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United States Immigration - DOC

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This is an example of United States immigration. This document is useful in conducting a study on United States immigration.

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									             Information Resources for Immigration Reform

U.S. Constitution

What does the Constitution say about citizenship?

The United States Constitution speaks of "citizens of the States" and a "citizen of the
United States." The 14th Amendment to the Constitution (1868) made "All persons born
or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, citizens of the
United States and of the State wherein they reside." The 14th Amendment made it clear
that citizens had national rights that could not be violated by state action. It was adopted
to guarantee certain protections to African-Americans freed from slavery after the Civil
War (13th Amendment, 1865). Laws enacted since then have placed additional
restrictions on the original guarantee of citizenship by birth. Today, children are granted
automatic citizenship only if both parents are American citizens and one has lived in the
United States for at least ten years.

State Constitutions


General Information about Immigration in the United States

       U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services
       Government agency that provides information on laws, regulations and
       interpretations controlling immigration and the work of the immigration-related
       bureaus of the Department of Homeland Security. You can learn how
       immigration laws are made and how regulations are developed. You can
       explore agency and judicial interpretations of those laws. You can also find
       handbooks and guides used by immigration officers in performing their mission
       as well as guides created to help you through the immigration process.

       "Historical Census Statistics on the Foreign-born Population of the United
       States: 1850-1990" Fact Sheet on Immigration from the Bureau of Census

       Department of Homeland Security – Unauthorized Immigrant Estimates
       Estimates published in 2003 of illegal immigrants in the United States

       Wikipedia – Imigration to the United States
       Wikipedia is an on-line encyclopedia that is constructed and edited by readers.
       Although very readable, some of the information provided may not be factually
       correct.


Legislative Histories and Proposals
      U.S. Immigration: A Legislative History at the Population Resource Center.
      Poor economic conditions overseas, a relative abundance of opportunity here,
      flight from persecution and upheaval, and revolutions in communication and
      transportation are often cited as the major factors explaining the historic waves of
      immigrants to U.S. shores. But U.S. immigration laws are also a key factor in
      shaping the numbers and composition of America‟s new residents. This overview
      highlights the history of U.S. immigration legislation and the parallel rise and fall
      in numbers and changing ethnic makeup.

      Overview of the legislative history of immigration to the United States 1790
      through 1996 Official compilation record of federal immigration and
      naturalization legislation statutes in the United States. Information from the
      Statistics Yearbook (at www.uscic.gov)

      Comprehensive Immigration Reform
      News releases, photos and details on the White House/Bush vision of
      immigration reform and border security (at www.whitehouse.gov)

      Library of Congress Thomas website
      Search for bills and trace their histories. The drawback of this site is that it tends
      to provide too much information. For example, a search for “immigration” bills in
      the 109th Congress yields 702 bills! To be used effectively, it helps to know the
      title or name of the bill. For example, searching for S. 2611 in the 109 th Congress
      yields this page, which provides additional links to the bill‟s history, including
      amendments (about 150 of them in the Senate!), votes, and relevant sections of
      the Congressional Record.

             The advanced search option on Thomas is more useful for searching for
             bills in a subject area. The subject terms are listed here. Browse the very
             long list, or use the edit/find option at the top of your browser to check
             whether a specific subject of interest (e.g. human rights) is on the list.
             Return to the advanced search page and enter that term. The result are
             the bills that a researcher has deemed are most relevant to the subject.


      Immigration in the States
      Information and Perspectives provided by the National Council of State
      Legislatures

      Senate Hearing on Border Security
      You are looking for video 26607 or go here and scan the list.

Legal Cases and Issues

      OYEZ Supreme Court decisions by topic. Some include audio of Supreme
      Court arguments. Immigration cases can be found under „Civil Rights‟ (e.g.
      Deportation)

      Findlaw
      Allows you to search for information about current law on a wide range of
      immigration topics (for example asylum, marriage fraud, or habeas corpus). A
      great place to get the legal facts about specific issues.

      Tour the Supreme Court!

Parties, Interest Groups and Think Tanks

      American Civil Liberties Union

      Century Foundation

      Democratic National Committee

      Heritage Foundation

      Population Resource Center

      Republican National Committee


The Economics of Immigration


      Budget of the United States
      Organized by government agency. Historical and detailed tables are also
      available at the bottom

      Department of Homeland Security Budget
      Includes descriptions of spending priorities that the Administration chooses to
      highlight.

      The Immigration Equation
      New York Times article examining the economic consequences of legal and
      illegal immigration. We should emphasize that there is no consensu regarding
      the estimates of the economic costs and benefits of immigration, as well as the
      costs of enforcing various proposals.

								
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