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經濟成長的迷思

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					東南亞發展議題




1
Overview

 Multifaceted—economic, social,
  political
 Absolute vs. relative

 Necessity and luxury




2
甚麼是發展?
What Is Development?




3
Development as Freedom

 Quality of Life--Resources, income,
  and capability
 Market—income, wealth and
  opportunities
 Institutions—private initiatives, public
  arrangement and nongovernmental
  organizations


4
Political Economy of
Development
 Developmental state,
  postdevelopment theory—Anti-
  western model
 Structural adjustment, institutions,
  state capacity
 Global political economy




5
Aid, Investment, Growth

 Aid to capital accumulation and,
  therefore, investment?
 Investment necessary for growth—
  short-run and long-run
 Machine, technology, and incentive




6
東南亞發展模式
(Southeast Asian
Model)




7
Does East Asian Model
Exist?
 Pro-investment macroeconomic
  policy—control the direction and
  pattern of investment
 Luxury-consumption control

 State discipline




8
Miracle or Mirage?

 Miracle Asia—developmental state
 Reform in Indochina (and Myanmar)

 Crisis Asia—the basis of growth




9
Alternative Development

 Internalizing the external
 Development and participation—
  lexicon
 Local and global
 Religion and culture—Buddhist and
  Islamic economics
 Community, livelihoods and the
  environment

10
當前東南亞發展所遭遇
的挑戰:歧異與治理
(Difference and
Governance)



11
Exclusion from Development

 A rise in poverty, esp. in urban
  poverty
 Identify the poor

 Income-poor or consumption-poor




12
Poverty reduction

 Missing out on rapid growth
 Inter-personal equity

 Intra-personal equity

 Poverty and the Asian economic crisis




13
Balancing the Space
Economy
 Intra-regional vs. inter-regional
  inequality
 Rural-urban inequalities

 The poverty (and wealth) of
  remoteness
 Decentralization

 The urban poor


14
Poverty and Economic
Reform in Indochina
 Regional inequality in Indochina
 Categorizing the poor




15
Rents, Rent-Seeking and
Development
 Rents signify inefficiency or
  efficiency/exploiting growth
  opportunities
 Rent-seeking to change rights and
  institutions
 Redistributive rents beneficial to or
  damaging developing countries


16
Corruption

 Allocation of public resources
 Relationship between the degree of
  corruption and economic performance
 Development ultimately reduce
  corruption




17
Patron-Client Exchanges

    Distribution of power within patron-
     client network




18

				
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posted:3/31/2013
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