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You have more bacterial cells in or on your body than you have human cells. These microorganisms are the “normal humans flora” and are important to the health of humans. Teeth Millions of bacteria inhabit your mouth. Streptococcus Cocci means sphere-shaped bacteria. Streptococci produce lactic acid which attacks tooth enamel, eventually forming a cavity. Streptococcus mutans One of the most common bacterial species in your mouth, S. mutans is probably the leading cause of infection. Stomach The stomach is very acidic and thus, has very few microbes. However, one area of the stomach called the "antrum" Helicobacter pylori produces no acids. H. pylori, the pathogen that causes ulcers, lives This bacterium in this part of the stomach. lives in a portion of the stomach called the Because we now know that "antrum." ulcers are a bacterial infection, they can often be treated and cured by antibiotics. Large Intestine You depend on the bacteria in your intestines to perform many essential tasks. For example, the bacteria in your gut make vitamin K and biotin. Both are vitamins that are otherwise lacking in human diets. Some of the different microbes in the intestine are: E. coli Even though some strains of E. coli produce harmful toxins, this bacterium is a normal and necessary resident of the human intestine. E. coli provides vitamin K and some of the B vitamins. Klebsiella It is speculated that these bacteria can fix nitrogen into protein in the intestines of people who have too little protein in their diet. Bifidobacterium The intestines of newborn, milk-fed infants contain almost a pure culture of this bacterium. Methanobacterium smithii This bacterium produces methane in human guts. Bacteroides One of the most abundant microorganisms in the intestine, this species is found in higher numbers in people who eat meat than in vegetarians. Lactobacillus acidophillus Lactobacilli help protect your intestines by preventing the growth of other harmful microorganisms. Skin Propionibacterium acne This bacterium is a normal inhabitant of skin. It produces propionic acid which prevents the growth of other, unwanted microbes. Staphylococcus epidermidis This sphere-shaped bacterium is resistant to the dry conditions often found on skin.
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