Minority Ethnic Cultures in China by xiaopangnv

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									Let the Confucius Institute
Introduce You to China




         By Wang Xiaojun “Helen”
         Confucius Institute at UWP
 Prof. Xiaojun Wang (Helen)

 Visiting Professor of Confucius Institute at
    UWP
   Prof. of South-central University for
    Nationalities (Wuhan China)
   Association of Charted Certified Accountants
    (ACCA, UK) Affiliate
   Tel: 608 – 342 – 1474
   Email: wangx@uwplatt.edu
Jiuzhaigou, Sichuan(2005)
South-central University for Nationalities
(Wuhan China)
                   SCUN
                   http://www.scuec.edu.cn/
                   http://en.scuec.net/index.php
                   One of six higher education institutes
                    belonging to State Ethnic Affairs
                    Commission (SEAC)
                   More than 20 000 university students
                   Students, faculties and staffs come
                    from 54 ethnic groups
                   Tuition-free to Students majoring in
                    ethnology
                   Special canteen on campus
Confucius Institute at UWP
  Sponsored by the Office of Chinese Language Council
      International (Hanban)
     Co-op of SCUN and UWP
     More than 300 in the world, 56 in US
     Mission and Purpose
     Promote a better understanding of the Chinese language and
      culture among the people of the world;
     Develop friendly relationships between China and other
      countries;
     Accelerate the development of multiculturalism
      at the international level;
     Help bring about global peace and harmony.
Confucius
             Kong Qiu 孔丘
             Kongzi 孔子
             Kongfuzi 孔夫子
             Sept. 28, 551B.C. – 479 B.C.
             a Chinese thinker and social
              philosopher
Main Rites of Confucius
---- Analects of Confucius
 ren 仁,humaneness
 filial piety, xiao, 孝
 li 礼,ritual
 http://v.youku.com/v_show/id_XMzM5MTIwOTY=.ht
 ml
 55 Minority Ethnic
  Groups
 123m people
 9.44% of total
  population
 64% of national
  territory
 80 languages
 30 characters
Regional National Autonomy
 The People's Republic of China is a unitary
  multinational State created jointly by the people of all
  its 56 nationalities.
 Regional national autonomy means that the minority
  nationalities, under unified State leadership, practice
  regional autonomy in areas where they live in
  concentrated communities and set up organs of self-
  government for the exercise of the power of autonomy.
 It is a basic political system of the State.
Province level    Prefecture level County level      Township level
                    Prefectures      Counties          Townships
   Provinces       Autonomous       Autonomous          (ethnic)
                   prefectures       counties         Sumu (ethnic)
                  Prefecture-level County-level
 Autonomous            cities          cities
                                                         Towns
   regions        Sub-provincial Sub-prefecture-
                       cities       level cities
 Municipalities      Leagues        City districts     Subdistricts
    Special                           Banners
                                                     County districts
Administrative                      Autonomous
                                                       (defunct)
Regions (SARs)                       banners
   壮Zhuang
   满Man (Manchuria)
   回Hui
   苗Miao
   维吾尔Uygur
   彝Yi
   土家Tujia
   蒙古Menggu (Mongolia)
   藏Zang (Tibetan)
   布依Buyi
Miao Ethnic Group
                     8.94m
                      population
                     31% in
                      Guizhou
                      province
 Ancestor – Shen Long 、
  Chi You
 Miao language – 19 types
 Miao Characters
 Religions:
 - Nature worship           New Testament
 - Christianity
 - Catholicism
 Miao’s Calendar
 Sept-Dec : Miao’s New
  Year
 Flower mountain stanza
 - Jan 2-7 in Miao’s Lunar
  Calendar
 Colorful clothes
 Silver ornaments
 Songs and Dances
 – reed-pipe wind
  instrument
 http://www.youtube.co
  m/watch?v=14RqUu-
  2qPg
 Fish in Sour Soup
 glutinous rice wine
Hui Ethnic Group - Muslim
                     9.81m
                      population
                     Ningxia Hui
                      Ethnic Group
                      Autonomous
                      Region
 Language:
 - Mandarin + Arabic + Persian
 Script:
 - Arabic letters
 Religion:
 - Muslim
    - Allan
    - Ahung
 Muslim calendar
  Apr.6 –
 Ramadan Festival (Sept. – Oct. in Muslim calendar)
 Corban Festival (Dec.10 / Dec.19, 2008)
 Taboos:
 No pork
 Don’t greet somebody with left hand.
 No liquor / Alcohol
 No cigarettes
 No idol worship
Uygur Ethnic Group

                      8.39m
                       population
                      Xinjiang Uygur
                       Ethnic Group
                       Autonomous
                       Region
 Language:
 - Uygur language
 Script:
 - Uygur script
 Religion:
 - Muslim
 Colorful clothes:
 Sing and dance
 http://www.youtube.com/
 watch?v=hbCJyP0p3Xs
Mongolia Ethnic Group
                   5.81m
                    population
                   Inner Mongolia
                    Autonomous
                    Region
Language:
 - Mongolia language
Script:
 - Mongolia script
Mongolia’s Lunar
 Calendar
 - Tsagaan Sar
 Religion:
 - Lamaism
 Clothes
 Roasted whole lamb
 Fermented Horse
  Milk(Koumiss)
 Yurt
 lele cart
 Mongolia Long Tune / Urtiin Duu
  http://v.youku.com/v_show/id_X
  MjQ4NDAzNjg=.html
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v
  =XjLV0Nr9WZw&feature=related
 Nadamu Gathering
藏族 zang ethnic group (Tibetan)
                                        5.42m population
                                          - 2.42m (96.4%)
                                        in Tibet
                                        - Qinghai,
                                        Sichuan, Gansu,
                                        Yunan, etc.




  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OTaY9gvqRXI
青藏铁路环保的亮点
 Language:
 - zang language
 - Mandarin
 - English
 Script
 - zang
Religious Life of Zang Ethnic Groups
 Lamaism (Tibetan School of
  Buddhism)
 - Pilgrim
 - wheel of law
 clothes
 - Tibetan Robe
 - shirt
 - boot
 Tibetan Calendar
 - Lunar Calendar
 Feb. 25, 2009 - New Year in Tibetan Calendar
 Shoton Festival (Jun 30 – Jul 6, 2009)
 shoton, “yogurt”
 Tibetan Opera Play (17th century)




 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vmtf8hIa8-M
Travel in Tibetan area

 Bow
 za xi de le !(Tashi Delek! )
  扎西德勒 – Hello / Wish
  you good luck!
 hada (Kha bTags)
 Highland barley
 Buttered tea
 Glutinous rice cake
 Beef and lamb
Worship to the Nature
 Tibetan Snow Cock
 Eagle
 yak
 Both hands.


 No touch the head.
 No touch the ritual utensil.
 No meat of donkey, horse and dog.

								
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