Surveillance - Infoxchange Australia by yurtgc548

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									Surveillance
Surveillance
A small town in rural Australia in April 2001 became the venue for the
       country's first DNA testing of an entire male population. Police
    took mouth swabs from and interrogated about 600 men in Wee
                         Waa, after the rape of a 93 year old woman.

                                                   Retinal scans? See
                    http://giant3.com/archive/presideo/biometrics.html

                        School plans to use retinal scans on students
    http://www.theregister.co.uk/2003/01/08/uk_school_plans_retinal_scans/
Surveillance

                    Start with privacy.

   Look at the technologies themselves and the reasons
                      for surveillance

         Look at some artistic responses to these
                     technologies.
Surveillance
         "Privacy is the interest that individuals have in
   sustaining a 'personal space', free from interference
    by other people and organisations." (Roger Clarke)

                                   · privacy of the person
                         · privacy of personal behaviour
                  · privacy of personal communications
                               · privacy of personal data
Surveillance
   Privacy Protection is a process of finding appropriate
      balances between privacy and multiple competing
                                                interests.

                          1. the desire to identify people
                        2. the desire to locate and track
                 3. the desire to control and manipulate
Surveillance

Identification

· names - or what the person is called by other people;
· codes - or what the person is called by an organisation;
· knowledge - or what the person knows;
· tokens - or what the person has;
· biometrics - or what the person is, does, or looks like.
Surveillance
                           Biometric identifiers

                                    · appearance
                               · social behaviour
                                  · bio-dynamics
                          · natural physiography
               · imposed physical characteristics
Surveillance
                            Viisage Identity Solutions
        http://www.viisage.com/ww/en/pub/home.cfm
                             IR Recognition Systems
                http://www.recogsys.com/index.shtml
                           New Australian Passports
     http://www.foreignminister.gov.au/releases/2004/fa088_04.html
                                          SmartGate
    http://www.customs.gov.au/site/page.cfm?u=4418
Surveillance
         Objections to Identification technologies

                                 Fear of misuse
                        Sense of powerlessness

               Girl, 11, microchipped by parents
Surveillance
                                 Person Locating and Tracking

   Roger Clarke’s article -Person-Location and Person-Tracking: Technologies,
                                                 Risks and Policy Implications
                      http://www.anu.edu.au/people/Roger.Clarke/DV/PLT.html


                                                         Virtual tracking
                                                              Eg: Telstra

                                                       Physical tracking
                                                                   ATM’s
                                                                    MOLI
                                                         Person tracking
Surveillance
          Jeremy Bentham
Surveillance
                                  Denis Beaubois
       In the Event of Amnesia the City will Recall
                     Surveillance Camera Players




                                      John Tonkin

								
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