for Competitiveness
ICT Human Resource Development

• The role should be considered in the broad sense
  of providing skill and ability to take and active in
  their communities, in their everyday life,
  workplace and in education settings.
• The function ICT requires learners to be able to
  use technology in ways them effective as citizens
  and able to operate confidently in life and work in
  wide range of contexts.
     ICT e-Government usage (1)

•   Data updating
•   Data Encryption
•   Log-in form
•   Search engine
     ICT e-Government usage (2)
•   Responsive database
•   Web Board
•   Download Forms
•   Bilingual content
The Role of E – Government
Level of e – Government
   Development Goals in the future

                           Unit : percents

Current                  Goals
MICT Key Project Initiatives
  Project #1       Project #2           Project #3

  Telecenter       Thailand Knowledge   One Temple One
  (i-Community)‫‏‬   Center (TKC)‫‏‬        E-Learning Center

                                                 Source : IDC Thailand
Key Project Initiatives (cont’d)…
   Project #4            Project #5                      Project #6

                         ASEAN ICT SKILL                 Phuket‫‘‏‬ICT‫‏‬
   E-Agriculture         Standards Development           Innovation Paradise

   •Aim to capture
                         •To create the ASEAN ICT
   various local
                         skill standards to facilitate
   contents and
                         regional accreditation of ICT
   knowledge from
                         skill certification
   Thai farmer.
                         •Allow for the cross-border
   •To exchange
                         utilization of ICT workforces
   experience, problem
                         amongst ASEAN member
   and solutions
Upcoming Project…

  Project Name   Description

  ICT Academy    • To establish HR development plan on ICT
                 • Develop the ICT coursework on Networking, IT Security
                 and Software up to Diploma Level
                 • Initiate the standard of ICT knowledge
                 • Allocate the training on
                    I - Information
                    C - Communication
                    T - Technology
                 Target= 3,000 people

 Provide a competitive technology platform to ensure life long
learning for Thai citizens from various backgrounds

 MICT Master Plan II (2009-2013) to increase HR competitiveness

 Key Strategies to facilitate ICT and HR development plans

 Key Projects highlights for ICT competitiveness
    The aim of the ICT standard
• To encourage people to demonstrate in their
  skills in a range of contexts and purposes.

• They are essentially concerned with
  developing and recognizing the ability of
  learners to apply and transfer skill in ways
  that are appropriate to the situation they are

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