"Cloze Passage and Reading Comprehension"
INSTITUTE FOR TOURISM STUDIES ADMISSION EXAMINATION 2009/10 Sunday, 29 March 2009 ENGLISH Time allowed: 3 hours Instructions: Follow instructions to every question carefully. Do not use a dictionary. Put all written answers in the Answer Booklet. All multiple choice questions must be answered using PENCIL on the Computer Scan sheet. Do not write in this exam booklet. Applicant Number: AP09- This paper contains 9 pages including this one. 29 March 2009 1 Part A: Multiple Choice (25 marks) Choose the best answer to complete the following blanks. Put your answers on the computer scan sheet provided. 1. The next bus to Guangzhou ________ at 7. First year students at IFT ________ wear 10:00. uniforms to understand the demands of the A) arrives hospitality industry and to look professional. B) gets A) can C) delays B) should D) departs C) may D) have to 2. My car broke down. ___________, a friend gave me a lift to work. 8. I cannot ________ this deadline. A) Expectedly A) extend B) Fortunately B)expand C) Recently C) export D) Quickly D)extort 3. Students should help ___________ before 9. Smoking is allowed here. You ________ an exam, not during an exam. smoke if you want to. A) each another A) can B) yourself B) must C) one other C) should D) one another D) would 4. I am a nurse. I __________ in Kiang Wu 10. I have a haircut _______ the Westin Resort Hospital since I was 25 years old. once a month. A) have worked A) in B) have been worked B) on C) worked C) at D) was worked D) of 5. I _____ some fruit juice in the fridge 11. Nowadays, all teenagers have mobile yesterday in order to make my own snack. phones to ________ with their friends. A) have frozen A) commerce B) am freezing B) communicate C) may freeze C) commence D) froze D) contribute 6. The Venetian Resort in the Cotai Strip is 12. I ________ ever eat out. I hate __________ than The Wynn Resort in NAPE. restaurants! A) shorter A) almost B) deeper B) quite C) taller C) hardly D) moderner D) rarely 29 March 2009 2 13. Euros and American Dollars ______ easily 20. My flight was late _________ heavy rain. exchanged all over Asia. A) due to A) is B) because B) can C) reason of C) could D) in spite of D) are 21. I’m ________ at cooking. I can’t even make 14. I called the police 2 hours ago to report a scrambled eggs. robbery and I’m still waiting for ________. A) handless A) thus B) hopeless B) them C) heartless C) they D) headless D) their 22. There’s a drama _________ at the Cultural 15. The Great Wall __________ to be the most Center tonight. Would you like to go? famous Chinese structure. A) performance A) wants B) performers B) remains C ) performing C) seems D) performed D) wants 23. I didn’t study for the exam. __________, I 16. Snow ___________ is my favourite winter couldn’t answer most of the questions. sport. A) As a result A) ski B) Leading to it B) to ski C) Because of C) skier D) Moreover D) skiing 24. _____________ knows how to cook fondue. I 17. I’ve been feeling under the weather will have to find the recipe on the internet. ________ . A) Anybody A) lately B) Somebody B) monthly C) Nobody C) firstly D) Everybody D) normally 25. I don’t have enough money to buy lunch 18. _________ I go to Zhuhai, I always buy lots today. ________ you lend me 20 dollars? of things. A) Shall A) As B) Could B) Whenever C) Let C) Since D) Should D) Although 19. Clare _________ to the supermarket and I don’t know when she will be back. A) has gone B) has been to C) went D) is 29 March 2009 3 Part B: Cloze Passage (15 marks) Choose the best answers to complete the passage. Put your answers on the computer scan sheet provided. The Black Forest, ...(26)... almost 200 kilometres from north to south and 60 kilometres from east to ...(27)..., is not only Germany's most varied holiday region , but also one of its largest and probably the best-known throughout the ...(28).... The 12,000 square kilometres in the south -west of ...(29)... known as the Black Forest in fact include a number of different landscapes. In the north of the region there is more ...(30)..., while the deeply dissected so uthern Black Forest is higher, climbing to 1,493 metres before sloping down to the upper Rhine in the south. It would be ...(31)... to give a full description of the hiking routes available, with a ...(32)... of almost 30,000 kilometres. There are also a n umber of well-signposted Nordic walking tracks in 50 places and ...(33)... package tours for hikers and Nordic walkers. Wellness has become a ...(34)... word, but visitors to the Black Forest know what to expect: there visitors will find ...(35)... by "we llness stars". 44 hotels in Baden-Wü rttemberg, most of them in the Black Forest, have met the strict ...(36)... for classification. Eleven of Germany's 100 best chefs do their ...(37)... in Black Forest restaurants. If taking a look at the menu of a villa ge inn, it is pleasing to note that Black Forest ...(38)... is of the highest standards. Dishes from Baden and Swabia available in the Black Forest ...(39)... such delicacies as goose-liver pie (Gänseleber-Gugelhupf), roast venison speciality (Rehrü cken Baden-Baden) and Black Forest gateau, making ...(40)... of your holiday a culinary experience. 26. A) calculating 31. A) unbreakable 36. A) mysterious B) measuring B) impossible B) hysteria C) counting C) unbelievable C) obvious D) enquiring D) irresistible D) criteria 27. A) south 32. A) total of length 37. A) resistance B) east B) total length B) adventurous C) north C) total on length C) business D) west D) total at length D) courageous 28. A) world 33. A) a wide door of 38. A) people B) universe B) a wide range of B) language C) worldwide C) a wide choice of C) food D) space D) a wide type of D) culture 29. A) Britain 34. A) unfashionable 39. A) included B) France B) admirable B) include C) Germany C) fashionable C) including D) Austria D) suitable D) includes 30. A) forest 35. A) typical 40. A) every day B) florist B) fabrication B) every week C) flower C) classical C) every fortnight D) flow D) classification D) every month 29 March 2009 4 Part C: Reading Comprehension (20 marks) Read the following passages carefully and choose the best answer for each question. Put your answers on the computer scan sheet provided. th The Hello Kitty Phenomena (adapted), chinatownconnection.com (Retrieved on Jan. 20 2009) Hello Kitty is one of the many fictional characters pr oduced by the Japanese company Sanrio, and has long been the most popular one out of the company's characters. The character is a very geometric, human-like white cat, with a distinctive bow or some other decoration on her left ear. Hello Kitty was originally created by Sanrio designer Ikuko Shimizu in 1974. Shimizu left the company about a year later. The second designer, Setsuko Yonekubo, took over for five years until 1980 when the task was given to Yuko Yamaguchi, who still holds the position. The character originally appeared on small novelties for young girls, such as coin purses. Hello Kitty was given an English name because British culture was popular with Japanese girls at the time of her creation. Kitty's name came from one of the cats that Alice kept in the book Through the Looking-Glass by Lewis Carroll. When Hello Kitty's boyfriend "Dear Daniel" was created in 1999, designers took his name from the 1971 film, Melody, which starred Mark Lester as a character called Daniel. Hello Kitty's fictional world includes a whole array of friends and family members. Since 2004 she has even had a pet cat of her own called Charmmy Kitty, and a pet hamster called Sugar. Charmmy resembles Hello Kitty but has more cat -like features. Charmmy Kitty was given to He llo Kitty by her father, George White, and Sugar by her boyfriend Dear Daniel. 41. Throughout its history, the Japanese company Sanrio has produced: A) A lot more than 4 cartoon characters B) A few more than 4 cartoon characters C) 4 cartoon characters 42. Which designer has contributed the most to Hello Kitty’s development in terms of time spent? A) The first designer B) The second designer C) The third designer 43. Hello Kitty’s name comes from: A) The designer’s favorite pet B) A well-known story C) A famous historical figure 44. Dear Daniel was created: A) Around the same time as Hello Kitty B) A long time after Hello Kitty C) Shortly after Hello Kitty 45. Hello Kitty’s ‘Sugar’ is: A) A pet hamster given to her by her boyfriend B) A pet kitty given to her by her father C) A pet hamster given to her by Charmmy 46. Which character looks the most like Hello Kitty? A) Sugar B) George C) Charmmy 29 March 2009 5 Adapted from What’s Good about Swimming, By Mat Luebbers, 2009 about.com (Retrieved 20/01/09) Swimming is a healthy activity that can be continued for a lifetime, and the health benefits swimming offers are worth the effort it takes to get to the pool. Regular swimming builds muscle strength and cardio-vascular endurance with little to no joint strain. Swimming with increasing effort to gradually increase your heart rate and stimulate your muscle activity is easily accomplished in the water. After a dry-land gym workout, swimming a few laps can help you cool-down, move blood through your muscles to help them recover and help you relax as you glide through the water. Spending time in a group-swim, whether water aerobics or a master's swim practice, is a great social outlet. Exchanging stories, challenging each other and sharing in the hard work make swimming with others a rewarding experience. There are other psychological benefits to swimming, if you allow them to occur. Relax and swim with a very low effort. Let your mind wander, focusing on nothing but the rhythm of your stroke. This form of meditation can help you gain a feeling of well-being, leaving your water session refreshed and ready to go on with the rest of your day. Many swimmers find an indirect benefit from swimming. They develop life skills such as sportsmanship, time-management, self- discipline, goal-setting, and an increased sense of self-worth through their participation in the sport. Swimmers seem to do better in school, in general terms, than non-swimmers as a group. Unlike dry-land exercise, swimming is not good for losing a lot of weight. While you do use a lot of calories swimming, once you get out of the pool, much of that calorie burning stops. This is because when you are in the pool you don't heat up as much as you do on dry land and your body does not have to work to cool you down as much once the exercise session is finished. 47. According to the author, swimming is good for your: A) Physical health B) Mental health C) Mental and physical health 48. Increasing one’s heart rate and muscle use through swimming: A) Requires hard work B) Is quite easy C) Takes a long time 49. Swimming is especially beneficial when: A) The swim comes directly after a dry-land workout B) The swim comes directly before a dry-land workout C) The swim is not accompanied by a dry-land workout 50. A key difference when comparing swimming to dry-land exercise is: A) The amount of sweating that occurs B) The difficulty of the exercise C) The amount of stress and impact on one’s knees, hips, ankles, and elbows. 51. When an activity has ‘an indirect benefit’ this probably means: A) Negative results occur that are related to the activity B) Positive results occur that are seemingly unrelated to the activity C) Positive and negative results that may result from any activity 52. The term ‘an increased sense of self-worth’ probably relates to: A) One’s confidence level B) One’s personal bank account balance C) One’s popularity amongst one’s friends 53. Swimming is not too good for weight loss because: A) It does not burn enough calories B) It maintains a cool body temperature C) It is mainly beneficial for one’s mental health 29 March 2009 6 Adapted from Final Curtain for Tuna? The Japan Times On-line, Jan. 12, 2009 (Retrieved 20/01/09) It may be the year of the ox, but at Japan’s Tsukiji Fish Market it looks like the year of the bluefin tuna, though not in a positive sense. On the first fish-buying day of 2009, a 128-kg tuna went for an amazing ¥9.63 million, the highest price paid for a single tuna since 2001. The thought of that day's 730 tunas lined up for bidding may make mouths water, but the depletion of tuna stocks is an urgent problem of deep concern. The growing popularity of tuna, with one of many factors being the worldwide boom in sushi over the last ten years, has resulted in serious depletions in the world’s tuna stocks. The most popular bluefin tuna is threatened from overfishing, and prices for the fish have skyrocketed. Bluefin numbers in the Atlantic are reported to be down by 90 percent, according to the World Wildlife Fund. As demand for bluefin increases so too does pressure on the bigeye and yellowfish tuna population. Each delicious bite of any kind of tuna brings all the varieties closer to extinction. Many different commissions regulate tuna fishing in the Atlantic and Pacific regions. However, they have yet to fully agree on specific numbers for catch reductions that scientists say are necessary. Fishing boats from Japan, the European Union, Libya, Turkey and Russia are all reported to be lax about current rules and regulations. Illegal processing and exchanging of fish on the high seas and under-reporting of catches in dock are routine. Japan has cooperated halfheartedly with most global efforts to regulate ocean fishing of any kind, but agreement on restrictions and enforcement is now urgent. The increasing use of sonar, spotter airplanes and large-scale nets, as well as other technologies, increases the total catch numbers while draining stocks much too quickly. These practices must be curtailed. Fishing during spawning season has a devastating impact as it takes fish and halts any sustainable reproduction that may happen. It should be entirely banned. 54. When was the highest price for a single tuna ever made? A) Earlier this year B) About eight years ago C) Last year 55. What is the main troubling concern for the scientists regarding tuna? A) Tuna is getting far too expensive B) Tuna is making people’s mouths water C) Tuna populations are in steep decline 56. Why has tuna become so popular today? A) Because sushi has moved beyond Japan and now has a very wide demand B) Because tuna is easy to catch with spotter planes and sophisticated fishing nets C) Because tuna makes for the highest quality cat food on the market 57. To “curtail” something probably means to: A) Increase it B) Reduce it C) Change it 58. The word “lax” probably means: A) Unconcerned B) Strict C) Unsure 59. To do something “halfheartedly” probably means: A) To do something to the best of your ability B) To do something with a great attitude C) To do something with little care and enthusiasm 60. Which practice would not effectively help tuna populations? A) Banning the use of advanced technologies in tuna fishing B) Banning the consumption of sushi outside of Japan C) Banning fishing during spawning season 29 March 2009 7 Part D: Reading Comprehension (20 marks) Read the following passage (adapted from Green News by Sara Turner, Business Traveller, 08/07/2008); then, answer each question. Helpful Definitions Carbon footprint Carbon footprint is the measurement of the impact human activities have on the environment in terms of the amount of green house gas produced. Carbon offsetting A way to reduce the amount of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere by balancing or canceling out the amount of these gases through investments made in environmentally friendly projects. Park Inn Heathrow goes green The Park Inn Heathrow London has become the first Heathrow hotel to be accredited by the Green Tourism Business Scheme (GTBS), gaining a (1) “silver” award for environmental practice. Daniel Twerenbold, general manager of Park Inn Heathrow, says: “The overall programme is far-reaching – from managers being aware of health and safety laws, to making sure that we purchase (2) products which have a reduced environmental impact (effect) and longer life-cycles (the length of time that a product can still be useful).” (3) Businesses who wish to join the Green Tourism Business Scheme are evaluated by a qualified grading advisor who uses a strict set of high standards that cover a range of areas such as energy and water efficiency, waste management and biodiversity. Park Inn Heathrow introduced low-energy light bulbs, motion sensors and water that is bottled in-house. (4) Green meetings, which include recycled paper and pens, are also important in the environmentally friendly plan. Cavendish begins carbon offsetting The Cavendish hotel in London has (5) launched a carbon-offsetting program for its meetings, in addition to the green initiatives launched earlier this year. The Cavendish London is working with carbon-offsetting specialists (6) “Put Something Back” to help reduce the carbon footprint of all delegates at its meetings, with the hotel donating £1 per person. Finnair cleans up its act Finnair says it is saving fuel and money by washing its engines more often. The airline carrier says that a clean and well-kept engine uses less fuel, as it is at its (7) most efficient. This also cuts carbon- dioxide gas emissions (exhaust from the engines). Tuomo Karhumaki, Vice-President of Finnair’s technical services engine department, says: “Nowadays we use a (8) water and ethanol mixture when washing engines in the winter. This enables us to wash them even at temperatures just below zero degrees Celsius.” Finnair says the engines can now be washed more often, which has saved the airline over €1 million per year. (9) Karhumaki says: “Thanks to this, we have been able to increase the number of engine washes and have helped create up to 1-2 percent savings in fuel usage and carbon-dioxide emissions per year.” 29 March 2009 8 Answer the following questions in complete sentences using your own words. Note: IF you do NOT write a complete sentence, OR if you copy directly from the passage, NO CREDIT will be given. (2 marks each) 1. Who received the “silver” award for environmental practice? 2. What does the author mean by “products which have a reduced environmental impact?” 3. Give examples of what might be evaluated when a hotel is seeking GTBS status? 4. Why do you think recycled paper is used in “Green Meetings?” 5. What does “launched” mean as used in this article? Explain in your own words. 6. In your own words explain what “Put Something Back” is. 7. What leads to Finnair’s engines performing in their “most efficient” manner? 8. Why does the Finnair company mix ethanol with water when washing their engines in the winter? 9. What is VP Karhumaki thankful for? 10. Give one example of how YOU could reduce YOUR carbon footprint. Part E – Writing (20 marks): Do YOU consider YOURSELF to be an environmentally friendly person who tries to help our environment? Yes OR No. Please write your answer to that question giving examples and reasons that explain how, during your everyday life, you truly are environmentally friendly -- OR – explain how you are not environmentally friendly. Choose one or the other position and write at least 120 words to explain. 29 March 2009 9