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RAMC Agenda Notes - Zoological Survey of India

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RAMC Agenda Notes - Zoological Survey of India Powered By Docstoc
					   M  TING OF TH
   MEET  G  F  HE
RESE RCH ADV
R  EAR        ORY
           VISO Y &
   ITOR
MONI     G  OMM  TEE
      RING CO MITT

    AGE  A  OTE
   (A ENDA NO ES)




           eptemb 22, 2
          Se    ber   2011
                 G.O.
                 G C




    INISTRY O ENVIR
   MI       OF           T      RESTS
                  RONMENT AND FOR
                 MENT OF I
           GOVERNM       INDIA
                                             CONTENTS
    Agenda                                       Subject                              Page No.
item No.
01           Confirmation of the Minutes of Research Advisory and Monitoring            03
             Committee (RAMC) of ZSI
02           Action taken on the decisions of the previous meeting                      03
03           Progress Report of ZSI                                                     04
04           Discussion on the Annual Plan of Work for the Year 2011-12                 04
05           Appointment of Emeritus Scientists                                         06
06           Merging of Sections                                                        06
07           Proposal on the High Performance Award for ZSI Officials                   07
08           Special colaborative Projects                                              09
09           Any other agenda with the permission of the Chair                          16
Annexure
I            Minutes of the previous Meeting held at Zoological Survey of India, M-     17
             Block, New Alipore, Kolkata
II           Draft of the Vision Papers                                                 23
III          Progress Report of the Zoological Survey of India for the period           59
             March, 2011 – August, 2011
IV           Recruitment Plan of ZSI for 2011 - 2012                                    77
V            Proposals for Emeritus Scientists                                          78




                                                     2
                                              Agenda Item No. 1

     Confirmation of the minutes of Research Advisory and Monitoring Committee
                               (RAMC) of BSI and ZSI
        The previous meeting of the RAMC of Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) was held on March
29, 2011 at Zoological Survey of India, M-Block, New Alipore, Kolkata 700 053 and the minutes of
the meeting were circulated by the Zoological Survey of India and are placed as Annexure - I.
        Since no comments received on the minutes, the same may be confirmed.
                                              Agenda Item No. 2
                     Action Taken on the decisions of the previous meeting
Sr.                        Recommendations                          Action                 Action Taken
No.
a.     The proposal for appointment as emeritus scientist in ZSI    ZSI/     Proposals of Dr. A.K. Hazra, Dr. P.
       submitted by Dr. AK Hazra, Dr. P. Mukhopadhyay, Dr.          MoEF     Mukhopadhyay, Dr. R.P. Barman and
       RP Barman and dr. A. Dey, which have been                             Dr. A. Dey were sent to MoEF
       recommended by the RAMC should be sent to MoEF for                    immediately after the meeting. On the
       approval.                                                             basis of approval from MoEF, all the
                                                                             above scientists have already joined as
                                                                             Emeritus Scientists at Hqrs. of ZSI,
                                                                             Kolkata.
b.     Preparation of Project File                                  ZSI      In this context the Annual Projects in ZSI
                                                                             have been completely revamped and is
                                                                             under finalization.
c.     Letter for funding for Data Base development in ZSI is to    ZSI      The proposal for funding will be featured
       be sent to MoEF.                                                      in the RE of 2011-12 as well as 12th five
                                                                             year Plan.
d.     Introduction of Induction Training to the new scientist in   ZSI      The first training was conducted in NRC,
       ZSI                                                                   Dehradun in 2005. The second training
                                                                             will be proposed in January 2012.
e.     Preparation of White Paper/ Vision Paper of ZSI within       ZSI      The draft of the Vision Papers is
       three months                                                          prepared and circulated among the ZSI
                                                                             scientists for their comments before
                                                                             finalization. Annexure -II.
f.     Letter to be sent to the Secretary, MoEF, regarding          ZSI/     A letter addressed to the Secretary,
       permission to work in protected areas.                       MoEF     MoEF was sent on 9th May, 2011 and
                                                                             further E-mail was sent on 12-05-2011.
                                                                             In response to these communications,
                                                                             DZSI received E-mail from Sri Jiwan
                                                                             Dass, Director (CS-II) on 18-05-2011
                                                                             with request to send relavent papers.
                                                                             Accordingly, the papers were sent to Sri
                                                                             Dass on 19th May, 2011. No reply has yet
                                                                             been received by this office.
g.     Proposal for enhancement of honorarium to Rs. 25,000/-       ZSI/     A proposal is prepared and will be sent
       (Rupees Twenty five thousand only) for the authors of        MoEF     to MoEF for approval.
       Fauna of India.
h.     Proposal for funding for engagement of retired scientist     ZSI/     In this regard a committee has been
       and scientific staff in ZSI                                  MoEF     constituted and according to the
                                                                             recommendation of the committee, the
                                                                             honorarium for retired scientist and
                                                                             scientific staff in ZSI shall be ascertained
                                                                             and recomended by DZSI. The same will
                                                                             be sent to MoEF for approval.



                                                            3
                                        Agenda Item No. 3
                                     Progress Report of ZSI
         The Progress Report of ZSI for the period March, 2011 to August, 2011 is placed as Annexure
– III for consideration of the Committee.

                                        Agenda Item No. 4
      Discussion on the Annual Plan of Research Work for the Year 2011-2012
       The new guidelines for research activities and selection of Research Projects are placed as
follows :

Proposal for Programme Advisory Committee (PAC)

Prologue : The monitoring of the progress of scientific work of the Headquarters and Regional
Centres currently is done twice a year in November (mid-term monitoring) and April (annual
monitoring). There are three committees, namely, scientific, accounts and administrative, each
committee comprising of senior officers who would monitor the progress of the scientific activities,
fiscal matters and the administrative issues. The Heads of offices in the case of regional Centres and
the Divisional heads of headquarters appear before the committees and present the concerned matters
pertaining to their Centres/Divisions. The monitoring committee suggests modifications where
required and the minutes of the meetings recorded and put up to the Head of the Department.
However, it is felt that the monitoring system needs to be modified keeping in view of the current
world trend and also to avoid bias and as well to make the system transparent. Accordingly, the
following proposal is placed before the RAMC for scrutiny and consideration.

Proposal : The Monitoring Committee to evaluate the progress of activities of ZSI shall meet once in
a year in the month of January. The Committee will also evaluate/recommend the new programme
proposals (New Annual Programmes).

        For this, the Headquarters and Regional Centres would be categorized under 3 zones viz., the
East, North and South. The Eastern Zone will cover the Head-quarters and the Regional Centres in the
zone namely, the North Eastern Regional Centre, Arunachal Pradesh Regional Centre, Gangetic Plain
Regional Centre, Sundarban Regional Centre (Canning), Marine Aquarium-cum-Research Centre and
the Esturine Biological Research Centre.

       The Northern Zone will cover the Regional Centres viz., Northern Regional Centre, High
Altitude Regional Centre, Central Zone Regional Centre, Desert Regional Centre and the Western
Regional Centre.

       The Southern Zone will cover the Regional Centres viz., Andaman & Nicobar Regional Centre,
Southern Regional Centre, Marine Biological Regional Centre, Freshwater Biology Regional Centre
and the Western Ghat Regional Centre.

       Guidelines : For facilitating the process, the following guidelines are drawn out :

   1. The Programme Advisory Committee (PAC) shall comprise of the following components:
          a) Chairman    - A non-departmental Taxonomist of repute.
          b) Members     - i) The senior most Scientist of the concerned zone.
                            ii) Two Scientists of ZSI in the Cadre C, including a lady scientist.


                                                   4
      c) Special Invitee -        i) A Senior retired Scientist of ZSI from the Zone
                                 ii) Publication Production Officer
                                 iii) Officer-in-Charge, Technical Section, ZSI, Kolkata.
                                 iv) Any scientist that the Chairman wishes to
                                      invite to the Committee.
                                  v) Officers-in-Charge of the Regional Centres of
                                      the concerned zone.

2. Programmes shall be within the objectives of ZSI.

3. Programmes shall be submitted as per the format prescribed by ZSI covering also
   the study/jurisdictional area.

4. Programmes shall be for 1/2/3 years, etc. extended or withdrawn as per the
   Suggestions/recommendations of the Committee.

5. Over and above the programmes pertaining to the objectives of ZSI, programmes on thrust
   areas as defined by MoEF and other Ministries of Govt. of India shall also be taken up (e.g.
   Community Reserves, Sacred groves).

6. Proposals shall specify outline of study area/financial requirement/Manpower requirement/
   time/season/duration of study, etc.

7. The programme shall be presented before the Programme Advisory Committee
   (PAC) for introduction (new programme) and completion (completed programme).

8. The Officer-in-Charge of each Centre of the concerned zone shall present the progress on the
   on-going programmes of the concerned Centre.

9. Number of programmes with a scientist should not be more than two (2) at a time;
   however, the Scientist will have the scope of proposing a new programme with the
   approval of Director, Zoological Survey of India (DZSI).

10. The final out-come in the form of any publication shall be in the name(s) of the concerned
    Scientist(s) which may or may not be of a collaborative nature either in- house or with outside
    organisations.

11. The programme shall be on survey inventoization/capacity building/ training/awareness and or
    educationl or the combination of all.

12. Programmes shall also be on novel ideas/new ventures/modern concept related to
    taxonomy and allied fields.

13. The outcome of the programme, apart from the standard taxonomic documentation work
    (Publication – cellulose/electronic) of ZSI practiced till now, shall also cover the following
    information:
    Conservation suggestions, special observation; capacity building; awareness
    programmes; data to be uploaded in the ZSI database.




                                              5
   14. The programmes which are recommended and approved by the Officer-in-Charge of each
       Centre and DZSI shall be put up to the PAC for evaluation/recommendation and for the final
       approval of DZSI.

   15. For various reasons if the Chairman is not in a position to continue/attend the
       meeting, the senior retired scientist of ZSI in the Committee shall act as Chairman.

   16. Term of the Chairman shall be for 5 years.
                                       Agenda Item No. 5
                             Appointment of Emeritus Scientists
        ZSI has received four applications for Emeritus Scientist. Of these two have been reviewed by
three experts and other two applications were sent to the experts but even after reminder and phone
calls only one report for each applicant has been received. Besides these, one application is received
on 19.9.2011. Further, as per the decision of the last meeting the proposal of Dr. Vinod Khanna is
submitted again. The proposals and reports of the experts are placed as Annexure - V for
consideration of the Committee.

                                       Agenda Item No. 6

                                       Merging of Sections
a) Animal Population and Animal Behaviour sections and Wildlife Division may be proposed to be
   merged and renamed as Ecology and Conservation Division. Soil Zoology Section will remain as
   it is and function under this division.

   Justification: Currently above sections are functioning without sufficient staff and annual
   programme of research overlaps with other sections and divisions. The proposed merger of
   sections with clear mandate will have better focus of the work.

   Proposed Mandate for Ecology and Conservation Division

   1. Status Survey of Endangered and threatened species.
   2. Soil Zoology.

b) Key Zoology Section may be merged with Information and Documentation Division and renamed
   as Faunal Database and GIS Division. With this new division Key Zoology section and
   Information and Documentation division will cease to exist.

   Justification: Above section do not have any staff and currently defunct. A new division named
   Faunal Database and GIS Division is proposed to organize data collected by ZSI in geospatial
   platform.

   Proposed Mandate for named Faunal Database and GIS Division:

   •   Preparation, maintenance and dissemination of computerized data base of ZSI with the help of
       scientists and technical staff of ZSI.




                                                    6
   •   Preparation, maintenance and dissemination of GIS products on Indian fauna with the help of
       scientists and technical staff of ZSI.


                                           Proposed New Division

a. Molecular Systematics Division is proposed with Molecular Systematics Section and Laboratory.

   Justification: Currently no separate division exists for Molecular Systematics and hence a
   Division is proposed.


   1. Additional Budgetary provisions:

       a. Request for additional budget for recurring cost of Molecular Systematics Laboratory from
           the MoEF.
       Justification: Currently no budgetary provisions is made to meet recurring expenses of
       Molecular Systematic’s lab. An additional budgetary provision is essential to meet the
       recurring expenses (chemicals, maintenance, contractual staff, etc.) annually for conducting
       studies on the barcoading of collection holdings of ZSI.

       b. Request for additional budget for development of faunal databases and GIS from the
          MoEF.

       Justification: Currently no budgetary provision is made to meet recurring expenses (computer
       hardware, software, maintenance, contractual staff etc.) of faunal databases and GIS. An
       additional budgetary provision is essential to meet the recurring expenses annually.
                                        Agenda Item No. 7
                         Introduction of High Performance Award
                                  High Performance Award (HPA)

Prologue : There has been no special incentive for the high performing officials of the organization till
now. In order to inspire the staff and to bring out the talents of the younger staff, a High Performance
Award (HPA) is proposed to be constituted, keeping in view of the long-term development of the
department. Accordingly, the following proposal is placed before the RAMC for scrutiny and
consideration.

Proposal : Guidelines: For facilitating the process, the following guidelines are drawn out:

   1. There shall be an in-house committee comprising of the following components;
         i) Senior-most Scientist-F of the Department – Chairman
         ii) Senior administrative Officer- member Secretary
         iii) One scientist-D
         iv) One scientist –C
         v) One scientist –B
         vi) One Assistant Zoologist.



                                                   7
2. The final decision shall rest with DZSI, the in-house committee being only a
   recommending body.

3. The awardees shall be considered from the following caders :
       i) Scientists (Asst. Zoologists, Scientists B, C and D)
       ii) Scientific Assistants & Technical Staff
       iii) Ministerial Staff

3. There shall be 3 awards for each cadre specified above.

4. The Award shall be a memento and a certificate.

5. The award will be presented in an Award presentation ceremony on 26th (Republic Day), every
   year.

6. The applicants for the award will be selected based on the recommendations given by the
   heads of offices in the case of the Scientific Assistants & Technical Staff and the Ministerial
   Staff. However, in the case of scientists, the ranking will be based on the Proforma duly filled
   in and submitted by the Scientists.

7. A model of the proforma is given below:

                  Model Proforma for the High Performance Award (HPA)
                              Ranking criteria /Score card
           Area of Focus                                       Max. Points
•   Achievement in Research                       40 (10+5+5++5+3+2+3+5+2)

     o New species/genus published/taxonomic revisions/ other significant
       work…………………………………………………………….10
     o New reports……………………………………………………..05
     o Inter Institutional Projects/ collaborations………………………05
     o Novel initiatives ……………………………………………… 05
     o Awards/recognitions…………………………………………… 03
     o Journal editor……………………………………………………02
     o Research Guideship…………………………………………… 03
     o Capacity building
       (Taxonomic training imparted to personnel of other institutions) 05
     o Presentation in National and International Seminars/symposia… 02

•   Publications                              20 (16+4)
     o Research papers (Best 4)…………………………………………16
     o Popular articles (Best 2)………………………………………….04

•   Involvement in Science Communication             20 (5+5+5+5)
      o Organising workshops…@5 points per workshop, subject to
          a maximum of ……………………………………….…………….05
      o Organising training sessions/Quiz programs/events @5 points (max)05
      o Offering lectures @ 1 point/ lecture (max)   ……………………..05
      o Organising exhibitions /developing educational materials…………..05



                                              8
   •   Administrative Duties performed ………………………………………10

Name of the Scientist:……………………..Designation ………………………….
Place of posting……………………………Signature with date…………………..

To be filled by the Supervising officer/ Additional Director-in-Charge of the Centre
   • Assessment of Overall personality of the Scientist ...10(1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1)
          o Initiative ……………………………………………………………….1
          o Vision...……………………………………………………………… ..1
          o Judgement...……………………………………………………………1
          o Leadership..……………………………………………………………1
          o Quality of work.………………………………………………………..1
          o Cooperation/Inter-personal relationship………………………………. 1
          o Self reliance…………………………………………………………….1
          o Originality…………………………………………………………… 1
          o Power of expression……………………………………………………1
          o Theoretical and Practical ability....…………………………………..…1

Certified and forwarded

                                           The Supervising Officer: Name

                                           Signature with date and address

Additional Director-in-Charge of the Centre : Name

Signature with date and address
                                       Agenda Item No. 8
                                  Special Collaborative Projects
                                        1. Head Quarters
   1. MoU has been signed with the Indian Institute of Sciences, Bangalore for molecular study of
      fishing cat.

   2. Project name: ‘Faunal Diversity of Protected Areas in Chhattisgarh (Phase-1)’
   and ‘District–wise Faunal Diversity of Chhattisgarh (Phase-1)

    Sponsored by : Government of Chhattisgarh : CAMPA Fund

    Achievements: The grant of Rs 87.00 lakhs and Rs 89.50 lakhs has been sanctioned for the
   projects on ‘Faunal Diversity of Protected Areas in Chhattisgarh (Phase-1)’ and ‘District–wise
   Faunal Diversity of Chhattisgarh (Phase-1)’ respectively. Of which, 25 % of the grant amounting
   to Rs 44.20 lakhs (21.80 lakhs and 22.40 lakhs) for both the projects has been released for the
   commencement of the project during the current year 2011-2012.

   During the month of June 2011, four Research Associates and eight Junior Research Fellows were
   recruited at Raipur by conducting walk-in-interview. Three camps are established at Barnawapara


                                                9
   Wildlife Sanctuary, Jagdalpur and Guru Ghasi Das National Park in Chhattisgarh respectively for
   undertaking the surveys of eight PAs and six districts from these camps. The surveys of above
   areas commenced w.e.f. 1st July 2011 onwards and till date 6758 specimens pertaining to twenty
   groups of animals are collected. Besides, more than 80 species of birds and 12 species of mammals
   have also been sighted during the above period.

   3. Name of the Project: Feasibility study of re-introduction of Pygmy Hog in Garumara
      National Park, Jalpiguri, West Bengal funded by Forest Directorate, Govt. of W.B.

       The main objective of the project is to study the habitat, food availability, predator pressure
   and resource partitioning for the Pygmy Hog at Gorumara National Park and other anthropogenic
   pressure before introduction of this Critically Endangered species into the Protected Area. During
   the period last and final surveys at Gorumara National Park, Manas National Park, Assam (the last
   known natural home of Pygmy Hog), and Sonai Rupai WL Sanctuary, Assam (where, these
   animals were successfully re-introduced) were completed. The final project report with details of
   survey results, habitat description, food sources of the animal, general ecology of Gorumara NP
   and possible location for release of Pygmy Hog has been submitted to the Forest Department,
   Govt. of West Bengal.



                                       1. Regional Centers
                                        APRC, ZSI, Itanagar
1. Dr. Gopinathan Maheswaran, Scientist-C of the Centre had participated in the survey along with
Dr. S.D. Biju of University of Delhi from 18-29 May 2011 in Namdapha Tiger Reserve and Kobo area
(of Junnai district) of Assam to find out three of the ‘Lost Amphibians’ of India from these areas. The
team had collected various specimens and the results of the findings will be reported by Dr. Biju soon.
The team stayed at Hornbill Camp of Namdapha Tiger Reserve and made several night surveys in and
around the areas looking for the amphibians. After five days of stay at Namdapha the team had headed
for Kobo in the foothills of Aboor mountains of Arunachal Pradesh and stayed there for two nights
searching amphibians and just returned to Itanagar only on 29 May 2011.

                                        WGRC, ZSI, Calicut

2.     Project on “World Revision of Platygastroidea (Hymenoptera)”, under the Planetary
Biodiversity Inventory, Ohio, Columbus.

3.   Interactive identification & information system for the Indian genera of Diapriidae (Insecta:
Hymenoptera: Proctotrupoidea) with PDBC, Bangalore.

                               A & N Regional Centre, Port Blair
Project No.1: Survey and monitoring the health of coral reefs of India, National Coral Reef Research
Institute (NCRI)

Sponsored by: Ministry of Environment and Forests, Govt. of India




                                                  10
Achievements: Six major surveys were conducted in various islands of North Andaman, Middle
Andaman, South Andaman, Ritchie’s Archipelago, Little Andaman, and Great Nicobar Island to
assess the distribution and diversity of corals and coral associated communities. The live coral cover,
species diversity and density of corals were estimated in 30 sites located in several islands of
Andaman and Nicobar. A total of 155 species of scleractinian corals were reported in Andaman and
Nicobar Islands through field studies. The percentage of live coral cover in the permanent monitoring
plots estimated with the range of 43.71 to 63.71% . A total of 460 species belong to the marine
representatives such as phytoplankton, zooplankton, molluscs, echinoderms, corals, octo-corals,
sponges, ascidians, opisthobranchs, polyclads, crustaceans, gorgonids and fishes were identified. Two
new species of corals Montipora samii sp. nov. and Ctenactis triangularis sp. nov. were described.
Among them 15 species of corals, 42 species of gorgonids, 20 species of opisthobranchs, 2 species of
polyclads are new records to Indian waters.

Project No.2: Diversity and Distribution of Corals and their Associated Fauna of Rani Jhansi Marine
National Park, Andaman

Sponsored by: Ministry of Environment and Forests, Govt. of India

Achievements: Two surveys were conducted during the period at different sites in the three Islands of
Rani Jhansi Marine National Park to get the quantitative and qualitative data on diversity, density,
distribution of scleractinian corals and other coral associated faunal communities. Three plots (100 x
100m area for each plot) were selected for the permanent monitoring of corals in Rani Jhansi Marine
National Park. A total of 110 species of scleractinian corals belonging to 8 families were reported
from the Rani Jhansi Marine National Park during the survey. Among them the family Acroporidae is
dominant as it composed of 43 species includes the genus Acropora (28 species) and Montipora (8
species). The percentage of live coral cover ranged from 59.53% in Henry Lawrence Island to 63.71%
in John Lawrence Island. Besides, Eight genera of soft corals under the families Alcyoniidae,
Nephtheidae and Isisidae; 18 genera of gorgonids under 10 families; 30 species of echinoderms
belonging to 21 genera and 15 families; 78 species of gastropods belongs to 25 families; 54 species of
nudibranchs belonging to 11 families; 52 species of crabs under 21 genera; and 48 reef associated
fishes belongs to 39 families were reported. The studies indicated that corals of John Lawrence Island,
Henry Lawrence Island, and Outram Island in Rani Jhansi Marine National Park; were bleached to the
extent of 45-73% during April to May 2010. The recent survey conducted during January 2011
observed the progress of recuperation of the bleached corals upto 27%.

Project No.3: GIS Based mapping and analysis of ecological variables of reefs around the Little
Andaman Island

Sponsored by: Ministry of Environment and Forests, Govt. of India

Achievements: One survey was conducted in 6 locations along the Little Andaman during the
reporting period. Total live cover of corals in Little Andaman was reported as 40-56% with the
diversity of 64 species of scleractinian corals. Apart from that 70 species of coral reef fishes, 25
species of echinoderms, 15 species of soft corals, 6 species sponges and 25 species of molluscs have
also been reported.

Project No.4: Monitoring the Coral Reefs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Sponsored by: Department of Environment and Forests, Andaman and Nicobar Administration



                                                  11
Achievements: Five major surveys were conducted in various islands of North Andaman, Middle
Andaman, South Andaman, Long Island, Ritchie’s Archipelago, Little Andaman, Nancowry Islands,
and Great Nicobar Island to assess the distribution and diversity of corals and coral associated
communities. In order to monitor the health of corals, 11 permanent monitoring plots with an area of
100 × 100 m2 have been employed in selected localities covering entire Andaman and Nicobar
Islands. The depth of the monitoring plots ranging from 5 to 20m in the island fringe area. A total of
246 species of corals belongs to 50 genera and 12 families were reported from 11 permanent
monitoring plots. Status surveys were conducted in major coral reef areas of Andaman and Nicobar
Islands to assess the extent of ‘Coral Bleaching’ occurred in consequence upon the increase in surface
seawater temperature to the maximum of 32ºC during April to May 2010. Percentage of bleaching was
calculated as 47 to 74%. Line Intercept Survey showed that a total of 75 species of coals was affected
due to bleaching phenomena. Besides, parameters such as, salinity, temperature, dissolved oxygen,
pH, turbidity and transparency in seawater, primary and secondary productivities, growth of corals,
diversity, density and distribution of corals and coral associated organisms are being monitored
periodically in the permanent monitoring plots.


Project No.5: Lead Institution-Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve

Sponsored by: Ministry of Environment and Forests, Govt. of India

Achievements: Two surveys were conducted in Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve during to assess the
density and diversity of faunal communities. A total of 323 species belongs to 195 genera and 82
families were identified from the terrestrial and marine environment during the reporting period. A
total of 147 of fishes, 14 species of polychaetes and 40 species of molluscs reported from GNBR were
documented. Interaction has been made with regional research organizations viz. Pondicherry
University, University of Calcutta, Annamalai University, Central Salt and Marine Chemical Research
Institute (CSIR), Central Agricultural Research Institute (ICAR), National Institute of Ocean
Technology, Wildlife Institute of India, Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History,
Botanical Survey of India and Fishery Survey of India to undertake holistic research on GNBR.
Nomination Form for the inclusion of Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve in the world network of
UNESCO-MAB has been prepared and submitted to the MoEF for necessary action. A total of 342
literatures pertaining to GNBR were collected for the publication of Bibliography.

Project No.6: Faunal Diversity of Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve

Sponsored by: Ministry of Environment and Forests, Govt. of India

Achievements: Three surveys were conducted in Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve to study the faunal
diversity during the period. About 300 specimens of butterflies, 200 specimens of spiders, 900
specimens of moths, 200 specimens of odonates, 59 specimens of reptiles and 20 specimens of
amphibians were collected. About 70 species of birds and 5 species of mammals have also been
sighted during the above period. Demographic data on the ecology and behaviour of long tailed
macaque Macaca fascilacularis was also collected, Total, 18 troops of long tailed macaque were
observed, where in 8 troops were consisted of 12 to 20 individuals. Detailed bird community ecology
also being studied. Assessment on the endemic and endangered fauna of Great Nicobar Biosphere
Reserve is also being carried out.

Project No.7: Rapid EIA on the alignment of road in Great Nicobar Island



                                                 12
Sponsored by: Border Roads Organization, Ministry of Defense, Govt.

Achievements: Two surveys were conducted in Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve to conduct the EIA
study for road alignment project for Border Roads Organization. Report containing observations and
recommendations for Phase-Phase-II and I have been submitted to the Border Roads Organization.

Project No.8: Status survey on Sea cucumbers in Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Sponsored by: Department of Environment and Forests, Andaman and Nicobar Administration

Achievements: One survey has been conducted in different islands of North Andaman region. The
diversity and density of sea cucumbers will be reported to the Department of Environment and Forests
once the study is completed.

Project No.9: Preparation of Management Plan (Year 2012-2021) for Lohabarrack Crocodile
Sanctuary.

Sponsored by: Department of Environment and Forests, Andaman and Nicobar Administration

Achievements: Two surveys have been conducted to the Lohabarrack Crocodile Sanctuary.
Thepreparation of management plan for the period of ten years i.e. 2012-2021 is under progress.

Project No.10: DNA Bar-coding on Sponges of Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Sponsored by: Technical Collaboration with Central Agricultural Research Institute, ICAR, Port Blair

Achievements: Bar coding for 25 species of sponges were completed.


                                        MARC, ZSI, Digha

Project Title: Strengthing of Marine Aquarium and Regional Centre at Digha, West Bengal.

Sponsored by: World Bank

Project Proposal:

1. Training workshops for the period of five years (two trainings per year) with an aim to develop
   capability within the West Bengal State Government Officials and Community people in Coastal
   Zone Management.
2. Development of Coastal Marine Museum.
3. Upgradation of the existing aquarium.
4. Development of Office Infrastructure.

Achievement : Works relating to remodeling of the existing Aquarium, establishment of Marine
Museum and Interpretation Centre have been initiated. Community Training on Integrated Coastal
Zone Management was organized during 6th to 12th September 2011.

Community Training on Integrated Coastal Zone Management (6th to 12th September 2011)



                                                 13
Introduction: Coastal zone is the interface where land meets the ocean, encompassing the shoreline
environment as well as the adjacent coastal waters. Its components include river deltas, coastal plains,
wetlands, estuaries, beaches and sand dunes, coral reefs, mangrove forests, lagoons, and other coastal
features. Increase in the density of human population and unplanned developmental activities within
the coastal areas of India have led to over exploitation of terrestrial and aquatic resources.
Exploitation of coastal resources in an unbridled manner has resulted in resource-use conflict and
threatens the very existence of coastal habitats intertwined with flora and fauna.. The Integrated
Coastal Zone Management project aims to build state level capacity to manage such coastal zone
issues.

Training needs a majority of the populace in the coastal areas belong to the subsistence level and
depend primarily on the coastal resources for their livelihood. The community people need to be
sensitized and trained to manage their livelihood and improve the quality of life while maintaining the
coastal ecological balance and biodiversity.

The Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India has obtained a credit from the
International Development Association of the World Bank for Integrated Coastal Zone Management
Project in India. The Government of West Bengal is also a recipient of the credit and is to implement
the relevant part of the Project in West Bengal during the next five years. The project is implemented
through the Institute of Environmental Studies and Wetland Management (IESWM), Department of
Environment, Government of West Bengal as State Project Management Unit. The project is being
implemented through ten different Project Execution Agencies (PEAs). Zoological Survey of India is
entrusted in this project for modernization of aquarium, setting up of museum and interpretation centre
as well as training facilities at Marine Aquarium and Regional Centre at Digha. The training on ICZM
for primary stakeholders and State Govt. officials is one of the components under this project.

Target Area: The coastal population of West Bengal is around 2.47 million lives in the three coastal
districts i.e. South and North 24 Parganas and Purba (East) Medinipur. The per capita real income in
these three coastal districts as per 2003-04 prices is South 24 Parganas: INR 17759.77, North 24
Parganas: INR 16502.79 and in Purba (East) Medinipur: INR 20914.35. Active fishermen constituted
26% of the marine fisher folk population, of which 72% were full time fishermen , 22% were part time
fishermen and the remaining 6% were occasional. In West Bengal 31% of the fishermen possessed
primary level of education, 13% secondary level and 2% possessed above secondary level of
education. About 54% of the fishermen population have no formal education. West Bengal is having
the largest 4.05 lakh ha of brackish water flooded area in India of which 2.1 lakh ha is ideal for shrimp
farming. These could make three coastal districts viz. North 24 Parganas (1.10 lakh ha), South 24
Parganas (0.7 lakh ha) and Purba Medinipur (0.3 lakh ha) among the most prosperous in India. In spite
of abundant resource availability, development has not taken place in an equitous manner.

Training Objective: The purpose of the programme is to augment awareness on the conservation and
sustainable use of marine biodiversity as well as the significance of coastal zone management in West
Bengal for sustainable livelihood, food security and bio-happiness. The first training in this connection is
meant for developing and following a pro-nature, pro-poor, pro-women and pro-sustainable on-farm and
non-farm livelihoods. The objective is implementation of appropriate eco-technologies and knowledge
empowerment methodologies targeted toward the primary stake holders who are dependent on coastal
bio-resources as well as Civil Society Organizations functioning in the domain of coastal hazards and
conservation of coastal resources.




                                                    14
Focus Group: The beneficiaries of the community training would be the fishermen and women folk,
hoteliers, guides of tourism, PRI members, traders of marine resources, and others who are directly or
otherwise dependent on the coastal resources for their livelihood.

Duration: 7 days (6th to 12th September, 2011)
Venue: Auditorium, Marine Aquarium & Regional Centre, Zoological Survey of India, Digha.

Training Details:
a. Inauguration: The inauguration of training took place in the morning of 6th September, 2011 at
   the auditorium of this Centre. The programme was presided over by Dr. K. Venkataraman,
   Director, Zoological Survey of India. Shri. Sudharshan Ghosh Dastidar Hon’ble Minister of
   Environment, Govt. of West Bengal adorned the chair of the Chief Guest. The programme
   commenced with the welcome address by Dr. K. Venkataraman, Director, Zoological Survey of
   India followed by the welcome song and lightening of lamp. The other dignitaries present on the
   dais were Dr. A. K. Ghosh, Former Director, ZSI, Shri. Arijit Banerjee, IFS, Project Director,
   IESWM, Kolkata, Dr. Somenath Bhattacharya, Addl. Director, IESWM, Kolkata, Shri. Soumen
   Pal, Chief Executive Officer, DSDA, Digha and Dr. A. K. Sanyal, Addl. Director, ZSI, Kolkata.
   The focal point of the Inaugural programme was the eloquent speech delivered by Shri.
   Sudharshan Ghosh Dastidar Hon’ble Minister of Environment, Govt. of West Bengal, who
   described the necessity of a clean environment by citing from the writings of famous Bengal poet
   Jibananda Das. The utility of arranging such training programmes was also highlighted by him for
   maintenance and management of the coastal zones of West Bengal. The inaugural programme was
   concluded with vote of thanks by Dr. Prasanna Yennawar, Officer-in-Charge, MARC, ZSI, Digha.
   The programme was anchored by Dr. Dhriti Banerjee, Scientist ‘C’ & Head of Office, Zoological
   Survey of India, Kolkata.
b. Participants: The applications for participation in the training programme were invited from
   various Govt. Departments for recognizing the communities and their involvement. Hundreds of
   applications were received which were short listed to 50. These 50 applicants who represented as
   17 from Gram Panchayats around Digha nominated by DSDA, 17 participants nominated by
   Fisheries Department, 8 participants nominated by Forest Department, 3 participants from Beach
   Shops, 2 participants each from Sea Shell Sellers Association & Digha Hoteliers Association and
   one participant representing tourist guide, were intimated regarding their selection for the training
   programme. Out of 50 shortlisted applicants, 46 registered themselves and participated in the
   training programme.
c. Technical Sessions & Resource persons: Out of seven days training program, four days were
   exclusively spent for technical presentations on various objectives of Integrated Coastal Zone
   Management, two days for field training and one day for feedback. There were 18 technical
   deliberations during the technical session which includes topics viz. marine biodiversity, marine
   resources & alternate livelihood, ICZM, Fish & fisheries, marine mammals, mangroves, global
   warming, community participation, etc. There were 20 resource persons who were eminent
   scientists & academicians in their respective field, contributed their expertise in the technical
   sessions. Resource persons who delivered the lectures during the training were Dr. A.K. Ghosh,
   Former Director, Zoological Survey of India, Dr. K. Venkataraman, Director, ZSI, Dr. Somenath
   Bhattacharyya, Addl. Director, IESWM, Kolkata, Prof. Samir Banerjee, University of Calcutta, Dr.
   Sankar Pramanik, Former Sub-Divisional Disaster Management Officer, Prof. Amalesh
   Chaudhury, University of Calcutta, Dr. Asok Kr. Das, Former Scientist, ZSI, Prof. Avijit Mitra,
   University of Calcutta, Dr. Sandeep Kr. Mondal, Dep. Director, Fisheries Department, Prof. N.C.
   Dutta, University of Calcutta, Prof. Sugata Hazra, Jadavpur University, Shri. Amitava Roy,
   Secretary, Lokmata Rani Rashmoni Mission, Nimpith, Dr. Soumen Ghosh, Sr. Research Officer,



                                                  15
   WB State Biodiversity Board, Dr. Aniruddha Dey, Emeritus Scientist, ZSI and Shri. Santanu
   Mitra, Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata.
d. Feed back session: The last day morning session was kept for feedback session in which the feed
   back collected in the prescribed format from all the participants. The purpose of this session was to
   know how this training will be useful for them in their livelihood. The participant also provided
   their feedback on locality based coastal zone management during the session.
e. Valedictory function: The valedictory function of training took place in the afternoon of 12th
   September, 2011 at the auditorium of this Centre. The programme was presided over by Dr. K.
   Venkataraman, Director, Zoological Survey of India. Shri Akhil Giri, Hon’ble Member of
   Legislative Assembly, Ramnagar adorned the chair of the Chief Guest. The programme was
   started with the welcome address by Dr. K. Venkataraman, Director, Zoological Survey of India,
   which was followed by distribution of Certificates to the participants. The other dignitaries present
   on the dais were Dr. J.R.B. Alfred, Former Director, ZSI, Shri Soumen Pal, Chief Executive
   Officer, DSDA, Digha and Dr. A. K. Sanyal, Addl. Director, ZSI, Kolkata. The main attraction of
   the Inaugural programme was the eloquent speech delivered by Shri. Akhil Giri, Hon’ble MLA,
   Ramnagar who described the necessity of capacity building of community and their effective
   participation in coastal zone management. It was also announced during the programme that there
   will be two training programme every year for next five years (2011-15) under the project, one for
   the community and other for State Govt. Officials. It was also mentioned by Director, Zoological
   Survey of India that the next training will be conducted in November, 2011 for State Govt.
   Officials. A few participants also narrated their experience during the training in the valedictory
   session. The valedictory programme was concluded with vote of thanks by Dr. Animesh Bal,
   Additional Director, ZSI, Kolkata. The programme was anchored by Dr. Dhriti Banerjee, Scientist
   ‘C’ & Head of Office, Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata.


                                           Agenda Item No. 9
       Any other agenda with the permission of the Chair.




                                                  16
                                                                                        Annexure-I

      MINUTES OF THE RESEARCH ADVISORY & MONITORING
    COMMITTEE (ZSI) MEETING HELD AT ZOOLOGICAL SURVEY OF
                        INDIA, KOLKATA
                       ON MARCH 29, 2011

        The meeting of the reconstituted Research Advisory and Monitoring Committee
(RAMC) of Zoological Survey of India was held at Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata
Under the chairmanship of Dr. V.V. Ramamurthy, Principal Scientist, Division of
Entomology, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi- 110012 on 29 March, 2011.
The list of participants is annexed (Annexure - 1).
        At the outset Chairman requested Dr A.K. Sanyal, Scientist- ‘F’ & Member Secretary,
RAMC to deliver welcome address. Dr. Sanyal in his address extended a warm welcome to
the Chairman, Dr. V.V. Ramamurthy, Advisor (CS), MoEF Dr. R. Mehta and other members
of the Research Advisory & Monitoring Committee, and hoped that the collective wisdom of
the committee and continued dynamic support of Dr. Mehta and Shri Jiwan Dass, Director
(CS), MoEF will strengthen the hands of Dr. K. Venkataraman, Director to rise the
organization to great heights and achieve the national goals.
       Later the Chairman and other dignitaries inaugurated the meeting by lighting the
lamp. Director, ZSI then welcomed the dignitaries with flower bouquets and mementos.
         In his opening remarks, Dr. V.V. Ramamurhy,            Chairman expressed that the
reconstituted RAMC will really deliver something for betterment of ZSI. He told that this
very old well established organization have contributed much in the field of animal taxonomy
during the last 95 years, but it needs a little bit of changes for further development in the
light of the present days need for human welfare. He emphasized that the commendable
contributions of ZSI have not been properly projected; it is to be projected more so that the
results of researches made by eminent experts and the growth of ZSI are known and utilized
by everybody. He emphasized that the changes whatever needed are to be done within the
present system. He stressed upon the need for immediate development of survey and project
files in three components. The Research Project File will include (1) Identification of Gaps in
researches and time schedule for each research programme, (2) Preparation of Short
Term/Long term Reports and (3) Final Completion Reports with expectations for the future
including the statement of ressource already having and ways and means for making new
resources. This project file System would be part and parcel of all the scientists. There may
be some time bound programmmes as flexible system so that ZSI will be more accountable.
The Chairman also expressed the need of delegation of powers and some kind of autonomy
for achieving good results in a short time. He finally expressed that as Chairman, RAMC
sincerely want to contribute something for ZSI taking altogether and hope that will be able to
do a lot of things towards development of ZSI. The Chairman also emphasized upon the
need for expeditious actions on part of the ministry towards the recommendation of the
RAMC.




                                                  17
        In his remark, Dr. R. Mehta, Advisor (CS), MoEF, conveyed sincere thanks to the
Chairman and the members of RAMC for sparing their valuable time for attending the
meeting He informed the Committee that he is associated with BSI and ZSI for last six
months. Previously there was a single RAMC both for BSI and ZSI. But it was decided that
each organization should have a separate RAMC consisting of Indian and India borne
Foreign Members. But it took much time to implement the idea of inclusion of foreign
members due to delay in getting clearance from MEA, Govt. of India. It is then decided to
reconstitute the RAMC with Indian Members and foreign members will be included in the
RAMC after getting the clearance from MEA. He remarked the comments, made by the
Chairman, as most valuable and appreciated his ideas of taking up new challenges for
bringing some changes in ZSI. He also pointed out that proposal for autonomy is also under
consideration of the Ministry. Dr. Mehta, concluded his remark with the expectation that with
the reconstituted RAMC, ZSI will reach to new heights.
Presentation of Progress report of ZSI from November 2009 to February 2011 by Dr. K.
Venkataraman, Director, ZSI: The Director, Dr K. Venkataraman made Power Point
presentation highlighting the history of the century old research organization, development of
ZSI in the successive plan periods, activities and achievements made in terms of number of
explorations carried out, documentations done at different levels, new discoveries,
publications, augmentation of libraries and museums, and capacity building, new initiatives
like development of DNA Finger Printing Laboratory, digitization of data, collaborative
projects in progress and to be undertaken, etc. during the period.
                The Chairman requested the members to make their comments on the
presentation made by Director, ZSI. Dr. R. Mehta, Advisor (CS), appreciated the presentation
and the progress made by ZSI and complimented the Director. Dr. T.C. Narendran, Member,
expressed appreciation for the commendable work done by ZSI. He made suggestions for
uploading ZSI’s Publications on line free of cost. Dr. R. Sukumar, Member, expressed
pleasure for the excellent presentation and the work done by ZSI and he advised to make the
progress report very short, no need to include so much numerical data, etc. He suggested
inclusion of GIS data while creation of ZSI’s data base and advised coordination of ZSI with
other organizations maintaining data base specially Forest Survey of India, ICAR, BSI and
others. He pointed out that ZSI data base should have flexibility to merge with the data of
other organizations. In this context Director, ZSI, requested Dr. Mehta to provide fund from
the Ministry. Dr. Mehta suggested sending proposal to the Ministry. Regarding DNA Finger
Printing studies which will be initiated by ZSI very soon, he suggested to include bio-
geography, phylogeny, evolutionary history of Indian fauna, etc. Dr. Sukumar, also
mentioned about wonderful publications of ZSI but those are not available on Internet. He
requested to scan the publications and put them on Internet. In this context Dr. R. Mehta, told
that ZSI is now asked to generate resources, decision is to be taken whether the data
/publications will be put in public domain with charge or not ? He advised to introduce
‘Induction Training’ to be provided to the new scientists in ZSI. The Chairman, in his remark
pointed out that the data base should be of uniform format with that of other existing data
base and there should have provision for collateral entry of data on flora. It should be
windows compatible and SQL Server provision for converting data as and when needed. He
also told that for DNA Finger Printing Study outsourcing is better. The Chairman remarked
that some other organizations like IARI have already digitized data /publications, so
duplication should be avoided. He lastly strongly expressed that thorough analyses of what
have already been done and what to be done in the coming 10 years is to be made. To
achieve this a Gap Area Maps (State wise, Ecosystem wise, Group wise, Scientist wise,
Species wise) are to be prepared. This document which he named as White Paper or Vision


                                                  18
Paper will include Status of Survey, Taxonomic Research, Data Base Development, Report
Development and Infrastructure Development. It was decided that the draft of this White
Paper is to be prepared and sent to all the Members within 3 weeks.
       Dr. K. Venkataraman, Director and Shri C. Radhakrishnan, special invitee, appraised
the committee the problem in undertaking faunal survey in protected areas due to non
availability of permission from the Forest Department. The Committee realized the problem
and advised to send letter along with earlier communications to the Secretary, MoEF, New
Delhi.


Agenda Item No. 1: Confirmation of minutes of the last meeting: Dr A.K. Sanyal, Member
Secretary, RAMC informed that no comments were received from the members on the
minutes of the last meeting held at the MoEF, New Delhi on 09 November, 2009 and, hence
requested that the same may kindly be confirmed. The minutes were later confirmed.

Agenda Item No. 2. Action Taken on the decisions of the previous meeting:
     In the last meeting, two Recommendations pertaining to ZSI were proposed by the
RAMC and the action taken report was discussed as follows:
a. Appointment of Dr. A. K. Hazra, former Scientist- F, ZSI, as Emeritus Scientist was pending
    since long, it should be expedited. : It was informed by the Member Secretary that Proposal for
    appointment of A.K. Hazra as Emeritus Scientist in ZSI was submitted to the ministry in May
    2008 and was recommended by the RAMC. As the recommendation was not implemented till
    2010, the matter was then again referred by Dr. D. K. Singh, Member Secretary, BSI , to the
    MoEF on 21.10.2010. In the circumstances, the proposal was submitted in the present RAMC
    meeting for consideration. The Chairman told that the case would be considered during discussion
    of the respective Agenda Item No. 5.
b.      Remuneration @ Rs. 500/= per species for preparing taxonomic description and Rs. 250/=
per species for editing under ‘Flora/Fauna of India’ series should be given to retired scientists: It
was resolved that the honorarium for the author of ‘Fauna of India’ is to be enhanced to Rs. 25,000/=.
A letter should be sent to the Ministry together with the proposal.
Agenda Item No. 3. Progress report of ZSI from November 2009 to February 2011: The
           Agenda is already discussed above.
Agenda Item No. 4. Discussion on the Annual Plan of work for the year 2011-2012: The Committee
discussed in detail the proposal for Programme Advisory Committee (PAC) as proposed by ZSI and
approved the same with some suggestions. The Chairman and the Members advocated for preparation
of a frame work of studies to be undertaken in the next year and that is to be circulated in the
beginning of the year to each scientist as their guideline during preparation of a new research
programme. They suggested that the Chairman of the PAC Committee should be a non departmental
Zoologist of repute. Dr. R. Mehta remarked that the number of programmmes with a scientist should
not be restricted to two (2), instead more than two numbers of project may be approved on
consideration of past progress of work/delivery of the respective scientist (PAC Guideline No. 9).
        The Members reiterated that the programmes should be approved first by the Officer-in-Charge
of each Centre and then that are to be sent to the PAC and finally the PAC’s recommendations should
be placed to Director, ZSI, for approval. Further they suggested three years of term of the Chairman
instead of five years.



                                                 19
Agenda Item No. 5. Appointment of Emeritus Scientists in ZSI: Dr A.K. Sanyal informed that ten
applications have been received for consideration under Emeritus Scientists Scheme in ZSI. Each
application was reviewed by three experts and the comments of the experts for each application were
placed to the Committee. After due consideration the Committee took following decision:
       1. Dr. A.K. Hazra, former Scientist-F, ZSI- Monograph on Indian Collembola.
       - The Committee recommended for approval by the Ministry.
       2. Prof. T.C. Narendran, Calicut University- The Fauna of Eupelmidae (Hymenoptera) of
           India and adjacent countries- As Professor Narendran has withdrawn his application, it was
           not considered by the Committee.
       3. Prof. Ranga Reddy, Acharya Nagarjuna University, Andhra Pradesh- Taxonomic Revision
           of the Indian Diaptomidae and Cyclopidae (Copepoda: Crustacea ) – The Committee is
           informed by a member that Prof. Reddy has joined the UGC Emeritus Scientist Scheme.
           So the Committee deferred the decision on his application till the information is verified.
       4. Dr. P. Mukhopadhyay, former Scientist-E, ZSI – Revision of Indian Flat Bark Beetles
           (Fam. Cucujidae and Laemophloeidae:Coleoptera:Insecta)-
       - The Committee recommended for approval by the Ministry.
       5. Dr. Tapan Kumar Chattapadhyay, former Scientist-E, ZSI- Taxonomic Studies on the
          Gobioid fishes of Sundarban National Park (Teleostei:Gobioidei)- The Committee decided
          to recommend only one scientist from each animal group. In this context the applications of
          Dr. Chattapadhyay and Dr. R.P. Barman were considered and Dr. Chattapadhyay’s
          application was not recommended by the Committee.
       6. Dr. R.P. Barman, former Scientist-C, ZSI- Preparation of a monograph on Snappers of
          India (Pisces:Perciformes : Lutjanidae).
          - The Committee recommended for approval by the Ministry.
       7. Prof. Samiran Chakarbarti, University of Kalyani, West Bengal- Eriophyoid Mites
          (Acari:Eriophyoidae) Fauna of India and further surveys from East and Northeast India –
          The proposal was not recommended due to over age (more than 65 years) of the applicant.
       8. Dr. Anirudha Dey, former Scientist-C, ZSI – Checklist of Indian Marine Molluscs
          (Polyplacophora and Gastropoda).
          - The Committee recommended for approval by the Ministry.
       9. Dr. Ramakrishna, former Director, ZSI – Revisionary Studies on Indian
          Freshwater Mollusca and Threatened Status of selected species – The opinion of two
          experts out of three were found unfavorable, hence, the proposal was not recommended by
          the Committee.
       10. Dr. Vinod Khanna, Assistant Zoologist, NRC, ZSI, Dehra Dun- A               consolidated
          monograph on the Scolopendrid Centipedes (Chilopoda : Scolopendromorpha) of India –
          Since Dr. Khanna is still in service the Committee deferred the decision and suggested to
          put up the case in the next RAMC meeting.


Agenda Item No. 6: Engagement of Retired Scientist and Scientific Staffs of ZSI as consultant
for identification of unidentified collections and other technical jobs:




                                                 20
      The Committee principally agreed to the proposal and suggested to send the proposal to the
MoEF for funding.
Agenda Item No. 7: Proposal on the High Performance Award for ZSI Officers:
        The Committee principally agreed to the proposal. Dr. R. Mehta, Advisor (CS), mentioned that
the proposal is not to be sent to MoEF for approval as Director, ZSI himself is competent to implement
this programme.
Agenda Item No. 8: Special Collaborative Projects:
     The details of the following collaborative projects were incorporated in the Agenda Note of
RAMC Meeting for information. The comments of the Committee are mentioned below.
4. Memmorandum of Understanding (MOU) with PRIST University as submitted:
   The Committee advised to collect credential of the University before signing MoU.
5. Proposal of Projects by Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata as per the “Minutes of the
   meeting on “All India Coordinated Programme on Inventorying, Monitoring, Conservation and
   Sustainable Utilization of Biodiversity” held on 4.2.2011 at Paryavaran Bhavan under
   Chairmanship of Professor Madhav Gadgil “: Approved by the Committee.
6. Proposal of Projects by Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata as per the “Minutes of the
   meeting on “All India Coordinated Programme on Inventorying, Monitoring, Conservation and
   Sustainable Utilization of Biodiversity” held on 4.2.2011 at Paryavaran Bhavan under
   Chairmanship of Professor Madhav Gadgil “ : Approved by the Committee.
7. Training to be conducted by ZSI through Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF).:
   Approved by the Committee.
8. MoU for the Project on “Planetary Biodiversity Survey of the spider family Oonopidae”
   (Global Survey and Revisionary studies) Approved by the Committee.

9. Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) has been signed on 25.01.2011 between Zoological
   Survey of India (ZSI) and National Institute of Advance Studies (NIAS) for promoting scientific
   wildlife research in general, but particularly of understanding taxonomic relationships between
   species using molecular techniques: Approved by the Committee.

10. MOU between Director, State Forest Research and Training Institute, Raipur, Chhattisgarh
    and Director, Zoological Survey of India for the projects on ‘Faunal Diversity of Protected
    Areas in Chhattisgarh (Phase-1)’ and ‘District–wise Faunal Diversity of Chhattisgarh
    (Phase-1): Approved by the Committee.

Agenda Item No. 9: 12th Five Year Plan, Zoological Survey of India:
       The 12th Five Year Plan of ZSI which has been submitted to MoEF was enclosed in the Agenda
Note for information.
         The Members remarked that the plan does not contain the current status of the areas not yet
covered, the areas to be covered, details of the ongoing taxonomic research projects, status of the data
base development and infrastructure development. In this context the Committee advised to constitute
a small sub committee with the ZSI’s Officers to workout a detailed plan for which basic core
activities are to be looked into.
Agenda Item No. 10: Any other agenda with the permission of the Chair:
       No agenda was placed by the Member of the Committee for discussion.


                                                  21
Recommendations:        The recommendations/action points that emerged from deliberations of the
                        RAMC were summarized as under:
   a. The proposals for appointment as Emeritus Scientists in ZSI submitted by Dr. A.K. Hazra, Dr. P.
      Mukhopadhyay, Dr. R.P. Barman and Dr. Anirudha Dey, which          have been recommended by
      the RAMC should be sent to MoEF for approval.

                                                                                  (Action: ZSI, MoEF)
   b. Preparation of Project File                                                 (Action: ZSI)
   c. Letter for funding for Data Base development in ZSI is to be sent to MoEF
                                                                                         (Action : ZSI)
   d. Introduction Induction Training to the new scientist in ZSI
                                                                                          (Action: ZSI)
   e. Preparation of White Paper/ Vision Paper of ZSI within three weeks
                                                                                            (Action:ZSI)
   f. Letter to be sent to the Secretary, MoEF, regarding permission to work in protected areas
                                                                                   (Action: ZSI, MoEF)
   g. Proposal for enhancement of honorarium to Rs. 25,000/- (Rupees twenty five           thousand
   only) for the authors of ‘Fauna of India’.
                                                                                   (Action: ZSI, MoEF)
   h. Proposal for funding for engagement of retired scientist and scientific staff in ZSI
                                                                                  (Action: ZSI, MoEF).
       The meeting ended with vote of thanks by Dr. A.K. Sanyal, Member Secretary.
                                                                                           Annexure - 1
                                         List of Participants


  1.     Dr. V. V. Ramamurthy, I.A.R.I., New Delhi                           Chairman
  2.     Prof. Savitri Verma, H.P. University, Shimla                        Member
  3.     Prof. T. C. Narendran, Calicut University, Kerala                   Member
  4.     Prof. R. Sukumar, Chairman, CES, IISc, Bangalore                    Member
  5.     Dr. R. Mehta, Advisor (BSI/ZSI), MoEF, New Delhi,                   Member
         Member
  6.     Dr. K. Venkataraman, Director, ZSI, Member                           Member
  7.     Shri Jiwan Dass, Director (BSI/ZSI), MoEF, New                       Member
         Delhi,
  8.     Shri C. Radhakrishnan, Scientist-F, ZSI,                          Special Invitee
         Special Invitee
  9.     Dr. Kailash Chandra, Scientist-F, ZSI, Special Invitee            Special Invitee
  10.    Dr. Dhriti Banerjee, Scientist-C & H.O.O., ZSI,                   Special Invitee
         Special Invitee
  11.    Shri Chandra Mohan Sharma, Section Officer, MoEF,                 Special Invitee
         New Delhi, Special Invitee
  12.    Dr. A. K. Sanyal, Scientist-F                                   Member Secretary



                                                  22
                                          
                                                                                        Annexure II
                                              DRAFT

                                     VISION DOCUMENT
                                  ZOOLOGICAL SURVEY OF INDIA

                                             Vision 2020
                                              Preamble

The Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) was established in 1916, with a view to explore and identify the
faunal resources (faunal diversity) of the country and to document the base line data with regards to
taxonomy, distribution, bio-ecology, etc., of the animal groups. During the last 95 years and
particularly from the Second Five Year Plan period, the ZSI has grown from a small unit at the Indian
Museum, Calcutta, to a premier National Institution with 16 Regional Centres spread across the
country, with its Headquarters at Kolkata. Over the successive plan periods the functions of ZSI have
also expanded gradually encompassing areas like the Environmental Impact Assessment with regard to
fauna; survey of Conservation Areas; Status Survey of Endangered Species; Computerization of data
on faunal resources; Environmental Information System (ENVIS) on faunal diversity, etc. The
Organization also has a regular Training and Extension wing for generating public awareness for the
conservation of environment and wildlife by conducting exhibitions, training programmes and
interacting with different Government and NGO organizations, universities, colleges, schools and the
stake holders.

The Zoological Survey of India also acts as a custodian of the National Zoological Collections which
comprise more than two million specimens belonging to some 81,000 species including about 10,000
species of our neighboring countries like Myanmar, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and also of
Thailand.
The objectives and functions of ZSI were reviewed in 1987 and redefined in 1991. However, the scope
and functions of ZSI have been considerably expanded, particularly in the light of the Convention on
Biological Diversity, ratified by Govt. of India in 1994. The revised priorities of work suggested by
the department were approved by the Ministry of Environment & Forests, Govt. of India, with the
target proposed up to 2000 A. D. which was further reviewed by the Programme Advisory Committee




                                                 23
(PAC) during 2001 with new directives. In the light of the above, the objectives and implementation
strategies for the Eleventh Five Year Plan are redefined as follows.  
A. Primary Objectives
1.     Exploring, Surveying, Inventorying and Monitoring of faunal diversity in various states,
       selected ecosystems and protected areas of India.
2. Taxonomic studies of the faunal components collected.
3. Status survey of Threatened and Endemic species.
4. Preparation of Red Data Book, Fauna of India and Fauna of States.
5. Bio-ecological studies on important communities/species.
6. Preparation of database for the recorded species of the country.
7. Maintenance & Development of National Zoological Collections.
8. Training, Capacity Building and Human Resource Development.
9. Faunal Identification, Advisory services and Library Services.
10. Publication of results including Fauna of India, Fauna of States and fauna of Conservation Areas.

B.    Secondary Objectives
1.      GIS and Remote Sensing studies on recorded animal diversity as well as on threatened species.
2.      Chromosomal Mapping and DNA fingerprinting.
3.      Environmental Impact Studies.
4.      Maintenance of Musea at Headquarters and Regional Centres.
5.      Development of ENVIS and CITES Centers.
6.      Research Fellowship, Associateship and Emeritus Scientists Programme.
7.      Collaborative research programmes on Biodiversity with other Organizations in India and
        abroad.

                                         NEW PROGRAMMES
1.   Surveying and Inventorying the Marine faunal diversity.
2.   Establishment of a new unit of ZSI at Jamnagar, Gujarat, to assess the faunal diversity of Marine
     Protected Area and Hot Desert ecosystems.
3.   Establishment of new unit of ZSI at Gangtok, Sikkim, to assess the faunal diversity of
     Kanchenjunga Biosphere Reserve, monitor the diversity and distribution of the faunal elements of
     the Eastern Himalaya which is one of the global Hot Spots of biological diversity, in India.
4.   Monitoring the status of selected animals included in the Wildlife Schedules.
5.   Development of Taxonomic expertise in the form of Human Resource Development and database.

Strategy:

       In order to achieve the above objectives, strategies including approach, coverage and
manpower deployment have been examined and the appropriate methodology has been evolved.
These will be adopted as proposed below:
Surveying, Inventorying and Monitoring of faunal diversity in various states, selected ecosystems and
Protected Areas of India.
               The objectives of the programme are to explore the faunal resources of various States
               and Union territories of India, selected ecosystems and conservation areas.
               Nearly 80 % of the freshwater fishes and amphibians have been surveyed and
               documented, reptiles, birds and mammals have been covered to the maximum extent,
               Invertebrates need to be investigated from the vast area of the country measuring
               nearly 32,89,263 km2 .



                                                   24
Vision Statement
Taxonomy towards sustaining biodiversity/faunal diversity.


Mission statement
Our Mission is to contribute towards the judicious conservation of the faunal resources of the
nation by conducting explorations, undertaking taxonomic identifications and also documenting
the country’s vast diversity.


Vision 2020.
Vision 2020 is the proposed action framework of ZSI till 2020.


Goals/Objectives of Vision 2020
                   1. Strengthening the faunal inventorying of the nation
                   2. Integration of studies on Invasive Alien fauna of India
                   3. Development of Regional/national faunal databases
                   4. Digitisation of Natural History Collections
                   5. Introduction and integration of cyber taxonomy
                   6. Integration of DNA finger printing studies on relevant taxa
                   7. Establishment of GIS cell in the Zoological Survey of India
                   8. Launching Major Taxonomic Initiatives
                   9. Capacity Building in Animal Taxonomy in India


Why this Vision document
Biodiversity is considered as a nations’ natural resource and is critical to human sustainability.
Taxonomy is the science for documenting biodiversity globally, it is the key science needed to identify
a species and to describe an unknown species (Kim and Byrne, 2006). We can only benefit from
natural resources if they are known to us and we can conserve and protect only those natural resources
that we are aware of. To determine what is being lost, we must have some idea of what is available at
any point of time. Maintaining a ledger that lists inventory is a basic responsibility that companies owe
to their shareholders. (Sharkey, M.J, 2001). Every nation should have an inventory of its natural
resources or biotic assets.
The Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) is the premier taxonomic organization of the country to explore
and identify its faunal resources. Vision 2020 is intended to serve as a help guide for ZSI, to attain the


                                                   25
goals decided upon for the next 10 years. This framework focuses on 9 different areas of action and is
developed to achieve better planning so as to ensure a systematic implementation to achieve targets in
time.
This document is developed in accordance with the various legislations that have been enacted and
policies and action plans at the National Level and also the recommendations as well as reports of the
special task force constituted at the National level, that have direct relevance with the faunal diversity
of the country. {The (Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972, Biological Diversity Act (BDA), 2002, Coastal
Regulation Zone Notification 1991, National Forest Policy (NFP) 1988, National Environment Policy
(NEP) 2006, National Biodiversity Action Plan (NBAP), 2008, National Action Plan on Climate
Change (NAPCC) 2008, India’s Fourth National Report to the Convention on Biological Diversity, 4th
report 2009, Report of the Task Force on Mountain Ecosystems and also on Grasslands and Deserts by
The Planning Commission (Environment and Forests Division) 2006, National Report on Wetlands
2009].
References:
1. Sharkry, M.J. 2001. The All taxa biological Inventory of the Great Smoky Mountains National
Park. Florida Entomologist 84(4): 556-564.
2. Kim Ke Chung, Loren Æ Byrne B, 2006. . Biodiversity loss and the taxonomic bottleneck:
emerging biodiversity science. Ecological Research 21: 794–810.



1. Strengthening the Faunal Inventorying of the nation
The schemes and steps in Faunal Inventorying are revised and redefined in accordance with the
legislations and national policies dealing on the conservation of natural resources and sustainable
development of the country.
Major ecosystems in India are listed and the role of ZSI in conservation of each ecosystem is defined.
Standardised survey procedures and methodologies are also included.


1.1 Survey groups and survey units
ZSI has primarily been involved in developing a faunal inventory of the country and the approach has
always been an ‘All Taxa Faunal Inventory’. Documentation of the diversity with regard to well
known taxa such as Aves and Mammalia among vertebrates and butterflies (Lepidoptera:
Rhopalocera) and dragonflies (Odonata) among invertebrates are relatively easily achieved, but is an
uphill task in the case of lesser known groups among invertebrates, where the magnitude of the
diversity is very high and the taxa are rather poorly studied. The inventorying of the fauna is very
much taxon dependant and is achieved through organized repeated sampling and ad hoc collecting.



                                                   26
   •   Various Ecosystems (Annexure 1) in the country are prioritised and are surveyed by the
       organisation in part or entire and a faunal inventory of multiple taxa in a region or habitat is
       brought out, through a series of publications.
   •   Lesser known taxa as in the case of most of the invertebrates are aimed to be dealtwith in detail
       through Taxonomic studies and the research findings be published through a series of
       taxonomic monographs
   •   The survey units chosen are ecosystem based and are geopolitical or conservation areas or
       other areas of special ecological /geological significance
   •   The regions once surveyed if needed will be revisited after a gap of 10 years
       (varying as per the groups) for necessary revalidation of the results
   •   The taxa dealt are usually in line with the available taxonomic expertise.
   •    Methodologies and procedures specifically standardized for a taxon are to be employed in a
       uniform way during survey and sampling.
   •   Though the organisation uses classical taxonomic procedures for its routine identifications, this
       is supplemented by standard molecular and ecological techniques, as and when the situation
       demands.


1.2 Ecosystem based surveys
The faunal wealth of the country is assessed by ZSI by conducting numerous intensive and extensive
faunistic surveys, which are usually ecosystem centered. The five major ecosystems of the world
(Coastal ecosystem, Forest ecosystem, Freshwater system, Grassland ecosystem and Agroecosystem)
account for about 90 percent of the earth’s land surface, excluding Greenland and Antarctica (The
Pilot Analysis of Global Ecosystems (PAGE- WRI, 2000). ZSI has been surveying the representatives
of these ecosystems in India. In addition, the Himalayan ecosystem, the Desert Ecosystem and the
Marine ecosystem of the country are also surveyed. Since Wetlands in India include both marine and
freshwater habitats, this ecosystem is often dealt separately. In case the area chosen are geographical,
limited by political boundaries or in case they are areas of Conservational importance, the survey units
within the area are chosen based on the ecosystems already mentioned.


1.3. Major Ecosystems, their survey and the roles of ZSI in their conservation
1.3.1. Forest ecosystems
Forests are terrestrial ecosystems dominated by trees, where the tree canopy covers at least 10 percent
of the ground area. Forests contain the greatest assemblages of species found in any terrestrial



                                                   27
ecosystem, and the status of biodiversity is, in itself, an indicator of forest condition (PAGE, 2000).
Large scale influences by man over the time has led to a decrease in both the spatial extent as well as
the biological condition of forests. The deforestation and extinction rates are quite high in the tropical
forests, where genetic and species diversity are the highest.


National Forest Policy (NFP, 1988) aims at maintaining a minimum of 33% of India’s geographical
area under forest and tree cover. Legal protection of forested land is often very much significant for
conservation purposes. Currently India has 23.39% of its geographical area under forest and tree
cover. In India forests come under 16 major forest types and 251 subtypes. 661 Protected Areas (PA)
established under the Wildlife (Protection) Act (WPA) 1972, cover approximately 4.80% of the total
geographical area of the country. The topical evergreen forests of the two major biodiversity hotspots
in India the Himalaya and the Western Ghats–Srilanka are known centres of faunal richness and
endemism.


Legislations and action plans like Biological Diversity Act (BDA), 2002, National Wildlife Action
Plan (NWAP) (2002-2016), National Environment Policy (NEP) 2006, National Biodiversity Action
Plan (NBAP), 2008 and National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC), 2008,                        ensure
conservation and sustainable use of biological resources (India’s Fourth National Report to the
Convention on Biological Diversity, 4th report, 2009).


Role of ZSI in conservation of forests
The faunal components of a forest are totally dependent on its floral counterpart, and are indicative of
the latter. Hence the measures of general biological conditions of the forests and the impact due to
human modifications can be interpreted to a large extent based on the data on the diversity of faunal
species. Developing a standardized baseline inventory of the forest fauna, along with depictions on
their abundance status are essential for conservational needs and also to develop estimates on species
extinction. The taxonomic strength of ZSI can contribute to
   •   Develop baseline inventory of faunal diversity of different ecoregion based forest types
   •   Identify species that can serve as indicators of diversity of other taxa
   •   Inventorying species based on elevational and topographic parameters
   •   Periodic monitoring of the population status of threatened/endangered species
   •   Develop detailed faunal inventory of Conservation Areas
Reference:



                                                   28
http://www.wri.org/publication/pilot-analysis-global-ecosystems-forest-ecosystems,
http://pdf.wri.org/page_forests.pdf
1.3.2. Himalayan ecosystem
The Himalayan ecosystem is fragile and diverse. The Indian Himalayan Region (IHR),
administratively covers 10 states entirely (i.e., Jammu & Kashmir; Himachal Pradesh; Uttarakhand;
Sikkim; Arunachal Pradesh; Nagaland; Manipur; Mizoram; Tripura; Meghalaya) and two states
partially (i.e., the hill districts of Assam and West Bengal) and over four Biogeographic zones viz., the
Indian Trans-Himalaya, the Greater Himalaya, North-east India and parts of Upper Gangetic and
entire Brahmaputra flood plains
The Task Force Report on Mountain Ecosystems, by The Planning Commission (Environment and
Forests Division) 2006, helps to identify the gap areas in our knowledge regarding faunal diversity of
this region. As per the report, data regarding smaller mammals, reptiles, amphibians, and fishes are
much scanty, the insect diversity of this region have been largely ignored, with the exception of a few
studies of the Himalayan Lepidoptera. Since the system of cultivation in the area is mainly slash and
burn, the Jhum system, how the practice affects the faunal elements in the agroecosystem (soil as well
as the aerial forms), will be worth exploring.
Recognizing the importance of the Himalayan region as a unique repository of biodiversity, especially
the Eastern Himalaya, and also considering the regions’ sensitivity to climatic and anthropogenic
changes, a ‘National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem’ has been constituted in 2010.
One of the issues of the mission is to address Biodiversity conservation and protection.


Role of ZSI in conserving Himalayan Ecosystem
As a consequence of climate change, a change in distributional pattern of vegetation, with species in
high-elevation ecosystems shifting to higher elevations (Escalator Effect) has already been observed.
Since range shift of the faunal components is also very much likely, the distribution of Himalayan
fauna (including both vertebrates and invertebrates) needs to be monitored and periodically analysed
as a priority study. Long-term studies on faunal elements of Himalayan forests are essential to monitor
such changes. Long term monitoring plots need to be assigned for such studies.


   •   Status survey of the endangered mammals
   •   Survey, exploration and inventorying of data deficient groups like smaller mammals, reptiles,
       amphibians, and fishes (vertebrates) and non-lepidopterous insects.




                                                   29
    •    Monitor the effects of climate change, like range shifts, with regard to distribution of varied
         faunal elements (vertebrates as well as invertebrates, including butterflies) of the region.


1.3.3. The Grassland and Desert ecosystems
Grasslands and Deserts are the most neglected ecosystems in India, and are often looked at as
‘wastelands’ on which tree plantation is suggested, or which can easily be diverted for other uses
[Report of ‘The Task force on Grasslands and Deserts by The Planning Commission (Environment
and Forests Division, 2006].
Grasslands are terrestrial ecosystems dominated by herbaceous and shrub vegetation and influenced by
fire, grazing, drought and/or freezing temperatures. Of the 136 terrestrial ecoregions identified as
outstanding examples of the world’s diverse ecosystems, 35 are grasslands, supporting some of the
most important grassland biodiversity in the world (PAGE 2000,
http://pdf.wri.org/page_grasslands.pdf.). Rann of Kutch flooded grasslands of India and Pakistan is
one among them.
(http://wwf.panda.org/about_our_earth/ecoregions/rannofkutch_flooded_grasslands.cfm).
Some of the most threatened species of wildlife are found in the grasslands and deserts (e.g. Great
Indian Bustard, Lesser Florican, Bengal Florican, Swamp Francolin, Finn’s Weaver, Indian
Rhinoceros, Snow Leopard, Nilgiri Tahr, Wild Buffalo, Pygmy Hog, Hispid Hare, Hog Deer and
Swamp Deer etc). 57 species of animals and 7 habitats/ecosystems belonging to 16 Indian states and
30 protected areas in 11 states are to benefit by granting better protection of Grasslands/Deserts.(
Appendix 1, II and III, Report of the Task Force on Grasslands and Deserts, 2006).
In India, the dry desert lies mainly in Rajasthan and Gujarat, where as Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir,
Lahul-Spiti in Himachal Pradesh, and a small area of Sikkim comprise the cold desert. Lakes and
marshes of this region, are mostly saline, and are important breeding grounds for many species of
birds.
Tremendous changes in the avifaunal structure of the Thar Desert are taking place due to the Indira
Gandhi Nahar Project (IGNP), aiming to dedesertify and transform desert waste land into
agriculturally productive areas. Species never seen earlier are now regularly found near the canal
(Report of the Task Force on Grasslands and Deserts, 2006) and needs documentation.
The Task force on Grasslands and Deserts (2006), has identified grasslands as a key area of livestock
dependency and also vital to poverty alleviation of the rural folks in India. Also acknowledging the
importance of grasslands and deserts for biodiversity conservation, it is demanded to set up a




                                                     30
Grassland Development and Grazing Policy to ensure the sustainable use of grasslands and
biodiversity conservation.
Presence of a huge livestock population of more than 500 million and with dependence of the rural
population on it, the grasslands in India are under tremendous pressure. Since modifications from
conversion to agriculture and urbanization, as well as fragmentation and the introduction of invasive
species have considerably altered the grassland biodiversity, protection, monitoring, and maintenance
activities need to be tailored to suit the needs of each area to ensure that each continues to support
grassland biodiversity.


Role of ZSI in conservation of Grassland and Dessert ecosystems
The Task force on Grasslands and Deserts by The Planning Commission (Environment and Forests
Division), (2006), has identified ZSI as one of the major institutions that can contribute towards the
key areas of Research and Development, by generating a ‘Basic inventory of Fauna’ as well as
conducting ‘Ecological studies’ and contribute towards the conservation, development and better
utilization of natural resources of grasslands and desert ecosystems.
   •   Inventorying and documenting the faunal diversity of different grasslands and deserts of India
   •   Developing Datasets on exotic species
   •   Status surveys of threatened /endangered grassland fauna like the Great Indian Bustard
       Ardeotis nigriceps of the Sewan grasslands and the Swamp Francolin Francolinus gularis,
       Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis, and Finn’s Weaver Ploceus megarhynchus of the
       terai grasslands in the Gangetic plains.
   •   Status survey of threatened/ endangered desert fauna like Snow Leopard Uncia uncia
   •   Inventory of Avifauna in Thar Desert
   •   Monitor the changes in faunal composition, like the avifaunal structure of the Thar desert due
       to the Indira Gandhi Nahar Project
Reference:
PAGE, 2000. http://pdf.wri.org/page_grasslands.pdf

1.3.4. Wetland Ecosystem
Wetlands, the transitional zones between permanently aquatic and dry terrestrial ecosystems are
among the most productive ecosystems. Natural wetlands in India consist of high altitude wetlands in
Himalaya, flood plains of the major river systems, saline and temporary wetlands of the arid and semi-
arid regions, coastal wetlands such as lagoons, backwaters, estuaries, mangroves, swamps and coral
reefs, and so on.


                                                   31
Presences of dense human population in catchments, urbanisation, and various anthropogenic
activities have resulted in over exploitation of wetland resources, leading to degradation in their
quality and quantity. To prevent the degradation and ensuring the wise use for the benefit of local
communities and overall conservation of biodiversity, government of India has been implementing the
National Wetlands Conservation Programme (NWCP) in close collaboration with the State/UT
Governments since the year 1985-86. Under the programme, 115 wetlands have been identified till
now (including the 25 wetlands of international importance under Ramsar Convention) by the
Ministry which require urgent conservation and management interventions (National Report on
Wetlands, 2009). As of now there is no specific legal framework for wetland conservation,
management and their wise use. Draft regulatory framework for conservation and management of
wetlands is being finalized to be notified under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
National Forest commission 2006 has demanded the launch of a National Wetland Conservation Act, a
National Wetland Biodiversity Register, a National Wetland Inventory and Monitoring Programme
and a National Wetland information system for checking the health of the wetlands.

Role of ZSI in wetland conservation
Information regarding the flora and fauna of wetlands is an important component of a wetland
inventory that decides the status of the wetland, whether to be included as of national importance or
not. ZSI being a premier taxonomic organisation, can develop need based faunal inventories of
selected wetlands on a priority basis to be incorporated into the Wetland information system or its
Management Action Plan (MAP). Since it is very much essential that the data within the inventory
remains current, periodic surveys are needed to collect new data, which later can be integrated with
those existing.
Baseline information on the biodiversity of water bodies in the form of an inventory of the fauna
including birds, fishes, reptiles, mammals and invertebrates is essential to identify the wetlands that
are to be designated as Ramsar sites for inclusion in the ‘List of Wetlands of International
Importance’, in preparing the MAPs, in the identification of the IUCN conservation categories like
RET species, Endemic and Vulnerable species.
Of the 8 Criteria listed for identification of wetlands of national importance under NWCP, the majority
are evaluations of the floral/faunal components of the wetlands (National Report on Wetlands 2009).
Criteria 2-4 are based on data emanated by assessing species and ecological communities, 5-6 are
specific criteria based on water birds and 7 to 8 on specific criteria based on fish.
The dynamic nature of wetlands leads to periodic drying and inundation varying in frequency and
duration over time. Therefore all plants and animals that live in wetlands will not be present in them


                                                    32
throughout. Hence seasonal surveys specific to individual wetlands are needed to pool in data on its
seasonal faunal components. Such a baseline data is essential in assessing the health of the water body
at any point of time.
   •     Develop baseline information on the faunal diversity of wetlands, that can act as a reference
         system. The species inventory may include data on various fauna including birds, fishes,
         reptiles, mammals and also invertebrates


   •     The inventory needs to segregate the following and that can act as a reference system to yield
         significant information on the status of the wetland, as well as its faunal components.
             the occasional visitors
             residents
             migrants
             forms which totally dependant on the wetland throughout their life
             those that use wetlands only for a specific part of their life cycle (for egg laying, as
         nurseries and as breeding grounds).
   •     Conduct seasonal surveys specific to individual wetlands for assessing seasonality of faunal
         components
Data emanating out of periodic faunistic surveys conducted and monitoring at the catchments areas
and flood plains of wetlands are essential for ensuring the health of the ecosystem.


1.3.5. Freshwater Ecosystem
Freshwater systems are created by water that enters the terrestrial environment as precipitation and
flows both above and below the ground, towards the sea. These systems encompass a wide range of
habitats, including rivers, lakes, and wetlands, and the riparian zones associated with them. Their
boundaries are constantly changing with the seasonality in the hydrological cycle.
An estimated 12 percent of all animal species live in fresh water (Abramovitz 1996:7), while many
others, including humans, depend on fresh water for their survival. More than 20 percent of the
world’s freshwater fish have become extinct or been threatened or endangered in recent decades.
Freshwater species, such as fish, and wetland-dependent birds and amphibians are at high risk of
imperilment in many regions of the world.
Further, the introduction of alien species has contributed to the extinction and imperilment of native
fauna.




                                                    33
At the minimum, key indicator species and the presence or introduction of non-native species and their
impacts on native fauna and flora (PAGE, 2000) need to be monitored.

The Western Ghats Rivers and Streams are among the global 200 ecoregions identified by the World

Wildlife Fund (WWF) as priorities for conservation, under small river systems.
As per the report of National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources, Lucknow, (NBFGR, 2010),
120 species of fresh water fishes are threatened in India, 12 species are listed in schedule 1 of the
Wildlife protection Act (1972). IUCN lists (IUCN Redlist, 2011) 14 species as Critically Endangered,
69 Endangered and 76 species Vulnerable (total 159).
The National River Conservation Directorate, under the Ministry of Environment and Forests is
engaged in implementing the River and Lake Action Plans under the National River Conservation Plan
(NRCP) and National Lake Conservation Plan (NLCP) (Annual report 2005-6).
The Government of India and the World Bank signed three agreements, May 2011, (of which 2 deals
with biodiversity conservation) for cleaning Ganga River and to Strengthen Rural Livelihoods and
Biodiversity Conservation in India.
For sustainable utilization of freshwater fishes, Karnataka State Biodiversity Board (KSBB, 2004) has
demanded the creation of a policy and regulatory framework for the protection of fresh-water
biodiversity (Karnataka State Biodiversity Strategy and action Plan, as a part of National Biodiversity
Strategy and Action Plan – NBSAP, ENVIS Technical Report No. 15)


Role of ZSI in Freshwater Ecosystem Conservation
   •   Develop baseline information on the faunal diversity of water bodies in the form of an
       inventory of various fauna including birds, fishes, reptiles, mammals and also invertebrates
   •   Analyse the species population trends with respect to birds and amphibians
   •   Evaluation of Threatened taxa
   •   Documentation of the presence of exotic/Invasive Alien species.
References:
http://www.wri.org/publication/pilot-analysis-global-ecosystems-freshwater-systems,
http://pdf.wri.org/page_freshwater.pdf


1.3.6. Marine and Coastal ecosystems

The National Environmental Policy (NEP) 2006 while defining the basic principles of environmental
conservation and management, places mangroves among the Entities of Incomparable Value (EIV).



                                                  34
NBAP (2008) proposes the need to conserve the stretches of mangroves like those in Sunderbans, as
an element of the centrally sponsored scheme, ‘Integrated development of wildlife habitats’ for
protection of wildlife outside PAs.
National Strategy and Action Plan, on the basic tenets of the National Environment Policy, (2006),
drafted under the regional initiative, “Mangroves for the Future (MFF)”           for coastal ecosystem
conservation and livelihood sustainability.
The National Biodiversity Action Plan (2008) is of the view that the information on biodiversity of
coastal and marine areas of the country is highly fragmentary and protection of coastal belts and
conservation of flora and fauna in those areas are listed among the action points.
Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology under an initiative, the
‘Biotechnological Approaches to Biodiversity Conservation’, has recommended bioprospecting of
marine organisms for development of new products (National Biodiversity Action Plan, 2008).
Analysis of current inventory of coastal and marine biodiversity of India reveals that many groups that
are commercially important are the ones that have been extensively inventoried, leaving out several
groups, notably the minor phyla grossly understudied (India’s Fourth National Report to the
Convention on Biological Diversity, 2009) .
Coastal ecosystems, found along continental margins, are regions of remarkable biological
productivity and high accessibility to man and are rich assets, vital for human well-being. Total
coastline of India is 8,000 km long, spanning 13 maritime States and Union Territories (UTs)
including Island UTs. Tidal/ Mud flats, sandy beaches, mangroves, coral reefs, salt marshes, lagoons,
estuaries, seagrass beds, aquaculture ponds , Salt pans, Creeks , Rocky coasts and back waters,
provides its own distinct bundle of goods and services and faces somewhat different pressures. The
resident and migratory bird diversity associated with coastal and marine ecosystems in India is very
high.
Coral reefs are the protectors of the coastlines of the maritime states. The coastal populations of India
mostly depend on the coral reef ecosystems. Coral reef areas in the country are protected by the
Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 and the Coastal Regulation Zone Notification of 1991 issued
under the broad Environmental Protection Act as well as the Wildlife (Protection) Act, (WPA) 1972,
since all coral reef areas in India are protected areas declared under the Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972.


Role of ZSI in conservation of Marine and Coastal ecosystems
   •    Providing descriptive information about the distribution and status of marine and coastal fauna
   •    Faunal diversity assessments in less explored and unexplored coastal zones



                                                   35
   •   Compilation of baseline data of fauna of coastal ecosystems, listing the keystone species as
       well the alien invasives.
   •   Basic inventorying of coastal and marine species by habitat type, fundamental to subsequent
       research, management, and conservation
   •   Faunal inventory of Bhitarkanika (Orissa), since govt. of India has recognized this area as a
       “Mangrove Genetic Resource Centre”.
   Reference:
   http://pdf.wri.org/page_coastal.pdf.


1.3.7. Agroecosystems
Agroecosystems are defined as “a biological and natural resource system managed by humans for the
primary purpose of producing food as well as other socially valuable nonfood goods and
environmental services (PAGE, 2000). Twenty to 30 percent of the world’s forest areas have been
converted to agriculture, resulting in extensive habitat loss / species loss. As per some global
estimates, the world population will grow to 7.5 billion by the year 2020 and 9 billion by 2050, which
means more pressure on natural ecosystems (DIVERSITAS, 2005-http://www.agrobiodiversity-
diversitas.org/documents/Jackson%20et%20al%20Science%20plan%20agroBIODIVERSITY.pdf).
Agricultural expansion is expected to be greatest in developing countries and arid regions, while
agricultural area will decline in industrial countries (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, 2005).
India is primarily an agriculture based country and its economy largely is based on agriculture.
(http://www.iasri.res.in/ebook/EB_SMAR/e-book_pdf%20files/Manual%20III/17-
Crop%20Estimation.pdf. This sector remains the principal source of livelihood for more than 58% of
the population (Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC), Annual report, 2010-11). About
43 % of India's geographical area is used for agricultural activity, while some Indian states like Punjab
and Haryana have even upto 84% of their land area under cultivation. No doubt Agroecosystems has
gained the status of one of the prominent ecosystems of India.

Increasing agricultural production with limited natural resources in a sustainable manner for ensuring
food and nutritional security are one of the major challenges before the Government (Department of
Agriculture and Cooperation, Annual report, 2010-11). For sustainability and maintaining
productivity, biodiversity remains vital to agroecosystems as much as to natural ecosystems.
Biodiversity loss in agricultural landscapes affects not just the production of food, fuel, and fiber, but
also a range of ecological services supporting clean water supplies, habitats for wild species, and
human health (DIVERSITAS, 2005). Since most of the ecosystem services are rendered by a varied


                                                   36
battalion of invertebrate fauna, health of an agroecosystem is largely dependent on the diversity of
these components, broadly comprising of the nutrient recycling detritivores, carnivorous/predatory
arthropods and also beneficial insects such as pollinators and natural enemies of pests. Both the above
ground and the below ground diversity are crucial for proper ecosystem functioning, for
agroecosystems in particular (DIVERSITAS, 2005).


Role of ZSI in conservation of Agroecosystems:
ZSI can contribute towards the conservation of Agroecosystems by delivering apt taxonomic products
aiding the assessment of the impacts of man on the ecosystem structure and function. Faunal diversity
of agroecosystems is largely crop specific and is influenced by land management practices. A baseline
database of taxa encountered in specific agroecosystems will prove an aid to interpret such changes in
diversity.
    •   Undertaking baseline inventories of above ground and below ground faunal diversity of
        different agroecosystems region wise/crop wise
    •   Develop region specific or crop specific taxonomic tools to identify various key functional
        groups in agroecosysetms like pollinators, pests, natural enemies.

References:
1. PAGE, 2000. http://pdf.wri.org/page_agroecosystems.pdf.
2. DIVERSITAS 2005. http://www.agrobiodiversity-
diversitas.org/documents/Jackson%20et%20al%20Science%20plan%20agroBIODIVERSITY.pdf.
Agrobiodiversity Science Plan and Implementation strategy.
3. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. 2005. Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Biodiversity
Synthesis. World Resources Institute, Washington, DC

2. Integration of studies on Invasive Alien fauna of India.
Invasive Alien species (IAS) are species whose introduction and or spread outside their natural
habitats threaten biological diversity, negatively affecting the food, security, plant, animal and human
health of a nation. Biological invasions by non-native species constitute one of the leading threats to
natural ecosystems and biodiversity (CBD, 2009).
Presently, there is no exclusive legislation or policy in India to deal with the invasive alien species.
The National Biodiversity Action Plan (2008) in its objectives has enumerated ways for the regulation
of introduction of invasive alien species and their management.




                                                   37
As per India’s 4th National Report to the convention on Biological Diversity (2009), India duly
recognizes the importance of regulating introductions and managing Invasive Alien Species and also
follows international quarantine. Introduction of a scheme on integrated forest protection to cover IAS,
formulation of a set of regulations by Forest Invasive Species Cell, implementation of regulations laid
by International maritime Organisation (IMO) in ballast water exchanges in all major ports in India
etc. are some of the measures adopted by the government to combat the issue of IAS.
A national strategy is required to assess the full scope of invasive non native species. Accessibility of
information regarding invasive species on a global scale can be of some help in tackling the problem.
Such databases cater information on distribution, pathways of introductions and management of
species and help in designing ways to limit its spread. The Global Invasive species database
(http://www.issg.org/database/welcome/) provide country wise and faunal/floral group-wise
information of IAS.
Prevention of introduction, proper surveillance for the invasives, apt control/eradication methods and
preventing reintroductions are steps vital for the containment of IAS. Survey methods need to be
designed based on specific behaviour or characteristics of the invader. Many of the terrestrial animal
invasives can be tracked, on observing the, droppings and feeding damage.


Role of ZSI in combating Invasive Alien Species
Taxonomy is a critical tool for combating the threats from invasives. Delivering all possible
taxonomic tools to the best of the capacity with in the shortest timeframe possible to end-users is
essential while responding threats posed by invasives. Packaging existing information as per the user
needs is highly recommended. Since combating invasives are always a priority, generating products
and information required to confront invasives are important outputs of taxonomic institutions. Being
the premier taxonomic institution of the country, ZSI can offer services as detailed below.

    •   Undertaking seasonally timed Species specific surveys, site specific or habitat selective
        surveys
        1. For larger mammals, annual or biennial survey by a specialist can detect the presence of
            any invasives in a given area
        2. Group specific/species specific survey methods need to be used for early detection of
            small mammals, reptiles, and even invertebrates like insects.
        3. Invasive species of fresh water and marine fishes and other aquatic invertebrates can be
            detected during the routine sampling exercises.




                                                   38
   •   Collection of Data on invasives in a standardized format for incorporation in the National
       Database
   •   Preparation of a national database of indigenous as well as non-indigenous species based on
       habitat/ecosystem.
   •   Preparation of a database on invasive alien faunal species of India
   •   Provide a taxonomic kit with regard to the IAS in question, comprising of Taxonomic
       identification tools like field guides, pictorial keys, ID cards, interactive ID tools, or molecular
       probes.
   •   Current scientific name of the organism, along with alternate names, common names and
       synonyms.
   •   Data regarding current range ecological niche, time of activity associations with other species,
       potential range (invasive potential)
   •   Reference collection for comparison of voucher specimens
   •   Expert support for identification of the species
   •   Impart training to taxonomists, extension/field staff for surveys and monitoring.
   •   Details on global geographical distribution of the species, details on associated taxa (like
       natural enemies and hosts) and their possible pathways of intrusion
   •   Standardized survey and monitoring techniques
   •   Information to the public via posters, websites, leaflets featuring illustrations/photograph of
       the species of concern
References:
1. Smith, R.D., Aradottir, G.I., Taylor, A. and Lyal, C. (2008) Invasive species management – what
taxonomic support is needed? Global Invasive Species Programme, Nairobi, Kenya.
http://www.cabi.org/CABeBooks/default.aspx?site=107&page=45&LoadModule=PDFHier&BookID=74&Acti
veTabindex=0&PageNo=0
2. Wittenberg, R.; Cock, M.J.W. (2001) Invasive alien species. How to address one of
the greatest threats to biodiversity: A toolkit of best prevention and management
practices. CAB International.

                      4. Development of Regional/national faunal databases


India is one among the mega biodiversity countries of the world. The varied ecosystems, topography
and climatic factors have contributed towards this richness. The enormous data on the faunal elements
of our country accumulated over the time remain scattered in various publications by different


                                                   39
institutions and organisations. There is a need to bring together the scientific names of all the land and
aquatic animals in one authoritative database. Making available a standardized, validated and collated
data on all the known animal species of India is a challenging endeavour and will be an ongoing task
as well.
The objectives:
To develop, launch and maintain a web enabled free and open source searchable database of all animal
species known to occur in India, highlighting the magnitude of our faunal diversity and thereby
ensuring their protection and conservation at the highest possible level.

   •   To develop a faunal database, Searchable at least by Family, Genus and Species names,
       common names and State/district names and also ideally by habitats/ ecosystems in which they
       occur.
   •   To develop a working knowledge on the scientific names and also on spatial distribution of
       animals in India.
   •   To identify precisely where the gap areas lie, regarding our information as well as the expertise
       on faunal groups (Animal Groups with feeble representation in the database necessarily reflects
       our gap areas).
   •   To identify areas less surveyed and plan future surveys accordingly.
   •   To develop novel taxonomic expertise and also to strengthen the available ones to deal with
       less studied animal groups as revealed by the National faunal database.
   •   To facilitate better identification of areas of conservational significance in relation to the status
       and distribution of animal species


Proposed Action plan
   •   Select a few animal groups as a priority, formulate a working group under a Coordinator, set
       time frames, and work towards the target using systems of international parameters, standards
       and procedures. The phase on vertebrates to be completed by 2015 and the phase dealing with
       atleast 50 % of the invertebrates to be completed by 2020.
   •   The work group may ideally be of experts both from inside and outside the organisation.
       Organise occasional meetings/workshops (once or twice annually for each working group) of
       the members of the work groups for data validations.
   •   Well equipped Bioinformatics cells with adequate experts and support staff to be established in
       selected Centres of ZSI for the proposed databasing work, by 2012. The work primarily
       involves extensive literature survey and compilation, data entry, digital imaging of specimens


                                                    40
        and other computational works. The cell needs to have its own infrastructure including
        advanced computer systems with accessories and also high quality microscopes for digital
        imaging.
    •   Prioritise less surveyed /unsurveyed areas for future field studies in order to supplement the
        existing data.
         
            (Developed in accordance with Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2008. GBIF
        Training Manual 1: Digitisation of History Collections Data, version 1.0. Copenhagen: Global
        Biodiversity Information Facility)


                              5. Digitisation of Natural History Collections
Digitising and databasing of biological collections increases the utility of biological data. Digitisation
of Natural History Collections is all about extraction of metadata from the museum labels and records,
in a uniform standardised format. This includes digital imaging of the specimens too. The use of
internationally approved standard softwares ensures communication with the datasets by international
initiatives such as Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF), Biodiversity Heritage Library
(BHL), Barcode of Life (BOL) and Encyclopaedia of Life (EOL).

The Objectives:
•   To digitise the vast Natural History Collections at Headquarters (HQ) and Regional Centres of
    ZSI, as a searchable database and to develop an updated record of each of the nearly 3 lakhs
    identified specimens housed in the faunal depositories of ZSI, and also its incorporation into a
    searchable database.
•   To develop ‘Primary Type Information System’ (PTIS),            a web-based database for the primary
    types in the National Zoological Collections at ZSI HQ and its Regional Centres.
•   To identify areas less surveyed and plan future surveys accordingly.


Proposed Action plan
         
•   Digitisation of Natural history collections at ZSI to be achieved using international recognised
                               ®
    softwares like SPECIFY , a versatile collection/research data management system with provisions
    for web interface and Distributed Generic Information Retrieval (DiGIR) protocols ( to be
    completed by 2020). The Primary Type Information System to be completed by 2017, in a time
    frame of 5 years after the launch of the Bioinformatics cell.



                                                    41
•   Rest of the points same as under Development of National/Regional Databases
(Developed in accordance with Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2008. GBIF Training
Manual 1: Digitisation of History Collections Data, version 1.0. Copenhagen: Global Biodiversity
Information Facility)

                        6. Introduction and integration of Cyber taxonomy


Taxonomy is the science central to exploring and understanding biodiversity. The demand on this
science to cater the increasing need of biodiversity knowledge has resulted in the emergence of Cyber
taxonomy. It is an assemblage of electronic taxonomic tools for accelerating species’ discoveries and
application of taxonomic knowledge in biodiversity studies.


The Objectives
Introduction and intergration of Cybertaxonomy at ZSI is aimed in dissemination of taxonomic
information with regard to Indian fauna at a rapid pace, in a more efficient way.
•   The user-friendly internet based interactive taxonomic keys and digital fact sheets on various
    faunal groups, can cater the needs of a broad spectrum of users than conventional taxonomists, that
    too at a faster pace, increasing the outreach of taxonomy by manifold.
•   To develop Cyber taxonomy at ZSI, to keep pace with the recent trends and advances in the
    international scenario of taxonomy
•   To develop and maintain region wise/habitat wise online interactive taxonomic keys and digital
    fact sheets on various faunal groups in India.
•   Develop digital information systems on key groups like Invasive Alien Species, endemics,
    threatened and endangered species, groups of economic and ecological significance and also on
    most commonly encountered taxa under various groups.


Proposed Action plan
•   Render Training and exposure to the field of Cyber taxonomy to all practicing taxonomists as well
    as to the new recruits of the organisation, through annual training programs, by 2016.
•   Establish Cyber taxonomy units at selected Centres of ZSI by 2012, to assist the taxonomists in
    developing digital taxonomy products. The units need to have their own infrastructure including
    advanced computer systems with accessories and also high quality, advanced microscopes for
    digital imaging.



                                                     42
(Developed based on La Salle, J., Wheeler Q. D., Jackway, P., Winterton, S., Hobern, D., Lovell, D.,
       2009. Accelerating taxonomic discovery through automated character extraction Zootaxa 2217:
       43–55 http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2009/f/zt02217p055.pdf accessed on 15/11/2011)


            7. Establishment of Geographical Information System (GIS) Cell at ZSI

The Geographical Information System and Remote sensing techniques are identified as one of the
most important methods for the study of ecosystem and its faunal composition. It is proposed to
establish and develop a Cell for G.I.S. and remote sensing for the collection and analysis of data and to
supplement it with that collected on ground for bringing out an integrated picture on faunal diversity
of various ecosystems. These techniques have proven to be very important tools aiding rapid
assessment and survey of flora and fauna.

The objective
The establishment of a GIS Cell in ZSI is aimed to facilitate incorporating GIS and remote sensing
techniques in regular faunal surveys of the department, so that the end results of the surveys are more
informative and user friendly to the policy makers.


Proposed Action plan
   •   By 2015, A fully functional GIS Cell need to start contributing to the routine survey results,
       helping in bringing out an integrated picture on animal diversity of the country.
   •   Scientists also need to be trained in the use of GIS and Remote sensing gadgets and softwares
       and integrating data in their taxonomic studies; the training has to be achieved by 2018.

                  8. Integration of DNA finger printing studies on relevant taxa

DNA fingerprinting method is emerging as a critical tool in conservation genetics and molecular
ecology. Recent advances of molecular techniques like DNA sequencing, minisatellite, microsatellite,
and RAPD (random amplified polymorphic DNA) procedures, PCR (polymerase chain reaction)
amplification of mitochondrial DNA, nuclear DNA, ribosomal DNA are proven aids for redefining
genera, species and subspecies and their phylogenetic relationships.


The objective
To initiate and integrate frontier areas of research like DNA Fingerprinting on faunal groups and taxa
of immense conservation / ecological/economic importance.



                                                   43
Proposed Action plan
By 2017, ZSI need to develop full fledged expertise in DNA finger printing techniques of relevant
taxa.


8. Launching Major Taxonomic Initiatives for Taxonomists in ZSI
•   Provision for taking up detailed taxonomic studies in the case of lesser known taxa
    Revisionary and monographic studies are always considered as major contributions in the field of
    taxonomy and such works are essential to improve our knowledge and understanding of the lesser
    known taxa. The taxonomists at ZSI need be permitted to take up such detailed taxonomic
    investigations on groups which are less studied and underexplored.
•   Provision for short-term funded training in aspects of taxonomy, at institutes of international
    reputes abroad.
    Established Taxonomists at ZSI, with proven track record should be encouraged to undertake short
    term visits to reputed international museums and taxonomic institutes abroad, for achieving
    specialised training or for studying the type specimens, funded by the organisation.


• ‘Fauna of India Series’
    Under the ongoing scheme of ‘Fauna of India series’, provision shall be made for undertaking
    short term study visits to major international museums, which houses the type specimens related to
    the study, on departmental funding.


9. Capacity Building Strategy in Animal Taxonomy
             1. Identify taxonomic information and gaps and prioritize capacity building needs.
             2. Generate new taxonomic information and regional and national level.
             3. Exchange taxonomic information at local, regional, national and global level.
             4. Incorporation of taxonomic information into the implementation of various
                 programmes of work at local, regional and national level.


    •   Organize one national level workshop on animal taxonomy by the end of 2013 to identify
        priority-areas for taxonomic capacity-building, human capacity and infrastructure needs at
        national level. Recommendations of this workshop to be included in updated National
        Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs).

    •   Organize regional training workshops on taxonomy to improve access to and sharing of
        knowledge, data and information on animal biodiversity. At least two such workshops will be
        completed by 2014 to facilitate cross sectoral communication and to set the basis for additional
        workshops until 2020.




                                                   44
•   Improve training in taxonomic skills by holding regional and other workshops for members of
    the education sector in which they can share experiences and ideas.
•   Produce biodiversity identification tools in regional languages (e.g. field guides, multimedia,
    online tools) such as selected protected areas, threatened species, invasive alien species, and
    species useful to agriculture such as pollinators, pests etc.
•   A review at national and regional level by 2015 of human capacity and infrastructure
    requirements to maintain and pass-on taxonomic expertise to the next generation, in order to
    identify and monitor biodiversity, particularly on invasive alien species, under-studied taxa,
    threatened and socio-economically important species, including indicator species.

•   To build and maintain a national information systems and infrastructure on animal biodiversity
    at international standards to provide free and open-access to the results of biodiversity research
    and related activities, and to implement national targets by the end of 2015. This information
    infrastructure will be able to communicate with international initiatives such as Global
    Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF), Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL), Barcode of
    Life (BOL) and Encyclopaedia of Life (EOL).

•   To procure human resources and capital infrastructure to build, modernize, and maintain the
    National Zoological Collections at ZSI and other animal biodiversity collections held at
    universities, national institutions etc by 2017.

•   By 2020, assess the status of biodiversity at regional and national levels by developing a
    comprehensive coverage of information on known species at the global level including
    information on abundance, distribution, functioning and conservation in the ecosystem.

•   Initiate projects by 2020 to produce an inventory for all species in targeted priority areas such
    as biodiversity hotspots, protected areas, and community conservation areas and incorporate
    accurate information on animal biodiversity, regarding conservation and sustainable use, in
    decision making.

•   Between 2018-2020, using appropriate indicators, monitor progress to ensure that national or
    regional capacity-building action plans and initiatives are in place and can be sustained them
    beyond 2020.




                                                45
                                Projected Action Plans


                                 1. State faunal Surveys

There are 28 states and 7 Union territories in the country. Based on the survey and Taxonomic
work carried out so far, ZSI has already published faunal documents pertaining to the States
(including Union Territories) of Odisha (4 volumes), Lakshadweep (1volume),West Bengal (12
volumes), Meghalaya (10 volumes), Andhra Pradesh (8 volumes), Delhi (1 volume), Tripura (4
volumes),Gujarat (2 volumes), Sikkim (5 volumes),Manipur (3 volumes), Bihar, including
Jharkhand (1 volume), Nagaland (1 volume), Arunachal Pradesh (2 volumes), Mizoram (2
volumes), Madhya Pradesh including Chhattisgarh (2 volumes), Goa (1 volume), Tamil Nadu (1
volume), Uttarakhand (3 volumes) under the State Fauna Series. However, further surveys are
required to get at least a near total picture of the faunal distribution of those already known and
yet to be known. Accordingly, the Headquarters wing and the Regional wings of the Survey will
be involved in the field surveys as mentioned below.

 No       Names of                SURVEYS                 Completi Publicatio
          States         Date of start Year of              on of     n of    Remarks/
                                       completion           study   results   Assignees
01     Andhra Pradesh       2012       2014               2014     2015       8 volumes
                                                                              already
       Groups not                                                             brought
       studied earlier                                                        out
       need to be                                                             Hq’s/ZSI,
       taken up                                                               Kolkata &
                                                                              SRC/ZSI,
                                                                              Chennai

02     Arunachal           2012          2016             2016        2017        2 volumes
       Pradesh                                                                    already
       Groups not                                                                 brought
       studied earlier                                                            out
       need to be                                                                 Hq’s     &
       taken up                                                                   APRC/ZS
                                                                                  I/ Itanagar
03     Assam              2012           2016             2016        2017        Hq’s     &
       Only mammals                                                               NERC/ZS
       and birds                                                                  I/ Shillong
       completed.
       Others need to
       be studied.
04     Bihar              2012           2016             2016        2017        Hq’s     &
                                                                                  GPRC/ZS
                                                                                  I/ Patna
05     Chandigarh        2015            2017             2017        2018        Hq’s     &
                                                                                  NRC/ZSI/
                                                                                  Dehradun
06     Gujarat           2012            2017             2017        2018        Hq’s     &


                                                46
                                                                                DRC/ZSI/
                                                                                Jodhpur
07     Haryana          Ongoing           Ongoing          2017     2018        Hq’s     &
                                                                                NRC/ZSI/
                                                                                Dehradun
08     Himachal             2012          2015             2015     2016        Hq’s     &
       Pradesh                                                                  HARC/ZS
                                                                                I/ Solan
09     Jammu &          2016              2020             2019     2020        Hq’s     &
       Kashmir                                                                  HARC/ZS
                                                                                I/ Solan
10     Jharkhand        2012              2017             2016     2017        Hq’s     &
                                                                                GPRC/ZS
                                                                                I/ Patna
11     Maharashtra         Ongoing        2016             2015     2016        Hq’s     &
                                                                                WRC/ZSI/
                                                                                Pune
12     Madhya           2012              2016             2015     2016        2 volumes
       Pradesh &                                                                already
       Chattisgarh                                                              brought
                                                                                out
                                                                                Hq’s     &
                                                                                CZRC/ZS
                                                                                I/ Jabalpur

13     Punjab           2015              02020            2019     2020        Hq’s   &
                                                                                NRC/ZSI/
                                                                                Dehradun
14     Uttar Pradesh    2012              2017             2016     2017        Hq’s&
                                                                                NRC/ZSI/
                                                                                Dehradun

                                      2. Selected Ecosystems

2.1 Forest Ecosystem
2.1.1 Biodiversity ‘Hotspots’ and Tropical Rainforest Ecosystem
The two major Biodiversity ‘Hotspots’ in India are the Western Ghats (Western Ghats-
Srilanka Hotspot; Sri Lanka excluded) and the Himalaya (Eastern Himalaya in
particular).The main areas of tropical forest are found in the Western Ghats, greater
Assam region in the north-east and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, though small
remnants of rain forest are found in Odisha state. There are substantial differences in
both the flora and fauna between the three major rain forest regions. Surveys as detailed
below are proposed.Biodiversity ‘Hotspots’/Tropical Rainforest Ecosystems

01   Western Ghats-     2013       2017             2017     2018    SRC/ZSI/
     Tamil Nadu-                                                     Chennai/Hq
     Phase I
02   Western Ghats-      2016      2019             2019     2020    WGRC/ZSI/
     Kerala- Phase I                                                 Calicut/Hq


                                                  47
03   Western Ghats–      2013     2018         2018       2019      Hq’s &
     Maharashtra-                                                   WRC/ZSI/Pune
     Phase I
04   Eastern             2012     2017         2017       2018      Hq’s ,
     Himalaya,                                                      NERC/ZSI/Shillong
     Arunachal                                                      &
     Pradesh- Phase I                                               APRC/ZSI/Itanagar
05   Andaman and         2014     2019         2019       2020      Hq’s &
     Nicobar Islands-                                               ANRC/ZSI/Port
     Phase I                                                        Blair

2. 1. 2 Protected Areas
ZSI has already brought out Faunal documents pertaining to 44 conservation areas in
India. Five conservation area documents are in press. Further surveys as detailed below
are proposed.
01 Chandoli WLS,        Ongoing    2014            2014       2015        WRC/ZSI/Pu
     Kolhapur                                                             ne
02 Baisapally WLS       2016       2019            2019       2020        HQ’s Kolkata
     Odisha
03 Kalakkad-            2012       2015            2015       2016        SRC/ZSI/Che
     Mundunthurai                                                         nnai
     WLS
04 Kanyakumari          Ongoing    2013            2013       2014        SRC/ZSI/Che
     WLS TN                                                               nnai
05 Koyna WLS,           2015       2018            2018       2019        WRC/ZSI/Pu
     Satara                                                               ne
06 Malabar WLS,         Ongoing    2014            2014       2015        WGRC/ZSI/
     Kerala                                                               Calicut
07 Nongkhyllem          2012       2015            2015       2016        NERC/ZSI/S
     WLS, Meghalaya                                                       hillong
08 Noradehi WLS         2013       2016            2016       2017        CZRC/ZSI/
     Sagar Damoh MP                                                       Jabalpur
09 Radhanagiri WLS Ongoing         2014            2014       2015        WRC/ZSI/Pu
     Kolhapur                                                             ne
10 Sonanadi WLS         2013       2016            2016       2017        NRC/ZSI/De
     (UP)                                                                 hradun
11 Satkosia, Odisha     2016       2019            2019       2020        HQ’s Kolkata
12 Sunderban            2013       2016            2016       2017        HQ’s Kolkata
     Biosphere
     Reserve
13 Thattekkad Bird 2014            2017            2017       2018        WGRC/ZSI/
     Sanctuary                                                            Calicut
14 Valley of Flowers 2016          2019            2019       2020        NRC/ZSI/De
                                                                          hradun




                                             48
2.2 Himalayan Ecosystem
ZSI has brought out so far two documents on the fauna of Western Himalaya. They
pertain to the Western Himalaya falling under Uttar Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh.
                                SURVEYS             Completi Publicati Assignees
                        Date of start    Year of      on of     on of
                                         complet     study     results
                                         ion
01 Western              2012             2016      2016       2017      Hq’s &
     Himalaya                                                           HARC/ZSI/
     (Ladakh) – Phase I                                                 Solan
02 Western Himalaya Ongoing              2013       2013      2014      Hq’s &
     (Pangi Valley,                                                     HARC/ZSI/
     HP)                                                                Solan
03 Western Himalaya 2015                 2019      2019       2020      Hq’s &
     (Zankar Valley, J                                                  HARC/ZSI/
     & K )- Phase I                                                     Solan
04 Hill Districts of                                                    HQ’s &
     West Bengal and                                                    Shillong
     Sikkim

                      2.3 Désert Ecosystem
Rajasthan and        2012          2016     2016       2017       Hq’s & DRC/ZSI/
Gujarat                                                           Jodhpur

2.4 Marine & Island Ecosystem
On the marine ecosystem and the Island ecosystem, ZSI has brought two faunal
documents. They are on the fauna of Chennai coast and the meiofauna of Lakshadweep.
Further surveys as detailed below are proposed.
01 Andaman &                2012     2017          2017      2018      Hq’s       &
    Nicobar- Phase I                                                   ANRC/ZSI/
                                                                       Port Blair
02 East Coast- West         2012    2016          2016       2017      Hq’s &
    Bengal, Odisha,                                                    MBRC/ZSI/
    Andhra Pradesh –                                                   Chennai
    Phase I
03 West coast-              2014    2019          2019       2020      Hq’s. ,
    Gujarat,                                                           MBRC/ZSI,
    Maharashtra, Goa,                                                  Chennai,
    Phase I


2.5 Estuarine Ecosystem
Six documents on the fauna of Estuaries have already been published by ZSI. They
pertain to Rushikulia, Mahanadi, Hugli Matla, Godavari, Krishna and Vamsadhara-
Nagavali estuaries.
01 Cauvery Estuary     2012       2014         2014       2015       Hq’s&
                                                                     EBRC/ZSI/
                                                                     Gopalpur-on-
                                                                     Sea


                                           49
02   Pennar Estuary      2014      2016          2016        2017       Hq’s &
                                                                        EBRC/ZSI/
                                                                        Gopalpur-on-
                                                                        Sea
03   Brhmani &           Ongoing   2013          2013        2014       Hq’s &
     Vaitarini Estuary                                                  EBRC/ZSI/
                                                                        Gopalpur-on-
                                                                        Sea
04   Narmada & Tapti     2012      2014          2014        2015       Hq’s &
     Estuary                                                            EBRC/ZSI/
                                                                        Gopalpur-on-
                                                                        Sea


2.6 Wetland / Freshwater Ecosystem
ZSI has already brought out faunal documents on 12 wetland ecosystems. They are on
Chilika, Renuka, Ujani, Kabar, Asan, Sambhar, Nath Sagar, Pichhola, Kopili,
Vembanad, Nal Sarovar, Pong dam and Pocharam. The faunal documents on the Micro-
faunal diversity of Deepor beel (a Ramsar site, Assam), and avifauna of Khijadiya and
Marine National Park are in press. Further surveys as detailed below are proposed.
01 Govind Sagar         2012        2013           2013        2014        NRC/ZSI/De
                                                                           hradun;
                                                                           FBRC/ZSI/H
                                                                           yderabad
02 Chandra Tal          2012        2013           2013        2014        HARC/ZSI/S
                                                                           olan;
                                                                           FBRC/ZSI/H
                                                                           yderabad

03   Tso Murari,         2014      2016          2016        2017       HARC/ZSI/S
     J&K                                                                olan;
                                                                        FBRC/ZSI/H
                                                                        yderabad
04   Bhoj, Madhya        2015      2018          2018        2019       CZRC/ZSI/Ja
     Pradesh                                                            balpur;
                                                                        FBRC/ZSI/H
                                                                        yderabad
05   Ropar, Punjab       2013      2015          2015        2016       NRC/ZSI/De
                                                                        hradun;
                                                                        FBRC/ZSI/H
                                                                        yderabad
06   Narayan Sarovar, 2012         2014          2014        2015       DRC/ZSI/Jod
     Gujarat                                                            hpur;
                                                                        FBRC/ZSI/H
                                                                        yderabad
07   Sasthamkota,        2016      2018          2018        2019       WGRC/ZSI/
     Kerala                                                             Calicut;
                                                                        FBRC/ZSI/H
                                                                        yderabad


                                            50
08   Deepor Beel,       2012       2014           2014          2015        One volume
     Assam                                                                  already
                                                                            submitted
                                                                            NERC/ZSI,
                                                                            Shillong
09   Sultanpur,         2012       2014           2014          2015        NRC/ZSI/De
     Haryana                                                                hradun;
                                                                            FBRC/ZSI/H
                                                                            yderabad
10   Kannjili, Punjab   2012       2014           2014          2015        NRC/ZSI/De
                                                                            hradun;
                                                                            FBRC/ZSI/H
                                                                            yderabad
11   Urban & Peri       Ongoing    2014           2014          2015        FBRC/ZSI/H
     Urban Lakes of                                                         yderabad
     Hyderabad,
     Andhra Pradesh
12   Urban & Peri       Ongoing    2014           2014          2015        HQ’s,
     Urban Lakes of                                                         Kolkata
     Kolkata, West
     Bengal


2.7 Grassland Ecosystem
The Programme is being introduced for the first time
Shola grasslands   2014      2017             2017       2018          WGRC/ZSI/Calicut
of Western Ghats-
Phase I
Dry Grasslands of 2015       2018             2018       2019          DRC/ZSI/Jodhpur
Thar desert
Terai grasslands   2016      2019             2019       2020          HQ’s, Kolkata
of Gangetic plains
Temperate and      2014      2017             2017       2018          Hq’s & HARC/ZSI/
alpine grasslands                                                      Solan
of the Himalaya-
Phase I


2.8. Agroecosystem
The Programme is being introduced for the first time
Paddy field         2016     2019             2019       2020          WGRC/ZSI/Calicut
ecosystems of
Kerala- Phase I
Agroecosysetms      2014     2017             2017       2018          NRC/ZSI/Dehradun
of Uttaranchal,
Punjab and
Haryana- Phase I
Inventorisation of  2012     2016                                      HQ
the insect Pest and
pollinator species


                                             51
of different cash
crops in West
Bengal

       Faunal diversity of the sacred groves in West Bengal ---Hq's----2012- 2016
                    3. Integration of studies on Invasive Alien fauna of India

Sl.         Actions              Purpose/      Time frame            Institutions         Goal
No                                Theme                                involved
                              Generating
 1    Integrate studies       taxonomic              2012           ZSI Hqs.&        To combat the
      on Invasive Alien       products and          onwards         Regional         invasive fauna in
      Species                 information                           Centres          an efficient
                              required to                                            manner
                              confront
                              invasives


4. Development of Regional/National faunal databases and Digitisation of Natural
History Collections


Sl.           Actions            Purpose/Theme         Time           Institutions         Goal
No                                                     frame           involved
                                extensive
 1     Bioinformatics cells     literature survey       To be          ZSI Hqs &     To render
       with adequate            and compilation,     initiated by       Regional     assistance to the
       experts and support      data entry,              2012           Centers      scientists at ZSI
       staff to be              digital imaging                                      in digitizing
       established in           of specimens                                         faunal
       selected Centres of      and other                                            collections
       ZSI                      computational
                                works
                                To develop an
 2     Digitisation of          updated record       2012-2020       ZSI Hqs.&       For organizing
       Natural history          of the identified                    Regional        the collections
       collections at ZSI       specimens                            Centres         and recovery of
                                housed in the                                        data associated
                                faunal                                               with them in a
                                depositories of                                      more efficient
                                ZSI, and also its                                    way
                                incorporation
                                into a searchable
                                database.




                                                     52
 3     To develop ‘Primary     For maintaining      2012-2020        ZSI Hqs.       To meet ICZN
       Type Information        a searchable and                                     requirement
       System’ (PTIS), a        updated record                                      and to serve the
       web-based database      of primary types                                     global
       for the primary                                                              taxonomic
       types in the National                                                        community in a
       Zoological                                                                   better way
       Collections

                          5. Introduction and integration of Cyber taxonomy

Sl.        Actions         Purpose/Theme          Time        Institutions            Goal
No                                                frame        involved

1     Establishment of    To assist the            To be      ZSI Hqs &       For dissemination of
      Cyber taxonomy      taxonomists in          initiated   selected        taxonomic
      units at selected   developing              by 2012     Regional        information with
      Centres of ZSI      digital taxonomy                    Centres         regard to Indian fauna
                          products                                            at a rapid pace, in a
                                                                              more efficient way

2     Conduct Annual      Training and             To be      ZSI Hqs &       For developing region
      Training            exposure to the         initiated   selected        wise/habitat wise
      programs in         field of Cyber          by 2012     Regional        digital Information
      Cybertaxonomy       taxonomy to all                     Centres         System for key faunal
                          practicing                                          groups like Invasive
                          taxonomists as                                      Aliens, endemics,
                          well as to the                                      threatened and
                          new recruits in                                     endangered species,
                          ZSI                                                 groups of economic
                                                                              and ecological
                                                                              significance and also
                                                                              on commonly
                                                                              encountered taxa
                                                                              under various groups


       6. Establishment of Geographical Information System (GIS) Cell at ZSI


Sl.        Actions         Purpose/Theme          Time        Institutions            Goal
No                                                frame        involved
                                                                              For bringing out an
1     Establishment of    To assist the            To be      ZSI, Indian     integrated picture on
      GIS cells in ZSI    taxonomists in          initiated   Institute for   faunal diversity of
                          developing              by 2012     Remote          various ecosystems
                          digital taxonomy                    Sensing         and to render the
                          products                            (IIRS),


                                                    53
                                                             Dehradun       surveys reports more
                                                                            informative for the
                                                                            policy makers


                                                                            For integrating GIS
    2     Training            Training in the   2012-2018 ZSI, Indian       and remote sensing
          programs for        use of GIS and              Institute for     data in routine
          Scientists at ZSI   Remote sensing              Remote            taxonomic studies
          in GIS & remote     gadgets and                 Sensing
          sensing             softwares                   (IIRS),
                                                          Dehradun

                        7. Integration of DNA fingerprinting studies on relevant taxa
.

    Sl.         Actions       Purpose/Theme       Time       Institutions             Goal
    No                                            frame       involved

    1      Setting up of      For redefining      To be          ZSI           To integrate frontier
           DNA full-fledged   genera, species    initiated                     areas of research
           finger printing    and subspecies     by 2012                       like DNA
           facility           and their                                        Fingerprinting on
                              phylogenetic                                     faunal groups and
                              relationships                                    taxa of immense
                                                                               conservation /
                                                                               ecological/economic
                                                                               importance

                       8. Capacity Building Strategy in Animal Taxonomy


Sl.              Actions           Purpose/Theme     Time      Institutions            Goal
No                                                   frame      involved

1         Organize one national    To identify       2011-     Zoological        Recommendations
          level workshop on        priority/gap      2013      Survey of         of this workshop
          animal taxonomy by the   areas for                   India, ICAR,      are to be included
          end of 2013              taxonomic                   WII, BNHS,        in updated
                                   capacity-                   ATREE,            National
                                   building, human             SACON,            Biodiversity
                                   capacity and                CES,              Strategies and
                                   infrastructure              Fisheries         Action Plans
                                   needs at national           Survey of         (NBSAPs).
                                   level.                      India and
                                                               universities.




                                                   54
    Organize regional
2   training workshops on   At least two        2011-   Zoological      Sharing of
    taxonomy.               such workshops      2014    Survey of       knowledge, data
                            will be                     India, ICAR,    and information
                            completed by                WII, BNHS,      on animal
                            2014 to                     ATREE,          biodiversity. To
                            facilitate cross            SACON,          develop national
                            sectoral                    CES,            level network of
                            communication               Fisheries       professional and
                            and to set the              Survey of       amateur animal
                            basis for                   India and       taxonomists.
                            additional                  universities.
                            workshops until
                            2020.
    Regional and thematic   Share
3   workshops for members experiences           2011-   Zoological      Improve
    of the education sector and ideas.          2014    Survey of       taxonomic skills
    and environmental       Develop                     India, ICAR,    among
    education               focused action              WII, BNHS,      conservation
    organizations.          plans to                    ATREE,          managers, general
                            inculcate                   SACON,          public, civil
                            taxonomic                   CES,            society
                            knowledge                   Fisheries       organizations,
                            among general               Survey of       undergraduate,
                            public,                     India and       post graduate and
                            conservation                universities.   university
                            managers,                                   teachers.
                            schools and
                            undergraduate
                            teaching.




    To initiate short term
4   internship/ summer        To develop        2011-   Zoological      To transfer the
    fellowship/diploma/post   taxonomic         2016    Survey of       taxonomic
    graduate degree courses   capacity among            India with      knowledge to next
    in animal taxonomy.       next generation           other           generation of
                              of students and           institutions    students and
                              teachers.                 and             create practicing
                                                        Universities.   professional
                                                                        taxonomists
                                                                        beyond 2020.



                                                55
    Produce biodiversity
5   identification tools in    To develop        2011-      Zoological      To develop good
    regional languages.        taxonomic         2020       Survey of       quality
                               identification               India, ICAR,    identification
                               tools for                    WII, BNHS,      guides in regional
                               selected                     ATREE,          languages using
                               protected areas,             SACON,          potential of print
                               threatened                   CES,            and electronic
                               species, invasive            Fisheries       media.
                               alien species,               Survey of
                               and species                  India and
                               useful to                    universities.
                               agriculture such
                               as pollinators,
                               pests etc.
    A review at national
6   and regional level by      A scientific         2015    Zoological      To maintain and
    2015 of human capacity     assessment of                Survey of       pass-on
    and infrastructure         human                        India, ICAR,    taxonomic
    requirements               resources and                WII, BNHS,      expertise to the
                               infrastructure               ATREE,          next generation,
                               requirements at              SACON,          in order to
                               national level.              CES,            identify and
                                                            Fisheries       monitor
                                                            Survey of       biodiversity,
                                                            India and       particularly on
                                                            universities.   invasive alien
                                                                            species, under-
                                                                            studied taxa,
                                                                            threatened and
                                                                            socio-
                                                                            economically
                                                                            important species,
                                                                            including
                                                                            indicator species.
    To build and maintain a
7   national information       To provide free      2011-   Zoological      This information
    systems and                and open-access      2015    Survey of       infrastructure will
    infrastructure on animal   to the results of            India, ICAR,    be able to
    biodiversity at            biodiversity                 WII, BNHS,      communicate with
    international standards.   research and                 ATREE,          international
                               related                      SACON,          initiatives such as
                               activities, and to           CES,            Global
                               implement                    Fisheries       Biodiversity
                               national targets             Survey of       Information
                               by the end of                India and       Facility (GBIF),
                               2015. This                   universities.   Biodiversity
                               activity includes                            Heritage Library
                               digitally                                    (BHL), Barcode
                               archiving                                    of Life (BOL) and


                                                    56
                                 published                                     Encyclopaedia of
                                 documents,                                    Life (EOL).
                                 illustrations,
                                 paintings etc on
                                 animal diversity.
     To procure human
8    resources and capital       To build,           2017      Zoological      To modernize
     infrastructure.             modernize, and                Survey of       existing national
                                 maintain the                  India as a      Zoological
                                 National                      nodal agency    Collection to
                                 Zoological                    with other      world standards.
                                 Collections at                collaborating
                                 ZSI and other                 partners.
                                 animal
                                 biodiversity
                                 collections held
                                 at universities,
                                 national
                                 institutions etc
     By 2020, assess the
9    status of animal            Develop a           2011-     Zoological      To develop a
     biodiversity at regional    comprehensive       2020      Survey of       comprehensive
     and national levels.        coverage of                   India as a      data base on
                                 information on                nodal agency    animal
                                 known species                 with other      biodiversity of
                                 at national level             collaborating   India.
                                 including                     partners.
                                 information on
                                 abundance,
                                 distribution,
                                 functioning and
                                 conservation in
                                 the ecosystem.

10   Initiate projects by        Faunal              2011-     Zoological      To develop
     2020 to produce an          documentation       2020      Survey of       comprehensive
     inventory for all species   of biodiversity               India, ICAR,    database on
     in targeted priority        hotspots,                     WII, BNHS,      animal diversity at
     areas.                      protected areas,              ATREE,          priority areas and
                                 and community                 SACON,          incorporate
                                 conservation                  CES,            accurate
                                 areas.                        Fisheries       information on
                                                               Survey of       animal
                                                               India and       biodiversity,
                                                               universities.   regarding
                                                                               conservation and
                                                                               sustainable use, in
                                                                               decision making.

11   Using appropriate           To ensure that      Between   Zoological      To continuously



                                                     57
indicators, monitor     national or        2018-   Survey of       monitor the
progress of capacity    regional           2020,   India as a      progress of
building strategy for   capacity-                  nodal agency    strategies for
animal taxonomy.        building action            with other      taxonomy
                        plans and                  collaborating   capacity building.
                        initiatives are in         partners.
                        place and can be
                        sustained them
                        beyond 2020.




                                         58
                                                                  Annexure-III


                 PROGRESS REPORT OF
              ZOOLOGICAL SURVEY OF INDIA
                        MARCH, 2011 – AUGUST, 2011

                     FAUNISTIC SURVEYS CONDUCTED
                        Areas        March to August, 2011
                                     Target      Achievement
                Mountain                  3            3
                Ecosystem

                Forest Ecosystem          5            5
                Estuarine                 1            1
                Ecosystem

                Freshwater                3            3
                Ecosystem

                Marine Ecosystem          4            4

                Desert Ecosystem   No specific         Nil
                                    survey
                Protected Areas        3               3
                (PA)

                Status Survey of          1            1
                Endangered
                species
                State-level            20              18

                Other studies          10              9

                Total                  50              47




             FAUNAL EXAMPLES COLLECTED FROM SURVEYS

Group                                                  Examples
Protozoa                                                  60
Helminthes                                               210
Mollusca                                                 189
Annelida                                                  31
Cnideria                                                  92
Porifera (Sponges)                                        02



                                     59
  Echinodermata                                                       11
  Insecta and Arachnida                                              3112
  Pisces (Fishes)                                                     98
  Amphibia                                                            11
  Reptilia                                                            15
  Aves ( Birds)                                                04 (Sighted 809)
  Mammals                                                       08 (Sighted 35)
  Total                                                       3843+ 844 sighted
  TARGET (Numbers)                                            ACHIEVEMENT
                     5,000                                    3843 + 844 sighted

                                   SPECIES IDENTIFIED
                      Group                                     Species number
  Protozoa                                                             26
  Helminthes                                                           24
  Mollusca                                                            211
  Annelida                                                             05
  Cnideria                                                             48
  Porifera (Sponges)                                                   02
  Echinodermata                                                        10
  Insecta, Crustacea, Arachnida                                       612
  Pisces (Fishes)                                                      51
  Amphibia                                                             10
  Reptilia                                                             06
  Aves ( Birds)                                                (412 Sighted) + 04
  Mammals                                                  (36 Sighted) + 08 identified
  Total                                                        918 +(Sighted 448)
  TARGET (Numbers)                                             ACHIEVEMENT
                       1500                                     918+ 448 sighted

               NEW SPECIES DESCRIBED BY ZSI SCIENTISTS
                  DURING MARCH, 2011 – AUGUST, 2011
                            ONE NEW DISCOVERY OF CORAL

1. Scleratcinian coral Ctenactis triangularis sp. nov.

                         TEN NEW DISCOVERIES OF AMPHIBIA


    Class : Amphibia
    Order : Anura
    Family: Rhacophoridae
 1. Raorchestes manohari Anil Zachariah et al., 2011
 2. Raorchestes uthamani Anil Zachariah et al., 2011
 3. Raochestes agasthyaensis Anil Zachariah et al., 2011
 4. Raorchestes ravii Anil Zachariah et al., 2011
 5. Raorchestes theuerkaufi Anil Zachariah et al., 2011
 6. Raorchestes kadalarensis Anil Zachariah et al., 2011


                                              60
7. Raorchestes thodai Anil Zachariah et al., 2011
8. Raorchestes johnceei Anil Zachariah et al., 2011
9. Raorchestes crustai Anil Zachariah et al., 2011
10. Polypedates bijui, Anil Zachariah et al., 2011


                         SIX NEW DISCOVERIES OF INSECTS

  ORDER: HYMENOPTERA
         Family: Pteromalidae
1 Psilocera namdaphaensis Sureshan, 2011
2 Psilocera intermedia Sureshan, 2011

3 Ischyroptyx biharensis Sureshan, 2011

4 Merismomorpha intermedia Sureshan, 2011
  Family: Diapriidae
5 Paramesius primoris Rajmohana, 2011

  Family: Platygastridae
6 Paridris spinosus Rajmohana, 2011.


                       ONE NEW DISCOVERY OF NEMATODE
   Phylum: Nematoda
   Class: Secernentea
   Order: Ascaridida
   Family: Cosmocercidae
   Genus: Cosmocerca
   Species: kalesari
   Cosmocerca kalesari Rizvi et al., 2011
                     NINETYONE NEW RECORDS FROM INDIA

   Corals: 15 species
   Gorgonids: 42 species
   Nudibranchs: 20 species
   Polyclads: 2 species
   Moths: 9
   Odonates: 3

               TYPE SPECIMENS DEPOSITED IN THE
              NATIONAL ZOOLOGICAL COLLECTION
          DURING THE PERIOD MARCH, 2009 – AUGUST, 2011

             Head Quarters : 46 Type Specimens

             Regional Centres : 21 Type Specimens



                                             61
             PUBLICATIONS OF ZOOLOGICAL SURVEY OF INDIA
    Zoological survey of India, since its inception in July, 1916 is actively engaged in taxonomic research
and its publication through various in-house journals and books. The department published the following
taxonomic books and periodicals during the period March, 2001 to August, 2011:

       1.    Rec. ZSI Volume 110 (Part-4)
       2.    Occ. Paper No. 311.
       3.    Occ. Paper No. 312.
       4.    Occ. Paper No. 313.
       5.    Occ. Paper No. 325
       6.    Occ. Paper No. 328
       7.    Occ. Paper No. 329
       8.    Fauna of Tamilnadu Part-2
       9.    Animal Discoveries 2010
       10.   Prani Vigyan ki Vargikaran Shabdawali

                   SCIENTIFIC PAPERS PUBLISHED BY THE ZSI SCIENTISTS

                   Head Quarters: 117

                   Regional Centres: 56

               MISCELLAENIOUS ACTIVITIES OF PUBLICATION DIVISION

        a. Sale of Departmental Publications during the period = Rs. 2.5 Lakhs (approx.)
        b. Despatch of Departmental Publications to exchange/Regional Station = 850 books
           (Approx.)


                              BOOK RELEASED DURING THE PERIOD
        1.    The Animal Discoveries -2010 was released by Hon‘ble Minister, Shri Jairam
              Ramesh, MoEF, New Delhi on 5th June, 2011.

        2.    Brochures Released : During the Golden Jubilee Celebration of SRC, ZSI, Chennai,
              the following brochures have been released :

              a.    Directors of ZSI
              b.    Reptiles of India
              c.    Rare & Endangered Mammals of India
              d.    Invasive fauna of India

               TRAINING/WORKSHOPS/SEMINAR CONDUCTED
                   DURING MARCH, 2011 – AUGUST, 2011

a. Training course organized


                                                     62
        1. Organised XII th Leadership Course on “Environmental Awareness of Protected
           Areas and Conservation of Wildlife” from 23.03.2011 to 26.03.2011at Annandale
           Hall, New Alipore, Kolkata

      b. Seminar organized
        1. Organised one seminar on “Understanding Biodiversity : Assessment, Analysis and
           Conservation” from 25.02.2011 to 27.02.2011 in collaboration with Moulana Azad
           College, Kolkata.

      c. Others
        1. Celebrated “International Biodiversity Day -2011” on 24.05.2011 at Sarada
           Ashrama Balika Bidyalaya , New Alipore, Kolkata .
        2. Celebrated “World Environment Day-2011” at Annandale Hall, New Alipor, on
           07.06.2011.


                       IDENTIFICATION AND ADVISORY SERVICES
               The following are the Identification & Advisory Services rendered from
           March, 2011 to August, 2011 :

           HEAD QUARTERS : 142 Identification & Advisory Services rendered during the period
                              under report

           REGIONAL CENTERS : 112 Identification & Advisory Services rendered during the
                               period under report


                      Statement of participation in the training programmes
                                   DURING THE PERIOD
                              FROM MARCH, 2011 TO AUGUST, 2011
   Statement of the participation in the Training Programme on IT Awareness & E-Governance under
Information Technology programmes of the Administrative Ministry from March, 2011 to August, 2011

 1.     Shri Amitava Roy           ZSI, Kolkata     6 months evening course on Web Developmentbusing
        Statistical Asstt.                          PHP & MYSQL to be held DOEACC society, Kolkata
                                                    Centre, Jadavpur University campus, Kolkata during 22nd
                                                    February,2011.
 2.     Shri Swapan Kr. Das,       ZSI, Kolkata     10th Advance Computer applications for Administrative
        Office Supdt.                               personnel of the S & T departments Government of
        Shri Mukta Nanda Parui,                     India from 18th to 22nd from July,2011 IIPA, New
        Store Asstt.                                Delhi.
        Shri Rabin Kayal,
        L.D.Clerk,
        Shri Mahadeb Pal, Steno.
        Gr.III,
        Shri Notan Bhusan Kar,
        Assistant office,
        Shri Mihir Kanti Shri



                                                  63
      Biswas,
      Assistant office,
      Shri Dipen Kr. Saha,
      U.D.Clerk,
      Shri Suklal Dutta,
      U.D.Clerk,
      Shri Kallol Neogi,
      U.D.Clerk,
      Shri Shyamal
      Bhattacherya,
      U.D. Clerk
      Shri Sukamal Das,
      L.D.Clerk,
3.    Shri Amit Kumar Dutta,      ZSI, Kolkata            11th Advance Computer applications for Administrative
      U.D.Clerk                                           personnel of the S & T departments Government of
      Shri Narayan Ch. Das,                               India from 18th to 22nd from July,2011 IIPA, New
      Asstt (O),                                          Delhi.
      Shri Goutam Ghosh,
      Asstt (O),
      Shri Pradyut Kr. Das Roy,
      U.D.Clerk
      Shri Kameshwar Prasad
      Singh, L.D.Clerk

      Shri Shyam Sunder Saha,
      L.D.Clerk,
      Shri Ajay Kr. Sinha,
      L.D.Clerk,                  ZSI, Kolkata            11th Advance Computer applications for Administrative
      Shri Sandip Kumar                                   personnel of the S & T departments Government of
      Mahato,                                             India from 18th to 22nd from July,2011 IIPA, New
      L.D.Clerk                                           Delhi.
      Shri Guru Charan Nayak,
      L.D.Clerk,
4.    Shri. Arun Gupta,           ZSI, Kolkata            Imparting training on Taxidermist regarding idea modern
      Asstt. Zologist                                     trend and Technical konwedge among expert of both
      Shri S.B. Ram,                                      department at Chennai Museum from 1st to 9th Sept.,
      Taxidermist, Gr.I                                   2011.
      Shri Arun Ghosh
      Taxidermy, Gr.II

      Shri S. Pattabiraman.
      L.D.C                       MBRC, ZSI, Chennai      Training Course at Madras Museum, Egmore, Chennai
 5.   Dr. G.P. Mandal                ZSI, Kolkata         1st Training Programme on “IPR and WTO Issues” at
      Scientist-C                                         TERI, Retreat, Teri gram, Gurgoan, Hyrana from 22nd to
      Dr. Varadaraju                                      26th August, 2011.
      Scientist-B
6.    Dr. C. Sivaperuman,         A&NRC, ZSI, Port        Training Programme on Biodiversity Conservation with
      Scientist-C                 Blair,                  focus on Ecology Monitoring held at WII, Dehra Dun 5th
      Dr. (Mrs.) Avtar Kaur                               to 9th September,2011.
      Sidhu,                      HARC, ZSI, Solan,
      Scientist-C
                                  DRC, ZSI, Jodhpur,
      Dr. Sanjeev Kumar,
      Scientist-C
      Dr. Gourav Sharma           WGRC, ZSI,
      Scientist-C                 Kozhikode
      Dr. Rajmohana K.,
      Scientist-C,                CZRC, ZSI, Jabalpur,
                                  MBRC, ZSI, Chennai
      Dr. S. Sambath,             APRC, ZSI,



                                                         64
        Scientist-C,              Hyderabad
        Dr. C. Venkataraman,
        Scientist-C,
        Dr. Bikramjit Sinha,
        Scientist-C,
7.      Shri Padmanabhan          MBRC, ZSI, Chennai    Training Programme on Integrated Coastal Management
        Zool. Assistant                                 held MARC, ZSI, Digha from 29th August,2011 to 9th
        Shri G. Karunakaran                             September,2011.
        Field Collector


     STATEMENT OF PARTICIPATION IN THE SYMPOSIUM, SEMINAR, WORKSHOP,
                            CONFERENCE ETC.
                                During March, 2011 to August, 2011
     1. Dr. A.K. Sanyal        ZSI, Kolkata      17th Meeting of Expert Group-A Conservation
        Scientist-F                              and sustainable Utilization of natural Resources
                                                 at MoEF, New Delhi from 28th February to 1st
                                                 March,2011.
     2. Dr. B.H.C. Murty       ZSI, Kolkata      Western Ghat Reptile Conservation Assessment
        Scientist-C                              and Management Plan (CAMP) workshop from
                                                 25th Feb, to 7th March,2011 at Coimbatore.
     3. Dr. R. Aengels         SRC, ZSI,         Western Ghats Conservation Assessment and
        Scientist-C            Chennai           Management Plan & Training Workshop at
                                                 Coimbatore from 28th Februry to 7th
                                                 March,2011.
     4. Dr. R. Venkitesan      ZSI, Kolkata      Workshop on CRZ Notification,2011 on 1st
        Scientist-C                              March,2011 at Kolkata.

     5. Dr. Swetapadma         EBRC, ZSI,        Workshop on Systematics and Evolution from
        Dash,                  Gopalpur          9th to 15th March, 2011 at New Delhi.
        Scientist-C
        Dr. Anil Kumar         HARC, ZSI,
        Scientist-C            Solan

     6. Dr. P. T. Rajan,       A&NRC, ZSI,       International Confrence on Tropical Island
        Sr. Zool. Asstt.       Port Blair        Ecosystems during 23-26 March,2011 at Port
                                                 Blair.
     7. Dr. R. Venkitesan      ZSI, Kolkata      Workshop on Forest Genetic Resources
        Scientist-C                              Management Newwork (IFGTB) at Coimbatore
                                                 from 7th to 12th March,2011.

     8. Dr. Basudev       ZSI, Kolkata           National Workshop to the held at Maulana Azad
        Tripathy                                 College, Kolkata on 27.2.2011.
        Dr. G.P. Mondal
        Scientist-C
     9. Sh. Bulganin      ZSI, Kolkata           IARI, New Delhi for discussion and knowledge
        Mitra                                    on database generation and insect storage system
        Scientist-B                              from 3rd to 6th March,2011
        Dr.(Mrs) Nivedita
        Saha,


                                                       65
    Scientist-B
    Dr. Achintya
    Chattopadhya
    Asstt.Zool.
10. Sh. Bulganin       ZSI, Kolkata     Workshop on Pollinators and Pollination in a
    Mitra                               changing World at National Centre for
    Scientist-B                         Biological Sciences, Bangalore from 6th to 12th
                                        March,2011
11. Dr. R. M. Sharma   WRC, ZSI, Pune   Deliver a talk on insect identification a their
    Scientist-D                         Natural History on 22nd March,2011 Tadoba
                                        Andhari Tiger Researve
12. Dr. J.K. De,       ZSI, Kolkata     Seminar on Wildlife Conservation and
    Scientist-D,                        Enciromnent Awarerness on 16th March,2011 at
    Sh. Bulganin                        College Campus , Purba Minapore
    Mitra
    Scientist-B
13. Dr. Anil Kumar     HAZRC, ZSI,      National Seminar held at Dept. of zoology, DAV
    Scientist-C        Solan            College, Dehra Dun from 20th to 30th
                                        March,2011.
14. Dr. Gourav         DRC, ZSI,        3rd Congress on Insect Science held at DEptt of
    Sharma             Jodhpur          Entomology, Punjab Aagricultural University,
    Scientist-C                         Ludhiana from 18th to 20th April, 2011.
15. Dr. Gopal Sharma   GPRC, ZSI,       Two days workshop under Grangesver dolphine
    Scientist-C        Patna            Conservatin Education Programmer on 29th to
                                        29th March, 2011.
16. Dr. Ch.            ZSI, Kolkata     Deliver a lecture on Coral Reef Diversity and
    Satyanarayan                        Conservation in the Satellite symposium held at
    Asstt. Zool.                        Calcutta University o0n 30.3.2011.
17. Shri Dulal Ch.     ZSI, Kolkata     Workshop on Fixation of Pay (WoPF) held at
    Ghosh                               ISTM, New Delhi from 13th 15th April,2011.
    Office Supt.
    Shri Ram
    Chandra Tudu,
    L.D. Clear
18. Dr.Suresh Chand,   SRC, ZSI,        Two day Workshop on “Right to Information
    Scientist-C        Canning          Act-2005 held at ISTM, New Delhi from 7th to
                                        8th April,2011.
19. Dr. R. M. Sharma   WRC, ZSI, Pune   One day Workshop on “Diposal of Appeal
    Scientist-D                         under TRI held at ISTM, New Delhi on 11th
    Dr. S.Z. Siddiqi   FBRC, ZSI,       April,2011.
    Scientist-D        Hyderabad
20. Dr. V.D. Hegde,    ZSI, Kolkata     National Seminar on Forest Resources:
    Scientist-C                         Diversity, Utlization and Conservation         at
                                                         th
                                        Bengaluru from 9 to 11, March, 2011.
21. Dr. Anil Kumar     HARC, ZSI,       National Seminar held at Dept. of Zoology,
    Scientist-C        Solan            DAV College,Dehra Dun from 29th to 31st
                                        March,2011.
22. Dr. R. M. Sharma   WRC, ZSI,        Deliver a talk on Insect identification and their
    Scientist-D        Pune             Natural History on 22nd March,2011 at Tadoba


                                           66
                                      Andhari Tigar Researve.
23. Dr. A.K. Sanyal    ZSI, Kolkata   To attend and deliver a panel Lecture on
    Scientist-F                       Invertbrate Diversity in the “Brain Storming
    .                                 Conference towards builing a consortium on
                                      Biodiversity Research in Eastern Himalayas and
                                      Eastern Ghats” at Sikkim form 9th to 11th
                                      April,2011.
24. Dr. Basudev        ZSI, Kolkata   Seminar on ‘Sundarban Pavilion’ to be held at
    Tripathy                          IISERK Campus in Mohanpur, Nadia from 13th
    Scientist-C                       to 14th April, 2011.
25. Dr. Prasanna       MARC, ZSI,     National Conference hela at Ahmedabad from
    Yennawar           Digha          16th to 17th April,2011
    Scientist-C
26. Dr. Ch.            ZSI, Kolkata   National Consultation on Ecosystem Indicators
    Satyanarayan                      in BOBLME held at Kochi from 26th to 27th
    Asstt. Zool.                      April,2011.
27. Dr. Gopal Sharma   GPRC, ZSI,     One day Seminar on Earth Day as Guest of
    Scientist-C        Patna          Honor at Dhanbad, Jharkhand on 22nd April,
                                      2011.
28. Dr. Anil Kumar     HARC, ZSI,     National Sem,inar held at Dept of Zoology, DBS
    Scientist-C        Solan          (PG) College, Dehra Dun from 14th to 17th
                                      May,2011.
29. Shri S. R. Joy     ZSI, Kolkata   National Seminar held at Central Glass and
    Lib. Inf. Asstt.                  Ceramic Rresearch Institute, Kolkata from 6th to
                                      7th May, 2011.
30. Dr. Achintya       ZSI, Kolkata   Attend as Chief Guest and to inauguration the
    Chattopadhya                      National Symposium on ‘Biodiversity Status
    Asstt.Zool                        and Conservation        Strategies with special
                                      referene to N.E. India’ from 16th to 18th March,
                                      2011.
31. Dr. (Mrs.)         SRC, ZSI,      National Consultation on “Live Gene Banking of
    Jayasree Thilak    Channai        Freshwater fisher of the western Ghat” held at
    Scientist-C                       Kumarakom from 19th to 23rd May,2011.
32. Dr. A.K. Sanyal    ZSI, Kolkata   Meeting onn expert level consulstation for
    Scientist-F                       Establishment of a Network of Long-term
    .                                 Ecological Observatories (LTEO) held at New
                                      Delhi on 25th May, 2011.
33. Dr. K.C. Gopi.     ZSI, Kolkata   Tranasboundary         diagnostic       Analysis
    Scientist-E                       Consultation workshop (TDA-CWS) in the
    Dr. S.S.Mishra,                   Coatal regions of Bay of Bebgal at IndiSmart
    Asstt. Zool.                      Hotel, Internattional Tower, X-1, 8/3 Block Ep,
                                      Sector V, Salt Lake, Electronic Complex,
                                      Kolkata.
34. Dr. K.C. Gopi.     ZSI, Kolkata   Workshop“Museum:establishment, development
    Scientist-E                       and sustenance to be held at GSI, Kolkata on
                                      20th June,2011.
35. Dr. Gourav         DRC, ZSI,      A Stakeholder meeting to be held at the
    Sharma             Jodhpur        conference hall of Van Bhawan, Jaipur on
    Scientist-C                       06.7.2011.



                                         67
36. Mrs. I.J.          NERC, ZSI,        National Seminar on Status of Biodiversity:
    Kharkongor         Shillong.         Conservation and Social Relevance with
                                         reference to NE India” at Don Bosco College,
                                         Tura from 8th to 9th August,2011.
37. Dr. Basudev        ZSI, Kolkata      Sea Turtle Satellite Telemetry-Stakeholder’s
    Tripathy                             worlshop at Bhubaneswar on 20 th July,2011.
    Scientist-C
    Dr. L.Kosygin      EBRC, ZSI,
    Singh, Sci-C       Gopalpur-on-sea
38. Mrs. Abha Sar,     ZSI, Kolkata      National Workshop on Scanning Electron
    Sr. Zool. Asstt.                     Microscopy held at University of Burdwan,
                                         Burdwan from 26th to 29th, July,2011.
39. Dr. Gourav         DRC, ZSI,         Techno Scientific Management Programme of
    Sharma             Jodhpur           Scientist held att ASCI, Hyderabad 1st to 12 th
    Scientist-C                          8th August,2011.
40. Dr.Kailesh         ZSI, Kolkata      Seminar on Global Environment and Disaster
    Chandra                              Management: Law and Society held from 22-24
    Scientist-F                          July,2011 Vigyan Bhawan , New Delhi.
    Dr. K.A.
    Subramanaian,
    Scientist-C
41. Dr. A.K. Sanyal    ZSI, Kolkata      Quiz Competition held at Aranya Bhawan,
    Scientist-F                          Kolkatan on 30th July,2011 and 27th
    .                                    August,2011.
42. Dr. K. Illango     SRC, ZSI,         2nd International Congress of Global Warming
    Scientist-D        Chennai           on Biodiversity of Insects: Management &
    Dr. R. Babu,       ZSI, Kolkata      Consevation held at Coimbatore from 23rd to 27th
    Scientist-C                          August,2011.
43. Sh. Inderjit Pal   ZSI, Kolkata      Three day Workshop on Fixation of Pay for the
    Asstt. Office                        officers dealing with pay dixation cases on 16-
                                         18, August,2011.
44. Dr. C.             A&NRC, ZSI,       Training Workshop on Right to information
    Sivaperuman        Port Blair        Act,2005 for Central Public Informatioon
    Scientist-C                          Officer held during 16th to 18th August,2011
                                         ISTM, New Delhi .
45. Dr. R. M. Sharma   WRC, ZSI, Pune    To deliver lecture on insect identification and
    Scientist-D                          theirNatural History on 24th August,2011. At
                                         India Instutution of Foorest Management,
                                         Bhopal.
46. Dr. J.K. De        ZSI, Kolkata      National Seminar on Loss of Biodiversity of its
    Scientist-D                          Ethical Implication held at Vidysnsgsr College,
                                         Vidyanagar , Charashyamdas, 24 parganas
                                         (South) from 2nd to 3rdn September,2011.
47. Dr. C.             A&NRC, ZSI,       International Conference on Advance in
    Sivaperuman        Port Blair        Ecological Research held from 19th to 21
    Scientist-C                          December,2011 at Bikanar, Rajasthan.
48. Dr. J.K. De        ZSI, Kolkata      To deliver lecture in the Freshers Welcome-2011
    Scientist-D                          at Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda Centenary
                                         College, Rahara, Kolkata.
49. Dr. S.I. Kazmi     ZSI, Kolkata      To deliver lecture on “Role of Parasitoids” in


                                            68
Scientist-C                               IPM at ATC Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama,
                                          Narendrapur on 06.9.2011.
Shri Sankar                               To deliver lecture on “Spider Biodiversity utility
Talukder                                  & Conservation-field” in IPM at ATC
Asstt. Zool.                              Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama, Narendrapur on
                                          07.9.2011.

                  List of Participation in Exhibition by Z.S.I.
                     During March, 2011 to August, 2011
 Sl.                 Name of Organization                        Date            Remarks
 No.
1.       Exhibition of Garh Bhawanipur Usharani             4th to 6th         Participation
         Karati Balika Vidyalaya, Udaynarayanpur,           February,2011      with exhibits
         P.O. Chitrasenpur, Howrah
2.       Exhibition of Pally Mela-2011, C/O- Gustia         18th to 20th       Participation
         K.N. High School, Gustia, Badu, North 24 Pgs.      February,2011      with exhibits

3.       Exhibition of Rishra Municipality & Rishra         12th to 22nd       Participation
         Fair, 2011, Rishra, Hooghly                        February,2011      with exhibits

4.       Exhibition of Ramakarishna Mission                 28th February      Participation
         Residential College, Narendrapur, Kolkata          to 1st             with exhibits
                                                            March,2011
5.       Lending some rare Corals from temporary            For one month      exhibits
         exhibition on the occetion of world Environment    w.e.f. 5th June
         Day (5th June)                                     2011 to 4th
                                                            July, 2011.
6.       ExhibitionVigyan O Paribesh Sachetanata Mela       13th to 15th       Participation
         2011 at , Gustia K.N. High School, Gustia, Badu,   August,2011        with exhibits
         North 24 Pgs.

                     Statement of the visitors visited
                       Zoological Survey of India
                    From March, 2011 to August, 2011

HEAD QUARTERS : Nearly 154 visitors including Research Scholars, Students and
                                  Scientists visited to various Divisions/Sections of the Head
                                  quarters office.

REGIONAL CENTRE : Nearly 3925 visitors including Research Scholars, Students and
                                   Scientists visited to various Regional Centers and their
                                   Museums.


                                    Foreign Tour
                          (From March, 2011 to August, 2011)

                                             Nil



                                             69
                                            Antarctica Expedition
                                        (From March, 2011 to August, 2011)

                                                           Nil


                                        Foreign Visitors visited ZSI
                                        (From March, 2011 to August, 2011)

                                         A. Head Quarters :            Five Scientists
                                         B.Regional Centres :          Four Scientists


       IDENTIFICATION OF THE CONFISCATED MATERIALS OF GOVT.
      OFFICES/LAW ENFORCING DIRECTORATES/ POLICE DEPARTMENT
                       (March, 2011 – August, 2011)

No.    From whom received                   Nature of Enquiry                    Confirmed as
1.     D.F.O. Jalpaiguri Division           Identification of W/L sample         The sample of seized Tail was
       Jalpaiguri.                          pertaining to C.R.Case No. 84/       confirmed as of Barking Deer,
                                            2011.                                Muntiacus muntjak (Zimmermann).
2.     Sudhannya Mallick, Inspector of      Three seized samples of flat skin    The three samples were confirmed as
       Police, C.I.D., West Bengal.         of W/Animal pertaining to            Spotted Deer, Axis axis (Erxleben).
                                            Sonarpur P.S. Case No. 195/ 10.
3.     D.F.O. Cooch Behar Division, East    One common Indian Hare               The seized animal was confirmed as
       Kameshwari Road, Cooch Behar.        pertaining to C.R. Case No. 56/      Black-naped Hare, Lepus nigricollis
                                            2011.                                Cuvier.
4.     D.F.O. Cooch Behar Division, East    Seized one Rhino-Horn pertaining     Confirmed as Fake, which was
       Kameshwari Road, Cooch Behar.        to POR. No. 89/ MB-1.                artificially manufactured to give the
                                                                                 appearance of Rhino-Horn.
5.     Ramesh K. Pandey, Reg. Dy.           Identification of five seized fur    The five Fur skins sample were
       Director, (NR), MOEF., New           skins (stated to be Lamb-Fur skin)   examined and found as imbued and
       Delhi-11011.                         pertaining to import shipment of     hence they could not be determined.
                                            DHL-DN No. 391155 at IGI Air
                                            Cargo.
6.     D.F.O. Wildlife Division-1           Some W/L derivative received in      The sample of meat and the hide was
       Darjeeling, Bengal Natural History   two sealed jars vide order of Ld.    confirmed as have been derived from
       Museum, Meadow Bank Road.            ACJM. Kurseong, West Bengal.         Spotted Deer, Axis axis (Erxleben).
       Darjeeling-734101.
7.     D.F.O. Cooch Behar Division East     Two seized Deer Horns pertaining     The two Antlers were examined and
       Kameshwari Road, Cooch Behar.        to CR. No. 42/ 2011.                 confirmed as of Samber, Cervus
                                                                                 unicolor Kerr.
8.     D.F.O., Wildlife-III Division,       Confirmation of seized samples of    The samples were confirmed as of
       Cooch Behar.                         animal meat pertaining to CR.        Wild Boar, Sus scrofa Linnaeus.
                                            Case No. 162/ 2011.
9.     Police Inspector, Local Crime        Confirmation of two seized flat      The two flat skins were confirmed as
       Branch, Chandrapur, Maharashtra      skins of Wild animal pertaining to   of Leopard, Panthera pardus
       State.                               C.R. No. 3025/ 2011.                 (Linnaeus).
10.    D.F.O., Wildlife Division-I,         Confirmation of one Probosid skull   The distorted skull with both the jaws
       Darjeeling.                          (distorted) with both the jaws       alongwith one sample of rib bone and
                                            alongwith one hide and one rib       hide and one sample of Tibia were
                                            bone.                                examined and confirmed as of female
                                                                                 Indian Elephant, Elephas maximus
                                                                                 Linnaeus.
11.    Anil Kumar Yadav, Sr. Inspector      Confirmation of two skins of wild    The two flat skins were confirmed as


                                                           70
      of Police Crime Branch, Kalyan          animal pertaining to C.R. No. II 3/   of Female Leopard, Panthera pardus
      Unit, Mahatma Phule Chowk,              11 u/ 3,9,4a (B), 51, 52.             (Linnaeus).
      Behind Tehsildar office, Kalyan
      (West) Dist.-Thane, Maharashtra:
      0251-2313660.
12.   C. Behera, Regional Deputy              Confirmation of some Seized           The Pangolin scales were examined
      Director, Wildlife Crime Control        scales of Pangolin pertaining to      and confirmed as have been derived
      Bureau, Nizam Palace, Kolkata-20.       Reg. No.711,810,887.                  from Indian Pangolin, Manis
                                                                                    crassicaudata Gray.
13.   D.F.O., Jalpaiguri Division,            Confirmation of seized sample of a    The sample was confirmed as a
      Jalpaiguri-73501.                       portion of Tusk pertaining to C.R.    distorted cut-piece of Tusk of Indian
                                              Case No. 155/ 2011.                   Elephant, Elephas maximus Linnaeus.
14.   M.G.Phulpagar, Police Inspector,        Confirmation of one seized flat       The flat skin was confirmed as of
      Police Station Gondpipari, Dist.        skin of wild animal (Exhibit No.      female Leopard Panthera pardus
      Chandrapur, Maharashtra.                A) pertaining to C.R.No. 3003/        (Linnaeus).
                                              2011 vide O/W No. 2007/ 2011.



15.   D.F.O., 24-Parganas South               Confirmation of seized sample of      The meat sample was confirmed on
      Division, office of the D.F.O., 12      animal meat pertaining to Case        the basis of hairs attached to them as
      Biplabi Kanailal Bhattacherjee          No. GR/ 823/2011.                     have been derived from Wild Boar,
      Sarani, Alipore, Kolkata-27.                                                  Sus scrofa Linnaeus.


                     CAPITAL CONSTRUCTION PROGRESS REPORT
      The following is progress of work of the capital construction in different Regional Stations and
HQ of ZSI during (March 2011 – August, 2011)

                  Sl.                 Name of Works                    Estimate cost in        Remarks
                  No.                                                       Rs.
                                           A. Eastern Regional Centre, Shillong
                          i) Water proofing treatment of the type        Rs. 2,97,500/-        Sanction
                          I & II residential quarters of ERC, ZSI,                            Received &
                          Shillong.                                                          submitted to
                          ii) Construction of reception counter          Rs. 4,32,300/-       MoEF for
                          and other minor face lifting works at                               correction
                          first floor of office building, ERC, ZSI,
                          Shillong.                                      Rs. 3,73,600/-
                          iii) Repair of internal roads of office &     _____________
                          residential quarters at ERC, ZSI,             Rs. 11,03,400/-
                          Shillong.
                          MOEI in the non residential Bldg i/c           Rs 2,52,420/-        Submitted
                          RMO compound light at ZSI Shillong
                          2010-11

                          MOEI in the residential Bldg i/c RMO           Rs. 3,86,610/-       Submitted
                          pump set, compound light at ZSI
                          Shillong 2010-11

                          MOEI in the non residential Bldg i/c           Rs 6,55,124/-        Submitted
                          RMO compound light at ZSI Shillong
                          2009-10

                          “MOEI in the residential Bldg i/c              Rs 8,52,125/-        Submitted
                          RMO pump set, compound light at ZSI
                          Shillong 2009-10

                          MOEI in the non residential Bldg i/c           Rs 2,70,715/-        Submitted


                                                              71
RMO compound light at ZSI Shillong
2011-12

MOEI in the residential Bldg i/c RMO        Rs 4,14,922/-      Submitted
pump set, compound light at ZSI
Shillong 2010-11                            Rs. 28,31,916/-
   B. Andaman & Nicobar Regional Centre, Port Blair
Renovation of Conference Hall at            Rs. 2,00,000/-    Sanction
A&NRC/ZSI, Port Blair.                                        Received
MOEI and fans in non-residential            Rs. 2,21,400/-    Sanction
building i/c street light, AC units at                        Received
ANRC, ZSI Port Blair.

MOEI and fans in residential quarter’s      Rs. 1,19,772/-    Sanction
i/c street light, pump sets at ZSI office   Rs. 3,41,172      Received
quarters at ANRC, Port Blair.
Construction of collapsed compound          Rs. 19,56,400/-    Submitted
wall at ANRC, ZSI office, Port Blair.
To construction of common scooter           Rs. 6,10,200/-     Submitted
shed for the ZSI residential quarter at
Andaman & Nicobar Regional Center,
Port Blair.
        C. High Altitude Zoology Field Centre, Solan
i) A/R & M/O to residential building,       Rs. 6,47,400/-     Submitted
HAZRC, ZSI, Solan.
ii) A/R & M/O to non-residential            Rs. 3,44,100/-     Submitted
building, HAZRC, ZSI, Solan.
iii) Maintenance of electrical              Rs. 6,76,384/-     Submitted
equipments, pumps, generators, lift in
Museum and Office building,
HAZRC, ZSI, Solan.
iv) Repair work of residential and          Rs. 16,98,800/-    Submitted
non-residential building of HAZRC,          Rs. 33,66,684/-
ZSI, Solan
          D. Northern Regional Centre, Dehra Dun
 i) Modification of existing room of        Rs. 19,03,100/-    Submitted
 NRC, ZSI to molecular Laboratory
 with laminar flow, PCR room, deep
 freezer, UPS room and autoclave
 room etc.
 ii) Renovation/ Modification of             Rs 3,86,600/-     Submitted
 Existing Two room of ZSI Bldg. in to       Rs. 22,89,700/-
 SEM and insect Storage labs at NRC,
 ZSI, DehraDun
 Water proofing treatment over the roof     Rs. 6,76,000/-     Submitted
 of ZSI Office building at NRC/ZSI,
 DehraDun
Work of providing & laying un-              Rs. 4,01,500/-     Submitted
plasticized non-pressure polyvinyl
chloride pipe to replace damaged
sewer line, soak pit and renovation of
toilets in NRC campus, ZSI, Dehra
Dun.
                   E. Headquarter, Kolkata
MOEI & Fans i/c sub-station                 Rs. 5,14,500/-
equipments and compound lights for
ZSI HQrs, New Alipore, Kolkata
during 2011-2012.



                                   72
RMO of D.G. Sets at ZSI HQrs, New        Rs. 4,56,750/-
Alipore, Kolkata during 2011-2012.
                                                           Sanction
RMO of package type A. C. plant in       Rs. 7,48,650/-    Received &
Annexe Building ZSI HQrs, New                              submitted to
Alipore, Kolkata during 2011-2012.                         MoEF for
                                                           correction
RMO of 3 Nos (2 Nos. OTIS make &         Rs. 4,30,500/-
01 No. IBIJI make) 13 passenger
capacity lift at ZSI HQrs, New
Alipore, Kolkata during 2011-2012.

RMO of wet riser for fire fighting at    Rs. 5,31,300/-
ZSI HQrs, New Alipore, Kolkata
during 2011-2012.

RMO of Automatic Fire Alarm              Rs. 5,36,400/-
system, Fire Extinguishers at ZSI
HQrs, New Alipore, Kolkata during        Rs. 32,18,100/-
2011-2012.

Work providing A.P.P. over roof of       Rs. 8,83,800/-     Submitted
Main Office Building i/c mumty roof
of the Main building, ZSI, New
Alipore, Kolkata.
Air Conditioning facilities at 4th and   Rs. 38,85,000/-    Submitted
5th floor of Annexe building of ZSI
HQrs, M-Block New Alipore, Kolkata
External repair by Guniting method       Rs. 42,13,200/-    Submitted
including painting to ZSI office cum
Lab. building of ZSI HQrs, M-Block
New Alipore, Kolkata
Electrical Renovation of general Non-    Rs. 9,06,150/-     Submitted
Chordata collection Hall at ZSI FPS
(HQrs) Building, Indian Museum
Campus, Kolkata.
Work providing A.P.P. over roof of       Rs. 8,83,800/-     Submitted
Main Office Building i/c mumty roof
of the Main building, ZSI, New
Alipore, Kolkata .
   F. Marine Aquarium and Regional Centre, Digha
Boring and sinking of 1 no. Deep Tube    Rs. 8,99,900/-      Sanction
well of size 200mm x 100 mm dia at                           Received
MARC, ZSI, Digha.

 Repairing and renovation of MARC        Rs. 42,30,600/-    Submitted
/ZSI, Digha.

Repairing     and    renovation of       Rs . 2,34,500/-    Submitted
residential complex of MARC /ZSI,        Rs. 44,65,100/-
Digha .
          G. Central Regional Centre, Jabalpur
Administrative approval & Financial      Rs. 2,82,240/-     Sanctioned
Sanction of for the work “of supply,
installation and commissioning of
cassette AC at CZRC/ZSI, Jabalpur”
   H. Arunachal Pradesh Research Centre, Itanagar



                                73
 Renovation of special repairs of ZSI      Rs. 20,69,000/-   Sanction
 residential quarter & boundary wall at                      Received
 APRC/ZSI, Itanagar.
Construction of 100 meter boundary         Rs. 17,24,870/-   Sanction
wall at residential complex of ZSI                           Received
Itanagar
MOEI & Fans in Non-Residential             Rs 4,38,270/-     Submitted
building and street light and pumping
set at ZSI complex, APRC, Itanagar
  I. Freshwater Biology Regional Centre, Hyderabad
i)   Maintenance     of   Electrical/      Rs. 9,08,960/-    Submitted
Mechanical Installation at FWBRC,
ZSI, Hyderabad

ii) Construction of Separate wash          Rs. 2,39,200/-    Submitted
room/toilet and flooring for existing
parking for FWBRC, ZSI, Hyderabad

 iii) Special repairs to leakages of       Rs. 1,95,000/-    Submitted
 toilets for ZSI building at Hyderabad.    Rs. 13,43,160/-
i) Work of providing uninterrupted         Rs. 6,52,200/-    Submitted
power supply stand-by for DNA
sequencing laboratory at FBRC, ZSI,
Hyderabad.

ii)Installations of Air-Conditioners for
laboratories at FBRC, ZSI, Hyderabad       Rs. 5,87,500/-    Submitted
                                           Rs. 12,39,700/-
        J. Western Ghat Regional Centre, Calicut
Maintenance of MOEI & Fans i/c R/M         Rs. 7,92,750/-    Submitted
of pump set, DG set, lift, wet riser,
street light, sewage treatment plant etc
at office cum laboratory building
16No. residential quarters for WGRC,
ZSI, Calicut

Special repair and maintenance of          Rs.12,49,700/-    Submitted
office   cum    lab building   of
WGRC,ZSI, Calicut
                                           Rs. 2,25,200/-    Submitted
Special repair and maintenance of 16
nos. staff quarters of WGRC, ZSI,          Rs. 22,67,650/-
Calicut
    K. Marine Biological Research Centre, Chennai
 i) Providing new air pump for             Rs. 1,57,500/-    Submitted
 Aquarium at MBRC, ZSI, Chennai
 ii) Running and maintenance of 1 to
 13 passenger lift, 125 KVA DG set         Rs. 10,10,000/-   Submitted
 40 TR & 20 TR AC Plants at MBRC,
 ZSI, Chennai
 iii) Providing split AC units for the
 Library hall at MBRC and SRC, ZSI         Rs. 3,30,000/-    Submitted
 Chennai.                                  Rs. 14,97,500/-
Work providing vitrified tile flooring     Rs. 38,02,700/-   Submitted
and replacing existing windows with
sliding windows at MBRC, ZSI,
Chennai.
            L. Desert Regional Centre, Jodhpur



                                  74
                  Repairing of UG tank, OH water tank      Rs. 2,31,700/-     Submitted
                  and other miscellaneous works at ZSI,
                  DRC, Jodhpur
                              M. Western Regional Centre, Pune
                   Providing 62.5 KVA DG set at WRC,      Rs. 11,07,750/-     Submitted
                   Pune
                            N. Southern Regional Centre, Chennai
                   Providing A/C units and Power points    Rs. 2,67,700/-     Submitted
                   for Scientific Instrument in DNA
                   laboratory & Microscopy room at
                   SRC, ZSI, Chennai
                                           Grand Total    Rs. 4,94,04,262/-



                PROGRESS OF WORK OF THE ENVIS CENTRE
                   FROM MARCH, 2011 – AUGUST, 2011

•   Digitization of the data on – Indian Wetland Birds; Freshwater Fishes of India; Invertebrate
    Palaeozoology have been completed during the period.

•   ENVIS Website is being updated fortnightly or as and when required, number of visitor have
    increased.

•   Published one issue of the ENVIS Newsletter on Conservation, Vol. 17 (No. 1&2)

•   Two volumes of eNews of ZSI have been published during the time.

•   One of the ENVIS team members participated in the ENVIS workshop at New Delhi during 5-
    6 April, 2011

•   One of the ENVIS team members sent to DOEACC Centre, Kolkata for Training of website
    designing through PHP and MySQL

                                    NEW INITIATIVES

                                     HEAD QUARTERS

     1.   Installed Scanning Electron Microscope
     2.   Installed six numbers Insect Storage System
     3.   Installed Face Up Scanner
     4.   Establishment of DNA Finger Printing Laboratory in progress

    1. Infrastructure Development :

          NRC, Dehradun

    a. The open Museum Verandah has been covered with aluminum glazing and windows etc. by
        CCU, Dehra Dun for display of Museum specimens and showcases
     b. Compact Insect Storage System has been installed at NRC, ZSI, Dehradun
     c. Scanning Electron Microscope(SEM) microscope has been received which will be


                                                 75
   installed after SEM Lab is setup.
d. Instruments for DNA Preservation Lab recived which will be installed after
   DNA Preservation Lab is setup.

  SRC, Chennai

  The microscope Lab and the DNA Lab has been installed. Installed Insect Storage System.

  Remodelling of Marine Aquarium was undertaken and completed.

  WGRC, Calicut

  Face-up-scanner installed.
  FBRC, ZSI, Hyderabad
  Established DNA Finger printing Laboratory.

  HARC, ZSI, Solan
  Permanent Insect Storage System received from the HQ was installed in March, 2011.




                                         76
                                          Annexure IV

Recruitment Plan of ZSI for 2011 – 2012

              To be included




                   77

				
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