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									Highlights of the Mexican Research &
         Innovation System




                                    Héctor Sámano
                              hsamano@conacyt.mx
          Mexico’s Science, Technology and Innovation System




                                                                                    Science Advisory Council

                  General Council for Scientific Research Technological Development and
                                                  Innovation


                                                 CONACYT's Board of
       Scientific and Technological                 Governors                   National Conference on
             Advisory Forum                                                     Science and Technology




Departments and agencies                                                                  Foreign Governments /
  of federal, state and                                                                        International
 municipal Government                 S&T experts, universities, research centers             Organizations
                                                   and enterprises
                CONACYT’s attributions


1. Formulate and execute the national policy on science, technology
   and innovation;

2. Support scientific research and technological development and
   assist in the consolidation of research and innovation groups;

3. Promote innovation and technological development and strength
   technological capabilities of entrepreneurs and companies;

4. Advice federal government, state governments and local
   municipalities;

5. Promote international collaboration on scientific and technological
   cooperation.



     Special Plan for Science, Technology and Innovation 2008-2012
     CONACYT’s interventions in the national RD&I system


  Knowledge value chain:
(-) appropriability (+)




• Regional innovation approach to strengthen national competitiveness
• Systematic evaluation (ex ante – ex post)
• Internationalization in all phases
                               CONACYT’s operational frame


                                                  Science and Technology Law
                                                    CONACYT's Organic Law
Legal Frame
                                    Special Program for Science, Technology and Innovation
                                             Operation Rules for Programs and Calls
Programs                    Science             Technological Development        Human Capital Formation
                    Basic & applied research      Innovation networks and consortia           Young talents
                  Thematic Networks (scientific      Technology transfer offices
                                                                                      National Posgraduate Program
    Subprograms




                          & academic)                   Venture Capital Fund
                      National Researchers                                                    Scholarships
                                                    Technology Innovation Funds
                            Systems                                                         (masters & PhDs)
                     National Laboratories
                                                     Innovation grants Program             Postdoctoral stays
                   (research infraestructure)
                                                    Bilateral Cooperation (SMEs -          Technical exchanges
                     Scientific publications
                                                              Consortia)                (national & international)
                               Funds: Institutional, Sectorial and Mixed (regional development)
                                     CONACYT's Research and Technological Centres (26)
Instruments
                                                    International Cooperation
                                           Scientific and technological dissemination

                                                                                               Not exhaustive
               Scholarships granted by CONACYT

                    Conacyt´s Scholarships program
                New and previously granted scholarships 2001-2010
                        (Domestic and Foreign programs)
                                                                                                  36,761
36,000.0              New scholarships             Total
                                                  Previously granted scholarships

                                                                                        30,634

28,000.0                                                                       26,918
                                                                      23,210
                                                            20,111                                     21,019
                                                 19,243
20,000.0                              16,816
                             13,483                                                           16,170
                                                                                    15,259
                    12,371
           11,934
                                                                       11,457
12,000.0                                           10,088   10,027
                              8,296      8,758
                     7,045
            6,133

 4,000.0
            2001     2002     2003       2004      2005      2006       2007        2008       2009    2010

           Growth of new scholarships: 2001-2004:                    42.8%                   2007-2010: 83.5%
      Scholarships granted by CONACYT

         Conacyt´s Scholarships program
      Scholarships for graduate studies by degree and
                     destination, 2010
 Degree / destination   Domestic     Abroad       Total
Doctoral                 11,794       2005       13,799
Master                   21,428        744       22,172
Speciality                703                      703
Exchange scholarships      57          30           87
         Total           33,982       2,779      36,761
           Scholarships granted by CONACYT

    Conacyt´s Scholarships (Mexican Students attending
By destination    Foreign programs)
      Country    Scholarships    %

 Great Britain       731        26%
 USA                 673        24%
 Spain               328        12%
 Germany             225         8%
 Canada              180         6%
 France              147         5%
 Australia           99          4%
 Netherlands         75         3%
 Japan               40         1.4%
 Sweden              19         0.7%
                                       Where do they go?
                  The National System of Researchers (SNI)

          The Mexican System of Researchers represents an
          opportunity for R&D collaboration
   Contributes to the formation and consolidation of researchers with the highest
   scientific and technological level. In 2010.

                                      Members in the SNI, 2001-2010
                                         Number and amounts
         20,000                                                                                             200.0
                                                                                 181.2             184.9
                                   Members                Budget                                            180.0
                                                                        153.0             155.2
                                                                                                            160.0
                                                                134.5                              16,600   140.0
         15,000                                        115.9                              15,565
                                                                                 14,681                     120.0




                                                                                                                    USD million
                                              101.0
Number




                            93.5      94.2
                                                                        13,485                              100.0
                    85.1
                                                               12,096                                       80.0
         10,000                                       10,904
                                             10,189                                                         60.0
                           9,199     9,199                                                                  40.0
                  8,018
                                                                                                            20.0

          5,000                                                                                             0.0
                  2001     2002      2003     2004     2005     2006     2007     2008    2009      2010
                 Fostering research in strategic areas

                         Thematic Research Networks
     Increasing national and international research mobility on specific research
     areas. 2,708       Researchers            collaborating in Mexico through this
     mechanism

                                20 Thematic networks
 1 Water                                11   Mathematical and Computer Models
 2 Bar Code of Life                     12   Ecosystems
 3 Complexity, Science and Society      13   Poverty and Urban Development
 4 Physics of High Energies             14   Mexican Network on Soft Condensed Matter
 5 Energy Sources                       15   Ageing, Health and Social Development
 6 Environment and Sustainability       16   Robotics and Mechatronics
 7 Nanosciences and Nanotechnology      17   Climatic and Hydro meteorological Disasters
 8 New Tendencies in Medicine           18   Ethno ecology and Bio cultural Heritage
 9 Foods, Agriculture & Biotechnology   19   Scientific Research and Space Technology
10 Information Technologies             20   Civil Society and Quality of Democracy
              CONACYT’s Public Research Centers System

Play a key role in Mexico´s Science and Technology System, contributing to:
    • Formation of highly specialized human capital
    • Design of public policies
    • Attention to social problems
    • Linkage with the productive sector
                                                      26 Public Research Centers




 10 Exact & Natural Sciences
 8 Social & Human Sciences
 8 Engineering & Technology
    CONACYT´S International Cooperation… some facts

          Mexico has a long tradition on international
          cooperation in science, technology and
          innovation, in various fields of knowledge.
• Collaboration on R&D, has been carried out by universities, research
centers, as well as by the mobility of researchers and students.
• CONACYT, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and many other Mexican
agencies, promote agreements and fund programs that allow the
participation of researchers and entrepreneurs in international
cooperation activities in R & D and innovation.

• Actually, CONACYT maintains 98 cooperation agreements in
force from 40 different institutions in 25 countries, the
European Union and two multilateral organizations
CONACYT´S International Cooperation… some facts



• 40 specific agreements for Postgraduate Scholarships
with top Universities, all over the World.

• 5 specific agreements for mobility of researchers,
academics and postgraduate students.

• 10 specific agreements for joint research projects, and

• 43 framework agreements, include workshops,
seminars, symposia, research projects, postdoctoral
stays, as well as academics and researchers' mobility
and scholarships, support.
                CONACYT´S International Cooperation… some facts

                   (Foreign students in domestic programs)
             Foreign students awarded with Conacyt´s Scholarships
 COUNTRY / YEAR 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011* Total
COLOMBIA          88 221 212   242   148   911
ECUADOR            7 47 30     62     30   176
CUBA               9 23 30     22     27   111
ARGENTINA         12 19 22     32     14    99
PERU              11 25 19     27     10    92
CHILE             15 23 18     24      8    88
BOLIVIA            3 12 24     31      8    78
GERMANY            4 20 16     21      6    67
VENEZUELA          1 14 15     19     13    62
UNITED STATES      7  8 17     23      4    59
SPAIN              7 10 13     22      6    58     Total of foreign students
NICARAGUA          6 10 13     17     10    56    awarded (2007-2011): 2,450
GUATEMALA          2 12 9      18     13    54
BRAZIL             6 13 10     13      5    47
COSTA RICA         3  8 10     15      6    42
                                                    Where do they
                                                     come from?
    CONACYT´S International Cooperation… some facts

Mexican Articles (ISI) in collaboration with selected
               Countries 2005-2009
                                              2005-2009
                                     Papers           Country
                                         8,692        USA
                                         3,040        Spain
                                         2,099       France
                                         1,595      Germany
                                         1,587      England
                                         1,543       Canada
                                         1,050        Brazil
                                         1,028         Italy
                                           771      Argentina
                                           753       Russia
                                           683     Netherlands
                                           639     P.R. China
                                           590      Colombia
    CONACYT´S International Cooperation… some facts


     Bilateral Cooperation Researchers mobility, and joint Projects

America                 Europe                   Asia
Argentina               Germany                  Korea
Brazil                  Belgium                  China
Chile                   Spain                    Japan
Colombia                France                   India
Cuba                    Hungary
USA                     Italy
Canada - Quebec         Czech Republic



More than 800 mobility projects supported from 2007 to
2010, with 24 countries, involving the participation of more
the 3,000 Mexican and foreign researchers
     CONACYT´S International Cooperation… some facts


       Iberoamerican Experts Information Bank on R&D




• The Bank provides access to
over 50,000 accredited experts in
specific areas of knowledge




   • Cooperation agreements with CONICET-Argentina; ANII-Uruguay; ANEP-
     Spain; and COLCIENCIAS-Colombia.
Mexico’s research & innovation system … some statistics
Mexico’s research & innovation system … some statistics

   RELACION GIDE / PIB
   GERD / GDP RATIO
   2001-2009

                                          GIDE/PIB
        AÑO / YEAR
                                         GERD/GDP

             2001                             0.40
             2002                             0.40
             2003                             0.41
             2004                             0.40
             2005                             0.41
             2006                             0.38
             2007                             0.37
             2008                             0.42
             2009                             0.44
   Fuentes/Sources: INEGI-Conacyt, Encuesta sobre Investigación y Desarrollo T ecnológico, 2002;
   2004, 2006, 2008 Y 2010.

   INEGI, Sistema de Cuentas Nacionales de México.
Mexico’s research & innovation system … some statistics
GIDE POR PAÍS
GERD by country
2009



                                                              GIDE / GERD                              GIDE/PIB
                 País / Country                        Millones de PPC corrientes 1                   GERD/GDP
                                                          Million current PPP 1                           %


Alemania / Germany                                               82,730.7                                 2.78
Canadá / Canada                                                  24,551.3                                 1.92
Corea / Korea (2008)                                             43,906.4                                 3.36
China                                                            154,147.4                                1.70
E.U.A. / U.S.A. (2008)                                           398,194.0                                2.79
España / Spain                                                   20,496.4                                 1.38
Francia / France                                                 47,953.5                                 2.21
Italia / Italy                                                   24,752.6                                 1.27
Japón / Japan                                                    137,908.6                                3.33
México e/                                                         6,746.4                                 0.44
Reino Unido / United Kingdom                                     40,279.5                                 1.85
Suecia / Sweden                                                  12,494.9                                 3.62
e/ Datos estimados/ Estimated data.
1/ PPC es la tasa de conversión de moneda que elimina las diferencias en niveles de precios entre países./ PPP is the rate
of currency conversion that eliminates the differences in price levels betweenExperimental, 2010.
Fuentes / Sources: INEGI-Conacyt, Encuesta sobre Investigación y Desarrollo countries.
                     OECD, Main Science and T echnology Indicators, 2011/1.
       Mexico’s research & innovation system … some statistics




PERSONAL DEDICADO A IDE POR SECTOR DE EMPLEO
Total R&D personnel by sector of employment
2001 -2009
Número de personas en equivalente a tiempo completo / Full time equivalent


 Sector de empleo / Sector
                                    2001            2002             2003            2004             2005               2006        2007     2008     2009
      of employment

   Productivo/ Business
                                        8,901          13,697          18,608           35,041          42,329             31,882   34,474   32,408   39,635
        enterprise
  Gobierno/Government                 16,592           13,311          13,311           14,252          14,837             14,275   14,248   17,296   17,325
   Educación superior/
                                      15,694           24,720          26,108           24,444          25,218             19,383   19,889   23,476   24,296
     Higher education
   Privado no lucrativo/
                                           206          1,651            1,848           1,373            1,299             1,518   1,781    2,190    2,386
     Private non profit

           Total                     41,393           53,379          59,875           75,110          83,683             67,058    70,392   75,370   83,642

Fuente / Source : Conacyt-INEGI. Encuesta sobre investigación y Desarrollo Experimental 2002, 2004. 2006, 2008 y 2010.
     Mexico’s research & innovation system … some statistics



PERSONAL DEDICADO A IDE POR OCUPACIÓN
Total R&D personnel by occupation
2001 -2009
Número de personas en equivalente a tiempo completo / Full time equivalent


Ocupación /Occupation             2001            2002             2003            2004             2005            2006          2007      2008      2009

Investigadores /
                                   23,390           31,132          33,558           39,724          43,922              36,325    37,949    37,639    42,973
Researchers


Técnicos / Technicians              9,268           11,279          15,304           22,289          25,795              19,349    20,113    24,591    26,809


Personal auxiliar / Other           8,735           10,968          11,013           13,099          13,966              11,384    12,328    13,141    13,860


Total                              41,393           53,379          59,875           75,112          83,683              67,058    70,390    75,370    83,642

Fuente / Source : Conacyt-INEGI. Encuesta sobre investigación y Desarrollo Experimental 2002, 2004. 2006, 2008 y 2010.
     Mexico’s research & innovation system … some statistics



                                                                                                                                 46
INVESTIGADORES POR SECTOR DE EMPLEO
Researchers by sector of employment
2001 -2009
Número de personas en equivalente a tiempo completo / Full time equivalent


 Sector de empleo / Sector
                                 2001        2002        2003        2004        2005        2006        2007        2008    2009
      of employment

Productivo/ Business
                                 4,069       7,650       8,663      16,068      19,888      14,988      16,122      11,849   16,181
enterprise
Gobierno/Government              7,091       6,386       6,397       6,754       6,589       7,331       7,322       8,019   8,283
Educación superior/
                                 12,094      15,861      17,135     16,043      16,691      13,232      13,569      16,678   17,381
Higher education
Privado no lucrativo/
                                  136        1,235       1,363        859         754         774         936        1,093   1,127
Private non profit

Total                            23,390      31,132      33,558     39,724      43,922      36,325      37,949      37,639   42,973

Fuente / Source : Conacyt-INEGI. Encuesta sobre investigación y Desarrollo Experimental 2002, 2004. 2006, 2008 y 2010.
   Mexico’s research & innovation system … some statistics

INVESTIGADORES POR CADA 1,000 DE LA PEA
Researchers per 1,000 labor force
2001 -2009



        1.20
                                                    1.08

                                            0.98                                0.99
        1.00

                                                           0.86   0.88   0.86
                                     0.86
                           0.80
        0.80


                 0.61
        0.60



        0.40



        0.20



        0.00
                2001      2002      2003     2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009
Mexico’s research & innovation system … some statistics

     INVESTIGADORES POR CADA 1,000 DE LA PEA, POR PAÍS
     Researchers per 1,000 labor force by country
     2009

                                                        Inv x 1,000 de PEA / Researchers per
                      País / Country
                                                                   1,000 labor force

     Alemania / Germany                                                        7.5
     Argentina (2007)                                                          2.9
     Canadá / Canada (2008)                                                    8.2
     China                                                                     1.5
     Corea / Korea (2008)                                                      9.7
     España / Spain                                                            5.8
     EUA / USA (2007)                                                          9.2
     Francia / France (2008)                                                   8.2
     Italia / Italy                                                            4.1
     Japón / Japan                                                             9.9
     Mexico                                                                    1.0
     Portugal                                                                  8.2
     Turquía / Turkey                                                          2.3
     Fuentes / Sources: INEGI-Conacyt, Encuesta sobre Investigación y Desarrollo Experimental, 2010.
                          OECD, Main Science and T echnology Indicators, 2011/1.
    Mexico’s research & innovation system … some statistics

ARTÍCULOS PUBLICADOS POR PAÍS
Publications by country
2000-2009
                                                                      Participación
                                                                                                                Participación
                                                                    mundial promedio/      Producción/
                                          Promedio / Average                                                      mundial/
            País / Country                                            International        Production
                                              2000-2009                                                      International share
                                                                     Average share            2009
                                                                                                                    2009
                                                                        2000-2009
Alemania / Germany                                         75,240                   8.22            87,966                  7.56
Argentina                                                   5,350                   0.58             7,121                  0.61
Brasil / Brazil                                            18,232                   1.91            31,603                  2.71
Canadá / Canada                                            42,089                   4.55            54,116                  4.65
Chile                                                       3,005                   0.32             4,670                   0.4
Colombia                                                    1,100                   0.11             2,364                   0.2
Corea / Korea                                              24,720                   2.62            38,183                  3.28
EUA / USA                                                 290,636                 31.73            331,298                 28.46
España / Spain                                             30,844                   3.31            43,285                  3.72
Francia / France                                           53,816                   5.87            63,898                  5.49
Italia / Italy                                             40,223                   4.35            50,807                  4.36
Japón / Japan                                              76,253                   8.41            78,551                  6.75
México                                                      6,913                   0.74             9,488                  0.82
Reino Unido / U. K.                                        77,832                   8.51            89,378                  7.68
Venezuela                                                   1,128                   0.12             1,330                  0.11
Total Mundial / World Total                               922,752                100.00          1,164,023                100.00
Fuente / Source: Institute for Scientific Information, 2010.
Mexico’s research & innovation system … some statistics
PATENTES SOLICITADAS Y CONCEDIDAS EN MÉXICO
Patent applications and granted in Mexico
2001-2010
Número / Number

                      Solicitadas/Applications                    Concedidas/ Granted
               Nacionales /   Extranjeras /              Nacionales /   Extranjeras /
  Año/ Year     Resident      Non-resident       Total    Resident      Non-resident    Total
                 patents        patents                    patents        patents

    2001           534          13,032        13,566        118            5,360        5,478
    2002           526          12,536        13,062        139            6,472        6,611
    2003           468          11,739        12,207        121            5,887        6,008
    2004           565          12,629        13,194        162            6,676        6,838
    2005           584          13,852        14,436        131            7,967        8,098
    2006           574          14,926        15,500        132            9,500        9,632
    2007           641          15,958        16,599        199            9,758        9,957
    2008           685          15,896        16,581        197           10,243        10,440
    2009           822          13,459        14,281        213            9,416        9,629
    2010           951          13,625        14,576        229            9,170        9,399
Fuente/ Source: IMPI, en Cifras 2011.
Mexico - European Union Cooperation
in science, technology and innovation
       Mexico – European Union cooperation in science, technology and innovation



Management and promotion of ST&I cooperation with EU and Member States

                 • GLOBAL AGREEEMENT MEX-UE
                 • AGREEMENT FOR SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL COOPERATION MEX-UE
                 • BILATERAL AGRREMENTS WITH EU MEMBERS STATES (MoUS)


  ST&I JOINT STEERING
      COMMITTEE

                                        MEX-UE COOPERATION
                                  SCIENCE-TECHNOLOGY-INNOVATION
PARLAMENTARIAN MIXED
     COMIMISSION                                                                National Contact Point
                                                                                      Network




             Higher education institutions, Research
                Centres, Enterprises and Persons       Energies-NMP-Health-FABF-Transport-ICT-SSH
                                                         Environment-Space-Innovation (SMEs)…
 CONACYT – European Commission, bilateral support for R&I

  Since 2006 the EC + CONACYT jointly support their bilateral cooperation...

• Support the EU-MX S&T Agreement’s
  objectives
• Provide information about programs and
  funding designed to promote cooperation
  between Mexico and EU
• Formation of partnerships between scientific
  and technological communities
• Visibility and dissemination activities
• Analysis and proposal of improved financing
  mechanisms
• Support Mex–EU cooperation, through
  thematic working groups and technical
  missions in priority areas

• RECIPROCITY ASPECTS OF THE MX ST&I
  SYSTEM TO EUROPEAN PARTICIPATION



                                                                 RENITTEC
Mexico – European Union cooperation in science, technology and innovation



 Mexico in the 7° Framework Programme (estimated, 2007-2011)
                                                                           EC contribution   EC contribution to
                      Thematic area              Projects   Participants
                                                                            to the project    Mexican entities

International cooperation                           6            6             8,267,513              648,096
Research infrastructures                            3            4             3,970,326              186,054
Science and society                                 2            2             1,913,751              108,758
Energy                                              2            5             4,356,242              822,231
Environment (including climate change)              9           15            33,313,342            2,558,058
Food, agriculture, biotechnology and fisheries      9           10            14,377,056              922,403
Health                                              5            6            10,689,040              872,811
Information and communication technologies          8            8            17,796,327              428,473
Nanoscience, nanotechnologies and NMP               7           26            15,439,120              440,036
Social sciences and humanities                      4            5             7,650,807              498,860
Space                                               2            4             4,999,558              245,010
Transport (including aeronautics)                   1            1               333,074               20,700
Marie-Curie Actions                                21           30                    ---                  ---
                                                   79          122           123,106,156            7,751,490
Thanks!




¡Gracias!

								
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