1st day Agenda introduction to the food pyramid
To introduce kids and teens to the food pyramid and make them aware of the importance of
eating from the five food groups.
Children will learn about each food group and the proper number of servings one should
Children will gain an awareness of the “how the food pyramid promotes a healthy diet.”
Give an example of his/her favorite fruit or vegetable that begins with the letter of his /her 1 st
name and ask each participant to do the same
Get a box full of assorted foods; ask the class to break up the different foods into different
Several ways that the foods could be divided in: by size, color, type of container, food type etc…
After the class is done helping me divided the food into the different groups , then explain that
nutritionist have divided foods into a food pyramid to help people understand what foods the
need to eat a balanced diet and stay healthy.
Then show the class the Food Pyramid and explain the 5 categories: grains, vegetables, fruit,
Food Pyramid Discussion, using Food Pyramid Poster
Ask the following questions
Have you ever seen this before? What is it?
The pyramid shows us the kinds of foods we should eat every day to stay healthy and to
grow. Foods are shown in groups, kind of like families. The pyramid is divided into
segments. The bigger segments represent the foods that you should have more of each
What are the groups? What foods go in each group? What are some of your favorite
foods? Where are they on the pyramid?
The 5 groups are Grain, Fruit, Vegetable, Dairy, Protein, and Extra (Fats, oils and sweets).
The Grain group contains carbohydrates that provide the body with energy. The Diary
group contains calcium, which helps our bones and teeth. The Meat group has protein,
which builds muscles. The Fruit and Vegetables groups have variety of vitamins and help
the immune system and fight infections. Continue discussion until all students are
familiar with the food groups and their foods. Make sure to explain that groups are
different sizes because people need different amount of the types of food.
What would happen if we didn’t eat foods from all the food groups?
Have a volunteer balance a book on their five fingers. Talk about how each finger
represents one food group. What happens if we don’t eat any vegetables? Have the
volunteer drop one finger and balance the book on four. Continue to take away food
groups (and fingers) until the book falls. Discuss what happened. What happen when the
volunteer took one of his/her finger away? Two fingers? We are just like that book.
Without all five fingers, the book became shaky- without all five food groups, our health
becomes shaky. Mention the importance of eating a variety of foods from all food
groups for good health. No one food has all the nutrients we need
Food Guide Pyramid:
Materials Needed: paper, markers, optional-magazines with pictures of food, scissors, and glue
Give the students a piece of paper and ask them to draw the outline of the food guide Pyramid
and have them label each food group. Children can draw then color, cut, and paste pictures of
foods or cut pictures from magazines and place them in the appropriate box on the pyramid.
After the kids are done ask them to say their favorite food and where it is located on the food
Which Food Group?
Divide the students into two teams and have each group stand in a single file line, facing you.
To the two students standing at the front of the line, say a food item and have them tell you
what food group it belongs to. The 1st person to answer the question righ
t takes the person form the other team and brings them to the back of their line. Play the game
until all the students have been “captured” by the winning team and only one team remains.
(You can vary the challenge level with this game based on the age of the kids who are playing.)
Name that food (best suited for older kids, 10+)
Divide the class into several small teams. Each team will need a pencil and a piece of paper. The
teacher selects a section from the Food Pyramid, and a letter of the alphabet. For example,
foods from the bread and cereals group that start with the letter “B.” The students shave one
minute to record a list of foods. When the minute is up, each group reads their list. The teacher
records the number of items on each groups list, and another category and letter are selected.
The game continues until all sections of the pyramid have been covered. The group with the
highest score wins the game!!!
Food Pyramid Review
Read each grouping of food items to the kids and ask which item does not belong in the food
group. The Item that does not belong is highlighted in bold.
Yogurt, American cheese, carrots, milk
Turkey, potato chips, pork chop, Hamburger
Grapefruit, crackers, rye bread, dinner roll
Orange juice, soft drink, apple juice, banana
French fries, fried chicken, fish sticks, fried egg
Frozen yogurt, buttermilk, 2% reduced face mild, Milk chocolate bar
Orange, Fruit cocktail, Muffin, cantaloupe
Apple, strawberries, banana, Squash
Corn on the cob, Corn flakes, spinach, salad
Chocolate milk, chocolate pudding, chocolate cake, chocolate milkshake
Peanut butter, shrimp, raisins, sunflower seeds
Fried egg, hard booked egg, scrambled egg, egg noodles
Whole wheat bread, mashed potatoes, cauliflower, zucchini
Pancake, English muffin, tortilla, cookie
Peach, potato, pear, pineapple