Presentation on Module B_Paul Nutsugah.ppt

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					         Fourth International Learning Exchange
               Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
                       organized by
UNICEF India, UNICEF WES New York & Government of India
                  13th – 23rd April, 2010
         Overview of International
            Learning Exchange
Collaborative effort of:
     • UNICEF India Country Office
     • UNICEF WES New York
     • Department of Drinking Water Supply of the Ministry of Rural Development, Government of
     • To provide a platform for knowledge sharing and learning from recent successes and challenges
        in the water and sanitation sector in India
     • To obtain feedback from participants to further enrich the WASH programme in India
     • To provide an opportunity for cross-fertilization of ideas, through the sharing of experiences,
        innovations and best practices among participating countries.

Specific Objectives:
     • To understand the role of UNICEF and other international agencies in supporting national water
         and sanitation programmes
     • To understand the requirements of a successful community-based and decentralized rural water
         and sanitation programme
     • To learn about the current technological innovations and challenges in the rural water and
         sanitation sector in India
 Organized by UNICEF India from 13th – 23rd April, 2010
 56 participants from 17 countries
 Focused on sharing India’s development experience and its drive
  towards meeting the MDGs for water and sanitation through
  four learning modules:
    Module A: Water Safety and Security (Orissa and Tamil Nadu
    Module B: Household Sanitation and Home Hygiene (Karnataka
     and West Bengal States)
    Module C: Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Schools (Assam and
     Uttar Pradesh States)
    Module D: Community and School Water Supply and Sanitation in
     Tribal Areas (Madhya Pradesh and Jharkhand States)
 Modules covered initiatives under specific areas of the WASH
  programme in India
Household Sanitation and
    Home Hygiene
                     Module B

               JULY 2010 NLLAP MEETING
                  BY PAUL NUTSUGAH

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               Outline of Presentation
  Introduction
  Module Description
  Team Members
  Programmes Observed
  Positive Points for
  Appreciation

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               Module Description
 Provides an understanding of the outline of a
  major national programme, which aims to
  motivate rural household toilet construction and
  adopting hygiene behavior
    Key strategies and components
    Rural Sanitation Mart
    Awards and incentives
    Institutional set-ups
    Innovative activities in solid and liquid waste
     management, water and energy conservation
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               The ‘B’ Team
                          Paul: Ghana
                          Mohammed,
                             Fatouma, Abdallah:
                            Karar: Sudan
                            Jorge: Angola
                            Phocus: Rwanda
                            Saifur: Bangladesh
                            Julian: Uganda
                            Malam, Kalla: Niger
                            Ita, Ansye: Indonesia

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               Map of Places Visited

                            West Bengal


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         Programmes and Initiatives
                      Total Sanitation Campaign
                         Information, Education and
                         Sanitation Mart
                         WASH in Schools
                      Decentralized water quality
                      Integrated solid and liquid
                       waste management

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               Positive Points

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     Positive Points for Replication
  Involvement of all stakeholders (active involvement of
     women and children)
    Strong role of NGO
    Regular water quality testing/monitoring
    High rate of literacy
    Availability of alternative technology options
    Alternative financing is available
    Monitoring and evaluation at all levels
    Strong knowledge management

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    Positive Points for Replication
  Comprehensive planning, clear policy and
   implementation plan
  Strong political and administrative will
  Strong commitment (including financial) and
   leadership at all levels
  “Nirmal Gram Puraskar” Award (Clean Village
   Award) and incentives system
  Supply meet demand; demand creation and
   availability of sanitation mart
  Well-developed and culture-tailored IEC
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    Positive Points for Replication
 Clear project implementation plan coupled with clear
  exit plan which ensures sustainability
 Sanitation and hygiene practices integrated in pre-
  school education

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   Positive Points for Replication
•Clear volunteers motivation system
in place (reward for motivators)

•Sanitation marts managed through a
management contract between government
and local NGO, leading to establishment of
a water quality monitoring laboratory, slab
production center, water filter production
center and vermi-compost plant ,etc. Good
NGO and government collaboration

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         Positive Points for Replication
  Targeted subsidy based on available data on
   households above poverty line or below poverty line
  Household biogas plant constructed throughout a
   community with an expectant benefit from the carbon
   credit facility from UNEP
  Innovative child-friendly WASH facilities constructed
   in schools

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               Women Involvement

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               Women Involvement

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               Water Filter (Iron)

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               WQM Lab @ a Sanimart

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               Child-Friendly Borehole

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