Lighten Your Load
and Save Your Life
Pre-class Tasks Checking
Words and Phrases
Pre-class Tasks Checking
I. Read the text and then try to comprehend the following
1.Of work and life, which should be our priority, and why?
For positive answer:
firstly ,health in your life is a necessary thing to live and work I can say
work can bring people identify and seize new opportunities, acquire
new skills in the globalization world which brings fierce competition,
because we will absolutely use it to live, to trade and to do
As much as your work and life takes priority in your life, it’s important
that you schedule "me time" Learn how to use your time more
effectively — both at work and home. Try to balance your life—to feel
successful in your job and happy in your outside activities.
2. What other factors may add to our
1) Death of your beloved family
2) Worsening of your health or
3) Getting into trouble with law;
4) Fear for new challenges;
5) Uncertainty about future;
6) Doubt about one’s abilities;
How do you handle daily stress?
I. Make Lists of Major Points
1. Who is Dr. Robert S. Eliot?
Author of a new book
A clinical professor of medicine
2. What does Eliot say in his book?
a. You may be hurting your heart if
feeling angry and overwhelmed
b. You need to learn to take charge of your life if
not wanting to break your heart
c. Being tense may cause ____________________
tremendous and rapid
increases in their blood pressure for “hot reactors”.
d. Stressed people have ______________________.
higher cholesterol levels
3. What causes stress?
FUD factors together with lack of control
4. The anger is coming from
a feeling that everything must be perfect
not having compass
5. How to deal with stress?
a. Trying NICE factors
Write down six things like Ben Franklin
Learn how to flow
II. Write a Summary
1. Effects of stress (Para. 1－6)
2. Causes of stress (Para. 7－12)
3. Solutions to stress (Para. 13－20)
You should learn to take charge of your life and recognize
many things are _________ your control. Being tense may
cause tremendous and rapid __________in blood pressure.
Alarm or stress chemicals can literally ______heart muscle
fibers.The main factors causing stress are fear, uncertainty
and doubt, together with the______________. For some
lack of control
people, anger is the ______of their stress. The NICE
factors—new, interesting, __________experiences—are
recommended in order to calm you down. Like Ben
_________.To face all the
Franklin, you have to set yourpriorities
problems you have little control over,you have to learn
how to flow
III. A Role Play
Points to cover:
Exchange of greetings.
Necessary inquiry about the patient’s life style,
job, present engagement …
Harmful effects of getting stressed.
How to manage stress effectively.
Use as many expressions and ideas from the text as you
How to open your conversation? and a patient.
between a doctor
Think of a conversationcan.
1. So says Dr. Robert S. Eliot, author of a
new book titled From Stress to Strength: How to
lighten your load and save your life. (L5)
Dr. Robert S. Eliot
Who says so?
He Dr. author of a new
Who is the Robert S. Eliot? book.
What is Stress to Strength: How to lighten …
From the name of the book?
2. He suggests that people write down the six
things in their lives that they feel are the most
important things they’d like to achieve. (L45)
The most people like to achieve?
What wouldimportant things.
The six things in their lives.
What are the most important things?
II. Paraphrase as
1. If you often feel angry and over-
whelmed, like the stress in your life
is spinning out of control, then you
may be hurting your heart. (L1)
If you are often angry and very strongly
affected by negative feelings, as if the stress
is quickly going out of control, then it is
possible that you are doing harm to your
2. When that happens it happens very
quickly, within five minutes. (L12)
excess alarm bursting
or stress heart muscle
When too great amounts of chemicals are
produced by too much anxiety or tension, the
heart muscle fibers will be damaged quickly,
within only five minutes.
3. …“realize that there are other
suc troublesome parts of your life over
has which you can have little or no control—
like the economy and politicians”. (L56)
… get to know that there are some other
aspects in your life that cause pain while you
can hardly do anything towards it, such as
the economy and politicians.
1. If you own anger for more than five
minutes—if you stir in your own juice
with no safety outlet—you have to find
out where it’s coming from. ( L33)
2. “You have to decide what parts of your
life you can control, ” he says. “Stop
where you are on your trail and say, ‘I’m
going to get my compass out and find out
what I need to do.’” (L43)
Chinese to English
excess: 1. 超越 超过 2. 超额量 3. 过量,过剩
4. 饮食等的过度 无节制
【课文原句】We’ve done years of work in
showing that excess alarm or stress
chemicals can literally burst heart muscle
fibers. .. (Para.5)
【典型例句】Last year's profits were in excess
of one billion dollars.
【短语搭配】 in excess to 超过； run/ go to
excess 走极端 with a large excess of 带有超
量的 Exceed 超过 excessive过多的，过分的。
access n. entering or approaching, way in
excel v. be very good at sth.
exceed v. be greater than, go beyond
2. attribute … to … (L16)
v. ① caused or produced by sb./sth.
They attributed their success to their teacher’s
v. ② regard sth. as belonging to
This comedy has been attributed to Shakespeare.
contribute v. 捐赠，贡献
distribute v. 分发，分配
3. exterior (L17)
n. the appearance or outside surface of sth.
You must not judge people by their exteriors
【短语搭配】a murderous heart under a
smiling exterior 笑里藏刀
An exterior policy 对外政策
【相关联想】形近词：interior, prior, superior,
inferior, junior, senior
4. stir (L34)
e.g “If you own anger for more than five
minutes—if you stir in your own juice with no
safety outlet—you have to find out where it’s
coming from. ” (Para.10)
Bird flu has caused a stir in some countries
【短语搭配】stir the soup with a spoon 用匙搅
汤stir up the dust 扬起灰尘
not stir a finger袖手旁观 stir oneself 奋发振作
stir up 惹麻烦
5. substitute (L41)
v. replace (with)
We must substitute a new chair for the broken one.
Can you substitute for me at the meeting?
5. substitute (L41)
n. a person or thing acting or used in place of
When do you have a substitute teacher?
Can telephone be substitute for e-mail as a way of
communication? Why or why not?
I think so because …
I don’t think so because …
6. -tempered (L48)
7. cut down (L49)
reduce, make less in number or amount
If you can’t give up smoking completely, at
least try to cut down.
A. take a short cut across F cut back
B. omit C cut off
C. stop while in conversation 3. cut down
D. remove or shaping by 4. cut away
5. cut out
E. reduce the length of sth. 6. cut across
F. return quickly A
Fill in the blanks with “cut” phrases
1. Hecut back
________ through the woods to where
he had been standing before.
2. You’d better _________ the last
paragraph of your article in order to make
3. The operator ____ me off
____ before I had
a chance to talk to him.
4. We may as well __________ the
playground. We have kept him waiting for
half an hour.
8. troublesome (L57)
a. causing trouble/anxiety/pain
n. + some = a. liking to/causing or producing
II. Chinese to English
learn to take charge of your life
you have to learn how to flow
3. suffer a heart attack at age 44
4. one step to calming down
attribute the cause of the disease to stress
find out where the anger is coming from
recognize there are many things beyond your
III. Word Formation
v. n. a.
attribute attribution attributive
stimulate stimulus stimulating
destroy destruction destructive
IV. Guess Game
One describes the word
showed on the screen in
Chinese，the other tries to
guess it without looking at
it. If you are right, both
of you get a mark.
Hint: move round and
beginning with ‘s’
List Your “Six Things”
in Your Life
Ben Franklin wrote
down six things in his
life that he wanted to
achieve most. Then what
are your “six things”?
Decide what things you
can/can’t control. What
will you do with the out-
More About Ben Franklin
Cause and Effect
When you explain in writing the
reasons why something happens,
you are having a cause and effect
writing. Read the following passage
and tell the cause and effect.
(结果) Do you know why winter is
colder than summer? (原因 One
reason is that there are fewer
hours of sunlight in winter.
(原因2) But there is another reason.
Winter sunlight is cooler. It is the
same sun, and it shines just as
bright as in the summertime, and
yet the earth gets less heat from it.
Find a model (outside the textbook):
a. Look for a typical paragraph of
cause and effect.
b. Put it down.
c. Exchange yours with other
classmates in class.
( Source: books available/online)