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CaliforniaTeacher                      C A L I F O R N I A F E D E R AT I O N O F T E A C H E R S , A F T, A F L - C I O
                                                                                                                                  February b March 2012
                                                                                                                                    Volume 65, Number 3

                        Classified colleagues
                        reunited in AFT win
                        PAGE 13

  What really matters                                       Plucky organizer                                          Put Millionaires
  in education                                              builds connections                                        Tax on state ballot
  Finnish activist describes success                        Local union takes on financial giant                      Help collect signatures now
  PAGE 9                                                    PAGE 5                                                    PAGE 3
                           CaliforniaTeacher                                                                                                                 In this issue                          All-Union News 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Pre-K/K-12 12
                                                                                                                                                                                                         Classified 13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Community College 14
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              University 15
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Local Wire 16

    UpFront                                                      Josh Pechthalt, CFT President

                                                                               Independent political action becomes proud
                                                                               hallmark of our Federation
                                                                               THE BUZZ IS SPREADING. The                                       lionaires Tax campaign, to continue                        mate only to have Democrats nego-
                                                                               Millionaires Tax is exciting Califor-                            working on our measure because they                        tiate away labor and environmental
                                                                               nians unlike any initiative in recent                            weren’t sure they would have an ini-                       protections to gain Republican sup-
                                                                               memory. Over the last few weeks, tens                            tiative ready to submit on time.                           port for disastrous budget agreements.
                                                                               of thousands have signed petitions                                  The notion that we in the labor                            In preparing for the Millionaires
              Our coalition partners                                           to put our measure on the Novem-                                 movement and the progressive com-                          Tax, we worked to build the broadest
                understand that this                                           ber ballot while dozens of newspaper                             munity should sit on our hands and                         labor-community coalition possible.
                                                                               articles, radio and television inter-                            wait for a call from any elected leader                    Our coalition partners understand
           initiative must be driven                                           views have carried our message across                            to get our “marching orders,” under-                       that this initiative must be driven by
                  by the goals of our                                          the country.                                                     scores the true crisis of leadership                       the goals of our members, not those of
                                                                                  That message, that it is time for                             we are facing in this country. In par-                     Sacramento insiders. As a result, our
             members, not those of                                             those who have benefited the most to                             ticular, a labor movement that is not                      measure has the support of more than
                Sacramento insiders.                                           pay their fair share, is clearly resonat-                        prepared to organize and act inde-                         50 unions and community organiza-
                                                                               ing with working families, students,                             pendently is a labor movement on its                       tions committed to progressive change
                                                                               community partners and rank-and-                                 way to political irrelevance.                              in November and over the long haul.
                                                                               file union members.                                                 Despite vague promises from                                In the months before November,
                                                                                  The Millionaires Tax will bring sig-                          elected leaders, Californians continue                     we must expand our network of sup-
                                                                               nificant dollars into education and                              to suffer from the consequences of                         porters and activists, raise money,
                                                                               social programs, and coincides with                              billions of dollars in cuts to education                   and spread the word about our mea-
                                                         DAVID BACON

                                                                               the growing awareness of income and                              and vital programs. Unless we push                         sure. Work with your local union to
                                                                               tax inequality that is now part of the                           back, these cuts will become institu-                      take our message to your worksite.
                                                                               national political debate. Unfortu-                              tionalized, dooming entire communi-                        Join in collecting signatures to put
                                                                               nately, some of our usual allies in Sac-                         ties to poverty.                                           the Millionaires Tax on the Novem-
                                                                               ramento and in labor would like for                                 Our union has never been shy                            ber ballot.
                                                                               us to drop our measure and line up                               about charting its own path. Proposi-                         We have a long road ahead of us, but
                                                                               behind the governor’s proposal.                                  tion 25 didn’t rely on getting a green                     with your active involvement, we can
                                                                                  One labor leader admitted to me                               light from elected leaders and the big                     begin to change the face of California.
                                                                               that his union didn’t join our effort                            unions to get off the ground.                                 In Unity,
                                                                               early on in deference to the governor.                              CFT led the way on Proposition 25
                                                                               But as late as November, the gover-                              because we couldn’t continue to suffer
                                                                               nor’s office encouraged us, the Mil-                             through more years of budget stale-

    Berkeley operations and support staff, including
                                                                                  The California Federation of Teachers is an affiliate
                                                                                  of the American Federation of Teachers, AFL-CIO. The
                                                                                  CFT represents faculty and classified workers in public
                                                                                                                                                 CaliforniaTeacher (ISSN 0410-3556) is published
                                                                                                                                                 four times a year in September/October, November/
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                                                                                                                                                                                                           Direct letters or other editorial submissions to the editor.
                                                                                                                                                                                                           Letters must not exceed 200 words and must include
                                                                                                                                                                                                           your name, address, and phone number. Letters will be
                                                                                  and private schools and colleges, from early childhood         California Federation of Teachers, 2550 N. Hollywood      edited for clarity and length.
    district bus drivers, become the newest group
                                                                                  through higher education. The CFT is committed to              Way, Suite 400, Burbank, CA 91505, and mailed to all      EDITORIAL OFFICE
    of workers to join the CFT. Front row, left to                                raising the standards of the profession and to securing        CFT members and agency fee payers. Annual subscription    California Federation of Teachers, 1201 Marina
    right: Francis Balba, Tanyel Simon, Angela                                    the conditions essential to provide the best service to        price: $3 (included in membership dues). For others:      Village Pkwy., Suite 115, Alameda, California 94501
    Banks, Mary Ann Lopez, Robert Castillo. Back                                  California’s students.                                         $10 per year. Periodicals postage paid at Burbank and     Telephone 510-523-5238 Fax 510-523-5262
    row: Derrell Laird, Will Essex, Mark Bauer,                                   PRESIDENT Joshua Pechthalt                                     additional mailing offices.                               Email
    Chuck Copeland, and Johnny Billups.                                           SECRETARY TREASURER Jeff Freitas                               Postmaster: Send address corrections to California        Publications Director and Editor Jane Hundertmark
    See story page 13.                                                            SENIOR VICE-PRESIDENT Lenora Lacy Barnes                       Teacher, 2550 N. Hollywood Way, Suite 400, Burbank,       Contributors this issue: David Bacon, Velma Butler,
                                                                                  EXECUTIVE COUNCIL Velma Butler, Cathy Campbell,                CA 91505.                                                 Patty Cox, Megan Dias, Tom Edminster, Carl Friedlander,
    PHOTO BY SHARON BEALS                                                         Robert Chacanaca, Kimberly Claytor, Melinda Dart,              California Teacher is a member of the International       Fred Glass, Elaine Johnson, Judith Michaels, Joshua
                                                                                  Warren Fletcher, Betty Forrester, Carl Friedlander, Ray        Labor Communications Association and the AFT Com-         Pechthalt, Mindy Pines, Gary Ravani, Bob Samuels, Kim
                                                                                  Gaer, Miki Goral, Carolyn Ishida, Dennis Kelly, Jim Mahler,    municators Network. It is printed by union workers at     Turner, Malcolm Terence, Sandra Weese, Rosanna Wiebe
                                                                                  Elaine Merriweather, Alisa Messer, David Mielke,               Pacific Standard Press in Sacramento using soy-based      Graphic Design Kajun Design, Graphic Artists Guild
                                                                                  Dean Murakami, Gary Ravani, Francisco Rodriguez,               inks on Forest Stewardship Council-certified paper that
                                                                                  Sam Russo, Bob Samuels, Linda Sneed, Joanne Waddell,           contains 10 percent post-consumer recycled content.
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                                                                                                                                                                                  California Federation of Teachers
    2   C A L I F O R N I A T E A C H E R F E B R U A RY / M A R C H 2 0 1 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  AFT Guild President Jim
                                                                                                           around the union…                                                                                      Mahler collects signatures.

All-Union News
Field Poll shows CFT’s Millionaires Tax top choice among voters
reported that voters prefer the Mil-                                     Revenue
                                                                                              Compare the
                                                                                                      Tax change
                                                                                                                                      3    tax initiatives for yourself
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Annual cost
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                to typical
lionaires Tax over Gov. Brown’s tax                                      estimate           Voter
initiative by 63 percent to 58 percent,                                  2012-13*           support** and expiration                                    Who benefits                    Who backs this***                       taxpayer****
with the proposal by Molly Munger, a
wealthy lawyer, trailing at 45 percent.
                                                  Tax of 2012
                                                                          $6 to
                                                                                           63%              Raises rate by 3% on
                                                                                                            income over $1 million;
                                                                                                                                                        60% to K-14, CSU,
                                                                                                                                                        and UC, remainder to
                                                                                                                                                                                        CFT, Courage
                                                                                                                                                                                        Campaign, MoveOn.
Brown’s own poll shows the same order.                                    billion                           by 5% on income over                        local governments to            org, California Calls,
   Only 20 percent of those polled in                                                                       $2 million.                                 restore services                CNA, UC Students’
the late February Field Poll opted for                                                                      Does not expire.                                                            Association, AFSCME
keeping income tax rates unchanged,                                                                                                                                                     District Council 57
a clear signal that voters in the state
are ready to raise taxes on the wealth-
iest Californians.
                                                  Gov. Brown              $4.8 to
                                                                                           58%              Increases state sales tax
                                                                                                            by half cent and tax rates
                                                                                                                                                        K-14, public safety,
                                                                                                                                                        social services and
                                                                                                                                                                                        Gov. Brown, SEIU
                                                                                                                                                                                        State Council, CTA,
   Sponsored by CFT and its partners                                      billion                           on income over $250,000.                    corrections                     Billionaire Eli Broad,
in the Restoring California coalition,                                                                      Expires in 2016.                                                            Occidental Petroleum
the Millionaires Tax will, if passed
in November, add $6 to $9.5 billion
a year to fund public education and
                                                                          $5 to
                                                                                           45%              Raises income taxes on
                                                                                                            all Californians who earn
                                                                                                                                                        K-12, early childhood
                                                                                                                                                                                        Civil rights attorney
                                                                                                                                                                                        Molly Munger
services — without asking people                  Our Future              billion                           more than $7,316 per
who make less than $1 million per                                                                           year. Expires in 2024.
year to pay an extra cent.
   “It is the people at the top of the                                     *Legislative Analysts Report     **Feb 2012 Field Poll              ***Partial list   **** Typical taxpayer = median joint filer, $65,000
economic scale who have a respon-
sibility to give back,” explains CFT            cent of MoveOn members cast their                                                                                                   percenters to pay their fair share.
President Josh Pechthalt. “The Mil-             support for the Millionaires Tax,                                                                                                      The popularity of the Millionaires
lionaires Tax doesn’t place any                 the president and co-founder of                                                                                                     Tax was evident on the same day
additional burden on the backs of               MoveOn, Wes Boyd, said, “Our mem-                                                                                                   when supporters mounted 10-foot
working families, middle-class fami-            bers clearly believe that millionaires                                                                                              banners on freeway overpasses in
lies, or the poor.”                             who have done so well in our state                                                                                                  nine cities. Joanne Waddell, presi-
   As CFT launches its spring signa-            should do well by our state.”                                                                                                       dent of the Los Angeles College Fac-
ture-gathering drive to place the Mil-             Rallies in four cities kicked off the                                                                                            ulty Guild, reported that L.A. drivers
lionaires Tax on the ballot, MoveOn.            signature-gathering campaign on                                                                                                     responded with enthusiastic honk-
org, the 5 million-member online                February 6. In Fresno, former United                                                                                                ing and hand waving, and “the over-
                                                                                                          ANA BEATRIZ CHOLO

advocacy group, asked its more than             Farm Workers leader Dolores Huerta                                                                                                  whelming majority of those waving
900,000 California members if they              told the crowd, “We must act now                                                                                                    hands featured all five fingers.”
support the measure.                            and lend our time and energy to put                                                                                                    In Costa Mesa, Kimberly Claytor,
   When an overwhelming 94 per-                 this Millionaires Tax on the ballot                                                                                                 president of the Newport-Mesa Fed-
                                                                                                                                                                                    eration of Teachers, estimated that
     How the Millionaires Tax will fund public services                                                                       and make sure everyone pays their                     20,000 commuters saw the banner.
                                                                                                                              fair share.”                                          When police ordered her to remove
                                                                                                                                 Coalition partners spoke at an                     the banner from the overpass, Claytor
                                                       Seniors, disabled, and                                                 adult education center slated for mas-                told the officers their pensions were
                                                       children’s services                                                    sive funding cuts in South Central Los                at risk from inadequate funding and
                                                                                                                              Angeles. In Oakland, the campaign                     attacks on public workers. The cops
                                                       First responders, firefighters,                                        rolled out its first “millionaire for the             nodded and left…without the banner.
                                       10%             and law enforcement                                                    Millionaires Tax,” Frank Jernigan.                                                                   — By CFT Staff
                                                                                                                                 Jernigan, a software engineer who
       36%   K-12 school districts                     Repair roads and bridges
        8%   Community Colleges
                                           5%                                                                                 worked for a Silicon Valley startup,                     TakeAction
        8%   CA State University system                                                                                       was vaulted overnight, as he put it,                     >Join the signature gathering now under-
                                                       Education*                                                             “from the 99 percent to the 1 percent,”
        8%   UC system               60%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            TOP: ANA BEATRIZ CHOLO

                                                                                                                                                                                       way. Obtain petitions from your local
                                                *The non-partisan Legislative Analyst’s Office notes                          when the company went public. But                        union leaders and learn more at
                                                 that revenue from the Millionaires Tax will be in                            he has not forgotten where he came                       To join the email list and watch popular
                                                 addition to the Prop 98 constitutional minimum
                                                 guarantee of funding for education.                                          from, and he called on his fellow 1                      videos, go to
             $6 to $9.5 billion

                                                                                                                                                                                 F E B R U A RY / M A R C H 2 0 1 2 C A L I F O R N I A T E A C H E R   3

Deceptive ballot proposition is another corporate power grab
Third statewide ballot measure in 14 years aims to silence workers and their unions
                                                                                                                     Em ad magnien imust, is moluptatur as eatem repro tecaestio. Sumquiatur as demporrunt.

THE LATEST IN A string of ballot                                                                                                                                     adheres to a libertarian philosophy
measures claiming to limit special                                                                                                                                   and opposes regulation and govern-
interest money in politics will appear                                                                                                                               ment interference. Yet the website
on the November ballot. This is yet                                            Big Corporations have enormous                                                        of Capaldi’s law firm makes note of
another attempt to deceive voters into
passing a law that benefits wealthy                                            influence over our government.                                                        his clout: “As an opinion leader and
                                                                                                                                                                     chairman emeritus of the Lincoln
corporate interests at the expense of                                                                                                                                Club of Orange County, he has had
workers and unions. It is nothing but a                                                                                                                              a major influence in Orange County,
corporate power grab, the kind Califor-                                                                                                                              Sacramento, and Washington, D.C.”
nia voters have already rejected twice                                                                                                                                  Anti-worker extremists, including
first in 1998 and again in 2005.                                                                                                                                     the Beltway’s no-tax ideologue Gro-
   This measure would limit the                                                                                                                                      ver Norquist, have sponsored similar
ability of local unions to help elect
education-friendly school board
                                                                              Now they want even more power.                                                         measures in dozens of states in the
                                                                                                                                                                     past. Their stated agenda is to dimin-
members and college trustees, and                                                                                                                                    ish worker rights, abolish organized
limit the CFT’s ability to participate                                                                                                                               labor, and privatize public educa-
in candidate campaigns and ballot                                                                                                                                    tion. They have tried passing similar
measures such as the Millionaires Tax.                                                                                                                               measures twice before in California.
   CFT has joined forces with a state-                                                                                                                               Voters soundly rejected the measures
wide coalition of unions fighting                                                                                                                                    both times.
to defeat this measure, one that the                                                                                                                                    If this measure were to pass, it
Long Beach Press Telegram called “…a                                       means strictly voluntary, requiring       to collect a portion of dues money              would effectively silence the voices of
phony veneer of fairness…one-sided                                         annual written consent.                   for political purposes, corporations            working people while giving corpora-
and biased.” Yet the measure’s pro-                                           A closer examination, however,         almost never use payroll deductions             tions free rein to influence the political
ponents have positioned the “Stop                                          reveals a giant loophole that allows      to support or oppose candidates or              system. The measure’s loophole would
Special Interest Money Now Act” as a                                       corporations to continue to make          ballot measures. Instead, they use              allow corporations to spend without
“simple, fair and balanced solution.”                                      unlimited political expenditures          their corporate profits, spending 15            any limits using a web of shadowy
   Proponents claim the measure                                            supporting or opposing candidates,        times as much as unions on politi-              front groups, big business associations,
bans contributions to candidates by                                        without restrictions, and unlimited       cal contributions, according to the             and corporate super PACs.
both unions and corporations, pro-                                         contributions to ballot measures.         Center for Responsive Politics. What’s             Unions would see their political
hibits both from collecting political                                         Here is how this ballot trick works.   more, the wealthy can just write a              funds dry up and the voice of work-
funds from members and employees                                           It would stop both corporations and       personal check.                                 ers fall silent in the public debate,
through voluntary payroll deduction,                                       unions from collecting political funds       This proposition would add a new             while corporate interests would con-
and makes all member or employee                                           through payroll deductions. But           requirement that even voluntary con-            tinue to spend unlimited money from
political contributions by any other                                       while unions use payroll deductions       tributions from employees must be               unnamed sources to conduct the new
                                                                                                                     accompanied by annual, written per-             one-sided “debate.” Corporations
                                                                                                                     mission to use the funds. For exam-
    The “Corporate Deception Act” threatens to:                                                                      ple, the use of a voluntary deduction
                                                                                                                                                                     would take control of the initiative
                                                                                                                                                                     process in California, placing their
    >Create a loophole that allows corporations to increase political spending
                                                                                                                     such as a contribution to your local            self-serving measures on the ballot,
    using their profits for unlimited expenditures to support or oppose candidates and                               union Committee on Political Educa-             and spending millions to convince
    ballot measures, even though corporations now spend 15 times more than unions                                    tion would require your written per-            voters to support them, while labor
    on political contributions.                                                                                      mission each year.                              organizations would be unable to
                                                                                                                        According to the Sacramento                  fight back.
    >Prohibit member-approved use of union dues for political campaigns,                                             Bee, the measure is the brainchild                 The proposition’s cynical backers
    ballot measures or independent expenditures, as well as direct contributions by                                  of Orange County conservatives, is              know this measure won’t curb cor-
    unions to political party committees and state and local candidates.                                             being bankrolled by wealthy conser-             porate influence on politics. What it
    >Make it illegal for unions to use payroll deduction to collect funds for                                        vatives, and was written by a partner           would do is make it impossible for
    political contributions, even though unions currently use payroll deductions as                                  in the law firm that represents the             workers to speak with a collective voice
    an accepted and practical way to compete with better-funded corporate interests.                                 California Republican Party. Other              to counterbalance corporate influence.
                                                                                                                     financial supporters are millionaires                            — By CFT and Coalition Staff
    >Require that even voluntary contributions from members must be                                                  associated with the extreme right-
    accompanied by annual, written permission to use the funds, creating                                             wing Lincoln Club of Orange County.               On the Web
    impractical and unnecessary paperwork each year.                                                                    Newport Beach attorney Michael
                                                                                                                                                                       >To learn more and download materials,
    >Silence the voice of workers, but not that of corporations.                                                     Capaldi, one of the main propo-
                                                                                                                                                                       go to
                                                                                                                     nents of the measure, told the Bee he

4   C A L I F O R N I A T E A C H E R F E B R U A RY / M A R C H 2 0 1 2

Local organizer preps for fall elections, takes on financial giant
Peralta Federation challenges Morgan Stanley to share bailout windfall with district

JANELL HAMPTON RARELY slows                  by the Peralta district.                             SEIU, Local 1021, the union represent-                           and labor rights values,” Hampton
down as she goes about connecting               When interest rates were rising,                  ing campus staff. The union leaders                              says. The local is working on build-
faculty, students, staff, unions, and        the district bought into interest rate               requested that Morgan Stanley “drop                              ing a stronger Committee on Politi-
community groups. The political              swaps, switching from adjustable                     the swap” and return the district bonds                          cal Education, or COPE, to elect local
organizer for the 1000-member Per-           to fixed interest to protect against                 to a variable interest rate.                                     candidates to the Board of Trustees,
alta Federation of Teachers is pull-         fluctuating variable rates. But when                   The union got thousands of stu-                                pass a potential parcel tax, elect CFT-
ing together people with a long-term         the banks failed and variable inter-                 dents involved, signing petitions that                           endorsed candidates to the state Leg-
vision for improving public educa-           est rates dropped to nearly zero, the                looked like valentines and writing                               islature and qualify the Millionaires
tion. She calls                                                                                                                                                    Tax for the November state ballot.
her work “the                                                                                                                                                         “Working on the Millionaires Tax
perfect oppor-                                                                                                                                                     is of utmost importance,” Hampton
tunity to impact                                                                                                                                                   explains. “It’s the only tax initiative that
the world in a                                                                                                                                                     takes money from the 1 percent rather
way other than                                                                                                                                                     than asking for some regressive sales
teaching.”                                                                                                                                                         tax that will require everyone to pay.”
   Hampton car-                                                                                                                                                       The Millionaires Tax would require
ries a .75 FTE                                                                                                                                                     those making more than $1 million a
load teaching                                                                                                                                                      year in personal income to pay their
English at two                                                                                                                                                     fair share in taxes, raising an esti-
colleges including Laney College in                                                                                                                                mated $6 billion a year for schools
Oakland, one of four campuses in                                                                                                                                   (early childhood, K-12 and higher
the Peralta Community College Dis-                                                                                                                                 education), seniors, children’s and
trict. During the past 14 years, she                                                                                                                               disabled services, public safety, and
has worked concurrently for multiple                                                                                                                               rebuilding roads and bridges.
college districts, feeling “rootless”                                                                                                                                 Hampton’s boundless organizing
because she didn’t belong to any sin-                                                                                                                              energy is rooted in her conviction
gle campus community.                                                                                                                                              that union work brings good work-
   “I became a teacher to make the                                                                                                                                 ing conditions and livable wages. She
world a better place, but I wasn’t feel-                                                                                                                           believes this is the path out of today’s
                                                                                                                                                    MINDY PINES
ing fulfilled until I got involved in the                                                                                                                          economic and political crisis.
union.” Hampton served the Peralta                                                                                                                                    For years, Hampton heard college
Federation as an elected officer and         Part-tme English instructor Janell Hampton collects petitions seeking financial relief for district.                  administrators “sadly explain how
representative before becoming an                                                                                                                                  we have less and less money from
organizer under a grant from the CFT         Peralta district was left to pay a fixed             about how the interest swap nega-                                the district and the state. In every
program, Political Leaders United to         interest rate much higher than if it                 tively impacts their lives. On February                          forum or town hall meeting,” she
Create Change, or PLUCC. Now she             had kept the variable rate.                          14, the coalition presented the valen-                           says, “one question kept coming up
                                                                                                  tine petitions to Morgan Stanley rep-                            from all invested parties: ‘How do we
 “Working on the Millionaires Tax is of utmost importance.                                        resentatives who were meeting with                               connect?’”
                                                                                                  district officials.                                                 Hampton is one political orga-
 It’s the only tax initiative that takes money from the 1                                            Organizing around the Morgan                                  nizer who is poised to create that
 percent rather than asking for some regressive sales tax                                         Stanley issue is part of a larger effort.                        connection.
                                                                                                  “We want to get people into office                                                    — By Mindy Pines, CFT Reporter
 that will require everyone to pay.”                                                              who share our student-centered
                              —Janell Hampton, Peralta Federation of Teachers

works more than 20 hours a week for             Morgan Stanley got the govern-                       About CFT political organizing grants
the union.                                   ment bailout, but the public got
   Since November, Hampton has                                                                       POLITICAL LEADERS UNITED TO CREATE CHANGE is a CFT program that
                                             nothing, Hampton exclaims. “With
helped build a student, faculty, staff,                                                              has awarded grants to 12 local unions allowing them to hire political organizers. The
                                             all its PR about supporting educa-
and union coalition that works to                                                                    program is one component of the larger Strategic Campaign Initiative, a CFT plan to
                                             tion and at-risk youth, Morgan Stan-
save the district millions of dollars,                                                               build political organizing experience and power in local unions. The initiative also
                                             ley should pass on its break, starting
money that can restore classes and           right here in the Peralta district.”                    includes coalition building with community groups, regional area councils for CFT local
services. The coalition is asking finan-                                                             unions to join forces, organizing campaigns to bring new members into the Federation,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           TOP: MIKE PARKER

                                                Peralta President Matthew Gold-
cial giant Morgan Stanley to cancel          stein drafted a letter to Morgan Stanley,               and training to inspire and activate members. Applications from local unions for the next
interest rate swaps on bonds issued          also signed by the chapter president of                 round of PLUCC grants are due in April.

                                                                                                                                                                  F E B R U A RY / M A R C H 2 0 1 2 C A L I F O R N I A T E A C H E R 5
                                IN THE STATE

                                                                           CFT sponsors ten bills in new legislative session
                                                                                                                                                                                Limit full-time faculty overload
                                  MEMBERS IDEAS for union-sponsored legislation come from a number of sources including governance meetings                                     AB 1826 (Roger Hernández, D-West Covina)
                                  and resolutions at CFT Convention. When the CFT adopts a sponsored bill program, the union’s lobbyists work to secure                         Limits the amount of excess work a faculty
                                  legislators to author the bills, and shepherd the bills through the legislative process to the governor’s desk. Following is                  member can be assigned to 50 percent, help-
                                  the list of CFT-sponsored bills for the coming legislative year.                                                                              ing to ensure quality instruction and protect-
                                                                                                                                                                                ing part-time faculty members from losing
                                                                                                                                                                                income and eligibility for health benefits. Local
                                                                           Abolish California Standards Test                  Increase death benefit                            collective bargaining contracts that contain a
                                                                           for second-graders                                 AB 2606 (Mendoza, D-Artesia)                      lower cap on overload will not be affected.
                                                                           SB 740 (Hancock, D-Berkeley)                       When fully developed, will contain a graduated
K-12 EDUCATION                                                             Excludes pupils in grade two from the stan-        death benefit increase for the beneficiaries of
Make kindergarten compulsory                                                                                                  classified employee members of CalPERS.           RETIREMENT
                                                                           dards-based achievement test requirement.
AB 2203 (V. Manuel Pérez, D-Coachella)                                     Requires the State Department of Education                                                           Elect retiree member of CalSTRS Board
Makes attendance in kindergarten compul-                                   to identify and make available to school           COMMUNITY COLLEGE                                 AB 1101 (Eng, D-Monterey Park)
sory, rather than optional, for all California                             districts information regarding existing assess-   Mandate rehire rights for part-time               Requires the member of the CalSTRS Board
children.                                                                  ments in language arts and mathematics             faculty                                           who represents retirees to be elected by
                                                                           for pupils in grade two for diagnostic use by      AB 852 (Fong, D-Cupertino)                        retired members of CalSTRS rather than
Fully implement Visual and Performing                                      classroom teachers.                                Provides that each part-time community            appointed by the governor.
Arts Content Standards                                                                                                        college faculty member have a right of first
AB 2361 (Pan, D-Sacramento)                                                CLASSIFIED                                         refusal for teaching assignments in his or her    Promote fair retirement for charter
Will encourage schools to include the follow-                              Implement fair work rules for                      faculty service area, subject to any greater      employees
ing visual and performing arts data in the Stu-                            non-academic employees                             rights provided in a collective bargaining        AB 1819 (Ammiano, D-San Francisco)
dent Accountability Report Card: the number                                AB 2236 (Hueso, D-Chula Vista)                     agreement or otherwise provided by a district.    When fully developed, will require that Cal-
of visual and performing arts classes offered in                           Provides statutory wage and hour protections                                                         STRS and CalPERS retirement benefits be
the district at school sites; the amount of time                           that existing law denies to non-academic           Promote retirement equity for                     made available to charter school employees.
devoted to visual and performing arts instruc-                             hourly employees who are excluded from             part-timers
tion; the number of pupils enrolled in visual                              the classified service and who work in public      SB 114 (Yee, D-San Francisco)                      On the Web
and performing arts classes; and the number                                schools and community colleges. Such protec-       Addresses problems and inconsistencies that
of full-time equivalent teaching positions in                              tions — rest breaks, lunch breaks and over-                                                           >To learn more about CFT-sponsored bills,
                                                                                                                              occur when community college districts calcu-
the visual and performing arts.                                            time rights — mirror those provided to private     late and report the service credit of part-time    go to>Resources>Legislative.
                                                                           sector workers.                                    faculty members to CalSTRS.

Governor tries to solve budget shortfall by tax initiative and cuts
Schools and colleges won’t see any new funds even though Proposition 98 grows

WHILE CFT’S MILLIONAIRES Tax                                               directly to districts and colleges.                                                                  tion, the governor does not add new
aims to eliminate further cuts and                                            Under the governor’s proposal,                                                                    dollars to the mix; he simply redistrib-
produce a permanent revenue stream,                                        Proposition 98 funding would grow,                                                                   utes the current inadequate funding.
Gov. Brown addresses a $9.2 billion                                        but education will not see the new                                                                      Community colleges will see
shortfall in the 2012-13 budget by                                         monies. In his proposal, the new dol-                                                                restrictions eased on categorical dol-
proposing even more cuts and ask-                                          lars supplant current general fund                                                                   lars in the governor’s budget. They
ing voters to pass a tax initiative that                                   money being spent on education. To                 THE STATE BUDGET                                  might see new funding in future years
would temporarily raise state sales tax                                    achieve that, Brown would establish                                                                  if the governor’s initiative passes. The
by half a cent and increase income                                         an Education Protection Fund where                 dent formula,” to be phased in over               catch is that to obtain the funding, col-
taxes on Californians making more                                          new dollars would be deposited to                  the next six years.                               leges must meet “improvements in
than $250,000.                                                             pay for education expenses formerly                   The governor would add a new                   specific accountability metrics, such
   If the governor’s measure passes, it                                    paid by the state’s general fund. This             factor for students who are Eng-                  as graduation rates, time to comple-
will provide no new money for edu-                                         maintains current inadequate fund-                 lish learners or eligible for free and            tion, transfer students enrolled, faculty
cation. If it fails, there will be more                                    ing but provides no funds to restore               reduced lunches, pool general pur-                teaching workload, successful credit
significant cuts. K-14 education will                                      programs or establish new ones.                    pose and most categorical funds, and              and basic skills course completion.”
be cut by $4.9 billion — a loss of                                            For K-12 education, the governor                redistribute the money to districts                  In summary, this is another problem-
about $370 per K-12 student and mil-                                       wants to see a new simplified way to               on a per-student basis. Districts with            atic budget proposal that offers some
lions more to community colleges                                           fund schools. Recognizing it costs                 large concentrations of these students            solutions, but no resolution for our
and universities. By comparison, the                                       more to educate some students than                 would get additional funding.                     resource-starved schools and colleges.
Millionaires Tax funnels new dollars                                       others, he proposes a “weighted stu-                  While this is a step in the right direc-              — By Patty Cox, CFT Research Specialist

6   C A L I F O R N I A T E A C H E R F E B R U A RY / M A R C H 2 0 1 2
                                                                                                                                                              Newport-Mesa’s Dave Brees touts
                                                                                                                                                              the retiree chapter newsletter.

               New retiree chapters offer social connection, wield political clout
               Expertise of post-career members brings valuable asset to mid-size locals unions

               ALTHOUGH IT BEGAN as a social                    and buttons, circulate information                    “We lost so many, building reps                           Action in new chapters
               group, the recently chartered retiree            by email, and publish an informative               even, that we realized we needed a
               chapter of the ABC Federation of                 newsletter edited by the former editor             retiree chapter,” explained member                            San Jose/Evergreen-Retired, chartered
               Teachers has become increasingly                 of the local newsletter.                                                                                         in 2007, hosts regular social activities,
                                                                                                                   Dave Brees. “I came aboard in 2001
                                                                                                                                                                                 is busy politically, and strives to keep its
               political, says its president, Gayle                ABC-Retired wanted to be a char-                and dues were only $20 a year. Now
                                                                                                                                                                                 membership well informed. President Bill
               Pekrul. “Many retirees are not inter-            tered AFT affiliate to gain support                they are $40, but all that money stays                        Jacobs says the chapter’s 100 retirees
               ested in just being social — they want           from CFT and AFT. It wanted to send                local. We don’t have to pay per caps to                       have worked phone banks and canvassed
               to be involved in the issues.”                   its own delegates to CFT Convention.               CFT and AFT, but we have represen-                            neighborhoods in past elections in col-
                                                                       Retirees who substitute teach               tation at CFT and AFT Conventions,                            laboration with the central labor council.
                                                                       wanted the benefit of the AFT               and the Orange County Labor Federa-                           The retirees stay in close touch with their
                                                                       liability insurance. And because            tion, so we are involved.”                                    parent local and are planning a “full-court
                                                                       the AFT pays dues to the AFL-                  Another reason Newport-Mesa                                press” in the coming election.
                                                                       CIO’s Alliance for Retired                  retirees join has to do with the dis-                         Salinas Valley-Retired, chartered in
                                                                                                                                                                                 2009, has 200 retirees on its mailing list
                                                                                                                                                                                 and 50 paid members in the chapter. Even

                                                                                                                                                                  DAVE BREES
                                                                                                                                                                                 though Co-President Cynthia Suverkrop
                                                                                                                                                                                 describes the chapter as “apolitical in
                                                                                                                                                                                 nature,” their recent luncheon meeting

                                                                                                                                                                                 focused on the supercharged issues of
                                                                                                                                                                                 Medicare and healthcare reform.
               ABC-Retired leader Gayle Pekrul and editor
               Steve Harris helped launch the chapter.
                                                                                                                                                                       each other. From Saturday to Sunday,
                 ABC-Retired is one of several new                                                                                                                     the chapter turned out 100 retirees to
               retiree chapters in the CFT. Once                                                                                                                       picket the board and successfully fight
               found mostly in larger locals, retiree                                                                                                                  back the proposal. Now one retiree
               chapters are sprouting up in small                                                                                                                      who writes for Newport Beach Patch
               to mid-size local unions too. ABC-                                                                                                                      wants fellow retirees to occupy the
               Retired started in 2010 with 20 retir-                                                                                                                  school board.
               ees and has already grown to 50. “It’s                                                                                                                     Newport-Mesa-Retired also works
               exciting to see new faces,” says Pekrul,                                                                                                                closely with its parent local. Each
               “and they are not just people I’ve                                                                                                                      August, the retirees hold an organi-
               known during my working years.”                                                                                                                                              zational meeting

                                                                                                                                                                                                        SHA RON BEA LS
                  In November, the chapter worked                                                                                                                                           where the president
               phone banks for a successful school               Newport-Mesa President Kimberly Claytor talks to retirees at fall luncheon.                                               of the parent local
               board election. “Not only do we retir-                                                                                                                                      presents the state of
               ees have more time,” Pekrul explains,             Americans, the retirees have a voice              trict’s health ben-                                                     the union.
               “but we’ve done it before. Our mem-               in national retirement issues.                    efits committee.                                                           During elections,
               bers also go into their communities                                                                 The union has                                                          retirees distribute
               and are involved in other groups.”                PARTICIPATION IN THE Newport-                     four seats on the                                                      literature and help
                 The ABC parent union provides                   Mesa Federation retiree chapter took              committee and                                                          phone bank. It partici-
               support to the retiree chapter, start-            off in 1998 when an exodus of teachers retirees get one.                                                                 pates in the California
               ing with $8000 seed money, an office              retired after CFT helped win improved Brees has held                        Newport-Mesa retiree del                     Alliance for Retired
               in the local union office, and use of             CalSTRS pensions. The chapter was                 the seat since                                      egates cast       Americans, continues
                                                                                                                                             their votes at CFT Conven
               the photocopier. They have letterhead             formally chartered in 1999.                       1986. The presi-                                                      to communicate by
                                                                                                                   dent of Newport-Mesa-Retired, for-                  email and publishes a newsletter. The
                 How to charter a retiree chapter with AFT                                                         mer local president Phyllis Pipes, says             recent issue published results of a sur-
                                                                                                                   the 155-member chapter is mostly                    vey that asked retired teachers what
                 AFT MEMBERS ARE GRANTED lifelong membership as soon as their local union
                                                                                                                   social, “but when you mess with                     they do with their time: The responses
                 updates his or her status from “working” to “” in its membership reports to
                                                                                                                   health benefits or pensions, that’s the             contained dozens of volunteer and
                 AFT. Retirees receive publications from AFT and CFT and can sign up for an e-newsletter
                                                                                                                   sort of thing that gets us riled up.”               political activities. Brees concludes,
                                                                                                                      That happened a few years ago when “As retirees, we do have time, but we
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      TOP: JANE HUNDERTMARK

                    Across the country, AFT has chartered more than 100 retiree chapters. AFT publishes a
                                                                                                                   the school board changed the level of               are kind of protective of it, so be care-
                 helpful guide to starting a retiree chapter and also offers a three-day, all-expenses-paid
                                                                                                                   benefits. Overnight one retiree estab-              ful what you ask us to do.”
                 orientation in Washington D.C., to make setting up a chapter as painless as possible.
                                                                                                                   lished a Yahoo group so members were                      — By Malcolm Terence, CFT Reporter and
                 >To learn more about starting a retiree chapter, email                                                                                       Jane Hundertmark, Publications Director
                                                                                                                   in instantaneous communication with

                                                                                                                                                                           F E B R U A RY / M A R C H 2 0 1 2 C A L I F O R N I A T E A C H E R   7
                              President Dennis
                              United Educators of San Fra itch.
                                               Kelly with Rav
                                                                                               What Matters
                                                                                                        Diane Ravitch and Pasi Sahlberg spoke at events hosted by United Educators of San Francisco

                          DIANE RAVITCH inspired hundreds
                                                                                                      American Education
                          of educators as she took to task cor-
                          porate reformers and privatizers with
                          their miracle cures for our schools
                          and false claims about achievement                                                                                                                                                get that tests measure student perfor-

                                                                                                                                                                                           SCOTT BUSCHMAN
                          and teachers.                                                                                                                                                                     mance, not teacher performance.
                                                                                                                                                             Reknowned education
                            An outspoken analyst, education                                                                                                  advocate Diane Ravitch                         Tests should always be used for the
                          historian, and research professor,                                                                                                 is a one-woman clearing-                       purpose for which they are designed.
                          Ravitch spoke onstage at San Francis-                                                                                              house of the best progres-
                                                                                                                                                             sive ideas for education in
                          co’s Herbst Theater on January 18.                                                                                                                                                Merit pay This is the idea that never
                                                                                                                                                             the United States.
                            In the words of Diane Ravitch…                                                                                                                                                  works and never dies. Studies by the
                                                                                                                                                                                                            National Center on Performance
                          Corporate reformers Why are we                                                                                                                                                    Incentives show that when districts
                          closing public schools and replacing                                                                                                                                              tried increasing merit pay, it didn‘t
                          them with private management? They                                                                                                                                                work. When larger bonuses were
                          call themselves reformers, but they                                                                                                                                               offered to one group rather than
                          are really corporate reformers. They                                                                                                                                              another within the same district,
                          don’t talk about providing warm and                                                                                                                                               it didn‘t matter. Merit pay doesn’t
                          exciting places for students, but rather                                                                                                                                          work because schools are collabora-
                          how to cut costs. They want schools                                                                                                                                               tive places. The work of the math
                          to follow a business model, not one                                                                                                                                               teacher affects the work of the Eng-
                          of public service. Public schools are a                                                                                                                                           lish teacher. Merit pay replaces the
                          public good, like parks and police. We                                                                                                                                            interest of “we” with the interest of
                          should not close and open them as if                                                                                                                                              “me.” Teachers don’t want to work
                          they were shoe stores.                                                                                                                                                            against each other; they want to work
                                                                                                                                                                                                            as a team.
                          Testing There’s no way to have “no
                          child left behind” in standardized test-                                                                                                                                          Professional respect & unions Cor-
                          ing: Half are on the bottom, half on
                          top. Students will learn test-taking
                                                                                                                         Diane Ravitch                                                                      porate reformers want to destroy edu-
                                                                                                                                                                                                            cation unions. If they can silence the
                          tricks. Who is going to hire someone                                                                                                                                              unions, they can remove teachers’
                          to take standardized tests? It’s not a                                      Accountability There is no account-        vouchers, get no better scores than                        voices and proceed without any oppo-
                          valuable skill. The most important                                          ability for the Legislature, only teach-   those in Louisiana or Georgia.                             sition. Massachusetts, Connecticut,
                          outcomes of education can’t be mea-                                         ers. The testing and accountability we                                                                and New Jersey are strongly union-
                          sured: love of learning, character, com-                                    hear about every day are status quo.       Charter schools The evidence shows                         ized and the highest performing states
                          passion, courage, integrity, asking the                                     The status quo has failed.                 that most charter schools do no bet-                       in the United States. The lowest per-
                          right question, and civic responsibility.                                                                              ter on test scores. Very few can claim                     forming states are in the South where
                                                                                                      Race to the Top RTTT is NCLB 2.0.          to close the achievement gap. Those                        unionization is the lowest.
                          Poverty The influence of family                                             Race to the top of what? Education         that do keep out low-scoring students                         Corporate reformers view parents
                          income dwarfs that of teacher and                                           is a right, not a race. A race has one     and have high staff turnover.                              as consumers, students as products
                          school. Poverty is the root of low per-                                     winner and a lot of losers. That is not       About 80 percent of charter schools                     and teaching as a job, not a profession.

                          formance. Family income is the most                                         what we want for our children.             are non-union. Right-wing reform-                          They think anyone can teach. Corpo-
                          reliable predictor of test scores. We                                                                                  ers count on big foundations, like                         rate reform will implode in five years;
                          lead the world in child poverty. More                                       Vouchers There has been a voucher          Gates, Broad, and Walton, with                             there is just no evidence it can succeed.
                          than 27 percent of our children live in                                     experiment in Milwaukee now for 21         huge amounts of money to promote
                          poverty, behind Mexico and Turkey.                                          years. There has been no improve-          vouchers and charters because they                         Be loud We must speak out. Silence
                                              This is a scandal                                       ment in performance in those 21            want to destroy teacher unions. Their                      equals complicity. Organize, agitate,
                                              — it should be on                                       years. Now we know, looking at             free market model produces winners                         demonstrate. Write to newspapers,
                                              the front pages of                                      National Assessment of Educational         and losers, never equality.                                use social media, bring politicians to
                                              the newspapers                                          Progress, that black students in                                                                      classrooms, run for the school board,
                                              every day.                                              Milwaukee, the recipients of the           Achievement gap Washington D.C.                            engage in direct action. The other
                                                                                                                                                 has a 60-point gap in achievement, the                     side will always have more money,
                                                             DIANE RAVITCH is the author of The Death and Life of the Great                      largest in the United States. Michelle                     but an informed public will not toler-
                                                             American School System: How Testing and Choice Are Undermining                      Rhee couldn’t fix it. The reformers                        ate the abandonment of public edu-
                                                             Education.>To learn more, go to, like her on                       believe in carrots and sticks that are                     cation, or allow the privatization of
                                                             Facebook (Diane Ravitch) and follow her on Twitter @DianeRavitch.                   always tied to test scores. They for-                      the schools that belong to all.

                          8    C A L I F O R N I A T E A C H E R F E B R U A RY / M A R C H 2 0 1 2
                                                                                                                                                                Educators were moved by what
                                                                                                                                                                they heard from Pasi Sahlberg.

and co-sponsored by CFT and CTA                             Reported by Mindy Pines, CFT Reporter and Jane Hundertmark, CFT Publications Director

     PASI SAHLBERG noted interna-
                                                      Finnish Education
     tional education activist, described on
     February 17 how Finland has revolu-
     tionized public education by focusing
     on support and respect for educators                                                                                                                tongue with a teacher who speaks

                                                                                                                                          SHARON BEALS
     and de-emphasizing testing. Finland                                                                                                                 their language. Schools with more
     has created the highest performing                                                                                                                  immigrants get extra money to hire
     education system in the world.                                                                                                                      more assistant teachers.
        In the words of Pasi Sahlberg…
                                                                                                                                                         Competition to teach Teaching is the
     Overcoming poverty We had a lot                                                                                                                     leading area of desired study. To get
     of poverty just 30 to 40 years ago but                                                                                                              into primary school education, you
     we have been able to transform our                                                                                                                  have be good in music, sing, be good
     country. Equal education opportu-                                                                                                                   in sports, and be academically very
     nities are very important in Finland,                                                                                                               strong. Then you will be invited to be
     American ideals going back to Jef-                                                                                                                  a student of education. Every year we
     ferson. We use these great American                                                                                                                 have 6000 to 7000 applicants for pri-
     ideas to benefit everyone, but imple-                                                                                                               mary teacher, mostly women. Only
     ment them in a different way. You can                                                                                                               10 percent are accepted. Each has a
     have high performance and wide-                                                                                                                     masters degree. Very few people leave
                                                     Author Pasi Sahlberg is
     spread equity at the same time, but it          the Director General of the                                                                         teaching. There is not a significant
     requires a different way of thinking.           Centre for International                                                                            gap between teacher salaries and oth-
                                                     Mobility and Cooperation.                                                                           ers with comparable degrees.
                                                     He travels the world shar-
     Free education for all Education is
                                                     ing the secrets of Finland’s
     considered a basic human right. All             education success.                                                                                  One strong union We have one very
     Finnish schools are publicly funded.                                                                                                                strong union for teachers, the Trade
     We have no charters. We have no pri-                                                                                                                Union of Education in Finland. More
     vate schools. It is against the law to                                                                                                              than 95 percent belong to the union;
     charge fees for education in my coun-
     try. We have the smallest variation
                                                                        Pasi Sahlberg                                                                    principals and district superintendents
                                                                                                                                                         belong as well. Without the union, we
     between schools of any country in the                                                                                                               really cannot implement anything. Its
     world. That means parents never sit at      own curriculum. One third of Finn-          ing. It is not remembering things, but                      role is securing and protecting rights
     the dining room table and talk about        ish students are in special education,      creativity that will bring innovation                       of teachers, and providing professional
     school choice. They know that the           so special education is not special         to our nation.                                              development for teachers. It’s a very
     school in their neighborhood is good.       anymore. We do not grade any stu-                                                                       important part of the system.
                                                 dents before the fifth grade.               Localized assessment We do a lot
     Cradle to university care Every fam-                                                    of assessment but it is mostly done                         Progressive taxation There is a mis-
     ily has a right to municipal day care       Creative learning Finland has the           by schools and teachers themselves.                         conception that we have extremely
     for a 0-6 year old. There is one year       least number of instructional hours         We don’t believe standardized test-                         high taxation. We have a progressive
     of preschool at age 6. Compulsory           of all countries. We have less time         ing will improve education. The less                        taxation. If your income is high, then
     school starts at age 7. Children stay       to teach and more time to cooper-           we test our students, the more they                         you pay more taxes. The corporate
     in school nine years. High school has       ate with other teachers. Every school       learn. Our whole testing budget is $1                       tax payment is 26 percent.
                                                 has a nurse, psychologist, and doctor.      million and we spend $70 million on

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              TOP: SHARON BEALS
     academic and vocational streams.
     Students study 14 or 15 different sub-      A new law says every student has to         professional development.                                   Education is not political Education
     jects. At age 16, students are free to do   go through a comprehensive medical                                                                      is never an issue in elections. No can-
     what they want. We provide 65 per-          check, including dental care.               Learning and immigrants Finland                             didates mention education, except
     cent of our students free university.          Children have a right to recess. The     was homogeneous until 15 years ago.                         to say that educa-
                                                 law says instruction is 60 minutes, but     For immigrant students, there is one                        tion and health-
     Personalized education Early edu-           15 minutes has to be recess. Rain or        year of orientation. They study the                         care will remain a
     cation is very informal; we believe in      shine, children go outside between          Finnish language intensively, but they                      human right for
     play and music and joy. Finns believe       lessons. They take their shoes off in       study all subjects in their mother                          everyone.
     that every child is different, that we      the classroom. Finns take their shoes
     all learn at a different pace. We don’t     off at home and the classroom is like          PASI SAHLBERG is the author of Finnish Lessons: What can the
     have grade level standards. We don’t        their home. We are increasing time             world learn from educational change in Finland? To learn more, go
     have national standards and every           for music, drama and arts, and taking          to and, and follow him on
     school is responsible for planning its      away from subjects like math and read-         Twitter @pasi_sahlberg

                                                                                                                                                   F E B R U A RY / M A R C H 2 0 1 2 C A L I F O R N I A T E A C H E R   9
                                                                                   DAVID BACON
                                                                                                     Book Review
                     Trampling Out the Vintage offers unique insight into UFW

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  WALTER P REUTHER LIBRARY, WAYNE STATE UNIVERSITY

                                                                                                          CFT member Frank Bardacke writes worker-
                                                                                                          oriented opus that tells behind-the-scenes
                                                                                                          story of the United Farm Workers Union

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Numerous story strands fill the epic
                                                                                                                                                                                                 history of farm labor struggle that
                                                                                                                                                                                                 many of us lived through, worked in,
                                                                                                                                                                                                 and supported: the various incarna-

                     he subtitle “The Two Souls of                                                                                                                                               tions of UFW periodical El Malcri-
                     the United Farmworkers Union”                                                                                                                                               ado; the creation of the Agricultural
                     foretells what Frank Bardacke                                                                                                                                               Labor Relations Act and Board with
               will reveal in Trampling Out the Vin-                                                                                                                                             all its permutations and opportun-
                                                                                            DAVID BACON

               tage. Though a carefully researched                                                                                                                                               ism; the lack of effective non-violence
               telling of the story, this book is not                                                                                                                                            training in the UFW; the internal and
               just one more history of the United                                                                                                                                               public challenges Chavez faced in
               Farm Workers. It is different from                                                            Spending nearly 40 years in the         as much standing as farm laborers in        accepting a human rights award from
               other efforts because it makes the                                                         verdant Pajaro Valley, Bardacke also       the fields. Cesar Chavez built a power      Philippines President Ferdinand Mar-
               actions of farm laborers central to                                                        became an astute analyst of the politi-    base outside of farm labor into the         cos at the height of the Marcos dicta-
               that history.                                                                              cal economy of agriculture. The book       core structure of the UFW.                  torship; and how waves of UFW key
                  The UFW has been scrutinized                                                            takes on the first grape strikes, the         Several practices, well footnoted by     players were demoted and expelled.
               recently but no writer approaches                                                          work of AWOC, and the National             Bardacke, may be shocking to UFW               The excavation of farm laborer
               the breadth and depth that Bardacke                                                        Farmworkers Association from which         supporters. One is the “Campaign            voices, from the Pajaro Valley, the
               achieves in Trampling Out the Vintage.                                                     Cesar Chavez emerged.                      Against Illegals,” a UFW attempt to         Salinas Valley, the San Joaquin Valley
               Bardacke is a careful observer of work                                                        Chavez, his history, predispositions,   block undocumented workers from             and the Imperial Valley, are central to
               culture and practices. In the 1970s, I                                                     ideologies, and behaviors are fairly                                  entering the     this retelling. Trampling Out the Vin-
               was a student at UC Santa Cruz taking                                                      described. He was a complex figure                                    agricultural     tage should be read for its recounting
               his class “The Political History of Cal-                                                   with a background in community                                         markets of      of the workers’ stories, their cultures
               ifornia Agriculture” while he was in                                                       organizing and a distrust of exter-                                    California      and craft — not merely for filling out
               the midst of his seven-year sojourn in                                                     nal allies. His mission and passion
               the canneries and fields of the Pajaro                                                     are not slighted, yet any illusions of
               Valley. In class, Bardacke was specific                                                    saintliness evaporate with the turn-                                     Trampling Out the Vintage: Cesar Chavez and
               and meticulous in reviewing work                                                                                                                                    the Two Souls of the United Farm Workers
                                                                                                          ing of these pages, which is a story of
                                                                                                                                                                                   By Frank Bardacke
               practices of farm laborers.                                                                workers woven into the complex and                                       Verso Press, November 2011
                  Bardacke went on to teach at the                                                        treacherous politics of agribusiness,                          
               Watsonville/Aptos Adult School for the                                                     mediated by an organization in which
               next 25 years and serve as site represen-                                                  farmworkers had limited influence.
               tative for the Pajaro Valley Federation                                                    Volunteers in a UFW boycott office,
               of Teachers. He is now retired.                                                            with only six months experience, had                                                   the shadow of the “other soul” of the
                                                                                                                                                     and Arizona by using physical vio-          UFW — the iconic Cesar Chavez.
                                                                                                                                                     lence to intimidate workers.                   Trampling Out the Vintage is also
                   Classroom Resources Cesar Chavez Day and Labor History Week                                                                          The book recounts the history of         notable for its view of working class
                                                                                                                                                     the Salinas Valley ranch committees,        democracy and the need for strong
                    EDUCATE YOUR STUDENTS about the labor movement! Go to (and click                                                         their efforts to build on the strength      base organization in labor unions and
                    on Committees) to find a lesson plan from the CFT Labor in the Schools Committee for                                             of the workers, and their struggle          movements. There is much to learn
                    Cesar Chavez Day on March 31, and Labor History Week, April 1-7. Go to farmworker-                                               to affirm the strike as a weapon. It        about, to grieve, and to celebrate in
          , the Farmworker Documentation Project, another important source for                                                  describes the public confrontation          this opus written by our union col-
                    information on the UFW and the many who dedicated their lives to the union. For in-                                              where the ranch committees were vic-        league Frank Bardacke.
                    depth study, go to, the Labor Archive and Research Center at San                                                torious in forcing Chavez and UFW            — By Tom Edminster, Chair of the CFT Labor in
                    Francisco State University, where Frank Bardacke donated much of his historical material.                                        leaders to back off attempts to under-               the Schools Committee and member
                                                                                                                                                     cut strike efforts in favor of boycotts.             of United Educators of San Francisco

               10   C A L I F O R N I A T E A C H E R F E B R U A RY / M A R C H 2 0 1 2
                                                            Secretary Treasurer Jeff                                                                                                    Novato Federation members
                                                            Freitas leads a two-day                                                                                                     with conference speaker AFT
                                                       treasurer training at the CFT                                                                                                    President Randi Weingarten,
                                                            Leadership Conference.                                                                                                      second from right.

Around CFT
Minard retires from CFT career, Kurre hired as new training director                                                                                           Mark your Calendar
                                                                                                                                                                The AFT National Higher Education
JULIEN MINARD is retiring from                   founded the first Western States Union              years. Most recently she has been a                        Issues Conference will be held
“the union that I treasure,” she says,           Leadership Institute at Santa Cruz.                 consultant to labor unions and non-                        March 30-April 1 at the Sheraton
after a rich history with the CFT, as a              Minard left CFT for 10 years,                   profits on strategic planning, cam-                        Chicago Hotel & Towers. Learn more
teacher, member, leader, and staffer.            taught part-time at the Labor Educa-                paign development, and leadership                          at
   Minard joined the AFT in 1967 as a            tion and Research Center at the Uni-                training programs.                                         Honor farmworkers. Celebrate Cesar
young high school teacher in Glendale.           versity of Oregon, and worked as a                     In her work for a large healthcare                      Chavez Day on March 31 and for
Later teaching in the ABC Unified                mediator with the city of Portland.                 union, United Healthcare Work-                             Labor History Week April 1-7.
School District,                                 She returned to CFT in 1999, became                                      ers-West, Kurre
she became a                                     training director two years later, and                                   directed the                          The annual CFT Convention will be
charter member                                   has since has hosted the annual Lead-                                    union’s Educa-                        held April 13-15 at The Fairmont
of the ABC Fed-                                                                                                           tion Depart-                          San Jose. On Friday morning, join the
                                                 ership Training conference, launched
eration of Teach-                                                                                                                                               One-Mile March for Fairness. See story
                                                 the CFT Leadership Institute, and                                        ment. Prior to
                                                                                                                                                                below to learn more.
ers, a building                                  held countless trainings for local                                       that position, she
representative,                                  unions and CFT.                                                          worked in higher                      The annual AFT Paraprofessional
vice president and                                  “It has been an honor to write CFT                                    education at the                      and School-Related Personnel
president of the       Julien Minard                                                                 Laura Kurre           UC Berkeley                          Conference will be held April 19-22
                                                 before the words field rep or training
local, and a CFT vice president.                 director,” Minard says. “I truly believe            Labor Occupational Health Program,                         at the Marriott Wardman Park,
   In 1978, Minard went to work as a             I have had the greatest job in the                  UCLA’s Labor Occupational Safety                           Washington, D.C. There is also a pre-
CFT field representative, three years            trade union movement.”                              and Health Program, and in the                             conference health and safety training.
after state law granted collective bar-                                                              Office of Student Affairs at the Uni-                      To learn more, go to
gaining rights to K-14 educators. Dur-           LAURA KURRE brings a wealth of                      versity of Illinois.                                       CFT Lobby Days are back! The event
ing this period, she was in charge of            experience to the CFT as the union’s                   Kurre, who works in the CFT Bay                         will be held on April 23-24 at The
many first-time organizing campaigns,            new training director. Kurre has been               Area office, last month launched the                       Citizen Hotel in Sacramento. Join
as well as decertification campaigns. As         a community and labor organizer in                  union’s first webinars and is planning                     your union colleagues in meetings
an “add-on” to her field rep job, she co-        California and Illinois for the past 20             the CFT Union Summer School.                               with elected representatives in the
                                                                                                                                                                California Legislature. See story below
                                                                                                                                                                for more information.

                                                                                                                                                                Standing Committees of the
April offers line-up of big events: Convention and Lobby Days                                                                                                   CFT meet Saturday, April 28 at Los
                                                                                                                                                                Angeles Valley College.
CFT LOBBY DAYS are back! After a                 be heard in Sacramento on issues                        education funding.
several-year hiatus, the CFT is host-            regarding pension reform, the rights                       Lobby Days begin with a Monday                      Division Councils for the K-12, classi-
ing Lobby Days on April 23 and 24                of community college part-timers,                       evening dinner meeting at The Citi-                    fied and community colleges meet
                                                                                                         zen Hotel for a briefing on current                    May 18 at the Oakland Airport Hilton.
in the state Capitol. Let your voice             K-12 standards implementation, and
                                                                                                                  bills before the Legislature                  State Council, where delegates from
                                                                                                                       and to organize lobby-                   local unions decide issues before CFT,
   CFT plans action-packed Convention                                                                                    ing teams. Tuesday kicks               meets the next day on May 19 at the
                                                                                                                            off with a CFT group                Oakland Airport Hilton.
   ORGANIZED AROUND a theme of “Our State, Our
                                                                                                                             picture at 8:15 a.m.,
   Future, Our Fight,” the CFT Convention promises three                                                                                                        Deadline for continuing college
                                                                                                                             followed by a brief-
   jam-packed days of action and inspiration from April                                                                                                         students to submit applications for the
                                                                                                                              ing in the Capitol.
   13-15 at the The Fairmont San Jose.                                                                                                                          Raoul Teilhet Scholarships is July 1.
                                                                                                                              Throughout the day,
      After the first general session Friday morning, delegates                                                                                                 Download applications at
                                                                                                                             members will talk
   will leave the hotel and march behind the ILWU Drill Team
                                                                            California Feder                               with their legislators at            AFT Convention will be held July
                                                                                              ation o          rs
   through downtown San Jose in a One-Mile March for                                                  f Teache                                                  27-30 at the COBO Center in Detroit.
                                                                                                                           individual meetings.
   Fairness. The solidarity march brings together educators and                                                                                                 Learn more at
                                                                                                                            Your presence in the
   San Jose union workers in the fight for fair taxation and adequate funding, and                       halls of the Legislature will give a
   culminates with a noon rally in Cesar Chavez Park.                                                                                                           New this year! CFT is launching a
                                                                                                         human face to our fight in support of                  week-long Union Summer School
      Guest speakers on Saturday include Bill Fletcher, Jr., a longtime labor, social justice            education and our members.
   and international activist; and David Cay Johnston, journalist and author, a specialist in                                                                   from August 13-17 offering five days
                                                                                                         !To register and download a tenta-                     of training and leadership development
   economics and tax issues, and winner of the 2001 Pulitzer Prize for Beat Reporting as                 tive schedule, go to or phone
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   TOP: JANE HUNDERTMARK

                                                                                                                                                                that will be held at UCLA. Registration
   the former tax reporter with The New York Times. Throughout the Convention, delegates                 the Sacramento CFT office at 916-446-                  for classes will begin in April. Don’t
   can debate resolutions, attend workshops related to General Election 2012 as well as                  2788. The deadline to reserve rooms at                 miss this new opportunity!
   professional issues, and network with union colleagues from throughout the state.                     the CFT room rate is April 8.

                                                                                                                                                       F E B R U A RY / M A R C H 2 0 1 2 C A L I F O R N I A T E A C H E R   11
                                                                                                                                            Jefferson elementary and high
                                                                                                                                                school teachers attend the
                                                                                                                                                      EC/K-12 Conference.

                    Pre-K and K-12
                    Darling-Hammond charts path to fair teacher evaluation
                    Stanford education professor encourages teachers to stay the course despite difficulties

                    LINDA DARLING-HAMMOND                                                                                                                                                               union in San Francisco for success-

                                                                                                                                                                                         SHARON BEALS
                    applauded teachers who are strug-                                                                                                                                                   fully negotiating funding for mentor
                    gling with classes of 35, and even 45                                                                                                                                               teachers so teachers can get extra help.
                    students, sometimes without desks or                                                                                                                                                “These programs allow the system to
                    textbooks, while the misplaced focus                                                                                                                                                improve and allow us to make deci-
                    on teacher evaluation has become a                                                                                                                                                  sions in a way that makes sense.
                    drum beat.                                                                                                                                                                             “You can’t fire your way to Fin-
                       The Stanford professor and educa-                                                                                                                                                land,” she asserts. “In Finland, they
                    tion advisor on President Obama’s                                                                                                                                                   don’t talk about getting rid of bad
                    transition team, said, “There are good                                                                                                                                              teachers; they talk about how they can
                    ways to build the teaching profes-                                                                                                                                                  help their colleagues improve.”
                    sion and there are bad ways. So much                                                                                                                                                   Darling-Hammond would like to
                    of the discourse is about getting rid                                                                                                                                               see collaboration as part of teacher
                    of teachers, when instead we need to                                                                                                                                                evaluation. “We have to do what Fin-
                    be creating policies that support the                                                                                                                                               land does. They don’t want to build
                    development of expertise.”                                                                                                                                                          competition; collaboration is what
                       Speaking at the union’s EC/K-12                                                                                                                                                  they want.” (See story page 9)
                    Conference on February 3, Darling-                                                                                                                                                     The things that matter for teacher
                    Hammond said teachers are not the                                                                                                                                                   success, Darling-Hammond says, are
                    problem. In fact, individual teachers                                                                                                                                               resources, class size, mentoring, and
                                                                                                Linda Darling-Hammond advocates for a statewide education system that makes sense.
                    account for only 7 to 10 percent of                                                                                                                                                 collaboration. “At the end of the day,
                    measured student achievement. Student                                       poverty is one of the largest factors.           “These qualities are embedded in                       there would be multi-faceted evidence
                                                                                                  Similarly, she debunked the use of           the National Board Standards and the                     about the effectiveness of a teacher.
                                                                                                valued-added measures for teacher              California Standards for the Teaching                    Then we need to integrate these sys-

               >                     GARY RAVANI
                                   COUNCIL PRESIDENT
                                                                                                assessment. “We found that who you
                                                                                                teach determines the classroom value
                                                                                                                                               profession,” she says. “There is evi-
                                                                                                                                               dence that if we use this type of eval-
                                                                                                                                               uation, learning results are better.”
                                                                                                                                                                                                        tems, think about it as a whole, so our
                                                                                                                                                                                                        children can benefit.
                                                                                                                                                                                                           “There will be people who con-
                         The progressive trifecta                                                 In Houston, where value-added                  Darling-Hammond also wants to                          tinue to bash teaching and we need to
                         The following wisdom and                                               measures are now used to determine             see the expanded use of mentors who                      embarrass and shame them,” she con-
                         warnings come from three leaders in                                    dismissals and merit pay, an elemen-           can step in and help teachers. “We                       cluded. “I urge you to stay in the fight
                         progressive educational reform who                                     tary teacher was dismissed based
                         recently spoke with CFT members.                                       on value-added scores after she had
                            Diane Ravitch: 1. Corporate                                         taught for only three years and been
                                                                                                                                               “There are good ways to build the teaching profession
                         reformers are out to destroy teacher                                   named teacher of the year. Moving a             and there are bad ways. So much of the discourse is
                         unions and you cannot meet them                                        grade level had changed her “worth.”
                         halfway. 2. The current reform move-                                   When students arrived in her fourth
                                                                                                                                                about getting rid of teachers, when instead we need to
                         ment has been in place for more than a
                         decade and constitutes the status quo.
                                                                                                grade class, value-added scores                 be creating policies that support the development of
                                                                                                declined severely because fourth
                            Pasi Sahlberg, Finnish education
                                                                                                grade is when the school mainstreams            expertise.” — Linda Darling-Hammond, Educational reformer
                         policy expert: 1. High test scores are
                         a byproduct of emphasizing social                                      English Language Learners.
                         and economic equity for children and                                      “If this continues as a way to eval-        need to have a comprehensive system                      even when it is discouraging. Get a
                         families. 2. Highly successful education                               uate teachers,” Darling-Hammond                that gives the proper feedback and                       voice in this discussion and, whatever
                         reform in Finland has no similarities to                               says, “it will be the death knell of           offers struggling teachers an opportu-                   you do, stay the course.”
                         current efforts in the United States.                                  public education.”                             nity to improve, but it has to be based                    Calling teaching the profession upon
                            Linda Darling-Hammond:                                                Pointing to approaches that work,            on valid and reliable evidence.”                         which every other profession depends,
                         1. Teaching is a complex activity that,                                she cited districts where teachers can            While she credited AFT locals with                    Darling-Hammond concluded, “We
                         done right, requires a sophisticated
                                                                                                offer evidence of student learning in          bringing Peer Assistance and Review                      need the union of professionals to step
                         evaluation system. 2. The currently
                                                                                                their evaluations, in any of the con-          to California, she bemoaned the lack                     up and say that we care about how our

                         failing teacher-oriented accountability
                         system is based on getting rid of “bad                                 tent standards. For example, a teacher         of funding that has hamstrung the                        profession will be treated.”
                         teachers.” 3. You cannot fire your way                                 might assemble “befores and afters”            statewide program. She cited Poway                                          — By Jane Hundertmark,
                         to Finland.                                                            of a student’s body of work.                   as a model program and credited the                                         CFT Publications Director

                    12   C A L I F O R N I A T E A C H E R F E B R U A RY / M A R C H 2 0 1 2
                                                  Local leaders from Menifee                                                                                          Compton local president
                                                   learn new skills at the CFT                                                                                        Gwen Holmes with union
                                                      Leadership Conference.                                                                                          colleague Derek Hefflin.

Berkeley workers succeed in quest for AFT representation
Operations and support workers reunite with colleagues in Local 6192


                                                                                                                                                                                                                             SHARON BEALS
sified employees in the Berkeley
Unified School District were divided
between two unions, but when a
majority of operations and support
workers signed petitions to be rep-
resented by the Berkeley Council
of Classified Employees, AFT
Local 6192, they were reunited. In
December the school board agreed to
the workers’ decision.
   “We’re very happy to be back
together,” says bus driver Johnny Bil-
lups, one of 170 workers in opera-
tions and support. “We’re starting to        Berkeley operations and support staff, including district bus drivers, reunite with their colleagues in Local 6192. Left to right: Robert Castillo,
participate in BCCE activities, and          Will Essex, Francis Balba, Mark Bauer, Tanyel Simon, Chuck Copeland, Angela Banks, Johnny Billups, Mary Ann Lopez and Derrell Laird.
talking about what we can achieve in
our next contract.”                        ential treatment and favoritism, the                to the district board, which agreed                   the chance to negotiate a new con-
   Years ago, all Berkeley classi-         other union wouldn’t defend its                     to recognize AFT Local 6192 as the                    tract, and they will do what it takes
fieds belonged to one union, Public        members. At district school board                   unit’s representative. Contract nego-                 to get one.”
Employees Local 1. When the clerical       meetings they would watch the presi-                tiations have begun, and the local                                           — By CFT Reporter David Bacon
employees and teacher aides joined the     dent of the Berkeley Council of Clas-               is moving to include all classified

AFT in 2002, bus drivers, food service,    sified Employees, Billups says. “When               employees in a single contract.
maintenance and yard workers, cam-         we saw Paula Phillips up there fight-                  Conditions for classified employees                                   VELMA BUTLER
pus security, and custodians joined the                                                                                                                               COUNCIL PRESIDENT
Stationary Engineers, Local 39.            “When we saw Paula Phillips up there fighting for her                                                           Get ready, get armed for
   “That union had no experience in
public schools,” says Billups, who has      people, we thought, ‘This is where we need to be.’”                                                            2012 budget battle
driven or washed the district’s bus-                                                                 — Johnny Billups, bus driver                          What will the next round of bud-
ses since 1972. “In negotiations for                                                                                                                       get cuts look like? Are we at the table
the first contract, they gave up many      ing for her people, we thought, ‘This               have already improved as a result of a                      during these serious talks? Are we, as
rights we had before,” he explains,        is where we need to be.’”                           November agreement between Local                            union leaders and members, prepared
including medical coverage during             Last fall, unit members asked the                6192 and the district that creates eli-                     for the task at hand?
the summer months and pay for the          Stationary Engineers to either pro-                 gibility lists for job vacancies. Many                          Are we involved in shared gover-
Fourth of July. “I told the union, and     vide better representation or give up               district employees who were hired                           nance and site-based decision-making
human relations, that what they’d          its representation rights. The union                as temps and substitutes have been                          where we can fight to protect our
negotiated wasn’t legal.”                  let the classified employees leave.                 working without normal benefits for                         rights and defend the need for ade-
   Billups got other employees on          Afterwards, Phillips circulated peti-               years. AFT Local 6192 wants the dis-                        quate funding of public education and
board, and eventually a court case                                                                                                                         vital programs? This is our challenge
                                           tions among the workers asking for                  trict to change that.
                                                                                                                                                           and this is our responsibility. 
reinstated the lost benefits. “Last year   AFT representation.                                    “We’ve been establishing labor-
                                                                                                                                                               The next question is ‘Are we pre-
we finally got some back pay,” he says,       “People had already made up their                management committees to help the                           pared for the fight?’ Are we scrutiniz-
“and BCCE helped us.”                      minds that they wanted our AFT                      district move in a different direc-                         ing the budget, participating on hiring
   When Billups and others attended        local to represent them,” says Phillips,            tion, and to resolve the problems of                        committees, reviewing program viabil-
meetings of the Stationary Engineers,      who collected 120 signatures in three               workers at the lowest possible level.                       ity, and reviewing administrative costs
“they’d shout us down, like we were        days. Operations and support work-                  We have one now in transportation                           and overhead, to name just a few of
stepchildren,” he says. “Once they told    ers had gone to her over the years for              and are moving next to food service,”                       the ways we can gather and analyze
us to be quiet, and that ‘we wish you      advice on enforcing their contract.                 Phillips says.                                              information.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            TOP :JANE HUNDERTMARK

weren’t here.’ And by that time, we        “At my site, we went out to the gate                   “The rights of these workers were                            If not, start preparing now. In dif-
wished we weren’t either.”                 to meet her, and I urged everyone to                violated for so long they’re really                         ficult times, we can make a difference
   When there were discipline prob-        sign,” Billups says.                                ready to put up a fight now,” Phillips                      when we come to the table armed
lems on the job, including prefer-            Phillips presented the petition                  adds. “They have been waiting for                           with the facts that matter.

                                                                                                                                                 F E B R U A RY / M A R C H 2 0 1 2 C A L I F O R N I A T E A C H E R   13
                                       Community College
                                      March in March voices rising anger with increasing cuts
                                      Faculty, students, and staff demand Millionaires Tax at state Capitol rally

                     GETTING ON THE BUS                                                                                                                                         paid for our busses, provided lunches
                  at UC Berkeley on March                                                                                                                                       and gave out tee-shirts,” she said. Her
               5, Desiree Angelo acknowl-                                                                                                                                       fellow student, Sucoyia Granderson,
                edged how hard it has been                                                                                                                                      added that because fees last semes-
                 to get to her senior year                                                                                                                                      ter were over $400 she’s working two
                  there. “I was a transfer stu-                                                                                                                                 jobs to stay in school.
                    dent, a high school drop-                                                                                                                                      Students, teachers, and adminis-
                    out, and a low-income                                                                                                                                       trators from higher education insti-
                    student too,” she recalled.                                                                                                                                 tutions throughout the state then
                    “Because I dropped out,                                                                                                                                     marched down to the state Capitol
                    I don’t quality for a lot                                                                                                                                   building, where a rally made visible
                    of financial aid. To afford
                   the fees, which have gone
                 from $5100 to $7100 a
                semester while I’ve been
                                                                      DAVID BACON PHOTOS

               here, I’ve had to work in the
               dining hall. The discussion
              sessions for my classes have
                been cut, and with 500 stu-
                     dents in a class, we really                                           ing more, getting less, and working        class is canceled. “I’m two years into
                      need them. So I’m pay-                                               like crazy just to stay here.”             a four-year tenure review,” said Eileen
                                                                                              When Angelo got off her bus in Sac-     Adamian, “and now there’s no more         San Francisco members Eileen Adamian, Tracy

>             CARL FRIEDLANDER
                                                                                           ramento later that morning, she found
                                                                                           herself in a crowd of over 10,000 peo-
                                                                                           ple. Prominent in Southside Park was
                                                                                                                                      money to pay for my evaluation.”
                                                                                                                                         Pon said the union had mobilized
                                                                                                                                      members to go to Sacramento, as it
                                                                                                                                                                                Ousdahl, Barbara Kastner and Teresa Pon.

                                                                                                                                                                                the opposition to education cuts and
     Raising fees does not                                                                 a large contingent of faculty and stu-     has many times in the past. “It’s very    fee increases.
     generate revenue                                                                      dents from all the campuses of San         on top of things,” she explained. “We       Nora Ramos, a mother of six from
                                                                                           Francisco City College.                                                              the San Joaquin Valley, feels the dev-
     On top of all the other budget cuts                                                      Teresa Pon, who’s taught ESL at                                                   astating cuts to elementary schools.
     they’ve suffered, California’s commu-                                                                                                                                      “They’re laying off Ms. Pedraza, who
                                                                                           the downtown campus since 1977,
     nity colleges now face an additional
                                                                                           described the cutbacks resulting from                                                was my son’s first grade teacher,” she
     mid-year cut of $149 million. This is
                                                                                           the state’s budget crisis. “We can’t get                                             explained. “We’re here to save her
     mostly because revenue from increased
     student fees has come in $106 million                                                 paper or toner for the copy machine,”                                                job.” Her 9-year-old daughter Alon-
     below projections (the remainder of the                                               she said. “When custodians call in                                                   dra added, “They’re taking our teach-
     shortfall is from property taxes).                                                    for more toilet paper, the business                                                  ers away. Who will teach us now?”
        This latest devastating cut is unex-                                               office tells them they’ll send it when                                                 Listening to elected officials
     pected and unfair, and we are doing                                                   they get it in. Our students are fear-                                               addressing the rally, Sonja Franeta, an
     everything we can to get it backfilled.                                               ful of the increase in fees, and don’t                                               ESL teacher at Laney College in Oak-
     The fee shortfall proves that the “high                                               see an end in sight. Are we in America                                               land, concluded, “these budget cuts
     fee, high aid” proponents who argue                                                   anymore?”                                                                            are unjust and undemocratic. How
     that increasing student fees is a smart                                                  City College administrators and                                                   can we spend so much on the mili-
     way to raise funds for the community                                                  classifieds are already taking 15 fur-                                               tary, and starve the schools?”
     colleges are all wrong.                                                                                                          get better and quicker information          “Even before the cuts, California
                                                                                           lough days, and the administration has
        Raising fees does not generate                                                                                                about the crisis from the union than
                                                                                           made a proposal to the faculty union,                                                was third from the bottom nationally
     revenue. Many more students become
                                                                                           AFT Local 2121, for a salary cut.          we do from the district.”                 in the amount we spend on students,”
     eligible for fee waivers from the
                                                                                              Other faculty had their own hor-          Christine Alvarado, president of        said her friend Christine Will, who
     Board of Governors; others exit the
     colleges because they are “priced out.”                                               ror stories. Classes were canceled four    the Associated Students at Con-           teaches math at Laney. “We have the
     Tragically, the main effect of higher fees                                            weeks into the semester, leaving stu-      sumnes River College, worked with         money in our society, but we have to
     is not increased revenue, but the denial                                              dents who’d bought books out on a          the faculty union there, the Los Rios     prioritize. That’s why we need to tax
     of access to an ever-widening popula-                                                 limb. There are no longer any sub-         College Federation of Teachers, to get    the rich.”
     tion of California students.                                                          stutes, so if a teacher gets sick, the     students to the march. “The union                      — By David Bacon, CFT Reporter

14   C A L I F O R N I A T E A C H E R F E B R U A RY / M A R C H 2 0 1 2
                                                                                                                              UC-AFT Executive Director
                                                                                                                             Maria Elena Cortez trains at
                                                                                                                             the Leadership Conference.

Honored academic Axel Borg a driving force at UC Davis
Agricultural sciences librarian excels at organizing information and colleagues

LONG-TIME UC DAVIS reference                                                                                                                                              shared governance. That doesn’t pre-
                                            GREGORY URQUIAGA/UC DAVIS

librarian Axel Borg wears so many                                                                                                                                         vent him from firmly defending the
hats that he received the James H.                                                                                                                                        rights of members under the UC-
Meyer Distinguished Achievement                                                                                                                                           AFT contract. “When I approach
Award from the Academic Federation                                                                                                                                        any issue, I always have to ask myself
last year. Borg has served on three                                                                                                                                       where the line falls.” The newly reen-
of its committees, including the one                                                                                                                                      ergized local has developed such
which names the Federation presi-                                                                                                                                         a good reputation that workers in
dent each year.                                                                                                                                                           unrepresented units have started to
   While every UC campus has an                                                                                                                                           ask how to get organized.
Academic Senate, giving tenured fac-                                                                                                                                         “The best thing I hope for from my
ulty a forum to debate academic and                                                                                                                                       activity,” Borg concludes, “is that it gets
professional issues, the Academic                                                                                                                                         people involved. The members are the
Federation is unique to UC Davis,                                                                                                                                         people who can actually make things
where it performs a similar function                                                                                                                                      happen.” Parker calls him “a true
for non-tenured faculty, librarians,                                                                                                                                      example of what it means to commit
researchers, scientists, agronomists,                                                                                                                                     your life to a role as an educator.”
cooperative extension specialists, and                                                                                                                                                          — By David Bacon, CFT Reporter
academic administrators.                                                Reference librarian Axel Borg curates the 29,000-volume viticulture collection at UC Davis.
   Working in the Biological and
Agricultural Sciences Reference
Department of Shields Library, Borg
is a subject specialist in food science
                                                                        the CFT-sponsored Millionaires Tax.
                                                                        “I think it’s the way to go.”
                                                                                                                          and the Association of Graduate
                                                                                                                          Student Employees.
                                                                                                                                                                                             BOB SAMUELS
                                                                                                                                                                                           COUNCIL PRESIDENT                                 <
                                                                           Borg looks to members of his                      Parker, one of the students pep-
and technology, nutrition, plant sci-                                   union for strategy. “I’ve been talk-              per-sprayed in last year’s infamous                   Master Plan proves failure
ence, agronomy and general agricul-                                     ing with my members, and I know we                Davis protest incident, respects Borg                 Three recent reports show how
ture. He is best known for curating                                     have to be thoughtful.” His solution              because “he was not content to sit                    the California Master Plan for Higher
the 29,000-volume viticulture and                                       is one particularly appropriate for a             by as the university suffers through                  Education, though it worked for
enology collection at UC Davis, con-                                    librarian. “I provide them with objec-            one of the worst budget crises in its                 decades, has now failed.
sidered the finest in the world.                                                                                                                                                   One, Beyond the Master Plan: The
                                                                        tive information,” he says, “and try to           history,” which saw unprecedented
                                                                                                                                                                                case for restructuring baccalaureate ed-
   Student activist Charles Parker                                      get away from sound bites. That often             increases in tuition for students and
                                                                                                                                                                                ucation in California, says, “California
                                                                                                                          cuts for faculty and staff. “Instead he               now ranks last among states in the
“The best thing I hope for from my activity, is that it gets                                                              was instrumental in forming a coali-                  proportion of its college students that
 people involved. The members are the people who can                                                                      tion of unions and student activists to
                                                                                                                          pressure the university for reform.”
                                                                                                                                                                                attend a four-year institution.” There
                                                                                                                                                                                are simply not enough openings at col-
 actually make things happen.”                                                                                               Borg negotiates carefully the line                 leges and universities, and while many
                                                                                                                          between his roles as union president                  students attend community colleges,
                                            —Axel Borg, President, UC-AFT Davis
                                                                                                                          and as a leading member of the Aca-                   few graduate or transfer.
calls Borg “a walking treasure trove of                                 takes a 30-45 minute discussion. Our              demic Federation. At one federation                      This new reality is dominated by
information.” He said Borg gives the                                    members are highly educated and                   meeting, another member incor-                        racial disparity. “Relative to their share
same amount of attention to every-                                      trained to question things critically,            rectly described a university deci-                   of the college-age population,” the
one who comes to him for assistance,                                    so I don’t tell them what to think.”              sion to withhold merit raises from                    report says, “Latino, African American,
“whether it’s a senior faculty member                                                                                                                                           and American Indian students
                                                                           Borg doesn’t just talk to librarians           UC-AFT members. “I spoke to cor-
                                                                                                                                                                                are more poorly represented in
working on material for publication,                                    and lecturers, the bargaining units               rect the misstatements, without try-
                                                                                                                                                                                California’s four-year universities than
or a young undergraduate completing                                     represented by UC-AFT, but also to                ing to make a pro-union speech,” he                   in any other state except Arizona.”
a first research paper.”                                                other unions in the system. He plays              recalls. “Another federation mem-                        California ranks 45th in the propor-
   Borg also wears several union hats.                                  an important role in the UC Union                 ber proposed a resolution to con-                     tion of its underrepresented minority
He is president of the AFT local at                                     Coalition, which includes the Cali-               demn the UC administration’s action.                  population that attains a bachelor’s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  TOP: JANE HUNDERTMARK

Davis and vice president of legisla-                                    fornia Nurses Association, the United             And when it came time to vote, I                      degree. These groups constitute a
tion for statewide UC-AFT. Today, for                                   Professional and Technical Employ-                abstained.”                                           majority in California, yet their level
Borg that means preparing for what                                      ees, the American Federation of State                The purpose of the Federation,                     of college degree attainment is one of
will be a tough fight in the fall to pass                               County and Municipal Employees,                   Borg says, is to provide a vehicle for                the lowest in the nation.

                                                                                                                                                                      F E B R U A RY / M A R C H 2 0 1 2 C A L I F O R N I A T E A C H E R   15
                                                                                                                                          You are the union…

Local Wire                                                           Reporting Local Action
                                                                     Around the State

                                                                                                                                       and said that Miramonte teachers
                                                                                                                                       would be able to return to campus
                                                                                                                                                                                  Rank & Files
                                                                                                                                       once the investigation is complete.
                                                                                                                                                                                  Kimberly Claytor, president of the
                                                                                                                                          UTLA is demanding a timeline for        Newport-Mesa Federation of Teachers,
                                                                                                                                       that to happen. In the meantime, the       Local 1794 and CFT vice president,
                                                                                                                                       union supports a thorough, vigor-          was listed by Costa Mesa’s Daily Pilot
                                                                                                                                       ous, and fair investigation of all alle-   newspaper as the eighth most influential
                                                                                                                                       gations and is committed to helping        person in the Newport-Mesa community
                                                                                                                                       rebuild the Miramonte community.           for 2011. The Pilot said, “The teach-
                                                                                                                                          In the initial days of the crisis,      ers’ union president voiced support for
                                                                                                                                       UTLA leaders and staff met with            cutting money from the administration
                                                                                                                                                                                  instead of the classroom and led a

                                                                                                                         CHRIS RYDER
                                                                                                                                       Miramonte teachers every day to pro-
                                                                                                                                       vide sustained assistance. As allega-      teachers union no-confidence vote in the
                                                                                                                                       tions impacted other campuses, UTLA        superintendent.”
UTLA President Warren Fletcher, right, stands with parents at Miramonte Elementary during a
union press conference, where parents expressed concern for the academic progress of their                                             responded rapidly and effectively
                                                                                                                                                                                  John McDowell, professor of labor
children and the unfairness of stigmatizing an entire staff prior to any investigation.                                                with resources and staff support.
                                                                                                                                                                                  relations, director of the Labor Center at
                                                                                                                                          “All educators share a deep revul-      the Los Angeles Trade Technical College,
                                                                                                                                       sion for actions that harm children.       and member of the Los Angeles College
 LOCAL 1021                                                                 ever,” leaders of United Teachers Los                      That is a given,” UTLA stated. “We         Faculty Guild, Local 1521, was appointed
UTLA stands with Miramonte                                                  Angeles said in a statement. “We also                      will also stand together with parents      to the California Student Aid Commis-
community… Without the involve-                                             cannot allow the district to stigma-                       and our colleagues to protest any mis-     sion on January 24 by Assembly Speaker
ment of parents or the union, the Los                                       tize an entire staff of teachers when in                   guided actions that serve to hurt —        John A. Pérez. The California Student Aid
Angeles Unified School District took                                        fact it was a failure of district supervi-                 not heal — schools in turmoil. The         Commission is the principal state agency
the unprecedented action to remove                                          sion that led to the crisis.”                              outpouring of parent support for the       responsible for administering state finan-
the entire Miramonte Elementary                                                Until recently, Miramonte, one of                       Miramonte staff has been the one           cial aid programs for college students.
staff in the wake of horrific abuse                                         the largest elementary schools in the                      bright spot in this dark time. It serves   “With 25 years of experience fighting for
allegations. “We know — like the                                            district, had only one administrator                       to underscore what we know to be           higher education access, John McDowell
hundreds of parents who have ral-                                                                                                                                                 is the type of leader who will defend
                                                                            to oversee the entire campus. After                        true: The public knows that the vast
                                                                                                                                                                                  the critical programs that make higher
lied to return the teachers to the site                                     UTLA held a press conference with                          majority of teachers are doing remark-     education possible for all Californians,”
— that this move destabilizes a cam-                                        the community on February 9, dis-                          able work every day to motivate and        said Speaker Pérez.
pus that needs consistency more than                                        trict officials reversed their position                    educate the children of Los Angeles.”
                                                                                                                                                                                  Dennis and Hene Kelly were hon-
                                                                                                                                                                                  ored as Humanitarians of the Year by the
                                                                                                                                                                                  B’nai Zion Foundation in January. Dennis
 PRIVATE SECTOR                                                             ter ensure work-                                           and confronted teachers with intimi-       is president of United Educators of San
                                                                                                                     BOB RIHA JR

National ruling supports                                                    ers can effectively                                        dation, delays, and a concerted disin-     Francisco, a CFT vice president and AFT
worker organizing…Until                                                     exercise their                                             formation campaign.                        vice president. Hene is chair of the CFT
recently, the union election process                                        basic right to vote                                           Though Film School workers and          Retirement Committee and a member
for private sector workers allowed sig-                                     on whether to                                              community allies fought back, it took      of the San Francisco Democratic County
                                                                            form a union.                                              months before the NLRB ruled in            Central Committee. Both are lifelong
nificant delays in the vote. Employers
                                                                               “At a time when                                         favor of CFT, saying the attacks on        educators and unionists.
often harassed, threatened and intim-
idated workers trying to gain union                                         we are facing                                              members of the organizing commit-
                                                                                                 Brandi Grace                                                                     Paul Karrer, member of the North
representation. This occurred recently                                      many challenges,                                           tee and campaign of worker intimi-
                                                                                                                                                                                  Monterey Federation of Teachers, Local
at the Los Angeles Film School, where                                       we can take satisfaction in this deci-                     dation violated the law. But by then       4008, had an article published in the
faculty, led by digital gaming instruc-                                     sion which strengthens the ability of                      management’s efforts had succeeded         Korean Times called the “Myth of Korean
tor Brandii Grace, were forced to                                           workers to organize,” said CFT Presi-                      in demoralizing faculty and eroding        Super Teacher.” In the article, Karrer
abandon organizing efforts when                                             dent Josh Pechthalt.                                       union support.                             makes the point that parental commit-
the employer retaliated. (California                                           Film School teachers who wanted a                          CFT withdrew its petition for an        ment and cultural support define how
Teacher, Sept-Oct 2011)                                                     union signed CFT union authoriza-                          election and the following week the        education succeeds in Korea.
   On December 21, the National                                             tion cards, but when the NLRB noti-                        NLRB issued complaints on all unfair
Labor Relations Board adopted                                               fied school managers that CFT had                          labor practice charges filed against       Have you or your colleagues made news
changes to the union election process                                       filed an election petition, the manag-                     the employer, too late to preserve the     lately? Email the pertinent facts to the
                                                                            ers instantly contested the petition                       integrity of the union election process.   editor at
that will remove barriers and bet-

16   C A L I F O R N I A T E A C H E R F E B R U A RY / M A R C H 2 0 1 2

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