"The Thaw - cloze passage"
The Thaw - cloze passage Your task correct place. Read the passage below and insert the key words in the box into the satellite states NKVD 30,000 de-Stalinisation 1961 economic 1956 East ‘The Thaw’ West Nikita Khrushchev Stalin was ruler of the Soviet Union from 1929 until 1953. His regime was cruel and oppressive and his will was enforced through the use of fear, intimidation and special organisations such as the (1) ….. or secret police. Many were relieved at the news of his death, however sudden and unexpected it was. He was replaced by (2) ….. ….., who denounced Stalin’s rule during the 20th Party Congress in 1956. He ordered the demolition of monuments to Stalin such as statues, and the removal of Stalin’s body from the Kremlin. Cities which had been named after Stalin had their names changed yet again. This entire process was known as (3) …... The rise of Khrushchev to power as the new leader of the USSR, also heralded the start of a new, warmer relationship towards the West and towards the (4) ….. ….. Accordingly, historians have described this new phase of the Cold War as (5) ….. …... Western leaders warmed to Khrushchev’s less hostile and suspicious approach. The leaders of the USA and USSR met for the first time since the end of the War in 1955 and again in 1960. However, some satellite states misinterpreted the change in leadership style and assumed they would have greater (6) ….. and political freedom than Khrushchev intended. The Soviet authorities responded harshly to Communist countries that challenged Moscow’s authority. In (7) ….. , protests in Poland over rising food prices were ruthlessly suppressed by the Red Army. That same year, the Red Army also put down anti-Communist uprisings in Hungary at a cost of (8) ….. lives, and in (9) ….. , the Berlin Wall was built dividing East & West and Communist guards shot people leaving (10) ….. Germany for the (11) ….. in search of greater freedom and democracy. Taken together, these events spelt the end of the Thaw and a return to the previous tense international relations which characterised much of the Cold War.