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Victoria Police Crime Department

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									     Victoria Police


        SOCAP Australia
 International Symposium 2004

Detective Inspector Bob Sitlington
              Victoria Police
   Managing an Extortion / Threat
    – Initial Action
          What You Can Do to Help?
          Who Should You Contact?
    – Evidence Handling
    – The Value of Crisis Management Teams
    – The Need for Confidentiality and Trust
   Motives
    – Case Studies
           Victoria Police


   Who should you contact?
    – Local Police or Specialists

   Confidentiality

   Crisis Management Teams
            Police Role &
            Responsibility

   Police Have the Responsibility to Investigate
    All:
     – Deliberate Product Contaminations or
       Extortions
     – Attempts or Threats
   Partnership Approach
   Covert Investigations
   Victim’s Company Must Be Protected /
    Interests of Public Safety
             Receiving a Threat
   DEMANDS - Verbal, Written, Electronic:
    –   telephone contact
    –   audio tape demand/instructions
    –   written demand sent directly
    –   demands through an agent either
            innocent agent
            co-offender
            media outlet
            e-mail
            facsimile
            combination of such methods
          Immediate Action
   Maintain Comprehensive Notes
    – “If it’s worth a mental note - it’s worth a written
      one.”
   What to Note
    – Time & date of receipt of call / letter
    – Which telephone was the threat/demand received
      on?
    – Names of all persons who handled the call / letter
    – Nature of the threat and all details given by caller
    – Anything about the caller
         What is an Exhibit?
   The Threat

   The Product
   Original Packaging

   Original Container (that product may have
    been placed in after detection of
    contamination)
   Associated Packaging
   Article Used to Contaminate Product
    eg. pin/needle/syringe/coil of wire
     Collection of Evidence
           Preserve Evidence!
   Handling of Exhibits
    –   Letter/Documents - Leave in situ
    –   Absolute minimum handling
    –   If necessary handle from the edges
    –   DO NOT PHOTOCOPY

   In all Cases
    – where possible isolate the threat
    – place in secure storage
                Motive

   Not necessary to prove at law


   Will assist proving criminal intent
   Case Study


Operation Moory

  “Mr. Water”
         Operation Moory

   Extortion - Melbourne Water
   January 2003
   Offender - Cezary (Robert) Konarzewski
   E-mailed - National Security Hotline
    Office
   Threatened to explode cyanide filled
    containers in 3rd largest Melbourne
    Reservoir
         Operation Moory
   Non negotiable deal
   Melbourne Water to Respond by placing
    coded messages in the “Age”
    Newspaper
   Remote system to detonate drums
   Wanted money by manipulating ASX
   More details to come
   Different E-mail address for each
    contact
   Prime Minister and Premier notified
        Risk Assessment
     A Tripartism Approach

   Department of Human Services

   Melbourne Water / Water Industry

   Victoria Police - Tactical Response

    Squad
        Assessing the Risk
   DHS
    – Poison Potential
    – Emergency Action / Public
      Notification
   Water Industry
    – Physical check for recent / current
      security breaches (including video)
    – Check Incident Reports
    – Identification of possible target
      reservoir
        Assessing the Risk
             (Con’t)
 Tactical   Response Squad
  – Assessment of Threat
     transmitters / bombs / range
     type of drums

     recent theft of cyanide other

      poisons (nationally)
     SIG / ASIO assessment

     offender profiling
          Assessing the Risk
               (Con’t)
   Type of Threat
    – Non specific target / specific methodology
   Likelihood of Threat
    – Poor selection of frequency
    – No reported thefts of cyanide or other
        poisons
    –   Intelligence - no known threats
    –   Lethal dose of cyanide 1000 kg/ megalitre
    –   Unlikely entry to reservoirs undetected
    –   Breach identified at Preston
         Risk Assessment
            Outcomes
   Increased vigilance by staff at all Water
    Industry Sites
   Melbourne Water requested to actively
    monitor Web site
   No threat to water supply
   Public not at risk
Standby Media Release
 Media release drafted and
approved by DHS / Melbourne
   Water Industry / Police
     Detail of Investigation

   Initial e-mail contact - 22/1/03
   Computer Crime
    – Creation of e-mail address
    – Creation of Hello.doc
    – Access to National Security Hotline
   Offender identified - 24/1/03
   24/7 surveillance
Evidence Against Accused
   Use of Wyndham City Library Computer
   Creation of Hello.doc
   Polish Web Sites Browsed
   TD Waterhouse Site Browsed
   National Security Hotline Accessed
   Identification Located at Home Address
   Home Computer Located & Analysed
   No Admissions
Motive?
    Investigation Outcome
   Mr Water
    – guilty plea - Melbourne County Court
    – Sentence 2 .5 years (non parole 9
      mths)
    – Ordered to pay Melbourne Water
      $11,349
    – Cost of Investigation $286,000 plus
     Case Study No. 2
          Motive

 Regional   Pie Manufacturer

 Purchased   by a local couple
Sample Product
Contaminated Product
Contaminated Product
   (Open Section)
Place of Purchase
Production Line
  Investigation of Victim

 Background    Check


 Theft   from Premises
Motive?
Suppression Order

 Confidentiality
         Guiding Principles
   Initial Action
    – Managers & Supervisors
   Confidentiality
    – Specialists
   Confidence / Co-operation
    – Built on Trust
   Crisis Management Team
    – Practice
   Build Strong Relationships
    – Know Key Players - Industry Wide
Questions

								
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