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					                   ASSESSING ACTION AND RESULTS
          AGAINST DEVELOPMENT-RELATED G8 COMMITMENTS
              THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION CONTRIBUTION


1. AID AND AID EFFECTIVENESS
The commitments of the G8 and other donors will lead to an increase in official development
assistance to Africa of $25 billion a year by 2010, more than doubling aid to Africa compared to 2004.
…. As we confront the development challenges in Africa, we recognize there is a global development
challenge facing the world as a whole. (G8 Gleneagles Summit Africa Communiqué, 27-28)
   ACTION: Russia has increased ODA substantially and attaches utmost
   importance to strengthening bilateral and multilateral collaboration in the CIS,
   including within the Eurasian Economic Community. Our country proposed to
   create a new crisis response mechanism for cooperation– EURASEC Anti-crisis
   Fund in the amount of USD 10 billion, 7.5 billion of which is the contribution of
   the Russian Federation. This Fund will support low-income countries on the
   terms of ODA criteria.
Russia Total ODA Allocated:
2004: 100,00   million USD
2005: 101,30   million USD
2006: 101,80   million USD
2007: 210,78   million USD
2008: 220,00   million USD
2009: 785,02   million USD

1.2 AID EFFECTIVINESS
 We will implement and be monitored on all commitments we made in the Paris Declaration on aid
effectiveness, including enhancing efforts to untie aid; disbursing aid in a timely and predictable
fashion, through partner country systems where possible; increasing harmonisation and donor co-
ordination, including more programme-based approaches (G8 Gleneagles Summit Africa
Communiqué, 32)

     ACTION: The Russian Federation is committed to the principles of the Paris
     Declaration on aid effectiveness and the Accra Agenda for Action. Since 2007
     Russian development assistance is provided under the Concept Note adopted by
     the President of the Russian Federation. This is a policy framework that reaffirms
     sustainable poverty reduction as the main objective of Russian participation in the
     international development co-operation and the MDGs as the basic reference
     point. The official title of the Concept Note is “Russia’s Participation in the
     International Development Assistance”.
     The Concept Note promotes the aid effectiveness-principles of ownership &
     alignment, complementarity, predictability & transparency, accountability and
     monitoring.
     The major part of Russian ODA is provided through the multilateral channels
     including UN system organizations and the World Bank in the form of untied
     voluntary contributions. So more than 75% of Russian ODA is provided as untied
     aid.
    One of orientations of Russia is to improve aid effectiveness and support the use
    of sectoral and general budget support (GBS). We see the GBS as a way to
    streamline the process of reforms aiming at poverty reduction and policy
    stabilisation. Russia intends to augment the volumes of GBS where it is
    appropriate. In 2009 GBS exceeded the amount of $150 million.
                                                   2




2.0 ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
2.1. REMITTANCES
 We will work to achieve in particular the objective of a reduction of the global average costs of
transferring remittances from the present 10% to 5% in 5 years through enhanced information,
transparency, competition and cooperation with partners. (L’Aquila, 2009: Responsible Leadership for
a Sustainable Future 134)
    ACTION: Taking into account the per cent of immigrant in the labor force of the
    Russian Federation the public policy aiming at transferring costs reduction is in
    the high priority for the last years. The average costs of transferring remittances
    are less than 5%. So this is fully in line with the G8 commitments.

2.2 TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT
 Work towards the objective of duty-free and quota-free access for all products originating from the
Least Developed Countries (LDCs), including African LDCs, and, to this end, examine how to
facilitate the fuller and more effective use of existing market access arrangements. (Kananaskis 2002:
G8 Africa Action Plan, 3.3)
     ACTION: Russia has flexible, simple and transparent rules of origin. Since 2000,
     Russia has adopted a list of products from LDCs which allows nearly 100% for
     duty and quota free access for LDCs.

3. HEALTH
3.1 HEALTH FINANCING AND STRENGTHENING HEALTH SYSTEMS
 We will continue our efforts towards the goal of providing at least a projected US$ 60 billion to fight
infectious diseases and improve health systems. (Heiligendamm 2007: Growth and Responsibility in
Africa 48, L’Aquila, 2009: Responsible Leadership for a Sustainable Future 125)
ACTION:
   Russia Total ODA Allocated to Health (is compiled in accordance with the
   OECD methodology):
   2006 – 20,35 million USD
   2007 – 102,17 million USD
   2008 – 110,29 million USD
   2009 – 90,72 million USD

 Mobilizing support for the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria (St. Petersburg
2006: Fight Against Infectious Disease, 2)
     ACTION: In 2006 Russian government endorsed a decision to become a pure
     donor of the GFATM by reimbursement of $217 millions that were disbursed for
     projects in Russian Federation. The whole sum of fund committed by Russia to
     the GFATM is $257 millions. The amount of $235 millions has been disbursed
     already.
     Contributions to the Global Fund
     2001-2008 - 155,98 million USD
           2009 - 79,03 million USD

 Building on the valuable G8 Global HIV/AIDS vaccine enterprise, increasing direct investment and
taking forward work on market incentives, as a complement to basic research, through such
mechanisms as Public Private Partnerships and Advance Purchase Commitments to encourage the
development of vaccines, microbicides and drugs for AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis and other neglected
diseases. (G8 Gleneagles Summit Africa Communiqué, 18e)
     ACTION: The Russian Federation also put political and programmatic efforts to
     boost the development of vaccines, microbicides and drugs for infectious diseases
     and provides assistance in this area to CIS countries. $38 millions were set aside
                                                 3


     in 2008-2010 for HIV vaccine research and coordination of this work with CIS
     countries. 12 scientific conferences on vaccines and microbicides with
     participation of scientists from developed and developing countries were
     organized under the leadership of the Russian Federation during 2005-2009.
     Russia has a political leadership in pushing forward the infectious diseases
     research agenda in intergovernmental organizations such as Shanghai
     Cooperation Organization (SCO), EuroAsEC and CIS.

     The Russian Federation provides a wide political support to the innovative
     financing mechanisms to encourage research and development for vaccines and
     drugs. Together with some G8 partners the Russia has committed $80 millions
     under AMC initiative for the period 2010-2018.

 Supporting capacity building in the most vulnerable countries in disease-surveillance and early
warning systems, including enhancement of diagnostic capacity and virus research (St. Petersburg,
2006: Fight Against Infectious Diseases, 13)
     ACTION: Russia leads the work in CIS region aimed on coordination, technical
     and methodological support of disease surveillance systems. Programs were
     developed and implemented to build the capacity of health systems, including
     laboratory network in partner countries.
     In response to the threat of influenza pandemic the Russian Federation in 2006-
     2009 contributed $45,8 millions to a comprehensive program aimed on capacity
     building of health systems in CIS region.
     Leading Russian scientific-research institutions on a permanent basis provides
     trainings on disease surveillance, laboratory control and containment of outbreaks
     of infectious diseases.

     The Russian Federation disbursed up to US$60 millions in 2007-2010 to
     strengthen existing networks aimed at prevention and mitigating epidemiological
     consequences of natural, man-made disasters and humanitarian crises, including
     through effective use of rapid response teams and building partner countries own
     capacities in this area.

3.2. FIGHTING INFECTIOUS DISEASES
 We must also increase our efforts in the fight against other preventable diseases...particularly by
increasing the volume and quality of medical research on neglected diseases in developing countries
(St. Petersburg 2006: Fight Against Infectious Disease, 31)
     ACTION: Under the G8 Presidency Russia prioritized the infectious diseases in
     the agenda. This effort resulted in first ever separate statement by the leaders
     about fighting infectious diseases. The St. Petersburg leaders’ statement covered
     the whole range of threats put by infectious diseases.

     In 2009 the Russian Federation developed and launched the 4 years program with
     a 21 million USD commitment. This program is expected to boost researches and
     enhance surveillance on neglected tropical diseases in African and Central Asia
     Countries. In particular program components will be implemented in Ethiopia,
     Angola, Tanzania, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. Under the framework of this
     program new diagnostics for NTD’s will be developed, own research and
     surveillance capacities of partner countries will be enhanced, health personnel
     from partner countries will be trained and laboratory equipment will be procured
     and set in partner countries.
                                                   4




 HIV/AIDS: Develop and implement a package for HIV prevention, treatment and care, with the aim
of as close as possible to universal access to HIV/AIDS treatment for all who need it by 2010
(G8 Gleneagles Summit Africa Communiqué, 18d)
     ACTION: The Russian Federation takes a leadership role in development and
     implementation of policies to pursue the universal access to HIV/AIDS
     prevention, treatment and care across the Eastern Europe and Central Asia. That
     includes assistance to CIS countries in the field of HIV-prevention and
     surveillance. Russia chairs the CIS council on HIV/AIDS. Two consequent 5-
     years Joint programs to fight HIV/AIDS in CIS countries were developed under
     the Russian leadership and approved by the CIS heads of governments (2002-
     2006 and 2009-2013). Russia pushes HIV/AIDS to the top of the agenda in
     cooperation with other regional intergovernmental organizations (SCO and
     EurAsEC).

     Russian Federation in partnership with UNAIDS and GFATM organized and
     hosted biggest regional HIV/AIDS forum – Eastern Europe and Central Asia
     AIDS Conference (EECAAC) in 2006, 2008 and 2009, with more then 2500
     participants from more then 50 countries. The Russian Government is a major
     donor of EECAAC.

 Malaria: Working with Africa countries to scale up action against malaria to reach 85% of the
vulnerable populations with the key interventions that will save 600,000 children’s lives a year by 2015
and reduce the drag on African economies (Gleneagles 2005: Africa 18(g), reiterated at St. Petersburg,
2006: Fight Against Infectious Diseases 34)
     ACTION: Russia has allocated $20 million in 2007 to provide financial and
     technical support to strengthen malaria control activities in Africa, including
     USD 15 million through the World Bank Malaria Booster Program to co-finance
     IDA operations in Zambia and in Mozambique. And $4 millions to WHO Global
     Malaria Program, to support malaria interventions in 4 African countries. The
     Russian contribution aligns with the partner countries’ national plans to fight
     malaria and closely coordinates with other donors contributions to this area filling
     the gaps identified by national authorities.

     The funds have contributed to major impact on the malaria problem, especially in
     Zambia, through the procurement of approximately 300,000 LLINs, the scale-up
     of the insecticide residual spraying (IRS) campaign, expansion of monitoring and
     evaluation. The grant monies are over 70% disbursed and the rest of the funds
     have been committed. Join investments have clearly contributed to the fact that
     malaria is no longer the leading cause of young child deaths in Zambia. Over
     41% of children under-five are now sleeping under bednets, 66 % of pregnant
     women are receiving intermittent preventive treatment for malaria (IPTp) as part
     of routine antenatal care.

     Progress made on key malaria indicators in Zambia:
     % of Householders with one bednet increased from 48% (2006) to 72% (2008)
     Under five child mortality decreased from 168 (2006) to 119 (2008)
     % children with parasitemia decreased from 28,8%(2006) to 10,2%(2008)
     % children with anemia decreased from 28,8% (2006) to 10,2%(2008)
                                                    5


4. FOOD AND SECURITY
 Reverse the overall decline of aid and investment in the agricultural sector, and achieve significant
increases in support of developing country initiatives, including – in Africa – through full and effective
implementation of the Comprehensive Africa Agricultural Development Programme (CAADP)
(Toyako, Statement on Global Food Security, 7)
 Increase investment for food security, including additional resources for food and development, by
mobilizing, with other donors, US $20 billion over three years through the L’Aquila Food Security
Initiative (AFSI) (L’Aquila 2009: Joint Statement on Global Food Security, 12)
                                          2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
       Agricultural                           0,0       7,3      7,3      7,3      7,3    12,0      12,0
       sector
       Other food                             0,0       0,1      0,1      0,1      0,1      1,6      1,6
       security

     Dev. Food Aid/Food Security              0,0        0,0    4,5      7,0     10,4     98,5       3,0
     Ass.
     Emergency food aid                      11,0       11,0   15,0     26,0     37,5     30,0     30,0
     Total                                   11,0       18,4   26,9     40,4     55,3    142,1     46,6


     ACTION: Russia has consistently increased amount of emergency food aid,
     primarily, for the developing countries, both through bilateral channels and
     through relevant international organizations and agencies, such as WPP, UNHCR
     and ICDO - International Civil Defense Organization. In 2009 Russia contributed,
     both through bilateral channels as well as relevant international organizations
     47,5mln. USD on food aid, agricultural and rural development measures. Russia was
     among the first to contribute in 2008, in a single transfer, a US$ 7,0 mln. USD
     donation to the Multilateral Trust Fund under the Global Food Crisis Response
     Program (GFRP), established by the World Bank. Russia has transferred another 5
     mln. USD to GFRP in 2009.


Support reform of international agricultural and food security architecture and establishment of global
partnership. (L’Aquila 2009: Leaders’ Declaration, 113-114)

     ACTION: Russia stands on the position that reform of international agricultural
     and food security architecture is crucial. Russia has implemented a policy of
     establishing a global partnership in this context especially through the multilaterals.
     It supports the activities and programs of the World Bank, WFP, and International
     Civil Defence Organization in the sphere of preventing food crises.

     Russia supports the strategic aims and top priority tasks of FAO reform. In terms
     of assistance for the FAO adaptation to the present realities and strengthening its
     potential, Russia pledged to contribute in 2009-2011 4,17 million USD (1,4
     million USD in 2009) for introduction of the Russian language as the official FAO
     language. That would open for millions of farmers and other people of agricultural
     vocation in many of European and Asian countries, including the developing
     countries, the world of the FAO expertise and experience, in particular, guidelines,
     standards, best practices and technologies.

     Russia is committed to the adoption of a complex of short-term, mid-term and
     long-term measures pursuant to the recommendations by the Comprehensive
     Framework for Action (CFA), developed by the UN High Level Task Force, aimed
                                                    6


     at the ensuring of food security and support of agriculture at the developing
     countries. At that, Russian National Strategy for International Development
     Assistance provides the optimal combination between the assistance and the
     development aid, the latter being targeted at food security capacity-building, at the
     beneficiary countries.

     Russia supports CGIAR reform aimed to implement effective research in the
     fields of agriculture policy and environment and provide clear results to ensure
     conditions for sustainable food security in developing countries. Russia intends to
     make financial contribution to CGIAR, starting from 2010.

5. EDUCATION
 The G8 will continue to work with partners and other donors to meet shortfalls in all FTI endorsed
countries (Heiligendamm 2007: Growth and Responsibility in Africa, 38)
ACTION:
   According with the OECD agreed reporting standards Russia has provided the
   following amounts of bilateral support to FTI-endorsed countries.
   2008: 13,82 million USD
   2009: 11,66 million USD

     Since 2008 Russia provides Russian Education Aid for Development (READ)
     program in cooperation with the World Bank. Russian Government has approved
     32 million USD contribution for the World Bank Trust Fund for 2008-2012
     period. READ program is aimed to assist the achievement of MDG Goals 2 and
     6.
     A key objective of READ is to help countries strengthen the capacity of
     institutions that are responsible for measuring student learning outcomes or for
     using the information from those assessments to improve teaching and learning.

     We tackle the problems of education and implement initiatives in this sphere
     partly through the multilaterals channels and other donor partnerships. Such
     approach guarantees full coordination with other donors and alignment with the
     partner-countries national education development strategies. Also it’s a good
     possibility to provide assistance to the fragile states/post conflict states in the
     most effective manner.
     For example, Russia has provided assistance for Afghanistan through the special
     WB trust fund mechanism aiming on Afghanistan reconstruction, including in the
     education sector.

 We, along with other donors, are committed to a unified approach, mobilizing predictable bilateral
and multilateral resources in order to fulfil the financial shortfall estimated by the FTI at $1.2 billion
over the coming 18 months (L’Aquila 2009: Responsible Leadership for Sustainable Growth, 128)
     ACTION: Since G8-2006 in St. Petersburg, education sector development,
     including the basic education and the quality of education in particular, is a high
     priority for Russia. The Russian Federation has pledged to EFA/FTI 10,2 million
     USD for the period 2006 -2013, with $6 million USD disbursed to date refers to
     the Catalytic Fund. As far as EPDF is concerned Russia fully has disbursed its
     commitments under the agreement (5,2 million USD) for EPDF for the period
     2006-2010.
                                                    7




Contribution to FTI 2006-2009 - 10,2 million USD, including:
Catalytic Fund                    EPDF
2006: 1,0   million USD
2007: 2,0   million USD                     2007: 1,2 million USD
2008: 1,0   million USD                     2008: 2,0 million USD
2009: 2,0   million USD                     2009: 1,0 million USD

6. PEACE AND SECURITY
 Train, and where appropriate equip, some 75,000 troops by 2010, to take part in peace support
operations worldwide with a sustained focus on Africa (Sea Island, Gleneagles 8)
     ACTION: In 2005-2009 the Russian Federation trained 226 UN peacekeepers
     and military observers, including representatives from African countries. Two
     month course included field exercise. In 2008-2009 1090 Russian military
     personnel was trained for participation in the UN PKO.

 Increase the G8 contribution to the training of formed police units for use in peace operations
(Sea Island, 2004)
     ACTION: Since 2005 the Russian Federation has provided training nearly for
     200 civilian police officers from 41 countries, including 170 from the African
     continent, at the Ministry’s of the Interior Peacekeeping training centre in
     Domodedovo.
     The Ministry of the Interior of the Russian Federation in cooperation with the UN
     DPKO organized in May-July 2009 a training course for 50 law enforcement and
     mobile teams officers deployed as part of formed police units. Since 2006 Russia
     also has provided training for 83 Afghan anti-drug police officers.

 Development of a transportation and logistics support arrangement for peace operations (Kananaskis,
Africa Action Plan L’Aquila 129; Heligendamm (40,42); Sea Island 2004)
     ACTION: The Russian Federation has deployed two aviation units to UNMIS
     and MINURCAT and provides a broad range of aviation services for other
     peacekeeping operations under the auspices of the United Nations, accounting for
     14% of the total of peacekeeping transportation needs.
     In August 2009 the Ministry of the Emergency of the Russian Federation together
     with the German government handed over to Afghanistan two medication
     evacuation helicopters – total cost of this operation is 7,42 million USD.
     In December 2009 the Russian Federation delivered 50 KAMAZ trucks and 2
     fire-engines to Afghanistan.

 Allocate grant financing for reconstruction needs, including the disarmament, demobilization and
reintegration (DDR) into civilian society of former combatants Gleneagles
     ACTION: Since 2008 the Russian Federation provides annually USD 2 mln. to
     the UN Peacebuilding Fund. In 2009 Russia provided over 7 million USD as
     material-technical and financial aid for the International Civil Defence
     Organization for humanitarian mine clearing of territories. The Russian aid
     helped to support constant work of five national unmining brigades.
     According to Russian-Lebanese agreement in 2006 Russia has built and passed to
     Lebanese side 9 bridges. 98 Lebanese personnel were trained in the field of
     construction and engineering.
     Russia disbursed:
     2008: 5,00 million USD
                                                    8


     2009: 14,26 million USD

6. ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY
We will help vulnerable countries overcome the macroeconomic shocks related to energy prices, and
the longer term challenge of facilitating access to energy for the poorest populations. (St Petersburg 44)
     ACTION: In 2006 Russia supported the IMF’s Exogenous Shock Facility.
     Russian contribution to the program is more than 45 million USD during 2006-
     2010.
     2006: 2,98 million USD
     2007: 10,61 million USD
     2008: 10,82 million USD
     2009: 10,92 million USD

 Facilitate development of local energy resources and technology transfer in the areas of energy
efficiency, energy saving, renewable energy to contribute to poverty reduction and long-term energy
sustainability in developing countries. 61St. Petersburg 49, 50 (Global energy security)
     ACTION: Under the G8 Presidency in 2006, energy poverty was put on the
     agenda. As part of its efforts Russia contributed $30 million to the multilateral
     non-profit “Global Village Energy Partnership-International” promoting access of
     poor countries and population to energy. The contribution was aimed at launching
     the activities in Sub-Saharan Africa. Since then GVEP-International expanded its
     activities to 21 countries worldwide. Russian hydro energy company JSC
     “RusHydro” which is the world’s second is exploring possibilities in constructing
     small hydropower stations in Latin America in the framework of GVEP-I work
     program.
     2007: 5 million USD
     2008: 5 million USD
     2009: 10 million USD

				
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