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A Compilation of Institutions Producing Synthesis Documents

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A Compilation of Institutions Producing Synthesis Documents Powered By Docstoc
					                          
                                                
 
                                                                                                Last Updated: January 2011 
 
                       A Compilation of Institutions Producing Synthesis Documents
                             Prepared by the Alliance for Health Policy & Systems Research
Organization: 

    Policy Briefs
              Capacity Workforce
              Council on Health Research for Development (COHRED)
              Evidence-Informed Policy Network (EVIPNet)
              Global & Social Policy Programme
              Global Health Council
              Health Action International
              Health Systems Evidence, McMaster University
              Management Sciences for Health (MSH)
              Supporting Policy relevant Reviews and Trials (SUPPORT) Summaries
              World Bank: Health Results Innovation Trust Fund (HRITF)
              World Health Organization: Department of Health Systems Financing
              World Health Organization: The World Health Report 2006—“Working together for Health” (Policy Briefs)
    Briefing Notes
              Consortium for Research on Equitable Health Systems (CREHS), LSHTM
              Health Economics and Financing Programme, LSHTM
              STEPS Centre
    Research Summaries
              Consortium for Research on Equitable Health Systems (CREHS), LSHTM
              Global HIV/AIDS Initiatives Network (GHIN)
              Future Health Systems Research Programme Consortium
              Strategies for Health Insurance for Equity in Less Developed Countries (SHIELD)
              World Bank: Health Results Innovation Trust Fund (HRITF)
              World Bank : Reaching the Poor Policy Brief Series
    Systematic Review Databases
              Health Systems Evidence (McMaster University)
              health-evidence.ca
              Cochrane Library




                                                              1
Web-based Synthesis Documents

                                                       Policy Briefs 
A Policy Brief is defined here as a summary document focusing on a policy or research question, providing a short overview
of its main characteristics, typically offering some implementation, governance, delivery and financing concerns and
options, and concluding with implications for policy (with or without recommendations).



Name                Capacity Workforce


About               Launched in October 2004, The Capacity Workforce was a USAID-funded, five-year initiative that aimed to
                    improve health programming in developing countries by strengthening the health workforce. Led by IntraHealth
                    International, the Workforce collaborated with global partners such as IMA World Health, Jhpiego, Liverpool
                    Associates in Tropical Health, Management Sciences for Health, PATH, and the Training Resources Group, to
                    research, develop, and support human resources for health in low- and middle-income countries.


Link                Capacity Workforce “Legacy Series”
Opens in new page   Capacity Workforce “Technical Briefs”


Types of Summary    Legacy Series (some available in French)
Documents           The Capacity Workforce catalogues its synthesis documents under two names. The “Legacy Series” documents
                    offer a synthesis of key findings from various projects undergone by the Capacity Workforce organized under a
                    single topic area. The Series often includes a References section and runs 4-5 pages.

                    Technical Briefs (some available in French)
                    The Workforce’s “Technical Briefs” offer a synopsis of a health systems problem drawn from a variety of
                    resources (published literature, research reports), followed by an evaluation of the problem and recommended
                    action steps. Briefs run 6-10 pages and are accompanied by a Reference section.


Research Area(s)    Human Resources for Health
                    Programme Management


Countries           Regional (Africa, Latin America & the Caribbean, Central America)




Name                Council on Health Research for Development (COHRED)


About               COHRED is an international non-governmental organisation founded in 1993 that supports low- and middle-
                    income countries in areas such as: health research system assessment and development; policy development;
                    priority setting; and research communication/knowledge translation.


Link                COHRED Policy Briefs
Opens in new page




                                                               2
Types of Summary    COHRED provides two types of synthesis documents. “COHRED statements” are short abstracts prepared by
Documents           COHRED researchers and collaborators that highlight important issues in health research in a 2-3 page format.
                    These briefs are broader in scope than briefs that draw from one research report. Statements draw upon multiple
                    resources from the literature and are aimed for a policy-making audience. Relevant quantitative data are
                    included, and a Reference section is included at the end.

                    COHRED’s “National Health Research” documents offer policy recommendations for countries in a 6-page and
                    2-page format synthesized from findings from a larger research report. The brief summarizes the methodology
                    and key findings of the study, offers an assessment of the findings, and lays out a set of “action steps” for policy-
                    makers to consider. A link to the full report is provided.


Research Area(s)    Priority Research Setting
                    Evidence-to-policy
                    Programme and Policy Evaluation


Countries           Cuba, Cameroon, The Gambia, Lao PDR, Nicaragua, and Philippines
                    Regional (Africa, Latin America)




Name                Evidence-Informed Policy Network (EVIPNet)


About               Initiated by the WHO in 2005, EVIPNet is a social and collaborative network of 25 distinct country-based teams
                    in Africa, Asia and the Americas. The network aims to promote partnerships between policy-makers, researchers
                    and civil society in order to facilitate both policy development and policy implementation through the use of the
                    most reliable scientific evidence available. EVIPNet teams are supported by their WHO regional office and a
                    global steering committee of technical experts.

                    Policy Briefs conducted by the Africa Regional team are available online.


Link                EVIPNNet Africa Policy Briefs
Opens in new page


Types of Summary    To develop the policy briefs, EVIPNet country teams adopt tools designed to use WHO guidelines, several
Documents           systematic reviews addressing health systems issues, and national health information. The tools allow countries
                    to make policy that responds to their own needs and resources. Briefs usually run 4-5 pages and articulate
                    prospective policy solutions regarding a health system issue. A Reference section is provided at the end.


Research Area(s)    Evidence-to-policy (Malaria Control)


Countries           Regional (Africa)




                                                                  3
Web-based Synthesis Documents


Name                Global & Social Policy Programme


About               GASPP is a network that focuses on collaborating with a number of research centres and individual researchers
                    in the field of global social policy. Its research and advisory work are done by collaborating centres in Finland
                    (STAKES-The National Research and Development Centre for Welfare and Health), England (University of
                    Sheffield, European Social and Cultural Studies Centre), Canada (McMaster University, Institute on
                    Globalisation and the Human Condition), and India (Jawaharlal Nehru University, The Centre of Social
                    Medicine and Community Health).


Link                GASPP Policy Briefs
Opens in new page


Types of Summary    GASPP periodically publishes a 4-8 page analysis of a broad health systems topic area intended for a policy-
Documents           making audience. The brief is usually drawn from a larger piece of work on the subject. The brief includes
                    relevant background information, the authors’ analysis of the issue, and recommendations for policy-makers to
                    consider. A Reference section is provided. An “executive summary” is often included in the beginning.


Research Area(s)    Public-private Partnerships
                    Role of the Non-state Sector
                    Social Policy and Health


Countries           Multi-country




Name                Global Health Council


About               The Global Health Council, is a US-based, non-profit membership organisation that was created in 1972 to
                    identify priority world health problems and to report on them to the U.S. public, legislators, international and
                    domestic government agencies, academic institutions and the global health community. Today, it is the world’s
                    largest membership organization of its kind.


Link                GHC Policy Briefs
Opens in new page


Types of Summary    Global Health Council Policy Briefs summarize a broad health systems topic in an easy to comprehend, question
Documents           and answer, 4-6 page format. The purpose of the brief is to introduce unfamiliar readers to the topic area.
                    Information is derived from the extant literature, and a Reference section is sometimes found at the end.


Research Area(s)    Human Resources for Health
                    Access to Medicines


Countries           Multi-country



                                                                4
Name                Health Action International


About               HAI works to increase access and improve the rational use of essential medicines. Health Action’s European
                    division, WHO and other partners are working together to make existing drug price information more widely
                    available in order to improve equity in access to essential medicines in health systems and to provide support to
                    Member States in this regard.


Link                HAI Policy Briefs
Opens in new page

                    (also available in French and Spanish)
Types of Summary    HAI offers briefing papers (running 2-8 pages) targeted for a policy-making audience. The Briefs are usually a
Documents           response to a policy currently being debated or is a follow-up analysis of a recent convening of health decision-
                    makers. The Briefs offer HAI’s recommendations or suggested courses of actions regarding the area of debate.
                    A Reference section is often included as data from the literature is used to support the recommendations.


Research Area(s)    Access to Medicines


Countries           Multi-country




Name                Health Systems Evidence, McMaster University


About               Health Systems Evidence is an easy-to-search and continuously updated online repository of synthesized
                    research evidence related to governance, financial and delivery arrangements in health systems and to
                    implementation strategies that can support change within health systems. It contains details about all the policy
                    briefs, overviews of systematic review and systematic reviews
                    relevant to health systems.


Link                HSE Policy Briefs
Opens in new page


Types of Summary    HSE Policy Briefs summarize how the findings from a number of systematic reviews pertain to a pressing
Documents           problem, proffer selected options for addressing the problem, and address key implementation considerations.
                    Briefs draw from a number of resources and include a Reference section at the end.


Research Area(s)    Governance Arrangements
                    Healthcare Financing
                    Delivery Arrangement
                    Implementation Strategy


Countries           Multi-country




                                                                 5
Web-based Synthesis Documents


Name                Management Sciences for Health (MSH)


About               Headquartered in Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA), Management Sciences for Health is a non-profit,
                    international health organization composed of more than 2,000 individuals from 73 nations. MSH works to take
                    an integrated approach to address issues in leadership, health systems management, health service delivery,
                    human resources, and medicines.


Link                MSH Policy Briefs
Opens in new page


Types of Summary    MSH offers a 2-3 page summary of a topic area, selected key findings, and recommendations for a future plan of
Documents           action. A link to the more in-depth, relevant research report is provided.


Research Area(s)    Health Service Delivery
                    Access to Medicines
                    Healthcare Financing


Countries           Regional (Asia, Europe & Central Asia, Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa)




Name                Supporting Policy relevant Reviews and Trials (SUPPORT) Summaries


About               SUPPORT aims to summarise the best and most relevant evidence from reviews of interventions to improve
                    maternal and child health in low and middle-income countries (LMIC) and of health systems interventions
                    relevant to LMICs. These summaries extract the most relevant information from systematic reviews, evaluate
                    the information and present it in a user-friendly manner so that decision-makers can quickly review the
                    evidence and decide whether a particular innovation is likely to be effective in their own context.


Link                SUPPORT Policy Briefs
Opens in new page


Types of Summary    SUPPORT Summaries are derived from relevant high-quality systematic reviews using a prescribed,
Documents           methodological process. Each summary begins with the key messages derived from the findings of the review
                    followed by the authors’ assessment. Summaries include key background information, assessment of the quality
                    of evidence, applicability of the evidence for LMIC, economic considerations, and references for additional
                    information.

                    Health Financing
Research Area(s)
                    Role of the Non-state Sector
                    Human Resources for Health


Countries           Multi-country




                                                               6
Name                World Bank: Health Results Innovation Trust Fund (HRITF)


About               Initiated in December 2007, The World Bank’s multi-donor Health Results Innovation Trust Fund
                    (HRITF) supports results-based financing (RBF) approaches in the health sector for achievement of health-
                    related MDGs. The HRITF aims to:
                     i) Support design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of RBF mechanisms;
                     ii) Develop and disseminate the evidence base for implementing successful RBF mechanisms;
                     iii) Build country institutional capacity to scale up and sustain the RBF mechanisms, with the national health
                    strategy and system, and;
                     iv) Attract additional financing to the health sector.


Link                World Bank HRITF Policy Briefs
Opens in new page


Types of Summary    Short essays (about 10 pages) that introduce and explain an aspect of healthcare financing or solvency are
Documents           presented. The essays are introductory in nature, and serve as background information to inform unfamiliar
                    audiences and decision-makers regarding issues within RBF.


Research Area(s)    Healthcare Financing


Countries           Afghanistan, Benin, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ghana, India, Kyrgyz Republic, Rwanda, Zambia, and
                    Zimbabwe




Name                World Health Organization: Department of Health Systems Financing


About               The Department of Health Systems Financing (HSF) works in collaboration with regional and country offices of
                    WHO to support countries seeking to strengthen their health financing systems.
                    The department strives to be a trusted partner in the development of equitable, efficient and sustainable health
                    financing systems and institutions.


Link                WHO HSF Policy Briefs
Opens in new page


Types of Summary    These technical briefs provide a succinct summary of a key policy issue, explaining what the issue is, why is it
Documents           important, and how policy-makers can address the issue. The briefs run about 2-3 pages.


Research Area(s)    Healthcare Financing

                    China, Ghana, Latvia
Countries           Multi-country




                                                                7
Web-based Synthesis Documents


Name                World Health Organization: The World Health Report 2006—“Working together for Health”
                    (Policy Briefs)


About               The 2006 World Health Report dealt with the critical shortage of the health workforce, and included ambitious
                    proposals to tackle it over the next ten years. A set of 6 policy briefs synthesizing the information found in the
                    full report was concurrently assembled:
                    1       Strengthening information and research on the health workforce: strategies for action
                    2       Investing in education for expanded capacity and lifelong learning
                    3       Making the most of the existing health workforce
                    4       Addressing the complex challenges of health worker migration
                    5       Bridging between health workers in separate public health programmes
                    6       Financing health workforce development


Link                WHO World Health Report 2006 Policy Briefs
Opens in new page


Types of Summary    (also available in Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian, Spanish)
Documents           Policy Briefs run about 5 pages, and begins with an introduction of the specific subject title. A “Strategy of
                    Action” is delineated, followed by a list of resources for further reading on the topic.


Research Area(s)    Human Resources for Health
                    Health Financing


Countries           Multi-country




                                                                 8
                                                       Briefing Notes
A Briefing Note seeks to summarize a much larger issue - be it a report, topic, synthesis or body of evidence. Briefing Notes
adopt various different styles, and are intended primarily to offer the “big picture” for those interested in specific or more
detailed knowledge.




Name                 Consortium for Research on Equitable Health Systems (CREHS), LSHTM


About                CREHS is a partnership of eight organisations based in Kenya, India, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, Thailand
                     and the United Kingdom that aim to generate knowledge about how to strengthen health system policies and
                     interventions in low- income countries.


Link                 LSHTM CREHS Briefing Notes
Opens in new page


Types of Summary     These Briefing Notes offer synopses from a meeting or a qualitative evaluation of a programme in a 4-5 page
Documents            briefer. A Reference section is sometimes included.


Research Area(s)     Healthcare Financing
                     Programme and Policy Evaluation


Countries            Thailand, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, India, Kenya
                     Multi-country




                                                                9
Web-based Synthesis Documents



Name                Health Economics and Financing Programme, LSHTM


About               The Health Economics and Financing Programme (HEFP), located within the Department of Public Health and
                    Policy at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, produces and disseminates knowledge with
                    collaborators at Southern Institutions to improve the performance of developing country health systems.


Link                LSHTM HEFP Briefing Notes
Opens in new page


Types of Summary    The Briefing Note provides an Executive Summary of key findings taken from a larger research report running
Documents           1-2 pages. A link to the full research report is provided at the end along with links for “further reading”.


Research Area(s)    Healthcare Financing
                    Human Resources for Health
                    Programme and Policy Evaluation


Countries           Kenya, Malawi, Peru, Tanzania, India, Afghanistan, Georgia, Zambia, South Africa, Sierra Leone, China
                    Multi-country
                    Regional (Africa)




Name                STEPS Centre

About               The STEPS Centre is an interdisciplinary global research and policy engagement hub, funded by the Economic
                    and Social Research Council. The Centre investigates the interactions between social, technological and
                    environmental factors in diverse local settings.


Link                STEPS Centre Briefing Notes
Opens in new page


Types of Summary    STEPS Centre notes provide a short briefing (around 800 words) explaining the key points of a research or
Documents           working paper conducted by the Centre. A case study or “real-life” example often accompanies the brief.

Research Area(s)
                    Health Governance
                    Health Systems Sustainability
                    Universal Coverage


Countries           Regional (Asia, Latin America)
                    Multi-country




                                                              10
                                                  Research Summaries 
A Research Summary provides a summary of a larger research report. It usually mirrors the typical format of a research
study (e.g. Introduction, Methods, Results, Conclusions), but in an abridged format.




Name                Consortium for Research on Equitable Health Systems (CREHS), LSHTM


About               CREHS is a partnership of eight organisations based in Kenya, India, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, Thailand
                    and the United Kingdom that aim to generate knowledge about how to strengthen health system policies and
                    interventions in low- income countries.


Link                LSHTM CREHS Research Summaries
Opens in new page


Types of Summary    Summary of a larger research report undergone by the Consortium running between 5-7 pages. Background,
Documents           Methodology, Key findings, Conclusion, and References sections are included.


Research Area(s)    Healthcare Financing
                    Programme and Policy Evaluation


Countries           Thailand, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, India, Kenya
                    Multi-country




Name                Global HIV/AIDS Initiatives Network (GHIN)


About               GHIN comprises researchers in 22 countries who are exploring the effects of Global Health Initiatives
                    (specifically, the Global Fund to fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria; the President’s Emergency Plan for
                    AIDS Relief (PEPFAR); and the World Bank’s HIV/AIDS programmes) on existing health systems. GHIN is
                    focusing on collecting evidence of these effects from regions, facilities and services, and communities, in order
                    to inform policy development at national and international level.


Link                GHIN Research Summaries
Opens in new page




                                                                11
Web-based Synthesis Documents


Types of Summary    Summary of a larger research report. Results and quantitative data are presented (with graphs). A short
Documents           discussion regarding key findings and recommendations is also included. A Works Cited section is found at the
                    end. Briefs run about 7-10 pages.

                    A second type of research summaries is available as a “Project Brief”; an easy-to-read synthesis derived from a
                    larger research report. The Project Brief is less in-depth than other type of research summary document offered
                    by GHIN, including only a short background and key findings. These briefs run about 2-3 page pages.


Research Area(s)    Programme and Policy Evaluation
                    Human Resources for Health
                    Healthcare Financing


Countries           China, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Mozambique, Peru, Ukraine, Zambia
                    Multi-country




Name                Future Health Systems Research Programme Consortium


About               The Future Health Systems Research Programme Consortium is a five year programme of research work
                    funded by UK DFID and managed by researchers at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health,
                    Baltimore, USA. Comprised of partner institutions in China, India, Bangladesh, Nigeria and Uganda, the
                    Consortium aims to generate knowledge that shapes health systems to benefit the world's poor in these countries
                    as well as Afghanistan


Link                Future Health Systems Research Summaries
Opens in new page


Types of Summary    Summary of a larger research report undergone by the Consortium running between 5-7 pages. Following a brief
Documents           description of the research objectives and methodology, Results and Key Findings are presented.


Research Area(s)    Human Resources for Health
                    Healthcare Financing
                    Programme and Policy Evaluation
                    Maternal Health
                    Primary Healthcare


Countries           Afghanistan, China, India, Bangladesh, Nigeria, Uganda




                                                               12
Name                Strategies for Health Insurance for Equity in Less Developed Countries (SHIELD)


About               SHIELD was a 3 year project which analysed alternative approaches to health insurance in Ghana, Tanzania
                    and South Africa as a mechanism for addressing health system equity challenges and in turn contributing to
                    achieving the Millennium Development Goals. Institutional partners were located in the studied countries as
                    well as the Netherlands, UK, and Sweden.


Link                SHIELD Research Summaries
Opens in new page


Types of Summary    SHIELD offers two types of synthesis documents.
Documents           Summary of a larger research programme or report. Includes an introduction, key findings and highlights of
                    results. A short policy recommendation section is also provided.
                    “Information Sheets” regarding the health systems structure of Ghana, Tanzania or South Africa. Information
                    Sheets on healthcare financing and access to care are also available.


Research Area(s)    Healthcare Financing
                    Universal Coverage


Countries           Ghana, Tanzania, South Africa




Name                World Bank: Health Results Innovation Trust Fund (HRITF)


About               Initiated in December 2007, The World Bank’s multi-donor Health Results Innovation Trust Fund
                    (HRITF) supports results-based financing (RBF) approaches in the health sector for achievement of health-
                    related MDGs. The HRITF aims to:
                       I. Support design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of RBF mechanisms;
                      II. Develop and disseminate the evidence base for implementing successful RBF mechanisms;
                     III. Build country institutional capacity to scale up and sustain the RBF mechanisms, with the national health
                          strategy and system, and;
                     IV. Attract additional financing to the health sector.


Link                World Bank HRITF Research Summaries
Opens in new page


Types of Summary    Overview or case-study summarizing a country’s experience with RBF running between 5-7 pages. The target
Documents           audiences are policy-makers and researchers who may be looking for real-life evaluations following a policy’s
                    implementation.


Research Area(s)    Healthcare Financing


Countries           Afghanistan, Benin, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ghana, India, Kyrgyz Republic, Rwanda, Zambia, and
                    Zimbabwe

                                                               13
Web-based Synthesis Documents




Name                World Bank : Reaching the Poor Policy Brief Series


About               The Reaching the Poor Policy Brief Series aims to share with a large policy and advocacy audience evaluated
                    examples of health programs and projects that have successfully made health sector spending more progressive.
                    The Policy Brief Series was produced in 2008 by the World Bank Institute with the dual objectives of (i) sharing
                    evaluated experiences showing that it is possible to tackle inequalities in the health sector in order to (ii)
                    generate a global dialogue on this often neglected issue.


Link                World Bank Reaching the Poor Research Summaries
Opens in new page


Types of Summary    Each summary (running about 5 pages) is limited to a single country and adapted from a larger piece of work.
Documents           The brief contains an introduction into the studied topic, key findings, and an evaluation of what worked and
                    why.


Research Area(s)    Health Financing
                    Role of the Non-state Sector


Countries           Cambodia, Mexico, India, Kenya, Nepal, Rwanda, Colombia, Chile, Indonesia, Tanzania, Brazil, Kyrgyzstan




                                                               14
                                             Systematic Review Databases
Systematic reviews use a rigorous scientific method to obtain all relevant studies of high quality regarding a topic. The
following are major databases that compile systematic reviews relevant to public health and health systems issues.




Name                 Health Systems Evidence (McMaster University)


About                Health Systems Evidence is an easy-to-search and continuously updated online repository of synthesized
                     research evidence related to governance, financial and delivery arrangements in health systems and to
                     implementation strategies that can support change within health systems. It contains details about all the policy
                     briefs, overviews of systematic reviews, systematic reviews, and protocols of systematic reviews relevant to
                     health systems, as well as links to any user-friendly summaries, scientific abstracts and full-text reports that are
                     currently available for these syntheses.


Link                 http://www.mcmasterhealthforum.org/healthsystemsevidence
Opens in new page




Name                 health-evidence.ca


About                Health-evidence.ca is a free, searchable online registry of systematic reviews. The registry is unique in that it is
                     pre-filtered to only include reviews that are of interest to public health and health promotion decision makers and
                     uses a comprehensive search strategy to include only high-quality content.


Link                 http://health-evidence.ca/articles/search
Opens in new page




                                                                  15
Web-based Synthesis Documents




Name                Cochrane Library


About               The Cochrane Library is a collection of seven databases that contain different types of evidence to inform
                    healthcare decision-making. Two databases provide a valuable resource for health systems related evidence:
                    The Database on Systematic Reviews (CDSR) and The Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE)

                    1) Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
                    The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) is the leading resource for systematic reviews in health
                    care. Each Cochrane Review is a peer-reviewed systematic review that has been prepared and supervised by an
                    editorial team.

                    2) Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects
                    The Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE) contains abstracts of systematic reviews that have been
                    quality-assessed. Each abstract includes a summary of the review together with a critical commentary about the
                    overall quality.


Link                CDSR: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/o/cochrane/cochrane_clsysrev_articles_fs.html
Opens in new page   DARE: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/o/cochrane/cochrane_cldare_articles_fs.html




                                                               16

				
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