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					                          “Solarthermie in Brasilien”
                                    Darmstadt, 13.11.2012




   INCENTIVES FOR SOLAR
 THERMAL SYSTEMS IN BRAZIL


                              Prof. Dr. Terence Trennepohl
                                 Post-doc at Harvard University
                        Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman LLP, New York




               Privileged & Confidential

Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman LLP
Outline


1. Potential: As an Alternative to Electric Showers

2. Incentives for the Use of Solar Water Heating Systems in the
    Federal Program “My Home, My Life 2”

3. Incentives for the Use of Solar Water Heating Systems in State
    and Municipal Programs and Regulations

4. Strategies for Energy Efficiency in Brazil by 2030 and SWH
   Systems

5. Conclusions



                                                Privileged & Confidential
1. Potential: As an Alternative to Electric
                  Showers




                             Privileged & Confidential
Solar Radiation in Brazil



According to the Brazilian Solar Atlas           Variation of the Solar
published in 2006 by INPE (the National             Radiation in Brazil
Institute for Space Research):

Maximum value of global irradiation occurs in
the Northeast (6.5 kWh/m2)

Minimum value of global irradiation occurs in
the South (4.25 kWh/m2)

These numbers are higher than the ones in
many European countries, e.g. France (1.0-
1.6 kWh/m2) and Spain (1.2-1.8 kWh/m2)
                                                Source: ANEEL, Atlas de Energia Eletrica do Brasil, 2008




                                                 Privileged & Confidential
Electric Showers


•   There are more than 30 million electric showers installed in Brazil.


•   These facilities consume about 6% of all electricity produced in the
    country.


•   Just as comparison, the sanitation sector consumes about 3% and
    public buildings consume around 2.7%.


•   Potential: Solar Water Heating Systems (SWH) as an alternative to
    electric showers




                                                    Privileged & Confidential
Electric Showers



    Forecast of Energy                            Forecast of Energy
  Consumed by Domestic                             Savings with SWH
     Electric Showers                                  Systems




 Total Energy Consumption – MWh/year
 Energy Consumed by Electric Showers – MWh/year     Source: Plano Nacional de Eficiencia Energetica, MME,




                                                     Privileged & Confidential
2. Incentives for the Use of Solar Water
     Heating Systems in the Federal
     Program “My Home, My Life 2”




                           Privileged & Confidential
  Programa Minha Casa, Minha Vida 2 (PMCMV)
            “My Home, My Life 2”

Program launched by the Federal Government regulating the
purchase and sale of properties
   - Ordinance 93 of 24 February 2010 of the Ministry of Cities

PAC 2: R$ 1 billion to be invested in the installation of SWH
systems in 2 million homes under the program

Program and Fund Manager: Caixa Economica Federal (CEF)

Companies from the construction sector submit their proposals

Projects located in municipalities in the South, Southeast and Central-
West of Brazil should preferably include SWH systems in the proposals


                                                    Privileged & Confidential
  Programa Minha Casa Minha Vida 2 (PMCMV)
            “My Home, My Life 2”



There is a maximum purchase price of the units under the program
(between R$ 57.000,00 and R$ 76.000,00) depending on the region
   - Ordinance 435 of 28 August 2012 of the Ministry of Cities


The costs of the acquisition and the installation of solar water heating
systems might be added to this price.


However, the costs of these systems cannot exceed a certain amount
(i.e. R$ 1.800,00 for horizontal dwellings and R$ 2.500,00 for vertical
dwellings)



                                                    Privileged & Confidential
   Programa Minha Casa Minha Vida 2(PMCMV)
             “My Home, My Life 2”


Two categories of beneficiaries:
   - Families with a maximum monthly income of R$ 1.600,00
  - Families with a maximum monthly income of R$ 5.000,00


Goal:
- 2 million new units to families with a monthly income of R$ 1.600,00
- 860.000 new units to families with a monthly income of R$ 5.000,00
by 2014



                                                    Source: Programa Minha Casa Minha Vida 2, CEF




                                                     Privileged & Confidential
3. Incentives for the Use of Solar Water
Heating Systems in State and Municipal
       Programs and Regulations




                           Privileged & Confidential
Installed Collector Area per 1.000 inhabitants in 2009




                                        Source: SE-Studio Equinócio




                                     Privileged & Confidential
Legislative Competence



 Article 30 of the Federal Constitution provides that Municipalities shall:
   I. legislate on matters of local interest […]
   VIII. promote the appropriate urban land use through spatial planning



 In 2009, there were 26 laws from Municipalities that mentioned solar
 thermal systems.


 There are incentive programs and mandatory use of SWH systems in
 different states and municipalities in Brazil, e.g. Minas Gerais, Porto
 Alegre (RS), Curitiba (Parana), Belo Horizonte (MG), Assis (Sao
 Paulo), Avare (Sao Paulo)


                                                          Privileged & Confidential
State of Minas Gerais
“Popular Homes Program (PLHP)”


 Program launched by the state government to build popular houses to
 low income families


 Through an agreement signed between CEMIG (energy utility) and
  the state company COHAB, solar water
  heating systems are installed in popular
  houses


 The SWH system can reduce by 30% to
  40% the power consumption of one house


                                              Privileged & Confidential
State of Minas Gerais
“Popular Homes Program (PLHP)”


 Due to the provisions of Law 9.991 of 2000, energy utilities in Brazil
 have to spend a certain amount of their net operation income on
 research and development (R&D) programs or energy efficiency
 programs


 CEMIG has to spend at least 0.5% of its net operation income on
 these activities. CEMIG donates SWH systems to the “Popular
 Homes Program”


 Goal: to install 15.000 solar water heating system in Minas Gerais




                                                  Privileged & Confidential
City of Porto Alegre (RS)
Incentive Program to the Use of Solar Energy in Buildings

    “Programa de Incentivos ao Uso de Energia Solar nas Edificações“
    (Incentive Program to the Use of Solar Energy in Buildings)


    Established by the Municipal Law 560 of 3 January 2007


    Goals:
-   To promote the use of solar water heating systems in buildings
-   To raise public awareness on the benefits of solar energy


    The SWH system must be certified by INMETRO to be eligible




                                                       Privileged & Confidential
City of Sao Paulo (SP)
Amendments to the Building Code


  Law 14.459 of 3 July 2007 and Decree 49.148 of 21 January 2008


  New buildings (with up to 3 bathrooms per unit) shall be provided with
  the infrastructure allowing for the use of SWH systems


  New buildings (with 4 or more bathrooms per unit) shall have a
  complete SWH system


  Every heated pool shall use a SWH system




                                                 Privileged & Confidential
City of Sao Paulo (SP)
Amendments to the Building Code


  Mandatory installation of SWH systems for non-residential buildings


  Some examples of non-residential buildings mentioned in the law:
  I – hotels and hospitals;
  II - sports clubs, saunas, gyms, sport facilities in schools;
  III - beauty clinics;
  IV - industries, if the activity demands heated water during the
  process;
  V - industrial laundries, etc.


  The SWH systems must be certified by INMETRO



                                                   Privileged & Confidential
City of Sao Paulo (SP)
Amendments to the Building Code



  The SWH system shall meet at least 40% of the demand of energy for
  heating water


  Tax Incentive
 The areas of the equipments (solar collectors and thermal reservoirs)
 are not computable in the calculation of the tax to be paid for urban
 land use (LPUOS)




                                                 Privileged & Confidential
City of Rio de Janeiro (RJ)


Law 5184 of 2 January 2008


  Mandatory use of SWH systems in new and refurbished buildings


  The SWH system shall meet at least 40% of the demand of energy for
  heating water


  All bidding for construction and renovation of public buildings shall
  include the mandatory use of SWH systems


  The SWH systems must be certified by INMETRO


                                                    Privileged & Confidential
Other Cities with Incentives and Mandatory Use of
SWH Systems

                            Incentives: Campina Grande (PB)
                            - There is a 10% deduction on the
                            property tax (IPTU)
                             - A 15% deduction applies if the
                            equipment is produced in the city


                            Mandatory use: Juiz de Fora
                            (MG), Varginha (MG), Birigui (SP),
                            Diadema (SP), Franca (SP),
                            Jundiaí (SP), Marília (SP), Peruíbe
                            (SP), Ribeirão Preto (SP), São
                            José do Rio Preto (SP), etc.
  Source: Cidades Solares




                                       Privileged & Confidential
4. Strategies for Energy Efficiency in
  Brazil by 2030 and SWH Systems




                             Privileged & Confidential
National Energy Plan (PNE) 2030



 Strategy for Energy Efficiency in the PNE 2030
 - Aims to encourage the replacement of water heating through electricity by
 the use of solar systems


 A strategy to encourage the use of solar water heating systems is
 being developed by the Ministries of Mines and Energy (MME) and
 the Ministry of Environment (MMA)


 Incentives are expected to be addressed in a specific program




                                                      Privileged & Confidential
National Energy Efficiency Plan, MME


Suggested Measures:

  Improve the national regulatory framework in order to encourage the
  use of solar heating

  Promote the acquisition of solar systems through financing lines

  Expand to the national level the initiatives adopted by some
  municipalities that offer tax incentives for residences that use solar
  heating

  Create a national plan to disseminate the benefits of SWH systems



                                                    Privileged & Confidential
Draft Bills Mentioning SWH Systems



 There are several draft bills (PL) on the House of Representatives
 (Camara dos Deputados) that mention SWH Systems, e.g.


- Draft Bill PL 4.529 of 2012 on incentives to the use of solar energy and
  SWH systems

- Draft Bill: PL 1.859 of 2011 on incentives to the use of solar energy
  and the mandatory use of SWH systems in constructed or purchased
  houses financed by the Housing Finance System (SFH)

 - Draft Bills: PL 7.678 of 2006 and PL 1.484 of 2007 on the mandatory
 use of SWH

                                                  Privileged & Confidential
Other Initiatives



   Cidades Solares (“Solar Cities”):
   http://www.cidadessolares.org.br


- An initiative from the National Department of Solar Heating (DASOL), the
   Brazilian Association of Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heating
   (ABRAVA) and the Vitae Civilis Institute.


- Aims to propose and monitor the development of laws related to the use of
    solar water heating systems in new buildings in Brazil.




                                                       Privileged & Confidential
5. Conclusions




                 Privileged & Confidential
Conclusions


 There is a huge potential for the use of SWH systems as an
 alternative to electric showers in Brazil

 At the national level, R$ 1 billion is expected to be invested in the
 installation of SWH systems in 2 million homes under the Program
 “My Home, My Life 2”

 States and Municipalities are regulating and promoting the use of
 SWH systems even in the absence of a national framework

 A National strategy is being developed by the Ministries of Mines and
 Energy (MME) and the Ministry of Environment (MMA)




                                                   Privileged & Confidential
Thank you very much for your attention.




                                          Privileged & Confidential

				
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