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									Chapter 19: The Rise of the City
   I.       Urbanization
            A. Industrial Sources of City Growth—What factors allowed for the geographic concentration of industry? How did
                factory sizes contribute to the growth of cities?
            B. City Innovation—What happened to city sizes in America?
                      1. Mass Transit—Describe some of the stages of mass transit development in American cities.
                      2. Skyscrapers—What materials and innovations made skyscrapers possible?
                      3. The Electric City—What were some important electric innovations in American cities?
            C. Private City, Public City—Who did most of the building of new American cities? Who controlled the plans?
                      1. The Urban Environment—What environmental problems plagues cities? What were tenements, and how
                          were they designed?
                      2. A Balance Sheet: Chicago and Berlin—How was Berlin superior to Chicago? How was Chicago superior
                          to Berlin?
   II.      Upper Class, Middle Class
            A. The Urban Elite—Where did wealthy urbanites prefer to live?
                      1. Lifestyles of the Rich—How does the story of the New York Metropolitan Opera show how “new money”
                          conflicted with “old money” in American cities?
                      2. “High Society”—What city became the capital of the American social scene?
            B. The Suburban World—What jobs did people in the middle class have? What was suburbanization, and what
                allowed for it to happen? How did distance from the city center measure one’s wealth? While a sense of
                community lost its importance in suburban society, what two forces assumed greater importance?
            C. Middle-Class Families—How did the divisions between work and home life change with the coming of
                      1. The Wife’s Role—What was the role of the woman in the suburban home? Did women come to have equal
                          rights with men? What happened to marriage rates and family sizes during this time?
                      2. The Cult of Masculinity—What happened to the average marrying age of men during the late 1800s? What
                          factors of modern industrial society robbed men of some of the control that they had historically had over
                          their lives? How did men reclaim some of their masculinity?
                      3. Changing Views of Sexuality—How did attitudes toward birth control change by the 1870s? How did
                          people start thinking about women’s role in the relationship between a man and woman? What was a
                          “Gibson Girl”—what message did it send about women?
                      4. Attitudes Toward Children—How did attitudes towards children change, and how was education part of
                          that change?
   III.     City Life
            A. Newcomers—What percent of many cities were foreign-born? What was a “ghetto”, and how was he ghetto part of
                where new immigrants settled? How did immigrants try to recreate familiar pieces of their home countries?
                      1. Urban Blacks—What kinds of discrimination did blacks face in the North, particularly in housing and jobs?
                          How did blacks react?
            B. Ward Politics—How did politics help integrate racial and ethnic groups? What roles did the political machines take
                on, particularly in the large cities? What did the political machines expect in return for their services?
            C. Religion in the City
                      1. Judaism: The Challenge to Orthodoxy—How was Reform Judaism different from Orthodox Judaism, and
                          what challenges did Orthodox Jews face?
                      2. “Americanism” and the Catholic Church—What challenges did the Catholic Church face in America?
                      3. Protestantism: Regaining Lost Ground—How did Protestant churches go about trying to increase their
            D. City Amusements—What types of activities were used to entertain city dwellers?
                      1. Baseball—Where was baseball supposedly founded? How did baseball help city dwellers identify with
                          their city?
                      2. Newspapers—What types of stories did newspapers focus on? Who were Joseph Pulitzer and William
                          Randolph Hearst? What was “yellow journalism”?
            E. The Higher Culture
                      1. Cultural Institutions—What forms of cultural institutions flourished in American cities? What was “The
                          Gilded Age” and what did it refer to in American urban society?
                      2. The Literary Scene--…

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