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					New Horizon College English Book IV



    Key to Unit Six
Section A

  Bribery and Business Ethics


Section B

   The Biggest Threat to the Role of
   Police Officers
     Exercises                Section A
1. Vocabulary   《读写教程 III》: Ex. III, p.137
                《读写教程 III》: Ex. IV, p. 137
2.Collocation   《读写教程 III》: Ex. VI, p. 139
                《读写教程 III》: Ex. VII, p.139
3. Word Building《读写教程 III》: Ex. VIII, p. 140
                 《读写教程 III》: Ex. IX, p.141
4.Structure
                《读写教程 III》: Ex. X, p. 141
5.Translation    《读写教程 III》: Ex. XI, p. 142
                 《读写教程 III》: Ex. XII, p. 142
5.Cloze          《读写教程 III》: Ex. XII, p. 143
                         Vocabulary
   III. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where
   necessary.

negotiation   substantial     commission     exaggerate      competitive
donation      finance         reject        bribery        impose
secure        withdraw        discount       concerning

1. __________ numbers of people support the reforms of
   economic system so as to get rid of bribery.
2. The speech which he made __________ the project has been
   very encouraging.
3. The trade representative said, “We have demonstrated
   extraordinary patience and are open to further __________
   in the 30 days before our decision becomes effective.”
4. Hanley didn’t __________ when he said Geary was the best
   basketball player the team ever had.

1. Substantial 2. concerning 3. negotiation 4. exaggerate
negotiation    substantial   commission   exaggerate    competitive
donation       finance       reject       bribery      impose
secure        withdraw       discount     concerning

5. The charge was __________ because there was not enough
evidence.
6. The committee tried to separate ____________ paid for real
services from exaggerated fees that really amount to bribes.
 7. The building project will be ________ by the government and
by public donations.
8. That organization made substantial payments to the party bank
accounts to ______ arms sales contract
9. He intends to introduce new courses and _______ tighter
controls on internal management.
10. We’re collecting money to build a house for homeless people.
Would you like to make a ________.
5. withdrawn       6. commissions 7. financed
8. secure         9. impose      10. donation
                              Vocabulary
      IV. Fill in each of the blanks with a suitable preposition or adverb.


1.   He continues to insist that all he wrote in the book is nothing but
     the truth, and that he will stand ___ his words.

2. Some of what we are talking about should be kept secret, thus it
    should be discussed __ private. 3

3.President Bush was worried about the economic consequences of
    accounting scandals in U.S. corporations and he accused some of
    their leaders __ not taking their responsibility.

4. In recognition of donations __ the National Museum, we will allow
    tax deduction of up to twice the value of the donation.

             1. by    2. in    3. of   4. to
                        Vocabulary
5. The country is speeding __ its strategic plan to pump enormous
    amounts of money into various communications projects in the
    hope of moving directly into the Information Age.

6. After running through the numbers in every possible combination,
   we finally hit _______ a solution.

7. He tries to explain how this particular proposal squared _____
   the government’s purpose.




       5. up   6. on/upon   7. with
8. One can imagine combining two of these views, but __ practice
   they have remained separate.

9. In fact, his ambiguous words amount __ a refusal to our
   invitation.

10. Even an expert would find it hard to distinguish ________ the
   original painting and the copy.




              8. in   9. in   10. between
                              Vocabulary
        V. Fill in the blanks in the following passage by selecting suitable words from
          the Word Bank. You may not use any of the words more than once.

                                      Word Bank
A)   scrape           B) scratch                  C) explore           D) exploited
E)   consent          F) consultant               G) bribe             H) positively
I)   exchange         J) investigation            K) accounting        L) undiscovered
M)   unveiled         N) shielded                 O) negatively

  In the past several years, many new stories about corporate greed have
come to surface. The illegal practices of some executives have negatively
impacted our economy. What makes this worse is that these executives seem
to have the consent of some political leaders. Some of the executives even
bribe lawmakers. Recently a member of congress from California was caught
demanding gifts from interest group in exchange for supporting new laws. A
few top leaders in the government are under investigation for illegal

                           1.O 2.E 3.G 4.1             5.J
                           Vocabulary
                                  Word Bank
 A)   scrape        B) scratch             C) explore        D) exploited
 E)   consent       F) consultant          G) bribe          H) positively
 I)   exchange      J) investigation       K) accounting     L) undiscovered
 M)   unveiled      N) shielded            O) negatively

activities. This doesn’t even scratch the surface of the problem. A few years
back a company made many purposeful accounting errors to fool investors.
Many believe that one reason the problem became so big was that our nation’s
top leaders shielded the company. By the time the truth was unveiled, many
innocent people had lost their entire savings. There seems to be more and more
companies that exploited the public’s trust for their own interests. This
calls for laws and strict regulations to put the illegal practice to an end.




                   6.B     7.K    8.N      9.M     10.D
                          Collocation
VI. Study the example taken from the text and think about what else we can
“extend”. Complete the sentences by filling in the right word with the help of the
first letters.

1. History and politics offer complementary ap________ to
    major aspects of both past and present human activity.

2. The police are offering a r______ for information about the
    shooting.

3. The shelter offers some pro_______ from the icy winds.

4. It has left us a deep impression what a huge ho____ he was
    being offered.

5. Your doctor should be able to offer a_____ on diet.

1. approaches 2. reward 3. protection 4. honor 5. advice
                       Collocation
6. It is reported that their bank is to become the first UK bank to
    offer ac_____ to the Internet in its branches.

7. We also highlight the design and development of new products
    which offer environmental ad_______ to our customers and
    the general public.
8. He was a warm-hearted person and always offered h____ to his
    friends.
9. To his wife, son, daughter, and all their family members we
    offer our sincerest sy________.

10. I offered my und___________ for those staff with the heavy
    workload to deal with, but I know for sure that there are no
    ways to help them at present.

6. access 7. advantages 8. help 9. sympathy 10. understanding
                 World Building

VII. The prefix fore- can be added to nouns to form new
nouns with the meaning of in front of. The prefix fore- can
be also added to nouns and verbs to form new nouns and
verbs with the meaning of before, in advance of… in rank or
time. For example:
 fore + arm —— forearm
 fore + head—— forehead
 fore + part —— forepart
 fore + tell — — foretell
 fore + father —— forefather
                    World Building
The prefix post- can be added to nouns and adjectives to form new
  nouns and adjectives with the meaning of after. For example:

    post + war —— postwar
   post + modern —— postmodern


Study the words given below (P140) and complete the following
  sentences with them. Change the form where necessary.
                   Word Building
 foreground     postgraduate    foresee        post-election
 foresight       post-race      fore-warn        post-Christmas

  1. She’d had the _____ to sell her house just before house
     just before house prices came down.
  2. There was no one left in the village. They had obviously
     been _____ about the raid.
  3. Celebrated the world over for his writing, he still
     refused to put himself in the _____.
  4. He went to Oxford as a _____ to study criminology for
     his doctor’s degree.


1. foresight   2. forewarned   3. foreground    4. postgraduate
                  Word Building
foreground     postgraduate     foresee      post-election
foresight       post-race       fore-warn      post-Christmas


5. There was an instant _____ reaction when the result of
   the match was announced.
6. She _____ the troubles ahead and took steps to avoid
   them.
7. Retailers hope that _____ bargain hunters will provide a
   much needed boost during this crucial period.
8. Public confidence in the economic recovery has fallen
   dramatically, according to a _____ survey.


5. post-race   6. foresaw     7. post-Christmas   8. post-election
                  World Building

 VII. The prefix e- can be added to nouns to form new
 nouns with the meaning of “electronic”

 for example

 e- + mail → e-mail          e- + learning → e-learning



Study the words given below and complete the following
sentences with them.
                  Word Building
  e-commerce       e-cash       e-dictionary        e-journal
  e-mail        e-merchant         e-classroom     e-shopper

  1. By all means, I encourage you to shop online. The
     Internet offers tremendous selection and convenience.
     Play it safe and you’ll be a happy, safe ______ for years
     to come.
  2. If you’re going to shop online, shop with a reputable firm.
     If you find a new ______ that seems appealing, take a
     few minutes to do some research.
  3. You can download these papers from the ______ system
     and they are free of charge.
  4. While regular schools still exist, the ______ plays an
     important role in today’s learning community.

1. e-shopper   2. e-merchant   3. e-journal 4. e-classroom
                Word Building
e-commerce       e-cash        e-dictionary         e-journal
e-mail        e-merchant          e-classroom      e-shopper

 5. The term “______”, the shorthand reference to
    transactions on the Internet, is exciting. But it may end
    up as the most significant part of the tax puzzle.
 6. Many people have had to abandon their ______accounts,
    as they are angry with trash in the form of junk mail.
 7. Some websites provide some ______ and you can look up
    the meaning of these new words in them.
 8. Smart cards and ______ could make up half of the $7.3
    billion online sales expected by 2000, figures market
    researcher Jupiter Communications Inc.

5. e-commerce   6. e-mail   7. e-dictionaries   8. e-cash
                    Sentence Structure
       IX. When the subject of a sentence is an infinitive or a that-
        clause, it is not usual to put it at the beginning. More often, we
        use the pattern “It is + adjective +to do/that-clause”. Rewrite
        the following sentences with the pattern discussed.

 1.   To go there next Monday is pointless — there’s a public
      holiday.

 2. To talk about having high moral standards is easy, but, in
     practice, what would one really do in such a situation?


1. It's pointless to go there next Monday-there's a public holiday.
2. It is easy to talk about having high moral standards, but, in
   practice, what would one really do in
   such a situation?
                 Sentence Structure

3. To see different cultures and ways of life is interesting.

4. That she refuses to talk to you is really astonishing.

5. That she comes straight to me when she arrives is important.



3. It is interesting to see different cultures and ways of life.
4. It is really astonishing that she refuses to talk to you.
5. It is important that she come straight to me when she arrives.
                     Sentence Structure
   X. “ Suppose” can also be used as a conjunction. As a conjunction,
           “suppose” is followed by a clause, used in the sense of “what
           would/ will happen if...”. Rewrite the following sentences with
           the help of the condition provided, using “suppose”.

 1. What would you do?
    Condition: objecting to carrying out a particular management
     order and being afraid of the manager
 2. How would you explain it to your newly- married wife?
    Condition: having just got married and being about to work
     abroad for three years

1. Suppose you object to carrying out a particular management
    order and you are afraid of the manager, what would you do?
2. Suppose you have just got married and you are about to work
   abroad for three years, how would you explain it to your newly-
   married wife?
                    Sentence Structure
3. Would you explain to remove the doubts?
   Condition: someone not understanding why you didn’t arrest Harry
4. Would you throw him out?
   Condition: your tenant (房客) failing to pay the rent in time
5. Where could you get help?
   Condition: being a very heavy smoker, anxious to break the habit



3. Suppose someone couldn't understand why you didn't arrest Harry,
   would you explain to remove the doubts?
4. Suppose your tenant fails to pay the rent in time, would you throw him
   out?
5. Suppose you are a very heavy smoker and are anxious to break the
   habit, where could you get help?
                            Translation
  XI. Translate the following sentences into English.


    suppose


1. 假设你发现了你自己的同事受贿,你会不会无动于衷呢?


                                    take bribes



Suppose you found that your colleague takes bribes, would you
just ignore it?
                      Translation
                 give up on sb.        argue with


2. 他如此固执,我们已对他失望了。跟他争论一点意义都没有。



                                          it is pointless




We’ve given up on him because he is so stubborn. It is
pointless to argue with him.
                     Translation
               hit upon
                          speed up


 3. 他突然想到了一个加速实验进程的好办法,但是组里的
 成员却对此意见不一。




He hit upon a good method to speed up the process of the
experiment, but opinions differed among members of the
group on it.
                    Translation
                              square … with


 4. 今天我能够使自己的职业与兴趣相符,之前我是做不到的。




Today I’m able to square my profession with my interest,
which I wasn’t able to do before.
                    Translation
                         distinguish between


5. 要成为一名驾驶员,视觉上分辨红色与绿色的能力是必不可少
的。




The ability to visually distinguish between red and green is
essential to become a driver.
                   Translation
               consist of       on a regular basis


6.这个组由七个人组成,他们经常见面,分享彼此的信息。




The team consisted of seven people who met on a regular basis
to share their information with each other.
                      Translation
     XII. Translate the following into Chinese.
1.   Suppose you were offered a bribe in exchange for a promise,
     what would you do—receive it or stand by your principles?

2. 2. Nowadays, wouldn’t put up with those terrible circumstances,
   but in those days it was accepted as a fact of life.



 1. 现在人们不会忍受那些糟糕的境况,可是在那些日子里却
     只能接受那样的现实。

 2. 假设有人向你行贿,要换取一种承诺,你会怎么做?是接受
     呢,还是坚持自己的原则。
                     Translation
3. Cheating in various forms on the increase in colleges and
    universities, and I have lost count of the number of students
    who were caught cheating this semester.


4. Mr. Aichi had to withdraw himself from the competition for
   the position of state governor when it was revealed that he
   had been on the take.


3. 大学校园里形形色色的作弊现象越来越多,我已不记得这学期

  有多少学生因作弊而被捉住了。

4. 当艾奇先生被披露曾受贿时,他不得不退出州长职位的竞争。
                      Translation
5. While originally he had been fully in support of the reform
   policies, later he began to attack the reform movement.


6. The professor definitely will not agree with the point that
    translation amounted to little more than looking up words
   in dictionaries.




5. 虽然他原先完全支持改革政策,可是后来却开始抨击这场改

   革运动了。

6. 这位教授肯定不会同意翻译基本是在词典里查生词的观点。
                                  Cloze
      XII. Read the following passage carefully and choose the best word or phrase
        to fill in each blank.


   Bribery may lead to murder. A month ago reporters rushed to the
scene of a crime. At the spot the detective seemed even hardly
aware of their presence as he did his work. He carefully searched
for clues over every inch of the house. After a while, he bent over
to pick up a small torn piece of fabric. Nothing could escape from his
search. The detective suspected that this piece of fabric was torn
from the murderer's clothing during a struggle.
   The victim had been the finance director of a very large computer
hardware manufacturer. His wife, a timid woman, shared everything
she knew with the detective, including a hot quarrel her husband had



1.A    2. D    3. C    4.B     5. B    6. D   7. A    8.C    9.C     10.A
                                Cloze
with some of the company's top executives at a banquet. There had
been a scandal involving bribery at his company. He was investigating
the business of many of the top executives. He had concluded that some
people were giving special favors to government officials to get
contracts. He often questioned their moral conscience and told them
that he would accuse them if they were doing something they shouldn't,
which caused problems for him. His questioning and accusing often left
him at odds with many of the executives. This time it had led to a fatal
blow on his head. The detective caught sight of a crucial clue, a brass
button in the corner. It was from a jacket of one of the top executives.
Later this executive and the company's president was attested. Of
course this is not the end of the story.


  11 . B   12.D   13.B   14.A   15. C   16.D   17.B   18.C   19.D 20.B

				
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