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2010 Renewable Energy Inventory UNLV: A Leader in Renewable Energy Introduction The University of Nevada, Las Vegas is a leader among the state’s public entities dedicated to advancing renewable energy in the region and beyond. UNLV’s outstanding achievements in renewable energy research, its success in forging public/private partnerships, and its excellent academic programs place the university at the forefront of the field. Additionally, as the host site of the National Clean Energy Summit for the past three years and other important international meetings, UNLV is now considered a convening center for renewable energy leaders throughout the nation and world. UNLV has acquired more than $99 million in research funding in the past decade on wide-ranging subjects in the renewable energy area, including solar and geothermal power; biofuels; photonics; nuclear energy, including recycling of nuclear waste; and hydrogen production, storage, and use.* Additionally, UNLV has formed partnerships with a variety of businesses and other public entities with the goal of accelerating the deployment of renewable technologies, diversifying the regional economy, generating jobs, analyzing policy, and coordinating financial and intellectual resources. UNLV is also proposing a new Solar Solutions Center, which will establish UNLV as a national center of excellence (a one-stop-shop) for solar energy deployment. The university’s academic programs are geared toward educating the next generation of leaders in the renewable energy field, and the campus itself exhibits tremendous dedication to the support and use of renewable energy and sustainable practices. Academic Programs UNLV introduced a Solar and Renewable Energy minor in 2009, and the highly successful program has enrolled 75 students. This interdisciplinary minor provides *See the attached 2010 UNLV Renewable Energy Research Inventory for additional details. students from a variety of backgrounds with the opportunity to explore this field. The minor degree program is available to all undergraduate students at UNLV through two tracks – one in engineering and science, and another in policy. In addition, various co- curricular activities are provided to further prepare students for careers in the solar and renewable energy fields. UNLV has developed the minor program through an industry- education partnership with NV Energy, which has provided a $500,000 donation to help establish this program. The goal of the program is to position Nevada and UNLV as leaders in the field of alternative energy through the support of excellent educational programs that advance understanding of the field, build the state’s workforce, and stimulate the state and local economy. A new Graduate Certificate in Solar and Renewable Energy has recently been proposed also. The goal of this certificate program is to provide a specialized qualification for career professionals in the energy industry, professionals from other fields seeking entry into the clean energy field, or currently enrolled graduate students seeking an added specialization. The specialized graduate-level education provided will enable students to assist Nevada, the western states and the U.S., more generally, in meeting the challenges involved in advancing a new energy economy. It will also meet increasing demands for highly skilled decision-makers and leaders with interdisciplinary training in solar and renewable energy technologies and policies. UNLV provides a wide-variety of courses in solar and renewable energy or related fields; they are listed below. These courses are part of the curriculum of existing minor program and/or the proposed graduate certificate program. Course List College of Business BLW 331 - Real Estate Law I BLW 435 - Construction Law ECO 707 - Environmental & Natural Resource Economics College of Fine Arts AAE 330 - Design with Climate AAE 435/635 - Developing Sustainable Design ABS 332 - Developing Sustainable Design ABS 443/643 - Interior Lighting Design College of Liberal Arts EPS 743 - Policy Formation: The Problem of Legitimacy HIST 441/641 - American Environment History HIST 443/643 - Comparative Environment History PSC 320 - Public Policy Formation PSC 321 - Analyzing Policy Issues PSC 403A - Natural Resource Policy PSC 403B - Energy Politics and Policy PSC 403D - Global Environmental Politics PSC 403Q - Global Ecopolitics PSC 721 or EPS 747 - Seminar on the Public Policy Process PSC 722 - Seminar on Environmental Resource Policy NRES 411- Environmental Law and Policy SOC 407/607 - Environment and Society (3 credits) Greenspun College of Urban Affairs ENV 101- Introduction to Environmental Science ENV 1XX (proposed) - Introduction to Sustainable Design ENV 206 - Introduction to Climate Change ENV 407/SOC 407 - Environment and Society ENV 411/611 - Environmental Risk Management ENV 420 - Environmental Impact Analysis ENV 460/660 - Environmental Modeling ENV 480/680 - GIS for Environmental Management ENV 650 (proposed) - Energy Policy & Management ENV 470/670 (670 is proposed) - Energy Economics ENV 794X - Restoration Ecology ENV 703 - Environmental Law and Policy ENV 711 - Risk Assessment and Risk Management ENV 720 - Natural Resource Valuation JOUR 450 - Media Technologies and Society PAF 702 - Role of Government in Society PUA 725 - Policy Analysis and Program Evaluation PUA 756 - Policy Implementation William F. Harrah College of Hotel Administration HMD 395 – Facilities Management Howard R. Hughes College of Engineering CEE 413 - Water Resources Engineering CEE 795 - Special Topics: Hydraulic Machinery CEM 480/695 - Sustainable Construction CEM4XX (proposed) - Building Design for LEED Certification CEM 7XX (proposed) - Solar and Renewable Energy Capital Facility Projects EE 290 - Fundamentals of Electrical Engineering EE 320/L - Engineering Electronics EE 340/L - Introduction to Electrical Power Engineering EE 450/L - Solid State Devices EE 451/651 - Electronic and Magnetic Materials and Devices EE 452/652 - Introduction to Optical Electronics EE 453/653 - Introduction to Nanotechnology EE 495/695 - Photovoltaic Devices and Systems EE 4XX (proposed) - Introduction to Renewable Energy ECG 6XX (proposed) - Photovoltaic Devices and Systems EE 442/ECG 642 - Power Electronics ECG 740 - Computer Analysis Methods for Power Systems ECG 741 - Electric Power Distribution System Engineering ECG 742 - Power System Stability and Control ECG 757 - Electron Transport Phenomena in Solid State Devices EGG 150/450 - Introduction to Solar Energy Utilization I ME 311 - Engineering Thermodynamics ME 314/315 - Introduction to Heat Transfer ME 315 - Thermal Energy Lab ME 414/612 - Sizing Solar Energy Systems ME 415/615 - Design of Thermal Systems ME 418/618 - Air Conditioning Engineering Systems ME 419/619 - Advanced HVAC and Energy Conservation Systems MEG 705 - Conduction Heat Transfer MEG 707 - Radiation Heat Transfer MEG 711 - Advanced Thermodynamics MEG 714 - Computational Aspects of Solar Energy MEG 746 - Experimental Design and Analysis of Digital Process Control Systems MEG 714 - Computational Aspects of Solar Energy College of Sciences CHEM 122 – General Chemistry CHEM 241/L – Organic Chemistry I CHEM 421/621 - Physical Chemistry I CHEM 422/622 - Physical Chemistry II CHEM 431/631 - Advanced Inorganic Chemistry PHYS 181/L – Physics II – Electricity and Magnetism PHYS 182/L - Physics III - Fluids, Thermodynamics and Optics PHYS 461/661 – Light and Physical Optics PHYS 462/662 – Modern Optics and Photonics PHY 6XX (proposed) - Physics for Presidents and Leaders GEOL 110 - Global Warming GEOL 303 - Global Environmental Change GEOL 4XX/6XX (proposed) - Geothermal Systems GEOL 410/610 - Soil Classification and Resource Management GEOL 430/630 - Geographic Information Systems (GIS): Theory and Applications GEOL 446/646 - Geologic Application in Remote Sensing Research UNLV faculty, staff, and students are conducting research on a number of forms of clean and renewable energy. As previously mentioned, the university has acquired more than $99 million in research funding in the last decade for clean and renewable energy projects. As indicated in the attached research inventory and the pie chart below, research related to nuclear applications, such as radiochemistry, nuclear waste management, nuclear reactor and fuel designs, and other related research, comprise a significant portion of this funding. Building design, improvement of active and passive methods of energy conservation, and solar energy production for buildings is a strong emphasis. Solar energy research in other areas continues to grow as well, including solar cell materials; concentrated solar designs and testing; smart metering; energy storage; and design projects related to solar towers and fields. Federal funding for hydrogen research is diminishing significantly, resulting in decreasing funding for UNLV projects related to fuel cells and hydrogen storage. Biofuels research is growing in relation to new materials for biofuels processing, as well as algae-based fuels. The remaining projects focus on wind, water, lighting, and infrastructure research and development. UNLV Renewable Energy Research Funding by Area of Study, 2000-2010 Capital Projects/Institutional Practices Below is a summary of sustainability-related activities and projects undertaken or being planned by UNLV Facilities Management (FM) and UNLV Planning and Construction (P&C). UNLV’s Facilities Management has a long history of utilizing technology and improved practices to make the campus as efficient as possible within the limitations of funding and resources. In the 1980s, FM installed Energy Management Systems with the technology that was available. In the 1990s newer technologies were added in multiple buildings on the campus. More recently, even newer technologies and metering systems are continually being installed to improve energy efficiency, and turf reduction projects are being completed to improve water efficiency. All these efforts have resulted in not only reduced energy and water costs, but also have significantly reduced the UNLV greenhouse gas footprint. UNLV Planning and Construction has instituted a variety of sustainability practices relative to design and construction on campus. Recent updates include the development the UNLV Design, Construction, and Sustainability Standards that include provisions for USGBC LEED Silver Equivalency for major projects delivered by UNLV; the use of Energy Star-rated products when feasible; coordination of specific, sustainability-related activities (i.e., access to mass transit where feasible, coordination with recycling programs); the use of water-efficient fixtures and landscaping; and other measures. The following is a summary of recent accomplishments as well notable efforts that are in progress. ACCOMPLISHMENTS ENERGY/RESOURCE EFFICIENCY – Recent Capital Projects • Greenspun Hall received a Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Gold Certification rating with a photovoltaic array as part of a shade canopy structure being a significant feature. The following environmentally sustainable features were also incorporated into the design and construction of the building: Energy and Atmosphere o A photovoltaic (PV) array harnesses solar energy and offsets up to 30 percent of regulated energy consumption and 13 percent of the building’s total estimated energy consumption. o A chilled beam heating and cooling system was designed to reduce energy consumption in the building while still providing thermal comfort. o Light sensors automatically turn off lights when classrooms and offices are not in use. o Daylighting and natural and artificial lighting management systems are integrated into the building and its operation and control systems. Water Efficiency o Low-flow water fixtures in Greenspun Hall use more than 30 percent less water than required by the Energy Policy Act of 1992. o Water-efficient landscaping reduces potable water usage by 50 percent over conventional irrigation measures. Sustainable Site Design o Bicycle storage, shower facilities, and changing rooms encourage the use of alternative transportation. o The building was located to be in close proximity to mass transit service. o Site and roofing materials reduce heat absorption and minimize heat island effects on surrounding areas. o Interior and exterior lighting releases zero direct-beam illumination, creating more environmentally friendly spaces. Materials and Resources o At least 20 percent of construction materials were manufactured within a 500 mile radius, with 50 percent of those products harvested locally. o More than 75 percent of post-construction waste was diverted from landfills and recycled for other uses. o Approximately 50 percent of hardwood material used in the building was certified by the Forest Stewardship Council, which ensures the product was harvested from well-managed forests. o Dedicated space is provided for the storage and collection of recyclable materials. Indoor Environmental Quality o Carbon dioxide monitors placed throughout the building ensure indoor air quality. o Paints, adhesives, carpets, and composite wood used in the building have low amounts of volatile organic compounds. o The university has implemented a “green” housekeeping plan in the building that focuses on enhanced custodial training and the use of environmentally safe cleaning products. • The Science and Engineering Building received a LEED Silver Certification rating. The following environmentally sustainable features were incorporated into the design and construction of the building: Energy and Atmosphere o The energy performance of the building exceeds LEED minimum standards, and it was optimized to achieve a 20% savings over baseline building energy performance. o Light sensors automatically turn off lights when classrooms and offices are not in use. o Daylighting and natural and artificial lighting management systems are integrated into the building and its operation and control systems. o All base level HVAC and refrigeration equipment and fire suppression systems do not contain ozone depleting hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) or halons. Water Efficiency o A grey water recovery system has been installed as a part of the project to feed grey water to toilets and urinals, resulting in an estimated savings in the use of potable water by 165,000 gallons per year. This reduces the wastewater generation of the building by over 55%. o A 30% reduction in water use for the building was achieved for both domestic and landscape water use. Sustainable Site Design o The EnergySmart roof reduces the heat island effect of the building. Ninety-two percent of the solar energy that strikes the roof is reflected away, reducing the amount of energy needed to cool the building. o Interior and exterior lighting practices significantly reduce light pollution from the site. o A storm water management plan is in place to reduce the amount of runoff that occurs from the building. o Bicycle storage and shower/changing facilities close to the building encourage the use of alternative transportation. o The building was located to be in close proximity to mass transit service. Materials and Resources o o Over 26% of the project’s materials are locally manufactured construction materials or locally harvested materials and products. o More than 60% of post-construction waste was diverted from landfills and recycled for other uses. o More than 13% of the building materials include some measure of recycled content. o Dedicated space is provided for the storage and collection of recyclable materials. Indoor Environmental Quality o A carbon dioxide monitoring program was implemented with the building mechanical and controls systems. o Paints, adhesives, carpets and composite wood used in the building have low amounts of volatile organic compounds. o A hazardous material management and disposal program has been designed as a part of the building facilities and operations. o The university has implemented a “green” housekeeping plan in the building that focuses on enhanced custodial training and the use of environmentally safe cleaning products. ENERGY/RESOURCE EFFICIENCY – Facilities Campus-wide • In 2009, UNLV received NV Energy Sure Bet program rebates for new construction for the use of a variety of electrical efficiency technologies at the Science and Engineering Building, Greenspun Hall, the Student Union, and the Student Recreation and Wellness Center. These rebates amounted to $103,988. The NV Energy Sure Bet program provides rebates for the following items, many of which UNLV implemented in the aforementioned facilities: Occupancy sensors High-performance window glazing Variable speed drives Building commissioning services High-efficiency chillers Daylight dimming systems LEED certification goal and improvements over International Energy Conservation Code 2003 specifications • UNLV completed the Tropicana Parking Garage in August 2009 for occupancy. The design and construction of the garage included building infrastructure that allows for the future installation of rooftop parking canopies and photovoltaic panels on these canopies, with electrical distribution infrastructure to support these items. • A private foundation is constructing the Mendenhall Center at the UNLV Maryland Campus, which is targeting LEED Silver equivalency. • UNLV replaced the Football Practice Field artificial turf and worked with the design-build contractor to recycle the existing artificial turf for secondary uses at parks and recreation areas in Nevada. • Planning/design work is complete by NSHE/UNLV and the State of Nevada Public Works Board to build the Advanced Clinical Training and Research Center at the Shadow Lane Campus. The plan is to design and build to LEED Silver equivalency. The State of Nevada Public Works Board received $380,000 in ARRA funds to retrofit lighting and select HVAC/controls system components at the Flora Dungan Humanities Building. • Lighting retrofits are being conducted in existing campus buildings for higher- efficiency lighting systems. Additionally, a new standard for lighting in campus buildings has been developed that eliminates incandescent lighting in favor of Compact Fluorescent Lights and LED lighting. FM has some test sites for LED fixtures. • Light sensors have been installed in new and existing facilities that automatically turn off lights in many classrooms and offices when they are not in use. • Carbon dioxide sensor and controls have been installed to reduce energy use and maintain air quality in several UNLV facilities. • Chiller retrofits are being conducted on campus to install higher-efficiency chillers. • Higher-efficiency motors are being installed in various types of equipment in campus facilities. • Hydronic HVAC equipment, where applicable, is being optimized to condition for a temperature differential as opposed to target flow rates. • Programmable thermostats are being retrofitted to allow for set point management of temperatures based on conditions and occupancy. • Facility controls are being reprogrammed to optimize HVAC compressor operation on rooftop split-system units. • Eight buildings were upgraded with new energy management systems, and there are more scheduled in 2010 and beyond. Such systems are being implemented in existing buildings on campus as appropriate. • Skylights were installed in the Architecture Building for natural lighting and energy reduction. • Boilers are being replaced with more efficient units as needed. • Temperature settings in buildings are being increased in the summer and reduced in the winter to reduce electrical and natural gas use. WATER EFFICIENCY • About 138,000 square feet of turf was converted to desert landscaping in 2008 with an estimated water savings of over 7.5 million gallons of water, and more conversion is scheduled for 2011 and beyond. The overall estimated annual water savings due to projects completed since 2000 is over 55.9 million gallons. • Low-flow water fixtures are installed in facilities when practical. These use 20-30 percent less water than required by the Energy Policy Act of 1992. • A new water treatment contract is being solicited to obtain a more efficient water treatment system for boilers and cooling systems. This action should save water, extend the life of equipment, and improve efficiency. POLICIES AND PROCEDURES • UNLV’s President has signed the American College and University Presidents Climate Commitment in August 2008. As part of this commitment, UNLV has developed a baseline greenhouse gas inventory and is now developing a Climate Action Plan. The Climate Action Plan is being developed by a group of Law students who were selected to partner with the National Association of Environmental Law Society in developing this plan. • Sustainability policies and procedures were developed and implemented in 2008 and are ongoing. Emphasis was on energy efficiency, purchase, and use of only Energy Star products, and the LEED Silver equivalency program for new construction. • A greenhouse gas emissions tracking process is being implemented. • The university meets the federal requirement for alternative fuels by buying vehicles that use diesel or E85 fuel. Nearly all of UNLV maintenance fleet vehicles are electric: Out of a total of 201 vehicles, 147 are electric carts. Two are solar-powered carts; 21 are alternative fuel vehicles; and only 31 are traditionally fueled vehicles. Additionally, the university has some older propane/natural gas vehicles. The university also has several hybrid gas-electric vehicles. • Paints, adhesives, carpets, and composite wood used in buildings have low amounts of volatile organic compounds. • UNLV has implemented of a “green” housekeeping plan that focuses on enhanced custodial training and the use of environmentally safe cleaning products. • Last year, UNLV’s nationally recognized Rebel Recycling program recycled approximately 741 tons of material. • All major new building designs are to be built to LEED Silver equivalency, as practical and reasonable. • UNLV has purchased the Sustainability Tracking, Assessment, and Rating Systems software and is in the process of inputting required data for gauging progress toward sustainability. OTHER ITEMS • The Regional Transportation Commission of Southern Nevada, with UNLV’s support, was awarded a $2.76 million grant from the Federal Transit Administration Section 5309 Bus Livability Initiative Program to construct a Transit Center and related improvements on the UNLV Maryland Campus. The goal of the project is to increase service and access to mass transit at UNLV. LEED Silver certification will be sought for the constructed facilities; photovoltaic panels are planned as a potential part of the design. • UNLV Parking and Transportation Services is a participant in the Club Ride carpool program administered through the Regional Transportation Commission of Southern Nevada (RTC). Club Ride allows individuals traveling to and from work to do so more economically by sharing rides with others of their choosing. Members can sign up online and find information on carpool and vanpool partner selection, transit, walking, biking. • In Spring 2010, UNLV formed a Sustainability Council that serves as an advisory group for various sustainability efforts related to campus, research, education, and community engagement. This group, which reports to UNLV’s President, is co- chaired by the Director of Sustainability and Multidisciplinary Research and the Sustainability Coordinator at UNLV. NOTABLE SUCCESSES • From FY 2002 to FY 2010, buildings maintained and supported by FM have realized an overall energy and cost avoidance of over 683,000 MMBTu’s and more than $14 million. These savings, which are being realized due to the aforementioned actions, are ongoing and will continue to grow with new projects/measures. • From FY 2000 to FY 2010, buildings maintained and supported by FM have realized an overall water and cost avoidance of over 559,000 KGALs and more than $1,834,000. These savings, which are being realized due to the aforementioned actions, including turf reduction and water efficiency fixtures, are ongoing and will continue to grow with new projects/measures. In addition to these savings, since 2000, rebates totaling over $824,000 to help fund the projects were received from the Southern Nevada Water Authority. • The photovoltaic array at the LEED Gold-Certified Greenspun Hall has produced electricity at the average rate of about 292,000 KWh per year. At this rate of production the cost savings is approximately $29,000 per year. • In 2009, FM was honored with the Cashman Good Government Award from the Nevada Taxpayers Association. • In 2010, FM was again honored with the Award for Excellence in Facilities Management from APPA, a national organization of Education Facilities executives. NOTABLE EFFORTS IN PROGRESS • UNLV collaborated with the State of Nevada Energy Office in a renewable energy RFP with the goal of locating photovoltaic installations on the UNLV campus to produce renewable energy that would be provided to UNLV in a net metering arrangement. This RFP was issued in August 2010, and is in process. • UNLV is considering linking existing campus solar panel research infrastructure into a net metering arrangement at a UNLV facility, as feasible. • UNLV has submitted as a part of the State of Nevada 2011-2013 Capital Improvement Program the following projects with sustainability elements: o The conversion the UNLV electrical power system that operates at 4kV, to a 12kV system, which would reduce system line losses and increase efficiency, resulting in a reduction in electrical power consumption. o The replacement of a central district cooling plant that would operate more efficiently and reduce electrical power consumption to operate this central plant by an estimated of 15% or more.
"UNLVA Leader in Renewable Energy - Desert Research Institute"