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Good Practice: Pre-departure Orientation Program Experience of Bangladesh, Philippines and Sri Lanka Presented by: A.K.M. Masud Ali Outline of the Presentation An overview of the added value of PDOS The institutional and legal infrastructure within which the good practices are identified The elements of good practices in PDOS program in Bangladesh, Philippines and Sri Lanka. Examples of good practices in PDOS Way Forward Stages in Processing Migration Pre Departure: Origin Reintegration: Origin Post Arrival: Destination Stages in Processing Migration At every stage of migration process access to authentic information is a precondition to safe migration and it starts at pre-migration stage… Pre-Departure Orientation Adds value for all Benefit to: Managing migration Government Economy Migrants Origin Country Pre-Departure Orientation Adds value for all Migrants Aware on their Maximize Responsibilities benefit from With employment Enhanced of migrant Destinationlabour Capacity for Integration Country Pre-Departure Orientation Adds value for all Reduced Vulnerability Maximum Empowerment Gain from Informed Of individual Migration decision Migrants regarding safe migration Individual Migrants The two aspects of PDOS program PDOS Program The enabling and supportive institutional and legal infrastructure for safe Labour migration Institutional and Legal Setups Mandatory and Enabling Pre- departure Registration and Orientation: in Bangladesh (BMET) Philippines (OWWA) Sri Lanka (SLBFE) Institutional and Legal Setups Mandatory and Enabling Pre- departure Registration and Orientation: In the Philippines, POEA Memorandum Circular No. 3, Series of 1983 provided guidelines for the conduct of a compulsory PDOS for “all first-time or re-contracted workers, and every agency is responsible in providing each worker a thorough PDOS” Institutional and Legal Setups Involvement of private sector and NGOs 520 agencies OWWA Philippines NGOs 703 private agencies Institutional and Legal Setups Involvement of private sector and NGOs Trade Union bodies SLBFE Sri Lanka NGOs Private agencies Institutional and Legal Setups Involvement of private sector and NGOs NGO-self initiative BMET Bangladesh BOESL Private Recruiting Agencies Institutional and Legal Setups Involvement of international organizations (Philippines) Canadian Orientation Abroad (COA) Gov. of IOM GRP Canada Power to choose Institutional and Legal Setups Involvement of international organizations (Bangladesh and Sri Lanka) Govt. Pioneer and piloting (90s) PDOS Training Module on Safe Migration Language Lab Health awareness IOM NGO facilitation Indicators of Good Practice Existence of innovative curricula for pre- departure programs Rich content of pre-departure orientation seminars Standardization and certification of PDOS Special need focused orientation for specific group of migrants Indicators of Good Practice Information campaigns for awareness and accountability Peer and community involvement in PDOS Enabling migrants to access networks for support and redress Indicators of Good Practice Gender sensitive and empowering process Country specific cultural, economic and social orientation/sustainability Recent introduction of pre- employment orientation seminars before PDOS PDOS: Indicators of Good Practice Innovative Curricula for PDOS programes: Introduction of new skills training to ensure access to new labour markets; PDOS: Indicators of Good Practice Innovative Curricula for PDOS programes: participation in the process of syllabus development, through consultation with different stakeholders PDOS: Indicators of Good Practice Innovative Curricula for PDOS programes: development of curricula for specific occupations, experience and destinations PDOS: Indicators of Good Practice Innovative Curricula for PDOS programes: Optimal allocation of time PDOS: Indicators of Good Practice Innovative Curricula for PDOS programes: Empowerment through the acquisition of knowledge and skills PDOS: Example of Good Practice Contents of PDOS: Migrants’ Worksite Source of Support Coping Workplace Family Rights Remittance Travel Health: Finance at Language Destination Culture Info. Safety Strategy HIV/AIDS Document Welfare & Responsibilities Безопасность на Стратеги по Язык Права и рабочем адаптации обязанности месте Ни в одной стране не охватываются все вопросы адаптации трудовых Трудоустройство мигрантов, однако по и Культура содержанию проводимых поиск работы программ существует реальный потенциал изучить опыт проводимых программ Соц. Защита семей Финансы Оформление Денежные документов переводы PDOS: Example of Good Practice Pre-employment orientation seminars (Philippines) • illegal recruitment, list of licensed recruitment agencies, illegal agencies; • procedures for application departure, on- site employment and return; • job-site information, including culture of the country of destination; PDOS: Example of Good Practice Pre-employment orientation seminars • remittances, financial management and livelihood projects, as protection against the insecurity • of overseas employment insurance coverage for workers and their families. PDOS: Example of Good Practice Pre-employment orientation seminars Presently the policy makers are stressing on pre-employment orientation as an essential element of pre-migration preparation. PDOS: Example of Good Practice Enabling Network for Support and Redress Philippines: Sri Lanka & Orientation on Bangladesh: Resource Stay-facilities at Centers destination PDOS: Example of Good Practice Enabling Network for Support and Redress Information on: Embassies in destination countries, on their role in supporting nationals; Human rights organizations in destination countries; Migrants’ associations and trade unions in destination countries; PDOS: Example of Good Practice Sustainability Coordinated Migrants’ Effort: GO, Welfare NGO, IO, fund PS Favourable Institutional Structure PDOS: Example of Good Practice Gender sensitive policy Female Household Workers Special legal Entertainers: Protection and COPE in Training the Philippines Sri Lanka Philippines Bangladesh Way Forward Decentralization Focus on rights Destination specificity Breaking away gender stereotype Focus on Reintegration Way Forward The origin and destination countries must come together to ensure that PDOS is seen as a Comprehensive process to make Migration safer and beneficial for all. Thank you and Welcome to Discussion…..
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