TorontoAcademy of Veterinary Medicine Newsletter Volume 20, #4 May 2005
Preliminary U. of Guelph Pitbull restrictions are now law
results help solve mystery
of dead neighbourhood pets.
Toronto Public Health inspectors were
called to investigate the mysterious deaths of
three cats and one dog during a 72-hour
period beginning around April 19. The
investigation centred on a back lane be-
tween Wychwood and Kenwood Avenues,
running north of St. Clair Avenue West to
Louise Street. Two cats were found dead in
their family’s yard, while the third cat was
found in the lane. The dog, who lived in the
area, died at a veterinary clinic after being
presented for convulsions and vomiting.
Further inspection turned up a fourth cat, as
well as a dead bird. The remains of three Local Constituency office of MPP and Ontario Attorney General Michael Bryant,
803 St. Clair Avenue West. AG Bryant’s office has been the target of several
cats, the dog, and the wild bird were sent to acts of vandalism; pro pitbull persons are suspected. OPP is investigating.
the Veterinary Laboratories of the University Wall graffiti, at left, is old and unrelated to the recent vandalism.
of Guelph for examination. City Inspectors On March 31, AG Michael Bryant’s own such dogs is now $60,000. Judges now
affixed 3 different warning notices to utility amendments to the Dog Owners have the option of ordering restitution to be
poles throughout the entire neighborhood, Liability Act (DOLA) received royal paid in relation to an offence.
searched the area extensively, and inter- assent. The law goes into effect on After October 29, 2005, the following rules
August 29, 2005, followed by a 60- will apply: 1) Where a court is convinced that
viewed people in about 80 homes. day transition period. Owners of a pit bull has bitten or attacked or posed a
Preliminary results show the cats died of existing pit bulls must have their menace in a Part IX proceeding, a mandatory
pesticide poisoning. The dog died of a dogs spayed / neutered, leashed, and destruction order must be issued, and 2)
gastric torsion. Testing on the three cats muzzled while in public. Owner must Where a pit bull owner is found to have
also comply with any municipality’s contravened a provision of the DOLA, the
indicates that they may have been exposed additional requirements. regulations, or a court order in relation to the
to a form of pesticide used to treat fleas,
The 60-day transition period was pit bull, a mandatory destruction order must
ticks, and a range of other household pests. established after consulting with the be issued in a Part IX proceeding.
Toronto Public Health has conducted Association of Municipalities of Mr. Bryant was unavailable for comment at
several inspections of the area and found no Ontario (AMO), the City of Toronto, the time his office was visited. The attending
pesticides that can be linked to these deaths. and the OSPCA. It appears no vet receptionist directed all inquiries related to
There is no evidence of deliberate poisoning. organizations were consulted. the pit bull ban to MPP Bryant’s website:
A Community Alert update on the City For owners of any dangerous dog www.attorneygeneral.jus.gov.on.ca. The full
that bites, attacks, or poses a threat, text of the legislation as well as additional
website says the laneway has been checked, fines have been increased to a related articles can be found at www.e-
swept and litter has been collected by the maximum of $10,000, with a possible laws.gov.on.ca. Search for “Public Safety
City. The Health Alert issued last weekend jail sentence of up to six months. The Related to Dogs Statute Law Amendment
remains in effect. maximum fine for corporations who Act, 2005, S.O. 2005, c. 2 - Bill 132”.
May 2005 Page 1
With four animals dead by Friday, April
Editorial 22, the Toronto Health Department
began investigating the laneway. People
were questioned and signs were posted
in the vicinity of the laneway. However,
only a small notice appeared in the
Sunday Toronto Star.
I couldn’t believe the lame coverage
Dr. Hannah concludes from a this story was being given. Have we all
deconstruction of these recent forgotten what happened last year when
articles that some newspapers only Toronto experienced its first case of
dog-hating? Persons unknown had
print some of the news, some of the
inserted insecticide into wieners and
time, and not always correctly. scattered them through Withrow Park,
causing the death of one dog and
sickening at least sixteen others. The
During my scouring of media for vet- the victim of a cruel person who blinded City of Toronto reacted by sealing off
related articles for Media Alert, I am him. Countless trees were sacrificed by the entire park from all visitors. Dozens
frequently amazed how our “vet world” newspaper publishers in covering all this of police combed every inch of the park
looks when seen through a couple story’s angles. Many people contacted to gather evidence. All newspapers
dozen relevant articles. Sometimes you the vet clinic to pay for the cat’s bill and reported on even the slightest bit of
uncover a quirky trend, such as the to adopt him. Many took vows to bring news about the dogs’ condition.
demand for more luxurious pet supplies. the responsible persons to justice. It This time was different. City
Perhaps you have one or two clients turns out the cat was not the victim of newspapers weren’t covering this local
with an upscale pet carrier or whatever. cruelty at all; documented evidence story well enough. When some Sunday
You probably didn’t give it a second showed the cat was blind due to morning clients asked me if I knew
thought. But your perspective has to medical causes, and its eye sockets only anything about the cat deaths, I knew it
change when the level of media seemed to be wet or recently damaged. was time to find out for myself.
coverage tells you that everyone (a least It was a misunderstanding, thankfully, I checked out the area that afternoon.
every celebrity) has a Louis Vuitton or but you can’t discount the number of With a quick drive around the laneway’s
Burberry pet carrier. Or a knock-off. people who were moved by this single adjacent streets, you could see a lot of
cat’s plight. those signs posted to warn people about
I’ve been hoping to find more articles
celebrating the human-animal bond and And so I find myself at a loss to keeping their pets out of the laneway.
our commitment to animal welfare. understand the muted response to Laneways like this are common in this
Over the years, I’ve covered some truly events that happened right in my own part of Toronto. Houses are built close
heart-warming stories, full of hope and backyard. Not three blocks from my together, leaving no room for a garage
redemption. One example is a story we clinic, on a laneway for garage access, between them. The garages, or concrete
reported in our October 2000 issue. suspected poisonings had killed three pads, are at the end of your backyard.
Lucky, the male orange tabby, was cats, a dog, and a bird over a 72-hour
found wandering in a bush, apparently period, beginning Tuesday, April 19th .
Article continues on page 4
A wide-angle view of the intersection of the north-bound laneway and the east-west laneway. These laneways
are quite common in this part of Toronto, and are often the site of garbage piles and derelict vehicles.
Page 2 May 2005
Photo taken April 24, 2005 in
laneway shows 4-litre anti-freeze
container in one of the driveways.
No other information is available.
Toronto Star, April 24, 2005, p.A4
First print media reporting of
Another backyard scene. This one
shows some furniture paint
stripping, with the bottles of solvent
Lane, facing north. At least one
neighborhood cat was ignoring the Three different public notices put
public notice to remain indoors. up in the neighborhood.
May 2005 Page 3
Details!...cont’d from page 2
Cars drive out to the main road via the
I parked on Kenwood Avenue and
walked over to the lane. I walked its
whole length and imagined what a dog
or cat could have gotten into. Our clinic
treats the odd pet poisoning: anti-freeze,
slug bait, and other pesticides. A few
interesting things caught my eye. The
laneway is home to at least two or three
derelict vehicles. These, and the
occasional car repair sessions, represent
wonderful opportunities for anti-freeze
and other fluids to leak onto the road. I
saw no overt puddles, but one amazing
sight was a four-litre anti-freeze bottle
perched about five feet in the air on a
fence rail. Please note that I didn’t say it
was a bottle containing four litres of
anti-freeze. I didn’t want to trespass Toronto Star, April 30, 2005, p.B2.
onto the person’s property, so I don’t
know what was in the bottle, if
anything. Its presence just struck me as
really odd under these circumstances.
Another interesting sight was the bottle
of paint stripper. Someone had set out a
chair at the back of their yard to strip
away the paint. Again, I don’t know if
the bottle contained anything, or was in
any way connected to the dead cats.
But I did make a note of it.
My amateur detective work really
didn’t find any smoking guns here. The
early part of the week was sunny, and it
had rained on the weekend. So it’s
possible that any “evidence” was
washed away. Someone with better
equipment, training, and more time on
their hands would have to determine the
cause of death at necropsy.
The Saturday, April 30th editions of
Globe and Mail, April 30, 2005,
the Toronto Star, Toronto Sun, and
Globe and Mail reported that no
evidence pointed to intentional deaths.
Early lab results suggest the three cats
died of pesticide poisoning. So much
for my anti-freeze / paint thinner
The cause of the dog’s death depends
on which paper you read. The Toronto
Star says the dog died of natural causes. Toronto Sun, April 30, 2005, p.21.
The Globe and Mail fails to mention the
Article continues on page 5, column 3
Page 4 May 2005
Details!...cont’d from page 4
dog at all. The Toronto Sun names the
dog, Devyn, identifies him as a 7-year-
old German Shepherd mix, and
attributes his death to an intestinal
blockage. The Toronto Health
Department’s website bulletin says that
the dog died of a gastric torsion. It is
interesting that none of the cats are
named or described. Is this cat
It seems that a story’s coverage can
vary widely. You need to read more
than one paper to get the whole story,
and may also have to go online.
Here are some three more stories to
check out for details, lack of details, or
slanted viewpoints. These are all “lost
pet” stories, always a favorite topic.
The Globe and Mail “Bittersweet end
to tale of one dog, two families”
Zack, the yellow Labrador, escaped
while his owner took him and the two
other family dogs on a run. Calgary
Humane Society adopted him out after
several days passed without
successfully identifying him or his
owner. Zack’s identity was eventually
sorted out, but the adopting family had
adopted him legally, grown to love him,
and now refused to give him up. The
Rubys, Zack’s original owners, learned
this and went public with their
indignation, threatening legal action to
regain custody of Zack. Their PR
campaign worked and a flood of angry
phone calls and emails forced Zack’s
new family to surrender him. The
Humane Society sided with the adoptive
family, but that wasn’t the winning side.
I am troubled by what this newspaper
article doesn’t say. It reports that more
than 80% of Calgary’s dogs are
licensed, and certainly one important
benefit of licensing is being able to get
Globe and Mail, December 4, 2004, p. A15. your lost dog back. Zack’s problems
were the result of him being neither
licensed, nor microchipped, nor
tattooed. The veterinary clinic listed on
Zack’s rabies tag could not identify him.
The adoptive mother and daughter are
heartbroken over the loss of their dog.
Mrs. Ruby argues that the adoptive
article continues on next page
May 2005 Page 5
Article cont’d from previous page
family can easily get another dog,
whereas nothing could replace the
emotional bond her family had built up
with Zack over four years. That may be
true, but it would seem Mrs. Ruby’s
emotional attachment does not extend
beyond paying for rabies vaccine, the
absolute minimum required by law. And
I would venture to say that her two
other dogs are held to the same high
standard of care. The article states that
the Shelter microchipped Zack
immediately upon his surrender. I
suspect they didn’t want to go through
this embarrassment again. But why
should the Shelter and taxpayers pay for
Zack’s identification? I do hope the
Shelter charged the Rubys for the
Let’s be honest. The Rubys first lost
Zack due to their own negligence: he
wasn’t on a leash. He may never have
been found because they hadn’t spent
one cent on identification. It is a pity
that they should recover Zack so easily
when their commitment to him was so Globe and Mail,
minor. If the Rubys have learned April 22, 2005, p.A3
anything from this, it is that dog
licenses and identification tags or chips
are a waste of money. Zack had none of
those and the Rubys got him back by
simple threats of legal action against a
family who had adopted Zack in good Toronto Star,
faith. The Rubys remind me of those January 24, 2005, p.A4
people who brag about all the money
they saved by not taking out insurance,
yet cry for a bailout when disaster
The Toronto Star: Man is reunited
with best friend, and The Globe and
Mail: Puppy love sends owners into
This story shows how the same
incident reported by two different
newspapers can make you draw a
Here are the bare facts: A man put his
Dalmatian, Pluto, into the care of his
accountant while he went to Greece to
settle his mother’s estate. A short time
after receiving the dog, the accountant
surrendered Pluto to the Toronto
Humane Society where it was adopted.
Page 6 May 2005
The man returned from Greece and
wanted his dog back. The new owner
refused to give back the dog. Both old
and new owners hired lawyers for small
claims court. A judge ruled that the
dog’s true owner had not signed the
surrender document with THS, so the
adoption deal was legally void. Pluto
was returned to his owner, although the
person who adopted him plans to appeal
Some of the story differences are
trivial; some are major, and go to the
heart of peoples’ credibility. Please see
my chart (bottom right) and draw your
own conclusion. One omitted story
detail just begs for an answer: if the dog
was a known “challenge” to keep, why
didn’t his owner just board the dog at a
proper faciltity? It would have been
cheaper in the long run.
The Toronto Star: “Pet cat comes
The third lost pet story has a happy
ending for all, as reported in The
Toronto Star on January 24, 2005. A
noisy storm generated by Hurricane
Juan prompted a 9-year-old girl’s cat to
bolt from the house, never to return.
The cat appeared about a year later at a
house about two kilometres away from
its original owners. That family adopted
the cat for their own 10-year-old
daughter. When a vet identified the cat
and its owner through a tattoo, the 10-
Toronto Star, April 22, 2005,
year-old girl quickly agreed the cat
should be returned to its original owner.
When the girls’ mothers spoke to each
other about returning the cat, they
realized they attended the same church
and worked at the same Sunday school
together. The cat’s return, both families
believe, was the result of divine force.
This third lost pet story overflows
with charm, a trait sadly lacking in the
other two. What a wonderful example
for us all when ten-year-old girls can
solve problems as fairly and unselfishly
as Solomon: no lawyers, no JPs, no
threats of legal action.
May 2005 Page 7
Are You Missing Something?
Ultrasound and Your Clinic
by Ehab Malik, DVM
veterinary medicine. The diag- Once the decision is made to
nostic capabilities of ultrasounds purchase an ultrasound machine,
are vast and it gives us the ability you need to determine whom you
to get to the root of many disor- should buy from. Ultrasound
ders and diseases. Where guess- machines are large investments
work and trial-and-error once that are meant to last many, many
ruled, now we have the ability to years. It is crucial that you
Owning a clinic is hard work. make definitive diagnoses and to choose a company that has a good
There are many things to con- prescribe the appropriate treat- history and that has been around
sider to ensure that your practice ment. for a long time. They should
is successful. The area in which offer good customer service,
you work often has the largest But how do you know if ultra-
sonography is right for your technical support, local techni-
impact over your practice layout cians and they should be support-
and design and the needs of your clinic? Before you go out and
purchase a machine, it is benefi- ive of the veterinary community.
clients and patients are ultimately There are many companies out
what determines what equipment cial for you to attend a basic
ultrasound course to see exactly there that make ultrasound ma-
you purchase. chines, but those that have a
what ultrasonography has to
For those of us who practice in offer. You may be surprised to strong knowledge of animal
and around a large city, such as discover that many of the cases medicine will be better able to
Toronto, the main clientele we that you struggle with on a daily support you and in turn, support
see are the owners of small basis can be solved using ultra- the veterinary community as a
animals such as dogs and cats. sound! whole. I like to use the example
Over the years, we have seen a of a company in the United States
gradual shift in the mentality of There are many specific factors
that should be evaluated before that was prompted to develop a
these clients with more of them special endoscope in response to
considering their pets as mem- proceeding with purchasing an
ultrasound machine, including, interest in the veterinary commu-
bers of the family, and not nity. Necessity is the spark of
strictly animals living in the same but not limited to:
invention so it is imperative that
household. This shift in thinking 1 number of cases you see per these companies know we are out
has led to owners who are more day there so that they can tailor their
conscious of the needs of their 2 your overall caseload equipment to the needs of veteri-
pets and who are more willing to 3 your comfort level and experi- nary medicine.
invest in diagnostic testing to get ence using ultrasound equip- On a more personal note, I made
to the root of their pets prob- ment the decision to purchase an
lems. This presents a great op- ultrasound machine and it has
In order to assist you in your
portunity to veterinarian profes- proven to be an invaluable diag-
decision making, I recommend
sionals such as ourselves. No nostic tool that benefits my
attending several basic lectures
longer are our hands tied by clinic, my patients and my ability
on ultrasonography preferable
uncooperative clients; we have to practice medicine. I am very
those that include a hands-on, wet
the ability to do what we were happy with my decision and I
lab segment. This will allow you
trained to do: help animals and would be more than happy to
to see first-hand the benefits of
solve health problems. discuss my experiences further
this diagnostic tool and will help
Ultrasonography is one of those you determine if it would be with anyone who has questions.
tools that has gained popularity in beneficial to your practice.
Page 8 May 2005
Dr. Malik is presenting a true case from his clinic and mined by the independent judges, one entry will be se-
invites fellow TAVM veterinarians to answer quiz lected randomly. The judges will evaluate the answers. If
questions based on it. To make it interesting, Dr. they are correct, that entry will be declared the winner. If
Malik is offering a prize of a seminar provided by it is incorrect, then another random selection will be made
Universal Ultrasound, to be conducted in the summer from the remaining entries and evaluated. This process
will continue until a winner is declared.
of 2005. This basic level ultrasound seminar will
include a lecture and wet lab. To be impartial, The 07 In the event that no single entry from the entire number of
submissions is deemed satisfactory by the judges, then all
Scalpel has agreed to conduct the collection, selection,
entries shall be placed in a container, one will be randomly
and evaluation of submissions in coordination with selected, and that entry shall be declared the winner.
some independent judges.
08 The decisions of the judges are final.
09 All entries become the property of the TAVM.
The rules are as follows:
10 Prize: Only one winner, as described above, will receive
01 This contest is open to current TAVM members only.
one complimentary seminar attendance, courtesy of
02 Answers to the case must be independently formulated. Universal Ultrasound who will be hosting several Small
03 Responses are only to be mailed by Canada Post to: Animal Ultrasound Seminars in 2005. The seminar will
The Scalpel Contest include a lecture and a hands-on wet lab.
779 St. Clair Avenue West 11 Prize is non-transferable, and must be accepted “as is”.
Toronto, ON M6C 1B7 12 Due to The Scalpel’s publication schedule, all entrants will
be notified by phone.
04 On the sheet with your quiz answers, please include your
name, address, and telephone number. 13 The winning answer will be published in the September
2005 issue of The Scalpel.
05 Deadline for submissions is May 31, 2005. Submissions
must be postmarked no later than that date to be accepted. 14 Neither TAVM nor The Scalpel assume responsibility for
the quality of the prize or for the ability of the winner to
06 Shortly after the contest deadline, on a date to be deter-
claim the prize.
within the joint. Mild degenerative changes, which include
An 8 years old boxer was presented to the clinic with a
sclerosis of the subchondral bones of the stile and peri-
history of limping on the left hind leg. His condition had
articular spurring were observed. Similar findings were
lasted for 4 weeks. No other complaints were reported by
found in the right stifle, however there did not appear to be
any significant effusion in the right stifle. Coxofemoral
joints were WNL.
Bright, alert and responsive. His TPR were all within
Due to the low HCT, HGB, and the leukocytosis, and
normal limits. Weight bearing lameness on left hind leg was
blood and protein in the urine, an abdominal X-ray was
quite noticeable. Chest and abdomen exam were normal.
done. It showed a large, homogeneous, soft-tissue density
(WNL), anterior drawer sign and positive cruciate were
in the right cranial abdomen.
detected on left hind leg.
Quiz. Answer these questions to enter the contest
Admitted for the following:
1 What diagnostic plan, if any, would you recommend?
Pre-surgical evaluation (Blood, urine and hind leg X-
2 Would you proceed with the cruciate repair?
rays) Blood work and urinalysis results on page 10.
3 What are your differential diagnoses?
4 Please give a through and detailed opinion about the
Left stifle showed loss of the fat pad. Periarticular spur-
importance of a complete pre-surgical evaluation.
ring was seen at the level of the attachment of the patellar
tendon to the tibial crest. Moderate effusion was seen
Blood work and urinalysis results are on the next page.
May 2005 Page 9
Page 10 May 2005
VITA-TECH supports CONTINUING EDUCATION
VITA-TECH has sponsored the Toronto Academy of Veterinary
Medicine’s Veterinary Surgical Oncology Seminar.
We believe that better information supports better healthcare.
VITA-care is the continuing education program of VITA-TECH
VITA-care technical articles: Upcoming VITA-care Seminars:
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Log-on to our website at www.vita-tech.com to download VITA-care technical articles
and sign-up for our upcoming Microbiology Seminar
Dispatch / Ontario: (416) 798-4988 *1; (800) 667-3411 *1
Répartition Ottawa: (613) 780-9576 (Pager)
Québec: (866) 683-2551 1345 Denison Street
Information Markham Main Lab / Labo principal: (416) 798-4988; (800) 667-3411; F: (905) 475-7309 Markham, Ontario, L3R 5V2
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Continuing Education About the Lecturer...
Dr. Sara Ayres graduated from OVC in
Subscription Series 1992. She worked in small animal practice
for 2 years before returning to OVC to
Tuesday, MAY 10, 2005
SURGICAL 2:00 – 5:00 PM & 6:00 – 8:30 PM
Sheraton Parkway Hotel
complete an internship and residency in
small animal surgery in 1998. After becom-
ing board-certified by the American
ONCOLOGY 600 Highway 7 East
(at Leslie Street)
College of Veterinary Surgeons, she
completed a one-year fellowship in
Richmond Hill, Ontario surgical oncology at the University of
Dr. Sara Ayres Tel: 905-881-2121 Illinois Cancer Care Clinic. During the
Simcoe Veterinary Surgical Referral fellowship, Dr. Ayres worked in tandem
with medical and surgical oncologists. She
About the Lecture... saw a wide array of cases and had the
treatment options for specific cancers
I pursued the fellowship in surgical including mast cell tumours, mammary opportunity to work with multiple
oncology to work with people who are tumours, feline vaccine associated fibrosa- modalities including CT and radiation
constantly on the cutting edge of cancer rcoma, osteosarcoma and maxillary and therapy. She began a mobile surgical
treatment. As surgeons we don’t always mandibular tumours. referral practice in Simcoe County in 2003.
see the full picture when treating cancer
Dr. Ayres’ last TAVM lecture was Band-
patients. My year at Illinois certainly This lecture has been aging and Wound Care, presented May
changed my approach to cancer cases and
I want to bring to you what I learned. brought to you by: 1996 for the Hospital Series.
This talk will cover decision-making
regarding the three mainstays of cancer
treatment (surgery, radiation therapy, and
chemotherapy), the utility of proper biopsy Read our lecturers’ complete
techniques, and a review of the current bios online at www.tavm.org
Hospital Personnel Series
She became a diplomate of the American
CARDIOLOGY Wednesday, MAY 11, 2005
7:30 – 10:30 PM
College of Veterinary Internal Medicine,
subspecialty of Cardiology, in 1996. Dr.
POUPOURRI Holiday Inn Yorkdale Minors relocated a successful referral
3450 Dufferin Street practice to the Ontario Veterinary College
Dr. Sandra Minors Tel: 416-789-5161
in 2000. She has been a clinical
cardiologist there for the past 5 years, also
University of Guelph
providing clinical training to
undergraduate and graduate students.
About the Lecture.... About the Speaker... Dr. Minors has authored several
published articles related to veterinary
Topics include the ABC’s of ECG interpre- Dr. Minors received her DVM in 1987
cardiology. She was one of the principal
tation, including the recognition of from the Ontario Veterinary College where
investigators of the new cardiac drug,
common arrhythmias by oscillation and she also completed an internship in small
Vetmedin. Based on this work, Vetmedin
EKG, common heart conditions of the dog animal medicine and surgery and a DVSc in
was given FDA approval in Canada. She
and cat and their drug management, and cardiology. The subject of her thesis was
plans to participate on an ongoing basis in
the initial assessment and management of the early detection of occult dilated
other therapeutic drug trials related to
patients with respiratory distress. cardiomyopathy in Doberman pinschers.
naturally occurring heart disease in
companion animals. Dr. Minors opened a
referral practice in veterinary cardiology
within Mississauga Oakville Veterinary
This lecture has been brought to you by: Emergency Hospital’s specialist referral
division in February 2005.
Dr. Minors’ last TAVM lecture was on
Cardiology, presented October 1998 for
the Hospital Series.
May 2005 Page 13
“endowment” of US$10,000 to
US$210,000 per pet. Animals accepted
(or whose owners can afford it) are
placed through a process of gradual
socialization with other animals. Dogs
and cats get the run of the 8,300 square
foot facility, including the dog runs.
Cats have shag-carpeted posts, chew
Some recent media items toys and comfy beds. A veterinarian is
concerning veterinarians, always available. The university donated
the 4.5 hectare site, but funding is
clients, animals, and TAVM private. More than US$ 4 million has
been donated by pet owners in nearly 20
states. An additional 245 animals have
spots reserved, with more reservations
coming all the time.
Globe and Mail, November 27, 2004, Two adults and two teenage girls who
p.M3: “Coyotes cower as Toronto were swimming 100 metres off Ocean
Toronto Star, December 1, 2004,
hunts” Beach near Whangarei on New
p.B2: “Councillor gives dam about
Unlike England and Wales, Canada still Zealand’s North Shore reported that a
legally retains its fox hunting tradition. pod of dolphins herded them into a tight
Councilor Glenn De Baeremaeker has
Ontario has eight of Canada’s 12 fox area by swimming circles around them.
come to the aid of a pair of beaver living
hunts, including the two largest: the When one of the adults tried to drift
in Cedarbrook Park, near Markham
Eglinton & Caledon Hunt and the away from the group, two bigger
Road and Lawrence Avenue. De
TNYH. The latter club started in 1843 dolphins herded him back. It was at that
Baeremarker noticed the beaver dam
on Toronto’s lakeshore, but has now point that the man noticed a three-metre
during one of his walks through the
moved to Creemore. Both hunts have great white shark swimming toward the
park. He contacted several city
just over 100 family members who pay group. The man reported, “(The shark)
departments to make sure the beaver
$1000 per adult to take part in spring was only two metres away from me,
were “made welcome in the park.” City
hunts, summer “cub” hunts, and the the water was crystal clear and it was
foresters are on record as liking
colorful formal hunting season that runs as clear as the nose on my face. They
beavers. Their dams help control
from mid-September until the end of (dolphins) had corralled us up to protect
erosion and their tendency to eat the
November. Tradition abounds in these us.” The swimmers spent the next 40
fast growing poplars and maples helps
clubs. Male foxhunters wear red minutes surrounded by the dolphins
to rejuvenate the forest with thicker
jackets; the women wear black. Hunters before they could safely swim back to
saplings. But the councilor had not
meet at a different location each shore. A spokesperson for the
contacted all departments. Some City
Saturday and begin with a “stirrup cup” environment group, Orca Research, said
workers began dismantling the dam out
drink of sherry. The hunt begins when dolphins will attack sharks to protect
of concern for rising water damaging a
the huntsman blows his horn. Then his themselves and their young, so their
bridge and a nearby children’s
two assistants urge the 13 or 14 pairs of actions in protecting the lifesavers were
playground. De Baeremarker stepped in
hounds to begin finding the scent of the understandable.
and managed to have the work stopped.
quarry, a coyote. Coyotes are a more
practical animal to hunt since they Toronto Star, November 27, 2004,
Globe and Mail, December 4, 2004,
outnumber foxes by 10 to 1 in Caledon. p.L13: “Pets are heir to high
p.A15: “Bittersweet end to tale of
Canadian hunts generate less carnage. lifestyle”
one dog, two families”
Before Scotland banned hunts in 2002, The Stevenson Companion Animal Life-
The Calgary Humane Society has been
that country’s 10 hunt clubs reportedly Care Center is a retirement home for
flooded with angry phone calls and
killed 500 foxes each year. The two pets. Located on the campus of Texas
emails over an incident involving the
Toronto-area clubs kill fewer than 10 A&M University, it is home for 15 cats,
adoption of an unidentifiable dog which
coyotes annually and virtually no foxes. 11 dogs, a pony, and a llama who live
already had an owner. Zack, a four-
Some rural landowners welcome the together in peace most of the time. The
year-old yellow Labrador cross, went
hunt, since they believe that coyotes centre was created 11 years ago to
missing on November 11 when his
prey on domestic animals and pets. provide long-term comfort for pets after
owner, David Ruby, took him for a run.
their owner’s death, while fostering the
When Zack didn’t come home the next
Toronto Star, November 27, 2004, educational development of veterinary
day, the Rubys contacted bylaw
p.L4: “Dolphins saved us from students. Pet owners wishing to send
officers, vet clinics, animal shelters and
shark: swimmers” their pet to Stevenson must establish an
neighbours. On November 13, the
Page 14 May 2005
Calgary Humane Society informed the Globe and Mail, December 18, 2004, are cloning prized cattle for $20,000;
Rubys that their dog wasn’t there. Zack p.A3: “Orphaned bears find friends scientists have also cloned mice,
was there, but could not be properly in B.C. kids” rabbits, goats, pigs, and horses. Several
identified because of a poor description The efforts of two girls, Alev,13, and research teams around the world are
of the dog, made worse by Zack’s Lara Orcay, 10, have resulted in a racing to create the first cloned
complete lack of identification: no dog change in policy for bears. The two monkey.
license, tattoo, or microchip, nor proper girls were horrified to learn that orphan
tag on his collar. On November 17, a bears in their North Vancouver Toronto Star, December 28, 2004,
teenage girl and her mother adopted neighborhood were routinely being killed p.A22: “Fox hunt won’t be the last,
Zack. When the mix-up was for pilfering garbage. They marshaled U.K. told”
discovered, the CHS appealed to the support through an Internet messaging Hundreds of fox hunters and thousands
family to surrender the animal. They service and launched a political lobbying of onlookers across England braved
refused intially, but then relented. campaign that changed provincial frosty weather to show their support
wildlife policy. The government for fox hunting, a 300-year-old British
Globe and Mail, December 9, 2004, announced that henceforth, bear cubs tradition due to be banned February 18,
p.A8: “Calgary Zoo’s baby elephant that are captured in urban areas will be 2005. James Buckle, senior joint master
dies” sent to rehabilitation centres to be raised of the Essex and Suffolk Foxhounds,
Calgary’s baby Asian elephant has died until they are old enough to fend for was confident that the hunt would go
despite round-the-clock effort to save it. themselves. Wildlife officers have been on. “And it won’t be because we’re
The elephant’s 21-month gestation was killing problem bears in North breaking the law. We will be here
problem free, but its grandmother and Vancouver ever since people started because the law they are proposing is
14-year-old mother rejected it. The living there. In 1999, officers killed 39 such a dog’s breakfast, it will be
baby’s chances of survival worsened bears, the most bears ever. For reasons unenforceable.” While it will still be legal
when it developed an infection that not fully understood, a growing number to shoot foxes, the legislation bans all
required antibodies and a plasma trans- of orphan bears were showing up on hunting with hounds. But the
fusion. The infection remained and was city streets this past year. After reading government said it will not challenge an
compounded by the development of of the fate of orphan bears in a injunction to delay the ban.
internal ulcers. The zoo’s 20 newspaper article, the two girls started
veterinarians and zookeepers tended to a website called Care4thebears, met Globe and Mail, December 29, 2004,
the elephant 24 hours a day. The baby’s with city council, appeared on p.A2: “Boy, 3, dies after dog attack”
mother, Rani is 14 years old. But field television, and distributed posters of tiny Police say four dogs, including three
research on Asian elephants shows that black bears. adult rottweilers were in the tiny white
females ideally should first give birth corner bungalow in Maple Ridge, British
between 18 and 20. The zoo does plan Toronto Star, December 23, 2004, Columbia when Cody was mauled.
to breed Rani again as soon as she is p.A25: “First clone cat-to-order cost Cody’s three siblings and mother were
physically ready. The Calgary zoo is $50,000” also home but did not witness the
part of the Species Survival Plan, an A Texas woman, saddened by the loss attack. Cody’s mother owned a collie
international network that breeds Asian of her 17-year-old cat, Nicky, paid and one rottweiler; she was minding the
elephants in captivity. $50,000 to become the owner of the other two rottweilers for a friend. All
first cloned-to-order pet. The clone, four dogs were being kept in the
Toronto Star, December 9, 2004, Little Nicky, was created from DNA basement but had somehow escaped.
p.D5: “Flying squirrel chips in on banked by his owner at the Sausalito- Cody was asleep at the time of the
status” based Genetic Savings and Clone bank. attack. Some neighbors said the
Steve Patterson, a website designer and The woman, who insisted on family’s dogs were a source of
expert on flying squirrels, will be anonymity, is in her early forties and irritation, with the dogs frequently being
allowed to keep the northern flying works in the airline industry. Little off-leash in the unfenced backyard.
squirrel he imported from Indiana last Nicky’s creation, birth, and sale have Many homeowners in the community
year. The Canadian Food Inspection ignited fierce ethical and scientific have guard dogs because of the high
Agency ruled that squirrel importation debate over the cloning. Critics argue break-in rate. The SPCA will euthanize
was illegal, despite Mr. Patterson having that the technology is available only to all four dogs.
acquired all the proper permits. Mr. the wealthy, that its use for housepets is
Patterson has spent $25,000 in court for frivolous, and that customers may have Toronto Star, January 2, 2005,
the right to keep his squirrel, Sabrina. A unrealistic expectations of what they are p.A14: “Trapped frozen moose
lower court has ruled that the squirrel buying. Animal cloning continues reheated by rescuers”
can stay if it is microchipped. The CFIA worldwide. The company hopes to Four tourists heading to Alaska for
has appealed that ruling. produce the world’s first cloned dog by some mountain climbing on Boxing Day
May 2005. Commercial interests already Article continues on next page
May 2005 Page 15
stopped 120 km west of Whitehorse “Jogger fights off attacking wolf” elephant. You certainly do not find
when they were unable to buy gasoline Upon finishing his shift at 7pm on New elephants in the Arctic in the wild.”
to continue their journey. They decided Year’s Eve, 55-year old Fred Desjarlais
to head into Kluane National Park to decided to jog the 3 km home instead of Toronto Star, January 11, 2005,
look for somewhere else to climb. In taking the shuttle bus back to his work p.B3: “Pellet gun attack kills cat”
the distance, one man saw something camp in Key Lake, about 640 km north The Bennet family and their cat, Luki
move on Kathleen Lake. It was a of Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. He had live in the Leslie St. and Lawrence Ave.
moose. The animal did not react at all as only started his run when he heard a East area. They returned home one
they approached; it was covered with noise and glanced back. He saw a wolf Sunday afternoon to find Luki, “barely
ice, with its hind legs submerged. The creep out of a ditch and walk toward alive” in the backyard. Luki was rushed
moose, nick-named Morris, had him. The wolf circled him, then to the nearest emergency clinic where
apparently fallen through ice that would attacked. Mr. Desjarlais fought off chest X-rays showed a gun pellet that
normally have been frozen thick. several lunges at him, including a bite had ripped through a lung and the heart.
Unusually warm temperatures had into his shoulder which was mitigated Luki subsequently died on the operating
caused an avalanche that had smashed by several layers of clothing. The wolf table. The family’s 13-year-old daughter
the ice. Attempts by the four climbers then bit him in the pelvis. Mr. Desjarlais is taking Luki’s death the hardest. She
to lift Morris by a rope slipped around got the chance to put the wolf into a believes the person responsible for
his neck had failed. Then one of the headlock and pinned him to the ground. killing her one-year-old cat could be a
climbers thought of using his climbing He held him there for about 30 to 40 neighbor or someone else local. The
gear to devise a pulley system to haul seconds before co-workers on the bus Bennets are concerned about the
Morris from the ice hole. Morris came spotted him and came to his rescue. Mr. maliciousness of the attack, and fear for
loose after two hours of effort. They Desjarlais was transferred to their other three cats and one dog. Mr.
hauled Morris away from the hole, Saskatoon’s Royal University Hospital Bennet advises others to watch out for
covered him with a blanket, and started where he was treated and released. The their pets. Police report that pellet guns
a fire. For three hours, they massaged wolf was shot the next day and sent to have been a problem across Greater
him, and removed ice from his fur. The a Saskatchewan Environment lab for Toronto this year, with both animals
next day, Morris was able to walk and testing. and humans being shot.
had begun to browse in a nearby
thicket. Toronto Star, January 9, 2005, Globe and Mail, January 13, 2005,
p.A15: “Is Alaska’s lone elephant p.A13: “Windsor pit bulls avoid
Globe and Mail, January 3, 2005, happy?” death thanks to underground
p.A6: “Dog saved child” Debate is growing over the reasons why railroad”
As the colossal waves of the tsunami Maggie is depressed. She is the Tammy Williams, a 34-year-old real
approached shore in Chinnakalapet, Anchorage Alaska Zoo’s 22-year-old estate broker, has been using her white
India, 24-year-old Sangeeta grabbed her African elephant. This native of SUV to smuggle pit bulls out of
two youngest children in her arms and Zimbabwe spends her winters in dark, Windsor, Ontario for the past three
ran up the hill to safety. She thought her freezing conditions, with little exercise. months, ever since city council banned
oldest son, Dinakaran, age 7, whom she And she is also completely alone; the the dogs. Working with a network of
had left behind, had the best chance of zoo has no other elephants with which safe houses and volunteer drivers, she
outrunning the waves. But the boy this social animal can associate. has rescued 40 pit bulls from certain
headed for a small hut about 40 metres Whereas other zoos across North death, many of them puppies, by
from shore instead of running up the America are closing their elephant transporting them to cities without a
hill. He faced certain drowning by exhibits to relocate the animals to ban. Her network members consist
remaining in that hut. But their scruffy warmer climates and expansive mainly of middle class families and
yellow dog named Selvakumar ran into sanctuaries, Alaska Zoo officials have young professionals who are committed
the hut and nipped at Dinakaran until he opted to build an elephant treadmill to saving the pit bull breed. Ms.
exited the hut and ran up the hill to exercise machine that Maggie can use Williams, along with a friend, Natalie
safety. Sangeeta wept over the loss of indoors. A donor has already paid the Kemeny, assess the suitability of
her son as neighbours told her that her US$100,000 cost of the treadmill; all families interested in adopting. The
house walls had collapsed. But she that remains is to find $500,000 to build Windsor-Essex Humane Society has
began to cry tears of joy at the sight of the structure to house the machine. euthanized 50 pit bulls since the ban
her son walking to her, with Nicole Meyer, an elephant specialist for came into effect October 1st. A
Selvakumar by his side. Sangeeta said PETA, calls the zoo’s decision to keep spokesman said many pit bull owners
she believes a special spirit resides in Maggie as “selfish” and the treadmill simply abandoned their dogs once City
that dog. plan as “a truly ridiculous concept.” She Council approved the ban. These dogs
added, “(Maggie) is in a completely overwhelmed their facilities. Many
Toronto Star, January 5, 2005, p.A1: inappropriate environment for an people abandoned good-tempered dogs
Page 16 May 2005
for which no homes could be found. 100,000 birds. to return Nature to Breanne. The two
Rather than euthanize them, the Humane families met and realized they attended
Society has allowed Ms. Williams and Toronto Star, January 18, 2005, the same church and worked at the
Ms. Kemeny to find homes for them. p.B3: “Health boards targets city’s same Sunday school together.
Ms. Williams worries that the proposed bad dogs”
province-wide ban will make matters Toronto Board of Health has directed its Globe and Mail, January 25, 2005,
much worse. In anticipation, Ms. staff to determine if the city has the p.A8: “Coalition of breeders plans
Williams has begun establishing authority to designate dogs either legal challenge if pit bulls are
contacts in other provinces. Offers of dangerous or potentially dangerous and banned”
adoption have come from Nova Scotia to look at criteria such as muzzling in On the first day of public hearings into
and Quebec. public, enforced neutering, or requiring the proposed pit bull legislation, a
dog owner liability insurance. One coalition of parties is considering a
Toronto Sun, January 13, 2005, p.20: serious impediment to any effort to constitutional challenge if the breed is
“What is killing Simcoe ponies?” control the situation is that only 10 to outlawed. The coalition includes the
A mystery illness has killed at least 11 15% of Toronto’s 200,000 dogs are American Staffordshire Bull Terrier
horses around Simcoe County, and licensed, a number some Board Club of Canada and the organization
drained the finances of several families members found “shocking”. The low Advocates for the Underdog. Defense
who tried everything to save their number of licenses translates into Attorney Clayton Ruby spoke for the
horses. Encephalitis and rabies were minimal funding for animal control coalition. He argues that the legislation
suspected, but discounted. OVC found staff. This hinders their ability to could be challenged in court because it
meningitis, but continues to search for a address the issue of vicious dogs. does not clearly define a pit bull. The
cause. The autopsy for one horse lists Toronto figures from 2001 to 2003 coalition wants the Liberal government
an equine version of Clostridium indicate 52% of bites came from nine to train owners and refuse negligent
difficile, which can lead to meningitis. breeds out of 70. German shepherds ones the right to have a dog. Bob
were first, with pit bulls second. Delaney, chair of the legislative
Globe and Mail, January 14, 2005, committee, said the four days of
p.A3: “Albatross earns frequent-flier Toronto Star, January 23, 2005, hearings will allow the government to
crown with 46-day trip around the p.A9: “Teen beats back rampaging hear both sides. OVMA President Dr.
world” pit bulls” Tim Zaharchuk also spoke at the
John Croxal’s pending article in the A short item reports that two Ottawa hearings. He pointed to a Canadian
journal, Science, will report on how brothers, ages 16 and 4, fought off study that says 23 humans have died
albatrosses routinely travel around the three pit bulls who attacked them as from dog attacks since 1983. Fifty-five
world at the latitude of the southern tip they skated on a homemade rink. The dogs were involved in those attacks,
of South America during the 18-month elder boy fended off the animals by and only one – an American
period between mating seasons. One of using his fists and a shovel which a Staffordshire Terrier – would be banned
the 47 grey-headed birds being tracked neighbor had thrown to him before under the proposed legislation.
by Prof. Coxall’s telemetry devices calling 911. Both brothers ended up
made the trip in 46 days. One surprising with only scratches. Toronto Star, January 26, 2005,
new fact is that the birds return to the p.A16: “Tiny terrier plucked from
same feeding areas year after year. A Toronto Star, January 24, 2005, the talons of death”
journey from South Georgia (north of p.A4: “Pet cat comes back…15 In Rockland, near Ottawa, a 3.5 pound
the Falkland Islands) to the Indian months later” Yorkshire Terrier was the target of a
Ocean takes albatrosses little more than Nine-year-old Breanne Muise of Truro, hungry winged predator. Caillou’s
six days, at a rate of 950 km per day. Nova Scotia, never gave up hope that owners put him outside every night
They travel such distances effortlessly her grey cat, Nature, would return one before bedtime. But on this snowy
because the low-drag aerodynamic day. Fifteen months ago, while evening, his owners could see a large
design of their two-metre wingspan Hurricane Juan passed nearby, Nature shadow descend upon their dog. One of
provides maximum lift while using a bolted from the house and had not them rushed outside and began shaking
minimum of energy. The birds also returned. How Nature spent her first what turned out to be a great horned
exploit the differential speed of the year is uncertain. But she eventually owl which had his talons in Caillou’s
winds above the ocean by flying very turned up at the door of another family, neck. The blood-soaked dog broke free
low. Prof. Croxall hopes the results of two kilometres away. The family and ran into the house. A vet determined
his study will help to protect the grey- decided to adopt the cat for their own that stitches were not required to seal
headed albatross that is threatened by 10-year-old daughter, Grace. When his neck punctures. A bird expert
the world’s ocean fisheries. In the past brought to a local veterinary hospital to identified the owl from feathers at the
15 years, grey-headed albatross be spayed, the vet found a tattoo which scene and said these owls usually go
numbers have dropped from 200,000 to identified its real owner. Grace decided Article continues on next page
May 2005 Page 17
Media Alert.. cont’d from page 17
after skunks and other small prey.
Toronto Star, January 26, 2005, p.A18: “Farmer starved
Robert Hadwen of Mildmay (near Walkerton) was found
guilty of animal cruelty and neglect for letting his herd starve
to death. Mr. Hadwen’s defense attorney told the court that
his client became a “minimally functioning person” after
suffering a nervous breakdown as a result of the stress and
depression brought on by the economic losses from the mad
cow crisis. Two months after a single Alberta cow with mad
cow disease closed the American border to Canadian cattle,
Mr. Hadwen sold his milk quota, then fell into a deep
depression. The Crown is seeking a three-month jail sentence
for what it calls a cruel act of animal neglect.
Globe and Mail, January 28, 2005, p.A1: “Tiger attack
costs Ontario game park $2.5 million”
Madam Justice Jean MacFarland found in favor of the two
plaintiffs, David Balac and Jennifer-Anne Cowles, and
awarded them $2.5 million for being attacked by tigers at the
African Lion Safari in Rockton, Ontario. Judge MacFarland
found the park strictly liable, and accepted the couple’s
testimony that their vehicle’s automatic windows were closed
prior to the attack and were likely lowered inadvertently after
a tiger butted against the car. Both plaintiffs suffered serious
injuries as a result of the tigers biting and scratching them.
The Park is evaluating the decision before deciding to appeal.
Page 18 May 2005
Globe and Mail, February 4, 2005, down can fetch up to $85,000 from any native involvement in the poaching.
p.A1: “Woman stumbles upon European collectors. A Globe and Mail He says Indian groups are disgusted by
mutilated birds” source says that eagle poaching is a the killings because eagles fit into their
Julie Bryson-McElwee was walking her widespread and long-standing problem in society in “a very, very sacred way”.
dog in the woods of North Vancouver British Columbia. Over the years, B.C. David Hancock, an expert on eagles,
when she stumbled upon some mutilated conservation officers have investigated disagrees, saying that the major market
bald eagles at the foot of an embankment. several eagle-poaching operations. They for eagle parts would be within the native
A search by BC conservation officers busted an eagle-smuggling ring in 1999 community, largely in the United States.
called to the scene turned up another 24 that was based in Duncan, near the Bald eagles are a protected species under
mutilated birds. Eagle parts are big Cowichan Indian Reserve. Other evidence B.C.’ s Wildife Act. They are not
business, especially feathers and talons. of poaching was found near the reserve, considered endangered, but it is illegal to
The black market will pay $100 for a although no connection was made to hunt or possess an eagle. Violators face
single pinion feather from an eagle’s wing. members of the Cowichan Band. A fines of up to $50,000.
Headdresses fashioned from plucked eagle spokesman for the Burrard Band denies
May 2005 Page 19
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Page 20 May 2005