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HIGHLIGHTS OF NOTABLE DISASTERS OF PART FLOODS

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HIGHLIGHTS OF NOTABLE DISASTERS OF PART FLOODS Powered By Docstoc
					NOTABLE DISASTERS OF 2012

          HIGHLIGHTS
(In Reverse Chronological Order
   Within Each Natural Hazard,
    Technological Hazard, or
Environmental Hazard Category)

  Walter Hays, Global Alliance for
  Disaster Reduction, University of
        North Carolina, USA
PART 3:

FLOODS

  INDIA
AUSTRALIA
PAKISTAN
                 RECOVERY MUST
                   DEAL WITH

                           LOSS OF FUNCTION OF
                        STRUCTURES IN FLOODPLAIN


                                 INUNDATION


                          HAZARDOUS MATERIALS


                          CONTENTS DAMAGED BY
  FLOODS                        WATER

                         WATER BORNE DISEASES
CASE HISTORIES
                          (HEALTH PROBLEMS)


                         EROSION AND MUDFLOWS

                        CONTAMINATION OF GROUND
                                WATER
DEVASTATING FLOODS IN ASSAM
        STATE, INDIA

        June 28, 2012
  The Brahmaputra River
overflowed during monsoon
 rains, flooding more than
     2,000 villages and
  destroying homes in the
  northeast of the country
FLOOD: ASSAM STATE;
    JUNE 28, 2012
WILD BUFFALO GOING TO HIGHER
       GROUND; JUNE 28
STRANDED IN NAELENI VILLAGE:
          JUNE 28
SOME OF THE 500,000
EVACUEES: JUNE 29
ELDERLY AND YOUNG
 EVACUEES: JUNE 29
HOMELESS BULUT VILLAGE
    FAMILY: JUNE 30
PUMPING DRINKING WATER:
 BULUT VILLAGE; JUNE 30
    WORST FLOODING IN RECENT
            HISTORY


 Ninety-five dead
 Over 2 million homeless.
 Half a million evacuees are living in relief
  camps with disease prone conditions
 Damaging landslides hindered relief
  operations
  WALLA WALLA, A FARMING
 COMMUNITY IN NEW SOUTH
WALES, SOUTHEAST AUSTRALIA
     March 1-6, 2012
  MARCH 1-6, 2012: WORST
   FLOODING SINCE 1974
• 9,000 people were evacuated after
  a week of rain and flooding that
  damaged 1,000 houses
• Local authorities declared a state
  of emergency, which gave police
  and the army more authority to
  carry out search and rescue ops.
  The Mummumbidgee River,
  swollen after 20 cm (8 in) of
rainfall, peaked at 10.56 m, just
   below the height of Walla
    Walla’s protective levee.
FLOODING IN SOUTHEAST AUSTRALIA
PAKISTAN’S EXPERIENCES
    ANOTHER FLOOD
       DISASTER

    January 3, 2012
SEASONAL MONSOON RAINS
 CAUSE FLOOD DISASTER
   AGAIN IN SOUTHERN
       PAKISTAN
PAKISTAN: FLOOD ZONES
DEVASTATING FLOODS IN ASSAM
        STATE, INDIA

        June 28, 2012
PAKISTAN: 2012 FLOODING
17 million people have been
   affected by the floods
    triggered by heavy
       monsoon rains
 SOUTH PAKISTAN: Three
cities in the Sindh Province
along with at least 400,000
     people been told to
evacuate after heavy rains
      IMPACTS TO DATE
• Over 1,000 dead.
• 3 million hectares of farmland
  have been destroyed along with
  crops of rice, maize, sugar, cane
  and cotton.
• 116,000 farm animals killed
• Approximately 5 million have been
  left homeless, with no place to go
     IMPACTS (continued)
• Millions have little or nothing to
  eat at present in spite of the
  government’s best efforts
• The water is very dirty, and if
  uncorrected, could create the
  potential for a healthcare
  disaster.
        HUMANITARIAN
         ASSISTANCE

• THE GOVERNMENT’S STATED PRIORITY
  IS TO MAKE SCHOOLS, HOSPITALS,
  AND GOVERNMENT FACILITIES FULLY
  FUNCTIONAL
• JAPAN, CHINA, AND THE USA HAVE
  PROMISED IMMEDIATE ASSISTANCE
   EXPERIENCE IN 2011

  One year after the historic flood
   disaster of 2010, widespread
flooding impacted Pakistan again,
  affected 5.2 million people and
        killing at least 2,000
Summer floods are common
 in Pakistan as a result of
monsoon rains that typically
 swell rivers and streams
    across the country.
EXPERIENCE IN 2010
NORTHWEST PAKISTAN (AND
AFGHANISTAN) HIT BY FLASH
FLOODS AFTER PROLONGED
    MONSOON RAINS


    JULY 28 - AUGUST 2, 2010
 2010’s floods following
monsoon rains were the
worst in 80 years and set
      new records.
DERA ISMAIL KHAN:
   INUNDATED
MUZAFFARABAD: RISING
   FLOOD WATERS
THOUSANDS OF MUD BRICK
   HOMES COLLAPSED
NOWSHERA: DAMAGED MUD
       HOUSE
COLLAPSED HOUSE
TRYING TO DIVERT WATER
SOME LIVESTOCK WERE SAVED,
 BUT THOUSANDS DROWNED
PESHAWAR: MELONS
 BECAME PRECIOUS
CLINGING TO DEBRIS
NOWSHERA: SEEKING
  HIGHER GROUND
SEEKING HIGHER GROUND
SEEKING A SAFE HAVEN
CHARSADDA: TRYING TO
     EVACUATE
EVACUATION: CARRYING
SELECTED POSSESSIONS
NOWSHERA: EVACUATION
NOWSHERA: EVACUATION
   TO A SAFE HAVEN
EVACUATION IS ALWAYS A
    DIFFICULT TASK
MUZAFFARABAD: INADEQUATE
   TEMPORARY SHELTER
  30,000 Pakistani troops rescued
28,000 people using helicopters and
other means, and distributed water
             and food.
  NOWSHERA: PAKISTANI
ARMY DISTRIBUTING WATER
  FLOOD DISASTER RECOVERY IS
         FACILITATED BY
 PUBLIC POLICIES THAT INTEGRATE
RESEARCH, SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE,
  AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES
ON THE FOUR PILLARS OF DISASTER
           RESILIENCE
            WITH THE
  NATION’S POLITICAL PROCESS

				
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posted:4/6/2013
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