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The Newborn Baby

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					The Newborn Baby

Weight and Length
• • • • 7 pounds 20 inches long Males heavier on average Baby loses weight for the first 4-5 days after birth, due to loss of fluids • Head is ¼ of the length

Fontanels
• 6 soft spots on the skull where the bones have not yet fused together, covered by a tough membrane • Head may be misshapen , but the soft spots allow it to return to a normal appearnace in a few days

Sensory capabilities
• Sight
– Sees best at 8 inch distance – Likes to look at human face – Follows a moving target with eyes – Responds to light – Likes to look at patterns with sharp outlines and contrasts of dark and light

Sound
Sensitive to voices
– Prefers high pitched voices – Turns head toward sound – Tries to focus on the source of a sound

Touch
• • • • Sensitive to touch Comforted by closeness, warmth, touching Responds to changes in air temperature Responds to pain, rough textures, and moisture

Taste & Smell
• Puckers lips after a strong flavor • Breathes faster and kicks when smelling strong odors

Communication
• Cries, coos, and smiles • Responds to parents moods and feelings • Develops attachment to caregiversbonding

Reflexes of the newborn
• Rooting-stroke cheek of baby and he will turn his heard toward the hand, open mouth and start sucking • This is a survival instinct that helps baby find food and prepare for feeding

Grasping reflex
• Grasps on to finger, necklace or hair of caregiver, tight enough to hold his own weight

Startle reflex
• If put down suddenly or if someone makes a loud noise, baby will throw out his arms, draw back his head and stretch out his legs

Swimming reflex
• Makes swimming movements in the water when bathed

Babinski reflex
• Extends his toes when the soles of the feet are stroked. • Others-blinking eyes, coughing, emptying the bowl or bladder when they are full.

States of the Newborn
• Quiet alert
– Awake and content – Eyes wide open – Eyes try to focus on object – Enjoys interesting environment – Maintains state if full, warm and dry

Active-Alert
• Movement increases • Moves arms, legs, body, face • Kicks and cries

Crying
• Way of communicating his needs • Cry of pain- followed by holding the breath • Hunger cries usually start with whimpering, then become more intense

Drowsiness
• • • • State between being awake and asleep Movement may occur Facial expressions may change Eyes do not focus

Quiet sleep
• • • • Sleeps soundly Noises don’t disturb him Does not move much Breathes deeply and evenly

• Newborns spend about ½ their time in quiet sleep.

Active sleep
• • • • Eyes may flutter Movement is common May smile, frown, suck, chew May make funny snorting noises


				
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posted:11/6/2009
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