Let the Confucius Institute Introduce You to China By Wang Xiaojun “Helen” Confucius Institute at UWP Prof. Xiaojun Wang (Helen) Visiting Professor of Confucius Institute at UWP Prof. of South-central University for Nationalities (Wuhan China) Association of Charted Certified Accountants (ACCA, UK) Affiliate Tel: 608 – 342 – 1474 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Jiuzhaigou, Sichuan(2005) South-central University for Nationalities (Wuhan China) SCUN http://www.scuec.edu.cn/ http://en.scuec.net/index.php One of six higher education institutes belonging to State Ethnic Affairs Commission (SEAC) More than 20 000 university students Students, faculties and staffs come from 54 ethnic groups Tuition-free to Students majoring in ethnology Special canteen on campus Confucius Institute at UWP Sponsored by the Office of Chinese Language Council International (Hanban) Co-op of SCUN and UWP More than 300 in the world, 56 in US Mission and Purpose Promote a better understanding of the Chinese language and culture among the people of the world; Develop friendly relationships between China and other countries; Accelerate the development of multiculturalism at the international level; Help bring about global peace and harmony. Confucius Kong Qiu 孔丘 Kongzi 孔子 Kongfuzi 孔夫子 Sept. 28, 551B.C. – 479 B.C. a Chinese thinker and social philosopher Main Rites of Confucius ---- Analects of Confucius ren 仁，humaneness filial piety, xiao, 孝 li 礼，ritual http://v.youku.com/v_show/id_XMzM5MTIwOTY=.ht ml 55 Minority Ethnic Groups 123m people 9.44% of total population 64% of national territory 80 languages 30 characters Regional National Autonomy The People's Republic of China is a unitary multinational State created jointly by the people of all its 56 nationalities. Regional national autonomy means that the minority nationalities, under unified State leadership, practice regional autonomy in areas where they live in concentrated communities and set up organs of self- government for the exercise of the power of autonomy. It is a basic political system of the State. Province level Prefecture level County level Township level Prefectures Counties Townships Provinces Autonomous Autonomous (ethnic) prefectures counties Sumu (ethnic) Prefecture-level County-level Autonomous cities cities Towns regions Sub-provincial Sub-prefecture- cities level cities Municipalities Leagues City districts Subdistricts Special Banners County districts Administrative Autonomous (defunct) Regions (SARs) banners 壮Zhuang 满Man （Manchuria） 回Hui 苗Miao 维吾尔Uygur 彝Yi 土家Tujia 蒙古Menggu (Mongolia) 藏Zang （Tibetan） 布依Buyi Miao Ethnic Group 8.94m population 31% in Guizhou province Ancestor – Shen Long 、 Chi You Miao language – 19 types Miao Characters Religions: - Nature worship New Testament - Christianity - Catholicism Miao’s Calendar Sept-Dec : Miao’s New Year Flower mountain stanza - Jan 2-7 in Miao’s Lunar Calendar Colorful clothes Silver ornaments Songs and Dances – reed-pipe wind instrument http://www.youtube.co m/watch?v=14RqUu- 2qPg Fish in Sour Soup glutinous rice wine Hui Ethnic Group - Muslim 9.81m population Ningxia Hui Ethnic Group Autonomous Region Language: - Mandarin + Arabic + Persian Script: - Arabic letters Religion: - Muslim - Allan - Ahung Muslim calendar Apr.6 – Ramadan Festival (Sept. – Oct. in Muslim calendar) Corban Festival (Dec.10 / Dec.19, 2008) Taboos: No pork Don’t greet somebody with left hand. No liquor / Alcohol No cigarettes No idol worship Uygur Ethnic Group 8.39m population Xinjiang Uygur Ethnic Group Autonomous Region Language: - Uygur language Script: - Uygur script Religion: - Muslim Colorful clothes: Sing and dance http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=hbCJyP0p3Xs Mongolia Ethnic Group 5.81m population Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Language: - Mongolia language Script: - Mongolia script Mongolia’s Lunar Calendar - Tsagaan Sar Religion: - Lamaism Clothes Roasted whole lamb Fermented Horse Milk(Koumiss) Yurt lele cart Mongolia Long Tune / Urtiin Duu http://v.youku.com/v_show/id_X MjQ4NDAzNjg=.html http://www.youtube.com/watch?v =XjLV0Nr9WZw&feature=related Nadamu Gathering 藏族 zang ethnic group （Tibetan） 5.42m population - 2.42m (96.4%) in Tibet - Qinghai, Sichuan, Gansu, Yunan, etc. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OTaY9gvqRXI 青藏铁路环保的亮点 Language: - zang language - Mandarin - English Script - zang Religious Life of Zang Ethnic Groups Lamaism (Tibetan School of Buddhism) - Pilgrim - wheel of law clothes - Tibetan Robe - shirt - boot Tibetan Calendar - Lunar Calendar Feb. 25, 2009 - New Year in Tibetan Calendar Shoton Festival (Jun 30 – Jul 6, 2009) shoton, “yogurt” Tibetan Opera Play (17th century) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vmtf8hIa8-M Travel in Tibetan area Bow za xi de le !(Tashi Delek! ) 扎西德勒 – Hello / Wish you good luck! hada (Kha bTags) Highland barley Buttered tea Glutinous rice cake Beef and lamb Worship to the Nature Tibetan Snow Cock Eagle yak Both hands. No touch the head. No touch the ritual utensil. No meat of donkey, horse and dog.
Pages to are hidden for
"Minority Ethnic Cultures in China"Please download to view full document