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					                        Limited Enrollment Programs (LEP) AAUDE Query Responses (Public AAUs)
                              (peer institutions listed first, then alphabetical order for the remainder)


1) Does your institution have programs that limit undergraduate enrollments similar to UM’s limited enrollment
programs (LEPs)?

 If yes, please answer 2-6.
 If not, please answer question 6 (if applicable) and question 7.

RESPONSES:

University of California – Berkeley
UCB has several programs defined as "impacted", where more students are interested in the major than the program can
accommodate.

University of Michigan
NO, however, several of the programs you mentioned are in separate schools or colleges and undergraduates apply at the upper
division to be admitted. In this way, we do limit the size of those programs (specifically architecture, business and education).
Students spend the first two years, typically in our College of Literature, Science & the Arts and then fill out a cross-campus
transfer application to be admitted to those programs. Each limits the number of students in the entering classes.

University of North Carolina
We have no limited enrollment programs like what you describe. All freshmen spend the first two year in "General College" and
then move up to major depts for junior/senior years. Admission to a major in the junior year is by application for a select
number of majors depts, but no commitments are made for enrollment in those areas before that time.

Rutgers University
We are not familiar with anything at Rutgers that is comparable to the LEP's at University of Maryland. Perhaps you would be
interested in the Honors College at Rutgers-Newark at http://honorsnewark.rutgers.edu/Default.htm

Texas A&M
Yes.

University of Arizona
Yes.

University at Buffalo
No.

University of California – San Diego
Yes, at UCSD we have "Impacted Majors" and "Pre-Majors". Impacted Majors limit enrollment in certain majors. Pre-Majors
must satisfy all prerequisites before admission to the major.
See page 2: http://www.ucsd.edu/catalog/pdfs/uadmissions.pdf

University of Colorado – Boulder
Yes.

University of Florida
We have something similar - Limited Access programs at the undergraduate level. These programs limit the number of students
accepted due to limited resources and/or proficiency requirements (see attached). At UF, all freshmen are expected to declare a
major upon entering the university, and we have a system in place (Universal Tracking) that monitors and guides students to
make sure they are making the progress needed for their intended majors. Students who intend to enroll in Limited Access
programs declare majors in these programs just as all entering freshmen do, but they are not actually considered for admission to
their chosen programs until their junior year. The attached report shows minimum admission standards for each of our Limited
Access programs.
University of Minnesota – Twin Cities
No. Enrollment levels are set at the campus level. That said, there are freshmen admitting colleges that are more "competitive"
than others. Within each undergraduate college, once a student is admitted they can apply for honors programs, which is based
on more stringent admission criteria. See link below for more information on the U's honors programs.
http://admissions.tc.umn.edu/inside/honors_02.html

University of Missouri – Columbia
Yes.

University of Oregon
No.

University of Virginia
We don't have any formal programs but some of our schools and departments do screen students who want to declare their
major. They each do their own thing.

University of Washington
Yes.

University of Wisconsin – Madison
UW-Madison does have LEPs (though we call them something different), but how many, exactly what they are, etc. has not been
a major policy issue for some years now -- last time was in the late 1980s, I think. So we have not done a recent inventory of
what they are, and of course, exactly what they are depends on the definition, etc. Our list would be very similar to yours,
however, except I don't think political science (government and politics) would be on our list, and we don't have architecture.
However, one we have you don't mention is Medical Microbiology. (Since the "Hot Zone" and similar books have come out,
they have just been flooded with potential majors.) In some areas, e.g. communications, some tracks are limited but not the
whole major. (I could send your our considerably out of date list, but don't think it would be that useful.) Since we don't have
a complete current list, we can't easily tell you what percent of our students are in such programs. And we do not have a
methodology for determining the capacity of a program each program decides for itself if it will be limited and how, depending
on faculty numbers, lab space, etc. These things get reviewed through our program review process, when the department/major
is reviewed. Per above, each program decides on the requirements that will be used to limit enrollment, and they often vary
them over time -- for example, both Business and Electrical Engr have changed the required GPA for admittance up and down
over the years. In general, students who entered as new freshmen or transfers face the same requirements for admission. Each
program decide I don't think we've had any discontinued, but again we haven't done a full inventory recently. We have a
relatively strict enrollment management policy in place for the institution as a whole. We have tended to emphasize this way of
monitoring and limiting enrollment, instead of by program.

For the most part, we do not admit freshmen to specific programs-- students do indicate if they want to be pre-business etc., but
they are not screened at that point for admission to Business. In most cases, the screening goes on at the junior year, when they
are ready to enter a major. This method also tends to make it more
"equitable" for freshmen vs. transfers -- both are considered for admission to specific programs as juniors.
2) What are the limited enrollment programs at your institution?

RESPONSES:

University of California - Berkeley
Currently, the following programs are impacted: business administration, economics, political economies of industrial societies,
mass communication, computer science, psychology, and social welfare.

Texas A&M
Architecture, Business, and Engineering

University of Arizona
All of the programs which have a designated "pre-" program are limited enrollment: Pre-Architecture, Pre-Business, Pre-
Communication, Pre-Computer Science, Pre-Dance, Pre-Education, Pre-Health Education, Pre-Medical Technology, Pre-
Nursing, Pre-Pharmacy, Pre-Physical Education, Pre-Physiological Science.

In addition, all Fine Arts programs require an audition (music) or portfolio (studio arts) for admission.
We also have a "pre-college" category, apparently used as a general "holding" category for undeclared majors.

University of California – San Diego
For academic year 2002-03, the Impacted Majors are Bioengineering, Bioengineering: Biotechnology, Computer Science,
Computer Engineering (in both CSE and ECE), and Electrical Engineering.

The Pre-Majors are Bioengineering: Premedical, Engineering Physics, Human Development, Literature/Writing, Math-
Computer Science, Music-Interdisciplinary Computing and the Arts (ICAM), Visual Arts-ICAM, Visual Arts-Media
(Computing Emphasis).

University of Colorado - Boulder
Business, Engineering, Music, Architecture and Planning.

University of Florida
Architecture, Landscape Architecture, Advertising, Journalism, Public Relations, Telecommunications, Special Education,
Elementary Education, Art Education, Music Education, Building Construction, English, Interdisciplinary Studies, Athletic
Training, Psychology, Criminology, Dance, Graphic Design, Interior Design, Theatre, Fine Art, Music, Speech
Pathology/Audiology, Nursing, Occupational Therapy, Rehab Services, Health Science, and Accounting.

University of Missouri – Columbia
Journalism, Business, Education, some Health Professions (allied health).

University of Virginia
Commerce, Biology, English among others.

University of Washington
Business, engineering, architecture and landscape architecture, art, music,
all health sciences including nursing and many of the humanities and sciences.
3) Do you have a specific model or formula for calculating the capacity of a program and/or a model to measure the flow
of students through and across programs?

RESPONSES:

University of California - Berkeley
No. Each program has it's own method for calculating and managing limits of capacity.

Texas A&M
Decisions are made at the College/Department level.

University of Arizona
No.

University of California – San Diego
We lack a systematic model or formula to determine when a program is "impacted." Individual units make a "case" to our
Committee on Educational Policy who may then declare a program to be "impacted."

University of Colorado – Boulder
No. Based on history. Each LEP is a separate COLLEGE.

University of Florida
No. We have maintained the same list of Limited Access programs for several years.

University of Missouri – Columbia
Generally no. Business has one we don’t particularly care for.

University of Virginia
No.

University of Washington
No. It’s a scam and scheme to let faculty ration their own work. In fact this is one of the greatest management omissions and
failures of the University.
4) What percentage of your undergraduate headcount is accounted for by the students in LEPs?

RESPONSES:

University of California - Berkeley
Approximately 10%

Texas A&M
38% (Fall 2001)

University of Arizona
N/A

University of California – San Diego
It is really impossible to answer this question because the primary impact is on students who do not get admitted. It is difficult to
get any sense of the number of students who have either applied or enrolled elsewhere because the major of their choice was
impacted.

University of Colorado – Boulder
About 30%

University of Florida
About 35% of undergraduate enrollment is in Limited Access programs.

University of Missouri - Columbia
About 30%

University of Virginia
Who knows?

University of Washington
Well, we really don't have a handle on what is or isn't a LEP at UW (part of our management failure).
But I would estimate that we are dealing with a 2/3's of all majors are in what we call competitive
admissions programs.
5) What are the general requirements for admittance and review in your LEPs, and do they differ for new freshman
and transfer students?

RESPONSES:

University of California – Berkeley
Business administration: prerequisite completion, gpa minimum, foreign language completion, course-load, leadership skills
Computer science: course enrollment procedures, technical gpa, workload, minimal course drops, personal statements
economics: prerequisite completion, gpa minimum, application process
Mass communication: prerequisite completion, grade requirement, unit completion (sophomore standing), application process
Political economies of industrial societies: prerequisite completion, gpa minimum, foreign language completion
psychology: prerequisite completion, gpa minimum, involvement in program activities and events
social welfare: course perquisites, minimum gpa, chronological order of application

Texas A&M
Please refer to the University catalog for details:

    http://www.tamu.edu/admissions/catalogs/ (click on Undergraduate Catalogs then select 2002-2003 edition)

    Architecture refer to page 222

    Business refer to page 238

    Engineering refer to page 296

University of Arizona
Varies by program.

University of California – San Diego
From the 2002-2003 UCSD General Catalog and Departmental Pages:

 Bioengineering (see page 3, "Policies and Procedures"):
 http://www.ucsd.edu/catalog/pdfs/bioengineering.pdf

 Computer Science and Engineering (see page 5, "Admission to Major"):
 http://www.ucsd.edu/catalog/pdfs/computer.pdf

 Electrical and Computer Engineering (see page 6, "Admission to Majors"):
 http://www.ucsd.edu/catalog/pdfs/electrical.pdf

 Human Development Program (see page 2, "Applying for the HDP Major"):
 http://www.ucsd.edu/catalog/pdfs/human.pdf
 http://www.hdp.ucsd.edu/2002HDP/newreqs.shtml

 Literature (see page 5, "The Pre-Writing Major"):
 http://www.ucsd.edu/catalog/pdfs/literature.pdf

 Mathematics (see page 3, "Major in Mathematics-Computer Science"):
 http://www.ucsd.edu/catalog/pdfs/mathematics.pdf
 http://www.math.ucsd.edu/undergraduate/majors/compsci/

 Music (see page 3, "Admission to the ICAM Major"):
 http://www.ucsd.edu/catalog/pdfs/music.pdf
 http://orpheus.ucsd.edu/dept.music/musicdept/programs/ICAM.html

 Visual Arts/ICAM (see pages 5 and 6, "Admission to the ICAM Major and to the Media Major with Computing        Emphasis"
and "Policies Relating to the ICAM
 Major and the Media Major with Computing Emphasis"):
 http://www.ucsd.edu/catalog/pdfs/visual.pdf and http://visarts.ucsd.edu/undergrad/Premidx.html
University of Colorado - Boulder
For frosh we use primarily HS GPA, test scores, and HS course-taking. Music adds an audition. Engineering math/science reqs
(before entry) are stricter, and Business math reqs.
Similar for transfers, though of course we also look at college work taken.

University of Florida
See attached.

University of Missouri - Columbia
Our limited programs generally only admit juniors

University of Virginia
Varies by dept/school and yes.

University of Washington
No difference between native and transfer students; but systemically transfer students have greater
difficulty in this process for three reasons: 1. They are not familiar with u practices and
procedures, 2. There is no assurance of seamless curriculum integration and in fact there is a near
guarantee that curriculum is not seamless and 3. Equity of treatment is extended to native and
transfer students but equity also requires that these students be treated differently based upon the
academic accomplishments and promise. Transfer students by most any measure do not have the same
academic accomplishments and promise as native students.
6) If you have had any LEPs in the past that have been discontinued, why were they discontinued?

RESPONSES:

University of California – Berkeley
No.

University of Michigan
No.

Texas A&M
No.

University of Arizona
Unknown.

University at Buffalo
Not applicable; we have not had such programs in the past.

University of California – San Diego
As the demand for the program changes, the program asks to have its "impacted" status removed. The number of undergraduates
in a major has an impact on their funding levels so departments and other units do not want to fall below their optimal numbers.

University of Colorado - Boulder
None.

University of Florida
A few years ago we reviewed the list of programs that were considered Limited Access, and some were taken off the list because
it was determined by the colleges that limiting enrollment to these programs was no longer required to maintain quality and
manage capacity. For example, all of our engineering programs used to be Limited Access but they were removed from the
listing at that time.

See Florida Division of Colleges & Universities Rule 6C-6.001(e) for Limited Access guidelines:
http://www.fldcu.org/chn/rules/6c-6.pdf

As far as I know the guidelines above are still in place and I don't have any reason to think they would change. But we are in the
middle of doing a re-write of the entire K-20 Education Code for Florida under our new governance system for higher ed, and
most recent statutes say that our university board of trustees will be responsible for monitoring limited access programs (this was
formerly a responsibility of the now defunct Board of Regents mentioned in the above guidelines):

The 2002 Florida Statutes
 1007.31 Limited access programs.--
 (1) The State Board of Education shall establish criteria for assigning limited access status to an educational program and a
     process for the periodic review of such programs so that a university board of trustees can determine the need for retention
     or removal of limited access status.

 (2) Each university board of trustees shall monitor limited access programs within the
 university and conduct periodic reviews of such programs to determine the need for
 retention or removal of the limited access status.

 History.--s. 361, ch. 2002-387.

University of Virginia
No.

University of Washington
Why would a group of faculty surrender the right to ration their own work?
7) If your institution does not have LEPs what is the reason you do not? (E.g. you do not have a capacity issue,
philosophically opposed to limited programs, etc.)

RESPONSES:

University of Michigan
Given our decentralized organization, I am sure that each of the schools and colleges has their own reasons for why we have
chosen to not limit concentrations in majors.

University at Buffalo
There has been no perceived need for measures to limit enrollment beyond the usual course and QPA requirements for entry into
a major.

University of California – San Diego
We are in the process of trying to establish a workable and sensitive LEP system that is responsive to growth BEFORE units
become overwhelmed. This is particular important for UCSD as we move from a "growth campus" to a "steady-state" campus
over the next decade.

University of Oregon
Do not have a capacity issue - at this moment-our enrollment is at an all time high.

                                ******************************************************

URLs:

University of California - Berkeley
 business administration: http://www.haas.berkeley.edu/Undergrad/ucbappl.html
 computer science: http://buffy.eecs.berkeley.edu/Advising/CS/Peer/upperdivision/enrollmentrestrictions.html
 economics: http://emlab.berkeley.edu/econ/ugrad/handbook2002.html
 mass communication: http://ls.berkeley.edu/ugis/masscomm/page2.html
 political economies of industrial societies: http://ias.berkeley.edu/iastp/peis/admission.html
 psychology: http://psychology.berkeley.edu/undergrads/majorrequirements.html
 social welfare: http://socialwelfare.berkeley.edu/academic

Texas A&M
See question #5 for web site

University of Colorado - Boulder
You'd have to look at the entire catalog for each college, I'm afraid: http://www.colorado.edu/sacs/catalog02-03/

University of Minnesota – Twin Cities
Most likely it is due to philosophical/historical reasons, (e.g. being Minnesota's land-grant university).
1) Does your institution have programs that limit undergraduate enrollments similar to UM’s limited enrollment programs (LEPs)?

Peer Institutions
University of California-Berkeley         Yes.       UCB has several programs defined as “impacted”, where more students are interested in the major
                                                     than the program can accommodate.

University of Michigan                    No.        However, several of the programs you mentioned are in separate schools or colleges and
                                                     undergraduates apply at the upper division to be admitted. In this way, we do limit the size of
                                                     those programs (specifically architecture, business and education). Students spend the first two
                                                     years, typically in our College of Literature, Science & the Arts and then fill out a cross-campus
                                                     transfer application to be admitted to those programs. Each limits the number of students in the
                                                     entering classes.

University of North Carolina              No.        We have no limited enrollment programs like what you describe. All freshmen spend the first two
                                                     year in "General College" and then move up to major depts for junior/senior years. Admission to
                                                     a major in the junior year is by application for a select number of majors depts, but no
                                                     commitments are made for enrollment in those areas before that time.

Institutions with LEPs
Texas A&M                                 Yes.
University of Arizona                     Yes.
University of Colorado-Boulder            Yes.
University of California-San Diego        Yes.       At UCSD we have "Impacted Majors" and "Pre-Majors". Impacted Majors limit enrollment in
                                                     certain majors. Pre-Majors must satisfy all prerequisites before admission to the major.
University of Florida                     Yes.       We have something similar - Limited Access programs at the undergraduate level. These
                                                     programs limit the number of students accepted due to limited resources and/or proficiency
                                                     requirements (see attached). At UF, all freshmen are expected to declare a major upon entering
                                                     the university, and we have a system in place (Universal Tracking) that monitors and guides
                                                     students to make sure they are making the progress needed for their intended majors. Students
                                                     who intend to enroll in Limited Access programs declare majors in these programs just as all
                                                     entering freshmen do, but they are not actually considered for admission to their chosen programs
                                                     until their junior year. The attached report shows minimum admission standards for each of our
                                                     Limited Access programs.

University of Missouri-Columbia           Yes.
University of Washington                  Yes.
University of Wisconsin-Madison           Yes.

Institutions without LEPs
Rutgers University                        No.
University at Buffalo                     No.
University of Minnesota-Twin Cities       No.
University of Oregon                      No.
University of Virginia                    No.        We don't have any formal programs but some of our schools and departments do screen students
                                                     who want to declare their major. They each do their own thing.
2) What are the limited enrollment programs at your institution?

University of California-Berkeley                     Business administration, economics, political economies of industrial societies, mass
                                                      communication, computer science, psychology, and social welfare.

Texas A&M                                             Architecture, Business, and Engineering.

University of Arizona                                 All of the programs which have a designated "pre-" program are limited enrollment: Pre-
                                                      Architecture, Pre-Business, Pre-Communication, Pre-Computer Science, Pre-Dance, Pre-
                                                      Education, Pre-Health Education, Pre-Medical Technology, Pre-Nursing, Pre-Pharmacy, Pre-
                                                      Physical Education, Pre-Physiological Science. In addition, all Fine Arts programs require an
                                                      audition (music) or portfolio (studio arts) for admission.
                                                      We also have a "pre-college" category, apparently used as a general "holding" category for
                                                      undeclared majors.

University of Colorado - Boulder                      Business, Engineering, Music, Architecture and Planning.

University of California – San Diego                  Bioengineering, Bioengineering: Biotechnology, Computer Science, Computer Engineering (in
                                                      both CSE and ECE), and Electrical Engineering. The Pre-Majors are Bioengineering: Premedical,
                                                      Engineering Physics, Human Development, Literature/Writing, Math-Computer Science, Music-
                                                      Interdisciplinary Computing and the Arts (ICAM), Visual Arts-ICAM, Visual Arts-Media
                                                      (Computing Emphasis).


University of Florida                                 Architecture, Landscape Architecture, Advertising, Journalism, Public Relations,
                                                      Telecommunications, Special Education, Elementary Education, Art Education, Music Education,
                                                      Building Construction, English, Interdisciplinary Studies, Athletic Training, Psychology,
                                                      Criminology, Dance, Graphic Design, Interior Design, Theatre, Fine Art, Music, Speech
                                                      Pathology/Audiology, Nursing, Occupational Therapy, Rehab Services, Health Science, and
                                                      Accounting.


University of Missouri – Columbia                     Journalism, Business, Education, some Health Professions (allied health).

University of Washington                              Business, engineering, architecture and landscape architecture, art, music, all health sciences
                                                      including nursing and many of the humanities and sciences.

University of Virginia                                Commerce, Biology, English among others.


4) What percentage of your undergraduate headcount is accounted for by the students in LEPs?

University of California – Berkley                    Approximately 10%

Texas A&M                                             38% in Fall 2001

University of Colorado - Boulder                      About 30%

University of Florida                                 About 35%

University of Missouri - Columbia                     About 30%

				
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