YT 9-13_R

Document Sample
YT 9-13_R Powered By Docstoc
					ausmfaZ,s
                                                                 EdkifiUHacgif;aqmifBuD;oHk;OD; yxrqHk;tBudrfawGYqHkí                                                  STOP PRESS
                       k f H G
&efue?f jrefrmEdiiwif yxrqH;k tBurt
         k                               d f
jzpf EdkifiHhacgif;aqmifBuD;oHk;OD;jzpfonfh
EdkifiHawmfor®wOD;odef;pdef? jynfolYvTwf                         jynfwGif;y#dyu©rsm;twGuf bHkoabmwlnDcsufcsrSwf                                                       umuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyf
awmfOuú| ol&OD;a&Tref;ESihf trsK;d om;'Drkd
ua&pDtzGUJ csKyOuú| a':atmifqef;pkMunf
                     f                                                                                                                                                'kwd,AdkvfcsKyfrSL;BuD;
     Yk       k
wdawGUqHum ,ckjzpfay:aeaom y#dyu©rsm;
                             k
ajz&Si;f a&;twGuf bHoabmwlncsuwpf   D f                                                                                                                               rif;atmifvIdiftm;
&yfcsrSwfEdkifcJhaMumif; od&onf/
                Yd kH          D f S f kd
           ,if;okboabmwlncsucsrwEif
cJjh cif;aMumifh rwf 25&uf nydi;f wGif jynf
                                k                                                                                                                                     AdkvfcsKyfrSL;BuD;tqifU
axmifpkor®wjrefrmEdkifiHawmf owif;
xkwjf yefa&;tzGUJ u owif;xkwjf yefcsuf
tcsu(6)csuygaom aMunmcsuwpfcukd
            f      f                 f k
                                                                                                                                                                      wdk;jr§ifUcefhtyf
xkwfjyefcJhonf/                 tcsyfydk(c)odk h                                                                                                                                tcsyfydk(c)odk h


    &efukefwdkif;                                                 rdwD¦vmta&;tcif; udkifwG,fyHkrSefuef[k ueftpdk;&ajym
  a'oBuD;twGif;&Sd                                                                                                                                                                            tcsyfydk(C)odk h

    qdkifrsm;tm;
  n 9em&Dydwf&ef
  trdefhxkwfjyefxm;
pdkif;[ef
            k f kd
&efue?f &efuewi;f a'oBu;D twGi;f &Sd pm;
    k
               kd f              GD
aomufqirsm;? auwDArsm;ESih f vufzuf&nf
   kf
qdirsm;tygt0if tjcm;qdirsm;tm; n 9    kf
              f f hf S f
em&DausmvQirzGivp&ef trdexwxm;                    Yf k f
                      k f kd
aMumif; &efuewi;f a'oBu;D vHNk cKH a&;ESihf
                                k f
e,fpyfa&;&m0efBu;D AdvrLS ;Bu;D wif0if;u
       k f kd
&efuewi;f rfoYkd ajymonf/
                       Yf
      ,if;trdetm; oufqi&mc½dirsm;rS        kd f       k f
                          kf f
wpfqifh NrKd Ue,ftycsKya&;rSL;rsm;u rwfv
                           Yf k          J
(25)&ufpjJGzifh trdexwjfyefcjhcif;jzpfaMumif;
od&onf/
                    k f
      ]]tck qdiawGtm;vH;k u aomufpm;
                                    S
rl;,pfNy;D awmh atmf[pfrmpd;k wJtwGuf n         h
          S f
9em&Drmydw&r,fvYkd tm;vH;k udk nTeMf um;
xm;ygw,f}}[k                                  tcsyfydk(c)odk h

 ukrÜPD0efxrf;rsm;
                                                                                                                                                      D   f d hf
                                                                  rwf 24&ufu rdw¬Dvm,m,Du,fq,fa&;pcef;wGif a&Tn0gq&mawmfu rlqviftrsdK;om;wpfO;tm; ESporaeonfukd ukvor*¾taxGaxGtwGif;a&;rSL;csKyf\
yifpifvpm&awmUrnf                                                 txl;udk,fpm;vS,f rpöwmADa*serfbD;,m;u auseyftm;&pGm Munfh½IaepOf/ Photo:Nyein Chan(EPA)
                      tcsyfydk(c)odk h
        2                                                                                                             LOCAL NEWS
                                                                                                                                           HOME

25ESpfMum &yfem;xm;onfU EdkifiHa&;pDrHcefhcGJrIynmoifwef; jyefzGifUrnf
atmifoufudk                                                                                  aeZifvwfu xkwfazmfajymMum;vdkufonf/                     vma&;Xme(CSIS)rS zGivprnfjzpfaMumif; od&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                            hf S f                                 f k f Yk             kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                            arG;xkway;EdiapzdeYJ aemufvuaumif;awGjzpfapzkdY
      k f                      hf S        d hJ    k f
&efue?f ESpaygif;25ESpMf um zGivpjf cif;r&Sconfh EdiiH                                             tqdkyg Diploma in Political Management                   a'gufwmaeZifvwfu ]]'Doifwef;udzi&wm   k G hf               G         hf S f
                                                                                                                                                                                                            twGuf &nf&,Nf y;D zGivpwmyg/ oifwef;wufNy;D oGm;
       H Y JG I          k
a&;pDrcefcrynm'DyvdrmbJUG oifwef;udk jyefvnfzihf       G                                                        k f H
                                                                                             oifwef;ukd jrefrmEdiizUHG NzKd ;wd;k wufa&;t&if;tjrpf   u ud,yiygwDwnfaxmifcsiwoawG? wnfaxmif
                                                                                                                                                             k f kd f                     f hJ l              h l        k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                            wJoawGukd EdiijH cm;oifwef;awGeYJ avhvma&;c&D;
vSpawmhrnfjzpfaMumif; MDRIrS XmerSL; a'gufwm
    f                                                                                        tzJUG tpnf; (MDRI)\ r[mAsL[mESihf Ediiwumavh
                                                                                                                                       kfH           Ny;D ygwDawGyw;kd wufapzdYk Ediiacgif;aqmifaumif;awG
                                                                                                                                                                      kd           k f Hh                   pOfawG                             pmrsufESm(33)odkh

[def;[def;                                                                                                                                                                                                             a':vm? oH;k a':vmavmufenf;&if tJ'D
&efue?f a&Tw*apwDawmfwif EdiijH cm;om;
    k       d kH      G kf
                                                                                   a&Twd*HkapwD EdkifiHjcm;om;{nfU0ifaMu; wdk;jr§ifUrnf                                                                                enf;wJae&mudom;wm? a&Tw*rm 0wfpm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           I YJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         k G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       qif,ifreywfoufNy;D tm;vH;k udxe;f csKyf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         d kH S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 k d
        f
{nh0ifaMu;rsm;udk ,ckEptwGi;f wd;k jrifh             S f                     §
aumufc&efppOfaeNyjD zpfaMumif; a&Tw*kH
                   H D                                                         d                                                                                                                                                   f                    k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       apcsiw,f/ EdiijH cm;om;awGukd xde;f csKyf
apwDawmfa*gyutzGJUrS od&onf/                                                                                                                                                                                           Ny;D ArmvlrsKd ;awGrvHNk cKH wmuda&mrajym           k
                         dS d kH
             vuf&a&Tw*apwDawmfwif EkiijH cm;                 G df                                                                                                                                                                           k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       bl;qdNk y;D EdiijH cm;om;awGuajymMuw,f}}
om;wpfO;D vQif {nh0ifaMu; tar&duefa':  f                                                                                                                                                                               [kajymonf/
vm ig;a':vmaumufcvsu&NdS y;D jrefrm                H     f                                                                                                                                                                                   d kH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              a&Tw*apwDawmfoUkd EdiijH cm;om;0if     k f
usyaiGjzihf usyf 4500aumufcum ,if;
           f                                                  H                                                                                                                                                                                        S f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       a&mufrI wpfEpxufwpfEpf ydrrsm;vmNy;D         S k kd
0if;aMu;aiGukd ydrw;kd jriaumufc&efppOf
                                   k kd § fh                        H D                                                                                                                                                       S                             S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ,ckEpf Zefe0g&DEifh rwf 20&uftxd EdiiH                         k f
aeaMumif; od&onf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       jcm;om;{nhonf 132547OD; 0ifa&mufchJ
                       d kH
             a&Tw*apwDawmfa*gyutzGUJ rSwm                                                                                                                                                                              í {nh0ifaMu; 662735 US^ FEC &&Sd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       f
          dS l
0ef&owpfO;D u ]]tck EdiijH cm;om; {nf0if       kf                          h                                                                                                                                           Ny;D tvSLaiG 48154US^FEC&&ScaMumif;                      d hJ
aMu;awGudk wdk;jr§ihfaumufzkdY pDpOfaeyg                                                                                                                                                                               od&onf/
w,f}}[k ajymonf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                a*gyutzGJU0ifwpfOD;u]]EdkifiHjcm;
             ,if;uJoYdk EdiijH cm;om;{nf0ifaMu;
                            h k f                                 h                                                                                                                                                    om;awGrsm;vmwJtwGuf apwDawmfBu;D       h
                           § fh
rsm;udk wk;d jriaumufcEi&eftwGuf a&T            H kd f                                                                                                                                                                                   f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       twGuvJ tvSLawmfaiGw;kd vmovkd {nhf
     kH
wd*apwDawmfEihf ywfoufonftaMumif;S                         h                                                                                                                                                           0ifaMu;awGrsm;vmw,f/ EdiiawmftwGuf           kfH
t&mrsm;? vufurf;pmapmifrsm;? wdwacG                                      f                                                                                                                                                      hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       vJ yGivif;jrifomwJtajctae&SNd y;D EdiiH  h                    k f
                d
rsm;udk xki;f ? w½kw?f t*Fvybmomrsm;jzifh             df                                                                                                                                                               wumu pdw0ifpm;vmwJtwGuf tvm; f             h
jzefa0Edi&ef pDpOfvsu&aMumif;od&onf/
    Y k f                                     f dS                                                                                                                                       Photo: Ye Naung (Phè Khon)    tvmaumif;w,fvjYkdrifw,f}}[k ,if;u
                                                                                   a&Twd*HkapwDawmfodkY vma&mufvnfywfonfhEdkifiHjcm;om;{nfhonfESpfOD; 0ifaMu;ay;aepOf/
             ,if;u]]a&Tw*apwDawmfrm 0wfpm;
                                         d kH                   S                                                                                                                                                      ajymonf/
qif,ifreywfoufNy;D aumifwmxm;ay;
                  I YJ                                                                      f
                                                                                   om;{nh0ifaMu;udk wd;k aumufzUkd pDpOfae                  k kd           S fh
                                                                                                                               om;rsm; ydrrsm;jym;vmonfEitrQ a&Twd               xdi;f {nhvrf;nTef reef;pDazmif;u
                                                                                                                                                                                      k     f                                 a&Twd*HkapwDawmfodkU trsm;qHk;0if
w,f/ wcsKd UEdiijH cm;om;awGu vlaygif;pHk
                             k f                                                   w,f/ wd;k aumuf&ifvJ 10 a':vmxuf            *Ha*gyutzGUJ rS 0efaqmifrrsm; ydray;vm
                                                                                                                                 k                      I       k dk       ]]a&Tw*rm EdiijH cm;om;{nh0ifaMu;udw;kd
                                                                                                                                                                                 d kH S k f           f        k                                    kf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       a&mufonhf EdiijHcm;om;rsm;rSm xdi;f ? w½kw?f           k
0wfwmudk r0wfcsiuswtwGuf tNy;D ay;         f hJ                                    rydkbl;}}[k qufvufajymMum;cJhonf/               k f            k f
                                                                                                                               Edi&eftwGuf EdiijH cm;om;{nh0ifaMu;udk
                                                                                                                                                              f                               f         k
                                                                                                                                                                           raumufapcsib;l / ae&mwdi;f rSm0ifaMu;       ud&;D ,m;? *syef? tar&duef? jyifopfwjYkdzpf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            k
   k f
vdu&ifaiGuxyfuer,f/ tJ'gawGtwGuf          kf                                                                S fh
                                                                                        ajymif;vJvmaomacwfEitnD a&Twd                  § fh      H D
                                                                                                                               wd;k jriaumufc&efppOfaejcif;jzpfaMumif;     ay;ae&w,f/ [dw,fcaps;Bu;D aewmudk
                                                                                                                                                                                                k                      aMumif;od&onf/
pDpOfaew,f/ tJ'vay;zdtwGuf EdiijH cm; D kd Yk                        k f             k                              k f
                                                                                   *HapwDawmfoYdk vma&mufonfh EdiijH cm;       od&onf/                                     awmif atmfaeMuwm/ [dw,fq&if ESpf
                                                                                                                                                                                                    k       kd
                                                                                                                 LOCAL NEWS                                                                                                                                                                                                     3
                                                                                                                                       HOME
jynfe,ftpdk;&tzGJYtay: ppfwyfMoZmvTrf;rdk;rIr&Sd[k                                                                                                                                      jrefrmUt"duukefoG,fbuf
u,m;0efBuD;csKyfajymMum;                                                                                                                                                                10EkdifiHwGif pD;yGm;a&;oHrSL;rsm;
BuD;jrifUEdkif                                                                                                                                                                          cefhtyf&efpDpOf
vGKd ifaumf? u,m;jynfe,ftwGi;f ü jynfe,ft                                                                                                                                               xifvif;atmif? aZ,s
pd;k &tzGUJ xuf ppfwyf(jrefrmhwyfrawmf)u MoZm
tmPmvTr;f rd;k aeonf[aom tcsKUd aomyk*Kd¾v?f     l                                                                                                                                                                                             f G f
                                                                                                                                                                                        &efue?f jrefrmht"duukeo,bufEii(H 10)Ekiiwif ukeo,a&;ESihf
                                                                                                                                                                                                     k                                                                      dk f                     d f H G               f G f
tzGUJ tpnf;rsm;\ xifjrifajymqdcsursm;onf                              k f                                                                                                                                       dk f h
                                                                                                                                                                                        oufqionfp;D yGm;a&;oHrLS ;rsm; ceftyfxm;&Som;rnfjzpfaMumif;                            Y                                d G
rSeuefrr&SaMumif; jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyf OD;cif
          f          I d                                                                                                                                                                pD;yGm;a&;ESihful;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;XmerS od&onf/
armifOD;u ajymMum;onf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Y
                                                                                                                                                                                                        pD;yGm;a&;oHrLS ;rsm; ceftyfxm;&SrnftpDtpOftm; trsKd om;pD;                d h
              jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyEihf jynfwi;f owif;rD
                                                f S                       G                                                                                                                                         hf
                                                                                                                                                                                        yGm;a&;ESizUHG NzKd ;wk;d wufa&;0efBu;D Xme tpDtrHaqmif&ujf cif;jzpfNy;D                                                         G
'D,mtcsKUd rSowif;axmufrsm; jynfe,ftpd;k &                                                                                                                                                                     d f H S                             hf
                                                                                                                                                                                        jrefrmEkiirp;D yGm;a&;ESioufqionfh 0efBu;D XmetoD;oD;rS oifh                 dk f
tzGUJ tpnf;ta0;cef;raqmifü rwf 15&ufu                                                                                                                                                                              h l
                                                                                                                                                                                        awmfrnforsm;tm; t&nftcsi;f rsm;ukd pDppfumoifwef;ay;aqmif
awGUqHpOf owif;axmufwpfO;D \ ar;jref;csuf
                 k                                                                                                                                                                      &Gufí a&G;cs,fxm;NyD;jzpfaMumif;od&onf/
tay:0efBu;D csKyu txufygtwki;f ajymMum;
                                    f                                  d                                                                                                                                                                                           dY k f T
                                                                                                                                                                                                        pD;yGm;ul;oef;0efBu;D Xme ykueneMf um;rIO;D pD;XmerS 'kw,ñTef                                                             d
jcif;jzpfonf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                    h G f
                                                                                                                                                                                        Muma&;rSL;OD;wifoiu ]]a&G;cs,xm;wJp;D yGm;a&;oHrLS ;awG[m ukef                 f                  h
                      k
              tqdyg owif;axmufu ,cku,m;jynf                                                                                                                                                            f I k f
                                                                                                                                                                                        oG,rvyief;awGtjyif &if;ES;D jrKyErupawG jrefrmEkiitwGut                           f HS I d ö                                   d f H             f
e,foYkd ¤if;a&muf&pOf ygwDtcsKUd ? t&yfbuf dS                                                                                                                                                           d hJ                              f
                                                                                                                                                                                        usKd ;&Srowif;tcsuawGuyg &,l&rSmjzpfwtwGuf pD;yGm;ul;oef;         dk                                            hJ
vltzGUJ tpnf;tcsKUd ? a'ocHy*Kd¾ vtcsKUd ponf
        Y                                                       k f                                                                                                                     tjyif tjcm;pD;yGm;a&;eJYywfoufwJh 0efBuD;XmerSoifhawmfr,fhol
      Yk S hf
wdEiawGUqHc&mwGif ,if;wdu u,m;jynfe,f
                         k hJ                          Yk                                                                                                                                                 kd
                                                                                                                                                                                        awGua&G;cs,Nf y;D trsKd ;om;pD;yGm;a&;ESizUHG NzKd ;wk;d wufa&;0efBu;D Xm                           hf
                          f f
twGi;f tkycsKya&;,EÅ&m;wGif jynfe,ftpd;k &                                                                                                                                                       d                                       D l
                                                                                                                                                                                        eukwifjyw,f/ tJ'vawGu tifwmAsL;ajz&w,f/ pmar;yGajz&                                                                                          J
tzGUJ \ MoZmtmPmxuf ppfwyf(jrefrmhwyf                                                                                                                                                                                   D
                                                                                                                                                                                        w,f/ tJ'urS(10)OD;uka&G;cs,Nf y;D oifwef;ESpywfay;Ny;D ceftyf d                                                           f                    Y
                                                                                  u,m;jynfe,f0efBuD;csKyf OD;cifarmifOD;tm;awGU&pOf/                                   Photo: KMN
rawmf)\ MoZmtmPmu ydrvr;f rd;k aeonf[k                    k kd T                                                                                                                        xm;wmjzpfygw,f}}[k ajymonf/
axmufjyajymqdcsutay: 0efBu;D csKytaejzifh
                                   k f                                      f     jynfe,ftwGi;f vlem 10000ausmtm; aq;uk  f                  l       kH
                                                                                                                                   rnfowpfpwpfa,muftay: w&m;rJtEdit             h k f                   xkdokdYpD;yGm;a&;oHtrwfrsm;cefYtyfrnfh jrefrmEkdifiH\t"du
            f                 kH
rSwcsuf wpfpwpf&may;apvdygaMumif; ar;jref;                  k                     oay;jcif;ESih f tjcm;tultnDrsm;udyif jynfe,f
                                                                                                                           k                               f l
                                                                                                                                   xufjyKusi&ef rvG,uawmhonfukd tm;vH;k
                                                                                                                                                 hf                                             f G f                          dk f H
                                                                                                                                                                                        ukeo,bufEiirsm;jzpfaom tmqD,Eiirsm;rS *syef? uk&;D ,m;?                                                H dk f H                        d
    h I
cJrtay: ,if;odajzMum;jcif;jzpfonf/      Yk                                                           d
                                                                                  tpd;k &tzGUJ u &&Sxm;onfrsm;&SygaMumif;? ,ck
                                                                                                                       d           todyifjzpfygaMumif;? w&m;rJtEditxufjyKusih f
                                                                                                                                                                  h kf                       d                             S
                                                                                                                                                                                        xki;f ? puFmylEihf a[mifaumifEiiwyg0ifrnfjzpfNy;D Oa&myEkiirsm;          dk f H Ydk                                                      d f H
              jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyu qufvufajymMum;
                                              f                                              f f                  d
                                                                                  tcg tkycsKya&;wm0efukd rdrwYkd jynfe,ftpd;k      onfqygu taMumif;tcsucivpmjzifwif
                                                                                                                                              kd                     f kd f kH G h      rS b&yfqvEiiwyg0ifrnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;uqufvufajymonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       J f dk f H Ydk
&mwGif ppfwyf(jrefrmhwyfrawmf)taejzifh jynf                                       &tzGUJ rS xrf;aqmifaeNyjD zpfí ppfwyf(jrefrmh    jyEdkifvQif ajymqdkajz&Sif;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;                             Yd k f                                          dS l
                                                                                                                                                                                                        ykueO;D pD;XmerS wm0ef&owpfO;D jzpfol OD;oef;atmifausmrS                                                                           f
e,ftpd;k &tzGUJ tay: MoZmtmPmvTr;f rd;k onf                                       wyfrawmf)u 0ifa&mufpuzufwmrsK;d r&Sawmh
                                                                                                            G f                d   ajymMum;onf/                                         ]]'DvorLS ;awGcefw,fqwmu wpfEiiewpfEiitMum; ukeo,f
                                                                                                                                                                                                   dk H                           Y             dk                               dk f H YJ                    dk f H                f G
[laom taMumif;tcsuwpfpwpf&mrQazmfjy                  f           kH                                    f
                                                                                  bJ tcsKUd aomyk*Kd¾vrsm;taejzifh ,cifuawGUBuKH          ]]ppfwyfu 0efBu;D csKy'aeY½;kH rwuf&bl;
                                                                                                                                                                 f D                           k f hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                        rIvywae&mrSm ykNd y;D tqifajyatmif vktyfwtcsutvufawGudk                                         d                  hJ        f
ajymqdp&mr&SaMumif;? oltvkyovyNf y;D ud,hf
                   k             d                 Y                f l k     k   cJ&onfh tawGUtBuKH rsm;tay: tpGtvrf;jzifh
                                                                                    h                                        J     vdajymwmvJr&Sb;l / uReawmfuvJ ½H;k rwufbJ
                                                                                                                                     Yk                  d   f                                                                        dS
                                                                                                                                                                                        ,lr,f? tcuftcJ&wmawGunr,f/ 'DoabmygyJ}} [kajymonf/                     dk d§
                f kd f k f
tvkyu,vyaeMu&m pGuzufrr&SaMumif;?                             f          I d                                    l
                                                                                  ajymqdMk uonf[k xifjrif,qaMumif;? ,aeY           aewmrsK;d vJr&Sygbl;}}[k 0efBu;D csKyu [mopGuf
                                                                                                                                                       d                 f                                        d Ydk Y                    d
                                                                                                                                                                                                        xkoceftyfxm;&S&mwGif ,if;wktm; trsKd ;om;pD;yGm;a&;ESihf                     Yd
wyfrawmfe,fvntxl;ukaq;tzGUJ u u,m;    S hf                                              d f
                                                                                  tcsetcgrsK;d wGif rnfowpfpwpfa,mufu
                                                                                                             l      kH             íajymMum;cJhonf/                                     zGHUNzdK;wkd;wufa&;0efBuD;Xme\                                                                                                  pmrsufESm(31)odkh
4                                                          LOCAL NEWS                                                                                                                                                                                        rwf 28-{NyD 3? 2013




         t,f'Dwmhtmabmf

         ESpfESpfom;'Drkdua&pDESifU xdvG,f &SvG,faomta&;
                        k                                       f S
                      rdua&pDtpd;k &oufwrf; ESpEpjf ynf&ef wpfywf       h                                                                                                                         H
                                                                                                                                                                         aemufbufwcg;ta&;tenfxicgptcsewwif tpd;k &                         kd f                     d f Ykd G
         'D                  k G
                      tvdwijf zpfonf/ vlrsm;pGmaoausysup;D cJ&onfh
                              f
         rESpNf rKd UzG,ted|m½Hjk zpfpOfwpfcu qD;BuKd aeonf/ EdiiH
                                                             k
                                                                            f h
                                                                                               k f              yef;cif;aomvrf;ay:rSm                                    taejzifh wpfylay:ESpfylqifhae&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                   ]]tckjzpfym;aewJta&;u'DrmyJNy;D oGm;zdvygw,f/
                                                                                                                                                                                                      G               h                         S                            Yk kd
         awmfor®wuta&;ay:tajctaewpf&yfxwjf yefc&                             k                     hJ                                                                               kd f H                    YH
                                                                                                                                                                         wpfEiiv;kH qDrysUH ESatmif xde;f csKyzvygw,f}}[k tpö                         f Ykd kd
         onfh ,if;jzpfpOfonfomrefjzpfavhjzpfx&SaomjzpfpOf                 d                                     tm;vHk;csrf;csrf;omom                                    vmrfbmoma&;tzGUJ csKyrtBu;D tuJwpfO;D u pd;k &drf    f S
                                    f G             hJ
         rsK;d xuf ausmveNf y;D jzpfc&aomt"du½kP;f ?bmoma&;                                                                                                                                  h
                                                                                                                                                                         Bu;D pGmjzifajymonfukd tifwmAsL;wpfcwif zwfvu&                                        k G                              kd f
         t"du½kPf;wpfckjzpfcJhonf/                                                                              avQmufEdkifatmif                                         onf/ ]]yef;cif;aomvrf;ay:rSm tm;vH;k csr;f csr;f omom
                                                         S
                      a&Tta&mif;t0,frpNy;D jymom'fr;D avmifc&aom                       hJ                                                                                                  kd f
                                                                                                                                                                         avQmufEiatmif tm;vH;k uEdiiawmfu0i;f 0ef;axmufr               kfH                  kd kd
                   D¬
         rdwvmt"du½kP;f aMumifh vlq,f*Pef;xufrenf;                                                                                                                                             f
                                                                                                                                                                         Muyg/rGwpvifawGuvJ unMD uyg}}[k ow*lq&mawmf              l                               D
         aoqH;k cJonf/ aetdrrsm;pGm rD;avmifjymusc&onf/
                           h                      f                              hJ                             tm;vHk;u EdkifiHawmfudk                                  BuD;u arwåm&yfcHcJhonf/
                 f                    f hJ
         yk'r(144)xkwcaomfvnf; y#dyu©rsm;\t[keusroGm;                          f                                                                                                                 kfH G
                                                                                                                                                                                   jrefrmEdiiwif rnfonfEiiEirQrwl/ wdi;f &if;om;    h kd f H S hf                              k
         bJ qufjrifaeao;onftwGuf Ediiawmfor®wud,f
                                h                      h       k f H                            k               0dkif;0ef;axmufrMuyg                                                                    d
                                                                                                                                                                         vlrsK;d 135rsK;d &Sonf/ vGwvyfpmud;k uG,cijhf yKxm;í   f             G                          f G
               k
         wdif ta&;ay:tajctaeudk ½kwjf cnf;xkwjf yefvu&                                    kd f                                                                                                                     k
                                                                                                                                                                         vnf; bmomaygif;pHvifonf/ xdaMumifh tpd;k &onf                             Yk
         jcif;jzpfonf/                                                                                                                                                   vlrsK;d a&;?bmoma&;udprsm;ta&;wGif tifrwefrowd     ö                                                               S
                      ,refESpfuvnf; jrefrmEdkifiHtaemufydkif; &cdkif                                                     h J J G
                                                                                                        avQmufrnfqqwif tqdygjzpfpOfrsm;onf rvdvm;tyf
                                                                                                                                          k                     k                      k f G f k f
                                                                                                                                                                         xm;udiwivyaqmif&onf/ ,if;twGuf Ediiawmf                                                                      k f H
         jynfe,fta&;wGifta&;ay:tajctaexkwjf yefc&zl;                                        hJ          aomjzpf&yfrsm;jzpfonf/ EdiiwumuvufnK§d ;xd;k jyp&m?
                                                                                                                                     kfH                                 tpd;k &csn;f wGiom wm0ef&onfr[kw/ oufqi&m
                                                                                                                                                                                                          f                          dS                              f                        kd f
         onf/ vlrsKd;a&;y#dyu©? bmoma&;y#dyu©rsm;onf                                                    axmufjyp&mjzpfvmonf/ r[mrdwjf zpfqJ tar&duef                                                        k f
                                                                                                                                                                         tzGUJ tpnf;?vly*K¾dvwpfO;D csi;f pDwiygwm0efyvmonf/                    Gf                               kd
                                  d G
         tifrwefxv,?f &Sv,fudiw,&cufaomta&;rsm;  G kf G f                                                                   kd f H
                                                                                                        ESihf taemufEiiwYkd jrefrmEdiiwif vltcGita&;csK;d
                                                                                                                                            k f H G Y        hf            k f H                    f
                                                                                                                                                                         Ediiawmfysup;D rnfta&;? vlrsK;d bmomxdcuysup;D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 h                                                                  kd f f
         jzpfonf/ jrefrmEdiiwif 'Drua&pDu[efjy(Window
                                           k f H G kd                kd                                 azmufaeavNyD[k apm'uwufMuonf/                                          h
                                                                                                                                                                         rnfta&;ütm;vH;k ud,pwif wnaombHoabmxm;      k fD G l D                                        k
         Dressing) r[kwbJ trSewu,f vufawGUtaumif
                                            f              f                                                                           kd          Ykd d f
                                                                                                                 ppftpd;k &vufrS 'Drua&pDoorarGUnifompGm                 rsm;&Sonf/ ,if;rSm Ediiw;kd wufaumif;pm;a&;yifjzpf
                                                                                                                                                                                 d                                      k f H
         txnfazmfaqmifaecsewif tqdygta&;wdaMumifh   d f G         k                 Yk                                                                     kfH
                                                                                                        cse;f vkyEicjhJcif;aMumifh yeH&aeaomjrefrmEdiitwGurl
                                                                                                          d       f kd f                                            f    onf/
         'Drdkua&pDt[kefudk wHkYaES;oGm;aponf/                                                                 k                               k f
                                                                                                        tqdygjzpf&yfrsm;aMumifh 0efxywpfcw;kd vmaeonf/ k                                                                                                                   t,f'Dwm
                          f S f               kd
                      ESpEpom;'Drua&pDtpd;k & rwfwwf&yfvrf;x                                                k                        kd f
                                                                                                        wdi;f &if;om;vufeufuita&; rNy;D jywfao;cse?f t            d                                                                                               23-3-2013

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   wpfzufuvJ xkwvyrujkdrifrm;                 f kfI h
    0efxrf;vpmwdk;rIu ukefaps;EIef;tay:                                                                                                                                                                                                                     f h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   atmif vkyoifw,f/ tJ'Epcv;kH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   raygif;Edi&if ukeaps;EIe;f jrifrm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        k f                f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                DSfk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       h S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   yJ}}[k oHk;oyfajymonf/
    tusKd;oufa&mufrIxdef;nd§&ef vdktyfvm                                                                                                                                                                                                        vpmwd;k ay;vdujf cif;aMumifh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   0ifaiGrsm;vmvQif 0,fvtm;wuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             f k f I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   vmNy;D xkwvyrwefz;kd rwufyg
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   u ukeaps;EIe;f wufvmEdiaMumif;?                       kf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   0efxrf;wpfO;D \ wpfaeYwmukef
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       f S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   usp&dwEihf vuf&wpfaeYueus                 dS                    k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   p&dwtay: rlwnfNy;D wGucsuf                                     f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ay;oifhaMumif; OD;xGef;atmif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ausmfu qufvufajymonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                pD;yGm;a&;ynm&Sif OD;vSarmif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   u ]]EdiijH cm;&if;ES;D jrK§ yErawG0if          f HS I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         f k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Ny;D tNyKd itqdijf zpfvm&if 0ifaiG
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              df
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   wd;k wufvmEkiw,f}}[k ,if;tjrif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   udk ajymonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    k f hH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Edii0efxrf;rsm;ESihf jynfol
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   rsm;\ pm;0wfaea&;ajyvnfap&ef
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   vpmwd;k ay;jcif;onf xda&muf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   onfajz&Si;f enf;r[kwaMumif;?                             f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     df                               f HS I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   EkiijH cm;&if;ES;D jrK§ yErrsm;? jynfwi;f                             G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             f k f I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   xkwvyrrsm; wd;k wufvmrSom
    pnfum;aeaomaps;jrifuGif;/                                                                                                                                    Photo: Ye Naung (Phe' Khone)                                      vQif 0ifaiGw;kd wufvmNy;D pm;0wf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   aea&;tqifajyrnfjzpfaMumif;
    &nfrGef? a[rmefjynfh                                       jynfaxmifpvwawmftpnf;t
                                                                                k T f                               aps;EIe;f uwufrmyJ/ vpmwd;k wdi;f
                                                                                                                                         S              k     tjcm;aomoufomacsmifcsa&;        d                                    pD;yGm;a&;ynm&Sirsm;u oH;k oyf        f
    &efue?f 2013-2014b@ma&;ESpf
          k                                                    a0;wGif 2013-2014b@ma&;                                 k f
                                                                                                                    vduwufaeusy/ ukeaps;EIe;f
                                                                                                                                           J      f                         G f
                                                                                                                                                              rsm;udk aqmif&uay;vQif ydrt    k kd                                  Muvsuf&Sdonf/
    wGif Edii0efxrf;rsm;\vpmaiG
            k f hH                                             ESpwif Edii0efxrf;rsm;\vpmaiG
                                                                   f G k f hH                                               kd f
                                                                                                                    awGvuwufae&ifawmh tajccH                  qifajyEdiaMumif; tpd;k &0efxrf;
                                                                                                                                                                        k f                                                                     1988ckEpaemufyi;f 1989
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Sf                    kd
    tm; usy20000 wd;k jriay;&ef
                   f           § hf                                         f
                                                               tm; usy20000wd;k jriay;&efvsm
                                                                                        § hf                        vlwef;pm;awGtwGuf rvG,b;l }}      f       todkif;t0dkif;rS od&onf/                                                   S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ckEp?f 1993ckEp?f 2000jynfEp?f   S                                h S
    vsmxm;vsu&&m ,if;odYk EkiihH
                       f dS              d f                   xm;aMumif; b@ma&;ESitcGef       hf                   [k ajymonf/                                          f   Sf
                                                                                                                                                                     vkyoufEp20cef&aom t
                                                                                                                                                                                      Y dS                                         2006ckEp?f 2010jynfEpwwif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          S                        h S f Ykd G
    0efxrf;rsm; vpmwd;k ay;rIEitwl  S hf                       0efBuD;Xme jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;                               0efxrf;rsm;taejzifh tjcm;          v,fwef;jyq&mrwpfO;D u ]]vpm                                          tpd;k &0efxrf;rsm;udk vpmrsm;wd;k
        f
    ukepnfaps;EIe;f rsm; twuftus                                         df
                                                               OD;0if;&SerS b@ma&;toH;k qdi&m     kf                vkyief;rsm;uJoYkd aps;uGuay:rl
                                                                                                                         f             h            f                                      f
                                                                                                                                                              wd;k wm 0rf;omw,f/ ukeaps;EIe;f                                      jriyy;k d ay;cJNh y;D 2012-2013b@m
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     § hf Hh
    tay: tusKd;oufa&mufrIudk                                                          G
                                                               Oya'Murf;wifoi;f &mwGif xnfh                         wnfí aps;EIe;f twuftusjyKvyf          k         k f
                                                                                                                                                              uvduwufvm&ifawmh rvG,f                                               a&;ESpf {NyD1&ufwGif vpmESifh
    vnf; xde;f ndEi&efvtyfaMumif;
                     § dk f kd                                 oGi;f azmfjycJrtay: txufyg
                                                                                 h I                                ír&aMumif;? yHkrSef0ifaiGtjzpf            bl;}}[k ,if;tjrifukd ajymonf/                                        p&dwEe;f xm;tjyif tydaxmufyhH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                fI                                     k
    jynforsm;ESihf e,fy,ftoD;oD;rS
             l                                                 twdi;f ajymMum;Mujcif;jzpfonf/
                                                                     k                                              omvpm&&SaMumif;? Edii0efxrf;
                                                                                                                                     d       k f hH                                Yl
                                                                                                                                                                     acwfopfjynfoygwDOuú|                                          aMu;tjzpf wpfvvQif usy30000                                f
    ynm&Sifrsm;u ajymMum;onf/                                                                G
                                                                       urm&GwNf rKd Ue,fwif aexdif   k              rsm;tm; vHavmufonfvpmwd;k
                                                                                                                                   k            h                                f
                                                                                                                                                              OD;xGef;atmifausmu ]]0efxrf;                                         EIe;f axmufyay;cJaMumif; od&  hH h
                            Gf
          rwf15&ufwiusi;f ycJhonfh                                            h
                                                               ol OD;rd;k jrifausmf ]]vpmwd;k &if ukef                           h
                                                                                                                    ay;onftjyif aiGp?k aiGacs;ESihf           awGudk vpmwdk;ay;onfhtjyif                                           onf/
                                                                                                                                         LOCAL NEWS                                                                                                                                                                                       5
                                                                                                                                                           HOME
                                                                                                                                                                                                  ,if;ESiywfoufí *l*vrS ajyma&;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    hf                          J f                      aqmufttkHr&Sdjcif;? tifwmeufcsdwf
tifwmeufudk rxdef;csKyfzdkh Google Ouú|ajym                                                                                                                                             qkci&ol rpöatrDu]]jrefrmEkiirm tok;H cs
                                                                                                                                                                                            d G hf dS
                                                                                                                                                                                        aqmhz0vawG wk;d wufaumif;rGezeYJ tif
                                                                                                                                                                                                      f J f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                dfHS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             f Ydk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         quftok;H jyKcrsm; jrifrm;aejcif;aMumifh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         jzpfonf[k od&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     h

                                                                                                                                                                                                            S
                                                                                                                                                                                        wmeuf&mazGa&;pepfawG aumif;atmif                                                               jrefrmEkiiH uGeysLwmtoif;csKyPR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   d f             f                           f
zl;yGifhaomf                                                                                                                                                                            *l*vuaeulnay;oGm;r,f}}[kajymonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                             J f                       D                                                                              dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         XmerSwm0ef&ol a':acsmcifcifu]]tcGihf
&efue?f jrefrmEkii\Ekiia&;ESihf pD;yGm;a&;
    k           d f H d f H                                                                                                                                                                                        d f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                  jrefrmEkii&dS ausmif;om;vli,frsm;                                      tvrf;awGuawmh uRefrwkdYqDvmygNyD/
ykrjdk zpfxe;f vm&ef tifwmeufu vrf;zGihf
   d               G                                                                                                                                                                    onf tifwmeufrwpfqifh avhvmoif,l  S                                                                          d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         'gudk tusK;d &Satmif b,fvtok;H csrvJ?                  kd
ay;EkiNf y;D Ekiiwi;f tifwmeufxe;f csKyrI
         d                d f H G                     d          f                                                                                                                        d f
                                                                                                                                                                                        Ekip&m rsm;jym;onfEitnD tifwmeuf           S hf                                            Ykd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         olwuawmh trsm;Bu;D ulnay;zkYd toifh                  D
udrjyKvy&ef Googleu trIaqmifOuú|
     k            k f                                                                                                                                                                   tok;H jyK&rItqifrajyrIrsm;&SonftwGuf                     d h                       d                  Ydk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         &Sygw,fvajymw,f/ uRerwdEiiua&m                  f Yk dk f H
rpöwmtJ&pf&rpfu ajymMum;vkuonf/ S                    d f                                                                                                                                *l*vrS ausmif;om;rsm;twGuf Clouds
                                                                                                                                                                                              J f                                                                                         YJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         'gawGeywfoufNy;D bmvrf;awGziay;zkYd                            G hf
            jrefrmEkiioYdk Googleu trIaqmif
                             d f H                                                                                                                                                      tokH;jyKEkdif&ef pDpOfaqmif&Gufay;rnf                                            vkdtyfvJqkdwmawmh od&rSmyg}}[k ajym
Ouú|ESihf tzGUJ 0ifrsm;vma&mufNy;D pGeO;D                     Yf                                                                                                                        jzpfaMumif; od&onf/                                                              onf/
           G f k f
wDxivyief;&Sirsm;? uGeysLwme,fy,f  f       f                                                                                                                                                                      dfH Gf
                                                                                                                                                                                                  jrefrmEkiiueysLwmtoif;csKyf (MCF)                                                    urÇmhbPf\xkwfjyefcsufrsm;t&
                      Ydk
rS vli,fwudk jrefrmEkiizUHG NzKd ;wk;d wufa&;
                                     d f H                                                                                                                                                                      f
                                                                                                                                                                                        Ouú| OD;cGeO;D u]]uReawmfwEiitwGuf       f                Ydk dk f H                             d f H l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         jrefrmEkiivO;D a&\ 1&mckiEe;f omvQif               d f I
twGuf tifwmeufutok;H csapEkirnfh       dk                d f                                                                                                                            vrf;pawG trsm;Bu;D yGiom;ygNy/ *l*veYJ          hf G              D J f                                          J dk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         tifwmeufo;Hk pGEiNf y;D rdbi;f zke;f tok;H jyKk dk
enf;vrf;rsm;udk ,ckv 22&ufu jrefrm                                                                                                                                                      MCFeJY tao;pdwaqG;aEG;rIawG vkyom; f                                       f G       d f I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Ekirvnf; 10&mckiEe;f atmufom&Sonf d f I                             d
               dk
tifzwufcwiaqG;aEG;cJpOfu ,if;okYd
                            f G f            h                                                                                                                                                                               Ydk
                                                                                                                                                                                        r,f/ tJ'gNy;D rSyJ olwb,fupNy;D ulncsif                                     D    [kqkdonf/
xnfhoGif;ajymMum;cJhjcif;jzpfonf/                                                                                                                                                       w,fqwmod&rSmyg/ tkipweywfouf
                                                                                                                                                                                                         dk                                d f D D YJ                                             S S hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       tJ&pf&rpfEitzGUJ onf rwf22&uf
                                                                              Google trIaqmifOuú|                             rpöwmtJ&pf&Srpf/                                `
                                                                                                                                                             Photo:Ye Naung(Phe Khon)
            ]]jrefrmEkdifiH&JUEkdifiHa&;? pD;yGm;a&;ykd                                                                                                                                 wJh Oya'awGvjJ yifqifoifwmawG jyifqif                h                           u EkdifiHawmfor®wOD;odef;pdefESifh a':
  d f
ckirmzkYd tifwmeufuyJvrf;zGiay;&r,f/              hf                         ajymcJhrSmyg}}[k tJ&pf&Srpfuajymonf/                                tay: avhvmqef;ppfrIrsm;jyKvkyfoGm;     &r,f}}[k ajymonf/                                                                atmifqef;pkMunfwtm; awGUqkcaMumif;?   Ydk                 H hJ
                              Y
tpk;d &taeeJvJ tifwmeufxe;f csKyrawG            d         f I                              S
                                                                                  tJ&pf&rpf jrefrmEkiioYkd a&muf&vm
                                                                                                    d f H         dS                                                         S hf
                                                                                                                                                 rnfjzpfNy;D rMumrD tifwmeufEiywfouf              jrefrmEkiiwif tifwmeuf tok;H jyKol
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  dfH G                                                                                       J f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ,ckc&D;pOfonf *l*vtaejzifh jrefrmEkiiH                                  d f
             f
rvky&ifaumif;r,f/ tpk;d &yki;f eJawGUr,f       d Y                                              G J f
                                                                             onfh ,ckc&D;pOfwif *l*vrS jrefrmEkii\
                                                                                                               d f H                             onfh vkdtyfonfhtultnDrsm;ay;oGm;       tvGeenf;yg;aeao;aMumif;? ,if;onf
                                                                                                                                                                                                       f                                                                 okYd yxrOD;qk;H vma&mufjcif;jzpfaMumif;
       d
qk&ifvJ 'DtaMumif;ukd t"duxnfoi;f                          h G                 dfD D                 d
                                                                             tkipwtcef;u@ü vktyfcsursm;&Sonfhf d                                 rnfjzpfaMumif; od&onf/                                       f
                                                                                                                                                                                        aumif;rGeonfh qufo,a&;tajccHt                     G f                            od&onf/


tcGefwkd;vdkh ajra&mif;0,frIrsm;
&yfqkdif;ae[k vkyfief;&Sifrsm;ajym




                                                                                 `
                                                                Photo:Ye Naung(Phe Khon)
&efukefNrdKUjyjrifuGif;/


                                                                        ,cktcg tdrNfcajr0,fvuf   H
    tdrNf cH ajraps;EIe;f jrifwuf
                              h                         rsm;onf trSefwu,fvkyfMu
    rIu tcGewpfcwnf;aMumifh
                f k                                              f l
                                                        rnhorsm;jzpfapumrl ajymif;vJ
                                                        owfrSwfvkdufaom tcGefEIef;
         Yk         Yk
    vdawmh ajymvdr&bl/ EdiiH    kf                      xm;t& 0,folrS 37&ckdifEIef;
    jcm;om; vma&muf&if;ES;D jrK§ yf                     ESifh a&mif;olrS 10&mckiEe;f txd                dfI
    ESrawGuarQmfNyD; aps;upm;
      H I kd                                            ay;aqmif&rnfjzpfaomaMumihf
        k hJ l
    vdwoawG 0ifvmwmaMumifh                              txufygtwki;f ESpzufvyief;       d          f               kf
                                                             f
                                                        &Sirsm;\ apmihMfunhtaetxm;             f
    vJygw,f                                             wGif&Sdum vkyfief;rsm;&yfqkdif;
                                                        ae&jcif;jzpfaMumif; ,if;wku                                      Yd
                                                        qkdonf/
atmifolrif;Edkif(a';'&J)                                                         H           f
                                                                        tdrNf cajrvkyief;vkyuiol                f kd f
&efue?f rMumao;cifu ajymif;
      k                                                 a':oufESif;jzLu]]tdrfNcHajr
vJowfrwvuaom tdrNf cajr
           S f dk f                H                    aps;awGjrifhvmwJhtwGuf t
tcGefEIef;wkd;jr§ihfcJhjcif;aMumihf                     a&mif;t0,f aps;uGuaysmufNy;D                     f
vuf&Sd tdrfNcHajraps;uGufwGif                           tcef;ay;tcef;,lpepfawGeJY
                    I k f d
ajra&mif;0,frvyief;yki;f vH;k 0                                   f kd f hJ k f
                                                        vkyuiwvyief;toGiajymif;                               f
&yfqi;f oGm;aMumif; tdrNf cajr
        dk                       H                      vmMuw,f/ vrf;rwef;eJe;D whJ                                Y
    f        f d          d
vkyief;&Sitoki;f t0ki;f rS pHprf;
                               k                               f              kd
                                                        tdrawGq&if uefx½duvyuif                        k f k f kd
od&onf/                                                 olawG tBudKufawGUw,f}}[k
      0g&iftrNf cajrtusK;d aqmif
            h d H                                       qdkonf/
jzpfol OD;oufEkdifOD;u ]]ajr                                            ,cktcg tdrNf cajrvkyief;     H               f
ta&mif;at;oGm;w,fqkdwm                                              d              d
                                                        toki;f t0ki;f wGif usyoe;f oH;k                    f d
u t"dutcGeEe;f xm;ajymif;
                     f I                                axmifausmfwefzkd;&SdtdrfNcHrsm;
vduvygyJ/ 0,fa&mif;awGuvJ
  k f Ydk                                               onf ta&mif;t0,faysmufae
apmifhBunhfaeMuw,f/ tcGef                                                  k              f I
                                                        Ny;D tqdygtcGeEe;f wd;k jrijhf cif;                      §
rajymif;cifu t"dutuGuf                                                D
                                                        rjyKrumvESifh EIi;f ,SOygu od      d                f
uswJh vrf;rwef;a&m? NrdKUe,f                            ompGmta&mif;t0,favsmus                                         h
                  f
xJuajruGuawGyg ta&mif;t                                 oGm;onfuawGU&aMumif; uRr;f   dk
0,fjzpfw,f/ tcGefEIef;topf                                         f d H
                                                        usitrNf cajrtusK;d aqmifrsm;
ajymif;vJNy;D cserm ta&mif;0,f
                 d f S                                  u qkdonf/
wefYoGm;w,f}}[kqdkonf/                                                              pmrsufESm(31)okdY
   6                                                                                                                                                             LOCAL NEWS                                                                                                                                                                                                                         rwf 28-{NyD 3? 2013

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    HOME
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ajypGmajzqdEiconf[k ausmif;k kd f hJ
&efukefwdkif;a'oBuD;wuúodkvf0ifwef;pmar;yGJ                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               om;? ausmif;olrsm;u ajymonf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ajrxdk;puf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        t.x.u(2)wmarGrS wuú                                                        acsmufudkxdk;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          odv0ifwef;ausmif;om; armifrif;
ZD0aA'bmomajzqdkEdkifolenf;                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          vGiu ]]jrefrmpmpajz&mrSm tcuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          tcJr&SbJ tm;vH;k eD;yg;ajzEdiygw,f/                                kf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   aejynfawmf? {&ma&T0gukrPD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     kf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Ü
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ydiajrxd;k pufwpfp;D 22bD;,mOf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          usuxm;wmawGtm;vH;k wd;k vdYk pm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Yk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ay:odtwufwif ab;odacsmf                G                  Yk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ar;yJGajz&if; aysmfrdygw,f/ uRef
    pmar;yGJar;cGef;tcsKdU                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                awmfwq&mu pmpDpmuH;k atmif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Ykd                                                                  um ig;ayteuf&dSacsmufxJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          rS jrefrmpm*kPx;l rSe;f Edir,fqvYkd     f                      k f              kd                       f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   jyKwusojzifh ajrxd;k pufarmif;
    oif½dk;ñTef;wrf;wGif                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  pmpDpmuH;k udk taumif;qH;k jzpfatmif                                                     ol aoqH;k cJonfjh zpf&yfwpfck h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ajzcJygw,f/ pmpDpmuH;k u 15rSwf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    h                                                                              jzpfyGm;cJhaMumif; od&onf/
    ryg[k a0zefrIrsm;&dS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       jzpfpOfrm rwf12&ufu
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ay;wm &Sprw&rS atmifwmyg/ f S f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          pmpDpmuH;k &Sprwr&&if *kPx;l     f S f                                      f            {&ma&T0gukrPrS '*Hajrmuf            Ü D              k
jrwfrdk;atmif? oif;tdtdydkif                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              xGufzdkYcufygw,f}}[kqdkonf/                                                                  k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ydi;f NrKd Ue,fae OD;vdibm;(41)             I f G
&efue?f ,ckEpf &efuewi;f a'oBu;D
             k                     S            k f kd                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ,ckaemufqHk;ajzqdk&onfh                                                              f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ESparmif;ESionfh 6C^____        f
\ wuúov0ifwef;pmar;yGwif    kd f                                  J G                                                                                                                                                                                                                     abm*aA'bmom&yfwivnf; t                                          Gf                       22bD;,mOfay:wGif jrpfomwrH
ZD0aA'bmom&yftm; ajzqdkEdkif                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              cuftcJrsm;r&SbJ vG,v,uul            d                         f G f l                           Yd Ykd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   okyaqmifrnfh udrif;ol armif;              k
olenf;yg;cJaMumif; od&onf/     h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ajzEdiMf uonftwGuf ,if;bmom    h                                                         ESionfh D7G CATERPIL-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             f
                 ZD0aA'oifMum;onfh yk*vu                         ¾ d                                                                                                                                                                                                                      &yftwGuf *kPx;l &&S&ef&nfre;f             f             d                          S     LER t0ga&mifajrxd;k puftm;
ausmif;wpfcrS q&mrwpfO;D u ]]'D  k                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        MuaMumif; ausmif;om;?ausmif;ol                                                           wifaqmifum jyifO;D vGirS ykvJ                           f
ar;cGe;f awGuoif½;kd rSmygw,f/ q&m                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        rsm;u ajymonf/                                                                           -ausmvrf;twdi;f armif;ESif               k
awGuroifMuwm/ 'Dar;cGe;f rar;                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        kfH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        jrefrmEdii\ 2013 wuúovf                                           kd       vmpOf rauG;wdi;f a'oBu;D xD;         k
                         k f S k
wm &efuermqd&if 12ESpavmuf                                  f                                                                                                                                                                                                                             0ifwef;pmar;yGudk rwf13&ufr22         J                                       S          vif;NrdKUe,f yHknmewfxdyft
&SNd y/ wjcm;wdi;f eJjY ynfe,fawGrm
        D                            k                                 S                                                                                                                                                                                                                  &uftxd wpfEiiv;kH &Sd wdi;f ESijhfynf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             kd f H                        k                       qif;ü vrf;usO;f Ny;D csKi0r;f rsm;                 d hf S
awmh ar;wwfw,f/ bditrajzEdif                          k f kd         k     wuúodkvf0ifwef;pmar;yGJajzqkdNyD;jyefxGufvmaom                                                                                                                       Photo: Aye Theingi Than                   e,ftoD;oD;wGiusi;f ycJNh y;D pmar;          f                                              d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   &Sojzifh ajrxd;k puftm; acwå
     h l
wJorsm;w,f/ rusEiayr,fh *kPf                     kd f                      ausmif;om;rsm;udk rdbrsm;BudKqdkaepOf/                                                                                                                                                                           J
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          yG0ifa&mufajzqdol ig;ode;f cef&dS               k                                    Y   jyefcsum wpfp;D csi;f armif;ESif
xl;&wJovenf;Ediw,f}}[k ajym
                      h l J                 k f                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           aMumif;? pmppfXme 1296ckzivpf                                         G hf S                               h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   vmcJaMumif;? ,if;aemuf rdif                                  k
onf/                                                                       cifu ]]bditar;cGe;f ucufw,f/
                                                                                        k f kd                                                               f                 S
                                                                                                                                                       ESpu oif½;kd xJrmyJygw,f/ 'DEpf    S                                                   ausmif;om;jzpfol uk&xuf      d J                        h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ay;cJaMumif; jrefrmEdiipmppfO;D pD;                  k f H                                        k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   wditrSwf (78^4-5)Mum;t
                 ZD0aA'bmom&yfwif oif½;kd                 G                roif&ao;wJpmawGygw,f/ ar;
                                                                                               h                                                                     S
                                                                                                                                                       oif½;kd xJrmrygawmhb;l / Ny;D awmh                                             u ]]bditrajzEdib;l / yHuvJ oif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                k f kd          kf       k                XmerS od&onf/                                                                            a&muf vrf;aumif;vmojzifh
  k dS f
yHEypmtkywif ryg&Saomar;cGe;f f G                  d                       cGef;ukd ÓPfprf;ar;xm;w,fvdkY                                                                    k      f
                                                                                                                                                       ar;cGe;f wpfcukd ESpcgar;wmawG                                                 ½d;k xJygayr,fh tay:atmufvnhf                  S                                 J
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        pmar;yGajzqdaepOfumvt               k                                      ajrxd;k puftm; 22bD;,mOfay:
tcsKd Uar;cJaMumif;? ½lyaA'ESihf t*F
                          h                                                xifaewm/ aumif;aumif;rajzEdif           k                                   vJ&Sdw,f}}[k qdkonf/                                                           xm;w,f/ tajzEdkifqHk;uawmh                          wGi;f ,mOfaMumydwjf cif;rsm;aMumifh                                                            Yk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   odwifaqmifpOf acsmusNy;D vrf;                  f
vdybmom&yfwwif ar;cGe;f xyf
          f                              Ykd G                             Mubl;}}[k ajymonf/                                                                      bmom&yfrsm;xJwGif "mwk                                             "mwkaA'yJ}}[k qdkonf/                                               k h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ajzqdrnfausmif;udk apmpD;pGmoGm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   \,mbuf ig;aycefeufaom                            Y
jcif;rsm;&SdcJhaMumif; od&onf/                                                     tjcm;bmom&yftcsdKUwGif                                              aA'bmom&yfonf ausmif;om;awG                                                            ausmif;om;ausmif;olrsm;t                    &jcif;rSwpfyg; tcufcr&SaMumif;                            J d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           J d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   acsmufxojYkyKwusum rif;ol
             ,if;tay: ausmif;om;wpfO;D                                     trSm;t,Gif; tenf;i,f&Sdaomf                                                 ajzqdk& tvG,fulqHk;ar;cGef;jzpf                                                wGuf 'kw,tcufq;kH rSm ocsmbm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      d                         F         ausmif;om;ausmif;olrsm;ESihf rdb
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   rSm ajrxd;k pufyd aoqH;k cJjh cif;
u ]]ar;cGe;f xyfwmawG awGUawmh                                             vnf; ZD0aA'bmom&yfar;cGe;f u                                                                  k H S
                                                                                                                                                       Ny;D ar;cGe;f yHprm xl;jcm;ajymif;vJrI                                         om&yfjzpfaMumif;? ykpmtBu;D rsm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ä                    rsm;xHrS od&onf/
                                                                           ,cifESpfrsm;ESifhrwlbJ uGJjym;rI&Sd                                         r&ScaMumif;? ,if;twGuaMumifh
                                                                                                                                                            d hJ                     f                                                                                                                            h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ny;D cJonfh 2011-2012 ynm                                                  jzpfaMumif; jrefrmEdii&wyfzUJG                k f H J
            f J S
pdwxrm aysmom;w,f/ trSwf               f G                                                                                                                                                                                                          J I dS         d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      rSmcufcr&cNhJ y;D "r®"|mefar;cGe;f
                                                                           aeaMumif; ynma&;uRr;f usiol           f                                     tqdygbmom&yfrm atmifcsuykd
                                                                                                                                                                 k               S          f                                                                                                             Sf G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          oifEpwif &efuewi;f a'oBu;D \                  k f kd                                     rS od&onf/
awGvJydk&wmaygh}}[k ajymonf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                            f l I dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      rsm;rSm vG,ur&aMumif;? useonfh              f
                                                                           a'gufwmbdkiftdku ajymonf/                                                   rsm;EdkifNyD; trSwfvnf; ydkaumif;                                                                                                  wuúodkvf0ifwef;atmifcsufrSm                                                                                 tcif;jzpfae&modY k a&jruf
                 ausmif;om;ausmif;olrsm;t                                                                                                                                                                                             bmom&yfrsm;tm; aumif;rGepm                    f G
               f
wGuvnf; ZD0aA'bmom&yfajz                                                           ,if;u ]]'DEpxuvmwJar;
                                                                                                 S f G f       h                                       Edium *kPx;l xGurvnf; rsm;jym;
                                                                                                                                                                       f
                                                                                                                                                         kf                      fI                                                   ajzqdEiMf uaMumif; ausmif;om;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               k kd                                       33'or7&mcdiEe;f &&Scum wpf        k f I                      d hJ                        eD&Juif;rS wyfzGJU0ifrsm; oGm;
      k
qd&mwGif tcufcq;kH jzpfconf/                 J                hJ                      S
                                                                           cGe;f awGrm trSm;awGtrsm;Bu;D awGU                                            k f G f dS
                                                                                                                                                       Ediz,&aMumif; "mwkaA'bmom                                                      ausmif;olrsm;xHrS od&onf/                           EdkifiHvHk;wGif bmompHk*kPfxl;&Sif                                                       a&mufppfaq;cJNh y;D tavmif;
             omauwNrKd Ue,f? tajccHynm                                     w,f/ txl;ojzifh ZD0aA'aygh/ oif                                             oifMum;aom a'gyHNkrKdUe,f t.x.                                                           2013ckEp\ wuúov0if
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              S f             kd f        272OD;&ScaMumif; trSw(3) tajccH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             d hJ                                    f                             ESih f ajrxd;k puftm; jyefvnfq,f
txufwef;ausmif;rS 0ifa&muf                                                 ½d;k xJrmrygwm ar;oGm;w,f/ ar;
                                                                                    S                                                                  u(1)ausmif;rS q&mrwpfO;D xHrS                                                  wef;yxraeY jrefrmpmajzqd&mwGif        k             ynmOD;pD;XmerS xkwjf yefcsursm;                                           f              ,la&; {&ma&T0gukrPraqmif                     Ü DS
                 k hJ
ajzqdconfh ausmif;ol rMunfMunf                                             cGe;f eHygwf4(e)[m vGecwajcmuf
                                                                                                       f hJ hJ                                         od&onf/                                                                        ar;cGe;f vSnxm;jcif;r&SbJ tqif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           hf          d                  t& od&onf/                                                                                             f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   &Guvsu&aMumif; od&onf/   f dS


vlrIzlvHka&; aq;½Hkaq;cef;rsm;                                                                                                                                                                                                                              owif;pmvkyfief;wGif tvkyfvkyfudkifcsifolrsm;twGuf
tqifUjr§ifUwif&ef yk*¾vduESifUyl;aygif;rnf                                                                                                                                                                                                                            owif;aumif;ay;vdkygonf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                &efukefrD'D,m*½k(yf)vDrdwufonf rMumrDumvwGif &efukefwdkif;rfaehpOfowif;pm
       aq;½kHokH;ypönf;ud&d,m                                                            dS l I l kH
                                                                           ]]vuf&vrzva&;tzGUJ atmufrm                                              S   atmuf&d S aq;½H?k aq;cef;rsm; yk*vd                                      ¾                   f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                xkwa0rnfjzpfonfUtwGuf atmufyg&mxl;ae&mrsm;wGif avQmufxm;Ediygonf/ kf
                                                                           &SdwJh aq;½kH?aq;cef;awGrSm aq;                                                         f          f
                                                                                                                                                       uvkyief;&Sirsm;ESihf yl;aygif;aqmif
  rsm;tpkHtvifr&Sdonfh twGuf                                                               kd f
                                                                           bufqi&mok;H ypön;f ud&,mawG                             d                   &GuEi&eftwGuf tvky½aqG;aEG;
                                                                                                                                                             f kd f                                        f kH                                 1?         Editor (Business)                                                                                                         (1)           OD;
  tvkyorm;vlemrsm;tm; uko
       f                                                                   u tjcm;aq;½kBH u;D awGvtqifh                                  kd            yGwpf&yfuk d rMumrDuusi;f ycJonf/
                                                                                                                                                         J                                                               h                      2?         Editor (Sport)                                                                                                            (1)           OD;
          k              kf
  &ef vdtyfygu &efueaq;½kH                                                 rrDawmhbl;/ tJ'DtwGuf tqifh                                                                  I f
                                                                                                                                                                vdiom,mpufrZe&puf½kH                    I k f dS                                3?         Translator                                                                                                                (5)           OD;
                                                                              § hf
                                                                           jriwifaqmif&uzawG vdtyfvm          G f Ykd                k                           k S
                                                                                                                                                       wpfcrtvkyorm; OD;rsKd ;uduu   f                                     k kd
  BuD;odkYajymif;a&TUuko                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4?         Researcher                                                                                                                (1)           OD;
                                                                           w,f}}[k qdkonf/                                                                             l I l kH
                                                                                                                                                       ]]tckvrzva&;aq;cef;udom;wJh                                      k G
                                                                                      ,if;uqufvufNy;D ,if;uJh                                          tcgrSm ukoay;r,fh aq;0efxrf;                                                             5?         Photo Journalist                                                                                                          (5)           OD;
pdkif;[ef                                                                                        H
                                                                           odYk aq;½ko;Hk ypön;f ud&,mrsm;tpkH               d                         eJY vma&mufuowJtvkyorm;u        k h                   f                                  6?         Proof Reader                                                                                                              (5)           OD;
&efue?f tvkyorm;0efBu;D Xme vl
          k             f                                                                       d h
                                                                           tvifr&SonftwGuf tvkyorm;                                         f          rrQwbl;jzpfaew,f/ tJ'gaMumifh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                7?         Designer                                                                                                                  (1)           OD;
rIzva&;tzGUJ vufatmuf&dS aq;½k?H
     l Hk                                                                  vlemrsm;tm;uko&ef vdtyfygu                           k                             D
                                                                                                                                                       tJ'aq;cef;awGom;&if tcset                   G                        d f
aq;cef;rsm; tqifjh riwifa&;t       § hf                                               kf
                                                                           &efueaq;½kBH u;D odYk ajymif;a&TUuko                                        MumBu;D apmif&w,f/ aemufwpfck
                                                                                                                                                                                  h                                                             8?         DTP                                                                                                                       (4)           OD;
             ¾ d
wGuf yk*vuvkyief;&Sirsm;ESiy;l   f       f    hf                           &aMumif;? ,if;twGuueusp&dwf                      f kf                       uawmh tJ'vrzva&;aq;ay;   D l I l kH                                                      9?         Network Engineer                                                                                                          (1)           OD;
                     G f kd f
aygif;aqmif&uEi&ef pDpOfvsuf                                                                 k
                                                                           udk tqdygaq;½ktwGuf XmerSus            H                                    cef;awGukd pufrZeawGrm &Sapcsif     I k f          S d                                   10?        Junior Web Developer                                                                                                      (1)           OD;
&SdaMumif; od&onf/                                                         cH&aMumif;? ,if;aMumifh aq;½kaq;                                   H                                  l I l kH
                                                                                                                                                       w,f/ tckvrzva&;aq;cef;&Swh J                                               d
               k
         tqdygudpEiywfoufNy;D vl
                            ö S hf                                         cef;rsm; tqifjh riwif&efjyifqif          § hf                               ae&mawGu ZkeawGea0;wJtwGuf         f YJ                     h                            11?        oifwef;om;tvkyfoifowif;axmuf                                                                                              (30)          OD;
rIzlvkHa&;OD;pD;Xmevufatmuf&Sd                                             vsuf&SdaMumif; ,if;u qdkonf/                                                              f
                                                                                                                                                       tvkyorm;awG oGm;ukwtcgrSm                                     hJ                         12?        Marketing Assistant                                                                                                     r (5)           OD;
aq;½kH? aq;cef;rsm;wGif tokH;jyK                                                      ,if;u ]]aq;½kaq;cef;awG             H                            tcuftcJawGtrsm;BuD;&Sdw,f}}                                                                 e,fowif;axmufvkyfvdkolrsm;taejzifU yangonmediagroup2012@gmail.com
        f dS
vsu&aom aq;½ko;H k ypön;f ud&,mH           d                                                   § hf
                                                                           tqifjh riwifzqwm Ediiawmf           Ykd kd             k f H                [k ajymonf/                                                                              rSwpfqifUavQmufxm;Edkifygonf/
rsm;ESihf taqmufttHrsm;tqifh           k                                   b@meJY &efyaiGtajctaeay:rl      Hk                                                                       k f H G
                                                                                                                                                                  jrefrmEdiiwif vlrzva&;                        I l Hk
   § hf
jriwifaqmif&u&eftwGuf ouf G f                                                                          f
                                                                           wnfNy;D vkyief;pOftqifqifaqmif                      h h                     Xmevufatmuf&d S vlrzva&;tzGUJ                  I l kH
     kf
qdi&m0efBu;D Xmetqifqifukd wif        h h                                          f G
                                                                           &Guom;&rSmjzpfw,f/ tJ'twGuf                                 D               wGif tmrcHtvkyorm;aygif; ig;            f
jy&efjyifqifvsuf&SdaMumif; od&                                             b,ftcsdefavmuf pwifaqmif                                                                         f
                                                                                                                                                       ode;f ausm&NdS y;D aq;½ko;kH ½kEiaq;          H H S hf
onf/                                                                                f
                                                                           &GurvJqwmudawmh ajymvdr& kd               k                          Yk     cef;aygif; 92ck zGivpxm;vsuf              hf S f
         &efuewi;f a'oBu;D vlrzvHk
                 k f kd                    Il                              ao;bl;}}[kqdkonf/                                                               d
                                                                                                                                                       &SaMumif; tqdygXmerSo&onf/       k                        d
a&;OD;pD;XmerS wm0ef&owpfO;D u      dS l                                                                 h
                                                                                      ,if;uJoYdk vlrzva&;vuf             I l kH
                                                                                                                                                                                                           LOCAL NEWS                                                                                           7
                                                                                                                                                                                                              HOME
&efukefwuúodkvfESifU txifu&wuúodkvfrsm;\ Zmwfvrf;wdk½kyfoHrsm; Sky Net u ½dkuful;rnf
aroOÆm                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  r,f/ o½kyaqmifawGvygr,f/ rSwwrf;          J                   f
&efukef?          yk*¾vdu½kyfoHvdkif;wpfvdkif;jzpf                                                                                                                                                                                                                         k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Zmwfvrf;udk EdiiwumrSmvJ t&SnBf u;D
onfh Sky Net ynma&;csee,frS &efuef           f                      k                                                                                                                                                                             awGodyfr½dkufMuvdkY rdepf20pmavmufyJ
wuúovtygt0if &efueNf rKd U&Sxif&m;
               kd f                        k              d       S                                                                                                                                                                                 k f S                            k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ½durmyg/ jyp&mordi;f aMumif; t&rf;&Snf
onfh wuúovrsm;\ tw¬Kywrwwrf;
                          kd f                     Ü då S f                                                                                                                                                                                       ae&ifvJcsKHUypfNyD; tESpfawGyJxkwfr,f/
rsm;ukd ½duu;l jyooGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;od
                 k f                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       f J S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  tESpxrm jyp&mawG&aeao;&if ESpyi;f      dS                         f kd
&onf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             cJGNyD;jyr,f}}[k ajymonf/
        ,if;tpDtpOft& &efuewuúov?f               kf         kd                                                                                                                                                                                            ,if;tpDtpOfukd ,ckEpf oBueNf y;D        S               F
&efuepufrwuúov?f &efueynma&;
         k f          I        kd                   k f                                                                                                                                                                                           aemufydkif;wGif xkwfvTifhjyoEdkif&efpDpOf
wuúovEihf ,cif(vdyc;kH )aq;wuúovf
             kd f S                  f                         kd                                                                                                                                                                                                G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  aqmif&uaeNyjD zpfum vuf&wif &efuef                dS G                 k
wdkY\ ESpfoufwrf;tvdkufwnf&SdcJhonfh                                                                                                                                                                                                                           kd f           f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  wuúov\ rSwwrf;Zmwfvrf;wd½uu;l                             k kd f
ordi;f aMumif;rsm;udk Zmwfñe;f a&;om;í
      k                                        T                                                                                                                                                                                                  &ef ynma&;0efBuD;Xme\ cGifhjyKcsuf&&Sd
Zmwfvrf;wdkrsm;tjzpf jyooGm;rnfjzpf                                                                                                                                                                                                               xm;Ny;D jzpfaMumif;? tqdyg wuúov\rSwfk                 kd f
aMumif; tqdygynma&;csee,f\ t,f'D
                        k                f                                                                                                                                                                                                        wrf;taxmuftxm;rsm;vnf; &&SNd y;D jzpf
wmcsKyf a'gufwmwifatmifa&T (okawoD)                                                                                                                                                                                                               aMumif; od&onf/
uajymonf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           f            f S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ]]rSwwrf;½ky&ijf zpfwtwGuf wuú      hJ
                                  kf
        ,if;u]]tck &efuewuúovtaMumif;            kd f                                                                                                                                                                                                 k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  odvBf u;D &JU acwftqufqufutaMumif;
  k f
½duzYkd Zmwfñe;f a&;aeygNy/ rSwwrf;awG
                            T          D                f                                                                                                                                                                                                               kH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  awGukd "mwfyawGejYJ yr,f/ [d;k a&S;cwfu
udk Zmwfvrf;qefqefeYJ aemufcajympum;                 H                                                                                                                                                                                                       kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  wuúovaemufc½y&ixu taiGUtouf   HkfSf J
vJygr,f/ q&mBu;D awG&UJ ajympum;vJyg                                                                                          &efukefwuúodkvf bGJUESif;obifcef;raqmiftm;awGU&pOf/                                       Photo: Aye Theingi Than   awG? tJ'Dacwfu                                 pmrsufESm(31)odkh


jrefrmvufrSwfa&;xdk;xm;aom
vl htcGifUta&;aMunmpmwrf;yg
tcsufrsm; jynfolrsm;od&Sd&ef
aqmif&GufrI tm;enf;
eef;oDwm0if;
&efue?f jrefrmEdiitpd;k &onf vltcGita&;aMunmpmwrf;(UDHR)
    k           k f H          Y   hf
wGif twnfjyKvufrSwfa&;xdk;xm;aomfvnf;aMunmcsufwGifyg0if
                           f
aomtcsursm; trsm;jynforsm; od&ap&efaqmif&urtm;enf;ae                                 l                         dS                                            G f I
ao;aMumif; t&yfbufvlrItzGJUtpnf;rsm;u ajymMum;Muonf/
         k f H                                 k f H
       Ediiom;ESihf Ediia&;tcGita&;vIy½m;aqmif&uotzGUJ rS okaw                         hf                                   f S                            G f l
oeESijhf yefMum;a&;rSL; OD;aexGe;f u]]vduem&r,ftcsuawGuawmht                                                 k f                                     h            f
rsm;Bu;D yJ/ 'gayr,fh aMunmpmwrf;&JUed'gef;rSmygwJh trsm;jynfowMYkdum;                                                                                                                     l
                                                        h
odap&efaMunmygrnftaMumif;eJY pmoifausmif;awGrmjzefcsa0iSap&ef                                                                                                 S Y d
qdkwJhtcsuf? 'gawGudkawmif tpdk;&uvdkufemaqmif&Gufwmr½Sdao;
bl;}}[k ajymonf/
                                                  G Y
      ygvDrefacwfwif vltcGita&;aMunmpmwrf;udk pmoifausmif;                    hf
rsm;üuyfxm;aMumif;? vltcGita&;ESiywfoufí ukvor*¾uvnf;         Y                  hf                               hf
             l                                     k f H
jynforsm;Mum;odYk vduva0iSonfrsm;½ScaMumif; ,if;xHro&onf/                                                                    d hJ                                              S d
                                                     Y
     jrefrmtrsKd ;om;vltcGita&;aumfr½SirS twGi;f a&;rSL;OD;ppfNrKd iu  hf                                                          f                                                                   f
               kfH                         Y hf
jrefrmEdiionf vltcGita&;aMunmpmwrf;wGif twnfjyKvufrwa&;                                                                                                                                      S f
                                                h
xd;k xm;jcif;jzpfonftwGuf vduemusio;kH &efvtyfonf[ajymonf/                          k f                                hf                         kd                         k
       Generation Wave Institute rSñeMf um;a&;rSL;OD;rif;&efEiu]]jrefrm                                    T                                                               kd f
  k f H Y                        hf
Edii&UJ vltcGita&;udk tkycsKyotydi;f u av;pm;vduemzdvtyfyg                f f l k                                                                                k f Yk kd
w,f/ tckuawmhtm;enf;aeao;w,f}}[k ajymonf/
                             k f H G f
       jrefrmEdiiwiaexdiaom jynforsm;onf vltcGita&;qdi&m           k f                                               l                                   Y            hf                           k f
                  h
todjrifrm;rItm;enf;aeaMumif;? xdvtcGita&;todjrifrm;vmap                                                   k Yl                            hf                                    h
      S f f l
&efrmtkycsKyotpd;k &ESioufqiaMumif;? od&mwGif tpd;k &wpfcwnf;   hf                           kd f                                      Yk                                                     k
                    f
omr[kwbJ t&yfbuftzGUJ tpnf;rsm;\tcef;u@onfvnf; ta&;
ygaMumif; ,if;wdkYuoHk;oyfajymMum;Muonf/
          k f H                             k f H
       Ediia&;ESihf Ediiom;tcGita&;vIy½m;aqmif&uotzGUJ rS OD;ae                           hf                                  f S                           G f l
                      Y               hf
xGe;f u]]vltcGita&;eJywfoufNy;D jynfoawGtodjrifrm;vmzdwuf   Y                                                                        l                              h                           Yk G
                                                       H d
trsKd ;om;ynma&;pDrue;f rSmudk xnfoifw,f/ uReawmfwu rQa0                                                      h h                                              f                       Ykd
                                    S
awmhvJ vufvr;f rDoavmufwpfyiwpfEiywwfEiw,f}}[k jznfpuf                                            kd f                         kd f J                  kd f                                         h G
ajymMum;onf/
                               S
       1948ckEpf 'DZifbmv(10)&uf jyifopfEiiy&pfNrKd UwGif urÇmuv                                                                           kd f H J                                               h k
                                             D
or*¾taxGaxGnvmcHu vltcGita&;aMunmpmwrf;udtwnfjyK                            Y                       fh                                                                            k
                h                        k
jy|mef;cJonf/ xdaMunmpmwrf;udk jrefrmEdiitygt0if ukvor*¾tzGUJ                                                                    k f H
0ifEdkifiHaygif;(170)u vufrSwfa&;xdk;cJhMuonf/
      vltcGita&;udk Ediiom;tcGita&;(Civil Rights)?Ediia&;tcGihf
           Y            hf                                k f H                                        hf                                                                k f H
ta&;(Political Rights)? pD;yGm;a&;? vlra&;ESi,Ofaus;rIqi&mtcGihf                                                          I                    hf                                   kd f
ta&; (Economic,Social,and Cultural Rights)[lítrsKd ;tpm;rsm;cGJ
jcm;xm;aMumif; od&onf/
  8                                                                                                                                       LOCAL NEWS                                                                                                                                   rwf 28-{NyD 3? 2013

                                                                                                                                                                  HOME
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ajymonf/
 bdkuav;wGif ajrom;rdk;a&avSmifuef 47uef jyKvkyfrnf                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     dk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            {&m0wDwi;f a'oBu;D tjyif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    tjcm;wdi;f a'oBu;D rsm;jzpfaom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    rauG;wdi;f a'oBu;D ? rEÅav;wdi;fk
atmifatmif
                                                                         \ a&ief0ifa&mufonfh urf;½dk;                                 a&;qGwifjyxm;aMumif;} jyefvnf
                                                                                                                                             J                               a'ojzpfonftwGuf rd;k a&avSmif
                                                                                                                                                                                             h                                                   kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         avSmifuefig;uefuw;l azmf&ef tpD            a'oBu;D ESihf ppfui;f wdi;f a'oBu;D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             kd k
&efue?f {&m0wDwi;f a'oBu;D bdk
    k          kd                                                        wef;a'orsm;wGif aomufo;kH a&                                 ajzMum;cJhonf/                         uefrsm;udk t"duOD;pm;ay;wl;azmf             tpOf&ygaMumif;} ajymMum;cJonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     dS                   h         wkwivnf; aomufo;kH a&&Sm;yg;rI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Yd G f
                    G
uav;NrKd Ue,fwif vmrnfb@m     h                                          tvHtavmuf&&Sa&; aqmif&uf
                                                                                   k             d          G                               vuf&wif {&m0wDwi;f a'o
                                                                                                                                                  dS G          kd           aqmif&Gufoifhonfudk awGU&&Sd&                          ,if;ESiywfoufNy;D bduav;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           hf           k           rsm;jzpfay:aeaMumif; a'ocHrsm;
ESpftwGif;ü ajrom;rdk;a&avSmif                                           ay;&ef tpDtpOf&Sdr&Sdar;cGef;ESifh                           BuD;twGif;&Sd aomufa&wGi;f rsm;        aMumif;? e,fpyfa&;&m0efBu;D Xme?            NrKd Ue,fra'ocHwpfO;D u]]uReawmf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        S                   f       \ ajymjycsufrsm;t&od&onf/
uef 47uefazmf aqmifay;rnfjzpf                                            pyfvsO;f Ny;D 'kw,0efBu;D u txuf
                                                                                               d                                      rS a&rsm;wGif tmqif;epfrsm;yg0ifrI     aus;vufa'o zGUH NzKd ;wd;k wufa&;           wdqu aomufa&uefa&udyJ t
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Yk D                           k             uef;½d;k wef;a'otrsm;pkrm S
                      k f
aMumif; v,f,mpduysKd;a&;ESiqnf  hf                                                     k
                                                                         ygtwdi;f ajzMum;cJjh cif;jzpfonf/                            rsm;jym;aeum trsm;pkrmrd;k a&udk
                                                                                                                                                              S              OD;pD;Xme\ 2012-2013 b@m                    "duxm; aomufo;k H ae&wmyg/ a&                                     f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    qm;iefa& tvG,wul0ifa&mufEif         kd
ajrmif;0efBuD;Xme 'kwd,0efBuD;                                                           d
                                                                                     'kw,0efBu;D u]2013-2014                          wpfEpywfv;kH odavSmifxm;um
                                                                                                                                            S f        k                     a&;ESpfjznfhpGuf&efyHkaiGjzifh usuf         wGi;f awGua&usawmhvJ aomuf                 aomaMumifh ajratmufa&udk t
OD;cifaZmfu ajymMum;onf/                                                       S                   f G k f
                                                                         ckEpf b@ma&;ESpwif EdiijH cm;                                aomufo;kH ae&aMumif; od&onf/           oa&aus;&GmwGif a&*gvefo;kH ode;f            a&r&ygbl;/ oHk;a&twGufyJ&yg                      f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    vGetuRxw,o;kH pGygu tjcm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  H k f l J
       rwf22&ufujyKvkyfcJhaom                                            tultnDtaxmuftyHh odr[kwf        Yk                                 'kwd,0efBuD;u qufvuf             qHh ajrom;rd;k a&avSmifuefwpfuef            w,f/ aus;&Gmawmfawmfrsm;rsm;u              a'orsm;xuf qm;iefa&tvG,f
        Yl T f
jynfovwawmf q|ryHretpnf;  kSf                                            acs;aiGtaxmuftyHEihf ajrom; h S                              ajzMum;&mwGif ]bduav;NrKd Ue,f
                                                                                                                                                         k                                     G f
                                                                                                                                                                             wl;azmfaqmif&uay;oGm;rnfjzpf                awmh aEG&moDq&if aomufa&t
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              kd                    wul0ifa&mufvmEdiaMumif; a&  k f
ta0;wGif bdkuav;rJqE´e,frS                                               rd;k a&avSmifuef47uef wl;azmfa&;                             onf aomufo;kH a&twGuf rd;k a&          aMumif;? u'HkueDESifh Budrfacsmif;          wGuf or®mefawGeJYvdkufa&mif;wJh            ESifhywfoufí avhvmaeolrsm;
               dk f
     f
vTwawmfu,pm;vS,f OD;jrode;f                                              vkyief;udvyaqmif&ef vsmxm;
                                                                                 f         k k f                                                            J
                                                                                                                                      udk t"dutm;xm;oH;k pGae&aom                        f k Ykd G
                                                                                                                                                                             aus;&Gmtkypwwif ajrom;rd;k a&               a&csKd ukd 0,fNy;D aomuf&w,f}}[k           u oHk;oyfajymMum;onf/


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        yDeHtdwfjzifU
vdkifZmwGif                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             xkyfxm;aom
  d f             G
uk,t*F groefpr;f olrsm;tm;                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              AHk;oD;a[mif;rsm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        awGY&Sd
ulnD&ef ½Hk;zGifUrnf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        aejynfawmf? arSmfbDajrmif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Ikf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        wumpufrZetwGi;f yDetwf                           H d
[def;[def;                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     h kf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        jzifxyxm;aom AH;k oD;a[mif;
                                                         k f
&efue?f ucsijf ynfe,f vdiZmNrKd UwGif ,ckEptwGi;f ud,pm;vS,f
            k                                                                                S f                  k f                                                                                                                                                   10vHk; awGU&dScJhaMumif; od&
                      fh S f                       G
½H;k cef;zGivpum roefpr;f olrsm;tm; tultnDrsm;ay;oGm;rnfjzpf                                                                                                                                                                                                            onf/
aMumif; jrefrmEdkifiHudk,ft*FgroefpGrf;olrsm;toif;rS od&onf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                     jzpfpOfrSm rwf13&uf
                         k                                     G
              tqdyga'owGif roefpr;f olrsm;pGm&SonftwGuf ,if;a'o&Sd                        d h                                                                                                                                                                           eHeuf9em&Dcefu &efuewi;f   Y                  k f kd
                   G                    k l D k f
roefpr;f olrsm;udunay;Edi&ef oGm;a&mufzivpjf cif;jzpfaMumif;                                     G fh S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        a'oBu;D arSmbND rKd Ue,f ajrmif;
od&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        wum pufrIZkefpDrHcefYcGJa&;
                               k f H kd f
              jrefrmEdiiu,t*Fgroefpr;f olrsm;toif; taxGaxGtwGi;f     G
a&;rSL; OD;at;uduu ]]vdiZmrSm roefpr;f olawGtrsm;Bu;D &Sw,f/
                                    k dk                k f                           G                                  d                                                                                                                                              aumfrwD½;kH a&SU vrf;ab;&SNd cKH
olwdkUuvJ jrefrmEkdifiHudk,ft*FgroefpGrf;olrsm;toif;½Hk;cGJzGihfzdkY                                                                                                                                                                                                                      H d h kf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        em;wGif yDetwjfzifxyvsuf AH;k
urf;vSr;f w,f/ tJ'rm toif;½H;k cGzivpzYkd 0di;f armf&toif;½H;k cGrS
                                               D S                         J G fh S f k                      dS                   J                                                                                                                                     oD;a[mif;ok;H vH;k awGU&SaMumif;            d
                                                                                                                                      yk*¾vdupufoHk;qDqkdifwpfqkdif/                                                                                                    ajrmif;wumpufrZef tvkyf            I k
Ouú|uulnDay;oGm;r,f}}[k ajymonf/
                             k f k f
              jrefrmEdiiH ud,t*Fgroefpr;f olrsm;toif;rS zGivpxm;aom      G                                fh S f                                                                                                                                                        orm;wef;vsm;ae jrifEiO;D                        h kd f
roefpr;f olrsm;taxmuftuljyKtvky½&ojzihf vdiZmwGiroefpr;f ol
                 G                                                            f kH dS                kf            f        G
                                                                                                                                      oBuFefumv pufoHk;qDaps; ,cifvdkwufzG,fr&Sd                                                                                        (27)ESprS vma&muftaMumif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    f
rsm;pGm&SonhtwGuf taxmuftuljyKypön;f rsm;ulnyy;kd ay;oGm;rnf
                     d f                                                                                D hH                          tmumpkd;                               &Sijf zpfoO;D 0if;uku]]t&ifEpawG
                                                                                                                                                                                              l   d            S f                               hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         aps;upm;&ef tcGita&;enf;oGm;                   Mum;ojzifh ajrmif;wum&Juif;
                                             k f H kd f
jzpfaMumif; jrefrmEdiiu,t*Fgroefpr;f olrsm;toif;rSo&onf/                           G                                   d                                                     uawmh oBuFefeD;&if pufokH;qD                NyjD zpfaMumif; pD;yGm;a&;uRr;f usif           rS wyfzUJG 0ifrsm;u oGm;a&muf
                                      k f
              ,if;u ]]vdiZmrSm roefpr;f olawG tcsutvufpaqmif;Ny;DG                                 f                 k                           Ff
                                                                                                                                      &efue?f oBueumveD;aomfvnf;
                                                                                                                                          k                                  aps;EIe;f wufwmrsm;w,f/ 'gayrJh             olrsm;u qkdonf/                                                h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ppfaq;cJ&m yDetwjf zifh xkyf  H d
yHhydk;EdkifwmawGo,fNyD; yHhydk;ay;oGm;r,f}}[k qufvufajymonf/                                                                                    S f   h
                                                                                                                                      ,cifEprsm;uJoUdk pufo;Hk qDaps;
                                                                                                                                                                                    S f dk
                                                                                                                                                                             'DEpyi;f rSm tpk;d &opfwufvmNy;D                                            dk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   trnfrazmfvol pD;yGm;a&;              vsuf oHacs;wufaqG;jrnfae                            h
              jrefrmEdiiu,t*Fgroefpr;f olrsm;toif;½H;k cGJ 18½H;k &SNd y;D ,if;
                              k f H kd f                           G                                                                  EIef;rsm; jrihfwufzG,fr&SdaBumif;      aemufyi;f yk*vuta&mif;qkif
                                                                                                                                                                                           dk   ¾ d                  d                  f l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         uRr;f usiouawmh]]'Dbuftpk;d &                  aom t&Snf 12 vufr? vH;k
wdrm jrpfBu;D em;NrKd UwGif 0di;f armf? rEÅav;wdi;f a'oBu;D wGif csr;f jrom
     Yk S                                            k                                  k                                             od&onf/                                awG ykdcGifhjyKvmawmh ae&mwkdif;                                       dk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         wufvmNy;D aemufyi;f rSm aps;uGuf               ywf udk;vufrcefY&Sd AHk;oD;
pnf? atmifajrompH? yJc;l wdi;f a'oBu;D wGif awmifi?l ausmufBu;D ?
                                                             k                                                                                 vuf&SdpufoHk;qDaps;uGuf                               Ydk h
                                                                                                                                                                             rSm pufo;kH qD0,fv&wJtaexm;                                        d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         aps;EIe;f awGwnfNirvmwm awGU                   a[mif;&SpfvHk;? t&Snf udk;
rke;f ? &efuewi;f a'oBu;D wGif a&Tjynfom? arSmb?D tif;pde?f uGr;f Ncue;f ?
                        k f kd                                                                f                            H k                                    D
                                                                                                                                      tjyifaygufaps;wGif "mwfqwpf*gvH                 d h                   f S f
                                                                                                                                                                             rSm&SaewJtwGuf aps;uGu,ONfyKdirI            &w,f/ 'gukd qufxdef;oGm;zkdYvkd                vufr? vH;k ywf&pvufrcef&dS     S f                     Y
prf;acsmif; (½Hk;csKyf)? {&m0wDwdkif;a'oBuD;wGif ykodrf? [oFmw?                                                                       usyf4200? 'DZ,fwpf*gvH usyf              d
                                                                                                                                                                             &Saew,f/ aps;xl;xl;jcm;jcm;wuf              ygw,f}}[k rSwfcsufay;onf/                      wpfvHk;? t&Snf 10vufr?
bdkuav;? a';'&J? zsmyHk? rGefjynfe,fwGif armfvNrdKif? usKdufra&m?                                                                                              d
                                                                                                                                      3600ESihf atmufwe;f qDwpf*gvH          r,fvkdYrjrifygbl;}}[kqdkonf/                           dfH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Ekiiawmftpk;d &taejzihvnf;f
rk'HkwdkY&SdaMumif; od&onf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             vH;k ywf12 vufrcef&wpfv;kH             Y dS
                                                                                                                                             f
                                                                                                                                      usy4000txd&um yk*vu tdS    ¾ d                                Ff
                                                                                                                                                                                        ,cifu oBueumv pufo;k H           yk*¾vdupufokH;qDqkdifrsm;tm;
              xdjYk yif rGejf ynfe,fwif acsmif;pH?k ucsijf ynfe,fwif rd;k rdwEifh
                                                          G                                                     G             f S                                                                                                                                            k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        pkpaygif; AH;k oD;a[mif; 10vH;k
                                                                                                                                                   df        f
                                                                                                                                      a&mif;qkirsm;wGirl "mwfqwpfvD D        qDaps;wuf&jcif;taMumif;&if;                                 G hf h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         a&mif;csciay;cJ&m ,cktcg jref
vdiZmwGif ,ckEptwGi;f toif;½H;k cGJ xyfrzivpom;rnfjzpfonf/
      k f                            S f                                                   H G fh S f G                                                                                                                                                                 tm; awGU&SdcJhjcif;jzpfaMumif;
                                                                                                                                                     f
                                                                                                                                      wm usy880ESifh 'DZ,fwpfvwm      D      wGif e,fatmf'gorm;rsm;ESifh puf                     k f H YH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         rmEdiitEStjym;wGif pufo;Hk qkif        d
tqdygtoif;½H;k csKyoYkd ud&;D ,m;Edii&dS Hanbeot Welfare Foundation
          k                               f k                      kfH                                                                                                                                                                                                                kfHJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        jrefrmEdii&wyfzUJG rS od&onf/
                                                                                                                                           f
                                                                                                                                      usy880 0ef;usijf zpfaMumif; od&                                  l
                                                                                                                                                                             oH;k qD 0,favSmiforsm;aBumifjh zpf                            df
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ta&mif;qkiaygif; 500ausmtxd          f
                f d
rS usyoe;f 400cef&dS 0S;D csEifh 0S;D cs"mwfavSum;yg um;wpfp;D udk rwf
                                           Y           J S             J                                                                                                                                                                                                                             S hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ,if;awGU&dcaom AH;k oD;
                                                                                                                                      onf/                                   Ny;D ,cktcg ,if;wkaomvkyief;Yd        f          hf S f k f dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         zGivpvyuivsu&aBumif; od&      f dS
14&ufu tqdkygudk&D;,m;Ouú|uvSL'gef;&ef vufrSwfa&;xdk;cJh                                                                                                                                                                                                                rsm;tm; e,fajrcHwyfodkY vTJ
                                                                                                                                                                        k
                                                                                                                                               jyifypufo;Hk qDta&mif;qdif         f
                                                                                                                                                                             &SitpktzGUJ rsm;twGuf pufo;kH qD            onf/
aMumif; od&onf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            HS hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ajymif;tyfEcaMumif;od&onf/


jyifopftm;upm;½kyfoHvkdif;rsm; MunfU&awmUrnf                                                                                                                                                               r[moBuFefumv
nDopfvl                                                                                   h              k f H kd
                                                                                ,if;uJoY d k jyifopf½yovi;f rsm;                                tqdkyg jyifopf½kyfoHvdkif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                *sme,fxkwfa0rI&yfem;aMumif; today;jcif;
&efue?f jyifopfr',mudk atmfya&;
    k           DD                                                       xkwfvTifhEdkif&eftwGuf jyifopf                               ESpvi;f jzpfonhf France24 ESih f TV5
                                                                                                                                          f kd                                                         jrefrmh½dk;&mr[moBuFefumvtwGif;
                                                                         EdiiH Cooperation and Develop-
                                                                           k f                                                        Monde ½kyovi;wkudk MRTV-4
                                                                                                                                                      f H kd f Yd
&Sif;atmfya&wmESifh jynfwGif;&Sd
                                                                         ment 0efBu;D Mr. Pascal CANFIN                               ½kyovi;f wGijf yornfjzpfNy;D Sky
                                                                                                                                           f H kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                 &efukefrD'D,m*½k(yf)vDrdwufrSxkwfa0onfh
     ¾ d k f k f H dk
yk*vuydi½yovi;f wkY d yl;aygif;um
jyifopfEii\owif;ESih f tm;upm;
            kd f H
                                                                         ESifh Forever Group tygt0if                                  Net½kyovi;wGif France24½kyf
                                                                                                                                                  f H kd f                        &efukefwkdif;rfESihf zvm;0g;e,l;pf*sme,fwkdYudk xkwfa0rI&yfem;rnfjzpf&m
                                                                         Sky Net½kyovi;f wktMum; rwfv
                                                                                         f H kd Yd                                           dk
                                                                                                                                      oHvi;f udjk yornfjzpfaMumif; od&                   {NyD 9&ufESihf 16&ufaeYxkwf &efukefwkdif;rf*sme,ftm;
   k                 f Tf
vdi;f rsm;udk xkwvijhyooGm;rnfjzpf
                                                                                                S f
                                                                         21 &ufu vufrwa&;xd;k cJaMumif;         h                     onf/
aMumif; od&onf/                                                          od&onf/                                                                jrefrmEdiiqi&m jyifopf,Of
                                                                                                                                                        k f H kd f                                            ESpfywf&yfem;rnfjzpfNyD;
                   G   ¾ d
         jynfwi;f yk*vu½kyovi;ff H dk
rsm; jzpfonfh MRTV- 4ESifh Sky
                                                                                 Mr. Pascal CANFIN u]]                                aus;rIXmerS]]tckxkwfvTifhr,fh                            {NyD 23&ufwGif jyefvnfxkwfa0rnfjzpfaMumif;?
                                                                         jyifopfEdkifiHeJY jrefrmEdkifiHtMum;                            k f kd
                                                                                                                                      vdi;f ESpvi;f uawmh owif;eJY tm;
Net ½kyovi;wdrS jyifopfEiijH cm;
           f H kd f Yk          kd f                                                 H         § fh kd f
                                                                         qufqa&;wd;k jriEizYdk ,Ofaus;rI                                           d
                                                                                                                                      upm;vki;f awGjzpfygw,f}}[k ajym
                                                                                                                                                                                       {NyD 14&ufESihf 21&ufaeYxkwf zvm;0g;e,l;(pf)*sme,ftm;
a&;0efBu;D XmerSwpfqifh jyifopf                                          u@? tm;upm;u@awGeY J owif;                                   onf/                                                          ESpfywf&yfem;rnfjzpfNyD; {NyD 28&ufwGif
      D        k
rD',mudatmfya&;&Si;f atmfya&                                                           S
                                                                         u@awGrm zGUH NzKd;wk;d wufapzkY d aqmif                                     k f H kd
                                                                                                                                                tqdyg½kyovi;f rsm;udk vm
wmyl;aygif;um vmrnfZevtwGi;f
                           hGf
                                                                                                                                                                                              jyefvnfxkwfa0rnfjzpfygaMumif; jzefYcsdolrsm;ESifh
                                                                         &Gujf cif;jzpfygw,f/ tck jyifopf                                   hGf                 f Tf
                                                                                                                                      rnfZevwGif xkwvijhyooGm;rnf
tqdyg½kyovi;f rsm;udk xkwvihf
        k f H kd                     f T                                      f H kd             f T hf kd f hJ
                                                                         ½kyovi;f ukd xkwviEiwtwGuf                                                           k f H kd f
                                                                                                                                      jzpfaMumif; jrefrmEdiiqi&m jyifopf                 pmzwfy&dowfrsm;tm; av;pm;pGmtoday;tyfygonf/
oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; od&onf/                                               0rf;omygw,f}}[k ajymonf/                                     ,Ofaus;rIXmerS od&onf/                                                                                                                              t,f'Dwm
                                                                              LOCAL NEWS                                                                                                                                             9
                                                                                                   HOME
  I N F O M M E R C I A L
                                                                       jrefrmUavaMumif;tu,f'rDynmoifqkrsm; xl;azmifa';&Sif;u ay;rnf
[dkw,fqdkif&m ynma&;aqG;aEG;yGJusif;yrnf
                   kd f H G k        kd f
&efue?f pifumylEiiwif [dw,fqi&mbmom&yfrsm;udk Ediiwum
       k                                              k f H
          h D                      k
tqifrwufa&mufoifMum;vdaom ausmif;olausmif;om;rsm;t
wGuf tBujH yKaqG;aEG;yGukd rwf30&ufwif Dimensions International
                          J                  G
College \ jrefrmjynf½;cGwif eHeuf10em&DrS rGe;wnfh 12em&Dxd
                            Hk J G             f
usif;yoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; od&onf/
         pdwyg0ifpm;olrsm;onf Dimensions Education Center
              f
zke;f -09-450044117? 09-421076858? 09-401577148wdoYkd        Yk
                                        kd f
BuKd wifpm&if;ay;oGi;f wufa&mufEiaMumif; od&onf/
Galaxy Note II          uHxl;&Sifrsm;tm; pDyD qkcsD;jr§ifU
&efukef?     pDyDMuufaMumf\
Galaxy Note II uHx;&Sif       l
rsm;qkcs;D jriyuk d Fresh Mark
             § hf JG
(1)&Sd pDyMD uufaMumfqiwif kd f G                                      jrefrmhavaMumif;tu,f'rDwGif oifMum;rnfhav,mOfi,frsm;udk &efukefavqdyfwGif awGU&pOf/                                                               `
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Photo:Ye Naung(Phe Khon)
                         h
rwf 9&ufu usi;f ycJaMumif;
                                                                                                                                                  udkOD;pm;ay;rnfjzpfaMumif; od&               ajz&r,f/ oifwef;udawmh ZGevrSmk          f
od&onf/                                                                ]]ausmif;om; 10OD;twGuf ynmoifqk                                           onf/                                                    G hf S f G
                                                                                                                                                                                               pwifzivpom;r,f}}[k ,if;u
       ,if;tpDtpOfukd pDyD
MuufaMumf0,f,tm;ay;    l                                               uefa':vmajcmufodef;wefzdk;&dS}}                                                    OD;Munf0if;u ]]oifwef;u              qufvufajymonf/
aom y&dowfrsm;tm; aus;Zl;wkHYjyefaomtm;jzifh cJjcpfuHprf;rJudk                                                                                                    f
                                                                                                                                                  2013 ZGevrSmpwifr,f/ oifwef;                                 k
                                                                                                                                                                                                       tqdygoifwef;udk oifwef;
jyKvyjf cif;jzpfNy;D Galaxy Note II tvH;k 50udaygufrqtjzpf owfrwf
    k                                           k   J k          S     a0a0                                       jrefrmhavaMumif;tu,f'rD         aMu;u wpfO;D ukd a':vmajcmuf                 om; 24OD;jzifh uefowfoifMum;rnf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Y
xm;aMumif;? uHprf;rJumvudk rwf 1&ufrS 31&uftxd owfrwf          S       &efue?f xl;azmifa';&Si;f rS jrefrmh
                                                                           k                                 (MAA)Ouú|OD;Munf0if;u ]]uRef                     J
                                                                                                                                                  aomif;cGay;oGi;f &r,f/ oifwef;               jzpfNyD tjcm;oifwef;om;rsm;t
xm;aomfvnf; uHprf;rJtvH;k 20ausmuse&aeao;ojzifh uHprf;rJ
                                           f f dS                                                            awmfwYkd oifwef;ausmif;rSmwuf        umvuawmh wpfEpe&pvMum     S f YJ S f         aejzifh ynmoifp&dwwpfO;D vQif     f
                                                                                            G
                                                                       avaMumif;tu,f'rDwif ynmoif
umvudk {NyD 6&uftxd wd;k jriowfrwxm;aMumif; od&onf/
                                    § hf    S f                                                              r,fhausmif;om;awGxJu 10OD;                 h
                                                                                                                                                  jrifr,f/ oifwef;om; pkpaygif; 24 k           a':vmajcmufaomif;cGusoifrnf         J      h
                                                                       Mum;Edkifa&;twGuf ausmif;om;
                                                                                                             udk xl;azmifa';&Si;f uynmoifqk                     H
                                                                                                                                                  OD;yJvufcr,f}}[k ,if;u qufvuf                jzpfaMumif; od&onf/
Visa    u Planet Payment ESifUcsdwfqufum                                                              d
                                                                       10OD;udk uefa':vmajcmufoe;f zk;d
                                                                                                             ay;oGm;r,f/ trSewu,fawmfNy;D
                                                                                                                                   f              ajymonf/                                             ,if;oifwef;rsm;ESiywfouf      hf
aiGay;acs0efaqmifrIrsm; aqmif&Gufrnf                                                    k      G
                                                                       &Sd ynmoifqay;tyfom;rnfjzpf
                                                                                                             ynmoifp&dwrwwfEiwJ h ausmif;
                                                                                                                            f              kd f                     k
                                                                                                                                                          tqdygxl;azmifa';&Si;f ynm                                  f
                                                                                                                                                                                               Ny;D tao;pdwtcsutvufrsm;        f
&efue?f EdiiwumaiGay;acsuwfpepfo;kH Visa rS tar&dueftajcpduf
    k kfH                                                 k            aMumif; od&onf/                                                                     k d h
                                                                                                                                                  oifq&&Sonfausmif;om;rsm;t                    udk A[ef;NrKd Ue,f? tcef;(004)uGef
                                                                                                             om;awGukd axmufyaMu;ay;rSm hH
Planet Payment aiGay;acsrpepfjzihy;aygif;um zGUH NzKd ;qJaps;uGursm;
                         I       f l                            f                 k           k
                                                                               tqdygynmoifqukd jrefrm        yg}}[kajymonf/                       aejzifh azmifa';&Si;f rSowfrway;       S f     d               dk f d f G f d f
                                                                                                                                                                                               'kp?D wuúov&yretr&m? wuú
      k dk
udk ydraqmif&uay;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; od&onf/
                  G f                                                    kfH
                                                                       Edii\ yxrqH;k av,mOfarmif;oif                   k
                                                                                                                   tqdygavaMumif; ynmoif                                  d
                                                                                                                                                  onfh avaMumif;vki;f rsm;wGif ckepf               d d f
                                                                                                                                                                                               okvf&yomvrf;wGif vma&mufpkH
       Planet Payment rSOuú| Phillip Beck u ]]ADZmeJY oabmwlnD         wef;ausmif; (Myanmar Avation                                  h
                                                                                                             qk avQmufxm;rnfausmif;om;rsm;            f
                                                                                                                                                  ESpwm0efxrf;aqmif&rnfjzpfonf/                      k
                                                                                                                                                                                               prf;EdiNf y;D av,mOfarmif;oifwef;
                                  I
xm;wmuawmh aiGay;acsrpepfrm 0efaqmifray;zkyg/ ADZmeJcswf
                                    S         I Yd        Y d          Academy)\ ,ckEpf av,mOfarmif;
                                                                                          S                  onf wuúodkvf0ifwef;&rSwft                    OD;Munf0if;u ]]ynmoifqk                                         kd
                                                                                                                                                                                               rsm;udk {&m0wDwi;f a'oBu;D ykorf             d
qufxm;wJh bPfawGuvJ 0efaqmifray;Ediatmif pDpOfxm;ygw,f}}
                        kd            I kf                             oifwef;rS pwifay;tyfrnfjzpfNy;D                        f dS
                                                                                                             enf;qH;k 360rSw&&rnfjzpfNy;D ½ly     tjyif oifwef;avQmufvmawGukd          T       av,mOfuGif;wGif oifMum;rnf
                      S
[k ajymonf/ vuf&jdynfwi;f yk*vubPfrsm;jzpfonfh or0g,rbPf?
                              G ¾ d                                            f     kd          hH G
                                                                       oH;k ESpqufwuf axmufyom;rnf           aA'? ocFsmESihf t*Fvypmrsm;wGif
                                                                                                                                       d f                            S
                                                                                                                                                  {NyD 25&ufrmaemufq;k H vufcr,f/         H    jzpfaMumif; od&onf/
uarÇmZbPfwdYrS Visa ESicswqufaqmif&uvsu&aMumif; od&onf/
                k          hf d f       G f f dS                       jzpfaMumif;od&onf/                        f       f
                                                                                                             *kPx;l xGuonfh ausmif;om;rsm;        arvyxrywfrm 0ifcipmar;yGJ
                                                                                                                                                                        S         G hf                                               WW
10                                                                                                                                               LOCAL NEWS                                                                                                                                                                                rwf 28-{NyD 3? 2013

                                                                                                                                                                                               HOME
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           BRIEF NEWS
rdw¦Dvmodkh c&D;onfwif,mOfvdkif;rsm; yHkrSefajy;qGJvsuf&Sd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                urÇmUuAsmrsm;aehtxdrf;trSwf
nDopfvl                                                                           I
                                                                       rvdi?f ompnf? 0rf;wGi;f NrKd UawGu                                        xktjyif tqdyg&ufrsm;twGi;f
                                                                                                                                                        Yd                k                                                              dS G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        vuf&wif rEÅav;wdi;f a'o                    k
    k
&efue?f y#dyu©rsm;jzpfym;vsu&dS
                       G    f                                          NrKd UwGi;f um;*dwr&Sygbl;/ &efue-   f d                    k f              S f
                                                                                                                                         vufrw0,f,xm;olrsm;udk ,mOf    l                                      Bu;D rdwvmNrKd Uüjzpfym;cJonfqyl
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ¬D                       G h h l            uAsmpmtkyfrsm;rdwfquf
                     D¬
aomfvnf; rdwvmNrKdUokajy;qGvsuf           Yd              J            rEÅav;um;awGuyJ pD;Ny;D oGm;vm          kd                        vdi;f rsm;rS aiGjyeftrf;ay;aMumif;
                                                                                                                                               k                                                              tMurf;zufrrsm;aMumifh aoqk;H olI
&Sonfh c&D;onfwifta0;ajy;,mOf
  d                                                                    aeMuwmyg}}[k ,if;uajymonf/                                        ESih f vuf&wif &efue-rdwvmum;c
                                                                                                                                                              dS G            k f D¬                          OD;a& 11OD;? 'Pf&m&ol 39OD;? y#d                                  &efue?f urÇmuAsmrsm;aeYukd *kPjfyKaomtm;jzifh rD;tdr&ipmtkywuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    k       Y                                       fSf    f kd
                                                                                    txufjrefrmjynfc&D;pOfrsm;                            aps;EIef;onf usyf7200om&SdNyD;                                       yu©aMumifh aetdr152vk;H ? ynm             f                       rS t*Fvy-jrefrm ESpbmomjzifh a&;om;xkwa0aom uAsmpmtkyrsm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           df      f                     f                  f
      k        k S f
vdi;f rsm; yHreajy;qGvsu&aMumif;   J              f dS
                                                                       udajy;qGvsu&onfh c&D;onfwif
                                                                             k            J f dS                                         &efue-rEÅav;tjrefum;vdi;f jzifh
                                                                                                                                                  k f                                         k               a&;rSL;½k;H tygt0if bmoma&;t                                      rdwfqufyGJtcrf;tem;udk rwf21&ufu jyKvkyfcJhonf/
armfawmf,mOfvyief;aygif;pkxe;f k f                          H d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      q&mopömeD\½Icif;rsm;(uAsmpD;&D;wGJ)? q&modef;oef;OD;\
odr;f a&;aumfrwD(ta0;ajy;)atmif                                        ,mOfvdkif;trsm;pkrSm vuf&SdwGif                                   oGm;a&mufygu 11000usytxd                               f                                          H
                                                                                                                                                                                                              aqmufttk13vk;H ysup;D oGm;onf/                   f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    J
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                'Pf&m&terf;rsm;(tusO;f axmifxu uAsmrsm;)? q&mr,Ofrif;OD;
r*FvmrS od&onf/                                                                     kf
                                                                       &efue-rEÅav;tjrefvrf;rSwpfqifh                                    ay;&aMumif; od&onf/                                                            ,if;tjyif rdwvmc½kitwGi;f         ¬D       df
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                (aq;wuúodkvf)\ tjzLa&mifydawmufysKd(acwfNydKifjynfolYb0
         rEÅav;wdi;f a'oBu;D rdwvm
                        k                                    D¬                            f dS
                                                                       oGm;vsu&aMumif; ta0;ajy;,mOf                                              ,if;tjyif rdwvmNrKdUtm;jzwf      ¬D                          &Sd rdwvmNrKdUe,ftygt0if 0rf;wGi;f ?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ¬D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                twGuf r*¾Zif;acwfay:uAsmrsm;) uAsmpmtkyrsm;udk ,if;pmtkyf
NrKd UwGif rwf20&ufrpwifum y#d          S                              vdkif;rsm;rSwpfqifh od&onf/                                       oef;ajy;qGay;aeonfh ,mOfvi;f
                                                                                                                                                                   J                              kd                  d
                                                                                                                                                                                                              rvIi?f ompnfNrKd Ue,fav;NrKd Ue,f                                 wdurxwa0jcif;jzpfNy;D &efueawmf0ifEi;f qDcef;rwGif rdwqufyJG
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   k f S k f                 k f       S                  f
yu©rsm;jzpfym;cJaomfvnf; NrKd UwGi;f
                  G h                                                               ta0;ajy;,mOfvi;f jzpfonfh           kd               wpfvi;f jzpfonfh cdirEÅav;,mOf
                                                                                                                                                     kd                          k f                                       k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                              tm; Ediiawmfor®w½k;H rS Oya'uJh                                   jyKvkyfcJhonf/
    d
&Sta0;ajy;*dwrsm;rSty usec&D;
                          f                                  f         a&TpifpMum,mOfvi;f rS *dwwm0ef             kd            f            k
                                                                                                                                         vdi;f rS *dwwm0efcu ]]tckvuf&dS
                                                                                                                                                                 f             H                                   Yk
                                                                                                                                                                                                              odtmPmwnfaom trdetrSwf                                  Yf                Yk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      xdaemuf q&mode;f oef;OD;? q&mopömeD? q&mr,Ofrif;OD;wdrS     Yk
onfwif,mOfvi;f rsm;rSm yHreajy;
                            kd                         k S f                                         hJ S f
                                                                       cHu ]]pjzpfwEp&ufu NrKd UxJ0if&if                                 rSm rdwvmudom;csiwc&D;onf
                                                                                                                                                           ¬D         k G            f hJ                     (1^2013)udxwjf yefxm;Ny;D ,if;   k k                                               f   hf                      kH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ,if;uAsmpmtkyrsm;ESiywfoufNy;D a&;zGUJ jzpfyrsm;udk ajymMum;cJNh y;D
qGJvsuf&SdaMumif; od&onf/                                              tEÅ&m,fjzpfrmpd;k vdYk r0ifayr,fh S                               awGukd vufrwa&mif;ay;ygw,f/ S f                                                      Ykd
                                                                                                                                                                                                              NrKdUe,fwtm; ta&;ay:tajctae                                       xduAsmpmtkyrsm;rS uAsmwpfy'pukd &GwzwfcMhJ uonf/ ATK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    k          f                 k f D     f
              atmifr*Fvm(ta0;ajy;)                                     tck vuf&y'r144xkwjf yefvuf dS k f                          kd     c&D;onfawGtaeeJY pd;k &drrawGu                   f I                 aMunmxm;aMumif; od&onf/
rxorS vufaxmufXmerSL; OD;acwf                                                  h                S
                                                                       wJaemufrm *dwrmjyefNy;D um;&yf        f S                           d
                                                                                                                                         &SaeqJyg/ 'gayrJh c&D;onfawGvHk                                                &efue-rdwvmc&D;pOfuk d vuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       k f D¬                                   r*Fvm'Hk txu(4) tmp&d,ylaZmfrnf
      df
vIiu ]]tckvuf&dS rdwvmNrKd UwGi;f            D¬                        ay;ygw,f/ &efueuoGm;&ifawmh            kf                         jcKHrI&Sdw,fqdkwm *dwfuajymay;                                       &Swiyreajy;qGvsu&um aeYpOf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 d G f Hk S f                      J          f dS
rSm*dwx;kd wJ,mOfvi;f uawmh &yf
            f      h                 kd                                eHeufyi;f um;awGp;D vk&ygw,f/ n
                                                                                       kd                            Yd                  w,f/ um;u rdwD¬vmNrdKUteD;u                                          atmifr*Fvmta0;ajy;0if;rS eHeuf                                    &efue?f r*Fvm'HNk rKd Ue,f ykvNJ rKd Uopf trSw(f 4)tajccHynmtxuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    k
xm;w,f/ 'gayrJh tjrefvrf;u                                               k
                                                                       ydi;f um;u yk'r144xkwwtwGuf     f                   f hJ          Feel pm;aomufqium;0if;rSm &yf      kd f                                                  G
                                                                                                                                                                                                              7em&DxuNf y;D rdwvmNrKd UodYk nae      ¬D                         wef;ausmif;\ e0rtBurajrmuf tmp&d,ylaZmfyEihf ausmif;om;?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        d f                   JG S
          h
oGm;wJum;awGu ajy;qGaeygw,f/                    J                                J kd f
                                                                       rqGEiao;bl;}}[k ajymonf/                                          ay;w,f}}[k &Sif;jyonf/                                               3em&Da&muf&aMumif; od&onf/        dS                              ausmif;ola[mif;rsm; jyefvnfawGUqHytcrf;tem;udk ,if;ausmif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    k JG
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                cef;rüusi;f yrnfjzpfygaomaMumifh q&mBu;D ? q&mrBu;D rsm;? q&m?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                q&mrrsm;? ausmif;om;? ausmif;ola[mif;rsm;tm;vH;k rS zdwpm& f
tvkyform;rsm;                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   onfjzpfap r&onfjzpfap tcrf;tem;odYk wufa&mufay;Muyg&ef
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                zdwfMum;xm;ygonf/
wpfywfvQif                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   G f         k       k k f G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     qufo,vLS 'gef;vdygu ud0if;Edixe;f + rod*Ð zke;f -09-730
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                92090? udref;aZmf0if;jrwf zke;f -09-7078813? rcifoZifjrifh zke;f
wpf&uf                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          -09-5080383? roEÅmrdk; zkef;-09-43163899? rMunfjymvGif?
em;&ufr&Sdu                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          f G f G                             Yk        G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                rvGivixe;f zke;f -09-421094544wdoYkd qufo,vLS 'gef;Edif      k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                onf/
0efBuD;Xmeodkh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                qD;*drf;tBudK
wdkifMum;Edkif                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  wdkufuGrf'dkcsefyD,HNydKifyGJusif;yrnf
auoG,fEdkif                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            f JG     d f G f kd f D   f JG      h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                &efue?f qD;*dr;f NyKd iytBuKd wkuur'csey,NH yKd iyukd vmrnfarv
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    k
&efue?f tvkyorm;rsm;tae
            k                               f                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        k f H      f S f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                wGif jrefrmEdiirS tdr&itjzpf vufcusi;f yoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;   H
jzihf vkyief;cGirsm;wGif wpfywf
                       f               f                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        jrefrmEdkifiHwdkufuGrf'kdtzGJUcsKyfrS od&onf/
vQif wpf&ufem;cGir&&Syg t                         hf d                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         k           f JG                    k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       tqdygNyKd iyukd a'owGi;f Ediirsm;jzpfonfh xdi;f ? AD,uferf?        k
vkyorm;ñTeMf um;rIO;D pD;Xme
        f                                                              ,kZeyvmZmtm; awGU&pOf/                                                                                                                          Photo: Ye Naung(Phe' Khone)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                tif'e;D &Sm;ESihf zdvpfyiEiiwrS vma&muf,ONf yKd irnfjzpfonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         dk                      kd f kd f H Ydk                        S   f
     Yd kd
okwiMf um;EdiaMumif; tvkyf     k f                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            k d f G f dk f D                       f JG
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       tqdygwkuur'csey,NH yKd iyrS vmrnfq;D *dr;f NyKd iytwGuf        h            f JG
orm;ñTeMf um;rIO;D pD;Xme ñTef                                         ,kZeyvmZm wpfv ESpf&ufydwfa&; oabmwl                                                                                                                                                                                                        k             f G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                tm;upm;orm;rsm;uda&G;cs,om;rnfjzpfonf/ ,if;tm;upm;
Mum;a&;rSL;csKyf OD;0if;&Sdefu                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  NydKifyGJudk ok0PÖtm;upm;½Hk(1)wGif ar3&ufrS9&uftxd usif;y
ajymonf/                                                               auoG,fEdkif                                                                                                                                                                                              oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; od&onf/
                                                                                                                                         ajymonf/                                                             xHoYkd taMumif;Mum;pm ay;ydxm;                        Yk                            dS G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       vuf&wif jrefrmhvufa&G;pifwuur'tm;upm;orm;rsm;      kd f G f dk
                tvkyf&Sifrsm;taejzifh                                  &efukef?           ,kZeyvmZmrS qdkifcef;                                                f
                                                                                                                                               tvkyorm;ñTeMf um;rIO;D pD;                                     aMumif; od&onf/
                 f
tvkyorm;rsm;udk wpfywfvQif                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       k k f H G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                taejzifh xdi;f Ediiwif oGm;a&mufavhusivsu&aMumif; od&onf/        fh f dS
                                                                       rsm;udk wpfywfwpf&uf ydway;&ef                f                   XmerS nTeMf um;a&;rSL;csKyf OD;0if;&Sef                          d             2009ckEpf Ed0ifbmwGif ,kZe
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         S k                                                        k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       jrefrmEdiionf ta&SUawmiftm&Stm;upm;NyKd iyukd 2013ck                   f JG
wpf&ufem;cGiray;ygu tvkyf          hf                                               f
                                                                       tvkyorm;ñTeMf um;rIO;D pD;XmerS                                            d Id
                                                                                                                                         u ]]n§Ei;f tpnf;ta0;rSm ,kZe                                                             f fI
                                                                                                                                                                                                              yvmZmtkycsKyraumfrwDu tvkyf
orm;a&;&mtjiif;yGm;rI Oya'                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      'DZifbm11&ufwif tdr&itjzpfvufcusi;f yrnfjzpfonf/ LLH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             G       f S f                     H
                                                                       rwf19&ufu taMumif;Mum;xm;                                         yvmZmudk oBueNf y;D wJaemufyi;f  F               h            kd     orm;Oya'jzifh aps;udk wpfywf wpf
t& ta&;,lom;rnfjzpfonf/                       G                        aomfvnf; ,kZeyvmZmtkycsKyf                         f              rSm wpfywfjcm;ydwfzdkY tm;vHk;u                                      &uf rjzpfraeydw&ef ñTeMf um;cJh   f
                             df
                OD;0if;&Seu ]]vduemrIr&Sd             k f              a&;tzGUJ \ wpfvvQif ESp&ufom                f                     oabmwlcMhuygw,f/ tvkyorm;
                                                                                                                                                            J                                     f           aomfvnf; ,ckEpf azazmf0g&D16    S
                         fSf
wJh tvky&iawGuk d tvkyorm;                                   f                f h
                                                                       ydwrnftpDtpOftm; oabmwl                                           awGukd wpfywfwpf&ufyway;zdYk                          d f                      S
                                                                                                                                                                                                              &ufrpwifum aps;udk ydw&ufr&Sd                  f
Oya'eJY ta&;,lom;r,f}}[k                            G
                                                                       nDcJhMuaMumif; od&onf/                                                             f S f
                                                                                                                                         u tvky&iawGvyMf u&rSmyg}}[k            k                                   hf S f
                                                                                                                                                                                                              zGivpay;oGm;rnfjzpfonfukd ,if;
ajymonf/
                                                                                 ,kZeyvmZmaps;tkyfcsKyfrI                                ajymonf/                                                             aumfrwDuyif Ediiyiowif;pm      k f H kd f
                 1951ckEpf qdirsm;ESihf         S k f
                                                                       aumfrwDwm0efcu ]]wpfywfukd    H                                                             hf
                                                                                                                                               ,if;ESiywfoufNy;D ,kZey                                        rsm;rS aMumfjimcJjh cif;jzpfaMumif; aps;
                   f
tvkyXmersm; tufOya't&
                                                                       wpf&ufydwfzdkY ñTefMum;xm;wm                                      vmZmajrnDxyfrS aps;olaps;om;                                         olaps;om;rsm;\ ajymMum;csuf
tvkyform;rsm;udk wpfywf
                                                                                        f
                                                                       awmh rSeygw,f/ 'gayrJh aps;olaps;                                 wpfO;D u wpfvvQif ESp&ufywrnf                   f d f                t& od&onf/
wpf&uf rjzpfrae tem;ay;&
rnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;uquf                                                om;awGa&m tm;vH;k u oabmwl                                           k
                                                                                                                                         qdygu aps;olaps;om;rsm;taejzifh                                                             f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        tvkyorm;ñTeMf um;rIO;D pD;
vufajymonf/                                                            MuvdYk wpfvudk ESp&ufyywzjYkd zpf f       J d f                   aeYxl;aeYjrwfrsm;udk ydwfay;a&;                                                                   S kf
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Xmeu 1951ckEp?f qdirsm;ESitvkyf                  hf
                ,if;u ]]Oya't&tvkyf                                    oGm;w,f}}[k ajymonf/                                              twGuf qufvufawmif;qdom;                                    k G       Xmersm;tufOya'yk'r-6(1)t&                  f
orm;awGukd wpfywfwpf&uf                                                          ,if;odkY pmxkwfjcif;ESifhywf                            rnfjzpfaMumif; ajymonf/                                                  k f S                f G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                              qdiEihf ukeo,XmetoD;oD;udk
                     f
tvkyem;cGiay;zdYk tvky&if           hf                           f S   oufNy;D ,kZeyvmZmydi&i?f tvkyf        kfS                               ,if;u ]]oBueNf y;D &if wpfv        F                           &ufowåywfvQif tenf;qH;k wpf&uf
              S
awGrmwm0ef&ygw,f/ wu,f                   dS                            orm;ñTeMf um;rIO;D pD;Xme? aps;ol                                 udk ESp&ufywr,fq&if aeYx;l aeY
                                                                                                                                                f             d f                     kd                      vH;k 0ydwxm;&rnf/ xdjYk yif xdqif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           f                                           k kd
vdY k wpfywfwpf&uf tem;ray;                                                                  k f
                                                                       aps;om;ud,pm;vS,rsm;ESih f r*Fvm    f                                            S
                                                                                                                                         jrwfawGrmvJ ydwzawmif;qdom;         f Ykd                   k G      \odUk wnf;r[kwf ukeo,tvkyf                f G f
&if tvkyform;awG 0efBuD;                                                                  G
                                                                       awmifñeUf NrKd Ue,frS jynfovwf                  Yl T              rSmyg/ pmxkwxm;wke;f u wpfywff                                       Xme\tvkyform;udk xdkaeYwGif
Xmeudk wdkifMum;Edkifygw,f}}                                                          kd f
                                                                       awmfu,pm;vS,wYkd rwf20&uf       f                                               d f
                                                                                                                                         wpf&ufyw&r,fqwtwdi;f ajr                   kd hJ k                                  G hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                              tm;vyfciay;&rnf/ xdoY k d tm;vyf             k
[k xyfrHajymonf/                                                       u nd§EdIif;tpnf;ta0;jyKvkyfcJh                                    nDxyfu aps;olaps;om;awGu wpf                                            hf                h
                                                                                                                                                                                                              cGiay;&onftwGuf xdtvkyorm;             k            f
                ydw&ufr&Sd zGivpa&mif;
                         f                        hf S f               aMumif; od&onf/                                                   ywfukd wpf&ufyywcsiygw,f}}         J d f f                           \tcaMu;aiGrS jzwfawmufjcif;
csonfaps;rsm;wGif vkyuiae                                 f kd f                 aps;olaps;om;ud,pm;vS,f     k f                         [k ,if;u qufvufajymonf/                                              rjyK&[k jy|mef;xm;onfhtwdkif;
aom tvkyorm;rsm;udk wpf      f                                                              § Id
                                                                       43OD;ESih f ndEi;f tpnf;ta0;odY k wuf                                   ,kZeyvmZm&Sd qdicef;rsm;                     k f               wpfywfvQif wpf&ufyway;&efEihf            d f                  S
ywfwpf&uf rjzpfraetvSnh f                                              a&mufvmolrsm;\ oabmwlnD                                           wpfywfvQiwpf&uf qdiyw&eff                           k f d f                   f h
                                                                                                                                                                                                              ydwrnf&ufukd jyefvnfwifjy&ef
ustem;ay;&ef tvky&irsm;                                    f S f                                 F
                                                                       csujf zifh oBueNf y;D onfEihf wpfv      S                         twGuf &efueNf rKd Uawmfpnfyifomk                                     taMumif;Mum;xm;jcif;jzpfaMumif;
          f
wGiwm0ef&aMumif; ,if;u          dS                                                f
                                                                       udk ESp&ufomydw&ef oabmwlnD f                                     ,ma&;aumfrwDu rwf19&ufu                                              od&onf/
qufvufajymonf/                                                         cJjh cif;jzpfaMumif; ,if;u qufvuf                                 ,kZeyvmZm tkycsKyraumfrwD             f f I
rwf 28-{NyD 3? 2013
                                                                                                                                                                 EDUCATION & IT                                                                                                                                                                                                               11
                                                                                                                                                                                                        HOME
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      jzpfum ,if;rSm a0[ifxwif ig;rdepfrS                            J G
½k&Sm;pifwm &efukefEdkifiHjcm;bmom                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ckepfrepfMumjrifonftxd ½kuu;l EkiNf y;D h                               d f d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ,ckuif;axmufvyief;pOftwGuf enf;               kf
wuúodkvfwGif zGifUrnf                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ynmjrifh Hexanexus ukd ysoef;csef ykrdk                              H              d d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      MumjrifhpGm½kduful;Ekdif&ef pDpOfaqmif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      &Gufay;jcif;jzpfaMumif; od&onf/
csKdcsKdoef;                                                                                                    h
                                                                                              onftwGuf ½k&m;bmompum;omru                       S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             kf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ]]'Dvyief;uawmh t&ifwxixm;                                       D Gf
&efue?f &efueEiijH cm;bmomwuúovf
              k                   k f kd f                                            kd      ,Ofaus;rI? xH;k wrf;pOfvm ponfrsm;ukyg                                                       d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      wJh Hexacopter eJY tok;H jyKycsi;f rwlb;l /                       Hk
                   S
wGif ½k&m;rSynm&Sirsm;uk,wif vma&muf          f           d f kd                              okawoejyKrnfjzpfum EdiijH cm;bmom                               k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           H                 h d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ysoef;&wJtcse?f jrefEe;f awGukd uifr&m                I
okawoejyKrnfh ½k&m;pifwmwpfczivpf               S                           k G hf S                                     kd f
                                                                                              wuúovausmif;qif;rsm;omru jyifyrS
oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; tqifjhrifynmOD;pD;Xme                          h                           ½k&m;bmompdw0ifpm;olrsm;yg vma&muf
                                                                                                         S                                   f                                                                                                                                                                                           d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      awGu yktao;pdwjf yoEkir,fu&,m                                   d f h d d
(atmufjrefrmjynf)rS ñTeMf um;a&;rSL;csKyf                                                     avhvmEdkifrnfjzpfaMumif; od&onf/                                                                                                                                                                                        awG wyfqifr,f/ ajrjyif"mwfy?Hk aumif;
OD;aZmfaX;u ajymonf/                                                                                                             k f
                                                                                                                   wd;k *dua':cifarOD;u ]]½k&m;pifwm                           S                                                                                                                                                                      d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      uif"mwfyH k ½kuu;l wmawGutp jyifqif
                OD;aZmfaX;u ]]½k&m;pifwmzGivpom;      S                  hf S f G                       hf
                                                                                              zGir,fqwm aumif;ygw,f/ bmjzpfvvJkd                                                       Ykd                                                                                                                            aqmif&uay;&ygw,f}}[k ,if;uxyfrH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Hexacoptor     ESifh a&Twd*kHbk&m;"mwfykHtm; ½dkuful;xm;ykHtm; awGU&pOf/
zd&ygw,f/ b,fawmhvqwmudawmh twd
  Yk dS                                                 J kd          k                       qdawmh ½k&m;*dutjzpfvyuizYkd avQmuf
                                                                                                      k                              S k f                  k f kd f                                                                                                                                                  ajymonf/
tusajymvdYk r&ao;ygbl;/ pifwmzGifhzdkY                                                             h l
                                                                                              wJvawmfawmfrsm;rsm;[m EdiijH cm;bmom                                kf                                                                                                                                                                       d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 tqkyguifr&myg&[wf,mOftao;
MoUvufrwa&;xd;wmwdYk pwJupawG    S f               k                     h d ö                wuúovuausmif;Ny;D w,fqayr,fh ½k&m;
                                                                                                                       kd f                                             kd                   S   EkdifiHawmfvkHNcHKa&;pDrHcsuf uifr&myg                                                                               pm; Hexacopterudk EkiiawmfvNHk cKa&;                     d f H                         H
vkyfaeygNyD}}[k ajymonf/                                                                                   h
                                                                                              {nfonfeYJ wdu½uawGUwJtcg aumif;           k f kd f                   h                                                                                                                                                  twGuf tok;H jyKonfvyief;pOfrsm;ESihf                    h k f
                         k S
                tqdyg½k&m;pifwmzGivp&ef ,if;bm               hf S f                           aumif;rajymEdkifMubl;/ wu,fwwfwJh                                                                  &[wf,mOftao;pm;                                                                                                      rD;avmifrIwkdYukdod&SdEkdif&ef aqmif&Guf
ompum;ESiywfoufaom oif½;k d ñTe;f wrf;
                            hf                                                                ½k&m;*duu&Sm;w,f/ tpfrwdEiiuvli,f
                                                                                                        S k f                                                        Yk kd f H                                                                                                                                        ay;EkdifaMumif; od&onf/
rsm;udk jyifqifa&;qGom;rnfjzpfaMumif;?            J G                                         awGu avhvmrItm;enf;wJtwGuf tckvkd                                h                                 Hexanexus tokH;jyKEkdif&efpDpOf                                                                                                                       hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ,if;ESiywfoufí enf;ynmuRr;f
½k&m;rSynm&Sirsm;ud,wivma&mufí
            S                         f              k f kd f                                                        S
                                                                                              rsK;d ½k&m;bmompum;? ,Ofaus;rIawGukd                                                                                                                                                                                             f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      usiol OD;ausmaZ,suvnf; ]]wjcm;        f
          hf S f G
zGivpom;rnfjzpfNy;D okawoevkyief;                                                   f         aoaocsmcsmavhvmvd&atmif pifwm                              Yk                                      zl;yGihfaomf                                                           ]]Hexanexus wDxiwyfqifzt G f        Ydk       Ekiirm 'DpepfawGuo;Hk Ny;D vkNH cKa&;awG
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        d f H S                                          kd                        H
rsm; vkyaqmifom;rnfjzpfaMumif;? ,if;
                     f                      G                                                                     k G hf S f
                                                                                              wpfczivpay;r,fqawmh aumif;ygw,f/                     kd                                            &efue?f
                                                                                                                                                                                                     k    EkiiawmfvNHk cKa&;pDrcsuf uif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                            d f H        H     H                                                     d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            wGuf xyfNy;D vktyfwtpdwtyki;f awG hJ      f d                              G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      aqmif&uMf uwm t&ifuwnf;uyg/
pifwmü ½k&Sm;bmompum;tjyif ½k&Sm;                                                             jrefrmhc&D;oGm;vkyief;&JU ½k&m;*duvtyf             f                     S k f kd                             kf
                                                                                                                                                                                                 axmufvyief;ukd uifr&myg&[wf,mOf                            jyifqifay;w,f/ ukrPwpfcuaewpf    Ü D       k              uReawmfwEiiuvli,fawG wDxivm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             f                  dYk dk f H                                                Gf
,Ofaus;rI? ½k;d &m"avhx;kH pHrsm;udk okaw                                                                                          h
                                                                                                             f
                                                                                              csuuk d jznfqnf;ay;Edir,fvY k d xifygw,f}}              kf                                         tao;pm; Hexanexustok;H jyKEi&ef    dk f                                         G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            qifh qufo,vm&if wyfqifay;r,fh                             EkiMf uNyqawmh t&rf;aumif;ygw,f/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         d           D dk
                       k f G
oejyKvyom;rnfjzpfaMumif; od&onf/                                                              [k ajymonf/                                                                                                      G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                 pDpOfaqmif&uaeNyjD zpfaMumif; ,if;pepf                     oabmyg/ uif;axmufvyief;wpfcudk         kf             k   enf;ynmjrif&ifjrifovkd EkiitwGuf    h            h                     d f H
                               Yk k S
                ,if;od½&m;pifwmzGivpjf cif;ESiywf              hf S              fh                                &efueEiijH cm;bmomwuúovwif
                                                                                                                                  k f kd f                                        kd f G         wDxiol MyanmarArialVideo-graphic
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Gf                                                            Ydk         f dk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            olwtwGuvtyfvYdk wyfqifay;rSmyg/                           tusKd;jyKrIawG jzpfxGef;vmrSmygyJ}}[k
oufí &efueEiiH jcm;bmomwuúovf      k f kd f                                              kd   1964ckESpfrSpí ½k&Sm;bmomtygt0if                                                                   Society rS OD;ÓPu ajymonf/                                   k f H           d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Ediiawmfupjö zpfwtwGuf tao;pdwf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       hJ                             ajymonf/
½k&m;XmerS XmerSL; a':pd;k pd;k &Du ]]½k&m;pif
        S                                                                      S              xdi;f ? w½kw?f ud&;D ,m;ESihf t*Fvybmom
                                                                                                    k                                      k                                  d f                      Hexanexus wyfqiftok;jyKEi&ef
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 H dk f                                   Yk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ajymvdr&ygbl;}}[k OD;ÓPu ajymMum;                                    ,if;Hexacopterukd wnfaqmuf
wmudk uav;awG bmompum; ydpw0if                                             k d f              pum;wdukd wd;k csUJ oifMum;vsu&aMumif;
                                                                                                                           Yk                                                f dS                            d         h
                                                                                                                                                                                                 twGuf vktyfonftpdwtyki;f rsm;ukd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             f d                            onf/                                                                  df
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      &ef xki0rf? a[mifaumif ponfEiirsm;rS                                       h dk f H
pm;Ny;D xJx0if0ifavhvmEdiatmif &nf&,f
                          J                                kf                             G                    k f
                                                                                              ESihf EdiijH cm;om;rsm;twGuf jrefrmbmom                                                            jyifqifaqmif&uvsu&NdS y;D tpk;d &\vkH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   G f     f                                            Hexacopter uktok;jyKí a0[if
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            d H                       pufypön;f rsm; rSm,l&rnfjzpfNy;D ESppuúeY f                                       f
NyD;zGifhvSpfjcif;jzpfygw,f}}[k ajymonf/                                                      pum;udk oifMum;ay;vsu&aMumif; od&                                  f dS                                    kf
                                                                                                                                                                                                    H
                                                                                                                                                                                                 NcKa&;qdi&mpepftwGuf t"du&nf&,f         G                                                D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            xJü ok;H zufjrif AD',?dk "mwfyrsm; ½kuf      Hk     d                                  Hk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      vQif "mwfywpfy½uu;l EkiaMumif; od&        Hk dk f d f
                                          k
                pifwmwpfctaejzifh zGivpjf cif;jzpf                  hf S                      onf/                                                                                               íwyfqifay;jcif;jzpfaMumif; od&onf/                         ul;jcif;udk ,cifuwnf;u toH;k jyKaejcif;                   onf/


                                                                                                                                                                                                                    jrefrmausmif;om;rsm;tm; rav;&Sm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    INTI wuúodkvfu ynmoifqkrsm;csD;jr§ifUrnf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    atmifoufudk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    &efue?f xl;cRewuúov0ifwef;ausmif;om;rsm;? GCEA 'Dyvdrmvufrwuiaqmifxm;olrsm;tm; rav;&Sm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        k         f   kd f                              k     S f kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    EdkifiH INTI wuúodkvfrS ynmoifqkrsm; axmufyHhcsD;jr§ifhay;rnfjzpfaMumif; od&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              k                                               d kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ,if;ynmoifqrsm;ay;tyf&mwGif rav;&Sm; &if;*pf5000rS9000txd &&SEirnfjzpfNy;D oufqi&mbGUJ      kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            k k D l                        k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    wpfcc&&dNS yorsm;taejzifh rmpwmy½d*&rftwGuf rav;&Sm; &if;*pf 10000rS15000txd &&SEirnfjzpf  d kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    aMumif; CROWN Education rS od&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               D S      f Yk G                                                       hH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           {NyEiMhf o*kwvwdwif ausmif;pwifwufa&muf&rnfjzpfum ynmoifaxmufyaMu;avQmufxm;&rnfh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    tao;pdwtcsutvufrsm;tm; od&vygu CROWN Education zke;f -095005008odYk qufo,pprf;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   f     f               dS kd                                                        G f kH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    avQmufxm;EdkifaMumif; od&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ,if;INTIrS ydcsaombmom&yftm;vH;k onf Work Based Learning udk t"duxm;Ny;D oufqi&mbm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Yk                                                                       kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     k                       Ü D                 f                      l kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    om&yftvduf ausmif;Ny;D xm;olrsm;rSm ukrPrsm;wGif vpm&tvkyoiftjzpf vufawGUoif,EirnfjzpfaMumif;?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    jrefrmEdkifiHrS wuúodkvf0ifwef;atmifjrifNyD;olrsm;rSm IELTS rvdkbJ Foundation odkYr[kwf 'Dyvdkrmvrf;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                k f            kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    aMumif;udk avQmufxm;EdiaMumif;? oufqi&m'D*&DNy;D xm;olrsm;taejzifh rmpwmtwef;rsm;wufa&muf&ef
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    avQmufxm;EdkifaMumif; od&onf/

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 wGif pwifoifMum;rnfjzpfNy;D bm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    tvkyftudkif&SmazGa&;qdkif&m                                                                                                              Yk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 om&yf10rsK;d oifMum;ydcsrnfjzpf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 aMumif;? oifwef;umvrSm av;&uf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ynm'geoifwef; okcpkpHzGifUrnf                                                                                                      l k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 jzpfaMumif;? rnforqdwufa&muf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 EdirnfjzpfNy;D oifwef;pOfwpfywf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    atmifoufudk                                                  ]]oifwef;qif;NyD;wJhtcgrSm                      vQif oifwef;om;50 vufcoif           H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    &efukef? okcpkpHtvkyftudkif0ef                        uRerwdu tvky&may;r,f/ oif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                f Yk            f S                              Mum;ay;rnfjzpfum pmar;yJppfí      G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     I k Ü D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    aqmifrurPrS tvkytudi&m                  f k f S                          S f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          wef;qif;vufrwukd tvkyorm;       f                                    S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 atmifjrifrom oifwef;qif;vuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    azGorsm;twGuf ynm'geoifwef;                           0efBu;D Xmeuay;tyfzYkd pmwifxm;                              f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 rSway;tyfrnfjzpfaMumif;? ratmif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               k G hf S f kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    wpfczivpvuaMumif; od&onf/                                             S f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          w,f/ 'DvufrwygoGm;&if vkyief;     f                                      H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 jrifygu xyfrwufa&muf&rnfjzpf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ,if;oifwef;udwufa&muf   k                 cGi0ifwtcgrSm vpmaomfvnf;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              f      hJ                                          aMumif; od&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Muolrsm;taejzifh tvky&mazG&m             f S          aumif;? tvky&mwJtcgrSmaomf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            f S h                                            k             hf JG
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         tqdygoifwef;zGiytcrf;t
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      J l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    wGif cufcorsm; tvsitjreftvkyf         f                                         f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          vnf;aumif; tvky&zdY k ydNk y;D vG,ulf                            I f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 em;udk vdiom,mNrKd Ue,f&dS okcpkpH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         d                       fGf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    &&Sapum tvkycipnf;rsO;f ? pnf;                        aprSmjzpfygw,f/ oifMum;ay;r,fh                                 I       I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 pufrvufroifwef;ausmif;wGif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    urf;rsm;wm0efEihf cHpm;ydicirsm;          k f G hf    q&mawGu tvkyorm;0efBu;D Xme
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 f                               rwf16&ufuusif;ycJhNyD; tvkyf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       d dS kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    BuKd wifo&EirnfjzpfNy;D vkyief;cGif          f        u q&mawGyg/ tvkyorm;0efBu;D f                          orm;ñTeMf um;rIO;D pD;XmerS wm0ef
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    wGif tqifajyapEdirnfjzpfaMumif;kf                                         hf S f hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          XmeeJY yl;aygif;zGivpwoabmyg}}                            d l              H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 &Sorsm;? okcpkprS wm0ef&orsm;   dS l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           k             Ü D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    tqdygukrPrS tkycsKyr'g½kuwm       f fI d f            [k ,if;uajymonf/                                       ESifh oifwef;om;60ausmf wuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    a':Or®mjrifhu ajymonf/                                       ,if;oifwef;udk rwf23&uf                         a&mufcJhaMumif; od&onf/
12                                                                                                                                       POLITICS                                                                                                                                                                                      rwf 28-{NyD 3? 2013

                                                                                                                                                                     HOME
tkwfwHwdkif;cwfvkdh tusOf;OD;pD;XmeESifU qdkifcef;&SifwkdhtMum; tjiif;yGm;
pdkif;[ef? EdkifEdkif                                                        H
                                                  tusO;f OD;pD;Xmepkprf;ppfaq;a&;                                0ifr,fazmufonfawGuvJ odyf
                                                                                                                         h                                                           h
                                                                                                                                                                             bk&ifaemifvrf;rBu;D azmufwe;f      k                                               awGeJY tvkyfvkyf&wmjzpfawmh                         Mum;rIrsm;jzpfay:vmaMumif;? ,if;
&efukef? tif;pdefNrdKUe,ftusOf;                   tzGUJ rSvma&mufppfaq;Ny;D tkwf                                 rvmjzpfawmhb;l / olwUkd aqmuf                                            kf
                                                                                                                                                                             u Xmeydiajrudjk zwfazmufNy;D tJ'D                                                           f              f H kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                csucsi;f Bu;D tkwwwi;f cwfr,f                                           h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    jyóemjzpfaewJtay: XmerSta&;
OD;pD;XmeykiajrwGif iSm;&rf;zGivpf
               d f                      hf S                kd
                                                  wHwi;f jyefvnfcwf&mrSqicef;               kd f                 vkyfa&;ypönf;awGeJYqdkawmh qdkif                            buf j crf ; uusef c J h w ,f / tJ ' D                                                  k               f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                qdawmh uReawmfwqiopf b,f  kYd kd f                  r,lvQif XmerStusKd ;tjrwf&ae
xm;aom aps;qdkifcef;rsufESmpm                          hf S f                  l
                                                  zGivpa&mif;csorsm;ESihf tusO;f                                 ae&mawG ydusO;f ukewmaygh/ 'Drm
                                                                                                                                  k        f          S                           df
                                                                                                                                                                             tcseu tajctaetrsKd;rsKd;aMumifh                                                    ae&moGm;&Sm&rvJ/ aemufrdwf                               h Hk             h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    onfypjHzpfaponftwGuf ,ckuoY k d        hJ
                            f H kd
wrf;rsm;wGif tkwwwi;f cwfrEihf              I S   OD;pD;Xme0efxrf;rsm; tjiif;yGm;rI                              u tpm;aomufa&mif;wJqiawG      h kd f                        tkwfwHwdkif;rcwfjzpfcJhbl;/ tck                                                                  S       f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                aysmufrmpd;k &dr&w,f}}[kqonf/      kd               aqmif&u&jcif;jzpfaMumif; OD;rd;k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               G f
ywfoufí aps;qdizivpa&mif;csk f G hf S f                   G
                                                  jzpfym;aeaMumif; aps;qdizivpf        k f G hf S                &Sdaewm ajrmif;awGazmfaeawmh                                usawmh tusO;f OD;pD;ñTeMf um;a&;                                                              tqdkygaps;qdkifcef;rsm;udk               aZmf\ajymjycsuft&od&onf/
olrsm;ESihf axmif0efxrf;rsm;tMum;                 olrsm;\tqdkt& od&onf/                                          b,folu vmpm;awmhrSmvJ}}[k                                   rSL;csKyf½kH;tzGJU&JU qkH;jzwfcsuft&                                                               S f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2008 ckEpuwnf;u z,f&m;ay;             S                            k        h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          tqdyg bk&ifaemifvrf;rBu;D
tjiif;yGm;rIjzpfym;cJaMumif; od&
                          G h                                     k                  S
                                                               tqdygtjiif;yGm;rIEih f ywfouf                     qdkonf/                                                     0efxrf;tdr&mwd;k csUJ zdtwGuf tkwf
                                                                                                                                                                                             f          Yk                                                      &eftwGuf today;ajymMum;rI                                       kf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    azmufvypOfu useconf0efxrf;  f hJ h
onf/                                                             k f k f S
                                                  í aps;qdicef;ydi&ijf zpfol OD;aZmf                                   ,if;ESiywfoufNy;D tif;pdef
                                                                                                                                    hf                                       wHwdkif;cwf&wmjzpfw,f}}[k qdk                                                      &SdcJhaMumif;? vuf&SdwGif aps;qdkif                    f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    tdr,majrtus,t0ef;rSm {u   f
          tif;pdeNf rKd Ue,f? taemuf&mr?  G                                k
                                                  Bu;D u]]ajcmufvydi;f rSmajymif;ygr,f                           tusO;f OD;pD;XmerS 'kw,ñTeMf um;
                                                                                                                                             d                               onf/                                                                                          hf S f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                cef;zGivpa&mif;csorsm;rS qdicef;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             l          kf          30cef&NdS y;D ,if;ae&mwGif qdicef;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Y                          k f
        h
bk&ifaemifvrf;rBu;D eHab;&Sd 0efxrf;              ajymNy;D wmudk olwawGu twif;   Ykd                             a&;rSL; OD;rd;k aZmfu ]]'Dae&mu tp                                 aps;qdkifzGihfvSpfa&mif;csol                                                zGivpa&mif;csjcif;ESiywfoufNy;D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      hf S f                   hf                                    hf S f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    41cef;cefY zGivpa&mif;csvsu&dS            f
      f          fS
tdr&m rsuEmpmrsm;ESiywfoufNy;D     hf                               f H kd
                                                  0ifNy;D tkwwwi;f cwfawmh qdiukd              k f               uwnf;u Xmeydkifajrjzpfw,f/                                                     f
                                                                                                                                                                             wpfO;D u ]]uReawmfpuftBu;D Bu;D                                                    tcsi;f csi;f jyóemrsm;jzpfcNhJ y;D wdif    k        aMumif; od&onf/


                                                                                                                                                                                    d Ykd
                                                                                                                                                                             rdrwygwD rdwqufytcrftem;              f                  JG
awmifolv,form;ygwD wpfESpfausmftwGif;                                                                                                                                        rsm;udk usifycJhMuonf/                                                                  Edkif^usOf;a[mif;rsm;twGuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                             k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                          jrefrmEdiiawmifov,fo                                     l
ygwD0iftiftm; oHk;odef;ausmf&dSvm                                                                                                                                            rm; zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufa&;ygwDOuú|                                                         taxmuftuljyK
                                                                                                                                                                                                 f G
                                                                                                                                                                             OD;ausmpmpd;k u]]uReawmfuawmh                        f
                                                                                                                                                                             awmifov,form;awG&whJ b,f
                                                                                                                                                                                                    l                                           dS                   vlrIulnDa&;tzGJY zGJYpnf;
                                                                                                                                                                             ae&mrqdta&mufom;r,f/ v,f k                             G
                                                                                                                                                                             orm;awG&UJ tcuftcJawGukd t                                                              EdkifEdkif                                       rsm;ESihf c&D;oGm;vrf;ñTeaqmif            f
                                                                                                                                                                                            YJ
                                                                                                                                                                             oufe&if;Ny;D vkyaqmifom;r,f}}              f                            G                                                                       f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      &Guay;jcif;jzifh tzJom;rsm;t      YG
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     &efukef?         EdkifiHa&;tusOf;om;
                                                                                                                                                                             [k om,m0wDc½dkif a*G;acsmif;                                                                                                                   f k f d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      vkytudi&&Sa&;twGuf jyKvyf                         k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     a[mif;rsm;b0 &yfwnfa&;wGif
                                                                                                                                                                             aus;&Gmü rdece;f ajymMum;&mwGif  Yf G                                                                                                    ay;aMumif; od&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     taxmuftuljyKap&eftwGuf
                                                                                                                                                                             xnfhoGif;ajymMum;cJhonf/                                                                                                                                           k kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               tzGUJ 0if OD;bdbu ]]tzGUJ eYJ
                                                                                                                                                                                          ]]uRerwdquk d 'DvrsKd ;tm;tif
                                                                                                                                                                                                        f Yk D                           kd                          a&Tapmif;vlrIulnDa&;tzGJU zGJU
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     pnf;xm;aMumif; od&onf/                                      G fd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      qufo,raewmu Oa&myom;
                                                                                                                                                                             &SdapwJhpum;rsdK;awGajymay;wJh                                                                                                           awGrsm;w,f/ uReawmfwtzGUJ  f                  Ykd
                                                                                                                                                                             twGuf aus;Zl;trsm;Bu;D wifryg                                                  d                      k kfH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                xdi;f Ediitajcpduf Ediia&;k kfH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     tusOf;om;rsm;ulnDaxmufyHh                        om;awGtaeeJY udk,fhqDvmwJh
                                                                                                                                                                             w,f/ uRerwdrmvJ Ouú|Bu;D ajym f Yk S                                                                                                     {nfhonfawGudk tppt&m&m
                                                                                                                                                                             ovdk wu,fudkBuHKawGUae&wJh                                                              a&;tzGUJ AAPPrS tzGUJ 0ifrsm;ESihf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      tm;vH;k tqifajyzdtwGuf bm    Yk
                                                                                                                                                                             tcuftcJawG&ygw,f}}[k om,m               dS                                                           kfH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     jrefrmEdiia&;tusO;f om;a[mif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ompum;eJY um;armif;&mrSm cg;
                                                                                                                                                                             0wDc½dif a*G;acsmif;&GmrS v,fol
                                                                                                                                                                                               k                                                                     rsm;rSyl;aygif;um tqdkygvlrI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ywfywfzdkYutp taotcsm
                                                                                                                                                                             wpfOD;uajymonf/                                                                         ulnDa&;tzGJUtm; zGJUpnf;xm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      vdkufemcdkif;xm;w,f}}[kajym
                                                                                                                                                                                          ]]uReawmfwtwGuf awmif
                                                                                                                                                                                                         f                    Ykd                                    aMumif; EdkifiHa&;tusOf;om;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      onf/
                                                                                                                                                                             olv,form;ygwD&,fvY k d Mum;zl;wm                                                        a[mif;rsm;tzGJU0if OD;ausmfpdk;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               tzGUJ rS tultnDawmif;cH
                                                                                                                                                                                                   d f J dS
                                                                                                                                                                             'DwpfBury&ygao;w,f/ ajym&                                                               (Talky)xHrS od&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          k l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      vdorsm;rSm t"dutm;jzifh rl;,pf
                                                                                                                                                                             r,fqdk&ifawmh tm;udk;p&mav;                                                                        OD;ausmfpdk;u ]]uRefawmf              aq;0g;ESihf t&ufaomufo;kH pGrI                      J
                                                                                                                                                                             wpfckwdk;wmaygh/ aemufwpfcg                                                             wdkYtzGJUu wuúpDarmif;csifwJh                    uif;&Si;f olrsm;tm; tvkytudif                f k
jrefrmEdkifiHawmifolv,form;zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufa&;ygwD zGihfvSpfaepOf/                                                                                   Photo : TTH             jyóemjzpf&if rsufESmi,fp&m                                                                kfH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Ediia&;tusO;f om;awGukd pay:                     &Smay;jcif;? um;tiSm;armif;vdk
                                                                                                                                                                                        k
                                                                                                                                                                             rvdawmhb;l aygh}}[k a';'&JNrKd Ue,f                                                     wifay;w,f/ um;armif;oif                          olrsm; pay:aiGwifjcif;tydkif;
oDoDxGef;                                               tqdkygwdkif;a'oBuD;av;ck                                 rsm;zGUH NzKd ;wd;k wufa&;ygwDrS Ouú|                       xef;wyifaus;&GmrS awmifowpfO;D                                            l                k hJ l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     vdwoawGuvunay;Ny;D um;   kd J l D                          k f k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      tm; pduxwtulnay;Ny;D xdk                D
                                                  rSm &efuewi;f a'oBu;D ? {&m0wD
                                                              k f kd                                             OD;ausmpmpd;k tygt0if ygwDtzGUJ
                                                                                                                               f G                                           uajymonf/                                                                               armif;zdkY tcuftcJ&SdaewJhol
                k f H   l
&efue?f jrefrmEdiiawmifov,f
    k                                                k
                                                  wdi;f a'oBu;D ? yJc;l wdi;f a'oBu;D
                                                                          k                                      0if 10OD;onf azazmf0g&D 28&uf                                                              dfH
                                                                                                                                                                                          jrefrmEkiiawmifov,form;                           l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      aiGtm; wpfEptwGi;f jyefqyf&ef
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Sf
orm;zGUH NzKd ;wd;k wufa&;ygwDonf                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Ykd k f kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     awGukd olwvyvwhJ pD;yGm;a&;                      vdkaMumif;od&onf/
                                                  ESifh rauG;wdkif;a'oBuD;wdkYjzpf                               wGif {&m0wDwi;f a'oBu;D a';'&J
                                                                                                                                      kd                                     zGUH NzKd ;wd;k wufa&;ygwDtaejzifh a&SU                                                         dS                   kH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     awG&&if tzJUG &efyaiGeY J rwnfunD          l
ay:aygufvmonfhwpfESpfausmf                                                                                                                                                   qufíusef&Sdaeao;aom wdkif;                                                                                                                                        I l D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               a&Tapmif;vlruna&;tzGUJ
                                                                        l
                                                  aMumif;? awmifov,form;rsm;                                                                G
                                                                                                                 NrKd Ue,f? rwf21&ufwif yJc;l wdi;f   k                                                                                                              ay;xm;w,f}}[kqdkonf/
umvtwGi;f ygwD0ifo;k H ode;f ausmf                twGuf ay:xGe;f vmaomygwDwpfck                                  a'oBu;D om,m0wDc½diEihf rwf  k f S                          a'oBu;D rsm;ESihf jynfe,frsm;odom;                                          Yk G                                                         tm; tzGUJ 0ifig;OD;jzifh zGUJ pnf;xm;
&&ScNhJ y;D tqdygtzGUJ 0ifrsm;rSm wki;f
   d            k                   d                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           tqdygvlruna&;tzJUG rS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       k             I l D            Ny;D tultnD&,lvorsm;tae         kd l
                                                  jzpfonftwGuf ygwD0iftrsm;pk
                                                            h                                                    23 &ufwif yJc;l wdia'oBu;D awmif
                                                                                                                                   G     kf                                  a&mufí awmifov,form;rsm;\                    l
a'oBuD;av;ckrS trsm;qHk;yg0if                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Ü D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     c&D;oGm;ukrPrsm;? [dw,frsm;             k        jzifh goldenharp2012@gmail.
                                                  onf awmifov,form;Bu;D rsm;
                                                                      l                                          ilNrdKUodkYoGm;a&mufí xdka'o&Sd                             tcuftcJrsm;udk qufwuaqmif                                        kd f
aMumif; ygwDOuú|ajymMum;csut&     f                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      fh d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ESicswqufxm;Ny;D EdiijH cm;om;       kf          com wGif qufo,&rnfvypm G f                  h df
                                                  omjzpfonf/                                                     v,form;rsm;\ tcuftcJrsm;?                                             f G
                                                                                                                                                                             &Guom;rnfjzpfaMumif; twGi;f a&;
od&onf/                                                           kfH       l
                                                        jrefrmEdiiawmifov,form;                                  &ifqiBf uKH awGUae&aom 'kursm;ESih f
                                                                                                                        kd                          ©                        rSL; OD;atmifausmO;D uajymonf/                 f                                        {nfonfrsm;ESihf tjcm;aomvlrI                     rsm;wifxm;Ny;D Ediia&;tusO;f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     tzGJUtpnf;rsm;rS c&D;oGm;{nfh                    om;a[mif;rsm;tzGUJ odvnf; ar;        Yk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     onfrsm;tm; wuúp0efaqmifrI          D             jref;pHkprf;EdkifaMumif;od&onf/
EkdifiHa&;ygwDxlaxmifa&;ESifUacgif;aqmifaumif;xGufay:a&; oifwef;ay;rnf
cifZmjcnfvIdif                                    a'gufwmaeZifvwf (or®wtBuH                                      EdkifiHa&;tm; pdwfyg0ifpm;onhf                                    ,if;oifwef;tm; yxrtBurf                      d
                                                  ay;)rS XmerSL;tjzpf wm0ef,om;                      l G                   l k
                                                                                                                 rnforqdwufa&mufEiNy;D oifwef;       kd f                                            S
                                                                                                                                                                             tjzpf 2012ckEpf ZGef 18&ufwif                    G
&efue?f ud,yiEiia&;ygwD xl
        k k f kd f dk f H
axmifEi&ef? Ekiia&;ygwDrsm; zGUH NzKd ;
             dk f d f H                                                   k kd dI
                                                  rnfjzpfNy;D OD;uduvif (or®wtBuH                                Ny;D qH;k ygu oifwef;qif;vufrwf                      S      vnf;aumif;? 2012ckEpf pufwif      S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    txl;0rf;enf;aMuuGJjcif;
wdk;wufNyD; EdkifiHa&;acgif;aqmif                 ay;)ESihf a'gufwmatmifxe;f ouf                   G             (Certi!cate) ay;tyfom;jzpfum             G                  bm 17&ufwif 'kw,tBurEihf
                                                                                                                                                                                                   G       d            d f S
aumif;rsm; ay:xGe;f vmap&ef &nf                                h
                                                  ponfynm&Sirsm; yg0ifoifMum;
                                                                            f                                    ae&mtcuftcJaMumifh oifwef;                                         S
                                                                                                                                                                             ,ckEpf Zefe0g&D1&ufwif wwd,         G                                                                   k            k           kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                &efueNf rKd U? '*Hopf(ajrmufyi;f )NrKd Ue,f 29&yfuu?f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  G
&G,í Post Graduate Demo-
      f                                           oGm;rnf[kvnf;od&onf/                                           om;OD;a& 120om vufcrnfjzpfí                H                      d f G hf S f
                                                                                                                                                                             tBurzivpcNhJ y;D vuf&wif ,if;         dS G                                                                 OD;xGe;f jrifhvrf;? trSwf(450)ae
cracyAndDevelopment oifwef;                                 CSISrS wm0ef&owpfO;u          dS l        D          {NyD5&ufaemufq;k H xm;avQmufxm;                             oifwef;NyD;olrsm;xJrS ESpfOD;tm;                                                                           a':wif0if;&D(pmMunfwkdufrSL;?
udk Ediiwumavhvma&;Xme CSIS
      kfH                                                  f Yk
                                                  ]]uRerwdoifwef;zGi&jcif;&nf&,f       hf                 G      &rnf[k ,if;oifwef;rS od&onf/                                jynfyodkYynmawmfoifydkYaqmif                                                                        wuúokdvfrsm;A[kdpmMunfhwkduf)\ cifyGef;?
                   ¬
rS pwkwtBurajrmuftjzpf {NyD
                       d f                               f                 k f kd f
                                                  csuuawmh ud,yiygwDaxmifEif                                kd             oifwef;wufa&mufNy;D ygu                           xm;onf[k CSISrSod&onf/                                                                           trsm;jynfol0efaqmifrIowif;pmtkyfcsKyfa&;tzGJU-
wGif zGivpom;rnf[o&onf/
               hf S f G           k d               Yk
                                                  zd&,f? xlaxmifNy;D wmudk zGUH NzKd ;wd;k                         d f H
                                                                                                                 Ekiia&;ygwDrsm; aumif;pGmzGUJ pnf;                                jrefrmhzUHG NzKd ;wd;k wufa&; t&if;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        tzGJU0if
        tqdkygoifwef;udk {NyD 29                  wufatmifvkyfEdkifzdkY&,f? t"du                                    k
                                                                                                                 Edijf cif;? zGUH NzKd ;wk;d wufatmif vkyf                   tjrpftzGUJ pnf;(MDRI)\ r[m
&ufwif pwifoifMum;rnfjzpfNy;D
         G                                        Politic Leader arG;xkway;csiwhJ                f      f                       kd
                                                                                                                 aqmifEijf cif;ESihf ydraumif;rGepm
                                                                                                                                              k kd                   f G     AsL[mESifh EdkifiHwumavhvma&;                                                                             OD;ausmfaZmEkdif touf(65)ESpf
oifwef;umvrSm &ufowå&pywf               Sf                  YJ
                                                  qE´eoifwef;zGifhjcif;jzpfygw,f}}                               axmufyEirnf ponftusK;d aus;Zl;
                                                                                                                                   hH kd f         h                         Xme (CSIS)onf jrefrmEdkifiH\                                                                              onf 21.3.2013 &uf eHeufwGif
           h
Mumjrifrnf[vnf;od&onf/ ,if;
                     k                            [k ,if;uajymonf/                                                          d kd f
                                                                                                                 rsm;&&SEirnfjzpfaMumif;? oifwef;                                           kd f H
                                                                                                                                                                             tem*wfEiia&;? Oya'a&;? vlrI                                                                               uG,fvGefoGm;aMumif;od&dS&ygojzifh
oifwef;wGif jynfwi;f jynfyrS EdiiH
                               G           kf                    Yk I k
                                                            ydcsrtydi;f wGivnf; t"du f                           Ny;D yguvnf; oifwef;ESioufqif                hf        dk   a&;? pD;yGm;a&;zGUH NzKd ;wd;k wufrrsm;     I                                                                usef&pfolrdom;pkESifhxyfwl
a&;ynm&Sifrsm;? pD;yGm;a&;ynm                                       k f H
                                                  tm;jzifh Ediia&;ESiywfoufonfh   hf                                     h
                                                                                                                 onftzGUJ tpnf;rsm;ESihf cswquf                  d f         udk pDrcefcEionfh vdtyfaomvlY
                                                                                                                                                                                      H Y JG kd f            k                                                                          txl;0rf;enf;aMuuGJ&ygonf/
&Sifrsm;? zGUH NzKd ;a&;qdi&m uRr;f usif
                              k f                 bmom&yfo;H k rsK;d udk oifMum;oGm;rnf                                                        kf
                                                                                                                 ay;oGm;rnfjzpfNy;D EdiijH cm;odYk ynm                       t&if;tjrpfrsm;jzpfxGef;Edkifa&;
ynm&Sirsm;ESifh wuúodkvfrsm;rS
                 f                                jzpfNy;D ,if;ok;H rs;Kd rSoufqi&mbmom     kd f                 awmfoif ydkYay;oGm;rnf[kvnf;                                udk a&S;½IzGJUpnf;xm;onfh NGO                                                                                             &efukefrD'D,m*½kyf(yf)vDrdwuf
                           Yk
0g&ifh ygarmu©rsm;ydcsay;rnftjyif     h                               J Yk
                                                  &yf 15rsK;d cGí ydcsrnfjzpfaMumif;?                            ,if;oifwef;rS od&onf/                                       wpfcjk zpfonf[vnf; od&onf/k
rwf 28-{NyD 3? 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                BUSINESS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          13
                                                                                                                                                                                                           HOME
                                                                                                                                                                                t0,fvyMf ur,f}}[k ,if;u qufvuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                   k                                                                                                                       bk&ifhaemifukefpnfaps;uGuf
      aiGvJaumifwmzGifU&ef                                                                                                                                                      ajymonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                               hf
                                                                                                                                                                                              ,if;ESiywfoufí EdiijH cm;aiGvJ             k f
                                                                                                                                                                                vS,aumifwmrsm; zGivpci&&dxm;onfh
                                                                                                                                                                                           f                                    hf S f G hf S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           yJtygt0if ukefpnftcsKdY aps;jrifUwuf
      vufusefavQmufxm;olrsm;                                                                                                                                                                     d
                                                                                                                                                                                tm&Spr;f vef;rIzUHG NzKd ;a&;bPfrS tkycsKyrI                                  f f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           xifvif;atmif
                                                                                                                                                                                    k f
                                                                                                                                                                                'g½duwm OD;&Jrif;OD;u ]]tckaiGvaumif                                    J                                                                                                                              G f D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Muufoeeaps;EIe;f rsm;onf rwf22
                                                                                                                                                                                wmzGivpciavQmufxm;wJoawGxrm
                                                                                                                                                                                               hf S f G hf                                   h l                  J S      &efue?f rwfvtukef bk&ifaemifuepnf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               k                  h     k f                                                           &ufwif qdyjfzL usyf 250? 315? 325? 335?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              G
      owfrSwfcsufESifUnDrS&rnf                                                                                                                                                  wcsKUd u Business Plan udk aumif;aumif;                                                    'ki\aps;uGursm;wGif yJaps;rSm tjrihaps;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             d f                    f                                 f                               awmifwi;f usy260? 325? jrpfom; usyf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                G                 f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           okdY wa&GUa&GUjrifhwufvmjcif;ESifhtNydKif                                                  375? 475aps;rsm;okYd qufvufO;D wnf
                                                                                                                                                                                      J
                                                                                                                                                                                rqGxm;Mubl;vdMYkum;w,f/ wcsKUd u vdif                                                k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Muufoee?D i½kw&nEihf ukepnftrsm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        G f               f S f S              f                                      jrifhrm;vmjcif;jzpfonf/
      [def;[def;                                                                                                                   k f
                                                                                                   taetxm;? EdiijH cm;oH;k aiGppfaq;a&;                                                  J
                                                                                                                                                                                pifyavQmufwypjH zpfNy;D aiGvaumifwm hJ kH                         J
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           tjym; aps;wufaevsu&jdS cif;jzpfonf/       f                                                                        i½kwf&Snf
      &efue?f jrefrmEdiiawmfA[dbPfuk d wifjy
          k           kfH      k                                                                   pufrsm;? tmrcHaowåm? aps;uGutae                                 f                                 kd kH H
                                                                                                                                                                                udk b,fvypeYJ a&SUqufvyr,fqw[m                          kf                  kd hJ                                        yJrsKd;pkH                                                          tusaps;rsm;okom OD;wnfaevsufYd
      xm;onfh EdkifiHjcm;aiGaMu;vJvS,fa&;                                                          txm;t& aiGaMu;ajymif;vJrypH vkuyg                       I kH d f             rSmtqifrajybl;vdMYk um;w,f}}[k ajym                                                                          H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   yJrsK;d pkaps;uGuonf ,ckwpfywfwif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             f                                G                          d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      &Sonfh i½kw&naps;uGuwif ,ckwpfywf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   fS f                             f G
      aumifwmrsm;zGivpciukd owfrwpnf;hf S f G hf                S f                                ajymif;vJEirnftaetxm;rsm;ESih f aumif
                                                                                                                    kd f h                                                      onf/                                                                                                h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           tjrifaps;rsm;jzifh qufvuf&yfwnfaeNy;D                                                                        h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      tenf;i,fjrifwufvmNy;D rwf22&ufwif                         G
      urf;csursm;ESih f udunonfurPrsm;udk
                      f                k f D h kÜ D                                                wmrsm;zGivp&eftwGuf jrefrmEdiiawmf
                                                                                                                      hf S f                                    kfH                          vuf&wif EdiijHcm;aiGvv,aumif
                                                                                                                                                                                                          dS G k f                             J S f                                  G                H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           jynfwi;f yJpif;ikeD rufx&pfwpfwefvQif                                                      rkd;axmif(anmif&rf;) usy1675-1700? rk;d           f
      xyfrcsxm;ay;rnfjzpfaMumif; od&onf/
                H                                                                                        d
                                                                                                   A[kbPfoYdk tmrcHaMu;tjzpf usyoe;f                                 f d        wmrsm;wGif aiGvv,Ee;f xm;udk jrefrm        J S f I                                         usy670000aps;txd jrifwufvmonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 f                                     h                                              axmif(ausmufqnf) usy1700-1750?                       f
                            Sd G k f
                vuf&wif EdiijHcm;oH;k aiGvv,a&;              J S f                                 300ay;oGi;f &rnfjzpfaMumif; od&onf/                                            kfH
                                                                                                                                                                                EdiiawmfA[dbPfrS aeYtvduowfrwf
                                                                                                                                                                                                             k                                k f                  S               jynfwi;f yJaps;rsm;onf rufx&pfwpf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               G                                                                      a&Tavmif; usy1750-1800? ausmuf&J
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              f
      aumifwmavQmufxm;onhurPD 80cefY                    f kÜ                                                               dS G k f
                                                                                                               vuf&wif EdiijHcm;oH;k aiGvv,a&;                 J S f            ay;xm;Ny;D tqdygaps;EIe;f xuf ydra&mif;k                              k kd                 wefvQif rwf22&ufwif rwfy(FAQ) usyf      G         J                                        usy1600-1650aps;okYd usqif;vmonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           f
        S                          S f
      &d&mwGif owfrwpnf;urf;rsm;ESiuunD                       fh kd f                                                         fh S f G fh
                                                                                                   aumifwmzGivpciay;xm;onhf ukrPD                                       Ü       csygu ta&;,loGm;rnfjzpfonf/                                                                540000? (SQ) usy595000ESihf yJpif;ikeD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               f                            H                                           MuufoGefjzL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           (RC) usyf670000aps;rsm;rS jynfwGif;                                                                       G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             MuufoejfzLaps;rsm;onf ,ckwpfywf
                        Ü D
      onhf ukrPwpf0ufcefuom vkyuicihf          Y kd               f kd f G                         43ckwif ukrP18ckrS aiGvaumifwm
                                                                                                                 G              Ü D                      J                                   EdiijH cm;oH;k aiGvv,a&;aumifwm
                                                                                                                                                                                                kf                             J S f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           yJaps;rsm;okdY jrifhwufvmjcif;jzpfonf/                                                                           h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      wGif rlvtjrifaps;twki;f qufvuf&yf         d
      vkipifxway;xm;aMumif; jrefrmEdiiH
            d f          k f                                             k f                       rsm;zGivpxm;Ny;D use&onfurP25ck
                                                                                                               fh S f                      f dS h k Ü D                         rsm;udk 2011ckEpf pufwifbmrSpwifí        S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      dfH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   EkiiwumyJaps;EIe;f rsm;rSm rwf22&uf                                                wnfaeNy;D rwf22&ufwif &Sr;f (awmifBu;D )    G
      awmfA[dkbPfrS od&onf/                                                                             kf                             J S f
                                                                                                   rS EdiijH cm;oH;k aiGvv,aumifwmzGivpf                              fh S              f kd f G fh
                                                                                                                                                                                vkyuiciay;cJNh y;D 2011ckEpf atmufwkd                      S                               wGif rwfy(J 2013Crop)FAQ a':vm610-                                                         usyf 700? 900? 1100? 1250ESihf MuLukwf
                jrefrmEdiiawmfA[dbPfrS wm0ef
                               k f H               k                                               &ef usef&Sdaeao;aMumif; od&onf/                                              bmwGif odrjf zLaiGvv,a&;aumifwm               J S f                                        640? SQ a':vm670-700? yJpif;ikHeD                                                                                          Yd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      usyf 2250aps;oka&muf&aejcif;jzpfonf/           dS
      &SowpfO;D u ]]tckaiGvaumifwmwpf
          d l                                    J                                                             ,if;u ]]vkipifay;Ny;D Nyqawmh zGifh
                                                                                                                                     d f                D kd                    pwifzGihfvSpfcJhaMumif; od&onf/                                                            (2013crop) a':vm810-840? yJwpr;                              D d f                                                         i½kwfyk
                          f kd
      0ufausmuawmh zGivpciay;xm;yg           hf S f G hf                                            Yk G
                                                                                                   zdwe;f tm;ay;r,f/ olwuvJ rMumrDzifh           Ykd                        G                ]]aiGvaumifwmawG ydNky;D rsm;vmwm
                                                                                                                                                                                                        J                                                                  FAQ(tnm) a':vm840-870ESihf yJwD                                                                        fk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             i½kwyaps;uGuwif ,cifwpfywfrS   f G
      w,f/ usewurPawGuvJ pnf;urf;eJY
                           f hJ k Ü D                kd                                                                      ¾ d
                                                                                                   oGm;r,f/ yk*vuukrPu tckrtopf           Ü D                    S                k
                                                                                                                                                                                ydaumif;ygw,f/ a&G;cs,p&m ydrsm;vm                    f             k                      pdr;f FAQ(yckuLú ) a':vm850-880aps;                                                                                  h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      pwifum tjrifaps;rsm;jzifom&SaecJ&mrS                h d h
           k f D
      udun&if zGivpciay;oGm;r,f/ pdppf
                                 fh S f G fh                                                                            hJ
                                                                                                   pwmjzpfwtwGuf vkyyicivyief;vdif           f kd f G fh k f              k     wmaygh/ EdiiwumrSmqd&if aiGvaumif
                                                                                                                                                                                                     kfH                            k                     J                odkY a&muf&Sdvmonf/                                                                        ,ckwpfywfwif ,ciftwufaps;rsm;xuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          G
      aeygw,f}}[k ajymonf/                                                                         pif&wmeJY aumifwmjyifqifwmawG? aps;                                          wmawGukd bPfawGurvkyb;l / tjyif                                 f                                                     MuufoGefeD                                                      xyfrHjrifhwufaeonfukd awGU&onf/
                  kf
                EdiijH cm;oH;k aiGvv,a&;aumifwm
                                           J S f                                                   uGuavhvmwmawG vkyaew,f/ tckaiG
                                                                                                           f                                   f                                ukrPawGuvkyMf uwm}}[k EdiijH cm;aiGvJ
                                                                                                                                                                                     Ü D                                                       kf                                                G f D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Muufoeeaps;uGuwif vtwef               f G                                                 rwf22&ufwGif pdrf;pm;(jrpf) usyf
                   hf S f
      rsm; zGivp&mwGif aumifwmrsm;zGivpf                               hf S                        aMu;aps;uGuuvJ wnfNirvmNy;D aps;
                                                                                                                                 f                   d f                        aumifwmvkyief;&Sif a'gufwmpd;k xGe;f u
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  f                                                        Mum tusaps;rsm;jzifomwnf&aecJ&mrS     h               dS h                                 2800-3200? qifjzLuRef; usyf4500-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ,ckwpfywfwif tenf;i,fjyefvnfO;D armh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  G                                                                                                 f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      5200? pu usy1850-1950 aps;rsm;okYd
              h
      rnfae&m? vHNk cKH a&;0efxrf;xm;&SEirnfh                    d kd f                                      f
                                                                                                   uGuuvJ Bu;D vmNy;D qdawmh ta&mif;             k                              ajymonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           vmvsuf&Sdonfukd awGU&onf/                                                                  a&muf&Sdaejcif;jzpfonf/

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 pm;ok;H olrsm; 0,f,rrsm;jym;vm                  l I                           19000? 21500aps;jzpfaMumif; xk;H
                                                   ref;ukefpnfaps;uGuf                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ojzihf vrf;30xk;H bl;wef;odYk vm                                              bl;wef;qefta&mif;qdiaps;uGuf                        k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 a&muf0,f,lrIrsm;jym;onf/                                                      rS od&onf/
a&T *sKH yJ qef aps;wuf                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           rwf20&ufu vrf;30xk;H bl;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 wef;qefta&mif;qdiBfu;D rsm;\ qef              k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            rEÅav;NrKd U&Sd tqihjf rihoefpif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Ny;D qefqiBf u;D rsm;wGif a&Tb(r*sr;f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           f Y
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         J d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 wpfwif;cGtwa&mif;aps;rSm a&Tbkd                                                                            kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               awm)? a&Tb(raem)? {&mrif;(td;k
qDaps;Nidrf     vIdifaxG;atmif                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   (ab;usm;)wpftwf usy24000?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 26500? a&Tbdk(raem)opf usyf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           d                 f                                    f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               0if^&S,)? &Sr;f qef(&S,)wdYk aps;EIe;f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               tenf;i,fpDjrihfwufrI&SdNyD; usef
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 f

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 24000? 26500? (a[mif;) usyf                                                   qefrsm;rSm ,cifwpfywfaps;EIe;f
                                   a&T                                            aMumif; rwf 20&ufaygufaps;rsm;                                                                                                                                                                                 32000? 33000? r*sr;f awm usyf                                                            k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               twdi;f omjzpfaMumif; od&onf/
               rEÅav;a&TqiBfu;D rsm;wGif ,ck   kd                                 t& od&onf/                                                                                                                                                                                                     28000? 28500? apm½Iy(a[mif;)                            f                                          qD? ajryJ? ESrf;
               kd
&ufyi;f a&Twpfusyom; usy2000                        f                  f                                                 yJrsKd;pkH                                                                                                                                                              oefYpifNyD; usyf25000? 26000?                                                              rEÅav;qDqiBf u;D rsm;wGif qD kd
jrihwufvmonf/ rwf20&uf eHeuf
         f                                                                                                               JG
                                                                                               rEÅav;yJy½BHk u;D rsm;wGif ukvm;                                                                                                                                                                  (opf)oefpifNy;D usy21000? 22000?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Y                     f                                                      HSf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               aps;EIe;f ykreta&mif;t0,fjzpfvsuf
ydi;f rEÅav;a&TqiBf u;D rsm;\a&mif;
  k                                       kd                                      yJjzLvk;H Bu;D ? yJpif;ik?H yJ&mZmrsm; t                                                                                                                                                                       ay:uR(opf)oefpifNy;D usy19000?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   J               Y                           f               &SdNyD; ajryJqefaps;rSm ydóm100
aps;rSm tacgufa&T(tqih-1) usyf                                     f              0ifrsm;vsu&onf/ rwf20&ufu         f dS                                                                                                                                                                         ZD,m(a[mif;)oefpifNy;D usy21000?        Y                         f                                    J D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               vQif *syefyev;Hk qef(rauG;) usyf
748000? (tqih-2) usy746000?              f                     f                  yJuepnfaps;uGuwif ykreaps;t
                                                                                        k f                                           f G H S f                                                                                                                                                  23000? (opf)oefpifNy;D usy20000?      Y                             f         174000? 175000? S1tjzLvk;H qef
a&T'*Fg; (a&T&nfr) usy672000                      D         f                     a&mif;t0,fjzpfaomyJrsm;&Sovdk                                     d                                                                                                                                            22000? {&mrif;(opf) usy26000?                                   f             usy194000? 196000? S1jrif;rl
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       f
aps;jzpfvmojzihf ESpywfqufwuf                         f                      kd   wufaps;jzihf ta&mif;t0,fjzpfae                                                                                                                                                                                 28000? 747(a[mif;)oefYpifNyD;                                                 usyf185000? 187500aps;jzihf
a&Taps;jrihfwufvmonf/                                                             aomyJrsm;&Sonfukd awGU&onf/        d                                                                                                                                                                                    f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 usy18500? raemokc(rwå&m) usyf                                                 rwf20&ufwif aps;wufvmonf         G
                                   *sKH                                                                kd
                                                                                  ,ck&ufyi;f ukvm;yJjzLvk;H Bu;D wpf                                                                                                                                                                             16000? 18000? a&To,(oefpif                          G f Y                     udk awGU&onf/ useajryJqefrsm;                   f
               ,cifwpfywfu wufaps;jzpf                                                                    f
                                                                                  tdwf usy53000? 53500? xdi0rf?                                       kf                                                                                                                                                             f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Ny;D ) usy17000? 18000jzihf wuf                                               rSm rEÅav;aps;uGuwif ta&mif;                   f G
ay:cJhaom *sKHaph(jrif;rl? igef;ZGef?                                                      f
                                                                                  usy52000? 52500? yJpif;ik(eD)opf                                H                                                                                                                                              aps;jzpfay:NyD; ay:uRJ(a[mif;)                                                t0,fjzpfaeaomfvnf; ykreaps;                                H S f
ajrmif)wdYkrm ,ckwpfywftwGi;f
                        S                                                                    f
                                                                                  usy65000? 66000? (a[mif;)usyf                                                                                                                                                                                  oefpifNy;D usy23000? bD*s(opf)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Y                        f                                       D     om&Sdonfudk awGU&onf/
           f
usy500pD jyefvnfusqif;oGm;ojzihf                                                  65500? yJBu;D (opf) usy78000?                               f                                                                                                                                                  oefYpifNyD; usyf15000? 15500?                                                              ESr;f aps;taejzihf ESr;f nKd usyf
     H
*sKwpftwf usy45500aps;jzihom
                    d              f                                       f      80000? yJBu;D (ao;) usy73000?                                 f                                                                                                                                                               f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ipde(opf)oefpifNy;D usy15000? Y                           f                   105000? 107000aps;jzihf wufaps;
ta&mif;t0,fjzpfvsu&aMumif;                                    f dS                75000?EdiveyJusy67500?68000?
                                                                                                      kf Gf                            f                                                                                                                                                                                    f D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 16000? arSmb(opf)oefpifNy;D usyf                     Y                        jzpfvmcJhaomfvnf; ESrf;0g usyf
od&onf/                                                                                                     f
                                                                                  rwfyJ usy44000? 49500? yJejD ym;                                                                                                                                                                               18600? 19000? 747(opf) usyf                                                   100000? ESr;f eD usy105000? yef;             f
                  H
               *sKaph(qm;awmif? bkwvif?                                           (opf) usy40000? 48000? axm    f                                                                                                                                                                                15500? 16500? qefu(GJ qefvwf)                                                                                     f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ESr;f (jrpf½;kd ) usy52000? 53000wdYk
    H G Yk S
rk&m)wdrm ,cifwpfywfu usyf                                                                      J
                                                                                  ywfy(Bu;D ) usy49000? 50000?                f                                                                                                                                                                  usy11000? 14000aps;jzihf ,cif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            f                                                                            H S f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               rSm ykreaps;twdi;f om ta&mif;           k
43000om&Sc&m ,ckwpfywf usyf d hJ                                                  axmywfy(vwf) usy46000? 47-  J                          f                                                                                                                                                       wpfywfaps;twdi;f ta&mif;t0,f        k                                         t0,fjzpfvsu&onf/ rwf20&uf          f dS
45000xdjzpfvmojzihf *sKwpftwf                                    H           d                        k f
                                                                                  000? yJyyaph(Arm) usy47000?                               f                                                                                                                                                    jzpfvsuf&Sdonfudk awGU&onf/                                                                              f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               u usaps;jzihta&mif;t0,fjzpfae
vQif usy2000pD jrihwufvmonf
                      f                                 f                         48000? (&Sr;f )usy50000? 52000?                 f                        oefYpifNyD;yJrsm;udk ppfaq;aepOf/                                                                             Photo: HHA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ,ckwpfywftwGi;f ay:qef                                                                      H S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               aomESr;f rsK;d pkrm ESr;f jzL(*syef) usyf
udk awGU&onf/ *sKaph(awmifbuf)               H                                    yJusm;(opf) usy57000? 58000?                  f                          aps;jzihf wufaps;rsm;jzpfay:vsuf                                       pm;aomufueaps;rsm; tenf;i,f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             kf                                                  arT;topfrsm; ,cifwpfywfaps;                                                   120000? ESrf;jzL usyf118000?
ESifh (txGuw;kd )rSm wpftwf usyf
                          f                                          d                   G
                                                                                  yJvr;f jym usy41000? 42000? yJ            f                              &SNd y;D useyaps;EIe;f rsm;rSm ,cifwpf
                                                                                                                                                                       fJ                                                                  f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  aps;vIyvm&m qefaps;rsm;ygjrihf                                                             f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 EIe;f xuf usy1000avsmom;ojzihf                         h G                    120000? ESr;f usm; usy100000?                          f
44000ESif h usy35500jzpfvmojzihf f                                                                                f
                                                                                  vGr;f jzL usy42000? 52000? yJ,Of;                                        ywfaps;EIe;f rsm;twdi;f ta&mif;
                                                                                                                                                                                      k                                           wufvmrI&Sdonfudk awGU&onf/                                     usyf21000? 24000aps;jzihfom                                                   102000? ESr;f euf usy140000?                         f
,cifwpfywfaps;EIe;f xuf usy500                                           f        (Arm) usyf32500? 34000? pm;                                              t0,fjzpfvsu&aMumif; rEÅav;
                                                                                                                                                                              f dS                                                ,ckwpfywftwGi;f vrf;30xk;H bl;                                 ta&mif;t0,fjzpfvsuf&Sdonf/                                                    141000? yef;ESr;f (&Sr;f ) usy47500?                     f
             f
pD jrihwufvmonfukd awGU&onf/                                                                      J
                                                                                  awmfy(w½kw) usy62000? 63000?         f f                                 yJyGJ½kHrsm;rS od&onf/                                                 wef;qefwef;wGif e,ft0,fvuf kd                                                           §
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 aumufni;f aps;taejzihf &efuef                                             k   48000aps;jzihf ta&mif;t0,fjzpf
*sKaph(&Sr;f )opfrm usy500aps;us
       H                             S                    f                       yJcsOfaygif usyf31000? 32000?                                                             qef                                                   vsu&&m e,fqefqirsm;rS oBuef
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      f dS         kd f         F                                usy21000? 23000? ykorf usyf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              f                                                        d                    f dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               vsu&aMumif; rEÅav;qDxuo;D ESH                                G f
oGm;ojzihf usy35000aps;om&Sd           f                                          yJZ;D uGu(opf) usy40500? 44000
                                                                                                    f                               f                               oBuFefumveD;vmNyDjzpfí                                        tBuKd tvSLtwef;? w&m;pcef;ESifh                                25000? 26000? aumvif; usyf                                                    yGJ½kHaps;uGufrS od&onf/
14                                                                                                                                       BUSINESS                                                                                                                                                                                             rwf 28-{NyD 3? 2013

                                                                                                                                                            HOME
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0rf;omwmaygY}}[k ajymonf/
jrefrmUvufzuf urÇmhaps;uGuf&&Sda&;twGuf *smreDtulnD,lrnf                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       dS d f G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        vuf&tcsewif jrefrmhvuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        kf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              zufvyief;\ enf;ynmtcuftcJ
rdkYrdkYoEåm                                                                                    Yk
                                                                      ESiYf vufzuftoif;wdy;l aygif;í                      rdkY enf;ynmydkif;awGrSm bmawG                                        kd
                                                                                                                                                                             w,f? b,fvenf;ynmeJpu&if       Y kd f                               kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              aMumihf vufzufpuawmiforsm;        l                                             ESihf aiGaMu;t&if;tESD;tm;enf;
                                                                      urÇmtqifYrD t&nftaoG;rsm;                           vkyf&rvJqdkwmrodbl;/ tJh'grdkY                              f kd f
                                                                                                                                                                             aps;uGu0ifEirvJqwmawGeywf kd       YJ            t½HI;ay:aeaMumif; od&onf/                                                                     Yd          d´
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              aejcif;wkaMumihf tdE,ESiw½kwf       fh
&efuef? jrefrmhvufzufrsm; jynfy
    k                                                                 jzpfay:vmNy;D EdiiwumodwifyYkd
                                                                                          k f H     Yk                    gizbufu enf;ynmydi;awG vkyf
                                                                                                                                                  k f                                         f    Ykd
                                                                                                                                                                             oufNy;D uReawmfwbufuulnD                             ,if;ESifYywfoufí vufzuf
aps;uGu&&Sa&;twGuf *smreDEiirS
           f d                  dk f H                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          k f H Ydk             k f kf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              EdiiwrS vufzufxwuersm;onf
                                                                        kf            fDH d Y
                                                                      Edi&ef a&&Snprue;f jzifaqmif&uf  G                  aqmifay;r,fqawmY aumif;yg
                                                                                                                                             kd                              ay;oGm;rSmyg}}[k ajymonf/                          k f                k kd dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              pduawmifol OD;uduEiu ]]uRef
enf;ynmtultnDrsm;ay;oGm;                                              aeaMumif; vufzuftoif;Ouú|                           w,f}}[k qufajymonf/                                       vuf&wif jrefrmjynf\vuf
                                                                                                                                                                                         dS G                                 awmfwdkYrSm pdkufysdK;xkwfvkyfrIu                                                       h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              urÇmaps;uGutjyif jrefrmhaps;uGuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 f
rnfjzpfaMumif; vufzufvyief;&Sif
                           kf                                         OD;xGef;NrdKifu ajymonf/                                    ,if;odYk vufzufaps;uGuEiYf
                                                                                                                                                          f S                zufaps;uGuonf tcuftcJrsm;pGm
                                                                                                                                                                                            f                                         D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              acwfrrSawmY t&nftaoG;uus                                                        twGi;f okYd 0ifa&mufvmjcif;aMumihf
tokdif;0kdif;rS pHkprf;od&onf/                                               OD;xGef;NrKdifu ]]uRefawmfwdkY               ywfoufí gizrS udk,fpm;vS,f                           d          f
                                                                                                                                                                             &SaeNy;D ukeypön;f o,f,yaqmifl Ykd               w,f/ t&nftaoG;raumif;awmY                                                                            d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              txufygtwki;f *smreDEiirS enf;dk f H
        ,cktcgwGif *smreDEiiH giz
                           kd f                                       EdkifiHrSmu pdkufwJYvlawGu udk,f                    OD;cifarmif&u ]]Ediiwumaps;uGuf
                                                                                                                                       D kfH                                 &mwGif vrf;raumif;jcif;ESifh o,f                           f               h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              aps;uGuur&bl;/ tJ'gaMumifrYkd       h                                           ynmyHy;dk ay;jcif;jzihf ulnajz&Si;f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          h                     D
               k f H
ESiYf jrefrmEdiiopfo;D 0vHtoif;                                       bmrsKd ;pduvqwmrodb;l / tJ'g
                                                                                k f J kd                 Y                rDzYkd b,fae&mrSm bmawGvtyf  kd                    ,lydkYaqmifp&dwf BuD;rm;vmjcif;                  enf;ynmaumif;awG&r,fqawmY      kd                                               &ef qE´&Sdaejcif;jzpfonf/


av;ESpfeD;yg;                                                                                                                                                                                                                           vmrnfUb@mESpfwGif
NidrfoufcJUaom                                                                                                                                                                                                                          pD;yGm;ul;oef;zJGYpnf;yHkajymif;rnf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        aZ,spkdajy
AdkvfcsKyfaps;                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  fS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        &efue?f 2013-2014 b@mESprpwifum pD;yGm;a&;ESihf ul;oef;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        a&mif;0,fa&;0efBu;D Xmetaejzifh ,cifEprsm;ESirwlbypajymif;                                     Sf                  hf                 J kH H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               f dk f G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        vkyuiom;rnf[k ,if;0efBu;D XmerS 'kw,ñTeMf um;a&;rSL;csKyf                                          d
aq;a&;                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  OD;wifhoGifuajymonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   xkjYyif 0efBu;D XmewGi;f üvnf; jyKjyifajymif;vJrrsm; qufvuf                                                  I
yef;csDum;                                                                                                                                                                                                                              vkyfaqmifaeqJjzpfNyD; 0efBuD;Xme\zJGUpnf;yHkudkyg ajymif;vJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; OD;wifhoGifu qufajymonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ,if;u ]]vmr,fb@mESprm pD;yGm;ul;oef;uyHptopfeYJ                f S                                                    k H
aps;uGuf                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       J
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        oGm;ygr,f/ tckvajzavQmay;wmawG trsm;Bu;D vkyxm;yg               h                                                                           f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        w,f/ aemufNy;D ñTeMf um;a&;rSL;csKyO;D aqmifwhJ OD;pD;XmeESpck                          f                                                               f
jyefoGuf                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ukdvJ xyfNyD;wkd;csJUzGJYpnf;xm;ygw,f}}[kajymonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   pD;yGm;a&;ESiu;l oef;a&mif;0,fa&;0efBu;D XmewGif ukeo,rI                                                                             f G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          § hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        jriwifa&;XmeESihf ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;ESihf pm;oH;k a&;&mXme
a0,H? EdkifEdkif                                                                                                                                                                                                                             f k dk                                              f G f § hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ESpcuw;dk csUJ zJUG pnf;cJNh y;D ukeo,rjI riwifa&;vkyief;rsm;ESihf pm;                                                f
&efue?f av;ESpe;D yg; NiroufaecJh
        k                   f                 d f                                                                                                                                                                                       oH;k olEiywfoufaomudp&yfrsm;ukd wk;d jrivyaqmifom;rnf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       S hf                                       ö                                            § hf k f                                  G
aom AdvcsKyaps;yef;csum;aps;uGuf
                 k f f                 D                                                                                                                                                                                                jzpfaMumif; od&onf/
onf EkiijH cm;om;{nfonf ykr0if
                d f                      h                   d dk                                                                                                                                                                                  pD;yGm;ul;oef;0efBu;D Xmetaejzifh ykue?f oGi;f ukef vkyief;                         Yd k                                                  f
a&mufvmonfESihftwl jyefvnf                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        pOfrsm;tm; ajzavQmay;cJNh y;D ukeypön;f trnfrsm;ukd vGeconfh               f                                                                  f hJ
touf0ifvmaMumif; tqkygaps;&Sd                      d                                                                                                                                                                                                                     d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        vrSpwifum vkipifavQmufxm;p&mrvkbJ wifoi;f cGi?hf wifyYdk                                             d                         G
yef;csDum;ta&mif;qkdifrsm;rS od&                                                                                                                                                                                                        cGifhjyKcJhaMumif; od&onf/
onf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            dS G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   vuf&wif pD;yGm;a&;ESiu;l oef;a&mif;0,fa&;0efBu;D Xme   hf
        2008ckEpf em*pfrewi;f umv
                       S                   k f kd                                                                                                                                                                                       wGif Xmeaygif;oH;k ck&NdS y;D topfw;dk csUJ zJUG pnf;vkuonfXmeyg0if                                           d f h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ygu Xmeaygif;ig;ck&Sdvmrnfjzpfonf/
aemufydkif;rS pwifNidrfoufcJhaom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     dfH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Ekii\pD;yGm;wk;d wufa&;twGuf t"duusaom0efBu;D Xme
           D              f S
yef;csaps;uGurm ,ckEpf yGivif;                   S        hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   k                         f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        wpfctaejzifh vkyief;pOfrsm;ukd vkyomukiom&datmif aqmif                               f                  df S
&moDtpydkif;rSpwifum jyefvnf
                                                                       AdkvfcsKyfaps;&dSyef;csDum;ta&mif;qkdifwGif                                                                            Photo : Aye Theingi Than                          f I S hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        &GurEiywfoufNy;D pD;yGm;a&;vkyief;&Sirsm;u BuKd qcaomf                             f                    f                                 dk hJ
touf0ifvmjcif;jzpfNy;D ,ckEpf EdiiH                    S kf
                                                                       pdwf0ifwpm;Munfh½IaeMuaomEkdifiHjcm;om;rsm;/                                                                                                                                       dfH                    hf S f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        vnf; EkiiwumESi,Oygu jyKjyifajymif;vJrrsm; vkyaqmif&ef                                                      I                     f
                         df
jcm;c&D;oGm;pHcsewif jrifwufronf            h           I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        rsm;pGmvktyfaeao;aMumif;? Xmersm;taejzifh jynforsm;tusK;d ukd                                                                l
t"dutaMumif;&if;wpf&yfjzpf                                             rSyef;csum;rsm;ukd taemufOa&my
                                                                                 D                                                                     kfd f h
                                                                                                                            raygufbJ qdiyw&wJaeYawGawmif                         rsm;? Modelum;rsm;ESihf udveacwf         k kd D                              G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        xda&mufpmaqmif&uay;&efvtyfaMumif; ajymonf/      G f                    dk
aMumif; ,if;wkdYu qkdonf/                                              EkdifiHrsm;tygt0if tar&duefESifh                     &Sdw,f}}[kqdkonf/                                    vuf&mrsm;tm; OD;pm;ay;0,f,Ml u                                                                                     k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   xkjYd yif0efBu;D Xmewpfcu ajzavsmay;aomfvnf; tjcm;                                    h
        Naing Artsyef;csum; ta&mif;D                                               kfH
                                                                       uae'gEdiiwUk d rS t"du0,f,caomf        l hJ                   2013 ESppydi;f rSpwifum Advf
                                                                                                                                                         f k           k                    dk f H
                                                                                                                                                                                 Ny;D tm&SEiiom;wkurl a':vm200  Yd                                                     d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0efBu;D Xmeu vkuygaqmif&ujf cif;r&Sojzifh vkyief;&Sirsm;tae   G                           d                      f                  f
     k f k f
qdirS qdiwm0efcu ]]em*pfaemuf H                                                             S f S
                                                                       vnf; ,ckEprpwifum tm&SEiiH                  kd f           f
                                                                                                                            csKyaps;odYk EdiijH cm;om;c&D;oGm;rsm;
                                                                                                                                                    k f                                            D
                                                                                                                                                                                 atmuf yef;csum;rsm;ukom t0,f           d                                                                  H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        jzifh tqifrajyrIrsm;BuKawGU&aMumif; vkyief;&SitcsKUd uajymonf/                               f                 f
  k                 D
ydi;f yef;csta&mif;qdiawG trsm;pk k f                                                     l
                                                                       rsm;rS 0,f,vmjcif;aMumihf 0,fvuf                        H S f
                                                                                                                            ykrerjywf&aeNy;D wpfaeYvQif um;
                                                                                                                                                 dS                                                      k f
                                                                                                                                                                                 rsm;aMumif; qdicef;ydi&irsm;xHrS  k f S f                           Yd k f G                         f k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ykueoi;f ukevyief;&SiwpfO;D u ]]tckvajymif;vJvm           f                                                    dk
ta&mif;t0,fawG tawmfav;t                                                                      d
                                                                       topfrsm;&&SvmaMumif; od&onf/                         Bu;D ig;pD;pmrQ0ifa&mufrnf[k cefre;f      YS         od&onf/                                                wmawmhaumif;ygw,f/ 'gayrJh pD;yGm;ul;oef;rSm ajzavsmvuf                                                                                            h dk
oGm;w,f/ 2012ckEpf pufwifbm     S                                                   D G           D
                                                                               a&Texe;f yef;csa&mif;0,fa&;                               k f Ykd
                                                                                                                            &Ny;D qdiovma&mufavhvmaom                                   [kw,fEic&D;oGm;vma&; 0ef
                                                                                                                                                                                          d            S fh                                                                            G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ayr,fh taumufceuaps;EIe;f owfrwwmawGu cefre;f vkYd                                          S f                                                Y S
avmufurS jyefNy;D t0,fvuvm                           kd f                  k f S
                                                                       qdi&if OD;&Sr;f av;u ]]'DEpta&mif; S f                 k f
                                                                                                                            EdiijH cm;om; c&D;oGm;OD;a& ,cifEpf          S                                   f
                                                                                                                                                                                 Bu;D Xme pm&if;rSwwrf;rsm;t& jrefrm                             d f hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        r&EkiwtwGuf oGi;f ukeawGtwGuq&if jyóemwufaewke;f       f                               f dk
                      Sf
w,f/ t&ifEpawGu 0,favhr&SwhJ                                      d                    S f
                                                                       t0,fjyefrevmw,f/ rwf 20&uf                           rsm;xuf ESpqcefyrsm;vmaMumif;
                                                                                                                                                     f       Y dk                  dfH             df
                                                                                                                                                                                 EkiitwGi;f EkiijH cm;om;0ifa&mufrI                     yJ}}[k ajymonf/
              kd f H
tm&SEiiawGjzpfwhJ xdi;f wdYk zdvpf             k                                     k                D k
                                                                       eHeufyJ xdi;f u yef;cspaqmif;a&;                         k f f
                                                                                                                            AdvcsKyaps;qkicef;&Sirsm;u ajym
                                                                                                                                                        d f         f                                          Sf kf G
                                                                                                                                                                                 EIe;f onf 2012ckEpuewif wpfoef;                                                  dS G             dk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   vuf&wif 'Drua&pDpepfEitnD tpk;d &0efBu;D Xmersm;                   S hf
   k f Ykd
ydiwawmif vdu0,fvmw,f}}[k  k f                                         orm;wpfO;D wnf;u yef;csum;vwf        D               onf/                                                 ausmtxd jrihwufvmcJaMumif;od&
                                                                                                                                                                                        f            f                h                                              d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        \rl0g'rsm;ukajymif;vJvmcJNh y;D 0efBu;D XmetcsKUd onf ajzavsmrI                                                                                           h
qdkonf/                                                                ig;um;awmif0,fom;w,f/ t&if   G                                EkiijH cm;om;{nfonftrsm;pk
                                                                                                                                       d f                        h              onf/                                                   trsm;tjym;vkycaMumif; ,if;0efBu;D XmetcsKUd \ xkwjf yefcsuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        f hJ
             k f f
        AdvcsKyaps; yef;csum;aps;uGufD                                 ESpawGuqd&if wpfywfaevdYk aps;OD;
                                                                            f           k                                   onf a':vm400ESihf 500wefum;                                                                                 rsm;t& od&onf/


r[moBuFefvufaqmifjcif;rsm;tm;
tdrfta&mufydkh 0efaqmifrIay;rnf
aroufZif                                                                          d d f
                                                                      ,me,ferwowfrw{&d,mrsm; S f
&efue?f jrefrmY½;dk &mESpopfu;l um
    k                    f                                                                      f
                                                                      ü 48em&DtwGi;f tdrta&mufydkY
vwGif vlBu;D rdbrsm;udk *g&0jyKvuf                                    aqmifay;rnfjzpfaMumif;od&onf/
aqmifay;vdorsm;twGuf r[m
                   k l                                                          tqdkygvufaqmifjcif;rsm;
                                                                             Yk
                                                                      ay;yd&mwGif t&nftaoG;aumif;
    Ff
oBuevufaqmifjcif;rsm;tm; tdrf
                                                                         f                S       f
                                                                      rGeí oyf&yfvypGmxkyy;k d xm;aom
               Ykd     I
ta&mufyaqmifrrsm; aqmif&uf       G                                                  Ff
                                                                      r[moBuevufaqmifjcif;ig;jcif;
ay;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;od&onf/                                                                l l
                                                                      ESiUf txuf 0,f,orsm;udyay;       k Ykd
      tqdkygtdrfta&mufydkY 0ef                                        rnfjzpfum ,if;tpDtpOfrsm;tm;
          I
aqmifrrsm;tm; pD;wD;rwfpygrm; l                                       rwf 1&ufrS {Ny12&uftxd Ocean
                                                                                        D
uufrS jyKvkyfay;aejcif;jzpfum                                         Supercenterrsm;wGif jyKvyrnfjzpf
                                                                                                    kf
&efueEiaejynfawmfpnfyifom
      k f S Yf                                                        aMumif; od&onf/
rwf 28-{NyD 3? 2013
                                                                                                                                                  BUSINESS                                                                                                                                                                                          15
                                                                                                                                                                  HOME

jynfyukefoG,frIwkd;jr§ifU&ef tpkd;&ESifUyk*¾vduyl;aygif;aqmif&Gufa&;tzGJY zGJYpnf;rnf
xifvif;atmif? aZ,s                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  d f H                                 f dk f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Ekiirsm;tMum; ESpEiitpk;d &csi;f aygif;pyf
                                                                                                        yk*¾vduykdif;utcuftcJawGukd tpkd;&eJY nd§EIdif;aqmif&GufEkdifrSmjzpfovkd
                k f G f I § hf
&efue?f jrefrmhueo,ru@jriwif&ef
    k                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 § dI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ndEi;f &efjzpfaMumif; OD;wifoiu ajymonf/           h Gf
pD;yGm;a&;ESiu;l oef;a&mif;0,fa&;0efBu;D
                 fh                                                                                     tpkd;&taeeJYvJ vuf&Sdyuwdtajctaeukd od&SdNyD; wdwdususvkyfukdifEkdifrSmjzpfygw,f                                                                                                          dk f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ]]wpfzufEiiudk ukeypön;f awGywhJ           f                   Ydk
                      kfH kf
XmeESihf jrefrmEdiiueonfEipufrtoif;         S hf I                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  tcgrSm [kbufEiiu ydwxm;wmawG&dS     dk f H             f
csKywaygif;pnf;um tpkd;&ESiy*vuyl;
     f Ydk                                        hf k ¾ d                                                                                                                  - OD;0if;atmif(Ouú|? ukefonfpufrItoif;csKyf)                                          w,f/ tJ'vywxm;wmawGtwGuvJ D dk d f                                     f
aygif;aqmif&ua&;tzGUJ (Public Privite
                     G f                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            dk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  wpfzufwi;f jynftpk;d &yki;f u ydwxm;wm           d                 f
Patanership-PPP)jzifh zGUJ pnf;aqmif&uf                    G                                                   S       f       d f
                                                                                          &JUpD;yGm;a&;&nfre;f csuyef;wkiawG? uRef                       df
                                                                                                                                                  ½k;H xkirnfud k rqH;k jzwf&ao;aMumif; 'kw,       d            dfS
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Ekirmjzpfovkd tpk;d &taeeJvJ vuf&yuwd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Y           dS                    hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  jzpfwtwGuf tpk;d &tcsi;f csi;f ndEi;f aqmif                   § dI
oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; od&onf/                                                                            d f H              f G f I § hf
                                                                                          awmfwYdk Ekiiwumukeo,rw;dk jria&;                                                h Gf
                                                                                                                                                  ñTeMfum;a&;rSL; OD;wifoiu xyfrajymonf/        H             tajctaeukd od&NdS y;D wdwususvyuif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             d           k f dk           f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  &Guay;rSmjzpfygw,f/ tjcm;yk*vutcuf                          ¾ d
           d Ydk               ¾ d
       xkotpkd;&yk*vuyl;aygif;aqmif&uf                       G                            tpDtrHawGudk tckxufyNdky;D aqmif&uEif          G f dk           xkduhoYdk tpk;d &ESiy*vu yl;aygif;
                                                                                                                                                                 J              fh k ¾ d                      EkdifrSmjzpfygw,f}}[k ajymonf/                                             dk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  tcJawGuvJ 'DtzJUG yl;aygif;Ny;D tajz&Sm
                                 k f dk f
a&;tzGUJ jzifh pwifvyui&ef pD;yGm;a&;ESihf                                                atmif tpDtrHawGcsNy;D aqmif&urmjzpf        G f S        aqmif&urEiywfoufí ukeonfpufrI
                                                                                                                                                             G f I S hf                       f                       vuf&wif tpk;d &ESihf yk*vutMum;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            dS G               ¾ d                oGm;rSmyg}}[k OD;wifhoGifuajymonf/
ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;0efBu;D XmerS BuKd wif                                                 ygw,f}}[k ,if;uqufvufajymonf/                                        f
                                                                                                                                                  toif;csKyOuú| OD;0if;atmifu ]] tefu,f                       ukeo,rtcuftcJrsm;ukd ndEi;f &onfh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    f G f I                      § dI                       tqkygtzJUG jzpfay:ap&ef vkyaqmif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  d                                                    f
                      G fI
jyifqifaqmif&urrsm;jyKvyNf y;D jzpfaMumif;k                                                            d             f
                                                                                                 tqkygtzJUG ukd ukeonfpufrtoif;        I          wkdY 'gukdvkyfaewmMumygNyD/ rMumrD t                        tajctaersm;&Saejcif;jzpfNy;D ,if;tcuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   d                                    S        d f                 S f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  rIrm tcsewpfEpausmMf umjrifNh yjD zpfum
  dY k f T
ykueñeMf um;rIO;D pD;XmerS 'kw,ñTeMf um;        d                                              f            dS l
                                                                                          csKyrS wm0ef&orsm;ESihf pD;yGm;a&;ESiu;l         fh     aumiftxnfay:vmawmhrmyg/ 'Dvy;l           S          dk      tcJrsm;tm; uk,enf;uk,[efjzifh oD;jcm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 d hf   d hf                      ,if;tzJUG jzpfay:vmap&ef tpk;d &wm0ef
a&;rSL; OD;wifhoGifu ajymonf/                                                                                                dS l
                                                                                          oef;a&mif;0,fa&;rS wm0ef&orsm; yg0if                                     G
                                                                                                                                                  aygif;aqmif&ujf cif;tm;jzifh yk*vuyki;f u  ¾ d d                                    G
                                                                                                                                                                                                              enf;vrf;ok;H íaqmif&ujf cif;xuf yl;aygif;           &Sorsm;ESihf yk*vuwm0ef&orsm;tMum;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     d l                        ¾ d                        dS l
                                       h
       ]]'DtzGUJ ukd zGUJ Ny;D oGm;wJtcgrSm Ekiiawmf   dfH                                umzJUG pnf;oGm;rnfjzpfNy;D rnfonfae&mwGifh                                               Y §d dI
                                                                                                                                                  tcuftcJawGudk tpk;d &eJnEi;f aqmif&uf             G                   G
                                                                                                                                                                                                              aqmif&ujf cif;tjyif ukeo,rjI yKvyrnfh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         f G f            k f                  d d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  tBurBf uraqG;aEG;cJ&aMumif; od&onf/          h

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ta&mif;t0,ftajctaersm;udk
NrdKYawmfpnfyifu                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            r*Fvmaps;? AdvcsKyaps;ESifh odrBf u;D k f f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Yd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            aps;wkudk oGm;a&mufavhvmMunh&m                                                       f
axmufMuefh-a'gyHk                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           r*Fvmaps;wGif ta&mif;t0,fat;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  d f f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            pufNy;D AkvcsKyaps;wGif ta&mif;t
bufpfum;vdkif;ajy;qGJrnf                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0,f&SdaeaMumif; od&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               k f f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          AdvcsKyaps;&Sd oBueypön;f t                    F f
at;jrjrxGef;                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      dfS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            a&mif;qki&if a':ESi;f EkE,u ]]oBuef                 G f                                  F
&efue?f &efueNfrKd Uawmfpnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwDEih f yk*vu
    k       k                                S ¾ d                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ueD;vmawmha&mif;&w,f/ wpfaeY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            udk usywpfoe;f zd;k avmufa&mif;&         d
       Ü D Ykd
ukrPwy;l aygif;um c&D;onfwif,mOfvi;f opfajy;qGrnf                                kd                               J
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            w,f/ topftqef;0ifwmawmh r&Sd
                                k
jzpfaMumif; &efueNf rKd Uawmfpnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwD\
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            bl;}}[k ajymonf/
xkwfjyefcsuft& od&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              k f f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          AdvcsKyaps;&Sd jrrdwaqGpwd;k rS                 f
                      k              kd
        tqdyg,mOfvi;f udk NrKd Uawmfpnfyif,mOfvi;f trnf                                                kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            a':cifpef;a0u ]]w½kwuypön;f awG                         f
                              Y
jzifh axmufMuefrS a'gyHNk rKd Ue,ftxd ,ckEptwGi;f ajy;qGrnf                Sf                                       J
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            yJrsm;w,f/ 'DEpqkd yef;ajcmufawG           S f
                                  S
jzpfaMumif;? 2013ckEpf azazmf0g&D10&ufuusi;f yaom aumf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            u t0wfevywma&m puúLeJvywhJ   YJ k f                                         Y kf
rwD0ifrsm;ESihf XmerSL;rsm;\ vkyief;ndEi;f tpnf;ta0;wGiff             § Id
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            yef;ajcmufawGyg&Sw,f/ yef;uH;k awG              d
                                  kd                      J
c&D;onfwif,mOfvi;f opfajy;qG&ef qH;k jzwfcjhJcif;jzpfaMumif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            u ,d;k ',m;a&m Armyg&Sw,f/ ,d;k                                  d
od&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ',m;u usy2000? Armu usy800?     f                                               f
                   k
        tqdygNrKd Uawmfpnfyif,mOfvi;f opfukd &efueNf rKd Uawmfkd                                     k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            a&mif;tm;uawmh t&ifEpetwlwl                                     S f YJ
pnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwDu 51&mcdiEe;f ESihf yk*vuvkyf                      k f I                        ¾ d                 oBuFefupm;p&mypönf;ta&mif;qkdifudk awGU&pOf/                                                                     Photo: Aye Theingi Than
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ygyJ}}[k ajymonf/
           f                             k f I
ief;&SibufrS 49&mcdiEe;f yg0ifaqmif&urnfjzpfaMumif;                          G f                                                                                                                                                                                                          ,if;oBuFefypönf;rsm;ESifhywf
         k
&efueNf rKd Uawmfpnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwD\ owif;xkwf                                                                                                                                                                                                                            oufí odrBf u;D aps; pd;k pHt½kyqirS                                            f kd f
jyefcsuft& od&onf/                                                                                                      oBuFefypönf;topf 0ifa&mufjcif;r&SdbJ                                                                                                                                       D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            a':oDou ]]topf0ifwypön;f u                                         hJ
                                              k
        ,if;tjyif tqdyg&efueNf rKd Uawmfpnfyifom,ma&;k                                                                                                                                                                                                                      awmh atmfvav;awG&w,f/ wpfck         H                     dS
aumfrwDyi&,,mrsm;udk 0efxrf;rsm;tm; jyefvnfa&mif;cs
                     kd f S f
                                        S f
oGm;rnfjzpfNy;D tpk&,,mwpfpvQif usy10000EIe;f jzifh         k                       f
                                                                                                                        ypönf;ta[mif;rsm;om 0ifa&mufae                                                                                                                      usy750? ,d;k ',m;ypön;f awGawmh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            rwifb;l / ,d;k ',m;ypön;f u w½kwf
a&mif;csrnf[k ,if;owif;xkwjf yefcsuwif azmfjyyg&Sonf/                    f G                                d           rdkYrdkYoEåm? cspfcspf                          uav;upm;p&mt½kyqirS ydi&if        f kd f k f S     aoewfwpfvufudk usy350rS450     f                 ypön;f xuf usy1000avmufyrsm;                  f                                   kd
                                            k     G f G f
        a'gyHNk rKd Ue,f 0gqd&yfuuwiaexdiol udatmifxuf                     k f                k                         &efue?f ,ckEpoBueumvukepnf
                                                                                                                            k       S f F f    f                                         k
                                                                                                                                                                        wpfO;D u ]]xdi;f uvmwJh pwD;a&>ywf                            f        d dfH k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           0ef;usi&NdS y;D xki;f Ekiixwypön;f rsm;          w,f/ 0,fwoawGu w½kwypön;f         hJ l                                       f
             k S                          k
u ]]a'gyHrmu um;vdi;f &Sm;w,f/ AE¨KvwHwm;tqif;rSmyJ                                                                                 f G         f
                                                                                                                        aps;uGuwif ukeypön;f topf 0if                   u usy4000? w½kwu0ifwmawGu
                                                                                                                                                                                 f                 f                          hf dI     f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ESiEi;f ,SOygu oH;k qeD;yg;aps;ouf                           J
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            awGy0,fMuw,f/ tckawmh ta&mif;
um;NyKH aewm/ n8em&Davmufqkd um;jywfom;wJtwGuf                                             G h                                            d
                                                                                                                        a&mufjcif;r&SbJ ypön;f ta[mif;rsm;              usy1000ausmu trsm;qH;k yJ/ tJ'grdYk
                                                                                                                                                                             f               f                                                        f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           omaMumif; aps;uGutwGi;f rS od&                   at;aeao;w,f}}[k ajymonf/
                            f h
NrKd UxJuaeESpqifp;D &w,f/ eHeufyi;f ½H;k wufcseqkd vmwJh          kd                           d f                     om jyefvnf0ifa&mufvmaMumif;                     w½kwypön;f yJtwifrsm;w,f/ oBuef
                                                                                                                                                                               f                                       F   onf/                                                           aps;uGutawGUtBuKH&orsm;\ f                              dS l
                          h l                          k S f
um;eJY pD;r,fou rrQb;l / a'gyHrm*dwq;kH wJum;vdi;f vJ r&Sd                            h                   k                    d             f d      d
                                                                                                                        tqkygaps;uGutoki;f t0ki;f rS od&                ypön;f qk&if wpfEpxufwpfEpf yHpH
                                                                                                                                                                                   d           S f               S k                                    F f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    r*Fvmaps;&Sd oBueyef;uH;k rsm;                    d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            tqkt&awmh vmrnfoBueumv                            h                     F f
ao;bl;/ tckpnfyifum;vdi;f u yHreEe;f twdi;f usy200 k             k S f I                    k                   f       onf/                                            topftqef;awGom 0ifa&mufavh                         ta&mif;qdirS a':olZmu ]]'DEpr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           k f                 S f                                     l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            wGif jynforsm;toH;k jyKEirnfh oBuef                   dk f                             F
               YJ
avmufeajy;&if a'gyHuvlawGtwGuf 0rf;omp&myg}}[k  k                                                                                             f
                                                                                                                                 ,if;okYd ukeypön;f ta[mif;rsm;         &Sdayr,fh 'DESpfawmh topftqef;                     a&mif;&bl;/ t&ifESpfawGxuf t                     ypön;f rsm;onf topftqef;0ifa&muf
ajymonf/                                                                                                                                            f
                                                                                                                        jyefvnf0ifa&muf&mwGivnf; w½kwf                  0ifvmwmr&Sdbl;}}[k qkdonf/                         a&mif;yg;w,f/ 'Drmvm0,fwovJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    S       hJ l                    d                d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            rIr&SbJ xki;f ukepnfrsm; aps;EIe;f Bu;D     f
                        k
        &efueNf rKd UawmftwGi;f c&D;oGm;jynforsm; tvG,wul                      l                              f         Ekiixwueypön;f rsm;om t"du
                                                                                                                          d f H k f k f                                        oBuFefypönf;aps;uGufwGif yd                 t&ifESpfawGuxufenf;w,f}}[k                           f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            jrihaejcif;aMumihf w½kwEiixwuef                      f dk f H k f k
                  k f
oGm;vmEdia&;twGuf c&D;onfwif,mOfvi;f opfajy;qGJ                                         kd                              0ifa&mufaejcif;jzpfaMumif; od&onf/              awmufE,wpfck usy800? ydawmuf
                                                                                                                                                                                     G f             f                     ajymonf/                                         ypön;f rsm;om 0ifa&mufaejcif;jzpf
jcif;jzpfaMumif; od&onf/                                                                                                         r*Fvmaps;twGif;&Sd vJhoZif                                f
                                                                                                                                                                        cufwpfck usy150ESi350? a&yuf   fh                                 dS F f k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    vuf&oBueueypön;f aps;uGuf               aMumif; od&onf/

                                                                                                                                                                               *syefbmomt&nftcsif; Top-J ausmif;u ESpfpOfppfaq;rnf
                                                                                                                                                                               atmifoufudk                                                hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               aq;cGi&&Sjd cif;jzpfaMumif;? ,if;pm              ,ckTop-JrS vma&mufurf;vSr;f
                                                                                                                                                                               &efue?f *syefbmomt&nftcsi;f
                                                                                                                                                                                      k                                        ar;yGusi;f yppfaq;Edi&ef pDpOfay;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      J                 k f                                            k f H S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                aomaMumifh jrefrmEdiirausmif;
                                                                                                                                                                               ppfpmar;yJukd *syefEii&dS Top-J
                                                                                                                                                                                            G            kd f H                              k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               onfh jrefrmEdiiH *syefjyefynmoif                                   d kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                om;rsm;twGuf ykrtqifajyEdirnf    kf
                                                                                                                                                                               oifwef;ausmif;rS ESppOfvma&muf
                                                                                                                                                                                                       f                       a[mif;rsm;toif;rS Ouú|OD;jrifa0  h               [k oif;jrefrm Japanese Language
                                                                                                                                                                               ppfaq;ay;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; od&                 u ajymonf/                                       Center rS ausmif;tkyf a':oif;at;
                                                                                                                                                                               onf/                                                  ,cifu *syefEiioY k d ynmawmf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    kd f H                      at;udku ajymonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                        tqdkygpmar;yGJukd ,cifu                oifoGm;rnfqdkygu *syefoH½kH;rS                                  Sf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2013ckEptwGuf ppfaq;rnfh
                                                                                                                                                                               *syefo½;kH wpfcwnf;uom ppfaq;
                                                                                                                                                                                         H       k                             jyKvyaom t&nftcsi;f ppfpmar;yJG
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     kf                                         *syefbmomt&nftcsi;f ppfpmar;
                                                                                                                                                                               usi;f yavh&NdS y;D jyifyyk*vutae
                                                                                                                                                                                                            ¾ d                         k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ajzqdí todtrSwjf yKvufrw&&Sd  S f                  J
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                yGud k rwf24&ufuusi;f ycJNh y;D pmar;
                                                                                                                                                                               jzifh Top-JrS yxrqH;k taejzifh ppf              NyD;rSom oGm;a&mufMu&aMumif;?                    yJGaMu;rSm FEC20jzpfonf/
16                                                                                                                        TOWNSHIP NEWS                                                                                                                                                                                 rwf 28-{NyD 3? 2013

                                                                                                                                               GENERAL/BUSINESS
ucsifjynfe,f rdk;aumif;wHwm;wGif                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       csif;jynfe,f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       uefyufvufNrdKYtm;
at;csrf;pGm jzwfoef;EkdifNyD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       vlxktajcjyK
avayGeD (tif;awmf)                                                         od&onf/
tif;awmf? ucsijfynfe,f rd;k aumif;NrKdUe,f                                                 d f H
                                                                                  ]]Ekiiawmfor®wOD;aqmifwhJ tpk;d &                                                                                                                                                                    zGHY NzdK;a&;pDrHudef;
twGi;f &dS rd;k aumif;acsmif;wGif jzwfoef;                                                         d f
                                                                           tzGUJ eJY autkiatxdywef;acgif;aqmif  f
aqmufvyxm;aom oHaygifwwm;Bu;D ü
                k f                H                                                kd           f          d
                                                                           awGuvJ uReawmfwjYkynfoawGu aus;Zl;            l                                                                                                                                                             NrdKYe,ftjzpf
                    l
a'ocHjynforsm; ,cktcg vHNk cKH pwcsr;f d f                                 wif&rSmjzpfygw,f/ uReawmfwa'ocH           f              Ydk
ompGm aeYaeYnnjzwfoef;oGm;vmae                                                           l               S hJ S f
                                                                           jynfoawGukd xm;&dwEpzufaus;Zl;w&m;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       yxrOD;qkH;a&G;cs,f
                                                                                                                                                        ucsifjynfe,f rdk;aumif;wHwm;/                                                                              Photo : LPN
MuNyDjzpfaMumif; od&onf/                                                                                  S
                                                                           awGukd b,fawmhrarhaysmufEiawmhrm                    dk f           S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       vdIifaxG;atmif
       ucsijfynfe,ftwGi;f wGif ,cifumv                                                 f
                                                                           r[kwygbl;/ arhraysmufEiwtaMumif;            dk f hJ                          pdwcsvufcs jzwfoef;oGm;vmaeMu&NyD jzpf
                                                                                                                                                            f                                                                     h                        f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            onfumvwGif a'ocHrsm;pdwat;csr;f pGm
                       l
rsm;u a'ocHjynforsm;onf ESpzufppfyJG f                                     &if;uawmh ucsijf ynfe,ftwGi;f rSm Nir;f                          d           ygw,f}}[k ucsijfynfe,f rd;k aumif;NrKdU tkwf                        oGm;vmaeMuaMumif;od&onf/ jrpfBu;D em;                      [m;cg;? csi;f jynfe,ftwGi;f vlxtajc                               k
rsm;? aoewfypfcwforsm;aMumifh rd;k aumif;
                         H                                                 csr;f a&;atmifjrifatmifBuKd;pm;aewJh ESpzuf                    f             usi;f &yfwif aexkiowpfO;D uajymonf/
                                                                                                                                                                     G      d f l                                           Aef;armfum;vrf;vnf; oGm;vmrIv,ul     G f                                                  H d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       jyK zGUH NzKd ;a&;pDrue;f aqmif&urnfh NrKd U               G f
NrKd Ue,f wHwm;Bu;D udjk zwfoef;oGm;vmMu                                                                      f
                                                                           vlBu;D awG&UJ apwemrSeawGaMumifh uReawmf                     f                     ,cifumvrsm;u rd;k aumif;wHwm;                                 oGm;NyjD zpfí a'owGi;f c&D;oGm;vmrI? a'o                   e,ftjzpf jynfe,ftwGi;f &Sd NrKd Ue,f
&mwGif wHwm;Bu;D ay:avQmufae&if;rS rdi;f   k                                  Yd
                                                                           wka'ocHawGuvJ tck&aewJh rd;k aumif;    Sd                                    udk a'ocHjynforsm;taejzifh pd;k wxdwf
                                                                                                                                                                          l                                                           f G fI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            wGi;f ukeo,rrsm;vnf; tqifajyacsmarGU                       udk;NrdKUe,frS pHjyNrdKUe,fa&G;cs,f&m
          JG hJ          fd f S
aygufucrvm; pk;d &drpwrsm;&dcMhJuaMumif;                                                               f
                                                                           wHwm;Bu;D udk pdwcsr;f omud,csr;f omeJY         k f                                                          kd
                                                                                                                                                        xdwjf zifh jzwfoef;Mu&Ny;D ,ckvat;csr;f                             aeNyDjzpfaMumif; od&onf/                                   wufa&mufvmaom Xmeqdi&mtBu;D                                 kf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       tuJrsm;ESihf NrdKUe,frsm;rS NrdKUrdNrdKUz?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       omref t&yfom;rsm;u bufvurI                                           kd f
ppfawGa&eufqdyfurf;wnfaqmufrI ,ckESpftwGif;NyD;rnf                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     uif;pGmjzihf uefyufvufNrKd Ue,ftm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       yxrOD;pm;ay;a&G;cs,aMumif; [m;cg;         f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       NrKd UrS tqdygtpnf;ta0;wufa&muf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       olwpfOD;uajymonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             h            S kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     urÇmbPfru,pm;vS,Eif h aus;                       fS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       vufa'ozGUH NzKd ;wd;k wufa&; ñTeMf um;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               f S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       a&;rSL;csKyEifh tzGUJ 0ifrsm;yg0ifaom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       tzGUJ u csi;f jynfe,f[m;cg;NrKd U NrKd Uawmf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       cef;rwGif azazmf0g&D26&ufü usi;f y
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       onfh csi;f jynfe,ftwGi;f vlxtajcjyK                            k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  H d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       zGUH NzKd ;a&; pDrue;f aqmif&urnfNh rKd Ue,f          G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       a&G;cs,&ef tBuay;tcrf;tem;usi;f yH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       &m csi;f jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyEifh Xmeqdif               f S                  k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       &mtBu;D tuJrsm;? &yfuutycsKya&;rSL;         G f kf f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       rsm;? NrKd Ue,frsm;rS NrKd UrdNrKd Uzrsm; wuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       a&mufMuonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     csif;jynfe,f&Sd [m;cg;? zvrf;?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       wD;wdef? wGef;ZH? xefwvef? rwlyD?
ppfawGa&eufqdyfurf;wnfaqmufrIjrifuGif;tm; a0[ifrSawGUjrif&pOf/                                                                                                                                                                                                    Photo : MYK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       rif;wyf? uefyufvuf? yvuf0NrKd Ue,f
                                                          qdyurf;wnfaqmufa&;pDrue;f
                                                                   f                                             H d      aqmufay;jcif;omjzpfygw,f/ 'D                             yvuf0NrKd UodYk wefcse600yg a&pl;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  df                   pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&SifwpfOD;u                   rsm;rS NrKd UwpfNrKd Uudk pHjyNrKd Ue,ftjzpf
rmef,kausmf(a&T0ajr)
                                                          udk wm0ef,wnfaqmufaeonfhl                                       pDrHudef;NyD;oGm;&ifawmh jrefrmh                         enf;oabFmi,frsm;jzifh ukersm;                 f     ajymonf/                                        jyKjyifajymif;vJ&ef vlxtajcjyKzUHG NzKd ;           k
ppfawG? jrefrm-tdEd´,ESpfEdkifiH                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       a&;pDrHudef;aqmif&Gufrnfh NrdKUe,f
                        D
oabmwlncsujf zifh 2009ckEpf                           S   ESSAR aqmufvya&;ukrÜPD                 k f                            f
                                                                                                                          qdyurf;tmPmydiukd vTay;rSm       k f      J              udyaqmifum yvuf0rSwpfqifh
                                                                                                                                                                                        k Ykd                                                   ppfawGyifv,fu;l qdyurf;     f
                                                          ESie;D pyfowpfO;D u ajymonf/
                                                                hf            l                                           yg/ oabFmBuD;awG vma&muf                                 uke;f vrf;jzifh tdE,EdiioYkd o,f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                ´d k f H               udk pwifwnfaqmufcJhpOfu                         a&G;cs,f&m uefyufvufNrdKUe,fu
rSpwifwnfaqmufconfh ukvm;               hJ
                                                                       ,ckvuf&taetxm;wGif  dS                                 k f               k
                                                                                                                          qduuyfcudvJ jrefrmhqyurf;                   d f          ,lay;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; od&                         qdyurf;wnfaqmufrnfh {&d,m
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              f                                        yxr? yvuf0NrKd Ue,fu 'kw,? wGe;f ZH                         d
wefjrpfaMumif; bufpo;kH pDrue;f              kH   H d
                                                          tqdygqdyurf;wnfaqmuf&m
                                                                     k          f                                         tmPmydiuyJ aumufcci&&Sd
                                                                                                                                            k f                        H G hf      onf/                                                     hf d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ESixpyfaeonfh ppfawGjynfoYl                     NrKd Ue,fu wwd,? xefwvefNrKd Ue,fu
\ tpdwftydkif;wpfckjzpfaom
ppfawGyifv,fu;l qdyurf;wnf                      f         ü uke;f ajrwnfaqmufrI pDrue;f                           H d     rSmyg}}[k jrefrmhqyurf;tmPm     d f                                 ukvm;wefjrpf0wGif wnf                    aq;½kBH u;D ? ppfawGNrKd Uraps;Bu;D ESihf       pwkw¬ESihf rwlyDNrdKUe,fu yÍör a&G;
                I S
aqmufrrm ,ckEpf 'DZifbmt              S                   rSm tMurf;xnfvyief;rsm; Ny;D pD;      kf                        ydif ppfawG½;Hk rS wm0ef&owpfO;D
                                                                                                                            k                                    dS l              aqmufvsuf&Sdonfh ppfawGyif                          ukvm;wefjrpfurf;wpfavQmuf                                   f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       cs,c&aMumif;od&onf/ bufvurI                                            kd f
wGi;f Ny;D pD;rnfjzpfaMumif; od&onf/                      aeNyjD zpfaomfvnf; ,if;ESiquf                       hf          u ajymonf/                                               v,ful;qdyfurf;wnfaqmuf                                d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       &Sonfh td;k wef;&yfuu?f aus;yifG                uif;pGmjzihf trsm;oabmwl yxra&G;
        ]]tpdk;&\ rlydkifoabmwl                           pyfí oabFmrsm;csO;f uyfEi&ef                             dk f             tdEd´,EdkifiHrSwnfaqmuf                        Ny;D pD;ygu 2014ckEpwif jrefrm  S f G               Bu;D &yfuuae a'ocHjynforsm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     G f                       l       cs,c&aom uefyufvufNrKd Ue,ftm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   fH
pmcsKyft& 2013 ZGef30qdk&if                               twGuf qdycwwm;ESppif;tyg    f H H            f                  onfh ppfawGqyurf;udk jrefrmEdiiH
                                                                                                                                                  df                          kf   tpd;k &odYk vTajymif;ay;tyfom;
                                                                                                                                                                                                       J                           G   ESihf NrKd Uvlxwpf&yfv;kH \aps;qdif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         k                        k    urÇmbPfupHjyNrKd Ue,ftjzpf oH;k ESpf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     h
tm;vH;k tNyD; owfrwfxm;wm                  S              t0if qdyfurf;ukef;ajr ajrnd§                                            J
                                                                                                                          rS vTajymif;vufcNH y;D aemuf tqdk                        rnfjzpf&m 0efxrf;cefYxm;jcif;                       cef;? td;k tdrajrae&mrsm; ajymif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           f                                                        D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       twGi;f ulnaxmufyrrsm;jzifh jyKjyif           hH I
yg/ 'gayrJh &moDOwktajctae                                jcif;vkyfief;rsm;ESifh qdyfurf;t                                yg qdyurf;ESih f qdyurf;teD; ,cif
                                                                                                                                     f                  f                          tygt0if pDrtycsKycirsm;udk
                                                                                                                                                                                                            H k f f G hf               a&TU&zG,&aMumif;owif;rsm;xGuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    f dS                               ajymif;vJom;rnfjzpfaMumif;od&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                G
awGaMumifh&,f aemufNyD; vlrI                              aqmufttkrsm;tm; t&Set[kef H                    df                 d S
                                                                                                                          &SEiNhf y;D ppfawGazmifawmfBu;D ae                       vnf; jrefrmEdiirS aqmif&ucihf
                                                                                                                                                                                                         k f H                 G f G            h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ay:cJaomfvnf; qdyurf;pDrue;f f         H d                    uefyufvufNrdKUe,ftwGif;&Sd
y#dyu©awGjzpfyGm;cJhwJhtwGuf                              jrihf wnfaqmufvsu&aMumif;
                                                            §                                        f dS                                                  kfH
                                                                                                                          &mrsm;wGif jrefrmEdiiurf;½d;k wef;                       &&SdrnfjzpfaMumif; od&onf/                          ESihf xdpyf{&d,mrsm; ajymif;a&TU                aus;&Gmtm;vk;H udk wpf&mvQif a':vm              G
aMumifh uRerwdYk 2013 'DZifbm
                      f                                   od&onf/                                                         oGm;oabFmrsm; qdkufuyf ukef                                              D H d
                                                                                                                                                                                              ]]'Dprue;f udk &cdia'ou k f                         d          Yk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       &rIr&SaMumif; ydaqmifa&;0efBu;D                 21700EIe;f jzihf yxrESptwGuf pwif                 f
udk tNy;D owfztwGuf pDpOfxm; Ykd                                       ]]vmr,fhatmufwdkbmv                                             k f        k f kd f
                                                                                                                          wifuecsjyKvyEirnfjzpfNy;D jref                           pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&SifawG tm½kH                     Xme jynfaxmifp0efBu;D OD;ÓPf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  k                    axmufyHhrnfjzpfNyD; pDrHudef;aqmif
ygw,f/ wdi;f a&;jynfa&; tajc
                    k                                     avmufq&if qdyurf;udtoH;k jyK
                                                                           kd                 f           k               qefouvufvmrnfjzpfonf/
                                                                                                                                        G f                                          k f
                                                                                                                                                                                   pduaeMuygw,f/ bmvdqkd pDrH               Yk         xGe;f atmifu 2012ckEpf azazmf    S              &Gur?I atmifjrifrutajccHí EdiijH cm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 f                         I kd                          kf
taeu ajymvdrr&wm/ 'gayrJh        Yk S                     vd&EdiygNy/ wnfaqmufa&;vkyf
                                                              Yk k f D                                                    ,if;tjyif ppfawGyifv,fu;l qdyf                                                  Yk dS
                                                                                                                                                                                   ude;f Ny;D oGm;vd&&if uReawmfwYkd      f            0g&Dv20&ufwif xkwazmfajymG         f            tvSL&Sirsm;uyg csi;f jynfe,fzUHG NzKd ;a&;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         f
tJ'avmufuawmh Ny;D r,fvYkd rSe;f
     D                    kd                              ief;awGvJ t&Set[kejf riwnf      d f               § hf          urf;wGif wefcse20000&Sd oabFm
                                                                                                                                                  df                               &cdijf ynfe,f[m pD;yGm;a&;vkyf
                                                                                                                                                                                          k                                            Mum;cJhaMumif; od&onf/                          twGuf yg0ifvSL'gef;rI&Sdvmrnfjzpf
xm;ygw,f/ 'DEpZermawmh vH;k 0    SfGfS                    aqmufaeMuwmawGU&w,f/                                                                      f
                                                                                                                          rsm;&yfem; ukewifuecsjyKvyf          k f             k   ief;awG awmfawmfav;tm;aumif;                                                                        aMumif; csi;f jynfe,f [m;cg;NrKd UrSNrKd UcH
udk rNy;D Ediawmhygbl;}}[k ppfawG
               k f                                        tdEd´,uae 'Dqdyfurf;udk vm                                      Edkifum ppfawGrS csif;jynfe,f                            vmEdkifw,fav}}[k &cdkifa'o                                                            MYK           wpfOD;uajymonf/



jrpfBuD;em; pnfyifom,me,fedrdwftwGif;&dS aps;nDaemifwdk;wufrI&Sdvm
avayGeD(tif;awmf)                                                         f
                                                            aps;eJY trSw(2)aps;[m tcktcsef       d                             buf'Dbuf t0wftxnfawG                                           k f
                                                                                                                                                                                          uduatmif qdiay:wifNy;D a&mif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                               k f                             (1)aps;ESihf trSw(2)aps;wdonf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    f       Yk               t0wftxnfrsm;ESihf rEÅav;buf
jrpfBuD;em;? ucsijf ynfe,f jrpfBu;D                         rSm wdk;wufrIjrefqefvmw,f/                                         a&mif;wJhtcgrSm tenf;tusOf;                                EdkifvdkY 'Dvdkwdk;wufvmwmjzpfyg                                     k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ,cifu vrf;[dbuf'buf&aomD        dS            rS0ifa&mufvmaom t0wftpm;
em;NrKd U pnfyifom,ma&;e,ferwf           dd                 aemufNy;D awmh aps;twGi;f rSma&mif;cs                                d f
                                                                                                                               cswa&mif;wmavmufy&cw,f/J dS hJ                             w,f}}[k ucsijf ynfe,f jrpfBu;D em;                   aps;jzpfonf/ aps;twGi;f t0wf                  rsm;rSm ucsijf ynfe,fNrKd Uawmf jrpf
twGi;f &Sd aps;nDaemifrS txnfqif            kd                                    kd f
                                                            aewJh t0wftxnfqiawG[mvJ                                                            kf S
                                                                                                                               tckuawmh aps;qdiawGrm t0wf                                 NrdKU pnfyifom,ma&;trSwf(2)                          txnftenf;tusOf;om wif                                                    kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Bu;D em;NrKd U aps;nDaemifqitwGi;f
rsm;onf ,cktcgwGif wd;k wufrI jref                                     Y
                                                            t&ifueJrwlawmhb;l / aps;ESpck      f                                                   kd
                                                                                                                               tpm;awG[m awmifvyNkH y;D a&mif;                            aps;twGi;f &Sd qdi&iwpfO;D u ajym
                                                                                                                                                                                                                k f S f                        aqmifa&mif;csEiMf uNy;D ,cktcg
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 kd                          rsm;ü trsm;tjym;yif acwfEiavsmf S hf
qefvmaMumif; od&onf/                                                            I dS
                                                            pvH;k [m wd;k wufrawG&vmw,f/                                       csaew,f/ aemufNy;D qdi&iawG
                                                                                                                                                       k f S f                            onf/                                                 wGif ucsijf ynfe,f jrpfBu;D em;NrKd U              G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             nDpm wd;k wufa&mif;csvsu&ae          f dS
                                d
        ]]jrpfBu;D em;NrKdUrSm&Swh J trSw(1)
                                          f                 t&ifuqdk aps;xJ0ifvu&if [dkkd f                                    uvJ t&if;tES;D awGukd wGuacs    f                                                        f dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                  jrpfBu;D em;NrKdUwGi&aom trSwf               wGif w½kwjfynfbufu0ifvmaom                    MuaMumif; od&onf/
rwf 28-{NyD 3? 2013
                                                                                 TOWNSHIP NEWS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              17
                                                                                                    GENERAL/BUSINESS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  jcif;&Sdrnfr[kwfaMumif; od&onf/
e,fpyfukefoG,fa&;pcef;ig;ck csif;jynfe,fwGifzGifUrnf                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ,if;u qufvufí ]]e,fpyfueo,f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  a&;pcef;zGivpr,fh aus;&GmawGrm olenf;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   hf S f              S Y
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           kf G

yefopöm                                                                                       dk f G
                                                     csi;f jynfe,f wGe;f ZHNrKd Ue,f ('g;&fci&m)         (yefcm&Gm)wdwif tajcwnfNy;D e,fpyfuef
                                                                                                                G           Yk G                              k                               ,cke,fpyfueo,a&;pcef; zGivpf
                                                                                                                                                                                                              k f G f            hf S                                                 Y           k k              f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ol[efeYJ [dwe;f uwnf;u ukea&mif;0,f
uav;? csif;jynfe,fajrmufydkif; jrefrm-        ESihf wpfzufEii(emvef&m)? wD;wdeNf rKd Ue,f
                                                                  kd f H          G                      oG,a&;pcef;rsm; zGivpom;rnfjzpfaMumif;
                                                                                                              f                       hf S f G                                                            f S       d´ k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                         ygu jrefrmusyaiGEih f tdE,Ediio;Hk ½ly;D aiG                                             rIawG&cNh Jy;D om;jzpfygw,f/ tckvk d w&m;0if
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             dS
tdE,e,fpyfpnf;½d;k 0ef;usi&dS aus;&Gmrsm;
       d´                      f                  D
                                              uscg;(cifref&m)ESihf wpfzufEii(bD[e;f
                                                                     G              kd f H           d   od&onf/                                                                                       JG         S f G hf d G
                                                                                                                                                                                         w&m;0ifo;Hk pGci?hf vJv,ci&&Som;rnfjzpf                                                        hf S f        d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  zGivpay;vkujf cif;tm;jzifh ukeo,a&;   f G f
udk tajccHí e,fpyfueo,a&;pcef;ig;ck
                          kf G f                                         S
                                              &Gm)? wD;wdeNf rKd Ue,frm (zm&fwvef;&Gm)ESihf                                         G
                                                                                                                  csi;f jynfe,fwif aemufxyfzivprnfh  G hf S f                                                    G hf S f
                                                                                                                                                                                         onf/ csi;f jynfe,fwif zGivprnfh e,fpyf                                                     k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ydi;f rSmvJ tusK;d tjrwfjzpfxe;f rI&vmrSm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 G dS
            G hf S f kd f
udk rMumrDzivpEi&ef pDpOfvsu&aMumif;  f dS    wpfzufEii(Zdw&m)? zvrf;NrKd Ue,f (vde;f
                                                            kd f H k J G                                                 k f G f
                                                                                                         e,fpyfueo,a&;pcef; zGivpEia&;udk      hf S f dk f                               ukeo,a&;pcef;rsm;wGif jynfe,ftpd;k &
                                                                                                                                                                                            f G f                                                                                                           l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  jzpfovdk a'ocHjynfoawGtaeeJvJ zGUH NzKd ;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Y
csi;f jynfe,ftpd;k &½k;H wm0ef&owpfO;D xHrS
                                 dS l         vuf&m)ESihf wpfzufEii(bmhzi&m)? xef
                                                      G                      kd f H    dk f G                                 d´ k f kd
                                                                                                         wpfzuf tdE,EdiiH rDZ&rfjynfe,ftpd;k &u                                                    h
                                                                                                                                                                                         taejzifvnf;aumif;? jynfaxmifptpd;k &  k                                                                I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  wk;d wufrawG &&SvmrSmjzpfygw,f}}[k ajym
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          d
od&onf/                                       wvefNrKd Ue,f(xmtd&m)ESihf wpfzufEiiH
                                                                           k G                    kd f   pwifurf;vSr;f cJjh cif;jzpfaMumif; od&onf/                                      taejzifvnf;aumif; tcGetcaumuf,l
                                                                                                                                                                                                 h                      f                                                         onf/

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      rEåav;oBuFefyGJawmfwGif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      trsKd;orD;oHcsyftzGJY yg0ifqifETJrnf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      vIdifaxG;atmif                                                                                  f Yk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ]]uRerwdtrsK;d orD;oHcsytzGUJ                                   f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      rEÅav;? 1374ckESpf rEÅav;NrdKU                                        udk wrm&dyqwtrnf ay;xm;yg  f kd hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      jrefrmh½;kd &mtwmoBueyawmfwif              F f JG                 G   w,f/ uHwufue;f rSmusi;f ywJyJG           k                                       h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      trsK;d orD;oHcsytzGUJ wpfzUJ G yg0ifqif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     f                                                           f Yk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            rSm uRerwdtrsK;d orD;tzGUJ tiftm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ETrnfjzpfaMumif; atmifajrompHNrKd U
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        J                                                                   30avmuf oHcsyx;kd o½kyazmfazsmf        f                    f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      e,f 11vrf; aumif;ausmvufzuf                       f                            h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ajzcJz;l ygw,f/ 'DEpoBuerm pifay:      Sf FfS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         kd f G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      &nfqiwif rwf17&ufuusi;f y                                                                              f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            wufNy;D oHcsyx;kd zdYk ndEi;f wdiyifNy;D          § dI k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      aom rEÅav;,Ofaus;rI jrefrmh½;kd                                              D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ygNy/ avmavmq,f oHcsytzGUJ rSm                                     f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      &moHcsyrsm; jyefvnfazmfxwa&;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             f                              k f             15OD;yg0ifr,fvYkd ajymEdiygw,f/                           k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               § hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ESijfhriwifa&; pme,fZif;&Si;f vif;yGJ                                                     S hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            NrKd UxJvnvnfazsmajza&;twGuf                  f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      wufa&mufonfh oHcsytzGUJ acgif;                f                       aiGa&;aMu;a&;ygvdYk xyfnEi;f ygOD;                               §d Id
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      aqmifwpfOD;xHrS od&onf/                                               r,f/ aocsmwmuawmh atmifajr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    oHcsyrsm;jyefvnfazmfxwa&;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 f                           k f            ompHr@yfrm oHcsyx;kd azsmajzrSmS                f                      f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ESifh jriwifa&;awGUqk&i;f vif;yGwif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 § fh                        HS                   J G       yg}}[k wrm&dytrsK;d orD;oHcsytzGUJ f                                       f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      vGeconfEp30ausmu rEÅav;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              f hJ h S f                          f                         rS a':ñGefYñGefY0if;u ajymonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      F f JG
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      oBueyawmfwif yg0ifqifEcMhJ u      G                      JT                                        S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ,cifEpf rEÅav;oBueyawmf                          F f JG
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      aom ydawmufue;f u arsmuf½;HI ?       k                                wGif rEÅav;pme,fZif;q&mrsm;yg0if
   2012ckESpfujyKvkyfcJhonfh oJykHapwDyGJawmfjrifuGif;/                                                                                                                         Photo: MYK                            oBuerif;om;? yÍöocaAvk0? jywf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ff                       dF                                                         d fd H f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            aom awmf&avsm&ocsytzGUJ ? vl&if                                                T
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      jywfom;om;zd;k oMum; paomoHcsyf                                                       I f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            awmfEwcrf;arT;ygygav;OD;aqmif
   ppfawGwGif oJykHapwDESifUoJyef;ykyGJawmf usif;yrnf                                                                                                                                                                 tzGUJ rsm;udk OD;aqmifcMhJ uolrsm;u                                                    h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            aom 'JajymajAmifajymoHcsytzGUJ rsm;                            f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      rEÅav;,Ofaus;rI jrefrmh½k;d &moBuef                             F                   S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ,ckEpjf yefvnfyg0ifqifEMJT urnf
   rmef,kausmf(a&T0ajr)                                                                                                                                                                                               oHcsyrsm; jyefvnfazmfxwa&;ESihf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       f                              k f                   jzpfaMumif;? ,ckEpwif atmifajr             S f G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      tawGUtBuKrsm;udk jyefvnf&i;f vif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   H                      S                                          G f l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ompH&yfuuvi,frsm;\ cGya'gif;                                             f
               d                                  kd                                                   h      G
   ppfawG? &ckijf ynfe,f ppfawGNrKd U&Sd ppfawG[w,fa&SU yifv,furf;ajcü rwf26&uf(t*FgaeY) waygif;vjynfaeYwif oJyapwDEihf oJyef;ykyawmf
                                                                                                                    Hk     S       JG                                                                                 ajymMum;onf/                                                          armiftvSjyoHcsy,mOftzGUJ yg0if              f
   usif;yoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; od&onf/                                                                                                                                                                                                 tqkyg&Si;f vif;yGtNy;D wGif oH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               d               J                            vmrnfjzpfaMumif; od&onf/
           f                   h          G    Hk    S hf J  JG
        ESppOf waygif;vjynfaeYwif oJyapwDEioyef;ykyawmfukd usi;f yvmcJ&m ,ckEpEiqvQif ud;k Burajrmufjzpfom;cJNh yjD zpfaMumif;
                                                                                  h     S f S hf kd       d f            G                                                                                            csyjfzifh jrefrmh½;kd &moBueuk d rEÅav;    Ff                                      rEÅav;NrKd Uawmf r[moBuef                                             F
   od&onf/ ,ckESpfwGifvnf; waygif;vjynfhaeY rGef;wnfh12em&DrS nae4em&Dtxd usif;yoGm;rnfjzpfNyD; ppfawGNrdKU&Sd a&T&cdkifyef;csD? yef;yk                                                                               ,Ofaus;rIoBuetjzpf azmfxwf       F f                          k         J                   G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            yGawmfwif NrKd UwGi;f vSnvnfazsmf                      hf
   rdom;pku ÓPfawmftjrifhajcmufay&Sd tb,vmbrked½kyfyGm;awmfudk xkqpfylaZmfoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; od&onf/                                                                                                                  Edi&ef tzGUJ ig;zGUJ pm&if;ay;oGi;f &m
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          k f                                                                                  h H f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ajzrnfocsytoif;ok;H oif;tjyif
             D               h S
        ]]tJ'waygif;vjynfaeYrm NrKd Uol? NrKd Uom;awGu urf;ajcoGm;Ny;D awmh oJyapwDawG wnfMuw,f/ NrKd Uol? NrKd Uom;awGvJ yg0ifMuygw,f/
                                                                               Hk                                                                                                                                                 k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      tqdygtzGUJ rsm;xJwif trsK;d orD;       G                              pifay:wufazsmajzrnfocsytzGUJ         f                h H f
   rdom;pktvkduf? tzGJUtpnf;tvdkufaygh}}[k ppfawGNrdKUa'ocHwpfOD;u ajymonf/                                                                                                                                           oHcsytzGUJ wpfzUJ Gyg pm&if;ay;aMumif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    f                                                                  d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            rsm;&Svmojzihf ,cifEpuxuf rsm;                     Sf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      od&onf/                                                               jym;vmrnfjzpfaMumif; od&onf/

                                                                                   ay;aqmif&mwGif ajrwefz;kd ? oD;
ausmufjzL"mwftm;cGJ½kHpDrHudef;yg                                                  yifta&twGuwefz;kd ESihf ESpt
                                                                                                             f        f               ukefusp&dwfoufomonfU tdrftvkH;vdkufajymif;a&TYrI
                                                                                      k f             f
                                                                                   vduo;D xGuwefz;kd rsm;udk awmif
ajrae&mtwGuf avsmfaMu;aiG                                                          olrsm;ESinEi;f Ny;D ay;tyfcjhJ cif;
                                                                                               hf §d dI                               csif;wGif;jrpftxufykdif;wGif tokH;jyK
                                                                                   jzpfaMumif; od&onf/
usyfodef;2000 awmifolrsm;&&Sd                                                                  f G
                                                                                         ]vQyppfpr;f tm;0efBu;D Xmeu                  vIdifaxG;atmif
                                                                                             dS l
                                                                                   wm0ef&oawG rwf9&ufu vm
&cdkifom;acs                          2000ceftm; aus;&Gm&Sawmifol
                                                 Y            d                    a&mufNy;D c½diaxGty½;Hk rSmay;cJh
                                                                                                     k f       k f
                                                                                                                                      rEåav;? csif;wGif;jrpftxufydkif;
                                                                                                                                      aus;&GmwcsKUd wGif aetdrrsm;udk tvk;H                f
              k
ausmufjzL? &cdijfynfe,f ausmuf                     d hJ
                                      55OD;u&&ScaMumif; a'ocHawmif                 wmyg/ avsmaMu;aiGtay: awmif
                                                                                                  f
                                                                                                                                            d f
                                                                                                                                      vkua&TUajymif;&mü tdruzsuor;f                          f kd f d
jzLNrdKUe,f ½kH;csdefaus;&Gm&Sd 230   olrsm;u ajymonf/                             olawGu tukeoabmwlvufcH f
                                                                                                                                      a&TUajymif;rIrjyKvybJ tdrtvk;H               k f                     f
        G            J
auAD"mwftm;cG½Hk wnfaqmuf                  "mwftm;cGJ½kHwnfaqmuf                                        k hf
                                                                                   Muygw,f/ ud,a'orSm 24em&D                                   d f
                                                                                                                                      vkua&TUajymif;rIenf;pepfo;Hk a&TU
     h D H d
rnfprue;f ajrae&mrsm;twGuf            &eftwGuf v,f,majr? O,smOf                            Yk k d
                                                                                   rD;vif;zdqawmh tukeoabmwl     f                    ajymif;MuaMumif; od&onf/
      f G
vQyppfpr;f tm;0efBu;D XmerS ay;         H
                                      NcajrESihf oD;yifpm;yif{uaygif;                                              df
                                                                                   vufcMH uwmaygY}}[k ½k;H cseaus;&Gm                               ]]csi;f wGi;f jrpfurf;ab;&Swh J tdrf              d
                 f
tyfaomavsmaMu;aiG usyoe;f       f d                             f
                                      54'or14{uyg0ifNy;D avsmaMu;                  rS OD;0efarmifu ajymonf/                                                    dk
                                                                                                                                      Bu;D awGq&if a&wkupm;rI&rmpd;k wJh        d f                 dS S
                                                                                                                                      twGuf ajymif;a&TUwm&Sw,f/ tdrf                          d
                                                                                                                                                          d
                                                                                                                                      tvk;H vkuf ta&mif;t0,fvywhJ                                               k f
                                                                                                                                      tcg rzsuba&TUwmawG&w,f/       f J                                 dS            tvHk;vdkufajymif;a&TUaeaomtdrftm; awGU&pOf/                                                                                Photo: HHA
                                                                                                                                                     h
                                                                                                                                      a&TUwJtcgrSm tdrtvk;H vkua&TUEdif       f                   d f k
                                                                                                                                             h              d
                                                                                                                                      wJvrf;&S&if tdrurzsubJ tvk;H           f kd               f                     rsm; iSm;&rf;ojzifh aeY0uftwGi;f                                                                 hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            vk;H trmrsm;udk wvdrw;Hk tjzpfxm;
                                                                                                                                                d f
                                                                                                                                      vkua&TUwmrsm;w,f/ a&TUwmudk                                                     tNy;D a&TUajymif;rI jyKvyMf uaMumif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               k                                                      f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            um tdra&TU&ef tqifajyaomvrf;
                                                                                                                                                              f hJ
                                                                                                                                      uRr;f usiwvuform;awGea&TUrS                                            YJ       od&onf/                                                               twkdif; wvdrfhwkH;oabmrsKd;jzifh
                                                                                                                                      taqmufttkrysup;D bJ ajymif;          H             f                                         f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            tdrtvk;H vkuf ajymif;a&TU&m
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            d                                                                   d hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            jznf;jznf;csi;f vSra&TUMuaMumif;
                                                                                                                                                        h
                                                                                                                                      a&TUr,fae&mudk tqifajypGmjyef                                                   wGif atmufajcwkirsm;udk av;zuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           d f                                              od&onf/
                                                                                                                                      vnfae&mcsxm;Ediw,f} [k uav;             kf                                      av;wefcsKywef;rsm; tckitrm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         f            d f                                            txufcsi;f wGi;f a'owGif ajr
                                                                                                                                      NrKd Ue,f vufyacsmif;aus;&GmrS tdrfH                                              k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ½duí wkirsm;udk vuf&aqmuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     d f           dS                                         k f d f        f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            pdutrr[kwbJ tdrtjrifrsm;udk     f   h
                                                                                                                                      a&TUajymif;olwpfO;D u ajymonf/                                                  xm;aomae&mrS jyefvnfw;l um                                                                     k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            a&TUajymif;&mü tqdygenf;pepfukd
                                                                                                                                                                  H
                                                                                                                                                  vufyacsmif;aus;&Gm &Gmta&SU                                         ajrjyifnay:wGif rwifonf/ ajrjyif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 D                                                                                            f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            tok;H jyKa&TUajymif;ojzifh ukeusrnfh
          &efukefwkdif;rf                zkef;- 01 8603901? 8603902                                                                   ydkif;&Sd okH;cef;ywfvnftdrfudk t                                               nDay:a&mufaomtcg wkdifrsm;                                                   f              d f dk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            p&dwenf;yg;pGm tcsewtwGi;f tdrf
             *sme,f                             01 8603903? 8603904                                                                   aemuft&yf&ajruGuopfoY k d ajymif;
                                                                                                                                      a&TU&mwGif uRr;f usiaomvuform;
                                                                                                                                                                      dS
                                                                                                                                                                                 f
                                                                                                                                                                                       f                              atmufü opfom;txljym;csyrsm;cH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      í tqkygopfom;jym;atmufrS 0g;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          f                                 taumif;yuwdtwki;f ajymif;a&TU
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            EdkifaMumif; od&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          d
 18                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   19


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    k f G D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ]]vmNy?D owif;u vmwdiom;Ny/ b,fae&mrSm jzpfwmvJAsm/ b,ft


jrefrmEdkifiH&JwyfzGJ Y                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 'Drdkua&pDEdkifiHawGrSmu tckvdk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        jynfwGif;jyoemawGtxJudk ppfwyfqdkwm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        b,fawmhrS r0ifbl;/ 'gu &JtvkyfyJ/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       cseu jzpfwmvJAsm/ b,foleJY b,foljzpfMuwmvJAsm/ bmawGrsm;jzpf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       oGm;ygovJAsm/ bmawGrsm; vkyrygovJAsm/ b,foawGrsm; epfemoGm;yg
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ovJAsm/ &Ju rajymbl;/ rvkyb;l / rvdub;l / 'g wm0efrausb;l / &Jwm0ef
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       raus&if tjzKwc&rSm/ tefu,fwacwfu tJv/ odukd odae&r,f/ &Jqkd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              f d

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Ykd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  l


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        &Jwm0efaygh/ &JwyfzGJUu jynfolYtouf                                                                                                             Ykd kd                                D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       wm rodvurjzpfb;l / tJ'awmh &J&UJ tvkyu &Jqwm olrsm;&JUtay:rSm                                     f                  kd


b,fvdkjyKjyifajymif;vJrvJ                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               tdk;tdrfpnf;pdrfudk rumuG,fEdkifbl;vm;/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        &JwyfzGJUqdkwmu Oya'udk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ae&w,f/ tck 'DjzpfpOfav;jzpfom;wJae&mrSm olrsm;tay:r[kwb;l /
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       udk,fu aemufujzpfaew,f/ aemufwpfcku &Ju t&rf;vkyfvdkYr&bl;/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       'gu &Jbufu umuG,ajymwmr[kwygbl;/ &Ju vkyx;kH vkyenf;Oya'
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Y k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       eJvy&w,f/ ckeu tefu,fziMhf unfaew,f/ 143? 144/ 'Dae&mrSm t          G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      G h


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 f                                  f       f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             f



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        taumiftxnfazmf&w,f/                                                                                                                                                        hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       pkta0;eJY tMurf;zufwae&mrSm olU&JUwdu½uwm0efjzpfvmNy/ tJ'awmh                                k f kd f                                  D         D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       wm0efjzpfvm&if &Jom;av;wpfa,mufutp oGm;NyD;owif;ydkY&w,f/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Oya'rvdkufemwJh ta&;awGrSm                                                                                                                 Yk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       pcef;rSL;yd&w,f/ pcef;rSL;uae NrKd Ue,frLS ;owif;yd&w,f/ NrKd Ue,frLS ;u eD;                                      Yk
                                                                                                                                                  &efukefwdkif;rf owif;tzGJY                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Oya'twdkif; tqifhqifhvkyfxHk;                                                                                                  pyf&m w&m;olBu;D qDowif;yd&w,f/ olqrm &,f'rw&w,f/ vdtyf&if    Yk                            Y D S                        D d f dS              k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 d f         Yk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       t"du½kP;f ESreif;zdtwGuf yHpx;kd xnfvu&if &mZ0wfw&m;olBu;D u       k H                        h kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        vkyfenf;awGeJY vkyfudkif&w,f                                                                                                                                                    k JG dS f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       usihf 144t& 'gudk vlpcEreif;awmhaygh/ 'guawmh NrKd Ue,fuav;ao;
 rd                 ¦
              wDvmNrKd Ue,fwif vuf&jdS zpfay:aeaom wnfNirat;csr;f rIysujf ym;
              onftajctaersm;ESiywfoufí jynforsm;\vHNk cKH a&;ESihf wnfNirf
                        h
at;csr;f pGmaexdiEia&;twGuf 2013ckEp?f rwfv20&ufaeYrpí jypfrqif
                              k f kd f
                                            G
                                                hf
                                                                   S
                                                                              l
                                                                                       d f

                                                                                                   S
                                                                                                           d
                                                                                                         I kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                         H
                                                                                                                                                                                               vufyawmif;awmifuptv,f ,ckrwvmudptxd a0zefo;kH oyfcsu½I
                                                                                                                                                                                                           h          k S
                                                                                                                                                                                               axmifaygif;pHray:xGuvmonftxJwif jrefrmEdii&wyfzUJG udiw,ykH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            d ö
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  f            h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         d ¬D

                                                                                                                                                                                               rsm;tay: tm;enf;rIrsm;awGU&onf[k tjyKoabma0zefo;kH oyfrrsm;t
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ö
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           k f H J         k f G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         f

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       EdiiawmfvNkH cKH a&;? Ediirsm;\tcsKytjcmudxyg;aom vHNk cKH a&;? jynfol
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         k f H                      k f H                  f          k d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ao;av;aygh/ &yfuuuav;xJrmyJ vlq,fav;ig;a,mufavmufuae
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            kd hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       wpf&mavmuf jzpfw,fqw[maygh/ tckvkd tHeusi;f eJUjzpfvmwJ[mBu;D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    S                       h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                k YJ                                h
&musifhxHk;Oya'yk'fr 144xkwfjyefcJhonfudk awGU&onf/
          od&mwGif qlytMurf;zufrrsm;ydrus,jf yefUvmNy;D yk'r144 xkwjf yef

        f kd
               Yk
                  G f
                           d
                                    l
                                       f f         k f
aqmif&u½jkH zifh tkycsKya&;qdi&mvkyief;rsm;udk xda&mufatmifaqmif
                                                       I k kd

                                                               k
                                                                 f
&GuEijf cif;r&Sawmhojzifh jynfaxmifpor®wjrefrmEdiiawmf zGUJ pnf;yHtajc
cHOya'yk'r 412? yk'rcG(u)ygjy|mef;csut& rEÅav;wdi;f a'oBu;D ? rdw¬D
vmc½ditwGi;f &Sd rdwvmNrKd Ue,f? 0rf;wGi;f NrKd Ue,f? rvdiNf rKd Ue,fEihf ompnf
             k f
                      f                 f J
                                         ¬D
                                                                     f
                                                                                 k f H

                                                                                     I
                                                                                             k
                                                                                               f



                                                                                                     S
                                                                                                       k
                                                                                                                                                                                               eufrS tcsufwpfcsuftjzpfxGufay:vmcJhonfudk awGU&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                       teD;pyfq;kH om"utjzpf vufyawmif;awmiftpD&ifcpmwGivnf;
                                                                                                                                                                                               ,if;tcsufudk axmufjyxm;onfudk awGU&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                       ,if;tpD&ifcHpm\ tBuHjyKcsufrsm; 92/(c)(*)ESifh(C) wGif jrefrm
                                                                                                                                                                                               Edii&wyfzUJG \ t"du½kP;f ESreif;rIavhusijhf cif;udk rdrtpDtpOfjzifvnf;
                                                                                                                                                                                                 k f H J                                 d f
                                                                                                                                                                                               aumif;? EdiiwumtultnD&,lívnf;aumif;? tjrefpwifavhusioifh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       H


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     H


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    f



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       vlxtrsm;jynfouxyg;aomvHNk cKH a&;[lí&S&mwGif trsm;jynfovNkH cKH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 l kd d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       a&;ESiywfoufí w&m;Oya'pd;k rd;k a&; (enforcement body)vkyonftzGUJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       tpnf;onf &JwyfzUJG jzpfonf/ ,if;tvkyonf &Jtvkyjf zpfonf}}[k 'k&rLS ;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       a[mif; OD;[ef&Sifu &Sif;jyonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     &JwyfzGJU0ifawG bmtm;enf;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 f


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        d




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 &Jrsm;bufu tm;enf;onfq&m0,f vkyx;k H vkyenf;rsm;udk r,Ofyg;jcif;?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         f h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             J
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            }}                         us&if wdkuf½dkuftay:uae qif;&r,f/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                wm0efcHrI wm0ef,lrItm;enf;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               'gayr,fh tHMh op&maumif;wmu wpf&ufEpavmufMumw,fqwm/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       aemufq;kH uGm? t"dywd [d;k txufu or®wavmuftxd wifaewJ[m
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Mumaew,f/ or®wu wm0efay;Ny;D om;? av;ESpwm0efu/dk 'Dae&mudk 'DOya'
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       t& Oya'pd;k rd;k zdqwm &JvufpqwmrSm ygNy;D om;/ tJ'awmh &J&UJ tvkyf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Yk kd                                    JG kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 S f


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               h


                                                          S
NrKd Ue,frsm;twGi;f rwf22&ufaeYrpwifí ta&;ay:tajctaexkwjf yef                                                                                                                                  ygaMumif;ESihf tqifjh rifoifwef;rsm;odvnf; apvTwoifMum;apoifygaMumif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          h                      Yk                    f               h                          rEÅav;wdkif;a'oBuD; rdw¬DvmNrdKUwGif wnfNidrfat;csrf;rIysufjym;onfhtajctaersm;jzpfay:cJhojzifh                                                                               Photo:4tharhtoo                         rawGUBuKH z;l jcif;rsKd ;jzpfomjzpfEiaMumif; ,if;u oH;k oyfajymjyonf/ onf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 kd f                                                                                                         kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       u bmvJqawmh jzpfwmeJY qifuqifuJ owif;yd&r,f/ tck oH;k &ufqkd          h J h                                           Yk
aMunmcJhonfudk awGU&onf/                                                                                                                                                                       tBujH yKwifjytyfygonf[vnf;aumif;? jrefrmEdii&wyfzUJG \ vHNk cKH a&;ESihf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       k                              k f H J                                     &JwyfzGJU0ifrsm; apmifhMuyfaeMuonfudk rwf 23&ufu awGU&pOf/                                                                                                                                                                                                          S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ae&mwGif &J\ yifrt"duwm0efrm rIcif;BuKd wifumuG,a&;? ay:aygufonfh      f                                                        awmh aeYpOfowif;ydkYvTma&;&if Zmwfvrf;awmifjynfhaeNyD/ tay:uvJ
          ,if;tjyif jynfaxmifpor®wjrefrmEdiiawmf zGUJ pnf;yHtajccHOya'
                                              k                        k f H                     k                                                                                             w&m;Oya'pd;k rd;k a&;vkyief;pOfrsm;wGif acwfEitnDjyKjyifajymif;vJa&;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                f                                S hf                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     k f                  k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       trIrsm;udk ppfaq;azmfxwí w&m;vdw&m;cHukd w&m;½H;k odYk ydaqmifa&;              Yk                                               xdipOf;pm;aew,f/ tckwqrm bmjzpfaevJqawmh accountability qdk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           k f                                                  Ykd D S                                            kd
      f                   f J
yk'r 413? yk'rcG(u)yg jy|mef;csut& wm0efxrf;aqmif&mwGif xda&mufrI
                                                        f                                                                                                                                      (Reform)vkyaqmifaeonf[k od&&ygonf/ xdoaqmif&u&mwGif xif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       f                            dS               k Ykd         G f                            tnD jyKjyifaqmif&uoifygonf/ vufyawmif;awmifprue;f qE´jyolrsm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           G f h              H                D H d                                            vHkNcHKa&;\ t"dyÜm,f                                                                                   onf &J\ tvkyyifrt"duwm0efyifjzpfonf[k OD;[ef&iu qufvuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               f                                                  S f                                                                      dS                    H I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       wJh wm0ef&r?I wm0efcraygh/ qifuqifutycsKywoawGqrm wtm;                      h J h J k f f hJ l                                           D S
&Sap&ef wyfrawmf\tultnDu&,laqmif&u&ef Ediiawmfor®wu
  d                                                         kd               G f           k f H                                                                                               omjrifom&SdpGmjzifh aqmvsifpGmaqmif&GufoifhygaMumif; tBuHjyKwifjy                                                  udk jrefrmEdii&wyfzUJG uNzKd ci;f onfjh zpfpOfuMkd unfygvQif &JwyfzUJG udk jyKjyif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 k f H J             G                  h                                     ,ckacwftac: vHNk cKH a&;&Jwyf&if;? ,ciftac: trSw(1) vHNk cKH rxe;f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    f         I d                                                      &Sif;jyonf/                                                                                                                     tm;enf;aew,f/ ighwm0efr[kwb;l / igrodb;l / jzpfvm&if atmufuaumif          f
trdefYxkwfjyefcJh&onfudk awGU&onf/                                                                                                                                                             tyfygonf[k azmfjyxm;onfudkawGU&onf/ ,if;tjyif jrefrmEdkifiH&J                                                                                     hf                k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ajymif;vJrrsm;ESihf avhusioifMum;rIrsm;jyKvyay;&efvtyfonf[k aumfr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               I                                            kd                         odr;f a&;&Jwyf&if;onf vHNk cKH a&;xde;f odr;f &onfh &Jwyf&if;tzGUJ tpnf;jzpf                                                                                  'Drdkua&pD tawGUtBuHKenf;                                                                              k         k kH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       qdcsn;f yHycsw,f/ 'grSr[kwf atmufuwifjy&ifvnf; [m 'gigvkyvYkd                                                                                             f
          ,if;odUk ta&;ay:tajctaexkwjf yefc&onfrm tpd;k &opfvufxuf      hJ        S                                                                                                                          hf                              h               ö
                                                                                                                                                                                               wyfzUJG ESiywfoufí jyKjyifoifaomudp&yfrsm;(1)wGif jynfaxmifpor®w                               k                   &Siftaejzifh xifjrif,lqygonf[k axmufjyxm;onfudkawGU&onf/                                            I                          H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       onf/ vHNk cKH rb,fupoenf;[lrl rdrNd cpnf;½d;k rS ukvor*¾vNkH cKH a&;aumif                                                                 ,ckacwf&rsm;wGif 'Drua&pDtawGUtBuKH enf;onftjyif &Ju owif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          J                kd                                   h                                                      r&bl;/ [d;k txufukd wifjy&OD;r,fqwmcsn;f yJ/ tJawmh accountability                    kd
wGif ,cktBudrfESifhqdkygu 'kwd,tBudrfajrmufjzpfonfudk awGU&onf/                                                                                                                                jrefrmEdkifiHawmfonf 'Drdkua&pDpepfudkysdK;axmifvsuf&Sd&m jyKjyifajymif;                                                            Yk                    f       H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ,if;odaomtm;enf;csursm;udk vufyawmif;awmifuptjyif ,cif       d ö               pDwif tqH;k owfonftxdus,jf yefonf/ vHNk cKH a&;onf jynfovx&yf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Y
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            G                                                              l l k                                                       vduwmenf;onf[k ol\ud,awGUESi,Oí OD;[ef&iuqdonf/ owif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           k f                                k f            hf S f         S f k                                                      r&Sdawmhbl;/ &D*if 'kwd,oufwrf;or®wjzpfwJhtcsdefrSm bmajymvJqdk
yxrtBudrfrSm &cdkifudpöjzpfonfudk awGU&onf/                                                                                                                                                    vJrIudpö&yfrsm;udkvnf; jyKvkyfvsuf&Sdygonf/ xdkodkYjyKjyifajymif;vJrIjyK                                              k f d ö S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  &cdiupEihf ,ckrwvmudpwwivnf; awGUjrifae&onf[aom a0zefo;kH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         d ¬D       ö Ykd G f                      l                   uGuf at;csr;f om,ma&;? w&m;Oya'pd;k rd;k a&;[laom udp&yfrsm;tm;vH;k t
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ö                                                                                                k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       axmufrsm;owif;vdu&mwGitoH;k jyKonfh bajcmufv;kH tajccHukd &Jrsm;u
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               f                                                                                                                                          f S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       awmh cifAsm;ywf0ef;usirm vlawmfawGcefvuygwJ/ tmPmay;ygwJ/                                           Y kd f h                                                h
          jzpfpOfrsm;udk jyefvnfoHk;oyfMunfh&mwGif ,cif&cdkifudpörSonf                                                                                                                         vkyaerItaejzifh jrefrmEdii&wyfzUJG ESiywfoufí EdiiwumpHEe;f rsm;ESihf
                                                                                                                                                                                                     f                              k f H J               hf                 k f H       I                        oyfrIrsm; xGufay:vm&m.../                                                            wGuf ta&;Bu;D onfup&yfjzpfonf/ vHNk cKH a&;[l&mwGivnf; trsKd ;rsKd ;&SNd y;D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          h d ö                                 f                                                                      rausMu[k oluoHk;oyfjyonf/                                                                                                       vkyfydkifcGifhay;ygwJh/                                                                                                           pmrsufESm(27)odk h




Ekdif
                                                                                                                                                                             tcGef b,fvdkaqmifrvJ
                           iHom;wpfO;D taejzifh rjzpfraexrf;aqmif&rnfh wm0ef                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    f                         f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          qdyacgif;cGewjYdk zpfaMumif; od&onf/ vGeconhEptxd ig;rsK;d                             f hJ f S f                                      jcif;jzpfonf/                                                                                                a&;rSL;wpfOD;u ajymonf/
                                               S                     f
                           wpf&yfrm tcGeaqmifjcif;yifjzpfonf/ okaomf jrefrm                                                               Yd                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          jzpfaomfvnf; Ny;D cJwhJ 2012ckEpf {Nyv(1)&ufaeYuaepNy;D t      S          D                                                                      ukrPrsm;udaumufc&mwGif &&Saom0ifaiGrsm;\ 1&mckif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ü D       k              H                  d                                d                   ]]vkuvppfaq;zktwGuvnf; tcGeXmerSm 0efxrf;awG
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            d f H                     Yd           f                f
  dfH                                      S
Ekiiom;trsm;pkrm tcGeraqmifjcif;r&SMd uay/ tcGeaqmifonfh        f                                                                              f                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          G f dk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          jrwfceuy,fzsuvuonftwGuf ,ckuotcGef (4)rsK;d om
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              f dk f h                                               hJ Ydk                                      EIef;rS 25&mckdifEIef;txd aumufcHjcif;jzpfonf/ ,cifESpfu                                                          k                                     G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              rvHavmufygbl;/ jynfwi;f tcGersm;OD;pD;XmerSm 0efxrf;tif  f
tavhtx tm;enf;vGef;vSonf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 usef&Sdawmhjcif;jzpfonf/                                                                                                                           d f I                       H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 30&mckiEe;f txdaumufccjhJcif;jzpfaomfvnf; 2012-13ESpwif                                     f G                                         dS                dk f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              tm; 3300yJ&w,f/ wpfEiiv;kH rSmaygh/ 'Dta&twGu[m NrKUd                                 f
               ppfwrf;tm;jzifh wduspmrazmfjyEkiaomfjim; &efuer',m                 G                          d f                                           k f D D                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    atmifbmavode;f qkceonf xDvufrwvufa&mif;Ny;D   G f                                  S f                                     ig;&mckdifEIef;avQmhcsvdkufjcif;jzpfonf/                                                                     e,fwpfNrKUd e,ftwGuf vl 20avmufyJ cJwrf;&rSmyg}}[k jynfwi;f         G                          G
           f                    H
*½kyrS awGUqkar;jref;cJonfh vl 50OD;wGif tcGeaqmiform wpf h                                                                        f                           l S                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        tcGeaiG&mjcif;jzpfonf/ 1937ckEpwit*Fvytpk;d &rif;u
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         f S                                                     S f G f                       d f                                                 Ü D                         d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ukrPrsm;taejzifh &&Saom0ifaiGuwucsuNf y;D oH;k vwpf       dk G f                                   tcGefrsm;OD;pD;XmerS tjcm;t&m&SdBuD;wpfOD;u ajymonf/
             Y                    Y hJ
OD;cefom awGc&onf/ xkoYdk tcGeraqmifoO;D a&trsm;tjym;                   d                      f                             l                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      G f S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          vlceEihf oóar"cGeuzsuor;f Ny;D atmifbmavxDcejf zifh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          f dk f d                                                               G                      d               f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Burf tcGeaqmif&jcif;jzpfonf/ Oyrmtm;jzifh {Ny?D ar? ZGev                                      f                                                                         G f dk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     vlwpfO;D csi;f pDtwGuf 0ifaiGceurl vuf&jdS yXmef;csursm;                            f
                                       f
rSmvnf; tcGeaqmif&efowfrwxm;onf0ifaiGrjynfojzifh                                          S f                             h                                        h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      tpm;xkd;cJhjcif;jzpfonf/                                                                                                               rsm;wGi&&Saom0ifaiGrsm;udk ZlvivwGif aqmifapjcif;jzpfonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              f d                                       dk f                                                                        dk f         Ü D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              t& oufqi&mukrPu vpmxkw,pOf wpfygwnf;EIw,&                     f l                         f l
raqmifMujcif;jzpfonfukd awGU&onf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 xifvif;atmif? aZ,s                                                                                                                                                     G f             d d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0ifaiGceonf rdr&&Saom0ifaiGuwucsuum aqmifjcif;                  kd G f f                                                   ok&mwGif b@mESprukeraqmif&rnf[qxm;onftwGuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Yd                              f   f D                              k dk         h                       jcif;jzpfonf/
                   Yd                                 H
               xktjyif awGUqkar;jref;cJorsm;xHrS trsm;qk;H jyefvnfar;                 h l                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 jzpfonf/                                                                                                                               aemufqHk;oHk;vjzpfaom Zefe0g&D? azazmf0g&D? rwfvtwGuf                                                                            S f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     wpfEp0ifaiG 1440000 &olwi;f 0ifaiGaqmif&jcif;jzpf         dk
      f k f H                                S
cGexwc&onfrm jynforsm;taejzifh tcGeaqmifygu rnfoYdk                        l                                           f                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       f G f k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ukeo,vyief;cGeu ypön;f rsm;0,f,&mwGif pm;oH;k olrS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              f                                        l                                                   f dk                       f            d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 tcGeurl rwfvrukecif BuKwifwucsuNf y;D aqmif&jcif;jzpf         G f                                            onf/ wpfenf;tm;jzifh vlwpfa,mufvQif vpmESihf tjcm;aom
tusKd ;jyefvnf&rnf/ tcGeraqmiforsm;tm; rnfota&;,lrI                          f                           l                                           Ydk                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ay;&aomtcGejf zpfonf/ wHqyacgif;cGeonf wHqyacgif;a&mif;     df                f                             df                         onf/ b@mESpfrukefrDaqmif&jcif;jzpfonfhtwGuf ,if;ukd                                                                     hf S d                k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              cHpm;cGir&&SaiG pkpaygif;usyf 120000&ygu 0ifaiGceaqmif&                           G f
rsm;jyKvkyfrnfqkdjcif;rsm;yifjzpfonf/                                                                                                                                        ukdrl wdwdususxGufvmjcif;r&Sdao;ay/                                                                                                                                                                                                                          csjcif;rS&&Sdaom tcGeftrsKd;tpm;jzpfonf/                                                                                               BuKdwifcGef[kvnf; ac:qkdonf/                                                                                 rnfjzpfonf/
               wzeftcGefxrf;aqmif&eftwGuf tcGef½kH;rsm;okdYoGm;                                                                                                                                               Yd           G f
                                                                                                                                                                                         0efBu;D Xmeokqufo,ar;jref;csut& 0efBu;D XmetwGi;f          f                                                    tcGefaiGrsm;jzifh wkdif;jynf&yfwnf&jcif;jzpfonf/                                                                                             atmifbmavodef;qkcGefESifh wHqdyfacgif;cGefrsm;onf                                                                                     xkuoYdk tcGersm;aqmifNy;D ygu wpfEppm0ifaiG wifjyvTm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  d hJ            f                                       S f                                                   f                  hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     tcGeoufomcGirsm;taejzifh toD;oD;&SMd uNy;D tdraxmif                              f




vli,fwpfOD;u ajymonf/
                       f
                         d f d f H G
                          f S                     f
                                                    f
a&muf&mwGif tcGe0efxrf;rsm;rS qufqa&;aumif;rGe&efvtyf
rnfjzpfaMumif;rsm;ukd xnfoi;f ajymqkjd cif;rsm; BuKH awGU&onf/
               ]]uk,u ykuqom;ay;wmukd racsriHqufq&if b,fol
rS ay;csirmr[kwb;l }}[k tcGexrf;aqmif&ef pdw0ifpm;onfh

               rSeygonf/ ,cifEprsm;ESi,Oygu jrefrmEkii\jynfol     S f
                                                                               h G

                                                                                        f

                                                                                           hf S f
                                                                                                                 H


                                                                                                                                             f

                                                                                                                                         d f H
                                                                                                                                                   H
                                                                                                                                                         f            dk     ,if;pepfrsm;ESiywfoufí rl0g'rsm;uka&;qJaeqJjzpfaMumif;
                                                                                                                                                                             jyefvnfajzMum;cJhonf/

                                                                                                                                                                                     d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                           hf

                                                                                                                                                                                         0efBu;D XmerS 0ifaiGceEiywfoufíxkwjf yefxm;Ny;D uk,f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          G f S hf
                                                                                                                                                                             wkitcGeaqmifpepfjzifh usio;kH oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; od&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                               f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            f
                                                                                                                                                                                         ,if;wpfO;D csi;f tcGeaqmifpepfrm rdr&&Sonf0ifaiGtm;
                                                                                                                                                                                      d f dk f G f f
                                                                                                                                                                             uk,wiwucsuum rdraexkionfNh rKUd e,fwi&aom tcGef  d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     hf

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                d



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               S d d h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              G




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  G f dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      d      ]]       0efxrf;vpmrsm;rStp vrf;azmuf? wHwm;aqmufjcif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      vkyfief;rsm;ukd tcGefaiGjzifh vkyfaqmif&jcif;jzpfonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        xkdYaMumifh wkdif;oljynfom; rsm;tcGefraqmifygu
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       tpkd;&tzJGUtpnf;&yfwnfa&;twGuf tcuftcJrsm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          jynforsm;ESihf wpfcgwpf&wiom oufqionf/ xDx;dk jcif;onf



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          tcGefaqmifenf;wpfrsKd;yifjzpfygonf/ wHqdyfacgif;rsm;udk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          awmh wpfcgwpf&HrSyif 0,fMujcif;jzpfonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      jynforsm;ESihf t"duoufqiaomtcGeonf ukeo,f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  f S                   G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          vkyief;cGeEihf 0ifaiGceomjzpfonf/ ukeo,ceonf ypön;f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       k              dk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             H Gf




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          wpfc0,fwi;f wefz;dk \ 5&mckiEe;f ukd Ekiiawmfoay;aqmif        d f I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            dk f



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  f G f G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              d f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            f

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Ydk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                f G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ukd oufqi&mNrKUd e,ftcGeXmeokYd wifjy&onf/ oufqi&mt
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      dk f                 f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 cGeO;D pD;rSL;u tqkygwifjyvTmudoo,&Sygu ukrP\aiGaMu;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       f                    d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 pm&if;Z,m;rsm;udawmif;cHEiaMumif; od&onf/ tcGeudk us
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 oifonf&mckiEe;f xufavQmNh y;D aqmifygu usoiftcGe\ q,f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          h h d f I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 &mckdifEIef;ukd 'PfaiGtjzpfay;&aMumif; od&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Yd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      k H



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           okaomfvnf; jrefrmjynf&vyief;trsm;tjym;onf t½I;H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      dS k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   d

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Ü D

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        dk f

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              onfrsm;? uav;&Sorsm;twGuf tcGeoufomcGi&&SapaMumif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              od&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              d l

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ]]uReawmfuawmh rde;f r&SwtwGuf wpfEpv;kH rSm tcGeaiG
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              oH;k ode;f oufomw,f? uav;&S&if ig;ode;f oufomr,f}}[k wpf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              vvQif a':vm 400vpm&&Saom EkiijHcm;owif;axmufwpfO;D u
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ajymonf/ vuf&tcsewif xkowif;axmuftm; ol\ owif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            dS d f G d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  d hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       df
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             f

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      S f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           hf d

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           f



trsm;pkonf tcGefxrf;aqmif&rnfqkdonfhtay: todpdwf                                                                                                                                             G
                                                                                                                                                                             ½kH;wGifom;a&mufxrf;aqmif&rnfjzpfonf/tcGefaqmifjcif;?                                                                                                                                                                                                        &jcif;jzpfonf/ okdY&mwGif jynfoltrsm;taejzifh a&mif;olu                                                                                pm&if;rsm;ukomjyMuaMumif; jynfwi;f tcGersm;OD;pD;XmerS nTeMfum;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          d                                  G         f                                      XmerS tcGefaqmifay;jcif;jzpfonf/                                            pmrsufESm(31)odk h
"mwfyrrsm;jym;vmonfqonftcsurm jiif;y,f&efrvkyg/
                 dk dk
jynforsm;tcGeaqmifvonf/ tcGernfoaqmif&rnfenf;/
                 l                       f                              dk
                                                                                dk h
                                                                                                           f
                                                                                                                   f S
                                                                                                                         Ydk
                                                                                                                                                                         d   raqmifjcif;tay:wpfpwpf&mjzifh xde;f csKyxm;jcif;r&Say/ okYd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Hk
                                                                                                                                                                             aomf vpOf0ifaiGcetm;ykrexrf;aqmifom;jcif;jzifh rdr\0if
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 H S f                  G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          f                       d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    jzpfay:vmrnfjzpfonf/ xkduJhokdYaom tajctaersKd;wGif                                                                                   ay;&rnfvm;? 0,fou ay;&rnfvm;rSm 0d0g'uJaewke;f yifjzpf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          onf/ trSefwu,frSm pm;oHk;olu ay;&jcif;omjzpfonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                G

                              Gf
               0ifaiGceOya'\owfrwcsut& wpfvvQif vlwpfO;D pkpk                       S f f                                                                                    aiG&vrf;ukd azmfjyEkdifrnfjzpfonf/                                                                                       tpkd;&taejzifh wkdif;jynfwGif&Sdaom o,HZmwrsm;ukd                                                                                               EkiijH cm;rSwifoi;f vmaomukeypön;f rsm;twGuf oufqif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           d f                      G                             f                                                       dk
aygif;0ifaiG 120000&&Sygrnf/ okaomf usyaiGoe;f 200 0if             d                             Yd                            f                 d                                                 f
                                                                                                                                                                                         tcGeraqmifygu rnfojYdk zpfrnfenf;/ rnforQrjzpfyg/                                    Ydk                                                                                                                                                                                                hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          &m0efBu;D Xmersm;ESiy;l aygif;um ukeo,vyief;cGeudk &mckiEe;f          f G f k f                               f          d f I
aiG&otaejzifh rl 20&mckiEe;f aqmifrnfjzpfonf/ ,if;tcsuf
          dS l                                                         d f I                                                                                                      Yd                 f
                                                                                                                                                                             okaomf tcGeraqmifcjhJ cif;aMumifh tdr0,frnf? um;0,frnfqdk       f                                                           a&mif;csNyD; wkdif;jynftwGuf 0ifaiG&SmMu&onf/                                                                                    trsKd;rsKd;jzifh aumufcHMuonf/
rSm 0ifaiGtenf;trsm;ay:rIwnfum tcGef 1&mckiEe;f rS 20&m                                                                              d f I                                   ygu 0ifaiG&vrf;raz:jyEkiojzifh tcGeoufomcGi&awmhrnfd f               f                      hf                                                                                                                                                                                     f G f k f                       f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ukeo,vyief;cGeudk qlygrm;uwfrsm;? pm;aomufqif                                                                      dk
ckdifEIef;txd ay;aqmif&jcif;aMumifhjzpfonf/

        f
               okdYqkdvQif 0ifaiG 120000&&SdolwpfOD;onf wpfvvQif
usyaiG 1200omtcGeaqmif&rnfjzpfNy;D wpfv0ifaiG usyoe;f
                      d l S
200&&Sorm usyoe;f 40ceffY tcGeaqmif&rnfyifjzpfonf/

  k H
               vmrnfh 2013-14b@mESpwuf tcGeaumufcenf;ukd
                              h
yHptopfjzifaumufcrnfjzpfaMumif; b@ma&;ESihf tcGe0efBu;D
                                                 f d

                                                        H
                                                            f

                                                                                              f G
                                                                                                       f
                                                                                                                                 f                           H
                                                                                                                                                                 f
                                                                                                                                                                     f d
                                                                                                                                                                                                         d
                                                                                                                                                                                          f
                                                                                                                                                                             r[kway/ rdr0ifaiGrsm;tay: w&m;0iftcGeaqmifxm;cJjh cif;
                                                                                                                                                                             jzifh um;? tdrf pojzif0,f,rnfqygu tcGexyfraqmif&efrvkd
                                                                                                                                                                                                       f
                                                                                                                                                                             awmh[k tcGeOya'wGif yg&Sjd cif;jzpfonf/ vuf&tcsewif tdr?f
                                                                                                                                                                             Nc?H ajr0,f,jl cif;rsm;wGif 0ifaiG&vrf;razmfjyEkijf cif;aMumifh 30
                                                                                                                                                                             &mckdifEIef; tcGefaqmif&jcif;ygay/
                                                                                                                                                                                                 f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   h



                                                                                                                                                                                                                     d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  l       dk



                                                                                                                                                                                         tcGeaiGrsm;jzifh wki;f jynf&yfwnf&jcif;jzpfonf/ 0efxrf;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            f


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   dS d f G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          tcGeaiGjzifh vkyaqmif&jcif;jzpfonf/ xkaMumifh wki;f oljynfom;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          rsm;tcGefraqmifygu tpkd;&tzJGUtpnf;&yfwnfa&;twGuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          tcuftcJrsm;jzpfay:vmrnfjzpfonf/ xkuoaom tajctae
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          rsK;d wGif tpk;d &taejzifh wki;f jynfwi&aom o,HZmwrsm;ukd

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  f hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 G f dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          a&mif;csNy;D wki;f jynftwGuf 0ifaiG&mMu&onf/ okrom &yfwnf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Yd

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           d hJ Ydk

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Yd S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Ekirnfjzpfonf/ vGecaom 23oH;k ESpv;kH vH;k jrefrmEkiionf xkd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      d




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         d f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         G               f G f k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   piftcGetcrsm;? atmifbmavode;f qkce?f o,f,yaqmifa&;

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                G

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      G    f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               G



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         }}
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         jrefrmjynfwif ,pfrsKd ;cGe?f ukeo,vyief;cGe?f oGi;f ukevif

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   cGef? wHqdyfacgif;cGef? 0ifaiGcGef ? taumufcGef? ajrcGef? a&cGef?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   wmwrHce?f opfawmcGe?f "mwfow¦Kce?f tif;tkice?f Muufaygif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     d f G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ap;cGefqkdonfh tcGeftrsKd;tpm; 14rsKd;&SdaMumif; od&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         jynfwi;f tcGersm;OD;pD;XmerSaumufcaom tcGetrsK;d t
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           l Ydk



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   f dk   rsm;wGif wpfcgwnf;jzwf,xm;aomfvnf; &yfuux&dS pwk;d qkif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          rsm;? vrf;ab;aps;onfrsm;taejzifh tcGeudk aumuf,xm;jcif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          r&Sovkd tcGeXmeokYd ay;aqmifjcif;vnf;r&Say/ xkaMumifh tcGef

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          jcif;jzpfonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Gf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          raqmifaomaps;a&mif;olrsm;onf tcGefXmeudkaMumufMu
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  l




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0ifaiGceonf vlwpfO;D csi;f pD\ 0ifaiGtay:wGivnf;aumif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              G f J

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Yd


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             d




Xmeu w&m;0ifajymqkxm;onf/ ok&mwGif rnfoaumufcrnf              d                                     Yd                               Ydk                              H      vpmrsm;rStp vrf;azmuf? wHwm;aqmufjcif;vkyief;rsm;ukd                                           f             enf;twkdif; &yfwnfcJh&avonf/                                                                                             G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   pm; 4rsK;d &SNd y;D atmifbmavtcGe?f 0ifaiGce?f ukeo,ceeYJ wH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         f G f G f             Ü D                                        kk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ukrPtzJUG tpnf;wpfcc\0ifaiGay:wGivnf;aumif; aumufcH                             f
20                                                                                                                                                                                            OP & VIEW                                                                                                                                                                                            rwf 28-{NyD 3? 2013

                                                                                                                                                                                                             OPINION
yk                      d                                    f
               *¾vuowif;pm&Spapmifxwa0cGijhf yKaMumif; owif;udzwf½&í owif;orm;wpfO;taejzifh txl;0rf;omrdonfrm trSejf zpfygonf/ jrefrmEdiiom;rsm; owif;aygif;pHukd us,us,jf yefjY yefzwf½MI u&awmhrnf
                                                   k
               jzpfívnf; ydíyDwjd zpfronf/ jrefrmEdiiom;wdYk owif;pmoH;apmifxufyí rzwfz;olu rsm;ayonf/ ppftpd;&vufxuf *sme,frsm;ay:vmcJMh uaomfvnf; owif;vGwvyfcir&Sí jynfowYkd owif;iwfNrJiwfchJ
                                                                      d
                                                                                      k f
                                                                                                                 k f H
                                                                                                                                       k   I
                                                                                                                                             k                       kd         l
                                                                                                                                                                                    D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           S                                             k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             G hf d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Y

                                                       f kd f H                                       hf                                                                    f     G hf
Mu&onf/ tmPm&SiEiirsm;üomusio;Hk aom pmaypdppfa&;jzifh *sme,frsm;\vGwvyfciukd wm;jrpfxm;cJonf/ ,ckowif;pm&Spapmifxwa0cGitm; yk*vursm;udcijhf yKcJNh yD;jzpf&m rnfrQtxd vGwvyfpma&;om;cGi?hf              h                                    f k f              hf               ¾ d          k G                                                                         f            G
   k dS f k f                        hf dS                                                                                                          S                                  S f
yHEyxwa0cGi&onfukd apmifMh unfMh u&rnfjzpfonf/ wcsKUd u 1962ckEpf OD;ae0if;\awmfvea&;aumifpvufxuf xkwjf yefcaomOya'twdi;[k yHEyjf cif;ESixwa0jcif;Oya'Murf;udk a0zefaeoHMum;&onf/ 'Drua&pD             D                         hJ               k f               k dS            hf k f                                                                                                        kd
vrf;aMumif;udom;aeonf[qaom jrefrmEdiiwif pwkw¬r@dKif\ajcwpfzuftm; BudK;jzifwyxm;jcif;rsKd;onf rjzpfoif[k ,lqonf/ owif;rD',m[lonf Re!ection of Realityjzpf&um; jynfow\tjzpfref
                                          k G                            k kd                                        k f H G                                                             h k f                                 h                                          D                                                                                                            l Ykd                     S
                                                                                                                                 l Ykd          S f     G f
udk a&mifjyefxif[yfazmfjyMurnfomjzpfonf/ jynfow\tjzpfre&ifwi;jzpftoHrsm;udk tmPm&Sirsm;u em;rcH0[qonf/ uRefawmfwEiiü tmPm&Si&aeao;ovm;/ jynfovwawmf jynfotpd;&jzpfaeNyD                              f                 hH k kd                        Ykd kd f H                         f dS                                                 Yl T f                                 Yl k
r[kwfygavm/
               pma&;olonf owif;orm;jzpf&um; a&mufav                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              owif;pm 6580&Sonf/ aeYpOfa&mif;csjzefcsonfapmif                                              Y d h
&mt&yfü owif;pum;? jynfopum;rsm;udk &SmazGí                                       Yl                                                                                                                                                                                                          a&rSm 395oef;&Sonf/ owif;pm[lonf Publicity,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      d


    d
                      h
                                  Yk
em;axmifavh&onf/ pmzwfy&dowftm; azmufonf
                                       dS
jyefcsoifonfukd azmufonfjyefcsvonfqE´uvnf;
&Sayonf/ xdaMumifh vef'efNrKd UüaexdipOf vef'efNrKd U
                                                                                            kd h
                                                                                                  k f
                                                                                                                                        bmvJa[U owif;pm
                                                                                                                                                     oD[
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Periodicity, Currency, Universality qdonftcsuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              av;csuEihf jynfp&onf/ owif;pmüyg0ifaomt
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 f S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              aMumif;t&mrsm;onf vlxtm; xduoifonftod
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        h kH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           k                     k f h h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          k h


             f
xkwowif;pmrsm;udk avhvmcJonf/ vef'efNrKd UwGif                                  h                                                                                                                                                                                                             ynmay;pGr;f Edijf cif;udk Publicity [k ac:onf/ tcsef
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           k                                                                                   d
                   k f
aeYpOfxwa0aomowif;pmrsm;pGm&Sonf/ xdowif;pm                                            d                 k                                                                                                                                                                                    rSereyEyxwa0Edirukd Periodicity[kac:onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   f S f kH dS f k f k f I
rsm;ü tcrJjhzefa0onfh METRO ac: NrKd Uawmfowif;pm
                                Y                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             owif;pmygtaMumif;t&mrsm;onf vufiif;jzpfysuf
vnf; yg0ifonf/ blwm½krsm;? um;*dwrsm;wGif axmif                H                                   f                                                                                                                                                                                          aeonfup&yfrsm;jzpfí Currency [k ac:onf/ owif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               h d ö
ESifhcsDícsxm;onf/ wcsKdUu,lzwfNyD; jyefxm;cJhMu                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              pmygtaMumif;t&mrsm;rSm us,us,jf yefjY yefEihf e,f                     f                          Y S
onf/ wcsKUd u wpfapmifp,om;Muonf/ pma&;ol                          D l G                                                                                                                                                                                                                      y,fus,0ef;rI&onfukd Universality [k ac:onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  f              dS
ae&mESihf blwm½krm odyra0;vSay&m eHeufpmpm;Ny;D
                                            H S            f                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  þtaMumif;t&mrsm;rSm owif;pm\t*Fg&yfrsm;[k
tanmif;ajyvrf;avQmuf&if; METRO owif;pm                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        qdkEkdifonf/
wpfapmifukd aeYwi;f ,lzwfjzpfonf/ wcsKUd &ufrsm;wGif
                                              kd                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Yd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      xktjyif owif;pmwduwpfcwif t"duXmeBu;D             k f               k G
blwm½kteD;&Sd pmtkyqio0ifí The Mirror owif;
                 H                                   f kd f Ykd                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              av;ckEihf taxmuftuljyKXmersm;&S&rnf/ t"duXme                                    d
pm? Financial Times owif;pm? The Times owif;pm?                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Bu;D rsm;rSm t,f'wmXme? ykEy?f xkwvyXme? jzefcsa&;         H dS                   f kf                 Y d
Daily Telegraph owif;pmrsm;udk vSeavSmzwf&onf/                                                  f                                                                                                                                                                                             XmeESih f aMumfjimXmewkjYd zpfonf/ taxmuftuljyKXme
zdieif&,owif;pmrSm qduBf u;D jzpfNy;D a&mif;aps;rSm
      k f S f                                                    k                                                                                                                                                                                                                            rsm;wGif pm&if;tif;Xme? rm;uufwif;Xme? vlpr;f tm;                                                YG
                          f
vnf; ESpaygifausmf jrefrmusyaiGjzifh oH;k axmifcef&dS                       f                                                  Y                                                                                                                                                                                          S kf D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              t&if;tjrpfEihf tdiwXmewdjYkzpfonf/ owif;pmwkuf                                                                 d
rnfxif\/                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              wGif t,f'wmXmeonf t"dujzpfonf/ t,f'wm                                                                    D
               a,bk,stm;jzifh vef'efxwowif;pmrsm;udk ESprsK;d           k f                                                f                                                                                                                                                                  XmewGif uRr;f usionf*sme,fvpfrsm;? t,f'wmrsm;f h                                                  D
cGEionf/ National Newspaper ac: wpfEiiv;kH jzefY
  J kd f                                                                                                   kd f H                                                                                                                                                                                d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              &SrS owif;pm\t&nftaoG;jrifrm;Ny;D vlBuKd ursm;                            h                                f
a0onfowif;pmESihf Local ac: a'owGi;f omjzefa0
                    h                                                                                                    Y                                                                                                                                                                    ayrnf/ t,f'wmXmewGif owif;AsL½dk News Bur-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              D
onfowif;pmrsm;jzpfMuonf/ wpfEiiv;kH jzefa0onfh a&;orm; ponftvTmpHukd ar;cGe;f ESihf olw\tajz ay;aom Subject tay:wGif rlwnfonf/ zdieif&,f eaus rsm; xyfrc&onf/ wpfenf;XmecGrsm; Desks
           h                                                                                  kd f H           Y                                      h                   k                    Ykd                                                                             k f S                                            H JG                                                        J
owif;pmrsm;udk vef'efNrKd UwGif yHEyxwa0Muonf/ rsm;udk azmfjyonf/ Ediiwi;f vufiif;jzpfysuaeonfh uJoowif;pmBu;D rSm b@ma&;OD;pm;ay;onf/ aiGaMu;? rsm;[kvnf; ac:onf/ Oyrm-owif;AsL½d?k pD;yGm;a&;
                                                                                     k dS f k f                                                               k f H G                              f          h Ykd
tcrJowif;pmrsm;rSm eHeufa&m nydi;f ygxkwa0onf/ taMumif;t&mwpfctay: oabmxm;tjrifukd ajym tcGe?f bpfZeufpwukd a0zefqef;ppfaomaqmif;yg; AsL½d?k tm;upm;AsL½dk ponfjzifh vdtyfovdk XmecGrsm;
               h                                                                          k                  f                                              k                                                                           f Ykd                                                                                                                         k                                    J
tm;upm;owif;pmrsm;rSm tywfpOfaomMumaeYxwf jyaponf/ tvGefpdwf0ifpm;zG,fjzpfonf/                                               k                                                                             rsm; ygwwfonf/ METRO uJoowif;pmwGif a'o xm;Muonf/ AsL½dwpfcptm; t,f'wmwpfO;D pDu
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 h Ykd                                                                                      k       k D                            D
a0onfu rsm;ayonf/ eHeufxwf METROowif;pm                                   k                                                            vef'efNrKd Uxkwowif;pmrsm;\ Formet, Style, wGi;f jzpfysuonfowif;rsm;udk rsuEmzH;k wifí NrKd Uawmf OD;aqmifí Professional jzpfaom Beat ac: bmom
                                                                                                                                                          f                                                                  f h                            fS
wGif 'Sixty Seconds Question' puúefY60ar;cGef;qdk Content rsm;udk owdxm;avhvmMunfonfpwdirm wGi;f owif;rsm;? Ediiwi;f owif;rsm;udk OD;pm;ay;onf/ &yfqi&m uRr;f usiaomt,f'wm? owif;axmuf    h h k f S                                     kfH G                                                          dk f                                     f               D
onfu@udk aeYpOfazmfjyonf/ Ediia&;orm;? ygvDref owif;pmwpfapmifEiwpfapmif rwlMuay/ twGi;f EdkifiHwumowif;pmrsufESm enf;ayonf/
         h                                                                           kfH                                                                        S hf                                                                                                                          rsm;jzifh zGUJ pnf;&onf/ owif;pmwkursm;ü Beat rsm;                             d f
trwf? ½ky&io½kyaqmif? tqdawmf? aps;onf? pD;yGm; owif;xnfoi;f azmfjyrIrm tqdygowif;pm\tav;
                            fSf                  f                            k                                                                h G                      S     k                                                     S f                                                k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2007ckEppm&if;t& urÇmay:ü aeYpOfxwf av atmifjrifavjzpfonf/ pmrsufESm(21)okdY




       &mrnajrrS za,mif;eHhoif;oif; oBuFefxrif;                                                                                                                                                                                                 omÓPf(&efuif;)
                                              Yk
                                   wdXmae&mrn---ompGXmae---ompGXmaeqdonfh rGejf ynf                                                                    k                                                                                                                               ,cifacwfumvrsm;u rGeoBuexrif;udk ESpopfu;l umvrsm;            f                F f                             f
       rGef                        e,fukd wifpm;oDqxm;aom oHpOfaw;oGm;av;udk Mum;&
                                                   S
                                   onfrm tvGee0ify,&vNS y;D usuoa&&Svonf/ uRef
                                                                           f
                                                                                        kd
                                                                                                D H dS                             f                d S
                                                                                                                                                                                              rGefoBuFefxrif;onf                                                              üom csujf yKwvLS 'gef;auR;arG;{nfcavh&cMhJ uaomfvnf; ,cktcg
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    d Ykd             f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              rdrw\tdroYkd &yfa0;&yfe;D rS tvnfvmMuaom aqGrsK;d rdwo*F[rsm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               h H                     dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     f
                        Ykd                            dfS
       awmfwi,fpOftcserpíMum;cJz;l aom xdocsi;f oHpOfav;onf ,aeY                              h                     k D                                                                                                                                                       udk txl;{nfonfawmfrsm;tjzpf owfrwum oBuexrif;udk {nfcH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          h                                                                  S f                        F f                             h
       wdir½d;k Ediaatmif tpOftNrMJ um;ae&qJ? vTr;f rd;k aeqJjzpfonf/ ,cif
            kf kf
                                                                                                                                                                                              El;nHh aysmhaysmif;atmif                                                        auR;arG;vmMuonfukd awGU&onf/ xktjyif jynfe,fEihf wki;f a'oBu;D                       Yd                                     S d
       acwfumvrsm;u *Dwpmqdrsm;? pmayynm&Sirsm;onf rGejf ynfe,f\                k                                             f                                                               csufxm;onfh xrif;udk                                                                                                                                     f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              tcsKUd &Sd NrKd Ursm;? aps;rsm;ESihf um;*dwrsm;wGivnf; rGe½;kd &mpm;aomufz,f                    f                   f                                 G
       obm0tvSrsm;udk azmfusL;Ny;D oDcsi;f ? 0w¬KEihf uAsmrsm;a&;pyfou;Hk                                                  S                                             D                                                                                                                                          f Ff
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              &mwpfrsK;d tjzpf rGeoBuexrif;udk wnfcif;a&mif;csum aps;uGuwpfck                                                                                     f
       Mujcif;udk tpOftNrJjyKvkyfavh&SdMuonf/                                                                                                                                                 a&pdrfpm;&onfh xrif;wpfrsKd;                                                    jzpfvmonftxd awGUjrifae&onfrSm 0rf;omzG,f&mjzpfonf/
                                 f
                   uReawmfonf rGejf ynfe,foYkd rMumcPa&mufcz;l onf/ rGewi;f                                                                      hJ                    f kd                                                                                                            rGeoBuexrif;csujf yKw&mwGif t"duvdtyfonfrm qefaumif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              f Ff                                           f                                              k                  S
                                       Yk        f            f
       &if;om;wd\ csppzG,aumif;aom pum;oH00uav;ESihf rGewi;f &if;                                                            J J                                f kd                          jzpfonf/ xdkxrif;udk                                                            jzpf&efvonf/ qefurcsujf yKwrD qefüyg0ifaeaom cJ? oJ? zkersm;udk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               kd                         kd                     f                                                                              f
                     Yk
       om;wd\ vuf&maumif;aumif; xrif;[if;aumif;aumif;rsm;udk pm;&                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Y            G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              oefpifom;atmifa&G;cs,Nf y;D a&jzifpifMu,fpmaq;um El;nHaysmaysmif;            h                              G                        h h
                                       f                f kd
       awmh uReawmf rGewi;f &if;om;rsm;udk ,aeYwirarhEi/ rGewonf                                                                   kd f              kd f f Ykd                               ig;ajcmufaxmif;aMumfESih f                                                      onftxd csu&onf/ (qefjyKwuoYkd rjzpfap&? ykrepm;aeusxrif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            f                                            f hJ                                       H S f
       xrif;[if;csuf tvGeaumif;Muonf/ rGexrif;qdirsm;onf jrefrm f                                                      f                       k f                                                                                                                            xufvnf; tenf;i,faysmatmif csu&onf/) xrif;csuNf y;D ygu       h                                    f
       jynfa'otESHYü ae&m,lxm;Muonf/                                                                                                                                                          i½kwfoD;tawmifhajcmufaMumf                                                          k                                          Y
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              xdxrif;rsm;udk a&oefa&at;wkjYd zifh txyfxyftcgcg xyfraq;ay;                                                                                H
                               f kd                               Yk
                   rGewi;f &if;om;wd\ cspp&maumif;aom½d;k &m"avhrsm;pGmxJurS          f                                                                                                                                                                                       &rnfjzpfonf/ a&aq;Ny;D ygu qefaum? qefcgxJoYkd xrif;rsm;udk
       emrnfBu;D aom ]oBuexrif;}auR;aom"avhrm xl;jcm;onf½;kd &m    F f                                                                      S                        h                        wdkY jzifh wGJzufpm;okH;Mu&onf                                                                            h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              avmif;xnfum a&ppfxm;&rnfjzpfonf/ xrif;rsm; a&ppfom;ygu                                                                                          G
       "avhwpfcjk zpfNy;D ]oBuexrif;}rSmvnf; pGrufz,&m ½d;k &mtpm;t    F f                                               J                G f                                                                                                                                 oBuFefxrif;udk &&SdNyDjzpfonf/
       aomufwpfrsK;d jzpfonf/ rGewi;f &if;om;wdonf bmomw&m;udk tvGef         f kd                           Yk                                                                                                                                                                                      F f                          J
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       oBuexrif;ESihf wGzufpm;ok;H &eftwGuf txl;jyKvycsujf yKw&                                                                  k f                  f
            k d
       udi;f ½Ii;f MuNy;D tvSLtwef;&ufa&molrsm;jzpfMuonf/ rGewi;f &if;om;                                                                                f kd                      awG? armfawmfqiu,fawG? &xm;? pufb;D awGevma&mufNy;D ,Of,Of
                                                                                                                                                                                                             kd f                                 YJ                          aom[if;vsmrSm ig;ajcmufukd tcsOwpfrsK;d rsK;d jzifh a&mpyfaMumfxm;                 f
            Yk
       wd\ ½d;k &m,Ofaus;rI"avhx;kH pHrsm;xJrS rGeoBueEihf oBuexrif;udk                                              f                  F f S              F f                                                                      Ff
                                                                                                                                                                                   aus;aus;eJY a&yufupm;Muw,f/ ]oBuexrif;}vJ auR;Muw,f/ jrefrm                                aom ig;ajcmufaMumfyifjzpfonf/ ig;ajcmufaMumfjyKvy&mwGif trsm;                                                                k f
               f                          d f
       uReawmfpw0ifpm;rdonf/ xdtwGuaMumifh rGejf ynfe,f rk'NkH rKd Ue,frS                  Yk             f                                                                        jynftESuvlawGvJ vmNy;D qifEMJT uw,f/ tJ'D ]½d;k *d;k oBue}f yGawmfu
                                                                                                                                                                                                 YH                                                        F J                tm;jzifh a'oxGuig;ref;ajcmufEihf ig;uGr;f &Syajcmufukd tok;H jyKMu
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     f                                       S                                  f
                   k
       &efueNf rKd UwGif tajccsaexdiNf y;D owif;axmufBu;D wpfO;D jzpfaeol           k                                                                                              awmh 'DuaeYxwi&ioefaewke;f yJ/ aysmp&mvJ aumif;aewke;f yJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                            d kd f S f                          f                                                                                  G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              onf/ ig;ajcmufaMumfwif xnf0if&onf?h wGzufo;Hk &onft&mrsm;            h                                          J                        h
                                            f
       OD;atmifcspoef;u rGe½;kd &moBueEiywfoufí ajymjy&mwGif ]]rGef  f                             F f S hf                                                                        jzpfw,f}[k ajymjyonf/                                                                                  G f                   I                      G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              rSm ykpeajcmufre?Yf Muufoee?D Muufoejf zL? qm;? ig;yd? eEGi;f rIe?Yf &moD                 G
                                                         F f
       ½d;k &mrsm;wGif ]oBuexrif;}rSm emrnfBu;D ouJoYkd armfvNrKd iu ]½d;k *d;k                                                  h                               f                       rGeoBuexrif;onf El;nHaysmaysmif;atmifcsuxm;onfxrif;
                                                                                                                                                                                               f        F f                    h h                     f          h                                                                            h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ay:oD;ESjH zpfonfh o&ufo;D t&if(tpdr;f ) odr[kwf r&ef;oD;t&if(tpdr;f )                                Yk                                     h
                                                          f
       bk&m;yG}J uvJ tvGeemrnfBu;D Ny;D ausmMf um;onfywpfyjJGzpfonf/ ]½d;k *d;k                                                      h JG                                                           f             h                           k
                                                                                                                                                                                   udk a&pdrpm;&onfxrif;wpfrsK;d jzpfonf/ xdxrif;udk ig;ajcmufaxmif;                          wkjYd zpfonf/ (qm;ESiig;ydrm ig;ajcmufaxmif;aMumf\ tayghtiefukd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       hf            S
                                                            f
       bk&m;}u armfvNrKd i-a&;&xm;vrf;eJY armfvNrKd i-rk'-oHjzLZ&yf-a&;                                                                    f kH                                                                             h
                                                                                                                                                                                   aMumfEihf i½kwo;D tawmifajcmufaMumfwjYdkzifh wGzufpm;ok;H Mu&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                             S            f                                          J                        vkdtyfrSom tokH;jyK&efjzpfonf/)
                                                     d                  f
       um;vrf;Mum;rSm&SwhJ rGeaus;&GmBu;D wpf&mjzpfw,f/ 'Daus;&GmrSm a&S;                                         G                                                                       F f d f
                                                                                                                                                                                   oBuetcsetcgwGif rGewi;f &if;om;wk\ ½d;k &m"avhx;Hk pHrsm;teuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          f dk         Yd                                              ig;ajcmufaxmif;aMumfawmhrnfqygu ig;ajcmufukd yxrOD;pGm                             kd
                                     f
       a[mif;rGe½;kd *d;k bk&m;Bu;D &SNd y;D 'Db&m;Bu;D &JUbk&m;yGawmfukd ESppOfoBuef            k                                    J                       f               F    oBuexrif;jzifh {nfcauR;arG;rIonf ½d;k om;,Ofaus;odrarGUvSaom
                                                                                                                                                                                         F f                        h H                                     f                 a&oefpifatmifaq;aMumNy;D a&jzifjh yKwyg/ ig;ajcmufusuNf yqygu
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Y                                                                                      f                                          D dk
                                   f
       umv ESpqef;wpf&ufaeYrm usi;f yavh&w,f/ tJ'b&m;yGrm oBuef               S                                dS                             D k J S                          F   "avhwpfctjzpf xif&m;onf/ rGeoBuexrif;udk rGewi;f &if;om;
                                                                                                                                                                                                      k                 S         f       F f            f dk                 ig;ajcmufwkH;rsm;udkq,f,lí tom;rsm;udkETm,lyg/ ETm,lNyD;aom
         J                  YJ
       yGawmfequfpyfaewmaMumifh bk&m;yGawmfeYJ a&avmif;upm;wmudyg                                       J                                                                   k      vlBu;D vli,frsm;tjyif tjcm;wki;f &if;om;rsm;uyg ,aeYtcsetcgü
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                d                              d f            tom;rsm;udk rGrav;&&Satmif qkxoxnfí axmif;&rnfjzpfonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  G            d                          H J Ykd h
                 J
       yl;wGusi;f yvmMuw,f/ tJ'yawmfukd teD;tem;NrKd Ue,faygif;pHu um;            D JG                                                                             k               BudKufESpfoufvmMuojzifh wpdkufrwfrwfpm;okH;vmMuonf/                                                                                                                                                               pmrsufESm(33)okdY
rwf 28-{NyD 3? 2013
                                                                                                                                                                 BUSINESS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                21
                                                                                                                                                                   INTERNATIONAL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                f       d f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                vufawGUvkyief;qki&m ykyef;zGUJ pnf;yktopf[ac:         H          k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                onf/
                                                                                                                         toGifwl o½kyfaqmifjcif;                                                                                                                                                                           f dG Hk J
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           oabmrSm ZD;½d;k 0rf;'pf*sp'ptwGtjzpf toGif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      f        I Ydk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                wlatmif o½kyaqmifrwukd jyKvyvm&onftwGuf        k f             h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Ydk          f G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                vlwonf ½kyve?f obm0vGe?f twåvef w&m;Bu;D                G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Yk S                          f      d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                wdraeí vufawGUvkyief;qki&m enf;ynmwd;k wuf
                                                  ZD;½kd;0rf;                                                                                                                                                                                                                   a&TUvm&jcif;jzpfonf/ pifppf vufawGUvkyief;qki&m              f     d f
                           armf'efu toGiwatmif o½kyaqmifjcif;?
                                                            f l                                 f                                                                                                                                                                               enf;onf vl\rsK;d ½d;k ADZüyif oaE¨wnfxm;Ny;D om;
ydkYpf                     toGiwatmif zefw;D aomt&m Simulara
                                       f l
                                                  kS
                           taMumif;ud&i;f jyonf/ a*gh'uvluzefqif;                    f                  kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                jzpfonf/ rsK;d ½d;k ADZvQKUd 0Sutu©&m Genetic CodewGif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                toGifwlatmif o½kyfaqmif&rnfqdkaomZmpfjrpf
&mü vltm; a*gh'fukd,fyGm;ozG,fzefqif;onf/ vl                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                onf t&if;tjrpf&NdSy;D jzpfonf/ ADZxJ&xm;Ny;D jzpfaom
tm; a*gh'\t&dytm0goatmufwiaeap&ef &nf
                       f                  f                                        G f                                                                                                                                                                                          t&mu ,ckrtjynftpHk ½kyv;Hk ay:vmcGi&onf/ 'pf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  S       h          f                    hf
&G,onf/ oabmrSm vlonf a*gh'\toGioP²mef
        f                                                                   f                        f                                                                                                                                                                          *spfw,fwuúEdkvkd*sD\ tusKd;[kqdk&rnf/
ESiwatmifzefw;D &onf/ vlonf a*gh'ukd toGiwl
      hf l                                                                                  f                    f                                                                                                                                                                                   a[mudef;rS urÜnf;odkY
atmif o½kyfaqmif&onf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 k hJ             d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          qdcygtwki;f vlwonf b0o½kyaqmifawGjzpf                   Ydk                                  f
          aemufydkif;ü vlonf ZD0aA'enf;t& vljzpf                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Muonf/ avmuo½kyaqmifawGjzpfMuonf/ þodYk                         f
onf/ vl\o½kyaqmifronf obm0w&m;ESitnD    f              I                                                     hf                                                                                                                                                                 o½kyaqmif&mü &mckiEe;f jynfh o½kyaqmifyoEdif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           f                                                  d f I                                  f                         D k
jzpf&Ny;D vl\toGiwatmif o½kyaqmifrukd oabm  f l                          f                    I                                                                                                                                                                                                                  f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Muonfr[kway/ ADZpdwx&onftwki;f ykoP²mef                                 f J dS h d H
w&m;ujy|mef;onf/ armf'efacwfü vl\o½kyaqmif                                                                 f                                                                                                                                                                           f l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                vkywatmif o½kyaqmif&apumrl toGiyoP²mef              f                                                               f Hk
                                 h
rIukd 'pf*spjf zifaeonf/ ZD;½d;k ESi0rf; (oknESiwpf)onf         hf                                hf                                                                                                                                                                            aysmufq;Hk rI? qk;H ½I;H rIawG tenf;ESitrsm;&SEionf/                                       hf                         d dk f
'pf*spzefqif;rIü tajccHrjl zpfvmonf/ Digitality
           f                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                'pf*spenf;jzifh o½kyaqmif&awmh toGiyyef;[efawG          f                                                  f Hk
'pf*spjf zpfronf 'óerl (Metaphysical Principle)
                             I                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             h dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                avsmEionf/ xyfw?l wefz;kd wl ay:csiray:rnf/                                                                      f S
jzpfvmonf/ vD(rf)epf pum;twdi;f ajym&vQif 'pf*spf                      k                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Yk                        d h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          odaomf þvkavsmenf;&onftwGuf o½kyaqmif                                    h                                       f
onf a*gh'jfzpfygu 'Dtifeat(DNA)onf wrefawmf          f                                                                                                                                                                                                                          olukd tjypfwif&eftaMumif;r&Say/ omreftm;jzifh                                   d
jzpfrnf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ajymvQif o½kyaqmifrraumif;í o½kyyorIavsmh                          I                                            f D
                 F
          ocsmynm&Sif vD(rf)epfonf 'Gppepf\ aMumh&i;f                      d Hk                                    S                                                                                                                                                            enf;&onf[ajymEkionf/ ,ck ydparmf'eform;wku
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               k                      d f                          Yk f                                               Yd
oyf&yfrI Elegance of the binary system tav;xm;                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                o½kyaqmifawG o½kyaqmifrryDo&onfrm olwtjypf                f               I                                  S                  Ydk
onf/ þaMumh&Sif;oyf&yfrI\ vQKdU0Sufqef;Mu,frI                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   r[kwf/ 'pf*spfqdkif;? y½dk*&rfqkdif; Digit Signs wdkY
udkvnf; &SmMunfhonf/ ZD;½dk;ESifh0rf; (oknESifhwpf)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  k f dk f                      d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ud,wiu qki;f awGjzwfoef;&mvrf;qkü enf;AsL[m                                                              H
onf 'GdpkHjzpfNyD; olwkdYyifvQif zefqif;rI\wu,fh                                                                                                                                                                                                                                wefz;kd (Dachical Value) avmufom&Sí jzpf&onf[k                                                   d
ykH&dyfjzpfaeonf/ bk&m;ocifonf trSefESifhtrSm;?                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 axmufjyonf/ qdi;f wkü r[mAsL[mwefz;kd &S&rnf           k Yd                                                                  d
                         S hf
aumif;rIEiraumif;rI? w&m;rIEirw&m;rI? tvSEihf                        S hf                                            S                                                                                                                                                          jzpfaomfvnf; vIy&m;jzwfoef;í qki;f wkcsi;f qkrMd u f S                                          d Yd                                H
tusnf;wefrI ponhf'GdpkHpepfjzifh bk&m;ocif\nD                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   aomtcg enf;AsL[mwefzdk;omukefwwfonf/
ñGwfrI Unity of Supreme Beingudk wnfaqmuf                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ZD;½kd;0rf;üpkNyD; pm0Suftu©&m0SufwkdYjzifh o½kyf
             d Hk                   dS
onf/ 'Gppepf&vQif vkavmufNy[,qovm;rod/             H                  D k l                                                                                                                                                                                                     aqmifMuaomtcg? wpfenf;ajymvQif qdi;f oauFwawG                                                      k
,ckzefqif;rI txl;ojzifh toGifwlatmif zefwD;                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            fS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                vIy&m;aomtcg yJwiforMhJuonf/ þoauFwwd\         h                      H                                                                  Yk
aom t&mtm;vk;H udk ZD;½d;k 0rf;jzifjh yKvyaeMuonf/                                     k f                                                                                                                                                                                      usK;d aMumif;qDavsmaomyef;wki?f oauFwwk\ tppf    f                            d                                        Yd
þum; 'pf*spfw,facwf\ tajccH'óeudkajym                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     f k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                trSe[wr[kw?f pdwu;l [kwr[kwf z,fxm;wmvm;?                   f               f
jcif;jzpfonf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   xyfcgxyfcg azmfaewmvm;? xifa,mifrSm;rIvm;
                                             'óeajymif;                                                                          b0udpöt&yf&yf? avmuDudpöt&yf&yfudk pm0SuCodejzifh pDrHvm&if; vlY
                                                                                                                                                                               f                                                                                                                                          Yk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ponfjh yóemwdonf vrf;üjzpfap? yef;wkiüjzpfap                                                                         d f
          toGiwatmifzefw;D rIonf yxrü a*gh'Eihf
                               f l                                                                              f S                                                                                                                                                             arS;rSdefuG,faysmufoGm;Edkifonf/
                                                                                                                                      YJ        hf l k Ydk   f
                                                                                                                                 tzGtpnf;ESivxwyif pm0Supepfjzifh pDruyuEionf[xifvmonf/
                                                                                                                                                                          H G f J kd f     k                                                                                                                 ö
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          b0udpt&yf&yf? avmuDupt&yf&yfukd pm0Suf                                  d ö
                          Yd
obm0wku pD&ifconf/ ,ck vlu toGiwaom            hJ                                                      f l
zefw;D rIwukd toGitrsK;d rsK;d jzifjh yKonf/ vlu toGif
                   Ykd                       f                                                                                               kd G                     k G f J kd f           f Yd k
                                                                                                                                 þtcsufurr;f rHNyD; tifazmfar;&Si;f uduyuEivQif pm0Suwukd uGyuJ     f                                                                           Codejzifh pDrHvm&if; vlYtzGJUtpnf;ESifh vlxkwkdYyif
wlzefwD;rIwkdYudkjyKvmaomtcgü tiftm;ESifh wif;                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                pm0Supepfjzihf pDruyuEionf[xifvmonf/ þ        H G f J kd f                              k
rmrI (Forces and Tensions)wdEihf eyef;vk;H &onf/                   Yk S                                                          Edkifrnf/ pm0SufudkuGyfuJí vlwkdYtay: pdk;rdk;Edkifonf[kjrifvmMuonf                                                                                              f kd G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                tcsuurr;f rHNy;D tifazmfar;&Si;f udk uGyuEivQif                                                                   f J kd f
xktcg 'óevnf;ajymif;onf/ jzpfwnfjcif; being
    d                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            f Ydk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                pm0Suwukd uGyuEirnf/ pm0Suuuyuí vlwYdk   f J kd f                                         f kd G f J
ESihf tjrifyef;ykvm AppearencewdtaMumif;? b0
                                   H T                                          Yk                                                                                                                                                                                                                         k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                tay:pd;k rd;k Edionf[k jrifvmMuonf/ þoabmudk
               S
pGr;f tifEihf jy|mef;cHb0wdtaMumif;wdukd ajymjyNyD;      Yk                              Yk                              topfwdkYjzifh tpm;xdk;&NyD/                                              wkHYjyefrI(zdbuf)rsm;taMumif;? tar;tajzrsm;t                                  ydparmf'efu Propheey a[mude;f rS urÜn;f pm Inserip-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Yk f
onfhaemuf tjy|mef;cHrIrJhjcif; IndeterminacyESifh                                                                             ,ckqubmuGyurI Cyberneelic Control t
                                                                                                                                       kd f  f J                                                  aMumif; ponftaMumif;t&mopfwukd em;vnf&
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  h                     Ydk                                     tion tjzpfoYkd ul;ajymif;jcif;yg trSwonmjzpfonf/                                              f
oauF0Sufpm0Suf CodewdkYtaMumif;udk ajymvm&                                                                                         H H G f               H H
                                                                                                                         aMumif; ykpcutoD;oD;rSwpfqifh ykpopfrsm;arG;xkwf                                                            hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                  onf/ ajymjywwf&onf/ vufawGUusio;H k wwf&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    (Ref - Rvoomthodemis W Postmodern by
onf/ xdktaMumif;udkajymjyaom tjcm;'óe                                                                                    ,ljcif;taMumif; jcm;em;aomarmf*sL;rsm;taMumif;?                          xkaMumifh ¤if;wkukd New Operatical Con!guration
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Yd              Yd                                                          L.E Cahoone)



                                                                                                                                                                                                  &JxHüvdrfvnfí um;vkdifpiftzrf;cHcJhrI ,ckrS                                 tpdk;&wm0efrsm;udk udk,fusKd;vkyfaqmifrIrsm;udk
       bmvJa[U owif;pm                                                                                                                                                                                      h
                                                                                                                                                                                                  ay:vmcJ&m w&m;½k;H udvrvnfrjI zifh &mZ0wfrpqkd
                                                                                                                                                                                                  cH&onf/ þtrIukd jynfooap&ef tus,w0ihf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           k d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   l d             f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       I JG   azmfxwonf/ 'Drua&pDxe;f um;aomEkiirsm;ü
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              rSeuefaoma0zefcsursm;? owif;rsm;udk vufc&
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           k f         kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        G          d f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             H
       pm(20)rS-                                                                                                                                                                                  azmfjyonf/ ol\wm0efEihf ol\tjyKtrlqefusif    S                     Y        onf/ ightaMumif;a&;om;&rnfvm;[k trsuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           f G
                                                                                                                                                                                                  aeaMumif; vGwvyfpma0zefa&;om;Muonf/ jynfol                                                                         Yl
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              a'goxm;ír&ay/ jynfotusK;d ? wki;f jynftusK;d       d
       Beat qdaomyk*K¾ vrsm;onf olwEioufqiaom
                k         d f           Ydk S hf    kd f                                                                  qdkufjzpfonf/                                                                                 kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Mum;rStjrifuvnf; awGUqkar;jref;umazmfjyonf/       H                                                               ¬ df k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              udk a&S;½Ia&;om;Muí pwkwr@Ki[yif wifpm;xm;
       bmom&yfrsm;tm; txl;uRrf;usifaomaMumifh                                                                                               k f
                                                                                                                                vef'efxwowif;pmrsm;udk avhvmMunf&m                         h      olwm0efEio\pdw"mwfukd trsm;ua0zefqef;ppf
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Y           S hf l                 f                                     &onfr[kwfygavm/
                            f    I G
       wnf;jzwfr?I o½kyazmfrwif trSm;t,Gi;f uif;Mu                                                                                                           f
                                                                                                                          a'owGi;f aeYpOftjzpftysursm;? trsK;d om;EkiiH                   d f       df                         Yd                dfH
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Eki&efjzpfonf/ xkaMumifh Ekiia&;orm;rsm;? ygvDref                                       uRefawmfwkdYEkdifiHwGif yk*¾vduowif;pmrsm;
       onf/ owif;? owif;aqmif;yg;rsm;udk Publicity                                                                        a&;jzpfpOfrsm;? xif&Sm;aom yk*¾Kdvfa&;jzpfpOfrsm;                       trwfrsm;u owif;pmudvefMY uonf/ owif;pm         k                            ay:xGufvmawmhrnf/ vlNydef;BudKuf owif;rsm;
       jzpfatmif udiw,EiMf uayonf/ xkaMumifh Beat
                      k f G f dk                 Yd                                                                                       f
                                                                                                                          tjzpftysursm;? &mZ0wfr?I pD;yGm;a&;? azsmajza&;?          f             onf jynfobufr&yfwnfí vTwawmfEihf tpd;k &
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Yl             S                         f S                                          f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              avmufjzifh wif;wdraeírjzpf/ Oya'jyKa&;? tkyf
                     kf                d f kd f S f
       rsm;rsm;arG;Ediatmif owif;pmwkuyi&iwYdk BuKd ;pm;                                                                  toif;tzGUJ rsm;? ya[Vd? aA'if? tBuay;pm? a0zef    H                     udk a0zefonf/ tusifhysuf? jcpm;rIudk xdrfcsefí                                     f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              csKya&;ESihf w&m;pD&ifa&;wnf;[laom r@KiBf u;D              d
       Muonf/                                                                                                                                                      D
                                                                                                                          a&;? tpm;taomuf? a&'D,?kd AD',?dk ½ky&io;Hk oyf       f S f             r&atmif owif;tpteazmfxkwfonf/ pD;yGm;                                                                   l Ykd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ok;H &yftay: jynfow\tusK;d ESi,Oí a0zef"u     hf S f         d
                                  f
              owif;pmudk t&G,tpm;trsK;d rsK;d xkwa0Mu  f                                                                                      kd
                                                                                                                          csu?f wDA?GD a&'D,tpDtpOfrsm;? ukeaps;EIe;f ? pawmh
                                                                                                                                                                          f                                   kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                  a&;aumfya&;&Si;f Bu;D rsm;? bPfwuBf u;D rsm;uvnf;        dk                 jyKaomowif;rsm;? aqmif;yg;rsm;udvnf; tav;xm;k
       onf/ qkdufBuD;owif;pmrSm rDvDrDwm600_380                                                                           aps;EIe;f ? tm;upm;? aMumfjimrsK;d pk?H Oa&my? tmz&du?                  raumif;owif;wpfpGef;wpfp owif;pmüygvm                                       a&;om;MurSom owif;rD'D,m\wm0ef ausyGef
       jzpfonf/ wufbvduf (Tabloids) ac: owif;pmrSm
                              k                                                                                           tm&S? tar&duefowif;ESihf a0zefcsursm; pkvifpm       f       H       G   rnfukd twwfEiq;Hk a&Smif&m;onf/ owif;pm\
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            kd f                      S                       vdrrnf[,qonf/ rD',m[lonf (Re"ection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       hf      k l                D
       rDvrwm380_300jzpfNy;D rpf'(Midi)ac: owif;
            D D                      D                                                                                    azmfjyonfudk awGU&onf/                                                                                      k JG G
                                                                                                                                                                                                  tpGr;f onf olaX;udrom;apEdionf/ pawmh&,,m             kf        S f         of Reality) trSew&m;\a&mifjyefjzpfonfukd rarh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   f
       pmrSm rDvDrDwm470_315rDvDrDwmt&G,fjzpfMu                                                                                                  f   G hf S
                                                                                                                                owif;pmvGwvyfcirm ajymp&mvdrnfrxif                k                                               k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                  aps;rsm; xk;d usapEdionf/ owif;pmonf vlwpfO;D                               tyfygaMumif;/
       onf/ t*FvefrS *g'D,ef (The Guardian) rSm rpf'D                                                                                   d
                                                                                                                          yg/ uufbeuf0efBu;D wpfO;D vGecaomwpfEpu    f hJ               S f       aMumifh trsm;xdckdufrnfhudpö? trsm;ydkifypönf;?
  22                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   POLITICS                                                                                                                                                                         rwf 28-{NyD 3? 2013

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            HOME
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Ouú|wpfO;D taejzifvnf;aumif; us,jf yefpmpOf;pm;&onf jzpfyg\/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     h                              Y G                                                                                                       f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        &ef? a'ozGUH NzKd ;wd;k wuf&eftwGuvnf; o,HZmwrsm;udk xkw,toH;k jyK&                               f l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          tpD&ifcpmwGif awGU&Scsursm;udk pkaphpma&;om;xm;ygonf/ a'ocH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          d f                  H G                                                      onfrmvnf; Ediiwi;f u rvGeqefEiaomt&mjzpfjyefygonf/ EdiiH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      S                k f H kd                 f       kd f                                          k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               l          Ü
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                jynforsm;? ukrP?D tmPmydiw\tm;enf;csursm;? jznfqnf;&rnfh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  k f Ydk                     f      h                                        k             f              H d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        wdi;f wGivnf; pDrue;f Bu;D rsm;&Sae&ygonf/ wd;k wufvygonf[qaom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            d                                    S             k kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             f                h Hk G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                tcsursm;udk jynfppm? rQwpGmppfaq;awGU&Scsursm;udk axmifppmwifjy    d f                    h Hk G                                                    Gf             H d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        tar&duefwivnf; pDrue;f Bu;D rsm; vufnK§d;xd;k rvG&aeyg\/ xdprue;f                   J dS                kDH d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                xm;onfudk awGU&ygonf/                                                                                                                         h                         I kd d kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        rsm;aMumifvnf; wd;k wufru&&SEicjhJ cif;jzpfygonf/ avmuBu;D onf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          uReawmfwYdk 'Dru&ufwpf vltzGUJ tpnf;jzpfay:a&;twGuf 'Drkd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    f                  kd                 Y                                                             ]tay;}ESifh]t,l}? ]tvJ}ESifh]tvS,f}wdkYjzifh zGJUpnf;xm;ygonf/ bmrS


t                                                      &mcyfodrf;wkdYonf wpfoabmwnf;&SdwwfMuonfr[kwf
                                                       qefusionfoabm? 0da&m"doabmrsm;jzifh aygif;pnf;aeMu
jcif;omjzpfonf/ uGjJ ym;jcm;em;pGm jzpfwnfvmjcif;aMumifh avmuBu;D [lí
                                                                         Y f h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ua&pD,Ofaus;rIukd pwifusio;Hk aeMuolrsm;jzpfygonf/ qefusibuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Yk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                vm;&monf tmPm&Sif odr[kwf rif;rJp½duwpfcck jzpfwwfygonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                'Drua&pDonf tjyeftvSenEi;f ? aqG;aEG;? aphpyf&onfoabm&SNd y;D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                f d§ dI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                tjyeftvSeav;pm;&onfh ESpvrf;oGm;pepfjzpfonf/ qefusibufjzpf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 h k f          k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Y f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Y f                         ray;vdkvQif bmrSjyef&if&rnfr[kwfyg/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ediiwpfck jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;rsm; aqmif&uaomtcg? wd;k wuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        zGUH NzKd ;a&;udaqmif&uaomtcg qefusibuf0a&m"dwuvnf; &Svm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Mu&onfrm obm0jzpfyg\/ tpd;k &opftaejzifh rnfrQEiiujkd yKjyif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Y f            d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ykd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        kd f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    d
jzpfay:vmcJ&jcif;jzpfonf/ xdavmuBu;D xJwif qefusionfoabm     h                                                                                           k                                                                             G                                Y f h                                                                                   aom obm0rSm wpfvrf;oGm;jzpfaomaphpyfnEi;f rIukd vufrcHaom?              d§ dI                                                                        k f hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ajymif;vJay;Ediconfukd jyefajymif;pOf;pm;MunfEiygonf/ &v'fay:                   h kd f
rsm;jzifh aygif;pnf;jzpfwnfaeMu&jyefygonf/ [du'½d*sionfvnf;aumif;?                                                                                                                                                              k f k f                                                                                                                         qE´ptay:wGiom &yfwnfaomtajctaejzpfNy;D tmPm&Sioabm?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          JG                f                                                                 f                                                              G f d Jh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        atmif raqmif&uEkifcaomtpdk;&qdkvQif wpfrsKd;pOf;pm;Edkifygonf/
atmufqD*sifonfvnf;aumif; oD;jcm;vu©Pmrsm;ydkifqdkifMuvsuf                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                h k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                rif;rJp½duobm0jzpfaeygonf/ xkaMumifh cHpm;rIukd ab;odcPcsxm;Yd                         Yk                                           Ak'u umvmrokwukd a[mMum;xm;cJonfrm tvum;r[kwyg/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ¨                           f                         h         S                            f
oD;jcm;0daoorsm;jzifwnf&aom j'yfrsm;jzpfygonf/ odaomfvnf; a&                                            h                                dS                                                                                                                                                 Yk                                                                    d f            kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Eki&efvtyfygonf/ wpfcsewnf;rSmyif ½d;k om;aom jynfowtay:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              d f                                          l Ydk                        ]tpOftvmjzpfaomfvnf;? q&mhpum;[kqaomfvnf;? usr;f *efu[k                   kd
[laomt&mü tcsK;d tpm;nDpm twlwuGaygif;pnf;jzpfay:ygonf/                                                                                                    G                                                                                                                                                                                                    tcGifhaumif;,lum aoG;xkd;vIHYaqmfrIvnf; &yfwefYoifhygonf/                                                                       k                           d Ykd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        qdaomfvnf;} rdrw\todÓPfcsicseEirukd toH;k rcsbJ rsuv;kH rSwfhf d f kd f I                               f d
                                                                                                                            vufyHawmif;awmif                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      k kd h                Yk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        r,Hci;f cJacs/ xdaMumifh wpfO;D wpfa,mufu rnfonfvy&yfrsm;udrQ                              h k f                 k
                                                        H
                           vufyawmif;awmifta&;udponf twefi,fte;f tke;f uRuuRuf                                                                                                            ö                                                                                 k                                                           f
  d hJ
&Scaomta&;jzpfcyg\/ &ufyi;f twGi;f u xGuay:vmcJaom pkprf;awGU                             hJ                                                    kd                                                                                   f                                                    h                             H
       d
&Scsuf tpD&ifcpmxGuvmNy;D onfaemufwif tke;f tke;f uRuuRuwYdk                  H                                     f                                                                       h                                 G                                                                                     f                                f
wpfzefjyefí Ed;k xvmcJygonf/ a':atmifqef;pkMunfu,wif Ouú|
jyKí taotcsm avhvmpdppfcaom tpD&ifcpmudtcgcgzwfMunfryg
onf/ tjyefjyeftvSevevnf; ok;H oyf½jI rifcygonf/ rsm;pGmrQwí
    d f H
Ekii\tusK;d ? tem*wf\tusK;d ? a'otusK;d ? 'Drua&pD\tusK;d ay:
                                                                                                                  h

                                                                                                              f S f
                                                                                                                                                             hJ                                                                     H k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     kd f dk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                h d             uGJjym;aomfvnf;
ajrmfjrifí jyKpkxm;aomtpD&ifcHpmjzpfyg\/
                                                     f
                           uReawmfwi,fpOfu rdbtajctaeudraphibJ vkcsiaomrkez;kd    Ydk                                                                                                                                            k                                k                                 d f                                                  Yf
udk awmif;cJMh uonf/ ud,wirbrsm;jzpfvmMuaomtcg i,fpOfu
vky&yfrsm;twGuf aemifw&rdcMhJ uonfcsn;f jzpfonf/ om;orD;b0\
                  f
                                 Hk S
½IjrifyEihf rdbb0\½IjrifywYdk uGjJ ym;jcm;em;ygvdrrnf/ rdbb0½Ijrifyu
                                                                                                                            k f dk f d

                                                                                                                              Hk                                                                                                                     hf                                                                                           Hk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                aygif;pnf;Edkifygonf
     k                                        f
ydíus,us,jf yefjY yef&vmonfurl jiif;csuxwMf urnfr[kw[k ,kH                                             Y dS                                                                         kd                                             f k                                                                                              f
Munfygonf/
                                           kd
                           'Drua&pD\ tESpom&rsm;xJrwpfcrm ]]tjyeftvSea&G;cs,ciay;                           f                                                                                 S              kS                                                                                f                                  f G hf
jcif;}}jzpfygonf/ wpfcseu uReawmfwa&G;cs,cir&&ScMhJ uyg/ ,ck yGihf                                         d f                                                    f                                   Ydk                                       f G hf d
vif;pGmajymqd?k a0zef? awmif;qdci&vmcJMh uygonf/ tjyeftvSea&G;                                                                                                          k G hf dS                                                                                                                                                             f
                       f I
cs,r&jdS cif;\ oabmw&m;wpfcjk zpfonf/ tpd;k &u jynfowtm;a&G;                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  l Ydk
cs,fcGifhay;jcif;vnf;rnfygonf/ odkYqdkvQif jynfolwkdYuvnf; tpd;k &
udk jyefvnfa&G;cs,ciay;rSom rSeuefaom 'Drua&pDvrf;aMumif;ay:                                 f G hf                                                                             f                                                           kd
odkY tpdk;&a&m? jynfolwkdYyga&muf&Sdaeonf[kqkdEdkifrnfjzpfonf/
                                                           H
                           vufyawmif;awmifprue;f udk n§Ei;f rIvufrcHbJ ]wpfzufowf                                                     D H d                                                               d dI
&yfyg}[k qdjk cif;onf tjcm;wpfzufukd a&G;cs,ciay;jcif;rrnfyg/ rSef                                                                                                                                                                             f G hf
uefaom 'Drua&pDusio;Hk rI\ qefusibufvm;&mvnf;jzpfygonf/         kd                                                     fh                                                                        Y f
,aeYtpd;k &onf jynfowtm; 'Drua&pD,Ofaus;rIukd cHpm;usio;Hk Edif                                                       l Ydk                                                            kd                                                                                                                                          hf k
&ef pwifjyKjyifajymif;vJay;cJojl zpfygonf/ a':atmifqef;pkMunfonf                                                                            h
                                                  kd
vnf; 'Drua&pDtwGuf wkuy0ifcojl zpfygonf/ 'Drua&pDqonfrm                                                                            d f JG hJ                                                                                                                             kd                                               dk                                S
wpfO;D wpfa,muf? a'owpfcwnf;twGur[kwyg/ Ediiwpfc?k xkEiiH                                                                                          k                                                                    f                               f k f H                                                                             d kd f
               f                                d
wGiaexkiMf uukeaom jynfotm;vk;H twGujf zpfNy;D tusK;d pD;yGm;qdonf                    f                                                              l                                                                                                                                                                                    k
                                                          d dk f H S d kd f H
rSmvnf; xkEiiEihf xkEiitwGi;f aexkiMf uoltm;vk;H twGuom jzpf                                                                                                                                               d                                                                                                          f
ygonf/
                           tzGUJ tpnf;\tusK;d pD;yGm;ESi,OvQif wpfO;D csi;f \tusK;d pD;yGm;udk                                                                               hf S f
           Yf T
pGevwMf u&yg\/ a'o\tusK;d pD;yGm;ESi,OvQif tpktzGUJ i,fwpfc\                                                                                                                                                   hf S f                                                                                                                                  k
tusK;d pD;yGm;udk pGevw&onfoabm&SNd y;D Ekii\tusK;d pD;yGm;ESi,OvQif                    Yf T f                                                h                                                                        d f H                                                                                       hf S f                                       vufyHawmif;awmifta&;udpöESihfywfoufNyD; a':atmifqef;pkMunfu awmifolrsm;ESifhawGUqHkaqG;aEG;aepOf/                                                                                                                      Photo : KTS
a'o\tusKd;pD;yGm;oufoufudk OD;pm;ay;í&Ekdifrnfr[kwfyg/ ,ck
                         f
xGuay:vmaomtpD&ifcpmudk avhvmaomtcg a'otusK;d pD;yGm;?                                                                              H
         d
xka'oae jynfow\tusK;d pD;yGm;udvnf; rsm;pGmxnfoi;f pOf;pm;xm;                               l Ykd                                                                                                   k                                                                             h G
                                     kd
onfuawGU&ygonf/ tpD&ifcpmonf xkxufyíus,jf yefpm½Ijrifxm;                                                                                               H                                                         Yd                              kd                                                        Y G                                                                       kd     dk S                               k            f f kfH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  'Drua&pDqonfrm wpfO;D wpfa,muf? a'owpfcwnf;twGur[kwyg/ Ediiwpfc?k xkEiiwif      d kd f H G
onfh vu©Pmrsm;udkawGUae&ygonf/
                                                                                                          cHpm;rIudk OD;pm;ray;zdkYvdk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        d     f          l                                   k S        d dk f H S d kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  aexkiMf uukeaom jynfotm;vk;H twGujf zpfNyD; tusKd;pD;yGm;qdonfrmvnf; xkEiiEihf xkEiiH
                           tpD&ifcpmxGuvmNy;D tifwmeufxwif a0zeforsm; nHom;ovkd
                                                                   H                                f                                                                                                                 J G                                                           H                                           G                                                 twGif;aexkdifMuoltm;vkH;twGufom jzpfygonf
a':atmifqef;pkMunf\ vufyawmif;awmifc&D;pOfwiyifvQif qE´jy                                                                                                           H                                                                                                                 G f
rIrsm;? wpfzufowfprue;f &yfpa&; a<u;aMumforsm;rSmrSeuefpm pOf;                                        D H d                                                           J                                                                                  H                                                  f                         G
                                   hf d f
pm;csicseonfxuf wpfvrf;oGm; wpfzufowfqefum cHpm;rItay:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         apmifhMunfhoifh                                                                          k f hJ               YH           I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        rjyEdicbJ aoG;xd;k vIaqmfroufoufjzpfaom pum;rsm;tay: >cif;csuf
rsm;pGmtajccHaeonf[k ,lqzG,&mjzpfygonf/ jzpfoifonfrm a':atmif                                                                                                   f                                                                                                     h                                  S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       a':atmifqef;pkMunf\ vufyawmif;awmif awGU&ScsutpD&ifcpm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         H                                 d f                  H       r&Sd ,Hkpm;&efroifhyg/
qef;pkMunfukd tcgwdi;f uJoYkd aomif;aomif;jzjzBuKd qum a'o\vkd                                            k h                                                                                                                                                                          kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              f                     h S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                udk owif;pmrsm;wGiazmfjyNy;D onfaeYrmyif xdpprf;ppfaq;a&;tpD&ifcpm k kH                                       H                      k f H                                    f hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Ediiawmfor®wBu;D \ vGecaomESpEpumvtwGi;f Ediiaumif;         f S f                     k f H
                                            f
tyfcsursm;udwifjyí taustvnfaqG;aEG;jcif;u ydíaumif;rGereuef            k                                                                                                                                                                                            k                                                           fSf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                tay: taumiftxnfazmfaqmif&GufrnfhaumfrwDudk 15OD;ygjzifh                                                                                                     k f hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        usK;d twGuf bmawGvyconfukd jyefajymif;pOf;pm;EdiMf u&efjzpfonf/                         k
aom ajz&Sif;enf;wpfck[k ,lqygonf/
                           a':atmifqef;pkMunf\ 'Drua&pDta&;BuKd ;yrf;cJronf NLD                                                                                              kd                                                                                                                    h I                                                                      h                             k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                zGUJ pnf;cJyg\/ jynfaxmifp0efBu;D rsm;? a'oqdi&m0efBu;D csKywyg0if              k f                    f Ykd            EdkifiHwumrdom;pkrSyif todtrSwfjyKcJh&onftxd atmifjrifcJhaom
wpfcwnf;twGur[kwovdk a'owpfcwnf;twGuvnf; r[kwcyg/
                           k                                                              f                               f                                                                                  k                                                                f                                                              f hJ               aomtzGUJ jzpfojzifh us,us,jf yefjY yeftaumiftxnfazmfaqmif&uf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     f                        Y                                                     G                     G f f                          G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        aqmif&ucsursm;udk aqmif&uay;cJNh y;D jzpfonf/ pHprf;ppfaq;a&;aumf                     k
or®wBu;D OD;ode;f pde\jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;rsm;ESihf tppt&m&m aqmif                                 f                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             oGm;rnfrmaocsmygonf/ Ediiawmftaejzifvnf; þudptay: rsm;pGm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                S                        k f H                   h                          ö                           rwDOuú|jzpfol a':atmifqef;pkMunftaejzifvnf; twdwu bmawG                        h               f
                 f I
&Gurrsm;onfvnf; Bu^zGUH ygwDwpfcwnf;twGur[kwovdk 0rfaygif                                                      hH                                                                                 k                                                          f                                   f                                                              tav;xm;aqmif&Gufay;aeonfrSm xif&Sm;vSygonf/                                                                                      f kd f hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        vkyuiconfukd jyefajymif;pOf;pm;EdiMf u&efvnf;jzpfonf/ Ediiawmf    k                                 k f H
ukrPtwGuvnf;r[kwyg/ ud,Eii?H ud,vrsK;d twGujf zpfí oifh
                      Ü D                                                   f                                                    f                                        k hf kd f                                         k hf l                                                                                                                                                              k f l Ykd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       a'owGi;f aexdiow\epfemrIukd jznfqnf;aqmif&uay;a&;?               h                          G f                  or®wonf oluse;f rma&;? olrom;pkta&;udk vH;k 0riJuubJ jynfol
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Y                       Y d                                      h G f
                             f
avsmonf[,qaomtcg jrpfqprue;f udyif &J&wif;wif; qki;f iHay;cJh  k l                                                                                                         Hk D H d k                                                                      J                                                     d h                                                              f d kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ywf0ef;usixcur?I vlra&;xdcuEirrsm;udk jyefvnfjyifaqmif&uf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       I             kd f kd f I                                                  G         Yk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        wdtwGuom tNrpOf;pm;aqmif&uaeoljzpfygonf/ a':atmifqef;pk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            f        J                             G f
oljzpfygonf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  S                                  Yk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ay;rnfrm aocsmvSygonf/ xdaMumifh a'ocHrsm;taejzifh cHpm;rIukd                                                                                                      k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Munfonfvnf; olr\ud,usK;d pD;yGm;rsm;udpevwum jrefrmEdiit                     k G Yf T f                   k f H
                                                                          Ydk
                           a'ocHwtaejzifh a'otusK;d pD;yGm;xdyg;onfjzpfí wpfpwpf&m                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Hk                                 a&SUwef;rwifbJ taumiftxnfazmfrrsm;udk acwåapmifqi;f oifonf[kI                             h kd          h                                        G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        wGuf aqmif&uaeolomjzpfygonf/ odqvQif bmrSr[kwaom? bm                 Yk kd                        f
cHpm;&Ediygonf/ Ediiawmfor®wtaejzifh rdbwpfO;D \½IjrifrrsK;d ? EdiiH
                                          k f                                                 k f H                                                                                                                                                                                                               I k f                                                                     h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ,lqygonf/ jznfqnf;rItaumiftxnfazmfrrsm;onf oifwifavsmuf                   I                       h h                   &v'frrjyEdicaom? vQKUd 0Suxm;aom ud,tusK;d pD;yGm;twGuf ½k;d pif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      S k f hJ                         f                        k hf
wpfc\ wm0eft&Sq;Hk ol\½IjrifrrsK;d jzifh pOf;pm;&ygonf/ Ekiiwum
                               k                                                                d                                                                                 I                                                                                                                            d f H                                            ywfaomtcsewif taumiftxnfray:vmcJygu qufvufí wdkif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    d f G                                                     h                                         aoma'ocHrsm;udk yGq&eftwGuom aoG;xd;k vIUH aqmfaeaompum;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          J l                       f
qufqa&;udvnf; xnfwu&ygonf/ olEii?H olvrsK;d wk;d wufap&ef
                                        H                            k                                                       h G f                                                                                        Y kd f Y l                                                                                                                            wef;Edicirsm; &SaeqJvnf;jzpfygonf/ oufqi&mtqifqifowifjy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        k f G hf        d                                                   kd f                 h h Ykd                rsm;tay: pOf;pm;csifhcsdefEdkifMurnfjzpfonf/
   k f H
Ediiwum&if;ES;D jrK§ yErrsm;udvnf; pOf;pm;&ygonf/ 'Drua&pD,Ofaus;                              f HS I                                  k                                                                                                                                           kd                                                                           í qE´jycGifhvnf;&Sdaeygao;onf/                                                                                                         kd                                             hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   'Drua&pD,Ofaus;rIuk d pwifusio;k H aeaom jrefrmEdiiom;wdtaejzifh               kfH        Yk
                    G
rIxe;f um;a&;udvnf; pOf;pm;&ygonf/ a':atmifqef;pkMunftae                        k                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    wpfOD;wnf;aompum;udk r,HkzdkYvnf;vdk                                                               rSeuefaom'Drua&pDvrf;aMumif;ay:rSomavQmufvr;f um rMumrDjznfqnf;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               f              kd                                                            S                      h
jzifvnf; jynfowua&G;aumufwifajrmufcaom vTwawmftrwf
             h                                                                    l Ykd                                                                                                                             §                    hJ                                                            f                                                                                                       S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       a'ocHrsm;½d;k om;Muonfrm aocsmygonf/ "m;rOD;csvyuipm;                                         k f kd f           ay;rnf?h taumiftxnfazmfaqmif&urnfh aumfrwD\aqmif&urrsm;          G f                                    G f I
wpfO;D taejzifvnf;aumif;? jynfow\tusK;d udk arQmawG;aom NLD               h                                                                                                                     l Ydk                                                                           f                                                                               aomufMuonfrmvnf; tpOftvmjzpfygonf/ EdiiwpfczUHG NzKd ;wk;d wuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          S                                                         k f H      k                        udk cHpm;csufcPab;csí apmifhMunfhoifhonf[k,lqygonf/ /
rwf 28-{NyD 3? 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                POLITICS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    23
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             INTERNATIONAL


&wufrat;
qD;&D;,m;
ta&;                                                                                                                                                                                                        0if;armifOD;

                                                                                                k f H G
                                                   &D;,m;Ediiwi;f &Sd aoG;acsmif;pD;y#dyu©wum; qH;k cef;rwdif                                                                                                                            Ykd                                                                                 k

qD;               Yf G h
                                                   ao;/ ,ckrwfv wwd,ywftwGi;f umvtxd aoqH;k cJ&ol
                                                   70000cef&cNhJ yjD zpfNy;D ppfab;'PfaMumifh rdre,fajra'o
udk pGecmcJ&ol av;oef;0ef;usicef&cNhJ yjD zpf\/ vufbEGeEiiwi;f üyif
                                                                                                                Y dS
                                                                                                                                                  f Y dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     f kd f H G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   h

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   tmqwftpkd;&tm; qefYusifwdkufcdkufaeolrsm;/                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Photo : Internet
                                                      ©
qD;&D;,m;'kuonf av;ode;f eD;yg;&SaecJonf/ w&m;0ifrwywifpm&if;                                                                                                        d h                                                                                            S f kH
oGi;f xm;aom 'ku©onfyif wpfodef;ausmf&SdaecJh\/
                           k
              xdq;D &D;,m;'kuonfwukd ydrunaxmufyEi&ef tvSLaiGrsm;xnfh                         ©                                          Ykd k kd l D                                                            hH kd f
0ifMuzdY k Ediiwumtodi;f t0di;f tm; UNHCRrS aqmfMoxm;onf/ vuf&d S
                                  kfH                                                                        k                       k                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                dS f      k hf k k f                   kf f G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    tmPmvuf0,f&csde(0g) ud,ordi;f ud,taumif;qH;k a&;Edicsdewif trsm;jynfol
wGivnf; 'kuonfwtm;axmufyEi&ef a':vmoef;400cefY UNHCR
        f                                                 ©                                          Ykd                                                         hH kd f
rS ukvor*¾oY k d&efyaiGawmif;cHxm;onf/ tqd;k qH;k rSm t&G,ra&mufao;ol kH                                                                                                                                                                               f                                                                                                                     k f                 k                                       k hkd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    tusKd;udO;D xdyyefqifum ordi;f aMumif;vSatmifBudK;yrf;&rnfomjzpf\/ xdorvkyf
uav;oli,fwjYkd zpf\/ qD;&D;,m;uav;i,fwrm ulnyy;kd rIrsm;pGmvdk                                                                                                                                                     Ykd S                                    D hH
tyfvsu&aMumif; UNICEF uvnf; w&m;0ifajymMum;xm;\/ qD;
                                       f dS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         aqmifEdkifcJhvQif trsm;jynfol\'PfcwfrIudkcH,l&rnfrSmrkcs . . .
                                                                 kd
&D;,m;y#dyu©u&yfwefEi&ef Ediiwumtodi;f t0di;f rS trsK;d rsK;d tzHzkH                                           Y kd f                           k f H                                                     k                           k                                                                                        k
BudK;yrf;cJhMuygonf/
                             Yk
              od&mwGif qdcovdtaMumif;trsK;d rsK;d aMumifh t&mrxifc/ ,ck        k hJ k                                                                                                                                                                                                                 hJ
rwfvtwGi;f wGif qD;&D;,m;twdutcHwu wpfrsK;d wpfzBkH uKd ;yrf;vm                                                                                            k f                                  Ykd                                                                                                                                                                                         kd f H G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    tar&duefEiiwif aexdiotiwrefae*sm? qD;&D;,m;pduysK;d a&;                             k f l kd f D                                                                                         k f                           kfG d d l                                   S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Edipr;f &Sr&S[onfrm raocsmvSyg/ tmqwftpd;k &\wyfzUJG uvnf; olyef                                                                                                                   k
cJhonf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   f f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   0efBu;D a[mif;? tkycsKya&;rSL;a[mif;ESihf tdrNf cajrvkyief;&SiwYkd ud,pm;vS,f                                                        H                       f                   f             k f                                    tajcpdkuf trmcHpcef;rsm;ESifh twdkuftcHwdkY\pk&yfae&mrsm;udk av
              tjcm;r[kwyg/ vuf&bm&Sm;tmqwftpd;k &ESihf pifNyKd itpd;k &wpf f                                                             dS                                                                                                                                   f                                                    rsm;xJwif yg0ifaeygonf/ twdutcHñeaygif;tzGUJ 0if 72OD;u rJay;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              G                                                                            k f                            G Yf                                                                                           aMumif;rS ¤if;vufeufBuD;rsm;jzifhvnf;aumif; rD;ukef,rf;ukefyHkrSef
&yfzUJG pnf;&ef BuKd ;yrf;vmMujcif;jzpf\/ twdutcHtyp\ tBu;D rm;qH;k                                                                                                                            k f                                   k f k                                                                                                                 f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   a&G;cs,q;kH jzwfMurnfjzpfonf/ ,SONf yKd iowpfO;D rQ axmufcr&mcdiEe;f 50                                                 f l                                                               HI kfI                                      wducuvsu&ygonf/ xdyo;D twdutcH Ediia&;acgif;aqmifwrm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              k f kd f                     f dS                          f                      k f                 k f H                                                      Ykd S
BudK;yrf;tm;xkwfrI[kqdk&ayrnf/ NyD;cJhonfh rwf18&uf(wevFmaeY)u                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         f                              H J
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ausm(axmufcr37rJ)r&&SvQif axmufcrtrsm;qH;k &olEpO;D rSm 'kw,                        d                                               H J                                                 S f                                     d     t"duypfrSwf jzpfvmEdkifzG,f&Sd\/
             k f
twdutcHwY k d wl&uDEiiwi;f wGif awGUqHnEi;f aqG;aEG;cJMh u\/ &nf&,f                                kd f H G                                                                      k §d dI                                                                                                                                   G                         d                                     S f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   tBurjf yefvnf,ONf yKd i&rnf[k qmav;u qdygonf/ vuf&q;D &D;,m;                                                                                        k                                               dS                                         Mum;jzwftpd;k &ay:vmcJvQiyifawmifrS tpd;k &tzGUJ 0ifwrm olyef
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           h f                                                                             Ykd S                          k
           f
csuum; tjcm;r[kw/ tpd;k &qefusiowYkd xde;f csKyxm;onfe,fajrwdYk                                          f                                              Y f l                                                                    f                                              h                                                  tpd;k &uawmh ¤if;jyKwus&ef Bu&,Bf uKd ;yrf;aeMuolwukd jynfytm;ud;k        f                            H G                                                                   Ykd                                                      xdyo;D acgif;aqmifyi;f uJoYkd qD;&D;,m;ESiw&uDtMum; tpketqef
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                f                                          kd h                                               hf l                                               f
twGuf Mum;jzwf0efBu;D csKya&G;cs,&ef ndEi;f cJjh cif;yif/ xda&G;cs,rwif                                                     f                               f                       § dI                                                                        k                                        f I G                     tMurf;zuf0g'Drsm;[k trnfwyfonf/                                                                                                                                                                                                       ul;oef;ae&rnfomjzpf\/ xdjYk yif tpd;k &tzGUJ udk e,fajrcHwvufcrcH                                                                             Ykd                   H
                                                 f H kd f
yg0ifa&G;cs,cu,pm;vS,avmif; 12OD;&SaecJ\/ xdowtxJwif pD;yGm;                                                                  f                                                      d h                                        k l Ykd                                                         G                                                                                   SfS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2011ckEprpwifí tpd;k &tm; Nir;f csr;f pGmtH<k uqefusirukd tpd;k &u                                  d                                                      Y fI                                                      [lonfuvnf; jyóemwpf&yfjzpfaeygonf/ rMumao;rDvrsm;twGi;f u
a&;ynm&Sirsm;? vkyief;&Sirsm;ESihf ,cifq;D &D;,m;tpd;k &tzGUJ rS 0efBu;D
                                             f                                                   f                                          f                                                                                                                                                                                                                         G d f h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   &ufpufpmESreif;cJ&mrStpjyKconfh vufeufuiy#dyu©rm vuf&wif                                          hJ                                                       kd f                           S                                dS G       tpövmrftpGe;f a&mufppfaoG;<uwyfzUJG txl;ojzifh t,fvci'gESiquf                                                                         f kd f hf
                                                              Yk
a[mif;wpfO;D wdyg0ifonf/ tcsKUd uawmh owday;Mu\/ ,ckvpifNyKd if                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    kd                                                    G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   jynfwi;f ppftoGiaqmifaecJNh yjD zpf\/ tmqwf\tmPm&bwfygwDrS   f                                                                                                                                                                        ET,faom *smbwft,fvfEsLq&mtzGJUu twnfjyKaMunmcJh\/
tpd;k &zGUJ pnf;rIaMumifh tmqwftpd;k &ESiawGUqHnEi;f um jynfwi;f ppf&yf                                                                                                       hf                         k §d dI                                                                            G                                      Oya'jyKtrwftpörfcgvDuawmh tpdk;&\avoHudk wpfoa0rwdrf;                                                                                                                                                                                          t"duwducurjI zpfym;aeaome,fajrwdukd ¤if;wdxe;f csKyEicNhJ yD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         k f kd f                      G                                              Yk                   Yk d                       f kd f
wefYa&;BudK;yrf;rI qHk;cef;wdkifoGm;ayvdrfhrnf[k/                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   oHa,mifvuonf/ twdutcHwrm jynfytusK;d pD;yGm;udk azmfaqmifay;                  k f                          Ykd S                                                                                                                      [lí/ þonfukd qmav;u vufrcH/ wducua&;wyfzUJG 0if 85&mcdiEe;f                                   k f kd f                                                         kfI
              xdjYkyif aoG;acsmif;pD;wduywYkd ydrjkdyif;xefvmvdrrnf[vnf;qdMk u\/                                         k f JG k                                                                                            hf                                   k                                                                aeolrsm;[kq\/ Ediiwi;f rSm xif;tpnf;ajyovdjk zpf atmifvyaeolawG
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  kd k f H G                                                                                                                                       kf                                    rSm qD;&D;,m;trsK;d om;ñGeUf aygif;tzGUJ udk todtrSwjf yKMuonf[qonf/                                                                                 k kd
twm;tqD;wpfcvnf;&Saeygonf/ trsm;pkaomtwdutcHwrm jynfy                 k                                          d                                                                                                                      k f                                           Ykd S                                                                            k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   [kvnf;qdonf/ ]tDpwefbvrm awGUqHaqG;aEG;cJwaumifawGu qD;&D;,m;                      l fS                                  k                              h hJ                                                                          od&mwGif tpGe;f a&mufppfaoG;<uwduawmh qD;&D;,m;vGwajrmufa&;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Yk                                                                          Yk                                                         f
                                k f Ykd
a&mufy*K¾d vwomjzpfMu\/ xdowa&G;cs,wifajrmufvuaom pifNyKd if                                                                                  k l Ykd                                        f                             §                              kd f                                                                     y#dyu©ukd &yfatmifvyaewmr[kwb;l / ydBk u;D xGm;atmifvyaeMuwm}           k f                                      f                                                                           k f                                      wyfzGJU\wefcdk;MoZmudk emcHrnfr[kwfovdk Mum;jzwftpdk;&\ trdefY
tpd;k &\MoZmtmPmpufrm tpövmrftpGe;f a&mufppfaoG;<uwdvr;f rd;k                                                                      S                                                                                                                                                               Yk T                            [kvnf;zGifh[\/                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         tmPmudvnf; vufcrnfr[kw[qMkdu\/ qmav;uawmh tpd;k &tzGUJH                  f k
xm;onfe,fajrwdwif jzefMY uuf&efcufcaycsrrnfomwnf;/ twduf
                                     h                                              Yk G                                                                                              J d hf                                                                                                                             k                                                 Ykd kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    rnfoqap uefuawmh vufeufuioyewY k d csKyxe;f xm;onfe,fajr                                                    kd f l k f                                f d                                          h                 qD;&D;,m;Ediix0ifvmNy;D jynfo0efaqmifrvyief;awGukd pwifwmeJY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  k f H J                                          Yl                            I k f
tcH qD;&D;,m;trsK;d om;ñGeaygif;pifNyKd itpd;k &rSm tBu;D tus,uaomif;                                                           Yf                                        f                                                                                                       f                                                wdwif pifNyKd itpd;k &zGUJ pnf;a&;tdi',mudk rD;pdr;f jyonf/ od&mwGif OD;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Yk G                                   f                                                       k f D                                                                                  Yk                                    wpfNydKifeuftpGef;a&mufawG&JU oHo,awGuG,faysmufoGm;rSmyg[k
ueif;tajcqdkufaeonfh tpdk;&qefYusifol olykefwdkYvTrf;rdk;xm;onfh                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   f S k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   wnfcsurmrl Ediia&;toGiu;l ajymif;rIay:ayguf apa&;omjzpf&rnf[k                            f                                                                                                                                            qdkonf/
e,fajrwdkYudkxdef;csKyf&ef tvGefvdktyfvsuf&Sd\/                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   qd\/ qD;&D;,m;twdutcHwuawmh tmqwfEih f ndEi;f aqG;aEG;a&;pdwu;l    k f                      Ykd                                                       S § dI                                                                  f                                              d I                D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ygarmu©*sK½0gvif'uawmh BuKd wifa[mude;f xkw\/ Mum;jzwf                                                                     f
                         k                                          Yk G
              xde,fajrwdwif 0efaqmifrvyief;trsm;pkrm ysu,i;f vsu&onf/                                                                            I kf                                                                 S                        f G                                                f dS                             udk vufrcHMuawmh/ tmqwftmPmpGeygYrnfqvQiawmif vufrcH[k                                                                           Yf                               kd f                                                                tpd;k &rSm yGO;D xGurmyif c&D;Murf;ud&ifqi&vdrrnf[/ ]]tpd;k &u olY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   J                  f S                                   k             kd f           hf             k
xdjYk yif xdopifNyKd itpd;k &wpf&yfxaxmifrrm Ediia&;pGepm;rIwpf&yfjyK
                                   k Ykd                                     f                                                                           l                                I S k f H                                                          Yf                                                                    qdkMu\/                                                                                                                                                                                                                               tmPmpufjzefMY uufzYkd BuKd ;pm;wmeJwpfNyKd ieuf y#dyu©awGjzpfvmrSmyJ/         Y                    f
jcif;[kvnf; tduvm[d;k rm;wuúov\ ygarmu©*sK½0gvif'u qd\/     k                                                                                                         kd f                                                               dI                                             D                            k                                            h h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ny;D cJonfrwfv 'kw,ywfu pifNyKd itpd;k &zGUJ pnf;rItpDtrHukd ol d                                                       f                                                                                            oHo,r&SdMueJY/ tpdk;&tzGJU[m NrdKUjyawGudkt&if0ifNyD; wu,fhtrSef
]]twdutcHawGu,üuvJ 'Dvvy&rSmvefaew,fqwm odomw,f/
                 k f                                                            kd f                                                             kd k f                                             Y                                           kd                                                                                                              H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   axmufcaMumif; tar&dueftopfusycRwf EdiijHcm;a&;0efBu;D *Reu,f&u                                                             f                    kf                                                      f                         D   tuef tajymif;tvJawG azmfaqmifay;Edi&ifawmhwpfrsK;d aygY}}[k zGi[                                k f                                                                      hf
          l k f
'Doyee,fajrawGrm twdutcHawG&UJ vlra&;tajcpdurr&Sb;l av/                               S                                          k f                                                                  I                                              k f I d                                                                                                                            k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   twnfjyKajymqdonf/ ESpzufv;kH u vufcwtoGiu;l ajymif;a&; tpd;k &                 f                                                        H hJ                            f                                                             onf/ aMomf ...tmPm&SifwpfOD; tmPmrpGefYvdkrIrS pwifcJhonfh
Ny;D awmh 'Dupratmifjrifc&if tay:armhNy;D wHawG;axG;ovdyAs/ ud,yJ
                                            d ö                                                                       hJ                                                                                                                                                    k J                               k f                      d S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   &Srom qD;&D;,m;Ediiom;awG[m ud,tem*wfuu,zefw;D EdiMf uvdrhf k f H                                                  k hf                                              kd kd f                                 k                        qD;&D;,m;y#dyu©rSm ,aeYwdkif &ifav;zG,fygwum;/
                d kd f S
jyefxcurm}}[k vif'u qdonf/                                                                                 D                           k                                                                                                                                                                                           r,f[kvnf;qdkonf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                               bmawGqufjzpfvmrnf[onfuvnf; rnforQrcefre;f Edi/ vuf&dS         l                kd                             l            YS kf
              vif'rm qD;&D;,m;a0zefcsu[aom bavmh*uxaxmifxm;oljzpf
                                         DS                                                                                                          f l                                                                  f kd l                                                                                                                                                              k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 qD;&D;,m;twdutcH ñGeaygif;tzGUJ acgif;aqmif rl&ufZt,fvcgwpfbf                Yf                                                                                       f                      f                                            Ykd S J
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         y#dyu©wrm yGtpuwnf;u tmPm&Si?f tmPm½l; tmPmpGeí at;at;                                                                                  Yf
\/ twdutcHxyo;D acgif;aqmifwrm rwf18&ufaeYu wl&uDEiiH tDwef
                                 k f                                  df                                                                                      Ykd S                                                                                                                 kd f                                                                                 f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   url pifNyKd itpd;k &zGUJ pnf;a&;rluqefusionf/ Ediiwi;f rSm tufaMumif;awG                        kd Y f                                             kfH G                                                                              aq;aq;qif;ay;oGm;cJvQif bmrQjzpfvmp&mtaMumif;r&S/ tm;vH;k uvnf;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             h                                                                        d
blvNfrKdUwGif awGUqHaqG;aEG;Muonf[k ajyma&;qdciy*K¾vf cgvpfqmav;u        k                                                                                                                              k G hf k d                                                                                                                                                                                k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ydBku;D oGm;rSmpd;k w,f[vnf;qd\/ qD;&D;,m;twdutcH ñGeaygif;tzGUJ twGi;f                k                                                       k f                           Yf                                                       xdkodkYvkyfaqmif&ef 0dkif;awmif;qdkMuonf/
      k
qdonf/ aemufaeYwif rJay;a&G;cs,q;kH jzwfrnfjzpfaMumif;udvnf; olu                            G                                                                      f                                                                                                      k                                                        wGif Mum;jzwfpifNyKd itpd;k &zGUJ pnf;a&;rlukd axmufcow&ovdk uefuuf f                                                                                               H l Ykd dS                                           Y G                   od&mwGif yavG½;kd tmPm½l;u tmPmrpGe?Yf EGm;ydew,w,xm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Yk                                                                                                                   f G f G f
           hG f
jznfpuajymqd\/ avmavmq,ftm;jzifh ud,pm;vS,avmif; 12OD;trnf
                                                        k                                                                                                                                k f                                       f                                                                                                            Ykd                           d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   olwvnf;&Sonf/ xdooabmxm;uGvrwaMumifh pifNyKd iMf um;jzwftpd;k &       k Ykd                                         J JG I Ykd                                                                                                        onf/ xif&mpdi;f vduawmh trsm;jynfo'uyifv,fa0&awmh\/ ysup;D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          k k f                                                       lk ©                                                                           f
pm&if;wifoi;f xm;aomfvnf; tcsKUd ud,pm;vS,wu oabmrwlnvQif
                                               G                                                                                                                        k f                                    f Ykd                                                                                        D                      zGUJ pnf;rIuk d ESpBfurwwa&TUqdi;f cJ&MuNy;D jzpf\/ od&mwGif twdutcHñeaygif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      df d d k h                                                                                   Yk                                    k f                             G Yf            qHk;½IH;cJh&onfh touftdk;tdrfpnf;pdrfwdkYum; terw*¾/
xdkta&twGufrSm avsmhyg;oGm;zG,f&Sdonf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Ykd S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   tzGUJ 0ifwrm a&G;cs,wifajrmufruqufvufvyaqmif&ef Ny;D cJonfvu     f                    § I kd                                                           kf                                          h h                                         wu,fawmh tmPmvuf0,f&cse(0g) ud,ordi;f ud,taumif;                            dS d f                 k hf k k f
                                    h h
              Ny;D cJonfwe*FaEGaeYu ñGeaygif;tzGUJ rS ud,pm;vS,avmif; 10OD;                                                                          Yf                                                         k f                                                     f                                                          qE´jyKq;kH jzwfcNhJ y;D jzpfonf[k qmav;uqd\/ uefuurawG&ayr,fh                                                                               k                             Y G f I                                dS                                  k f d f G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         qH;k a&;Edicsewif trsm;jynfotusK;d udO;D xdyyefqifum ordi;f aMumif;l                       k             f                                   k
  d
&SaMumif; xkwjf yefaMunmcJaomfvnf; trnfwurxwazmfjcif;r&Syg/                                                               h                                                                                 Ykd kd l k f                                                                                               d           trsm;qE´t&yJ qufvkyf&vdrfhr,f[kvnf; oluqdkonf/                                                                                                                                                                                        vSatmifBuKd ;yrf;&rnfomjzpf\/ xdorvkyaqmifEicvQif trsm;jynfol                k Ykd f                                 kd f hJ
     k f                                          fSf
ud,pm;vS,EpO;D rSm tpd;k &xde;f csKyxm;aome,fajrwdwif aexdiMf u\/                                                                                             f                                                                              Yk G                                             k                                                     avhvmoH;k oyfowpfO;D jzpfonfh *g;*supuawmh tckvvy&if       l                                                                          f f                                                     kd k f                 \'Pfcwfrukd cH,&rnfrmrkcs/ tD*sp?f vpfAsm; paomta&SUtv,fyi;f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     I                   l           S                                                                                                                 kd
trnfxwazmfvQif ¤if;wdtwGutEÅ&m,f&Eiygonf/ ud,pm;vS,wxJ
                                  k f                                                                              Yk                              f                                       dS kd f                                                    k f                                                  f Ykd                       kfH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Ediia&;enf;t& tajz&SmrIukd vrf;ydwom;apvdrr,f[zi[\/ olum;                                                              f G                                     hf                  k G hf                                             Ediiw\jzpf&yfwrm txifu&/ tajctaeay;cduf taumif;qH;k rvkyf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           k f H Ykd                              Ykd S                                                                     k
                     k
wGif tdqmrmcg'Dqoyg0if\/ vef'efEiuae'gEdiiH tGeaw&D,NkdrKd Uwdwif                 kd l                                                                                   S hf                                    kf                                f                                                             Yk G              vef'efp;D yGm;a&;ynmausmif;rS ta&SUtv,fyi;f qdi&m 'g½duwmwpfO;D                                                                                     kd k f                                  k f                                       aqmifcvQiawmh jynfoawGu *Ja'gufygyJ/ 'Take a look at me now'
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         hJ f                                    l
               k f
aexdiol ñGeaygif;tzGUJ \pD;yGm;a&;tBuay;jzpfonf/ ud,pm;vS,awG
                                                   Yf                                                                                                                             H                                                                      k f                                                   f                   jzpfonf/ ]'gayrJh twdutcHawGu qufvyzq;kH jzwfNy;D om;As}[kvnf;           k f                                                                  k f Ykd                                                                                 (0g) ]wpfcsuav;apmif;iJMh unfO;D }aw;oDcsi;f udk Phil Cooling odr[kwf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       f                                      h                                                                                    Yk
tm;vH;k [m ynm&SiawGcsn;f yJ[k qmav;uqd\/ ]]tm;vH;k [m olwYkd                           f                                                                                                                               k                                                                                                                  k                                    f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   qd\/ pifNyKd itpd;k &ay:vm&if oHwrefa&;xuf ppfa&;bufukd ydñwom;                                                                                                                                        k G f G                        t,fvfvGef;0gwkdY\ u½kPmoHjzifh idkjy? qdkjy&efBudK;yrf;ír&/
oufqi&me,fy,frm tawGUtBuKH Ep20eD;yg;&SMd uolawGcsn;f yJ}}[k olu
                       kd f                                                               S                                                                           Sf                                                                                                                                                           vdrhfr,f}[kvnf; oluyifzGifh[\/
qdkonf/ rSefygonf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Yk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    od&mwGif Mum;jzwftpd;k &taejzifh EdiEieif;eif; udiw,vyaqmif                                                    k f kd f                                     kf G f kf                                                                                                                                                                                                     (Ref : AP)
24                                                                                                                          HEALTH                                                                                  rwf 28-{NyD 3? 2013

                                                                                                                           INTERNATIONAL
um;armif;olrsm;                                               tcsKd &nfaMumifU urÇmwpf0r;f wGif wpfEpvQif vlEpoef;cefaoqH;k ae[kqkd
                                                                                       S            Sf       S f     h                                                                              pD;u&ufyaysmufa&;
uzdef;ygaom                                                                                                                                                                                         e,l;a,muf
                                                             NAdwdef? rwf - 23
pGrf;tifjznfUt&nf                                                    oMum;t&om&Sdaom azsmf&nf
                                                                                                                                                                                                    NrdKYawmf0ef BudK;yrf;
aomufokH;jcif;jzifU                                          rsm;aomufo;kH jcif;aMumifh urÇmEiiH              h kd f                                                                                e,l;a,muf? rwf - 23
                                                                              Sf             Sf
                                                             rsm;wGif wpfEpvQif vlEpoef;cefaoqH;k        Y                                                                                                    e,l;a,mufNrKd Uawmf0ef rduf       k
tdyfidkufjcif;udk                                            aeMu&aMumif; okawoDpmwrf;wpf                                                                                                           u,fbvGe;f bwfonf tcsK&nfb;l       d
umuG,fEdkif                                                  apmifwGif a&;om;xm;onf/                                                                                                                rsm; aomufo;Hk jcif;udk use;f rma&;
                                                                          k d            d
                                                                     xdtcsKt&om&Saom azsm&nfrsm;       f                                                                                            taMumif;jyí uefowfvrtm;      Y       kd I
     ,mOfarmif; 43&mckdifEIef;onf                                   G I              d
                                                             oH;k pJraMumifh qD;csKa&m*gjzifh 133000                                                                                                w&m;½k;H rSy,fcscNh Jy;D aemuf pD;u&uf
   ,mOfarmif;pOf Edk;Mum;vef;qef;&ef                         OD;? ESv;kH a&m*gjzifh 44000OD;ESihf uifqm