Constitution by yaosaigeng

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									                   The US
                 Constitution
                    Mr. Achs
          Davenport West High School
     Email: achsja@davenportschools.org
       Email (Hm): jackachs@yahoo.com
Web Site: http://manila.davenportschools.org/achsj
 Mr.Achs/Sep12
                Journal Entry
 Why has the Constitution lasted so long?
   Explain.




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Mr.Achs/Sep12
                  Objectives
   • Know the key terms underlined (matching).
   • Memorize the Preamble of the Const.
   • Know what each article of the Const. does.
   • Recall what the Bill of Rights are.
   • Summarize the principles of the Const. and
     evaluate which one is most important and
     why.
   • Know how the Const. can be changed, how
     many amendments there are, and when was
     the last one.
Mr.Achs/Sep12
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                The Preamble of the
                   Constitution
 “We the people of the United States, in order
    to form a more perfect Union, establish
  justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide
     for the common defense, promote the
   general welfare, and secure the blessings
  of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do
   ordain and establish this Constitution for
         the United States of America.”
           Test Question: Write out the Preamble!
Mr.Achs/Sep12
                                                    4
                   The Preamble Rap
                (Eric & Cody SY1011Term1Blk4)




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                Articles (Parts) of the
                     Constitution
 • Article 1: Legislative   • Article 5: Provisions
   Branch                     for Amendments
 • Article 2: Executive     • Article 6: National
   Branch                     Debts
 • Article 3: Judicial      • Article 7: Ratification
   Branch                     of the Constitution
 • Article 4: Relations
   Among States

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Mr.Achs/Sep12
                                                           These were NOT
                   The Bill of Rights                      ratified when the
                                                              Const. was!

                 The 1st 10 Amendments
• Amend 1: Freedom of               • Amend 6: Rights to a fair
  religion, speech, and the           trial.
  press; rights of assembly and
  petition.                         • Amend 7: Rights in civil
                                      cases.
• Amend 2: Right to bear
  arms.                             • Amend 8: Bails, fines, and
• Amend 3: Housing of                 punishments.
  soldiers.                         • Amend 9: Rights retained
• Amend 4: Search and arrest          by the people.
  warrant.                          • Amend 10: Powers reserved
• Amend 5: Rights in criminal         to the States and people.
  cases
                         These were originally intended as            7
 Mr.Achs/Sep12
                       restriction against the new Nat. Govt.
                  Restricted Civil Liberties

Based on historical evidence,
when are civil liberties most
likely to be threatened by the
government?
  • 1700s: 1798 Sedition Act
  • WWI: 1917 Espionage
    Act, 1918 Sedition Act
  • WWII: 1940 Alien
    Registration Act
  Mr.Achs/Sep12
                Before the Constitution
 • The Articles of Confederation gave most
   power to state governments, which led to
   fear for the stability of the central
   government and the need to give central
   government power to tax and provide a
   national defense.
 • A debate ensued between the Federalists
   and Anti-Federalists
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Mr.Achs/Sep12
                Principles of the Const.
 •   Limited Government                See the
 •   Checks and balances            Const. In-brief
 •   Federalism                       handout!
 •   Separation of powers
 •   Popular sovereignty
                                       Test essay
 •   Individual rights
                                      question and
                   Different from
                                      on the final!
                                                  10
Mr.Achs/Sep12      AmGovt Book!
Political
Cartoon




 -Which constitutional principal is depicted in this cartoon?
 -Give an example of congressional oversight.            11
  Mr.Achs/Sep12
                                         Review

                American Democratic
                    Ideas (five)
 •   Fundamental worth of every person
 •   Equality of all men and women
 •   Majority rule and minority rights
 •   Necessity of compromise
 •   Individual Freedom



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Mr.Achs/Sep12
                 How to Change the
                Constitution (formal)
 1. Amendments first proposed by Congress,
    passed by a 2/3 vote or proposed by a
    National Convention called by 2/3 of the
    States.
 2. Amendments must be approved by ¾ of
    the State Legislatures or by a ratifying
    convention in ¾ of the States.
                   How is federalism reflected in the
                                                        13
Mr.Achs/Sep12        formal amendment process?
                 How to Change the                   On the
                                                     Test!
                Constitution (informal)
 • Much has been put in the Constitution not
   by formal amendment, but, rather, by the
   day-to-day, year-to-year experiences of the
   govt.
 • What are the informal ways?
       – Basic legislation, actions by the president,
         Supreme Court decisions, activities of political
         parties, and custom.
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Mr.Achs/Sep12
                                                   This is why
                                                  the Const. has
                      Amendments                    lasted over
                                                      200 yrs!

 • There are 27 Amendments, the last one
   passed was in 1992.
 • Important Amendments:
       –   13th : Abolition of slavery
       –   14 th : Rights of citizens     Civil War
       –   15th : Voting rights
                                          Amendments
       –   19th : Women’s suffrage
       –   26th : Suffrage for 18-year-olds Includes the equal
                                              protection clause.
                                               Issue for 200015
Mr.Achs/Sep12
                                                Pres. election
      Major Supreme Court Rulings
                                                     On the
 • Schenck v. US, 1919:                              Test!

       – Issue: 1st Amend, freedom of speech
       – Importance: Precedent that 1st Amend guarantees
         are not absolute.
 • Miranda v. Arizona, 1966:
       – Issue: 5th, 6th, & 14th Amend, rights of the accused
       – Importance: Upheld citizen rights to a fair trial, the
         court said: “he must be warned prior to any
         questioning that he has the right to remain silent…”
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Mr.Achs/Sep12
                  Detailed Miranda Rights
• You have the right to remain silent and refuse to answer questions. Do you
  understand?
• Anything you do say may be used against you in a court of law. Do you
  understand?
• You have the right to consult an attorney before speaking to the police and to
  have an attorney present during questioning now or in the future. Do you
  understand?
• If you cannot afford an attorney, one will be appointed for you before any
  questioning if you wish. Do you understand?
• If you decide to answer questions now without an attorney present you will
  still have the right to stop answering at any time until you talk to an attorney.
  Do you understand?
• Knowing and understanding your rights as I have explained them to you, are
  you willing to answer my questions without an attorney present?
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  Mr.Achs/Sep12
               Important Clauses
• Elastic Clause: Implied powers
• Free Exercise Clause: Freedom of religion.
• Due Process Clause: Govt can’t interfere with
  constitutional rights.
                                                                 On the
       – There are two due process clauses:                      Test!
              • 5th Amend: For the Nat. Govt.
              • 14th Amend: For State and Local Govts.
       – Supreme Court has never found the 2nd Amend to be
           within the meaning of the 14th Amend’s due process
           clause.
              • Therefore, states can limit the right to keep and bear
                                                                       18
Mr.Achs/Sep12   arms.
                  Summary

    We talked about the Preamble of the
    Constitution and how it outlines the purpose
    of our govt. Then we discussed what each
    article does, the Bill of Rights and the
    principles of the Const. And finally, we
    looked at how the Const. can be changed,
    how many amendments there are, and when
    was the last one.
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Mr.Achs/Sep12
                      CW/HW
 • You don’t need “We The People” book, we
   are now in the “American Government”
   book for the rest of the term.
 • Vocab:
       – Constitution, Ch3, p84
       – Federalism, Ch4, p110



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Mr.Achs/Sep12
                                      Words are at the back
                        Vocab           of the chapter!

                (only ten each chapter)
•   Constitution, Ch3        •   Budget & Taxes, Ch16
•   Federalism, Ch4          •   Bureaucracy, Ch15
•   Congress Part 1, Ch10    •   Judicial, Ch18
•   Congress Part 2, Ch11    •   State & Local Govt,
•   Congress Part 3, Ch12        Ch25
•   Executive Part 1, Ch13   Vocab done in groups: 20pts,
                               30pts, 30pts, 40pts
•   Executive Part 2, Ch14   You pick the vocab words
•   Executive Part 3, Ch17     from the list in the back of
                               the chapter! Only do 10!  21
Mr.Achs/Sep12

								
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