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Дидактический материал по английскому языку 1. Т е к с т ы д л я ч т е н и я ( 8 - 1 1 к л . ) 2. Тестовые задания (Сборник: А.Н. Галкина, Ю.Ф. Гурьева, А.В. Михайлова, Л.Б. Ковалева, О.М. Клейменова «Вступительный экзамен по английскому языку: Справочник для поступающих на английское отделение гуманитарных вузов. – Обнинск: Титул, 2000. – 80 с.) T e x t 1. The First Love I must have been about eleven years of age at the time, and my uncle and aunt had taken me to Paris for a month's holiday. We were living at the house of Madame Dupont, a pleasant old house just outside Paris. Every day my aunt and uncle went out to see Paris, but after the first day or so I wasn't interested in sightseeing; all I wanted was to be left at home to sit in a corner of the big dining- room or stay about the house and watch Madame Dupont going gaily about her household duties. She was a beautiful woman, the most beautiful, I thought, that I had ever seen, and when she smiled - and she often smiled - the whole world seemed brighter to me. But when she looked at me, I couldn't meet her gaze. I felt myself blushing to the roots of my hair, and I had to turn away to hide my confusion. I loved her; I couldn't help loving her, but I knew that I could never tell her so. At last I thought of a way. I would buy her the biggest bunch of violets that she had ever had. For a fortnight I saved up all my spending money until I had twenty francs. Then one afternoon I bought the violets, and with them in my hand I went towards the sitting-room where she was doing some sewing. Twice I went up to the door - and twice I turned back. The third time I took all my courage in my hands, knocked at the door and went in. She looked up quickly from her work, and then, as she saw the violets, a smile came into her face. I blushed deeply, but couldn't say anything; I just pushed the violets into her hand. She looked down at them fondly and said, "Aren't they lovely? Thank your uncle very much." Вопросы к тексту: 1.Where (to) was the boy taken by his uncle and aunt? 2.Why did the boy take a fancy to Madame Dupont? 3.Why couldn't the boy tell Madame Dupont of his love? 4.What did the boy decide to do to make Madame Dupont notice him? 5.What embarrassing thing happened in the end? T e x t 2. University Days Richard Gardiner walked towards the gates of his college, having spent a studious Saturday morning in the library. He was going into the Hall of his college for lunch; but as there was a good half-hour to go yet he decided to call on a man he knew called Fortescue, and invite him to come to tea on the next day. Richard was now in his second year at Cambridge, and fully understood what the tradition of the university demanded of him. He was there to study, certainly, but everyone, he found, became very angry indeed if ever it were suggested that all that Cambridge had to offer its undergraduates was its many opportunities for studying. But the time of day between lunch and tea was to be spent chiefly in games. Richard, fully understanding this, had joined his college boat-club and went rowing on six afternoons a week. And the time between tea at about four-thirty and dinner at about six-thirty was to be spent in the company of one's friends. On most days of the week, therefore, Richard went out to tea in the rooms of other undergraduates or invited other undergraduates to have tea in his rooms. In one's first year at Cambridge one is perhaps too new to the university to feel completely happy when doing all the pleasant things: and in one's third year with one's final degree examination at the end of it, it is necessary to turn one's back on many of the university's pleasures. But in one's second year life is gay and comparatively easy. And Richard Gardiner was in his second year. Whistling cheerfully, he made his way towards Fortescue's rooms. Fortescue was older than was once usual undergraduates. He had been in Royal Air Force and had only begun his university career after the end of the war. He was a large, soft-voiced man, with a heavy body and a very dark skin. He spoke slowly, and always sounded a little gloomy. He climbed the stairs to Fortescue's rooms and knocked on the door. There being no answer, he pushed the door open and walked in. To his surprise he saw the shining eyes and friendly smile of a very pretty girl. "Oh, I'm sorry," he said. "Are you looking for Cyril?" she said. "Oh, no, it doesn't matter at all. I'll — I can — I'll see him some other time. It wasn't important." And he turned to go. "Oh, please don't go. He'll be here any minute. Sit down." "No, really. It's not at all important, it really isn't." "Don't go just because I'm here," she was saying. "If Cyril finds I've driven one of his friends away he'll dislike me even more than he does now. Have a cigarette." He ought not to stay, but he couldn't refuse a cigarette from so beautiful a being and he took one from the box she was now handing to him. She had taken it from Fortescue's mantelpiece. They talked for a little while. And then, just as for the fourth time he was telling her it was time that he went, they heard the sound of Cyril Fortescue's footsteps on the stairs, and a moment or two afterwards saw his large body filling the doorway. "Hullo, Gardiner," he said, seeming to take no notice of the girl. Richard stood up awkwardly, and the girl laughed. "Now, Cyril," she said, "you must introduce me to your friend properly." "I should have thought," Fortescue said, in a manner that seemed to Rich- ard far from polite, "that you were good enough to introduce yourself. Anyway, Richard, if it'll do you any good, meet my sister Jane. Jane, meet Richard Cardiner, one of the more sensible of my fellow-undergraduates. "I really came," he said to Fortescue, "to invite you to tea tomorrow, but I expect you've other things to do now." "Oh, you needn't think I let this sister of mine interfere too much in my life when she comes here. But I tell you what — you come to tea with us tomorrow. I shall need some help in keeping her out of trouble. Besides, I know I bore her almost as much as she bores me." Richard looked from Fortescue to his sister. "Yes, do come," she said, "You can see how unpleasant he is to me." "I shall be delighted," Richard said. Вопросы к тексту: 1.What did the tradition of Cambridge demand of Richard? 2.What year was Richard in and what did it mean? 3.Who was Richard's friend there in Cambridge? 4.Who did Richard find in Fortescue's room? 5.Where was Richard invited to? T e x t 3. Abe Lincoln Grows Up On the Knob Creek farm the child Abraham Lincoln learned to talk, to form words with the tongue and the roof of the mouth and the force of the breath from lungs and throat. "Pappy" and "Mammy", the words of the people meaning "father" and "mother", were among the first syllables. He learned what the word name meant; his name was Abraham. The same as Abraham in the Bible, the same as his grandfather Abraham. It was "Abe" for short; if his mother called in the dark, "Is that you, Abe?" he answered, "Yes, Mammy, it's me." The name of the family he belonged to was "Lincoln". Seven-year-old Abe walked four miles a day going to the Knob Creek school to learn to read and write. The schoolhouse was built of logs, with a dirty floor, no window, one door. The scholars learned their lessons by saying them to themselves out loud till it was time to recite; alphabets, multiplication tables, and the letters of spelled words were all in the air at once. It was a "blab school"; so they called it. He learned to spell words he didn't know the meaning of, spelling the words before lie used them in sentences. In a list of "words of eight syllables accented upon the sixth", was the word incomprehensibility. He learned that first, and then such sentences as "Is he to go in?" and "Ann can spin flax". Some neighbours said, "It's a poor make-out of a school," and father complained it was a waste of time to send the children nine miles just to sit with a lot of other children and read out loud all day in a "blab school". But mother, as she cleaned Abe's ears in the corners where he forgot to clean them, and as she combed out the tangles in his coarse, sandy black hair, used to say, "Abe, you go to school now, and learn all you can." And he kissed her and said, "Yes, Mammy," and started with his sister on the nine-mite walk through timberland where bear, deer, coon, and wildcats ran wild. He wanted to learn, to know, to live, to reach out; he wanted to satisfy hungers and thirsts he couldn't tell about, this big boy of the backwoods. And some of what he wanted so much, so deep down, seemed to be in the books. Maybe in books he would find the answers to dark questions pushing around in the pools of his thoughts and the drifts of his mind. He told his pals and other. people, "The things I want to know are in books; my best friend is the man who'll get me a book I haven't read." And sometimes friends answered, "Well, books aren't as plenty as wildcats in these parts o'Indianny." What Abe got in the schools didn't satisfy him. He went to three different schools in Indiana, besides two in Kentucky — altogether about four months of school. He learned his A B C ; how to spell, read, write. And he had been with the other barefoot boys in butternut jeans learning "manners" under the schoolteacher, Andrew Crawford, who had them open a door, walk in, and say, "How do you do?" Yet what he tasted of books in school was only a beginning, only made him hungry and thirsty, shook him with a wanting and a wanting of more and more of what was hidden between the covers of books. Вопросы к тексту: 1.Where was Abraham Lincoln born? 2.What kind of school did little Abe go? 3.How old was the boy? 4.What did Abe's mother always say to her son? 5.Why did Abe change so many schools? T e x t 4. While the Auto Waits The girl in grey came again to that quiet corner of the small park. Her dress though quite simple, was made to order, fitted her perfectly and was very be-, coming. She had on a pair of high-heeled suede shoes. She was very slim and beautiful. Her hair was fair and curly, her eyes - large and blue, her eyelashes were long and dark. Her hands and legs were long and shapely, her complexion was pale. She had come to that place at the same hour on the previous day and on the day before. There was a young man who knew it and who admired the girl. He was eager to get acquainted with her but was in a difficulty how to introduce himself. That day the girl was reading a book. When the young man came up to her and addressed her she was so greatly astonished that she dropped her book. The young man picked it up and returned to the girl politely, saying a few common words. The girl looked at his simple ready-made coat and his common face and kept silent. For a moment the young man seemed at a loss, but he broke the silence, saying: "You are the finest girl I've ever seen. I saw you yesterday and the day before and you cannot imagine what impression you've made on me." The girl interrupted him in an icy tone: "Whoever you are you must remember I am a lady." The young man felt very uncomfortable and begged her pardon. "Let's change the subject," said the girl, "let's better speak about the passing people." The young man didn't quite understand the role he was to play, so he kept silent. "You see," continued the girl, "I come here because it is my only comfort. It is only here that I can be among simple people. I'm very rich and I'm tired of money, of pleasure, of jewels, of travel. I hate the rich men who surround me." The young man looked at her with interest and astonishment. "I've always liked to read and hear about the life of the rich people. I always had an idea that money must be a very good thing...," he said. "Not when you are very rich," returned the girl in grey. "You don't seem to be a rich man. It's such a comfort to speak with a man unspoiled by money. Sometimes I think if I ever loved I should love a poor, simple man. By the way what's your profession?" The young man hesitated a moment and then said: "I'm a cashier in the restaurant with the brilliant electric sign which you can see over there." The girl looked at her watch and rose. "Why are you not at work then?" "I'm on the night's shift so I have nearly an hour to spare. May I hope to see you again?" said the young man. "Perhaps. To-night I'm engaged, I must go to a reception (прием). Excuse me, I must be off. Perhaps you noticed the white auto at the entrance? It's mine." "May I accompany you to the auto?" asked the young man. "No, don't. Remain here for 10 minutes. Don't go after me. I don't want my driver to see you." And the girl went away. The young man looked at her elegant figure then went after her. He saw her look at the white auto, pass it by, cross the street quickly and enter the restaurant with the brilliant electric sign. He saw that a red-haired girl left the cashier's place and the girl in grey took her place and began to work. The young man smiled, put his hands into his pockets, came up to the white automobile, seated himself comfortably and leaning on the cushions said to the driver: "Club, Henry..." Вопросы к тексту: 1.Who came to the park every evening? 2.What did the girl tell the young man about herself? 3.What did the young man tell the girl in return? 4.What did the young people turn out to be? 5.Who tried to get acquainted with the girl? T e x t 5. A Cake of Soap Jim Brown was sitting on a bench in Hyde Park. It was a warm May evening. The sun had already set. It was almost dark, but there were many street-lamps and Jim could see the faces of many people walking past him or sitting on benches or chairs not far from him. He could hear the noise of the London traffic. He was a philosopher. He liked to sit in the Park and watch the people whom he did not know. "Who are they? Where are they going to?" he thought, "are they happy?" While Jim was sitting in the Park a well-dressed young man came up to his bench, looked at him and sat down by his side. The young man was very excited and sighed deeply. "What is the matter with you?" asked Jim. The young man looked at Jim again. There was an expression in his eyes which Jim didn't like. "You will not believe me," said the young man, "but I have done the silliest thing that I have ever done in my life." He stopped, "Yes?" said Jim coldly. "I came to London this afternoon," continued the young man. "I wanted to stay at the Victoria Hotel, but when I got there I saw a new theatre built in its place. The taxi-driver recommended me another hotel. So I went there. It was in the part of London where I had never been before. I had my breakfast there, sent a letter to my parents in which I gave them my address and then I went out to buy some soap. I don't like to use hotel soap. I bought a cake of soap, had a drink at a bar and looked at some shops. When I wanted to go back to the hotel I suddenly realized that I didn't remember its name or even in what street it was. I have no friends in London. My parents will get my letter only tomorrow. I am without any money now, as I came out of the hotel with only a shilling which I have spent on the soap and drink. So here I am with threepence in my pocket and nowhere to go for the night." There was a pause after he had told his story. "I'm afraid you don't believe me," said the young man. "Why not?" said Jim, "I did the same thing once in a foreign capital." "So I can understand you very well." "Can you show me the soap?" asked Jim. The young man put his hand into his pocket and suddenly got up. "I have lost it," he said angrily. "It's too much to lose a hotel and a cake of soap on the same day," said Jim. But the young man did not hear him. He was running away. "It was very clever of me to ask him about the soap," said Jim to himself. And with these words he rose to go. But when he did so, he saw a small packet lying under the bench. He took it up. It was a cake of soap. "It has probably fallen out of the young man's overcoat pocket," thought Jim and ran after the young man. But he could see him nowhere. He found him at last at the gate of the Park. "Excuse me," said Jim. "Here is your cake of soap. I have found it under the bench. Don't lose it again,, it has been a good friend to you. And here is a pound, if it can help you." "Certainly," said the young man and quickly put the money into his pocket. "Here is my card and my address," went on Jim. "You can return the money any day this week." The young man thanked him and went away. "It's a good lesson to me not to be too clever," Jim thought returning to the Park again. When he was passing the bench where the little drama had taken place he saw an old gentleman standing near the bench. He was looking for something. "Have you lost anything, sir?" asked Jim. "Yes, sir, a cake of soap." Вопросы к тексту: 1.Why did Jim Brown like to come to Hyde Park? 2.Who did Jim meet in the park one evening? 3.What story did the young man tell? 4.What made Jim believe the young man? 5.How was Jim punished for being naive? T e x t 6. Love for Art Joe Lurry came to New York from the west dreaming about painting. Delia Silver came to New York from the south dreaming about music. Joe and Delia met in a studio where there were always many young people who spoke about art, pictures, music and many other things. Soon Joe and Delia got married. Mr. and Mrs. Lurry lived in a very small flat, but they were happy. They loved each other. Joe studied painting taking lessons from a great painter. Delia studied music taking lessons from a great pianist. They were quite happy, indeed, until one day they found they had no money. Delia had no money to pay her teacher, Joe had no money to pay his. Their life became hard. One day Delia said she had to give music lessons. A few days later she came home and told her husband that she had found a lesson and would teach music to a general's daughter. The girl's name was Clementina. They lived in a beautiful house. She was to give Clementina three lessons a week and get 5 dollars for every lesson. But Joe did not seem to like this idea. "Do you think I can see you work and do nothing myself? I must work, too." "All right," said Joe. "I may sell some of my pictures." And so Delia went to the general's house to teach music to his daughter Clementina. And every morning Joe went to Central Park to paint his pictures. After a week Delia brought home 15 dollars. She felt rather tired. Then Joe took 20 dollars out of his pocket. "Yesterday I sold one of my pictures to a gentleman from the country," he said, "and he asked me to paint another for him." "Oh, Joe, how glad I am," answered Delia. Next week Joe came home and put another 20 dollars on the table. Delia was not at home. In half an hour she came with her right hand bandaged. "What's the matter with your hand?" asked Joe. Delia began to laugh. "Oh, it's such a funny story! Clementina wanted me to eat some ragout and spilt some of the sauce on my hand. She was very sorry about it, and so was the old general. But it's nothing. It doesn't hurt much. Why are you looking so, Joe?" Joe took her hand in his, looked into her eyes and asked: "What do you do every day, Delia? Do you really teach a general's daughter? Tell me the truth." Delia sat looking at the floor for a while. Then she said, "I could not find any lessons but I had to work to get some money to help you, so I began to work at a laundry to iron linen. But I did not want you to know about it. Well, today one of the girls burned my hand with an iron. And I had to think up a story about the ragout on the way home. But how did you guess that I did not give any music lessons?" "I suspected nothing until tonight, when I saw the bandages, because I had to send these bandages upstairs for a girl in the laundry, who had had an accident with a hot iron. For, you see, I work in the machine-room of the same laundry where you work." Вопросы к тексту: 1. What did Joe and Delia dream of when they arrived in New York? 2. What made Delia look for a job? 3. Who did Delia teach? 4. Where did Joe go every morning? 5. How did Joe and Delia get to know each other's actual occupations? T e x t 7. The Story of a Carpenter My Grandmother Lucy knew no end of stories. Here is one of them which is to illustrate the absurdity of despair. It's the story of a carpenter who lived many hundreds of years ago. One day on his way home he was stopped by a friend who said: "My brother, why do you look so sad? Is anything the matter?" "You too would feel as I do," the carpenter replied. "If you were in my shoes." "What is it?" his friend asked. "By tomorrow morning," the carpenter said, "I must have eleven thousand eleven hundred eleven pounds of fine sawdust for the King, or else I shall lose my head." The carpenter's friend smiled and put his arm around the carpenter's shoulder. "My friend," he said, "cheer up. Let us go and eat and drink and forget tomorrow. Never give way to despair." So they went to the carpenter's home, where they found the carpenter's wife and children in tears. But the carpenter's friend told them to stop crying. And they all began eating, drinking, talking, singing and dancing. In the midst of laughter, the carpenter's wife began to weep and said: "So, my husband, in the morning you are to lose your head and we are all enjoying ourselves. So it is that way." "Don't give way to despair," the carpenter said. "It's no use." And they continued eating, drinking, singing and dancing. When light pierced darkness and it was day, everyone became silent and stricken with fear and grief. From the King came his men and knocked softly at the door of the carpenter's house. And the carpenter said: "Now I must go to die," and opened the door. "Carpenter," they said, "the King is dead. Build him a coffin." Вопросы к тексту: 1.Why was the carpenter in despair? 2.What did his friend suggest they should do? 3.Why didn't the carpenter and his friend stop having fun? 4.Who came to the carpenter's house at night? 5.What did they ask the carpenter for? T e x t 8. A Dream about the Sea Miss Drewitt and her uncle Captain Bowers lived in a small cottage. Behind the cottage there was an old garden. The captain was old and tired, so he had settled down to a nice, quiet life in a small town. Mr. Joseph Tasker, his servant, was to make Captain Bowers comfortable and to keep too many visitors from coming to the house. But he often couldn't do this because Miss Drewitt was very beautiful, and young people called at the cottage rather often. Mr. Edward Tredgold usually came with his father, an old friend of the captain's. Mr. Chalk, their neighbour, also came to the cottage to have a cup of tea and listen to the captain's stories about seas. "I should like to take a voyage before I'm quite old," said Mr. Chalk. "I've got a dream to have a small yacht, but I am afraid it would be impossible to go on a long voyage in a small one." "The smaller the better," said young Edward Tredgold, who was sitting by the window with Miss Drewitt. "Why?" asked Mr. Chalk, taking his pipe from his mouth. "Less to lose," explained Mr. Tredgold. "Don't you know about the dangers at sea?" "I shouldn't run my yacht into unnecessary danger," said Mr. Chalk seriously. "I'm a married man, and there's my wife to think of." "Why, you've got a lot of money to leave her, haven't you?" said Edward with meaning. "I was thinking of her losing me," replied Mr. Chalk crossly. "Oh, I didn't think of that," said the other. "Yes, of course." "What part did you think of going to for your cruise?" said Captain Bowers. "I haven't decided yet," said Mr. Chalk. "It's just an idea, that's all. I talked to your father the other day," he added, turning to Edward Tredgold, "I should like to take him with me." "Of course, take him," said the loving son quickly. "It would do him a lot of good. Me, too." "He said he had neither money nor time," said Mr. Chalk. "The best thing would be to combine business with pleasure, to take a yacht and find sunken treasures. I've heard of such things before." "I've heard of it too," said the captain, nodding. Mr. Chalk and the captain smoked in silence for some tome. "Have you ever come across such sunken treasures, Captain Bowers?" said Mr. Chalk at last. "No," said the captain slowly, "I haven't." "But I'm sure you have heard of a sunken treasure somewhere," Mr. Chalk replied. The captain smiled and shook his head. The other watched him with attention. "Why don't you want to tell me?" he said. "You must know of some sunken treasures, I'm sure." "Well... I do," said Captain Bowers, "but you couldn't call it a sunken treasure. It is a secret, we won't talk about it." Вопросы к тексту: 1. Who lived in a small cottage? 2. Why did many people call on Captain Bowers' place? 3. What was Mr. Chalk's dream? 4. What did the guests say about sunken treasures? 5. Why didn't the captain want to speak about sunken treasures? T e x t 9. After Twenty Years The policeman walked up and down the street. The time was almost 10 o'clock p.m. But there were very few people in the streets, as the wind was bitter and the heavy rain unpleasant. Suddenly the policeman slowed his walk. In the doorway of a darkened store he saw a man. As the policeman walked up closer the man said: "Everything is all right, officer, I am just waiting for a friend. It is an appointment made 20 years ago. It sounds a little strange to you, doesn't it? I'll explain, if you would like to hear. About 20 years ago there was a small restaurant where the store stands." The man at the doorway lit his cigar. The light illuminated a pale face with black eyes and a little white scar near the right eye. There was a large diamond in his ring. "Twenty years ago," said the man, "I dined here at the restaurant with Jimmy Wells, my best friend, the finest chap in the world. I was 18 and Jimmy was 20. The next morning I was to start for the West to make my fortune. I couldn't make Jimmy leave New York, he thought it was the only place in the world. Well, we agreed that night that we should meet here again in 20 years. We supposed that in 20 years each of us would make a fortune." "It sounds very interesting," said the policeman," but you met rather a long time ago. Have you heard from your friend since then?" "Well, yes, for a time we corresponded," said the other. "But after a year we lost each other, but I know Jimmy will meet me here if he is alive." "You made a lot of money in the West, didn't you?" asked the policeman. "Oh yes, I did, you may be sure." The policeman was silent. Then he said, "I hope your friend will come in time. How long are you going to wait for him?" "I'll give him half an hour at least. So long, officer." "Good night, sir," said the policeman. 20 minutes passed and then a tall man in a long overcoat with the collar turned up over his ears hurried from the opposite side of the street directly to the waiting man. "Is that you, Jimmy Wells?" asked the man in the doorway. "Oh, dear Bob!" exclaimed the newcomer. "I was sure I would find you here. Well, 20 years is a long time. How has the West treated you, old man?" "Very well. It has given everything I asked for. But you have changed very much, Jimmy. I never thought you were so tall." "Oh, I grew a little after I was 20." "How are you getting on in New York. Jimmy?" "Well, I have a position in one of the city departments. Come on, Bob we'll go to a place I know of, and have a good long talk of old times." The two men went up the street. When they came up to a store, brilliant with electric lights, each of them turned to look at each other's face. The man from the West stopped suddenly. "You are not Jimmy Wells," he said, "20 years is a long time, but not long enough to change a man's face." "It sometimes changes a good man into a bad man," said the tall man. "You'll be arrested in 10 minutes, Silky Bob. Go ahead quietly, the police want to have a talk with you," he commanded. "Now, before we go to the police station, here is a note I was asked to hand you. You may read it here at the window. It's from Jimmy Wells." The man from the West began to read it. The note was rather short. "Bob, I was at the appointed place and time. When you struck the match to light your cigar I saw it was the face of the man the police was looking for. I don't know why, but I couldn't arrest you myself, so I went away and got another man to do the job. Jimmy." Вопросы к тексту: 1.What made the policeman slow his walk? 2.What did the man look like? 3.What story did the man tell the policeman? 4.Did the two friends meet? 5.Why couldn't the policeman arrest the man himself? T e x t 10. Molly While Godfrey Cass was dancing with Nancy on that New Year's Eve at the Red House, his wife Molly was walking slowly along the snow-covered road towards Raveloe, with her baby daughter in her arms. It had long been her plan to go to Raveloe on New Year's Eve and spoil Godfrey's pleasure. She knew that Godfrey was sorry he had married her and had turned her love for him into hate. He was rich; if she had her rights she would be rich too. She intended to go straight to his father with the child in her arms and tell him that she was his eldest son's wife. She didn't care what happened after that. Molly had left the town at an early hour without telling anyone where she was going. Her progress was slow because it was snowing heavily. She often had to stop to rest herself. She was still some miles from Raveloe when it got dark, nevertheless she walked on. The child was sleeping in her arms. She was very tired. By seven o'clock she was not far from Raveloe, but she didn't know where she was. She felt too weak to go on. She thought she would feel better if she drank a little from the bottle in her pocket. She hoped the spirits would give her strength, but as she had eaten nothing all day, she got sleepy instead. She tried to walk on, but weakness overcame her, and she had to sit down under a bush. She was not far from Silas Marner's cottage, but she did not see it because it was still snowing heavily. In a few minutes she was lying in the soft snow beside the bush, with the child sleeping in her arms. She did not feel that the snow was cold and she did not care whether the child would wake and cry for her: she was too tired. Then, little by little, sleep overpowered her completely, and the child fell into the snow. It woke up and began to cry "mammy." But its mother slept on and did not hear anything. Then suddenly the child noticed that quite near them there was a bright living thing dancing on the snow. She wanted to catch it. She held out her little hand but it seemed to run away from her. It was the light which shone out through Marner's open door. The child got up and, following the bright light, entered the cottage. She found herself in front of a fire and sat down to warm herself. The warmth made her sleepy. She had often been left alone for many hours, so the situation was not new to her and she was not afraid. When she felt sleepy she put her head on Marner's old coat, which had been placed near the fire to dry, and soon her blue eyes closed in sleep. Вопросы к тексту: 1.Who was walking towards Raveloe? 2.What was Molly's plan? 3.What made Molly drink alcohol? 4.What happened to Molly afterwards? 5.Where did the child go to? T e x t 11. The Real Princess There was once a prince, and he wanted to find a princess, but then she must be a real princess. He travelled right round the world to find one, but there was always something wrong. There were plenty of princesses but he always had great difficulty in discovering whether they were real princesses. So at last he had come home again, and he was very sad because he wanted a real princess so badly. One evening there was a terrible storm, it thundered and lightened; and the rain poured down in torrents, indeed it was a fearful night. In the middle of the storm somebody knocked at the gate of the town and the king himself went to open it. It was a princess who stood outside, but she was in a terrible state from the rain and from the storm. The water streamed out of her hair and her clothes, but she said that she was a real princess. "Well, we shall soon see that is true," thought the old Queen, but she said nothing. She went into the bedroom, took the bedclothes off and laid a pea on the bed; then she took twenty mattresses and piled them on the top of the pea, and then twenty feather beds on the top of the mattresses. This was where the princess was to sleep that night. In the morning they asked her how she had slept. "Oh, terribly badly," said the princess. "I have hardly closed my eyes the whole night. Heaven knows what was in bed. I seemed to be lying upon some hard thing, and my whole body is black and blue this morning. It is terrible!" They saw at once that she must be a real princess when she felt the pea through twenty mattresses and twenty feather beds. Nobody thought a real princess could have such a delicate skin. Вопросы к тексту: 1.Why did the Prince travel round the world? 2.Was he satisfied with the result of his travels? And why? 3.What happened one fearful night? 4.What did the old Queen do to test the young girl? 5.What was the result of the test? T e x t 12. A Dilemma Tom's Uncle Philip was an inventor and was extremely rich. He was a strange old man, he lived alone, he had no wife or friends and spent all his money on precious stones. One day, about a week before Uncle Philip died, he sent for his nephew. Here it must be explained that this was their first meeting. Many years before Philip had had a big quarrel with his sister, who was Tom's mother, he had never spoken to her again. He did not want to see Tom. He hated them both very much. When Tom came to see him, Uncle Philip was lying ill in bed. He said: "I am leaving all my precious stones to you. You will find them in an iron box in the bank. But before you unlock the box, read the letter which lies on top of it. Also, be careful not to shake the box." Tom thought that this was very strange, but as his uncle was known to be a strange man, he believed that everything would be all right. After Uncle Philip's death Tom went to the bank for the box. Before he started to open it, he read the letter. It said: "Dear Tom, This box contains a large number of precious stones. I am leaving them to you because I want you to remember your dear uncle. The box also contains a powerful charge of dynamite which will explode as soon as you unlock it. If you do not believe me, open it and you will be blown to pieces. Do not forget your uncle." Tom thought for a week and at last decided to open the box from a distance with the help of wires. He would not be killed if the dynamite exploded. But then he realized that if the dynamite exploded it would blow the stones into bits. From that time on Tom could think of nothing but the box and the riches that he would get if he could open it safely. He asked everyone for advice. Some people suggested ways of opening the box, but they did not believe in their ideas enough to try them out. Once a government official came to collect the tax on Tom's inheritance. Tom was happy. He showed the tax collector Uncle Philip's letter and offered him the key to the box. The man said he would think it over and come back later. Of course, he never came back. So there is Tom's problem. A rich man, he is at the same time poor. He has an iron box that contains great riches, but also contains dynamite which will explode when the key is used to open it. Вопросы к тексту: 1.What kind of person was Tom's uncle? 2.What did Uncle Philip leave to his nephew? 3.Why was Tom afraid to open the box? 4.Why was Tom rich and poor at the same time? 5.Who promised to help Tom? Did he keep his word? T e x t 13. New Arabian Nights The Adventure of the Hanson Cab. Brackenbury had covered himself with fame, during the years of his service in the army. His bravery was known to everybody and he came home a real hero. But he was a modest man and liked adventures very much. So he arrived in London and as he had no relatives in the capital he lived as a foreigner. On the following day he dined alone at a club. He shook hands with a few old comrades and had a talk with them, but in the evening he found himself quite alone. He decided to walk about London to see the great city. He looked at the houses, at the faces of people and thought that he would like to meet with an adventure. Suddenly it began to rain. Brackenbury hid under some trees. As he did so he noticed a cabman making him a sign that he was free. He immediately got in. "Where to, sir?" asked the driver. "Where you please," said Brackenbury. The cab drove off through the rain. Street after street flashed past and they looked so much alike that Bracken-bury soon lost all idea of direction. The driver seems to be in a hurry - he thought to himself. Soon the cab stopped before a large house which was lighted up brightly. "Here we are, sir," said the driver. "Here!" repeated Brackenbury, "where?" "You told me to take you where I pleased, sir," returned the man with a smile, "and here we are." "I must ask you to explain. Do you mean to turn me out into the rain?" "There's a party in this house. I was asked to bring a few gentlemen in evening dress. You have simply to go and say that Mr. Morris invited you." "Are you Mr. Morris?" "Oh, no," replied the cabman, "Mr. Morris is the owner of the house." "It is not the usual way of inviting guests," said Brackenbury. "What if I refuse Mr. Morris's invitation?" "My orders are to drive you back where I took you from," replied the man, "and set out to look for others - for those who will accept the invitation." Brackenbury decided to stay. The moment he got down from the cab the door of the house was thrown open and a servant ran out to meet him. "The cabman has been paid," observed the servant, leading the way to the house. In the hall several other servants took Brackenbury's things and one of them showed him into the dining room. A handsome young man came forward to greet him. There were about sixteen guests in the room, all men, some of them stood talking in small groups, others sat playing cards at table. They drank some champagne, and Brackenbury lit a cigar. He followed Mr. Morris in all his movements and he soon noticed that the man was busy observing his guests in the most careful manner. He went here and there, listened to the conversations and watched the men at cards." "This Morris," thought Brackenbury, "has some definite purpose behind all this, and I should like to find it out." Вопросы к тексту: 1.What kind of person was Mr. Brackenbury? 2.How did Mr. Brackenbury find himself in the cab? 3.Where did the cabman drive Mr. Brackenbury to? 4.Who were the guests at the party? 5.What did Mr. Brackenbury think about the host? T e x t 14. The Face of Judas Nobody knows where this story has come from. It tells us about a well-known artist who gave his whole life to his art. It is said that his last picture was a real masterpiece. Everybody knew with what enthusiasm the great painter worked at his picture. At first he easily found many models to pose for him and at last the picture was almost finished except for the two most important figures: Christ and Judas. The painter missed models for them and looked for them everywhere but could not find a suitable face for a very long time. It was either not noble enough for Christ or not ugly enough for Judas. But once while he was walking along the street, he happened to meet a boy whose face struck him: his hair was dark, his nose was straight, his blue eyes shone under long eyelashes. It was the face of an angel though the boy looked miserable with his torn dirty clothes on and bare feet. The painter took the boy to his place and several weeks later the figure of Christ appeared on the canvas. It was splendid and all who saw it wondered where the painter could have found the model with such regular features. But the painter still had no model for Judas. Many men with ugly faces were ready to serve him, but neither of them could satisfy the artist. Years passed on and the painter got very old. He almost lost his last hope of finishing the picture, as he was old and no medicine could do him any good. Once he was sitting in a little tavern over his daily glass of wine. It was a cheerless autumn day, it was raining and the wind was blowing. Suddenly the door opened and a man appeared. The artist looked at him and started. It was difficult to imagine how ugly the man was. His face was blue with cold. He stretched his dirty trembling hand and whispered: "Wine! Wine!" and fell down. The artist rushed to him. To his delight he saw the real face of Judas. He helped him to his feet and promised to give him much wine and everything he wanted for posing for Judas. The artist began working at once, but he noticed that a strange change happened to the beggar. The ugly man was looking at the picture in horror. The painter asked: "What is the matter with you, my son? Tell me, I think you are suffering greatly." The man looked at him. His bloodshot eyes filled with tears. Then he answered in a low voice: "Haven't you recognized me? I served you as a model for Christ." Вопросы к тексту: 1. What models did the artist look for? 2. Who posed for the artist as the model of Christ? 3. Why couldn't the artist finish his picture? 4. Whom did the artist find at last? 5. Why did the ugly man start to cry? T e x t 15. Protecting His Property John Webb was an American businessman. He had a comfortable flat in New York but he preferred to leave the dusty city in summer and to live in his cottage. In one of the rooms in his cottage there was a big closet in which he kept his things. John liked his cottage, especially his own closet, for John Webb loved his personal things and got very angry when somebody else touched them. It was autumn and John was packing things, as he was going to return to New York. Suddenly his eyes fell on the shelf where his wine stood. One of the bottles was half full, though he remembered he had not opened it. He took the bottle and stared at it. At that moment his wife Helen entered the room. "John," she exclaimed, "you are not taking a drink at ten in the morning, are you?" "No, dear," he answered. "I'm only going to put something into it." With these words he took some small white tablets out of his pocket and dropped them into the bottle. While his wife was staring at him in horror he explained to her: "You see, my dear, somebody has stolen my wine and I want to punish the thief." "What are these tablets? Will they make the man sick?" Helen cried. "Not only sick, they'll kill him. It's poison." Helen grew pale. "But, John, it's awful, it's murder, even the law doesn't punish a thief by death, what right have you?" "When it comes to protecting my property I make my own laws," he answered. Near the bottle he put a small wine glass filled with poisoned wine. Helen couldn't help thinking with horror of what might happen while they were in New York. She made up her mind to tell their neighbour about it. Someone had to know. "Well, my dear," she said pretending to smile, "I'll go and say good-bye to our neighbour." Helen went away and John went on packing. Suddenly he remembered that he had not packed his hunting boots, which were in the garden. Leaving the door open he went out into the garden. Suddenly he slipped and struck his head and fell down. He felt a sharp pain and fainted. Some minutes later he felt a strong arm round him and heard his servant say: "It's all right, Mr. Webb, take this, it'll make you better." A small wine glass was pressed to his lips. Half - conscious he drank it. Вопросы к тексту: 1. How much did the American businessman like his personal things? 2. Why did he put some tablets into the wine bottle? 3. How did Mr. Webb try to protect his property? 4. What happened to Mr. Webb in the garden? 5. Who was finally punished and why did it happen? Some jokes and anecdotes like these will be read by the teacher, and you are supposed to reproduce them in English Примеры шуток и анекдотов, которые будут вам предложены для пересказа Sailor's Story "I went in to bathe," said a sailor, "but before I had been long in the water I saw a huge shark making rapidly towards me. What was to be done? When he was within a yard of me I turned round and dived under the shark. Then taking a knife out of my pocket, I killed the monster." "But did you bathe with your clothes on?" asked the astonished listener. "Well," answered the sailor, "you needn't be so particular." Don't Worry! A little boy during his first day at school attracted the teacher's attention with his tears. "What's wrong, Billy?" asked the teacher. "I don't care much for school and I guess I have to stay with it till I am sixteen," cried the boy. "Don't let it worry you," said the teacher. "I have to stay here until I'm 65." Discovery It reminds me of a story my Dad used to tell me about the teacher who was teaching a class of little girls. She was trying to tell them about everything that had been discovered in recent years,- the telephone, the radio, and so on. She asked, "What is there today that wasn't here forty years ago?" A bright little girl jumped up and shouted, "Me!" And she is right. That is the most important thing that's here today that wasn't here forty years ago. Santa Claus and a Boy Mother took her little son to visit a department - store Santa Claus. "And what would you like for Christmas?" asked the old Santa Claus. The child stared at him, horrified. "But why?" he cried, "didn't you get my letter?" The Doctor and the Patient The doctor looked at the patient's tongue, felt his pulse and began: "What you need is plenty of outdoor exercises. Walk, walk, walk." "But doctor..." "Don't argue with me. I am the doctor. Take my advice. Walk ten times as much as you do now. That's the only thing that will cure you." "But my business..." "That's just the trouble. Your business! Well, change your business, so that you can get a chance to walk more. What is your business?" "I'm a letter carrier." Once Bitten "Don't be afraid of the dog," called the housewife to the postman. "You know the old proverb, a barking dog never bites." "Yes, madam, I know the proverb. But does the dog?" Any More Problems The professor gave his class a lot of problems to keep them engaged for several hours. After 15 minutes, when the professor was sitting comfortably in his chair he was asked by one of the boys: "Sir, do you have any more problems?" Very much surprised, the professor asked: "Do you mean you have finished all those I've given?" "No," answered the student. "I couldn't work any of these, so I thought I might have been better with some others." 2. Тестовые задания Лексические трудности Правильное употребление слов, особенно предлогов, часто является проблемой для учащихся. Проверьте себя с помощью нижеследующих упражнений, ключи могут быть использованы для самоконтроля позднее. Exercise 1. Put suitable prepositions. 1) We do not go ... school... Sundays. 2) Wait... me... the bus-stop! 3) We arrived... the station... exactly six o'clock. 4) I bought this hat... ten roubles. 5) You may write... pencil. 6) There's no bus; we'll have to go... foot. 7) We went... the seaside... car. 8) Get... the tram here, and get off... the third stop. 9) Hold it carefully... your thumb and first finger. 10) I couldn't hear what they were talking... . 11) A girl... blue eyes has just gone... the door. 12)The teacher was sitting... a desk... the class. 13) ...him was a blackboard. 14) We had to go... the hill... a little house... the top. 15) She was looking... the window... the busy street. 16) Read... line 10... line 20... page 7. 17) I walked... one end of the street... the other. 18)You can reach the station... bus... ten minutes. 19) Don't look... me like that! 20) The first sputnik travelled... the world hundreds of times... a few weeks. 21) Switzerland lies... Germany, France and Italy. 22) Please come... me... the theatre tonight. 23) Do you want to speak... me... anything? 24) There's a knock...the door. Who can be calling... us... this late hour? 25) Don't go out... the rain... a hat. 26) The cat is hiding... us... the table. 27) I must work very hard... history, because I'm not very good... it. 28) I go... the post office every day... my way... work. Exercise 2. Complete the following sentences with do or make. 1) I always... my best. 2) I shall... all the arrangements for you. 3) It has nothing to... with you. 4) He... a good speech yesterday. 5) It won't... you any harm to take another week's holiday. 6) How do you... ? 7) That cup of tea has... me good. 8) ... up your mind to... what is right. 9) Why can't you... him... his work properly? 10) ... your worst! Say what you like and have... with it! Exercise 3. Use the correct forms of the verbs to raise and to rise; to lay and to lie in the multiple choice exercise. 1) He was trying to ... from the ground but failed. a) rise, b) raise, c) rose, d) raised 2) He ... his hat and greeted the lady. a) rose, b) rise, c) raise, d) raised 3) The sun had already ... and the birds were singing. a) raised, b) rose, c) risen, d) rising 4) He ... in bed and couldn't move. a) laid, b) was lying, c) lied, d) was laying 5) She didn't know who ... the table, but it didn't matter. a) was lying, b) had laid, c) lay, d) lied Тесты для самопроверки Те s t 1 I. Complete the story by supplying the correct forms of the verbs. Mr. Smith ... 1) (to go) on a business trip to London and three of his friends asked him if he ... 2) (not to mind)... 3) (to buy) umbrellas for them. Mr. Smith ... 4) (to check in) at the hotel, ... 5) (to leave) his luggage and ... 6) (to decide) to go to the shop. For nearly a fortnight it ... 7) (to pour) in London, and on that day the weather was nasty too: it ... 8) (to rain) hard, a strong wind ... 9) (to blow), and there was no hope that the sun ever ... 10)(to appear). So Mr. Smith ... 11) (to fetch) his umbrella and ... 12) (to put on) his raincoat, because he was afraid he ... 13) (to get) wet through. To Mr. Smith's disappointment all the umbrellas ... 14) (to be sold out) the day before, but the owner of the shop said they ... 15) (to have) no supply for a long time and he ... 16) (to be sure) ... 17) (to get) some umbrellas in the afternoon. At the time Mr. Smith ... 18) (to leave) the shop it no longer ... 19) (to rain), the sun already ... 20) (to shine) brightly, and one could hardly believe that some ten minutes before it... 21) (to rain) cats and dogs. Mr. Smith ... 22) (to leave) his umbrella behind, but the weather was so fine that he even ... 23) (not to remember) about it. He got on the bus that ... 24) (to be) ... 25) (to take) him to the hotel, but when he ... 26) (to get off) the bus, by mistake he ... 27) (to take) his neighbour's umbrella and suddenly he heard the man ... 28) (to say): "Sorry, sir, I ... 29) (to believe) this is my umbrella." "I am sorry, sir," said Mr. Smith, he ... 30) (to feel) ashamed - the people ... 31) (may) ... 32) (to think) he was a thief - and he ... 33) (to hurry) out of the bus. He ... 34) (to come) to the hotel,... 35) (to have) dinner, and in the evening he ... 36) (to go) to the shop ... 37) (to buy) umbrellas. He ... 38) (to buy) three umbrellas and the owner ... 39) (to return) him the umbrella he ... 40) (to leave) behind, and when he ... 41) (to return) with the four umbrellas in his hands, he ... 42) (to meet) the man whose umbrella he ... 43) (to take) by mistake when he ... 44) (to leave) the bus. The man smiled at him and said: "You ...45) (to have) a lucky day, eh?" II. Make u p five questions on the story above. III. Choose the right answer. Only one answer is correct. 1) Alaska is located in ... North America, West of Canada, a) —, b) a, c) the, d) that ... 2) … to go there at once? a) Had you, b) Did you have, c) Must you, d) Have you 3) Nobody could make him ... the truth. a) to tell, b) speak, c) say, d) tell 4) He has always been so proud ... his children! a) by, b) with, c) of, d) for 5) There isn't ... interesting in your story. a) many, b) much, c) lot, d) a lot 6) You agree with me, ...? a) do you, b) don't you, c) are you, d) aren't you 7) Have you ever ... across the Atlantic? a) fly, b) flowed, c) flew, d) flown 8) ... is too dark in here. a) there, b) it, c) this, d) that 9) Don't forget to congratulate him ... his birthday. a) on, b) for, c) with, d) about 10) What other books ... detective stories do you read? a) except, b) besides, c) beside, d) accept 11) Alice asked me how ... with my English. a) was I getting on, b) did I get on, с) I was getting on, d) I am getting on 12) Helen was so fond ... the piano. a) to play, b) of playing, c) play, d) playing 13) She looked ... at the little girl. a) pleasantly, b) pleasant, c) pleasure, d) pleased 14) Neither I, nor my friends have ... been abroad. a) never, b) also, c) ever, d) seldom 15) He ... to Liverpool on business and he'll be back only next week. a) comes, b) came, c) is going, d) had gone 16) Richard ... very attentively when he spoke about his trip. a) was listened, b) listened to, c) was being listened, d) was being listened to 17) She was a ... girl. a) ten-year-old, b) ten-years-old, c) ten years, d) of the ten years 18) ... lovely music! a) What a, b) How a, c) What, d) How 19) Did you notice him take the money and .... a) left, b) leave, c) to leave, d) leaving 20) This old town is famous for ... beautiful architecture. a) it is, b) its, c) it's, d) his IV. Translate into English. 1) Зачем ты взял деньги? Они не твои. Положи обратно. 2) Он хочет знать, будет ли там кто-нибудь из его друзей. 3) Мэри больна уже неделю. Она простудилась в субботу, и я не знаю, когда она выздоровеет. 4) Никто не понимал, почему Тед отказался от такого интересного предложения. 5) Если Билл захочет поговорить со мной, он может зайти к нам в вос- кресенье. Мы будем его ждать. 6) Не беспокойтесь, над вами не будут смеяться. Но я прошу вас не надевать эту смешную шляпку. 7) Его статья была более интересной, чем книга этого ученого. 8) М-р Браун только что вернулся из Германии, и все хотят, чтобы он рассказал об этой стране. 9) Холодный ветер дул с севера, в Альпы пришла зима. 10)Это не тот автобус, который вам нужен. Вам надо пересесть на другой. Test 2 I. Complete the story by supplying the correct forms of the verbs. Till the end of the 13th century Wales ... 1) (to be) independent of England. In the 13th century the army of King Edward ... 2) (to defeat) the Welsh Army. During the battles of 1282-1284 the great chiefs of the Welsh Llewellyn and his brother David ... 3) (to kill). Early in the morning the chiefs ... 4) (to come) up to the castle where King Edward and his wife ... 5) (to live). They ... 6) (to say) their people ... 7) (not to want) ... 8) (to rule) by the English King but by a man who ... 9) (to be born) in Wales, who ... 10) (to speak) their language and ... 11) (not to know) a word of English. He should also ... 12) (to be) an honest man who ... 13) (to do) nobody harm. Edward ... 14) (to answer) he ... 15) (to think) and ... 16) (to give) his answer. A week hardly ... 17) (to pass) when a lot of people ... 18) (to lead) by chief ... 19) (to gather) near the King's caste again. The chiefs ... 20) (to be excited) - each of them ... 21) (to hope) that the King ... 22) (to prefer) him to the others. They ... 23) (to be) about... 24) (to quarrel) when King Edward ... 25) (to appear) on the balcony. Everybody ... 26) (to keep) silent ... 27) (to wait) what the King ... 28) (to say). —Chiefs and people of Wales,— he ... 29) (to begin) - you ... 30) (to say) you want ... 31) (to rule) by a man who ... 32) (to be born) in Wales, who ... 33) (to speak) your language and ... 34) (not to know) a word of English, who ... 35) (to be) honest and ... 36) (to do) nobody harm. If I ... 37) (to offer) you such a man, do you promise to obey him? —We do,— they answered. —Here is such a man. It is my son. He ... 38) (to be born) here in Wales a week ago, he ... 39) (not to know) a word of English, he ... 40) (to do) nobody harm. He ... 41) (to be) Prince of Wales. Everybody ... 42) (to keep) silent. The chiefs ... 43) (to disappoint) though each of them was happy that at least his rival ... 44) (not to choose). Ever since that time the elder son of the English King ... 45) (to be) Prince of Wales. II.Make up five questions on the story above. III.Choose the right answer. Only one answer is correct. 1) ... a lot of traffic in Tokyo. a) It is, b) There are, c) It was, d) There is 2) ... that year the Browns lived in Brighton. a) — b) In, c) On, d) At 3) This must be ... man your friend spoke about. a) a, b) any, c) the, d) some 4) The reporter ... for a long time, but didn't say anything. a) speak, b) told, c) spoke, d) said 5) You had ... to make this trip. Why didn't you use it? a) a case, b) the chance, c) a chance, d) the occasion 6) Can I give you ... advice? a) the, b) an, c) —, d) these 7) It's ... today, than yesterday. a) the hotter, b) the hottest, c) much hotter, d) much more hotter 8) We have got ... fruit in our garden than we had last year. a) less, b) much, c) few, d) little 9) Ted has been happy ... they came to San Francisco. a) before, b) till, c) since, d) when 10) Have you ever watched the sun ...? a) raise, b) rise, c) is rising, d) is raising 11) I can't help ... economical. a) being, b) to be, c) my being, d) be 12) I ... to become an English teacher. a) have wanted, b) have always wanted, c) has always wanted, d) had wanted 13) I'd love to see this play.— .... a) So had I, b) So do I, c) So did I, d) So would I 14) They lived in a ... village. a) Lovely old little, b) old lovely little, c) little old lovely, d) lovely little old 15) Since then the monster ... at least once a year. a) saw, b) has been seen, c) has seen, d) is being seen 16) The doctor asked how long ... the medicine. a) would I take, b) I had been taking, c) had taken, d) I took 17) I can give you this book. You ... go to the library. a) wouldn't, b) needn't, c) may not, d) can't 18) Did you see Mary ... Easter? a) on, b) —, c) at, d) in 19) The news made John .... a) laugh, b) to laugh, c) laughing, d) laughed 20) ... was still a day to spare. a) There, b) It, c) This, d) These IV. Translate into English. 1) Вам придется подождать. Комната еще не готова. Там моют пол. 2) Джон не был со мной согласен, у него было другое мнение. Я не думала, что с ним будет так трудно разговаривать. 3) Мэри не пробыла там и пяти минут, как ей рассказали все последние новости. 4) Ник впервые встретил Сэлли у своей тетушки. Он только что окончил школу и хотел побыть у тети, так как не видел ее полгода. 5) Зачем Мэри постригла волосы? Они теперь очень короткие, и она похожа на свою старшую сестру. 6) Джейн нервничает, так как переводит трудную статью уже полчаса. Ей кажется, что это самая трудная статья, над которой она когда-либо работала. 7) Она не могла взять детей в зоопарк, так как похолодало и с самого утра шел сильный дождь. 8) Ребенок болен уже неделю. Он простудился в четверг, и я не знаю, когда он выздоровеет. 9) Я недавно видел Анну, но мы не разговаривали, так как она спешила в институт. 10) Если вторник вам не подходит, давайте встретимся в какой-нибудь другой день, хорошо? Test 3 I. Complete the story by supplying the correct forms of the verbs. At 9 o'clock Harvey Maxwell, a broker, ... 1) (to enter) his office together with his young stenographer, Miss Leslie, and ... 2) (to hurry) to his desk where a heap of letters and telegrams ... 3) (to wait) for him. But the young stenographer ... 4) (to stand) before Mr. Maxwell's table and ... 5) (to watch) him for some time. The man ... 6) (to sit) at that desk was no longer a man, it ... 7) (to be) a machine. The girl asked Mr. Pitcher, the clerk, if Mr. Maxwell ... 8) (to tell) him anything about finding another stenographer. "He ... 9) (to do)," answered Pitcher. "I... 10) (to do) the work as usual until someone ... 11) (to come) to take my place." It ... 12) (to be) a busy day. The clerks in the office ... 13) (to jump) about like sailors during a storm. Suddenly they ... 14) (to see) a young girl ... 15) (to enter) the office. It ... 16) (to be) a new stenographer. But Mr. Maxwell ... 17) (to say) they already ... 18) (to have) a very good stenographer. The girl ... 19) (to shrug) her shoulders and ... 20 ) (to go away). Pitcher ... 21) (to remark) that the boss ... 22) (to get) more forgetful. When the luncheon hour ... 23) (to draw) nearer, there ... 24) (to come) a relaxation. The window ... 25) (to open) and suddenly through it ... 26) (to come) a familiar delicate smell of lilac. "I ... 27) (to do) it now," he ... 28) (to say) to himself. "I have just five minutes before business ... 29) (to begin) again." "Miss Leslie," he ... 30) (to begin) hurriedly. "You ... 31) (to be) my wife? I ... 32) (to love) you for a long time and I ask you ... 33) (to marry) me. Oh, I ... 34) (to want) on the phone. ... 35) (to tell) them ... 36) (to wait), Pitcher." At first the stenographer ... 37) (to seem) surprised. Tears ... 38) (to fill) her eyes. But then she ... 39) (to smile) and ... 40) (to put) one of her arms around his neck. "Oh, business ... 41) (to make) you ... 42) (to forget) everything," she ... 43) (to say) softly, "but you ... 44) (not to remember), Harvey, that we ... 45) (to marry) yesterday in the Little Church round the corner?" II.Make up five questions on the story above. III.Choose the right answer. Only one answer is correct. 1) They tried to make ... agreeable. a) itself, b) themselves, c) oneself, d) ourselves 2) We must send a telegram to congratulate them ... their silver wedding. a) for, b) with, c) on, d) about 3) Peter was ... not to slam the door. a) told, b) said, c) talked, d) spoken 4) A person may do things ... understand. a) which he doesn't, b) those he doesn't, c) who he doesn't, d) that he don't 5) The girl looked ... at her parents. a) happy, b) happily, c) no happy, d) no happily 6) We arrived ... the hotel and were shown to our rooms. a) in, b) to, c) —, d) at 7) ... Room 23 is the smallest. a) —, b) The, c) A, d) Those 8) I don't know how many books... in the bookcase, a) are there, b) is there, c) there is, d) there are 9) Don't be afraid and take the .... a) accident, b) incident, c) occasion, d) chance 10) I always try to follow ... sound advice. a) a, b) the, c) —, d) these 11) Is he ... Mr. Nash? a) as old than, b) as old as, c) the oldest than, d) as older than 12) She is never satisfied with her work, ...? a) isn't she, b) is she, c) doesn't she, d) does she 13) ... was said about it. a) Lot, b) Many, c) Much, d) Lots 14) We have a lot of time, ... is no need to hurry a) there, b) it, c) this, d) that 15) I haven't seen him.— a) So did I, b) Neither have I, с) I didn't either, d) So have I 16) The teacher asked when .... a) did the Norman Conquest begin, b) the Norman Conquest began, c) had the Norman Conquest begun, d) the Norman Conquest will begin 17) No news ... good news. a) are, b) is, c) are a, d) is a 18) She ... to you again! a) lied, b) lay, c) laid, d) lying 19) He asked when the assistant .... a) was sent, b) is sent for, c) will be for, d) would be sent for 20) She was tired and asked me ... make so much noise, a) didn't, b) not to, c) not, d) did not to IV. Translate into English. 1) Дождь идет с самого утра. Какая ужасная погода! Сейчас лето, а еще не было ни одного солнечного дня. 2) Когда мы вошли в комнату, Нора уже накрыла на стол и ставила в вазу цветы. Мы ожидали гостей с минуту на минуту. 3) Я не ожидала, что ты приедешь так рано. Теперь я не знаю, когда мы с тобой встретимся. Давай подождем до вечера, хорошо? 4) Интересно, что будет перед нашим домом. Если здесь будет парк, то я смогу брать малыша Томми на прогулки каждый день. 5) "У него довольно слабые знания французского, он с трудом понимал вас".— "Да, ему следует больше работать над языком". 6) "Мама только что получила письмо от отца и сейчас читает его".— "А что он пишет?" — "Не знаю, но она выглядит довольной". 7) Его доклад слушают с большим интересом, в зале много народу. 8) Вы должны помнить, что Джек на десять лет моложе своего друга. И он гораздо слабее. 9) "Все знают, что Ник и ты — друзья с детства".— "Да, он мой лучший друг". 10)Эти сведения уже не новы, они пришли слишком поздно. Test 4 1. Complete the story by supplying the correct forms of the verbs. One day Mark Twain ... 1) (to arrive) at Salamanka, New York, where he ... 2) (to be) to change trains. The people on the platform ... 3) (to try) to get into the train which ... 4) (to pack) already. He ... 5) (to ask) if he ... 6) (can) have a sleeping car, but the answer was: "No." He ... 7) (to feel) hurt. And his companion ... 8) (not to believe) they ... 9) (to give) anything. But just then Mark Twain ... 10) (to notice) that the porter of a sleeping car ... 11) (to look) at him. He ... 12) (to see) the expression of his face suddenly ... 13) (to change). He ... 14) (to whisper) something to the uniformed conductor and Mark Twain ... 15) (to understand) that he ... 16) (to talk) about. Then the conductor ... 17) (to come) forward, his face all politeness. He ... 18) (to offer) Mark Twain a big family compartment and asked if there ... 19) (to be) anything he ... 20) (to want). "That lamp ... 21) (to hang) too high above the berth. I want a better lamp ... 22) (to fix) just at the head of my bed."—"Yes, sir. The lamp you ... 23) (to want) ... 24) (to fix) in the next compartmen now, but you can ... 25) (to ask) anything you want, the whole railroad ... 26) (to turn) inside out to please you." And he ... 27) (to disappear). Mark Twain ... 28) (to smile) at his companion who ... 29) (not to believe) that they ... 30) (to recognize) him and ... 31) (to say): "Their attitude ... 32) (not to change) the moment they ... 33) (to learn) that I... 34) (to be) Mark Twain?" His companion ... 35) (not to answer). So Mark Twain ... 36) (to add): "You ... 37) (not to like) the way you ... 38) (to serve)?" No sooner he ... 39) (to say) this than the porter's smiling face ... 40) (to appear) in the doorway and his speech ... 41) (to follow): "Oh, sir, I ... 42) (to recognize) you the minute I ... 43) (to set) my eyes on you. I ... 44) (to tell) the conductor so. You ... 45) (to be) Mr. McClellan, Mayor of New York." II.Make up five questions on the story above. III.Choose the right answer. Only one answer is correct. 1) I don't like ... changeable weather. a) so, b) so a, c) such, d) such a 2) He is breathing hard, ...? a) did he run, b) was he running, c) have he run, d) has he been running 3) This flower smells .... a) so strange, b) so strangely, c) such strange, d) such strangely 4) She wasn't a bright student. He had to help her a lot, ... he? a) hadn't, b) had, c) did, d) didn't 5) What's the use ... his advice? a) of following, b) following, c) to follow, d) followed 6) When did they ... the workers' wages? a) rise, b) rose, c) raise, d) raised 7) She asked me when ... finish college. a) I will, b) will I, c) would I, d) I would 8) There is nobody in the house, ...? a) isn't it, b) is it, c) isn't there, d) is there 9) ... was day already, but he was still in bed. a) There, b) This, c) It, d) That 10) She couldn't make her daughter ... shopping. a) go, b) to go, c) going, d) went 11) ... his parents-in-law. a) Their is, b) This is, c) These are, d) There is 12) He agreed with all you said, ... he? a) was, b) did, c) wasn't, d) didn't 13) What is the easiest way to get ... Simon's house? a) to, b) —, c) at, d) by 14) He has read all the novels by Dickens ... "Oliver Twist." a) besides, b) except, c) beside, d) accept 15) The river is ... the Thames. a) deeper, b) much deeper than, c) much more deeper than, d) much more deep 16) He has made such ... great progress a) the, b) a, c) —, d) that 17) I see you have guests. On what ...? а) case, b) chance, c) incident, d) occasion 18) She was told ... it in Russian. a) to tell, b) to say, c) to speak, d) to talk 19) His office is situated on ... floor. a) the fifth, b) five, c) fifth, d) the five 20) What ... for a living? a) does he, b) does he do, c) makes he, d) does he make IV. Translate into English. 1) "Куда уехал доктор Пальмер?"— "Он никуда не уезжал, он в больнице с самого утра". 2) Она никого не хотела слушать, мы никогда до этого не видели ее та- кой сердитой. 3) Я услышал, как кто-то тихо вошел в комнату. А я был уверен, что в доме никого нет. 4) Интересно, будет ли на этой вечеринке так же много гостей, как в прошлый раз. Если придет Джон, он опять будет рассказывать смешные истории. 5) Она учила его, где находится Черное море, какая река - самая длин- ная и какие горы - самые высокие. 6) "В чем дело? Почему ребенок плачет?" — "Мы только что вернулись с прогулки, мы гуляли два часа. Я думаю, что он устал". 7) Я подожду здесь, пока статью будут печатать. 8) Все знают, что у него намного меньше друзей, чем у тебя. Нам всем придется помочь ему. 9) Он сказал, что я не смог разглядеть его лица, потому что было слишком темно. 10) Мне бы хотелось, чтобы эту информацию использовали в нашей ра- боте. Test 5 I. Complete the story by supplying the correct forms of the verbs. I ... 1) (to see) Simpson ... 2) (to stand) by the letter box at about 11 p.m. The Simpsons ... 3) (to be) the newcomers to the town, and my wife and I ... 4) (to meet) them once or twice. He ... 5) (to ask) me for some money. "You see, my wife ... 6) (to give) me a letter to post, and I just ... 7) (to notice) that it isn't stamped. It must ... 8) (to go) tonight. And I ... 9) (not to think) the post-office ... 10) (to open) at this time of night. I ... 11) (to think) I ... 12) (to get) stamps out of the machine, but I have no change about me." He ... 13) (to look) so upset standing with a blue unstamped envelope, that I ... 14) (to say): "You'd better ... 15) (to walk) along with me to my place." At home we ... 16) (to manage) to find some money he ... 17) (to need). He 18) (to thank) me. I... 19) (to watch) him ... 20) (to take) several steps up the street and then ... 21) (to return) to me. He ... 22) (not to know) the way to the post-office. It ... 23) (to take) me several minutes to explain to him where the post-office ... 24) (to be) and then I ... 25) (to decide) to come along with him. But when Simpson ... 26) (to put) the coin into the automatic stamp-machine, the coin ... 27) (to pass) through the machine, but with no result, it ... 28) (to be) empty. Simpson ... 29) (to be) so upset that he ... 30) (to drop) the letter on the ground and when he ... 31) (to pick) it up there was a large black spot on its face. Suddenly I ... 32) (to remember) that I ... 33) (to have) a book of stamps at home. We ... 34) (to have) ... 35) (to hurry) as we ... 36) (not to want) to miss the last post. But my book of stamps turned out to be empty. The last thing I could advise him to do ... 37) (to be) to post the letter unstamped. "Let the other man ... 38) (to pay) double postage on it in the morning." "I... 39) (to be) so grateful to you," he said when I... 40) (to take) him home from the post-office. "The letter — it's only an invitation to dinner, to Mr. …. . Dear me! I ... 41) (to remember) something." But he didn't tell me what. All the way home I ... 42) (to wonder) what he ... 43) (to remember). But I stopped ... 44) (to wonder) the next morning, when I ... 45) (to have) to pay the postman double postage for a blue envelope with a large black spot on its face. II.Make up five questions on the story above. III.Choose the right answer. Only one answer is correct. 1) There is nothing left on the plate, ...? a) isn't there, b) isn't it, c) is it, d) is there 2) Much was ... but nothing was done. a) told, b) said, c) spoken, d) talked 3) They ... the alarm at once. a) rose, b) raised, c) risen, d) rises 4) Let's have lunch in this snack-bar, there are ... people here. a) not much, b) few, c) little, d) lots 5) I saw her ... something down. a) to have taken a pen and written, b) to take a pen and write, c) take a pen and write, d) take a pen and wrote 6) She is a little girl, her brother is still .... a) less, b) little, c) younger, d) older 7) Let's not ... there alone. a) go, b) to go, c) going, d) don't go 8) When I arrived ... New York the night was still young. a) to, b) in, c) at, d) — 9) Don't you think he looks rather ... today. a) strange, b) strangely, c) strangest, d) much strange 10) Old jokes . .. . a) always are laughed at, b) are laughed, c) are laughed always, d) are always laughed at 11) He ... waiting for you. a) has still been, b) is still, c) still is, d) will still 12) She told her son ... go out. a) not to, b) don't, c) not, d) didn't 13) She has ... deep knowledge of the subject. a) so, b) such, c) so a, d) such a 14) You ... much money to buy a good book. a) needn't, b) don't need, c) need no, d) need such 15) It seems to me it's an absolutely hopeless . .. . a) accident, b) incident, c) case, d) occasion 16) Have you ever travelled across... Atlantic? a) a, b) —, c) an, d) the 17) I'll have done it ... the time you arrive. a) —, b) at, c) in, d) by 18) I know many people who .. . afraid of closed places. a) is, b) are, c) was, d) had been 19) Was the speed 60 km / hour? — No, they were driving .. . . a) much more fast, b) more fast, c) much faster, d) the most fast 20) She ... silent for some time and then began crying. a) was keeping, b) had kept, c) had been keeping, d) kept IV. Translate into English. 1) Он увидел, что бледное лицо его брата стало еще бледнее. 2) Все знают, что это один из величайших писателей современности. 3) Свежие фрукты очень полезны, так как в них много витаминов, но их следует как следует мыть. 4) В детстве Билла обучали игре на пианино. Его родители хотели, чтобы он стал музыкантом. 5) Когда я проснулся, мои родители завтракали, а старший брат уже ушел в университет. 6) Интересно, когда перестанет идти дождь? Небо затянуто облаками, и хотя ветра нет, на улице очень холодно. 7) Он решил, что ему придется рассказать все самому. Ни друзья, ни родители не могли ему помочь. 8) Не ходите в музей, пока не прочтете эту книгу о голландской живописи. 9) Когда я заглянул в аудиторию, студенты писали контрольную рабо- ту. Они писали ее уже целый час. 10) Все надеются, что Сэлли будет приглашена на концерт. Ты когда- нибудь слышал, как она поет?
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