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					Teamwork in Outage
                        Motivation
• Some plants have reduced outage times significantly
   • e.g. from 80 to 22 days over 15 years
• while maintaining or improving safety
   • e.g. number of unplanned outages

• Many plants plan to introduce Outage Control Centers,
  or improve existing ones

• Outages are continually changing
   • E.g. Increasing constraints on shift patterns (working times)

• Maintenance error is still an important issue

                              2
               Research questions
• How is a successful outage organization structured
  and operated? How can outages be improved?
• What is the role of organizational factors?
   • E.g. shift patterns, teamwork, role changes, incentives, trust

• What is the role of technical support systems?
   • E.g. Large Screen Displays?

• How can good practices be transferred between plants?
• Are lessons learned from teamwork in outage relevant for
  teamwork in the MCR (or between MCR and FOs)?


                              3
                      Project plan
• Status
   • Summer 2010: Pilot study, interviews at a U.S. plant
   • Showed importance of organizational / teamwork factors
   • More opportunities for field studies are available
• Method
   • Field studies of outage organizations
   • Collaboration with HRP design projects on outages

• Expected results
   • Identification of success factors for organizing outages
   • Recommendations for the design of Outage Control Centers
   • Guidance for reducing maintenance errors during outages


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posted:4/8/2013
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