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									Quarterly Progress Report Country: Title: Start Date: End Date: Report Period: Budget: Budget by Agency: CROATIA MDGF-1975: Social Inclusion and Conflict Transformation in War Affected Areas of Croatia 25 May 2009 24 May 2011 1st Quarter, May – July 2009 US$ 3,000,000 AGENCY UNDP UNHCR IOM UNICEF YEAR 1 931,400 470,710 149,300 142,750 YEAR 2 655,690 363,400 148,600 138,150 TOTAL 1,587,090 834,110 297,900 280,900

Status: ON TRACK Progress towards Outcomes:
MDG-F Outcome: Regional Development, safety and social inclusion in war affected areas enhanced Joint Programme Outcomes: National policy coordination on conflict prevention, reconciliation and recovery strengthened Enhanced community integration, safety & social cohesion Enhanced socio-economic recovery of areas of Special State Concern Joint Programme Outcome 1: National policy coordination on conflict prevention, reconciliation and recovery strengthened Baseline: - national development policies (regional development, judiciary reform, public safety measures) not coordinated and not taking into account post-conflict dimension in selected area - measures to enhance and sustain the return process not adequately supported and coordinated Indicators: - development assistance reaching the most vulnerable groups affected by conflict: refugees, returnees, victims and witnesses - maintained trend of returns and increased sustainability of returns to conflict affected area Participating UN Participating Targets Activities Completed this report period JP Outputs with corresponding indicators and organizationUN org and baselines specific Outputs partners

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1.1. Establishment of a coordination mechanism for regional development of war affected areas and violence prevention under Vice Prime Minister Baseline: - No co-ordination mechanism on conflict recovery, violence prevention or Witness and Victim Support coordination - VPM’s Office lacking analytical and management capacity to implement Regional Development Strategy with focus on return and post-conflict areas Indicators: - No of coordination meetings held with minutes taken and shared with line ministries - No of implementable decisions taken on violence prevention, victims and witness rights

Vice Prime Minister’s office capacitated to coordinate regional development & conflict prevention activities Ministry of Justice and selected courts capable of implementing victims and witness support policies

UNDP Office of the Vice Prime Minister Ministry of Justice Ministry of Interior Police Service Civil Society

Full co-ordination on regional development and conflict recovery in war affected areas established Victims and witnesses supported to fully participate in integrated legal / judicial system

 Technical support provided to the VPM’s Office in order to facilitate technical coordination amongst Government, civil society and international agencies on regional development and peace building in areas of special state concern.  The VPM’s office hosted the 1st Coordination Meeting on 10 June 2009 with 8 Ministries, 3 national funds for development (i.e. regional development, employment and environment protection) and 2 national service providers attending. All participants agreed on importance of coordination for development of areas of special state concern. Agreement to organize quarterly coordination meetings and develop concrete proposals to enhance coordination and exchange of information.  Utilizing the remaining balance of the formulation grant, the UN Country Team hosted an introductory meeting on the MDG-F joint programme for UN field staff and partners who will be assisting implementation in the field. A total of 41 participants attended and were briefed on MDG-F objectives, JP outputs in Croatia and MDG-F communication.  Court Offices for Support to Victims and Witnesses operating in Zagreb, Zadar, Vukovar and Osijek counties. In May, June and July, offices provided support to a total of 586 victims/witnesses (Osijek 59, Zagreb 185, Zadar 162, Vukovar 180).

1.2. Support to the implementation of fundamental rights for returnees Baseline: - MoJ estimates that the number of beneficiaries will drop in coming years by 30% - More than 50% of returnees not returning sustainably - No prosecutions under the Law on AntiDiscrimination

Regular quarterly coordination meetings established for the implementation of the Law on Free Legal Aid Capacity building provided for NGOs for the provision of legal advice/aid under the Law Improved coordination with UNHCR Serbia for higher return rates

UNHCR Office of the Vice Prime Minister Ministry of Justice Legal NGOs and legal experts

Indicators: - No of returnees with access to free legal aid - No of registered refugees from Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina enjoying full legal rights in Croatia. - No of NGOs capable of supporting the implementation of the Law - Number of crimes prosecuted under the Law on Anti-Discrimination

Returnees’ access to  Expert assistance provided to VPM’s office in resolving property, housing remaining refugees/returnees legal issues, including rights monitoring and analysing the housing care, validation, and nonreturn of property and Reconstruction programmes. discriminatory access  Assisted in 30 individual cases of returnees and refugees to legal and socioproviding legal advise on status issues and housing rights. economic rights  Analysis of the State Commission for the Law on Free legal aid - Holding talks and meetings with IPs and FLA providers authorized by  Coordination meetings held with Free Legal Aid providers and Split Law School’s Free Legal Aid clinic.  Monitoring the work of local administrative bodies in charge of the Law’s implementation via a questionnaire (sent out to the offices and analysed after the collection of answers), field-data analysis and individual beneficiaries’ information collection.

Resolved remaining ‘open issues’ on the Law on Free Legal Aid Joint Programme Outcome 2: Enhanced community integration, safety & social cohesion Baseline: - low perception of public safety and police efficiency in conflict-affected areas - inadequate system of institutional support to youth and children, veterans and women in overcoming conflict and violence - socio-economic environment fertile ground for further conflict and violence Indicators: - improved perception of public safety in target areas - institutional mechanisms for conflict resolution and violence prevention fully established 2.1. Enhanced ability of local population Crime-tackling UNDP Increased level of to plan and realize Safe Community Plans projects human and state  Meetings with Crime Prevention Councils held and in conjuncture with Community Policing identified, Council for security provided briefed on methodology for forming Safer Community Baseline: supported and Communal and a consummate Plans. Crime Prevention Councils in Knin, Gospic, initiated through Violence reduction in illicit - 55% of the public have never seen their Benkovac, Sisak and Karlovac are developing plans and

community Police Officer. - 25% of the public have never heard of Community Policing. - More than 50% of Police believe their role is to intimidate rather than protect. - 4% (estimated) of domestic violence cases not reported to Police Indicators: - Level of public trust in the police - Level of institutionalization of Community Policing - Level of education, visibility and outreach of Community Police - Level of responsiveness of community police to public’s concerns - Level of support, education and visibility of Police in cases of domestic violence 2.2. War veterans’ and women’s associations enabled to actively support conflict prevention activities, rehabilitate and reintegrate communities in Areas of Special State Concern (ASSC) Baseline: - 40% of veterans unemployment in ASSCs - 3% Suicide rate amongst veterans in ASSC - 5 veterans associations Indicators: - Level of provision of psychosocial and economic support to war veterans. - Level of access to labour market and income generation for veterans - Level of participation in NGO and local Government schemes - Improved human-development indicators for women in targeted communities (esp. national minorities, returnees and vulnerable social groups)

Crime Prevention Councils in 40 medium-size urban / semiurban locations with a focus on areas of return and counties with the highest level of armed crime per capita

Prevention Police Service Local Administrati ons Ministry of Interior Women’s NGOs

arms possession, violence An improvement in the perception of security in counties with conflict dynamics

will submit proposals to UNDP in coming months.

Local level partnerships established to identify appropriate institutional arrangement for delivery of psycho-social and employment services Network of regional/local veterans associations’ branches established and trained to provide psychosocial and employment services Women-owned joint projects centered on awareness raising of gender issues and particular needs of marginalized and vulnerable groups; and improved access for women to leadership and decision-making positions in targeted communities Training program established and implemented; Teachers and parents educated on prevention, recognition and reaction to violence;

IOM Office of the Vice Prime Minister Ministry of Family, War Veterans and Intergenerat ion Solidarity Regional and local authorities Veteran’s NGOs, Youth NGOs Office for Gender Equality & Gender Task Force Local administrati ons Women’s NGOs

Ensure effective social and economic reintegration of excombatants into civilian life within their communities, Socio-economic and political empowerment of women as a means of prevention of ethnic, religious, political or genderbased violence and / or forced migration.

 Mapping and capacity assessments of civil society organizations for war veterans and women initiated and expected completion in 3rd quarter 2009.  Training for War Veterans’ Association in Knin conducted in May focusing on project development and management in order to build the capacity of the NGO.

2.3. Protection of children & youth from peer violence & bullying in schools Baseline: - 33% of children exposed to peer violence in school - 11% of children are victims of ‘severe bullying’ at school - 66% of teachers are unable to control violence in schools - No violence prevention and conflict

UNICEF Ministry of Science, Education and Sports Education and Teachers

Increased sensitivity amongst children, parents and teachers to the problem of youth violence Increased responsiveness of the education system to the protection of

 Violence Prevention Programmes initiated in ASSC schools. Preparations for 2009/2010 school year ongoing with assessment of peer violence in schools intended to identify new schools for programmes. Planning for national meeting of ‘the Network of Violence-free Schools’, with over 130 schools included, in November 2009.  During the report period, violence prevention workshops were held in 7 elementary schools in 6

resolution content in school standards Indicators: - No of schools and communities educated for prevention of peer violence - Quantifiable improvements to the coordination of the ‘Violence-Free’ Schools network at the national and regional level - Quantifiable improvements to Codes of Conduct and regulations in support areas (violence in schools)

National Network of ‘Violence-Free’ Schools meets annually and regional branches twice a year; Schools implement violence prevention and conflict resolution standards Support targeted communities in the development of conflict resolution and leadership skills, and reconciliation mechanisms, linked to projects

Training Agency

children from violence. Violence prevention and the promotion of tolerance in schools fully integrated in educational system

counties with a total of 2,688 participants (2,467 pupils ages 6-14, 206 teachers, and 15 school experts).

2.4. Development of conflict resolution skills amongst grassroots groups, women and municipal/county authorities Baseline: - Polarization in ASSC based on nationality, religion, political ideas, cultural differences, gender and war experiences. Indicators: - No of communities with conflict prevention skills, measured through provision of training and No of conflictsensitive projects - Conditions for sustainable return improved and reduced secondary displacement; measured through housing and legal aid uptake; and duration of resettlement.

UNHCR Office of the Vice Prime Minister Ministry of Regional Dev. Ministry of Family, War Veterans and InterGenerational Solidarity, Local admin

Creating sustainable,  Identification of 10 communities for support in 2009 ( Donji Lapac, Plitivcka Jezera, Biskupija, Benkovac, conflict-free and Obrovac, Sunja, Vukovar, Glina, Jagma, development-oriented Perjasica/Barilovic). livelihoods as a pre UNHCR Field teams and local NGO partner are assisting condition for the 10 identified communities to jointly develop sustainable return of proposals for the community projects to include conflict the remaining refugee sensitivity and the rule of Law. population.

Joint Programme Outcome 3: Enhanced socio-economic recovery of areas of Special State Concern Baseline: - General socio-economic environment fertile ground for further conflict and violence - Returnees face difficulties in (re)integration into conflict-affected communities upon return Indicators: - Socio-economic indicators for the targeted areas improve compared to national average - Increased number of actual returns (not mere administrative registration) to conflict affected areas

3.1. Capacity Development of local authorities, communities and regional development agencies to plan, prioritize and deliver projects for their communities Baseline: - Poor ability of local level stakeholders to jointly identify, prepare and implement development projects, and raise funds - Poor ability of regional and local authorities to provide social and community services, esp. to vulnerable groups (returnees, veterans, elderly, children, people with disabilities) Indicators: - Increased absorption of the available development funds in target areas - Increased participation of vulnerable groups (returnees, veterans)

At least 12 training events organized on various aspects of development policy planning, financing and implementation, with special focus on the inclusion of vulnerable groups into the decision making mechanism Direct on-the-job training provided for at least 12 regional and local development institutions provided

UNDP Office of the Vice Prime Minister Ministry of Regional Dev. Local and regional SelfGovt. Regional Dev. Agencies

Empowering local authorities to plan and implement local development policies and deliver targeted services (linked to Output 1) Improvement of key community support structures in waraffected areas to provide services for the most vulnerable groups in society

 Project Cycle Management training held in Zagreb on 16-17 July 2009. 23 participants from local municipal or county government and civil society organizations attended the training programme.  Training course on strategic planning will be organized in September. Leadership training for agricultural collectives in rural areas will be organized in October/November 2009.

3.2. Immediate support and provision of services to refugees, returnees and vulnerable populations in remote areas prior to their inclusion in national social protection schemes Baseline: - Due to cumbersome administration and underdeveloped infrastructure, social welfare services do not reach the most vulnerable population Indicators: - No of returnees, refugees and other vulnerable population in remote areas receive immediate help upon arrival. - Community based approach to social services provision strengthened through developed volunteers’ networks. 3.3. Job creation and business development benefiting returnees, women, youth, elderly, war veterans Baseline: - Difficult access to employment and income generation mechanisms for vulnerable population in waraffected areas - poor business support services, infrastructure and information on incentives for war-affected areas in Croatia Indicators: - Increased No of co-operatives, their members and established local producers’ associations - Increased No of business support services and improved business infrastructure in target area

Local / central coordination of social welfare providers established Support to grassroots volunteer initiatives provided through on-job training and symbolic incentives for their work with most vulnerable

UNHCR Office of the Vice Prime Minister Ministry of Regional Dev. Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, Croatian Red Cross Local Govt Care Providers UNDP Ministry of Economy and Ministry of Tourism Office of the Vice Prime Minister Ministry of Regional Dev. Regional Dev. Agencies

Ensuring equal access to social welfare services for returnees and other vulnerable groups in areas of return.

 Meetings held on the local level on coverage of social services providers and identifying solutions for vulnerable cases. Planning is ongoing for training, workshops and coaching for field teams and volunteers in the areas of return

At least 40 cooperatives / associations receive technical assistance and training on business processes and access to market and finance Established or strengthened eight business support services At least 45 SMEs increase employment and demand for local basic products through new

Improved access to employment and income generation for vulnerable population in former war-affected areas in Croatia

 Vocational training for cheese and dairy farmers from Zadar County organized in May and June 2009. Total of 25 participants from small family farms attended the training becoming certified dairy/cheese producers after completing the training.

3.4. Community-identified subprojects implemented to enhance the connectivity of divided communities and associated business development Baseline: - Insufficient engagement of local communities (esp. conflict affected) in preparing development projects and mobilization of additional funds (EC, WB, Government) Indicators: - Increased No of project proposals as a result of inter- municipal cooperation in war affected areas - basic infrastructure in return areas improved and re-connected to public networks

investment At least 12 new objects of community, social or business infrastructure established or reconstructed At least 40 sets of project (technical) documentation prepared for submission to other sources of funding

UNDP Ministry of Regional Dev. Office of the Vice Prime Minister Ministry of Regional, local and regional selfGovt.

Improved basic infrastructure in waraffected areas in Croatia, facilitating return and reintegration of returnees and other vulnerable groups (settlers, women, elderly, children, handicapped)

 Meetings held with community project boards to identify needs and propose projects. Local development offices are working with project boards to develop plans which include renovation of Serbian Orthodox Monastery as tourist site in hinterland of Dalmatian coast, rebuilding of abandoned school buildings for utilization by local communities and renovation to public water systems in cooperation with Croatian Water board.

Delivery rate by Agency for funds received to date: Could you please estimate the delivery (expenditure) rate of each UN participating organisation compared to funds received.
UN Agency UNDP UNHCR IOM UNICEF Funds Received 2009 committed 112246.13 0 0 53,168 expenditure 108,685.98 102,890.00 49,840.00 6,730.30 est. Delivery as of 24JUL2009 23.72% 21.86% 33.38% 37.25% 29.05%

931,400 470,710 149,300 142,750

AVG Delivery Rate

Challenges:  Impact of global financial crisis in Croatia: Due to the financial crisis, the government of Croatia initiated budget cuts for 2009 programmes. As social programmes and government projects are reduced or delayed, most of the country will be impacted but particularly vulnerable groups in the war-effected Areas of Special State, where the MDG-F project is working, may be heaviest hit. The budget cuts also diminish the possibility of government cofinancing of MDG-F related activities. Political Instability: The surprise resignation of the Croatian Prime Minister has put the current government into crisis mode during the transition. As a result of the transition, there has been a shift in mandate for the government representative on the National Steering Committee. Early elections may be called later in 2009 or 2010.


MDG-F Programme Partners in Croatia:
National Government and Ministries Office of the Vice Prime Minister Ministry of Justice Ministry of Interior Ministry of Family, War Veterans and Regional and Local Government County and Municipal administrations in Vukovarsko-Srijemska, Sisacko-Moslavacka, Karlovacka, LickoSenjska, Zadarska, Sibensko-Kninska Civil Society Croatian Red Cross Women’s NGOs Veteran’s NGOs Youth NGOs Free legal aid NGOs and

Intergenerational Solidarity Ministry of Health and Social Welfare Ministry of Science, Education and Sports Ministry of Regional Development Ministry of Economy Ministry of Tourism

Councils for Communal Violence Prevention Regional Dev. Agencies

legal experts Education and Teachers Training Agency Care Providers

Office for Gender Equality & Gender Task Force Police Service

Beneficiaries: Please estimate the number of beneficiaries as follows: The principal beneficiaries of the Programme intervention will be those excluded and at-risk (of poverty and violence) groups whose predicament most risks peaceful coexistence in Croatia, and whose exclusion jeopardises Croatia’s achievement of MDG targets. These groups are:     Women facing the risk of violence, exclusion and structural unemployment Returnees facing institutional and human obstacles to reintegration War veterans facing social exclusion and at risk of committing violence Children and youth facing exposure to prejudice and intolerance, and at risk of violence

In order to accomplish this, the Programme will seek to capacitate actors at the community and county levels to formulate projects for services or infrastructure that benefit their communities. At the county level, steering committees, chaired by the County Prefects, and including representatives from local NGOs, vulnerable groups and local businesses will approve lists of projects on the basis of pre-set criteria. The Vice Prime Minister’s Office and the National Coordinating body will ensure continuity of projects and provide top-down support to locally-formulated initiatives. This will ensure links between under-developed and developed parts of Croatia can be established to address regional disparities by channeling resources to the disadvantaged. During this reporting period, activities benefited the following estimated number of people: Beneficiaries Gov’t central Gov’t local NGOs – local. Returnees War Veterans Youth/Children Teachers Witness/Victims Entrepreneurs Direct 5 15 6 30 6 2467 221 586 25 Indirect

Date: As at 31 July 2009

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