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									Report of Regional
Consultation on Early Warning
Systems in Asia and the Pacific
              Presented by
        Ti Le-Huu, UNESCAP,
              On Behalf of
   Dr Toshikatsu Omachi, Executive
       Director, IDI-Japan, and
  Dr Yuichi Ono, UN/ISDR Secretariat
    Organization of Asia-Pacific
    Regional Consultation Workshop
 Workshop was held in Bandung, Indonesia
  from 26-28 May 2003
 jointly organized by UN/ISDR, UNESCAP,
  DGGMR of Indonesia and BGR of Germany.
 30 participants from Germany, Indonesia,
  Japan, Thailand, Viet Nam and international
  organizations: UNESCAP, UN/ISDR, UNDP,
  Mekong River Commission, GTZ and an
  NGO attended the Workshop
Main Points of Discussion
 Importance   of natural hazards
 Disaster patterns
 Advances and constraints in dealing
  with the disasters;
 Experiences in related national
 Needs and recommended priority
 Major Hazards in Asia & Pacific
UNESCAP Surveys   Workshop’s Results
 Floods           Floods
 Cyclones
                   Landslides
 Earthquakes
 Droughts         Volcanic eruption
 Tornadoes        Drought & forest fires
 Debris flows     Storm wind
 Hailstorms
 Storm surges     Earthquakes
 Tsunamis         Land subsidence
 Haze
Factors in Successful Examples
 Awareness
 Institutional capacity
 Effectiveness of EWS
 Public education policy
 Budget and human resources
 Accurate forecasts, and
 Good planning
In India, it appears to be
 decreasing in recent years.
In Thailand, overall trends
 are increasing, except
 damage slightly decreases in
 recent years
All trends are increasing,
 except number of houses
    Examples of Best Practices
 Cyclone and Flood EWS: Typhoon Committee,
  Panel on Tropical Cyclones, Mekong River
  Commission and several countries in the
 Volcanic eruption EWS: Japan and several
  pilot schemes in Indonesia
 Forest fire EWS: Integrated Forest Fire
  Management Project - East Kalimantan
 Community-based disaster management:
  Typhoon Committee and DIPECHO
  Recommended National Actions
(1) to make available risk maps
(2) to carry out awareness campaigns
(3) to enhance institutional capacity
(4) to develop national guidelines
(5) to provide information to local people
(6) to introduce EWS to schools
(7) to enforce standard operation procedures
(8) to increase budget resources
(9) to enforce participatory planning
(10) to improve monitoring in EWS.
    Recommended region actions (1)
 Support forums for dialogue to share
  information, technology and best practices and
  to improve cooperation at all levels
 Support integration of disaster risk
  management into national development process
 Develop and implement EWS, especially for
  flash floods, landslides and forest fires
 Establish and develop community-based
  disaster preparedness programmes
 Establish a financial facility to enhance risk
  management of developing countries
Recommended region actions (2)
 Develop and strengthen database to
  facilitate resource allocation
 Improve public awareness on disaster
 Enhance hydrologic and meteorological
  forecast capability
 Support projects to facilitate application of
  forecasts at the national, local and
  community levels
 Enhance research on earthquake risk
    Concluding Remarks on
    Follow-up Activities of EWC-II
 Activities be linked to Progress Review of
  Yokohama Action Plan Implementation
 Activities be built on expected achievements
  of existing regional efforts on EWS: Typhoon
  Committee “Strategic Plan”, GFAS of IFNet,
  MRC Flood Management Program,
  DIPECHO Partnership Disaster Reduction,
  UN/ISDR Radius Program, GTZ Forest Fires
  Management, etc
 Pilot projects are recommended for more
  effective impacts at the regional level

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