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Good Practice_ Pre-departure Orientation Program

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					         Good Practice:
Pre-departure Orientation Program
            Experience of
 Bangladesh, Philippines and Sri Lanka


             Presented by: A.K.M. Masud Ali
  Outline of the Presentation
An overview of the added value of PDOS
The institutional and legal infrastructure
within which the good practices are
identified
The elements of good practices in PDOS
program in Bangladesh, Philippines and
Sri Lanka.
Examples of good practices in PDOS
Way Forward
Stages in Processing Migration

                  Pre Departure:
                      Origin




 Reintegration:
     Origin
                             Post Arrival:
                             Destination
Stages in Processing Migration

  At every stage of migration
  process access to authentic
 information is a precondition
to safe migration and it starts
    at pre-migration stage…
Pre-Departure Orientation Adds value for all



                    Benefit to:
   Managing
   migration           Government
                       Economy
                  Migrants
          Origin Country
Pre-Departure Orientation Adds value for all


    Migrants
Aware on their         Maximize
Responsibilities     benefit from
      With           employment
   Enhanced           of migrant
             Destinationlabour
  Capacity for
   Integration Country
Pre-Departure Orientation Adds value for all



   Reduced
 Vulnerability
                                   Maximum
                  Empowerment
                                   Gain from
  Informed         Of individual   Migration
   decision          Migrants
regarding safe
  migration
                 Individual
                  Migrants
The two aspects of PDOS program

                        PDOS Program




   The enabling and supportive
             institutional
   and legal infrastructure for safe
          Labour migration
  Institutional and Legal Setups
     Mandatory and Enabling Pre-
      departure Registration and
              Orientation:
in Bangladesh (BMET)

Philippines (OWWA)

Sri Lanka (SLBFE)
 Institutional and Legal Setups
   Mandatory and Enabling Pre-
    departure Registration and
           Orientation:
In the Philippines, POEA Memorandum
Circular No. 3, Series of 1983 provided
     guidelines for the conduct of a
compulsory PDOS for “all first-time or
   re-contracted workers, and every
  agency is responsible in providing
    each worker a thorough PDOS”
Institutional and Legal Setups
 Involvement of private sector and
              NGOs
          520 agencies


OWWA       Philippines        NGOs


       703 private agencies
 Institutional and Legal Setups
 Involvement of private sector and
              NGOs

        Trade Union bodies

SLBFE       Sri Lanka        NGOs


          Private agencies
 Institutional and Legal Setups
 Involvement of private sector and
              NGOs

       NGO-self initiative

BMET     Bangladesh          BOESL


             Private
       Recruiting Agencies
Institutional and Legal Setups
  Involvement of international
   organizations (Philippines)
    Canadian Orientation
       Abroad (COA)

 Gov. of
               IOM           GRP
 Canada

           Power to choose
Institutional and Legal Setups
   Involvement of international
          organizations
    (Bangladesh and Sri Lanka)


Govt.       Pioneer and piloting (90s)
            PDOS Training Module on
                 Safe Migration
                  Language Lab
                Health awareness
 IOM
                 NGO facilitation
    Indicators of Good Practice

 Existence of innovative curricula for pre-
  departure programs
 Rich content of pre-departure orientation
  seminars
 Standardization and certification of PDOS

 Special need focused orientation for
  specific group of migrants
   Indicators of Good Practice

 Information  campaigns for awareness
  and accountability
 Peer and community involvement in
  PDOS
 Enabling migrants to access networks
  for support and redress
   Indicators of Good Practice

 Gender   sensitive and empowering
  process
 Country specific cultural, economic
  and social orientation/sustainability
 Recent introduction of pre-
  employment orientation seminars
  before PDOS
PDOS: Indicators of Good Practice
Innovative Curricula for PDOS programes:

        Introduction of new skills
      training to ensure access to
          new labour markets;
PDOS: Indicators of Good Practice
Innovative Curricula for PDOS programes:

      participation in the process of
     syllabus development, through
       consultation with different
               stakeholders
PDOS: Indicators of Good Practice
Innovative Curricula for PDOS programes:


    development of curricula for specific
       occupations, experience and
               destinations
PDOS: Indicators of Good Practice
Innovative Curricula for PDOS programes:


      Optimal allocation of time
PDOS: Indicators of Good Practice
Innovative Curricula for PDOS programes:


       Empowerment through the
      acquisition of knowledge and
                   skills
PDOS: Example of Good Practice
       Contents of PDOS:



          Migrants’
            Worksite
       Source of Support
             Coping
           Workplace
              Family
              Rights
          Remittance
              Travel
              Health:
             Finance
         at Language
            Destination
             Culture
               Info.
              Safety
             Strategy
            HIV/AIDS
            Document
             Welfare
                &
       Responsibilities
              Безопасность
                   на        Стратеги по
                                               Язык
  Права и       рабочем       адаптации
обязанности       месте


                  Ни в одной стране не
               охватываются все вопросы
                  адаптации трудовых       Трудоустройство
                  мигрантов, однако по            и
 Культура       содержанию проводимых        поиск работы
                  программ существует
                  реальный потенциал
               изучить опыт проводимых
                        программ
                                            Соц. Защита
                                               семей
  Финансы
                             Оформление
               Денежные
                              документов
               переводы
    PDOS: Example of Good Practice
     Pre-employment orientation
        seminars (Philippines)
• illegal recruitment, list of licensed
  recruitment agencies, illegal agencies;

• procedures for application departure, on-
  site employment and return;

• job-site information, including culture of
  the country of destination;
    PDOS: Example of Good Practice
     Pre-employment orientation
             seminars
• remittances, financial management and
  livelihood projects, as protection against
  the insecurity

• of overseas employment insurance
  coverage for workers and their families.
PDOS: Example of Good Practice
 Pre-employment orientation
         seminars

  Presently the policy makers are
   stressing on pre-employment
orientation as an essential element
   of pre-migration preparation.
PDOS: Example of Good Practice
     Enabling Network for
     Support and Redress


 Philippines:      Sri Lanka &
Orientation on     Bangladesh:
  Resource       Stay-facilities at
    Centers         destination
PDOS: Example of Good Practice
    Enabling Network for
    Support and Redress
             Information on:
  Embassies in destination countries,
  on their role in supporting nationals;

      Human rights organizations
       in destination countries;

       Migrants’ associations and
  trade unions in destination countries;
PDOS: Example of Good Practice
        Sustainability

                        Coordinated
Migrants’
                         Effort: GO,
 Welfare
                         NGO, IO,
  fund
                             PS
             Favourable
            Institutional
              Structure
  PDOS: Example of Good Practice
       Gender sensitive policy

                   Female
                  Household
                   Workers     Special legal
 Entertainers:                Protection and
   COPE in                       Training
the Philippines                  Sri Lanka
                                Philippines
                                Bangladesh
     Way Forward
  Decentralization
    Focus on rights
Destination specificity

Breaking away gender
     stereotype
Focus on Reintegration
         Way Forward


The origin and destination countries
   must come together to ensure
       that PDOS is seen as a
 Comprehensive process to make
Migration safer and beneficial for all.
Thank you and
 Welcome to
Discussion…..

				
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posted:4/12/2013
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