photos by - Ben Sarle
Burlington Celebrates World Fair Trade Day
By Courtney Lang,
Demonstration Coordinator supporting Fair Trade and the local campaign. issues behind current market economies that
The Queen City’s first annual World Fair The initiative brings together businesses and the are suffering due to over produced and under
Trade Day Celebration may have witnessed a community to grow the Fair Trade movement priced commodities.
monsoon but the few moments of sunshine by increasing awareness of and demand for In July, the committee will be ready to
brought a wealth of positive vibes. Burlington’s Fair Trade products. Our motto is “Buy Fair, unroll the resolution to Burlington council
Fair Trade Town Committee, which is backed Buy Local” which stresses that the consumers members. We plan to present a full list of
by over 15 local businesses, organizations, and hold power within their dollar. By passing the Fair Trade products available in Burlington,
resolution, Burlington will choose to be fair to
individuals, planned this event to coincide
with the Farmers’ Market kickoff in City Hall all – local farmers, impoverished producers,
businesses who sell Fair Trade products, and
local organizations that support our efforts.
and ourselves. The trickiest step of the process
Park. World Fair Trade Day is an international
celebration of Fair Trade with events that take is to strengthen communities near and far.
Along with these lists will be a proclamation
addressing Fair Trade principles that can be
place in over 80 countries. While we were being What this means for Burlington becoming utilized by small farmers all over the world. City Market/Onion River Co-op has
graced with a performance by Burlington’s a Fair Trade Town is not to say that from now It will further state that we, as a city, support reached a major milestone. We are proud to
own Jeh Kulu Dance and Drum, Vermont on anything to be bought buying local and when that is not possible the report that we now have over 4,000 actively
U.S. Senator Bernie Sanders and Mayor Bob “events that or sold in this town has product is fair trade. participating members! Thanks to all of you.
Kiss stopped by to show their support. To Remember that by being a member, you
document the success of our event we gathered
take place to be certified fair trade. If you would like to support our initiative,
become an owner of a cooperative whose
Instead we want local look for a date in July’s Onion Skin, as City
approximately 75 people in the rain for a Fair in over 80 businesses and farmers existence strives to be central to a thriving and
Council meetings are open to the public.
Trade Coffee Break, cheers to that! countries” to use this as a marketing Thanks again to our World Fair Trade Day
healthy community where consumers have local
Burlington’s Fair Trade Town Committee, and educational tool. As access to progressive social, environment and
volunteers and all who support our mission of
of which City Market has played a key role, the committee continues to move forward, healthful choices and where residents enjoy an
making Burlington the next Fair Trade Town.
has been working since February 2009 for the we will hold workshops, discussion panels and enhanced quality of life, all while strengthening
events in an effort to educate local consumers. For more information about the the local food system. We are so thankful to be
official designation of Fair Trade Town. With
In doing so, local businesses that support fair Burlington Fair Trade Town Committee, go to a part of this wonderful community!
four out of five goals accomplished, the final
trade will be able to raise awareness of the our Web site at www.CityMarket.coop.
step is to have City Council pass a resolution
Tour de Farm Preview Vitamin K Benefits Co-op Member Meeting Photos June Events
Page 3 Page 5 Page 6 back page
City Market, Onion River Cooperative, Your Community-Owned Grocery Store
82 S. Winooski Avenue, Burlington VT 05401
We welcome EBT, CAT$cratch, Knight & CCCash Cards and manufacturers’ coupons
Open 7 a.m. - 11 p.m. every day 802-861-9700 www.citymarket.coop
RETURN SERVICE REQUESTED
this supply should prove invaluable. While we way (aside from expensive laboratory test).
Pandemic hope a pandemic does not come to pass it still That is by smell. In my ten years teaching in
1. Voluntary and Open Membership
Planning—Part Two makes tremendous good sense to be using
grains and legumes regularly as the foundation
culinary school one of the hardest tasks was
to train students to train and trust their nose. 2. Democratic Member Control
By Clem Nilan, of one’s diet. The trouble with this technique is that not 3. Member Economic Participation
General Manager In approaching the question of storage everyone perceives the smell of rancidity the 4. Autonomy and Independence
The Vermont Health Commissioner, Dr. we need to understand the structure and same way. For most people, rancid grains smell
like crayons. Go through pantry and see if
5. Education, Training and Information
Wendy Davis, has advised Vermonters they composition of the seed of the grain. There is 6. Cooperation Among Cooperatives
may not be able to go out in public during a the germ at the base which is the embryo of the you can find some. Find a metaphor (crayons)
pandemic. For up to two weeks. Dr. Davis new plant. The majority of the grain consists and use it fearlessly. Rancid grains should be 7. Concern for Community
recommends preparing for a pandemic by of endosperm. Endosperm is carbohydrate disposed of.
stocking our pantry, buying the dried food rich storage cells intended to feed the germ as Rancidity is much less an issue with
items we stock in our bulk department. “A lot it sprouts and grows. The germ and endosperm legumes. Energy is saved mostly in the form of
of the items on our list are dried foods, things are covered with a tough protective layer known carbohydrates, with the exception of soybeans
Board of Directors
that have a long shelf life.’’ as the bran. and peanuts (yes peanuts are a legume- not a Donna Bister - 658-4562
It makes sense to understand the history The germ and bran contain practically true nut). Susan Munkres - Susannah3@gmail.com
and use of grains and legumes, the role they play all of the oil, vitamins and fiber of the grain. To control rancidity Co-op members Nathan Caswell - 347-277-7129
in nutrition as well as safe storage techniques. From very early times grains have been milled need to be familiar with the enemies of oil and Adele Dienno - 862-2595
In the history of our species a romantic to remove the bran and germ to make it easier fats. The big culprits are heat and light. We Rachel Jolly - 863-6390
notion pictures early humans hunting down to cook and eat. At first can protect our whole grains by keeping them Wayne Warnken - firstname.lastname@example.org
it was done by smashing away from both. A refrigerator or freezer is a
the woolly mammoth. Food anthropologists a potential grain under a rock. Today great place to store whole grains. At my house
Alan Matson - email@example.com
tell us a different story. The survival of the Nancy Nesbitt - firstname.lastname@example.org
species had more to do with gathering grains
storage there are industrialized we always store our whole wheat flour in the
Molly O’Brien - email@example.com
and legumes. Somewhere around 10,000 years problem methods that get the fridge. Whole grains can be kept at least one
job done. The majority to two months in a cool place or longer in a
ago with the advent of agriculture these grains with whole of the grains consumed refrigerator.
(cereals, plants in the grass family, i.e. rice,
wheat, barley) and legumes (bearing seeds in grains today have had their bran Keep grains out of sunlight. Grains may Onion Skin Editorial Staff
a pod, i.e., beans, lentils) were brought under and germ removed. Food look really pretty in a jar on the shelf, but they
processors love how Editor : Nicole Fenton
a modicum of human control. Continuing will fare better if kept in a dark closet or in a
processed grains (bran and germ removed) Production Coordinator : Nicole Fenton
until even today, grains and legumes continue refrigerator. You have to train your nose. Trust
to supply the bulk of calories ingested by the last indefinitely. In the kitchen, hurried cooks your nose. Make sure you give grains a sniff Layout: Aaron Toth
human race. appreciate their shortened cooking times. test both when you buy them from the bulk Illustration : Aaron Toth, Becky Rouleau
A great advantage grains and legumes The Achilles’ heel of processed food is department and again before you cook them.
have over poultry, meat and dairy products are their diminished nutritional value. One of the Rotate your grains- use the first in first out
their ability to resist spoilage. This is not to say silver linings of the recession is the rediscovery rule. It doesn’t make a lick of sense to buy a Advertising Information:
they can’t spoil, as will shortly be addressed. of the Bulk Food department at City Market. 50 pound bag of brown rice that you intend to
The sale of whole grains and legumes is way, use for a whole year and then have to discard For an ad information sheet,
The disadvantage is that with the exception of
super grains like quinoa, most are incomplete way up. I believe this is a fundamental re- part of it. please e-mail Nicole Fenton at
sources of protein and must be combined setting of the values of many Co-op members. Storage quantities will depend on your
with complementary foods or small sources of Members are rediscovering the joy of cooking household size. Consult a Bulk staff person (City Market members receive
animal product to form complete proteins. whole grains and their hearty complex flavors if you need help. Here’s a list of grains and a discount on ads.)
in addition to nutritional benefits and value. I legumes that I keep on hand for my cooking.
There are several advantages in moving much prefer whole grains in my cooking for
from a meat diet to a plant-based diet. both their flavor and their nutrition. • steel cut oats (my favorite breakfast)
It’s cheaper to feed one’s family this way. The Onion Skin is the official newsletter of
There is a potential storage problem with • brown rice
Ecologically, counting calories in and calories The Onion River Cooperative. Submission
whole grains. This mostly has to do with the • Gleason Grains whole wheat deadline is the 5th of the month prior to
out, it is more efficient to produce plant calories
and then meat calories. Grains and legumes oil content contained in the bran and the germ pastry flour publishing (e.g., May submissions due
are a source of a wide range of vitamins and along with vitamins and minerals. Oils can go April 5th). Submissions are encouraged and
• French lentils
minerals that keep us healthy. bad. Because plant oils are overwhelmingly may be edited for clarity, style, or length.
unsaturated, they are more chemically • local cormeal
So having a supply of grains and legumes The editorial staff reserves the right to
susceptible to degrading than saturated fats • quinoa
on hand in one’s larder makes a tremendous accept or reject articles. Views expressed are
(fats that are solid at room temperature, e.g.,
amount of sense. Compared to purchasing and • green split peas those of each individual author and do not
animal fats and hydrogenated fats). Whole
storing other foods, “putting up” enough grains • chickpeas necessarily reflect City Market policy.
grains can and do spoil more quickly than
and legumes to last several weeks is relatively processed grains. When oil spoils we call this • black beans
straightforward. Should a Co-op member find rancidity. Co-op members need to be able to
him or herself homebound due to a pandemic, • whole wheat couscous
identify rancidity. There is only one practical
Co-op Member Worker Opportunities 3. The Youth Farm: For eight weeks, 15
Community Outreach 1. The Gleaning Project: teens and Member teens will be paid a stipend to grow and
Partner: Healthy City Workers work side-by-side to harvest harvest produce while attending workshops The next Board
produce that would otherwise go to waste to prepare them for future employment.
Healthy City - a youth farm and from neighboring farms and distribute it to For more information on Member Worker meeting is
community food security program located in non-profits serving families in need. times at Healthy City, check out the Member
Burlington’s Intervale – is gearing up once
2. The Burlington School Food Project: Worker Binder at the Customer Service desk or
6 p.m. to 9 p.m.
again for a busy season filled with plenty contact Brianna Farver at Brianna@intervale.
of vegetables and sunshine. And as always, A farm to school program that connects
org or 802-660-0440 x111. To learn about
June 22, 2009
there are many opportunities for City Market students and their families with whole,
Co-op Member Workers to get involved fresh, and local foods to improve the health becoming a Co-op Member Worker, sign up
for a Member Worker Orientation held each
through three project areas. Co-op Member of our community. This year Healthy
Workers earn a 7% discount for two hours City is growing 1,000 pounds of beans week on Wednesday and Friday. City Market
for the schools and processing additional
of work each month and a 12% discount for
four hours. vegetables weekly. Conference Room.
2 The Onion Skin June 2009
“Sweet Melissa” can be used to prevent herpes flare ups and
June Herb of the Month Lemon Balm – also to lessen the effects. It is used internally, in
Melissa officinalis tea or tincture form, and topically lemon balm
By Cristi Nunziata, reduces the symptoms and promotes healing
Herbal Education Coordinator of cold sores.
If you’ve ever tasted lemon balm, you If Lemon Balm isn’t already one of your
know that is one of the most delicious favorite herbs, once you experience its calming
Colette’s EcoSmart herbs! Luckily, it, like all mint family plants, is effects and unique flavor, it’s likely to top your
list. As abundant as this plant is in the garden,
incredibly easy to grow. Mint-family plants are
Lawn & Yard City Market’s identifiable by square stems
calmative and opposite leaves, but more
you’ll find Lemon Balm is also quite abundant
at City Market. If you’d like to grow lemon
Lawn and yard care services as delivered
by today’s models are significant contributors
Tour de Farm: to both importantly by their minty balm, seeds from High Mowing Organic Seeds
are available in the Produce department.
to greenhouse gases and other pollutants. Shelburne Preview adults and flavor and by their abundance
in the garden. Lemon balm The plants, from Red Wagon Plants, are
The impact of noise caused by the myriad children is distinguishable from other
By Courtney Lang, also sold in Produce. The dried herb, used for
of combustion-engined tools used for yard
Demonstration Coordinator mints by a subtle lemony tea or culinary recipes, is located in the Bulk
maintenance is noticeable and intrusive.
taste. Lemon Balm is so tasty that it’s easy to Medicinal section. In Wellness, there are an
Colette’s EcoSmart Lawn & Yard Services City Market’s Tour de Farm will take take on a regular basis and it greatly benefits array of products such as Wise Ways Lemon
offers an alternative model. They pledge to adventurous eaters right to the source of their the body in many ways. Balm Cream and tinctures by Grian Herbs and
use tools that are emission free and less noisy. food celebrating local farmers and the art of
Lemon Balm is calmative to both adults Herb Pharm. Also, to learn more about this
Their lawn mowers are powered by batteries, sustainable cultivation. An extra special day will
and children. Overstressed people who suffer plant check out City Market’s book section,
which in turn are charged through electricity be held to combine the love of cycling and the
from nervousness, butterflies in the stomach, where you’ll find many reference books on
supplied by renewable sources. love of agriculture to create the Tour de Farm:
headaches, or depression might consider medicinal herbs. The best way to learn about
Colette’s EcoSmart Lawn & Yard Service Shelburne. Participants will reconnect with the this plant, though, is first-hand, so may the
agricultural landscapes of Shelburne and the giving lemon balm a try. Over-excited babies
will transport the tools and labor for mowing lemon balm be abundant in your garden
food grown locally and seasonally within our and children will also enjoy lemon balm tea,
to your home using a full electric light truck. this year!
region all while riding their bicycles. especially for the relief of colic, teething,
That is their carbon neutral pledge: We offer
irritability, and sleeplessness. Lemon Balm- Licorice Infusion
yard care services using battery powered tools In mid-July City Market’s third Farm Tour
and a full-electric truck, charged through the will head south; with up to five locations to Lemon Balm also has antiviral properties, This is delicious served cold in the summer
electric grid, with energy supplied back to the visit including Shelburne Orchards, Shelburne making it a useful tea for flu prevention. time.
grid using renewables. Farms, Shelburne Vineyards, and New Village Because of its antiviral properties and its 5 TBS Lemon Balm
Farm. Offering a day packed with guided tours affinity for the nervous system, Lemon Balm is
If you would like help maintaining 1 TBS Licorice root
to view cider pressing, cheese making and wine commonly used for the Herpes virus. Herpes
your outdoor space and wish to do it with a
making you’ll be meeting some of the people is a virus that lies dormant in the nervous Pour hot water over herbs in a quart Mason
service provider who truly loves the great
behind the food that you have been enjoying all system, and often flares up during cold and flu jar and let sit for at least 40 minutes. Strain
outdoors and wants to help make a difference,
these years at City Market! Space will be limited season and during stressful times. Lemon Balm and enjoy.
call Colette’s at 802-324-7336 or online at
www.colettesecosmart.com. and sign up will begin in July, so keep your eyes
peeled for the next edition of the Onion Skin
Throughout the month of June, City
where all the details will be shed!
Market Co-op Members can enter to win a $50
gift certificate. Stop by Customer Service to Feel free to connect with Tour de Farm:
enter today! Shelburne Coordinator Courtney Lang at
802-861-9753 or firstname.lastname@example.org for
New Butterworks Farm Buttermilk
By Caroline Homan,
Food Education Coordinator
Shoppers now have another product to the butterfat solidifies and separates from the
select from Jack and Anne Lazor of Butterworks liquid). Women sometimes washed their faces
Farm, best known for their Butterworks Farm with it, because the small flecks of butter that
yogurt and heavy whipping cream. The family remained in the liquid made their skin smooth
farm has been experimenting with diverse and soft. But if you want really moist and
crops, bringing us our favorite local cornmeal tender baked goods, buttermilk is the secret.
and dried beans in season, as well as fresh- Since buttermilk has a tangy flavor and is Mow Down Pollution Lawn Mower Exchange
pressed sunflower oil. Now they have turned slightly acidic, buttermilk recipes call for a bit
their attention back to dairy, with fresh, nonfat
cultured buttermilk from their herd of Jersey
of baking soda in the batter. The baking soda
is alkaline and reacts with the acid, forming
was a Green Success!
bubbles of carbon dioxide. As the batter bakes, By Christine Parlia,
cows. The taste is cool and refreshing for
the bubbles expand and give the recipe - be it Outreach Coordinator
the summertime, and tastes delicious in salad
dressing for greens and coleslaw, smoothies, biscuits, pancakes, or muffins - that special lift It’s become an annual tradition at City Market to encourage local residents to help Mow
ice cream, and lest we forget that June favorite as well as bit of tanginess. Down Pollution by exchanging a gas-guzzling, air-polluting, lawn mower for a battery-powered
– buttermilk biscuits! Look for the pint-size containers of mower. Teaming up for the third year in a row with Neuton Mowers, 113 battery-powered mowers
Butterworks Farm yogurt in the Perishables were sold on Saturday, April 25.
Back when people churned their own
butter, buttermilk was the liquid that remained cooler. For recipe ideas, check out the recipe In addition, working in connection with partner All Cycle, 82 gas-powered mowers were
after the butter was made (you can try this cards inside. For more information on collected and recycled for free, bringing the total mowers recycled over the past three years to 201.
yourself if you take a pint of Butterworks Butterworks Farm and other local vendors, That’s a reduction of over 16,000 pounds of carbon dioxide in our atmosphere each year.
Farm heavy whipping cream and pour some check out www.CityMarket.coop. Special thanks to our partners: Neuton, 10% Challenge, All Cycle, Central Vermont Public
into a glass jar and shake it vigorously until Service, Green Mountain Power Company, and Burlington Electric Company.
The Onion Skin June 2009 3
Customer Comments: Partnering with
Dear City Market,
Please let it be known that #5 plastic (yogurt, etc) is
recyclable in this county. Thanks. It is a relatively new
(1-2 years) policy.
City Market on
By Stephen Alajajian, Jessica Bean, and
Dear Anonymous, This past semester, we three students in
Thank you for your comment and the
June’s CAP Sales Dietietics at UVM had the chance to take a
leap into our future field by teaching food and
information. I’m sure our customers
appreciate knowing what types of items can
Flyer Featured nutrition classes to people spanning several
generations. Meeting every few weeks with
be recycled. You can also find out more at
Chittenden Solid Waste District’s Web site at
Recipe Caroline Homan, Food Education Coordinator
Sample this recipe in store on Thursday, at City Market, we learned a lot about the
June 11, at 12:30 p.m. Bulk department and eating on a budget and View from Ninety
Dear City Market, incorporated these ideas into the classes we
Chimichurri Sauce By Carol L. Winfield,
taught at three local agencies: the Lund Family
How about adding into the cheese labels, instead of (For grilled chicken, beef, or vegetables) City Market Member
Center, the Joseph’s House, and the Boys and
contains milk, but rather, contains cow’s milk, sheep’s
Chimichurri is a thick, highly seasoned and Girls Club. Our goal was to help the Campus
milk, or goat’s milk. It matters to some people.
slightly spicy South American herb sauce made Kitchens project at the University of Vermont
Anonymous of finely chopped parsley and garlic. It is easy develop teaching relationships with these Lost
to make and traditionally served with grilled community organizations to help increase food Oh for goodness gracious sakes
Dear Anonymous, knowledge and access in our community (the
meats and poultry, but also tastes great on What am I to do?
Thank you for your comment. We’ve used icons grilled vegetables. Makes 4 -6 servings. Campus Kitchens project cooks meals with
in the past to differentiate the type of milk, recovered cafeteria food in the dining kitchens My mind has gone entirely blank
but they were often hard to decipher with the and engages student volunteers to cook and And I have a column that’s due!
small size of the cheese signs. We’ll continue • 1 cup flat leaf parsley, chopped and serve these meals at the Food Shelf). I don’t mean for a minute
to review how to best communicate the type finely packed
The classes were tailored to the individual I don’t mean for a day.
of milk included in each cheese product. You • ½ cup red wine vinegar needs of each non-profit organization,
can always ask our knowledgeable Cheese but all the classes stressed using nutritious My mind has gone completely blank
• 3 cloves fresh garlic
dept. staff, they would be happy to answer foods that are easily accessible. At Lund For a week I’ve found nothing to say!
any questions! • ½ cup olive oil
Family Center, young mothers learned new
• ¼ cup fresh oregano, chopped recipes that use foods available through WIC
Dear City Market, Am I growing gently senile?
• 1 lemon, zest and juice (zest and the importance of children’s nutrition
Compost for the people! Why not in the eating area? optional) and healthy food choices. At the Joseph’s Gone quite over the hill?
Sincerely, House, participants practiced cooking using
• ½ teaspoon ground cumin Has my brain decided to vanish
foods available at the Food Shelf and local
B. Ottman • ½ teaspoon paprika or smoke When there’s yet a column to fill?
gardens. At the Boys and Girls Club, children
Dear B. Ottman, paprika demonstrated making kid-friendly foods with It isn’t exactly pleasant.
• ½ teaspoon salt a nutritional twist.
Thanks for your suggestion. We would love It certainly wasn’t planned
to have compost bins in the Café area, but • Ground black pepper to taste City Market played a critical role in
But here I am with Writer’s Block
the Vermont Department of Health prohibits advising the students in planning the classes
Instructions And a brain filled only with sand.
it currently. We’ll add a compost bin if and supplying resources. In the future, we
that changes! Using a food processor or blender, process all hope that further collaborations between
ingredients until well-blended – chunky, like City Market and college students will continue
There isn’t time, there isn’t time!
pesto, rather than smooth. Serve on grilled to benefit the Burlington community in
chicken, steak or vegetables. Enjoy! increasingly exciting ways. And there’s much I want to impart
About the Annual Meeting
But I’ve no inkling where even to start
It isn’t that nothing happened
It isn’t that I was bored
It’s just that now, with a deadline to fill
My brain’s been thoroughly gored.
Want to apply for
a job at City Market? I ask you all to forgive me
To recognize my plight.
Help us be green by filling out an To pretend this lapse did not happen
application online. It’s easy to do. By July she’ll have seen the light.
1. Go to www.CityMarket.coop
Please bear with me.
2. Click on Work with Us
I’m in a dreadful, most terrible fix
3. Click on Open Positions
Just remember you’re all at the top of
4. Complete and submit your my Queue when signing on for Netflix!
If you need assistance, contact the Human
Resources Department at 802-861-9739.
4 The Onion Skin June 2009
Vitamin K and Bone Health:
“Got Leafy Greens?”
By Dr. Robert Luby,
City Market Member
You are undoubtedly aware of the fermented foods. These bacteria are collectively
importance of Vitamin D and calcium for known as probiotics. Therefore, you may
maintaining healthy bones. But new research increase your Vitamin K levels by taking
points to Vitamin K as being equally, if not probiotic supplements and by consuming
more important for bone health. Vitamin K the following types of fermented foods:
has long been known as a crucial factor for the miso, kimchi, sauerkraut, natto, and tempeh.
appropriate clotting of blood, as for instance, Correspondingly, courses of antibiotics taken
to stop the bleeding from a wound. Emerging for infectious illnesses will wipe out these
research indicates that newly discovered helpful bacteria, thus lowering your levels
functions of Vitamin K will necessitate a of Vitamin K. It is reasonable to consider
revision upwards of the currently established taking probiotic supplements and consuming
recommended daily intakes. fermented foods whenever antibiotics
On a biochemical level, the purpose of are necessary.
Vitamin K in the body is to assist enzymes in You may also indirectly assist the Vitamin
“carboxylation.” Carboxylation is the process K production by these probiotic bacteria by
of adding one carbon, one hydrogen, and two consuming “prebiotics”. Prebiotics are food
oxygen atoms to a recipient molecule. The for the probiotic bacteria. Foods high in
end result is the activation or inactivation of prebiotic nutrients include: bananas, berries,
that molecule. In order to make healthy bones, asparagus, garlic, wheat, oatmeal, barley (and
Vitamin K is necessary for the carboxylation other whole grains), flax seed, tomatoes,
of a bone protein known as “osteocalcin”. Jerusalem artichoke, onions and chicory, greens
Carboxylated, but not uncarboxylated, (especially dandelion greens but also spinach,
osteocalcin is able to bind calcium and collard greens, chard, kale, mustard greens,
incorporate it into the bone matrix. Therefore, and others), and legumes (lentils, kidney beans,
if your Vitamin K levels are insufficient, you chickpeas, navy beans, white beans, black
will not be able to make healthy new bone no beans, etc.)
matter how much calcium you have.
City Market carries many Vitamin-K
Vitamin K levels in the blood are not a containing foods, fermented foods, and
reliable estimate of the total body stores of prebiotics in the produce and refrigerated
Vitamin K. Therefore, the best assessment sections. Many types of probiotic supplements
of the need for Vitamin K is to measure the are available in the HABA section. So, if you
amount of undercarboxylated osteocalcin in want to have healthy bones, don’t just drink
the blood. This test is not available through your milk, take care of your intestinal bacteria
most conventional medical offices, but is and eat your green leafy and cruciferous
beginning to be available from integrative vegetables!
practitioners and specialty laboratories. This
test is a valid way of determining your future
risk of osteoporosis (weak bones) and bone Archives of Internal Medicine 2006, vol 166;
Vitamin K is present in many healthy Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 2007, vol 22(4);
foods. Therefore, the best way to ensure
healthy bones is to include generous amounts Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 2003 (62);
of the following foods in your diet (roughly in
descending order of Vitamin K content): kale,
collards, spinach, turnip greens, beet greens,
PLoS Medicine 2008, vol 5(10); e196 Don’t Forget Dad!!
Nutrition 2001, vol 17(11-12); 1024
mustard greens, Brussels sprouts, broccoli,
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2001, vol
Father’s Day is Sunday, June 21.
onions, dandelion greens, chard, cabbage,
cauliflower, avocado, and kiwi. 55(4); 221-222 Pick up delicious City Market burgers or local steaks and
Interestingly, Vitamin K is also produced
Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 2000, vol 15(3);
fire up that grill in honor of dear-old Dad!
by beneficial bacteria in our intestines and in
City Market Farm Feature: Arethusa Collective Farm Happy Father’s Day!
By Courtney Lang,
One of the longest-running farm As we move toward the plush Vermont
operations located within the 120 acres of growing season be sure to check out
Burlington’s Intervale is Arethusa Collective City Market produce shelves this month for
Farm. Formerly the site of Green Mountain Boy kale, and lettuce fresh from the farm. The
Ethan Allen’s homestead, Arethusa occupies 13 certified organic vegetable farm will also have
acres and runs as a cooperatively owned farm. rhubarb, cucumbers, zucchini, beets, carrots,
Founder Thomas Cane purchased the land leeks, winter squash and more as summer
after moving from Bakersfield, Vermont in months turn into fall. Catch the farmers once
2002 and since then Benner Dana and Danielle a week at the Burlington Farmers’ Market on
Allen have joined as cooperative owners. The Saturdays in City Hall Park.
farm is unique in its running model and urban Check out www.citymarket.coop for more
location, but also because they hand harvest farm features.
their entire yield and distribute the majority
within 10 miles.
The Onion Skin June 2009 5
Member Meeting and Brunch
6 The Onion Skin June 2009
Ask the Health Genie
What is the recent buzz about Vitamin D? Should I consider adding this D/d and determine whether this dose is well tolerated, induces an
to my daily regimen? I’m trying hard to lose weight and keep my bones increase in circulating Vitamin D levels and has any additional
strong. I do take a multivitamin - I am in my mid forties, am currently health benefits (improved bone markers, Crohn’s disease activity
about 30 pounds overweight and have a mild case of IBS…Puzzled but scores, inflammatory markers).
determined. Please help. Michael Holick, a Vitamin D expert in the Department
of Endocrinology, Nutrition, and Diabetes at Boston University
Dear Puzzled: Medical Center New England Journal of Medicine recently reviewed
There are some significant risk factors for you the abundant and convincing laboratory and clinical research
associated with your current state of health, so therefore that supports the role of adequate Vitamin D levels both
consideration of additional Vitamin D is a good idea. in bone health and in cutting the risk of chronic
disease, including many cancers. Here are two of his
Wine Picks for It is interesting that you query about issue with IBS
(Irritable Bowel Syndrome). There is a fascinating points to keep in mind:
Under $10 study at Penn State that started in May, due 1. Unfortunately most Americans are Vitamin
D and calcium deficient. For individuals that
to the fact that the incidence of autoimmune
In June we are featuring Australian diseases like inflammatory bowel disease (IBS) are elderly, at high risk for obesity and those
wines at great prices that are perfect to kick has increased in developed countries over the who have little or no sun exposure you may be
off backyard barbeque season! Wolf Blass last 50 years. particularly deficient. Studies were conducted
Their proposal states that decreased in both Europe and in the U.S., and preliminary
Chardonnay, on sale in June for $8.99, is estimates of insufficiency in Vitamin D levels
outdoor activity and increased pollution and
light and fresh with tropical aromas, green diets that lack adequate Vitamin D have combined among those studied range from 40 percent to 100
apple and lime notes and hints of oak and to create large fluctuations in Vitamin D status in percent of participants.
spice that pair well with hearty and flavorful developed countries and especially in populations that 2. To avoid Vitamin D deficiency, Holick recommends
experience winter. The Vitamin D hypothesis proposes that that most adults take 800 to 1,000 IU of Vitamin D
foods. Try it with grilled shrimp.
Vitamin D regulates the development and function of the immune daily. Under certain circumstances—like pregnancy, obesity, or
Banrock Shiraz, another customer system and that change in Vitamin D status affect the development particular forms of kidney or gastrointestinal disease—the ideal dose
favorite, is on sale for only $5.99 in June. of the resultant immune response and the development of diseases might double.
like IBS. I hope this information is useful to you. Remember to stop
A lighter bodied Shiraz, Banrock is a good
The study goes on to say that because of low dietary Vitamin by the Co-op for a wide variety of dosages (in additional to vegan)
choice for a warm weather red. Fruity and dry Vitamin D2 & Vitamin D3.
D intakes and malabsorption of many nutrients, Crohn’s patients
with just a little spice, it is smooth enough to will have low circulating Vitamin D levels that are detrimental
sip on its own and is also great with burgers for their health. Crohn’s patients will receive 1000 IU of Vitamin Health Genie
or barbequed chicken. Delicious!
“When I graduated from school, I also graduated from my parents’
health plan. I’m a snowboarder, so I didn’t want to go uncovered.
A broken leg could cost me 50 thousand dollars!
Fortunately, Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Vermont teamed up with the State to offer
me Catamount Blue. I only pay $60 dollars a month* and the coverage is awesome.”
If you’ve just left school or lost your job, Catamount Blue could be for you.
Visit www.bcbsvt.com/catamountblue or call (888) 445-5805.
www.bcbsvt.com * For applicants who qualify for premium assistance from the State of Vermont
The Onion Skin
BCBSVT_OnionSkin-June09.indd 1 June 2009 7
5/7/2009 7:35:49 PM
June Fill-a-Truck for Hunger Food Drive Herbal medicine for outdoor
June 1, 1:00 – 6:00 p.m. enthusiasts with Guido Masé
Help your neighbors in need this summer June 22, 5:30 - 6:30 p.m.
Product Sampling by donating a non-perishable food item and Fill Learn some simple recipes for salves,
a Truck for Hunger. The food will be donated infused oils, and other remedies featuring
June 2 – Produce Day to the Vermont Foodbank and the Chittenden local medicinal herbs that can help with the
11:00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m. Emergency Food Shelf. Staff will be on hand common cuts, scrapes, bites, bruises, sprains,
in the City Market parking lot to help with all and strains Vermonters get when working in
June 3 – Madhouse Munchies food donations. the garden, hiking in the Green Mountains, or
4:00 – 6:00 p.m. simply increasing their exercise volume during
June 4 – Mary’s Gone Crackers
11:00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m.
Free Herbal Clinic the summer months. new members
June 5 – The Portuguese Bun
June 1, 4:00 - 7:00 p.m.
Have you ever been interested in using
herbal medicine to improve your health? Join
Homemade Yogurt, Cream Cheese,
and Crème Fraiche
11:00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m. Betzy Bancroft RH (AHG), Larken Bunce MS, June 23 6:00 - 7:30 p.m.
June 9 – Dr. Bronner’s Bar Soap
Guido Masé RH (AHG) and students from June is National Dairy Month. Learn how Sign up at the
the Vermont Center for Integrative Herbalism to make light and refreshing yogurt in simple
11:00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m. in a free, personalized session focused on steps with no special equipment. We will also
Customer Service Desk.
June 10 – The Portuguese Bun your individual constitution and any health
conditions you may be experiencing. An
learn how to make cream cheese and crème
fraiche and take home recipes that use these
All Classes are
8:00 a.m. – 10:00 a.m. incredible opportunity to explore the art of
herbal healing with experienced practitioners!
delicious cultured dairy products. Start your
own home creamery!
FREE & open
June 11 – Wholesome Sweeteners -
Blue Agave All sessions last about one hour and are
completely confidential. By appointment only. Eating Well on a Budget
to the Public
11:00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m.
June 24, 6:00 – 7:00 p.m.
June 12 – Zevia Natural Soda
11:00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m.
Alteris Renewable Energy
Learn time and money-saving tips for
shopping on a budget with City Market’s
Follow us on:
Moonlight Cookies June 10, 6:00 – 7:00 p.m. Demonstration Coordinator Courtney Lang.
3:00 -5:00 p.m. Alteris Renewables provides turn- Participants will sample recipes, take a tour
key solutions for grid ties/off grid Solar of the Bulk Department, and take home a
June 13 – Strawberries and Cream Electric, Solar Thermal and Wind systems tote bag full of recipes, coupons, and tips for
11:00 a.m. – 3:00 p.m. for residential, commercial, educational, or getting started.
agricultural applications. Alteris has over 30
June 14 – Bulk Medicinal Herbs – years experience providing renewable energy,
Lemon Balm and Licorice Tea A Taste of Vermont
and has installed over 4 megawatts of PV. June 27, noon – 1:00 p.m.
3:00 – 5:00 p.m.
Maybe your home could be next! The average City Market boasts over 1,000 local
June 16 – Produce Day Vermont family home can be powered by solar products. Take a tour around the store with
11:00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m. for as little as $15,000. City Market’s Demonstration Coordinator
Courtney Lang. Afterwards, join the group in
June 23 – Rainbow Light Summer First Aid a delicious tasting of your favorite items all
11:00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m. June 13, noon - 1:00 p.m. for free.
June 24 – Knudsen Juice Join Cristi Nunziata, City Market’s Herbal
4:00 – 6:00 p.m. Education Coordinator, in making herbal Kombucha with Sandra Lory
first aid products for summer excursions. June 27, 12:30 - 2:00 p.m.
June 25 – Stacey’s Pita Chips Everyone will make and take home goodies It is simple and fascinating to grow and
11:00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m. such as bug spray, healing salve, and after-sun prepare Kombucha. Learn how to make
June 26 – Late July Cookies
11:00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m.
spray. Participants will also learn the basics for
assembling a first-aid kit.
this healing tonic beverage, and about what
makes it a unique expression of its home
environment like every other local culture (in
The Burlington Earth Clock is a
this case fermented “culture”). Bring a pint or
June 27 – On the Rise Bakery Free Herbal Clinic permanent educational art installation
quart size Mason jar and lid to take home |
11:00 a.m. – 2:00 p.m. June 15, 4:00 - 7:00 p.m. dedicated to peace on the shores of Lake
Have you ever been interested in using Champlain above Blanchard Beach. It is
June 28 – Bulk Medicinal Herbs – herbal medicine to improve your health? Join designed as a combination, calendar, compass,
Lemon Balm and Licorice Tea Betzy Bancroft RH (AHG), Larken Bunce MS,
Eating Well on a Budget and sundial demonstrating the natural rhythms
3:00 – 5:00 p.m. Sunday, June 28 noon - 1 p.m. and cycles of nature.
Guido Masé RH (AHG) and students from
the Vermont Center for Integrative Herbalism Learn time and money saving tips for
shopping on a budget with Food Education The Clock was created by Circles
in a free, personalized session focused on for Peace, a Vermont based non-profit
your individual constitution and any health Coordinator Caroline Homan. Participants
will sample recipes, take a tour of the Bulk organization, fostering community education
conditions you may be experiencing. An
Strawberries and incredible opportunity to explore the art of department, and take home a tote bag full of through the creation of artistic outdoor spaces
recipes, coupons, and tips for getting started. that inspire and promote a global vision of
Cream Day- herbal healing with experienced practitioners!
All sessions last about one hour and are Childcare provided. peace. The clock will be dedicated to the City
completely confidential. By appointment only. and Parks officials and SANBATUCADA
June 13, 11:00 a.m. – 3:00 p.m. will be playing to celebrate on Saturday, June
Come celebrate Dairy Month at City 20th at 2 pm. Bring a friend. Make a new
Market with local Strawberries and Cream.
Throughout the month we will
Grow an Extra Row for one. For more information visit their Web
site at www.circlesforpeace.org. The exhibit
also be sampling recipes made the Food Shelf. focusing on the construction
with local dairy products. and use of the Earth
Yahoo, for three years of
Vermont Co-op milk!
Fill a Truck for Hunger Clock will be on display
June 1, 1:00 - 6:00 p.m. in City Market’s Café
Gallery through the
@ City Market month of June.