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FOOD AND HEALTH 1. INTRODUCTION F ood has been given a very significant place in our lives because it is our primary requirement. It is our basic need because it is the source of mental and physical energy. The knowledge of balanced diet is therefore indispensable to Good Health. We live in times, when the work pressure is high, the stress levels are high and the tolerance thresholds are low. The body has to tolerate lots of abuse during such times. But the fact remains that there are limits to the abuse body can take. Tight working schedules, nuclear families, working couples are an everyday reality. While everyone is educated and aware of the importance of eating balance diets, very few have the time to consciously prepare food that is good for the body. The productivity and efficiency related to the kind of food he/she takes. 2. OBJECTIVES After going through this unit you may be able to know about following: 1. Few food items available in this nature. 2. Food values associated in these items. 3. Roles of the food in building up the good health of an individual. 4. How the unhygienic foods harm your health. 5. How to ignore the unhygienic foods. 6. Food Reserved Plan in General budget 2012. 3. FEW FOOD ITEMS 3.1 Vegetables Rice and wheat are our main food which is very essential part of our body. Pulses provide maximum protein to our body. This works as a substitute of non-veg foods. Now a day’s soybean is a very popular food among the veg and non- veggies which is consumed by old, adults as well as the young. It is very important for mothers, children and growing up adults. It is easy to cook and cheap in cost. Doctors are also advising to take more amounts of soybeans daily for our health as it is highly protein food. Few commonly used vegetables as below: Carrot Potato Tomato 3.2 Non-Vegetables Non-vegetable food includes red meat, white meat, fish & eggs. Mutton, beef, pork are some red meats which are easily available. These supply us heavy fat and protein and too much taking of these increase cholesterol and affects our heart. White meat like chicken contains much protein and less fat. Fish and egg are also essential and important for our health. 3.4 Sea Food Sea food is any form of marine life regarded as food by humans. Sea foods include fish, mollusks(octopus and shellfish), crustaceans (shrimp and lobster), echinoderms(sea cucumber and sea urchins), Edible sea plants, such as some sea seeds and micro algae are also sea food and are widely eaten around the wired, especially in Asia. 3.4 Liquid Food Water is also known as Life. Without it we can survive. Milk is a healthy drink for mainly children and the aged person. 4. Food Value Food Sl. Name of Protein Fat Carbohydrate Iron Calcium Energy Vitamin C type No the food (g.m.) (g.m.) (g.m.) (m.g.) (m.g.) (Kcal) (m.g.) Veg. 1 Rice 8.6 0.6 77.4 2.8 10 349 0 2 Wheat 12.1 1.7 69.4 11.5 48 341 0 3 Musur 25.1 0.7 59.0 4.8 69 343 0 dal 4 Spinach 2.0 0.7 2.9 10.9 73 26 28 5 Carrot 0.9 0.2 10.6 2.2 80 48 3 6 Mango 0.6 0.4 16.9 1.3 14 74 16 7 Guava 0.9 0.3 11.2 1.4 10 51 212 8 Soybean 43.2 19.5 20.9 Non- 1 Roghu 16.6 1.4 4.4 1.0 650 97 22 Veg. fish 2 Hilsa 21.8 19.4 2.9 2.1 180 273 24 fish 3 Mutton 21.4 3.6 - - 12 118 0 4 Chicken 13.3 13.3 - 2.1 60 173 0 5 Egg 13.5 13.7 0.8 3.0 70 181 0 Liquid 1 Cow 3.2 4.1 4.4 0.2 120 67 2 Milk 2 Butter - 81.0 - - - 729 0 5. Balance Diet A balanced diet must contain carbohydrates, protein, fat, vitamins, mineral, salt and fiber. It must contain these things in the correct proportions. If there is not enough protein, you will not be able to grow properly and you will not be able to regain yourself i.e. wounds will not heal properly. If you don’t have enough energy containing foods you will feel very tired, you will not have enough energy. If you have too much energy containing foods you will become over weight. If you think that you are overweight you might try taking mate exercise to “burn off” some of the excess food which you ate at your last meal. Key Words Summary Activity 1. Necessary daily food habits of your friends/child of class I to VIII.
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