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					Beijing, China


     No Longer the
     Forbidden City
   Beijing
Home of the 2008
Summer Olympics
                   Beijing

Click to
  visit Beijing.
                  Beijing
                    History
• Originally built by Kublai Khan 1260 - 1290
• Original name was Camubluc
• As Beijing (Chinese for northern capital), was the
  capital from 1421-1911
• Captured by Great Britain and France
• Boxer Rebellion in 1900 – aided
  by Americans, Japanese, and
  Europeans
                 Beijing
                   History
• Several civil wars between 1911 and 1927
• In 1928 name changed to Beiping, meaning
  northern peace
• Occupied by Japan in 1937 and returned to
  sovereignty in 1946 after WWII
• In 1948 became part of the Communist People’s
  Republic of China
• Name restored to Beijing in 1948
                  Beijing
                    History
• Click here to learn
  about Chinese history
  and government
                   Beijing
    Geography and Climate
• Flat land except for hills to
  the north, northwest and west of Beijing
• Mountains to the west known as
  Xishan
• Close to plains and the sea
• One of a few major cities in
  China that doesn’t border a river
• Climate is harsh – hot, humid
  summers and cold, windy, dry
  winters
                    Beijing
      Economy and Industry
• Great industrial area
   – Textile mills
   – Railroad repair shops
   – Machine shops
   – Chemical plants
   – Factories producing heavy machinery, electronics,
     locomotives, plastics, synthetic fibers
   – Large petrochemical industry
• Industry has created serious pollution problems
                             Beijing
        Economy and Industry
• Major agricultural crops are tea and rice
• Tourism growing due to
   – Chinese people’s love of travel and history
   – Relaxed restrictions on foreign travel

• Click to learn more
about Beijing’s industries
                  Beijing
              Points of Interest
• Forbidden City
   – Former emperors’ residence
   – Over 800 buildings

• Visit the

                 Forbidden City
                         Beijing
                Points of Interest
• Tiananmen Square
   – Monument to the heroes of the revolution
   – Great Hall of the People
• The Summer Palace
   – Built for Qing Dynasty’s dowager empress Cixi
   – Gardens have existed for over 800 years
• Hutongs
   – Oldest neighborhoods in Beijing – some built in Yuan Dynasty (1115-
     1234)
   – Small lanes forming mazes of small apartments built around a central
     courtyard
   – Siheyuan built along east-west or north-south axes according
               Beijing
        Points of Interest
• The Great Wall of China
• Built 2000 years ago during the Qin Dynasty
• Created to protect China from the invading
  Huns to the North
               Beijing
          Points of Interest
• One of the largest
  construction projects ever
  completed –over 5,000 km long
• Can be seen from space
• Visit the Great Wall of China
                      Beijing Quiz
• What did you learn?
  Take this quiz and click to the next slide for the
  correct answers.
   –   1. What is the capital of China?
   –   2. Where did the emperors of China live?
   –   3. What world famous fortification is north of Beijing?
   –   4. Who built the original city?
   –   5. Name four major industries of Beijing.
   –   6. What problem has the growth of industry created?
   –   7. Why has tourism increased in the last few years?
   –   8. What are the two main agricultural products of Beijing and China/
   –   9. Why was the Great Wall of China Built?
   –   10. What form of government exists in China?
                  Beijing Quiz
• Quiz Answers
   –   1. Beijing
   –   2. The Forbidden City
   –   3. The Great Wall of China
   –   4. Kublai Khan
   –   5. Textile mills, railroad repair shops, machine shops, chemical
       plants, factories producing heavy machinery, electronics, locomotives,
       plastics, and synthetic fibers, large petrochemical factories, tea and
       rice crops, and tourism
   –   6. Beijing has serious pollution problems
   –   7. The Chinese love to travel and have more money to do this now,
       and travel restrictions for foreign tourists have been relaxed.
   –   8. rice and tea
   –   9. to protect the Chinese from the invading Huns from the North
   –   10. China has a communist government.
                    References
• Beijing 2008 Olympics http://en.beijing2008.cn/
• Beijing Globe http://www.beijingglobe.com/
• Chinatown Online
  http://www.chinatownonline.co.uk/pages/culture/music.html
• People’s Daily Online http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/
• Postcards from China
  http://www.newton.mec.edu/Angier/DimSum/Postcards%20Lesso
  n.html
• The China Guide: Virtual Guide of Beijing
  http://www.thebeijingguide.com/
• United Streaming http://www.unitedstreaming.com
• Virtual Tour of the Great Wall of China
  http://www.chinavista.com/travel/greatwall/greatwall.html

				
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