Windows XP How-To Procedures 20 November 2006
Windows XP How-To Procedures
Windows XP “Tuneup” What should you be doing to protect your system? How to Build a Windows XP Boot Floppy Computing Cures for your System (from Maximum PC magazine) How to remove spyware, viruses, and trojans from your system How to restore the operating system to a previous state in Windows XP How to backup your registry or other files How to Turn Off the Machine Debug Manager How to Remove Trojan.Zlob.D How to convert a hard drive from FAT to NTFS format without damaging files on the drive How to change the number of most recent documents Windows XP System Recovery How to create a bootable CD How to get rid of popups How to add SP2 to your original Windows XP CD How to View and Remove Windows XP Installed Updates How to Enable Audible Caps Lock Warning How to Backup a Movie DVD to Your Hard Drive (from Maximum PC) How to Rip Copy Protected Music CDs (from Maximum PC) How to Capture and Rip Audio Streams from the Internet or Your Computer (from Maximum PC) How to Rip and Compress DVDs (from Maximum PC) How to Rip MP3s (from Maximum PC)
Windows XP “Tuneup”
1. Push “Window” key (bottom left, one over)” and “Pause/Break” key Click on “Advanced” tab Click on “Settings” Select “Adjust for best performance” Click on “OK” Close “System Properties” window (click on upper right X) 2. Right click on an open area of the desktop 3. Select “Properties” then select “Appearance” then click on “Effects” 4. Uncheck all the options in this window then click on “OK” followed by clicking on “OK” 5. Click on “Start” then “Run” and type in “msconfig” and click “OK” 6. Click on “Startup” tab 7. You should uncheck most of these Startup Items. Look at the “Location” column. Leave alone those applications that execute from “HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\Current Version. On my system, that would involve iTouch (for my keyboard), Logi_MwX, vptray, iclient. 8. Click on the “Services” tab 9. Click on the “Service” column header at the far left corner, just below “General” – this will put all the services in alphabetical order 10. Uncheck the following services: Messenger, Remote Registry, Telnet 11. Click on “Apply” then “Close” then when the System Configuration menu pops up, click on “Restart” – you computer will now reboot
Windows XP How-To Procedures 20 November 2006 12. A window will pop up after reboot – “System Configuration Utility.” Click on “Don‟t show this message or launch the System Configuration Utility when Windows start” then click on “OK” 13. Click on “Start” then “Control Panel” the double click on “Administrative Tools” followed by a double click on “Services” 14. Right click on “ClipBook” and select “Stop” 15. Right click on “Application Management” and select “Stop” 16. Right click on “Distributed Link Tracking Client” and select “Stop” 17. Right click on “Error Reporting Service” and select “Stop” 18. Right click on “TCP/IP NetBIOS Helper” and select “Stop” 19. If the following are not “Disabled,” repeat the previous command on “Human Interface Device Access” and “Routing and Remote Access” to disable them as well 20. Close the window (click on the X at the upper right corner)
What should you be doing to protect your system?
1. Frequently backup any critical files onto CDs, floppies (yuk) or, better yet, onto an external USB interfaced hard drive (I just picked up an 80GB Maxtor drive in an IDE to USB external case w/ power supply and cables for only $119). 2. Write down all your software license keys and other codes you will need when/IF you reinstall your system(e.g., Musicmatch, WindowsXP). Also keep all your system disks together in a safe place. 3. Run Microsoft Update at least twice/week to install critical patches. Visit http://update.microsoft.com. Although you can turn on “automatic updates” and select “Express” to receive updates, I prefer to use “Custom” so that I know what patches are being installed. Three categories of patch are shown:
High priority (you should ALWAYS install these – this is where serious security patches are placed) Software, optional (worth considering only if you really use the software applications identified as having updates) Hardware, optional (also worth considering, particularly if you are having problems with the hardware item having an update – e.g., mouse freezing problems, display errors when playing games)
4. Install "Adaware" and "Spybot Search and Destroy" - both free programs - and run both at least twice/week to remove spyware, tracking cookies, popups, and other annoying infections. Note - quit all programs before installing any software. Links are --http://www.safer-networking.org/en/download/ http://www.download.com/3000-2144-10045910.html After downloading and installing, be sure to check for updates (button selection on each program's main window). NOTE – although it is not free, Spy Sweeper is presently receiving high accolades as perhaps the best spyware removal program. See http://www.pcworld.com/reviews/article/0,aid,122496,pg,6,00.asp and http://www.webroot.com/ 5. Run Microsoft Office Update every now and then to get critical patches to Microsoft Office products (I recommend you run it every quarter) http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/officeupdate/default.aspx 6. Clean your disk drive at least monthly to remove unnecessary temporary files and windows cache (graphics and text for every web site you visit is stored in your browser cache) -- Start/All Programs/Accessories/System
Windows XP How-To Procedures 20 November 2006
Tools/Disk Cleanup -- the very first time you run this, it might take a very long time! Also, don't bother checking the box for "Compress old files." 7. After cleaning, see if your hard drive needs defragmenting -- Start/All Programs/Accessories/System Tools/Disk Defragmenter. Click on "analyze" first to see if it needs to be done. 8. If you get tired of navigating through all those options, just right click on the final selection and drag it to your desktop, let go and select "Copy Here." That will create a shortcut on your desktop. Just double click on it next time you want to run the program! 9. Every 6 months go to the Dell update site to see whether you should download software and driver updates for your system. Before visiting the site, you need to write down your Dell Service Tag, typically on the back of your system - it looks like this 5L6SK31. Now go to http://support.dell.com/support/downloads/index.aspx?c=us&cs=19&l=en&s=dhs and enter your tag. Click on the right arrow symbol next to where you entered the tag. Select your Operating System (Windows XP I am sure) then submit. Here are all the updates available for your system. Don't do the flash BIOS yourself unless you really really know what you are doing - this is very dangerous. 10. Lastly, tuneup your Windows XP configuration and disable any unnecessary processes from running on your system. ? How do you do that? I've attached a document I am constantly updating to assist you.
Windows XP How-To Procedures 20 November 2006
How to Build a Windows XP Boot Floppy
Boot.ini NTLDR Ntdetect.com Readme.txt
Computing Cures for your System (from Maximum PC magazine)
Types of attack: Virus Trojan horse Internet attack Spam Spyware/Adware System Slowdowns Antivirus Software: Trend Micro PC-cillin Internet Security 2005 (rating 8/10) Symantec Norton Antivirus 2005 (rating 7/10) McAfee Virusscan 2005 (rating 5/10) Firewalls: Zone Labs Zonealarm Pro 5.5 (rating 9/10 – Maximum PC “Kick Ass” Product) Symantec Norton Personal Firewall 2005 (rating 7/10) Network Associates McAfee Personal Firewall Plus 6.0 (rating 6/10) Spam Killers: Qurb 3.0 (rating 7/10) Symantec Norton Antispam 2005 (rating 4/10) McAfee Spamkiller 2005 (rating 2/10) Spyware/Adware: Spybot Search & Destroy 1.3 (rating 9/10 – Maximum PC “Kick Ass” Product) – FREE! Etrust PestPatrol 2005 (rating 8/10) PCtools Spyware Doctor 3.2 (rating 7/10) Lavasoft Ad-Aware SE Plus (rating 5/10) Hard Drive Fragmentation: Executive Software Diskeeper 9 Professional (rating 8/10) Webroot Window Washer 6.0 (rating 6/10) Vcom Fix-it Utilities 5 Professional (rating 4/10) Miscellaneous – Must Have Products: Norton Ghost 4
Windows XP How-To Procedures 20 November 2006 Freeware Products Hijack This! 1.99.1 (rating 7/10) Glarysoft Registry Repair 1.42 (rating 8/10) Avast! 4.6 Home Edition (rating 6/10) Kerio Personal Firewall 4.1.3 (rating 6/10) Spambayes 1.0.4 (rating 8/10)
How to remove spyware, viruses, and trojans from your system
Detection – This should be no problem. Most likely your computer is running very slowly, when you launch Internet Explorer you are directed to “naughty” sites, your hard drive seems to be doing an awful lot of work (light blinking) when you aren‟t doing anything at all, or, worse yet, you can‟t even boot your system. Identification – 1. The first thing you should do, if you have control of your system, is to disconnect from the Internet (unplug your Ethernet cable) and quit any programs you have running (see the icons at the very bottom right of your screen. These are your running programs. To quit a program, right click on it and select Exit. At this point, don‟t quit the following programs: antivirus, video card controller, special keyboard or mouse drivers, or firewall.) 2. Now hit CTRL ALT DEL on your keyboard, holding all 3 keys down simultaneously. This will launch Windows Task Manager. 3. Click on the Applications tab. If you still see anything running, highlight the task name and click on End Task. 4. Now click on the Processes tab then the Image Name tab, which will alphabetize the processes running. 5. Compare the processes running with my list of Windows Processes and Applications. If you have found a process that I list with Y for Known Risk, then you have been infected. Note that this list will most likely not show all the processes running on your computer because of the many different hardware device drivers for the various computers out there. To research a process, run a Google search for the process name (e.g., bargains.exe). I get trustworthy information from http://www.liutilities.com, http://sarc.com, http://www.processlibrary.com, and http://securityresponse.symantec.com, but you may need to read several hits before you get a clear picture. 6. You can try and End Process from this window, but even if it works, the fix is only temporary until your next reboot. But at least you might gain control of your system to permanently remove the infection. 7. Now you need to identify the actual infection name. 8. Using http://www.google.com search for the bad process name. 9. Go ahead and quit out of the Windows Task Manager. NOTE – if you have no control of your system or you cannot launch Windows Task Manager, try again after rebooting into Safe Mode. See a subsequent discussion on this mode.
Windows XP How-To Procedures 20 November 2006 Removal – 1. Now the challenging part – removal of the infection! 2. For simple, “friendliest” infections not attempting to hide from view, you can merely use Microsoft‟s Add or Remove Programs. 3. Click on the Start button then select Control Panel. 4. Double click on Add or Remove Programs 5. Scroll down to one of your infections. 6. Highlight the program name with your mouse. 7. Click on Change/Remove. 8. Repeat for as many infections as you can find this way. 9. Now for the harder ones. 10. If you still have Internet access, go to http://www.sarc.com. Click on Search. Enter the infection name (e.g., fxgaobot). 11. Download the removal tool, saving it to c:\temp\tools (create this directory) 12. First, be sure you have disconnected from the Internet and unplugged your Ethernet cable. 13. Close any running program (see step 1 under Identification) 14. Disable System Restore: a. Hold down the Windows key (the Microsoft flag icon – this key is at the bottom left of your keyboard) and hit E. b. Right click on My Computer then select Properties c. Click on the System Restore tab if not already selected d. Check the Turn off System Restore box e. Click Apply then Ok 15. 16. To disable Windows processes: Start/Run/msconfig. Click on the Startup tab. Click on the “Startup Item” column header; this will alphabetize the processes. Uncheck any process you don‟t want to run on startup. After rebooting, a window will pop up after reboot – “System Configuration Utility.” Click on “Don‟t show this message or launch the System Configuration Utility when Windows start” then click on “OK” so that you don‟t see this window every time you bootup.
How to restore the operating system to a previous state in Windows XP
INTRODUCTION This article describes how to use the System Restore tool to return your computer to a previous working state. System Restore takes a "snapshot" of critical system files and some program files and stores this information as restore points. You can use these restore points to return Windows XP to a previous state. If Windows XP does not start: You must start the System Restore tool at a command prompt: 1. Restart your computer 2. Press F8 during the initial startup to start your computer in Safe Mode with a command prompt. 3. Log on to your computer with an administrator account or with an account that has administrator credentials. 4. Type the following command at a command prompt, and then press ENTER: %systemroot%\system32\restore\rstrui.exe 5. Follow the instructions that appear on the screen to restore your computer to an earlier state.
Windows XP How-To Procedures 20 November 2006
If Windows XP starts: 1. Log on to Windows as Administrator. 2. Click Start, point to All Programs, point to Accessories, point to System Tools, and then click System Restore. System Restore starts. 3. On the Welcome to System Restore page, click Restore my computer to an earlier time (if it is not already selected), and then click Next. 4. On the Select a Restore Point page, click the most recent system checkpoint in the On this list, click a restore point list, and then click Next. A System Restore message may appear that lists configuration changes that System Restore will make. Click OK. 5. On the Confirm Restore Point Selection page, click Next. System Restore restores the previous Windows XP configuration, and then restarts the computer. 6. Log on to the computer as Administrator. The System Restore Restoration Complete page appears. 7. Click OK.
Troubleshooting: You may inadvertently restore Windows XP to a previous configuration that you do not want. To undo the restoration: 1. Log on to Windows as Administrator. 2. Click Start, point to All Programs, point to Accessories, point to System Tools, and then click System Restore. System Restore starts. 3. On the Welcome to System Restore page, click Undo my last restoration, and then click Next. A System Restore message may appear that lists configuration changes that System Restore will make. Click OK. 4. On the Confirm Restoration Undo page, click Next. System Restore restores the original Windows XP configuration, and then restarts the computer. 5. Log on to the computer as Administrator. The System Restore Undo Complete page appears. 6. Click OK.
How to backup your registry or other files
Note: If, when running the tool, you see a message that the tool was not able to remove one or more files, run the tool in Safe mode. Shut down the computer, turn off the power, and wait 30 seconds. Restart the computer in Safe mode and run the tool again. To start the computer in Safe Mode, do a restart and hit F8 during the reboot. Select the Safe Mode option without network connections.
How to Turn Off the Machine Debug Manager
If you run Microsoft Internet Explorer 5 or later, you can turn off the Machine Debug Manager by turning off script debugging. To do this, follow these steps: 1. Open Internet Explorer. 2. On the Tools menu, click Internet Options. 3. Click the Advanced tab. 4. Click to select the Disable script debugging check box, and then click OK. 5. Close Internet Explorer.
Windows XP How-To Procedures 20 November 2006
How to Remove Trojan.Zlob.D
The following instructions are pertinent to this worm and others like it that can be removed by your antivirus program (e.g., Norton or Symantec). 1. Disable Windows XP System Restore a. Start/My Computer b. Right click on My Computer and select Properties
How to convert a hard drive from FAT to NTFS format without damaging files on the drive
1. Why do this? The FAT32 format can only support a drive partition up to 4GB. NTFS supports up to 16TB (that‟s 16,000GB)! If you bought an external backup hard drive but mistakenly selected FAT32 for the file format, you will not see larger than a 4GB partition. Convert to NTFS to recover the full capacity of your hard drive (as well as benefit from the increased security to ensure personal privacy, file compression to gain space, encryption and setting disk quotas to limit how much disk space others in your family can use). Determine what drive letter your hard drive has been assigned [e.g., “e:” might be assigned to an external hard drive in a system with only one internal drive (“c:”) and one CD-ROM (“d:”)] Go to the command line by clicking Start/Run then enter “cmd” Enter “convert x:/fs:ntfs” where “x” is the drive to be converted. If you want the converted files and directories to be accessible by any user with an account on your computer, add another switch: “convert x:/fs:ntfs/NoSecurity. Note that you can change individual file security settings at any time in the future if you don‟t want to wild card this setting during conversion. Note that only Windows versions 2000, XP and later can read the NTFS format. If you still need to have your hard drive readable on a Windows ME, 98 or 95 systems, don‟t convert.
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How to Change the Number of Most Recent Documents
When you select “Start” followed by “My Recent Documents,” the last 15 files accessed are shown as shortcuts. You can change the number of files listed as follows: 1. Do Start/Run/regedit to launch the registry editor. Use extreme caution so as not to damage your registry. If you wish to be extra cautious, back up your registry first. 2. In the left-hand column, drill down the menus: HKEY_CURRENT_USER/Software/Microsoft/Windows/Current Version/Policies/Explorer 3. Click on the folder labeled “Explorer” 4. Now right click in empty space in the right-hand window 5. Select “New” then “DWORD Value” 6. Enter “MaxRecentDocs” and press “Enter” 7. Double click the new registry entry, “MaxRecentDocs” to view the DWORD Value window 8. Set the Base to “Decimal” 9. Enter the new value for maximum number of documents displayed (in multiples of 15) 10. Click OK and close the Registry Editor
Windows XP How-To Procedures 20 November 2006
Windows XP System Recovery
Boot your system with the Windows XP Install CD, let the system boot into the Setup. Once in the Setup, choose to run the Recovery Console. You will now be presented with a screen similar to good old DOS. First, we will recover the System Hive. Now, type in the following commands with pressing Enter after each line. md tmp copy C:\windows\system32\config\system C:\windows\tmp\system.bak delete C:\windows\system32\config\system copy C:\windows\repair\system C:\windows\system32\config\system Be very careful when you are typing in these commands, one wrong move, and you know, broken Windows XP. Also, change the C in the commands to whatever your Windows XP drive letter is. Attempt to boot the system, if it doesn't boot, get back into the Recovery Console and do the following commands. md tmp copy C:\windows\system32\config\software C:\windows\tmp\software.bak delete C:\windows\system32\config\software copy C:\windows\repair\software C:\windows\system32\config\software
How to create a bootable CD
1. Copy directory i386 from Windows XP CD to C:\EasyBoot\disk1 2. Copy win51 to C:\EasyBoot\disk1: a. for Windows XP Home Edition, copy win51ic to C:\EasyBoot\disk1 b. for Windows XP Professional, copy win51ip to C:\EasyBoot\disk1 3. (Optional) copy autorun.inf, readme.htm, setup.exe to C:\EasyBoot\disk1 4. (Optional) create directory C:\EasyBoot\disk1\SP, put all files needed (such as IE6, Windows XP sp1) here 5. Please make sure you have the following files: a. C:\EasyBoot\disk1\ezboot\w2ksect.bin b. C:\EasyBoot\disk1\i386\bootfix.bin c. C:\EasyBoot\disk1\i386\setupldr.bin d. C:\EasyBoot\disk1\win51 e. C:\EasyBoot\disk1\win51ic or C:\EasyBoot\disk_xp\win51ip 6. Make ISO file
Windows XP How-To Procedures 20 November 2006 7. Run Program Files ->"EasyBoot"->"EasyBoot", click "Make ISO" button, the dialog will appear: a. select CD file directory to 'C:\EasyBoot\disk1' (default) b. (MUST) set boot image to 'C:\EasyBoot\disk1\ezboot\w2ksect.bin' c. use default option, select "Joliet" if you need to keep filenames with small letter d. set CD Volume to ' WINXP' e. set output ISO file to 'C:\EasyBoot\iso\winxp.iso' f. click "Make" button to generate bootable CD image file
How to get rid of popups
How to add SP2 to your original Windows XP CD
This procedure will update your Windows XP setup CD with the latest Service Pack and drivers preinstalled (“slipstreamed”): 1. Obtain full version of WinXP SP2 and copy to c:\temp (be sure directory is empty – if not, create a new sub-folder under temp) 2. From command line, cd to temp directory containing your SP2 copy then execute “xpSP2 –x” to extract the SP2 files to c:\xpSP2 (enter this as a reply to the prompt for destination) 3. Insert Windows XP CD and copy its entire contents to c:\xpsetupcd 4. Execute “c:\xpSP2\i386\update\update/s:c:\xpsetupcd” 5. (optionally add RAID/SATA drivers) create $OEM$\$1\drivers subfolder under c:\xpsetupcd 6. Under …\drivers create \RAID and/or \SATA subfolders 7. Copy the Windows XP RAID/SATA drivers (*.sys) into the subfolders created above (e.g., fasttx2k.sys for Promise FastTrak TX2 RAID controller) 8. Open the INF file in Notepad and copy the PC identifier string (begins with c:\PCI\VEN) 9. Close file – enter c:\PCI\VEN_105A&DEV_3376=”fasttx2k” 10. Launch ISO Buster and select “Bootable CD” from left pane. In right pane, right-click Microsoft Corporation.img and choose “Extract Microsoft Corporation.img.” Extract this file to c:\xpsetupcd 11. Launch Nero. Select CD-ROM (Boot) from left pane and open the Boot Tab. For “Source of boot image data” choose “Image file” and use the Microsoft Corporation.img you just extracted. Check “Enable expert settings…” and set “Kind of emulation” to “No emulation” and “Number of loaded sectors” to 4. 12. Got to ISO tab and set “File/Directory name length” to “ISO Level 2” Ensure that “Format” is set to “Mode 1” and “Character Set” to “ISO 9660” and make certain all four checkboxes on this tab are checked (“Joliet,” “Allow path depth of more than 8 directories,” “Allow more than 255 characters in path,” and “Do not add the „;1‟ ISO file version extension”). Finally, click the Label tab and set the “Volume Label” field to the value used by your original Windows XP CD –
Windows XP How-To Procedures 20 November 2006 this is the name that appears next to your CD-ROM drive in My Computer when your XP CD is inserted. 13. Click the “New” button to open the Nero File Browser and then locate the folder where you copied your Windows XP CD. Open the folder and add its entire contents to your CD image. Push the “Burn” button. WARNING -- Need to update and verify this procedure.
How to View and Remove Windows XP Installed Updates
This mod will let you see all WinXP patches installed on your system. It will also let you remove specific patches you believe could be causing problems. 1. Click Start/Control Panel then double click the Add/Remove Programs icon 2. Be sure Change or Remove Programs is selected in the left pane 3. Select the checkbox "Show updates" at the top of the window 4. Scroll down to Windows XP - Software Updates in the currently installed programs and updates list 5. To remove an update, click it to highlight it, then click the Remove button
How to Enable Audible Caps Lock Warning
It's easy to hit the Caps Lock key by mistake and find yourself typing in capital letters. Worse, if you don't know Caps Lock is on, your password may be rejected for no apparent reason. You can use the built-in ToggleKeys feature to sound an audible warning when you hit Caps Lock, Num Lock or Scroll Lock: 1. Click Start/Control Panel then double click Accessibility Options 2. Click the Keyboard tab 3. Check the Use ToggleKeys checkbox then click OK
How to Backup a Movie DVD to Your Hard Drive (from Maximum PC)
(The following four how to‟s come from the April 2006 issue of “Maximum PC”) This application not only rips a movie DVD to your hard drive, but also compresses a dual-layer DVD down to 4.35GB so that you can burn a copy to a single-layer DVD. Additionally, it will decrypt encrypted DVD‟s. 1. Find a site that has DVD Shrink available for download (22.214.171.124 is the current version). I found it at http://www.afterdawn.com/ but because of legal challenges, many sites have had to remove the program. Use google (http://www.google.com) to search for “dvd shrink”. Run through the various choices to find a possible site. Use common sense in picking a safe download site. 2. Install DVD Shrink. 3. Insert the DVD you want to backup. 4. Start DVD Shrink then click on “Open Disk.” 5. DVD Shrink then analyzes the DVD‟s contents and determines whether it is encrypted or not. 6. When finished analyzing, all audio and video streams found on the DVD are displayed.
Windows XP How-To Procedures 20 November 2006 7. Uncheck any streams you don‟t want to copy (e.g., foreign language sound tracks, subtitles, movie trailers, and additional content. 8. Click “backup” to continue. 9. Select the backup target type (e.g., a hard drive folder) and a target folder to receive the backup copy of the DVD. 10. Check “Create VIDEO_TS and AUDIO_TS subfolders” to simplify subsequent DVD burning. 11. Click “OK” to begin. 12. DVD Shrink will now copy the selected portions of the DVD to your backup target, recompressing the content so it will fit on a single-layer disk. This step may take some time. 13. When finished, you can then burn a backup DVD, using Nero or some other DVD burner. Copy the VIDEO_TS folder to your burning utility.
How to Rip Copy Protected Music CDs (from Maximum PC)
Most commercial CD protection software relies upon driver tricks or an application to confuse your music ripping application. Try one of the following approaches to get past those simple tricks: 1. Disable AUTORUN. This counters the trick of automatically installing an application that prevents you from copying a track. Note that autorun is also used with several software packages to automatically start the install process; however, you can still manually run the startup.exe or other installer task. To disable autorun, run “regedit.” Yes, you are about to edit the registry – be very, very careful or you will damage your operating system (see, “backing up your registry” and “how to restore your system to a previous state”). Now navigate to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/SYSTEM/CurrentControlSet/Services/Cdrom. In the right-hand column, double click AutoRun to open up the value. If it is presently set to “1” your autorun is enabled. Change the value to “0” then click “OK” and close the registry editor. On your next system restart, autorun will be disabled and you should be able to rip any CD. 2. Capture analog output. Some newer protection schemes can‟t be bypassed by disabling autorun. If you can at least play the CD on your computer, you can rip the audio from the output of your sound card. See the next how to, “How to capture and rip audio streams from the Internet or your computer.” 3. Google the solution Someone else no doubt has succeeded in ripping your CD. Search on the Internet for a solution. One bizarre solution for certain CDs was to mark up the inside edge of the disk with a “Sharpie” pen (covering the clear band with black marker). 4. AnyDVD. Another option is to try ripping the CD with the AnyDVD application running. One helpful feature of this application is automatic correction of table of contents errors (another common protection technique). AnyDVD also prevents access to data sessions on your disk, thus preventing the load of protection software.
How to Capture and Rip Audio Streams from the Internet or Your Computer (from Maximum PC)
Replay Music is a fantastic application! I‟ve used it when listening to Internet radio stations. Left alone for hours, it captured every song, splitting the streaming audio into separate tracks, then automatically tagged each song with artist, song title, album and music genre. Finally, it saved each song into my
Windows XP How-To Procedures 20 November 2006 default download/capture directory. Since Replay Music actually captures the audio from your sound card, you can also capture and rip any music or sound you are playing on your computer. Thus, this is a good way to capture songs from copy protected CDs! Of course, I urge you to stay within the legal limits of the DMCA. 1. Download Replay Music from http://www.replay-music.com. If you wish to start at their homepage to see all their music and video products, go to http://www.applian.com. 2. Download the free demo. If you end up liking it as much as I do, you won‟t mind paying for the licensed version (the free demo quits after a certain number of tracks). 3. http://www.applian.com/replay-music/support/tour2.php shows a typical recording session. Essentially, you just click on “start recording,” enter default values for artist/album/genre (Replay Music, however, does a great job automatically determining these values, even off Internet radio), click on “OK,” then play the music. 4. You should probably click on “settings” to ensure you agree with the default settings. You can set the folder that will hold your mp3 rips, change the input source (Sound Card will probably be what you use the most), select the file naming format, and set the recording bit rate (192 Kbps if you really have good hearing or 128K if you are like most of us). 5. You don‟t have to stop and start the application. Just queue up your music or switch around between various Internet music sources and your local music player. 6. WARNING – don‟t leave AIM running or do anything else on your computer during the ripping process – quit all other applications not involved in playing your music. Any mouse click or other operation may cause an audible glitch in your recording. 7. After stopping Replay Music, you can edit the mp3 header information (title, artist, album, track, genre) for the recorded tracks in the main capture window.
How to Rip and Compress DVDs (from Maximum PC)
These procedures show you how to re-encode a DVD, using better compression so the movie is more suitable for playback on your computer, portable media player, PSP, or video iPod. “DVD Copy 4” simplifies the very complicated, multi-step process involved with ripping a DVD and transcoding the VOB files to small Divx or WMV format. Since it won‟t rip copy protected DVDs, you will also need “AnyDVD,” which removes the copy protection and regional encoding (US, European, Asian markets). 1. Obtain “DVD Copy 4 Gold” from http://www.intervideo.com and “AnyDVD” (if you want to rip/compress copy protected DVDs) from http://slysoft.com 2. Install the software. Be sure you have sufficient free disk space (at least 2GB for a DVD movie). You should also defragment your hard drive before ripping as well. 3. Open “DVD Copy,” set your source (DVD drive) and target (hard drive folder), and select which copy format to use (Divx, WMV, MPEG-4, and H.264). Divx(Avi) is probably the best format to experiment with first. This format will produce decent quality and can be played on just about all varieties of equipment. Note that MP4 (official name for MPEG-4) is the format used by the PSP and video iPod. WMV is only supported on the Windows Media Center. Divx 6 has great functionality (all DVD functions in a single file), but is not widely supported. 4. Click on the hammer icon on the far right middle side of the window. This will let you change the “disk label” to the actual name of the movie. You should also select the desired resolution
Windows XP How-To Procedures 20 November 2006 (home theater, portable, or handheld). For your home computer, use “home theater” to get a near-DVD quality rip, but at only ¼ the space used on a commercial DVD. 5. Lastly, select what content you want to rip. Obviously, you will want to select “Main Movie” (determined by which is the longest video on the disk). Select any other content you want to rip then click on the “Rip” button. This might take some time to complete. 6. Once you have your movie in Divx format, you can do further conversions to the following: a. Playstation Portable (PSP) – use “PSP Video 9” from http://wwwpspvideo9.com b. Video iPod – use the Videora iPod Converter from http://www.videora.com c. Portable media players – “Windows Media Player 10” from Microsoft can load to practically all portable media players. Connect your player, open Windows Media Player, then go to the Sync tab. “Edit Playlist” and select the videos to transfer. “Start Sync” to begin and that‟s all.
How to Rip MP3s (from Maximum PC)
Maximum PC recommends the following application for ripping music to the MP3 format. I provide it here for your consideration, but admit that I still use “Music Match” for my ripping. I like the functionality that Music Match provides, but Maximum PC claims “Exact Audio Copy” “is our favorite tool for ripping audio CDs because it is dead accurate, produces flawless rips, and warns you of the presence of potential problems.” 1.