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					Book II
Unit 7

     Lighten Your Load
            and Save Your Life
Pre-class Tasks Checking
                 Text Comprehension
   Difficult Sentences
                 Words and Phrases
         Summary
                Idea Sharing
                         Writing
        Post-class Tasks
Pre-class Tasks Checking




                           BACK
Book II
Unit 7

Pre-class Tasks
I. Read the text and then try to comprehend the following
   questions.
1.Of work and life, which should be our priority, and why?

For positive answer:
firstly ,health in your life is a necessary thing to live and work I can say
    work can bring people identify and seize new opportunities, acquire
    new skills in the globalization world which brings fierce competition,
    because we will absolutely use it to live, to trade and to do
    everything.
As much as your work and life takes priority in your life, it’s important
    that you schedule "me time" Learn how to use your time more
    effectively — both at work and home. Try to balance your life—to feel
    successful in your job and happy in your outside activities.
2. What other factors may add to our
  stress?
1) Death of your beloved family
  member;
2) Worsening of your health or
  financial state;
3) Getting into trouble with law;
4) Fear for new challenges;
5) Uncertainty about future;
6) Doubt about one’s abilities;
Book II
Unit 7


   II. Discussion


   How do you handle daily stress?
Job Stress
I. Make Lists of Major Points



        1. Who is Dr. Robert S. Eliot?

            Author of a new book
        a. ____________________.

            A clinical professor of medicine
        b. __________________________.
2. What does Eliot say in his book?

a. You may be hurting your heart if
    feeling angry and overwhelmed
    ___________________________.
b. You need to learn to take charge of your life if
    ___________________________.
   not wanting to break your heart
c. Being tense may cause ____________________
                             tremendous and rapid
    __________________________
   increases in their blood pressure for “hot reactors”.
d. Stressed people have ______________________.
                           higher cholesterol levels
3. What causes stress?
   FUD factors together with lack of control
a. _________________________________.
   Anger
b. _______.
4. The anger is coming from
   a feeling that everything must be perfect
a. _________________________________.
   not having compass
b. _________________.
5. How to deal with stress?

a.   Trying NICE factors
     _____________________.
b.   __________________________________.
     Write down six things like Ben Franklin
c.   __________________.
     Learn how to flow
II. Write a Summary

 1. Effects of stress (Para. 1-6)

 2. Causes of stress (Para. 7-12)

 3. Solutions to stress (Para. 13-20)
You should learn to take charge of your life and recognize
many things are _________ your control. Being tense may
                  beyond
cause tremendous and rapid __________in blood pressure.
                              increases
Alarm or stress chemicals can literally ______heart muscle
                                           burst
                                                ____________
fibers.The main factors causing stress are fear, uncertainty
and doubt, together with the______________. For some
                               lack of control
people, anger is the ______of their stress. The NICE
                     root
factors—new, interesting, __________experiences—are
                           challenging
recommended in order to calm you down. Like Ben
                               _________.To face all the
Franklin, you have to set yourpriorities
problems you have little control over,you have to learn
___________.
  how to flow
  III. A Role Play
Points to cover:
 Exchange of greetings.
 Necessary inquiry about the patient’s life style,
  job, present engagement …
 Harmful effects of getting stressed.
 How to manage stress effectively.
    Use as many expressions and ideas from the text as you
             How to open your conversation? and a patient.
                              between a doctor
      Think of a conversationcan.
 Text Comprehension

 Analysis

 Paraphrase

 Translation
 I. Analysis


1. So says Dr. Robert S. Eliot, author of a
  new book titled From Stress to Strength: How to
  lighten your load and save your life. (L5)
  Dr. Robert S. Eliot
  Who says so?
   He Dr. author of a new
  Who is the Robert S. Eliot? book.

  What is Stress to Strength: How to lighten …
   From the name of the book?
2. He suggests that people write down the six
  things in their lives that they feel are the most
  important things they’d like to achieve. (L45)



  The most people like to achieve?
 What wouldimportant things.


  The six things in their lives.
 What are the most important things?
         II. Paraphrase             as
                                    if
1. If you often feel angry and over-
   whelmed, like the stress in your life
    is spinning out of control, then you
   may be hurting your heart. (L1)


 If you are often angry and very strongly
 affected by negative feelings, as if the stress
 is quickly going out of control, then it is
 possible that you are doing harm to your
 heart.
2. When that happens it happens very
  quickly, within five minutes. (L12)

excess alarm                    bursting
  or stress                   heart muscle
 chemicals                       fibers

When too great amounts of chemicals are
produced by too much anxiety or tension, the
heart muscle fibers will be damaged quickly,
within only five minutes.
   3. …“realize that there are other
suc troublesome parts of your life over
has which you can have little or no control—
     like the economy and politicians”. (L56)


    … get to know that there are some other
    aspects in your life that cause pain while you
    can hardly do anything towards it, such as
    the economy and politicians.
III. Translation
 1. If you own anger for more than five
   minutes—if you stir in your own juice
   with no safety outlet—you have to find
   out where it’s coming from. ( L33)


    如果你生气超过5分钟—如果生闷气,没
    有安全的发泄渠道的话—必须弄清你生气
    源自何处。
2. “You have to decide what parts of your
  life you can control, ” he says. “Stop
  where you are on your trail and say, ‘I’m
  going to get my compass out and find out
  what I need to do.’” (L43)


 “你必须确定你能控制自己生活中的哪些
 部分,” 他说。“在你的人生道路上停
 下来, 对自己说:‘我要把指南针拿出
 来, 弄明白自己需要做什么。’”
 Word Using
 Chinese to English
 Word Formation
 Guess Game
excess: 1. 超越 超过 2. 超额量 3. 过量,过剩
   4. 饮食等的过度 无节制

【课文原句】We’ve done years of work in
  showing that excess alarm or stress
  chemicals can literally burst heart muscle
  fibers. .. (Para.5)
【典型例句】Last year's profits were in excess
  of one billion dollars.
 去年的利润超过了十亿美元。
【短语搭配】 in excess to 超过; run/ go to
 excess 走极端 with a large excess of 带有超
 量的 Exceed 超过 excessive过多的,过分的。

形近词
access n. entering or approaching, way in
excel v. be very good at sth.
exceed v. be greater than, go beyond
2. attribute … to … (L16)
  v. ① caused or produced by sb./sth.


 They attributed their success to their teacher’s
 encouragement.


 Translation
 他们把成功归因于老师的鼓励。
 2. attribute
   v. ② regard sth. as belonging to

e.g.
This comedy has been attributed to Shakespeare.


 形近词

 contribute v. 捐赠,贡献
 distribute v. 分发,分配
3. exterior (L17)
  n. the appearance or outside surface of sth.

 You must not judge people by their exteriors
 你不能以貌取人。
 【短语搭配】a murderous heart under a
 smiling exterior 笑里藏刀
 An exterior policy 对外政策
 【相关联想】形近词:interior, prior, superior,
 inferior, junior, senior
  4. stir (L34)
e.g “If you own anger for more than five
  v.
   minutes—if you stir in your own juice with no
   safety outlet—you have to find out where it’s
   coming from. ” (Para.10)
Bird flu has caused a stir in some countries
禽流感在一些国家引起恐慌
【短语搭配】stir the soup with a spoon 用匙搅
   汤stir up the dust 扬起灰尘
not stir a finger袖手旁观 stir oneself 奋发振作
   stir up 惹麻烦
5. substitute (L41)
 v. replace (with)
Translation
我们这把破损的椅子得换个新的。
你代我去开会好吗?

 Key
 We must substitute a new chair for the broken one.
 Can you substitute for me at the meeting?
  5. substitute (L41)
   n. a person or thing acting or used in place of
      another

Use it
When do you have a substitute teacher?
Can telephone be substitute for e-mail as a way of
communication? Why or why not?
Tips
I think so because …
I don’t think so because …
6. -tempered (L48)


Collocation
性情平和/温和/温柔的
   even/mild/sweet
脾气急噪的
   hot/quick/short
喜怒无常的
   moody             -tempered
好脾气的
   good
坏脾气的
   bad/ill
  7. cut down (L49)
     reduce, make less in number or amount
   Translation
   如果不能完全戒烟,至少要少抽点。

If you can’t give up smoking completely, at
least try to cut down.


    Other phrases
          Matching Game


A. take a short cut across   F cut back
                             1.
B. omit                      C cut off
                             2.
C. stop while in conversation 3. cut down
                              E
D. remove or shaping by       4. cut away
   cutting                    D
                              5. cut out
                              B
E. reduce the length of sth. 6. cut across
F. return quickly            A
  Fill in the blanks with “cut” phrases
1. Hecut back
       ________ through the woods to where
   he had been standing before.
                 cut out
2. You’d better _________ the last
   paragraph of your article in order to make
   it short.
                  cut
3. The operator ____ me off
                          ____ before I had
   a chance to talk to him.
                    cut across
4. We may as well __________ the
   playground. We have kept him waiting for
   half an hour.
 8. troublesome (L57)
  a. causing trouble/anxiety/pain
Word Formation

n. + some = a. liking to/causing or producing

e.g.
                 好争吵的
quarrelsome
                 成为负担的
burdensome
                 烦人的
tiresome
                 孤单的                    More?
lonesome
 II. Chinese to English
     learn to take charge of your life
1.     学会把握自己的生活
     you have to learn how to flow
2.     你必须学会随波逐流
3.   suffer a heart attack at age 44
       44岁时患心脏病
4.   one step to calming down
       使自己心平气和的一个步骤
5.     将病因归于压力
     attribute the cause of the disease to stress
6.     找出愤怒的来源
     find out where the anger is coming from
7.     认识到许多事情是身不由己
     recognize there are many things beyond your
     control
III. Word Formation


       v.                  n.            a.

  attribute           attribution   attributive
 stimulate            stimulus      stimulating

   destroy            destruction   destructive

                         priority    prior
IV. Guess Game
                       Pair Work
                 One describes the word
                 showed on the screen in
                 Chinese,the other tries to
                 guess it without looking at
                 it. If you are right, both
                 of you get a mark.

                         Ready?
   迅速地旋转
Hint: move round and
      round quickly,
      beginning with ‘s’

      spin
搅拌,搅和
stir
额外的,附加的
 excess
独立的,自主的
independent
财政的,金融的
 financial
激励,激发

stimulate
逃跑,逃逸
 flee
推荐,劝告
recommend
   List Your “Six Things”
      in Your Life
 Ben Franklin wrote
down six things in his
life that he wanted to
achieve most. Then what
are your “six things”?
 Decide what things you
can/can’t control. What
will you do with the out-
of-control problems?



                            (Ben Franklin)
 More About Ben Franklin
   Cause and Effect
     Writing
When you explain in writing the
reasons why something happens,
you are having a cause and effect
writing. Read the following passage
and tell the cause and effect.
Sample
 (结果) Do you know why winter is
 colder than summer? (原因         One
 reason is that there are fewer
                        1)
 hours of sunlight in winter.
  (原因2) But there is another reason.
 Winter sunlight is cooler. It is the
 same sun, and it shines just as
 bright as in the summertime, and
 yet the earth gets less heat from it.
          (先果后因,多因一果)
Writing Task


Find a model (outside the textbook):
a. Look for a typical paragraph of
   cause and effect.
b. Put it down.
c. Exchange yours with other
   classmates in class.
( Source: books available/online)

				
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