Are You Smarter Than a 5th Grader - PangaioScience

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					Are You Smarter
  Than a 10 th

    Grader?

                  1
Pick a Category: Intro to Bio
Scientific Inquiry      Nomenclature

Scientific Names        Classification

     Terms                 Themes

   Experiment             Kingdoms

Complexity of life   Levels of organization

                                              2
Q. “An increase in the amount of
nutrients causes the rate of
photosynthesis to increase” is an
example of what type of statement.


               A. Hypothesis
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                                     3
Q. Sir Isaac Newton proposed the
idea of a force called gravity that
attracts objects to one another. This
explanation still holds true today
therefore it is known as a ______.

               A. theory
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                                        4
Q. Your heart pumping blood more
rapidly than normal during exercise
is an example of this recurring
theme in biology.


           A. homeostasis
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                                      5
Q. In a controlled experiment there
   should be only one of these.


    A. Variable factor


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                                      6
Q.Put the following levels of
 organization in order of increasing
 complexity- organ, organism, cell,
 system, and tissue.

 A. cell, tissue, organ,
     organ system,
        organism
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                                       7
Q. 2 Classification categories that
make up a scientific name
according to the system of binomial
nomenclature


 A. Genus and species
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                                      8
Q. Which kingdom contains
heterotrophic, multicellular,
eukaryotic organisms that absorb
their food from the environment?


       A. Kingdom Fungi
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                                   9
Q. The scientific name for human
beings.


         A. Homo sapiens


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                                   10
Q. Sponges, worms, and insects
belong to which kingdom?


 A. Kingdom Animalia


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                                 11
Q.Which of the following organisms
 is least complex?

A. Cyanobacteria
B. gingko tree
C. Yeast
D. carrot

        A.Cyanobacteria
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                                     12
  Pick a Category: Chemistry
    Changes               Bonds

Atomic Structure I       Charges

Atomic Structure II   Acids and Bases

    Elements             Organic I

     Energy              Organic II

                                        13
Q. Which class of organic
compounds is the human body’s
major energy source?


      A. Carbohydrates

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                                14
Q. The lock and key hypothesis is
associated with which class of
organic compounds?


   A. proteins/enzymes

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                                    15
Q. If an oxygen atom contains 8
neutrons and another oxygen atom
contains 10 neutrons, the two atoms
are said to be ________.

               A. isotopes

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                                      16
Q. When atoms combine, their outer
energy levels lose, acquire, or
share:


               A. electrons

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                                     17
Q. A solution with a greater
concentration of hydroxide ions than
hydrogen ions is a(n)


               A. base

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                                       18
Q. In a covalent bond, electrons
are______.


               A. shared


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                                   19
Q. A glycerol is a monomer of a fat,
what is a monomer of a protein?


           A. Amino acids


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                                       20
Q. In a neutral atom, the number of
electrons (-) must be equal to the
number of these.


               A. Protons (+)

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                                      21
Q. Proteins, unlike carbohydrates
contain this element.


               A. nitrogen


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                                    22
Q.Hydrolysis of a peptide is a chemical
 reaction that produces something
 NEW. What type of change is this?

                physical or chemical

    A. Chemical change
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                                       23
    Pick a Category: Cells
     Plants            Cell Theory

  Cell Parts I      Cell Membrane I

  Cell Parts II     Cell Membrane II

 Magnification     Membrane Transport

Microscope Parts        Function

                                        24
Q. A student observed a cell under
the microscope and determined that
it was a plant cell because the cell
had a _______.


               A. Cell wall
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                                       25
Q. The cell theory states that a cell
is the most basic unit of life, all
living things are made of cells, and
______.


    A. Cells come from
        other cells
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                                        26
Q. The organelle that packages
substances to be secreted.


           A. Endoplasmic
              reticulum
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                                 27
Q. The cell membrane only allows
certain molecules to enter and exit
the cell. The characteristic is known
as _______.


               A. Selective
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                                        28
Q. When water moves through a
selectively permeable membrane it
is the process of _________.


               A. osmosis

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                                    29
Q. When cells bring large particles
inside it is termed phagocytosis, but
when large particles leave cells, it is
termed_____.


               A. exocytosis
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                                          30
Q. Directs all of the cell’s activities



               A. nucleus


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                                          31
Q. If the eyepiece of the microscope
say 10x and the high power
objective lens is 55x, what is the
total magnification?


               A. 550x
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                                       32
Q. The function of a diaphragm.


          A. Regulate the
          amount of light

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                                  33
Q. The function of cells is to
synthesize these.


               A. proteins


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                                 34
Pick a Category: Cell Energy
   Enzyme           Location

Fermentation       Krebs Cycle

     ATP           Reactions I

Photosynthesis      Producer

Energy Source      Reactions II

                                  35
Q. What is the name of the reaction
of cells in which, larger particles get
broken down into smaller particles?



               A. hydrolysis

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                                          36
Q. Producers, such as plants make
their own food. They are also
known as _____.



               A. autotrophs
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                                    37
Q. The original source of all energy.



               A. The sun


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                                        38
Q. Which produces more energy,
aerobic cellular respiration or
fermentation?

    A. Aerobic cellular
        respiration
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                                  39
Q. The Krebs Cycle is part of this
process.

               A. Cellular
               Respiration

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                                     40
Q. In an animal cell, energy is
created in this organelle.



         A. mitochondria

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                                  41
Q. Enzymes speed up chemical
reactions by doing this.



        A. Lowering the
        activation energy
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                               42
Q. ATP is used for which of the
following: muscle contraction, nerve
cell communication, protein
synthesis.

               A. All

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                                       43
Q. What are the products of
photosynthesis?

           A. Glucose and
               oxygen

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                              44
Q. When smaller particles like
amino acids get bonded to form
larger particles like proteins, this
reaction takes place.

           A. Dehydration
              synthesis
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                                       45
       Pick a Category:
   Cell Growth and Meiosis
   Cell Cycle I      Haploid

Human Chromosome   Cell Cycle II

     Meiosis       Interphase

  Somatic Cells      Mitosis I

   Fertilization    Mitosis II

                                   46
Q. What is the major event
occurring during S-phase of the cell
cycle?

   A. DNA replication


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                                       47
Q. Humans are diploid organisms
due to having 2 copies of every
chromosome, how many do we
have?

               A. 46

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                                  48
Q. Meiosis produces sex cells also
known as this.

               A. gametes


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                                     49
Q. If a somatic cell has 20
chromosomes, an egg or sperm cell
would have this many.

               A. 10


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                                    50
Q. To maintain the correct
chromosome number, are gametes
haploid or diploid?


               A. haploid

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                                 51
Q. Meiosis produces how many
haploid cells?

               A. 4


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                               52
Q. In what process is the DNA
“ladder” is unzipped and copied?


  A. DNA replication


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                                   53
Q. Which of the following is not part
of interphase?

S, M, G1, or G2


               A. M-phase
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                                        54
Q. Stage of mitosis in which
chromosomes line up across the
middle of the cell.


               A. metaphase

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                                 55
Q. In what stage of mitosis does the
nuclear envelope reform to make 2
nuclei.

               A. Telophase


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                                       56
Pick a Category: DNA and RNA
  DNA structure            Code

    Monomers          Protein Synthesis

   Base-pairing          Translation

  RNA structure            tRNA

RNA characteristics    Code Mistakes

                                          57
Q. What 2 molecules make up the
backbone of DNA?


   A. Deoxyribose
(sugar) and phosphate
         group
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                                  58
Q. What molecules make up the
“rungs” of a DNA molecule?


  A. bases/nucleotides


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                                59
Q. If the sequence of one strand of
a DNA molecule is GCCTA, what
would the complementary strand of
DNA look like?


               A. CGGAT
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                                      60
Q. Which base is found in RNA but
not in DNA?



               A. uracil

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                                    61
Q. RNA is _____-stranded, can
move into and out of the nucleus,
and contains the sugar _____.


          A. single, ribose

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                                    62
Q. How many bases code for an
amino acid aka a codon?


               A. 3


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                                63
Q. What is the name of the part of
protein synthesis where DNA is
transcribed into RNA?

          A. transcription


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                                     64
Q. What does a tRNA molecule
attach to, and deliver in the process
of protein synthesis?



           A. Amino acids
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                                        65
Q. During translation tRNA bases
will match up with this type of RNA.

               A. mRNA


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                                       66
Q. Changes in a DNA sequence are
called _______ and can be
inherited.

               A. mutations


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                                   67
      Pick a Category:
     Mendelian Genetics
  Probability      Phenotype

Beyond Mendel        Cross

Gene Expression     Mendel

   Genotype         Location

 Farmer Gene        Gametes

                               68
Q. When flipping a coin, what are
   the chances of it landed on tails.


               A. 1/2


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                                        69
Q. Which kind of inheritance results
in gray offspring from a cross
between a black Andalusian bird
and a homozygous white female
bird.

        A. Co dominance
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                                       70
Q. Expression of a genetic traits
depends on what 2 things?


        A. Genotype and
          environment
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                                    71
Q. Black(B) fur is dominant to
white(b) fur. Bb is crossed with BB.
What are the possible genotypes of
their offspring?


               A. Bb and bb
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                                       72
Q. What is the process in which
farmers change the gene pool of a
population of corn?


               A. Artificial
                selection
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                                    73
  Q. Black(B) fur is dominant to
  white(b) fur. Bb is crossed with BB.
  What is the phenotypic ratio of the
  offspring?


      A. 1:1, or 50% black
        and 50% white.
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                                         74
Q. The probable outcome of a cross
between 2 parents can be predicted
by doing this.


   A. A punnet square

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                                     75
Q. Mendel was a monk who laid
the groundwork for all we know on
the subject of genetics. What
organism did he study?


               A. Pea plants
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                                    76
Q. In what organelle is genetic
information called chromatin
(messy, tangled DNA) stored?


          A. The nucleus

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                                  77
Q. If a dog has a genotype of Tt for
a specific trait. According to
probability, his 4 gametes would
have what genes?


               A. ½ B, ½ b
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                                       78
Pick a Category: Evolution
  Evolution      In the Ground

How it happens      Themes

    Pests         Interactions

  Interbreed         Roles

   Themes        Darwin’s Ideas

                                  79
Q. The idea that organisms that are
well suited to their ______ are able
to _____ and ______ . Those that
are not well suited die off.

          A. environment,
            survive and
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             reproduce
                                       80
Q. Evolution is theory that occurs
through this process.




  A. Natural Selection

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                                     81
Q. Commercial pesticides are only
good for 2-3 years. Why do they
lose their effectiveness?


     A. Pests become
     resistant              bc only the pests with
 advantageous mutations make them able to survive the
               pesticide and reproduce.
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                                                        82
Q. A group of organisms that is able
to survive and reproduce with one
another is what?


               A. A species

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                                       83
Q. What is change over time?

               A. evolution



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                               84
Q. What is the role of nitrogen-fixing
bacteria?


    A. To convert
 gaseous nitrogen into
       ammonia
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                                         85
Q. Ecology is the branch of biology
dealing with the interactions among
______ ______ and their ______.


   A. Living things and
      their physical
      environment
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                                      86
Q. What is a network of complex
interactions among organisms from
producers to decomposers?




               A. Food web
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                                    87
Q. Organisms that can make their
own food, either through
photosynthesis or chemosynthesis
are known as what.?


               A. autotrophs
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                                   88
Q. Use 2 of Darwin’s ideas to
explain antibiotic resistance.

     A. Survival of the
     fittest, variation
      among species,
     natural selection
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                                 89
Pick a Category: Living Things

   1                 2

   3                 4

   5                 6

   7                 8


                             90
Q. A doe gives birth to a fawn.


      A. All living things
         reproduce.

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                                  91
Q. Pete Zahut starts to shiver
because it is cold outside.


      A. All living things
       respond to their
         environment.
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                                 92
Q. A woman’s damaged lung was
replaced with her own lung tissue
grown in a laboratory.

      A. All living things
      are made of cells.
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                                    93
Q. Your body maintains a body
temperature of 98.6F.

      A. All living things
      maintain internal
          balance.
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                                94
Q. You ate at Cici’s Pizza before
your soccer game.

      A. All living things
      need material and
           energy.
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                                    95
Q. Adenine, Thymine, Guanine,
and Cytosine.

      A. All living things
       are based on a
      universal genetic
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                                96
Q. Maggots turn into adult flies.


      A. All living things
      grow and develop.

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                                    97
Q. Over time, bacteria becomes
resistant to antibiotics.

      A. All living things
            evolve.

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                                 98
Pick a Category: Assorted
   Names          Packaging

    Model        Assembly Line

Cell Discovery     Ribosome

Developments     Cell Barrier 1

Clean-up Crew    Cell Barrier 2

                                  99
Q. What is the name of the scientist
who developed the system of
binomial nomenclature?


               A. Linnaeus

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                                       100
Q. What scientists built the first
model of DNA?




  A. Watson and Crick

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                                     101
Q. What scientist discovered and
named cells?




               A. Hooke

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                                   102
Q. What scientist helped to develop
the cell theory?

               A. Hooke


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                                      103
Q. What cell structure contains
digestive enzymes?




               A. lysosomes

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                                  104
Q. Which cell structure packages
proteins?

        A. Golgi complex


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                                   105
Q. In the cell, where are proteins
assembled?

               A. ribosomes


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                                     106
Q. Where are ribosomes
manufactured?




               A. nucleolus

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                              107
Q. Which cell structure is a
phospholipid bilayer?




       A. Cell membrane

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                               108
Q. Which cell structure is made of
   cellulose?


               A. Cell wall


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                                     109
    Caution: Do not try this at home.
                Cheat
                 Copy
                 Peek



•   Please read policy CAJadfoa nefaeoi o;iehfa;o Code: adnfoa;indfo;aeo8fn as it
    states, “ No student shall ever cheat, copy or peek in any way shape or form at any
    time in Mrs. Pangaio’s class or any class at WHS unless given explicit permission to
    do so or during Are You Smarter Than a 10th grader.”
                                                                                         110
 Thanks for playing Are
You Smarter Than a 10 th

       Grader?




                           111

				
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posted:4/12/2013
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