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June 2009 photos by - Ben Sarle Burlington Celebrates World Fair Trade Day By Courtney Lang, Demonstration Coordinator supporting Fair Trade and the local campaign. issues behind current market economies that The Queen City’s first annual World Fair The initiative brings together businesses and the are suffering due to over produced and under Trade Day Celebration may have witnessed a community to grow the Fair Trade movement priced commodities. monsoon but the few moments of sunshine by increasing awareness of and demand for In July, the committee will be ready to brought a wealth of positive vibes. Burlington’s Fair Trade products. Our motto is “Buy Fair, unroll the resolution to Burlington council Fair Trade Town Committee, which is backed Buy Local” which stresses that the consumers members. We plan to present a full list of by over 15 local businesses, organizations, and hold power within their dollar. By passing the Fair Trade products available in Burlington, resolution, Burlington will choose to be fair to individuals, planned this event to coincide with the Farmers’ Market kickoff in City Hall all – local farmers, impoverished producers, businesses who sell Fair Trade products, and local organizations that support our efforts. Co-op Membership and ourselves. The trickiest step of the process Park. World Fair Trade Day is an international celebration of Fair Trade with events that take is to strengthen communities near and far. Along with these lists will be a proclamation addressing Fair Trade principles that can be Surpasses 4,000! place in over 80 countries. While we were being What this means for Burlington becoming utilized by small farmers all over the world. City Market/Onion River Co-op has graced with a performance by Burlington’s a Fair Trade Town is not to say that from now It will further state that we, as a city, support reached a major milestone. We are proud to own Jeh Kulu Dance and Drum, Vermont on anything to be bought buying local and when that is not possible the report that we now have over 4,000 actively U.S. Senator Bernie Sanders and Mayor Bob “events that or sold in this town has product is fair trade. participating members! Thanks to all of you. Kiss stopped by to show their support. To Remember that by being a member, you document the success of our event we gathered take place to be certified fair trade. If you would like to support our initiative, become an owner of a cooperative whose Instead we want local look for a date in July’s Onion Skin, as City approximately 75 people in the rain for a Fair in over 80 businesses and farmers existence strives to be central to a thriving and Council meetings are open to the public. Trade Coffee Break, cheers to that! countries” to use this as a marketing Thanks again to our World Fair Trade Day healthy community where consumers have local Burlington’s Fair Trade Town Committee, and educational tool. As access to progressive social, environment and volunteers and all who support our mission of of which City Market has played a key role, the committee continues to move forward, healthful choices and where residents enjoy an making Burlington the next Fair Trade Town. has been working since February 2009 for the we will hold workshops, discussion panels and enhanced quality of life, all while strengthening events in an effort to educate local consumers. For more information about the the local food system. We are so thankful to be official designation of Fair Trade Town. With In doing so, local businesses that support fair Burlington Fair Trade Town Committee, go to a part of this wonderful community! four out of five goals accomplished, the final trade will be able to raise awareness of the our Web site at www.CityMarket.coop. step is to have City Council pass a resolution Tour de Farm Preview Vitamin K Benefits Co-op Member Meeting Photos June Events Page 3 Page 5 Page 6 back page City Market, Onion River Cooperative, Your Community-Owned Grocery Store 82 S. Winooski Avenue, Burlington VT 05401 We welcome EBT, CAT$cratch, Knight & CCCash Cards and manufacturers’ coupons Open 7 a.m. - 11 p.m. every day 802-861-9700 www.citymarket.coop RETURN SERVICE REQUESTED this supply should prove invaluable. While we way (aside from expensive laboratory test). Pandemic hope a pandemic does not come to pass it still That is by smell. In my ten years teaching in Cooperative Principles 1. Voluntary and Open Membership Planning—Part Two makes tremendous good sense to be using grains and legumes regularly as the foundation culinary school one of the hardest tasks was to train students to train and trust their nose. 2. Democratic Member Control By Clem Nilan, of one’s diet. The trouble with this technique is that not 3. Member Economic Participation General Manager In approaching the question of storage everyone perceives the smell of rancidity the 4. Autonomy and Independence The Vermont Health Commissioner, Dr. we need to understand the structure and same way. For most people, rancid grains smell like crayons. Go through pantry and see if 5. Education, Training and Information Wendy Davis, has advised Vermonters they composition of the seed of the grain. There is 6. Cooperation Among Cooperatives may not be able to go out in public during a the germ at the base which is the embryo of the you can find some. Find a metaphor (crayons) pandemic. For up to two weeks. Dr. Davis new plant. The majority of the grain consists and use it fearlessly. Rancid grains should be 7. Concern for Community recommends preparing for a pandemic by of endosperm. Endosperm is carbohydrate disposed of. stocking our pantry, buying the dried food rich storage cells intended to feed the germ as Rancidity is much less an issue with items we stock in our bulk department. “A lot it sprouts and grows. The germ and endosperm legumes. Energy is saved mostly in the form of of the items on our list are dried foods, things are covered with a tough protective layer known carbohydrates, with the exception of soybeans Board of Directors that have a long shelf life.’’ as the bran. and peanuts (yes peanuts are a legume- not a Donna Bister - 658-4562 It makes sense to understand the history The germ and bran contain practically true nut). Susan Munkres - Susannah3@gmail.com and use of grains and legumes, the role they play all of the oil, vitamins and fiber of the grain. To control rancidity Co-op members Nathan Caswell - 347-277-7129 in nutrition as well as safe storage techniques. From very early times grains have been milled need to be familiar with the enemies of oil and Adele Dienno - 862-2595 In the history of our species a romantic to remove the bran and germ to make it easier fats. The big culprits are heat and light. We Rachel Jolly - 863-6390 notion pictures early humans hunting down to cook and eat. At first can protect our whole grains by keeping them Wayne Warnken - firstname.lastname@example.org it was done by smashing away from both. A refrigerator or freezer is a the woolly mammoth. Food anthropologists a potential grain under a rock. Today great place to store whole grains. At my house Alan Matson - email@example.com tell us a different story. The survival of the Nancy Nesbitt - firstname.lastname@example.org species had more to do with gathering grains storage there are industrialized we always store our whole wheat flour in the Molly O’Brien - email@example.com and legumes. Somewhere around 10,000 years problem methods that get the fridge. Whole grains can be kept at least one job done. The majority to two months in a cool place or longer in a ago with the advent of agriculture these grains with whole of the grains consumed refrigerator. (cereals, plants in the grass family, i.e. rice, wheat, barley) and legumes (bearing seeds in grains today have had their bran Keep grains out of sunlight. Grains may Onion Skin Editorial Staff a pod, i.e., beans, lentils) were brought under and germ removed. Food look really pretty in a jar on the shelf, but they processors love how Editor : Nicole Fenton a modicum of human control. Continuing will fare better if kept in a dark closet or in a processed grains (bran and germ removed) Production Coordinator : Nicole Fenton until even today, grains and legumes continue refrigerator. You have to train your nose. Trust to supply the bulk of calories ingested by the last indefinitely. In the kitchen, hurried cooks your nose. Make sure you give grains a sniff Layout: Aaron Toth human race. appreciate their shortened cooking times. test both when you buy them from the bulk Illustration : Aaron Toth, Becky Rouleau A great advantage grains and legumes The Achilles’ heel of processed food is department and again before you cook them. have over poultry, meat and dairy products are their diminished nutritional value. One of the Rotate your grains- use the first in first out their ability to resist spoilage. This is not to say silver linings of the recession is the rediscovery rule. It doesn’t make a lick of sense to buy a Advertising Information: they can’t spoil, as will shortly be addressed. of the Bulk Food department at City Market. 50 pound bag of brown rice that you intend to The sale of whole grains and legumes is way, use for a whole year and then have to discard For an ad information sheet, The disadvantage is that with the exception of super grains like quinoa, most are incomplete way up. I believe this is a fundamental re- part of it. please e-mail Nicole Fenton at sources of protein and must be combined setting of the values of many Co-op members. Storage quantities will depend on your NFenton@citymarket.coop with complementary foods or small sources of Members are rediscovering the joy of cooking household size. Consult a Bulk staff person (City Market members receive animal product to form complete proteins. whole grains and their hearty complex flavors if you need help. Here’s a list of grains and a discount on ads.) in addition to nutritional benefits and value. I legumes that I keep on hand for my cooking. There are several advantages in moving much prefer whole grains in my cooking for from a meat diet to a plant-based diet. both their flavor and their nutrition. • steel cut oats (my favorite breakfast) It’s cheaper to feed one’s family this way. The Onion Skin is the official newsletter of There is a potential storage problem with • brown rice Ecologically, counting calories in and calories The Onion River Cooperative. Submission whole grains. This mostly has to do with the • Gleason Grains whole wheat deadline is the 5th of the month prior to out, it is more efficient to produce plant calories and then meat calories. Grains and legumes oil content contained in the bran and the germ pastry flour publishing (e.g., May submissions due are a source of a wide range of vitamins and along with vitamins and minerals. Oils can go April 5th). Submissions are encouraged and • French lentils minerals that keep us healthy. bad. Because plant oils are overwhelmingly may be edited for clarity, style, or length. unsaturated, they are more chemically • local cormeal So having a supply of grains and legumes The editorial staff reserves the right to susceptible to degrading than saturated fats • quinoa on hand in one’s larder makes a tremendous accept or reject articles. Views expressed are (fats that are solid at room temperature, e.g., amount of sense. Compared to purchasing and • green split peas those of each individual author and do not animal fats and hydrogenated fats). Whole storing other foods, “putting up” enough grains • chickpeas necessarily reflect City Market policy. grains can and do spoil more quickly than and legumes to last several weeks is relatively processed grains. When oil spoils we call this • black beans straightforward. Should a Co-op member find rancidity. Co-op members need to be able to Join us! him or herself homebound due to a pandemic, • whole wheat couscous identify rancidity. There is only one practical Co-op Member Worker Opportunities 3. The Youth Farm: For eight weeks, 15 Community Outreach 1. The Gleaning Project: teens and Member teens will be paid a stipend to grow and Partner: Healthy City Workers work side-by-side to harvest harvest produce while attending workshops The next Board produce that would otherwise go to waste to prepare them for future employment. Healthy City - a youth farm and from neighboring farms and distribute it to For more information on Member Worker meeting is community food security program located in non-profits serving families in need. times at Healthy City, check out the Member Burlington’s Intervale – is gearing up once 2. The Burlington School Food Project: Worker Binder at the Customer Service desk or 6 p.m. to 9 p.m. again for a busy season filled with plenty contact Brianna Farver at Brianna@intervale. of vegetables and sunshine. And as always, A farm to school program that connects org or 802-660-0440 x111. To learn about June 22, 2009 there are many opportunities for City Market students and their families with whole, Co-op Member Workers to get involved fresh, and local foods to improve the health becoming a Co-op Member Worker, sign up for a Member Worker Orientation held each in the through three project areas. Co-op Member of our community. This year Healthy Workers earn a 7% discount for two hours City is growing 1,000 pounds of beans week on Wednesday and Friday. City Market for the schools and processing additional of work each month and a 12% discount for four hours. vegetables weekly. Conference Room. 2 The Onion Skin June 2009 “Sweet Melissa” can be used to prevent herpes flare ups and June Herb of the Month Lemon Balm – also to lessen the effects. It is used internally, in Melissa officinalis tea or tincture form, and topically lemon balm By Cristi Nunziata, reduces the symptoms and promotes healing Herbal Education Coordinator of cold sores. If you’ve ever tasted lemon balm, you If Lemon Balm isn’t already one of your know that is one of the most delicious favorite herbs, once you experience its calming Colette’s EcoSmart herbs! Luckily, it, like all mint family plants, is effects and unique flavor, it’s likely to top your list. As abundant as this plant is in the garden, incredibly easy to grow. Mint-family plants are Lawn & Yard City Market’s identifiable by square stems calmative and opposite leaves, but more you’ll find Lemon Balm is also quite abundant at City Market. If you’d like to grow lemon Lawn and yard care services as delivered by today’s models are significant contributors Tour de Farm: to both importantly by their minty balm, seeds from High Mowing Organic Seeds are available in the Produce department. to greenhouse gases and other pollutants. Shelburne Preview adults and flavor and by their abundance in the garden. Lemon balm The plants, from Red Wagon Plants, are The impact of noise caused by the myriad children is distinguishable from other By Courtney Lang, also sold in Produce. The dried herb, used for of combustion-engined tools used for yard Demonstration Coordinator mints by a subtle lemony tea or culinary recipes, is located in the Bulk maintenance is noticeable and intrusive. taste. Lemon Balm is so tasty that it’s easy to Medicinal section. In Wellness, there are an Colette’s EcoSmart Lawn & Yard Services City Market’s Tour de Farm will take take on a regular basis and it greatly benefits array of products such as Wise Ways Lemon offers an alternative model. They pledge to adventurous eaters right to the source of their the body in many ways. Balm Cream and tinctures by Grian Herbs and use tools that are emission free and less noisy. food celebrating local farmers and the art of Lemon Balm is calmative to both adults Herb Pharm. Also, to learn more about this Their lawn mowers are powered by batteries, sustainable cultivation. An extra special day will and children. Overstressed people who suffer plant check out City Market’s book section, which in turn are charged through electricity be held to combine the love of cycling and the from nervousness, butterflies in the stomach, where you’ll find many reference books on supplied by renewable sources. love of agriculture to create the Tour de Farm: headaches, or depression might consider medicinal herbs. The best way to learn about Colette’s EcoSmart Lawn & Yard Service Shelburne. Participants will reconnect with the this plant, though, is first-hand, so may the agricultural landscapes of Shelburne and the giving lemon balm a try. Over-excited babies will transport the tools and labor for mowing lemon balm be abundant in your garden food grown locally and seasonally within our and children will also enjoy lemon balm tea, to your home using a full electric light truck. this year! region all while riding their bicycles. especially for the relief of colic, teething, That is their carbon neutral pledge: We offer irritability, and sleeplessness. Lemon Balm- Licorice Infusion yard care services using battery powered tools In mid-July City Market’s third Farm Tour and a full-electric truck, charged through the will head south; with up to five locations to Lemon Balm also has antiviral properties, This is delicious served cold in the summer electric grid, with energy supplied back to the visit including Shelburne Orchards, Shelburne making it a useful tea for flu prevention. time. grid using renewables. Farms, Shelburne Vineyards, and New Village Because of its antiviral properties and its 5 TBS Lemon Balm Farm. Offering a day packed with guided tours affinity for the nervous system, Lemon Balm is If you would like help maintaining 1 TBS Licorice root to view cider pressing, cheese making and wine commonly used for the Herpes virus. Herpes your outdoor space and wish to do it with a making you’ll be meeting some of the people is a virus that lies dormant in the nervous Pour hot water over herbs in a quart Mason service provider who truly loves the great behind the food that you have been enjoying all system, and often flares up during cold and flu jar and let sit for at least 40 minutes. Strain outdoors and wants to help make a difference, these years at City Market! Space will be limited season and during stressful times. Lemon Balm and enjoy. call Colette’s at 802-324-7336 or online at www.colettesecosmart.com. and sign up will begin in July, so keep your eyes peeled for the next edition of the Onion Skin Throughout the month of June, City where all the details will be shed! Market Co-op Members can enter to win a $50 gift certificate. Stop by Customer Service to Feel free to connect with Tour de Farm: enter today! Shelburne Coordinator Courtney Lang at 802-861-9753 or firstname.lastname@example.org for more details. New Butterworks Farm Buttermilk By Caroline Homan, Food Education Coordinator Shoppers now have another product to the butterfat solidifies and separates from the select from Jack and Anne Lazor of Butterworks liquid). Women sometimes washed their faces Farm, best known for their Butterworks Farm with it, because the small flecks of butter that yogurt and heavy whipping cream. The family remained in the liquid made their skin smooth farm has been experimenting with diverse and soft. But if you want really moist and crops, bringing us our favorite local cornmeal tender baked goods, buttermilk is the secret. and dried beans in season, as well as fresh- Since buttermilk has a tangy flavor and is Mow Down Pollution Lawn Mower Exchange pressed sunflower oil. Now they have turned slightly acidic, buttermilk recipes call for a bit their attention back to dairy, with fresh, nonfat cultured buttermilk from their herd of Jersey of baking soda in the batter. The baking soda is alkaline and reacts with the acid, forming was a Green Success! bubbles of carbon dioxide. As the batter bakes, By Christine Parlia, cows. The taste is cool and refreshing for the bubbles expand and give the recipe - be it Outreach Coordinator the summertime, and tastes delicious in salad dressing for greens and coleslaw, smoothies, biscuits, pancakes, or muffins - that special lift It’s become an annual tradition at City Market to encourage local residents to help Mow ice cream, and lest we forget that June favorite as well as bit of tanginess. Down Pollution by exchanging a gas-guzzling, air-polluting, lawn mower for a battery-powered – buttermilk biscuits! Look for the pint-size containers of mower. Teaming up for the third year in a row with Neuton Mowers, 113 battery-powered mowers Butterworks Farm yogurt in the Perishables were sold on Saturday, April 25. Back when people churned their own butter, buttermilk was the liquid that remained cooler. For recipe ideas, check out the recipe In addition, working in connection with partner All Cycle, 82 gas-powered mowers were after the butter was made (you can try this cards inside. For more information on collected and recycled for free, bringing the total mowers recycled over the past three years to 201. yourself if you take a pint of Butterworks Butterworks Farm and other local vendors, That’s a reduction of over 16,000 pounds of carbon dioxide in our atmosphere each year. Farm heavy whipping cream and pour some check out www.CityMarket.coop. Special thanks to our partners: Neuton, 10% Challenge, All Cycle, Central Vermont Public into a glass jar and shake it vigorously until Service, Green Mountain Power Company, and Burlington Electric Company. The Onion Skin June 2009 3 Customer Comments: Partnering with Dear City Market, Please let it be known that #5 plastic (yogurt, etc) is recyclable in this county. Thanks. It is a relatively new (1-2 years) policy. Anonymous City Market on Healthy Choices By Stephen Alajajian, Jessica Bean, and Danielle Bois, 90 UVM Dietics Dear Anonymous, This past semester, we three students in Thank you for your comment and the June’s CAP Sales Dietietics at UVM had the chance to take a leap into our future field by teaching food and information. I’m sure our customers appreciate knowing what types of items can Flyer Featured nutrition classes to people spanning several generations. Meeting every few weeks with be recycled. You can also find out more at Chittenden Solid Waste District’s Web site at Recipe Caroline Homan, Food Education Coordinator Sample this recipe in store on Thursday, at City Market, we learned a lot about the www.cswd.net/recycling. June 11, at 12:30 p.m. Bulk department and eating on a budget and View from Ninety Dear City Market, incorporated these ideas into the classes we Chimichurri Sauce By Carol L. Winfield, taught at three local agencies: the Lund Family How about adding into the cheese labels, instead of (For grilled chicken, beef, or vegetables) City Market Member Center, the Joseph’s House, and the Boys and contains milk, but rather, contains cow’s milk, sheep’s Chimichurri is a thick, highly seasoned and Girls Club. Our goal was to help the Campus milk, or goat’s milk. It matters to some people. slightly spicy South American herb sauce made Kitchens project at the University of Vermont Anonymous of finely chopped parsley and garlic. It is easy develop teaching relationships with these Lost to make and traditionally served with grilled community organizations to help increase food Oh for goodness gracious sakes Dear Anonymous, knowledge and access in our community (the meats and poultry, but also tastes great on What am I to do? Thank you for your comment. We’ve used icons grilled vegetables. Makes 4 -6 servings. Campus Kitchens project cooks meals with in the past to differentiate the type of milk, recovered cafeteria food in the dining kitchens My mind has gone entirely blank Ingredients but they were often hard to decipher with the and engages student volunteers to cook and And I have a column that’s due! small size of the cheese signs. We’ll continue • 1 cup flat leaf parsley, chopped and serve these meals at the Food Shelf). I don’t mean for a minute to review how to best communicate the type finely packed The classes were tailored to the individual I don’t mean for a day. of milk included in each cheese product. You • ½ cup red wine vinegar needs of each non-profit organization, can always ask our knowledgeable Cheese but all the classes stressed using nutritious My mind has gone completely blank • 3 cloves fresh garlic dept. staff, they would be happy to answer foods that are easily accessible. At Lund For a week I’ve found nothing to say! any questions! • ½ cup olive oil Family Center, young mothers learned new • ¼ cup fresh oregano, chopped recipes that use foods available through WIC Dear City Market, Am I growing gently senile? • 1 lemon, zest and juice (zest and the importance of children’s nutrition Compost for the people! Why not in the eating area? optional) and healthy food choices. At the Joseph’s Gone quite over the hill? Sincerely, House, participants practiced cooking using • ½ teaspoon ground cumin Has my brain decided to vanish foods available at the Food Shelf and local B. Ottman • ½ teaspoon paprika or smoke When there’s yet a column to fill? gardens. At the Boys and Girls Club, children Dear B. Ottman, paprika demonstrated making kid-friendly foods with It isn’t exactly pleasant. • ½ teaspoon salt a nutritional twist. Thanks for your suggestion. We would love It certainly wasn’t planned to have compost bins in the Café area, but • Ground black pepper to taste City Market played a critical role in But here I am with Writer’s Block the Vermont Department of Health prohibits advising the students in planning the classes Instructions And a brain filled only with sand. it currently. We’ll add a compost bin if and supplying resources. In the future, we that changes! Using a food processor or blender, process all hope that further collaborations between ingredients until well-blended – chunky, like City Market and college students will continue There isn’t time, there isn’t time! pesto, rather than smooth. Serve on grilled to benefit the Burlington community in chicken, steak or vegetables. Enjoy! increasingly exciting ways. And there’s much I want to impart About the Annual Meeting But I’ve no inkling where even to start It isn’t that nothing happened It isn’t that I was bored It’s just that now, with a deadline to fill My brain’s been thoroughly gored. Want to apply for a job at City Market? I ask you all to forgive me To recognize my plight. Help us be green by filling out an To pretend this lapse did not happen application online. It’s easy to do. By July she’ll have seen the light. Please understand 1. Go to www.CityMarket.coop Please bear with me. 2. Click on Work with Us I’m in a dreadful, most terrible fix 3. Click on Open Positions Just remember you’re all at the top of 4. Complete and submit your my Queue when signing on for Netflix! application! If you need assistance, contact the Human Resources Department at 802-861-9739. 4 The Onion Skin June 2009 Vitamin K and Bone Health: “Got Leafy Greens?” By Dr. Robert Luby, City Market Member You are undoubtedly aware of the fermented foods. These bacteria are collectively importance of Vitamin D and calcium for known as probiotics. Therefore, you may maintaining healthy bones. But new research increase your Vitamin K levels by taking points to Vitamin K as being equally, if not probiotic supplements and by consuming more important for bone health. Vitamin K the following types of fermented foods: has long been known as a crucial factor for the miso, kimchi, sauerkraut, natto, and tempeh. appropriate clotting of blood, as for instance, Correspondingly, courses of antibiotics taken to stop the bleeding from a wound. Emerging for infectious illnesses will wipe out these research indicates that newly discovered helpful bacteria, thus lowering your levels functions of Vitamin K will necessitate a of Vitamin K. It is reasonable to consider revision upwards of the currently established taking probiotic supplements and consuming recommended daily intakes. fermented foods whenever antibiotics On a biochemical level, the purpose of are necessary. Vitamin K in the body is to assist enzymes in You may also indirectly assist the Vitamin “carboxylation.” Carboxylation is the process K production by these probiotic bacteria by of adding one carbon, one hydrogen, and two consuming “prebiotics”. Prebiotics are food oxygen atoms to a recipient molecule. The for the probiotic bacteria. Foods high in end result is the activation or inactivation of prebiotic nutrients include: bananas, berries, that molecule. In order to make healthy bones, asparagus, garlic, wheat, oatmeal, barley (and Vitamin K is necessary for the carboxylation other whole grains), flax seed, tomatoes, of a bone protein known as “osteocalcin”. Jerusalem artichoke, onions and chicory, greens Carboxylated, but not uncarboxylated, (especially dandelion greens but also spinach, osteocalcin is able to bind calcium and collard greens, chard, kale, mustard greens, incorporate it into the bone matrix. Therefore, and others), and legumes (lentils, kidney beans, if your Vitamin K levels are insufficient, you chickpeas, navy beans, white beans, black will not be able to make healthy new bone no beans, etc.) matter how much calcium you have. City Market carries many Vitamin-K Vitamin K levels in the blood are not a containing foods, fermented foods, and reliable estimate of the total body stores of prebiotics in the produce and refrigerated Vitamin K. Therefore, the best assessment sections. Many types of probiotic supplements of the need for Vitamin K is to measure the are available in the HABA section. So, if you amount of undercarboxylated osteocalcin in want to have healthy bones, don’t just drink the blood. This test is not available through your milk, take care of your intestinal bacteria most conventional medical offices, but is and eat your green leafy and cruciferous beginning to be available from integrative vegetables! practitioners and specialty laboratories. This References: test is a valid way of determining your future risk of osteoporosis (weak bones) and bone Archives of Internal Medicine 2006, vol 166; fractures. 1256-1261 Vitamin K is present in many healthy Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 2007, vol 22(4); 509-19 foods. Therefore, the best way to ensure healthy bones is to include generous amounts Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 2003 (62); of the following foods in your diet (roughly in descending order of Vitamin K content): kale, collards, spinach, turnip greens, beet greens, 839-843 PLoS Medicine 2008, vol 5(10); e196 Don’t Forget Dad!! Nutrition 2001, vol 17(11-12); 1024 mustard greens, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2001, vol Father’s Day is Sunday, June 21. onions, dandelion greens, chard, cabbage, cauliflower, avocado, and kiwi. 55(4); 221-222 Pick up delicious City Market burgers or local steaks and Interestingly, Vitamin K is also produced Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 2000, vol 15(3); 515-522 fire up that grill in honor of dear-old Dad! by beneficial bacteria in our intestines and in City Market Farm Feature: Arethusa Collective Farm Happy Father’s Day! By Courtney Lang, Demonstration Coordinator One of the longest-running farm As we move toward the plush Vermont operations located within the 120 acres of growing season be sure to check out Burlington’s Intervale is Arethusa Collective City Market produce shelves this month for Farm. Formerly the site of Green Mountain Boy kale, and lettuce fresh from the farm. The Ethan Allen’s homestead, Arethusa occupies 13 certified organic vegetable farm will also have acres and runs as a cooperatively owned farm. rhubarb, cucumbers, zucchini, beets, carrots, Founder Thomas Cane purchased the land leeks, winter squash and more as summer after moving from Bakersfield, Vermont in months turn into fall. Catch the farmers once 2002 and since then Benner Dana and Danielle a week at the Burlington Farmers’ Market on Allen have joined as cooperative owners. The Saturdays in City Hall Park. farm is unique in its running model and urban Check out www.citymarket.coop for more location, but also because they hand harvest farm features. their entire yield and distribute the majority within 10 miles. The Onion Skin June 2009 5 2009 Spring Member Meeting and Brunch 6 The Onion Skin June 2009 Ask the Health Genie Dear Genie: What is the recent buzz about Vitamin D? Should I consider adding this D/d and determine whether this dose is well tolerated, induces an to my daily regimen? I’m trying hard to lose weight and keep my bones increase in circulating Vitamin D levels and has any additional strong. I do take a multivitamin - I am in my mid forties, am currently health benefits (improved bone markers, Crohn’s disease activity about 30 pounds overweight and have a mild case of IBS…Puzzled but scores, inflammatory markers). determined. Please help. Michael Holick, a Vitamin D expert in the Department of Endocrinology, Nutrition, and Diabetes at Boston University Dear Puzzled: Medical Center New England Journal of Medicine recently reviewed There are some significant risk factors for you the abundant and convincing laboratory and clinical research associated with your current state of health, so therefore that supports the role of adequate Vitamin D levels both consideration of additional Vitamin D is a good idea. in bone health and in cutting the risk of chronic disease, including many cancers. Here are two of his Wine Picks for It is interesting that you query about issue with IBS (Irritable Bowel Syndrome). There is a fascinating points to keep in mind: Under $10 study at Penn State that started in May, due 1. Unfortunately most Americans are Vitamin D and calcium deficient. For individuals that to the fact that the incidence of autoimmune In June we are featuring Australian diseases like inflammatory bowel disease (IBS) are elderly, at high risk for obesity and those wines at great prices that are perfect to kick has increased in developed countries over the who have little or no sun exposure you may be off backyard barbeque season! Wolf Blass last 50 years. particularly deficient. Studies were conducted Their proposal states that decreased in both Europe and in the U.S., and preliminary Chardonnay, on sale in June for $8.99, is estimates of insufficiency in Vitamin D levels outdoor activity and increased pollution and light and fresh with tropical aromas, green diets that lack adequate Vitamin D have combined among those studied range from 40 percent to 100 apple and lime notes and hints of oak and to create large fluctuations in Vitamin D status in percent of participants. spice that pair well with hearty and flavorful developed countries and especially in populations that 2. To avoid Vitamin D deficiency, Holick recommends experience winter. The Vitamin D hypothesis proposes that that most adults take 800 to 1,000 IU of Vitamin D foods. Try it with grilled shrimp. Vitamin D regulates the development and function of the immune daily. Under certain circumstances—like pregnancy, obesity, or Banrock Shiraz, another customer system and that change in Vitamin D status affect the development particular forms of kidney or gastrointestinal disease—the ideal dose favorite, is on sale for only $5.99 in June. of the resultant immune response and the development of diseases might double. like IBS. I hope this information is useful to you. Remember to stop A lighter bodied Shiraz, Banrock is a good The study goes on to say that because of low dietary Vitamin by the Co-op for a wide variety of dosages (in additional to vegan) choice for a warm weather red. Fruity and dry Vitamin D2 & Vitamin D3. D intakes and malabsorption of many nutrients, Crohn’s patients with just a little spice, it is smooth enough to will have low circulating Vitamin D levels that are detrimental sip on its own and is also great with burgers for their health. Crohn’s patients will receive 1000 IU of Vitamin Health Genie or barbequed chicken. Delicious! 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Visit www.bcbsvt.com/catamountblue or call (888) 445-5805. www.bcbsvt.com * For applicants who qualify for premium assistance from the State of Vermont The Onion Skin BCBSVT_OnionSkin-June09.indd 1 June 2009 7 5/7/2009 7:35:49 PM June Fill-a-Truck for Hunger Food Drive Herbal medicine for outdoor We welcomed 165 June 1, 1:00 – 6:00 p.m. enthusiasts with Guido Masé Help your neighbors in need this summer June 22, 5:30 - 6:30 p.m. Product Sampling by donating a non-perishable food item and Fill Learn some simple recipes for salves, a Truck for Hunger. The food will be donated infused oils, and other remedies featuring June 2 – Produce Day to the Vermont Foodbank and the Chittenden local medicinal herbs that can help with the 11:00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m. Emergency Food Shelf. Staff will be on hand common cuts, scrapes, bites, bruises, sprains, in the City Market parking lot to help with all and strains Vermonters get when working in June 3 – Madhouse Munchies food donations. the garden, hiking in the Green Mountains, or 4:00 – 6:00 p.m. simply increasing their exercise volume during June 4 – Mary’s Gone Crackers 11:00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m. Free Herbal Clinic the summer months. new members June 5 – The Portuguese Bun June 1, 4:00 - 7:00 p.m. Have you ever been interested in using herbal medicine to improve your health? Join Homemade Yogurt, Cream Cheese, and Crème Fraiche in April! 11:00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m. Betzy Bancroft RH (AHG), Larken Bunce MS, June 23 6:00 - 7:30 p.m. June 9 – Dr. Bronner’s Bar Soap Guido Masé RH (AHG) and students from June is National Dairy Month. Learn how Sign up at the the Vermont Center for Integrative Herbalism to make light and refreshing yogurt in simple 11:00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m. in a free, personalized session focused on steps with no special equipment. We will also Customer Service Desk. June 10 – The Portuguese Bun your individual constitution and any health conditions you may be experiencing. An learn how to make cream cheese and crème fraiche and take home recipes that use these All Classes are 8:00 a.m. – 10:00 a.m. incredible opportunity to explore the art of herbal healing with experienced practitioners! delicious cultured dairy products. Start your own home creamery! FREE & open June 11 – Wholesome Sweeteners - Blue Agave All sessions last about one hour and are completely confidential. By appointment only. Eating Well on a Budget to the Public 11:00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m. June 24, 6:00 – 7:00 p.m. June 12 – Zevia Natural Soda 11:00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m. Alteris Renewable Energy Workshop Learn time and money-saving tips for shopping on a budget with City Market’s Follow us on: Moonlight Cookies June 10, 6:00 – 7:00 p.m. Demonstration Coordinator Courtney Lang. 3:00 -5:00 p.m. Alteris Renewables provides turn- Participants will sample recipes, take a tour key solutions for grid ties/off grid Solar of the Bulk Department, and take home a June 13 – Strawberries and Cream Electric, Solar Thermal and Wind systems tote bag full of recipes, coupons, and tips for 11:00 a.m. – 3:00 p.m. for residential, commercial, educational, or getting started. agricultural applications. Alteris has over 30 June 14 – Bulk Medicinal Herbs – years experience providing renewable energy, Lemon Balm and Licorice Tea A Taste of Vermont and has installed over 4 megawatts of PV. June 27, noon – 1:00 p.m. 3:00 – 5:00 p.m. Maybe your home could be next! The average City Market boasts over 1,000 local June 16 – Produce Day Vermont family home can be powered by solar products. Take a tour around the store with 11:00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m. for as little as $15,000. City Market’s Demonstration Coordinator Courtney Lang. Afterwards, join the group in June 23 – Rainbow Light Summer First Aid a delicious tasting of your favorite items all 11:00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m. June 13, noon - 1:00 p.m. for free. June 24 – Knudsen Juice Join Cristi Nunziata, City Market’s Herbal 4:00 – 6:00 p.m. Education Coordinator, in making herbal Kombucha with Sandra Lory first aid products for summer excursions. June 27, 12:30 - 2:00 p.m. June 25 – Stacey’s Pita Chips Everyone will make and take home goodies It is simple and fascinating to grow and 11:00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m. such as bug spray, healing salve, and after-sun prepare Kombucha. Learn how to make June 26 – Late July Cookies 11:00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m. spray. Participants will also learn the basics for assembling a first-aid kit. this healing tonic beverage, and about what makes it a unique expression of its home environment like every other local culture (in Art Showing The Burlington Earth Clock is a this case fermented “culture”). Bring a pint or June 27 – On the Rise Bakery Free Herbal Clinic permanent educational art installation quart size Mason jar and lid to take home | 11:00 a.m. – 2:00 p.m. June 15, 4:00 - 7:00 p.m. dedicated to peace on the shores of Lake Kombucha starter. Have you ever been interested in using Champlain above Blanchard Beach. It is June 28 – Bulk Medicinal Herbs – herbal medicine to improve your health? Join designed as a combination, calendar, compass, Lemon Balm and Licorice Tea Betzy Bancroft RH (AHG), Larken Bunce MS, Eating Well on a Budget and sundial demonstrating the natural rhythms 3:00 – 5:00 p.m. Sunday, June 28 noon - 1 p.m. and cycles of nature. Guido Masé RH (AHG) and students from the Vermont Center for Integrative Herbalism Learn time and money saving tips for shopping on a budget with Food Education The Clock was created by Circles in a free, personalized session focused on for Peace, a Vermont based non-profit your individual constitution and any health Coordinator Caroline Homan. Participants will sample recipes, take a tour of the Bulk organization, fostering community education conditions you may be experiencing. An Strawberries and incredible opportunity to explore the art of department, and take home a tote bag full of through the creation of artistic outdoor spaces recipes, coupons, and tips for getting started. that inspire and promote a global vision of Cream Day- herbal healing with experienced practitioners! All sessions last about one hour and are Childcare provided. peace. The clock will be dedicated to the City completely confidential. By appointment only. and Parks officials and SANBATUCADA June 13, 11:00 a.m. – 3:00 p.m. will be playing to celebrate on Saturday, June Come celebrate Dairy Month at City 20th at 2 pm. Bring a friend. Make a new Market with local Strawberries and Cream. Throughout the month we will Grow an Extra Row for one. For more information visit their Web site at www.circlesforpeace.org. The exhibit also be sampling recipes made the Food Shelf. focusing on the construction with local dairy products. and use of the Earth Yahoo, for three years of Vermont Co-op milk! Fill a Truck for Hunger Clock will be on display June 1, 1:00 - 6:00 p.m. in City Market’s Café Gallery through the @ City Market month of June.
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