What you should know about malaria When it comes to malaria it's all about location. But even in these areas, malaria risk isn’t necessarily a code red. Winter is a low-risk time and preventative measures may be enough. In summer, when it’s hot and wet, mosquitoes pregnant women should steer clear of malaria areas. During pregnancy a woman’s body temperature rises and she produces more carbon dioxide, making her more attractive to mosquitoes. They're also likely to get more severe malaria. Babies and toddlers are more seriously affected too and physicians recommend that children under five not be taken to malaria areas. Prevention is better than cure Preventing mozzie bites in the ﬁrst place is your ﬁrst line of defence against malaria. - Sleep under a mosquito net. - Apply insect repellent. - Wear long-sleeved tops, trousers, socks and shoes at times when mosquitoes are active, i.e. from dusk until dawn. Use citronella candles and mozzie coils or attach a mozzie patch. Keep the fan or air conditioner on. Anti-malaria drugs are also recommended. Unlike mosquito control, malaria prophylactics don't prevent bites from mosquitoes, but rather prevent the development of malaria parasites in the blood. Consult your doctor. If you decide to forego the anti-malarials and only take precautions to prevent being bitten, pay close attention to your health. You can also take a malaria test kit with you if you are a long way from help but remember these are not 100 per cent reliable. Quick facts - The disease kills more than two million people every year, most commonly women and young children in sub-Saharan Africa. This is a staggering one-in-ﬁve of total recorded deaths in the region. - It is spread by the female anopheles mosquito. Only female mosquitoes bite - They use the protein in our blood to produce eggs. - Mosquitoes prefer blondes to brunettes and like children better than adults. - Symptoms can occur up to six months after being bitten.