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European RTD Insight - May 2008

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European RTD Insight - May 2008 Powered By Docstoc
					British Council online bulletin

MAY 2008

News on EU Research Policy and Programmes

Table of contents
EU Policy ..................................................................................................................................... 2 EC publishes results of ERA consultation .................................................................................. 2 EU inputs into UN climate change talks...................................................................................... 3 EC Communication on progress in the millennium development goals ....................................... 3 Number of applications to ERC down ......................................................................................... 4 IMI: information event held and calls open ................................................................................. 4 EIT governing board selection criteria ........................................................................................ 5 High-level group to advise EC on research and science ............................................................. 5 2009 to be „Year of Creativity and Innovation‟ ............................................................................ 5 EC adopts IPR management recommendation........................................................................... 6 EU Ministers approve Galileo implementation regulation ............................................................ 6 Launch of the global energy efficiency and renewable energy fund ............................................ 7 EC action plan to fight tuberculosis in EU................................................................................... 7 British Council research opportunities ........................................................................................ 8 Second FP7 Health call – information day for co-ordinators ....................................................... 8 LifeCompetence database to search for FP6 health projects ...................................................... 8 EC publishes updated audits and certification guidance notes.................................................... 9 EC public consultation on patient safety ..................................................................................... 9 Research News ......................................................................................................................... 10 Study reveals link between hyperactive girls and troubled adults.............................................. 10 Get your jeans to monitor your health ...................................................................................... 10 Anxiety thickens blood ............................................................................................................. 11 Intelligent cars lead to safer journeys for passengers ............................................................... 11 Foods that help fight off disease .............................................................................................. 12 Scientists discover genetic dependence to nicotine .................................................................. 12 Education, Training and Culture .............................................................................................. 12 EDULINK first call project profiles ............................................................................................ 12 Credit system for vocational training launched ......................................................................... 13 ALFA III calls open .................................................................................................................. 13

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External Collaboration .............................................................................................................. 14 EU and Saudi Arabia see collaboration opportunities in FP7 .................................................... 14 Opportunities for co-operation with industrialised countries ...................................................... 14 China fellowship programme.................................................................................................... 15 Events and Awards ................................................................................................................... 15 UKRO annual conference 2008 – registration open.................................................................. 15 Registration opens for Green Week 2008 ................................................................................ 15 Preserving our cultural heritage ............................................................................................... 16 Metabolomics and environmental biotechnology workshop ...................................................... 16 ESOF and Marie Curie conference 2008.................................................................................. 17 High level conference on mental health.................................................................................... 17 Health research partnering events for SMEs and academia ..................................................... 17 2008 Galileo masters competition ............................................................................................ 18 ESA space station design workshop 2008 ............................................................................... 18 New Publications and Online Resources................................................................................. 19 New „Thematic Issues‟ publication on EU environment policy ................................................... 19 Catalogue of EU funded influenza research ............................................................................. 19 UK Science Insight .................................................................................................................. 20 CORDIS .................................................................................................................................. 20 IGLO Project Search................................................................................................................ 20 EUR-LEX (Official Journal C and L) ......................................................................................... 20 EUROPA ................................................................................................................................. 20 RAPID ..................................................................................................................................... 20 cubed… from the British Council .............................................................................................. 20 Talking Science ....................................................................................................................... 21 GLOSSARY................................................................................................................................ 21

EU Policy
EC publishes results of ERA consultation
The EC has recently published the final results of the public consultation on „The European Research Area: New Perspectives‟ Green Paper along with the first two final reports from the European Research Area (ERA) Expert Groups. A total of 685 on-line contributions were received by the deadline of 31 August 2007: 69 per cent of the responses were from individuals with 31 per cent being submitted on behalf of organisations. A further 145 free-format contributions, mainly sent on behalf of organisations, were submitted by the final closing date of 31 December 2007. The expert groups responsible for the 'Developing world-class research infrastructures', „ERA rationales‟, and 'Strengthening research institutions' areas have also published reports of their findings. The results of the consultation are presented according to the section of the document they related to. Respones show that there is strong support for the ERA vision, however, industry considers that

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the Green Paper did not pay enough attention to the central role of research/innovation linkages and private R&D within the ERA. The results also concluded that there is support for European Strategy Forum for Research Infrastructures (ESFRI), and strong support for open access to scientific raw data and improved access and dissemination of publically-funded peer reviewed scientific publications. Further information The EC pages on the ERA consultation, which contains the expert reports and results of the consultation, are available at: http://ec.europa.eu/research/era/progress-on-debate/expert-groups-analyses_en.html

EU inputs into UN climate change talks
The latest United Nations climate change talks got under way in Bangkok recently, following the December Bali meeting where it was agreed to step up international efforts to combat climate change - with an agreement to be reached by the end of 2009. The new agreement should come into force once the Kyoto Protocol's targets for limiting greenhouse gas emissions from developed countries have expired in 2012. Three further meetings this year will culminate with the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Poznan, Poland, which will address research and development of technology, risk management and risk reduction strategies, and the key elements of a shared long-term vision for joint action on climate change, including a long-term target to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. EU Environment Commissioner, Stavros Dimas, said, “all Parties must keep up the momentum in order to bring the negotiations to a successful conclusion by the end of next year. Climate change is the gravest long-term challenge facing the world today and we need a global agreement that involves bold action to prevent global warming from assuming the devastating proportions that are predicted. The EU is determined to continue leading by example, as we have done with the ambitious Climate Action and Renewable Energy package proposed by the EC in January." Further Information EC Press Release IP/08/475 of 28 March 2008 is available at: http://europa.eu/rapid The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) website, which includes more details of the meetings, is at: http://unfccc.int/2860.php

EC Communication on progress in the millennium development goals
On 9 April 2008, the EU published a Communication on the „EU as a global partner for development‟, reviewing the efforts made to achieve faster and better progress towards the Millennium Development Goals, which were meant to be achieved by 2015. It proposes a series of actions to encourage Member States to increase the volume and effectiveness of development aid and identify areas where EU policy could be more coherent and better co-ordinated. Discussions on the Communication will help shape the EU's common position in the run up to the forum on the effectiveness of aid that will take place in Accra in September 2008, and that on development funding to be held in Doha in December 2008. In September 2007, the EC Staff Working Paper 'EU Report on Policy Coherence for Development' set out key objectives in research for development and provided information on EU‟s progress in promoting a higher degree of coherence between the main policies that affect developing countries. A section is dedicated to research and puts forward recommendations on how EC research policy can promote issues related to research on Millennium Development Goals and encourage participation from developing countries.

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Further information EC Press Release IP/08/548 of 9 April 2009, which contains a link to the EC Communication, is available at: http://europa.eu/rapid To find out more on the „EU Report on Policy Coherence for Development‟ please see: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2007:0545:FIN:EN:PDF Further information on the Millennium Development Goals is available at: http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/

Number of applications to ERC down
Recent figures just published show that the number of proposals submitted to the ERC Advanced Grant call was far below original estimations. All three deadlines for the Advanced Grants have now closed and the number of proposals in total is 2,166. This is far below the original estimation of 20,000. Based on the number of proposals received the final success rate will be around ten per cent. This is far higher than the success rate for the Starting Grant held last year, where almost 10,000 proposals were submitted with around 300 receiving grants. The Advanced Grant call had three deadlines depending on which domain the proposal was submitted to. The life sciences and health domain, which closed on 22 April, received 766 proposals. The social sciences and humanities domain, which closed on 18 March, received 403 proposals. Finally, the physical sciences and engineering domain, which closed on 28 February, received 997 proposals. The ERC has also published the list of panel chairs that will be used for the evaluation of ERC Advanced Grant proposals. In the future, the ERC will also publish the full list of the panel members that will be used for evaluation.

Further information The ERC press release on the number of proposals submitted to the Advanced Grant is available at: http://erc.europa.eu/pdf/News_release_AdG1submissionsLS_FINAL.pdf The list of panel chairs is available at: http://erc.europa.eu/pdf/Panel_Chairs_AdG.pdf

IMI: information event held and calls open
The EC held an Innovative Medicines Initiative (IMI) information day in Brussels on 30 April. The event was held in order to inform stakeholders of the 2008 call for proposals, which were presented at the event officially for the first time. Around 400 delegates from SMEs, universities, industry and other organisations from the EU research community attended the event. Presentations were given by Janez Potočnik, EU Commissioner for Science and Research and Arthur Higgins, the President of the European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industries and Associations (EFPIA). IMI is the Joint Technology Initiative on innovative medicines. It aims to reinvigorate the biopharmaceutical sector in Europe by collaborating in order to find solutions to overcome the research bottlenecks in the drug development process. In addition, two new fact sheets on the draft IMI priorities for 2008 and an overview of IMI had been previously published by the EC. The final IMI priorities were launched at the IMI event on 30 April and will be available from the IMI website. Further information The EFPIA website on IMI, which will include the presentations given at the event and details of the call for proposals, is available at: www.imi-europe.org The EC website for IMI, which includes the IMI fact sheet and 2008 priorities are available at: http://imi.europa.eu

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EIT governing board selection criteria
Following a public consultation the EC has published the selection criteria for the governing board of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT). The criteria are divided into the three broad themes of „representation‟, „expertise‟, and „availability‟. Under „representation‟ it is stipulated that the board members should be independent from any political, governmental, or industrial interests. Furthermore the board should be balanced with representatives from different sectors. There are several criteria under the „expertise‟ theme. The key criteria are that they should have widespread reputation and experience at a European and global level, and a proven record of promoting academia-business co-operation and technology transfer. Finally the board members would need to be available for a four-year period. Now that the criteria have been published they can be used to identify suitable members. The EIT stakeholders and relevant organisations had to propose names of candidates by 25 April. The EIT aims to integrate the three sides of the „knowledge triangle‟ which are; education, research, and innovation. This is to be achieved by „knowledge and innovation communities‟ or KICs, which are highly integrated networks of universities, research organisations, and businesses. The EIT governing board will select the KICs on the basis of a strategic agenda that they propose and gain approval from the EP and European Council. Further information Further information on the governing board selection criteria can be found at: http://ec.europa.eu/eit/cri_en.htm

High-level group to advise EC on research and science
The EC has announced the name of the twenty two individuals who will make up the European Research Area Board (ERAB). The board is expected to help develop, promote, and evaluate policy initiatives and actions, with a key role being to provide the EC with an annual report on the state of the European Research Area (ERA). The members of ERAB are appointed in a personal capacity and are not representing any organisations. The names of the board members were recommended by a committee established in 2007 for the purpose of selecting the ERAB members. The predecessor of ERAB was the European Research Advisory Board (EURAB) which was active from 2001 to 2007. During this time it produced over 30 reports on research and societal engagement, research management in ERA, scientific publications and open access, international research co-operation, social science and humanities in FP7, and stimulating the regional potential for research and innovation. In the EC Green Paper on ERA it was proposed that EURAB should have an enhanced role, and this has led to the creation of ERAB. Further information EC Press Release IP/08/565 of 11 April 2008 is available at: http://europa.eu/rapid

2009 to be ‘Year of Creativity and Innovation’
The EC has proposed that 2009 will be the „European Year of Creativity and Innovation‟. A decision on this will be taken later this year by the EP and European Council. The EC feels that the year can be organised without needing a specific budget set aside as it can be organised through existing EU programmes and activities. The EC would expect Member States to appoint national co-ordinators who could then form a small steering group at EU level. The year itself is aimed at creating an environment favourable to creativity and innovation. The EC suggests that emphasis should be put on education across a wide range of subjects such as maths, science and information technology.

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It is also intended to be a cross-cutting initiative focussing not just on education but also enterprise, media, research and rural development. Ján Figel, the EU Commissioner for Education, Training, Culture and Youth, said the year will be "an effective way of helping to meet challenges by raising public awareness, disseminating information about good practices, stimulating education and research, creativity and innovation, and promoting policy debate and change. By combining action at community, national, regional and local levels, it can generate synergies and help to focus policy debate on specific issues." Further information EC press release IP/08/482 of 31 March 2008 is available at: http://europa.eu/rapid/

EC adopts IPR management recommendation
The EC has adopted a recommendation on the „management of intellectual property in knowledge transfer activities and code of practice for universities and other public research organisations‟. The recommendation aims to help Member States in revising or devising policies and guidelines, and contains a code of practice set out in an annex. It is hoped that by setting out common principles across Europe current discrepancies between national systems for knowledge transfer will be addressed. Key issues for Member States, which the recommendation addresses, include the need for public research organisations to define knowledge transfer as a strategic mission and to raise the capacity to undertake it, as well as awareness and skills for students, encouraging open access to results whilst enabling protection of intellectual property. Other issues include taking steps to ensure the widest possible implementation of the code of practice, and ensuring the fair treatment of participants from Member States and non-Member States in international research projects. It was also recommended that a national contact point should be established whose tasks should include the coordination of measures involving knowledge transfer between the public and private sectors, and also inform the EC of the measures taken. Further information The EC recommendation on IPR is available at: http://ec.europa.eu/invest-inresearch/pdf/ip_recommendation_en.pdf

EU Ministers approve Galileo implementation regulation
EU Ministers have recently approved the implementation regulation for Galileo, the EU‟s satellite navigation system. As a result, it is hoped that the next stage of the process will now begin, with contracts being awarded before the end of 2008 to establish ground stations and build spacecraft. On this basis the EP is expected to adopt its first-reading opinion on the proposal in an April or May session. The regulation also covers EGNOS (European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service), which is an infrastructure that corrects signals used from the existing GPS and GLONASS global satellite navigation systems. Other issues agreed include the governing structure for Galileo and the role of the EC in reporting progress to Council and EP. The next development for Galileo was the recent launch of Giove-B, as the final phase of demonstration in the Galileo project before the launch of four operational satellites by 2010.

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Further information The Council web pages on the Transport Council meeting, which include links to the agenda and conclusions and videos of the proceedings are available at: http://www.eu2008.si/en/Meetings_Calendar/Dates/April/0407_TTE.html Further information about Galileo is available at: http://www.esa.int/esaNA/galileo.html

Launch of the global energy efficiency and renewable energy fund
The EC has launched „The global energy efficiency and renewable energy fund‟ (GEEREF), in order to mobilise private investments in energy efficiency and renewable energy projects in developing countries and economies in transition. The fund will primarily be aimed at small scale projects and will receive an EC contribution of up to €80 million over the next four years. The lack of risk capital shows there are problems in raising commercial funding. It is therefore hoped that the fund will mobilise private sector finance, especially in small scale projects below €10 million, in bringing secure and clean energy supplies to people in poorer regions of the world. The GEEREF provides new risk-sharing and co-financing options to mobilise international and domestic investments. Within the fund, deploying environmentally sound technologies with a proven technical record will be prioritised. GEEREF will invest in regional sub-funds in the African, Caribbean and Pacific region, North Africa, non-EU Eastern Europe, Latin America and Asia. GEEREF is the first concrete initiative deriving from the „European initiative on clean, renewable energy, energy efficiency and climate change related to development‟. The EU is expected to complete negotiations towards a comprehensive climate change framework by the end of 2009. Further information EC Press Release IP/08/473 of 28 March 2008 is available at: http://europa.eu/rapid/

EC action plan to fight tuberculosis in EU
The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) recently published a framework action plan to strengthen the fight against tuberculosis (TB) in the EU. The long-term goal of the TB framework action plan is to control and ultimately eliminate TB in the EU. The aims of the plan are to: increase political and public awareness of TB as a public health issue in the EU, support and strengthen EU Member States‟ efforts against TB in line with the national epidemiological situation and challenges, and contribute to the control of TB in the EU by supporting those countries from which imported cases originate. The framework itself consists of a series of actions to be taken in 2008 and 2009. In 2008 the actions include holding a series of sub-regional meetings between the EU, the ECDC, Member States and stakeholders in order to discuss the development of national plans and how to measure progress. There will also be visits to the EU countries that have the highest incidences of TB in order to assess their situation and decide on what the most appropriate form of support will be. In 2009, one of the main actions will be to develop a mechanism for periodical feed back amongst EU institutions, Member States and other stakeholders. It is envisaged that this will offer a platform to report back on the progress made, define future priorities and plan actions regarding the objectives at EU and national levels. Another action will be to ensure that the national plans of each Member State are available to each other. Further information Further information on the EU‟s response to TB, which includes links to the action plan, is available at: http://ec.europa.eu/health/ph_threats/com/tuberculosis/tuberculosis_en.htm

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British Council research opportunities
The British Council‟s „Researcher Exchange Programme (RXP)‟ aims at supporting the development of new research links between higher education institutions and research laboratories in the UK and other countries. It awards funds to encourage postdoctoral researchers‟ mobility for the exchange of information, ideas and knowledge, acquisition of new cutting-edge skills as well as long-term co-operation relationship building. Researchers in areas relating to the evolutionary theory and Darwin‟ legacy are invited to apply for the „Darwin Researcher Exchange Programme Awards‟. This scheme is aimed at research carried out in, amongst other areas, behavioural ecology, biodiversity, comparative biology, systematics, developmental and evolutionary biology, ecology and paleobiology. The Franco-British Alliance programme, managed and jointly funded by the British Council and the French Foreign Affairs Ministry, seeks to promote Franco-British scientific co-operation involving universities and public sector research institute. The programme provides support in all disciplines, including the social sciences and humanities. Further information To find out more on the Researcher Exchange Programme (RXP) and Awards see: http://www.britishcouncil.org/science-rxp Additional details on the Franco-British Alliance programme are available at: http://www.britishcouncil.org/france-science-alliance-programme.htm

Second FP7 Health call – information day for co-ordinators
On 2 April 2008, the EC held an information day for co-ordinators of proposals from the second call of the FP7 Health theme. This scheme aims at improving European citizens‟ health and increasing the competitiveness of European health-related industries and businesses, while addressing global health issues including emerging epidemics. This second information day for proposals co-ordinators provided details on the financial and legal aspects as well as a timeline related to the negotiation process of the second FP7 health call. Presentations by EC speakers from DG Research covered amongst other subjects, the use of the online negotiation facility (NEF) and grant agreement preparation forms (GPFs); the structure of FP7 grant agreements and reporting issues; as well as financial aspects and budget issues. The event also addressed 'Communication & Dissemination in FP7 projects' as well as highlighted communication best practice and provided practical advice on how to prepare dissemination plans for FP7 projects. Further information The presentations from the 2 April information day are available at: http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/health/past-events_en.html Further information on the FP7 Health theme is available at: http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/health/

LifeCompetence database to search for FP6 health projects
The LifeCompetence platform is funded through the FP6 Life Science and Health Priority and provides a fully searchable database of FP6 health projects. The aim of the database is to stimulate collaborations between academic and/or industry groups in order to leverage more investments being made by national governments and at the European level. The database provides thematic access on projects with key information interrelated with organisations, regions, and researchers. This information includes the leading researchers by field, and to see what

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projects organisation have ongoing, which researchers are involved and who they are collaborating with. The database also provides collaboration, partner and thematic reports, in order to answer questions such as what the top-ten collaboration partners are for a certain university. An organisation can also see which project they have with certain other organisations, and how many projects an organisation may have in specific fields. LifeCompetence is structured in two parts to provide both tailor-made searches for complementary expertise and technologies which can bring added-value to the ongoing research and development projects, and also to provide for tailor-made analysis of experts and organisations. Further information Further information can be found at: http://www.lifecompetence.eu

EC publishes updated audits and certification guidance notes
The EC has recently updated and extended the guidance notes on audits and certification, which was originally issued in July 2007. The guidance includes information on the Certificate on Methodology (CoM), which is labelled as „Part I‟ in the guide. These certificates mean that the EC has approved the method of calculating costs and interim Certificates on Financial Statements are not required. In the latest guidance the EC clarifies that the whole legal entity must use the same methodology, furthermore, the updated guidelines stress that the format of the CoM must be followed very carefully. Finally a lot of detail has been added to explain the procedures for filling out the forms required for a CoM. This will be especially useful for the auditors themselves, but also helps to explain what documentation for funding beneficiaries should prepare themselves. A new section that has been added to the guidance is the Certificates on the Financial Statements, which is „Part II‟ of the document. These provide an independent opinion on the claims made by the project and are only required when the cumulative claim is over €375,000. This is mainly for the auditors and explains in detail the terminology and rationale for these particular certificates. Another new section is the glossary, which includes examples of letters of representation, examples of an average personnel cost system, a template for calculating hourly rates, and best practice for filling out the forms for the CoM. Further information The guidance notes can be found on CORDIS at: http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/finddoc_en.html#guidance

EC public consultation on patient safety
The EC is currently developing a proposal on „general patient issues throughout Europe and healthcare-associated infections (HCAI)‟. The consultation on this second issue has already been held. Their plans for a proposal will attempt to complement the current legislation, work and policies in place at the EU level, by addressing wider systemic issues such as culture, leadership, education, information, reporting and redress. In order to help with this process, they have launched a public consultation on patient safety. They would like to find out more about EU citizens‟ perceptions concerning the kind of policies, strategies, systems and processes already in place in their home country and what action on patient safety they would like to see both within their country but also at the EU level. The EC thus welcomes contributions from all those involved in this field. The consultation will close on 20 May 2008. Following the public consultation, the EC intends to address a Communication to the

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Council of the EU together with the proposals on patient safety and healthcare-associated infection for adoption by the end of 2008. Further information Full details on the EC consultation are available at: http://ec.europa.eu/yourvoice/ipm/forms/dispatch?form=patientsafety

Research News
Study reveals link between hyperactive girls and troubled adults
Researchers from University College London (UCL) and the University of Montreal have completed a study that evaluated the consequences of aggressive and hyperactive behaviour in girls. Moreover, the study showed a link between these behaviours in young girls and future problems in their lives. The study‟s findings were recently published in the journal archives of general psychiatry. Researchers contributing to the study followed the lives of 881 girls between the ages of six and 21. The main aim of the study was to establish the connection between aggressive and hyperactive behaviour in childhood. While one in ten girls showed high levels of hyperactive and physically aggressive behaviour, the researchers also found that the behaviour of most girls calmed down by the time they turned 12. One of the researchers at UCL claimed that current prevention programmes targeting only physical aggression may be missing a significant proportion of at-risk girls, as the study suggests that targeting hyperactive behaviour will include the vast majority of aggressive girls. However, not all hyperactive and physically aggressive girls grow up to have serious adjustment problems. The study found that about 25 per cent of the girls with behavioural problems did not have adjustment problems in adulthood, while more than a quarter developed at least three adjustment problems. Further information Further information is available at: http://ec.europa.eu/research/infocentre/article_en.cfm?id=/research/headlines/news/article_08_04_ 10_en.html&item=Infocentre&artid=6973

Get your jeans to monitor your health
The BIOTEX project funded under the Information Society Technologies (IST) priority in FP6 has developed new ionic biosensors, which can measure the levels of chloride, sodium and potassium in sweat samples. An immunosensor which can detect specific proteins in fluid samples has also been developed. The sensors are incorporated into patches of clothes, which can then be worn by, for example, people with diabetes. The technology provides for continuous remote monitoring by health professionals. In the long term, monitoring could also lead to improvements in treatments of metabolic disorders. The new sensors have a range of applications, including, for example, for the monitoring of exposed personnel such as fire-fighters, or for people in a critical stage, such as patients with burnwounds. Health-monitoring systems currently in use are based on physiological parameter measurements, rather than biochemical measurements on body fluids.

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Further information Further information on the BIOTEX project is available at: http://www.biotexeu.com/html/projectinfo.html

Anxiety thickens blood
EU funded research has shown that when people are scared or stressed their blood flow slows down. It is normal for all individuals to suffer from anxiety in certain situations, but for those with anxiety disorders it can be paralysing causing them to suffer from breathing difficulties, fainting and cold sweats. The research compared blood samples from 31 patients suffering from severe forms of anxiety disorders with a control group. The results showed that blood flow slowed down, due to coagulation a process where blood thickens to prevent blood loss, and at the same time the blood remains fluid through a process called fibrinolysis, which breaks down any clots that occurred during thickening. However, patients suffering from anxiety disorders blood coagulated and fibrinolysis was inhibited which in turn can lead to clotting and coronary artery blockages. It is believed that this could be the 'missing link' to explain why patients with anxiety disorders have a statistically higher risk of dying from heart disease. However, Dr Geiser of the University of Bonn, who led the study said “Of course, this doesn't mean that every patient with a marked anxiety disorder must now worry about having a heart attack,” she believes in order to reduce the number of heart disorders, it would make sense to improve the way anxiety disorders are diagnosed and treated. Further information Further information available at: http://ec.europa.eu/research/infocentre/article_en.cfm?id=/research/headlines/news/article_08_04_ 09_en.html&item=Infocentre&artid=6953

Intelligent cars lead to safer journeys for passengers
An EU funded project has been developing new systems and technologies to make car travel safer in the future. The APROSYS project, which is co-ordinated by the Fraunhofer Institute for Structural Durability and System Reliability in Germany, has developed technologies that can sense a forthcoming collision and take proactive measures to protect passengers. Car accidents are a major issue for the EU. Over 40,000 people are killed every year on the roads in the EU and there are also 1.7 million injuries as a result of road accidents. The EU aims to reduce these figures by half by 2010. Part of the EU‟s actions to achieve this is funding research to develop safer cars. By surveying an area of 20-metre range around the car the new system can decide if there is a risk of collision with another car 200 milliseconds before impact. Stereo cameras and radar sensors are used to continuously scan the environment, and a central computer analyses the data. This „sixth sense‟ then allows the car to protect passengers from the damage of the impact by activating a side-impact protection system. A command is sent from the central computer to the car seat where a steel bolt is released. At the same time a metal body in the car door is brought down to reinforce the steel bolt. This process, just before impact, reinforces the car door, absorbing energy on impact and therefore protecting the passengers inside. Further information Further information is available at: http://ec.europa.eu/research/infocentre/article_en.cfm?id=/research/headlines/news/article_08_04_ 01_en.html&item=Infocentre&artid=6913 The APROSYS website is available at: http://www.aprosys.com/

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Foods that help fight off disease
An EU funded research project shows findings that fruits, vegetables and nuts are just some of the foods that form part of a group of antioxidant chemical compounds called flavonoids. There is growing evidence that flavonoids, part of the polyphenols group, keep humans healthy, fighting off cardiovascular disease, cancer and degenerative diseases. The FLORA project hopes to follow-up the research already carried out using rats with a study involving human volunteers, looking at the beneficial effects of anthocyanins from blood orange juice - a major source of flavonoids. The FLORA project, funded with €3.3 million of EU money, is helping people understand the link between diet and health, as well as the beneficial effects flavonoids have on humans. The findings of the FLORA study have been published in the Journal of Nutrition. Further information Further details about the project are available at: http://ec.europa.eu/research/infocentre/article_en.cfm?id=/research/headlines/news/article_08_04_ 11_en.html&item=Infocentre&artid=6974

Scientists discover genetic dependence to nicotine
Nicotine dependence is believed to be the main reason for continued smoking. Research has shown that a particular variant of a nicotine-receptor gene impacts smoking behaviour and confers a 30 per cent increase in risk of lung cancer and a 20 per cent increase in risk of peripheral artery disease (PAD). Roughly half of the people of European descent carry at least one copy of this genetic variant, which does not influence smoking initiation, but makes it more difficult to quit. These results stem from the European project GENADDICT which receives €8.1 million from FP6 and the U.S. National Institutes of Health. The integrated multidisciplinary project aims to identify the genes involved in this and other addictions. It connects human genetics research in addicted patients with genomic studies of mice. Through understanding the genetics of addiction the research may give new insight into its biological basis, and into the dysfunction of the addicted brain. It is likely to boost the development of new treatments and strategies against this serious disease. The results, published last month in Nature, are a milestone in the identification of genetic risk factors and genes involved in addiction. Further information EC Press Release IP/08/524 of 3 April 2008 is available at: http://europa.eu/rapid/

Education, Training and Culture
EDULINK first call project profiles
The profiles of the 11 projects funded under the first call of the EDULINK programme are now available. The programme, funded by the EU, seeks to improve the effectiveness and the impact of ACP-EU co-operation in the field of higher education by fostering institutional co-operation and sharing best practices to promote academic excellence in ACP (Africa, Caribbean and Pacific) states as a means of reducing poverty. The projects implemented focus on: building capacities in agriculture in ACP states; improving the quality of health care in Africa; improving urban planning

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and management in the South Caribbean; promoting sustainable tourism and the logistics sector; and finally assisting higher education institutes in these regions to create more flexible, open, highquality learning environments by upgrading the skills of distance teaching staff, and by designing online course materials adapted to the ACP context. The EDULINK manual for preparing applications has been updated for the third call for proposals launched on 18 March 2008. They highly recommend that all applicants consult this manual in addition to the guidelines for applicants, as it may help to improve proposals. Further information Further information on the EDULINK programme and projects profiles are available at: http://www.acp-edulink.eu/index.html

Credit system for vocational training launched
The EC has presented plans to create a European Credit System for Vocational Training (ECVET). The plans are presented in a recommendation submitted to the EP and European Council for approval. This new vocational system builds on, and is fully compatible with the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System in Higher Education (ECTS). The ECVET system helps ease the mobility of individuals between the different, complex, European education systems. Units of learning outcomes are defined and assigned a number of credits. This then helps when translating learning undertaken in one country into a vocational qualification system in another country. The education systems in Europe are highly fragmented and vocational education and training are no exception. There are numerous different procedures and qualifications, even within one country. This can make it difficult to transfer learning outcomes between countries. The EC has also put forward plans for a reference tool to share best practice in vocational training and education policies. The European Quality Assurance Reference Framework (EQARF) aims to increase transparency and consistency of policy developments within the field of vocational training. Further information EC Press Release IP/08/558 of 10 April 2008 is available at: http://europa.eu/rapid

ALFA III calls open
ALFA is a co-operation programme between EU and Latin American HEIs. The third call for proposals has now opened with a closing date of 16 June 2008. The aim of the ALFA scheme is to promote higher education in Latin America as a means of contributing to economic and social development by improving the conditions in which the training of skilled human resources takes place. More specifically, it aims to help improve the quality, relevance and accessibility of higher education in Latin America, whilst also fostering progress towards the creation of a joint higher education area in the region and exploiting its synergies with the EU system. The activities carried out under the open call fall into one of three types: „joint projects‟, which will be carried out by networks of HEIs in the EU and Latin America facilitating the exchange of best practice; „structural projects‟, which will be networks with the aim of discussing and designing mechanisms to promote the modernisation, reform and harmonisation of higher education systems at regional level in Latin America; and „accompanying measures‟, which will create synergies between the „joint projects‟ and „structural projects‟, by providing methodological support and ensuring the collection, centralisation and dissemination of the results and best practices from each of these projects.

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Further information Further details of the ALFA programme and the current open call are available at: http://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/where/latin-america/regional-cooperation/alfa/index_en.htm

External Collaboration
EU and Saudi Arabia see collaboration opportunities in FP7
The EU Commissioner for External Relations described the immense potential for scientific cooperation with Saudi Arabian researchers at an FP7 inauguration seminar at King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) in Saudi Arabia. Benita Ferrero-Waldner highlighted some key research areas, including climate change, nanotechnologies, energy and ICT. Through the opening of FP7 to international co-operation, Saudi Arabia can participate in projects. In addition, the EU is currently looking at how to enhance dialogue on higher education where the EU and the Gulf region could co-operate more closely. Since the adoption of the National Policy for Science and Technology prepared by the King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia has made unprecedented efforts to adopt specific plans to turn policy into actions, like the most recent ones in nanotechnologies and nanosciences. Resources have been mobilised and combined from its research institutes, universities, institutions like the Saudi Basic Industries Corporation (SABIC), the private sector with the leading enterprises like ARAMCO and the science parks. The planned budget forms 2.5 per cent of GDP and there is a determination to establish technology incubators and IT cities in different parts of the country as well as the creation of the new King Abdullah University devoted to research and innovation. Further information EC Press Release SPEECH/08/193 of 15 April 2008 is available at: http://europa.eu/rapid/

Opportunities for co-operation with industrialised countries
Opportunities are available for co-operation in education, in multi-country consortia, including Australia, Japan, New Zealand, and the Republic of Korea. The call published by the EC is part of the Industrialised Countries Education Co-operation Programme (ICI ECP), and has a deadline of 6 June 2008. The objective of the call is the support of international curriculum development projects involving short-term mobility between the EU and the ICI countries. Consortia have to include at least three institutions from the EU and two from a partner country. The mobility should occur in both directions with individuals from the EU spending one semester in an ICI partner country and those from the ICI country spending the equivalent amount of time in the EU. The total budget for co-financing the scheme contributed by the EU is €2.5 million, with a maximum for a three year project of €450,000. It is expected that this budget will be able to fund between four and five EU-Australia projects, two to three EU-Japan projects, one project with New Zealand, and between one and two with the Republic of Korea. This financial support will include mobility grants for students, and academic and administrative staff. Further information Further information of this call, including all application documents, is available at: http://ec.europa.eu/education/programmes/eu_others/call08_en.html
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China fellowship programme
The Science and Technology Fellowship Programme in China (STF CHINA) aims to promote the mobility of EU researchers to China. The scheme provides EC fellowships to young European researchers for a six month period to learn about Chinese language and have research culture training. There is also an 18-month practical research period in China. The EC, through EuropeAid, estimates two intakes of fifteen participants in this initial pilot phase. If the interest in the scheme is confirmed then funding should be confirmed on a longer term basis, with an objective of having significantly higher numbers of participants. A call for tenders, published by the EC, closed on 10 April, was seeking applicants to provide technical assistance and other services to assist in the implementation of programme activities. These activities will include pre-departure briefing to the fellows, the language and research culture training, facilitation of the practical research period, organisation of events, and networking activities. Further work will include public relations and promoting the programme. Further information Further information on the call can be found at: http://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/index_en.htm

Events and Awards
UKRO annual conference 2008 – registration open
Registration is now open for the 2008 UKRO annual conference, which will take place at Loughborough University on 26 - 27 June. The conference will focus on FP7 implementation issues, lessons learned from the first calls and will look ahead at future calls. The areas to be covered include the FP7 themes of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), Science in Society (SiS), Research Infrastructures, the Marie Curie Actions and researcher mobility, the European Research Council (ERC) as well as FP7 audits and finance issues. Sessions will also be dedicated to the new Joint Technology Initiatives (JTIs), the European Research Area (ERA) review and the Research Councils UK (RCUK) International Strategy and interaction with Europe and beyond. This year‟s conference will also cover non-FP7 issues such as the Lifelong Learning Programme, DG Freedom, Justice and Security Programmes, the NATO Science for Peace and Security Programme, the COST (European Co-operation in the field of Scientific and Technical Research) programme, and the latest news on the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT). Registration is also open to non-subscribers and UKRO encourages people to register early as places are limited. Further information Information about the conference, including the provisional programme and a link to the registration form, is available at: http://www.ukro.ac.uk/annual_conference/08_conference/index.htm

Registration opens for Green Week 2008
Registration is now open for the EC‟s conference „Green Week 2008 – Only one Earth – don‟t waste it!‟, which will take place from 3-6 June 2008 in Brussels, Belgium (coinciding with World Environment Day). Green Week 2008 will take a closer look at the sustainable use of natural
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resources, focusing on waste management, sustainable consumption and production. The event will provide a unique opportunity for debate, exchanges of experience and best practice among non-governmental organisations, businesses, various levels of government and the public. Registration for the event will remain open until the start of the conference. The four main themes of the event will be; resources and waste management, sustainable consumption and production, nature and biodiversity, and climate change. It will try to give answers to questions including; „can businesses (e.g. manufacturing/food production/tourism) be successful while also using resources in a sustainable way?‟, „how is Europe going to deal with the growing mountains of waste?‟, „How can we switch to using sustainable means of transport?‟, and „can big construction projects such as the London Olympics 2012 be truly 'green'?‟. Green Week is also a series of side events (Green Talk, Eur-Oceans awards ceremony, CIP information session, LIFE projects awards ceremony), and of side activities and visits. Further Information The Green Week website, mailing list and booking form is available at: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/greenweek/home.html

Preserving our cultural heritage
The eighth European conference on research for protection, conservation and enhancement of cultural heritage takes place in Ljubljana, Slovenia, on 10-15 November this year. The biennial event is organised with the support of the EC, in collaboration with local stakeholders. Locally, the event is organised by the National and University Library of Slovenia, the „construction cluster‟ of Slovenia and the University of Ljubljana. The event will focus on four main areas: recent progress in cultural heritage research; knowledge and technology transfer; education, training and communication, and policies, legislation, standardisation and sustainability strategies in cultural heritage. Further information Further information, including registration, is available at http://www.chresp.eu/Default.aspx

Metabolomics and environmental biotechnology workshop
The „EC-US Task Force on Biotechnology Research‟ promotes cross Atlantic information exchange and coordination between EC and US government biotechnology research programmes. It seeks to raise awareness of the funding opportunities available on both sides. It also funds and sponsors workshops, short training courses and short-term fellowship programmes on environmental biology with the aim of building networks of early career researchers who have the tools to apply biotechnology to environmental problems. The task force is organising a workshop on „Metabolomics and environmental biotechnology‟ on 16 - 17 June 2008 in Mallorca, Spain. This event will cover topics on metabolomics and functional analysis of microbial communities. The aim is to discuss the discoveries in the area of (meta)genomes of microorganisms and their potential exploitation in environmental biotechnology, such as the development of novel biocatalysts, novel biomarkers or more efficient and safer processes. Further information Full details and registration are available at: http://ec.europa.eu/research/biotechnology/ec-us/workshop_forthcoming_en.html

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ESOF and Marie Curie conference 2008
The Euroscience Open Forum (ESOF) will take place on the 18 – 22 July 2008 in Barcelona. The purpose of ESOF is to provide the science communities in Europe and beyond a platform for debate and communication. The event will include presentations and workshops on a range of topics and will have relevance for a wide range of actors including, researchers and students, policymakers and research managers, and journalists. Speakers will include several Noble Prize winners, and to compliment to scientific programme there will be sessions on „from lab to market‟ and careers. The Marie Curie conference has been scheduled to coincide with ESOF 2008 and will take place on 17 – 18 July in Barcelona. The programme will include both plenary and smaller parallel session. The topics covered will include the role of the scientist in the future, career perspectives outside academia, understanding FP7, and how to successfully disseminate information. Marie Curie fellows are encouraged to attend and the registration fee also includes ESOF 2008. Further information Further details on ESOF 2008 can be found at: http://www.esof2008.org. Details of the Marie Curie conference are available at: http://www.esof2008.org/index.php?id=193

High level conference on mental health
The EC is organising a high-level conference on mental health, which will take place on 13 June 2008 in Brussels. The conference will be a follow-up to the consultation on the EC's „Green Paper on Mental Health‟ of 2005. The EU Commissioner for Health, Androulla Vassiliou, will host the meeting in collaboration with the Commissioner for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities. The EC will invite high-level representatives from the EP, the Council Presidency and Member State Governments. Organisations and leaders from relevant sectors such as health, education, employment, social affairs as well as from civil society will also be invited to participate. The conference is expected to establish a European Pact for Mental Health which will focus on four themes: prevention of suicide and depression; mental health in youth and education; mental health in workplace settings; and mental health in the elderly. A further strand, combating stigma and social exclusion will run through across all thematic areas. A draft conference programme will be available soon which will be based on the outcome of a series of preparatory meetings held in February. Further information Further information is available at: http://ec.europa.eu/health/ph_determinants/life_style/mental/mental_health_en.htm

Health research partnering events for SMEs and academia
The 'SME go Health' project will be holding European partnering days on Health and Biotechnology in FP7 in Krakow on 17 June and in London on 20 June. The two partnering events are free of charge and are funded by the 'SME go Health' project. 'SME go Health' is a three year project cofunded by the EC. It is supported by a network of National Contact Points and experts in 30 countries and supports research collaborations between SME and academia. 'SME go Health' provides an online partnering service, a newsletter and has also recently published four first aid packages designed for SMEs to give potential applicants through the critical issues related to proposal preparation and project participation in FP7.

The target of these meetings is to initiate co-operation in European research projects in the health area of FP7. These events are designed to bring together companies and research institutes from
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European countries together in one place to discuss the Health Work Programme; research collaborations between SMEs and academia and success stories so far in FP7. Participants will also have the opportunity to discuss future collaborations in pre-arranged bilateral meetings. Participating organisations are invited to submit details on their competence profile and its cooperation interest in advance of the meeting. Interested participants should register by 1 June. Further information Further information is available at: http://www.matchmaking.at/smesgohealth/ Further information on 'SME go Health' is available at: http://www.smesgohealth.org/common/home.asp

2008 Galileo masters competition
The Galileo masters competition is open to companies, entrepreneurs, research institutes, and universities, as well as individuals and awards the best ideas for innovative satellite navigation applications. The competition will open from 1 May 2008 until 31 July 2008. The main prize will be a grant of €20,000 and the GALILEO Master will get the chance to enter a six month incubation programme to develop their idea in the region of their choice. Participants will also have the opportunity to submit their ideas for both regional evaluation and consideration for one of the new special topic prizes offered by the European GNSS Supervisory Authoriy, the European Space Agency, Taiwan‟s Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI), the DHL Innovation Center, and T-Systems. In 2008, the competition will only open for participation in the 12 following regions: United Kingdom & Ireland, Madrid, Nice / Sophia-Antipolis, Prague, South Holland, Taiwan, Australia, and the German states of Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Hessen, North Rhine-Westphalia, and Niedersachsen. Further information Further information, including registration, is available from the Galileo website at: http://www.galileo-masters.com/en/52492

ESA space station design workshop 2008
From 13 to 18 July 2008, the European Space Agency (ESA) and the institute of space systems of the University of Stuttgart (IRS) will host the space station design workshop (SSDW). SSDW will take place at ESA‟s space research and technology centre, ESTEC, in Noordwijk, the Netherlands. The aim of the workshop is to introduce students to conceptual design in a multinational, interactive, team-centred environment. The workshop provides participants with the opportunity to try and carry out multidisciplinary conceptual design of space stations and other space infrastructures. There is a particular emphasis on human exploration of the earth-moon-mars space. By using advanced design methodologies and software tools, students will carry out realistic work in space engineering, while also addressing other aspects related to space projects, such as architecture, economics and space law, as well as project and team management. IRS and ESA experts will be present to provide the students with guidance and advice. Participation is open to university students (up to Masters level or equivalent) from ESA member states. Students are required to submit their application form, professor endorsement and CV before 23 May 2008. Further information Further information is available at: http://www.esa.int/esaHS/SEMW78R03EF_index_0.html Further information about past SSDW and results is available at: http://www.irs.uni-stuttgart.de/SSDW/index.php

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New Publications and Online Resources
New ‘Thematic Issues’ publication on EU environment policy
„Science for Environment Policy‟ is a free news alert provided by the EC‟s DG Environment. It covers the findings and policy-implications of the latest scientific research in easy-to-understand language and is distributed weekly by email to 7,000 subscribers. A broad range of environmental topics are featured in the weekly issues, including agriculture, air quality, climate change, water and waste, to meet the needs of policy makers at all levels in both the public and private sectors. In addition to that regular news service, environmental policy makers across Europe now have access to a greater wealth of useful scientific information, thanks to Science for Environment Policy‟s new Thematic Issues. These will be distributed in addition to Science for Environment Policy‟s regular weekly issues and will take in-depth looks at topical issues high on the policyagenda to help policy makers with their decision-making. Upcoming topics include air quality and emissions trading, deforestation and water. Two Thematic Issues have been published to date: one on biofuels and one of sustainable consumption and development. Further information The Thematic Issues publications can be downloaded from the Science for Environment Policy website at: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/integration/research/newsalert/specialissue_en.html To subscribe to the service, send an email to sfep@uwe.ac.uk with the message line: 'subscribeSEP' or visit the news alert website at: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/integration/research/research_alert_en.htm

Catalogue of EU funded influenza research
The EC has published a catalogue of the EU projects funded between 2001 and 2007 in the area of Influenza. The „Spanish Flu‟ pandemic of 1918 to 1919 remains one of the most deadly infectious diseases of all time, and the recent spread of the highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N1 is just the most recent example of the continued threat of emerging zoonoses. The EC continues to fund research into this area in FP7 under „Emerging Infectious Epidemics‟ and the Council Decision for FP7‟s Specific Programme „Cooperation‟ explicitly mentions highly pathogenic influenza in the description of this activity. The new mandate to build a coherent strategy in this research area has provided the EC with an opportunity to take stock of past and ongoing EU-funded activities in influenza research. As with previous disease outbreaks, such as BSE (bovine spongiform encephalopathy) and SARS (Sudden Acute Respiratory Syndrome), the Commission has been able to respond rapidly to the spread of bird flu and human sporadic cases of H5N1 with a dedicated call for proposals launched in late 2005 worth €28 million. This new publication provides detailed fact sheets on each of the projects funded, and contact details for the consortium. Further information Further information is available at: http://ec.europa.eu/research/health/povertydiseases/index_en.html

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UK Science Insight
Science Insight is the British Council‟s monthly science news bulletin covering the latest developments and forthcoming events in science, engineering and technology in the UK. URL: http://www.britishcouncil.org

CORDIS
CORDIS is the official COmmunity Research and Development Information Service for science, research and innovation provided by the Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. The interactive website offers daily news and detailed information on the EU‟s research programmes. URL: http://cordis.europa.eu

IGLO Project Search
The IGLO Project Service offers a forum for publishing and disseminating details of proposed FP7 projects and/or research skills offered. The service enables researchers to find contacts and partners within the international research community as well as contributing to the mobilisation of a critical mass of researchers in a specific research area. URL: http://www.iglortd.org

EUR-LEX (Official Journal C and L)
This website provides information on EU Law. It includes electronic copies of EU treaties and recent copies of the Official Journal of the European Communities (OJ). The OJ, published daily in 23 languages, consists of two related series: the L series (Legislation) and the C series (Information, notices and preparatory EU legislation), a supplement and an annex. EUR-LEX provides free access to the C and L series of the Official Journal for a period of 45 days following publication. (The OJ issue with the Euro exchange rates (L 359, 31/12/1998) is permanently available in PDF format on EUR-LEX). URL: EUR-LEX http://www.europa.eu/eur-lex Official Journals C and L http://www.europa.eu/eur-lex/en/oj Treaty of Amsterdam http://www.europa.eu/eur-lex/en/treaties

EUROPA
EUROPA is the official EU server. It contains links to the EP, the European Council, the EC and other EU institutions and contains information on EU policies listed by subject area. URL: http://www.europa.eu

RAPID
RAPID is a database giving a daily view of the activities of the EU as presented by the institutions in their press releases. EC Press Releases are available at: http://europa.eu/rapid

cubed… from the British Council
cubed, the monthly webzine from the British Council discusses the science that‟s shaping our society and bringing a new dimension to everyday life. It brings the latest innovations in fashion
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and music, design and digital, film and life, and the products and ideas that will change our world. Visit: http://www.britishcouncil.org/science-cubed.htm

Talking Science
Created by the British Council, the Talking Science website provides up-to-date information and links to the latest ideas in science communication in the UK: www.britishcouncil.org/talkingscience

GLOSSARY
Capacities Capacities is the fourth Specific Programme of FP7 and is worth over €4 billion from 2007 to 2013. It aims to enhance research capacities throughout Europe and ensure their optimal use. It is made up of the following broad areas: Research Infrastructures; Research for the Benefit of SMEs; Regions of Knowledge; Research Potential for the Benefit of Convergence Regions; Science in Society; Support to Coherent Development of Research Policies; and International Co-operation. http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/capacities CIP The Competitiveness and Innovation Programme will run from 2007 to 2013. With a budget of €3.6 billion, it is made up of three Specific Programmes: the Entrepreneurship and Innovation Programme; the ICT Policy Support Programme; and the Intelligent Energy-Europe Programme http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/cip Co-operation Co-operation is the first Specific Programme of FP7. Worth over €30 billion between 2007 and 2013, it is made up of ten thematic areas: Health; Food, Agriculture, Fisheries and Biotechnology; Information Communications Technology (ICT); Nanosciences, Nanomaterials, Materials and New Production Technologies; Energy; Environment; Transport; Socio-economic Sciences and the Humanities; Space; and Security. http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/cooperation COST European Co-operation in the field of Scientific and Technical Research is a framework for scientific and technical co-operation, allowing the co-ordination of national research on a European level. http://www.cost.esf.org 'Council' 'Council' refers to the 'Council of Ministers', the principal decision-making body within the European Union. It has both executive and legislative powers, the latter in some cases exercised jointly with the European Parliament (co-decision procedure). The Council is composed of one representative at ministerial level from each member state. Which ministers attend each Council meeting varies according to the subject discussed, e.g. the Minister of Science in the UK attends the Research Council. http://consilium.europa.eu/cms3_fo/showPage.ASP?lang=en

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EC The European Commission - made up of 27 commissioners nominated by the member states both initiates proposals for EU legislation and executes EU policies and actions. http://ec.europa.eu EP The European Parliament is made up of elected representatives (MEPs) from all the member states. It shares decision-making power with the Council in a number of areas, including research and education. http://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/public/default_en.htm ERA European Research Area. On 18 January 2000 the EC issued a communication entitled ‟Towards a European Research Area‟ that proposed ways in which research in Europe could be more effectively organised and co-ordinated. http://ec.europa.eu/research/era ERC The European Research Council, which is the Ideas Specific Programme of FP7, is worth over €7 billion from 2007 to 2013. New to the Framework Programme, the ERC will fund investigator-led, frontier research. It consists of two grant schemes, the Starting Independent Researcher Grant and the Advanced Investigator Grant. http://erc.europa.eu ESA The European Space Agency is responsible for designing and developing the European space programme. The Agency‟s projects are designed to find out more about the Earth, its immediate space environment, the solar system and the universe, as well as to develop satellite-based technologies and services, and to promote European industries. http://www.esa.int ESC The European Economic and Social Committee is a consultative body made up of representatives of Europe's employers' organisations, trade unions, farmers, consumer groups and professional associations. http://eesc.europa.eu ESF European Science Foundation http://www.esf.org ESF The European Social Fund, part of the EU‟s Structural Funds http://ec.europa.eu/employment_social/esf2000/index_en.html ETP

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European Technology Platforms are stakeholder groupings, led by industry, that help to define research and development priorities, timeframes and action plans on a number of strategically important issues. http://ec.europa.eu/research/energy/nn/nn_rt/nn_rt_hlg/article_1262_en.htm Euratom The European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) was set up in 1957 and is legally separate from the European Community. Euratom will have €2.7 billion from FP7 to fund nuclear research and training activities between 2007 and 2011. http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/euratom Eureka Eureka is a Europe-wide network for industrial research and development. http://www.eureka.be FP (FP5, FP6, FP7) The EU‟s Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development. The Fifth Framework Programme (FP5) was adopted in 1998 and ran until 2002, with FP6 then running from 2002 to 2006, and FP7 running from 2007 to 2013. The budget for FP7 is over €50 billion. Further information on the thematic and horizontal programme composition of FP6 is available at: http://cordis.europa.eu/fp6 Further information on FP7 can be found at: http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7 Green Paper Green Papers are communications published by the European Commission on a specific policy area. Primarily, they are documents addressed to interested parties who are invited to participate in a process of consultation and debate. In some cases they provide an impetus for subsequent legislation. ICPC An International Co-operation Partner Country is an economically less developed country, which is not an EU member state or associated state. ICPC partners can participate in FP7 projects and receive funding. Ideas Ideas is the second Specific Programme of FP7 worth over €7 billion from 2007 to 2013. New to the Framework Programme, Ideas will fund investigator-led, frontier research. It is implemented through the European Research Council and consists of two grant schemes, the Starting Independent Researcher Grant and the Advanced Investigator Grant. http://erc.europa.eu ITRE The European Parliament Committee on Industry, External Trade, Research and Energy (FP7) http://www.europarl.europa.eu/committees/itre_home_en.htm JRC The EC‟s Joint Research Centre acts as a scientific and technological laboratory in support of EU policies, with a range of institutes and research activities.
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http://www.jrc.cec.eu.int LLP The Lifelong Learning Programme is made up of four pillars: the Comenius programme for pupils, teachers and schools; the Erasmus programme for students, scholars, professors and universities; the Leonardo da Vinci programme for apprentices, workers and employees; and the Grundtvig programme for adults and teachers and related organisations. There is also a transversal programme (for policy development, languages, information and communication technology) and the Jean Monet programme (dealing with issues relating to European integration, European institutions and associations in the fields of education and training). http://eacea.ec.europa.eu/static/en/llp/index_en.htm Marie Curie Actions The Marie Curie Actions make up People, the third Specific Programme of FP7, which is worth over €4 billion during the period from 2007 to 2013. The Marie Curie Actions aim to improve the quality of human resources in European research through training and trans-national mobility of researchers. http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/people/home_en.html MEDIA The MEDIA Programme aims to strengthen the competitiveness of the European audiovisual industry. http://ec.europa.eu/comm/avpolicy/media/index_en.html NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organisation http://www.nato.int People The third Specific Programme of FP7 is worth over €4 billion during the period from 2007 to 2013. Made up of the Marie Curie Actions, it aims to improve the quality of human resources in European research through training and trans-national mobility of researchers. http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/people/home_en.html RTD Research and Technological Development SICA Specific International Co-operation Actions are FP7 call topics where a partner from an ICPC country has to be involved. SME Small and medium sized enterprises http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/enterprise_policy/sme_definition/index_en.htm Specific Programme

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FP7 is made up of seven Specific Programmes: Co-operation; Ideas (implemented through the European Research Council); People (the Marie Curie Actions); Capacities; the Joint Research Centre (JRC); Euratom and the JRC implementing Euratom. SSH Socio-economic Sciences and the Humanities is the eighth theme of the FP7 Co-operation Specific Programme. Treaty of Amsterdam The Treaty of Amsterdam was signed in October 1997 and entered into force on 1 May 1999. http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/lex/en/treaties/index.htm UUK Universities UK (formerly the Committee of Vice Chancellors and Principals) http://www.universitiesuk.ac.uk White Paper White Papers are documents containing proposals for Community action in a specific area. They often follow a Green Paper.

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