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					   COOPERATION IN
ENVIRONMENT-FRIENDLY
   TECHNOLOGIES
                                   F.V. Karmazinov,
                                  Director General
                  SUE “Vodokanal of St. Petersburg”
The Baltic: Common Sea, Common Concern

                            Late 1980s:
                            St. Petersburg is one of
                            major polluters of the Baltic
                            Sea

                            Since 1989:
                            Cooperation between
                            Vodokanal St. Petersburg
                            and Finland
                            2011:
                            St. Petersburg meets
                            the HELCOM
                            Recommendations
         Growth of wastewater treatment volumes
                  .
                                           .




Before     1978       1987   2005   2008       2010   2011   2016
 1978
South-West Wastewater Treatment Plant
                             Put into operation in 2005

                             Capacity –
                             330,000 m3/day
                             The public-private
                             partnership scheme was
                             used.
                             15 financing sources



                             85% of wastewater is
                             discharged treated
Northern Tunnel Collector Extension in Petersburg

                Put into operation
                (stage-by-stage) in
                2008 – 2012

                Length of main tunnels
                – two lines, 12.2km
                each

                Diameter – 4m

                Depth – 40-90m

                Result:
                95% of wastewater is
                discharged treated
                                                              Improvement of sanitary-epidemiological condition of
                                                                the Neva and the Neva Bay in the Gulf of Finland
                                                            The Neva water quality at Main WTP’s water intake – average data
Total coliforms, CFU/100 ml




                                                                                                       Total coliforms




                                                      500


                                                             The Neva water quality at Main WTP’s water intake – average data
               Thermotolerant coliforms, CFU/100 ml




                                                                                                                                     Main WTP
                                                                                               Thermotolerant coliforms

                                                                                                                                - Area of direct discharges connected to the NTC

                                                                                                                                - Northern Tunnel Collector




                                                                                     MAC
The Clean Baltic Sea Project
                        Enhanced phosphorus removal
                        technologies are implemented
                        at all WWTPs in St. Petersburg.

                        Approximately, 10 tons/day of
                        phosphorus are removed.

                        The average phosphorus
                        concentration in the total
                        wastewater discharge –
                        0.5 mg/l

                        HELCOM Recommendations
                        are fully complied with.
                                      Enhanced nutrient removal
         Reduction of N and P load on water bodies in St. Petersburg
                       (WWTPs, untreated wastewater discharge)                        Reduction of phosphorus
                                                                                      discharge – almost 6 times

                                                                                      Reduction of nitrogen
                                                     Vodokanal’s plan
                                                                                      discharge – almost 2.5 times

                                                                                      Result: fewer blue-green algae
t/year




                                                                  Mass of N, t/year

                                                                  Mass of P, t/year   in the Gulf of Finland

                                                                                      Tarja Halonen referred to the
                                                                                      wastewater treatment
                                                                                      Improvements in St. Petersburg
                                                                                      as “a world-class achievement”
Eutrophication of the Baltic Sea
                          The photo is made by NASA
                          on the order of the Swedish
                          Institute of Meteorology
                          and Hydrology.

                          It was demonstrated at WWF
                          Workshop (August 2011,
                           Stockholm)
Sewage sludge disposal
                Petersburg is the first big city to
                fully solve the sludge disposal
                problem.

                Number of sludge incineration
                plants – 3

                Reduction of sludge volume –
                10 times

                Electricity production in 2011 –
                10,500 MW
Biomonitoring
                The composition of flue gases
                at sludge incineration plants is
                checked by snails

                Wastewater treatment quality
                is monitored by crayfish
                alongside with instruments

                The biomonitoring systems
                have been designed by the St.
                Petersburg Scientific Research
                Centre of Environmental Safety
                at the Russian Academy of
                Sciences
               International Advanced Water Technologies Centre
The Centre was established in 2011 by SUE “Vodokanal of St. Petersburg” and
Lahti Science and Business Park (Finland).

The Centre cooperates with the Northern Dimension Business Council (NDBC)
Working Group on Environment and Nature Conservation in the North-West
Russia and with the Northern Dimension Environmental Partnership.

                                      Objectives:
                                      •Organizing international cooperation;
                                      •Sharing experience;
                                      •Benchmarking of innovations;
                                      •Promotion of innovations;
                                      •Organizing events to share information,
                                      ideas and production / management
                                      technologies.
Environmental education

                          Youth Environmental
                          Centre:
                          •Active since 2002,
                          •12 projects implemented
                          in 2011
                          Russian-Finnish
                          programmes are being
                          implemented

                          The Universe of Water
                          museum complex
                          •Active since 2003,
                          •The number of visitors –
                          over 215,000 in 2011
      Average specific water consumption in St. Petersburg
                       (litres/person/day)
350

      305
300

             262                                                      Litres/day на человека
                                                                     литров/сутки per person
                    250    250
250
                                  223
                                         212
                                                195
200                                                    188
                                                              168

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