Presenting Research

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					Presenting Research
                   Facts
• Most people are intimidated in front of
  and audience.
  – Often more intimidating than flying,
    poisonous snakes, death…
• Most people prepare way to much
  material for the time allotted
  – Actual presentations go slower
• There are strategies to combat fear
  and overpreparation
              Strategies
• Who
 – Audience
• What
 – Content and Organization
• How
 – Presentation strategies
• When
 – Time
                    Who
• Most often academics/peers
• They want to hear what you have to say
• They have some background
  – be aware of it and speak to it.
• They don’t have time to waste
  – make your contribution clear and get to the
    point quickly
• Expect to have an engaged audience
   Some things to remember
• Listening is not like reading
  – less involved
  – do things to get them involved
• Use your head and your heart
  – cool head
  – warm heart
                         What
• Be organized
• Identify key points and make them clear
  – This is what people take home with them
  – 3 is often a magic number
• Repetition
  – Tell them what you are going to tell them
     • Not a talk map – your contribution
  – Tell them
     • Be careful of too much detail
  – Tell them what you told them
     • Remind them of your contribution and the take-home
                     Content
• Much like a written paper
• Introduction
  – brief
  – catch the audience’s attention
  – clearly identify the topic and your contribution
• Body
  – clearly describes the thesis & supporting information
  – informs, persuades, and/or entertains carefully
• Conclusion
  – no new material
  – reinforce the main points
  – remind them of your contribution
  Some things to remember

What are your main 3 points
That is all they will remember



                 Be clear and positive about your contribution
                 but do not overstate it or embellish the facts


    Be organized
       Brief Intro
       Well developed body with appropriate detail
       Conclusion that reinforces main points
                     How
• Define your role
  – You are the authority but be humble
  – Bold, but not overbearing
• Don’t just read your slides
  – Your slides are there to aid audience
    understanding not do the talking.
  – Why are you there?
       Figures and Graphics
• Should be intuitively understandable
• Should prove your point clearly
• Label everything
  – they may not hear you well but they will see
    your figures
  – anomalies
  – make sure your contribution is clear
Phylogenetics
* Superexponential                                        A
* Combinatoric                                        D
                                 A                    B
 1*3*5*7...=O(n!!)                    C       A               C
                                B D
Terminals    Number of Trees
10           2 x 106                                  C
22           3 x 1023
                                          B
50           3 x 1074
100          2 x 10182
1,000        2 x 102,860
                                                  A
10,000       8 x 1038,658                             C
100,000      1 x 10486,663                    B
                                                  D
1,000,000    1 x 105,866,723
10,000,000   5 x 1068,667,340
           Figures and Graphics
• What is this figure trying to tell us?
  60




  50




  40




  30




  20




  10




   0
       0    1   2     3     4     5        6
                         Better
Parallel Phylogenetic Analysis Scalability on 2 data sets

           16



           12
 Speedup




           8



           4                                   m ll IV
                                              S a H
                                              Zilla
                                               in a p e u
                                              L e rS e d p
           0
                0    8           16           24             32
                          u b r f ro e s rs
                         Nme o P c s o
               Chart types
• Line graph
  – Show trends
• Pie chart
  – Good for percentages
• Bar chart
  – Good for comparing a few things
• Tables
  – Good when exact numbers are important
  – Don’t put too many numbers on the screen
Bad table
            What is wrong?
      Amount of Sales for JC Penney and Neiman-Marcus


160
                                              Series1
                                              Series2
140

120

100

80

60

40

20

  0
            Slide Content
• Don’t overuse different fonts
  – No more than 3
• Minimum amount of text
  – Emphasis on your main points and
    supporting information
• Simple format
• Use color to emphasize important
  points, but avoid the excessive use of
  color
                      When
• Time is important
  – especially the audiences time
• You never have time to say everything
  – Pick your main points carefully
• No more than 1 slide per minute
• Practice your timing
• Don’t waste time on the introduction if your
  audience is knowledgeable
  – but give the necessary background
• Make sure you have time to emphasize your
  main points.
          How to give a bad talk
1. Thou shalt not be neat
2. Thou shalt not waste space
3. Thou shalt not covet brevity
4. Thou shalt cover thy naked slides
5. Thou shalt not write large
6. Thou shalt not use color
7. Thou shalt not illustrate
8. Thou shalt not make eye contact
9. Thou shalt not skip slides in a long talk
10. Thou shalt not practice
                     Finally
• Give enough detail to get your main points
  across and to show you have solved the
  problems but not enough to lose the audience.
• They want to hear what you did that was cool
  and why they should care
  – Preferably, they’ll hear this at the beginning of the
    talk, over the course of the talk, and at the end of
    the talk
• If they’re intrigued, they’ll ask questions or
  read your paper
• Whatever you do, don’t just read your slides!

				
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posted:4/7/2013
language:English
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