FOOD_AND_HEALTH-2.doc - DEP-SSA WiKi by zhangsshaohui123


									                      FOOD AND HEALTH


        F ood has been given a very significant place in our lives because it is our
primary requirement. It is our basic need because it is the source of mental and
physical energy. The knowledge of balanced diet is therefore indispensable to
Good Health.
        We live in times, when the work pressure is high, the stress levels are high
and the tolerance thresholds are low. The body has to tolerate lots of abuse during
such times. But the fact remains that there are limits to the abuse body can take.
Tight working schedules, nuclear families, working couples are an everyday
reality. While everyone is educated and aware of the importance of eating balance
diets, very few have the time to consciously prepare food that is good for the body.
The productivity and efficiency related to the kind of food he/she takes.


After going through this unit you may be able to know about following:
   1.   Few food items available in this nature.
   2.   Food values associated in these items.
   3.   Roles of the food in building up the good health of an individual.
   4.   How the unhygienic foods harm your health.
   5.   How to ignore the unhygienic foods.
   6.   Food Reserved Plan in General budget 2012.

   3.1 Vegetables
            Rice and wheat are our main food which is very essential part of our
            Pulses provide maximum protein to our body. This works as a
            substitute of non-veg foods.
            Now a day’s soybean is a very popular food among the veg and non-
            veggies which is consumed by old, adults as well as the young. It is
            very important for mothers, children and growing up adults. It is easy
            to cook and cheap in cost. Doctors are also advising to take more
            amounts of soybeans daily for our health as it is highly protein food.

            Few commonly used vegetables as below:

 Carrot                  Potato            Tomato

3.2 Non-Vegetables
Non-vegetable food includes red meat, white meat, fish & eggs. Mutton, beef, pork
are some red meats which are easily available. These supply us heavy fat and
                    protein and too much taking of these increase cholesterol and
                    affects our heart. White meat like chicken contains much
                    protein and less fat. Fish and egg are also essential and
                    important for our health.
         3.4 Sea Food
         Sea food is any form of marine life regarded as food by humans. Sea foods
         include fish, mollusks(octopus and shellfish), crustaceans (shrimp and lobster),
         echinoderms(sea cucumber and sea urchins), Edible sea plants, such as some sea
         seeds and micro algae are also sea food and are widely eaten around the wired,
         especially in Asia.

         3.4 Liquid Food
         Water is also known as Life. Without it we can survive. Milk is a healthy drink
         for mainly children and the aged person.

         4. Food Value

Food     Sl.   Name of Protein   Fat      Carbohydrate   Iron     Calcium   Energy    Vitamin C
type     No    the food (g.m.)   (g.m.)   (g.m.)         (m.g.)   (m.g.)    (Kcal)    (m.g.)

Veg.      1      Rice     8.6     0.6         77.4         2.8       10       349            0
          2     Wheat    12.1     1.7         69.4        11.5       48       341            0
          3     Musur    25.1     0.7         59.0         4.8       69       343            0
          4    Spinach    2.0      0.7         2.9        10.9       73        26            28
          5     Carrot    0.9      0.2        10.6         2.2       80        48             3
          6     Mango     0.6      0.4        16.9         1.3       14        74            16
          7     Guava     0.9      0.3        11.2         1.4       10        51           212
          8    Soybean   43.2     19.5        20.9
Non-      1     Roghu    16.6      1.4         4.4         1.0      650        97           22
Veg.             fish
          2     Hilsa    21.8     19.4         2.9         2.1      180       273           24
          3    Mutton    21.4      3.6          -           -        12       118            0
          4    Chicken   13.3     13.3          -          2.1       60       173            0
          5      Egg     13.5     13.7         0.8         3.0       70       181           0
Liquid    1      Cow      3.2      4.1         4.4         0.2      120        67           2
          2     Butter     -      81.0          -           -        -        729           0
 5. Balance Diet
 A balanced diet must contain carbohydrates, protein, fat, vitamins, mineral, salt
 and fiber. It must contain these things in the correct proportions. If there is not
 enough protein, you will not be able to grow properly and you will not be able to
 regain yourself i.e. wounds will not heal properly. If you don’t have enough
 energy containing foods you will feel very tired, you will not have enough
 energy. If you have too much energy containing foods you will become over
 weight. If you think that you are overweight you might try taking mate exercise
 to “burn off” some of the excess food which you ate at your last meal.

 Key Words



   1. Necessary daily food habits of your friends/child of class I to VIII.

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