Byzantine Empire

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					      Essential Questions
– What are two reasons why
  Constantinople was a good location for
  the capital of the Roman Empire?
– Who was Justinian?
– What was the Justinian Code?
– What was the third (and final) name of
  Constantinople?
The Byzantine
   Empire:
The New Rome
          Important Terms
1. Rule of law
     Government  by law. The rule of law
     implies that government authority may
     only be exercised in accordance with
     written laws, which were adopted
     through an established procedure.


2. Autocrat
     Ruler   who has complete authority
The Division of the Roman Empire
 In 284 C.E. Diocletian became Roman
 emperor. He decided that the huge
 Roman empire could only be ruled by
 splitting it into two parts.
The Division of the Roman Empire
                    From World History:
                    Connections to Today Prentice
                    Hall, 2003
            Constantine
   In 330 C.E. Diocletian’s
    successor, Constantine,
    rebuilt the old port of
    Byzantium, at the mouth
    of the Black Sea.

   He renamed it
    Constantinople and
    made the city the capital
    of the Eastern Roman
    Empire.
What are the advantages of building a major city here?
              Advantages
Peninsula
 Provided natural safe harbors for
  ships
  – both merchant and military ships
 Provided   natural defense
  – water on three sides. (the Black and
    Aegean Seas)
            Advantages
Trade
 Easy access to the Mediterranean
  Sea
 Located at an important land route
  that linked Europe and Asia (Silk
  Road)
  The Fall of the Western Roman
               Empire
 By 395 C.E., the Roman Empire was
  formally divided into two empires: East
  and West.
 With the invasion of Germanic forces from
  the north, the Western Roman Empire
  was conquered and further divided.
 This left the eastern part of the Roman
  empire to carry on the Greco-Roman
  tradition.
      Byzantine Empire
At first, this Empire
 controlled only a
 small area around the
 eastern
 Mediterranean, but
 during the reign of
 Justinian (527-565), it
 started to recover
 much of the territory
 of the old Roman
 empire.
The Byzantine Empire Under
        Justinian
This map depicts the
 Empire at the death
 of Justinian I, who
 had reigned from
 527 to 565 as sole
 Emperor,
 sometimes in
 concert, and
 sometimes in
 conflict, with his
 powerful wife
 Theodora.
        The New Rome
The Byzantine Empire was wealthy and produced:




        gold, silk, grain, olives and wine

It traded these for spices, ivory and precious
   stones on the Silk Road with China and India.
The Silk Road
Justinian and Theodora
Justinian ruled as
 an autocrat with
 the help of his
 wife, Theodora.

They created a
 huge Christian
 empire and the
 empire reached
 its greatest size.
  Justinian and Theodora

They also built
Hagia Sophia




                  And rebuilt the
                  Hippodrome
 Justinian and Theodora
Created Justinian’s Code – which organized all the laws
  of ancient Rome.
    Justinian’s Code of Laws
 Laws were more fair to women. They could
  own property and raise their own children
  after their husbands died.
 Children could choose their own marriage
  partners.
 Slavery was legal and slaves must obey their
  masters.
 Punishments were detailed and fit the crime
 His work inspired the modern concept and,
  indeed, the very spelling of "justice".
                 Justinian's Achievements



             Revived classical Greco-Roman culture



Improved the wealth and power of Byzantine Empire by expanding
                            trade




    Reconquered lands and doubled size of Byzantine Empire



      Codified Roman law, basis of European legal systems
    The End of the Byzantine
            Empire
                          The Byzantine empire
                           drew to a close in 1453
                           when forces from the
                           Muslim Ottoman
                           Empire surrounded
                           and conquered
                           Constantinople.

Theancient city was renamed Istanbul and
became the capital of the Ottoman Empire.

				
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posted:4/1/2013
language:English
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